CHAPTER 405*
JUNK DEALERS

      *Motor vehicle junk dealers and general junk dealers may each be subject to different regulations. 116 C. 467.

Table of Contents

Sec. 21-9. Definitions.
Sec. 21-10. Town ordinances. Registration with Department of Motor Vehicles.
Sec. 21-11. License. Record. Weekly report.
Sec. 21-11a. Requirements for scrap metal processors. Notification. Prohibitions. Penalties.
Sec. 21-12. Display of license.
Sec. 21-13. Penalty.
Sec. 21-14. Exemptions.

      Sec. 21-9. Definitions. As used in this chapter, "junk dealer" means any person who engages in business as a dealer and trader in junk, old metals, scrap, rags, waste paper or other secondhand articles and "junk yard" means any place in or on which old metal, glass, paper, cordage or other waste or discarded or secondhand material, which has not been a part, or is not intended to be a part, of any motor vehicle, is stored or deposited.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4647; 1953, S. 2330d.)

      Cited. 171 C. 565.

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      Sec. 21-10. Town ordinances. Registration with Department of Motor Vehicles. Any town may make reasonable ordinances with reference to the licensing of junk dealers engaged in business therein, including the imposition of a license fee in an amount to be fixed by the selectmen at a sum not less than two dollars nor more than ten dollars a year, for each team or vehicle used in connection with such business, for the privilege of carrying on such business. Each such junk dealer shall register with the Department of Motor Vehicles, stating his name, residence and post-office address, and the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles shall issue to him a certificate of such registration, which certificate shall be exhibited by such dealer to the selectmen or other authority to whom he makes application in any town for a license to carry on business therein. Except as otherwise provided by special act, and except where there exists a duly constituted local zoning or planning commission, any town, city or borough may, by ordinance, regulate the establishment, location or conduct of any junk yard within its territorial limits.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4648; 1953, S. 2331d; 1957, P.A. 13, S. 89; P.A. 73-14, S. 1, 2.)

      History: P.A. 73-14 substituted motor vehicle department for state police department where appearing; (Revisor's note: In 1997 references throughout the general statutes to "Motor Vehicle(s) Commissioner" and "Motor Vehicle(s) Department" were replaced editorially by the Revisors with "Commissioner of Motor Vehicles" or "Department of Motor Vehicles", as the case may be, for consistency with customary statutory usage).

      Cited. 155 C. 284.

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      Sec. 21-11. License. Record. Weekly report. Any person desiring to engage in business as a dealer and trader in secondhand bicycles, junk, metals or other secondhand articles in any town, city or borough shall make application to the selectmen of such town, the mayor or chief of police of such city or the warden of such borough, as the case may be, for a license to transact such business within the limits of such town, city or borough, and the selectmen of such town, the mayor or chief of police of such city or the warden of such borough shall issue such licenses to such suitable persons as apply therefor and may revoke any such license for cause; but the selectmen shall not grant any such license for the carrying on of such business within the limits of any city or borough, and the persons so licensed shall pay, for the benefit of any such town, city or borough, to the authority granting the license, not less than two nor more than ten dollars therefor, to be determined by the authority granting the license, and for renewal of such license ten dollars per year. Each license granted under the provisions of this section shall designate the place where such business is to be carried on, and shall continue for one year unless sooner revoked. Each such dealer shall keep a book in which shall be written in English a description of such articles and the name and residence and a general description of the person from whom, and the time and hour when, such property was received; and such book, and all articles of property mentioned therein, and the place where such business is carried on, may be examined at any time by the selectmen of the town or any person designated by them, and, in any city or borough, by the chief of police of such city or borough or any person by him designated. Each such dealer shall make, weekly, sworn statements of all his transactions under such license, describing the goods received and setting forth the name and residence and a description of the person from whom such goods were received, to the chief of police in the case of cities or boroughs and, in other cases, to the town clerk of the town in which such junk dealer resides, and shall keep all goods at least five days after the filing of such statement.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4649; 1972, P.A. 223, S. 29.)

      History: 1972 act provided for fee of $10 per year for renewal of license.

      See Sec. 13a-123e re restrictions of location of junkyard business.

      Purpose of registration; employee of dealer not within statute. 80 C. 327. Constitutionality upheld and statute interpreted. Official determines suitability of person but has no further discretion. 140 C. 637. Writ of mandamus to compel selectmen to issue license would not lie where selectmen had not considered question of plaintiff's suitability for license since issuance of such license is discretionary with selectmen. If there is a duty enforceable on board by way of mandamus, it is the duty to act, either affirmatively or negatively, on application properly presented to it under this section. 155 C. 283.

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      Sec. 21-11a. Requirements for scrap metal processors. Notification. Prohibitions. Penalties. (a) A scrap metal processor, as defined in section 14-67w, shall record, for all loads of scrap metal purchased or received by such processor, a description of such scrap metal, the weight of such metal, the price paid for such metal and the identification of the person who delivered such metal. Such scrap metal processor shall take a photograph of the motor vehicle delivering such scrap metal, including the license plate of such vehicle. Such scrap metal processor shall not be required to segregate scrap metal it receives from other materials on its premises and hold the same for five days except for wire or cable that could be used in the transmission of telecommunications or data or scrap equipment, wire or cable that could be used in the transmission or distribution of electricity by an electric distribution company unless purchased from (1) a person licensed pursuant to section 29-402 to engage in the business of demolition of buildings, or (2) a person who has already segregated such scrap metal pursuant to this chapter and such person provides such scrap metal processor with a written statement affirming such segregation. Upon receipt of a load of scrap metal which contains wire or cable that could be used in the transmission of telecommunications or data or scrap equipment, wire or cable that could be used in the transmission or distribution of electricity by an electric distribution company, such scrap metal processor shall take a photograph of the motor vehicle delivering such scrap metal, including the license plate of such vehicle, and of such load of scrap metal. Upon receipt of wire or cable that could be used in the transmission of telecommunications or data or scrap equipment, wire or cable that could be used in the transmission or distribution of electricity by an electric distribution company, such scrap metal processor shall make a copy of the certificate of registration of such vehicle, record a description of the material received, and record a statement as to the location from which the material came.

      (b) The scrap metal processor shall maintain the documents, photographs and other records required under subsection (a) of this section in good condition and shall retain such records for a period of not less than two years. Such records shall be open for inspection by law enforcement officials upon request during normal business hours.

      (c) A scrap metal processor, junk dealer or junk yard owner or operator shall immediately notify a municipal law enforcement authority in the municipality in which such scrap metal processor, junk dealer or junk yard is located of the name, if known, and motor vehicle license plate number, if available, of any person offering to sell a bronze statue, plaque, historical marker, cannon, cannon ball, bell, lamp, lighting fixture, lamp post, architectural artifact or similar item to such scrap metal processor, junk dealer or junk yard owner or operator.

      (d) No scrap metal processor, junk dealer or junk yard owner or operator may purchase or receive a stainless steel or aluminum alloy beer or other beverage keg container if such container is marked with an indicia of ownership of any person or entity other than the person or entity presenting such container for sale. For purposes of this subsection, "indicia of ownership" means words, symbols or a registered trademark printed, stamped, etched, attached or otherwise displayed on such container that identify the owner of such container.

      (e) A scrap metal processor who has purchased scrap metal that is subsequently determined to have been stolen and is returned to the owner of such metal shall have a civil cause of action against the person from whom such metal was purchased.

      (f) A first violation of subsection (a), (b), (c) or (d) of this section shall be a class C misdemeanor. A second violation of any of said subsections shall be a class B misdemeanor and a third or subsequent violation of any of said subsections shall be a class A misdemeanor.

      (P.A. 07-121, S. 2; P.A. 08-150, S. 55; P.A. 09-35, S. 9; 09-243, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 08-150 amended Subsec. (a) to add requirements for receipt of scrap metal and "wire that could be used in the transmission of telecommunications or data" and to change reference to certificate of registration of "person" to certificate of registration of "vehicle" and added Subsecs. (c) to (f) re notification requirements, prohibited acceptance of certain items and penalties; P.A. 09-35 amended Subsec. (a)(1) to replace "registered" with "licensed"; P.A. 09-243 amended Subsec. (a) to make existing requirements for handling and documentation of scrap metal containing wire that could be used in transmission of telecommunications or data applicable to "cable" that could be so used and to "scrap equipment, wire or cable that could be used in the transmission or distribution of electricity by an electric distribution company" and to make conforming and technical changes.

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      Sec. 21-12. Display of license. Each such dealer doing business in this state shall display, on each vehicle used by him in such business, the name of the person conducting such business, the number of the license under which such business is being conducted and the name of the municipality where such license was granted, which names and number shall be painted upon the outside of the body of such vehicle in letters not less than four inches in height and two inches in width.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4650.)

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      Sec. 21-13. Penalty. Any person who engages in the business of a junk dealer without complying with the provisions of this chapter relating to said business shall be fined not more than fifty dollars or imprisoned not more than three months or both.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4651.)

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      Sec. 21-14. Exemptions. The provisions of this chapter shall not apply to any dealer in motor vehicles, as defined in chapter 246, or any dealer in antique household furniture, china or glassware.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4652; 1967, P.A. 887, S. 1; P.A. 07-121, S. 1.)

      History: 1967 act exempted scrap metal processors; P.A. 07-121 deleted exemption for scrap metal processors and made a technical change.

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