CHAPTER 378*
NURSING

      *See Sec. 19a-88b re renewal of certain professional and occupational licenses, certificates, permits or registrations which become void while the holder is on active duty in the armed forces of the United States.

      Chapters 369 to 381, inclusive, cited. 207 C. 674. Cited. 242 C. 1.


Table of Contents

Sec. 20-87. Definitions.
Sec. 20-87a. Definitions. Scope of practice.
Sec. 20-88. State Board of Examiners for Nursing.
Sec. 20-89. Salaries and expenses.
Sec. 20-90. Duties of board.
Sec. 20-91. Awards in aid of nursing education.
Sec. 20-91a. Federal funds.
Sec. 20-92. Examinations.
Sec. 20-93. Qualifications for examination. Licensure. Fee.
Sec. 20-94. Licensure without examination. Limited period for licensure without examination for advanced practice registered nurses. Temporary permit.
Sec. 20-94a. Licensure as advanced practice registered nurse.
Sec. 20-94b. Nurse anesthetists. Prescriptive authority.
Sec. 20-94c. Advanced practice registered nurses. Professional liability insurance required.
Sec. 20-95. Use of title "registered nurse".
Sec. 20-96. Licensure as practical nurse. Examinations.
Sec. 20-97. Licensure without examination. Temporary permit.
Sec. 20-98. Use of title "practical nurse".
Sec. 20-99. Improper professional conduct. Hearing. Appeal. Prohibited conduct.
Sec. 20-99a. Regulations.
Sec. 20-100. Notice to Department of Health Services.
Sec. 20-101. Construction of chapter. Permitted practices. Temporary practice.
Sec. 20-101a. Determination and pronouncement of death by registered nurse. Regulations.
Sec. 20-101b. Construction.
Sec. 20-101c. Prescription forms used by advanced practice registered nurses and nurse-midwives.
Sec. 20-102. Penalty.
Sec. 20-102a. Appearance before board concerning application.
Secs. 20-102b to 20-102z.

      Sec. 20-87. Definitions. Section 20-87 is repealed.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4423; 1969, P.A. 146; P.A. 75-166, S. 5, 6.)

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      Sec. 20-87a. Definitions. Scope of practice. (a) The practice of nursing by a registered nurse is defined as the process of diagnosing human responses to actual or potential health problems, providing supportive and restorative care, health counseling and teaching, case finding and referral, collaborating in the implementation of the total health care regimen, and executing the medical regimen under the direction of a licensed physician, dentist or advanced practice registered nurse. A registered nurse may also execute orders issued by licensed physician assistants, podiatrists and optometrists, provided such orders do not exceed the nurse's or the ordering practitioner's scope of practice.

      (b) Advanced nursing practice is defined as the performance of advanced level nursing practice activities that, by virtue of postbasic specialized education and experience, are appropriate to and may be performed by an advanced practice registered nurse. The advanced practice registered nurse performs acts of diagnosis and treatment of alterations in health status, as described in subsection (a) of this section, and shall collaborate with a physician licensed to practice medicine in this state. In all settings, the advanced practice registered nurse may, in collaboration with a physician licensed to practice medicine in this state, prescribe, dispense and administer medical therapeutics and corrective measures and may request, sign for, receive and dispense drugs in the form of professional samples in accordance with sections 20-14c to 20-14e, inclusive, except that an advanced practice registered nurse licensed pursuant to section 20-94a and maintaining current certification from the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists who is prescribing and administrating medical therapeutics during surgery may only do so if the physician who is medically directing the prescriptive activity is physically present in the institution, clinic or other setting where the surgery is being performed. For purposes of this subsection, "collaboration" means a mutually agreed upon relationship between an advanced practice registered nurse and a physician who is educated, trained or has relevant experience that is related to the work of such advanced practice registered nurse. The collaboration shall address a reasonable and appropriate level of consultation and referral, coverage for the patient in the absence of the advanced practice registered nurse, a method to review patient outcomes and a method of disclosure of the relationship to the patient. Relative to the exercise of prescriptive authority, the collaboration between an advanced practice registered nurse and a physician shall be in writing and shall address the level of schedule II and III controlled substances that the advanced practice registered nurse may prescribe and provide a method to review patient outcomes, including, but not limited to, the review of medical therapeutics, corrective measures, laboratory tests and other diagnostic procedures that the advanced practice registered nurse may prescribe, dispense and administer. An advanced practice registered nurse licensed under the provisions of this chapter may make the determination and pronouncement of death of a patient, provided the advanced practice registered nurse attests to such pronouncement on the certificate of death and signs the certificate of death no later than twenty-four hours after the pronouncement.

      (c) The practice of nursing by a licensed practical nurse is defined as the performing of selected tasks and sharing of responsibility under the direction of a registered nurse or an advanced practice registered nurse and within the framework of supportive and restorative care, health counseling and teaching, case finding and referral, collaborating in the implementation of the total health care regimen and executing the medical regimen under the direction of a licensed physician or dentist.

      (d) In the case of a registered or licensed practical nurse employed by a home health care agency, the practice of nursing includes, but is not limited to, executing the medical regimen under the direction of a physician licensed in a state that borders Connecticut.

      (P.A. 75-166, S. 1, 6; P.A. 89-107, S. 1; 89-389, S. 1, 22; P.A. 94-213, S. 4; P.A. 97-112, S. 2; P.A. 99-168, S. 1; P.A. 03-8, S. 1; P.A. 04-221, S. 34; 04-255, S. 22; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2, S. 108; P.A. 06-169, S. 1; P.A. 10-117, S. 18.)

      History: P.A. 89-107 added Subsec. (c) re nurses' powers of administration of medical regimen under direction of physician in bordering state; P.A. 89-389 inserted new Subsec. (b) re duties of advanced practice registered nurses, relettered the existing Subsec. (b) as Subsec. (c) and added the reference in Subsec. (c) to an advanced practice registered nurse; P.A. 94-213 deleted Subsec. (b)(5) re other settings as prescribed in regulations and added conditions for prescribing and administering medical therapeutics and corrective measures and dispensing professional samples; P.A. 97-112 replaced "home for the aged" with "residential care home"; P.A. 99-168 redefined "advanced nursing practice" in Subsec. (b) to include collaboration with a physician, defined "collaboration" for purposes of Subsec. (b), modified prescriptive authority of advanced practice registered nurses and made technical changes in Subsecs. (b) and (d); P.A. 03-8 amended Subsec. (a) by adding "advanced practice registered nurse"; P.A. 04-221 amended Subsec. (b) to allow advanced practice registered nurses to request, sign for and receive drug samples; P.A. 04-255 amended Subsec. (b) by adding provision allowing advanced practice registered nurse to make determination and pronouncement of death; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2 changed effective date of P.A. 04-221 from October 1, 2004, to June 8, 2004, effective May 12, 2004; P.A. 06-169 deleted former Subsec. (b)(1) to (4), inclusive, and authorized advanced practice registered nurses to prescribe, dispense and administer medical therapeutics and corrective measures and to request, sign for, receive and dispense professional drug samples in all settings; P.A. 10-117 amended Subsec. (a) by adding provision that permits registered nurse to execute orders issued by licensed physician assistants, podiatrists and optometrists provided such orders do not exceed the nurse's or ordering practitioner's scope of practice.

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      Sec. 20-88. State Board of Examiners for Nursing. (a) The Connecticut State Board of Examiners for Nursing shall consist of twelve members who are residents of the state to be appointed by the Governor subject to the provisions of section 4-9a. The Governor shall appoint two members who shall be graduates of an approved school for licensed practical nursing; five members who shall be registered nurses, three of whom shall, at the time of appointment, be connected with an institution affording opportunities for the education of nurses, and at least two of whom shall hold master's degrees in nursing from a recognized college or university and one of whom shall be at the time of appointment an instructor in an approved school for licensed practical nurses; one member who shall be an advanced practice registered nurse; and four members who shall be public members. Members of said board shall be residents of this state and professional members shall maintain good professional standing. No member of said board shall be an elected or appointed officer of any professional association of nurses or have been such an officer during the year immediately preceding his appointment. No member shall serve more than two full consecutive terms which commence after July 1, 1980. Any vacancy shall be filled by the Governor for the unexpired portion of the term.

      (b) The Governor shall appoint a chairperson from among such members. Said board shall meet at least once during each calendar quarter and at such other times as the chairman deems necessary. Special meetings shall be held on the request of a majority of the board after notice in accordance with the provisions of section 1-225. A majority of the members of the board shall constitute a quorum. Members shall not be compensated for their services. Any member who fails to attend three consecutive meetings or who fails to attend fifty per cent of all meetings held during any calendar year shall be deemed to have resigned from office. Minutes of all meetings shall be recorded by the board. No member shall participate in the affairs of the board during the pendency of any disciplinary proceedings by the board against such member.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4424; 1953, S. 2214d; P.A. 75-166, S. 2, 6; P.A. 77-614, S. 387, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 27, 136; P.A. 80-484, S. 29, 174, 176; P.A. 81-471, S. 22, 71; P.A. 89-389, S. 2, 22; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-12, S. 20, 55; P.A. 98-143, S. 8, 24.)

      History: P.A. 75-166 increased board membership from 5 to 7, adding 2 graduates of licensed practical nursing school, added detailed qualifications for membership re experience and level of education and limited terms of service to two; P.A. 77-614 increased number of members to 11, adding 4 public members, condensed provisions re qualifications and added provision re filling of vacancies, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 made technical changes; P.A. 80-484 made appointments subject to Sec. 4-9a, replaced experience requirement with new provisions requiring all members to be residents of state and requiring professional members to maintain good professional standing and prohibiting their holding office in professional association within a year of their appointment, clarified terms which may be served and added Subsec. (b) re meetings, expense reimbursement, members' attendance and duties, etc.; P.A. 81-471 changed "elected official" to "elected or appointed officer" in Subsec. (a) as of July 1, 1981; P.A. 89-389 amended Subsec. (a) to increase the membership from 11 to 12, adding an advance practice registered nurse; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-12 in Subsec. (b) eliminated expense reimbursement for board members; P.A. 98-143 added quorum provision in Subsec. (b), effective July 1, 1998.

      See title 2c re termination under "Sunset Law".

      See Sec. 4-9a for definition of "public member".

      See Secs. 19a-8 to 19a-12, inclusive, re powers and duties of boards and commissions within Public Health Department.


      Cited. 177 C. 78. Cited. 220 C. 86.

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      Sec. 20-89. Salaries and expenses. Section 20-89 is repealed.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4425; 1959, P.A. 616, S. 25.)

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      Sec. 20-90. Duties of board. (a) Said board may adopt a seal. The Commissioner of Public Health, with advice and assistance from the board, and in consultation with the State Board of Education, shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, permitting and setting standards for courses for the training of practical nurses to be offered in high schools and vocational schools for students who have not yet acquired a high school diploma. Students who satisfactorily complete courses approved by said Board of Examiners for Nursing, with the consent of the Commissioner of Public Health, as meeting such standards shall be given credit for each such course toward the requirements for a practical nurse's license. All schools of nursing in this state, except such schools accredited by the National League for Nursing or other professional accrediting association approved by the United States Department of Education and recognized by the Commissioner of Public Health, and all schools for training licensed practical nurses and all hospitals connected to such schools that prepare persons for examination under the provisions of this chapter, shall be visited periodically by a representative of the Department of Public Health who shall be a registered nurse or a person experienced in the field of nursing education. The board shall keep a list of all nursing programs and all programs for training licensed practical nurses that are approved by it, with the consent of the Commissioner of Public Health, as maintaining the standard for the education of nurses and the training of licensed practical nurses as established by the commissioner. The board shall consult, where possible, with nationally recognized accrediting agencies when approving schools.

      (b) Said board shall (1) hear and decide matters concerning suspension or revocation of licensure, (2) adjudicate complaints filed against practitioners licensed under this chapter and impose sanctions where appropriate.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4426; 1953, S. 2215d; 1971, P.A. 472; P.A. 73-115, S. 1; P.A. 75-166, S. 3, 6; P.A. 77-614, S. 73, 388, 610; P.A. 80-484, S. 30, 176; P.A. 81-471, S. 23, 71; P.A. 90-13, S. 9; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 03-252, S. 10.)

      History: 1971 act added provisions re practical nurses' training in high schools and vocational schools; P.A. 73-115 required that list of approved nursing programs rather than of nursing schools be kept by board of examiners; P.A. 75-166 changed quorum from four to three members and number of members requesting special meetings from two to three and added provision limiting voting privilege of licensed practical nurse members to matters pertaining to licensed practical nurses; P.A. 77-614 replaced public works commissioner with commissioner of administrative services and, effective January 1, 1979, deleted provisions re election of president and secretary/treasurer, re board's power to adopt bylaws and regulations for its operation and re limitation on voting privileges of licensed practical nurse members, changed number of members required for quorum and for calling special meeting to six and five, respectively, transferred power to make regulations re nursing programs standards from board to health services commissioner, retaining board in advisory capacity and required that nursing schools be visited yearly by health services department representative rather than by educational director of board or registered nurse appointed by the board; P.A. 80-484 deleted provisions re number of members required for quorum or calling of special meeting and re provision of meeting room by administrative services commissioner, required commissioner's consent for approval of courses and programs by board, required board to consult with recognized accrediting agencies and added Subsec. (b) re board's power to hear disciplinary matters and adjudicate complaints; P.A. 81-471 changed time for department of health services visits to nursing schools from once per year to "periodically"; P.A. 90-13 amended Subsec. (a) to except schools accredited by the National League for Nursing from requirement that health services department representative visit nursing schools periodically; P.A. 93-381 replaced department and commissioner of health services with department and commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 03-252 made technical changes in Subsec. (a).

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      Sec. 20-91. Awards in aid of nursing education. Section 20-91 is repealed.

      (1951, 1953, S. 2228d; 1959, P.A. 563, S. 1; P.A. 77-614, S. 389, 610; P.A. 88-207, S. 6.)

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      Sec. 20-91a. Federal funds. The State Board of Examiners for Nursing is designated as the state agency to receive and administer federal funds which may become available for nursing education.

      (1959, P.A. 563, S. 2.)

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      Sec. 20-92. Examinations. The Department of Public Health, with the advice and consent of the board shall prescribe examinations for applicants for licensure as registered nurses and licensed practical nurses under the provisions of this chapter, to determine their qualifications for the practice of nursing. Such examinations shall, at least annually, be administered to applicants by the Department of Public Health under the supervision of the board. Passing scores shall be established by the department with the consent of the board. The department shall decide upon the qualifications of each applicant and give notice of such decision within a reasonable time after such examination.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4427; 1953, S. 2216d; P.A. 76-315, S. 1, 6; P.A. 77-614, S. 390, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 28, 136; P.A. 80-484, S. 31, 176; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)

      History: P.A. 76-315 replaced provisions requiring examination of applicants at annual meeting or special meetings and setting forth notice requirements with statement that such examinations take place "at least annually" and required notice of decision on applications within "a reasonable time" rather than within two months of the examination; P.A. 77-614 required consent of health services commissioner for prescribed examination and transferred actual administration of tests from board to health services department, retaining board's power to decide on applicant's qualification, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 made technical changes; P.A. 80-484 essentially transferred all powers re examination and licensure to department, relegating board to advisory and supervisory role, substituted "licensure" for references to registration or certification and added provision re establishment of passing scores; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

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      Sec. 20-93. Qualifications for examination. Licensure. Fee. Any person who shows to the satisfaction of the department that he or she holds a degree, diploma or certificate from an accredited institution evidencing satisfactory completion of a nursing program approved by said board with the consent of the Commissioner of Public Health shall be eligible for examination for licensure as a registered nurse upon payment of a fee of one hundred eighty dollars, the subjects of which examination shall be determined by said department with the advice and consent of the board. If such applicant passes such examination said department shall issue to such applicant a license to practice nursing in this state.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4428; 1949, 1955, S. 2217d; 1957, P.A. 200, S. 1; 1959, P.A. 616, S. 26; 1961, P.A. 241; June, 1971, P.A. 8, S. 49; P.A. 73-115, S. 2; P.A. 76-315, S. 2, 6; P.A. 77-614, S. 391, 610; P.A. 80-484, S. 32, 176; P.A. 88-362, S. 20; P.A. 89-251, S. 83, 203; P.A. 90-13, S. 11; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 94-174, S. 8, 12; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3, S. 195.)

      History: 1959 act increased fee from $20 to $25; 1961 act deleted requirement that applicant be 20 years of age or over and specification that school give a 28-month course in a hospital; 1971 act raised examination fee to $30; P.A. 73-115 substituted "nursing program" for "school of nursing"; P.A. 76-315 substituted "holds a degree, diploma or certificate ..." for "is a graduate of"; P.A. 77-614 required consent of commissioner of health services for determination of examination subjects, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 80-484 deleted requirement that applicant be "of good moral character", replaced references to certificates of registration with references to licenses and essentially transferred all powers and duties of board to health services department, retaining board's power to approve nursing programs and granting board an advisory role in determination of subjects to be covered by examinations; P.A. 88-362 added Subsec. (b) re issuance of temporary permits; P.A. 89-251 increased fee from $30 to $90; P.A. 90-13 changed the date in Subsec. (b) from September 30, 1990, to September 30, 1992; P.A. 93-381 replaced department and commissioner of health services with department and commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 94-174 deleted Subsec. (b) which had provided temporary permits for applicants licensed as registered nurses in Ireland and the United Kingdom, effective June 6, 1994; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3 increased fee from $90 to $180.

      See Sec. 19a-88 re annual renewal of licenses.

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      Sec. 20-94. Licensure without examination. Limited period for licensure without examination for advanced practice registered nurses. Temporary permit. (a)(1) Any registered nurse who is licensed at the time of application in another state of the United States, the District of Columbia or a commonwealth or territory subject to the laws of the United States, which has licensure requirements that are substantially similar to or higher than those of this state shall be eligible for licensure in this state and entitled to a license without examination upon payment of a fee of one hundred eighty dollars. No license shall be issued under this section to any applicant against whom professional disciplinary action is pending or who is the subject of an unresolved complaint. The department shall inform the board annually of the number of applications it receives for licenses under this section.

      (2) For the period from October 1, 2004, to one year after said date, any advanced practice registered nurse licensed pursuant to section 20-94a whose license as a registered nurse pursuant to section 20-93 has become void pursuant to section 19a-88, shall be eligible for licensure and entitled to a license without examination upon receipt of a completed application form and payment of a fee of one hundred eighty dollars.

      (b) The Department of Public Health may issue a temporary permit to an applicant for licensure without examination or to an applicant previously licensed in Connecticut whose license has become void pursuant to section 19a-88, upon receipt of a completed application form, accompanied by the fee for licensure without examination, a copy of a current license from another state of the United States, the District of Columbia or a commonwealth or territory subject to the laws of the United States, and a notarized affidavit attesting that said license is valid and belongs to the person requesting notarization. Such temporary permit shall be valid for a period not to exceed one hundred twenty calendar days and shall not be renewable. No temporary permit shall be issued under this section to any applicant against whom professional disciplinary action is pending or who is the subject of an unresolved complaint.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4429; 1949, 1955, S. 2218d; 1957, P.A. 200, S. 2; 1959, P.A. 616, S. 27; June, 1971, P.A. 8, S. 50; P.A. 73-115, S. 3; P.A. 80-484, S. 33, 176; P.A. 81-471, S. 24, 71; P.A. 88-207, S. 1; P.A. 89-251, S. 84, 203; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 04-221, S. 7; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3, S. 196.)

      History: 1959 act increased fee from $20 to $25; 1971 act increased fee to $30; P.A. 73-115 replaced "school of nursing" with "nursing program"; P.A. 80-484 replaced board of examiners for nursing with department of health services as licensing authority, replaced references to certification and certificates with references to licensure and licensing, added prohibition against issuing license to applicant against whom disciplinary action is pending or who is subject of unresolved complaint and required that board receive notification of number of applications annually; P.A. 81-471 changed basis for licensure of nurses by endorsement from educational program in other state to level of licensure requirements in other state; P.A. 88-207 added Subsec. (b) re temporary permits; P.A. 89-251 increased fee from $30 to $90; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 04-221 amended Subsec. (a) by designating existing provisions as Subdiv. (1), amending Subdiv. (1) by replacing "licensed nurse registered in another state or territory" with "registered nurse who is licensed at the time of application in another state of the United States, the District of Columbia or a commonwealth or territory subject to the laws of the United States", and adding Subdiv. (2) re limited period for licensure without examination for advanced practice registered nurses, and amended Subsec. (b) by allowing temporary permit for applicant whose license was not renewed, making conforming change re eligible jurisdictions, deleting provision re licensure requirements of another state or territory that are similar to or higher than those of this state and adding prohibition re issuance of temporary permit in cases of pending disciplinary action or unresolved complaint; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3 amended Subsec. (a) to increase fees from $90 to $180.

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      Sec. 20-94a. Licensure as advanced practice registered nurse. (a) The Department of Public Health may issue an advanced practice registered nurse license to a person seeking to perform the activities described in subsection (b) of section 20-87a, upon receipt of a fee of two hundred dollars, to an applicant who: (1) Maintains a license as a registered nurse in this state, as provided by section 20-93 or 20-94; (2) holds and maintains current certification as a nurse practitioner, a clinical nurse specialist or a nurse anesthetist from one of the following national certifying bodies that certify nurses in advanced practice: The American Nurses' Association, the Nurses' Association of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Certification Corporation, the National Board of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners and Associates or the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists, their successors or other appropriate national certifying bodies approved by the Board of Examiners for Nursing; (3) has completed thirty hours of education in pharmacology for advanced nursing practice; and (4) if first certified by one of the foregoing certifying bodies after December 31, 1994, holds a master's degree in nursing or in a related field recognized for certification as either a nurse practitioner, a clinical nurse specialist, or a nurse anesthetist by one of the foregoing certifying bodies. No license shall be issued under this section to any applicant against whom professional disciplinary action is pending or who is the subject of an unresolved complaint.

      (b) During the period commencing January 1, 1990, and ending January 1, 1992, the Department of Public Health may in its discretion allow a registered nurse, who has been practicing as an advanced practice registered nurse in a nurse practitioner role and who is unable to obtain certification as a nurse practitioner by one of the national certifying bodies specified in subsection (a) of this section, to be licensed as an advanced practice registered nurse provided the individual:

      (1) Holds a current Connecticut license as a registered nurse pursuant to this chapter;

      (2) Presents the department with documentation of the reasons one of such national certifying bodies will not certify him as a nurse practitioner;

      (3) Has been in active practice as a nurse practitioner for at least five years in a facility licensed pursuant to section 19a-491;

      (4) Provides the department with documentation of his preparation as a nurse practitioner;

      (5) Provides the department with evidence of at least seventy-five contact hours, or its equivalent, of continuing education related to his nurse practitioner specialty in the preceding five calendar years;

      (6) Has completed thirty hours of education in pharmacology for advanced nursing practice;

      (7) Has his employer provide the department with a description of his practice setting, job description, and a plan for supervision by a licensed physician;

      (8) Notifies the department of each change of employment to a new setting where he will function as an advanced practice registered nurse and will be exercising prescriptive and dispensing privileges.

      (c) Any person who obtains a license pursuant to subsection (b) of this section shall be eligible to renew such license annually provided he presents the department with evidence that he received at least fifteen contact hours, or its equivalent, eight hours of which shall be in pharmacology, of continuing education related to his nurse practitioner specialty in the preceding licensure year. If an individual licensed pursuant to subsection (b) of this subsection becomes eligible at any time for certification as a nurse practitioner by one of the national certifying bodies specified in subsection (a) of this section, the individual shall apply for certification, and upon certification so notify the department, and apply to be licensed as an advanced practice registered nurse in accordance with subsection (a) of this section.

      (d) A person who has received a license pursuant to this section shall be known as an "Advanced Practice Registered Nurse" and no other person shall assume such title or use the letters or figures which indicate that the person using the same is a licensed advanced practice registered nurse.

      (P.A. 89-389, S. 3, 22; P.A. 91-106, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 99-168, S. 2; P.A. 00-135, S. 7, 21; P.A. 04-221, S. 8; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3, S. 197.)

      History: P.A. 91-106 amended Subsec. (b) to extend until January 1, 1992, the department's discretion to license under Subsec. (b) and to change the continuing education requirements of Subdiv. (5) to be 75 contact hours in the preceding five years and amended Subsec. (c) to increase from 8 to 15 hours the continuing education requirements; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 99-168 amended Subsec. (a)(1) by requiring maintenance of a registered nurse license rather than eligibility for licensure and amended Subsec. (a)(2) to include successor organizations or other appropriate national certifying bodies and to make a technical change; P.A. 00-135 amended Subsec. (a) by making a technical change and changing "maintains a license" to "is eligible for a license" in Subdiv. (1), effective May 26, 2000; P.A. 04-221 amended Subsec. (a)(1) by changing requirement from eligibility for a license to maintenance of a license; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3 amended Subsec. (a) to increase fee from $100 to $200.

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      Sec. 20-94b. Nurse anesthetists. Prescriptive authority. An advanced practice registered nurse licensed pursuant to section 20-94a and maintaining current certification from the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists may prescribe, dispense and administer drugs, including controlled substances in schedule II, III, IV, or V. An advanced practice registered nurse licensed pursuant to section 20-94a who does not maintain current certification from the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists may prescribe, dispense, and administer drugs, including controlled substances in schedule IV or V, except that such an advanced practice registered nurse may also prescribe controlled substances in schedule II or III that are expressly specified in written collaborative agreements pursuant to subsection (b) of section 20-87a.

      (P.A. 90-211, S. 21; P.A. 94-213, S. 5; P.A. 99-168, S. 4.)

      History: P.A. 94-213 deleted reference to settings prescribed in Sec. 20-87a and regulations under Sec. 20-99a; (Revisor's note: In 1999 a reference to Sec. 10a-491 was changed editorially by the Revisors to Sec. 19a-491 to correct a clerical error); P.A. 99-168 deleted prescription exception re inpatients in short-term hospitals and replaced language requiring prescription order to be cosigned by a physician with reference to prescription of controlled substances specified in written collaborative agreements.

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      Sec. 20-94c. Advanced practice registered nurses. Professional liability insurance required. (a) Each person licensed as an advanced practice registered nurse under the provisions of section 20-94a who provides direct patient care services shall maintain professional liability insurance or other indemnity against liability for professional malpractice. The amount of insurance that each such person shall carry as insurance or indemnity against claims for injury or death for professional malpractice shall not be less than five hundred thousand dollars for one person, per occurrence, with an aggregate of not less than one million five hundred thousand dollars. The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to any advanced practice registered nurse licensed pursuant to section 20-94a and maintaining current certification from the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists who provides such services under the direction of a licensed physician.

      (b) Each insurance company that issues professional liability insurance, as defined in subdivisions (1), (6), (7), (8), (9) or (10) of subsection (b) of section 38a-393, shall on and after January 1, 2000, render to the Commissioner of Public Health a true record of the names and addresses, according to classification, of cancellations of and refusals to renew professional liability insurance policies and the reasons for such cancellation or refusal to renew said policies for the year ending on the thirty-first day of December next preceding.

      (P.A. 99-168, S. 6; P.A. 00-135, S. 12, 21.)

      History: P.A. 00-135 amended Subsec. (a) by adding exception re certification from the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists, effective May 26, 2000.

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      Sec. 20-95. Use of title "registered nurse". A graduate nurse who has received such certificate of registration shall be known as a "registered nurse" and no other person shall assume such title or use the abbreviation "R.N." or any other words, letters or figures which indicate that the person using the same is a trained, certified, graduate or registered nurse.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4430.)

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      Sec. 20-96. Licensure as practical nurse. Examinations. Any person who holds a certificate from a nursing program approved by said board with the consent of the Commissioner of Public Health, which program consists of not less than twelve months' instruction in the care of the sick as prescribed by said board, or its equivalent as determined by said board, shall be eligible for examination for licensure as a licensed practical nurse upon payment of a fee of one hundred fifty dollars. Such examination shall include such subjects as the department, with the advice and consent of the board, determines. If such applicant passes such examination said department shall issue to such applicant a license to practice as a licensed practical nurse in this state.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4431; 1949, 1953, 1955, S. 2219d; 1957, P.A. 200, S. 3; 1959, P.A. 616, S. 28; 1969, P.A. 140; June, 1971, P.A. 8, S. 51; 1972, P.A. 223, S. 3; P.A. 73-115, S. 4; P.A. 77-614, S. 392, 610; P.A. 80-484, S. 34, 176; P.A. 89-251, S. 85, 203; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3, S. 198.)

      History: 1959 act increased fee from $20 to $25; 1969 act deleted requirement that applicant be at least nineteen for eligibility to take examination; 1971 act raised examination fee from $25 to $30; 1972 act reduced fee to $25; P.A. 73-115 replaced references to approved institutions and courses with references to nursing programs; P.A. 77-614 required consent of health services commissioner for subjects included in examination, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 80-484 deleted requirement that applicant be "of good moral character" and required applicant to be "a currently practicing, competent practitioner", replaced references to certificates and registration with references to licenses and licensure, transferred licensure powers from board of examiners to department of health services and added provisions prohibiting issuance of license to persons involved in disciplinary action or unresolved complaint and requiring annual notification of board of number of applications; P.A. 89-251 increased fee from $25 to $75; P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3 increased fee from $75 to $150.

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      Sec. 20-97. Licensure without examination. Temporary permit. (a) Any person who is licensed at the time of application as a licensed practical nurse, or as a person entitled to perform similar services under a different designation, in another state of the United States, the District of Columbia or a commonwealth or territory subject to the laws of the United States whose requirements for licensure in such capacity are equivalent to or higher than those of this state, shall be eligible for licensure in this state and entitled to a license without examination upon payment of a fee of one hundred fifty dollars. If such other state, district, commonwealth or territory issues licenses based on completion of a practical nursing education program that is shorter in length than the minimum length for this state's practical nursing education programs or based on partial completion of a registered nursing education program, an applicant for licensure under this section may substitute licensed clinical work experience that: (1) Is performed under the supervision of a licensed registered nurse; (2) occurs following the completion of a nursing education program; and (3) when combined with the applicant's educational program, equals or exceeds the minimum program length for licensed practical nursing education programs approved in this state. No license shall be issued under this section to any applicant against whom professional disciplinary action is pending or who is the subject of an unresolved complaint. The department shall inform the board annually of the number of applications it receives for licenses under this section.

      (b) The Department of Public Health may issue a temporary permit to an applicant for licensure without examination or to an applicant previously licensed in Connecticut whose license has become void pursuant to section 19a-88, upon receipt of a completed application form, accompanied by the appropriate fee for licensure without examination, a copy of a current license from another state of the United States, the District of Columbia or a commonwealth or territory subject to the laws of the United States and a notarized affidavit attesting that the license is valid and belongs to the person requesting notarization. Such temporary permit shall be valid for a period not to exceed one hundred twenty calendar days and shall not be renewable. No temporary permit shall be issued under this section to any applicant against whom professional disciplinary action is pending or who is the subject of an unresolved complaint.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4432; 1949, 1953, 1955, S. 2221d; 1957, P.A. 200, S. 4; 1959, P.A. 616, S. 29; June, 1971, P.A. 8, S. 52; 1972, P.A. 223, S. 4; P.A. 80-484, S. 35, 176; P.A. 88-362, S. 17; P.A. 89-251, S. 86, 203; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 97-15, S. 3; P.A. 04-221, S. 9; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3, S. 199; P.A. 10-117, S. 68.)

      History: 1959 act increased fee from $20 to $25; 1971 act raised fee to $30; 1972 act reduced fee to $25; P.A. 80-484 required that certification requirements from other state be "substantially similar to or higher than" those of this state rather than "equivalent to" them, required applicant to be currently practicing competent practitioner, replaced "certification" and "certificate" with "licensure" and "license" and added provisions prohibiting issuance of license to person involved in disciplinary action or unresolved complaint and requiring annual notification of board of number of applications; P.A. 88-362 added Subsec. (b) re issuance of temporary permits; P.A. 89-251 increased fee from $25 to $75; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 97-15 deleted requirement in Subsec. (a) that applicant be currently practicing; P.A. 04-221 amended Subsec. (a) by expanding eligible jurisdictions for licensure without examination and replacing provisions re certification with provisions re licensure, and amended Subsec. (b) by allowing temporary permits for applicants who do not renew licenses, making a conforming change re eligible jurisdictions and prohibiting issuance of temporary permits to applicants with pending disciplinary actions or unresolved complaints; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3 amended Subsec. (a) to increase fee from $75 to $150; P.A. 10-117 amended Subsec. (a) by replacing "substantially similar" with "equivalent" and by adding provision permitting applicants who have completed practical nursing education program that is shorter in length than minimum standards of this state to substitute prescribed licensed clinical work experience in order to satisfy educational program requirements of this state.

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      Sec. 20-98. Use of title "practical nurse". A person who has received such a certificate shall be known as a "licensed practical nurse" and no other person shall assume such title, the title "practical nurse" or the title "trained attendant" or use the abbreviations "L.P.N.", "P.N.", "T.A." or any other words, letters or figures which indicate that the person using the same is a licensed practical nurse.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4433; 1953, 1955, S. 2222d.)

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      Sec. 20-99. Improper professional conduct. Hearing. Appeal. Prohibited conduct. (a) The Board of Examiners for Nursing shall have jurisdiction to hear all charges of conduct which fails to conform to the accepted standards of the nursing profession brought against persons licensed to practice nursing. After holding a hearing in accordance with chapter 54 and the regulations adopted by the Commissioner of Public Health, said board, if it finds such person to be guilty, may revoke or suspend his or her license or take any of the actions set forth in section 19a-17. Witnesses and records may be summoned before such hearings by the issuance of subpoenas under the board's seal. The chairperson or presiding member may administer oaths. When any license is revoked or suspended, notification of such action shall be sent to the Department of Public Health. Any person aggrieved by a final decision of the board may appeal as provided in chapter 54. Such appeal shall have precedence over nonprivileged cases in respect to order of trial.

      (b) Conduct which fails to conform to the accepted standards of the nursing profession includes, but is not limited to, the following: (1) Fraud or material deception in procuring or attempting to procure a license to practice nursing; (2) illegal conduct, incompetence or negligence in carrying out usual nursing functions; (3) physical illness or loss of motor skill, including, but not limited to deterioration through the aging process; (4) emotional disorder or mental illness; (5) abuse or excessive use of drugs, including alcohol, narcotics or chemicals; (6) fraud or material deception in the course of professional services or activities; (7) wilful falsification of entries in any hospital, patient or other record pertaining to drugs, the results of which are detrimental to the health of a patient; (8) conviction of the violation of any of the provisions of this chapter by any court of criminal jurisdiction; and (9) failure to provide information to the Department of Public Health required to complete a health care provider profile, as set forth in section 20-13j. The Commissioner of Public Health may order a license holder to submit to a reasonable physical or mental examination if his physical or mental capacity to practice safely is the subject of an investigation. Said commissioner may petition the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford to enforce such order or any action taken pursuant to section 19a-17.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4434; 1955, S. 2223d; 1971, P.A. 870, S. 58; P.A. 76-315, S. 3, 6; 76-436, S. 420, 681; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 393, 610; P.A. 78-280, S. 35, 127; 78-303, S. 88, 136; P.A. 80-484, S. 36, 174, 176; P.A. 81-471, S. 25, 71; P.A. 88-230, S. 1, 12; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-220, S. 4-6; 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 96-47, S. 5; P.A. 08-109, S. 6.)

      History: 1971 act replaced superior court with court of common pleas, effective September 1, 1971, except that courts with cases pending retain jurisdiction unless pending matters deemed transferable; P.A. 76-315 deleted hearing notice requirement, required that hearings be held in accordance with Ch. 54, added provisions re subpoena power and oaths, replaced previous detailed appeal provisions with statement that appeals be taken as provided in Ch. 54 and added Subsec. (c) defining unacceptable conduct; P.A. 76-436 replaced court of common pleas with superior court and added reference to judicial districts, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner and department of health with commissioner and department of health services, required that hearings be held in accordance with regulations adopted by health services commissioner, deleted requirement that subpoenas be signed by chief nursing examiner and deleted provision granting appeals precedence in order of trial in Subsec. (a) and deleted proviso preventing license revocation or suspension during appeal to higher court, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-280 and 78-303 restored provision re precedence in order of trial in Subsec. (a); P.A. 80-484 replaced "censure or otherwise discipline ..." with "take any of the actions set forth in section 19-4s" and "president" with "chairperson" in Subsec. (a) and revised grounds for disciplinary action in Subsec. (b) to replace "deceit" with "material deception" in Subdiv. (1), to add illegal conduct in Subdiv. (2) and delete "habitual" with reference to negligence and to replace conviction of crimes involving moral turpitude with fraud or material deception and added provisions re physical and mental examinations and re petitions to court for enforcement of order or action; P.A. 81-471 deleted reference to "certificate" in Subsec. (b); P.A. 88-230 replaced "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain" with "judicial district of Hartford", effective September 1, 1991; P.A. 90-98 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1991, to September 1, 1993; P.A. 93-142 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1993, to September 1, 1996, effective June 14, 1993; P.A. 93-381 replaced department and commissioner of health services with department and commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-220 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1996, to September 1, 1998, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 96-47 allowed appeal from "a final decision" rather than from "a finding"; P.A. 08-109 made a technical change and added failure to provide information for health care provider profile to list of conduct which fails to conform to accepted standards in Subsec. (b), effective January 1, 2010.

      Cited. 177 C. 78.

      Subsec. (a):

      Cited. 42 CS 376.

      Subsec. (b):

      "Unprofessional conduct" determined by standards accepted by those practicing same profession in same territory. 177 C. 78.

      Cited. 42 CS 376.


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      Sec. 20-99a. Regulations. The Department of Public Health shall, with the advice and assistance of the board, adopt regulations necessary for the implementation of this chapter.

      (P.A. 89-389, S. 6, 22; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)

      History: P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

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      Sec. 20-100. Notice to Department of Health Services. Section 20-100 is repealed.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4436; 1953, S. 2225d; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 80-484, S. 175, 176.)

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      Sec. 20-101. Construction of chapter. Permitted practices. Temporary practice. No provision of this chapter shall confer any authority to practice medicine or surgery nor shall this chapter prohibit any person from the domestic administration of family remedies or the furnishing of assistance in the case of an emergency; nor shall it be construed as prohibiting persons employed in state hospitals and state sanatoriums and subsidiary workers in general hospitals from assisting in the nursing care of patients if adequate medical and nursing supervision is provided; nor shall it be construed to prohibit the administration of medications by dialysis patient care technicians in accordance with section 19a-269a; nor shall it be construed as prohibiting students who are enrolled in schools of nursing approved pursuant to section 20-90, and students who are enrolled in schools for licensed practical nurses approved pursuant to section 20-90, from performing such work as is incidental to their respective courses of study; nor shall it prohibit a registered nurse who holds a master's degree in nursing or in a related field recognized for certification as either a nurse practitioner, a clinical nurse specialist, or a nurse anesthetist by one of the certifying bodies identified in section 20-94a from practicing for a period not to exceed one hundred twenty days after the date of graduation, provided such graduate advanced practice registered nurse is working in a hospital or other organization under the supervision of a licensed physician or a licensed advanced practice registered nurse, such hospital or other organization has verified that the graduate advanced practice registered nurse has applied to sit for the national certification examination and the graduate advanced practice registered nurse is not authorized to prescribe or dispense drugs; nor shall it prohibit graduates of schools of nursing or schools for licensed practical nurses approved pursuant to section 20-90, from nursing the sick for a period not to exceed ninety calendar days after the date of graduation, provided such graduate nurses are working in hospitals or organizations where adequate supervision is provided, and such hospital or other organization has verified that the graduate nurse has successfully completed a nursing program. Upon notification that the graduate nurse has failed the licensure examination or that the graduate advanced practice registered nurse has failed the certification examination, all privileges under this section shall automatically cease. No provision of this chapter shall prohibit any registered nurse who has been issued a temporary permit by the department, pursuant to subsection (b) of section 20-94, from caring for the sick pending the issuance of a license without examination; nor shall it prohibit any licensed practical nurse who has been issued a temporary permit by the department, pursuant to subsection (b) of section 20-97, from caring for the sick pending the issuance of a license without examination; nor shall it prohibit any qualified registered nurse or any qualified licensed practical nurse of another state from caring for a patient temporarily in this state, provided such nurse has been granted a temporary permit from said department and provided such nurse shall not represent or hold himself or herself out as a nurse licensed to practice in this state; nor shall it prohibit registered nurses or licensed practical nurses from other states from doing such nursing as is incident to their course of study when taking postgraduate courses in this state; nor shall it prohibit nursing or care of the sick, with or without compensation or personal profit, in connection with the practice of the religious tenets of any church by adherents thereof, provided such persons shall not otherwise engage in the practice of nursing within the meaning of this chapter. This chapter shall not prohibit the care of persons in their homes by domestic servants, housekeepers, nursemaids, companions, attendants or household aides of any type, whether employed regularly or because of an emergency of illness, if such persons are not initially employed in a nursing capacity. This chapter shall not prohibit unlicensed assistive personnel from administering jejunostomy and gastrojejunal tube feedings to persons who (1) attend day programs or respite centers under the jurisdiction of the Department of Developmental Services, (2) reside in residential facilities under the jurisdiction of the Department of Developmental Services, or (3) receive support under the jurisdiction of the Department of Developmental Services, when such feedings are performed by trained, unlicensed assistive personnel pursuant to the written order of a physician licensed under chapter 370, an advanced practice registered nurse licensed to prescribe in accordance with section 20-94a or a physician assistant licensed to prescribe in accordance with section 20-12d.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4437; 1953, S. 2226d; 1957, P.A. 280, S. 1; P.A. 76-315, S. 4, 6; P.A. 80-484, S. 37, 176; P.A. 81-471, S. 26, 71; P.A. 85-46, S. 1, 2; P.A. 88-207, S. 2; 88-362, S. 18, 22; P.A. 89-350, S. 20, 21; P.A. 90-13, S. 10; P.A. 04-221, S. 10; P.A. 05-66, S. 4; P.A. 06-195, S. 30; P.A. 10-117, S. 42.)

      History: P.A. 76-315 stated that chapter shall not prevent nursing graduates from performance of duties pending examination results from other states; P.A. 80-484 required consent of health services commissioner for approval of postgraduate courses; P.A. 81-471 changed "certification" to "licensure" and provided that temporary permits are obtained from department instead of board; P.A. 85-46 deleted the requirement that postgraduate courses be approved by the nursing board with the consent of the commissioner of health services; P.A. 88-207 stated that chapter shall not prohibit any licensed nurse registered in another state or territory who has been issued a temporary permit from caring for the sick pending the issuance of a license without examination and made technical changes by removing references to examinations scheduled by the board in two places; P.A. 88-362 added the exceptions for licensed practical nurses who have been issued temporary permits; P.A. 89-350 added "nursing homes" as a place graduates of licensed practical nursing programs may work pending the results of the first examination scheduled following their graduation; P.A. 90-13 substituted references to nursing schools "approved pursuant to section 20-90" for references to "accredited" nursing schools; P.A. 04-221 included graduates of schools for licensed practical nurses, limited practice of nursing school graduates to 90 days after graduation and required hospital verification of such graduation, and provided that no nursing practice be allowed if examination is failed; P.A. 05-66 added provision re administration of medications by dialysis patient care technicians in accordance with Sec. 19a-269a; P.A. 06-195 added provisions allowing graduate advanced practice registered nurses to practice on a limited basis for up to 120 days after graduation, provided certain conditions are met, and terminating such temporary practice upon notification that the graduate advanced practice registered nurse has failed the certification examination, effective June 7, 2006; P.A. 10-117 added provision re chapter not prohibiting unlicensed assistive personnel from administering jejunostomy and gastrojejunal tube feedings to certain persons when performed pursuant to written order of a licensed physician, advanced practice registered nurse or physician assistant.

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      Sec. 20-101a. Determination and pronouncement of death by registered nurse. Regulations. (a) A registered nurse, licensed under this chapter, in charge in a hospice or nursing home facility as defined in section 19a-521, or a registered nurse, licensed under this chapter or a registered nurse employed by a home health care agency licensed by the state of Connecticut, in a home or residence may make the actual determination and pronouncement of death of a patient provided that the following conditions are satisfied: (1) The death is an anticipated death; (2) the registered nurse attests to such pronouncement on the certificate of death; and (3) the registered nurse, an advanced practice registered nurse licensed under this chapter, or a physician licensed under chapter 370 certifies the death and signs the certificate of death no later than twenty-four hours after the pronouncement.

      (b) The Department of Public Health shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to establish the procedures for the implementation of this section.

      (P.A. 87-354, S. 1; P.A. 93-3, S. 1, 2; 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 04-255, S. 23.)

      History: P.A. 93-3 deleted requirement that presence of contagious disease be listed on birth certificate, effective March 24, 1993; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 04-255 amended Subsec. (a) by allowing a registered nurse or advanced practice registered nurse to certify death and sign certificate and by making technical changes, and amended Subsec. (b) by deleting provision re department notification of persons affected by implementation of regulations.

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      Sec. 20-101b. Construction. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed as limiting or prohibiting a registered nurse or an advanced practice registered nurse from engaging in those activities which constitute the practice of nursing.

      (P.A. 89-389, S. 18, 22.)

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      Sec. 20-101c. Prescription forms used by advanced practice registered nurses and nurse-midwives. All prescription forms used by advanced practice registered nurses and nurse-midwives shall contain the name, address and telephone number of the advanced practice registered nurse or the nurse-midwife. The form may also contain the name of the collaborating physician.

      (P.A. 89-389, S. 21, 22; P.A. 99-168, S. 3.)

      History: P.A. 99-168 deleted reference to prescribing under the "direction" of a physician, deleted reference to clinical practice relationship of the nurse-midwife and added provision allowing form to contain the name of the collaborating physician.

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      Sec. 20-102. Penalty. No person shall, for remuneration, practice nursing as defined in subsection (a) of section 20-87a, in this state unless such person has received a certificate as a registered nurse or a license as an advanced practice registered nurse and no person shall practice advanced nursing practice as defined in subsection (b) of said section unless such person has received a license as an advanced practice registered nurse and no person shall, for remuneration, practice nursing as defined in subsection (c) of said section unless such person has been certified as a licensed practical nurse or a registered nurse or licensed as an advanced practice registered nurse. Any person who violates any provision of this chapter or who wilfully makes false representation to the Board of Examiners for Nursing shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars or imprisoned for not more than five years or both. Said board shall cause to be presented to the prosecuting officer having jurisdiction evidence of any violation of any such provision. For purposes of this section each instance of patient contact or consultation which is in violation of any provision of this section shall constitute a separate offense. Failure to renew a license in a timely manner shall not constitute a violation for the purposes of this section.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4438; 1949, S. 2227d; 1957, P.A. 280, S. 2; P.A. 75-166, S. 4, 6; P.A. 77-614, S. 394, 610; P.A. 84-526, S. 8; P.A. 89-389, S. 5, 22.)

      History: P.A. 75-166 replaced reference to Sec. 20-87(b) with Sec. 20-87a(a); P.A. 77-614 deleted clause allowing board to incur any necessary expenses, payable from receipts, in performing duty re evidence of violations, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 84-526 amended section by changing penalty for violation of any provision of chapter to a fine of not more than $500 or imprisonment of not more than five years, and added provisions that each instance of patient contact or consultation shall constitute a separate offense and failure to renew license in timely manner is not a violation for purposes of section; P.A. 89-389 added the language on advanced practice registered nurses.

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      Sec. 20-102a. Appearance before board concerning application. Any applicant for licensure under this chapter may present himself or herself before the Board of Examiners for Nursing with respect to such pending application. Such presentation shall not constitute a hearing nor a contested case within the meaning of chapter 54.

      (P.A. 76-315, S. 5, 6; P.A. 80-484, S. 148, 176.)

      History: P.A. 80-484 replaced "registration" with "licensure".

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      Secs. 20-102b to 20-102z. Reserved for future use.

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