CHAPTER 491
STATE SHELLFISHERIES

Table of Contents

Secs. 26-187 to 26-191. Commissioners; appointment; report. Compensation of shellfish commissioners. Office; clerk; expenses. Engineer; employment. Use of shellfisheries boat.
Sec. 26-192. Exclusive jurisdiction of state.
Sec. 26-192a. Lead agency.
Sec. 26-192b. Standards for shellfish testing.
Sec. 26-192c. (Formerly Sec. 19a-96). Inspection and regulations concerning shellfish. License.
Sec. 26-192d. (Formerly Sec. 19a-97). Appeals from orders, suspension or revocation of a license.
Sec. 26-192e. (Formerly Sec. 19a-98). Classification of coastal waters, shores and tidal flats for the taking of shellfish.
Sec. 26-192f. (Formerly Sec. 19a-99). Penalties.
Sec. 26-192g. (Formerly Sec. 19a-100). Enforcement.
Sec. 26-192h. (Formerly Sec. 19a-101). License for the taking of shellfish from closed areas for certain purposes.
Sec. 26-192i. (Formerly Sec. 19a-95). Shellfish; definition.
Sec. 26-192j. Pollution which affects shellfish grounds. Liability to municipal shellfish commission.
Sec. 26-192k. Shellfish relay from restricted relay grounds. Tag identification information confidential. Code re harvest location.
Sec. 26-192l. Department of Agriculture's shellfish research and survey vessel.
Sec. 26-193. Natural oyster beds: Map on file.
Sec. 26-194. Leasing of shellfish grounds. Fee. Utility lines and public use structures. Shellfish removal or relocation costs. Annual host payments for Long Island Sound crossings. Deposits into expand and grow Connecticut agriculture account and General Fund. Designation of shellfish areas to regional agricultural science and technology education centers.
Sec. 26-194a. Lease of a state shellfish bed to a municipality for recreational shellfishing. Fees.
Sec. 26-195. State ground; determination of disputed boundaries.
Sec. 26-196. Determination of disputed boundaries in other cases.
Sec. 26-197. Commissioners' fees on hearings.
Sec. 26-198. Fees for recording or copying.
Sec. 26-199. Recording of transfers.
Sec. 26-200. Survey and staking; maps; fee.
Sec. 26-201. Release to the state.
Sec. 26-202. Leasing beacon ground.
Sec. 26-203. Buoying of certain natural beds.
Sec. 26-204. Grant of right to plant or cultivate shellfish which interferes with established fishing right void.
Sec. 26-205. Wardens; appointment, duties and powers.
Sec. 26-206. Shellfish police.
Sec. 26-207. Taxation of shellfish grounds.
Sec. 26-208. Laying of tax.
Sec. 26-209. Appeal.
Sec. 26-210. Collection of tax.
Sec. 26-211. Taxes unpaid five years; reversion.
Sec. 26-212. Licensing and numbering of shellfish vessels. Fee.
Sec. 26-213. License to work on natural beds.
Sec. 26-214. Nonresident oystermen. Foreign vessels prohibited.
Sec. 26-215. Power dredges. Local shellfish commissions. Use of power dredges to restore shellfish beds.
Sec. 26-216. Penalty.
Sec. 26-217. Use of chain bags on natural oyster beds.
Sec. 26-218. License forfeited on conviction.
Sec. 26-219. License to take conchs.
Sec. 26-220. Shellfish spawning beds.
Secs. 26-221 to 26-223. Mud dumping. Notice of intended dumping on private oyster beds. Dumping inspectors.
Sec. 26-224. Deposit of injurious substances in tidal waters or on oyster ground. Penalty.
Sec. 26-224a. Depositing of shellfish in tidal waters. Regulations.
Sec. 26-225. Stealing oysters.
Sec. 26-226. Injury to enclosure.
Sec. 26-227. Taking from designated but unmarked ground.
Sec. 26-228. Taking shellfish between sunset and sunrise.
Sec. 26-229. Injury to monuments.
Sec. 26-230. Speculation in ground prohibited. Illegally staking ground.
Sec. 26-231. Towing dredge prohibited.
Sec. 26-232. Taking oysters from natural beds or the Housatonic or Saugatuck Rivers.
Sec. 26-233. Taking oysters from Housatonic River.
Secs. 26-233a and 26-234. Taking of oysters in Housatonic River other than by tongs. Greenwich Cove oysters.
Sec. 26-234a. Daily limit on oysters.
Sec. 26-234b. Taking of eastern oysters. Regulations.
Sec. 26-235. Taking of clams. Recreational harvest limit. Penalties. Defacing or removal of sign.
Sec. 26-236. Uncertified natural grounds.
Sec. 26-237. Penalty.
Sec. 26-237a. Deposit of cultch material on state shellfish beds.
Sec. 26-237b. Shellfish Fund.
Sec. 26-237c. License for the harvesting of oysters from state shellfish grounds.
Sec. 26-237d. Municipal collection of sea water samples for shellfish harvest water classification.
Sec. 26-237e. Resource assessment permits.

      Secs. 26-187 to 26-191. Commissioners; appointment; report. Compensation of shellfish commissioners. Office; clerk; expenses. Engineer; employment. Use of shellfisheries boat. Sections 26-187 to 26-191, inclusive, are repealed.

      (1949 Rev., S. 3591; 5021-5024; June, 1955, S. 2555d; 1957, P.A. 21; 346, S. 1; September, 1957, P.A. 11, S. 13; 1959, P.A. 95, S. 1; February, 1965, P.A. 574, S. 32; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 152.)

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      Sec. 26-192. Exclusive jurisdiction of state. The state shall exercise jurisdiction and control over all shellfisheries which are located in that area of the state described in section 3294 of the general statutes, revision of 1918; and the Commissioner of Agriculture shall prepare a map of such area and shall keep the same on file for public inspection in his office. All shellfisheries not within said area, except as provided in section 26-257, shall be within the jurisdiction and control of the towns in which they are located. If a difference arises between any town and the commissioner as to the boundary line between such town and said area, such town, by its selectmen, may bring its petition to the superior court for the judicial district within which such town is situated, to determine such boundary line, and said court, upon a reasonable notice to the parties, shall hear such petition and appoint a committee to ascertain the facts in such case and report the same to said court, and said court shall thereupon make such order as may be proper in the premises; the landmarks referred to herein and the locations thereof being as the same existed and were known on April 26, 1882.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5025; 1959, P.A. 95, S. 2; 1971, P.A. 870, S. 81; 872, S. 331; 1972, P.A. 52, S. 1; P.A. 76-436, S. 602, 681; P.A. 78-280, S. 1, 127; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1.)

      History: 1959 act deleted reference to New Haven as location of shellfish commissioners' office; 1971 acts replaced superior court with court of common pleas, effective September 1, 1971, except that courts with cases pending retain jurisdiction unless pending matters deemed transferable, and replaced references to shellfish commissioners and clerk of shellfisheries with references to commissioner of environmental protection; 1972 act replaced commissioner of environmental protection with commissioner of agriculture; P.A. 76-436 replaced court of common pleas with superior court and added reference to judicial districts, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 78-280 deleted reference to counties; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

      All lands southerly of this line are in the exclusive jurisdiction of the commissioners. 52 C. 61; 62 C. 50; 66 C. 289.

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      Sec. 26-192a. Lead agency. The Department of Agriculture shall be the lead agency on shellfish in Connecticut. The department: (1) Shall coordinate the activities of other state agencies with regard to shellfish; (2) shall act as a liaison on shellfish matters between the state and municipalities, including local shellfish commissions; (3) shall take steps necessary to ensure compliance with federal standards for the shellfish sanitation program and compliance with the National Shellfish Sanitation Program Model Ordinance, as amended from time to time; (4) may, in conjunction with the Department of Public Health, enter into agreements with municipalities to utilize available municipal resources for monitoring and testing; and (5) shall encourage depuration.

      (P.A. 89-321, S. 1, 12; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(f); P.A. 04-189, S. 1; 04-223, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Department of Agriculture with Department of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004; P.A. 04-223 added reference to Model Ordinance, as amended from time to time, effective July 1, 2004.

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      Sec. 26-192b. Standards for shellfish testing. Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of section 19a-29a, the Department of Agriculture shall promulgate health standards for shellfish testing and shall approve private laboratories to perform shellfish testing. Such health standards for shellfish testing shall incorporate by reference the provisions of the National Shellfish Sanitation Program Model Ordinance, as amended from time to time.

      (P.A. 89-321, S. 3, 12; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(f); P.A. 04-189, S. 1; 04-223, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Department of Agriculture with Department of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004; P.A. 04-223 deleted provision re Department of Public Health recommendation, required Department of Agriculture, notwithstanding Sec. 19a-27a(a), to promulgate health standards for shellfish testing and required such standards to incorporate by reference the provisions of the National Shellfish Sanitation Program Model Ordinance, as amended from time to time, effective July 1, 2004.

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      Sec. 26-192c. (Formerly Sec. 19a-96). Inspection and regulations concerning shellfish. License. (a) The Department of Agriculture may inspect shellfish beds and areas in this state where shellfish are grown or harvested, all boats, tools and appliances used in the production and preparation of shellfish and all wharves or buildings where shellfish are stored, transferred, opened, packed or prepared for sale or shipment. The Department of Agriculture may adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, after consultation with the Department of Public Health, for the sanitary growth, production, purification and preparation of shellfish. Such regulations shall incorporate by reference the provisions of the National Shellfish Sanitation Program Model Ordinance, as amended from time to time. Each commercial harvester, producer or shipper of shellfish shall obtain from said department a license on which shall be stated information regarding the identification of the license holder and any conditions pertaining to the character of such licensee's shellfish operations. Said department may establish a fee for each type of shellfish license it issues. The department may require that shellfish shipments be tagged or containers marked to identify the shipper by name and location and the source of the shipment and furnish such other pertinent information as may apply. Any license granted under the authority of this section may be revoked by said department for cause, after notification and hearing. No person, firm or corporation shall make any shipments or deliveries of shellfish after the license of such person, firm or corporation has been suspended or revoked. Any license may be suspended pending revocation proceedings, or amended, if shellfishing operations or harvesting areas are a public health hazard or if the licensee has violated any provision of this section, section 26-192e, 26-192f or 26-192h or any applicable department regulation or any section of the Public Health Code concerning shellfishing. The department may refuse to issue a license if the applicant has violated any provision of this section, section 26-192e, 26-192f or 26-192h or any applicable department regulation or any section of the public health code concerning shellfish.

      (b) The Department of Agriculture may delegate its licensing authority pursuant to this section and sections 26-192f and 26-192h to other state agencies and to local agencies.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4186; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 85-313, S. 1; 85-613, S. 123; P.A. 89-321, S. 4, 12; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(f); P.A. 04-189, S. 1; 04-223, S. 3.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 replaced department of health with department of health services, effective January 1, 1979; Sec. 19-53 transferred to Sec. 19a-96 in 1983; P.A. 85-313 expanded the department's authority to inspect shellfish from those areas where shellfish are grown for market to all areas and to buildings where shellfish are stored or transferred, authorized regulations re purification, permitted license suspension where there is a public health hazard or for violation of shellfish laws and regulations and substituted "license" for "certificate" throughout; P.A. 85-613 made technical changes; P.A. 89-321 transferred authority for inspection, regulation and licensing from department of health services to department of agriculture, made technical changes and added Subsec. (b) re delegation of authority; Sec. 19a-96 transferred to Sec. 26-192c in 1991; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Department of Agriculture with Department of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004; P.A. 04-223 amended Subsec. (a) to make technical changes and require regulations to incorporate by reference the provisions of the National Shellfish Sanitation Program Model Ordinance, as amended from time to time, effective July 1, 2004.

      See Sec. 26-192i for definition of "shellfish".

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      Sec. 26-192d. (Formerly Sec. 19a-97). Appeals from orders, suspension or revocation of a license. Any person, firm or corporation aggrieved by any order, suspension or revocation of a license made under the provisions of sections 26-192c to 26-192i, inclusive, may appeal therefrom in accordance with section 4-183, except venue for such appeal shall be in the judicial district in which the business or residence of such person, firm or corporation is located.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4187; 1971, P.A. 870, S. 108; P.A. 76-436, S. 379, 681; P.A. 77-603, S. 48, 125; P.A. 78-280, S. 1, 127; P.A. 85-313, S. 2.)

      History: 1971 act replaced superior court with court of common pleas, effective September 1, 1971, except that courts with cases pending retain jurisdiction unless pending matters deemed transferable; P.A. 76-436 replaced court of common pleas with superior court and added reference to judicial districts, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 77-603 replaced previous appeal provisions with statement that appeals be in accordance with Sec. 4-183 but retained venue and precedence in order of trial as before; P.A. 78-280 deleted reference to counties; Sec. 19-54 transferred to Sec. 19a-97 in 1983; P.A. 85-313 substituted "license" for "certificate" and authorized an appeal for license suspension; Sec. 19a-97 transferred to Sec. 26-192d in 1991.

      See Sec. 26-192i for definition of "shellfish".

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      Sec. 26-192e. (Formerly Sec. 19a-98). Classification of coastal waters, shores and tidal flats for the taking of shellfish. (a) The Department of Agriculture may prohibit the taking or harvesting of shellfish from designated areas in tidal flats, shores and coastal waters whenever it finds by examinations or surveys that such flats, shores or coastal waters are contaminated or polluted to the extent that the waters do not meet standards of purity established by said department, in conjunction with the Department of Public Health, or that shellfish obtained therefrom may be unfit for food or dangerous to the public health. The Department of Agriculture shall classify the coastal waters, shores and tidal flats for the taking of shellfish. The classifications shall be: Approved, conditional, restricted, conditionally restricted, and prohibited. The conditional classification shall include conditional-open and conditional-closed. Any person aggrieved by a classification decision pursuant to this section may appeal such decision in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54. An area may be classified as prohibited for the taking or harvesting of shellfish unless it conforms to the standards established by the department for classifications other than prohibited. The department may specify the activities which may occur within each classified area. Such activities shall be listed on a shellfish license issued by the department. Waters and areas classified as approved or conditional-open shall conform to standards of purity, shall be free from discharge of sewage or other deleterious substances, and the shellfish obtained therefrom shall not be so polluted or contaminated as to be dangerous to the public health. The Department of Agriculture may delegate its authority for the classification of tidal flats, shores and coastal waters for the taking of shellfish pursuant to this section to other state agencies and local agencies.

      (b) The department shall, by written order, promulgate definite bounds of the area or areas closed to shellfishing when classified as conditional-closed, conditionally restricted, restricted or prohibited. Such order shall become effective when (1) the closure classification is published in a newspaper having circulation in towns, cities and boroughs in which or adjacent to which any such area is situated; (2) the classification is filed in the offices of the clerk and the director of health in each such town, city or borough, and (3) signs are posted at points on or near every such classified area.

      (c) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (b) of this section, when the Commissioner of Agriculture, after consultation with the Commissioner of Public Health, finds that tidal flats, shores or coastal waters which may contain shellfish are so contaminated or polluted that a health emergency exists, he may close such area for the duration of such emergency by giving notice of such emergency closure (1) in writing to the municipal or district health authority, and (2) to the general public by publication in a newspaper having general circulation in the town, city or borough within which such area lies. Such notice shall state when the closing shall take effect.

      (d) No person shall take or harvest shellfish from areas classified as conditional-closed, restricted, conditionally restricted or prohibited pursuant to subsections (a) and (b) of this section or closed because of a health emergency pursuant to subsection (c) of this section or from areas or parts of areas where shellfish have been transplanted or relayed except in accordance with the terms and conditions of a license issued pursuant to section 26-192c or section 26-192h. The Department of Agriculture may delegate its authority for the classification of coastal waters, shores, and tidal flats for the taking of shellfish pursuant to this section to other state agencies and local agencies.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4188; P.A. 76-84, S. 1; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 83-34; P.A. 89-321, S. 5, 12; P.A. 90-230, S. 86, 101; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e), (f); P.A. 04-189, S. 1; P.A. 05-288, S. 119.)

      History: P.A. 76-84 placed shellfish in coastal waters under commissioner's control, deleted provision allowing taking shellfish for bait in posted areas, allowed closure when shellfish determined as possibly unfit for food and dangerous to public health, specified that closure may be permanent, temporary or contingent upon specified events and added Subsecs. (b) and (c) re closure procedures; P.A. 77-614 replaced department and commissioner of health with department and commissioner of health services, effective January 1, 1979; Sec. 19-55 transferred to Sec. 19a-98 in 1983; P.A. 83-34 amended Subsec. (a) to authorize the department of health services to prohibit the taking of shellfish from "designated areas" within shellfish grounds and to make any one of the listed grounds for closure sufficient where previously all were necessary for closure by substituting "or" for "and" and added Subsec. (d) which requires that shellfish taken from contaminated or closed areas be taken pursuant to a certificate or license; P.A. 89-321 transferred authority from the department of health services to the department of agriculture, provided for the classification system, made technical changes and added provision authorizing delegation of authority; Sec. 19a-98 transferred to Sec. 26-192e in 1991; P.A. 90-230 made technical change to Subsec. (a); P.A. 93-381 replaced department and commissioner of health services with department and commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner and Department of Agriculture with Commissioner and Department of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004; P.A. 05-288 made technical changes in Subsec. (c), effective July 13, 2005.

      See Sec. 26-192i for definition of "shellfish".

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      Sec. 26-192f. (Formerly Sec. 19a-99). Penalties. Any person, firm or corporation (1) harvesting or taking shellfish from an area closed and posted by the Department of Agriculture against the removal of shellfish, except as provided in section 26-192h, or an area closed by commercial shellfish transplant license issuance or by order of the local director of health with the approval of the department, (2) misusing any shipping tag or license in violation of section 26-192c, (3) mislabeling shellfish shipments or deliveries with any false information, (4) failing to identify shellfish shipments or deliveries in accordance with the National Shellfish Sanitation Program Model Ordinance, as amended from time to time, (5) harvesting shellfish from undesignated grounds, or (6) harvesting shellfish from designated grounds not listed on a license issued by the Department of Agriculture to such person, firm or corporation shall be fined (A) one thousand dollars, or (B) three times the market value of any shellfish taken, based on the quantity and type involved in the violation if such amount is greater than one thousand dollars, or imprisoned not more than twelve months. The Commissioner of Agriculture may revoke any license issued by said commissioner for up to sixty days for the second violation of this section within six months and up to ninety days for a third violation of this section within nine months. Any person who defaces or removes a sign posted by the Department of Agriculture in accordance with the provisions of section 26-192e shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than six months. The provisions of this section are in addition to and in no way derogate any other enforcement provisions or penalties contained in any other section of the general statutes.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4190; P.A. 76-84, S. 3; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 85-313, S. 3; P.A. 89-321, S. 6, 12; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(f); P.A. 04-189, S. 1; 04-223, S. 6; P.A. 06-116, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 76-84 deleted exception to penalty provisions, increased maximum fine for taking shellfish in posted areas from $100 to 4500 and allowed imposition of 6 months' imprisonment in lieu of fine, increased maximum fine for other offenses from $100 to $500 and increased alternate term of imprisonment from 3 to 6 months; P.A. 77-614 replaced department of health with department of health services, effective January 1, 1979; Sec. 19-57 transferred to Sec. 19a-99 in 1983; P.A. 85-313 added prohibition against taking of shellfish from closed areas and increased the minimum fine for Subdivs. (1) to (5), inclusive, from $10 to $50 and maximum fine from $500 to $1,000 or three times the market value and increased the alternate term of imprisonment from 6 months to 12 months, retaining prior maximum fines of $500 or 6 months imprisonment for defacing or removing sign in accordance with Sec. 19a-98; P.A. 89-321 made technical changes related to the transfer of authority for shellfishing regulation from the department of health services to the department of agriculture; Sec. 19a-99 transferred to Sec. 26-192f in 1991; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Department of Agriculture with Department of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004; P.A. 04-223 made technical changes, prohibited harvesting or taking of shellfish from area closed by commercial shellfish transplant license or from undesignated grounds or designated grounds not listed on license, granted authority to commissioner to revoke license for up to 60 days for second violation within 6 months and up to 90 days for third violation within 9 months, and added that provisions of section are in addition to other enforcement provisions or penalties, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 06-116 replaced reference to "regulations adopted by the department" with reference to "National Shellfish Sanitation Program Model Ordinance, as amended from time to time" in Subdiv. (4), effective June 2, 2006.

      See Sec. 26-192i for definition of "shellfish".

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      Sec. 26-192g. (Formerly Sec. 19a-100). Enforcement. The provisions of sections 26-192e and 26-192f relating to the unauthorized taking of shellfish in contaminated and posted areas shall be enforced by local directors of health. Local police departments and the state shellfish police shall assist to effectively prevent the harvesting of shellfish in classified areas which are closed to shellfishing when requested by a local director of health.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4191; P.A. 76-84, S. 4; P.A. 89-321, S. 7, 12.)

      History: P.A. 76-84 removed reference to Sec. 19-56 and required assistance in enforcement by local police and state shellfish police when requested by local health directors; Sec. 19-58 transferred to Sec. 19a-100 in 1983; P.A. 89-321 made technical changes related to the transfer of authority for the regulation of shellfishing from the department of health services to the department of agriculture; Sec. 19a-100 transferred to Sec. 26-192g in 1991.

      See Sec. 26-192i for definition of "shellfish".

      See Sec. 26-206 re shellfish police.


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      Sec. 26-192h. (Formerly Sec. 19a-101). License for the taking of shellfish from closed areas for certain purposes. Shellfish may be taken by commercial harvesters from areas classified as conditional-closed, restricted, or conditionally restricted when they are removed for transplanting, relay, including seed oyster harvesting, depuration or depletion from prohibited areas under licenses issued by the Department of Agriculture and under supervision of the department and local health agencies having jurisdiction, provided said licensee shall notify the designated local enforcement agency of the intended commencement, probable duration and termination of harvesting within that jurisdiction and shall be limited to quantities as may be established by a shellfish management plan reviewed by the Department of Agriculture and adopted by the local shellfish commission or other local agency having jurisdiction over the shellfish. The issuance of licenses by the Department of Agriculture shall not prohibit any town, city or borough from control of harvesting operations in approved areas or conditionally or temporarily closed areas on the basis of residence, quantity or size of shellfish harvested from specific areas, or time of harvesting, or nullify any state law controlling such operations on the basis of residence, quantity or size of shellfish harvested, or time of harvesting.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4192; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 82-334, S. 1; P.A. 89-321, S. 8, 12; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(f); P.A. 04-189, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 replaced department of health with department of health services, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 82-334 amended section to authorize commercial harvesters to remove shellfish in limited quantities from permanently closed areas upon notice to the local shellfish commission and allowed local control of open areas or conditionally or temporarily closed areas; Sec. 19-59 transferred to Sec. 19a-101 in 1983; P.A. 89-321 made technical changes related to the classification system and the transfer of authority for the regulation of shellfishing from the department of health services to the department of agriculture; Sec. 19a-101 transferred to Sec. 26-192h in 1991; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Department of Agriculture with Department of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

      See Sec. 26-192i for definition of "shellfish".

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      Sec. 26-192i. (Formerly Sec. 19a-95). Shellfish; definition. When used in sections 26-192c to 26-192h, inclusive, the term "shellfish" means mussels, oysters, all varieties of clams and whole and roe-on scallops, but does not include scallops if the final product is the shucked adductor muscle only.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4185; P.A. 97-32, S. 1.)

      History: Sec. 19-52 transferred to Sec. 19a-95 in 1983; Sec. 19a-95 transferred to Sec. 26-192i in 1991; P.A. 97-32 added whole and roe-on scallops to definition of "shellfish" except where final product is shucked adductor muscle only.

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      Sec. 26-192j. Pollution which affects shellfish grounds. Liability to municipal shellfish commission. (a) The Commissioner of Agriculture may investigate any suspected or actual spill, as defined in section 22a-452c, which may threaten any shellfish grounds. The commissioner may monitor any such suspected or actual spill and may provide for any testing to determine the extent of any impact of such a spill on shellfish in the area. The person responsible for such spill shall be liable, in accordance with the provisions of section 22a-6a, for the reasonable costs and expenses of the commissioner incurred pursuant to this section.

      (b) Upon written complaint by the Commissioner of Agriculture that there exists an impairment or threat to the marketability of shellfish due to any such spill, the Commissioner of Environmental Protection shall investigate or order the person who caused or reasonably may be expected to cause such spill to investigate all points of existing or potential spills which may directly or indirectly result in contamination of shellfish and may order such person to abate such spill in accordance with the provisions of section 22a-432.

      (c) If any such spill results in the closure of a recreational shellfish bed or harvesting area, the person responsible for such spill, as determined by the Commissioner of Environmental Protection, shall be liable to any municipal shellfish commission which has jurisdiction over such bed or area for any loss of revenue attributable to fees which would have been paid to such commission by recreational users of such bed or area. The Attorney General, upon complaint of the commission, may institute a civil action to recover such revenue. Any amount recovered shall be returned to the commission.

      (P.A. 95-156, S. 2; P.A. 96-180, S. 131, 166; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 96-180 amended Subsec. (a) to change "discharge" to "spill", effective June 3, 1996; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

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      Sec. 26-192k. Shellfish relay from restricted relay grounds. Tag identification information confidential. Code re harvest location. (a) The Department of Agriculture shall allow the relay of shellfish from shellfish grounds classified as restricted relay to other grounds in accordance with the National Shellfish Sanitation Program Model Ordinance, as amended from time to time, regarding restricted shellfish relay. The department shall allow the harvest of shellfish from shellfish grounds classified as approved for market on the same day using the same vessel, provided the harvester first harvests the approved market product and lands the product to shore. A harvester shall not begin the relay of shellfish from shellfish grounds classified as restricted relay until all shellfish harvested first from approved market grounds, in market quantities, have been removed from the vessel. Such harvester shall not begin such relay until after the harvester has notified the Department of Environmental Protection of such relay. The harvester shall provide all information required by the Department of Agriculture regarding shellfish relays to the Department of Environmental Protection at the time of such notification. For the remainder of the day, the harvester shall not harvest approved market shellfish after beginning such relay.

      (b) All tag identification information regarding shellfish harvest locations shall be confidential, provided the harvester of the shellfish marks the tag with a unique code corresponding to the shellfish harvest location. The Department of Agriculture shall provide such harvester and the Department of Environmental Protection with a written code key detailing the harvest location and corresponding code to be used by the harvester.

      (P.A. 06-116, S. 2; P.A. 07-74, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 06-116 effective June 2, 2006; P.A. 07-74 amended Subsec. (b) to delete requirement that harvester provide Department of Agriculture with written code key and add provision requiring department to provide harvester with code key, effective May 30, 2007.

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      Sec. 26-192l. Department of Agriculture's shellfish research and survey vessel. The Department of Agriculture's dedicated vessel, used for the research and survey of shellfish populations in Long Island Sound and docked at the Bureau of Aquaculture office in Milford, shall be named the "John H. Volk" for a period of no less than twenty years. If said vessel is removed from state service, the next most prominent vessel by size and use docked at the Bureau of Aquaculture in Milford shall be named the "John H. Volk" until such time that a larger and more prominent research vessel is acquired for such research and survey purposes.

      (P.A. 09-91, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 09-91 effective June 2, 2009.

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      Sec. 26-193. Natural oyster beds: Map on file. The locations and descriptions of the natural oyster beds respectively under state jurisdiction shall remain as established and as set forth in section 3295 of the general statutes, revision of 1918 with the addition of those portions of former franchise lots one and nineteen consisting of eighty-four acres, more or less, and more particularly described as follows: Beginning at the intersection of the Milford-Stratford town line and the state jurisdiction line, thence thirty-eight degrees east north east to the outer breakwater, thence along the outer breakwater, three hundred and ten degrees north north west to the southern boundary line of the existing natural bed, as described in section 3295 of the general statutes, revision of 1918, thence two hundred and ten degrees westerly along said boundary line to the Milford-Stratford town line, thence south to the point of origin. The Commissioner of Agriculture shall keep a map of such oyster beds on file for public inspection in his office.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5026; 1959, P.A. 95, S. 3; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 332; 1972, P.A. 52, S. 2; P.A. 74-122, S. 1, 2; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1.)

      History: 1959 act deleted reference to New Haven as location of shellfish commissioners' office; 1971 act replaced reference to clerk of shellfisheries with reference to commissioner of environmental protection; 1972 act replaced environmental protection commissioner with commissioner of agriculture; P.A. 74-122 specified additions to oyster beds under state jurisdiction; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

      Only method of proving bed to be a natural oyster bed is by showing it to be within the limits here designated. 62 C. 50; But see 66 C. 285. Effect of court's locating natural ground under former law. 89 C. 10.

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      Sec. 26-194. Leasing of shellfish grounds. Fee. Utility lines and public use structures. Shellfish removal or relocation costs. Annual host payments for Long Island Sound crossings. Deposits into expand and grow Connecticut agriculture account and General Fund. Designation of shellfish areas to regional agricultural science and technology education centers. (a) Except as provided in subsection (e) of this section, the Commissioner of Agriculture may lease in the name of the state, under such regulations as the commissioner may prescribe and for a period not longer than ten years, all shellfish areas that have been conveyed to the state or placed under state jurisdiction by the town of West Haven and any undesignated grounds, within the exclusive jurisdiction of the state, for the purpose of planting and cultivating shellfish. The authority herein conferred shall include the Cormell Reef, Portchester, Great Captain's Island, Field Point and Greenwich Point natural beds as located and described in section 3295 of the general statutes, revision of 1918. Any person desiring to lease grounds for such purpose shall make application in writing to the commissioner and all grounds leased by authority of the provisions of this section shall be leased to the highest responsible bidder, for a minimum fee of four dollars per acre. Such lease or lease renewal shall require the lessee to make a good faith effort to cultivate and harvest shellfish from the leased area. Such lease or lease renewal shall prohibit the lessee from entering a contract whereby the lessee agrees not to cultivate and harvest shellfish for any period of time. No lessee may enter an agreement with a third party that will prevent the lessee from carrying out the lessee's obligations under the lease unless the Department of Agriculture and the Attorney General have approved such agreement. The form of such application and lease shall be approved by the Attorney General, and all such leases shall be recorded in the records of the commissioner. No lease shall be granted to a resident of a state which does not lease shellfish grounds to residents of this state, except that any nonresident who was granted a lease on or before October 1, 1985, may, upon the expiration of such lease, apply for a renewal or further lease as provided in this section. The commissioner shall grant any such lease to nonresidents upon the same terms and conditions as to residents of this state. Any lessee or holder of shellfish grounds, on the expiration of any lease thereof which has been or which may be granted, having fulfilled all of such lessee's or holder's obligations under the lease shall, upon application to the commissioner, have preference in the reletting of such ground for a like term to that granted in the original lease, excluding the rental fee, which shall not be less than the minimum fee per acre as provided in this subsection. A lease renewal shall not be granted if the applicant is in arrears for rent on the original lease of such grounds. Such application for such renewal or further lease shall be granted without notice or advertisement of the pendency thereof; provided no renewal or further lease of such ground shall be granted when the commissioner, for cause, ceases to lease such ground for shellfish culture. All assignments or transfers of leases shall be subject to the approval of the commissioner and shall be recorded in his records. Any person who interferes with, annoys or molests another in the enjoyment of any lease authorized by the provisions of this section shall be subject to the penalties provided in section 26-237. The provisions of sections 26-212, 26-215 and 26-232 shall not apply to any shellfish grounds leased pursuant to the provisions of this section.

      (b) Upon request of a lessee, the commissioner may divide or consolidate shellfish grounds leased by such lessee, if the commissioner determines such division or consolidation to be in the best interests of the state. The minimum fee per acre shall apply to shellfish grounds divided or consolidated pursuant to this subsection.

      (c) The Commissioner of Agriculture shall assess the owner of any facility that requires a certificate issued pursuant to section 16-50k or that requires approval by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission and that crosses any grounds of Long Island Sound within the jurisdiction of the state, including, but not limited to, any shellfish area or leased, designated or granted grounds, an annual host payment fee of forty cents per linear foot for the length of such facility within the jurisdiction of the state. The Commissioner of Agriculture shall deposit seventy-five per cent of the proceeds of such fee into the expand and grow Connecticut agriculture account established pursuant to section 22-38c and shall transfer the remaining twenty-five per cent to the General Fund.

      (d) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, any owner of a utility line or public use structure that impacts a leased area shall pay to the lessee the costs of removing or relocating any shellfish. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to prohibit the state or any lessee from recovering damages incurred by the state or the lessee caused by the installation, construction or presence of such utility line or public use structure.

      (e) The commissioner may designate to each regional agricultural science and technology education center, established pursuant to section 10-64, shellfish areas described in subsection (a) of this section that are necessary for conducting educational grow-out activities related to commercial scale aquaculture operations within state jurisdictional waters, provided: (1) The total acreage designated pursuant to this subsection for each such center is not more than fifty acres of restricted relay grow-out beds and fifty acres of approved harvest beds; and (2) any shellfish areas designated pursuant to this subsection are not in production at the time of such designation.

      (f) The Commissioner of Agriculture may designate an agent within the department to exercise the authority of said commissioner under this section.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5027; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 333; 1972, P.A. 52, S. 3; P.A. 85-82; P.A. 86-46, S. 1, 2; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-6, S. 52, 117; P.A. 99-169, S. 6, 7; P.A. 03-263, S. 2; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e), (g); P.A. 04-109, S. 17; 04-189, S. 1; 04-222, S. 6; 04-223, S. 4; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3, S. 467; P.A. 10-78, S. 1.)

      History: 1971 act replaced references to shellfish commission and commissioners with references to environmental protection commissioner; 1972 act replaced commissioner of environmental protection with commissioner of agriculture; P.A. 85-82 prohibited leasing to residents of states which do not lease to Connecticut residents; P.A. 86-46 added Subsec. (b) authorizing commissioner to designate an agent to act for him; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-6 established a minimum fee of $2 per acre for leasing of grounds; P.A. 99-169 authorized deletion of reference to Sec. 26-214 which was repealed by the act; P.A. 03-263 amended Subsec. (a) by adding provisions re lease or its renewal to require the lessee to make a good faith effort to cultivate and harvest shellfish and prohibit the lessee from entering any contract or agreement not to cultivate and harvest shellfish, added new Subsec. (b) requiring owner of a utility line or public use structure that impacts a leased area to pay the costs of removing or relocating any shellfish to the lessee, and redesignated existing Subsec. (b) as Subsec. (c), effective July 9, 2003; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner and Department of Agriculture with Commissioner and Department of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-109 amended Subsec. (b) to make a technical change, effective May 21, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004; P.A. 04-222 added new Subsec. (c) re assessment of annual host payment fee and deposit of proceeds of such fee, redesignated existing Subsec. (c) and made a technical change therein, effective July 1, 2004 (Revisor's note: In 2005, a reference to "Environment Quality Fund" in new Subsec. (c) was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Environmental Quality Fund" for accuracy); P.A. 04-223 amended Subsec. (a) to increase minimum lease fee from $2 to $4 per acre, change "oyster ground" to "shellfish grounds", require fulfillment of lessee's or holder's lease obligations prior to renewal of lease, and provide that renewal lease fee shall not be less than minimum fee per acre, added new Subsec. (b) re division or consolidation of leased shellfish grounds, and redesignated existing Subsecs. (b) and (c), effective June 1, 2004; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3 amended Subsec. (c) by deleting provision re transfer to commissioner for deposit into Environmental Quality Fund and providing that 25% of proceeds of annual host payment fee shall be transferred to General Fund; P.A. 10-78 added exception re Subsec. (e) and made a technical change in Subsec. (a), added new Subsec. (e) re designation of shellfish areas to regional agricultural science and technology education centers and redesignated existing Subsec. (e) as Subsec. (f).

      Cited. 146 C. 619.

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      Sec. 26-194a. Lease of a state shellfish bed to a municipality for recreational shellfishing. Fees. The Commissioner of Agriculture may lease any state recreational shellfish bed to a municipality which is adjacent to such bed for ten dollars per acre per year pursuant to a plan approved by said commissioner for the management of such bed by such municipality. The use of local shellfish programs shall be available to any resident of the state, without regard to residence in the municipality. The use of shellfish beds shall be restricted to recreational shellfishing. The fee charged for licenses or permits for use of local shellfish programs shall be the same for residents and nonresidents of the municipality. Any fees received by any such municipality from the issuance of licenses or permits issued to residents of the municipality for use of local shellfish programs shall be retained by the municipality. Such fees shall be used by the municipality to manage local shellfish programs. Any fees received by any such municipality from nonresidents for the use of local shellfish programs shall be deposited by the commissioner in a revolving fund to carry out the state shellfish management and enforcement plan. Municipalities that lease shellfish beds shall make such beds available by access from the shore, including providing space for parking, and access by marine approach.

      (P.A. 97-234, S. 10; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1.)

      History: June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

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      Sec. 26-195. State ground; determination of disputed boundaries. All questions and disputes touching the ownership, title, buoys, boundaries, ranges, extent or location of any shellfish grounds within the exclusive jurisdiction of the state may be referred to and settled by the Commissioner of Agriculture, who is empowered, on petition of any person interested therein, to summon all the parties in interest, so far as such parties may be made known to him, to appear before him at a time and place in the summons named, such summons to be signed by the commissioner or his authorized agent and served by him or such other person as said commissioner may direct; whereupon, at the time and place named, or at any other time and place to which the hearing may be from time to time adjourned, the petitioner shall file a sworn statement of the facts as claimed by him, to which any interested party may respond by filing a sworn counterstatement of the facts as claimed by him; and, after hearing all the parties interested, with their witnesses and counsel said commissioner shall make his decision in writing as soon as convenient thereafter, which decision shall be recorded in the books of record in his office, and the same shall be binding on all the parties in interest so summoned or appearing, unless on an appeal taken from such decision, in accordance with the provisions of section 4-183, except venue for such appeal shall be in the judicial district where the town is situated between whose meridian lines any portion of said grounds may be, such decision is reversed by said court.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5031; 1959, P.A. 615, S. 4; 1971, P.A. 870, S. 82; 872, S. 334; 1972, P.A. 52, S. 4; P.A. 76-436, S. 603, 681; P.A. 77-603, S. 111, 125; P.A. 78-280, S. 1, 127; P.A. 96-180, S. 97, 166; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1.)

      History: 1959 act replaced provision calling for appeals to be taken in the manner appeals in civil cases from justice courts are taken with provisions requiring appellant to become bound to adverse party, with sufficient surety to prosecute the appeal to effect and specified that appeals be taken to next return day or "next but one", effective January 1, 1961; 1971 acts replaced superior court with court of common pleas and amended appeal provision to require that appeals be taken to return day between 12 and 30 days after service of appeal, effective September 1, 1971, except that courts with cases pending retain jurisdiction unless pending matters deemed transferable, and replaced references to shellfish commissioners and clerk of shellfisheries with references to environmental protection commissioner; 1972 act replaced environmental protection commissioner with commissioner of agriculture; P.A. 76-436 replaced court of common pleas with superior court and added references to judicial districts, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 77-603 replaced previous appeals provisions with requirement that appeals be made in accordance with Sec. 4-183 but retained venue as before; P.A. 78-280 deleted reference to counties; P.A. 96-180 deleted "said" and inserted "the" before "Commissioner of Agriculture", effective June 3, 1996; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

      One who earns living from natural bed proper party to bring application. 89 C. 7. Cited. 231 C. 418.

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      Sec. 26-196. Determination of disputed boundaries in other cases. When any designation of shellfish grounds which are wholly or partially within the exclusive jurisdiction of the state contains a map thereof or refers to such map lodged on file in the town clerk's office, and the owner or owners of the adjoining grounds, so far as they lie within the exclusive jurisdiction of the state, do not agree as to the location of the line fixed by such map or, if the boundary between such owners is a town boundary and they disagree as to the same, one or more of such owners may apply to the Commissioner of Agriculture, who shall thereupon notify all parties in interest to file sworn statements of facts and copies of maps as claimed by them respectively, and said commissioner shall thereupon appoint a surveyor who shall take such maps and statements and lay out and survey the grounds in the various ways claimed and, if any town boundary comes into question, he shall ascertain and report upon such boundary as it appears from the maps and records in the custody of the respective town clerks of such towns. Thereupon he shall report his doings, accompanied with the maps or copies of maps touching the dispute, to said commissioner, who shall thereupon summon all parties in interest before him at a time and place to be named in the summons, and, after a full hearing of the parties, with their witnesses and counsel, said commissioner shall establish the line in dispute and cause the same to be located and marked by ranges and buoys; and the line so established shall be the true dividing line between such grounds unless on appeal taken to the Superior Court, as provided for in section 26-195, such decision is reversed. The costs and expenses of such proceedings as fixed by said commissioner shall be equally divided between the adjoining owners, who shall pay the same to said commissioner upon the filing of his decision, and the same shall be accounted for and paid to the State Treasurer; and the cases provided for by this section shall not be included under section 26-195.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5032; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 335; 1972, P.A. 52, S. 5; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1.)

      History: 1971 act replaced references to shellfish commissioners with references to environmental protection commissioner; 1972 act replaced environmental protection commissioner with commissioner of agriculture; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

      The divisional line must be of adjoining grounds and the map must be one of absolute accuracy; these are jurisdictional questions. 51 C. 188. Cited. 74 C. 374.

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      Sec. 26-197. Commissioners' fees on hearings. Section 26-197 is repealed.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5033; P.A. 78-48, S. 3.)

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      Sec. 26-198. Fees for recording or copying. The same fees shall be paid for recording or copying papers and maps under this chapter in the office of the Commissioner of Agriculture as are charged by town clerks for like services; and all fees so paid shall be accounted for and paid to the State Treasurer.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5034; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 336; 1972, P.A. 52, S. 6; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1.)

      History: 1971 act replaced reference to shellfish commissioners with reference to environmental protection commissioner and added phrase "under this chapter"; 1972 act replaced environmental protection commissioner with commissioner of agriculture; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

      See Sec. 7-34a re fees received by town clerk.

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      Sec. 26-199. Recording of transfers. All transfers of title to oyster grounds within state jurisdiction shall be recorded in the record books of said Commissioner of Agriculture. The person making such transfer shall cause such record to be made forthwith or, in lieu thereof, shall forthwith give written notice of such transfer to said commissioner, stating the date thereof, the name of the transferee and the description of the grounds affected thereby. Upon the failure to make such record or to give such notice, the person making such transfer shall be deemed, for all purposes of taxation, to be the owner thereof notwithstanding such transfer and shall pay all such taxes as may be laid on such land by said commissioner at any time before such record has been made or such notice given; and such tax shall be a lien on such grounds.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5028; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 337; 1972, P.A. 52, S. 7; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1.)

      History: 1971 act replaced references to shellfish commissioners with references to environmental protection commissioner; 1972 act replaced environmental protection commissioner with commissioner of agriculture; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

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      Sec. 26-200. Survey and staking; maps; fee. Said Commissioner of Agriculture shall, previous to the delivery of any instrument conveying the right to plant or cultivate shellfish upon any of said grounds, make or cause to be made a survey of the same upon the official map or maps in his office, and shall locate and delineate the same or cause it to be located and delineated upon said map or maps. The fee for such survey, location and delineation shall be thirty-five dollars per corner and shall be paid by the applicant. Upon receipt of such instrument of conveyance, such grantee shall have the right to use and occupy such grounds for said purposes, which rights shall be and remain in such grantee and his legal representatives.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5029; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 338; 1972, P.A. 52, S. 8; P.A. 80-239, S. 1, 2; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-6, S. 53, 117; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1.)

      History: 1971 act replaced references to shellfish commissioners and commission with references to environmental protection commissioner; 1972 act replaced environmental protection commissioner with commissioner of agriculture; P.A. 80-239 specified a fee for survey, location and delineation of shellfish grounds to be paid by the applicant; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-6 raised fee from $25 to $35; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

      Effect of survey and map in fixing designations. 62 C. 50; 66 C. 285.

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      Sec. 26-201. Release to the state. Any owner of grounds designated for the cultivation of oysters in the waters of Long Island Sound within the jurisdiction of said Commissioner of Agriculture may surrender the same by delivery to the state of a deed of release of the same, executed and acknowledged by such owner; provided such release and the recording thereof shall be made without charge or expense to the state and shall be approved by said commissioner.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5030; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 339; 1972, P.A. 52, S. 9; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1.)

      History: 1971 act replaced references to shellfish commissioners with references to environmental protection commissioner; 1972 act replaced environmental protection commissioner with commissioner of agriculture; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

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      Sec. 26-202. Leasing beacon ground. The Commissioner of Agriculture may hire and take upon leases not exceeding a term of ten years, in the name and behalf of the state, any such plot or plots of ground within the state as he deems necessary for constructing, erecting, setting, maintaining and protecting signals, beacons, boundstones, posts or buoys to be used in designating, locating, surveying or mapping any shellfish grounds within state jurisdiction.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5060; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 340; 1972, P.A. 52, S. 10; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1.)

      History: 1971 act replaced references to shellfish commissioners with references to commissioner of environmental protection; 1972 act replaced environmental protection commissioner with commissioner of agriculture; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

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      Sec. 26-203. Buoying of certain natural beds. The Commissioner of Agriculture shall cause those natural or public oyster beds in the exclusive jurisdiction of this state, known and described in section 3295 of the general statutes, revision of 1918, as the Stratford bed, Fish Island and Roton Point beds, the Bridgeport bed and the Fairfield Bar and Fairfield beds, to be marked by buoys which shall be known as state buoys, and by range monuments on the shore by which the lines can be relocated should any buoys be removed, and shall cause double buoys or a distinctive mark to be placed at any point on the boundary where the line changes in direction, and such buoys shall be maintained by the state. No buoys shall be set in lines so run as to include within the natural or public beds any private or designated grounds.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5040; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 341; 1972, P.A. 52, S. 11; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1.)

      History: 1971 act replaced reference to shellfish commissioners with reference to environmental protection commissioner; 1972 act replaced environmental protection commissioner with commissioner of agriculture; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

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      Sec. 26-204. Grant of right to plant or cultivate shellfish which interferes with established fishing right void. Except as provided in section 26-194, said Commissioner of Agriculture shall in no case grant to any person a right to plant or cultivate shellfish which interferes with any established right of fishing and, if any such grant is made, the same shall be void.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5041; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 342; 1972, P.A. 52, S. 12; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1.)

      History: 1971 act deleted provision which had prohibited granting franchise in natural oyster or clam bed except as provided in Sec. 26-194 and replaced remaining reference to shellfish commissioners with reference to commissioner of environmental protection; 1972 act replaced environmental protection commissioner with commissioner of agriculture; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

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      Sec. 26-205. Wardens; appointment, duties and powers. Section 26-205 is repealed, effective October 1, 2002.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5042; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 343; 1972, P.A. 52, S. 13; S.A. 02-12, S. 1.)

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      Sec. 26-206. Shellfish police. The Commissioner of Agriculture may, upon the application of the Oystermen's Protective Association of Connecticut or the owner of any oyster franchise or grounds or any natural growers' association, during such time as the commissioner may determine, appoint and commission such number of policemen as he deems necessary to be designated by such association or owner, who, having been sworn to the faithful performance of their duties, may act as policemen upon the tidal waters and flats of this state and upon any boats, wharves or docks owned, leased or controlled by said association or a member thereof or an owner of oyster grounds. Said commissioner shall cause a record to be made of the issuance or revocation of any such commission. Any person so appointed shall have the powers to make arrests and, when on duty, shall wear in plain view a badge bearing conspicuously the words "Shellfish Policeman".

      (1949 Rev., S. 5043; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 344; 1972, P.A. 52, S. 14; P.A. 00-99, S. 70, 154; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1.)

      History: 1971 act replaced references to shellfish commissioners and commission with references to environmental protection commissioner; 1972 act replaced environmental protection commissioner with commissioner of agriculture; P.A. 00-99 deleted reference to sheriff, effective December 1, 2000; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

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      Sec. 26-207. Taxation of shellfish grounds. Any owner of shellfish grounds, franchise or franchises lying within the exclusive jurisdiction of the state, on or before the first day of July, annually, shall deliver to the Commissioner of Agriculture a statement under oath of such franchise or franchises or grounds belonging to such owner on the first day of June next preceding. Such statement shall specify the lot or lots owned by such owner by numbers as appear upon the last official map published by said commissioner, or, if granted since the publication of such map, according to such number as may be furnished by said commissioner, and the location and number of acres of each lot. Blanks for such statement shall be prepared by said commissioner and furnished to each owner, but failure to receive such blanks shall not relieve any person from the obligation to furnish the statement herein provided for. The commissioner may issue subpoenas to compel the attendance of any person before him, with books of account, documents and maps, and may administer oaths to and examine any person for the purpose of ascertaining the amount and value of such property. Any person who fails to respond to any such subpoena or who, having responded, refuses to testify or who fails to produce any such book or books of account, documents or maps, upon application of said commissioner to the superior court for any judicial district bordering on the waters of Long Island Sound, may be punished for contempt. Said commissioner may exercise the authority of assessors of towns and add ten per cent of the value of the property as a penalty for failure to give in a list. Any person who discloses any information obtained from any such witness or from the books or records of any such owner provided for under the provisions of this section, otherwise than in carrying out the provisions hereof, shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5035; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 345; 1972, P.A. 52, S. 15; P.A. 78-280, S. 2, 127; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1.)

      History: 1971 act replaced references to shellfish commissioners, commission and board of tax review and to clerk of shellfisheries with references to environmental protection commissioner; 1972 act replaced environmental protection commissioner with commissioner of agriculture; P.A. 78-280 replaced "county" with "judicial district"; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

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      Sec. 26-208. Laying of tax. All statements so delivered or made shall be alphabetically arranged, and the Commissioner of Agriculture shall determine the value of all property so returned and described in such statements, which property shall be liable to taxation at the valuation so determined, including the ten per cent for default as aforesaid. Said commissioner shall annually declare and lay a tax thereon at the rate of two per cent of such valuation, payable at the office of said commissioner on and after the first Monday of the January following, and such tax shall be a lien upon the franchises and grounds so taxed from the time it is so laid until paid and shall be in lieu of all other taxes on such property.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5036; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 346; 1972, P.A. 52, S. 16; P.A. 96-180, S. 98, 166; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1.)

      History: 1971 act replaced references to shellfish commissioners with references to environmental protection commissioner; 1972 act replaced environmental protection commissioner with commissioner of agriculture; P.A. 96-180 deleted "said" and inserted "the" before "Commissioner of Agriculture", effective June 3, 1996; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

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      Sec. 26-209. Appeal. Any person aggrieved by the action of the Commissioner of Agriculture under section 26-208 shall have the same right of appeal to the Superior Court as is provided by law for appeals to said court from boards of assessment appeals of towns, except as otherwise provided. Each such appeal shall be taken to the judicial district where the franchise or ground in question is situated or to the judicial district where the owner appealing resides, and said court shall have such powers therein as in appeals from boards of assessment appeals of towns.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5037; 1957, P.A. 30; 1959, P.A. 93; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 347; 1972, P.A. 52, S. 17; P.A. 76-436, S. 604, 681; P.A. 78-280, S. 1, 127; P.A. 95-283, S. 63, 68; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1.)

      History: 1959 act changed time for meeting of shellfish board of tax review from first Tuesday of September to first Tuesday of February; 1971 act terminated the shellfish board of tax review, deleting provisions setting forth its duties; 1972 act replaced reference to environmental protection commissioner with commissioner of agriculture; P.A. 76-436 replaced court of common pleas with superior court and added reference to judicial districts, effective July 1, 1978, and deleted obsolete provision terminating shellfish board of tax review; P.A. 78-280 deleted reference to counties; P.A. 95-283 replaced board of tax review with board of assessment appeals, effective July 6, 1995; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

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      Sec. 26-210. Collection of tax. If any tax so laid is not paid on or before the first Monday in March, the Commissioner of Agriculture shall make and issue his warrant for the collection thereof, with interest thereon, at the rate of one per cent per month from the day such tax becomes payable until paid, with the expenses of such collection, which warrant shall authorize any reputable person named therein to seize such grounds and any oysters or other shellfish thereon, or any other property of the owner or owners thereof not exempt from execution, and to sell the same, or so much thereof as he may find necessary, at such time and place, in such manner and by such person as said commissioner may direct, whereupon such sale shall be so made, and such warrant shall be immediately returned to said commissioner by such person with all his doings endorsed thereon, and he shall pay to said commissioner the money received upon such sale, and the commissioner shall apply the same to the payment of such tax and all the expenses thereon, including the expenses of such sale, returning any balance that remains to such owner or owners; and all moneys received by said commissioner in payment of taxes and interest thereon shall be accounted for and paid to the State Treasurer.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5038; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 348; 1972, P.A. 52, S. 18; P.A. 96-180, S. 99, 166; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1.)

      History: 1971 act replaced references to shellfish commissioners with references to environmental protection commissioner; 1972 act replaced environmental protection commissioner with commissioner of agriculture; P.A. 96-180 deleted "said" and inserted "the" before "Commissioner of Agriculture", effective June 3, 1996; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

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      Sec. 26-211. Taxes unpaid five years; reversion. When the taxes on any oyster grounds within the exclusive jurisdiction of the state and under the control of the Commissioner of Agriculture are in arrears for five consecutive years, said commissioner shall notify the owner or owners of such grounds, or their legal representatives, of the fact of such arrears, and if, within three months after the date of such notification, all arrears of taxes on such grounds are not paid, such grounds shall revert to the state; and the commissioner, upon the reversion of such grounds to the state, shall make a certificate of the fact of such reversion for record upon his books, and such grounds shall thereupon be open for application like all other undesignated oyster grounds within the exclusive jurisdiction of the state.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5039; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 349; 1972, P.A. 52, S. 19; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1.)

      History: 1971 act replaced references to shellfish commissioners and commission and to clerk of shellfisheries with references to environmental protection commissioner; 1972 act replaced commissioner of environmental protection with commissioner of agriculture; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

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      Sec. 26-212. Licensing and numbering of shellfish vessels. Fee. No person shall take or gather for commercial purposes oysters, clams, mussels or other molluscan shellfish from any natural shellfish bed in the state in any boat or vessel unless it is licensed and numbered in the manner provided in this section. Any person desiring to use any boat or vessel for such purpose may make written application to the Commissioner of Agriculture, stating the name, owner, rig, general description and tonnage of such boat or vessel and the place where it is owned, and the commissioner shall issue to the owner of such boat or vessel a license to take and gather for commercial purposes oysters, clams, mussels or other molluscan shellfish from the natural shellfish beds in the state for the term expiring on the next succeeding twentieth day of July, unless sooner revoked, upon the payment of thirty dollars; provided, before such license is granted, the owner or master shall prove to the satisfaction of the commissioner that such boat or vessel may legally be used on work on the public beds of the state and that the dredges and other contrivances do not weigh more than thirty pounds. Each boat or vessel so licensed shall, while at work upon any of the natural shellfish beds of the state, display the number of such license in black figures not less than one foot in length. No such license may be transferred. The sale of any boat so licensed shall operate as a forfeiture and revocation of the license, and the license certificate shall be surrendered to the commissioner.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5044; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 350; 1972, P.A. 52, S. 20; P.A. 78-334, S. 1; P.A. 82-91, S. 28, 38; P.A. 99-169, S. 1, 7; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3, S. 303.)

      History: 1971 act replaced references to clerk of shellfisheries with references to environmental protection commissioner; 1972 act replaced environmental protection commissioner with commissioner of agriculture; P.A. 78-334 increased license fee for boats 25 feet overall or less from $8 to $15 and deleted provisions requiring licensed boats to display license number and Connecticut coat of arms on sails; P.A. 82-91 expanded the licensing requirements of this section to include not only the taking of oysters from natural beds in the exclusive jurisdiction of the state, but also the taking, for commercial purposes, of oysters, clams, mussels or other molluscan shellfish from any natural shellfish bed in the state, established the license fee at $15 and repealed previous fee schedule of $15 for vessel or boat under five gross tons and over 25 feet long, and for vessel or boat exceeding five gross tons, $3 for each additional gross ton, and for vessel or boat 25 feet or less, $15; P.A. 99-169 deleted provisions limiting licenses under this section to residents of this state and provided that such licenses may not be transferred, effective June 23, 1999; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3 increased fee from $15 to $30.

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      Sec. 26-213. License to work on natural beds. No person shall take or gather for commercial purposes oysters, clams, mussels or other molluscan shellfish from any natural shellfish bed in the state and no person shall be permitted upon any boat, licensed pursuant to the provisions of section 26-212, while the boat is being used for such taking or gathering until the person has been licensed in the manner provided in this section. The person shall apply in writing, to the Commissioner of Agriculture upon blanks to be furnished by the commissioner, stating his name, residence, post-office address and such other information as may be required by said commissioner, and said commissioner, upon payment of a fee of twenty dollars, shall issue to the person a license for such purpose. All licenses so issued shall be revocable at any time by the commissioner and shall expire on the twentieth day of July in each year. The commissioner shall account to the Treasurer for all money received for licenses under the provisions of this section. Any person who violates any of the provisions of this section relating to licensing shall be fined not more than one hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than thirty days, or both.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5045; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 351; 1972, P.A. 52, S. 21; P.A. 78-334, S. 2; P.A. 82-91, S. 29, 38; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3, S. 304.)

      History: 1971 act replaced references to shellfish commissioners and commission and to clerk of shellfisheries with references to environmental protection commissioner; 1972 act replaced environmental protection commissioner with commissioner of agriculture; P.A. 78-334 raised license fee from $5 to $10 and increased maximum fine from $50 to $100; P.A. 82-91 expanded the licensing requirements of this section to include not only persons on boats, licensed under Sec. 26-212, while the boat is being used for dredging, but also persons taking, for commercial purposes, oysters, clams, mussels or other molluscan shellfish from any natural shellfish bed in the state, and persons on any boat licensed under Sec. 26-212 while the boat is used for such taking; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3 increased fee from $10 to $20 and made a technical change.

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      Sec. 26-214. Nonresident oystermen. Foreign vessels prohibited. Section 26-214 is repealed, effective June 23, 1999.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5046; P.A. 99-169, S. 6, 7.)

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      Sec. 26-215. Power dredges. Local shellfish commissions. Use of power dredges to restore shellfish beds. (a) There shall not be used on any licensed boat any device operated otherwise than by hand power, for hoisting or operating dredges or other implements for gathering oysters, clams, mussels or other shellfish or oyster shells. Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, no person shall use any dredge or other contrivance weighing more than thirty pounds, exclusive of the net or bag, or with a capacity of more than one and one-half bushels in taking up or dredging for oysters, clams, mussels or other shellfish or oyster shells in any of the waters of the state, except upon private designated grounds. Nothing in this section shall be construed to prevent the use of power in taking up or dredging for oysters, clams, mussels or other shellfish or shells on private designated grounds by the owners thereof, or to prevent the use of excavators for deepening the water in places where there are no natural oyster or clam beds, or where such beds have not existed within ten years, by digging or removing the material, permission to use excavators being first given by the Commissioner of Agriculture, which permission shall not be given until after a public notice of at least two weeks of the time when and place where he will hear all parties desiring to be heard upon such application, which notice shall be posted in the office of the town clerk of the town where such grounds are located.

      (b) A local shellfish commission established pursuant to section 26-257a may allow limited and supervised use of a power dredge or other contrivance with a capacity of not more than three bushels, for the purpose of cultivation, enhancement or restoration of natural shellfish beds located within the jurisdiction of said commission. The use of a power dredge or other contrivance pursuant to this subsection shall not be extended to the harvesting or removal of oysters. Such shellfish commission shall administer such dredging pursuant to section 26-257a.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5047; 1949, S. 2557d; 1969, P.A. 218, S. 1; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 352; 1972, P.A. 52, S. 22; P.A. 78-334, S. 3; P.A. 83-118; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1; 04-223, S. 8.)

      History: 1969 act deleted references to "a boat or other contrivance dragged, operated or propelled by steam, naphtha, vapor or electricity" and limited capacity of dredge or contrivance used to one and one-half bushels; 1971 act replaced references to shellfish commissioners with references to environmental protection commissioner; 1972 act replaced environmental protection commissioner with commissioner of agriculture; P.A. 78-334 deleted references to use of steamboats, steam power or steam excavators; P.A. 83-118 extended authorization to use power dredging equipment in the taking of "clams, mussels, other shellfish or shells" on private ground and deleted provision which had authorized use of mechanically operated dredges from harvesting hard clams, round clams, surf or skimmer clams or ocean quahogs in waters "south of a northerly limit ... one mile offshore of mean low water mark and east of a bearing true north or south of the easterly end of Kimberly Reef, so called"; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004; P.A. 04-223 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a), making conforming and technical changes therein, and added Subsec. (b) re local shellfish commission authority to authorize power dredge use, effective June 1, 2004.

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      Sec. 26-216. Penalty. Any person who violates any provision of section 26-215, or who uses any device or number not furnished by the Commissioner of Agriculture for a boat or vessel used in cultivating or dredging for shellfish, shall be fined not less than twenty-five dollars or more than fifty dollars for each day that such boat or vessel is so unlawfully used and, on conviction of a second offense, shall be fined not less than fifty dollars or more than two hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than thirty days, or both, for each day that such boat or vessel is so unlawfully used.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5048; 1969, P.A. 218, S. 2; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 353; 1972, P.A. 52, S. 23; P.A. 78-334, S. 4; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1; P.A. 05-288, S. 120.)

      History: 1969 act rephrased provisions; 1971 act replaced clerk of shellfisheries with commissioner of environmental protection; 1972 act replaced commissioner of environmental protection with commissioner of agriculture; P.A. 78-334 increased minimum fine from $10 to $25 and deleted reference to not bearing coat of arms as violation; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004; P.A. 05-288 made technical changes, effective July 13, 2005.

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      Sec. 26-217. Use of chain bags on natural oyster beds. No person shall use any dredge with a chain bag having rings of less than three-quarters of an inch in diameter, or any net bag with smaller mesh than two inches from knot to knot, on any natural oyster bed. Any person who violates any provision of this section shall be fined not more than fifty dollars or imprisoned not more than thirty days or both.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5049.)

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      Sec. 26-218. License forfeited on conviction. The conviction of any person of dredging without a license, upon a natural oyster bed, shall render such person ineligible for a license for the remainder of the license year, and the conviction of any licensee for any violation of the laws relating to shellfisheries shall operate as a revocation of his license.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5050.)

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      Sec. 26-219. License to take conchs. Any person may apply to the Commissioner of Agriculture for a license to take conchs in excess of one-half bushel daily. Such license shall not apply to any area lawfully designated as oyster, clam or mussel beds under town or state jurisdiction. Such application shall state the name, residence and post-office address of the applicant and such other information as said commissioner requires. Such license shall be valid for one year from the date of its issuance, and a fee of one hundred dollars shall be charged therefor. Any person who takes any conchs in excess of one-half bushel daily without having obtained such a license shall be fined not more than two hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than thirty days, or both.

      (1949, S. 2556d; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 354; 1972, P.A. 52, S. 24; P.A. 78-334, S. 5; P.A. 83-357; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-6, S. 54, 117; P.A. 99-169, S. 2, 7; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3, S. 305.)

      History: 1971 act replaced references to shellfish commissioners with references to environmental protection commissioner; 1972 act replaced environmental protection commissioner with commissioner of agriculture; P.A. 78-334 raised license fee from $5 to $10; P.A. 83-357 reduced the limit for the taking of conchs from five to one-half bushels daily, raised the license fee $25 and increased the penalty for exceeding the daily limit for the taking of conchs from $50 to $200; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-6 raised license fee to $50; P.A. 99-169 deleted a provision limiting licenses under this section to residents of this state, effective June 23, 1999; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3 increased fee from $50 to $100 and made a technical change.

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      Sec. 26-220. Shellfish spawning beds. The Commissioner of Agriculture may designate in such manner as he may determine such spawning beds as he deems necessary south of the jurisdiction line but not more than ten acres in any one town, and cause the same to be marked by buoys to be maintained under such regulations as said commissioner may prescribe. Any person who goes upon or over any such spawning bed for the purpose of taking oysters or dredging, or who tows a dredge under water, over or upon such spawning bed, shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than three months or both.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5051; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 355; 1972, P.A. 52, S. 25; P.A. 78-334, S. 6; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1.)

      History: 1971 act replaced shellfish commission with commissioner of environmental protection; 1972 act replaced environmental protection commissioner with commissioner of agriculture; P.A. 78-334 substituted "town" for "locality" and specified designation of spawning beds "south of the jurisdiction line"; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

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      Secs. 26-221 to 26-223. Mud dumping. Notice of intended dumping on private oyster beds. Dumping inspectors. Sections 26-221 to 26-223, inclusive, are repealed, effective October 1, 2002.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5052-5054; 1953, S. 2559d; 1955, S. 2558d; 1959, P.A. 95, S. 4; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 356-358; 1972, P.A. 52, S. 26-28; P.A. 78-334, S. 7, 8; P.A. 96-180, S. 100, 166; P.A. 02-89, S. 90; S.A. 02-12, S. 1.)

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      Sec. 26-224. Deposit of injurious substances in tidal waters or on oyster ground. Penalty. Any person who wilfully and knowingly deposits or assists in depositing any starfish or periwinkle, any shellfish imported from another state and infected with a communicable disease or parasite, or any oyster other than the species Ostrea Virginica in any of the tidal waters of this state, or who dumps mud or other material, except that used in making oyster beds, on any ground located and designated as oyster ground, shall be fined not more than two hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than six months for each bushel, or fraction thereof, of such material so deposited or dumped.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5055; 1949, S. 2560d; P.A. 78-334, S. 9; P.A. 79-148.)

      History: P.A. 78-334 raised maximum fine from $50 to $200; P.A. 79-148 made provisions applicable to shellfish imported from another state and infected with communicable disease or parasite and added "and knowingly".

      Cases appear to recognize that state has control of extent to which navigable waters may be used for sewage disposal. 112 C. 216.

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      Sec. 26-224a. Depositing of shellfish in tidal waters. Regulations. (a) The Commissioner of Agriculture shall adopt regulations in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54 setting forth standards and procedures for the depositing of shellfish imported from outside the state in tidal waters of the state to prevent the introduction of harmful shellfish parasites, pests and diseases. No person may deposit any shellfish or shellfish seed imported from outside the state into the waters of the state unless such shellfish or shellfish seed has been produced from a hatchery which has been inspected or otherwise approved by the Department of Agriculture. Said department may charge such hatchery for any costs incurred in such inspection. Any moneys collected pursuant to this subsection shall be deposited in the fund established pursuant to section 26-237b and shall only be expended for the costs incurred in association with inspections made pursuant to this subsection. Any person who deposits shellfish in any of the tidal waters of the state shall first give notice thereof to the commissioner in accordance with regulations adopted pursuant to this section.

      (b) The commissioner shall have reasonable access to vessels, commercial fishing gear and docks and wharfs used in shellfish operations to determine compliance with the regulations adopted pursuant to this section.

      (c) On and after the effective date of regulations adopted pursuant to this section, no person shall deposit shellfish in the tidal waters of this state except in accordance with such regulations.

      (d) Any person who violates any provision of this section shall be fined not more than two hundred dollars.

      (P.A. 87-520, S. 1; P.A. 91-333, S. 1, 4; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e), (f); P.A. 04-189, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 91-333 amended Subsec. (a) to prohibit the introduction of imported shellfish into the waters of the state from any hatchery which has not been approved by the department of agriculture; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner and Department of Agriculture with Commissioner and Department of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

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      Sec. 26-225. Stealing oysters. Any person who, in the daytime, unlawfully takes and carries away any oysters lawfully planted or cultivated in any waters, or any oysters being on any place designated for the planting or cultivation of oysters, shall be fined not more than three hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than one year; and, if such offense is committed in the night season, he shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than one year.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5056.)

      Evidence not admissible to prove that ground designated by commissioners after 1881 was natural ground. 62 C. 47. History of law. 79 C. 702. Cited. 112 C. 214.

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      Sec. 26-226. Injury to enclosure. Any person who wilfully injures any oyster enclosure legally designated, marked out and enclosed or removes any buoys or stakes used to mark out any oyster ground, or who takes any shells from such enclosure, shall be fined not more than fifty dollars or imprisoned not more than thirty days; on a second conviction, the person shall be fined not less than fifty dollars or more than one hundred dollars and imprisoned not less than thirty days or more than ninety days, and, on each subsequent conviction, the person shall be fined one hundred fifty dollars and imprisoned not more than six months.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5057; 1961, P.A. 517, S. 25; P.A. 78-334, S. 10; P.A. 07-217, S. 126.)

      History: 1961 act deleted provision which allowed prosecutions for first or second offenses to be heard and determined by a trial justice; P.A. 78-334 changed maximum fine for first offense from $7 to $50, changed fines for second conviction from minimum of $7 to $50 and from maximum of $20 to $100 and increased fine for subsequent convictions from $50 to $150 and specified six-month prison term as a maximum sentence; P.A. 07-217 made technical changes, effective July 12, 2007.

      History of law. 79 C. 701.

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      Sec. 26-227. Taking from designated but unmarked ground. No person shall dredge, plant or collect any shells, shellfish or other material or perform any work pertaining to the shellfish industry upon any shellfish grounds, unless each lot whereon any such work is performed has at each corner thereof a buoy visible above mean high water. There shall be on each such buoy the initials of the owner or lessee of such lot and the number of the same as shown on the latest map issued in the report of the Commissioner of Agriculture, and the initial or initials denoting the direction of each corner from the center of the lot printed upon a tag securely fastened to each such buoy. Intermediate line buoys shall be so placed that the distance between buoys shall not be greater than eight hundred feet to be determined by the commissioner, provided said commissioner may permit the use of stakes in lieu of buoys where such use may be found necessary or advisable. Any person who violates any provision of this section shall be fined not more than one hundred dollars.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5058; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 359; 1972, P.A. 52, S. 29; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1.)

      History: 1971 act replaced shellfish commission with commissioner of environmental protection; 1972 act replaced environmental protection commissioner with commissioner of agriculture; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

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      Sec. 26-228. Taking shellfish between sunset and sunrise. Any person who, between sunset and sunrise, takes or collects any shells or shellfish from the shores or waters in this state shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars nor less than one hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than sixty days or be both fined and imprisoned.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5059; P.A. 78-334, S. 11; P.A. 83-245, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 78-334 raised maximum fine from $100 to $500 and minimum fine from $50 to $100; P.A. 83-245 prohibited the taking of shells or shellfish between sunset and sunrise from any of the "shores" of the state and repealed the exemption for the taking of clams off Branford.

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      Sec. 26-229. Injury to monuments. Any person who wilfully injures, removes or displaces any range monument, signal, beacon, boundstone, post or buoy, or any part, appurtenance or enclosure thereof, erected, constructed or set by the Commissioner of Agriculture, or by his order, on the land or water of this state, for the purpose of designating, locating, surveying or mapping any shellfish grounds, shall be fined not more than one hundred fifty dollars or imprisoned not more than ninety days or both.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5061; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 360; 1972, P.A. 52, S. 30; P.A. 78-334, S. 12; P.A. 96-180, S. 101, 166; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1.)

      History: 1971 act replaced references to shellfish commissioners with references to environmental protection commissioner; 1972 act replaced commissioner of environmental protection with commissioner of agriculture; P.A. 78-334 increased maximum fine from $100 to $150; P.A. 96-180 deleted "said" and inserted "the" before "Commissioner of Agriculture", effective June 3, 1996; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

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      Sec. 26-230. Speculation in ground prohibited. Illegally staking ground. Any person who applies for and procures any designation of a place for planting oysters, clams or mussels to be made to him, for the purpose of assigning the rights which he may acquire, for profit or speculation, and any person, other than the owner, the lessee, the Commissioner of Agriculture, the authorized committee or the selectmen, who stakes out or encloses any grounds in navigable waters for the purpose of planting or cultivating oysters thereon, shall be fined not more than fifty dollars.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5062; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 361; 1972, P.A. 52, S. 31; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1.)

      History: 1971 act replaced shellfish commissioners with commissioner of environmental protection; 1972 act replaced commissioner of environmental protection with commissioner of agriculture; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

      History of law. 74 C. 377.

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      Sec. 26-231. Towing dredge prohibited. Any person who, without the written permission of the owner or lessee of any properly designated oyster ground, tows or assists in towing under water any dredge, trawl or contrivance for taking fish or shellfish, in a manner to cause it to come into contact with any such ground or any shellfish thereon, shall be fined not more than fifty dollars or imprisoned not more than thirty days or both and shall forfeit his right to fish in the marine district of Connecticut for one year, and for a second offense shall be fined not more than one hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than sixty days or both.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5063.)

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      Sec. 26-232. Taking oysters from natural beds or the Housatonic or Saugatuck Rivers. (a) Any person who (1) between the twentieth day of July and the twentieth day of September, gathers or takes any oysters or shells from any natural oyster bed specified in section 26-193 other than any such bed in the Housatonic River, (2) between the twentieth day of July and the twentieth day of September in any year, gathers or takes any oysters or shells in the Saugatuck River, or (3) between the twentieth day of July and the twentieth day of October in any year, gathers or takes any oysters or shells in the Housatonic River shall be fined not more than one hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than thirty days or both; provided nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit the gathering or taking of shells or mussels by the use of tongs in said Housatonic River below a line drawn from a stake on the west bank of said river, at Quimber's Neck Point, so called, and running thence in a northeasterly direction to a stake on the east side of said river. Said stakes shall be located and maintained at said points by the selectmen of the town of Stratford, and a certificate of such location by said selectmen shall be recorded in the office of the town clerk of said town of Stratford. Nothing in this chapter or in chapter 492 shall be construed as prohibiting the excavation of material in deepening the channels of navigable waters by work authorized by the United States government.

      (b) The Commissioner of Agriculture, upon application of the Stratford Shellfish Commission, may, at any time, close the season for the taking of any shellfish in the Housatonic River for purposes of conserving the resource.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5064; P.A. 78-334, S. 13; P.A. 85-183, S. 1, 2; P.A. 95-91, S. 1, 2; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 78-334 raised maximum fine from $50 to $100; P.A. 85-183 extended applicability of provisions to the Saugatuck River; P.A. 95-91 amended Subsec. (a) to move the opening day of the season for taking oysters from the Housatonic River from September 20th to October 20th and added a new Subsec. (b) re closure of the season in the Housatonic River by the Commissioner of Agriculture, effective May 31, 1995; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

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      Sec. 26-233. Taking oysters from Housatonic River. Section 26-233 is repealed.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5065; 1961, P.A. 517, S. 26; P.A. 78-334, S. 17.)

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      Secs. 26-233a and 26-234. Taking of oysters in Housatonic River other than by tongs. Greenwich Cove oysters. Sections 26-233a and 26-234 are repealed, effective October 1, 2002.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5066; 1971, P.A. 155, S. 1; 872, S. 440; 1972, P.A. 52, S. 38; P.A. 02-89, S. 90; S.A. 02-12, S. 1.)

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      Sec. 26-234a. Daily limit on oysters. Section 26-234a is repealed, effective October 1, 1999.

      (1969, P.A. 218, S. 3; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 362; 1972, P.A. 52, S. 32; P.A. 99-110, S. 6.)

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      Sec. 26-234b. Taking of eastern oysters. Regulations. No person may take eastern oysters (Crassostrea virginica) from the waters of this state which are less than three inches long or which are otherwise not ready for harvest, as determined by the Commissioner of Agriculture, except that the taking of such oysters for sale, transplant and relay for aquaculture purposes within the waters of the state shall not be prohibited. The Commissioner of Agriculture may adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to carry out the purposes of this section.

      (P.A. 91-333, S. 2, 4; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1.)

      History: June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

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      Sec. 26-235. Taking of clams. Recreational harvest limit. Penalties. Defacing or removal of sign. (a) No person shall take any long clams less than one and one-half inches in length, provided the Waterford-East Lyme shellfish commission may make such residency requirements for digging or taking clams from the shores or waters of the Niantic River as it deems reasonable and in the best public interest of the Waterford-East Lyme area. Unless otherwise provided by statute, regulation or local ordinance, the recreational harvest limit of clams shall not exceed one-half bushel per person daily. The Commissioner of Agriculture may designate by regulations adopted in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54 shores and waters for the exclusive recreational harvesting of clams. For the purposes of this section, recreational harvest of clams means the collection of clams by an individual for personal consumption or consumption by such individual's family.

      (b) The common council of any consolidated town and city and the selectmen of any other town may determine the quantity of clams to be taken therein by a person during one day and may prohibit, for a period not exceeding one year, the taking of clams from any waters or beaches they may designate within the territorial limits of such town, if they deem such prohibition necessary for the protection of the natural clam areas, by posting notices on such designated territorial limits stating that the taking of clams within such areas is prohibited.

      (c) Any person who violates any provision of subsection (a) or (b) of this section shall have committed an infraction.

      (d) Any person who takes clams from an area closed and posted against the taking of clams by the Department of Agriculture or from an area closed by license issuance or by order of a local health department shall be fined not less than seventy-five dollars or more than one thousand dollars or three times the market value of any clams taken, based on the quantity and type involved in the violation, if such amount is greater than one thousand dollars, or imprisoned not more than twelve months.

      (e) Any person who defaces or removes a sign posted by the Department of Agriculture, in accordance with the provisions of section 26-192e, shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than six months.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5067; 1953, S. 2561d; 1959, P.A. 169, S. 1; P.A. 83-245, S. 2; P.A. 86-8; P.A. 99-169, S. 3, 7; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1; 04-223, S. 7; P.A. 05-288, S. 121.)

      History: 1959 act authorized Waterford-East Lyme shellfish commission to make residency requirements re digging or taking clams from shores or waters of Niantic River; P.A. 83-245 amended Subsec. (a) to define recreational harvest limit and to establish a limit of one bushel per person and amended Subsec. (c) to replace $100 fine with provision making violations an infraction; P.A. 86-8 amended Subsec. (a) by reducing the recreational harvest limit for clams from one to one-half bushel per person daily; P.A. 99-169 deleted a provision in Subsec. (a) limiting authorization under this section to residents of this state, effective June 23, 1999; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004; P.A. 04-223 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a) and (c) and added Subsecs. (d) re penalties for prohibited taking of clams and (e) re penalty for defacing or removal of sign posted by Department of Agriculture, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 05-288 made a technical change in Subsec. (d), effective July 13, 2005.

      Cited. 231 C. 418.

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      Sec. 26-236. Uncertified natural grounds. No provisions of any public or special act concerning the quantity of shellfish to be taken from natural grounds shall apply to the harvesting of shellfish from the following-described uncertified natural grounds posted by the Department of Public Health, under permits issued by said department: In the town of Branford, beginning at the southerly point of Darrow's Island, at the mouth of Farm River, from which point, on the tenth day of June at 12:15 p.m., the New Haven lighthouse, on southwest ledge off New Haven Harbor, bears south 84° west; the spindle of Geodetic survey bears north, 11° west, "Magnetic Meridian"; thence along the westerly shore of said island to the northerly point thereof, where it intersects a designation to Patrick O'Brien and others; thence along the westerly line of O'Brien's designation of what is called the "Gut" to the steppingstones, so called, at the southerly line of a designation to the middle of Farm River; thence southerly along a line in the middle of said river to the line of the Commissioner of Agriculture, formerly of the shellfish commissioners, to the place of beginning, containing twenty-two and one-half acres; also, beginning at Swift Water Point, so called, on the east side of Farm River, and at the northeasterly corner of Willis Munson's designation; thence northerly along the easterly side of Farm River to the causeway and bridge; thence westerly along said causeway and bridge to the town line fixed by the towns of East Haven and Branford; thence southerly along said line in the middle of said river to said Munson's north line, to the place of beginning, containing six acres; also, beginning on the northerly side of the causeway and bridge over Farm River and running northerly along the easterly shore of said river to a designation to Harrison Bristol and Warren S. Bradley, at a place called Oak Point; thence westerly along said Bristol and Bradley south line to the middle of the river; thence southerly by a line in the middle of the said river to the bridge over Farm River; thence easterly by the bridge and causeway to the place of beginning, containing three acres; also, all that portion of Farm River lying within the limits of the town of Branford, and being northerly of the northerly line of a designation near Farm Creek to August Hall and William H. Thompson, extending up said river to a point where the waters of Saltonstall Lake form a junction with the waters of said river, containing five acres, more or less; also, all that portion of territory within the limits of the town of Branford, known as Calm Island Bar, commencing at a hole drilled in a rock at the west end of Calm Island Bar, from which point the lighthouse on southwest ledge off New Haven Harbor bears, June 15, 1885, south 88° 35" west, Branford Beacon bears south 6° 35" east thence north 57° 45" east, 751 feet, to a point of rock at the easterly end of said bar; thence running south 13° 12" west to low water mark; thence in a westerly direction along the line of low water to a point which is south 53° 20" east, from the hole in the rock; thence to the starting point; containing five and one-half acres; also, that portion of Branford River bounded and described as follows: Beginning at a point on the easterly side of Branford River, in a line with the northerly line bears north 32° 10" west, ranging with the tall chimney of the Malleable Iron Works near the depot, in the town of Branford, and the chimney of the dwelling house on Kirkham Street owned by Daniel Averill; thence along the northerly line of said Cook's designation to the westerly shore of said river, thence easterly along the northerly line of said river to the Short Line railroad bridge; thence across said river by the line of said bridge; thence easterly and southerly along the line of said river to the place of beginning, containing thirty-eight and one-half acres.

      (1949, S. 2562d; 1971, P.A. 872, S. 363; 1972, P.A. 52, S. 33; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1.)

      History: 1971 act made commissioner of environmental protection successor to shellfish commissioners; 1972 act replaced commissioner of environmental protection with commissioner of agriculture; P.A. 77-614 replaced department of health with department of health services, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

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      Sec. 26-237. Penalty. Any person violating any provision of this chapter for which violation no specific penalty is imposed shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than six months or both.

      (1949 Rev., S. 5068.)

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      Sec. 26-237a. Deposit of cultch material on state shellfish beds. There is established within the Department of Agriculture a program to purchase shell or other cultch material for deposit on state shellfish beds. The program shall also include the purchase of management supplies, materials and spawn oyster stock.

      (P.A. 87-426, S. 1; P.A. 88-291, S. 1, 6; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(f); P.A. 04-189, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 88-291 added provision for the purchase of management supplies, materials and spawn oyster stock; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Department of Agriculture with Department of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

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      Sec. 26-237b. Shellfish Fund. (a) There is established and created a fund to be known as the "Shellfish Fund". The proceeds of any bonds authorized for the purpose of section 26-237a shall be deposited in the fund. Any balance remaining in said fund at the end of any fiscal year shall be carried forward in said fund for the fiscal year next succeeding.

      (b) The fund shall be used by the Commissioner of Agriculture for the program established under section 26-237a.

      (P.A. 87-426, S. 2; P.A. 94-95, S. 21; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1; 04-201, S. 10.)

      History: P.A. 94-95 in Subsec. (a) eliminated provisions requiring the Shellfish Fund to be held separate and apart from all other moneys, funds and accounts and that investment earnings be credited to assets of the fund; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004; P.A. 04-201 amended Subsec. (a) to delete reference to repealed Sec. 26-237c, effective June 3, 2004, and applicable to calendar quarters commencing on and after July 1, 2004.

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      Sec. 26-237c. License for the harvesting of oysters from state shellfish grounds. Section 26-237c is repealed, effective June 3, 2004, and applicable to calendar quarters commencing on and after July 1, 2004.

      (P.A. 87-426, S. 3; P.A. 88-291, S. 2, 6; P.A. 91-236, S. 21, 25; P.A. 95-26, S. 47, 52; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-201, S. 13.)

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      Sec. 26-237d. Municipal collection of sea water samples for shellfish harvest water classification. (a) The Department of Agriculture may, upon written request of a municipality, enter into a memorandum of understanding with such municipality to authorize the health department or similar agency of the municipality to collect sea water samples for the purpose of shellfish harvest water classification. The memorandum of understanding shall not limit the geographic area from which the municipality may collect such samples and shall not be construed to prevent the municipality from collecting or processing samples for the purpose of improving shellfish harvest water classification. The Department of Agriculture shall provide the municipality with support, documentation and training regarding record keeping and sample collection and transport. The municipality shall provide training to any employees or agents it designates to take such samples.

      (b) Samples collected by a municipality shall be collected and processed in accordance with the National Shellfish Sanitation Program Model Ordinance, as amended from time to time. Such samples shall be processed by a laboratory certified pursuant to said ordinance. The analysis of a sample processed in a laboratory other than a Department of Agriculture laboratory shall be transmitted directly to said department's Bureau of Aquaculture and to the municipality that submitted the sample.

      (c) The municipality may, but shall not be required to, assist the Department of Agriculture in sample collection in post rainfall conditions, spill events or routine sampling requirements. The Department of Agriculture shall accept all sample data analysis from samples collected by municipalities pursuant to this section and said department shall include such data analysis in any data base, report, file, calculation or process used by said department to determine or report water quality classification or reclassification.

      (P.A. 07-74, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 07-74 effective May 30, 2007.

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      Sec. 26-237e. Resource assessment permits. A resource assessment permit issued by the Department of Agriculture for the purpose of assessing the viability of a shellfish area shall not authorize more than one hundred acres of assessment area per permit. Said department shall require the placement of buoys at each corner of the assessment area, as defined by the permit applicant, prior to the start of any assessment. Said department shall notify all abutting shellfish ground owners or lease holders of the issuance of such permit not later than five days prior to the effective date of the permit.

      (P.A. 07-74, S. 5.)

      History: P.A. 07-74 effective May 30, 2007.

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