CHAPTER 370*
MEDICINE AND SURGERY

      *See Sec. 19a-88b re renewal of certain professional and occupational licenses, certificates, permits or registrations which become void while the holder is on active duty in the armed forces of the United States.

      "Reputable school" means school worthy of good repute; actual reputation is not in issue. 108 C. 79. Evidence admissible. Id. Revocation of license is in nature of in rem proceeding; status as an unlicensed person is established; may not be retried in defense of criminal action for practicing without a license. Id., 45. Chapters 369 to 381, inclusive, cited. 207 C. 674. Cited. 208 C. 492; Id., 709. Sec. 20-8 et seq. cited. 228 C. 651. Cited. 242 C. 1.


Table of Contents

Sec. 20-8. Connecticut Homeopathic Medical Examining Board.
Sec. 20-8a. Connecticut Medical Examining Board. Medical hearing panels.
Sec. 20-9. Who may practice medicine or surgery.
Sec. 20-10. Qualification for licensure.
Sec. 20-10a. Eligibility standards. Applicability.
Sec. 20-10b. Continuing medical education: Definitions; contact hours; attestation; record-keeping; exemptions, waivers and extensions; reinstatement of void licenses.
Sec. 20-10c. Renewal of license by person who practices medicine for no fee.
Sec. 20-11. Examination; fee.
Sec. 20-11a. Permit for participation in intern, resident physician or medical officer candidate program. Requirements for participation in clinical clerkship programs.
Sec. 20-11b. Professional liability insurance required. Reports from insurance companies. Exception to insurance requirement. Retired physician providing free services.
Sec. 20-12. Licensure without examination. Limited practice based on out-of-state or military license.
Sec. 20-12a. Physician assistants. Definitions.
Sec. 20-12b. Physician assistant license. Temporary permit. Penalties.
Sec. 20-12c. Physician assistant to have supervising physician. Exception for civil preparedness duty or training.
Sec. 20-12d. Medical functions performed by physician assistants. Prescriptive authority.
Sec. 20-12e. Petition concerning ability to practice of physician assistant. Notification to department of termination or restriction of privileges of physician assistant.
Sec. 20-12f. Disciplinary action concerning physician assistants.
Sec. 20-12g. Regulations concerning physician assistants.
Sec. 20-12h. Resident physician assistant program. License, temporary or training permit requirements.
Secs. 20-12i. Use of fluoroscopy by physician assistants. Requisite training and examination.
Secs. 20-12j to 20-12m.
Sec. 20-12n. Homeopathic physicians.
Sec. 20-13. Issuance of license.
Sec. 20-13a. Definitions.
Sec. 20-13b. Guidelines for reviewing complaints against physicians.
Sec. 20-13c. Restriction, suspension or revocation of physician's right to practice. Grounds.
Sec. 20-13d. Complaints required and permitted. Department to be notified of termination or restriction of physician's privileges. Facilities to be notified of suspension, revocation or restriction of physician's license. Notice of disciplinary action taken in other state.
Sec. 20-13e. Investigation of petition. Examination of physician. Hearing. Enforcement.
Secs. 20-13f to 20-13h. Decision and order; notice; surrender of certificate; appeal. Rescission or modification of disciplinary action. Immunity from civil liability; admissibility of evidence.
Sec. 20-13i. Annual report by department.
Sec. 20-13j. Health care provider profiles. Establishment. Public availability.
Sec. 20-13k. Guidelines for disciplinary action.
Sec. 20-13l. Notification of criminal charges against physicians. Investigation.
Sec. 20-14. Exceptions. Prescription in English. Penalties.
Sec. 20-14a. Prescription of drugs by generic name. Disclosure to patient. Labeling.
Sec. 20-14b. Renewal of licenses.
Sec. 20-14c. Dispensing and labeling of drugs. Definitions.
Sec. 20-14d. Dispensing of drugs by licensed practitioners to be in accordance with sections 20-14c, 20-14f and 20-14g.
Sec. 20-14e. Dispensing of drugs. Dispensing of contact lenses containing a drug or ocular agents-T.
Sec. 20-14f. Report to commissioner of intent to continue to dispense drugs other than professional samples.
Sec. 20-14g. Regulations.
Sec. 20-14h. Definitions.
Sec. 20-14i. Administration of medication by trained persons.
Sec. 20-14j. Regulations. Advisory task force. Training programs and policies re administration of medication at juvenile detention centers.
Sec. 20-14k. Requirement for the posting of policy regarding Medicare assignment. Regulations.
Sec. 20-14l. Delegation of ophthalmological services.
Sec. 20-14m. Use of long-term antibiotic therapy in the treatment of Lyme disease.

      Sec. 20-8. Connecticut Homeopathic Medical Examining Board. There shall be within the Department of Public Health a Connecticut Homeopathic Medical Examining Board, which shall consist of three homeopathic physicians and two public members appointed by the Governor subject to the provisions of section 4-9a. The Governor shall fill any vacancy occurring in said board. Said board shall meet at least once during each calendar quarter and at such other times as the chairman deems necessary. Special meetings shall be held on the request of a majority of the board after notice in accordance with the provisions of section 1-225. A majority of the members of the board shall constitute a quorum. Members shall not be compensated for their services. Any member who fails to attend three consecutive meetings or who fails to attend fifty per cent of all meetings held during any calendar year shall be deemed to have resigned from office. Minutes of all meetings shall be recorded by the board. No member shall participate in the affairs of the board during the pendency of any disciplinary proceedings by the board against such member. No professional member shall be an elected official of a professional society of homeopathic physicians or have been such an official during the year immediately preceding his appointment. Said board shall (1) hear and decide matters concerning suspension or revocation of licensure, (2) adjudicate complaints against practitioners and (3) impose sanctions where appropriate.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4365; P.A. 76-276, S. 13, 22; P.A. 77-614, S. 347, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 133, 136; P.A. 80-484, S. 16, 174, 176; P.A. 87-156; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-12, S. 13, 55; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 98-143, S. 2, 24.)

      History: P.A. 76-276 deleted references to Connecticut Medical Society and its examining board; P.A. 77-614 placed examining board within the department of health services and redefined membership as three physicians and two public members appointed by governor, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 made technical changes; P.A. 80-484 made governor's appointments subject to Sec. 4-9a, deleted provisions re appointments by governor and homeopathic medical society and re filling of vacancies of physician memberships by society president and added provisions re meetings, compensation, minutes, duties, etc; P.A. 87-156 redefined membership as three homeopathic physicians and two public members; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-12 eliminated expense reimbursement for board members; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 98-143 added quorum provision, effective July 1, 1998.

      See title 2c re termination under "Sunset Law".

      See Sec. 4-9a for definition of "public member".

      See Sec. 4-40a re compensation and expenses of licensing boards and commissions.

      See Secs. 19a-8 to 19a-12, inclusive, re powers and duties of boards within the Public Health Department, generally.


      Cited. 135 C. 348. Cited. 220 C. 86.

      Cited. 13 CS 463.


(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-8a. Connecticut Medical Examining Board. Medical hearing panels. (a) There shall be within the Department of Public Health a Connecticut Medical Examining Board. Said board shall consist of fifteen members appointed by the Governor, subject to the provisions of section 4-9a, in the manner prescribed for department heads in section 4-7, as follows: Five physicians practicing in the state; one physician who shall be a full-time member of the faculty of The University of Connecticut School of Medicine; one physician who shall be a full-time chief of staff in a general-care hospital in the state; one physician who shall be a supervising physician for one or more physician assistants; one physician who shall be a graduate of a medical education program accredited by the American Osteopathic Association; one physician assistant licensed pursuant to section 20-12b and practicing in this state; and five public members. No professional member of said board shall be an elected or appointed officer of a professional society or association relating to such member's profession at the time of appointment to the board or have been such an officer during the year immediately preceding appointment or serve for more than two consecutive terms. Professional members shall be practitioners in good professional standing and residents of this state.

      (b) All vacancies shall be filled by the Governor in the manner prescribed for department heads in section 4-7. Successors and appointments to fill a vacancy shall fulfill the same qualifications as the member succeeded or replaced. In addition to the requirements in sections 4-9a and 19a-8, no person whose spouse, parent, brother, sister, child or spouse of a child is a physician, as defined in section 20-13a, or a physician assistant, as defined in section 20-12a, shall be appointed as a public member.

      (c) The Commissioner of Public Health shall establish a list of twenty-four persons who may serve as members of medical hearing panels established pursuant to subsection (g) of this section. Persons appointed to the list shall serve as members of the medical hearing panels and provide the same services as members of the Connecticut Medical Examining Board. Members from the list serving on such panels shall not be voting members of the Connecticut Medical Examining Board. The list shall consist of twenty-four members appointed by the commissioner, at least eight of whom shall be physicians, as defined in section 20-13a, with at least one of such physicians being a graduate of a medical education program accredited by the American Osteopathic Association, at least one of whom shall be a physician assistant licensed pursuant to section 20-12b, and nine of whom shall be members of the public. No professional member of the list shall be an elected or appointed officer of a professional society or association relating to such member's profession at the time of appointment to the list or have been such an officer during the year immediately preceding such appointment to the list. A licensed professional appointed to the list shall be a practitioner in good professional standing and a resident of this state. All vacancies shall be filled by the commissioner. Successors and members appointed to fill a vacancy on the list shall possess the same qualifications as those required of the member succeeded or replaced. No person whose spouse, parent, brother, sister, child or spouse of a child is a physician, as defined in section 20-13a, or a physician assistant, as defined in section 20-12a, shall be appointed to the list as a member of the public. Each person appointed to the list shall serve without compensation at the pleasure of the commissioner. Each medical hearing panel shall consist of three members, one of whom shall be a member of the Connecticut Medical Examining Board, one of whom shall be a physician or physician assistant, as appropriate, and one of whom shall be a public member. The physician and public member may be a member of the board or a member from the list established pursuant to this subsection.

      (d) The office of the board shall be in Hartford, in facilities to be provided by the department.

      (e) The board shall adopt and may amend a seal.

      (f) The Governor shall appoint a chairperson from among the board members. Said board shall meet at least once during each calendar quarter and at such other times as the chairperson deems necessary. Special meetings shall be held on the request of a majority of the board after notice in accordance with the provisions of section 1-225. A majority of the members of the board shall constitute a quorum. Members shall not be compensated for their services. Any member who fails to attend three consecutive meetings or who fails to attend fifty per cent of all meetings held during any calendar year shall be deemed to have resigned from office. Minutes of all meetings shall be recorded by the board. No member shall participate in the affairs of the board during the pendency of any disciplinary proceedings by the board against such member. Said board shall (1) hear and decide matters concerning suspension or revocation of licensure, (2) adjudicate complaints against practitioners, and (3) impose sanctions where appropriate.

      (g) The board shall refer all statements of charges filed with the board by the department pursuant to section 20-13e to a medical hearing panel within sixty days of the receipt of charges. The time period may be extended for good cause by the board in a duly recorded vote. The panel shall conduct a hearing in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54 and the regulations adopted by the Commissioner of Public Health concerning contested cases, except that the panel shall file a proposed final decision with the board not later than one hundred twenty days after the receipt of the issuance of the notice of hearing by the board. The time period for filing such proposed final decision with the board may be extended for good cause by the board in a duly recorded vote.

      (h) The board shall review the panel's proposed final decision in accordance with the provisions of section 4-179, and adopt, modify or remand said decision for further review or for the taking of additional evidence. The board shall act on the proposed final decision within ninety days of the filing of said decision by the panel. This time period may be extended by the board for good cause in a duly recorded vote.

      (i) Except in a case in which a license has been summarily suspended, pursuant to subsection (c) of section 19a-17 or subsection (c) of section 4-182, all three panel members shall be present to hear any evidence and vote on a proposed final decision. The chairperson of the Medical Examining Board may exempt a member from a meeting of the panel if the chairperson finds that good cause exists for such an exemption. Such an exemption may be granted orally but shall be reduced to writing and included as part of the record of the panel within two business days of the granting of the exemption or the opening of the record and shall state the reason for the exemption. Such exemption shall be granted to a member no more than once during any contested case and shall not be granted for a meeting at which the panel is acting on a proposed final decision on a statement of charges. The board may appoint a member to the panel to replace any member who resigns or otherwise fails to continue to serve on the panel. Such replacement member shall review the record prior to the next hearing.

      (j) A determination of good cause shall not be reviewable and shall not constitute a basis for appeal of the decision of the board pursuant to section 4-183.

      (P.A. 76-276, S. 10, 22; P.A. 77-614, S. 348, 610; P.A. 80-484, S. 10, 176; P.A. 81-471, S. 5, 71; P.A. 90-211, S. 1, 23; P.A. 91-105, S. 1, 4; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-12, S. 14, 55; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-71, S. 1; 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 98-143, S. 3, 24; P.A. 99-102, S. 4; P.A. 00-205, S. 1; P.A. 05-275, S. 18, 19; P.A. 06-195, S. 33; P.A. 07-119, S. 1; 07-252, S. 22.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 placed board within the department of health services, reduced physician members from 5 to 4 and increased public members from 2 to 3, deleting requirement that public members not be connected with medicine and that one be an attorney in Subsec. (a), updated Subsecs. (b) and (c) to make provisions generally applicable to revised membership rather than to initial appointments, deleted former Subsec. (d) which required 5-member quorum for conducting business, relettering remaining Subsecs. accordingly, and deleted provision in former Subsec. (e) re appointment of executive director and provision of necessary technical and clerical assistance by department, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 80-484 made all appointments by governor, deleting Subsec. (b) re appointments by State Medical Society and relettering remaining Subsecs. accordingly, added provisions requiring that appointees not be officers of professional society or association currently or within one year preceding appointment and that they be practitioners in good standing and residents and added Subsec. (e) re chairperson, meetings, compensation, duties, etc.; P.A. 81-471 changed "elected official" to "elected or appointed officer" as of July 1, 1981; P.A. 90-211 increased the membership by adding a supervising physician, a physician assistant and a fourth public member; P.A. 91-105 amended Subsec. (a) to require the legislature's approval of medical examining board appointees, amended Subsec. (b) to prohibit relatives of physicians from serving as public members of the board, added a new Subsec. (f) to create a 3-member medical hearing panel from the board's membership to hear charges filed with the department against physicians and to issue proposed final decisions, added new Subsec. (g) to require the medical examining board to review the panel's proposed final decision, added a new Subsec. (h) to provide exemptions for panel members concerning their presence at hearings, added a new Subsec. (i) concerning a determination of good cause and made technical changes; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-12 in Subsec. (e) eliminated expense reimbursement for board members; P.A. 93-381 replaced department and commissioner of health services with department and commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-71 added a new Subsec. (c) establishing a list of hearing panel members, relettered the remaining Subsecs., amended Subsec. (g) to allow extension of the time period and allow the public member to be from the board or the list, and amended Subsec. (i) to allow replacement appointments; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 98-143 added quorum provision in Subsec. (f), effective July 1, 1998; P.A. 99-102 increased from 12 to 15 the examining board membership in Subsec. (a) by adding a physician practicing in this state, an osteopathic physician and a public member, amended Subsec. (c) to require at least one hearing panel physician to be an osteopathic physician and made technical changes in Subsecs. (a), (b), (c) and (f); P.A. 00-205 amended Subsec. (c) by increasing the list number from 16 to 18, adding one licensed physician assistant and one public member; P.A. 05-275 amended Subsec. (c) by increasing the number of persons who may serve as members of medical hearing panels from 18 to 24, requiring "at least" 8, rather than 8, of such persons to be physicians and "at least" one, rather than one, to be a physician assistant, requiring each medical hearing panel to consist of 3 members, one of whom shall be a physician or physician assistant, as appropriate, and one of whom shall be a member of the Connecticut Medical Examining Board, and adding provision re public member may be member of board or from list, and amended Subsec. (g) by removing language re composition of medical hearing panels and making technical changes, effective July 13, 2005; P.A. 06-195 amended Subsec. (c) by allowing both physician member and public member of medical hearing panel to be selected from membership of Connecticut Medical Examining Board or from list established by Commissioner of Public Health and making conforming changes, effective June 7, 2006; P.A. 07-119 deleted reference to registration as supervising physician, effective July 1, 2007; P.A. 07-252 made a technical change in Subsec. (c).

      See title 2c re termination under "Sunset Law".

      See Sec. 4-9a for definition of "public member".

      See Secs. 19a-8 to 19a-12, inclusive, re powers and duties of boards and commissions within the Public Health Department, generally.


      Cited. 207 C. 346. Cited. 208 C. 492. Cited. 220 C. 86. Cited. 228 C. 651.

      Cited. 40 CS 188.


(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-9. Who may practice medicine or surgery. (a) No person shall, for compensation, gain or reward, received or expected, diagnose, treat, operate for or prescribe for any injury, deformity, ailment or disease, actual or imaginary, of another person, nor practice surgery, until he has obtained such a license as provided in section 20-10, and then only in the kind or branch of practice stated in such license.

      (b) The provisions of this chapter shall not apply to:

      (1) Dentists while practicing dentistry only;

      (2) Any person in the employ of the United States government while acting in the scope of his employment;

      (3) Any person who furnishes medical or surgical assistance in cases of sudden emergency;

      (4) Any person residing out of this state who is employed to come into this state to render temporary assistance to or consult with any physician or surgeon who has been licensed in conformity with the provisions of this chapter;

      (5) Any physician or surgeon residing out of this state who holds a current license in good standing in another state and who is employed to come into this state to treat, operate or prescribe for any injury, deformity, ailment or disease from which the person who employed such physician, or the person on behalf of whom such physician is employed, is suffering at the time when such nonresident physician or surgeon is so employed, provided such physician or surgeon may practice in this state without a Connecticut license for a period not to exceed thirty consecutive days;

      (6) Any person rendering service as (A) an advanced practice registered nurse if such service is rendered in collaboration with a licensed physician, or (B) an advanced practice registered nurse maintaining classification from the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists if such service is under the direction of a licensed physician;

      (7) Any nurse-midwife practicing nurse-midwifery in accordance with the provisions of chapter 377;

      (8) Any podiatrist licensed in accordance with the provisions of chapter 375;

      (9) Any Christian Science practitioner who does not use or prescribe in his practice any drugs, poisons, medicines, chemicals, nostrums or surgery;

      (10) Any person licensed to practice any of the healing arts named in section 20-1, who does not use or prescribe in his practice any drugs, medicines, poisons, chemicals, nostrums or surgery;

      (11) Any graduate of any school or institution giving instruction in the healing arts who has been issued a permit in accordance with subsection (a) of section 20-11a and who is serving as an intern, resident or medical officer candidate in a hospital;

      (12) Any student participating in a clinical clerkship program who has the qualifications specified in subsection (b) of section 20-11a;

      (13) Any person, otherwise qualified to practice medicine in this state except that he is a graduate of a medical school located outside of the United States or the Dominion of Canada which school is recognized by the American Medical Association or the World Health Organization, to whom the Connecticut Medical Examining Board, subject to such regulations as the Commissioner of Public Health, with advice and assistance from the board, prescribes, has issued a permit to serve as an intern or resident in a hospital in this state for the purpose of extending his education;

      (14) Any person rendering service as a physician assistant licensed pursuant to section 20-12b, a registered nurse, a licensed practical nurse or a paramedic, as defined in subdivision (15) of section 19a-175, acting within the scope of regulations adopted pursuant to section 19a-179, if such service is rendered under the supervision, control and responsibility of a licensed physician;

      (15) Any student enrolled in an accredited physician assistant program or paramedic program approved in accordance with regulations adopted pursuant to section 19a-179, who is performing such work as is incidental to his course of study;

      (16) Any person who, on June 1, 1993, has worked continuously in this state since 1979 performing diagnostic radiology services and who, as of October 31, 1997, continued to render such services under the supervision, control and responsibility of a licensed physician solely within the setting where such person was employed on June 1, 1993;

      (17) Any person practicing athletic training, as defined in section 20-65f;

      (18) When deemed by the Connecticut Medical Examining Board to be in the public's interest, based on such considerations as academic attainments, specialty board certification and years of experience, to a foreign physician or surgeon whose professional activities shall be confined within the confines of a recognized medical school;

      (19) Any technician engaging in tattooing in accordance with the provisions of section 19a-92a and any regulations adopted thereunder;

      (20) Any person practicing perfusion, as defined in section 20-162aa; or

      (21) Any foreign physician or surgeon (A) participating in supervised clinical training under the direct supervision and control of a physician or surgeon licensed in accordance with the provisions of this chapter, and (B) whose professional activities are confined to a licensed hospital that has a residency program accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education or that is a primary affiliated teaching hospital of a medical school accredited by the Liaison Committee on Medical Education. Such hospital shall verify that the foreign physician or surgeon holds a current valid license in another country.

      (c) This section shall not authorize anyone to practice optometry, as defined in chapter 380, or to practice dentistry, as defined in chapter 379, or dental hygiene, as defined in chapter 379a.

      (d) The provisions of subsection (a) of this section shall apply to any individual whose practice of medicine includes any ongoing, regular or contractual arrangement whereby, regardless of residency in this or any other state, he provides, through electronic communications or interstate commerce, diagnostic or treatment services, including primary diagnosis of pathology specimens, slides or images, to any person located in this state. In the case of electronic transmissions of radiographic images, licensure shall be required for an out-of-state physician who provides, through an ongoing, regular or contractual arrangement, official written reports of diagnostic evaluations of such images to physicians or patients in this state. The provisions of subsection (a) of this section shall not apply to a nonresident physician who, while located outside this state, consults (A) on an irregular basis with a physician licensed by section 20-10 who is located in this state or (B) with a medical school within this state for educational or medical training purposes. Notwithstanding the provisions of this subsection, the provisions of subsection (a) of this section shall not apply to any individual who regularly provides the types of services described in this subsection pursuant to any agreement or arrangement with a short-term acute care general hospital, licensed by the Department of Public Health, provided such agreement or arrangement was entered into prior to February 1, 1996, and is in effect as of October 1, 1996.

      (e) On and after October 1, 1999, any person licensed as an osteopathic physician or osteopath pursuant to chapter 371 shall be deemed licensed as a physician and surgeon pursuant to this chapter.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4363; 1949, 1951, S. 2191d; 1959, P.A. 393, S. 1; 1971, P.A. 717; 1972, P.A. 80, S. 1; P.A. 75-39, S. 1; P.A. 77-519, S. 4, 6; 77-614, S. 349, 610; P.A. 84-546, S. 157, 173; P.A. 86-20; 86-403, S. 130, 132; P.A. 88-362, S. 1; P.A. 89-389, S. 4, 22; P.A. 90-211, S. 2, 23; P.A. 93-296, S. 7, 10; 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 94-105, S. 2, 4; P.A. 95-98; 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 96-148; P.A. 97-311, S. 17; P.A. 98-43, S. 3; P.A. 98-166, S. 5, 9; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 98-1, S. 18, 121; P.A. 99-102, S. 2; 99-168, S. 5; P.A. 00-47, S. 2; 00-226, S. 11, 20; P.A. 03-252, S. 8; P.A. 05-280, S. 76, 77; P.A. 10-117, S. 61.)

      History: 1959 act added exceptions from provisions of chapter re interns and hospital residents; 1971 act excepted trained assistants, registered or licensed practical nurses under supervision and control of licensed physician from provisions of chapter and added qualifying provision re optometry and dentistry; 1972 act rephrased exception re graduates of "foreign" medical schools to specify schools "located outside of the United States or the Dominion of Canada" and added exception re foreign physicians; P.A. 75-39 qualified exception re schools attended outside of U.S. or Canada by specifying applicability to schools "recognized by the American Medical Association or the World Health Organization"; P.A. 77-519 deleted proviso whereby exception for foreign physicians is inapplicable if physician declares intention of becoming U.S. citizen and deleted reference to failure to meet residence and citizenship requirements in exception for those attending recognized school outside of U.S. or Canada; P.A. 77-614 transferred regulation power from board to commissioner of health services, granting board an advisory role, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 84-546 made technical changes to section substituting references to licensure for references to certification; P.A. 86-20 removed a three-year limitation on the exception for a foreign physician practicing in a medical school and added language requiring the Connecticut medical examining board to determine if an exception for a foreign physician is in the public interest; P.A. 86-403 changed effective date of P.A. 86-20 from October 1, 1986, to April 21, 1986; P.A. 88-362 limited the exception for students to persons participating in clinical clerkships and limited the graduate exception to persons who have been issued a permit; P.A. 89-389 added references to advanced practice registered nurses and to nurse-midwives; P.A. 90-211 added exemptions for "licensed" physician assistants and athletic trainers; P.A. 93-296 added provision exempting persons performing diagnostic radiology services from chapter provisions, effective June 29, 1993; P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 94-105 designated provisions re prohibition on practicing without a license as Subsec. (a), exceptions to such prohibition as Subsec. (b) and provisions re authorization to practice optometry, dentistry or dental hygiene as Subsec. (c) and amended Subsec. (b) to insert Subdiv. indicators and add Subdiv. (19) re exception for technicians engaged in tattooing, effective May 23, 1994; P.A. 95-98 amended Subsec. (b) to specifically exclude paramedics from provisions of chapter; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 96-148 added Subsec. (d) concerning telemedicine; P.A. 97-311 amended reference to paramedics to reflect licensure under Sec. 20-206ll; P.A. 98-43 paragraphed the numbered Subdivs. in Subsec. (b), changed "1978" to "1979" and "continues" to "as of October 31, 1997, continued" in Subdiv. (16); P.A. 98-166 amended Subsec. (b)(11) to add medical officer candidates, effective June 4, 1998; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 98-1 made a technical change re a statutory reference in Subsec. (c), effective June 24, 1998; P.A. 99-102 added new Subsec. (e) re osteopathic physicians; P.A. 99-168 amended Subsec. (b)(6) by replacing "under the direction of" with "in collaboration with" and adding Subpara. (B) re advanced practice registered nurses under the direction of a physician if maintaining certain classification; P.A. 00-47 amended Subsec. (b)(14) by changing "licensed paramedic" to "paramedic, as defined in Sec. 19a-175(15), acting within the scope of regulations adopted pursuant to section 19a-179"; P.A. 00-226 amended Subsec. (b)(17) by changing "performing" to "practicing", deleting reference to Sec. 19a-16a and adding reference to Sec. 20-65f, effective the later of October 1, 2000, or the date notice is published by the Commissioner of Public Health in the Connecticut Law Journal indicating that the licensing of athletic trainers and physical therapist assistants is being implemented by the commissioner, i.e. April 11, 2006; P.A. 03-252 amended Subsec. (b)(5) to require out-of-state physician to be licensed in good standing and to allow such physician to practice without Connecticut license for period not to exceed 30 consecutive days; P.A. 05-280 added Subsec. (b)(20) re exception for persons practicing perfusion; P.A. 10-117 added Subsec. (b)(21) re exception for foreign physician or surgeon with current valid license in another country who is participating in supervised clinical training in a licensed hospital, effective June 8, 2010.

      See Sec. 17b-407 re duty of physician or surgeon to report suspected abuse, neglect, exploitation or abandonment of the elderly.

      See Sec. 19a-88 re annual renewal of licenses.


      Cited. 130 C. 89. Sec. 20-8a et seq. cited. 207 C. 346.

      Cited. 13 CS 463.


(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-10. Qualification for licensure. Except as provided in section 20-12, each person applying for a license under section 20-13 shall certify to the Department of Public Health that the applicant: (1) (A) Is a graduate of a medical school located in the United States or Canada accredited by the Liaison Committee on Medical Education or of a medical education program accredited by the American Osteopathic Association, or (B) is a graduate of a medical school located outside the United States or Canada and has received the degree of doctor of medicine, osteopathic medicine or its equivalent and satisfies educational requirements specified in regulations adopted pursuant to this chapter and has either (i) successfully completed all components of a "fifth pathway program" conducted by an American medical school accredited by the American Medical Association or the American Osteopathic Association, or (ii) received certification from the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates; (2) has successfully completed not less than two years of progressive graduate medical training as a resident physician in a program accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, the American Osteopathic Association or an equivalent program approved by the board with the consent of the department; and (3) has passed an examination prescribed by the department with the advice and consent of the appropriate examining board. Examinations required under this section shall be administered by the Department of Public Health under the supervision of the appropriate examining board. Passing scores shall be established by said department with the consent of the appropriate examining board. The department may, under such regulations as the Commissioner of Public Health may adopt, with the advice and assistance of the appropriate board, deny eligibility for licensure to a graduate who has been found to have provided fraudulent or inaccurate documentation regarding either the graduate's school's educational program or academic credentials or to have failed to meet educational standards as prescribed in such regulations.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4364(a), (e); 1953, 1955, S. 2192d(a), (e); 1961, P.A. 363, S. 1; 1969, P.A. 45, S. 1; 225, S. 1; 1972, P.A. 80, S. 2; 127, S. 37; P.A. 73-673, S. 1, 3; P.A. 75-39, S. 2; 75-268, S. 4; P.A. 76-113, S. 1; 76-276, S. 14, 22; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 350, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 25, 136; P.A. 79-161, S. 1; P.A. 80-484, S. 11, 174, 176; P.A. 85-171, S. 1; 85-613, S. 124; P.A. 89-389, S. 19, 22; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; 95-271, S. 1, 40; P.A. 99-102, S. 3.)

      History: 1961 act added provision for persons who have received degrees from schools or hospitals not included in the list which are located in the Dominion of Canada; 1969 acts required student to be resident through not less than 128 weeks of "graded courses" rather than through four graded courses of not less than 32 weeks each and deleted requirement that statements be filed "in duplicate"; 1972 acts deleted reference to courses taken in "schools approved as provided in section 20-11", deleted provision which allowed students to take examination who had less than required hours of courses if student has had postgraduate instruction in schools or hospitals in U.S. or Canada, required filing of examination results within 60 rather than 30 days after examination and required proof that applicant is at least 18 rather than 21, reflecting changed age of majority; P.A. 73-673 required proof that noncitizen has an approved petition for immigration visa and replaced requirement for 128 course hours with requirement that applicant has been a resident student and graduate of a medical school listed in World Health Organization Directory and deleted provisions re requirements for graduates of medical schools after January 1, 1919, and after July 1, 1947, effective June 27, 1973; P.A. 75-39 added provisions re citizens who attended medical school outside of U.S.; P.A. 75-268 deleted obsolete requirement that certificate required by repealed Sec. 20-3 be submitted; P.A. 76-113 deleted requirement that applicant be citizen, have declared intent to become citizen or possess immigration visa and following reference to citizenship; P.A. 76-276 made technical correction; P.A. 77-614 replaced department of health with department of health services, required consent of health services commissioner for examination and changed wording slightly, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 replaced reference to Sec. 20-122 with reference to Sec. 20-12; P.A. 79-161 replaced former provision re examination and required contents of statement with wholly new provisions; P.A. 80-484 replaced "certificate of registration" with "license", deleted proofs of age and moral character and made health services department rather than examining board responsible for examination contents and administration but provided for advice, supervision etc. of examining board; P.A. 85-171 amended (1)(B) to delete requirements re graduation from a medical school located in Mexico, amended (1)(C) to require approval of the medical school at the time of graduation rather than entrance, inserted (1)(i) and (ii) re successful completion of the "fifth pathway program" and certification from the educational commission for foreign medical graduates, deleting specific provisions re graduates of Mexican medical schools, deleted the requirement re annual publication of an approved schools list and added department authority through regulation, to deny eligibility for licensure; P.A. 85-613 made technical changes; P.A. 89-389 removed a requirement in Subdiv. (B) that the medical school at the time the person graduated was approved by the Connecticut medical examining board, added a requirement that the person satisfy educational requirements specified in regulations and made technical changes; P.A. 93-381 replaced department and commissioner of health services with department and commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-271 amended Subdiv. (2) to require the minimum two years training to be of "progressive graduate medical" training in a program "accredited" by the "accreditation council for" graduate medical education, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 99-102 added references to programs approved by the American Osteopathic Association and made technical changes.

      See Sec. 20-13 re issuance of license.

      The functions reposed in this board do not involve an improper delegation of power. 116 C. 416. Applicant precluded by former judgments from relitigating the questions determined when his license was revoked. 126 C. 218. Under former statute it was not necessary for approval of license issued in another state that applicant have such a diploma as was necessary to take the Connecticut examination; 130 C. 93; and in the case of such an application the words "may accept" were construed as mandatory. Id., 94. Sec. 20-8a et seq. cited. 207 C. 346, 347. Cited. 219 C. 168.

      Compared with section 20-37. 14 CS 199.


(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-10a. Eligibility standards. Applicability. The eligibility standards established by section 20-10 for obtaining a license shall not be applied in determining whether to renew any such license.

      (P.A. 79-161, S. 2; P.A. 84-546, S. 158, 173.)

      History: P.A. 84-546 made technical changes for statutory consistency substituting references to licensure for references to registration.

      Sec. 20-8a et seq. cited. 207 C. 346.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-10b. Continuing medical education: Definitions; contact hours; attestation; record-keeping; exemptions, waivers and extensions; reinstatement of void licenses. (a) As used in this section:

      (1) "Active professional practice" includes, but is not limited to, activities of a currently licensed physician who functions as the medical director of a managed care organization or other organization;

      (2) "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Public Health;

      (3) "Contact hour" means a minimum of fifty minutes of continuing education activity;

      (4) "Department" means the Department of Public Health;

      (5) "Licensee" means any person who receives a license from the department pursuant to section 20-13; and

      (6) "Registration period" means the one-year period for which a license has been renewed in accordance with section 19a-88 and is current and valid.

      (b) Except as otherwise provided in subsections (d), (e) and (f) of this section, for registration periods beginning on and after October 1, 2007, a licensee applying for license renewal shall earn a minimum of fifty contact hours of continuing medical education within the preceding twenty-four-month period. Such continuing medical education shall (1) be in an area of the physician's practice; (2) reflect the professional needs of the licensee in order to meet the health care needs of the public; and (3) include at least one contact hour of training or education in each of the following topics: (A) Infectious diseases, including, but not limited to, acquired immune deficiency syndrome and human immunodeficiency virus, (B) risk management, (C) sexual assault, (D) domestic violence, and (E) for registration periods beginning on and after October 1, 2010, cultural competency. For purposes of this section, qualifying continuing medical education activities include, but are not limited to, courses offered or approved by the American Medical Association, American Osteopathic Medical Association, Connecticut Hospital Association, Connecticut State Medical Society, county medical societies or equivalent organizations in another jurisdiction, educational offerings sponsored by a hospital or other health care institution or courses offered by a regionally accredited academic institution or a state or local health department.

      (c) Each licensee applying for license renewal pursuant to section 19a-88 shall sign a statement attesting that the licensee has satisfied the continuing education requirements of subsection (b) of this section on a form prescribed by the department. Each licensee shall retain records of attendance or certificates of completion that demonstrate compliance with the continuing education requirements of subsection (b) of this section for a minimum of three years following the year in which the continuing education activities were completed and shall submit such records or certificates to the department for inspection not later than forty-five days after a request by the department for such records or certificates.

      (d) A licensee applying for the first time for license renewal pursuant to section 19a-88 is exempt from the continuing medical education requirements of this section.

      (e) (1) A licensee who is not engaged in active professional practice in any form during a registration period shall be exempt from the continuing medical education requirements of this section, provided the licensee submits to the department, prior to the expiration of the registration period, a notarized application for exemption on a form prescribed by the department and such other documentation as may be required by the department. The application for exemption pursuant to this subdivision shall contain a statement that the licensee may not engage in professional practice until the licensee has met the requirements set forth in subdivision (2) or (3) of this subsection, as appropriate.

      (2) Any licensee who is exempt from the provisions of subsection (b) of this section for less than two years shall be required to complete twenty-five contact hours of continuing medical education that meets the criteria set forth in said subsection (b) within the twelve-month period immediately preceding the licensee's return to active professional practice.

      (3) Any licensee who is exempt from the requirements of subsection (b) of this section for two or more years shall be required to successfully complete the Special Purpose Examination of the Federation of State Medical Boards prior to returning to active professional practice.

      (f) In individual cases involving medical disability or illness, the commissioner may, in the commissioner's discretion, grant a waiver of the continuing education requirements or an extension of time within which to fulfill the continuing education requirements of this section to any licensee, provided the licensee submits to the department an application for waiver or extension of time on a form prescribed by the department, along with a certification by a licensed physician of the disability or illness and such other documentation as may be required by the commissioner. The commissioner may grant a waiver or extension for a period not to exceed one registration period, except that the commissioner may grant additional waivers or extensions if the medical disability or illness upon which a waiver or extension is granted continues beyond the period of the waiver or extension and the licensee applies for an additional waiver or extension.

      (g) Any licensee whose license has become void pursuant to section 19a-88 and who applies to the department for reinstatement of such license pursuant to section 19a-14 shall submit evidence documenting successful completion of twenty-five contact hours of continuing education within the one-year period immediately preceding application for reinstatement.

      (P.A. 05-275, S. 24; P.A. 06-195, S. 32; P.A. 09-232, S. 16.)

      History: P.A. 06-195 amended Subsec. (b)(3) by providing that continuing education must include at least one contact hour of training or education in each topic specified in newly designated Subparas. (A) to (D), inclusive, effective June 7, 2006; P.A. 09-232 amended Subsec. (b) by requiring 1 contact hour of continuing medical education in cultural competency for registration periods beginning on and after October 1, 2010.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-10c. Renewal of license by person who practices medicine for no fee. Any person who practices medicine for no fee, for at least one hundred hours per year at a public health facility, as defined in section 20-126l, or in connection with a mobile health clinic that provides health care services to individuals of this state, and does not otherwise engage in the practice of medicine, shall be eligible to renew a license, as provided in subsection (b) of section 19a-88, without payment of the professional services fee specified in said subsection (b).

      (P.A. 07-82, S. 3; P.A. 08-31, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 08-31 expanded license renewal fee waiver to persons who practice medicine for no fee for at least 100 hours in connection with mobile health clinic that provides health care services to individuals of this state.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-11. Examination; fee. The Department of Public Health under the supervision of the examining boards provided for by sections 20-8 and 20-8a shall hold examinations not less than twice each year at such places as the department designates. Applicants for licenses to practice medicine or surgery shall be examined in such medical subjects as the department may prescribe, with the advice and consent of the appropriate board, provided each applicant for examination shall be notified concerning the subjects in which he is to be examined. The Commissioner of Public Health, with advice and assistance from each board, shall make such rules and regulations for conducting examinations and for the operation of the board as, from time to time, he deems necessary. Passing scores for examinations shall be established by the department with the consent of the appropriate board. Each applicant for examination shall be examined with respect to the same school of practice in which the applicant was graduated except that an applicant for licensure in homeopathic medicine who is licensed as a physician or meets the requirements in section 20-10 may be examined in other than the school of practice in which such applicant was graduated. Before being admitted to the examination, an applicant shall pay the sum of five hundred sixty-five dollars and an applicant rejected by the department may be reexamined at any subsequent examination, upon payment of the sum of five hundred sixty-five dollars for each appearance.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4366; 1953, S. 2193d; 1959, P.A. 616, S. 2; 1967, P.A. 111; 1969, P.A. 26; 225, S. 2; 1971, P.A. 776, S. 1; June, 1971, P.A. 8, S. 40; 1972, P.A. 80, S. 3; P.A. 76-276, S. 15, 22; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 351, 610; P.A. 80-484, S. 12, 174, 176; P.A. 86-77, S. 1, 2; P.A. 89-251, S. 73, 203; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-6, S. 17, 117; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3, S. 181.)

      History: 1959 act raised fees for examination and reexamination from $35 to $50; 1967 act deleted listing of subjects in which applicant shall be examined and substituted such "medical" subjects; 1969 acts replaced provision requiring that examinations be held at least three times a year (March, July and November, second Tuesday) with provision for holding examination at least twice a year, raised fees to $75 and deleted provisions re filing of statements re registration with town clerk; 1971 acts added proviso re conditions for approved medical school or institution, clarified nature of examination and raised fees to $150; 1972 act deleted requirement that examination questions and answers be kept on file for six years by health department, required only homeopathic medical examining board to file list of approved schools or institutions, where previously requirement applied to medical examining board as well and deleted proviso re conditions for approval and clarification of nature of examination which were added in 1971; P.A. 76-276 added reference to board under Sec. 10-8a; P.A. 77-614 replaced department of health with department of health services, transferred examinations from examining boards to department's jurisdiction, retaining boards in supervisory and advisory roles, required approval of examination subjects by health services commissioner and clarified language, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 80-484 made provisions applicable only to medical examining board, deleting references to and provisions re homeopathic medical examining board, gave department rather than board power to designate examination sites and subjects covered by examination and stated department's power to set passing scores; P.A. 86-77 added the provision allowing an applicant for licensure in homeopathic medicine to be examined in other than the school of practice in which such applicant was graduated if he is licensed as a physician or meets requirements of Sec. 20-10; P.A. 89-251 increased the application fee from $150 to $450; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-6 raised reexamination fee from $100 to $450; P.A. 93-381 replaced department and commissioner of health services with department and commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3 increased fees from $450 to $565.

      See Sec. 19a-89 re notification of change of office or residence address.

      Cited. 130 C. 90. Sec. 20-8a et seq. cited. 207 C. 346.

      History. 13 CS 463. Cited. 31 CS 335.


(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-11a. Permit for participation in intern, resident physician or medical officer candidate program. Requirements for participation in clinical clerkship programs. (a) No person shall participate in an intern or resident physician program or United States medical officer candidate training program until such person has received a permit issued by the Department of Public Health. The permit shall be issued solely for purposes of participation in graduate education as an intern, resident or medical officer candidate in a hospital or hospital-based program. No person shall receive a permit until a statement has been filed with the department on the applicant's behalf by the hospital administrator certifying that the applicant is to be appointed an intern, resident or medical officer candidate in the hospital or hospital-based program and that the applicant has received the degree of doctor of medicine, osteopathic medicine or its equivalent and, if educated outside the United States or Canada (1) has successfully completed all components of a "fifth pathway program" conducted by an American medical school accredited by the Liaison Committee on Medical Education or the American Osteopathic Association, (2) received certification from the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates, (3) has successfully completed the examination for licensure prescribed by the department pursuant to section 20-10, or (4) holds a current valid license in another state or territory. Upon termination from an internship or medical residency program, a person's privileges under this subsection shall cease, such person's permit shall be automatically revoked and, if such person acts in violation of this chapter, such person shall be subject to disciplinary action pursuant to section 19a-17.

      (b) No person shall participate in a clinical clerkship program unless such person is (1) a student in a medical school located in the United States or Canada accredited by the Liaison Committee on Medical Education or the American Osteopathic Association; or (2) is a third or fourth year student in a medical school located outside the United States or Canada, provided the clerkship is conducted within a program that is based in a hospital that has a residency program accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education or the American Osteopathic Association in the clinical area of the clerkship or within a program that is based in a hospital that is a primary affiliated teaching hospital of a medical school accredited by the Liaison Committee on Medical Education.

      (P.A. 88-362, S. 2; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 98-166, S. 4, 9; P.A. 99-102, S. 5; P.A. 05-272, S. 7; P.A. 09-232, S. 3.)

      History: P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 98-166 amended Subsec. (a) to add medical officer candidates, effective June 4, 1998; P.A. 99-102 added references to osteopathic medicine and the American Osteopathic Association and made technical changes; P.A. 05-272 amended Subsec. (a) to permit medical school graduates in internships, residencies, and clinical clerkships to participate in hospital-based programs and amended Subsec. (b) to add references to clerkships within a program based in a hospital; P.A. 09-232 amended Subsec. (a) by adding provision re termination from internship or medical residency program.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-11b. Professional liability insurance required. Reports from insurance companies. Exception to insurance requirement. Retired physician providing free services. (a) Except as provided in subsection (c) of this section, each person licensed to practice medicine and surgery under the provisions of section 20-13 who provides direct patient care services shall maintain professional liability insurance or other indemnity against liability for professional malpractice. The amount of insurance which each such person shall carry as insurance or indemnity against claims for injury or death for professional malpractice shall not be less than five hundred thousand dollars for one person, per occurrence, with an aggregate of not less than one million five hundred thousand dollars.

      (b) Each insurance company which issues professional liability insurance, as defined in subdivisions (1), (6), (7), (8) and (9) of subsection (b) of section 38a-393, shall on and after January 1, 1995, render to the Commissioner of Public Health a true record of the names and addresses, according to classification, of cancellations of and refusals to renew professional liability insurance policies and the reasons for such cancellation or refusal to renew said policies for the year ending on the thirty-first day of December next preceding.

      (c) A person subject to the provisions of subsection (a) of this section shall be deemed in compliance with such subsection when providing primary health care services at a clinic licensed by the Department of Public Health that is recognized as tax exempt pursuant to Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 or any successor internal revenue code, as may be amended from time to time, provided: (1) Such person is not compensated for such services; (2) the clinic does not charge patients for such services; (3) the clinic maintains professional liability insurance coverage in the amounts required by subsection (a) of this section for each aggregated forty hours of service or fraction thereof for such persons; (4) the clinic carries additional appropriate professional liability coverage on behalf of the clinic and its employees in the amounts of five hundred thousand dollars per occurrence, with an aggregate of not less than one million five hundred thousand dollars; and (5) the clinic maintains total professional liability coverage of not less than one million dollars per occurrence with an annual aggregate of not less than three million dollars. Such person shall be subject to the provisions of subsection (a) of this section when providing direct patient care services in any setting other than such clinic. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to relieve the clinic from any insurance requirements otherwise required by law.

      (d) No person insured pursuant to the requirements of subsection (a) of this section with a claims-made medical malpractice insurance policy shall lose the right to unlimited additional extended reporting period coverage upon such person's permanent retirement from practice if such person solely provides professional services without charge at a clinic recognized as tax exempt under Section 501(c)(3) of said internal revenue code.

      (P.A. 94-71, S. 1; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 96-180, S. 64, 166; P.A. 04-221, S. 30.)

      History: P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 96-180 required addresses to be included with the record of names in Subsec. (b), effective June 3, 1996; P.A. 04-221 added Subsec. (c) re exception from requirement to maintain insurance and Subsec. (d) re extended reporting period coverage for retired physicians providing certain services and made a conforming change in Subsec. (a), effective June 8, 2004.

      See Sec. 17a-714a re legal protection for licensed health care professionals who prescribe opioid antagonists to drug users.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-12. Licensure without examination. Limited practice based on out-of-state or military license. (a) Except as hereinafter provided, in lieu of the examination required in section 20-10, the department may, under such regulations as the Commissioner of Public Health, with advice and assistance from the appropriate board, may establish and, upon receipt of five hundred sixty-five dollars, accept a license from the board of medical examiners or any board authorized to issue a license to practice osteopathic medicine, osteopathy or its equivalent of any state or territory of the United States or the District of Columbia or the Medical Council of Canada or of any agency in such jurisdictions authorized to issue licenses to practice medicine, osteopathic medicine or osteopathy, provided the applicant obtained such license after an examination substantially similar to or of higher quality than that required for a license in this state, has met all the requirements of section 20-10 except for examination and is a currently practicing, competent practitioner of good professional standing. The department may issue to an applicant approved without examination as hereinbefore provided a license to practice medicine and surgery.

      (b) Except as hereinafter provided, the department may, in its discretion, and on receipt of five hundred sixty-five dollars, likewise accept and approve, in lieu of the examination required in section 20-10, a diploma of the National Board of Medical Examiners or a certificate of the National Board of Osteopathic Medical Examiners, subject to the same conditions as hereinbefore set forth for acceptance, in lieu of examination, of a license from a board of medical examiners or any board authorized to issue a license to practice osteopathic medicine, osteopathy or its equivalent of any state or territory of the United States or the District of Columbia or the Medical Council of Canada, and may issue to such diplomate or certificate holder a statement certifying to the fact that the person named therein has been found qualified to practice medicine and surgery.

      (c) In lieu of the examination required in section 20-10, the department may, under such regulations as the Commissioner of Public Health, with advice and assistance from the appropriate board, may establish, and upon the receipt of one hundred fifty dollars, accept and approve the application of any physician for a temporary license to practice solely in any state facility, and issue such license, subject to the same conditions set forth in subsection (a) of this section for the acceptance of a license from another jurisdiction or the application of a person who has been a resident student in and a graduate of a medical school listed in the World Health Organization Directory, and has received the degree of doctor of medicine, osteopathic medicine or other academic distinction that, in the judgment of such board, is equivalent to the degree of doctor of medicine or osteopathic medicine from such a school and has completed an additional year of postgraduate experience subsequent to the receipt of said degree. Such temporary license shall not be issued for a period longer than twelve months. During the period such temporary license is in effect, such physician shall make application for an examination administered or approved by the department under the supervision of the appropriate board.

      (d) No license shall be issued under this section to any applicant against whom professional disciplinary action is pending or who is the subject of an unresolved complaint. The department shall inform the boards established under sections 20-8 and 20-8a annually of the number of applications it receives for licensure under this section.

      (e) Any physician licensed in another state who is board-certified in pediatrics or family medicine, or whose state standards for licensure are equivalent to or greater than those required in this state, may practice as a youth camp physician in this state without a license for a period not to exceed nine weeks.

      (f) Any physician licensed or otherwise authorized to practice medicine by the armed forces of the United States may practice as a physician without a license in a free clinic in this state provided (1) the physician does not receive payment for such practice, and (2) the physician carries, either directly or through the clinic, professional liability insurance or indemnity against liability for professional malpractice equal to or greater than that required of state-licensed physicians under section 20-11b.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4364(b), (c); 1953, 1955, S. 2192d(b), (c); 1959, P.A. 616, S. 3; 1961, P.A. 363, S. 2; 1969, P.A. 45, S. 2; 1971, P.A. 64; June, 1971, P.A. 8, S. 41; 1972, P.A. 80, S. 4; P.A. 73-673, S. 2, 3; P.A. 76-234, S. 1, 2; 76-276, S. 16, 22; 76-435, S. 72, 82; P.A. 77-519, S. 5, 6; 77-614, S. 352, 610; P.A. 80-484, S. 13, 174, 176; P.A. 81-130, S. 1, 2; P.A. 85-171, S. 2; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-6, S. 18, 117; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; 93-435, S. 5, 95; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 99-102, S. 6; P.A. 03-252, S. 20; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3, S. 182.)

      History: 1959 act raised fees for accepting license from other state or territory, etc., from $75 and for accepting diploma of National Board of Medical Examiners from $35; 1961 act added provisions re Medical Council of Canada; 1969 act replaced "four graded courses of not less than thirty-two weeks each" with "one hundred and twenty-eight weeks of graded courses" and replaced three-year practice requirement with one-year practice requirement; 1971 acts added Subsec. (c) re youth camp physicians' licenses and increased fee for accepting license from other state or territory, etc. from $100 to $150 and for accepting diploma of National Board of Medical Examiners from $50 to $150; 1972 act required that examinations be of the same quality for acceptance, deleted reference to schools approved under Sec. 20-11, deleted requirement that year of practice be within five years immediately preceding date of application and deleted provisions forbidding acceptance of license in lieu of examination from person failing to fulfill requirements under Sec. 20-3 in Subsec. (a) and deleted exception in Subsec. (b) allowing diplomates of National Board of Medical Examiners to bypass one-year practice requirement; P.A. 73-673 replaced requirement that applicant be resident student for 128 course weeks with requirement that applicant have been a resident student "in and a graduate of a medical school" listed in the World Health Organization Directory and added requirement that applicant, if noncitizen and has not filed declaration of intent to become citizen, has an approved petition for immigrant visa; P.A. 76-234 added Subsec. (d) re temporary licenses; P.A. 76-276 made provisions applicable to medical examining board as well as homeopathic medical examining board; P.A. 76-435 made technical changes; P.A. 77-519 removed references to citizenship or immigrant status of applicants; P.A. 77-614 gave regulation power to commissioner of health services, rather than boards, but retained boards in advisory capacity, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 80-484 transferred duties re acceptance and granting of licenses from boards to health services department, replaced certificates of registration with licenses, added residency requirement in Subsec. (a) and required physician to be a "currently practicing competent practitioner of good professional standing" omitting reference to moral character, deleted Subsec. (c) re youth camp physicians' licenses, relettering Subsec. (d) accordingly and added provisions prohibiting issuance of license to applicant against whom disciplinary action is pending or who is subject of unresolved complaint and requiring that board be informed of number of applicants for licensure on annual basis; P.A. 81-130 added Subsec. (d) setting forth conditions under which physician licensed in another state may practice as a youth camp physician; P.A. 85-171 amended Subsec. (a) to require compliance with Sec. 20-10 and deleted some requirements re eligibility of foreign applicants; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-6 raised license fees in Subsecs. (a) and (b) from $150 to $450; P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-435 set out part of former Subsec. (c) as new Subsec. (d) and relettered former Subsec. (d) as new Subsec. (e), effective June 28, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 99-102 added references to boards authorized to issue license to practice osteopathic medicine or osteopathy or equivalent, made technical changes and added new Subsec. (f) re practice based on military license; P.A. 03-252 amended Subsec. (e) by adding requirement that physician be board-certified in pediatrics or family medicine, effective July 9, 2003; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3 amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) to increase fees from $450 to $565.

      See Sec. 19a-88b re renewal of license of person serving in U.S. armed forces.

      Sec. 20-8a et seq. cited. 207 C. 346.

      Under former statute not necessary to present diploma required in section 20-11. 11 CS 212. "May accept" is mandatory. Id.; 13 CS 463. A regulation which imposes additional requirements beyond those contained in the statute is a nullity. Id.


(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-12a. Physician assistants. Definitions. As used in sections 20-12a to 20-12g, inclusive:

      (1) "Accredited physician assistant program" means a physician assistant program accredited, at the time of the applicant's graduation, by the Committee on Allied Health Education and Accreditation of the American Medical Association, the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs or such successor organization for the accreditation of physician assistant programs as may be approved by the department.

      (2) "Board" means the Connecticut Medical Examining Board, established pursuant to section 20-8a.

      (3) "Department" means the Department of Public Health.

      (4) "National commission" means the National Commission on Certification of Physician Assistants or a successor organization for the certification or recertification of physician assistants that may be approved by the department.

      (5) "Physician assistant" means an individual who: (A) Functions in a dependent relationship with a physician licensed pursuant to this chapter; and (B) is licensed pursuant to section 20-12b to provide patient services under the supervision, control, responsibility and direction of said physician.

      (6) "Supervising physician" means a physician licensed pursuant to this chapter who assumes responsibility for the supervision of services rendered by a physician assistant.

      (7) (A) "Supervision" in hospital settings means the exercise by the supervising physician of oversight, control and direction of the services of a physician assistant. Supervision includes but is not limited to: (i) Continuous availability of direct communication either in person or by radio, telephone or telecommunications between the physician assistant and the supervising physician; (ii) active and continuing overview of the physician assistant's activities to ensure that the supervising physician's directions are being implemented and to support the physician assistant in the performance of his or her services; (iii) personal review by the supervising physician of the physician assistant's practice at least weekly or more frequently as necessary to ensure quality patient care; (iv) review of the charts and records of the physician assistant on a regular basis as necessary to ensure quality patient care; (v) delineation of a predetermined plan for emergency situations; and (vi) designation of an alternate licensed physician in the absence of the supervising physician.

      (B) "Supervision" in settings other than hospital settings means the exercise by the supervising physician of oversight, control and direction of the services of a physician assistant. Supervision includes, but is not limited to: (i) Continuous availability of direct communication either in person or by radio, telephone or telecommunications between the physician assistant and the supervising physician; (ii) active and continuing overview of the physician assistant's activities to ensure that the supervising physician's directions are being implemented and to support the physician assistant in the performance of his or her services; (iii) personal review by the supervising physician of the physician assistant's services through a face-to-face meeting with the physician assistant, at least weekly or more frequently as necessary to ensure quality patient care, at a facility or practice location where the physician assistant or supervising physician performs services; (iv) review of the charts and records of the physician assistant on a regular basis as necessary to ensure quality patient care and written documentation by the supervising physician of such review at the facility or practice location where the physician assistant or supervising physician performs services; (v) delineation of a predetermined plan for emergency situations; and (vi) designation of an alternate licensed physician in the absence of the supervising physician.

      (P.A. 80-362, S. 1, 2; P.A. 87-117, S. 2; P.A. 90-211, S. 3, 23; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-74, S. 1, 9; 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; 95-271, S. 2, 40; P.A. 99-102, S. 7; P.A. 06-110, S. 1; P.A. 07-119, S. 2, 3.)

      History: P.A. 87-117 substituted the requirement that one passed a certifying examination not later than December 31, 1982, for former Subdiv. (2); P.A. 90-211 deleted the entire section and substituted new definitions; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-74 and 95-271 redefined "accredited physician assistant program" to require accreditation at time of graduation and to allow accreditation by the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs or successor and redefined "supervision" to require that directions be by the "supervising" physician, effective July 1, 1995, and July 6, 1995, respectively; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-271, in addition to changes identical to those in P.A. 95-74, redefined "physician assistant", "supervising physician" and "supervision" to include osteopathic physicians and made technical changes, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 99-102 deleted obsolete references to osteopathic physicians; P.A. 06-110 amended Subdiv. (7) by designating existing provisions as Subpara. (A), limiting existing definition of "supervision" to hospital settings, redesignating existing Subparas. (A) to (F) as clauses (i) to (vi), respectively, specifying in newly designated Subpara. (A)(vi) that alternate licensed physicians must be registered with department pursuant to Sec. 20-12c and adding Subpara. (B) to define "supervision" in nonhospital settings; P.A. 07-119 amended Subdivs. (6) and (7) by removing references to registration pursuant to Sec. 20-12c, effective July 1, 2007.

      Sec. 20-8a et seq. cited. 207 C. 346.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-12b. Physician assistant license. Temporary permit. Penalties. (a) The department may, upon receipt of a fee of one hundred ninety dollars, issue a physician assistant license to an applicant who: (1) Holds a baccalaureate or higher degree in any field from a regionally accredited institution of higher education; (2) has graduated from an accredited physician assistant program; (3) has passed the certification examination of the national commission; (4) has satisfied the mandatory continuing medical education requirements of the national commission for current certification by such commission and has passed any examination or continued competency assessment the passage of which may be required by the national commission for maintenance of current certification by such commission; and (5) has completed not less than sixty hours of didactic instruction in pharmacology for physician assistant practice approved by the department.

      (b) The department may, upon receipt of a fee of one hundred fifty dollars, issue a temporary permit to an applicant who (1) is a graduate of an accredited physician assistant program; (2) has completed not less than sixty hours of didactic instruction in pharmacology for physician assistant practice approved by the department; and (3) if applying for such permit on and after September 30, 1991, holds a baccalaureate or higher degree in any field from a regionally accredited institution of higher education. Such temporary permit shall authorize the holder to practice as a physician assistant only in those settings where the supervising physician is physically present on the premises and is immediately available to the physician assistant when needed, but shall not authorize the holder to prescribe or dispense drugs. Such temporary permit shall be valid for a period not to exceed one hundred twenty calendar days after the date of graduation and shall not be renewable. Such permit shall become void and shall not be reissued in the event that the applicant fails to pass a certification examination scheduled by the national commission following the applicant's graduation from an accredited physician assistant program. Violation of the restrictions on practice set forth in this subsection may constitute a basis for denial of licensure as a physician assistant.

      (c) No license or temporary permit shall be issued under this section to any applicant against whom professional disciplinary action is pending or who is the subject of an unresolved complaint.

      (d) No person shall practice as a physician assistant or represent himself as a physician assistant unless he holds a license or temporary permit pursuant to this section or training permit issued pursuant to section 20-12h.

      (e) Any person, except a licensed physician assistant or a physician licensed to practice medicine under this chapter, who practices or attempts to practice as a physician assistant, or any person who buys, sells or fraudulently obtains any diploma or license to practice as a physician assistant, whether recorded or not, or any person who uses the title "physician assistant" or any word or title to induce the belief that he or she is practicing as a physician assistant, without complying with the provisions of this section, shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than five years, or both. For the purposes of this section, each instance of patient contact or consultation that is in violation of any provision of this chapter shall constitute a separate offense. Failure to renew a license in a timely manner shall not constitute a violation for the purposes of this section.

      (P.A. 90-211, S. 4, 23; P.A. 91-112, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-296, S. 1, 10; P.A. 95-74, S. 3, 9; P.A. 04-221, S. 1; P.A. 07-252, S. 41; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3, S. 183.)

      History: P.A. 91-112 amended Subsec. (b) to extend until March 1, 1992, the deadline for physician assistants licensed pursuant to Subsec. (b) to meet continuing education requirements; P.A. 93-296 added Subsec. (b)(3) re licensure of a person with eighteen-year employment history and amended Subsec. (c)(6) to extend application date from June 30, 1992, to October 1, 1993, effective June 29, 1993 (Revisor's note: In 1995 references to "such commission" were changed editorially by the Revisors to "said commission"); P.A. 95-74 deleted former Subsecs. (b) and (c) containing obsolete provisions on temporary licenses and relettered remaining Subsecs. accordingly, amending relettered Subsec. (d) to include training permits, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 04-221 amended Subsec. (b) by replacing former provision re period of validity of temporary permit with provision limiting duration of temporary permit to 120 days, providing that temporary permit shall not be renewable and making a conforming change; P.A. 07-252 added Subsec. (e) re penalties for unlawfully practicing or attempting to practice as a physician assistant and for fraudulent use of title "physician assistant", effective July 1, 2007; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3 amended Subsec. (a) to increase fee from $150 to $190 and Subsec. (b) to increase fee from $75 to $150.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-12c. Physician assistant to have supervising physician. Exception for civil preparedness duty or training. (a) Each physician assistant practicing in this state or participating in a resident physician assistant program shall have a clearly identified supervising physician who maintains the final responsibility for the care of patients and the performance of the physician assistant.

      (b) A physician may function as a supervising physician for as many physician assistants as is medically appropriate under the circumstances, provided (1) the supervision is active and direct, and (2) the physician is supervising not more than six full-time physician assistants concurrently, or the part-time equivalent thereof.

      (c) Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to prohibit the employment of physician assistants in a hospital or other health care facility where such physician assistants function under the direction of a supervising physician.

      (d) Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to prohibit a licensed physician assistant who is part of the Connecticut Disaster Medical Assistance Team or the Medical Reserve Corps, under the auspices of the Department of Public Health, or the Connecticut Urban Search and Rescue Team, under the auspices of the Department of Public Safety, and is engaged in officially authorized civil preparedness duty or civil preparedness training conducted by such team or corps, from providing patient services under the supervision, control, responsibility and direction of a licensed physician.

      (P.A. 90-211, S. 5, 23; P.A. 94-210, S. 22, 30; P.A. 95-74, S. 4, 9; 95-271, S. 3, 40; P.A. 96-12, S. 2; P.A. 97-213, S. 12; P.A. 99-102, S. 8; P.A. 05-259, S. 2; P.A. 06-110, S. 2; P.A. 07-119, S. 4.)

      History: P.A. 94-210 amended Subsec. (a) to add reference to chapter 371, effective June 9, 1994; P.A. 95-74 and P.A. 95-271 amended Subsec. (a) to add physician assistants in a resident physician program to those needing a supervising physician and to prohibit the department from registering applicants against whom a disciplinary action or unresolved complaint is pending, effective July 1, 1995, and July 6, 1995, respectively; P.A. 95-271 also added references to resident physician assistant programs and to osteopathic physicians, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 96-12 amended Subsec. (b) to allow part-time equivalent supervision; P.A. 97-213 amended Subsec. (b) re supervision requirements; P.A. 99-102 deleted obsolete references to osteopathy, osteopathic physicians and osteopathic physician assistants and made technical changes; P.A. 05-259 added Subsec. (e) allowing physician assistant to work under the supervision of a physician not registered as a supervising physician while engaged in civil preparedness duty or training if the physician assistant is part of the Connecticut Disaster Medical Assistance Team, Medical Reserve Corps, or Connecticut Urban Search and Rescue Team, effective July 13, 2005; P.A. 06-110 amended Subsec. (b)(1) by deleting requirement that supervising physician be at specific location where the physician assistant is practicing; P.A. 07-119 amended Subsec. (a) by removing provisions re registration of supervising physician, deleted former Subsec. (d) re written notification to department of the termination of physician-physician assistant supervisory relationship, redesignated existing Subsec. (e) as Subsec. (d) and amended same by removing provisions re registration of supervising physician and making conforming changes, effective July 1, 2007.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-12d. Medical functions performed by physician assistants. Prescriptive authority. (a) A physician assistant who has complied with the provisions of sections 20-12b and 20-12c may perform medical functions delegated by a supervising physician when: (1) The supervising physician is satisfied as to the ability and competency of the physician assistant; (2) such delegation is consistent with the health and welfare of the patient and in keeping with sound medical practice; and (3) such functions are performed under the oversight, control and direction of the supervising physician. The functions that may be performed under such delegation are those that are within the scope of the supervising physician's license, within the scope of such physician's competence as evidenced by such physician's postgraduate education, training and experience and within the normal scope of such physician's actual practice. Delegated functions shall be implemented in accordance with written protocols established by the supervising physician. All orders written by physician assistants shall be followed by the signature of the physician assistant and the printed name of the supervising physician. A physician assistant may, as delegated by the supervising physician within the scope of such physician's license, (A) prescribe and administer drugs, including controlled substances in schedule IV or V in all settings, (B) renew prescriptions for controlled substances in schedule II, III, IV or V in all settings, (C) prescribe and administer controlled substances in schedule II or III in all settings, provided in all cases where the physician assistant prescribes a controlled substance in schedule II or III, the physician under whose supervision the physician assistant is prescribing shall document such physician's approval of the order in the patient's medical record not later than one calendar day thereafter, and (D) prescribe and approve the use of durable medical equipment. The physician assistant may, as delegated by the supervising physician within the scope of such physician's license, request, sign for, receive and dispense drugs to patients, in the form of professional samples, as defined in section 20-14c, or when dispensing in an outpatient clinic as defined in the regulations of Connecticut state agencies and licensed pursuant to subsection (a) of section 19a-491 that operates on a not-for-profit basis, or when dispensing in a clinic operated by a state agency or municipality. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to allow the physician assistant to request, sign for, receive or dispense any drug the physician assistant is not authorized under this subsection to prescribe.

      (b) All prescription forms used by physician assistants shall contain the printed name, license number, address and telephone number of the physician under whose supervision the physician assistant is prescribing, in addition to the signature, name, address and license number of the physician assistant.

      (c) No physician assistant may: (1) Engage in the independent practice of medicine; (2) claim to be or allow being represented as a physician licensed pursuant to this chapter; (3) use the title of doctor; or (4) associate by name or allow association by name with any term that would suggest qualification to engage in the independent practice of medicine. The physician assistant shall be clearly identified by appropriate identification as a physician assistant to ensure that the physician assistant is not mistaken for a physician licensed pursuant to this chapter.

      (d) A physician assistant licensed under this chapter may make the actual determination and pronouncement of death of a patient, provided: (1) The death is an anticipated death; (2) the physician assistant attests to such pronouncement on the certificate of death; and (3) the physician assistant or a physician licensed by the state of Connecticut certifies the death and signs the certificate of death no later than twenty-four hours after the pronouncement.

      (P.A. 90-211, S. 6, 23; P.A. 95-271, S. 4, 40; P.A. 96-12, S. 1; P.A. 99-102, S. 9; P.A. 00-205, S. 2; P.A. 04-221, S. 21; 04-255, S. 21; P.A. 05-219, S. 1; P.A. 06-196, S. 247; P.A. 08-184, S. 13.)

      History: P.A. 95-271 added references to osteopathic physicians, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 96-12 added Subsec. (d) re pronouncement of death by physician assistants; P.A. 99-102 deleted obsolete references to osteopathy and osteopathic physicians and made technical changes; P.A. 00-205 amended Subsec. (a) by revising prescriptive authority of physician assistants; P.A. 04-221 amended Subsec. (a) by authorizing physician assistant to request, sign for and receive drugs for dispensing to patients; P.A. 04-255 amended Subsec. (d)(3) by allowing physician assistant to sign certificate of death and by making technical changes; P.A. 05-219 amended Subsec. (a) by expanding physician assistants' authority to renew prescriptions for controlled substances to schedules II to V, inclusive, in all settings and expanding their authority to prescribe and administer controlled substances in schedules II or III in all settings, provided for the latter, physician approval is documented in the patient's medical record not later than the next calendar day; P.A. 06-196 made technical changes in Subsec. (a), effective June 7, 2006; P.A. 08-184 added Subsec. (a)(3)(D) authorizing physician assistant to prescribe and approve use of durable medical equipment.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-12e. Petition concerning ability to practice of physician assistant. Notification to department of termination or restriction of privileges of physician assistant. (a) The state or county medical or osteopathic medical society or any state professional organization of physician assistants or any physician, physician assistant or holder of a permit issued pursuant to section 20-12h or subsection (d) of section 20-12b or any hospital shall within thirty days, and the board or any individual may, file a petition when such society, organization, practitioner, hospital, board or individual has any information that appears to show that a physician assistant is or may be unable to practice as a physician assistant with reasonable skill or safety for any of the reasons listed in section 20-12f. Petitions shall be filed with the department.

      (b) Any health care facility licensed pursuant to subsection (a) of section 19a-491 which terminates or restricts the staff membership or privileges of any physician assistant or holder of a permit issued pursuant to section 20-12h or subsection (b) of section 20-12b shall, not later than fifteen days after the effective date of such action, notify the department of such action.

      (P.A. 90-211, S. 7, 23; P.A. 95-74, S. 5, 9; 95-271, S. 5, 40; P.A. 99-102, S. 10.)

      History: P.A. 95-74 and P.A. 95-271 amended Subsec. (b) to expand physician assistant notice requirements to holders of temporary and training permits, effective July 1, 1995, and July 6, 1995, respectively; P.A. 95-271 also amended Subsec. (a) to add osteopathic physicians and holders of training and temporary physician assistant permits as persons required to file petitions, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 99-102 deleted obsolete reference to osteopathic physicians from Subsec. (a).

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-12f. Disciplinary action concerning physician assistants. The board shall have jurisdiction to hear all charges of conduct which fails to conform to the accepted standards of the physician assistant profession brought against persons licensed to practice as a physician assistant or holding any permit issued pursuant to section 20-12h or subsection (b) of section 20-12b. The board may take any action set forth in section 19a-17 if it finds that a person licensed as a physician assistant or holding a permit issued pursuant to section 20-12h or subsection (b) of section 20-12b fails to conform to the accepted standards of the physician assistant profession. Conduct which fails to conform to the accepted standards of the physician assistant profession includes, but is not limited to, the following: Conviction of a felony; fraud or deceit in professional practice; illegal conduct; negligent, incompetent or wrongful conduct in professional activities; emotional disorder or mental illness; physical illness including, but not limited to, deterioration through the aging process; abuse or excessive use of drugs, including alcohol, narcotics or chemicals; wilful falsification of entries into any patient record; possession, use, prescription for use, or distribution of controlled substances or legend drugs, except for therapeutic or other medically proper purposes; misrepresentation or concealment of a material fact in the obtaining or reinstatement of a physician assistant license or permit; or violation of any provisions of this chapter and section 21a-252. The commissioner may order a license or permit holder to submit to a reasonable physical or mental examination if his physical or mental capacity to practice safely is the subject of an investigation. The commissioner may petition the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford to enforce such order or any action taken pursuant to section 19a-17. Notice of any contemplated action under said section, the cause of the action and the date of a hearing on the action shall be given and an opportunity for hearing afforded in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54.

      (P.A. 88-230, S. 1, 12; 90-98, S. 1, 2; 90-211, S. 8, 23; P.A. 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; P.A. 95-74, S. 6, 9; 95-220, S. 4-6; 95-271, S. 7, 40.)

      History: (Revisor's note: P.A. 88-230 and P.A. 90-98 authorized substitution of "judicial district of Hartford" for "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain" in public and special acts of 1990 session, effective September 1, 1993); P.A. 93-142 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1993, to September 1, 1996, effective June 14, 1993; P.A. 95-74 and P.A. 95-271 extended board jurisdiction to temporary and training permits, effective July 1, 1995, and July 6, 1995, respectively; P.A. 95-220 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1996, to September 1, 1998, effective July 1, 1995.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-12g. Regulations concerning physician assistants. The department may, with the advice and assistance of the board, promulgate such regulations as may be necessary for the implementation of sections 20-12a to 20-12f, inclusive.

      (P.A. 90-211, S. 9, 23.)

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-12h. Resident physician assistant program. License, temporary or training permit requirements. No person shall participate in a resident physician assistant program until he has received a license or temporary permit issued pursuant to section 20-12b or a training permit issued by the department. The training permit shall be issued solely for purposes of participation in postgraduate education as a resident physician assistant in a short-term hospital, as defined in the regulations of Connecticut state agencies and licensed pursuant to subsection (a) of section 19a-491, that provides a postgraduate medical education program accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. No person shall receive a training permit until a statement has been filed with the department on his behalf by the hospital administrator certifying that such person is to be appointed a resident physician assistant in such hospital and that he has satisfied the requirements of subdivisions (1), (2) and (5) of subsection (a) of section 20-12b. Such training permit shall authorize the holder to participate in clinical educational activities only when the supervising physician is physically present on the premises and is immediately available to the physician assistant when needed, but shall not authorize the holder to prescribe or dispense drugs.

      (P.A. 95-74, S. 2, 9; 95-271, S. 6, 40.)

      History: P.A. 95-74 and P.A. 95-271, S. 6 effective July 1, 1995 (Revisor's note: Since P.A. 95-74, S. 2 included all the substantive provisions of P.A. 95-271, S. 6, the Revisors codified both sections as a single statute section).

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Secs. 20-12i. Use of fluoroscopy by physician assistants. Requisite training and examination. (a) On and after October 1, 2011, prior to engaging in the use of fluoroscopy for guidance of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, a physician assistant shall: (1) Successfully complete a course that includes forty hours of training on topics that include, but are not limited to, radiation physics, radiation biology, radiation safety and radiation management applicable to fluoroscopy, provided not less than ten hours of such training shall address radiation safety and not less than fifteen hours of such training shall address both radiation physics and radiation biology; and (2) pass an examination prescribed by the Commissioner of Public Health. Documentation that the physician assistant has met the requirements prescribed in this subsection shall be maintained at the employment site of the physician assistant and made available to the Department of Public Health upon request.

      (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 20-74bb and 20-74ee, nothing shall prohibit a physician assistant from engaging in the use of fluoroscopy for guidance of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures or from positioning and utilizing a mini C-arm in conjunction with fluoroscopic procedures prior to October 1, 2011, nor require the physician assistant to complete the course described in subsection (a) of this section, provided such physician assistant shall pass the examination prescribed by the commissioner on or before October 1, 2011. If a physician assistant does not pass the required examination on or before October 1, 2011, such physician assistant shall not engage in the use of fluoroscopy for guidance of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures or position and utilize a mini C-arm in conjunction with fluoroscopic procedures until such time as such physician assistant meets the requirements of subsection (a) of this section.

      (P.A. 09-232, S. 51.)

      History: P.A. 09-232 effective July 8, 2009.

      See Sec. 20-74ee re physician assistants engaged in the use of fluoroscopy.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Secs. 20-12j to 20-12m. Reserved for future use.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-12n. Homeopathic physicians. (a) As used in this section, "homeopathic physician" means a physician who prescribes the single remedy in the minimum dose in potentized form, selected from the law of similars.

      (b) Subject to the provisions of this section, no person shall practice as a homeopathic physician until such person has obtained a license to practice medicine and surgery from the Department of Public Health in accordance with this chapter. No license as a homeopathic physician shall be required of a graduate of any school or institution giving instruction in the healing arts who is completing a post-graduate medical training in homeopathy pursuant to subsection (c) of this section.

      (c) Applicants for licensure as a homeopathic physician shall, in addition to meeting the requirements of section 20-10, have successfully completed not less than one hundred twenty hours of post-graduate medical training in homeopathy offered by an institution approved by the Connecticut Homeopathic Medical Examining Board or the American Institute of Homeopathy, or one hundred twenty hours of post-graduate medical training in homeopathy under the direct supervision of a licensed homeopathic physician, which shall consist of thirty hours of theory and ninety hours of clinical practice. The Connecticut Homeopathic Medical Examining Board shall approve any training completed under the direction of a licensed homeopathic physician.

      (P.A. 03-252, S. 6.)

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-13. Issuance of license. Any person who has complied with the provisions of section 20-10 or section 20-12, and who files the proof thereof with the Department of Public Health, shall receive from the department a license, which shall include a statement that the person named therein is qualified to practice medicine and surgery.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4364(e); 1953, 1955, S. 2192d(e); 1959, P.A. 616, S. 4; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 81-471, S. 6, 71; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)

      History: 1959 act deleted requirement for paying $2 for certificate; P.A. 77-614 replaced department of health with department of health services, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 81-471 changed "certificate of registration" to "license" as of July 1, 1981; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

      See Sec. 19a-88 re annual renewal of licenses.

      Sec. 20-8a et seq. cited. 207 C. 346. Cited. 235 C. 128. Cited. 239 C. 574.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-13a. Definitions. As used in sections 20-13a to 20-13e, inclusive, unless the context otherwise requires:

      (1) "Board" means the Connecticut Medical Examining Board, as provided for in section 20-8a;

      (2) "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Public Health;

      (3) "County society" means a county medical association affiliated with the Connecticut State Medical Society;

      (4) "Department" means the Department of Public Health;

      (5) "License" means any license or permit issued pursuant to section 20-10, 20-11a or 20-12;

      (6) "Physician" means a person holding a license issued pursuant to this chapter, except a homeopathic physician; and

      (7) "State society" means the Connecticut State Medical Society or the Connecticut Osteopathic Medical Society.

      (P.A. 76-276, S. 1, 22; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 82-472, S. 74, 183; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; 95-271, S. 8, 40; P.A. 99-102, S. 11; P.A. 08-184, S. 7.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner and department of health with commissioner and department of health services, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 82-472 replaced alphabetic Subdiv. indicators with numeric indicators; P.A. 93-381 replaced department and commissioner of health services with department and commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-271 added reference to the Connecticut Osteopathic Medical Society in definition of "county society", added Subdiv. (5) defining "license", renumbering the remaining Subdivs., and changed "licensed" to "holding a license issued" in definition of "physician", effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 99-102 moved reference to the Connecticut Osteopathic Medical Society from the definition of "county society" in Subdiv. (3) to the definition of "state society" in Subdiv. (7); P.A. 08-184 replaced "20-13i" with "20-13e".

      Sec. 20-8a et seq. cited. 207 C. 346.

      Subdiv. (5):

      Cited. 208 C. 492.


(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-13b. Guidelines for reviewing complaints against physicians. The Commissioner of Public Health, with advice and assistance from the board, shall establish guidelines as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of sections 20-13a to 20-13e, inclusive. Not later than January 1, 2006, such guidelines shall include, but need not be limited to: (1) Guidelines for screening complaints received to determine which complaints will be investigated; (2) guidelines to provide a basis for prioritizing the order in which complaints will be investigated; (3) a system for conducting investigations to ensure prompt action when it appears necessary; (4) guidelines to determine when an investigation should be broadened beyond the scope of the initial complaint to include, but not be limited to, sampling patient records to identify patterns of care, reviewing office practices and procedures, and reviewing performance and discharge data from hospitals; and (5) guidelines to protect and ensure the confidentiality of patient and provider identifiable information when an investigation is broadened beyond the scope of the initial complaint. Such guidelines shall not be considered regulations, as defined in section 4-166.

      (P.A. 76-276, S. 2, 22; P.A. 77-614, S. 353, 610; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 05-275, S. 20; P.A. 08-184, S. 8.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner of health with commissioner of health services, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 05-275 required Commissioner of Public Health to establish guidelines, rather than regulations, to carry out provisions of Secs. 20-13a to 20-13i, added Subdivs. (1) to (5) specifying elements to be included within such guidelines, required that guidelines include such elements not later than January 1, 2006, and provided that guidelines shall not be considered regulations, effective July 13, 2005; P.A. 08-184 replaced "20-13i" with "20-13e".

      Sec. 20-8a et seq. cited. 207 C. 346.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-13c. Restriction, suspension or revocation of physician's right to practice. Grounds. The board is authorized to restrict, suspend or revoke the license or limit the right to practice of a physician or take any other action in accordance with section 19a-17, for any of the following reasons: (1) Physical illness or loss of motor skill, including, but not limited to, deterioration through the aging process; (2) emotional disorder or mental illness; (3) abuse or excessive use of drugs, including alcohol, narcotics or chemicals; (4) illegal, incompetent or negligent conduct in the practice of medicine; (5) possession, use, prescription for use, or distribution of controlled substances or legend drugs, except for therapeutic or other medically proper purposes; (6) misrepresentation or concealment of a material fact in the obtaining or reinstatement of a license to practice medicine; (7) failure to adequately supervise a physician assistant; (8) failure to fulfill any obligation resulting from participation in the National Health Service Corps; (9) failure to maintain professional liability insurance or other indemnity against liability for professional malpractice as provided in subsection (a) of section 20-11b; (10) failure to provide information requested by the department for purposes of completing a health care provider profile, as required by section 20-13j; (11) engaging in any activity for which accreditation is required under section 19a-690 or 19a-691 without the appropriate accreditation required by section 19a-690 or 19a-691; (12) failure to provide evidence of accreditation required under section 19a-690 or 19a-691 as requested by the department pursuant to section 19a-690 or 19a-691; (13) failure to comply with the continuing medical education requirements set forth in section 20-10b; or (14) violation of any provision of this chapter or any regulation established hereunder. In each case, the board shall consider whether the physician poses a threat, in the practice of medicine, to the health and safety of any person. If the board finds that the physician poses such a threat, the board shall include such finding in its final decision and act to suspend or revoke the license of said physician.

      (P.A. 76-276, S. 3, 22; P.A. 77-614, S. 354, 610; P.A. 80-484, S. 15, 176; P.A. 81-471, S. 7, 71; P.A. 90-211, S. 10, 23; P.A. 91-105, S. 3, 4; P.A. 92-40; P.A. 94-71, S. 7; P.A. 99-284, S. 34; P.A. 01-50, S. 3, 4; P.A. 05-275, S. 21.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 added Subdiv. (8) allowing restriction, suspension or revocation of license etc. for violations of chapter or related regulations, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 80-484 replaced "certificate of registration" with "license" and deleted Subdiv. (7) prohibiting advertising which may deceive the public, renumbering Subdiv. (8) accordingly; P.A. 81-471 deleted reference to "certificate" in Subdiv. (6); P.A. 90-211 added failure to adequately supervise a physician assistant as ground for disciplinary action; P.A. 91-105 amended section to require the board to make determination concerning any threat presented by a physician to the health and safety of patients; P.A. 92-40 inserted new Subdiv. (8) concerning failure to fulfill obligations resulting from participation in the National Health Service Corps, renumbering former Subdiv. (8) as (9); P.A. 94-71 inserted new Subdiv. (9) concerning failure to maintain professional liability insurance or other indemnity against liability for professional malpractice and renumbered former Subdiv. (9) as (10); P.A. 99-284 inserted new Subdiv. (10) re failure to provide profile information, renumbering former Subdiv. (10) as (11), and made technical changes; P.A. 01-50 added new Subdivs. (11) and (12) re accreditation requirements and redesignated former Subdiv. (11) as Subdiv. (13), effective July 1, 2001; P.A. 05-275 added new Subdiv. (13) including failure to comply with continuing medical education requirements of Sec. 20-10b as ground for disciplinary action and redesignated existing Subdiv. (13) as Subdiv. (14).

      Sec. 20-8a et seq. cited. 207 C. 346. Cited. Id. Cited. 208 C. 492. Cited. 223 C. 618. Cited. 228 C. 651.

      Cited. 24 CA 662; judgment reversed, see 223 C. 618. Cited. 37 CA 694.

      Cited. 40 CS 188.


(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-13d. Complaints required and permitted. Department to be notified of termination or restriction of physician's privileges. Facilities to be notified of suspension, revocation or restriction of physician's license. Notice of disciplinary action taken in other state. (a) The state society or any county society or any physician or hospital shall within thirty days, and the board or any individual may, file a petition when such society, physician or hospital or said board or individual has any information which appears to show that a physician is or may be unable to practice medicine with reasonable skill or safety for any of the reasons listed in section 20-13c. Petitions shall be filed with the Department of Public Health on forms supplied by the department, shall be signed and sworn and shall set forth in detail the matters complained of.

      (b) Any health care facility licensed under section 19a-493 which terminates or restricts the staff membership or privileges of any physician shall, not later than fifteen days after the effective date of such action, notify the department of such action.

      (c) The department shall notify any health care facility licensed under section 19a-493 if the board suspends, revokes or otherwise restricts the license of any physician. The commissioner shall adopt regulations in accordance with chapter 54 to implement a system of notification in accordance with the provisions of this subsection.

      (d) A physician shall report to the department any disciplinary action similar to an action specified in subsection (a) of section 19a-17 taken against him by a duly authorized professional disciplinary agency of any other state, the District of Columbia, a United States possession or territory, or a foreign jurisdiction, within thirty days of such action. Failure to so report may constitute a ground for disciplinary action under section 20-13c.

      (P.A. 76-276, S. 4, 22; P.A. 77-614, S. 355, 610; P.A. 84-148, S. 1, 4; P.A. 90-13, S. 8; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 required that complaints be filed with department of health services rather than with board and that department rather than board be notified of termination, restriction, etc. of physician by health care facility and deleted Subsecs. (c) and (d) re procedure for investigation of complaints, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 84-148 changed "complaint" to "petition", imposed thirty-day time limit for filing of petition and added Subsec. (c) requiring the department to notify health care facilities if the board suspends, revokes or otherwise restricts a physician's license; P.A. 90-13 added Subsec. (d) re disciplinary action taken in any other state; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

      Sec. 20-8a et seq. cited. 207 C. 346.

      Cited. 17 CA 532.

      Cited. 40 CS 188.


(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-13e. Investigation of petition. Examination of physician. Hearing. Enforcement. (a) The department shall investigate each petition filed pursuant to section 20-13d, in accordance with the provisions of subdivisions (10) and (11) of subsection (a) of section 19a-14, to determine if probable cause exists to issue a statement of charges and to institute proceedings against the physician under subsection (d) of this section. Such investigation shall be concluded not later than eighteen months from the date the petition is filed with the department and, unless otherwise specified by this subsection, the record of such investigation shall be deemed a public record, in accordance with section 1-210, at the conclusion of such eighteen-month period. Any such investigation shall be confidential and no person shall disclose his knowledge of such investigation to a third party unless the physician requests that such investigation and disclosure be open, except that the department shall provide information to the person who filed the complaint pursuant to subdivision (12) of subsection (a) of section 19a-14. If the department determines that probable cause exists to issue a statement of charges, the entire record of such proceeding shall be public unless the department determines that the physician is an appropriate candidate for participation in an assistance program in accordance with the provisions of sections 19a-12a and 19a-12b. The petition and all records of any physician determined to be eligible for participation in an assistance program prior to June 11, 2007, shall remain confidential during the physician's participation and upon successful completion of the assistance program, in accordance with the terms and conditions agreed upon by the physician and the department. If at any time subsequent to the filing of a petition and during the eighteen-month period, the department makes a finding of no probable cause, the petition and the entire record of such investigation shall remain confidential, except as provided in subdivision (12) of subsection (a) of section 19a-14, unless the physician requests that such petition and record be open.

      (b) As part of an investigation of a petition filed pursuant to subsection (a) of section 20-13d, the Department of Public Health may order the physician to submit to a physical or mental examination, to be performed by a physician chosen from a list approved by the department. The department may seek the advice of established medical organizations or licensed health professionals in determining the nature and scope of any diagnostic examinations to be used as part of any such physical or mental examination. The examining physician shall make a written statement of his or her findings.

      (c) If the physician fails to obey a department order to submit to examination or attend a hearing, the department may petition the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford to order such examination or attendance, and said court or any judge assigned to said court shall have jurisdiction to issue such order.

      (d) Subject to the provisions of section 4-182, no license shall be restricted, suspended or revoked by the board, and no physician's right to practice shall be limited by the board, until the physician has been given notice and opportunity for hearing in accordance with the regulations established by the commissioner.

      (P.A. 76-276, S. 5, 22; P.A. 77-614, S. 356, 610; P.A. 80-483, S. 160, 186; P.A. 81-471, S. 8, 71; P.A. 84-148, S. 2, 4; P.A. 88-230, S. 1, 12; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 91-105, S. 2, 4; P.A. 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-220, S. 4-6; 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 05-288, S. 80; P.A. 07-103, S. 3; P.A. 10-122, S. 4.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 deleted Subsecs. (a) and (b) re procedure for investigation of complaints after board's staff report or county society report and Subsecs. (d) and (e) re hearings, rights of physicians during hearings, etc., designated former Subsec. (c) as (a), substituting department of health services for board and deleting clause re consideration of examining physician's statement as part of investigation and staff report, designated former Subsec. (f) as (b), similarly substituting department for board, and added new Subsec. (c) prohibiting restriction, suspension or revocation of certificate, etc. unless notice and opportunity for hearing has been given, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 80-483 replaced Hartford county with judicial district of Hartford-New Britain in Subsec. (b); P.A. 81-471 changed "certificate of registration" to "license" in Subsec. (c) as of July 1, 1981; P.A. 84-148 inserted new Subsecs. (a) and (b) concerning investigations of petitions and appropriate rehabilitation programs for physicians, relettered former Subsec. (a) and authorized the department to seek medical advice re examinations of a physician and relettered former Subsecs. (b) and (c); P.A. 88-230 replaced "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain" with "judicial district of Hartford", effective September 1, 1991; P.A. 90-98 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1991, to September 1, 1993; P.A. 91-105 amended Subsec. (b) to require the department to make determination concerning any threat presented by a physician to the health and safety of patients; P.A. 93-142 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1993, to September 1, 1996, effective June 14, 1993; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-220 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1996, to September 1, 1998, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 05-288 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a) and (b), effective July 13, 2005; P.A. 07-103 amended Subsec. (a) to add provisions re physician participation in professional assistance program established under Sec. 19a-12a and the confidentiality of such participation and to make conforming and technical changes, deleted former Subsec. (b) re rehabilitation program and redesignated existing Subsecs. (c) to (e) as Subsecs. (b) to (d), effective June 11, 2007; P.A. 10-122 amended Subsec. (a) by changing "subdivision (10)" to "subdivisions (10) and (11)" re Sec. 19a-14(a), by adding provisions re exception to investigation confidentiality requirements for information re investigation of physician provided to person filing the complaint against such physician and by changing "rehabilitation program" to "assistance program".

      Sec. 20-8a et seq. cited. 207 C. 346. Cited. 224 C. 29.

      Cited. 14 CA 552.

      Cited. 40 CS 188.


(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Secs. 20-13f to 20-13h. Decision and order; notice; surrender of certificate; appeal. Rescission or modification of disciplinary action. Immunity from civil liability; admissibility of evidence. Sections 20-13f to 20-13h, inclusive, are repealed.

      (P.A. 76-276, S. 6-8, 22; P.A. 77-614, S. 357, 587, 609, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 85, 136; P.A. 80-484, S. 175, 176.)

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-13i. Annual report by department. Section 20-13i is repealed, effective October 1, 2008.

      (P.A. 76-276, S. 9, 22; P.A. 80-484, S. 147, 176; P.A. 84-148, S. 3, 4; P.A. 08-184, S. 63.)

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-13j. Health care provider profiles. Establishment. Public availability. (a) For the purposes of this section:

      (1) "Department" means the Department of Public Health; and

      (2) "Health care provider" means: (A) A physician licensed under this chapter; (B) a dentist licensed under chapter 379; (C) a chiropractor licensed under chapter 372; (D) an optometrist licensed under chapter 380; (E) a podiatrist licensed under chapter 375; (F) a natureopath licensed under chapter 373; (G) a dental hygienist licensed under chapter 379a; (H) an advanced practice registered nurse licensed under chapter 378; or (I) a physical therapist licensed under chapter 376.

      (b) The department, after consultation with the Connecticut Medical Examining Board, the Connecticut State Medical Society, or any other appropriate state board, shall, within available appropriations, collect the following information to create an individual profile on each health care provider for dissemination to the public:

      (1) The name of the medical or dental school, chiropractic college, school or college of optometry, school or college of chiropody or podiatry, school or college of natureopathy, school of dental hygiene, school of physical therapy or other school or institution giving instruction in the healing arts attended by the health care provider and the date of graduation;

      (2) The site, training, discipline and inclusive dates of any completed postgraduate education or other professional education required pursuant to the applicable licensure section of the general statutes;

      (3) The area of the health care provider's practice specialty;

      (4) The address of the health care provider's primary practice location or primary practice locations, if more than one;

      (5) A list of languages, other than English, spoken at the health care provider's primary practice locations;

      (6) An indication of any disciplinary action taken against the health care provider by the department, the appropriate state board or any professional licensing or disciplinary body in another jurisdiction;

      (7) Any current certifications issued to the health care provider by a specialty board of the profession;

      (8) The hospitals and nursing homes at which the health care provider has been granted privileges;

      (9) Any appointments of the health care provider to a Connecticut medical school faculty and an indication as to whether the health care provider has current responsibility for graduate medical education;

      (10) A listing of the health care provider's publications in peer reviewed literature;

      (11) A listing of the health care provider's professional services, activities and awards;

      (12) Any hospital disciplinary actions against the health care provider that resulted, within the past ten years, in the termination or revocation of the health care provider's hospital privileges for a professional disciplinary cause or reason, or the resignation from, or nonrenewal of, professional staff membership or the restriction of privileges at a hospital taken in lieu of or in settlement of a pending disciplinary case related to professional competence in such hospital;

      (13) A description of any criminal conviction of the health care provider for a felony within the last ten years. For the purposes of this subdivision, a health care provider shall be deemed to be convicted of a felony if the health care provider pleaded guilty or was found or adjudged guilty by a court of competent jurisdiction or has been convicted of a felony by the entry of a plea of nolo contendere;

      (14) To the extent available, and consistent with the provisions of subsection (c) of this section, all professional malpractice court judgments and all professional malpractice arbitration awards against the health care provider in which a payment was awarded to a complaining party during the last ten years, and all settlements of professional malpractice claims against the health care provider in which a payment was made to a complaining party within the last ten years;

      (15) An indication as to whether the health care provider is actively involved in patient care; and

      (16) The name of the health care provider's professional liability insurance carrier.

      (c) Any report of a professional malpractice judgment or award against a health care provider made under subdivision (14) of subsection (b) of this section shall comply with the following: (1) Dispositions of paid claims shall be reported in a minimum of three graduated categories indicating the level of significance of the award or settlement; (2) information concerning paid professional malpractice claims shall be placed in context by comparing an individual health care provider's professional malpractice judgments, awards and settlements to the experience of other health care providers licensed in Connecticut who perform procedures and treat patients with a similar degree of risk; (3) all judgment award and settlement information reported shall be limited to amounts actually paid by or on behalf of the health care provider; and (4) comparisons of professional malpractice payment data shall be accompanied by (A) an explanation of the fact that health care providers treating certain patients and performing certain procedures are more likely to be the subject of litigation than others and that the comparison given is for health care providers who perform procedures and treat patients with a similar degree of risk; (B) a statement that the report reflects data for the last ten years and the recipient should take into account the number of years the health care provider has been in practice when considering the data; (C) an explanation that an incident giving rise to a professional malpractice claim may have occurred years before any payment was made due to the time lawsuits take to move through the legal system; (D) an explanation of the effect of treating high-risk patients on a health care provider's professional malpractice history; and (E) an explanation that professional malpractice cases may be settled for reasons other than liability and that settlements are sometimes made by the insurer without the health care provider's consent. Information concerning all settlements shall be accompanied by the following statement: "Settlement of a claim may occur for a variety of reasons that do not necessarily reflect negatively on the professional competence or conduct of the health care provider. A payment in settlement of a professional malpractice action or claim should not be construed as creating a presumption that professional malpractice has occurred."

      (d) Pending professional malpractice claims against a health care provider and actual amounts paid by or on behalf of a health care provider in connection with a professional malpractice judgment, award or settlement shall not be disclosed by the department to the public. This subsection shall not be construed to prevent the department from investigating and disciplining a health care provider on the basis of professional malpractice claims that are pending.

      (e) Prior to the initial release of a health care provider's profile to the public, the department shall provide the health care provider with a copy of the health care provider's profile. Additionally, any amendments or modifications to the profile that were not supplied by the health care provider or not generated by the department itself shall be provided to the health care provider for review prior to release to the public. A health care provider shall have sixty days from the date the department mails or delivers the prepublication copy to dispute the accuracy of any information that the department proposes to include in such profile and to submit a written statement setting forth the basis for such dispute. If a health care provider does not notify the department that the health care provider disputes the accuracy of such information within such sixty-day period, the department shall make the profile available to the public and the health care provider shall be deemed to have approved the profile and all information contained in the profile. If a health care provider notifies the department that the health care provider disputes the accuracy of such information in accordance with this subsection, the health care provider's profile shall be released to the public without the disputed information, but with a statement to the effect that information in the identified category is currently the subject of a dispute and is therefore not currently available. Not later than thirty days after the department's receipt of notice of a dispute, the department shall review any information submitted by the health care provider in support of such dispute and determine whether to amend the information contained in the profile. In the event that the department determines not to amend the disputed information, the disputed information shall be included in the profile with a statement that such information is disputed by the health care provider.

      (f) A health care provider may elect to have the health care provider's profile omit information provided pursuant to subdivisions (9) to (11), inclusive, of subsection (b) of this section. In collecting information for such profiles and in the dissemination of such profiles, the department shall inform health care providers that they may choose not to provide the information described in said subdivisions (9) to (11), inclusive.

      (g) Each profile created pursuant to this section shall include the following statement: "This profile contains information that may be used as a starting point in evaluating a health care provider. This profile should not, however, be your sole basis for selecting a health care provider."

      (h) The department shall maintain a web site on the Internet for use by the public in obtaining profiles of health care providers.

      (i) No state law that would otherwise prohibit, limit or penalize disclosure of information about a health care provider shall apply to disclosure of information required by this section.

      (j) All information provided by a health care provider pursuant to this section shall be subject to the penalty for false statement under section 53a-157b.

      (k) Except for the information in subdivisions (1), (2), (10) and (11) of subsection (b) of this section, a health care provider shall notify the department of any changes to the information required in subsection (b) of this section not later than sixty days after such change.

      (P.A. 99-284, S. 33; P.A. 05-275, S. 22, 23; P.A. 08-109, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 05-275 amended Subsec. (b) by making a technical change, expanding Subdiv. (6) to require disclosure of disciplinary actions taken against physicians by any professional licensing or disciplinary body in another jurisdiction, adding Subdiv. (15) to require indication as to whether physician is actively involved in patient care, and adding Subdiv. (16) to require profile to include name of physician's professional liability insurance carrier, and amended Subsec. (k) by requiring physicians to report any changes or updates in mandatory reporting information, except for information specified in Subdivs. (1), (2), (10) and (11) of Subsec. (b); P.A. 08-109 amended Subsec. (a) by designating existing provision as Subdiv. (1), deleting definition of "physician" and adding Subdiv. (2) defining "health care provider" and substantially revised Subsecs. (b) to (k) to include additional health care providers, make conforming changes to information required to be collected by Department of Public Health and make technical changes, effective January 1, 2010.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-13k. Guidelines for disciplinary action. Not later than January 1, 2006, the Department of Public Health, with the advice and assistance of the Connecticut Medical Examining Board and relevant medical professional associations, shall establish guidelines for use in the disciplinary process. Such guidelines shall include, but need not be limited to: (1) Identification of each type of violation; (2) a range of penalties for each type of violation; (3) additional optional conditions that may be imposed by the board for each violation; (4) identification of factors the board shall consider in determining what penalty should apply; (5) conditions, such as mitigating factors or other facts, that may be considered in allowing deviations from the guidelines; and (6) a provision that when a deviation from the guidelines occurs, the reason for the deviation shall be identified. Such guidelines shall not be considered regulations, as defined in section 4-166.

      (P.A. 05-275, S. 17.)

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-13l. Notification of criminal charges against physicians. Investigation. The Office of the Chief State's Attorney shall notify the Department of Public Health immediately, in writing, when criminal charges are brought against a physician licensed by the department for (1) reckless endangerment within the scope of the physician's medical practice, (2) manslaughter, or (3) murder. Upon such notification, the department may initiate an investigation of the physician to determine whether any disciplinary action should be taken against the physician, including possible suspension of his or her license, while such criminal charges are pending against the physician.

      (P.A. 05-67, S. 1.)

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-14. Exceptions. Prescription in English. Penalties. No provision of this section, sections 20-8, 20-9 to 20-13, inclusive, or 20-14a shall be construed to repeal or affect any of the provisions of any private charter, or to apply to licensed pharmacists. All physicians or surgeons and all physician assistants practicing under the provisions of this chapter shall, when requested, write a duplicate of their prescriptions in the English language. Any person who violates any provision of this section regarding prescriptions shall be fined ten dollars for each offense. Any person who violates any provision of section 20-9 shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars or be imprisoned not more than five years or be both fined and imprisoned. For the purposes of this section, each instance of patient contact or consultation which is in violation of any provision of section 20-9 shall constitute a separate offense. Failure to renew a license in a timely manner shall not constitute a violation for the purposes of this section. Any person who swears to any falsehood in any statement required by section 20-10, 20-12, 20-12b or 20-12c to be filed with the Department of Public Health shall be guilty of false statement.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4368; 1969, P.A. 117; 1971, P.A. 871, S. 97; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 84-526, S. 1; P.A. 90-211, S. 11, 23; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)

      History: 1969 act increased penalties: for first offense from fine of $100 to $300 and/or maximum imprisonment of one year to fine of $200 to $1,000 and/or maximum imprisonment of two years and for subsequent offenses from fine of $200 to $500 and/or thirty-day minimum and one-year maximum imprisonment to fine of $500 to $2,000 and/or one-year minimum and five-year maximum imprisonment; 1971 act referred to "false statement" rather than "perjury"; P.A. 77-614 replaced department of health with department of health services, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 84-526 amended section by changing penalty for violation of any provision of Sec. 20-9 to a fine of not more than $500 or imprisonment of not more than five years, and added provisions that each instance of patient contact or consultation shall constitute a separate offense and failure to renew license in timely manner is not a violation for purposes of section; P.A. 90-211 applied provisions to physician assistants and added reference to Secs. 20-12b and 20-12c; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

      See Sec. 17a-714a re legal protections for licensed health care professionals who prescribe opioid antagonists to drug users.

      Sec. 20-8a et seq. cited. 207 C. 346.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-14a. Prescription of drugs by generic name. Disclosure to patient. Labeling. (a) For the purposes of this section, "brand name" means the name the manufacturer places upon a drug or pharmaceutical or on its container, label, or wrapping at the time of packaging; and "generic name" means the chemical name or formula or the established name designated in the official United States Pharmacopoeia, official Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States, or official National Formulary, or any supplement to any of them.

      (b) Any physician, surgeon or other person authorized to prescribe drugs within this state, who prescribes a drug, shall in each such prescription, oral or written, include the generic name thereof, if any, unless such physician, surgeon or other person authorized to prescribe drugs, in the exercise of his professional judgment, prescribes a specific brand name drug. The physician, surgeon or other person so authorized shall state to the patient for whom a drug is being prescribed, or to his parent or guardian, the name of the drug or medicine being prescribed, either orally or in writing, and all licensed pharmacists dispensing prescriptions and all health care institutions or facility pharmacies shall label the container containing said medication or prescription with the name as provided by the physician, surgeon or other person so authorized, the strength of each dose prescribed and the date of refill if said prescription is a refill, except if the physician, surgeon or other person so authorized expressly forbids the placing of said drug or medicine name on the prescription label or package. On all prescriptions, whether or not a generic name is stated, the physician, surgeon or other person so authorized shall, if the patient is over the age of sixty-five, include a notation to that effect.

      (c) It is declared to be the public policy of this state that generic name of drugs be used in prescriptions wherever feasible.

      (1972, P.A. 15, S. 1-3; June, 1972, P.A. 1, S. 1; P.A. 73-242.)

      History: June, 1972 act rephrased Subsec. (c) for clarity; P.A. 73-242 required physician to inform patient or his parent or guardian of the name of the drug or medicine prescribed and required prescription label to contain drug name, strength of dose and refill date, unless physician forbids placing name on label.

      See Sec. 17a-714a re legal protections for licensed health care professionals who prescribe opioid antagonists to drug users.

      Sec. 20-8a et seq. cited. 207 C. 346.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-14b. Renewal of licenses. Licenses issued under this chapter shall be renewed annually, on and after January 1, 1981, in accordance with the provisions of section 19a-88.

      (P.A. 80-484, S. 14, 176.)

      Sec. 20-8a et seq. cited. 207 C. 346.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-14c. Dispensing and labeling of drugs. Definitions. As used in this section and sections 20-14d to 20-14g, inclusive, and section 20-12d:

      (1) "Dispense" has the same meaning as provided in section 20-571.

      (2) "Drug" means a legend drug, as defined in section 20-571, or a controlled drug, as defined in section 21a-240.

      (3) "Prescribing practitioner" means a physician, dentist, podiatrist, optometrist, physician assistant, advanced practice registered nurse, nurse-midwife or veterinarian licensed by the state of Connecticut and authorized to prescribe medication within the scope of such person's practice.

      (4) "Professional samples" means complimentary starter dose drugs packaged in accordance with federal and state statutes and regulations that are provided to a prescribing practitioner free of charge by a manufacturer or distributor and distributed free of charge by the prescribing practitioner to such prescribing practitioner's patients.

      (P.A. 85-545, S. 1, 6; P.A. 89-389, S. 13, 22; P.A. 90-211, S. 12, 23; P.A. 92-88, S. 2; P.A. 95-264, S. 49; P.A. 99-102, S. 20; 99-175, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 89-389 redefined "licensed practitioner" to include advanced practice registered nurses and nurse-midwives; P.A. 90-211 added the reference to Sec. 20-12d in introductory language and redefined "licensed practitioner" to include physician assistants; P.A. 92-88 redefined "licensed practitioner" to include optometrists; P.A. 95-264 substituted definition of "prescribing practitioner" for "licensed practitioner" and included veterinarians and made technical changes; (Revisor's note: In 1999 the Revisors editorially corrected the statutory reference in Subdiv. (1), changing "subdivision (8)" to "subdivision (9)"); P.A. 99-102 deleted obsolete reference to osteopathy and made technical changes; P.A. 99-175 made technical and gender neutral changes.

      Sec. 20-8a et seq. cited. 207 C. 346.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-14d. Dispensing of drugs by licensed practitioners to be in accordance with sections 20-14c, 20-14f and 20-14g. Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes, no drug may be dispensed by a prescribing practitioner except in accordance with the provisions of this section and sections 20-14c, 20-14f and 20-14g.

      (P.A. 85-545, S. 2, 6; P.A. 95-264, S. 65; P.A. 99-175, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 95-264 changed "licensed" practitioner to "prescribing" practitioner and made technical changes; P.A. 99-175 made technical changes.

      See Sec. 20-631 re collaborative drug therapy management agreements between pharmacists and physicians.

      Sec. 20-8a et seq. cited. 207 C. 346.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-14e. Dispensing of drugs. Dispensing of contact lenses containing a drug or ocular agents-T. (a) A drug dispensed by a prescribing practitioner shall be personally dispensed by the prescribing practitioner and the dispensing of such drug shall not be delegated except that, in emergency departments of acute care hospitals licensed under chapter 368v, the tasks related to dispensing such drug may be carried out by a nurse licensed pursuant to chapter 378 under the supervision of the prescribing practitioner.

      (b) A patient's medical record shall include a complete record of any drug dispensed by the prescribing practitioner.

      (c) A prescribing practitioner dispensing a drug shall package the drug in containers approved by the federal Consumer Product Safety Commission, unless requested otherwise by the patient, and shall label the container with the following information: (1) The full name of the patient; (2) the prescribing practitioner's full name and address; (3) the date of dispensing; (4) instructions for use; and (5) any cautionary statements as may be required by law.

      (d) Professional samples dispensed by a prescribing practitioner shall be exempt from the requirements of subsection (c) of this section.

      (e) A prescribing physician or surgeon may dispense and sell contact lenses that contain a drug, as defined in section 20-571, and such physician or surgeon shall be exempt from the requirements of subsection (c) of this section when dispensing or selling contact lenses. As used in this subsection, "physician" means a person holding a license issued pursuant to this chapter, except a homeopathic physician.

      (f) A licensed optometrist, authorized to practice advanced optometric care pursuant to section 20-127, who dispenses contact lenses that contain ocular agents-T, as defined in subdivision (5) of subsection (a) of section 20-127, shall be exempt from the requirements of subsection (c) of this section when dispensing or selling contact lenses.

      (P.A. 85-545, S. 3, 6; P.A. 95-264, S. 50; P.A. 99-80, S. 2; 99-175, S. 3; P.A. 09-58, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 95-264 changed "licensed" practitioner to "prescribing" practitioner throughout section and deleted Subsec. (e) which had required compliance with Sec. 20-175a consumer information requirements when dispensing drugs other than professional samples; P.A. 99-80 amended Subsec. (a) by adding exception for nurses in emergency departments; P.A. 99-175 amended Subsec. (c) to make technical changes and add numerical Subdiv. indicators; P.A. 09-58 added Subsecs. (e) and (f) exempting physicians, surgeons and optometrists, who dispense and sell contact lenses that contain a drug or ocular agents-T, from requirements of Subsec. (c).

      Sec. 20-8a et seq. cited. 207 C. 346.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-14f. Report to commissioner of intent to continue to dispense drugs other than professional samples. A prescribing practitioner who, as part of his practice, dispenses any drug other than professional samples shall notify the Commissioner of Consumer Protection that he is engaged in the dispensing of drugs and shall, biennially, upon the date of renewal of the controlled substance registration required by section 21a-317, inform the commissioner of his intent to continue to dispense drugs to his patients.

      (P.A. 85-545, S. 4; P.A. 95-264, S. 66; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(c); P.A. 04-189, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 95-264 changed "licensed" practitioner to "prescribing" practitioner; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Consumer Protection with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

      Sec. 20-8a et seq. cited. 207 C. 346.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-14g. Regulations. The Commissioner of Consumer Protection, with the advice and assistance of the Commission of Pharmacy, may adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, to carry out the provisions of sections 20-14c to 20-14f, inclusive.

      (P.A. 85-545, S. 5, 6; P.A. 99-175, S. 4; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(c); P.A. 04-189, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 99-175 made technical changes; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Consumer Protection with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004.

      Sec. 20-8a et seq. cited. 207 C. 346.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-14h. Definitions. As used in sections 20-14h to 20-14j, inclusive:

      (1) "Administration" means the direct application of a medication by means other than injection to the body of a person.

      (2) "Day programs", "residential facilities" and "individual and family support" include only those programs, facilities and support services designated in the regulations adopted pursuant to section 20-14j.

      (3) "Juvenile detention centers" include only those centers operated under the jurisdiction of the Judicial Department.

      (4) "Medication" means any medicinal preparation, and includes any controlled substances specifically designated in the regulations or policies adopted pursuant to section 20-14j.

      (5) "Trained person" means a person who has successfully completed training prescribed by the regulations or policies adopted pursuant to section 20-14j.

      (P.A. 87-433, S. 1, 4; P.A. 90-70, S. 1, 4; P.A. 05-150, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 90-70 added definition of "juvenile detention centers" as Subdiv. (3), renumbering as necessary; P.A. 05-150 amended Subdiv. (2) to include reference to individual and family support.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-14i. Administration of medication by trained persons. Any provisions to the contrary notwithstanding, chapter 378 shall not prohibit the administration of medication to persons (1) attending day programs, residing in residential facilities or receiving individual and family support, under the jurisdiction of the Departments of Children and Families, Correction, Developmental Services and Mental Health and Addiction Services, (2) being detained in juvenile detention centers or residing in residential facilities dually licensed by the Department of Children and Families and the Department of Public Health, or (3) residing in substance abuse treatment facilities licensed by the Department of Children and Families pursuant to section 17a-145 when such medication is administered by trained persons, pursuant to the written order of a physician licensed under this chapter, a dentist licensed under chapter 379, an advanced practice registered nurse licensed to prescribe in accordance with section 20-94a or a physician assistant licensed to prescribe in accordance with section 20-12d, authorized to prescribe such medication. The provisions of this section shall not apply to institutions, facilities or programs licensed pursuant to chapter 368v.

      (P.A. 87-433, S. 2, 4; P.A. 90-70, S. 2, 4; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; P.A. 96-19, S. 2; P.A. 04-257, S. 103; P.A. 05-150, S. 2; 05-246, S. 14; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a); P.A. 09-197, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 90-70 added phrase "or being detained in juvenile detention centers"; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 96-19 expanded written orders by physicians to include written orders by advanced practice registered nurses and physician assistants; P.A. 04-257 made a technical change, effective June 14, 2004; P.A. 05-150 added reference to persons receiving individual and family support; P.A. 05-246 added exception for persons residing in residential facilities dually licensed by the Departments of Children and Families and Public Health; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Department of Mental Retardation" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007; P.A. 09-197 designated existing provisions re persons to whom administration of medication is not prohibited by Ch. 378 as Subdivs. (1) and (2) and added Subdiv. (3) re persons residing in substance abuse treatment facilities licensed by Department of Children and Families, effective July 1, 2009.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-14j. Regulations. Advisory task force. Training programs and policies re administration of medication at juvenile detention centers. (a) The commissioners of the departments which license the residential facilities, day programs or individual and family support services in which the administration of medication in accordance with section 20-14i is appropriate shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to carry out the provisions of sections 20-14h and 20-14i. If licensing is not required, the regulations shall be adopted by the commissioners of the departments having authority over the persons served in such facilities or programs, or receiving individual and family support. Such regulations shall be adopted by each affected department in consultation with an advisory task force which shall include the Commissioner of Public Health, the Commissioner of Mental Health and Addiction Services, the Commissioner of Developmental Services, the Commissioner of Correction and the Commissioner of Children and Families, or their designees. The task force shall submit a report to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to public health by November 1, 1988.

      (b) The Chief Court Administrator shall (1) establish ongoing training programs for personnel who are to administer medications to detainees in juvenile detention centers, and (2) adopt policies to carry out the provisions of sections 20-14h and 20-14i concerning the administration of medication to detainees in juvenile detention centers.

      (P.A. 87-433, S. 3, 4; P.A. 90-70, S. 3, 4; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 11, 12, 21, 58; P.A. 05-150, S. 3; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(b).)

      History: P.A. 90-70 added Subsec. (b) re establishment of training programs and adoption of policies by the chief court administrator for administration of medication at juvenile detention centers; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health and replaced Commissioner and Department of Mental Health with Commissioner and Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 05-150 amended Subsec. (a) to include references to individual and family support; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Commissioner of Mental Retardation" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-14k. Requirement for the posting of policy regarding Medicare assignment. Regulations. Any physician licensed under this chapter shall post, in a conspicuous place, the policy regarding Medicare assignment and shall inform all eligible persons of such policy prior to the delivery of care and services. The Commissioner of Social Services shall adopt regulations in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54 for purposes of this section.

      (P.A. 87-356, S. 1; P.A. 93-262, S. 1, 87; P.A. 99-102, S. 21.)

      History: P.A. 93-262 authorized substitution of commissioner and department of social services for commissioner and department on aging, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 99-102 deleted obsolete reference to chapter 371 and made a technical change.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-14l. Delegation of ophthalmological services. A physician licensed pursuant to this chapter, who specializes in ophthalmology, may delegate to an appropriately trained medical assistant the use or application of any ocular agent, provided such delegated service is performed only under the supervision, control and responsibility of the licensed physician. For purposes of this section, "appropriately trained medical assistant" means a medical assistant who has completed on-the-job training in the use and application of ocular agents under the supervision, control and responsibility of an employing, licensed physician, an affidavit in support of which shall be kept by the employing physician on the premises.

      (P.A. 05-36, S. 3.)

      See Secs. 20-127(g) and 20-138 authorizing optometrists to delegate certain duties re ocular agents.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 20-14m. Use of long-term antibiotic therapy in the treatment of Lyme disease. (a) As used in this section, (1) "long-term antibiotic therapy" means the administration of oral, intramuscular or intravenous antibiotics, singly or in combination, for periods of time in excess of four weeks; and (2) "Lyme disease" means the clinical diagnosis by a physician, licensed in accordance with chapter 370, of the presence in a patient of signs or symptoms compatible with acute infection with borrelia burgdorferi; or with late stage or persistent or chronic infection with borrelia burgdorferi, or with complications related to such an infection; or such other strains of borrelia that, on and after July 1, 2009, are recognized by the National Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as a cause of Lyme disease. Lyme disease includes an infection that meets the surveillance criteria set forth by the National Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and other acute and chronic manifestations of such an infection as determined by a physician, licensed in accordance with the provisions of chapter 370, pursuant to a clinical diagnosis that is based on knowledge obtained through medical history and physical examination alone, or in conjunction with testing that provides supportive data for such clinical diagnosis.

      (b) On and after July 1, 2009, a licensed physician may prescribe, administer or dispense long-term antibiotic therapy to a patient for a therapeutic purpose that eliminates such infection or controls a patient's symptoms upon making a clinical diagnosis that such patient has Lyme disease or displays symptoms consistent with a clinical diagnosis of Lyme disease, provided such clinical diagnosis and treatment are documented in the patient's medical record by such licensed physician. Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 20-8a and 20-13e, on and after said date, the Department of Public Health shall not initiate a disciplinary action against a licensed physician and such physician shall not be subject to disciplinary action by the Connecticut Medical Examining Board solely for prescribing, administering or dispensing long-term antibiotic therapy to a patient clinically diagnosed with Lyme disease, provided such clinical diagnosis and treatment has been documented in the patient's medical record by such licensed physician.

      (c) Nothing in this section shall prevent the Connecticut Medical Examining Board from taking disciplinary action for other reasons against a licensed physician, pursuant to section 19a-17, or from entering into a consent order with such physician pursuant to subsection (c) of section 4-177. Subject to the limitation set forth in subsection (b) of this section, for purposes of this section, the Connecticut Medical Examining Board may take disciplinary action against a licensed physician if there is any violation of the provisions of section 20-13c.

      (P.A. 09-128, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 09-128 effective July 1, 2009.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)