CHAPTER 446e*
SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT SERVICES ACT

      *Annotations to former chapter 361b and present chapter:

      Cited. 174 C. 146. Solid waste management services act cited. 193 C. 506; 201 C. 700; 212 C. 570. Solid waste management services act, Sec. 22a-257 et seq. cited. 218 C. 821. Cited. 225 C. 731. Sec. 22a-257 et seq. cited. Id. Solid waste management services act cited. Id. Cited. 234 C. 221.

      Solid waste management services act cited. 20 CA 474.

      Preemption of local zoning ordinances by conflicting state statutes. 34 CS 177.


Table of Contents

Sec. 22a-257. (Formerly Sec. 19-524p). Short title: Connecticut Solid Waste Management Services Act.
Sec. 22a-258. (Formerly Sec. 19-524q). Legislative finding.
Sec. 22a-259. (Formerly Sec. 19-524r). Declaration of state policy.
Sec. 22a-260. (Formerly Sec. 19-524s). Definitions.
Sec. 22a-261. (Formerly Sec. 19-524t). Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority established. Directors. President. Steering committee.
Sec. 22a-262. (Formerly Sec. 19-524u). Purposes of authority.
Sec. 22a-263. (Formerly Sec. 19-524v). Meetings. Records. Reports. Audits.
Sec. 22a-263a. Information to be made available to public through the Internet.
Sec. 22a-263b. Copies of independent audits to be submitted to General Assembly.
Sec. 22a-264. (Formerly Sec. 19-524w). Activities and operations.
Sec. 22a-265. (Formerly Sec. 19-524x). Powers, generally.
Sec. 22a-265a. Expenditures for outside consultants.
Sec. 22a-266. (Formerly Sec. 19-524y). Particular powers; contract authorizations.
Sec. 22a-267. (Formerly Sec. 19-524z). Powers, fiscal.
Sec. 22a-268. (Formerly Sec. 19-524aa). Powers to contract with private sector.
Sec. 22a-268a. Written procedures.
Sec. 22a-268b. Performance incentive plan for officers and employees of the authority.
Sec. 22a-268c. Attorney General supervision over legal matters and claims from authority-Enron-Connecticut Light and Power Company transaction.
Sec. 22a-268d. Temporary borrowing from the state to support repayment of debt on behalf of Mid-Connecticut Project. Financial mitigation plan. Reports. Discussions re extensions of municipal contracts. Reporting and examination for term of loans.
Sec. 22a-268e. Report on authority efforts to mitigate effects of losses from authority-Enron-Connecticut Light and Power Company transaction.
Sec. 22a-268f. Special committees to study options for municipal solid waste disposal.
Sec. 22a-269. (Formerly Sec. 19-524bb). Bonds of the authority.
Sec. 22a-270. (Formerly Sec. 19-524cc). Tax exemption of authority, lessees and operators. Assessment and taxation of certain leased authority property.
Sec. 22a-270a. Lessee under Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority project not liable for taxes on property leased from authority if payments in lieu of taxes are made per agreement.
Sec. 22a-271. (Formerly Sec. 19-524dd). Bonds, legal investments.
Sec. 22a-272. (Formerly Sec. 19-524ee). Mandatory sinking fund for authority bonds; special capital reserve funds; General Fund appropriations. Purchase of financial guarantees.
Sec. 22a-272a. Limit on use of bond proceeds for funding intermediate processing facilities.
Sec. 22a-273. (Formerly Sec. 19-524ff). Moneys of the authority.
Sec. 22a-274. (Formerly Sec. 19-524gg). Pledge to holders of bonds and notes of the authority.
Sec. 22a-275. (Formerly Sec. 19-524hh). Municipal and regional authorities.
Sec. 22a-276. (Formerly Sec. 19-524ii). Condemnation by authority.
Sec. 22a-277. (Formerly Sec. 19-524jj). Delegation of powers of authority.
Sec. 22a-278. (Formerly Sec. 19-524kk). Bonding of personnel.
Sec. 22a-279. (Formerly Sec. 19-524ll). Connecticut Solid Waste Management Advisory Council.
Sec. 22a-280. (Formerly Sec. 19-524mm). Liberal construction of chapter.
Sec. 22a-281. (Formerly Sec. 19-524nn). Pilot project required.
Sec. 22a-282. Solid waste disposal area. Payments to municipalities.
Sec. 22a-283. Disposal of waste from municipal or private waste-to-energy plant.
Sec. 22a-284. Agreement for administration of waste management project.
Sec. 22a-285. Definitions.
Sec. 22a-285a. Establishment of ash residue disposal area.
Sec. 22a-285b. Application for permit for ash residue disposal area.
Sec. 22a-285c. Operation of ash residue disposal area exempt from local zoning. Additional information required for permit.
Sec. 22a-285d. Negotiated agreement, arbitration award or zoning approval required.
Sec. 22a-285e. Application to initiate negotiation process. Municipal negotiating committee. Grants for review of proposed ash residue disposal area.
Sec. 22a-285f. Participation by municipality in negotiation.
Sec. 22a-285g. Negotiation.
Sec. 22a-285h. Bond or other security required to ensure proper operation.
Sec. 22a-285i. Chief elected official's right of access to inspect. Delegation of authority to inspect.
Sec. 22a-285j. Petition alleging violation. Written report by commissioner.
Sec. 22a-285k. Ownership of ash residue disposal area by authority. Disposal of ash residue limited to ash residue from solid waste generated in this state.
Secs. 22a-286 to 22a-292.

      Sec. 22a-257. (Formerly Sec. 19-524p). Short title: Connecticut Solid Waste Management Services Act. This chapter shall be known and may be cited as the "Connecticut Solid Waste Management Services Act".

      (P.A. 73-459, S. 1, 26.)

      History: Sec. 19-524p transferred to Sec. 22a-257 in 1983.

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      Sec. 22a-258. (Formerly Sec. 19-524q). Legislative finding. It is found and declared that the people of the state of Connecticut have the right to a clean and wholesome environment; that prevailing solid waste disposal practices generally, throughout the state, result in unnecessary environmental damage, waste valuable land and other resources, and constitute a continuing hazard to the health and welfare of the people of the state; that local governments responsible for waste disposal services are becoming hard pressed to provide adequate services at reasonable costs, without damage or hazard to the environment and the loss of useful resources; that locally organized voluntary recycling programs have shown that solid wastes produced in the state of Connecticut contain recoverable resources; that technology and methods now exist to dispose of solid wastes and recover resources with commensurate environmental benefits; that coordinated large-scale processing of solid wastes may be necessary in order to achieve maximum environmental and economic benefits for the people of the state; that the amounts of solid waste being produced within the state of Connecticut are adequate to sustain such large-scale processing; that the geography and population density of the state are such as to enable and facilitate the effective and economic regional accumulation of solid wastes; that the development of systems and facilities and the use of the technology necessary to initiate large-scale processing of solid wastes have become logical and necessary functions to be assumed by state government; that the provision of solid waste disposal services to local governments at reasonable cost, through the use of state governmental powers and capabilities, would supply valuable assistance to such local governments; and, that, because of the foregoing, the provision of statutory authorization for the necessary state structure, which can take initiative and appropriate action to provide the necessary systems, facilities, technology and services for solid waste management and resources recovery is a matter of important public interest and that it is the purpose and intent of the General Assembly to be and remain cognizant not only of its responsibility to authorize and establish the necessary state and local structure and powers for the effective accomplishment of solid waste management and resources recovery, but also of its responsibility to monitor and supervise the activities and operations of the state authority created by this chapter, and the exercise of the powers conferred upon such authority by virtue of this chapter.

      (P.A. 73-459, S. 2, 26.)

      History: Sec. 19-524q transferred to Sec. 22a-258 in 1983.

      Cited. 193 C. 506. Cited. 201 C. 700.

      Cited. 20 CA 474.


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      Sec. 22a-259. (Formerly Sec. 19-524r). Declaration of state policy. The following are declared to be policies of the state of Connecticut: (1) That maximum resources recovery from solid waste and maximum recycling and reuse of such resources in order to protect, preserve and enhance the environment of the state shall be considered environmental goals of the state; (2) that solid waste disposal and resources recovery facilities and projects are to be implemented either by the state of Connecticut or under state auspices, in furtherance of these goals; (3) that appropriate governmental structure, processes and support are to be provided so that effective state systems and facilities for solid waste management and large-scale resources recovery may be developed, financed, planned, designed, constructed and operated for the benefit of the people and municipalities of the state; (4) that private industry is to be utilized to the maximum extent feasible to perform planning, design, management, construction, operation, manufacturing and marketing functions related to solid waste disposal and resources recovery and to assist in the development of industrial enterprise based upon resources recovery, recycling and reuse; (5) that long-term negotiated contracts between the state and private persons and industries may be utilized as an incentive for the development of industrial and commercial enterprise based on resources recovery within the state; (6) that solid waste disposal services shall be provided for municipal and regional authorities and private persons in the state, at reasonable cost, by state systems and facilities where such services are considered necessary and desirable in accordance with the state-wide solid waste management plan and that any revenues received from the payment of the costs of such services otherwise from the operation of state systems and facilities shall be redistributed to the users of such services provided that the authority has determined that all contractual obligations related to such systems and facilities have been met and that such revenues are surplus and not needed to provide necessary support for such systems and facilities; (7) that provision shall be made for planning, research and development, and appropriate innovation in the design, management and operation of the state's systems and facilities for solid waste management, in order to permit continuing improvement and provide adequate incentives and processes for lowering operating and other costs; (8) that the authority established pursuant to this chapter shall have responsibility for implementing solid waste disposal and resources recovery systems and facilities and solid waste management services where necessary and desirable throughout the state in accordance with the state solid waste management plan and applicable statutes and regulations; (9) that actions and activities performed or carried out by the authority or its contractors in accordance with the provisions of this chapter shall be in conformity with the state solid waste management plan and with other applicable policies and regulations of the state, as promulgated from time to time in law and by action of the Department of Environmental Protection and the Connecticut Development Authority; (10) that it being to the best interest of the state, municipalities, individual citizens and the environment to minimize the quantity of materials entering the waste stream that would require collection, transportation, processing, or disposal by any level of government, it is the intent of this legislation to promote the presegregation of recoverable or recyclable materials before they become mixed and included in the waste stream; and that this intent shall be reflected in the policy of the resources recovery authority and that no provision of this chapter or action of this authority shall either discourage or prohibit either voluntary or locally ordained solid waste segregation programs or the sale of such segregated materials to private persons, unless the authority has determined based upon a feasibility report filed with the applicable municipal authority that the reduced user fees charged to it should result in its total cost of solid waste management including user fees paid to the authority to be less without presegregation than with it, and (11) that these policies and purposes are hereby declared to be in the public interest and the provisions of this chapter to be necessary and for the public benefit, as a matter of legislative determination.

      (P.A. 73-459, S. 3, 26; P.A. 74-338, S. 69, 94.)

      History: P.A. 74-338 replaced Connecticut development commission with Connecticut development authority; Sec. 19-524r transferred to Sec. 22a-259 in 1983.

      Cited. 20 CA 474.

      Subdiv. (2):

      Cited. 193 C. 506. Cited. 201 C. 700.


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      Sec. 22a-260. (Formerly Sec. 19-524s). Definitions. The following terms, as used in this chapter and chapter 103b, shall have the indicated meanings unless the context in which they are used demands a different meaning and intent:

      (1) "Authority" means the Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority created and established pursuant to this chapter or any board, body, commission, department, officer, agency or other successor thereto;

      (2) "State solid waste management plan" means the administrative and financial plan developed by the Commissioner of Environmental Protection for solid waste disposal and resources recovery, pursuant to section 22a-211;

      (3) "Resources recovery" means the processing of solid wastes to reclaim energy therefrom;

      (4) "Recycling" means the processing of solid waste to reclaim material therefrom;

      (5) "Person" means any individual, firm, partnership, association, limited liability company or corporation, public or private, organized or existing under the laws of the state or any other state, including federal corporations, but excluding municipalities, special districts having taxing powers or other political subdivisions of the state;

      (6) "Waste management services" means actions taken to effectuate the receipt, storage, transportation and processing for resources recovery, recycling, reuse of recovered materials, or disposal of solid wastes, including the sale of products, materials or energy on behalf of the state, a region, a municipality or a person by the authority or by any person or persons acting under contract with the authority, pursuant to the provisions of this chapter;

      (7) "Solid waste" means unwanted or discarded solid, liquid, semisolid or contained gaseous material, including but not limited to, demolition debris, material burned or otherwise processed at a resources recovery facility or incinerator, material processed at a recycling facility and sludges or other residue from a water pollution abatement facility, water supply treatment plant or air pollution control facility;

      (8) "Solid waste facility" means any solid waste disposal area, volume reduction plant, transfer station, wood burning facility, or biomedical waste treatment facility;

      (9) "Solid waste disposal area" means any location, including a landfill or other land disposal site, used for the disposal of more than ten cubic yards of solid waste;

      (10) "Volume reduction plant" means any location or structure, whether located on land or water, where more than two thousand pounds per hour of solid waste generated elsewhere may be reduced in volume, including but not limited to, resources recovery facilities and other incinerators, recycling facilities, pulverizers, compactors, shredders, balers and composting facilities;

      (11) "Resources recovery facility" means a facility utilizing processes aimed at reclaiming the material or energy values from solid wastes;

      (12) "Transfer station" means any location or structure, whether located on land or water, where more than ten cubic yards of solid waste, generated elsewhere, may be stored for transfer or transferred from transportation units and placed in other transportation units for movement to another location, whether or not such waste is stored at the location prior to transfer;

      (13) "Recycling facility" or "recycling center" means land and appurtenances thereon and structures where recycling is conducted, including but not limited to, an intermediate processing center as defined in this section;

      (14) "Solid waste planning region" means those municipalities or parts thereof within or forming an area defined in the state solid waste management plan;

      (15) "Municipality" means any town, city or borough within the state;

      (16) "Municipal authority" means the local governing body having legal jurisdiction over solid waste management within its corporate limits which shall be, in the case of any municipality which adopts a charter provision or ordinance pursuant to section 7-273aa, the municipal resource recovery authority;

      (17) "Region" means two or more municipalities which have joined together by creating a district or signing an interlocal agreement or signing a mutual contract for a definite period of time concerning solid waste management within such municipalities;

      (18) "Regional authority" means the administrative body delegated the responsibility for solid waste management in a region;

      (19) "Bonds" means bonds of the authority issued pursuant to the provisions of this chapter and the authorizing resolutions of said authority;

      (20) "Notes" means notes of the authority issued pursuant to this chapter and the resolutions of the authority, either in anticipation of and pending the issuance of bonds by said authority or otherwise;

      (21) "Revenues" means moneys or income received by the authority in whatever form, including but not limited to fees, charges, lease payments, interest payments on investments, payments due and owing on account of any instrument, contract or agreement between the authority and any municipality, region, state agency or person, gifts, grants, bestowals or any other moneys or payments to which the authority is entitled under the provisions of this chapter or any other law, or of any agreement, contract or indenture of the authority;

      (22) "Waste management project" means any solid waste disposal and resources recovery area, plant, works, system, facility or component of a facility, equipment, machinery or other element of a facility which the authority is authorized to plan, design, finance, construct, manage, operate or maintain under the provisions of this chapter, including real estate and improvements thereto and the extension or provision of utilities and other appurtenant facilities deemed necessary by the authority for the operation of a project or portion of a project, including all property rights, easements and interests required;

      (23) "Solid waste management system" means that portion of the overall state solid waste management plan specifically designed to deal with the provision of waste management services and to effect resources recovery and recycling by means of a network of waste management projects and resources recovery facilities developed, established and operated by the authority by contract or otherwise, but not embracing or including any regulatory or enforcement activities of the Department of Environmental Protection in accordance with applicable provisions of the general statutes and as may be referred to in the state solid waste management plan as developed and promulgated by the Commissioner of Environmental Protection;

      (24) "Costs" means the cost or fair market value, as determined by the authority, of construction, lands, property rights, utility extensions, disposal facilities, access roads, easements, franchises, financing charges, interest, engineering and legal services, plans, specifications, surveys, cost estimates, studies, transportation and other expenses necessary or incidental to the design, development, construction, financing, management and operation and maintenance of a waste management project, and such other costs or expenses of the authority, including administrative and operating costs, research and development, and operating capital, including fees, charges, loans, insurances, and the expense of purchasing real and personal property, including waste management projects;

      (25) "Intermediate processing facility" means a facility where glass, metals, paper products, batteries, household hazardous waste, fertilizers and other items are removed from the waste stream for recycling or reuse.

      (P.A. 73-459, S. 4, 26; P.A. 79-605, S. 15, 17; P.A. 81-213, S. 2, 18; P.A. 87-489, S. 13, 14; P.A. 89-386, S. 7, 24; P.A. 91-55, S. 2; P.A. 95-79, S. 99, 189.)

      History: P.A. 79-605 rephrased definition of "solid waste"; P.A. 81-213 redefined "municipal authority" in Subsec. (n) to include municipal resource recovery authorities under chapter 103b and extended applicability of definitions to that chapter; Sec. 19-524s transferred to Sec. 22a-260 in 1983 and alphabetic Subdiv. indicators replaced editorially by the Revisors with numeric indicators; P.A. 87-489 added Subdiv. (23) defining "intermediate processing facility" and redefined "solid waste facility" to include such intermediate facilities; P.A. 89-386 redefined "resources recovery", "recycling", "waste management services", "solid waste", "solid waste facility", "solid waste disposal area", "volume reduction plant", "solid waste management system" and "intermediate processing facility", added definitions of "transfer station", "recycling facility" and "recycling center" and renumbered the terms accordingly; P.A. 91-55 rephrased the definition of "solid waste" and broadened the definitions of "volume reduction plant", "solid waste disposal area" and "transfer station"; P.A. 95-79 redefined "person" to include a limited liability company, effective May 31, 1995.

      Subdiv. (11):

      Cited. 210 C. 349.

      Subdiv. (18):

      Cited. 218 C. 821.


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      Sec. 22a-261. (Formerly Sec. 19-524t). Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority established. Directors. President. Steering committee. (a) There is hereby established and created a body politic and corporate, constituting a public instrumentality and political subdivision of the state of Connecticut established and created for the performance of an essential public and governmental function, to be known as the Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority. The authority shall not be construed to be a department, institution or agency of the state.

      (b) On and before May 31, 2002, the powers of the authority shall be vested in and exercised by a board of directors, which shall consist of twelve directors: Four appointed by the Governor and two ex-officio members, who shall have a vote including the Commissioner of Transportation and the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development; two appointed by the president pro tempore of the Senate, two by the speaker of the House, one by the minority leader of the Senate and one by the minority leader of the House of Representatives. Any such legislative appointee may be a member of the General Assembly. The directors appointed by the Governor under this subsection shall serve for terms of four years each, from January first next succeeding their appointment, provided, of the directors first appointed, two shall serve for terms of two years, and two for terms of four years, from January first next succeeding their appointment. Any vacancy occurring under this subsection other than by expiration of term shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointment for the balance of the unexpired term. Of the four members appointed by the Governor under this subsection, two shall be first selectmen, mayors or managers of Connecticut municipalities; one from a municipality with a population of less than fifty thousand, one from a municipality of over fifty thousand population; two shall be public members without official governmental office or status with extensive high-level experience in municipal or corporate finance or business or industry, provided not more than two of such appointees shall be members of the same political party. The chairman of the board under this subsection shall be appointed by the Governor, with the advice and consent of both houses of the General Assembly and shall serve at the pleasure of the Governor. Notwithstanding the provisions of this subsection, the terms of all members of the board of directors who are serving on May 31, 2002, shall expire on said date.

      (c) On and after June 1, 2002, the powers of the authority shall be vested in and exercised by a board of directors, which shall consist of eleven directors as follows: Three appointed by the Governor, one of whom shall be a municipal official of a municipality having a population of fifty thousand or less and one of whom shall have extensive, high-level experience in the energy field; two appointed by the president pro tempore of the Senate, one of whom shall be a municipal official of a municipality having a population of more than fifty thousand and one of whom shall have extensive high-level experience in public or corporate finance or business or industry; two appointed by the speaker of the House of Representatives, one of whom shall be a municipal official of a municipality having a population of more than fifty thousand and one of whom shall have extensive high-level experience in public or corporate finance or business or industry; two appointed by the minority leader of the Senate, one of whom shall be a municipal official of a municipality having a population of fifty thousand or less and one of whom shall have extensive high-level experience in public or corporate finance or business or industry; two appointed by the minority leader of the House of Representatives, one of whom shall be a municipal official of a municipality having a population of fifty thousand or less and one of whom shall have extensive, high-level experience in the environmental field. No director may be a member of the General Assembly. Not more than two of the directors appointed by the Governor shall be members of the same political party. The appointed directors shall serve for terms of four years each, provided, of the directors first appointed for terms beginning on June 1, 2002, (1) two of the directors appointed by the Governor, one of the directors appointed by the president pro tempore of the Senate, one of the directors appointed by the speaker of the House of Representatives, one of the directors appointed by the minority leader of the Senate and one of the directors appointed by the minority leader of the House of Representatives shall serve an initial term of two years and one month, and (2) the other appointed directors shall serve an initial term of four years and one month. The appointment of each director for a term beginning on or after June 1, 2004, shall be made with the advice and consent of both houses of the General Assembly. The Governor shall designate one of the directors to serve as chairperson of the board, with the advice and consent of both houses of the General Assembly. The chairperson of the board shall serve at the pleasure of the Governor. Any appointed director who fails to attend three consecutive meetings of the board or who fails to attend fifty per cent of all meetings of the board held during any calendar year shall be deemed to have resigned from the board. Any vacancy occurring other than by expiration of term shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointment for the balance of the unexpired term. As used in this subsection, "municipal official" means the first selectman, mayor, city or town manager or chief financial officer of a municipality that has entered into a solid waste disposal services contract with the authority and pledged the municipality's full faith and credit for the payment of obligations under such contract.

      (d) The chairperson shall, with the approval of the directors, appoint a president of the authority who shall be an employee of the authority and paid a salary prescribed by the directors. The president shall supervise the administrative affairs and technical activities of the authority in accordance with the directives of the board.

      (e) Each director shall be entitled to reimbursement for said director's actual and necessary expenses incurred during the performance of said director's official duties.

      (f) Directors may engage in private employment, or in a profession or business, subject to any applicable laws, rules and regulations of the state or federal government regarding official ethics or conflict of interest.

      (g) Six directors of the authority shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of any business or the exercise of any power of the authority, provided, two directors from municipal government shall be present in order for a quorum to be in attendance. For the transaction of any business or the exercise of any power of the authority, and except as otherwise provided in this chapter, the authority shall have power to act by a majority of the directors present at any meeting at which a quorum is in attendance. If the legislative body of a municipality that is the site of a facility passes a resolution requesting the Governor to appoint a resident of such municipality to be an ad hoc member, the Governor shall make such appointment upon the next vacancy for the ad hoc members representing such facility. The Governor shall appoint with the advice and consent of the General Assembly ad hoc members to represent each facility operated by the authority provided at least one-half of such members shall be chief elected officials of municipalities, or their designees. Each such facility shall be represented by two such members. The ad hoc members shall be electors from a municipality or municipalities in the area to be served by the facility and shall vote only on matters concerning such facility. The terms of the ad hoc members shall be four years.

      (h) There is established, effective June 1, 2002, a steering committee of the board of directors, consisting of at least three but not more than five directors, who shall be jointly appointed by the Governor, the president pro tempore of the Senate and the speaker of the House of Representatives. Said committee shall consist of at least one director who is a municipal official, as defined in subsection (c) of this section. The steering committee shall forthwith establish a financial restructuring plan for the authority, subject to the approval of the board of directors, and shall implement said plan. The financial restructuring plan shall determine the financial condition of the authority and provide for mitigation of the impact of the Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority-Enron-Connecticut Light and Power Company transaction on municipalities which have entered into solid waste disposal services contracts with the authority. The steering committee shall also review all aspects of the authority's finances and administration, including but not limited to, tipping fees and adjustments to such fees, the annual budget of the authority, any budget transfers, any use of the authority's reserves, all contracts entered into by or on behalf of the authority, including but not limited to, an assessment of the alignment of interests between the authority and the authority's contractors, all financings or restructuring of debts, any sale or other disposition or valuation of assets of the authority, including sales of electricity and steam, any joint ventures and strategic partnerships, and the initiation and resolution of litigation, arbitration and other disputes. The steering committee (1) shall have access to all information, files and records maintained by the authority, (2) may retain consultants and utilize other resources necessary to carry out its responsibilities under this subsection, which have a total cost of not more than five hundred thousand dollars, without the approval of the board of directors, and may draw on accounts of the authority for such costs, and (3) shall submit a report to the board of directors and the General Assembly, in accordance with section 11-4a, on its findings, progress and recommendations for future action by the board of directors in carrying out the purposes of this subsection, not later than December 31, 2002. Said report shall also include a report on any loans made to the authority under section 22a-268d. The steering committee shall terminate on December 31, 2002, unless extended by the board.

      (i) The board may delegate to three or more directors such board powers and duties as it may deem necessary and proper in conformity with the provisions of this chapter and its bylaws. At least one of such directors shall be a municipal official, as defined in subsection (c) of this section, and at least one of such directors shall not be a state employee.

      (j) Appointed directors may not designate a representative to perform in their absence their respective duties under this chapter.

      (k) The term "director", as used in this section, shall include such persons so designated as provided in this section and this designation shall be deemed temporary only and shall not affect any applicable civil service or retirement rights of any person so designated.

      (l) The appointing authority for any director may remove such director for inefficiency, neglect of duty or misconduct in office after giving the director a copy of the charges against the director and an opportunity to be heard, in person or by counsel, in the director's defense, upon not less than ten days' notice. If any director shall be so removed, the appointing authority for such director shall file in the office of the Secretary of the State a complete statement of charges made against such director and the appointing authority's findings on such statement of charges, together with a complete record of the proceedings.

      (m) The authority shall continue as long as it has bonds or other obligations outstanding and until its existence is terminated by law. Upon the termination of the existence of the authority, all its rights and properties shall pass to and be vested in the state of Connecticut.

      (n) The directors, members and officers of the authority and any person executing the bonds or notes of the authority shall not be liable personally on such bonds or notes or be subject to any personal liability or accountability by reason of the issuance thereof, nor shall any director, member or officer of the authority be personally liable for damage or injury, not wanton or wilful, caused in the performance of such person's duties and within the scope of such person's employment or appointment as such director, member or officer.

      (o) Notwithstanding the provisions of any other law to the contrary, it shall not constitute a conflict of interest for a trustee, director, partner or officer of any person, firm or corporation, or any individual having a financial interest in a person, firm or corporation, to serve as a director of the authority, provided such trustee, director, partner, officer or individual shall abstain from deliberation, action or vote by the authority in specific respect to such person, firm or corporation.

      (P.A. 73-459, S. 5, 26; P.A. 74-330, S. 1, 4; 74-338, S. 5, 94; P.A. 75-445; P.A. 76-170, S. 1, 4; P.A. 77-614, S. 19, 127, 610; P.A. 79-198; P.A. 82-185; P.A. 83-270, S. 1, 2; P.A. 84-331, S. 1, 4; P.A. 87-566; P.A. 88-225, S. 12, 14; 88-266, S. 36, 46; P.A. 89-386, S. 8, 24; P.A. 90-179, S. 8, 9; P.A. 93-423, S. 6; P.A. 94-200, S. 6; May 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-1, S. 23, 128, 130; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 02-46, S. 1; P.A. 03-123, S. 14; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-5, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 74-330 revised provision re initial appointees so that 2 rather than 3 members to be appointed for 2 years and for 4 years; P.A. 74-338 set starting date for terms at "January first next succeeding their appointment"; P.A. 75-445 allowed all members to designate representative to serve in their stead, previously only commissioners of environmental protection, finance and control and transportation could do so by filing official proxy with chairman and obtaining approval of directors; P.A. 76-170 added Subsec. (m); P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner of finance and control with secretary of the office of policy and management and personnel policy board (in Subsec. (d)) with commissioner of administrative services and required that salaries be subject to approval of secretary of office of policy and management in Subsec. (d); P.A. 79-198 made technical correction in Subsec. (b); P.A. 82-185 added provisions re ad hoc members of authority in Subsec. (g); Sec. 19-524t transferred to Sec. 22a-261 in 1983; P.A. 83-270 amended Subsec. (b) to include economic development commissioner as ex-officio director of the authority and amended Subsec. (g) to raise the number of directors required for a quorum from five to six to reflect the addition of the commissioner of economic development as an ex-officio director; P.A. 84-331 amended Subsec. (a) by adding provision that the authority is not a state department, institution or agency; P.A. 87-566 amended Subsec. (b) by increasing membership from 11 to 15 members and amended Subsec. (g) to authorize appointment of ad hoc members when a facility is being actively considered rather than upon determination that a facility is feasible and required that governor appoint ad hoc member from municipality which is a facility site upon the municipality's request; P.A. 88-225 added Subsec. (n) specifying when a financial interest and serving as a director of the authority do not constitute a conflict of interest; P.A. 88-266 amended Subsec. (b) to require the powers of the authority to be vested in and exercised by a board of directors and to repeal requirement that governor's appointments be made with advice and consent of general assembly, amended Subsec. (c) to require chairman to be appointed by governor with advice and consent of general assembly, amended Subsec. (d) to require president to supervise administrative affairs and technical activities of the authority, amended Subsec. (h) to allow board to delegate board powers to 3 or more directors, at least one of whom shall not be a state employee, instead of to one or more of its directors, officers, agents and employees, amended Subsec. (l) by specifying the authority shall continue "as long as it shall have bonds or other obligations outstanding" and substituted "board" for "authority" in Subsecs. (c), (g), (h) and (i); P.A. 89-386 reduced the number of board members from 15 to 14, eliminating environmental protection commissioner as ex-officio member; P.A. 90-179 amended Subsec. (d) to provide that president's salary is to be set by the chairman with approval of directors rather than by administrative services commissioner with approval by secretary of the office of policy and management; P.A. 93-423 amended Subsec. (b) to remove chairperson of Connecticut Solid Waste Management Advisory Council as director; P.A. 94-200 amended Subsec. (g) to provide that ad hoc members shall be appointed to represent each facility operated by the authority and that one-half of such members shall be municipal chief elected officials or their designees and deleted prior provisions re ad hoc members; May 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-1 amended Subsec. (b) by making technical change and amended Subsec. (g) to provide that the governor shall appoint a resident of a sited municipality to the board if requested by the legislative body of such municipality, effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Economic Development with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 02-46 limited the application of Subsec. (b) to "On and before May 31, 2002", merged existing Subsec. (c) into Subsec. (b) and amended the merged Subsecs. to make technical changes and require the terms of directors serving on May 31, 2002, to expire on said date, added new Subsec. (c) establishing a reconstituted board of directors "On and after June 1, 2002", amended Subsec. (d) to make technical changes and replace "salary prescribed by the chairman, subject to the approval of the directors" with "salary prescribed by the directors", amended Subsec. (e) to make technical changes, amended Subsec. (g) to increase the number of directors constituting a quorum from 6 to 7, change the numbers of specified directors required for a quorum and make a technical change, added new Subsec. (h) establishing a steering committee and redesignated existing Subsecs. (h) to (n) as Subsecs. (i) to (o), amended Subsec. (i) to require at least one of the delegated directors to be a municipal official, amended Subsec. (j) to prohibit appointed directors from designating representatives to perform duties in their absence, amended Subsec. (k) to make a technical change, amended Subsec. (l) to change the official authorized to remove a director from the Governor to the appointing authority for the director and make technical changes, and amended Subsec. (n) to make technical changes, effective April 30, 2002; P.A. 03-123 made technical changes in Subsec. (m), effective June 26, 2003; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-5 amended Subsec. (b) by reducing number of directors from 13 to 12, reducing number of ex-officio members from 3 to 2, deleting reference to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management and making a technical change, amended Subsec. (c) by reducing number of directors from 13 to 11 and deleting provisions re two voting ex-officio members who shall be the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management and the State Treasurer, or their designees, and amended Subsec. (g) by reducing number of directors constituting a quorum from 7 to 6 and deleting provision re presence of at least one ex-officio director or designee, effective August 20, 2003.

      See Sec. 4-9a for definition of "public member".

      Cited. 193 C. 506. Cited. 218 C. 821. Cited. 225 C. 731.

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      Sec. 22a-262. (Formerly Sec. 19-524u). Purposes of authority. (a) The purposes of the authority shall be:

      (1) The planning, design, construction, financing, management, ownership, operation and maintenance of solid waste disposal, volume reduction, recycling, intermediate processing and resources recovery facilities and all related solid waste reception, storage, transportation and waste-handling and general support facilities considered by the authority to be necessary, desirable, convenient or appropriate in carrying out the provisions of the state solid waste management plan and in establishing, managing and operating solid waste disposal and resources recovery systems and their component waste-processing facilities and equipment;

      (2) The provision of solid waste management services to municipalities, regions and persons within the state by receiving solid wastes at authority facilities, pursuant to contracts between the authority and such municipalities, regions and persons; the recovery of resources and resource values from such solid wastes; and the production from such services and resources recovery operations of revenues sufficient to provide for the support of the authority and its operations on a self-sustaining basis, with due allowance for the redistribution of any surplus revenues to reduce the costs of authority services to the users thereof provided such surplus revenues shall include any net revenue from activities undertaken pursuant to subdivisions (18) and (19) of subsection (a) of section 22a-266 and subdivision (8) of section 22a-267;

      (3) The utilization, through contractual arrangements, of private industry for implementation of some or all of the requirements of the state solid waste management plan and for such other activities as may be considered necessary, desirable or convenient by the authority;

      (4) Assistance with and coordination of efforts directed toward source separation for recycling purposes; and

      (5) Assistance in the development of industries, technologies and commercial enterprises within the state of Connecticut based upon resources recovery, recycling, reuse and treatment or processing of solid waste.

      (b) These purposes shall be considered to be operating responsibilities of the authority, in accordance with the state solid waste management plan, and are to be considered in all respects public purposes. It is the intention of this chapter that the authority shall be granted all powers necessary to fulfill these purposes and to carry out its assigned responsibilities and that the provisions of this chapter, itself, are to be construed liberally in furtherance of this intention.

      (P.A. 73-459, S. 6, 26; P.A. 90-179, S. 2, 9; P.A. 98-184, S. 1, 4.)

      History: Sec. 19-524u transferred to Sec. 22a-262 in 1983; P.A. 90-179 amended Subdiv. (1) to include recycling and intermediate processing facilities as facilities which may be provided for by the authority; P.A. 98-184 divided existing section into Subsecs. (a) and (b), amended Subsec. (a)(2) to require that surplus revenues include net revenue from activities undertaken pursuant to Secs. 22a-266(a)(18), (a)(19) and 22a-267(8), and amended Subsec. (a)(5) by inserting "technologies" and "and treatment or processing of solid waste", effective June 4, 1998.

      Cited. 193 C. 506. Cited. 218 C. 821. Cited. 225 C. 731.

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      Sec. 22a-263. (Formerly Sec. 19-524v). Meetings. Records. Reports. Audits. The directors of the authority shall meet at least monthly at the call of the chairman and may meet more frequently if necessary and desirable. It shall maintain at all times minutes of its meetings including its considerations, deliberations, decisions and resolutions, which minutes shall be considered public records. It shall maintain all necessary records and data with respect to its operations and shall report quarterly to the Governor and annually to the General Assembly, upon its operations. Such reports shall include but not be limited to a listing of the number and type of waste management service contracts entered into with local government units and persons, and the charges therefor; a listing of the contracts entered into for the services of private industry in the operation of systems and facilities; a map showing the location of all facilities owned or leased by the authority; a schedule of the amounts of waste received and processed in such facilities; a listing of the outstanding issues of notes and bonds of the authority and the payment status thereof; a budget showing the administrative expenses of the authority; a report of revenues of the authority from all sources and of the redistribution of any surplus revenues. The authority shall be subject to audit by the state Auditors of Public Accounts in accordance with normal audit practices prescribed for departments, boards, commissions and other agencies of the state.

      (P.A. 73-459, S. 7, 26.)

      History: Sec. 19-524v transferred to Sec. 22a-263 in 1983.

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      Sec. 22a-263a. Information to be made available to public through the Internet. The Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority shall make the following information available to the public through the Internet, except for any such information which is not required to be disclosed to the public pursuant to the Freedom of Information Act, as defined in section 1-200:

      (1) The schedule of meetings of the board of directors of the authority and each committee established by said board, not later than seven days after such schedule is established;

      (2) Draft minutes of each meeting of the board of directors of the authority and each committee established by said board, not later than seven days after each such meeting is held;

      (3) Each report required under section 4a-60g, setting forth small and minority-business set-aside program goals and addressing the authority's progress in meeting said goals, not later than seven days after each such report is required to be submitted to the Commission on Human Rights and Opportunities under said section 4a-60g;

      (4) The annual plan of operations which the authority is required to prepare pursuant to section 22a-264, not later than seven days after the plan is promulgated;

      (5) Each report that the authority is required to submit to the General Assembly pursuant to the general statutes, not later than seven days after the report is submitted;

      (6) Each audit of the authority conducted by the Auditors of Public Accounts, each compliance audit of the authority's activities conducted pursuant to section 1-122 and each audit conducted by an independent auditing firm, not later than seven days after each such audit is received by the board of directors of the authority; and

      (7) A report on any contract between the authority and a person, other than a director, officer or employee of the authority, for the purpose of influencing any legislative or administrative action on behalf of the authority or providing legal advice to the authority. The report shall indicate for each such contract (A) the names of the parties to the contract, (B) the cost of the contract, (C) the term of the contract, (D) a summary of the services to be provided under the contract, (E) the method used by the authority to award the contract, and (F) a summary of the authority's need for the services provided under the contract. Such report shall be made available through the Internet not later than fifteen days after the contract is entered into between the authority and the person.

      (P.A. 02-46, S. 13.)

      History: P.A. 02-46 effective January 1, 2003.

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      Sec. 22a-263b. Copies of independent audits to be submitted to General Assembly. The board of directors of the Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority shall submit to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to finance, revenue and bonding a copy of each audit of the authority conducted by an independent auditing firm, not later than seven days after the audit is received by said board of directors.

      (P.A. 02-46, S. 14.)

      History: P.A. 02-46 effective April 30, 2002.

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      Sec. 22a-264. (Formerly Sec. 19-524w). Activities and operations. The activities of the authority in providing or contracting to provide solid waste management services to the state, regions, municipalities and persons, in implementing the state resources recovery system and in planning, designing, financing, constructing, managing or operating solid waste facilities, including their location, size and capabilities, shall be in conformity with applicable statutes and regulations and with the state solid waste management plan as promulgated by the Commissioner of Environmental Protection. The authority shall have power to assist in the preparation, revision, extension or amendment of the state solid waste management plan, and the Department of Environmental Protection is hereby authorized to utilize, by contract or other agreement, the capabilities of the authority for the carrying out of such planning functions. The authority shall have power to revise and update, as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this chapter, that portion of the state solid waste management plan defined as the "solid waste management system". To effect such revision and updating, the authority shall prepare an annual plan of operations which shall be reviewed by the Commissioner of Environmental Protection for consistency with the state solid waste management plan. Upon approval by the Commissioner of Environmental Protection and by a two-thirds vote of the authority's full board of directors, the annual plan of operations shall be promulgated. Any activities of the authority carried out to assist in the development of industry and commerce based upon the availability of recovered resources for recycling and reuse shall be coordinated to the extent practicable with plans and activities of the Connecticut Development Authority with due consideration given to the secondary materials industries operating within the state of Connecticut.

      (P.A. 73-459, S. 8, 26; P.A. 74-338, S. 70, 94; P.A. 83-112.)

      History: P.A. 74-338 replaced Connecticut development commission with Connecticut development authority; Sec. 19-524w transferred to Sec. 22a-264 in 1983; P.A. 83-112 authorized the commissioner of environmental protection to review the plan of operation, and required commissioner's approval as well as that of authority's board of directors for promulgation of plan.

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      Sec. 22a-265. (Formerly Sec. 19-524x). Powers, generally. The authority shall have power to:

      (1) Employ a staff of not to exceed seventy personnel, exclusive of the directors, and to fix their duties, qualifications and compensation provided before employing more than forty-five persons the board of directors shall, by a two-thirds vote of all the members, establish the maximum number of employees which may be employed;

      (2) Establish offices where necessary in the state of Connecticut;

      (3) Make and enter into any contract or agreement necessary or incidental to the performance of its duties and execution of its powers;

      (4) Sue and be sued;

      (5) Have a seal and alter it at pleasure;

      (6) Make and alter bylaws and rules and regulations with respect to the exercise of its own powers;

      (7) Conduct such hearings, examinations and investigations as may be necessary and appropriate to the conduct of its operations and the fulfillment of its responsibilities;

      (8) Obtain access to public records and apply for the process of subpoena if necessary to produce books, papers, records and other data;

      (9) Charge reasonable fees for the services it performs and waive, suspend, reduce or otherwise modify such fees, provided such user fees shall apply uniformly within each municipality to all users who are provided with waste management services with respect to a given type or category of wastes, in accordance with criteria established by the authority, and provided further no change may be made in user fees without at least sixty days prior notice to the users affected thereby;

      (10) Purchase, lease or rent such real and personal property as it may deem necessary, convenient or desirable;

      (11) Appoint such state and local advisory councils as it may from time to time deem advisable, including but not limited to state and local councils on the continuation and utilization of source-separation and recycling efforts to benefit the people of the state;

      (12) Otherwise, do all things necessary for the performance of its duties, the fulfillment of its obligations, the conduct of its operations, the maintenance of its working relationships with municipalities, regions and persons, and the conduct of a comprehensive program for solid waste disposal and resources recovery, and for solid waste management services, in accordance with the provisions of the state solid waste management plan, applicable statutes and regulations and the requirements of this chapter;

      (13) Receive and accept, from any source, aid or contributions, including money, property, labor and other things of value;

      (14) To invest any funds not needed for immediate use or disbursement in obligations issued or guaranteed by the United States of America or the state of Connecticut and in obligations that are legal investments for savings banks in this state; and

      (15) To adopt regular procedures for exercising its power under this chapter not in conflict with other provisions of the general statutes.

      (P.A. 73-459, S. 9, 26; P.A. 86-66, S. 1, 2; P.A. 88-266, S. 37, 46; P.A. 89-299, S. 1, 3.)

      History: Sec. 19-524x transferred to Sec. 22a-265 in 1983; P.A. 86-66 amended Subdiv. (1) by increasing the staff authorization from 30 to 40 persons; P.A. 88-266 substituted "forty-five" for "forty" in Subdiv. (1), repealed Subdiv. (3) re power to retain or employ certain persons and added new Subdiv. (3) re power to make or enter into contracts or agreements and new Subdivs. (13), (14) and (15) re powers to receive and accept aid or contributions, investment of funds and adoption of procedures; P.A. 89-299 amended Subdiv. (1) to increase the maximum number of employees from 45 to 70 persons and added provision requiring establishment of maximum number of employees by the board of directors.

      Cited. 193 C. 506.

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      Sec. 22a-265a. Expenditures for outside consultants. If, during any fiscal year the number of employees authorized by the board pursuant to subdivision (1) of section 22a-265 exceeds forty-five, expenditures by the authority for outside consultants during such fiscal year shall be reduced below expenditures for outside consultants for the previous fiscal year by an amount equal to expenditures for such additional employees in excess of forty-five unless during such fiscal year municipalities contract with the authority for the development or operation of additional recycling, intermediate processing or resources recovery processing facilities.

      (P.A. 89-299, S. 2, 3; P.A. 90-179, S. 3, 9.)

      History: P.A. 90-179 provided that the reduction of expenditures for consultants did not apply if municipalities contract with the authority for the development of recycling, intermediate processing or resources recovery processing facilities.

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      Sec. 22a-266. (Formerly Sec. 19-524y). Particular powers; contract authorizations. (a) To accomplish the purposes of this chapter, the authority shall have power to:

      (1) Own, manage and use real property or any interest therein;

      (2) Determine the location and character of any project to be developed under the provisions of this chapter, subject to applicable statutes and regulations and the requirements of the state-wide solid waste management plan;

      (3) Purchase, receive by gift or otherwise, lease, exchange, or otherwise acquire and construct, reconstruct, improve, maintain, equip and furnish such waste management projects as are called for by the state solid waste management plan;

      (4) Sell or lease to any person, all or any portion of a waste management project, for such consideration and upon such terms as the authority may determine to be reasonable;

      (5) Mortgage or otherwise encumber all or any portion of a project whenever, in the opinion of the authority, such action is deemed to be in furtherance of the purposes of this chapter;

      (6) Grant options to purchase, or to renew a lease for, any authority waste management project on such terms as the authority may determine to be reasonable;

      (7) Acquire, by purchase, gift, transfer, or by condemnation for public purposes, and manage and operate, hold and dispose of real property and, subject to agreements with lessors or lessees, develop or alter such property by making improvements and betterments with the purpose of enhancing the value and usefulness of such property;

      (8) Make plans, surveys, studies and investigations necessary or desirable, in conformity with the state plan and with due consideration for local or regional plans, to carry out authority functions with respect to the acquisition, use and development of real property and the design and construction of systems and facilities;

      (9) Make short and long range plans, consistent with the provisions of the state solid waste management plan, for the processing and transportation of solid wastes and recovered resources by authority-owned facilities;

      (10) Design or provide for the design of solid waste management facilities including design for the alteration, reconstruction, improvement, enlargement or extension of existing facilities;

      (11) Construct, erect, build, acquire, alter, reconstruct, improve, enlarge or extend waste management projects including provision for the inspection and supervision thereof and the engineering, architectural, legal, fiscal and economic investigations and studies, surveys, designs, plans, working drawings, specifications, procedures and any other actions incidental thereto;

      (12) Own, operate and maintain waste management projects and make provision for their management and for the manufacturing, processing and transportation operations necessary to derive recovered resources from solid waste, and contracting for the sale of such;

      (13) Enter upon lands and waters, as may be necessary, to make surveys, soundings, borings and examinations in order to accomplish the purposes of this chapter;

      (14) Contract with municipal and regional authorities and state agencies to provide waste management services in accordance with the provisions of section 22a-275 and to plan, design, construct, manage, operate and maintain solid waste disposal and processing facilities on their behalf;

      (15) Design and construct improvements or alterations on properties which it owns or which it operates by contract on behalf of municipal or regional authorities, including the restoration of terminated dumps and landfills to beneficial public or private use;

      (16) Contract for services in the performance of architectural and engineering design, the supervision of design and construction, system management and facility management; for such professional or technical services as are specified in subdivision (3) of section 22a-265; and for such other professional or technical services as may require either prequalification of a contractor or the submission by any individual, firm or consortium or association of individuals or firms of a proposal in response to an official request for proposal or similar written communication of the authority that is issued or made pursuant to the contracting procedures adopted under section 22a-268a, whenever such services are, in the discretion of the authority, deemed necessary, desirable or convenient in carrying out the purposes of the authority;

      (17) Contract for the construction of solid waste facilities with private persons or firms, or consortia of such persons or firms, pursuant to applicable provisions of this chapter, the requirements of applicable regulations, the contracting procedures adopted under section 22a-268a and the state plan and in accordance with such specifications, terms and conditions as the authority may deem necessary or advisable;

      (18) Assist in the development of industries and commercial enterprises and the planning, design, construction, financing, management, ownership, operation and maintenance of systems, facilities and technology within the state based upon or related to resources recovery, recycling, reuse, treatment, processing or disposal of solid waste provided any net revenue to the authority from activities, contracts, products or processes undertaken pursuant to this subdivision shall be distributed so as to reduce the costs of other authority services to the users thereof on a pro rata basis proportionate to costs paid by such users;

      (19) Act as an electric supplier or an electric aggregator pursuant to public act 98-28* provided any net revenue to the authority from activities, contracts, products or processes undertaken pursuant to this subdivision, after payment of principal and interest on bonds and repayment of any loans or notes of the authority, shall be distributed so as to reduce the costs of other authority services to the users thereof on a pro rata basis proportionate to costs paid by such users. In acting as an electric supplier or an electric aggregator pursuant to any license granted by the Department of Public Utility Control, the authority may enter into contracts for the purchase and sale of electricity and electric generation services, provided such contracts are solely for the purposes of ensuring the provision of safe and reliable electric service and protecting the position of the authority with respect to capacity and price.

      (b) Any contracts authorized by this chapter shall be entered into by the authority (1) on the same basis and subject to the same limitations and considerations applicable to municipal and regional resources recovery authorities pursuant to subsection (c) of section 7-273bb, and (2) pursuant to the contracting procedures adopted under section 22a-268a, except that in entering into a contract for a resources recovery facility, solid waste facility, volume reduction plant or solid waste management system, the authority shall consider the best interests of the municipality or region to be served by such facility, plant or system.

      (c) The authority shall have power, in its discretion, either to purchase on a centralized basis, heavy solid waste processing equipment to be installed in waste management projects, or to require such purchase and installation as part of a construction contract. The authority shall conduct its contracting and purchasing operations in accordance with its regularly adopted and promulgated procurement policies, including the contracting procedures adopted under section 22a-268a and specific rules and procedures on purchasing and contracting approved by a two-thirds vote of its full board of directors. In procuring services with respect to the establishment, management and operation of transfer stations, and the transportation of solid wastes therefrom to a solid waste facility, the authority and its subcontractors shall insofar as is practicable give preference to firms based in Connecticut. Whenever the authority determines that a contract for facility management shall be awarded on other than a competitive bidding basis, in accordance with applicable provisions of subdivision (16) of subsection (a) of this section, subsection (b) of this section, section 22a-268 and the contracting procedures adopted under section 22a-268a, the directors shall, at least sixty days prior to the award date, pass a resolution expressing their intent to award and shall within ten days cause a copy of such resolution to be printed in one daily and one weekly newspaper published within the state. Thereupon, interested parties who so desire may, within thirty days, petition the directors with respect to such contract and offer evidence in extenuation before a referee appointed by the chairperson. Such referee shall not be an employee of the authority and shall report the referee's findings with respect to such petition and evidence to the directors at least ten days prior to the projected award date. The directors shall give due consideration to such findings in determining the final award of the contract.

      (P.A. 73-459, S. 10, 26; P.A. 77-193; P.A. 87-451, S. 3, 5; P.A. 98-184, S. 2, 4; P.A. 02-46, S. 5, 10, 11.)

      *Note: Public act 98-28 is entitled "An Act Concerning Electric Restructuring". (See Reference Table captioned "Public Acts of 1998" in Volume 16 which lists the sections amended, created or repealed by the act.)


      History: P.A. 77-193 required that subcontractors, as well as the authority, give preference to Connecticut firms in Subsec. (c); Sec. 19-524y transferred to Sec. 22a-266 in 1983; P.A. 87-451 replaced previously existing provisions of Subsec. (b) with new provisions making any contract subject to limitations and considerations applicable to municipal and regional resources recovery authorities; P.A. 98-184 added Subsec. (a)(18) and (19) re power to assist in development of industries and commercial enterprises and activities based on or related to resources recovery, recycling, reuse, treatment, processing or disposal of solid waste and re power to act as an electric aggregator, effective June 4, 1998; P.A. 02-46 amended Subsec. (a)(16) and (17) by adding provisions re contracting procedures adopted under Sec. 22a-268a, effective January 1, 2003, and amended Subsec. (a)(19) by giving the authority power to act as an energy supplier, inserting ", after payment of principal and interest on bonds and repayment of any loans or notes of the authority," and adding provision authorizing the authority to enter into contracts for purchase and sale of electricity and electric generation services, effective April 30, 2002, and amended Subsecs. (b) and (c) by adding provisions re contracting procedures adopted under Sec. 22a-268a and making technical changes, effective January 1, 2003.

      Cited. 193 C. 506.

      Cited. 19 CA 489.


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      Sec. 22a-267. (Formerly Sec. 19-524z). Powers, fiscal. The authority shall have the power to:

      (1) Accept gifts, grants or loans of funds, property or service from any source, public or private, and comply, subject to the provisions of this chapter, with the terms and conditions thereof;

      (2) Receive funds from the sale of the bonds or other obligations of municipal and regional authorities and from the sale of obligations of the authority and its real and personal properties;

      (3) Receive funds or revenues from the sale of products, materials, fuels and energy in any form derived from the processing of solid waste by systems, facilities and equipment under its jurisdiction, and receive revenues in the form of rents, fees and charges paid by units or agencies of state and local government, and by private persons and organizations, to compensate the authority for the use of its facilities or the performance of its services;

      (4) Accept from a federal agency loans or grants for use in carrying out its purposes and enter into agreements with such agency respecting any such loans or grants;

      (5) Make loans to any municipal or regional authority or to any person for the planning, design, acquisition, construction, reconstruction, improvement, equipping and furnishing of a waste management project, which loans shall be secured by loan agreements, contracts or any other instruments or agreements with respect to the use of fees and charges, upon such terms and conditions as the authority shall determine reasonable in connection with such loans, including provisions for the establishment and maintenance of reserve funds, and in the exercise of powers granted in this section in connection with the project for any such municipal or regional authority or private person, to require the inclusion in any contract, loan agreement or other instrument, of such provisions for the construction, use, operation and maintenance and the payment of operating and other costs of a project as the authority may deem necessary or desirable, and in connection with the making of such loans, the authority may purchase, acquire and take assignments and the notes and bonds of municipal or regional authorities and persons and receive other forms of security and evidences of indebtedness, and in furtherance of the purposes of this chapter and to assure the payment of the principal and interest of such loans, and in order to assure the payment of the principal and interest on bonds or notes of the authority issued to provide funding for such loans, may attach, seize, purchase, acquire, accept or take title to any project by conveyance, and may sell, lease or rent any such project for a use specified in this chapter;

      (6) The directors of the authority may by resolution, in accordance with the provisions and stipulations of this chapter and the authority's general and other bond resolutions, authorize both the segregation of such authority revenues as may at any time be adjudged by said directors to be surplus to the needs of the authority to meet its contractual and other obligations and to provide for its operations or other business purposes, and the equitable redistribution of such segregated surplus revenues to some or all of the users of the system in accordance with applicable provisions of the state solid waste management plan;

      (7) (A) In connection with, or incidental to, the issuance or carrying of bonds, or acquisition or carrying of any investment or program of investment, the authority may enter into any contract which the authority determines to be necessary or appropriate to place the obligation or investment of the authority, as represented by the bonds, investment or program of investment and the contract or contracts, in whole or in part, on the interest rate, currency, cash flow, or other basis desired by the authority, including, without limitations, contracts commonly known as interest rate swap agreements, currency swap agreements, forward payment conversion agreements, futures, or contracts providing for payments based on levels of, or changes in, interest rates, currency exchange rates, stock or other indices, or contracts to exchange cash flows or a series of payments, or contracts, including, without limitation, interest rate floors or caps, options, puts or calls to hedge payment, currency, rate, spread, or similar exposure or, contracts for the purchase of option rights with respect to the mandatory or optional tender for purchase or redemption of bonds, notes or other obligations of the authority, which are subject to mandatory or optional tender or redemption, including the issuance of certificates evidencing the right of the owner to exercise such option rights. These contracts or arrangements may also be entered into by the authority in connection with, or incidental to, entering into or maintaining any agreement which secures its bonds, notes or other obligations, subject to the terms and conditions thereof respecting outstanding obligations;

      (B) Bonds issued by the authority may be payable in accordance with their terms, in whole or in part, in currency other than lawful money of the United States of America, provided the authority enter into a currency swap or similar agreement for payments in lawful money of the United States of America, which covers the entire amount of the debt service payment obligation of the authority with respect to the bonds payable in other currency, and provided further, that if the term of that agreement is less than the term of the bonds, the authority shall include a best efforts covenant to enter into additional agreements as may be necessary to cover the entire amount of the debt service payment obligation;

      (C) In connection with, or incidental to, the issuance or carrying of bonds, notes or other obligations or entering into any of the contracts or agreement referred to in subparagraph (A) of this subdivision, the authority may enter into credit enhancement or liquidity agreements, with payment, interest rate, currency, security, default, remedy and other terms and conditions as the authority determines;

      (8) Enter into any contractual arrangement with any person to obtain rights from or in an invention or product, or the proceeds therefrom, or rights to any and all forms of equity instruments, including, but not limited to, common and preferred stock, warrants, options, convertible debentures, limited and general partnership interests and similar types of instruments, in connection with the development or operation of any system, facility or technology based on or related to resources recovery, recycling, reuse, treatment, processing or disposal of solid waste or in connection with the remediation or development of property owned by the authority on July 1, 2001, provided any net revenue to the authority from activities, contracts, products or processes undertaken pursuant to this subdivision shall be distributed so as to reduce the costs of other authority services to the users thereof on a pro rata basis proportionate to costs paid by such users. Notwithstanding the provisions of this subdivision, the authority shall not perform residential or commercial waste collection services in the state other than services permitted under the provisions of this chapter rendered at any landfill, waste disposal, waste transfer or waste processing facility provided the authority may otherwise assist in the exercise of the powers conferred by chapter 103b.

      (P.A. 73-459, S. 11, 26; P.A. 93-372, S. 1, 4; P.A. 98-184, S. 3, 4; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9, S. 117, 131.)

      History: Sec. 19-524z transferred to Sec. 22a-267 in 1983; P.A. 93-372 added Subdiv. (7) authorizing the authority to enter into contracts to obtain more favorable interest rates on bonds, effective June 30, 1993; P.A. 98-184 added new Subdiv. (8) re power to enter into contractual arrangements re inventions or products or development or operation of systems, facilities or technologies based on or related to resources recovery, recycling, reuse, treatment, processing or disposal of solid waste, effective June 4, 1998; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9 added power of authority to enter into contracts in connection with the remediation or development of property owned by the authority on July 1, 2001, effective July 1, 2001.

      Cited. 193 C. 506.

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      Sec. 22a-268. (Formerly Sec. 19-524aa). Powers to contract with private sector. The authority shall utilize private industry, by contract, to carry out the business, design, operating, management, marketing, planning and research and development functions of the authority, unless the authority determines that it is in the public interest to adopt another course of action. The authority is hereby empowered to enter into long-term contracts with private persons for the performance of any such functions of the authority which, in the opinion of the authority, can desirably and conveniently be carried out by a private person under contract provided any such contract shall contain such terms and conditions as will enable the authority to retain overall supervision and control of the business, design, operating, management, transportation, marketing, planning and research and development functions to be carried out or to be performed by such private persons pursuant to such contract. Such contracts shall be entered into either on a competitive negotiation or competitive bidding basis, and the authority in its discretion may select the type of contract it deems most prudent to utilize, pursuant to the contracting procedures adopted under section 22a-268a and considering the scope of work, the management complexities associated therewith, the extent of current and future technological development requirements and the best interests of the state. Whenever a long-term contract is entered into on other than a competitive bidding basis, the criteria and procedures therefor shall conform to applicable provisions of subdivision (16) of subsection (a) and subsections (b) and (c) of section 22a-266, provided however, that any contract for a period of over five years in duration, or any contract for which the annual consideration is greater than fifty thousand dollars shall be approved by a two-thirds vote of the authority's full board of directors. The terms and conditions of such contracts shall be determined by the authority, as shall the fees or other similar compensation to be paid to such persons for such contracts. The contracts entered into by the authority shall not be subject to the approval of any other state department, office or agency. However, copies of all contracts of the authority shall be maintained by the authority as public records, subject to the proprietary rights of any party to the contract. Nothing of the aforesaid shall be deemed to restrict the discretion of the authority to utilize its own staff and work force for the performance of any of its assigned responsibilities and functions whenever, in the discretion of the authority, it becomes necessary, convenient or desirable to do so. Any litigation with respect to any terms, conditions or provisions of any contract of the authority, or the performance or nonperformance of same by either party, shall be tried before a judge of the Superior Court of Connecticut.

      (P.A. 73-459, S. 12, 26; P.A. 90-230, S. 90, 101; P.A. 97-102, S. 3; P.A. 02-46, S. 12.)

      History: Sec. 19-524aa transferred to Sec. 22a-268 in 1983; P.A. 90-230 made technical change at end of section by substituting "judge" for "justice"; P.A. 97-102 deleted a requirement that contracts of the authority be filed with the State Treasurer; P.A. 02-46 substituted "shall be entered into either on a competitive negotiation or competitive bidding basis" for "may be entered into either on a negotiated or an open-bid basis", added "pursuant to the contracting procedures adopted under section 22a-268a" and substituted "competitive bidding" for "open-bid", effective January 1, 2003.

      Cited. 193 C. 506.

      Cited. 19 CA 489.


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      Sec. 22a-268a. Written procedures. The board of directors of the Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority shall adopt written procedures, in accordance with the provisions of section 1-121, for: (1) Adopting an annual budget and plan of operations, including a requirement of board approval before the budget or plan may take effect; (2) hiring, dismissing, promoting and compensating employees of the authority, including an affirmative action policy and a requirement of board approval before a position may be created or a vacancy filled; (3) acquiring real and personal property and personal services, including a requirement of board approval for any such nonbudgeted expenditure in excess of five thousand dollars; (4) contracting for (A) the business, design, operating, management, construction, transportation, marketing, planning and research and development functions of the authority, (B) financial, legal, bond underwriting and other professional services, and (C) supplies, materials and equipment, including (i) notwithstanding any provision of this chapter, standards for determining when contracts described in this subdivision (4) shall be awarded on the basis of competitive bidding or competitive negotiation, an exemption for small purchases, and criteria for waiving competitive bidding or competitive negotiation, and (ii) a requirement that the authority solicit proposals at least once every three years for each such professional service which it uses; (5) issuing and retiring bonds, bond anticipation notes and other obligations of the authority; (6) awarding loans, grants and other financial assistance, including eligibility criteria, the application process and the role played by the authority's staff and board of directors; and (7) the use of surplus funds to the extent authorized under this chapter or other provisions of the general statutes.

      (P.A. 88-266, S. 38, 46; P.A. 02-46, S. 9.)

      History: P.A. 02-46 amended Subdiv. (4) to add provisions re contracting for business, design, operating, management, construction, transportation, marketing, planning and research and development functions, recontracting for supplies, materials and equipment and re standards for award of contracts, to change "service" to "professional service" and to make technical changes, effective January 1, 2003.

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      Sec. 22a-268b. Performance incentive plan for officers and employees of the authority. Any performance incentive plan for officers and employees of the Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority that authorizes payments in addition to established salaries shall be in writing, apply to all officers and employees of the authority, provide for any such payment to be made on the basis of both the job performance of the officer or employee and the overall financial performance of the authority, and be subject to the approval of the board of directors of the authority pursuant to section 22a-261. No payments under such plan shall be made during any year that annual salary increases have been suspended. The provisions of this section shall not (1) limit the rights of any officer or employee under an existing collective bargaining agreement or (2) prohibit the payment of extra or overtime pay for extra or overtime work in accordance with written procedures adopted pursuant to section 22a-268a.

      (P.A. 02-46, S. 7.)

      History: P.A. 02-46 effective January 1, 2003.

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      Sec. 22a-268c. Attorney General supervision over legal matters and claims from authority-Enron-Connecticut Light and Power Company transaction. Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes, the Attorney General shall have supervision over all legal matters and claims of the Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority arising from the Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority-Enron-Connecticut Light and Power Company transaction. The Attorney General may appear for the Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority in all civil suits and other civil proceedings arising from said transaction, and all such suits and proceedings shall be conducted by the Attorney General or under the direction of the Attorney General.

      (P.A. 02-46, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 02-46 effective April 30, 2002.

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      Sec. 22a-268d. Temporary borrowing from the state to support repayment of debt on behalf of Mid-Connecticut Project. Financial mitigation plan. Reports. Discussions re extensions of municipal contracts. Reporting and examination for term of loans. (a) The Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority may, with the approval of two-thirds of the appointed directors of the authority at a duly called meeting of said authority, and with the subsequent approval of the State Treasurer and the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, borrow temporarily from the state for the purposes of supporting the repayment of debt issued by the authority on behalf of the Mid-Connecticut Project for the fiscal years ending June 30, 2003, and June 30, 2004, an amount not to exceed twenty-two million dollars, in accordance with the provisions of this section, provided the principal and interest from such loan shall be repaid prior to the end of the fiscal year ending June 30, 2012. The Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority may, with the approval of two-thirds of the appointed directors of the authority at a duly-called-for meeting of said authority, and with the subsequent approval of the State Treasurer and the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, borrow temporarily from the state for the purposes of supporting the repayment of debt issued by the authority on behalf of the Mid-Connecticut Project for fiscal years subsequent to fiscal year ending June 30, 2004, an amount in the aggregate not to exceed ninety-three million dollars in accordance with the provisions of this section. To the extent possible, as determined by the State Treasurer and the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, any loans made pursuant to this section shall be collateralized. Prior to any such borrowing, or the draw-down of an amount pursuant to a master loan agreement entered into between the authority and the state, the authority shall submit to the State Treasurer and the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management a financial mitigation plan which shall include, but not be limited to, a plan to minimize tipping fees for municipalities that have entered into solid waste disposal services contracts with the authority and any additional information the State Treasurer and the secretary may require. Such financial mitigation plan shall include information detailing the efforts that the authority has made to reduce the amount necessary to borrow from the state, including, but not limited to, the reduction of general administration and costs, renegotiation of vendor contracts, efforts to increase the price paid for the sale of steam or electricity, efforts to assess the viability of the sale of hard assets of the project and an analysis of the staffing levels, performance and qualifications of staff and members of the board of directors. In addition, the authority shall provide the State Treasurer and the secretary with its proposed budget for the ensuing fiscal year, a three-year financial plan, a cash flow analysis showing the need for the current and projected future borrowings, and the most recent certified audit of the authority, on an annual basis. Such loans shall be repaid as provided in a repayment schedule established by the State Treasurer and the secretary and shall bear and pay interest as shall be determined by the State Treasurer in the best interest of the state. The State Treasurer is authorized to establish fixed or variable interest rates for such loans based upon the interest rate of the Short Term Investment Fund or the interest rate of any borrowing by the state that may be required to fund the loans to the authority. The repayments of principal and the interest applicable to any such loans made shall be paid to the State Treasurer in accordance with a repayment plan established by the State Treasurer and the secretary. Such loans shall be subordinate to all bonded indebtedness of the authority.

      (b) The Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority shall submit, on a quarterly basis, reports detailing the status of the financial mitigation plan as described in subsection (a) of this section to the State Treasurer, the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management and to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to finance, revenue and bonding.

      (c) The Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority shall enter into discussions with municipalities that have entered into solid waste disposal services contracts with the Mid-Connecticut Project to determine the interest of said municipalities in extending these contracts beyond the fiscal year ending June 30, 2012. The Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority shall include the status of these discussions in the quarterly reports required under subsection (b) of this section.

      (d) For the term of all loans made to the Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority by the state, the Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority shall be subject to the provisions of section 4-67.

      (P.A. 02-46, S. 3; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-5, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 02-46 effective April 30, 2002; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-5 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and amended said Subsec. by deleting provision re borrowing not to exceed $115,000,000 in the aggregate, adding provisions re borrowing not to exceed $22,000,000 for the fiscal years ending June 30, 2003, and June 30, 2004, with principal and interest repayment prior to end of fiscal year ending June 30, 2012, re borrowing not to exceed $93,000,000 for fiscal years subsequent to fiscal year ending June 30, 2004, re loans made pursuant to section to be collateralized and re analysis of staffing levels, performance and qualifications of staff and board members, replacing provision re submission of financial mitigation plan "for approval by" with provision re submission of said plan "to" the State Treasurer and secretary, and adding provision re providing financial information "on an annual basis", added Subsec. (b) re quarterly reports, added Subsec. (c) re contract extension discussions with municipalities, and added Subsec. (d) re applicability of Sec. 4-67 for term of loans, effective August 20, 2003.

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      Sec. 22a-268e. Report on authority efforts to mitigate effects of losses from authority-Enron-Connecticut Light and Power Company transaction. The board of directors of the Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority shall include in the annual report required under section 1-123 a description of the efforts of the authority to mitigate the effects of any loss of revenue from the Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority-Enron-Connecticut Light and Power Company transaction. The board shall also submit said annual report to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to finance, revenue and bonding.

      (P.A. 02-46, S. 4.)

      History: P.A. 02-46 effective April 30, 2002.

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      Sec. 22a-268f. Special committees to study options for municipal solid waste disposal. Not later than three years before the last maturity date of any outstanding bond issuance for a waste management project, as defined in section 22a-260, administered by the Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority, the board of directors of the authority shall establish a special committee for such project consisting of five representatives of the authority and not more than five representatives jointly designated by the municipalities having a contract with the authority for such project. At least two years before such last maturity date, such special committee shall study and present to said board of directors options for disposing of solid waste from such municipalities after the expiration of such contract. Such options shall include, but shall not be limited to, private sector management of such solid waste disposal.

      (P.A. 03-133, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 03-133 effective July 1, 2003.

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      Sec. 22a-269. (Formerly Sec. 19-524bb). Bonds of the authority. (a) Subject to the approval of the Treasurer of the state, and any other limitations of this chapter, the authority may borrow money and issue its bonds and notes from time to time and use the proceeds thereof for the purposes and powers of the authority and to accomplish the purposes of this chapter and to pay all of the costs of the authority incident to and necessary in connection with the carrying out of such purposes, including providing funds to be paid into any fund or funds to secure such bonds or notes in such principal amount subject to the provisions of this chapter as in the opinion of the authority, shall be necessary to provide sufficient funds for implementing such powers and achieving such purposes. The notes and bonds issued by the authority shall be general obligations of the authority payable out of any revenues or other receipts, funds or moneys of the authority, subject only to any agreements with the holders of particular notes or bonds pledging any particular revenues, receipts, funds or moneys except as otherwise expressly provided by resolution of the authority and in such event such bonds or notes shall be special obligations of the authority payable solely from any revenues or other receipts, funds or moneys of the authority pledged therefor and subject only to any agreements with the holders of particular notes and bonds pledging any particular revenues, receipts, funds or moneys. Such bonds or notes may be executed and delivered in such manner and at such times, may be in such form and denominations and of such tenor and maturity or maturities, may be in bearer or registered form, as to principal and interest or as to principal alone, may be payable at such time or times in the case of any such note or renewals thereof not exceeding five years from the date of issue of such note and in the case of any such bond not exceeding forty years from the date thereof, may be payable at such place or places whether within or without the state, may bear interest at such rate or rates payable at such time or times and at such place or places and evidenced in such manner, and may contain such provisions not inconsistent with this chapter, as shall be provided in the resolution of the authority authorizing the issuance of the bonds or notes.

      (b) Issuance by the authority of one or more series of bonds or notes for one or more purposes shall not preclude it from issuing other bonds or notes in connection with the same project or any other projects, but the proceeding wherein any subsequent bonds or notes may be issued shall recognize and protect any prior pledge made for any prior issue of bonds or notes unless in the resolution authorizing such prior issue the right is reserved to issue subsequent bonds on a parity with such prior issue.

      (c) Subject to the approval of the Treasurer of the state, any bonds or notes of the authority may be sold at such price or prices, at public or private sale, in such manner and from time to time as may be determined by the authority, and the authority may pay all costs, expenses, premiums and commissions which it may deem necessary or advantageous in connection with the issuance and sale thereof; and any moneys of the authority, including proceeds from the sale of any bonds and notes, and revenues, receipts and income from any of its projects, may be invested and reinvested in such obligations, securities and other investments or deposited or redeposited in such bank or banks as shall be provided in the resolution or resolutions of the authority authorizing the issuance of the bonds and notes.

      (d) The authority is authorized to provide for the issuance of its bonds for the purpose of refunding any bonds of the authority then outstanding, including the payment of any redemption premium thereon and any interest accrued or to accrue to the earliest or subsequent date of redemption, purchase or maturity of such bonds, and, if deemed advisable by the authority, for the additional purpose of paying all or any part of the cost of constructing and acquiring additions, improvements, extension or enlargements of a project or any portion thereof. The proceeds of any such bonds issued for the purpose of refunding outstanding bonds may, in the discretion of the authority, be applied to the purchase or retirement at maturity or redemption of such outstanding bonds either on their earliest or any subsequent redemption date, and may, pending such application, be placed in escrow to be applied to such purchase or retirement at maturity or redemption on such date as may be determined by the authority.

      (e) Whether or not the bonds or notes are of such form and character as to be negotiable instruments under article 8 of title 42a, the bonds or notes shall be and are hereby made negotiable instruments within the meaning of and for all the purposes of article 8 of said title 42a, subject only to the provisions of the bonds or notes for registration.

      (f) The principal of and interest on bonds issued by the authority may be secured by a pledge of any revenues and receipts of the authority derived from any project and may be additionally secured by the assignment of a lease of any project for the construction and acquisition of which said bonds are issued and by an assignment of the revenues and receipts derived by the authority from any such lease. The payment of principal and interest on such bonds may be additionally secured by a pledge of any other property, revenues, moneys or funds available to the authority for such purpose. The resolution authorizing the issuance of any such bonds or notes and any such lease may contain agreements and provisions respecting the establishment of reserves to secure such bonds or notes, the maintenance and insurance of the projects covered thereby, the fixing and collection of rents for any portion thereof leased by the authority to others, the creation and maintenance of special funds from such revenues and the rights and remedies available in the event of default, the vesting in a trustee or trustees of such property, rights, powers and duties in trust as the authority may determine, which may include any or all of the rights, powers and duties of any trustee appointed by the holders of any bonds and notes and limiting or abrogating the right of the holders of any bonds and notes of the authority to appoint a trustee under this chapter or limiting the rights, powers and duties of such trustee; provision for a trust agreement by and between the authority and a corporate trust which may be any trust company or bank having the powers of a trust company within or without the state, which agreement may provide for the pledging or assigning of any assets or income from assets to which or in which the authority has any rights or interest, and may further provide for such other rights and remedies exercisable by the trustee as may be proper for the protection of the holders of any bonds or notes and not otherwise in violation of law, and such agreement may provide for the restriction of the rights of any individual holder of bonds or notes of the authority and may contain any further provisions which are reasonable to delineate further the respective rights, duties, safeguards, responsibilities and liabilities of the authority, persons and collective holders of bonds or notes of the authority and the trustee; and covenants to do or refrain from doing such acts and things as may be necessary or convenient or desirable in order to better secure any bonds or notes of the authority, or which, in the discretion of the authority, will tend to make any bonds or notes to be issued more marketable notwithstanding that such covenants, acts or things may not be enumerated herein; and any other matters of like or different character, which in any way affect the security or protection of the bonds or notes, all as the authority shall deem advisable and not in conflict with the provisions hereof. Each pledge, agreement, or assignment of lease made for the benefit or security of any of the bonds or notes of the authority shall be in effect until the principal of and interest on the bonds or notes for the benefit of which the same were made have been fully paid, or until provision has been made for the payment in the manner provided in the resolution or resolutions authorizing their issuance. Any pledge made in respect of such bonds or notes shall be valid and binding from the time when the pledge is made; moneys or rents so pledged and thereafter received by the authority shall immediately be subject to the lien of such pledge without any physical delivery thereof or further act; and the lien of any such pledge shall be valid and binding as against all parties having claims of any kind in tort, contract or otherwise against the authority, irrespective of whether such parties have notice thereof. Neither the resolution, trust indenture nor any other instrument by which a pledge is created need be recorded. The resolution authorizing the issuance of such bonds or notes may provide for the enforcement of any such pledge or security in any lawful manner.

      (g) The authority may provide in any resolution authorizing the issuance of bonds or notes that any project or part thereof or any addition, improvement, extension or enlargement thereof, may be constructed by the authority or any designee of the authority, and may also provide in such proceedings for the time and manner of and requisites for disbursements to be made for the cost of such construction and disbursements as the authority shall deem necessary or appropriate.

      (P.A. 73-459, S. 13, 26; P.A. 74-338, S. 71, 94.)

      History: P.A. 74-338 made technical correction, substituting "evidenced" for "evidence" in Subsec. (a); Sec. 19-524bb transferred to Sec. 22a-269 in 1983.

      Cited. 193 C. 506.

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      Sec. 22a-270. (Formerly Sec. 19-524cc). Tax exemption of authority, lessees and operators. Assessment and taxation of certain leased authority property. (a) The exercise of the powers granted by this chapter constitute the performance of an essential governmental function and the authority shall not be required to pay any taxes or assessments upon or in respect of a project, or any property or moneys of the authority, levied by any municipality or political subdivision or special district having taxing powers of the state, nor shall the authority be required to pay state taxes of any kind, and the authority, its projects, property and money and any bonds and notes issued under the provisions of this chapter, their transfer and the income therefrom, including revenues derived from the sale thereof, shall at all times be free from taxation of every kind by the state except for estate or succession taxes and by the municipalities and all other political subdivisions or special districts having taxing powers of the state; provided nothing herein shall prevent the authority from entering into agreements to make payments in lieu of taxes with respect to property acquired by it or by any person leasing a project from the authority or operating or managing a project on behalf of the authority and neither the authority nor its projects, properties, money or bonds and notes shall be obligated, liable or subject to lien of any kind for the enforcement, collection or payment thereof. If and to the extent the proceedings under which the bonds authorized to be issued under the provisions of this chapter so provide, the authority may agree to cooperate with the lessee or operator of a project in connection with any administrative or judicial proceedings for determining the validity or amount of such payment and may agree to appoint or designate and reserve the right in and for such lessees or operators to take all action which the authority may lawfully take in respect of such payments and all matters relating thereto, provided such lessee or operator shall bear and pay all costs and expenses of the authority thereby incurred at the request of such lessee or operator or by reason of any such action taken by such lessee or operator on behalf of the authority. Any lessee or operator of a project which has paid the amounts in lieu of taxes permitted by this section to be paid shall not be required to pay any such taxes in which a payment in lieu thereof has been made to the state or to any such municipality or other political subdivision or special district having taxing powers, any other statute to the contrary notwithstanding.

      (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, real and personal property owned by the authority may be assessed and taxed against a lessee pursuant to chapter 203 by the municipality in which such property is located if such property is leased as of July 1, 2007, to a lessee or operator by the authority pursuant to an initial site lease entered into between the authority and a lessee on or before December 31, 1985. This subsection shall not apply to property which is: (1) The security for any bonds issued by the authority and outstanding on July 1, 2007, until the indebtedness evidenced by such bonds has been paid in full, (2) leased by the authority pursuant to a lease in effect on January 1, 2007, until after the expiration of the lease term in effect on said date, whether by execution of a new lease, by amendment of the lease or by renewal or extension of the term of such lease pursuant to an option stated therein if such amendment is entered into or such option is exercised after said date, or (3) the subject of an agreement for payments in lieu of taxes between the municipality and the authority or its lessee during any municipal fiscal year covered by such agreement. The lessee shall be liable for taxes assessed pursuant to this subsection and shall have the right to appeal the amount it is assessed in the tax year such property first becomes taxable hereunder in the same manner as a purchaser of formerly tax-exempt property under section 12-81a, with the same effect as if a conveyance to a nonexempt purchaser had been placed on the land records on the date the property first ceases to be exempt pursuant to this section. The assessor and collector of the municipality shall proceed with respect to such property in the same manner as is provided in said section 12-81a with respect to adding the property to the grand list, giving notice of the assessment to the lessee and billing the taxes due thereon to the lessee.

      (P.A. 73-459, S. 14, 26; P.A. 76-170, S. 2, 4; P.A. 07-255, S. 3; P.A. 10-32, S. 87.)

      History: P.A. 76-170 clarified proviso re payments in lieu of taxes and referred to amounts in lieu of taxes "permitted" rather than "required" by section; Sec. 19-524cc transferred to Sec. 22a-270 in 1983; P.A. 07-255 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and added Subsec. (b) re municipal assessment and taxation of certain leased authority property, effective July 1, 2007; P.A. 10-32 made technical changes in Subsec. (a), effective May 10, 2010.

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      Sec. 22a-270a. Lessee under Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority project not liable for taxes on property leased from authority if payments in lieu of taxes are made per agreement. Any real or personal property leased by the Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority in connection with the operation of a project under the provisions of this chapter which would otherwise be subject to taxation under chapter 203 shall be exempt from the assessment of property taxes permitted and required under said chapter if such real or personal property is the subject of an agreement between said authority or the lessee of such project and the municipality in which such project is located to make payments in lieu of taxes with respect to such property. Any lessee or operator of such project from said authority who has made any payment in lieu of taxes due under such agreement shall not be required to make any payment of taxes on which a payment in lieu thereof has been made to the municipality.

      (P.A. 82-410, S. 3, 4.)

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      Sec. 22a-271. (Formerly Sec. 19-524dd). Bonds, legal investments. Bonds issued by the authority under the provisions of this chapter are hereby made securities in which all public officers and public bodies of the state and its political subdivisions, all insurance companies, credit unions, building and loan associations, investment companies, banking associations, trust companies, executors, administrators, trustees and other fiduciaries and pension, profit-sharing and retirement funds may properly and legally invest funds, including capital in their control or belonging to them. Such bonds are hereby made securities which may properly and legally be deposited with and received by any state or municipal officer or any agency or political subdivision of the state for any purpose for which the deposit of bonds or obligations of the state is now or may hereafter, be authorized by law.

      (P.A. 73-459, S. 15, 26.)

      History: Sec. 19-524dd transferred to Sec. 22a-271 in 1983.

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      Sec. 22a-272. (Formerly Sec. 19-524ee). Mandatory sinking fund for authority bonds; special capital reserve funds; General Fund appropriations. Purchase of financial guarantees. (a) Bonds or notes of the authority issued under the provisions of this chapter shall not be deemed to constitute a debt or liability of the state or of any municipality thereof or a pledge of the faith and credit of the state or of any such municipality, and shall not constitute bonds or notes issued or guaranteed by the state within the meaning of section 3-21, but shall be payable solely from the revenues and funds herein provided therefor. All such bonds or notes shall contain on the face thereof a statement to the effect that neither the state of Connecticut nor any municipality thereof other than the authority shall be obligated to pay the same or the interest thereon and that neither the faith and credit nor the taxing power of the state of Connecticut or of any such municipality is pledged to the payment of the principal of or the interest on such bonds or notes.

      (b) The authority may create and establish one or more reserve funds to be known as special capital reserve funds and may pay into such special capital reserve funds (1) any moneys appropriated and made available by the state for the purposes of such funds, (2) any proceeds of sale of notes or bonds, to the extent provided in the resolution of the authority authorizing the issuance thereof, and (3) any other moneys which may be made available to the authority for the purpose of such funds from any other source or sources. The moneys held in or credited to any special capital reserve fund established under this section, except as hereinafter provided, shall be used solely for the payment of the principal of bonds of the authority secured by such capital reserve fund as the same become due, the purchase of such bonds of the authority, the payment of interest on such bonds of the authority or the payment of any redemption premium required to be paid when such bonds are redeemed prior to maturity; provided, the authority shall have power to provide that moneys in any such fund shall not be withdrawn therefrom at any time in such amount as would reduce the amount of such funds to less than the maximum amount of principal and interest becoming due by reason of maturity or a required sinking fund installment in any succeeding calendar year on the bonds of the authority then outstanding and secured by such special capital reserve fund, such amount being herein referred to as the "required minimum capital reserve", except for the purpose of paying such principal of, redemption premium and interest on such bonds of the authority secured by such special capital reserve becoming due and for the payment of which other moneys of the authority are not available. The authority may provide that it shall not issue bonds at any time if the required minimum capital reserve on the bonds outstanding and the bonds then to be issued and secured by a special capital reserve fund will exceed the amount of such special capital reserve fund at the time of issuance, unless the authority, at the time of the issuance of such bonds, shall deposit in such special capital reserve fund from the proceeds of the bonds so to be issued, or otherwise, an amount which, together with the amount then in such special capital reserve fund, will be not less than the required minimum capital reserve. On or before December first, annually, there is deemed to be appropriated from the state General Fund such sums, if any, as shall be certified by the chairman of the authority to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management and the Treasurer of the state, as necessary to restore each such special capital reserve fund to the amount equal to the required minimum capital reserve of such fund, and such amounts shall be allotted and paid to the authority. For the purpose of evaluation of any such special capital reserve fund, obligations acquired as an investment for any such fund shall be valued at amortized cost. Nothing contained in this section shall preclude the authority from establishing and creating other debt service reserve funds in connection with the issuance of bonds or notes of the authority. Subject to any agreement or agreements with holders of outstanding notes and bonds of the authority, any amount or amounts allotted and paid to the authority pursuant to this section shall be repaid to the state from moneys of the authority at such time as such moneys are not required for any other of its corporate purposes and in any event shall be repaid to the state on the date one year after all bonds and notes of the authority theretofore issued on the date or dates such amount or amounts are allotted and paid to the authority or thereafter issued, together with interest on such bonds and notes, with interest on any unpaid installments of interest and all costs and expenses in connection with any action or proceeding by or on behalf of the holders thereof, are fully met and discharged. Notwithstanding any other provisions contained in this chapter, the aggregate amount of bonds outstanding at any time, secured by such special capital reserve funds authorized to be created and established by this section shall not exceed seven hundred twenty-five million dollars and no such bonds shall be issued to pay project costs unless the authority is of the opinion and determines that the revenues to be derived from the project shall be sufficient (1) to pay the principal of and interest on the bonds issued to finance the project, (2) to establish, increase and maintain any reserves deemed by the authority to be advisable to secure the payment of the principal of and interest on such bonds, (3) to pay the cost of maintaining the project in good repair and keeping it properly insured and (4) to pay such other costs of the project as may be required.

      (c) Subject to any agreement or agreements with holders of outstanding bonds, notes or other obligations, the authority may apply moneys in any special capital reserve fund or any other fund of the authority to purchase a financial guaranty or financial guaranties secured or unsecured as the authority may determine. For purposes of this section, financial guaranty means any letter of credit, surety bonds, insurance policy, guaranty or similar instrument issued by a bond or insurance company or other financial institution which provides for moneys to be available for the purposes to which and at the times by which moneys in each such fund may be required.

      (d) The authority may secure instruments or contracts authorized under subdivision (7) of section 22a-267 in any manner in which the authority may secure its bonds, notes or other obligations under section 22a-269, subject to any agreement or agreements with holders of outstanding bonds, notes or other obligations of the authority.

      (P.A. 73-459, S. 16, 26; P.A. 77-614, S. 19, 610; P.A. 81-313; P.A. 85-260, S. 1, 2; P.A. 89-366, S. 1, 3; P.A. 93-372, S. 2, 4; May 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-1, S. 24, 130.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner of finance and control with secretary of the office of policy and management; P.A. 81-313 raised bond limit in Subsec. (b) from $250,000,000 to $400,000,000; Sec. 19-524ee transferred to Sec. 22a-272 in 1983; P.A. 85-260 raised the bond limit to $650,000,000; P.A. 89-366 raised the bond limit to $725,000,000; P.A. 93-372 added Subsecs. (c) and (d) authorizing the authority to apply moneys in any special capital reserve fund or any other fund of the authority to purchase a financial guaranty or guarantees, effective June 30, 1993; May 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-1 amended Subsec. (d) by making technical change, effective July 1, 1994.

      Subsec. (a):

      Cited. 193 C. 506.


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      Sec. 22a-272a. Limit on use of bond proceeds for funding intermediate processing facilities. Not less than twenty-five million dollars of the next two hundred million dollars of bonds issued by the Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority on or after July 1, 1989, and secured by a special capital reserve fund established pursuant to section 22a-272 shall be issued for the funding of intermediate processing facilities.

      (P.A. 89-366, S. 2, 3.)

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      Sec. 22a-273. (Formerly Sec. 19-524ff). Moneys of the authority. The reserve funds of the authority, as provided for in section 22a-272, shall be paid to the Treasurer of the state as agent of the authority, who shall not commingle such moneys with any other moneys. Such moneys shall be deposited in a separate bank account or accounts. The moneys in such accounts shall be paid by checks signed by the Treasurer of the state on requisition of the chairman of the authority or of such other officer or employee or officers or employees of the authority as the authority shall authorize to make such requisition. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the authority shall have power, subject to the approval of the Treasurer of the state, to contract with the holders of any of its bonds or notes, as to the custody, collection, securing, investment and payment of any reserve funds of the authority, or of any moneys held in trust or otherwise for the payment of bonds or notes, and to carry out such contracts. Any officer with whom, or any bank or trust company with which such moneys shall be deposited as trustee thereof shall hold and apply the same for the purposes thereof, subject to such provisions as this chapter and the resolution authorizing the issue of the bonds or notes or the trust agreement securing such bonds or notes may provide.

      (P.A. 73-459, S. 17, 26.)

      History: Sec. 19-524ff transferred to Sec. 22a-273 in 1983.

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      Sec. 22a-274. (Formerly Sec. 19-524gg). Pledge to holders of bonds and notes of the authority. The state of Connecticut does hereby pledge to and agree with the holders of any bonds and notes issued under this chapter and with those parties who may enter into contracts with the Connecticut Solid Waste Authority or its successor agency pursuant to the provisions of this chapter that the state will not limit or alter the rights hereby vested in the authority until such obligations, together with the interest thereon, are fully met and discharged and such contracts are fully performed on the part of the authority, provided nothing contained herein shall preclude such limitation or alteration if and when adequate provision shall be made by law for the protection of the holders of such bonds and notes of the authority or those entering into such contracts with the authority. The authority is authorized to include this pledge and undertaking for the state in such bonds and notes or contracts.

      (P.A. 73-459, S. 18, 26.)

      History: Sec. 19-524gg transferred to Sec. 22a-274 in 1983.

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      Sec. 22a-275. (Formerly Sec. 19-524hh). Municipal and regional authorities. (a) The authority shall have the power to purchase, in accordance with the requirements of the state solid waste management plan, at such costs or prices as are mutually deemed agreeable by the authority and the seller, any solid waste disposal facility, volume reduction plant or solid waste disposal areas owned by a municipality or regional authority or by a person and to own and operate such facilities and plants when and as deemed necessary, convenient or desirable, by the authority, and in accordance with the state plan, to carry out its purposes in accordance with this chapter; it may alter, reconstruct, improve, enlarge or extend any such facility, plant or disposal area at its own discretion to carry out the requirements of the state solid waste management plan; it may contract to plan, design, finance, construct and operate and maintain any solid waste management project, processing facility or disposal area on behalf of a municipal or regional authority, in accordance with such state plans; and may otherwise make the waste management services and capabilities of authority projects available by contract to any municipal or regional authority or private person or institution at reasonable fees or charges to be established by the authority for such services.

      (b) Any municipal or regional authority having a solid waste management plan that is required, pursuant to the provisions of chapter 446b, to be in conformity with the state solid waste management plan, and which municipal or regional plan provides that the disposition of the solid wastes of said municipality or region shall be accomplished through the use of state or regional facilities providing adequate resources recovery and large-scale waste disposal processing, is hereby authorized to enter into a long-term contract for such services with the authority, to pay any reasonable fees and charges established by the authority for such services, and, further, to pledge the full faith and credit of the municipal or regional authority for the payment of such fees and charges.

      (c) Prior to negotiating any such contract with a municipal or regional authority, the authority shall adopt procedures governing such contract negotiations and contracting processes in accordance with subsection (d) of this section. Such procedures shall include but not be limited to (1) specific procedures for resolving impasses, disputes or other controversies that may arise during contract negotiations and (2) such other information, standards, analyses and procedures as will facilitate the negotiation and establishment of equitable contracts.

      (d) Prior to the adoption, amendment or repeal of any procedure prescribed in subsection (c) of this section, or of any procedure that would adversely affect the operations or affairs of any municipality or municipal or regional authority, the authority shall provide notice of and opportunity for a hearing on such intended action in accordance with subsection (e) of this section. Any municipality or municipal or regional authority may petition the authority with respect to the promulgation, amendment or repeal of such procedure, in accordance with a form and procedure prescribed by the authority for the submission, consideration and disposition of such petition, including adequate provision for notice and hearing. Within thirty days after the submission of such a petition the directors of the authority shall either deny said petition in writing, stating the reasons for such denial, or shall order the initiation of proceedings in accordance with subsection (e) of this section.

      (e) In adopting, amending or repealing any procedure referred to in this section, the directors of the authority shall, at least sixty days prior to the effective date of such action, pass a resolution expressing their intent to adopt, amend or repeal such procedure, and shall within ten days cause a copy of such resolution to be printed in one daily and one weekly newspaper published within the state and the Connecticut Law Journal. Thereupon, any interested party so desiring may, within thirty days, petition the directors with respect to such action and offer evidence in support of such petition before a referee appointed by the chairman. Said referee shall not be an employee of the authority, and shall report his findings with respect to such petition and evidence to the directors at least ten days prior to the date established by the directors as the effective date of their action. Due consideration shall be given to such findings by the directors in determining their final action with respect to such procedural adoption, amendment or repeal.

      (f) Any municipal or regional authority is also authorized hereby to borrow from the authority such sums of money as may be necessary to establish a solid waste management project or projects, or a disposal facility, volume reduction plant or disposal area whenever such municipal or regional authority, in accordance with its approved local plan conforming to the state solid waste management plan, is not required to utilize the services of a state or regional waste management project for the disposal of its wastes. Any such loan may be made on the basis of a long-term loan agreement or service contract between such municipal or regional authority and the solid waste authority, and as collateral for such loan a municipal or regional authority may pledge its full faith and credit, or an applicable portion of the charges levied or revenues received for municipal or regional waste disposal, or both. Any municipal or regional authority is also hereby authorized to contract with the authority for planning, design, financing, construction and operation and maintenance services by the authority or by any person under contract with the authority, of a waste management project, facility or disposal area to be used to provide for the disposal of wastes and the recovery of resources within said municipality or region and to contract for any payment in lieu of taxes to be made with respect to such project, facility or disposal area in accordance with the intentions and provisions of this chapter and the state solid waste management plan. All required payments of fees and charges, interest on loans, principal of loans and necessary fees and assessments related thereto required under any contract or agreement entered into pursuant to the provisions of this section, are considered expenditures for public purposes by a municipal or regional authority and, notwithstanding the provisions of any other law, any necessary general or special taxes or cost-sharing or other assessments may be levied or collected by said municipal or regional authority for the purpose of making such required payments.

      (g) Whenever the authority, by resolution of its board of directors, distributes surplus revenues of the authority to any municipal or regional authority or person who by virtue of the provisions of the state solid waste management plan or any contract or agreement with the authority may be entitled to participate in such distribution, such municipal or regional authority or person is entitled to receive and to have and to hold the proceeds of such distribution and to use the same for any lawful purpose, including but not limited to the reduction of local taxes or assessments levied or to be levied for the purpose of raising revenues to pay authority fees or service charges.

      (h) The authority, when performing services on behalf of or providing a waste management project for any municipal or regional authority pursuant to this section, shall be considered eligible to receive on behalf of such municipal or regional authority any state grants for which said municipal or regional authority may be ordinarily eligible under chapter 446d, or any other law, rule or regulation of the state. The proceeds of any such grant shall be applied by the authority to reduce the costs of the services or project being provided.

      (i) When performing work at the direction of the Department of Environmental Protection, in furtherance of the objectives of the state solid waste management plan and pursuant thereto, the authority shall be entitled to receive any state grants or other assistance to which a municipal or regional authority would be entitled had the work been performed by such municipal or regional authority.

      (j) Notwithstanding the provisions of any local law, ordinance or regulation, the authority, in carrying out its purposes according to this chapter and in fulfilling the requirements of the state plan, shall have power to transport or to provide for the transportation of solid wastes and recovered resources anywhere within the state.

      (k) Nothing in this chapter shall be deemed or interpreted to preclude or prohibit state financial assistance to municipal and regional authorities according to the provisions of chapter 446d, or of any other law, rule or regulation of the state relating to solid waste management planning, solid waste reduction and disposal operations, approved solid waste disposal facilities and equipment, per capita grants and the distribution of federal funds for the acquisition and development of lands by municipalities. Such assistance shall be provided to any municipal or regional authority having a solid waste management plan which has been adopted and approved pursuant to chapter 446d, and is in conformity with the state solid waste management plan, until such time as such municipal or regional authority contracts with the authority for and receives resource recovery or solid waste processing services.

      (P.A. 73-459, S. 19, 26; P.A. 74-330, S. 2, 4; P.A. 76-170, S. 3, 4; P.A. 82-327, S. 8.)

      History: P.A. 74-330 deleted requirement that procedures include estimates of solid waste management costs for every municipality for year July 1, 1972, to June 30, 1973, and provision for updating cost estimates and amending contract negotiation procedures; P.A. 76-170 gave authorities power to contract for payments in lieu of taxes in Subsec. (f); P.A. 82-327 removed reference to repealed Secs. 7-161 and 7-162 in Subsec. (j); Sec. 19-524hh transferred to Sec. 22a-275 in 1983.

      Cited. 218 C. 821.

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      Sec. 22a-276. (Formerly Sec. 19-524ii). Condemnation by authority. (a) Before instituting any condemnation proceedings to obtain necessary real property, the authority shall have made diligent efforts to obtain said property by purchase or other means satisfactory to the authority and shall have ruled, by resolution, that in its judgment the property is not otherwise obtainable save through condemnation proceedings.

      (b) Before instituting condemnation proceedings in any municipality the authority shall first advise and consult with the municipal authority having jurisdiction.

      (c) Unless the property to be condemned is located in an area zoned industrial, or in an area at or contiguous to an existing solid waste facility or waste disposal area, the authority shall, before proceeding with condemnation, first receive the written consent of the municipal authority having jurisdiction.

      (d) The authority shall not have the power to establish in any municipality, by condemnation proceedings or otherwise, a solid waste disposal area to be used for the deposit of solid wastes that have not received prior processing in a resources recovery facility until and unless it has first obtained the written consent of the municipal authority concerned.

      (e) Any condemnation proceedings of the authority shall be brought in accordance with section 48-12, except such proceedings shall in all cases be brought before the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford.

      (f) Where a person entitled to an award in proceedings to condemn any real property for any of the purposes of this chapter remains in possession of said property after title is vested in the condemnor, the reasonable value of his use and occupancy of such property after title has been vested, or after any other time as fixed by agreement or by a determination of the court, shall be a lien against such award subject only to such other liens of record at the time title is vested in the condemnor.

      (P.A. 73-459, S. 20, 26; P.A. 78-280, S. 6, 127; P.A. 88-230, S. 1, 12; 88-364, S. 39, 123; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; P.A. 95-220, S. 4-6.)

      History: P.A. 78-280 replaced Hartford county with judicial district of Hartford-New Britain; Sec. 19-524ii transferred to Sec. 22a-276 in 1983; P.A. 88-230 replaced "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain" with "judicial district of Hartford", effective September 1, 1991; P.A. 88-364 made technical change in Subsec. (e); P.A. 90-98 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1991, to September 1, 1993; P.A. 93-142 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1993, to September 1, 1996, effective June 14, 1993; P.A. 95-220 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1996, to September 1, 1998, effective July 1, 1995.

      Cited. 193 C. 506.

      Cited. 17 CA 17; judgment reversed, see 212 C. 570.


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      Sec. 22a-277. (Formerly Sec. 19-524jj). Delegation of powers of authority. (a) The directors of the authority may, by resolution, delegate to the president of the authority, as its chief executive officer, such powers of the authority as may appear, in the discretion of the directors, to be necessary, advisable or desirable in order to permit the timely performance of the administrative functions of the authority and to carry out the plans, policies, procedures and decisions of the directors.

      (b) It shall be the responsibility of the directors to delegate only those powers of the authority that may be generally appropriate for the exercise of executive and administrative functions and to reserve to themselves such powers and decisions as may be more properly exercised through the regular deliberative and decision-making processes of the directors.

      (c) The president may, with the approval of the directors, assign or redelegate to officers and employees of the authority, any of his delegated powers that in his opinion may be necessary, desirable or appropriate for the prompt and orderly transaction of the business of the authority.

      (P.A. 73-459, S. 21, 26.)

      History: Sec. 19-524jj transferred to Sec. 22a-277 in 1983.

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      Sec. 22a-278. (Formerly Sec. 19-524kk). Bonding of personnel. Each director of the authority shall execute a surety bond in the sum of fifty thousand dollars, or, in lieu thereof, the chairman of the authority shall execute a blanket positive bond covering each director, executive and employee of the authority, each surety bond to be conditioned upon the faithful performance of the duties of the office or officers covered, to be executed by a surety company authorized to transact business in the state of Connecticut as surety and to be approved by the Attorney General and filed in the office of the Secretary of the State. The cost of each such bond shall be paid by the authority.

      (P.A. 73-459, S. 22, 26.)

      History: Sec. 19-524kk transferred to Sec. 22a-278 in 1983.

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      Sec. 22a-279. (Formerly Sec. 19-524ll). Connecticut Solid Waste Management Advisory Council. Section 22a-279 is repealed.

      (P.A. 73-459, S. 23, 26; P.A. 74-330, S. 3, 4; P.A. 83-487, S. 29, 33; 83-587, S. 75, 96; P.A. 84-546, S. 74, 183; P.A. 93-423, S. 7.)

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      Sec. 22a-280. (Formerly Sec. 19-524mm). Liberal construction of chapter. This chapter, being necessary for the welfare of the state and its inhabitants, shall be liberally construed, so as to effect its purposes.

      (P.A. 73-459, S. 24, 26.)

      History: Sec. 19-524mm transferred to Sec. 22a-280 in 1983.

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      Sec. 22a-281. (Formerly Sec. 19-524nn). Pilot project required. Section 22a-281 is repealed, effective October 1, 2002.

      (P.A. 73-459, S. 25, 26; S.A. 02-12, S. 1.)

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      Sec. 22a-282. Solid waste disposal area. Payments to municipalities. The Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority, notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (b) of section 22a-208a concerning the right of any local body to regulate, through zoning, land usage for solid waste disposal and section 22a-276, may use and operate as a solid waste disposal area, pursuant to a permit issued under sections 22a-208, 22a-208a and 22a-430, any real property owned by said authority on or before May 11, 1984, any portion of which has been operated as a solid waste disposal area, and the authority shall not be subject to regulation by any such body, except that the authority shall pay to the municipality in which such property is located one dollar per ton of unprocessed solid waste received from outside of such municipality and disposed of at the solid waste disposal area by the authority. Any payment shall be in addition to any other agreement between the municipality and the authority. The provisions of section 12-19a shall not be construed to apply to any such real property.

      (P.A. 84-331, S. 2, 4; P.A. 85-143, S. 1, 3; P.A. 86-403, S. 55, 132.)

      History: P.A. 85-143 added provision that the authority shall not be subject to regulation by any local body; P.A. 86-403 made technical changes.

      See Sec. 22a-220b re payments to municipalities by owner or operator of solid waste land disposal facility.

      Cited. 193 C. 506. P.A. 84-331, S. 2 cited. 209 C. 830; 212 C. 570. Cited. Id. Cited. 234 C. 221.

      P.A. 84-331, S. 2 cited. 17 CA 17; judgment reversed, see 212 C. 570.


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      Sec. 22a-283. Disposal of waste from municipal or private waste-to-energy plant. The Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority shall accept for disposal in any landfill owned by the authority the residue from any municipal or private waste-to-energy plant the operation of which has been approved by the Commissioner of Environmental Protection in accordance with the provisions of section 22a-208 or section 22a-208a, provided an engineer from the authority certifies that such landfill has the capacity for disposal of such residue in excess of the capacity committed pursuant to any bonds issued by said authority for the term of such bonds. The authority shall charge a fee that represents the actual cost of disposal of such residue.

      (P.A. 85-261, S. 1; P.A. 86-403, S. 56, 132.)

      History: P.A. 86-403 added reference to Sec. 22a-208a.

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      Sec. 22a-284. Agreement for administration of waste management project. The provisions of this chapter shall not be construed to limit any municipality or any two or more municipalities from entering into an agreement with the Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority to provide for the administration of a waste management project by such municipality or municipalities.

      (P.A. 85-261, S. 2.)

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      Sec. 22a-285. Definitions. As used in sections 16-50j, 22a-208b and 22a-285a to 22a-285k, inclusive:

      (1) "Ash" means bottom ash, air pollution control residue and other residuals of the combustion process from an incinerator utilized for the combustion of municipal solid waste;

      (2) "Council" means the membership of the Connecticut Siting Council established under section 16-50j for proceedings under sections 22a-285d to 22a-285h, inclusive.

      (P.A. 89-384, S. 1, 15; May 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-1, S. 87, 130.)

      History: May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-1 made a technical change for accuracy, effective July 1, 1994.

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      Sec. 22a-285a. Establishment of ash residue disposal area. (a) Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes or any special act or municipal charter, on or after December 1, 1990, the Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority, acting by itself or through a regional resources recovery authority, may establish an ash residue disposal area on all or part of not more than two sites east of the Connecticut River and two sites west of the Connecticut River, provided such sites (1) are not owned or operated by the authority on July 5, 1989, and (2) are identified in table 8 of the report prepared pursuant to section 22a-228b entitled "Identification of Potential Ash Residue Disposal Sites" and dated January, 1989, or determined by the Commissioner of Environmental Protection to be capable of meeting the siting criteria described in said report. No site shall be located within four miles of any ash residue disposal area owned or operated by the authority on January 1, 1989, or in any municipality in which a resources recovery facility and an ash residue disposal area are located and not more than one site shall be established in any one regional planning area as defined by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management pursuant to section 8-31a.

      (b) The Commissioner of Agriculture shall review each proposal for an ash residue disposal area. If the commissioner finds that the proposal would convert twenty-five or more acres of prime farmland to a nonagricultural use, he shall file a statement with the council so indicating. Any negotiated agreement approved or arbitration award issued pursuant to section 22a-285g by the council for a site for which a statement has been filed under this section shall require the affirmative vote of seventy-five per cent of the members of the council.

      (c) If the authority intends to establish a site under subsection (a) of this section, it shall (1) notify the Commissioner of Environmental Protection of the sites to be evaluated and (2) initiate surveys, inspections or geological investigations at such sites to determine their suitability and capacity for ash residue disposal. Such surveys, inspections and investigations may include, but not be limited to, borings and environmental monitoring, tests, samples or other activities related thereto. The authority shall exercise care in any entry so that no unnecessary damage results.

      (d) Upon reasonable notice to any affected property owner, the authority may enter upon private property to conduct surveys, inspections or geological investigations to determine the suitability and capacity of a proposed site for an ash residue disposal area. The provisions of this section shall not be construed to limit or modify any rights of entry upon property otherwise provided by law to the authority.

      (e) The authority shall pay damages to the owner of any property for any damage or injury which the authority causes to such owner by entrance and use pursuant to this section. If entry to any property is refused, the authority shall assess the damages in the same manner as provided for the Commissioner of Transportation in section 13a-73, and, at any time after such assessment, may enter such property. If the owner accepts such assessment, he shall notify the president of the authority in writing. The authority shall pay the damages within thirty days of receipt of notice of acceptance, or, after the expiration of the thirty days, shall pay the damages with interest at the rate of six per cent per year. If the owner is aggrieved by the assessment, he shall notify the authority in writing within fourteen days and may appeal to the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford for a reassessment within six months of the date the authority forwarded the determination to the owner.

      (f) Notwithstanding the provisions of section 22a-276, the Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority may condemn real property in accordance with the procedures set forth in section 48-12 for establishment of an ash residue disposal area pursuant to this section, except that any proceedings shall be brought before the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford.

      (g) If a municipal zoning commission or combined planning and zoning commission designates an area as suitable for an ash residue disposal site on or before October 1, 1989, the commissioner may make a determination that fewer than the sites authorized under subsection (a) of this section are necessary to meet the ash disposal needs of the state. The authority shall accordingly reduce the number of sites for which it seeks approval. The commissioner shall revise his determination on the need for the authorized sites if an application for an ash residue disposal area at the site designated by the municipality is not filed with the commissioner on or before July 1, 1990, or the commissioner determines that the development of the site designated by the municipality is not being pursued in good faith.

      (P.A. 88-230, S. 1, 12; 89-384, S. 2, 15; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; P.A. 95-220, S. 4-6; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(e); P.A. 04-189, S. 1.)

      History: (Revisor's note: P.A. 88-230 authorized substitution of "judicial district of Hartford" for "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain" in public and special acts of the 1989 session, effective September 1, 1991); P.A. 90-98 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1991, to September 1, 1993; P.A. 93-142 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1993, to September 1, 1996, effective June 14, 1993; P.A. 95-220 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1996, to September 1, 1998, effective July 1, 1995 (Revisor's note: A reference in Subsec. (f) of P.A. 89-384 to the "judicial district for Hartford-New Britain" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain" for consistency with customary statutory usage); June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

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      Sec. 22a-285b. Application for permit for ash residue disposal area. (a) Not more than ten days after filing an application for a permit required under section 22a-208a for an ash residue disposal area authorized under section 22a-285a, the Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority shall provide notice of the application by certified mail, return receipt requested, to (1) the chief elected official and the chairman of the zoning commission, planning commission or combined planning and zoning commission of any municipality in which such disposal area is to be located and (2) the chief elected official and the chairman of the zoning commission, planning commission or combined planning and zoning commission of any municipality within one thousand feet of the perimeter of the proposed site.

      (b) Not more than one year after an application is filed with the commissioner under section 22a-208a for an ash residue disposal area authorized under section 22a-285a, the commissioner shall issue such permit or a written decision denying such permit. If the council has not approved an agreement or issued an arbitration award under the provisions of section 22a-285g, such period may be extended for thirty days after the arbitration award.

      (c) Subject to any covenants existing on January 1, 1989, concerning any debt of the authority issued to finance a landfill, each ash residue disposal area established under this section shall be authorized to accept for disposal ash residue from any resources recovery facility in the state that is temporarily without an ash residue disposal area because of an order issued by the commissioner under section 22a-208.

      (P.A. 89-384, S. 3, 15; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 98-1, S. 51, 121.)

      History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 98-1 made a technical change in Subsec. (b), effective June 24, 1998.

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      Sec. 22a-285c. Operation of ash residue disposal area exempt from local zoning. Additional information required for permit. (a) The Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority shall assure that any ash residue disposal area established by the authority under section 22a-285a is constructed, operated, closed, monitored and maintained after closure in accordance with all applicable laws, and that all necessary permits and approvals are obtained, except that any such area established under sections 16-50j, 22a-208b and 22a-285 to 22a-285k, inclusive, shall not be required to comply with requirements established by any municipal planning or zoning commission pursuant to chapter 124 or 126 or any special act.

      (b) In addition to information required for a permit pursuant to section 22a-208a to construct an ash residue disposal area, the Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority shall submit the following for approval to the commissioner: (1) A management plan to preserve the site and allow for public use to the maximum extent possible before, during and after disposal of ash residue. Such plan shall include, but not be limited to, provisions for (A) preserving all portions of the site which are not needed immediately for ash residue disposal or site preparation, (B) public use of the site at times and in a manner consistent with the use of the site for ash residue disposal, and (C) establishment of buffer areas, including, but not limited to, buffers between areas of the site used for ash residue disposal and residential dwellings and any surface waters. The plan shall provide for site management that will not inhibit postclosure monitoring and maintenance and (2) a plan providing for the transportation of ash residue to the site by rail or by state highway, dedicated limited access roads or local roads. Transportation by rail or on state highway or other limited access roads shall be preferred to transportation on local roads.

      (P.A. 89-384, S. 5, 15.)

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      Sec. 22a-285d. Negotiated agreement, arbitration award or zoning approval required. The Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority shall not commence construction or modification of an ash residue disposal site established pursuant to section 22a-285a unless the council has approved a negotiated agreement or issued an arbitration award under section 22a-285g or the authority has submitted to the Commissioner of Environmental Protection a copy of a valid certificate of zoning approval, special permit, special exception or variance or other documentation pursuant to section 22a-208b.

      (P.A. 89-384, S. 6, 15.)

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      Sec. 22a-285e. Application to initiate negotiation process. Municipal negotiating committee. Grants for review of proposed ash residue disposal area. (a) The authority shall, within ten days of filing an application with the Commissioner of Environmental Protection for a permit under section 22a-208a for an ash residue disposal area established under section 22a-285a, file an application with the council to initiate the process of negotiating an agreement with municipalities that received a notice under section 22a-285b or of obtaining an arbitration award in accordance with section 22a-285g. The chief elected official of each municipality that received a notice pursuant to section 22a-285b may appoint members to a negotiating committee to serve at his pleasure. The municipality in which the ash residue disposal area is located may appoint five members and not more than two alternates to the committee. If part of the ash residue disposal area is to be located in two or more municipalities, each such municipality may appoint four members and not more than two alternates to the committee. Each municipality within one thousand feet of the boundary of the ash residue disposal area may appoint three members and not more than one alternate to the committee. If more than one municipality is within one thousand feet of such boundary and the total number of committee members from such municipalities exceeds the number of members from each municipality in which the ash residue disposal area is to be located, then each municipality in which the ash residue disposal area is to be located may appoint additional members so that the membership from each municipality in which the ash residue disposal area is to be located equals or exceeds, by not more than one member, the membership of all other municipalities. A vacancy may be filled by the chief elected official of the municipality represented by the member leaving the committee.

      (b) Upon filing of an application with the council, the authority shall deposit with the council the sum of fifty thousand dollars for costs incurred for legal and technical assistance for the committee's review of the proposed ash residue disposal area. No committee shall receive an amount greater than its actual expenses.

      (P.A. 89-384, S. 7, 15.)

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      Sec. 22a-285f. Participation by municipality in negotiation. A municipality that received a notice pursuant to section 22a-285b may participate in the negotiation and arbitration process if the chief elected official of such municipality sends to the council, within sixty days of receipt of the notice, a resolution adopted by the legislative body of the municipality stating its intent to negotiate and a list of the members of the committee. A resolution may be rescinded by the legislative body. A municipality failing to pass a resolution or establish a negotiating committee shall not participate in negotiations. Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes, a municipality that does not participate in negotiation may not impose any requirement on the siting of the ash residue disposal area for which a certificate is sought and the site shall not be required to comply with any planning or zoning provision adopted by the municipalities in which it is located under chapter 124 or 126 or any special act.

      (P.A. 89-384, S. 8, 15.)

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      Sec. 22a-285g. Negotiation. (a) Negotiation between the committee and the applicant shall begin after appointment of the members of the committee by each municipality that received a notice under section 22a-285b or sixty days after receipt by each such municipality of the notice, whichever is earlier and shall be completed within one hundred eighty days after commencement. The applicant shall negotiate with the committee whose membership was selected by the time prescribed in section 22a-285f. After negotiations have begun, no municipality failing to appoint members to the committee within the time specified in said section 22a-285f may appoint members unless the applicant and the committee approves such appointments.

      (b) The applicant and the municipal negotiating committee may negotiate on any item, provided the provisions of this section shall not be construed to authorize the negotiation of items that would be inconsistent with or render less stringent any requirements imposed by the commissioner. The negotiation of an agreement pursuant to this section shall include, but not be limited to, discussion of the following: (1) Compensation to any person for substantial economic effects that directly result from the ash residue disposal area, as shown by a property value study conducted before and after construction of the ash residue disposal area; (2) reimbursement of reasonable costs incurred by the committee for negotiation, mediation and arbitration in an amount greater than the amount of the funds deposited pursuant to section 22a-285e; (3) screening and fencing related to the appearance of the ash residue disposal area but not affecting its design capacity; (4) operation of the ash residue disposal area, including, but not limited to, noise, dust, debris, odors and hours, but excluding design capacity; (5) traffic flows and patterns resulting from the facility; (6) site closure costs and site use after closure; (7) payments to the municipality for road repair necessitated by traffic generated by the ash residue disposal area; (8) establishment of a greenbelt buffer around the site for safety and aesthetics, taking into account the site's proximity to residential areas; (9) purchase of fire fighting equipment necessary at the site; (10) payments to the municipality for actual police or fire costs; (11) funding of a municipal site monitoring program; and (12) a compensation plan for the municipality in which the ash residue disposal area is located. In no event shall total compensation for the negotiated items in subdivisions (1) to (12), inclusive, of this section to the municipality in which such disposal area is located be less than the equivalent of five dollars for each ton of ash to be deposited in an ash residue disposal area. Any negotiated agreement approved or arbitration award issued under this section shall contain provisions for resolving disputes in compliance with the terms of such agreement or award.

      (c) Either party may petition the council in writing to determine if a proposal may be negotiated, provided such petition is submitted not more than ten days after the proposal is offered. The council shall conduct a public hearing on the proposal and issue a decision within fourteen days of the close of the hearing. The Commissioner of Environmental Protection shall comment on the proposal. Pending the council's decision, negotiation may continue on any proposal, including the proposal that is the subject of the petition.

      (d) Negotiating sessions may be conducted with the assistance of a mediator if mediation is approved by the applicant and the committee. The applicant or committee may request a mediator at any time during the negotiation. A mediator shall encourage voluntary settlement by the applicant and committee but shall not compel a settlement. The applicant and the committee shall each pay one-half of the cost of mediation. The council shall appoint a mediator if the applicant and the committee do not agree on the selection of a mediator. The cost of the mediator to be paid by the committee shall be divided equally among the municipalities with membership on the committee.

      (e) Failure of the applicant or committee to participate in negotiating sessions constitutes default. Failure to participate shall not be construed to be default if such failure is for good cause or because further negotiations cannot reasonably be expected to result in a settlement. Either party may petition the council for a determination as to whether a situation constitutes default. The council shall conduct a hearing on the matter. If no committee members have been appointed by the time prescribed in section 22a-285f, the committee shall be deemed to have defaulted. If the committee defaults, (1) the authority may continue to seek any required permits and shall not be required to continue to negotiate or arbitrate; (2) the site shall not be required to comply with any planning or zoning provision adopted by the municipality in which it is located under chapter 124 or 126 or any special act, and (3) the council may make provisions for the defaulting municipality regarding items specified in subsection (b) of this section. If the applicant defaults, the council shall not issue an arbitration award.

      (f) Any item resolved shall be included in a written negotiated agreement and submitted to the council for a determination of compliance with state law. Any item determined to violate state law shall be renegotiated and submitted to the council within thirty days of the determination. The Commissioner of Environmental Protection shall comment on the agreement. The agreement shall be binding if approved by the applicant and the legislative body of the host municipality.

      (g) If agreement on any issue is not reached within one hundred eighty days of the beginning of negotiations between the applicant and the committee under subsection (a) of this section or an agreement approved by the council is not approved by the applicant or the legislative body of the municipality in which the ash residue disposal area is located, the applicant may submit the matter to the council for arbitration. The items specified in subsection (b) of this section shall be subject to arbitration.

      (h) Not more than sixty days after a request for arbitration is submitted to the council by the applicant pursuant to subsection (g) of this section, the parties shall submit their final offers. A final offer of the committee shall be approved by the chief elected official of each municipality in which the ash residue disposal area is located. Failure by either party to submit a final offer shall constitute a default under subsection (e) of this section. A final offer may include issues subject to arbitration and offered in negotiation but shall not include items to which the parties have agreed. The applicant or the committee shall not submit for arbitration any issue or proposal that was not presented during the negotiation process unless both parties agree to the submittal. Not more than thirty days after the last day for submitting final offers, the council shall conduct a hearing at which the parties shall explain or present supporting arguments for their final offers. Negotiation may continue during arbitration.

      (i) Not more than sixty days after accepting final offers, the council shall, by majority vote, issue an arbitration award. The council shall adopt without modification the final offer of either party. Nothing in this section shall preclude the parties from entering into an agreement after final offers have been submitted and prior to the issuance of an award.

      (j) Not more than fifteen days after the date of an arbitration award made under this section, either party may appeal the award to the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford. The superior court may affirm or deny the award or enter an order modifying the award. Any appeal shall have precedence over all other civil actions in respect to the order of trial, except as provided in sections 52-191 to 52-192, inclusive.

      (k) The filing fee for an application for proceedings under this section shall be the same as the filing fee for an application for a certificate for environmental capability and public need under section 16-50l.

      (l) No sooner than five years after the ash residue disposal area begins operation, any of the items specified in subsection (a) of this section may be renegotiated if either the applicant or an affected municipality petitions the council for renegotiation and demonstrates to the satisfaction of the council substantial change in circumstances sufficient to justify such renegotiation. The council shall render a decision on such petition within one hundred eighty days of receipt or at a time stated in the initial agreement between the applicant and the affected municipalities.

      (m) Nothing in sections 16-50j, 22a-208b and 22a-285 to 22a-285k, inclusive, shall be construed as limiting the authority of the Commissioner of Environmental Protection to impose conditions or other requirements on the construction, operation, closure or postclosure care of an ash residue disposal area, and the conditions and requirements of the commissioner shall supersede any provision of a negotiated or arbitrated agreement between an applicant and an affected municipality which is inconsistent with or less stringent than any condition or requirement of the commissioner.

      (P.A. 88-230, S. 1, 12; P.A. 89-384, S. 9, 15; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; P.A. 95-220, S. 4-6; P.A. 07-217, S. 114.)

      History: (Revisor's note: P.A. 88-230 authorized substitution of "judicial district of Hartford" for "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain" in public and special acts of the 1989 session, effective September 1, 1991); P.A. 90-98 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1991, to September 1, 1993; P.A. 93-142 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1993, to September 1, 1996, effective June 14, 1993; P.A. 95-220 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1996, to September 1, 1998, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 07-217 made technical changes in Subsec. (h), effective July 12, 2007.

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      Sec. 22a-285h. Bond or other security required to ensure proper operation. The authority shall provide, prior to issuance of a permit pursuant to section 22a-208a for an ash residue disposal area, a surety bond or other security satisfactory to the Commissioner of Environmental Protection in an amount fixed by the commissioner to ensure the proper operation of the ash residue disposal area.

      (P.A. 89-384, S. 10, 15.)

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      Sec. 22a-285i. Chief elected official's right of access to inspect. Delegation of authority to inspect. The chief elected official, or his designee, of the municipality in which the ash residue disposal area established under sections 16-50j, 22a-208b and 22a-285 to 22a-285k, inclusive, is located shall have the right to enter on and inspect such area and may be delegated authority by the commissioner under section 22a-2a to conduct inspections in connection with enforcement of the provisions of sections 22a-208 to 22a-219, inclusive.

      (P.A. 89-384, S. 12, 15.)

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      Sec. 22a-285j. Petition alleging violation. Written report by commissioner. The chief elected official of the municipality in which an ash residue disposal area established under section 22a-285a is located may submit a petition to the commissioner alleging a violation of sections 22a-208a to 22a-219, inclusive. The commissioner shall investigate the alleged violations and within fourteen days of receipt of the petition provide the chief elected official of such municipality with a written report of his investigation and any action taken or proposed to be taken. Any municipality that has submitted a petition to the Commissioner of Environmental Protection pursuant to this section or any landowner whose property abuts or is located within one thousand feet of the ash residue disposal area may bring an action to the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford to require the Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority to comply with the provisions of sections 22a-208a to 22a-219, inclusive, concerning the use or operation of such area.

      (P.A. 88-230, S. 1, 12; P.A. 89-384, S. 13, 15; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; P.A. 95-220, S. 4-6.)

      History: (Revisor's note: P.A. 88-230 authorized substitution of "judicial district of Hartford" for "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain" in the public and special acts of the 1989 session, effective September 1, 1991); P.A. 90-98 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1991, to September 1, 1993; P.A. 93-142 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1993, to September 1, 1996, effective June 14, 1993; P.A. 95-220 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1996, to September 1, 1998, effective July 1, 1995.

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      Sec. 22a-285k. Ownership of ash residue disposal area by authority. Disposal of ash residue limited to ash residue from solid waste generated in this state. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 22a-261, the Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority, acting by itself or through any resources recovery authority, in its capacity as a public instrumentality and political subdivision of the state shall own any ash residue disposal area established under sections 16-50j, 22a-208b and 22a-285 to 22a-285j, inclusive. The ownership of such area by the authority shall constitute public ownership. The ash residue disposed of at any such disposal area shall be limited to ash residue from solid waste generated in this state. The provisions of this section shall not preclude the authority from contracting for the operation of any such disposal area by any private or public entity, provided the authority shall retain ultimate control over such operation.

      (P.A. 89-384, S. 14, 15.)

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      Secs. 22a-286 to 22a-292. Reserved for future use.

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