CHAPTER 368v*
HEALTH CARE INSTITUTIONS

      *See Sec. 17a-57 et seq., re procedure for voluntary surrender of infant by parent or parent's agent at hospital emergency room.

      See Sec. 17a-468b re residences for adults with acquired brain injuries.

      See Sec. 19a-88b re renewal of certain professional and occupational licenses, certificates, permits or registrations which become void while the holder is on active duty in the armed forces of the United States.

      Cited. 207 C. 674.

      Cited. 25 CA 177.


Table of Contents

Sec. 19a-485. Home for the aged deemed to mean residential care home.
Sec. 19a-486. Sale of nonprofit hospitals: Definitions.
Sec. 19a-486a. Sale of nonprofit hospitals: Certificate of need determination letter. Application for approval.
Sec. 19a-486b. Sale of nonprofit hospitals: Approval by commissioner and Attorney General.
Sec. 19a-486c. Sale of nonprofit hospitals: Powers of Attorney General. Grounds for disapproval by Attorney General.
Sec. 19a-486d. Sale of nonprofit hospitals: Disapproval by commissioner. Powers of commissioner.
Sec. 19a-486e. Sale of nonprofit hospitals: Public hearings.
Sec. 19a-486f. Sale of nonprofit hospitals: Appeal.
Sec. 19a-486g. Sale of nonprofit hospitals: Denial of license.
Sec. 19a-486h. Sale of nonprofit hospitals: Construction of governing law.
Sec. 19a-487. Mobile field hospital: Defined, board of directors.
Sec. 19a-487a. Mobile field hospital: Certificate of need exemption for hospital beds and related equipment.
Sec. 19a-487b. Mobile field hospital: Regulations.
Secs. 19a-488 and 19a-489.
Sec. 19a-490. (Formerly Sec. 19-576). Licensing of institutions. Definitions.
Sec. 19a-490a. "Community health center" defined.
Sec. 19a-490b. Furnishing of health records and veterans' information. Access to tissue slides or blocks. Certified document re storage of and access to health records upon cessation of operations.
Sec. 19a-490c. Moratorium on licensing of family care homes.
Sec. 19a-490d. Prevention of accidental needlestick injuries in health care facilities and institutions.
Sec. 19a-490e. Use of E-codes by hospitals, outpatient surgical facilities and outpatient clinics.
Sec. 19a-490f. Requirements for reports of treatment of wounds from firearms.
Sec. 19a-490g. Bilingual consumer guide.
Sec. 19a-490h. Emergency room screening of trauma patients for substance abuse. Assistance by and reporting to the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services.
Sec. 19a-490i. Interpreter services and linguistic access in acute care hospitals.
Sec. 19a-490j. Hospital plans for remediation of medical and surgical errors.
Sec. 19a-490k. Vaccinations for hospital patients. Regulations.
Sec. 19a-490l. Mandatory limits on overtime for nurses working in hospitals. Exceptions.
Sec. 19a-490m. Development of surgery protocols by hospitals and outpatient surgical facilities.
Sec. 19a-490n. Advisory committee on Healthcare Associated Infections. Members. Duties.
Sec. 19a-490o. Establishment of mandatory reporting system for healthcare associated infections. Annual report.
Sec. 19a-490p. Development of plans by hospitals to reduce incidence of methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus infections.
Sec. 19a-491. (Formerly Sec. 19-577). License and certificate required. Application. Assessment of civil penalties or a consent order. Fees. Minimum service quality standards. Regulations.
Sec. 19a-491a. Information required for nursing home license. Procedure upon failure to provide information.
Sec. 19a-491b. Notification of criminal conviction or disciplinary action. Civil penalty. False statements. Criminal history records checks.
Sec. 19a-492. Regulations re qualifications of home health care administrators employed as such on January 1, 1981.
Sec. 19a-492a. Disclosures by home health care agencies.
Sec. 19a-492b. Home health care agencies. Discrimination against persons receiving aid. Prohibition. Penalties.
Sec. 19a-492c. Home health care agencies. Waiver for provision of hospice services.
Sec. 19a-492d. Vaccinations and medication administered by nurses employed by home health care agencies or homemaker-home health aide agencies.
Sec. 19a-493. (Formerly Sec. 19-578). Issuance and renewal of license. Scheduled and unscheduled inspections. Annual report. Change of ownership.
Sec. 19a-493a. Evaluation of certain new licensees.
Sec. 19a-493b. Definition of outpatient surgical facility. Licensure and exceptions. Compliance with certificate of need requirements. Dental clinics not subject to section. Waiver of certain licensure regulation requirements.
Sec. 19a-494. (Formerly Sec. 19-579). Disciplinary action.
Sec. 19a-494a. Emergency summary orders.
Sec. 19a-495. (Formerly Sec. 19-580). Regulations.
Sec. 19a-495a. Unlicensed assistive personnel in residential care homes. Certification re administration of medication. Regulations. Nonnursing duties.
Sec. 19a-496. (Formerly Sec. 19-581). Compliance with regulations.
Sec. 19a-496a. Home health care agency services ordered by physician licensed in a state which borders Connecticut.
Sec. 19a-497. Filing of strike contingency plan. Summary order. Civil penalty: Notification and hearing requirement. Regulations. Collective bargaining implications.
Sec. 19a-498. (Formerly Sec. 19-582). Inspections, investigations, examinations and audits. Retention of records.
Sec. 19a-498a. Discriminatory practices prohibited.
Sec. 19a-498b. Nursing homes. Admission of residents who have been administered a level two assessment. Annual survey by Department of Public Health to include comparison between recommended services and actual services. Responsibilities of nursing home administrators and Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services.
Sec. 19a-499. (Formerly Sec. 19-583). Information to be confidential. Exceptions.
Sec. 19a-500. Penalty for material false statement.
Sec. 19a-501. (Formerly Sec. 19-584). Appeal.
Sec. 19a-502. (Formerly Sec. 19-585). Penalty for operating without license or owning property without certificate. Revocation or suspension of license for failure to yield financial information.
Sec. 19a-503. (Formerly Sec. 19-586). Authority re establishment, conduct, management or operation of institution without a license or nursing facility management services without a certificate.
Sec. 19a-504. (Formerly Sec. 19-587). Removal of bodies of deceased persons from presence of patients in hospitals, residential care homes and rest homes.
Sec. 19a-504a. Continuation or removal of life support system. Determination of death.
Sec. 19a-504b. Home health care for elderly persons.
Sec. 19a-504c. Regulations; standards for hospital discharge planning.
Sec. 19a-504d. Hospital discharge plans; options of home health care agencies required.
Sec. 19a-505. (Formerly Sec. 19-588). Maternity hospitals; license; inspection.
Sec. 19a-505a. Hospital to provide forms for birth certificate and affidavit of parentage to parents of child born out of wedlock.
Sec. 19a-506. (Formerly Sec. 19-589). Licensing of maternity homes. Fees.
Sec. 19a-507. (Formerly Sec. 19-589a). New Horizons independent living facility for severely physically disabled adults.
Sec. 19a-507a. (Formerly Sec. 19a-80a). Community residences for mentally ill adults. Definitions.
Sec. 19a-507b. (Formerly Sec. 19a-80b). Establishment of community residence. Limitations. Petitions.
Sec. 19a-507c. (Formerly Sec. 19a-80c). Evaluation of community residences.
Sec. 19a-507d. (Formerly Sec. 19a-80d). Petition for revocation of license of community residence.
Secs. 19a-507e and 19a-507f. Grants and loans for community residential facilities for mentally ill adults. Bond issue.
Sec. 19a-507g. Adult day health care facilities. Regulations.
Sec. 19a-508. (Formerly Sec. 19-590). Notice of appointment of interns, house officers and resident physicians.
Sec. 19a-509. (Formerly Sec. 19-590a). Hospital and nursing home admission forms. Hospital bills. Utility charges for nursing home patients.
Sec. 19a-509a. Audits of hospital bills. Charges.
Sec. 19a-509b. Hospital bed funds.
Sec. 19a-509c. Prescription orders in health care facilities.
Sec. 19a-509d. Transcription and execution of verbal medication orders.
Sec. 19a-509e. (Formerly Sec. 17a-661). Referrals required for certain patients showing symptoms of substance abuse.
Sec. 19a-509f. Prohibited utility charges to residents of residential care homes, nursing homes and rest homes.
Sec. 19a-510. (Formerly Sec. 19-590b). Reporting of burns.
Sec. 19a-510a. Reporting of treatment for burn injuries or injuries resulting from use of fireworks.
Sec. 19a-511. (Formerly Sec. 19-591). Nursing home administrators to supervise homes. Definitions.
Sec. 19a-512. (Formerly Sec. 19-593). Licensure by examination. Minimum requirements.
Sec. 19a-513. (Formerly Sec. 19-594). Licensure by endorsement.
Sec. 19a-514. (Formerly Sec. 19-595). Issuance of administrator's license. Nontransferable.
Sec. 19a-515. (Formerly Sec. 19-596). License renewal. Continuing education requirement.
Sec. 19a-516. (Formerly Sec. 19-597). Temporary license.
Sec. 19a-517. (Formerly Sec. 19-598). Unacceptable conduct. Notice. Hearing. Revocation or suspension of license. Appeal.
Sec. 19a-518. (Formerly Sec. 19-599). Penalty.
Sec. 19a-519. (Formerly Sec. 19-600). Regulations. Programs of instruction and training.
Sec. 19a-520. (Formerly Sec. 19-601). Changes in regulations to meet federal requirements.
Sec. 19a-521. (Formerly Sec. 19-602). Nursing home facilities. Definitions.
Sec. 19a-521a. Dual inspections of chronic and convalescent nursing homes or rest homes with nursing supervision.
Sec. 19a-521b. Bed clearance of nursing home facilities.
Sec. 19a-521c. Prescription drugs obtained through United States Department of Veterans Affairs prescription drug program or health plan by patients of nursing home facilities.
Sec. 19a-522. (Formerly Sec. 19-603). Regulations concerning nursing home facilities' health, safety and welfare. Regulations concerning immunization against influenza and pneumococcal disease. Reimbursement procedures.
Sec. 19a-522a. Chronic and convalescent nursing homes and rest homes with nursing supervision: Resident room and area temperature levels.
Sec. 19a-522b. Chronic and convalescent nursing homes and rest homes with nursing supervision: Maintenance and preservation of patient medical records.
Sec. 19a-522c. Chronic and convalescent nursing homes and rest homes with nursing supervision: In-service training.
Sec. 19a-522d. Chronic and convalescent nursing homes and rest homes with nursing supervision: Maximum time span between meals; bedtime nourishment.
Sec. 19a-522e. Chronic and convalescent nursing homes and rest homes with nursing supervision: Stretcher requirement.
Sec. 19a-523. (Formerly Sec. 19-606). Injunction for violation.
Sec. 19a-524. (Formerly Sec. 19-607). Citations issued for certain violations.
Sec. 19a-525. (Formerly Sec. 19-608). Contest of citation. Informal conference. Hearing. Final order.
Sec. 19a-526. (Formerly Sec. 19-609). Effect of final order. Payment of civil penalties.
Sec. 19a-527. (Formerly Sec. 19-610). Classification of violations.
Sec. 19a-528. (Formerly Sec. 19-611). Criteria for imposing civil penalties.
Sec. 19a-528a. Application of licensure for the acquisition of a nursing home. Required disclosures.
Sec. 19a-529. (Formerly Sec. 19-612). Appeal from final order.
Sec. 19a-530. (Formerly Sec. 19-612a). Report to regional ombudsman.
Sec. 19a-531. (Formerly Sec. 19-613). Advance disclosure of inspection, investigation or complaint prohibited. Exception. Penalty.
Sec. 19a-532. (Formerly Sec. 19-614). Discrimination against complainants and others prohibited. Penalty.
Sec. 19a-533. (Formerly Sec. 19-614a). Discrimination against indigent applicants. Definitions. Prohibitions. Record-keeping. Investigation of complaints. Penalties. Waiting lists; not required to accept indigents. Removal from waiting lists.
Sec. 19a-534. (Formerly Sec. 19-615). Emergency transfer of patients; notice requirement.
Sec. 19a-534a. Emergency actions against nursing home licensees.
Sec. 19a-535. (Formerly Sec. 19-616). Transfer or discharge of patients. Notice. Plan required. Appeal. Hearing.
Sec. 19a-535a. Residential care home. Transfer or discharge of patients. Appeal. Hearing.
Sec. 19a-535b. Chronic disease hospital. Transfer or discharge of patients. Notice.
Sec. 19a-536. (Formerly Sec. 19-617). Inspection reports to be available for inspection. Room to be provided. Notice of availability.
Sec. 19a-537. (Formerly Sec. 19-617a). Definitions. Nursing home responsibilities re reservation of beds. Reimbursement.
Sec. 19a-537a. Reservation of beds. Penalty. Hearing.
Sec. 19a-538. (Formerly Sec. 19-618). Annual report by Department of Public Health concerning nursing home facilities.
Sec. 19a-539. (Formerly Sec. 19-619). Disclosure of additional costs. Enforcement of surety contracts.
Sec. 19a-540. (Formerly Sec. 19-620). Posting of citations. Monthly report by Department of Public Health.
Sec. 19a-541. (Formerly Sec. 19-621a). Receivership of nursing homes: Definitions.
Sec. 19a-542. (Formerly Sec. 19-621b). Application for receivership. Hearing. Parties. Emergency order.
Sec. 19a-543. (Formerly Sec. 19-621c). Imposition of receivership: Grounds.
Sec. 19a-544. (Formerly Sec. 19-621d). Imposition of receivership: Defenses.
Sec. 19a-545. (Formerly Sec. 19-621e). Duties of receiver.
Sec. 19a-546. (Formerly Sec. 19-621f). Authority of receiver concerning leases, mortgages, secured transactions.
Sec. 19a-547. (Formerly Sec. 19-621g). Appointment of receiver. Qualifications of receiver. Removal. Bond. Fees.
Sec. 19a-548. (Formerly Sec. 19-621h). Accounting by receiver.
Sec. 19a-549. (Formerly Sec. 19-621i). Termination of receivership.
Sec. 19a-550. (Formerly Sec. 19-622). Patients' bill of rights.
Sec. 19a-550a. Patient's rights pursuant to Medicare conditions of participation.
Sec. 19a-551. (Formerly Sec. 19-623a). Management of patient's personal funds.
Sec. 19a-552. (Formerly Sec. 19-623b). Failure to comply with section 19a- 551: Penalties.
Sec. 19a-553. (Formerly Sec. 19-624). Disclosure of crimes required. Penalty.
Sec. 19a-554. (Formerly Sec. 19-625). Attorney General to assign assistant to Commissioner of Public Health.
Sec. 19a-555. (Formerly Sec. 19-626). Chronic and convalescent nursing homes. Medical director. Personal physicians.
Secs. 19a-556 to 19a-558. (Formerly Secs. 19-626a to 19-626c). Commission on Long-Term Care; membership. Coordinator; powers and duties. Complaint and investigation procedure.
Sec. 19a-559. (Formerly Sec. 19-626d). Advisory board. Membership. Duties.
Sec. 19a-560. Disclosure of Medicaid and Medicare participation and advance payment and deposit requirements by nursing homes.
Sec. 19a-561. Nursing facility management services. Certification. Initial applications and biennial renewals. Investigation. Disciplinary action.
Sec. 19a-562. Alzheimer's special care units or programs. Definitions. Disclosure requirements.
Sec. 19a-562a. Pain recognition and management training requirements for nursing home facility staff. Staff training requirements for Alzheimer's special care units or programs.
Secs. 19a-563 to 19a-569.

      Sec. 19a-485. Home for the aged deemed to mean residential care home. (a) Whenever the words "home for the aged" or "homes for the aged" are used or referred to in the following sections of the general statutes, the words "residential care home" or "residential care homes", respectively, shall be substituted in lieu thereof: 1-19, 9-19c, 9-19d, 9-159q, 10a-178, 12-407, 12-412, 17b-340, 17b-341, 17b-344, 17b-352, 17b-356, 17b-522, 17b-601, 19a-490, 19a-491, 19a-491a, 19a-504, 19a-521, 19a-521b, 19a-550, 19a-576, 20-87a, 32-23d, 38a-493 and 38a-520.

      (b) If the words "home for the aged" or "homes for the aged" are used or referred to in any public or special act of 1997 or 1998, the words shall be deemed to refer to "residential care home" or "residential care homes" respectively.

      (P.A. 97-112, S. 2; P.A. 10-179, S. 111.)

      History: P.A. 10-179 deleted references to Secs. 19a-638 and 19a-639 in Subsec. (a).

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      Sec. 19a-486. Sale of nonprofit hospitals: Definitions. For purposes of sections 19a-486 to 19a-486h, inclusive:

      (1) "Nonprofit hospital" means a nonprofit entity licensed as a hospital pursuant to this chapter and any entity affiliated with such a hospital through governance or membership, including, but not limited to, a holding company or subsidiary.

      (2) "Purchaser" means a person acquiring any assets of a nonprofit hospital through a transfer.

      (3) "Person" means any individual, firm, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, association or other entity.

      (4) "Transfer" means to sell, transfer, lease, exchange, option, convey, give or otherwise dispose of or transfer control over, including, but not limited to, transfer by way of merger or joint venture not in the ordinary course of business.

      (5) "Control" has the meaning assigned to it in section 36b-41.

      (6) "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Public Health or the commissioner's designee.

      (P.A. 97-188, S. 1, 10; P.A. 98-36, S. 4; P.A. 03-73, S. 1; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3, S. 33.)

      History: P.A. 97-188 effective June 26, 1997; P.A. 98-36 made a technical correction, deleting reference to nonprofit health care center in Subdiv. (2); P.A. 03-73 added Subdiv. (6) defining "commissioner"; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3 redefined "commissioner" in Subdiv. (6), effective October 6, 2009.

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      Sec. 19a-486a. Sale of nonprofit hospitals: Certificate of need determination letter. Application for approval. (a) No nonprofit hospital shall enter into an agreement to transfer a material amount of its assets or operations or a change in control of operations to a person that is organized or operated for profit without first having received approval of the agreement by the commissioner and the Attorney General pursuant to sections 19a-486 to 19a-486h, inclusive, and pursuant to the Attorney General's authority under section 3-125. Any such agreement without the approval required by sections 19a-486 to 19a-486h, inclusive, shall be void.

      (b) Prior to any transaction described in subsection (a) of this section, the nonprofit hospital and the purchaser shall concurrently submit a certificate of need determination letter as described in subsection (c) of section 19a-638 to the commissioner and the Attorney General by serving it on them by certified mail, return receipt requested, or delivering it by hand to each office. The certificate of need determination letter shall contain: (1) The name and address of the nonprofit hospital; (2) the name and address of the purchaser; (3) a brief description of the terms of the proposed agreement; and (4) the estimated capital expenditure, cost or value associated with the proposed agreement. The certificate of need determination letter shall be subject to disclosure pursuant to section 1-210.

      (c) The commissioner and the Attorney General shall review the certificate of need determination letter. The Attorney General shall determine whether the agreement requires approval pursuant to this chapter. If such approval is required, the commissioner and the Attorney General shall transmit to the purchaser and the nonprofit hospital an application form for approval pursuant to this chapter, unless the commissioner refuses to accept a filed or submitted certificate of need determination letter. Such application form shall require the following information: (1) The name and address of the nonprofit hospital; (2) the name and address of the purchaser; (3) a description of the terms of the proposed agreement; (4) copies of all contracts, agreements and memoranda of understanding relating to the proposed agreement; (5) a fairness evaluation by an independent person who is an expert in such agreements, that includes an analysis of each of the criteria set forth in section 19a-486c; (6) documentation that the nonprofit hospital exercised the due diligence required by subdivision (2) of subsection (a) of section 19a-486c, including disclosure of the terms of any other offers to transfer assets or operations or change control of operations received by the nonprofit hospital and the reason for rejection of such offers; and (7) such other information as the commissioner or the Attorney General deem necessary to their review pursuant to the provisions of sections 19a-486 to 19a-486f, inclusive, and chapter 368z. The application shall be subject to disclosure pursuant to section 1-210.

      (d) No later than sixty days after the date of mailing of the application form, the nonprofit hospital and the purchaser shall concurrently file an application with the commissioner and the Attorney General containing all the required information. The commissioner and the Attorney General shall review the application and determine whether the application is complete. The commissioner and the Attorney General shall, no later than twenty days after the date of their receipt of the application, provide written notice to the nonprofit hospital and the purchaser of any deficiencies in the application. Such application shall not be deemed complete until such deficiencies are corrected.

      (e) No later than twenty-five days after the date of their receipt of the completed application under this section, the commissioner and the Attorney General shall jointly publish a summary of such agreement in a newspaper of general circulation where the nonprofit hospital is located.

      (f) Any person may seek to intervene in the proceedings under section 19a-486e, in the same manner as provided in section 4-177a.

      (P.A. 97-188, S. 2, 10; P.A. 03-73, S. 2; P.A. 10-179, S. 112; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 10-1, S. 67.)

      History: P.A. 97-188 effective June 26, 1997; P.A. 03-73 rewrote Subsecs. (a) and (b) and replaced former Subsecs. (c) and (d) with new Subsecs. (c) to (f), making application and approval a joint process between the Attorney General and the commissioner; P.A. 10-179 amended Subsecs. (b) and (c) by replacing provisions re letter of intent with provisions re certificate of need determination letter and, in Subsec. (c), by replacing reference to Secs. 19a-637 to 19a-639 with reference to Ch. 368z; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 10-1 amended Subsec. (b) to substitute "certificate of need determination letter" for "letter of intent" and "letter".

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      Sec. 19a-486b. Sale of nonprofit hospitals: Approval by commissioner and Attorney General. Not later than one hundred twenty days after the date of receipt of the completed application pursuant to subsection (d) of section 19a-486a, the Attorney General and the commissioner shall approve the application, with or without modification, or deny the application. The commissioner shall also determine, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 368z, whether to approve, with or without modification, or deny the application for a certificate of need that is part of the completed application. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 19a-639a, the commissioner shall complete the decision on the application for a certificate of need within the same time period as the completed application. Such one-hundred-twenty-day period may be extended by agreement of the Attorney General, the commissioner, the nonprofit hospital and the purchaser. If the Attorney General initiates a proceeding to enforce a subpoena pursuant to section 19a-486c or 19a-486d, the one-hundred-twenty-day period shall be tolled until the final court decision on the last pending enforcement proceeding, including any appeal or time for the filing of such appeal. Unless the one-hundred-twenty-day period is extended pursuant to this section, if the commissioner and Attorney General fail to take action on an agreement prior to the one hundred twenty-first day after the date of the filing of the completed application, the application shall be deemed approved.

      (P.A. 97-188, S. 3, 10; P.A. 03-73, S. 3; P.A. 10-179, S. 113.)

      History: P.A. 97-188 effective June 26, 1997; P.A. 03-73 replaced former Subsecs. (a) and (b) with provisions re approval process including joint actions by commissioner and Attorney General; P.A. 10-179 replaced reference to Secs. 19a-638 and 19a-639 with reference to Sec. 19a-639a.

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      Sec. 19a-486c. Sale of nonprofit hospitals: Powers of Attorney General. Grounds for disapproval by Attorney General. (a) The Attorney General shall deny an application as not in the public interest if the Attorney General determines that one or more of the following conditions exist: (1) The transaction is prohibited by Connecticut statutory or common law governing nonprofit entities, trusts or charities; (2) the nonprofit hospital failed to exercise due diligence in (A) deciding to transfer, (B) selecting the purchaser, (C) obtaining a fairness evaluation from an independent person expert in such agreements, or (D) negotiating the terms and conditions of the transfer; (3) the nonprofit hospital failed to disclose any conflict of interest, including, but not limited to, conflicts of interest pertaining to board members, officers, key employees and experts of the hospital, the purchaser or any other party to the transaction; (4) the nonprofit hospital will not receive fair market value for its assets, which, for purposes of this subsection, means the most likely price that the assets would bring in a sale in a competitive and open market under all conditions requisite to a fair sale, with the buyer and seller each acting prudently, knowledgeably and in their own best interest, and with a reasonable time being allowed for exposure in the open market; (5) the fair market value of the assets has been manipulated by any person in a manner that causes the value of the assets to decrease; (6) the financing of the transaction by the nonprofit hospital will place the nonprofit hospital's assets at an unreasonable risk; (7) any management contract contemplated under the transaction is not for reasonable fair value; (8) a sum equal to the fair market value of the nonprofit hospital's assets (A) is not being transferred to one or more persons to be selected by the superior court for the judicial district where the nonprofit hospital is located who are not affiliated through corporate structure, governance or membership with either the nonprofit hospital or the purchaser, unless the nonprofit hospital continues to operate on a nonprofit basis after the transaction and such sum is transferred to the nonprofit hospital to provide health care services, and (B) is not being used for one of the following purposes: (i) For appropriate charitable health care purposes consistent with the nonprofit hospital's original purpose, (ii) for the support and promotion of health care generally in the affected community, or (iii) with respect to any assets held by the nonprofit hospital that are subject to a use restriction imposed by a donor, for a purpose consistent with the intent of said donor; or (9) the nonprofit hospital or the purchaser has failed to provide the Attorney General with information and data sufficient to evaluate the proposed agreement adequately, provided the Attorney General has notified the nonprofit hospital or the purchaser of the inadequacy of the information or data and has provided a reasonable opportunity to remedy such inadequacy.

      (b) The Attorney General may, during the course of a review required by section 19a-486b: (1) Issue in writing and cause to be served upon any person, by subpoena, a demand that such person appear before the Attorney General and give testimony or produce documents as to any matters relevant to the scope of the review; or (2) issue written interrogatories, to be answered under oath, as to any matters relevant to the scope of the review and prescribing a return date that would allow a reasonable time to respond. If any person fails to comply with the provisions of this subsection, the Attorney General may apply to the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford seeking enforcement of the subpoena. The superior court may, upon notice to such person, issue and cause to be served an order requiring compliance. Service of subpoenas ad testificandum, subpoenas duces tecum, notices of deposition and written interrogatories as provided in this subsection may be made by personal service at the usual place of abode or by certified mail, return receipt requested, addressed to the person to be served at such person's principal place of business within or without this state or such person's residence.

      (c) The Attorney General may contract with experts or consultants to assist in reviewing the proposed agreement, including, but not limited to, assistance in independently determining the fair market value of the nonprofit hospital's assets. The Attorney General may appoint, or contract with, another person to conduct the review required by this section and make recommendations to the Attorney General. The Attorney General shall submit any bills for such contracts to the purchaser. The purchaser shall pay such bills within thirty days of receipt. Such bills shall not exceed three hundred thousand dollars.

      (P.A. 88-230, S. 10, 12; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-142, S. 7, 8; P.A. 95-220, S. 4-6; P.A. 97-188, S. 4, 10; P.A. 98-36, S. 5; P.A. 01-186, S. 15; P.A. 03-73, S. 4; P.A. 04-258, S. 23.)

      History: P.A. 97-188 effective June 26, 1997 (Revisor's note: P.A. 88-230, 90-98, 93-142 and 95-220 authorized substitution of "judicial district of Hartford" for "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain" in public and special acts of 1997, effective September 1, 1998); P.A. 98-36 made technical corrections, deleting reference to nonprofit health care center in Subsec. (a)(8) and changing "in" to "within or without" in Subsec. (b); P.A. 01-186 amended Subsec. (a) by making a technical change for purposes of gender neutrality and, in Subdiv. (8)(A), by adding "for the judicial district where the nonprofit hospital is located"; P.A. 03-73 amended Subsec. (a) by replacing provision re disapproval of proposed agreement with provision re denial of application, made technical changes in Subsec. (b) and amended Subsec. (c) to allow Attorney General to contract for the required review and to increase maximum amount of contract bills from $150,000 to $300,000; P.A. 04-258 amended Subsec. (a)(8)(A) by adding exception to the fair market value in exchange for assets requirement in cases where the nonprofit hospital continues to operate on a nonprofit basis after the transaction and the sum transferred to the hospital is used to provide health care services, effective July 1, 2004.

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      Sec. 19a-486d. Sale of nonprofit hospitals: Disapproval by commissioner. Powers of commissioner. (a) The commissioner shall deny an application filed pursuant to subsection (d) of section 19a-486a unless the commissioner finds that: (1) The affected community will be assured of continued access to affordable health care; (2) in a situation where the asset or operation to be transferred provides or has provided health care services to the uninsured or underinsured, the purchaser has made a commitment to provide health care to the uninsured and the underinsured; (3) in a situation where health care providers or insurers will be offered the opportunity to invest or own an interest in the purchaser or an entity related to the purchaser safeguard procedures are in place to avoid a conflict of interest in patient referral; and (4) certificate of need authorization is justified in accordance with chapter 368z. The commissioner may contract with any person, including, but not limited to, financial or actuarial experts or consultants, or legal experts with the approval of the Attorney General, to assist in reviewing the completed application. The commissioner shall submit any bills for such contracts to the purchaser. Such bills shall not exceed one hundred fifty thousand dollars. The purchaser shall pay such bills no later than thirty days after the date of receipt of such bills.

      (b) The commissioner may, during the course of a review required by this section: (1) Issue in writing and cause to be served upon any person, by subpoena, a demand that such person appear before the commissioner and give testimony or produce documents as to any matters relevant to the scope of the review; and (2) issue written interrogatories, to be answered under oath, as to any matters relevant to the scope of the review and prescribing a return date that would allow a reasonable time to respond. If any person fails to comply with the provisions of this subsection, the commissioner, through the Attorney General, may apply to the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford seeking enforcement of such subpoena. The superior court may, upon notice to such person, issue and cause to be served an order requiring compliance. Service of subpoenas ad testificandum, subpoenas duces tecum, notices of deposition and written interrogatories as provided in this subsection may be made by personal service at the usual place of abode or by certified mail, return receipt requested, addressed to the person to be served at such person's principal place of business within or without this state or such person's residence.

      (P.A. 88-230, S. 10, 12; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-142, S. 7, 8; P.A. 95-220, S. 4-6; P.A. 97-188, S. 5, 10; P.A. 98-36, S. 6; P.A. 03-73, S. 5; P.A. 04-258, S. 24; P.A. 10-179, S. 114.)

      History: P.A. 97-188 effective June 26, 1997 (Revisor's note: P.A. 88-230, 90-98, 93-142 and 95-220 authorized substitution of "judicial district of Hartford" for "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain" in public and special acts of 1997, effective September 1, 1998); P.A. 98-36 made a technical correction, changing "in" to "within or without" in Subsec. (c); P.A. 03-73 replaced former Subsecs. (a) and (b) with new Subsec. (a), no longer requiring decision by Attorney General before commissioner considers agreement, and redesignated existing Subsec. (c) as new Subsec. (b), making technical changes therein; P.A. 04-258 amended Subsec. (a)(2) by adding "in a situation where the asset or operation to be transferred provides or has provided health care services to the uninsured or underinsured", effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 10-179 amended Subsec. (a)(4) by replacing reference to Secs. 19a-637 to 19a-639 with reference to Ch. 368z.

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      Sec. 19a-486e. Sale of nonprofit hospitals: Public hearings. Prior to making any decision to approve, with or without modification, or deny any application filed pursuant to subsection (d) of section 19a-486a, the Attorney General and the commissioner shall jointly conduct one or more public hearings, one of which shall be in the primary service area of the nonprofit hospital. At least fourteen days before conducting the public hearing, the Attorney General and the commissioner shall provide notice of the time and place of the hearing through publication in one or more newspapers of general circulation in the affected community.

      (P.A. 97-188, S. 6, 10; P.A. 03-73, S. 6.)

      History: P.A. 97-188 effective June 26, 1997; P.A. 03-73 replaced provision re disapproval of proposed agreement with provision re denial of application, provided for modifications to application, made a technical change and changed notice requirement from 10 days to 14 days before hearing.

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      Sec. 19a-486f. Sale of nonprofit hospitals: Appeal. If the commissioner or the Attorney General denies an application filed pursuant to subsection (d) of section 19a-486a, or approves it with modification, the nonprofit hospital or the purchaser may appeal such decision in the same manner as provided in section 4-183, provided that nothing in sections 19a-486 to 19a-486f, inclusive, shall be construed to apply the provisions of chapter 54 to the proceedings of the Attorney General.

      (P.A. 97-188, S. 7, 10; P.A. 03-73, S. 7.)

      History: P.A. 97-188 effective June 26, 1997; P.A. 03-73 replaced former provisions with provisions re appeal, specifying that Ch. 54 not applicable to proceedings of Attorney General.

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      Sec. 19a-486g. Sale of nonprofit hospitals: Denial of license. The Commissioner of Public Health shall refuse to issue a license to, or if issued shall suspend or revoke the license of, a hospital if the commissioner finds, after a hearing and opportunity to be heard, that:

      (1) There was a transaction described in section 19a-486a that occurred without the approval of the commissioner, if such approval was required by sections 19a-486 to 19a-486h, inclusive;

      (2) There was a transaction described in section 19a-486a without the approval of the Attorney General, if such approval was required by sections 19a-486 to 19a-486h, inclusive, and the Attorney General certifies to the Commissioner of Public Health that such transaction involved a material amount of the nonprofit hospital's assets or operations or a change in control of operations; or

      (3) The hospital is not complying with the terms of an agreement approved by the Attorney General and commissioner pursuant to sections 19a-486 to 19a-486h, inclusive.

      (P.A. 97-188, S. 8, 10; P.A. 98-36, S. 7; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3, S. 34.)

      History: P.A. 97-188 effective June 26, 1997; P.A. 98-36 made a technical correction, deleting "nonprofit" before "hospital"; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3 amended Subdiv. (1) by replacing provisions re duties of Commissioner of Health Care Access with provision re duty of Commissioner of Public Health, effective October 6, 2009.

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      Sec. 19a-486h. Sale of nonprofit hospitals: Construction of governing law. Nothing in sections 19a-486 to 19a-486h, inclusive, shall be construed to limit: (1) The common law or statutory authority of the Attorney General; (2) the statutory authority of the Commissioner of Public Health including, but not limited to, licensing and certificate of need authority; or (3) the application of the doctrine of cy pres or approximation.

      (P.A. 97-188, S. 9, 10; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3, S. 35.)

      History: P.A. 97-188 effective June 26, 1997; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3 amended Subdiv. (2) by deleting reference to authority of Commissioner of the Office of Health Care Access, effective October 6, 2009.

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      Sec. 19a-487. Mobile field hospital: Defined, board of directors. (a) "Mobile field hospital" means a modular, transportable facility used intermittently, deployed at the discretion of the Governor, or the Governor's designee, (1) for the provision of medical services at a mass gathering; (2) for the purpose of training or in the event of a public health or other emergency for isolation care purposes or triage and treatment during a mass-casualty event; or (3) for providing surge capacity for a hospital during a mass-casualty event or infrastructure failure.

      (b) There is established a board of directors to advise the Department of Public Health on the operations of the mobile field hospital. The board shall consist of the following members: The Commissioners of Public Health, Emergency Management and Homeland Security, Public Safety and Social Services, or their designees, the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, or the secretary's designee, the Adjutant General, or the Adjutant General's designee, one representative of a hospital in this state with more than five hundred licensed beds and one representative of a hospital in this state with five hundred or fewer licensed beds, both appointed by the Commissioner of Public Health. The Commissioner of Public Health shall be the chairperson of the board. The board shall adopt bylaws and shall meet at such times as specified in such bylaws and at such other times as the Commissioner of Public Health deems necessary.

      (c) The board shall advise the department on matters, including, but not limited to: Operating policies and procedures; facility deployment and operation; appropriate utilization of the facility; clinical programs and delivery of patient health care services; hospital staffing patterns and staff-to-patient ratios; human resources policies; standards and accreditation guidelines; credentialing of clinical and support staff; patient admission, transfer and discharge policies and procedures; quality assurance and performance improvement; patient rates and billing and reimbursement mechanisms; staff education and training requirements and alternative facility uses.

      (P.A. 05-280, S. 57; P.A. 07-252, S. 65; P.A. 10-117, S. 33.)

      History: P.A. 05-280 effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 07-252 amended Subsec. (a) by substituting "mobile field hospital" for "critical access hospital", effective July 12, 2007; P.A. 10-117 added new Subsec. (a) defining "mobile field hospital" and redesignated existing Subsecs. (a) and (b) as Subsecs. (b) and (c).

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      Sec. 19a-487a. Mobile field hospital: Certificate of need exemption for hospital beds and related equipment. Any additional mobile field hospital beds and related equipment obtained for the purpose of enhancing the state's bed surge capacity or providing isolation care under the state's public health preparedness planning and response activities shall be exempt from the provisions of subsection (a) of section 19a-638.

      (P.A. 05-280, S. 59; P.A. 07-252, S. 66; P.A. 10-179, S. 115.)

      History: P.A. 05-280 effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 07-252 substituted "mobile field hospital beds" for "critical access hospital beds", effective July 12, 2007; P.A. 10-179 deleted "subdivision (2) of" re Sec. 19a-638(a).

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      Sec. 19a-487b. Mobile field hospital: Regulations. The Commissioner of Public Health shall adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, to implement mobile field hospital policies and procedures for isolation care and emergency services.

      (P.A. 05-280, S. 67; P.A. 07-252, S. 67.)

      History: P.A. 05-280 effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 07-252 substituted "mobile field hospital" for "critical access hospital", effective July 12, 2007.

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      Secs. 19a-488 and 19a-489. Reserved for future use.

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      Sec. 19a-490. (Formerly Sec. 19-576). Licensing of institutions. Definitions. As used in this chapter and sections 17b-261e, 38a-498b and 38a-525b:

      (a) "Institution" means a hospital, residential care home, health care facility for the handicapped, nursing home, rest home, home health care agency, homemaker-home health aide agency, mental health facility, assisted living services agency, substance abuse treatment facility, outpatient surgical facility, an infirmary operated by an educational institution for the care of students enrolled in, and faculty and employees of, such institution; a facility engaged in providing services for the prevention, diagnosis, treatment or care of human health conditions, including facilities operated and maintained by any state agency, except facilities for the care or treatment of mentally ill persons or persons with substance abuse problems; and a residential facility for the mentally retarded licensed pursuant to section 17a-227 and certified to participate in the Title XIX Medicaid program as an intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded;

      (b) "Hospital" means an establishment for the lodging, care and treatment of persons suffering from disease or other abnormal physical or mental conditions and includes inpatient psychiatric services in general hospitals;

      (c) "Residential care home", "nursing home" or "rest home" means an establishment which furnishes, in single or multiple facilities, food and shelter to two or more persons unrelated to the proprietor and, in addition, provides services which meet a need beyond the basic provisions of food, shelter and laundry;

      (d) "Home health care agency" means a public or private organization, or a subdivision thereof, engaged in providing professional nursing services and the following services, available twenty-four hours per day, in the patient's home or a substantially equivalent environment: Homemaker-home health aide services as defined in this section, physical therapy, speech therapy, occupational therapy or medical social services. The agency shall provide professional nursing services and at least one additional service directly and all others directly or through contract. An agency shall be available to enroll new patients seven days a week, twenty-four hours per day;

      (e) "Homemaker-home health aide agency" means a public or private organization, except a home health care agency, which provides in the patient's home or a substantially equivalent environment supportive services which may include, but are not limited to, assistance with personal hygiene, dressing, feeding and incidental household tasks essential to achieving adequate household and family management. Such supportive services shall be provided under the supervision of a registered nurse and, if such nurse determines appropriate, shall be provided by a social worker, physical therapist, speech therapist or occupational therapist. Such supervision may be provided directly or through contract;

      (f) "Homemaker-home health aide services" as defined in this section shall not include services provided to assist individuals with activities of daily living when such individuals have a disease or condition that is chronic and stable as determined by a physician licensed in the state of Connecticut;

      (g) "Mental health facility" means any facility for the care or treatment of mentally ill or emotionally disturbed persons, or any mental health outpatient treatment facility that provides treatment to persons sixteen years of age or older who are receiving services from the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, but does not include family care homes for the mentally ill;

      (h) "Alcohol or drug treatment facility" means any facility for the care or treatment of persons suffering from alcoholism or other drug addiction;

      (i) "Person" means any individual, firm, partnership, corporation, limited liability company or association;

      (j) "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Public Health;

      (k) "Home health agency" means an agency licensed as a home health care agency or a homemaker-home health aide agency; and

      (l) "Assisted living services agency" means an agency that provides, among other things, nursing services and assistance with activities of daily living to a population that is chronic and stable.

      (1953, 1955, S. 2051d; 1957, P.A. 217, S. 2; 455, S. 1; 586, S. 6; 1959, P.A. 188; February, 1965, P.A. 161; 1969, P.A. 713; P.A. 74-137, S. 12, 21; P.A. 77-569, S. 4; 77-601, S. 2, 11; P.A. 78-60, S. 1, 2; P.A. 79-46, S. 1, 3; 79-610, S. 22; P.A. 80-186, S. 1, 2; 80-483, S. 87, 186; P.A. 87-107; P.A. 88-357, S. 5; P.A. 89-350, S. 5; P.A. 90-230, S. 30, 101; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-8, S. 18, 63; P.A. 92-80, S. 1, 3; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-16, S. 38, 89; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; 93-415, S. 1, 2; P.A. 95-79, S. 63, 189; 95-160, S. 10, 69; 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; 95-271, S. 34, 40; P.A. 96-139, S. 12, 13; 96-268, S. 6, 34; P.A. 97-112, S. 2; P.A. 01-57, S. 1; P.A. 03-274, S. 2; P.A. 05-280, S. 60; P.A. 06-195, S. 42; P.A. 07-252, S. 12, 13, 68; P.A. 10-117, S. 32.)

      History: 1959 act made technical changes, included as institutions in Subdiv. (c)(2) hospitals for mentally ill or retarded persons and substituted "any state agency" for "the commission on tuberculosis and other chronic illness" in the same subdivision; 1965 act added reference to "nursing home" and "rest home"; 1969 act redefined "institution" to include infirmaries operated by educational institutions, health facilities operated by commercial or industrial establishments for their employees and facilities operated by corporations or municipalities providing medical services on outpatient basis; P.A. 74-137 deleted health facilities operated by commercial or industrial establishments for their employees from "institution" definition; Sec. 19-32 transferred to Sec. 19-576 in 1977; P.A. 77-569 included health care facilities for the handicapped in "institution" definition; P.A. 77-601 included home health care, homemaker-home health aide and coordination, assessment and monitoring agencies in "institution" definition and included exceptions to definition which had been listed elsewhere in section and defined "home health care agency", "homemaker-home health aide agency" and "coordination, assessment and monitoring agency"; P.A. 78-60 rephrased definition of "homemaker-home health care agency" and included social workers; P.A. 79-46 deleted exception for institutions otherwise required by law to be licensed by the state in "institution" definition, included subdivisions of organizations in "home health care agency" definition and deleted "primarily" as modifier of "engaged" and rephrased "homemaker-home health aide agency"; P.A. 79-610 included mental health facilities in "institution" definition and defined "mental health facility" and "alcohol or drug treatment facility"; P.A. 80-186 and P.A. 80-483 included alcohol or drug treatment facilities in "institution" definition; Sec. 19-576 transferred to Sec. 19a-490 in 1983; P.A. 87-107 inserted definition of "homemaker-home health aide services" as Subdiv. (f), relettering prior Subdivs. as necessary; P.A. 88-357 redefined "institution"; P.A. 89-350 added Subdiv. (k), defining "commissioner"; P.A. 90-230 made technical change in Subdiv. (a); June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-8 redefined "institution" to include residential facilities for the mentally retarded which are certified to participate in Title XIX Medicaid program; P.A. 92-80 redefined "mental health facility" to exclude family care homes after October 1, 1993; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-16 added Subdiv. (l) defining "home health agency"; P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-415 amended the definition of "home health care agency" in Subdiv. (d) to specify provision of twenty-four-hour care and round-the-clock, seven-day-a-week enrollment and redefined "coordination, assessment and monitoring agency" in Subdiv. (g) to require targeting of patients with chronic conditions; P.A. 95-79 redefined "person" to include a limited liability company, effective May 31, 1995; P.A. 95-160 replaced "coordination, assessment and monitoring agency" with "access agency" in definitions of "institution" and "home health agency" and deleted former Subdiv. (g), which had defined said term, relettering remaining Subdivs. as necessary, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-271 added new Subdiv. (l) defining "assisted living services agencies"; P.A. 96-139 changed effective date of P.A. 95-160 but without affecting this section; P.A. 96-268 deleted reference to access agencies in definition of "institution", effective July 1, 1996 (Revisor's note: The word "in" was inserted editorially by the Revisors in Subdiv. (a) in the phrase "... operated by an educational institution for the care of students in, and faculty and employees of, ..."); P.A. 97-112 replaced "home for the aged" with "residential care home"; P.A. 01-57 amended Subdiv. (g) by making a technical change and adding provision re mental health outpatient treatment facility that provides treatment to persons 16 years of age or older who are receiving services from the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services; P.A. 03-274 amended Subdiv. (a) by adding outpatient surgical facility to definition of "institution", effective July 1, 2003; P.A. 05-280 extended applicability of definitions to Secs. 17b-261e, 19a-487 to 19a-487b, inclusive, 38a-498b and 38a-525b and added Subdiv. (m) defining "critical access hospital", effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 06-195 redefined "mental health facility" in Subdiv. (g) to include any facility for the care or treatment of mentally ill or emotionally disturbed persons, rather than adults, effective June 7, 2006; P.A. 07-252 amended Subdiv. (a) to redefine "institution" to include assisted living services agencies, amended Subdiv. (l) to redefine "assisted living services agency" to include an "agency", rather than an "institution", that provides nursing services and assistance with daily living activities and, effective July 12, 2007, amended Subdiv. (m) to substitute "mobile field hospital" for "critical access hospital" and expand definition to include modular, transportable facilities used for providing medical services at a mass gathering or providing surge capacity for a hospital during a mass casualty event or infrastructure failure; P.A. 10-117 deleted former Subdiv. (m) re definition of "mobile field hospital" and made technical changes.

      Annotations to former section 19-576:

      Constitutionality of former statute upheld. 140 C. 478.

      Difference between public and private hospitals discussed. 21 CS 55.

      Annotations to present section:

      Subdiv. (a):

      Cited. 219 C. 657.

      Subdiv. (d):

      Cited. 214 C. 321.

      Subdiv. (e):

      Cited. 214 C. 321.

      Subdiv. (h):

      Cited. 219 C. 657.


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      Sec. 19a-490a. "Community health center" defined. As used in sections 17b-349, 19a-7b, 19a-7e and 19a-59b, "community health center" means a public or nonprofit private medical care facility which (1) is not part of a hospital and is organized and operated to provide comprehensive primary care services; (2) is located in an area which has a demonstrated need for services based on geographic, demographic and economic factors; (3) serves low income, uninsured, minority and elderly persons; (4) makes its services available to individuals regardless of their ability to pay; (5) employs a charge schedule with a discount based on income; (6) provides, on an ongoing basis, primary health services by physicians and, where appropriate, midlevel practitioners, diagnostic laboratory and x-ray services, preventive health services and patient care case management; (7) provides for needed pharmacy services either on-site or through firm arrangement; (8) has at least one-half of the full-time equivalent primary care providers as full-time members of its staff; (9) maintains an ongoing quality assurance program; (10) is a participating title XIX and Medicare provider; (11) has a governing board of at least nine and no more than twenty-five members with authority and responsibility for policy and conduct of the center, the majority of whom are active users of the center and of the nonuser board members, no more than half may derive more than ten per cent of their annual income from the health care industry; (12) provides primary care services at least thirty-two hours per week; and (13) has arrangements for professional coverage during hours when the center is closed.

      (P.A. 92-129, S. 2; P.A. 93-128; 93-262, S. 80, 87.)

      History: P.A. 93-128 added new Subdiv. (4) re services available regardless of ability to pay, Subdiv. (5) re charges discounted based on income, Subdiv. (7) re pharmacy services, Subdiv. (8) re one-half of full-time equivalent primary care providers to be full-time staff members, renumbering remaining Subdivs. as necessary and amended Subdiv. (11) to provide governing board of at least 8 and no more than 25 members and Subdiv. (12) to provide primary care services at least 32 hours per week; P.A. 93-262 removed reference to Sec. 17-314k, effective July 1, 1993.

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      Sec. 19a-490b. Furnishing of health records and veterans' information. Access to tissue slides or blocks. Certified document re storage of and access to health records upon cessation of operations. (a) Upon the written request of a patient or the patient's attorney or authorized representative, or pursuant to a written authorization, an institution licensed pursuant to this chapter shall furnish to the person making such request a copy of the patient's health record, including but not limited to, copies of bills, laboratory reports, prescriptions and other technical information used in assessing the patient's health condition. In addition, an institution shall provide the patient or the patient's designated health care provider with a reasonable opportunity to examine retained tissue slides and retained pathology tissue blocks. Upon the written request of the patient, the patient's attorney or the patient's designated health care provider, an institution shall send the original retained tissue slide or original retained tissue block directly to the patient's designated licensed institution, laboratory or physician. If the original slide or block is not available or if a new section cut of the original slide or block is a fair representation of the original slide or block, then the institution may send the new section cut, which is clearly labeled as a new section cut, to the patient's designated health care provider. Any patient or the patient's attorney or authorized representative who is provided with an original retained slide, tissue block or a new section under the provisions of this subsection shall be solely responsible for safeguarding and returning the slide, block or new section to the institution. Any institution or laboratory that has released an original slide, an original tissue block or new section pursuant to the provisions of this subsection shall not be subject to any liability arising out of releasing or not retaining the slide, block or new section and no cause of action for damages shall arise against any such institution for releasing or not retaining the slide, block or new section. No such institution shall charge more than sixty-five cents per page, including any research fees, clerical fees, handling fees or related costs, and the cost of first class postage, if applicable, for furnishing or providing access to a health record pursuant to this subsection, except such an institution may charge the amount necessary to cover its cost of materials for furnishing a copy of an x-ray or for furnishing an original retained slide, an original tissue block or a new section cut from a retained pathology tissue block. For purposes of this subsection, "health care provider" means an institution or laboratory licensed under this chapter or licensed in the state where located or a physician licensed under chapter 370 or licensed in the state where located.

      (b) No institution licensed pursuant to this chapter shall charge for furnishing a health record or part thereof to a patient, his attorney or conservator if the record or part thereof is necessary for the purpose of supporting a claim or appeal under any provision of the Social Security Act and the request for the records is accompanied by documentation of the claim or appeal. An institution shall furnish the requested record within thirty days of the request, unless the request was received in less than thirty days subsequent to the date the patient was discharged, in which case the institution shall furnish the requested record upon its completion.

      (c) Each institution licensed pursuant to this chapter shall maintain information regarding each patient's status as a veteran, as defined in subsection (a) of section 27-103. Said information shall be made available, upon request, to any duly authorized representative of the Department of Veterans' Affairs.

      (d) No institution may deny a person the records available under subsection (a) of this section because of the person's inability to pay the required fees. An affidavit from such person attesting to an inability to pay such fees shall be presumptive evidence thereof.

      (e) Each institution licensed pursuant to this chapter that ceases to operate shall, at the time it relinquishes its license to the department, provide to the department a certified document specifying: (1) The location at which patient health records will be stored; (2) the procedure that has been established for patients, former patients or their authorized representatives to secure access to such health records; (3) provisions for storage, should the storage location cease to operate or change ownership; and (4) that the department is authorized to enforce the certified document should the storage location cease to operate or change ownership. An institution that fails to comply with the terms of a certified document provided to the department in accordance with this subsection shall be assessed a civil penalty not to exceed one hundred dollars per day for each day of noncompliance with the terms of the certified agreement.

      (P.A. 92-78, S. 2, 3; P.A. 93-316, S. 1; P.A. 96-36; P.A. 97-216; P.A. 98-144; P.A. 05-272, S. 5; P.A. 10-117, S. 4.)

      History: P.A. 93-316 amended Subsec. (a) by requiring institution to furnish copy of patient's health record to patient's attorney or authorized representative upon written request or pursuant to written authorization and added "including any research fees, handling fees or related costs" after "sixty-five cents per page" and added "of materials" after "cost"; P.A. 96-36 added Subsec. (c) to require institutions to maintain and make available information re patient's status as veteran; P.A. 97-216 added clerical fees to Subsec. (a), replaced authorized representative with conservator in Subsec. (b) and added new Subsec. (d) re inability to pay; P.A. 98-144 amended Subsec. (a) by adding provisions re examination and access to tissue slides and retained tissue blocks or new section cut, responsibility for safeguarding and returning slide, block or new section and immunity of laboratory for releasing or not retaining slide, block or new section and charges by institution for furnishing slide, block or new section; P.A. 05-272 added Subsec. (e) to require health care institutions to provide department with certified document specifying location of, and process for former patients to access, patient health records upon relinquishment of license; P.A. 10-117 amended Subsec. (e) by designating existing provisions re contents of certified document as Subdivs. (1) and (2), by adding Subdiv. (3) re storage of records should storage location cease to operate or change ownership and Subdiv. (4) re department's authority to enforce certified document and by adding provision re assessment of civil penalty against institution that fails to comply with terms of certified agreement.

      Statute does not afford patients a right to possession of those components of their hospital records that cannot be duplicated. 246 C. 45.

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      Sec. 19a-490c. Moratorium on licensing of family care homes. Section 19a-490c is repealed, effective July 11, 2001.

      (P.A. 92-80, S. 2, 3; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 01-195, S. 180, 181.)

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      Sec. 19a-490d. Prevention of accidental needlestick injuries in health care facilities and institutions. Each health care facility or institution licensed by the Department of Public Health pursuant to this chapter, if advised by the federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration, and each health care facility or institution that employs state employees, except the dental clinics operated by The University of Connecticut Health Center and its divisions, the school of dental medicine of The University of Connecticut and the dental clinics of said school until such time as manufacturers have designed and are making needles that have self-contained secondary precautionary type sheathing devices for dental medicine, shall use only injectable equipment having self-contained secondary precautionary type sheathing devices or alternate devices designed to prevent accidental needlestick injuries. The provisions of this section shall not apply to any drug or biologic product that is prepackaged with an administration system or used in a prefilled syringe and is approved for commercial distribution or investigational use by the federal Food and Drug Administration, provided a sharp object injury protection disposal system is in place.

      (P.A. 93-278, S. 1, 2; 93-381, S. 9, 39; 93-435, S. 59, 95; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 00-216, S. 6, 28; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-4, S. 29, 58; P.A. 03-252, S. 17.)

      History: P.A. 93-278 effective July 1, 1994 (Revisor's note: Pursuant to P.A. 93-381 and P.A. 93-435 department of health services was changed editorially by the Revisors to department of public health and addiction services); P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 00-216 made technical changes, added provision re health care facilities and institutions that employ state employees, and added exception for drugs and biologic products prepackaged with an administration system or used in a prefilled syringe, effective July 1, 2000; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-4 added exception for The University of Connecticut dental school and dental clinics, effective July 1, 2001; P.A. 03-252 made a technical change and exempted dental clinics operated by The University of Connecticut Health Center and its divisions from provisions of section.

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      Sec. 19a-490e. Use of E-codes by hospitals, outpatient surgical facilities and outpatient clinics. Each hospital, licensed by the Department of Public Health as a short-term general hospital, out-patient surgical facility and out-patient clinic shall include in the record of each trauma patient, the international code for external cause of injuries known as an E-code. Each such facility shall include the E-code on records of inpatients. The Office of Injury Prevention established pursuant to section 19a-4i shall work with such facilities to provide training for medical records personnel concerning the proper use of E-codes.

      (P.A. 93-269, S. 2, 4; 93-381, S. 9, 39; 93-435, S. 59, 95; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)

      History: P.A. 93-269 effective July 1, 1993 (Revisor's note: Pursuant to P.A. 93-381 and P.A. 93-435 department of health services was changed editorially by the Revisors to department of public health and addiction services); P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

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      Sec. 19a-490f. Requirements for reports of treatment of wounds from firearms. Each hospital, outpatient surgical facility and outpatient clinic shall report or cause a report to be made to the local police department or the state police of each person treated for a bullet wound, gunshot wound or any injury arising from the discharge of a firearm. Such report shall be made as soon as practicable after the treatment is rendered and shall contain the name and address of the injured person, if known, the nature and extent of the injury and the circumstances under which the treatment was rendered.

      (P.A. 93-269, S. 3, 4.)

      History: P.A. 93-269 effective July 1, 1993.

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      Sec. 19a-490g. Bilingual consumer guide. The Department of Public Health shall develop and produce a consumer guide of bilingual information on home health care agencies and homemaker-home health aide agencies.

      (P.A. 93-415, S. 8; 93-381, S. 9, 39; 93-435, S. 59, 95; P.A. 95-160, S. 11, 69; 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 96-139, S. 12, 13.)

      History: P.A. 93-381 and P.A. 93-435 authorized substitution of commissioner and department of public health and addiction services for commissioner and department of health services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-160 deleted a reference to coordination, assessment and monitoring agencies and made a technical change, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 96-139 changed effective date of P.A. 95-160 but without affecting this section.

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      Sec. 19a-490h. Emergency room screening of trauma patients for substance abuse. Assistance by and reporting to the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services. (a) Each hospital licensed by the Department of Public Health as a short-term general hospital, outpatient surgical facility or outpatient clinic shall include in the record of each trauma patient a notation indicating the extent and outcome of screening for alcohol and substance abuse. For purposes of this section, "trauma patient" means a patient of sufficient age to be at risk of alcohol and substance abuse with a traumatic injury, as defined in the most recent edition of the International Classification of Disease, who is admitted to the hospital on an inpatient basis, is transferred to or from an acute care setting, dies or requires emergent trauma team activation.

      (b) Each such hospital shall establish protocols for screening patients for alcohol and substance abuse and shall annually submit to the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services a copy of such protocols and a report on their implementation.

      (c) The Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, after consultation with the Department of Public Health, shall assist each hospital required to conduct alcohol and substance abuse screening pursuant to subsections (a) and (b) of this section with the development and implementation of alcohol and substance abuse screening protocols.

      (P.A. 98-201, S. 2, 3; P.A. 99-172, S. 6, 7; P.A. 06-195, S. 27.)

      History: P.A. 99-172 amended Subsec. (a) to apply to those admitted "on an inpatient basis", effective June 23, 1999; P.A. 06-195 amended Subsec. (b) by discontinuing submission of hospital alcohol and substance abuse screening protocols to Department of Public Health.

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      Sec. 19a-490i. Interpreter services and linguistic access in acute care hospitals. Each acute care hospital in this state shall:

      (1) Develop and annually review a policy on the provision of interpreter services to non-English-speaking patients;

      (2) Ensure, to the extent possible, the availability of interpreter services to patients whose primary language is spoken by a group comprising not less than five per cent of the population residing in the geographic area served by the hospital;

      (3) Prepare and maintain a list of qualified interpreters;

      (4) Notify hospital staff of the requirement to provide interpreters to non-English-speaking patients;

      (5) Post multilingual notices of the availability of interpreters to non-English-speaking patients;

      (6) Review standardized forms to determine the need for translation for use by non-English-speaking patients;

      (7) Consider providing hospital staff with picture and phrase sheets for communication with non-English-speaking patients; and

      (8) Establish liaisons to non-English-speaking communities in the geographic area served by the hospital.

      (P.A. 00-119.)

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      Sec. 19a-490j. Hospital plans for remediation of medical and surgical errors. Each hospital licensed under this chapter shall make available to the Commissioner of Public Health upon request a copy of its plan for the remediation of medical and surgical errors required by the Joint Commission on the Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations.

      (P.A. 01-145.)

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      Sec. 19a-490k. Vaccinations for hospital patients. Regulations. A hospital may administer influenza and pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccines to patients, after an assessment for contraindications, without a physician's order in accordance with a physician-approved hospital policy. The Commissioner of Public Health shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to carry out the provisions of this section.

      (P.A. 04-164, S. 4.)

      History: P.A. 04-164 effective July 1, 2004.

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      Sec. 19a-490l. Mandatory limits on overtime for nurses working in hospitals. Exceptions. (a) As used in this section:

      (1) "Nurse" means a registered nurse or a practical nurse licensed pursuant to chapter 378, or a nurse's aide registered pursuant to chapter 378a; and

      (2) "Hospital" shall have the same meaning as set forth in section 19a-490.

      (b) No hospital may require a nurse to work in excess of a predetermined scheduled work shift, provided such scheduled work shift is determined and promulgated not less than forty-eight hours prior to the commencement of such scheduled work shift. Any nurse may volunteer or agree to work hours in addition to such scheduled work shift but the refusal by a nurse to accept such additional hours shall not be grounds for discrimination, dismissal, discharge or any other penalty or employment decision adverse to the nurse.

      (c) The provisions of this section shall not apply: (1) To any nurse participating in a surgical procedure until such procedure is completed; (2) to any nurse working in a critical care unit until such nurse is relieved by another nurse who is commencing a scheduled work shift; (3) in the case of a public health emergency; (4) in the case of an institutional emergency, including, but not limited to, adverse weather conditions, catastrophe or widespread illness, that in the opinion of the hospital administrator will significantly reduce the number of nurses available for a scheduled work shift, provided the hospital administrator has made a good faith effort to mitigate the impact of such institutional emergency on the availability of nurses; or (5) to any nurse who is covered by a collective bargaining agreement that contains provisions addressing the issue of mandatory overtime.

      (P.A. 04-242, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 04-242 effective October 1, 2005.

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      Sec. 19a-490m. Development of surgery protocols by hospitals and outpatient surgical facilities. (a) Each hospital and outpatient surgical facility shall develop protocols for accurate identification procedures that shall be used by such hospital or outpatient surgical facility prior to surgery. Such protocols shall include, but need not be limited to, (1) procedures to be followed to identify the (A) patient, (B) surgical procedure to be performed, and (C) body part on which the surgical procedure is to be performed, and (2) alternative identification procedures in urgent or emergency circumstances or where the patient is nonspeaking, comatose or incompetent or is a child. After January 1, 2006, no hospital or outpatient surgical facility may anesthetize a patient or perform surgery unless the protocols have been followed. Each hospital and outpatient surgical facility shall make a copy of the protocols available to the Commissioner of Public Health upon request.

      (b) Not later than October 1, 2006, the Department of Public Health shall report, in accordance with section 11-4a, to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to public health describing the protocols developed pursuant to subsection (a) of this section.

      (P.A. 05-275, S. 26.)

      History: P.A. 05-275 effective July 13, 2005.

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      Sec. 19a-490n. Advisory committee on Healthcare Associated Infections. Members. Duties. (a) As used in this section, "commissioner" means the Commissioner of Public Health; "department" means the Department of Public Health; "healthcare associated infection" means any localized or systemic condition resulting from an adverse reaction to the presence of an infectious agent or its toxin that (1) occurs in a patient in a health care setting, (2) was not found to be present or incubating at the time of admission unless the infection was related to a previous admission to the same health care setting, and (3) if the setting is a hospital, meets the criteria for a specific infection site, as defined by the National Centers for Disease Control; and "hospital" means a hospital licensed under this chapter.

      (b) There is established an Advisory Committee on Healthcare Associated Infections, which shall consist of the commissioner or the commissioner's designee, and the following members appointed by the commissioner: Two members representing the Connecticut Hospital Association; two members from organizations representing health care consumers; two members who are either hospital-based infectious disease specialists or epidemiologists with demonstrated knowledge and competence in infectious disease related issues; one representative of the Connecticut State Medical Society; one representative of a labor organization representing hospital based nurses; and two public members. All appointments to the committee shall be made no later than August 1, 2006, and the committee shall convene its first meeting no later than September 1, 2006.

      (c) The Advisory Committee on Healthcare Associated Infections shall:

      (1) Advise the department with respect to the development, implementation, operation and monitoring of a mandatory reporting system for healthcare associated infections;

      (2) Identify, evaluate and recommend to the department appropriate standardized measures, including aggregate and facility specific reporting measures for healthcare associated infections and processes designed to prevent healthcare associated infections in hospital settings and any other health care settings deemed appropriate by the committee. Each such recommended measure shall, to the extent applicable to the type of measure being considered, be (A) capable of being validated, (B) based upon nationally recognized and recommended standards, to the extent such standards exist, (C) based upon competent and reliable scientific evidence, (D) protective of practitioner information and information concerning individual patients, and (E) capable of being used and easily understood by consumers; and

      (3) Identify, evaluate and recommend to the Department of Public Health appropriate methods for increasing public awareness about effective measures to reduce the spread of infections in communities and in hospital settings and any other health care settings deemed appropriate by the committee.

      (P.A. 06-142, S. 1; P.A. 10-117, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 06-142 effective June 6, 2006; P.A. 10-117 amended Subsecs. (b) and (c) by substituting "Advisory Committee on Healthcare Associated Infections" for "Committee on Healthcare Associated Infections" and, in Subsec. (c), by removing "On or before April 1, 2007,".

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      Sec. 19a-490o. Establishment of mandatory reporting system for healthcare associated infections. Annual report. (a) The Department of Public Health shall consider the recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Healthcare Associated Infections established pursuant to section 19a-490n, with respect to the establishment of a mandatory reporting system for healthcare associated infections designed to prevent healthcare associated infections.

      (b) The Department of Public Health shall submit a report to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to public health concerning the plan for the mandatory reporting system for healthcare associated infections recommended by the Advisory Committee on Healthcare Associated Infections pursuant to section 19a-490n, and the status of such plan implementation, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a.

      (c) On or before May 1, 2011, and annually thereafter, the department shall submit a report to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to public health on the information collected by the department pursuant to the mandatory reporting system for healthcare associated infections established under subsection (a) of this section, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a. Such report shall be posted on the department's Internet web site and made available to the public.

      (P.A. 06-142, S. 2, 3; P.A. 10-117, S. 3.)

      History: P.A. 06-142 effective June 6, 2006; P.A. 10-117 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting "On or before October 1, 2007", by substituting "consider" for "within available appropriations, implement" re recommendations of advisory committee, by deleting provision re establishment of standardized measures for data reporting and by providing that mandatory reporting system shall be designed to prevent healthcare associated infections, amended Subsec. (b) by deleting "On or before October 1, 2007" re report submission and "implementing" re plan, by adding "Advisory" re committee and by changing "such implementation" to "such plan implementation" and amended Subsec. (c) by changing report date from October 1, 2008, to May 1, 2011.

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      Sec. 19a-490p. Development of plans by hospitals to reduce incidence of methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus infections. On or before January 1, 2009, each hospital shall develop a plan to reduce the incidence of persons contracting the methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus infection at such hospital. Such plan shall minimally include the strategies the hospital will implement to reduce the incidence of such infections. Such plan shall be submitted to the Department of Public Health and shall be a public record. As used in this section, "hospital" means a hospital licensed under this chapter; "methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus" means the strain of staphylococcus aureus bacteria, also known as MRSA, that is resistant to oxacillin or methicillin and detected and defined according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute's Performance Standards for Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing.

      (P.A. 08-12, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 08-12 effective July 1, 2008.

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      Sec. 19a-491. (Formerly Sec. 19-577). License and certificate required. Application. Assessment of civil penalties or a consent order. Fees. Minimum service quality standards. Regulations. (a) No person acting individually or jointly with any other person shall establish, conduct, operate or maintain an institution in this state without a license as required by this chapter, except for persons issued a license by the Commissioner of Children and Families pursuant to section 17a-145 for the operation of (1) a substance abuse treatment facility, or (2) a facility for the purpose of caring for women during pregnancies and for women and their infants following such pregnancies. Application for such license shall be made to the Department of Public Health upon forms provided by it and shall contain such information as the department requires, which may include affirmative evidence of ability to comply with reasonable standards and regulations prescribed under the provisions of this chapter. The commissioner may require as a condition of licensure that an applicant sign a consent order providing reasonable assurances of compliance with the Public Health Code. The commissioner may issue more than one chronic disease hospital license to a single institution until such time as the state offers a rehabilitation hospital license.

      (b) If any person acting individually or jointly with any other person owns real property or any improvements thereon, upon or within which an institution, as defined in subsection (c) of section 19a-490, is established, conducted, operated or maintained and is not the licensee of the institution, such person shall submit a copy of the lease agreement to the department at the time of any change of ownership and with each license renewal application. The lease agreement shall, at a minimum, identify the person or entity responsible for the maintenance and repair of all buildings and structures within which such an institution is established, conducted or operated. If a violation is found as a result of an inspection or investigation, the commissioner may require the owner to sign a consent order providing assurances that repairs or improvements necessary for compliance with the provisions of the Public Health Code shall be completed within a specified period of time or may assess a civil penalty of not more than one thousand dollars for each day that such owner is in violation of the Public Health Code or a consent order. A consent order may include a provision for the establishment of a temporary manager of such real property who has the authority to complete any repairs or improvements required by such order. Upon request of the Commissioner of Public Health, the Attorney General may petition the Superior Court for such equitable and injunctive relief as such court deems appropriate to ensure compliance with the provisions of a consent order. The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to any property or improvements owned by a person licensed in accordance with the provisions of subsection (a) of this section to establish, conduct, operate or maintain an institution on or within such property or improvements.

      (c) Notwithstanding any regulation to the contrary, the Commissioner of Public Health shall charge the following fees for the biennial licensing and inspection of the following institutions: (1) Chronic and convalescent nursing homes, per site, four hundred forty dollars; (2) chronic and convalescent nursing homes, per bed, five dollars; (3) rest homes with nursing supervision, per site, four hundred forty dollars; (4) rest homes with nursing supervision, per bed, five dollars; (5) outpatient dialysis units and outpatient surgical facilities, six hundred twenty-five dollars; (6) mental health residential facilities, per site, three hundred seventy-five dollars; (7) mental health residential facilities, per bed, five dollars; (8) hospitals, per site, nine hundred forty dollars; (9) hospitals, per bed, seven dollars and fifty cents; (10) nonstate agency educational institutions, per infirmary, one hundred fifty dollars; and (11) nonstate agency educational institutions, per infirmary bed, twenty-five dollars.

      (d) Notwithstanding any regulation, the commissioner shall charge the following fees for the triennial licensing and inspection of the following institutions: (1) Residential care homes, per site, five hundred sixty-five dollars; and (2) residential care homes, per bed, four dollars and fifty cents.

      (e) Notwithstanding any regulation, the commissioner shall charge the following fees for the licensing and inspection every four years of the following institutions: (1) Outpatient clinics that provide either medical or mental health service, and well-child clinics, except those operated by municipal health departments, health districts or licensed nonprofit nursing or community health agencies, one thousand dollars; (2) maternity homes, per site, two hundred dollars; and (3) maternity homes, per bed, ten dollars.

      (f) The commissioner shall charge a fee of five hundred sixty-five dollars for the technical assistance provided for the design, review and development of an institution's construction, sale or change in ownership.

      (g) The commissioner may require as a condition of the licensure of home health care agencies and homemaker-home health aide agencies that each agency meet minimum service quality standards. In the event the commissioner requires such agencies to meet minimum service quality standards as a condition of their licensure, the commissioner shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to define such minimum service quality standards, which shall (1) allow for training of homemaker-home health aides by adult continuing education, (2) require a registered nurse to visit and assess each patient receiving homemaker-home health aide services as often as necessary based on the patient's condition, but not less than once every sixty days, and (3) require the assessment prescribed by subdivision (2) of this subsection to be completed while the homemaker-home health aide is providing services in the patient's home.

      (1953, 1955, S. 2052d; P.A. 77-601, S. 9, 11; 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 79-610, S. 23; P.A. 80-127, S. 1; P.A. 84-546, S. 167, 173; P.A. 85-588, S. 1; P.A. 89-350, S. 6; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-6, S. 14, 117; P.A. 93-74, S. 44, 67; 93-201, S. 9, 24; 93-381, S. 9, 39; 93-415, S. 9; P.A. 94-196, S. 1, 2; P.A. 95-160, S. 12, 69; 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 96-139, S. 12, 13; P.A. 97-112, S. 2; 97-297; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-3, S. 28; P.A. 05-64, S. 1; P.A. 09-197, S. 1; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3, S. 177; P.A. 10-117, S. 10.)

      History: Sec. 19-33 transferred to Sec. 19-577 in 1977; P.A. 77-601 added exception re continued operation of certain facilities in operation as of January 1, 1979; P.A. 77-614 replaced department of health with department of health services, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-610 added Subsec. (b) re validity of certain licenses issued before October 1, 1979; P.A. 80-127 added Subsec. (c) re certificate of compliance with public health code; Sec. 19-577 transferred to Sec. 19a-491 in 1983; P.A. 84-546 made technical change to Subsec. (a), deleting obsolete provision re home health care agency, homemaker-home health aide agency or coordination, assessment and monitoring agency in operation on January 1, 1979; P.A. 85-588 added Subsec. (d) to include in the definition of "institution" any person or agency who advertises, arranges or provides homemaker-home health aides or services in a patient's home; P.A. 89-350 added the language on consent orders, deleted former Subsec. (b) re period of validity for licenses and renewal and relettered the remaining Subsecs. and changed "annually" to "biennially" in Subsec. (b); May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-6 added new Subsec. (d) to establish fees for biennial licensing and inspection of chronic and convalescent nursing homes, rest homes with nursing supervision, homes for the aged, ambulatory facilities, mental health residential facilities, hospitals, nonstate agency educational facilities and for technical assistance for design, review and development; P.A. 93-74 amended Subsec. (d) by exempting municipal health departments, health districts or licensed nursing or community health and well-child clinics from the biennial licensing and inspection fees, by reducing educational institution infirmary fee from $500 to $75 and by instituting a per-bed charge of $25, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-201 amended Subsec. (d)(13) to add "infirmary", effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-381 replaced department and commissioner of health services with department and commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-415 added Subsec. (e) authorizing commissioner to develop minimum service quality standards; P.A. 94-196 amended Subsec. (a) to authorize issuance of more than one chronic disease hospital license to a single institution until the state offers a rehabilitation hospital license, effective June 9, 1994 (Revisor's note: In 1995 the words "said chapter and sections" were replaced editorially by the Revisors with "this chapter"); P.A. 95-160 amended Subsec. (e) by deleting a reference to coordination, assessment and monitoring agencies and made a technical change, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 96-139 changed effective date of P.A. 95-160 but without affecting this section; P.A. 97-112 replaced "homes for the aged" with "residential care homes"; P.A. 97-297 amended Subsec. (e) to add provision re training of homemaker-home health care aides by continuing education; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-3 amended Subsec. (b) by requiring submittal of a lease agreement and deleting provisions re biennial issuance of certificate of compliance with Public Health Code, deleted former Subsec. (c) defining "institution", redesignating existing Subsec. (d) as new Subsec. (c) and adding licensing and inspection requirement for outpatient dialysis units and outpatient surgical facilities, deleting references to residential care homes and ambulatory facilities and deleting provision re technical assistance fee, added new Subsec. (d) to change license renewal for residential care homes from biennially to triennially and to increase fees from $300 per site and $3 per bed to $450 per site and $4.50 per bed, added new Subsec. (e) to require license renewal and inspection with fees every four years for outpatient clinics and maternity homes, added new Subsec. (f) re technical assistance fee, redesignated existing Subsec. (e) as new Subsec. (g) and made technical changes, effective January 1, 2004; P.A. 05-64 amended Subsec. (g) by designating existing language re regulations allowing for training as Subdiv. (1), making technical changes and adding new Subdivs. (1) and (2) re additional requirements for regulations establishing minimum service quality standards, effective June 2, 2005; P.A. 09-197 amended Subsec. (a) by adding exception for certain facilities licensed by the Commissioner of Children and Families, effective July 1, 2009; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3 amended Subsecs. (c), (d) and (f) to increase fees; P.A. 10-117 amended Subsec. (b) to make a technical change and add provisions permitting commissioner to assess civil penalty of not more than $1,000 per day against an owner who is in violation of Public Health Code or consent order and providing that consent order may include establishment of temporary manager and that Attorney General may petition Superior Court to ensure compliance with consent order.

      See Sec. 29-315 re automatic fire extinguishing systems in licensed chronic and convalescent nursing homes or rest homes with nursing supervision.

      Subsec. (a):

      Cited. 206 C. 316. Cited. 219 C. 657.


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      Sec. 19a-491a. Information required for nursing home license. Procedure upon failure to provide information. (a) A person seeking a license to establish, conduct, operate or maintain a nursing home shall provide the Department of Public Health with the following information:

      (1) (A) The name and business address of the owner and a statement of whether the owner is an individual, partnership, corporation or other legal entity; (B) the names of the officers, directors, trustees, or managing and general partners of the owner, the names of persons having a ten per cent or greater ownership interest in the owner, and a description of each such person's occupation with the owner; and (C) if the owner is a corporation which is incorporated in another state, a certificate of good standing from the secretary of state of the state of incorporation;

      (2) A description of the relevant business experience of the owner and of the administrator of the nursing home and evidence that the administrator has a license issued pursuant to section 19a-514;

      (3) Affidavits signed by the owner, any of the persons described in subdivision (1) of this subsection, the administrator, assistant administrator, the medical director, the director of nursing and assistant director of nursing disclosing any matter in which such person has been convicted of a felony, as defined in section 53a-25, or has pleaded nolo contendere to a felony charge, or has been held liable or enjoined in a civil action by final judgment, if the felony or civil action involved fraud, embezzlement, fraudulent conversion or misappropriation of property; or is subject to an injunction or restrictive or remedial order of a court of record at the time of application, within the past five years has had any state or federal license or permit suspended or revoked as a result of an action brought by a governmental agency or department, arising out of or relating to health care business activity, including, but not limited to, actions affecting the operation of a nursing home, retirement home, residential care home or any facility subject to sections 17b-520 to 17b-535, inclusive, or a similar statute in another state or country;

      (4) (A) A statement as to whether or not the owner is, or is affiliated with, a religious, charitable or other nonprofit organization; (B) the extent of the affiliation, if any; (C) the extent to which the affiliate organization will be responsible for the financial obligations of the owner; and (D) the provision of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as from time to time amended, if any, under which the owner or affiliate is exempt from the payment of income tax;

      (5) The location and a description of other health care facilities of the owner, existing or proposed, and, if proposed, the estimated completion date or dates and whether or not construction has begun; and

      (6) If the operation of the nursing home has not yet commenced, a statement of the anticipated source and application of the funds used or to be used in the purchase or construction of the home, including:

      (A) An estimate of such costs as financing expense, legal expense, land costs, marketing costs and other similar costs which the owner expects to incur or become obligated for prior to the commencement of operations; and

      (B) A description of any mortgage loan or any other financing intended to be used for the financing of the nursing home, including the anticipated terms and costs of such financing.

      (b) In addition to the information provided pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, the commissioner may reasonably require an applicant for a nursing home license or renewal of a nursing home license to submit additional information. Such information may include audited and certified financial statements of the owner, including, (1) a balance sheet as of the end of the most recent fiscal year, and (2) income statements for the most recent fiscal year of the owner or such shorter period of time as the owner shall have been in existence.

      (c) A person seeking to renew a nursing home license shall furnish the department with any information required under subsection (a) of this section that was not previously submitted and with satisfactory written proof that the owner of the nursing home consents to such renewal, if the owner is different from the person seeking renewal, and shall provide data on any change in the information submitted. The commissioner shall refuse to issue or renew a nursing home license if the person seeking renewal fails to provide the information required under this section. Upon such refusal, the commissioner shall grant such license to the holder of the certificate of need, provided such holder meets all requirements for such licensure. If such holder does not meet such requirements, the commissioner shall proceed in accordance with sections 19a-541 to 19a-549, inclusive. If the commissioner is considering a license renewal application pursuant to an order of the commissioner, the procedures in this subsection shall apply to such consideration.

      (P.A. 89-350, S. 1; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 97-112, S. 2; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 99-2, S. 39, 72; P.A. 01-195, S. 148, 181; P.A. 04-221, S. 33; P.A. 06-196, S. 149.)

      History: P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with the department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 97-112 replaced "home for the aged" with "residential care home"; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 99-2 amended Subsec. (c) by adding requirement of written proof of consent of owner when owner is different from the person seeking renewal, effective June 29, 1999; P.A. 01-195 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a) to (c), effective July 11, 2001; P.A. 04-221 amended Subsec. (c) by changing from allowing to requiring the commissioner to refuse to issue or renew license if required information not provided, by providing that license shall be granted to holder of certificate of need in certain circumstances and by providing for procedure in renewals pursuant to order of the commissioner, effective June 8, 2004; P.A. 06-196 made a technical change in Subsec. (c), effective June 7, 2006.

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      Sec. 19a-491b. Notification of criminal conviction or disciplinary action. Civil penalty. False statements. Criminal history records checks. (a) Any person who is licensed to establish, conduct, operate or maintain a nursing home shall notify the Commissioner of Public Health immediately if the owner, conductor, operator or maintainer of the home, any person described in subdivision (3) of subsection (a) of section 19a-491a, or any nurse or nurse's aide has been convicted of (1) a felony, as defined in section 53a-25, (2) cruelty to persons under section 53-20, or (3) assault of a victim sixty or older under section 53a-61a; or has been subject to any decision imposing disciplinary action by the licensing agency in any state, the District of Columbia, a United States possession or territory or a foreign jurisdiction. Failure to comply with the notification requirement shall subject the licensed person to a civil penalty of not more than one hundred dollars.

      (b) Each nursing home shall require a person described in subdivision (3) of subsection (a) of section 19a-491a or a nurse or nurse's aide to complete and sign an application form which contains questions as to whether the person has been convicted of any crime specified in subsection (a) of this section or has been subject to any decision imposing disciplinary action as described in said subsection. Any person seeking employment in a position connected with the provision of care in a nursing home who makes a false written statement regarding such prior criminal convictions or disciplinary action shall be guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.

      (c) The Commissioner of Public Health shall require each initial applicant described in subdivision (1) of subsection (a) of section 19a-491a to submit to state and national criminal history records checks. The criminal history records checks required by this subsection shall be conducted in accordance with section 29-17a.

      (P.A. 89-350, S. 2; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 01-175, S. 17, 32.)

      History: P.A. 93-381 replaced department and commissioner of health services with department and commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 01-175 amended Subsec. (c) by replacing language re criminal background investigations with language re state and national criminal history records checks pursuant to Sec. 29-17a, effective July 1, 2001.

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      Sec. 19a-492. Regulations re qualifications of home health care administrators employed as such on January 1, 1981. Section 19a-492 is repealed, effective October 1, 2002.

      (P.A. 81-116; P.A. 82-472, S. 70, 183; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 01-195, S. 149, 181; P.A. 02-89, S. 90.)

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      Sec. 19a-492a. Disclosures by home health care agencies. Whenever a home health care agency, licensed pursuant to this chapter, contracts or arranges for services for a patient under the care of the agency or whenever such agency refers a patient, under its care, for home health services as defined in subsection (d) of section 19a-490, the agency shall inform the patient or the patient's legally liable representative, in writing, at the time of such contract, arrangement or referral of the Medicare and Medicaid certification status of the agency or service provider which will provide the requested services.

      (P.A. 91-88.)

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      Sec. 19a-492b. Home health care agencies. Discrimination against persons receiving aid. Prohibition. Penalties. (a) A home health care agency that receives payment for rendering care to persons receiving medical assistance from the state, assistance from the Connecticut home-care program for the elderly pursuant to section 17b-342, or funds obtained through Title XVIII of the Social Security Amendments of 1965 shall be prohibited from discriminating against such persons who apply for enrollment to such home health care agency on the basis of source of payment.

      (b) Any home health care agency which violates the provisions of this section shall be subject to suspension or revocation of license.

      (P.A. 93-415, S. 6; P.A. 01-195, S. 150, 181; P.A. 04-76, S. 27.)

      History: P.A. 01-195 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a) and (b), effective July 11, 2001; P.A. 04-76 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting "general assistance medical benefits from a town".

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      Sec. 19a-492c. Home health care agencies. Waiver for provision of hospice services. (a) For purposes of this section, "rural town" means towns having either seventy-five per cent or more of their population classified as rural in the 1990 federal decennial census of population, or in the most recent such census used by the State Office of Rural Health to determine rural towns, or towns that are not designated as metropolitan areas on the list maintained by the federal Office of Management and Budget, used by the State Office of Rural Health to determine rural towns and "permanent part-time employee" means an employee who is employed and on duty a minimum of twenty hours per work week on a regular basis.

      (b) A home health care agency licensed pursuant to this chapter that provides hospice services in a rural town and is unable to access licensed or Medicare-certified hospice care to consistently provide adequate services to patients in the rural town may apply to the Commissioner of Public Health for a waiver from the regulations licensing such agency adopted pursuant to this chapter. The waiver may authorize one or more of the following: (1) The agency's supervisor of clinical services may also serve as the supervisor of clinical services assigned to the hospice program; (2) the hospice volunteer coordinator and the hospice program director may be permanent part-time employees; (3) the program director may perform other services at the agency, including, but not limited to, hospice volunteer coordinator. The commissioner shall not grant a waiver unless the commissioner determines that such waiver will not adversely impact the health, safety and welfare of hospice patients and their families. The waiver shall be in effect for two years. An agency may reapply for such a waiver.

      (P.A. 04-81, S. 1; 04-258, S. 42; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2, S. 111.)

      History: P.A. 04-258, effective June 1, 2004, and May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2, effective May 12, 2004, changed effective date of P.A. 04-81 from October 1, 2004, to May 10, 2004.

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      Sec. 19a-492d. Vaccinations and medication administered by nurses employed by home health care agencies or homemaker-home health aide agencies. On and after October 1, 2007, a nurse who is employed by an agency licensed by the Department of Public Health as a home health care agency or a homemaker-home health aide agency may administer influenza and pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccines to persons in their homes, after an assessment for contraindications, without a physician's order in accordance with a physician-approved agency policy that includes an anaphylaxis protocol. In the event of an adverse reaction to the vaccine, such nurse may also administer epinephrine or other anaphylaxis medication without a physician's order in accordance with the physician-approved agency policy. For purposes of this section, "nurse" means an advanced practice registered nurse, registered nurse or practical nurse licensed under chapter 378.

      (P.A. 07-9, S. 1; P.A. 08-184, S. 10.)

      History: P.A. 07-9 effective April 26, 2007; P.A. 08-184 substituted "persons" for "patients" and provided that physician-approved agency policy includes anaphylaxis protocol and nurse may administer epinephrine or other anaphylaxis medication in event of adverse reaction to vaccine.

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      Sec. 19a-493. (Formerly Sec. 19-578). Issuance and renewal of license. Scheduled and unscheduled inspections. Annual report. Change of ownership. (a) Upon receipt of an application for an initial license, the Department of Public Health, subject to the provisions of section 19a-491a, shall issue such license if, upon conducting a scheduled inspection and investigation, the department finds that the applicant and facilities meet the requirements established under section 19a-495, provided a license shall be issued to or renewed for an institution, as defined in subsection (d), (e) or (f) of section 19a-490, only if such institution is not otherwise required to be licensed by the state. If an institution, as defined in subsections (b), (d), (e) and (f) of section 19a-490, applies for license renewal and has been certified as a provider of services by the United States Department of Health and Human Services under Medicare or Medicaid programs within the immediately preceding twelve-month period, or if an institution, as defined in subsection (b) of section 19a-490, is currently certified, the commissioner or the commissioner's designee may waive on renewal the inspection and investigation of such facility required by this section and, in such event, any such facility shall be deemed to have satisfied the requirements of section 19a-495 for the purposes of licensure. Such license shall be valid for two years or a fraction thereof and shall terminate on March thirty-first, June thirtieth, September thirtieth or December thirty-first of the appropriate year. A license issued pursuant to this chapter, unless sooner suspended or revoked, shall be renewable biennially (1) after an unscheduled inspection is conducted by the department, and (2) upon the filing by the licensee, and approval by the department, of a report upon such date and containing such information in such form as the department prescribes and satisfactory evidence of continuing compliance with requirements established under section 19a-495. In the case of an institution, as defined in subsection (d) of section 19a-490, that is also certified as a provider under the Medicare program, the license shall be issued for a period not to exceed three years, to run concurrently with the certification period. Each license shall be issued only for the premises and persons named in the application and shall not be transferable or assignable. Licenses shall be posted in a conspicuous place in the licensed premises.

      (b) (1) A nursing home license may be renewed biennially after (A) an unscheduled inspection conducted by the department, (B) submission of the information required by subsections (a) and (c) of section 19a-491a and any other information required by the commissioner pursuant to subsection (b) of said section, and (C) submission of evidence satisfactory to the department that the nursing home is in compliance with the provisions of this chapter, the Public Health Code and licensing regulations.

      (2) Any change in the ownership of a facility or institution, as defined in subsection (c) of section 19a-490, owned by an individual, partnership or association or the change in ownership or beneficial ownership of ten per cent or more of the stock of a corporation which owns, conducts, operates or maintains such facility or institution, shall be subject to prior approval of the department after a scheduled inspection of such facility or institution is conducted by the department, provided such approval shall be conditioned upon a showing by such facility or institution to the commissioner that it has complied with all requirements of this chapter, the regulations relating to licensure and all applicable requirements of the Public Health Code. Any such change in ownership or beneficial ownership resulting in a transfer to a person related by blood or marriage to such an owner or beneficial owner shall not be subject to prior approval of the department unless: (A) Ownership or beneficial ownership of ten per cent or more of the stock of a corporation, partnership or association which owns, conducts, operates or maintains more than one facility or institution is transferred; (B) ownership or beneficial ownership is transferred in more than one facility or institution; or (C) the facility or institution is the subject of a pending complaint, investigation or licensure action. If the facility or institution is not in compliance, the commissioner may require the new owner to sign a consent order providing reasonable assurances that the violations shall be corrected within a specified period of time. Notice of any such proposed change of ownership shall be given to the department at least ninety days prior to the effective date of such proposed change. For the purposes of this subdivision, "a person related by blood or marriage" means a parent, spouse, child, brother, sister, aunt, uncle, niece or nephew. For the purposes of this subdivision, a change in the legal form of the ownership entity, including, but not limited to, changes from a corporation to a limited liability company, a partnership to a limited liability partnership, a sole proprietorship to a corporation and similar changes, shall not be considered a change of ownership if the beneficial ownership remains unchanged and the owner provides such information regarding the change to the department as may be required by the department in order to properly identify the current status of ownership and beneficial ownership of the facility or institution. For the purposes of this subdivision, a public offering of the stock of any corporation that owns, conducts, operates or maintains any such facility or institution shall not be considered a change in ownership or beneficial ownership of such facility or institution if the licensee and the officers and directors of such corporation remain unchanged, such public offering cannot result in an individual or entity owning ten per cent or more of the stock of such corporation, and the owner provides such information to the department as may be required by the department in order to properly identify the current status of ownership and beneficial ownership of the facility or institution.

      (1953, 1955, S. 2053d; P.A. 77-304, S. 4; 77-601, S. 3, 11; 77-614, S. 323, 587, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 85, 136; P.A. 79-46, S. 2, 3; P.A. 80-17; 80-199; P.A. 81-135; 81-201, S. 1; P.A. 84-546, S. 168, 173; P.A. 85-146, S. 2, 4; P.A. 89-350, S. 7; P.A. 90-13, S. 7; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-8, S. 28, 63; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 99-2, S. 15, 72; P.A. 00-10; P.A. 05-272, S. 6; P.A. 09-232, S. 14; P.A. 10-117, S. 1.)

      History: Sec. 19-34 transferred to Sec. 19-578 in 1977; P.A. 77-304 added provisions re report of portions of federal income tax information as condition for license renewal and re notice and approval of proposed changes in ownership; P.A. 77-601 added provisions re approval and inspection of institutions required for issuance and renewal, respectively, of licenses; P.A. 77-614 and P.A. 78-303 replaced commissioner and department of health commissioner and department of health services, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-46 rephrased proviso re license issuance or renewal and allowed issuance or renewal only if institution not otherwise required to be licensed by state; P.A. 80-17 allowed waiver of inspection and investigation if currently certified as provider of services by U.S. Department of Health and Human Resources or certified within last 12 months; P.A. 80-199 rephrased provision re prior approval of change in ownership; P.A. 81-135 specified that inspections conducted by the department of health services prior to the initial licensure of a facility or prior to the transfer of ownership of a nursing home shall be "scheduled" inspections and that inspections conducted for purposes of license renewal shall be "unscheduled"; P.A. 81-201 replaced requirement that a nursing home owner submit pertinent portions of his personal Federal Income Tax for purposes of annual license renewal with authorization for the department of health services to require the submission of "information related to the character and financial condition" of the owner; Sec. 19-578 transferred to Sec. 19a-493 in 1983; P.A. 84-546 made technical changes; P.A. 85-146 authorized the issuance of provisional licenses; P.A. 89-350 divided the existing section into Subsecs. (a) and (b), provided for biennial licensure, added the language in Subsec. (b) on requirements for the renewal of a nursing home license and on consent orders and made technical changes; P.A. 90-13 made technical change in Subsec. (a); June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-8 amended Subsec. (b) to specify when changes re transfer or change of ownership to relatives are not subject to department approval and defined "a person related by blood or marriage"; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 99-2 amended Subsec. (b) by expanding definition of "a person related by blood or marriage" to include a "brother, sister, aunt, uncle, niece or nephew" and by adding provision re change in legal form of ownership entity, effective June 29, 1999; P.A. 00-10 made technical changes and added provisions re a public offering of stock that shall not be considered a change in ownership or beneficial ownership; P.A. 05-272 amended Subsec. (a) to remove "without charge" re biennial renewal of certain health care institution licenses; P.A. 09-232 amended Subsec. (a) by substituting United States Department of Health and Human Services for United States Department of Health and Human Resources and by adding exception re frequency of Department of Public Health inspections for Medicare-certified provider institutions, effective July 1, 2009; P.A. 10-117 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting provisions re provisional license, by deleting reference to Sec. 19a-490(c), by adding "on renewal" re inspection and investigation waiver, by changing "requirements" to "requirements established under section 19a-495", by deleting reference to Sec. 19a-490(e) or (f), by replacing provision re inspection of institution certified as Medicare provider with provision re 3-year period of licensure for institution certified as Medicare provider and by making technical changes.

      Annotation to former section 19-578:

      Department did not act illegally, arbitrarily or in abuse of its discretion in refusing a license to plaintiffs for more beds than it had nurses as required by regulations. 26 CS 452.


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      Sec. 19a-493a. Evaluation of certain new licensees. If a person who has no record of operating a nursing home in this state acquires one or more nursing homes and is issued a license or licenses pursuant to section 19a-493, the Commissioner of Public Health may prescribe a period of time to evaluate the standard of care rendered by the licensee as prescribed by the Public Health Code, not to exceed five years from the date of issuance of the license or licenses, during which such person or corporation is prohibited from acquiring any other nursing home in this state.

      (P.A. 89-350, S. 3; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)

      History: P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

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      Sec. 19a-493b. Definition of outpatient surgical facility. Licensure and exceptions. Compliance with certificate of need requirements. Dental clinics not subject to section. Waiver of certain licensure regulation requirements. (a) As used in this section and subsection (a) of section 19a-490, "outpatient surgical facility" means any entity, individual, firm, partnership, corporation, limited liability company or association, other than a hospital, engaged in providing surgical services or diagnostic procedures for human health conditions that include the use of moderate or deep sedation, moderate or deep analgesia or general anesthesia, as such levels of anesthesia are defined from time to time by the American Society of Anesthesiologists, or by such other professional or accrediting entity recognized by the Department of Public Health. An outpatient surgical facility shall not include a medical office owned and operated exclusively by a person or persons licensed pursuant to section 20-13, provided such medical office: (1) Has no operating room or designated surgical area; (2) bills no facility fees to third party payers; (3) administers no deep sedation or general anesthesia; (4) performs only minor surgical procedures incidental to the work performed in said medical office of the physician or physicians that own and operate such medical office; and (5) uses only light or moderate sedation or analgesia in connection with such incidental minor surgical procedures. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to affect any obligation to comply with the provisions of section 19a-691.

      (b) No entity, individual, firm, partnership, corporation, limited liability company or association, other than a hospital, shall individually or jointly establish or operate an outpatient surgical facility in this state without complying with chapter 368z, except as otherwise provided by this section, and obtaining a license within the time specified in this subsection from the Department of Public Health for such facility pursuant to the provisions of this chapter, unless such entity, individual, firm, partnership, corporation, limited liability company or association: (1) Provides to the Office of Health Care Access division of the Department of Public Health satisfactory evidence that it was in operation on or before July 1, 2003, or (2) obtained, on or before July 1, 2003, from the Office of Health Care Access, a determination that a certificate of need is not required. An entity, individual, firm, partnership, corporation, limited liability company or association otherwise in compliance with this section may operate an outpatient surgical facility without a license through March 30, 2007, and shall have until March 30, 2007, to obtain a license from the Department of Public Health.

      (c) Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, no outpatient surgical facility shall be required to comply with section 19a-631, 19a-632, 19a-644, 19a-645, 19a-646, 19a-649, 19a-654 to 19a-660, inclusive, 19a-662, 19a-664 to 19a-666, inclusive, 19a-669 to 19a-670a, inclusive, 19a-671, 19a-671a, 19a-672 to 19a-676, inclusive, 19a-678, or 19a-681 to 19a-683, inclusive. Each outpatient surgical facility shall continue to be subject to the obligations and requirements applicable to such facility, including, but not limited to, any applicable provision of this chapter and those provisions of chapter 368z not specified in this subsection, except that a request for permission to undertake a transfer or change of ownership or control shall not be required pursuant to subsection (a) of section 19a-638 if the Office of Health Care Access division of the Department of Public Health determines that the following conditions are satisfied: (1) Prior to any such transfer or change of ownership or control, the outpatient surgical facility shall be owned and controlled exclusively by persons licensed pursuant to section 20-13, either directly or through a limited liability company, formed pursuant to chapter 613, a corporation, formed pursuant to chapters 601 and 602, or a limited liability partnership, formed pursuant to chapter 614, that is exclusively owned by persons licensed pursuant to section 20-13, or is under the interim control of an estate executor or conservator pending transfer of an ownership interest or control to a person licensed under section 20-13, and (2) after any such transfer or change of ownership or control, persons licensed pursuant to section 20-13, a limited liability company, formed pursuant to chapter 613, a corporation, formed pursuant to chapters 601 and 602, or a limited liability partnership, formed pursuant to chapter 614, that is exclusively owned by persons licensed pursuant to section 20-13, shall own and control no less than a sixty per cent interest in the outpatient surgical facility.

      (d) The provisions of this section shall not apply to persons licensed to practice dentistry or dental medicine pursuant to chapter 379 or to outpatient clinics licensed pursuant to this chapter.

      (e) Any outpatient surgical facility that is accredited as provided in section 19a-691 shall continue to be subject to the requirements of section 19a-691.

      (f) The Commissioner of Public Health may provide a waiver for outpatient surgical facilities from the physical plant and staffing requirements of the licensing regulations adopted pursuant to this chapter, provided no waiver may be granted unless the health, safety and welfare of patients is ensured.

      (P.A. 03-274, S. 1; P.A. 04-249, S. 1; P.A. 05-3, S. 1; 05-151, S. 2; P.A. 06-64, S. 3; P.A. 10-179, S. 104.)

      History: P.A. 03-274 effective July 1, 2003; P.A. 04-249 amended Subsec. (a) by adding provision of diagnostic procedures to definition and including list of facilities not included in definition, amended Subsec. (b) by deleting provisions re exception for outpatient surgical facilities under development, deleting moratorium on new facilities and making technical and conforming changes, deleted former Subsec. (c) re determination of commencement of development, redesignated existing Subsecs. (d) to (f) and (h) as new Subsecs. (c) to (e) and (f), respectively, amended new Subsec. (c) by listing sections from which facilities are exempt, providing factors under which request for permission to change control or ownership of facility not required and imposing limitations on ownership and control of facilities, and deleted former Subsec. (g) re rights and obligations of such facilities, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 05-3 amended Subsec. (b) by changing "and" to "or" re conditions to be met in order for a facility to operate without a license until March 30, 2007, effective April 1, 2005; P.A. 05-151 amended Subsec. (c) by removing reference to repealed Sec. 19a-617a; P.A. 06-64 amended Subsec. (c) by deleting references to repealed sections, effective July 1, 2006; P.A. 10-179 amended Subsecs. (b)(1) and (c) by replacing "Office of Health Care Access" with "Office of Health Care Access division of the Department of Public Health" and, in Subsec. (c), by deleting reference to Sec. 19a-637a.

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      Sec. 19a-494. (Formerly Sec. 19-579). Disciplinary action. (a) The Commissioner of Public Health, after a hearing held in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, may take any of the following actions, singly or in combination, in any case in which he finds that there has been a substantial failure to comply with the requirements established under this chapter, the Public Health Code and licensing regulations:

      (1) Revoke a license or certificate;

      (2) Suspend a license or certificate;

      (3) Censure a licensee or certificate holder;

      (4) Issue a letter of reprimand to a licensee or certificate holder;

      (5) Place a licensee or certificate holder on probationary status and require him to report regularly to the department on the matters which are the basis of the probation;

      (6) Restrict the acquisition of other facilities for a period of time set by the commissioner; and

      (7) Issue an order compelling compliance with applicable statutes or regulations of the department.

      (b) Notice of the hearing to the holder of a license or certificate shall be effected by registered or certified mail or by personal service, setting forth the particular reasons for the proposed action and fixing a date, not less than thirty days from the date of such mailing or service, at which the holder of such license or certificate shall be given an opportunity for a prompt and fair hearing, and witnesses may be subpoenaed by either party for such hearing. Such hearing may be conducted by the Commissioner of Public Health, a deputy commissioner, or by a member of the Department of Public Health, designated by said commissioner. On the basis of such hearing, or upon default of the holder of such license or certificate, the person conducting such hearing shall specify his findings and conclusions, and said department may, upon the basis of such findings and conclusions take any action authorized by this section that it deems necessary. A copy of such decision shall be sent by registered or certified mail or served personally upon the holder of such license or certificate.

      (1953, 1955, S. 2054d; 1969, P.A. 399; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 70, 136; P.A. 80-127, S. 2; P.A. 83-103, S. 1; P.A. 89-350, S. 8; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)

      History: 1969 act replaced department of health with public health council, included deputy commissioner or member of department or public health council as eligible for hearing panel and made slight language changes; Sec. 19-35 transferred to Sec. 19-579 in 1977; P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner and department of health with commissioner and department of health services, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 replaced public health council with commissioner of health services; P.A. 80-127 included references to certificates and holders of certificates; Sec. 19-579 transferred to Sec. 19a-494 in 1983; P.A. 83-103 deleted requirement making suspension or revocation of a license or certificate final 30 days after it is mailed or served; P.A. 89-350 divided the existing section into Subsecs. (a) and (b), substituted the reference to chapter 54 for language specifying hearing requirements and specified other actions besides suspension and revocation; P.A. 93-381 replaced department and commissioner of health services with department and commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

      Annotation to former section 19-579:

      Cited. 26 CS 452.


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      Sec. 19a-494a. Emergency summary orders. If the Commissioner of Public Health finds that the health, safety or welfare of any patient or patients served by an institution, as defined in subsections (d) and (e) of section 19a-490, imperatively requires emergency action and he incorporates a finding to that effect in his order, he may issue a summary order to the holder of a license issued pursuant to section 19a-493 pending completion of any proceedings conducted pursuant to section 19a-494. These proceedings shall be promptly instituted and determined. The orders which the commissioner may issue shall include, but not be limited to: (1) Revoking or suspending the license; (2) prohibiting such institution from contracting with new patients or terminating its relationship with current patients; (3) limiting the license of such institution in any respect, including reducing the patient capacity or services which may be provided by such institution; and (4) compelling compliance with the applicable statutes or regulations of the department.

      (P.A. 85-146, S. 3, 4; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)

      History: P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

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      Sec. 19a-495. (Formerly Sec. 19-580). Regulations. (a) The Department of Public Health shall, after consultation with the appropriate public and voluntary hospital planning agencies, establish classifications of institutions. The department shall, in the Public Health Code, adopt, amend, promulgate and enforce such regulations based upon reasonable standards of health, safety and comfort of patients and demonstrable need for such institutions, with respect to each classification of institutions to be licensed under sections 19a-490 to 19a-503, inclusive, including their special facilities, as will further the accomplishment of the purposes of said sections in promoting safe, humane and adequate care and treatment of individuals in institutions. The department shall adopt such regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, concerning home health care agencies and homemaker-home health aide agencies.

      (b) The Department of Public Health, with the advice of the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, shall include in the regulations adopted pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, additional standards for community residences, as defined in section 19a-507a, which shall include, but not be limited to, standards for: (1) Safety, maintenance and administration; (2) protection of human rights; (3) staffing requirements; (4) administration of medication; (5) program goals and objectives; (6) services to be offered; and (7) population to be served.

      (c) The commissioner may waive any provisions of the regulations affecting the physical plant requirements of residential care homes if the commissioner determines that such waiver would not endanger the health, safety or welfare of any resident. The commissioner may impose conditions, upon granting the waiver, that assure the health, safety and welfare of residents, and may revoke the waiver upon a finding that the health, safety or welfare of any resident has been jeopardized. The commissioner shall not grant a waiver that would result in a violation of the State Fire Safety Code or State Building Code. The commissioner may adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, establishing procedures for an application for a waiver pursuant to this subsection.

      (1953, 1955, S. 2055d; 1969, P.A. 693, S. 3; P.A. 77-61, S. 1, 3; 77-601, S. 4, 11; 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 79-610, S. 24; P.A. 84-341, S. 7, 8; P.A. 86-371, S. 31, 45; 86-374, S. 3, 6; P.A. 93-262, S. 58, 87; 93-381, S. 33, 39; P.A. 95-160, S. 13, 69; 95-257, S. 11, 12, 21, 58; P.A. 96-139, S. 12, 13; P.A. 97-112, S. 1; P.A. 01-195, S. 151, 181.)

      History: 1969 act replaced "advisory committee", i.e. committee on hospital licensing, with "council", i.e. council on hospitals, required consultation with public and voluntary hospital planning agencies and included reference to regulations based on standards of "demonstrable need for such institutions"; Sec. 19-36 transferred to Sec. 19-580 in 1977; P.A. 77-61 deleted reference to council on hospitals; P.A. 77-601 added provision re regulations concerning home health care, homemaker-home health aide and coordination, assessment and monitoring agencies; P.A. 77-614 replaced department of health with department of health services, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-610 added Subsec. (b); Sec. 19-580 transferred to Sec. 19a-495 in 1983; P.A. 84-341 added Subsec. (c) concerning additional regulations for community residences for mentally ill adults; P.A. 86-371 amended Subsec. (b) to require the advice of the Connecticut alcohol and drug abuse commission rather than the department of mental health; P.A. 86-374 added provision in Subsec. (a) specifying when a coordination, assessment and monitoring agency may be a service provider; P.A. 93-262 amended Subsec. (a) to delete the reference to the recommendations of the commissioner on aging, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services and deleted Subsec. (b) re licensing regulations prior to October 1, 1979, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-160 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting references to coordination, assessment and monitoring agencies and made a technical change, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health and replaced Commissioner and Department of Mental Health with Commissioner and Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 96-139 changed effective date of P.A. 95-160 but without affecting this section; P.A. 97-112 added new Subsec. (c) re waiver of physical plant regulations; P.A. 01-195 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a) and (c), effective July 11, 2001.

      Annotation to former section 19-580:

      Cited. 26 CS 452.

      Annotation to present section:

      Subsec. (a):

      Cited. 206 C. 316.


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      Sec. 19a-495a. Unlicensed assistive personnel in residential care homes. Certification re administration of medication. Regulations. Nonnursing duties. (a)(1) The Commissioner of Public Health shall adopt regulations, as provided in subsection (d) of this section, to require each residential care home, as defined in section 19a-490, that admits residents requiring assistance with medication administration, to (A) designate unlicensed personnel to obtain certification for the administration of medication, and (B) to ensure that such unlicensed personnel receive such certification.

      (2) The regulations shall establish criteria to be used by such homes in determining (A) the appropriate number of unlicensed personnel who shall obtain such certification, and (B) training requirements, including on-going training requirements for such certification. Training requirements shall include, but shall not be limited to: Initial orientation, resident rights, identification of the types of medication that may be administered by unlicensed personnel, behavioral management, personal care, nutrition and food safety, and health and safety in general.

      (b) Each residential care home, as defined in section 19a-490, shall ensure that, on or before January 1, 2010, an appropriate number of unlicensed personnel, as determined by the residential care home, obtain certification for the administration of medication. Certification of such personnel shall be in accordance with regulations adopted pursuant to this section. Unlicensed personnel obtaining such certification may administer medications that are not administered by injection to residents of such homes, unless a resident's physician specifies that a medication only be administered by licensed personnel.

      (c) On and after October 1, 2007, unlicensed assistive personnel employed in residential care homes, as defined in section 19a-490, may (1) obtain and document residents' blood pressures and temperatures with digital medical instruments that (A) contain internal decision-making electronics, microcomputers or special software that allow the instruments to interpret physiologic signals, and (B) do not require the user to employ any discretion or judgment in their use; (2) obtain and document residents' weight; and (3) assist residents in the use of glucose monitors to obtain and document their blood glucose levels.

      (d) The Commissioner of Public Health may implement policies and procedures necessary to administer the provisions of this section while in the process of adopting such policies and procedures as regulation, provided the commissioner prints notice of intent to adopt regulations in the Connecticut Law Journal not later than twenty days after the date of implementation. Policies and procedures implemented pursuant to this section shall be valid until the time final regulations are adopted.

      (P.A. 99-80, S. 1; P.A. 07-76, S. 1; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-5, S. 44.)

      History: P.A. 07-76 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and added Subsec. (b) to authorize the use of unlicensed assistive personnel for certain duties in residential care homes; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-5 amended Subsec. (a) by dividing existing provisions into Subdivs. (1) and (2) and, in Subdiv. (1), by removing reference to July 1, 2000, replacing reference to adoption of regulations in accordance with Ch. 54 with reference to Subsec. (d), adding provision re home that admits residents requiring assistance with medication administration and adding provisions re regulations to designate unlicensed personnel to obtain certification and to ensure receipt of certification and, in Subdiv. (2), by adding provisions re regulations to establish number of unlicensed personnel to obtain certification and training requirements to include identification of types of medication to be administered by unlicensed personnel, added new Subsec. (b) requiring each residential care home to ensure an appropriate number of unlicensed personnel obtain certification and specifying that certified personnel may administer medications not administered by injection and not required by a resident's physician to be administered by licensed personnel, redesignated existing Subsec. (b) as Subsec. (c) and added Subsec. (d) allowing Commissioner of Public Health to implement policies and procedures while in the process of adopting regulations, effective October 5, 2009.

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      Sec. 19a-496. (Formerly Sec. 19-581). Compliance with regulations. An institution which is in operation at the time of the adoption of any regulations under section 19a-495, shall be given a reasonable time, not to exceed one year from the date of such adoption, within which to comply with such regulations. The provisions of this section shall not be construed to require the issuance of a license, or to prevent the suspension or revocation thereof, to an institution which does not comply with minimum requirements of health, safety and comfort designated by the Department of Public Health through regulation adopted under the provisions of section 19a-495.

      (1953, 1955, S. 2056d; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 01-195, S. 152, 181.)

      History: Sec. 19-37 transferred to Sec. 19-581 in 1977; P.A. 77-614 replaced department of health with department of health services, effective January 1, 1979; Sec. 19-581 transferred to Sec. 19a-496 in 1983; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 01-195 made technical changes, effective July 11, 2001.

      Annotation to former section 19-581:

      Cited. 26 CS 452.


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      Sec. 19a-496a. Home health care agency services ordered by physician licensed in a state which borders Connecticut. All home health care agency services which are required by law to be performed upon the order of a licensed physician may be performed upon the order of a physician licensed in a state which borders Connecticut.

      (P.A. 89-107, S. 2.)

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      Sec. 19a-497. Filing of strike contingency plan. Summary order. Civil penalty: Notification and hearing requirement. Regulations. Collective bargaining implications. (a) Each institution shall, upon receipt of a notice of intention to strike by a labor organization representing the employees of such institution, in accordance with the provisions of the National Labor Relations Act, 29 USC 158, file a strike contingency plan with the commissioner not later than five days before the date indicated for the strike.

      (b) The commissioner may issue a summary order to any nursing home facility, as defined in section 19a-521, that fails to file a strike contingency plan that complies with the provisions of this section and the regulations adopted by the commissioner pursuant to this section within the specified time period. Such order shall require the nursing home facility to immediately file a strike contingency plan that complies with the provisions of this section and the regulations adopted by the commissioner pursuant to this section.

      (c) Any nursing home facility that is in noncompliance with this section shall be subject to a civil penalty of not more than ten thousand dollars for each day of noncompliance.

      (d) (1) If the commissioner determines that a nursing home facility is in noncompliance with this section or the regulations adopted pursuant to this section, for which a civil penalty is authorized by subsection (c) of this section, the commissioner may send to an authorized officer or agent of the nursing home facility, by certified mail, return receipt requested, or personally serve upon such officer or agent, a notice that includes: (1) A reference to this section or the section or sections of the regulations involved; (2) a short and plain statement of the matters asserted or charged; (3) a statement of the maximum civil penalty that may be imposed for such noncompliance; and (4) a statement of the party's right to request a hearing to contest the imposition of the civil penalty.

      (2) A nursing home facility may make written application for a hearing to contest the imposition of a civil penalty pursuant to this section not later than twenty days after the date such notice is mailed or served. All hearings under this section shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54. If a nursing home facility fails to request a hearing or fails to appear at the hearing or if, after the hearing, the commissioner finds that the nursing home facility is in noncompliance, the commissioner may, in the commissioner's discretion, order that a civil penalty be imposed that is not greater than the penalty stated in the notice. The commissioner shall send a copy of any order issued pursuant to this subsection by certified mail, return receipt requested, to the nursing home facility named in such order.

      (e) The commissioner shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54: (1) Establishing requirements for a strike contingency plan, which shall include, but not be limited to, a requirement that the plan contain documentation that the institution has arranged for adequate staffing and security, food, pharmaceuticals and other essential supplies and services necessary to meet the needs of the patient population served by the institution in the event of a strike; and (2) for purposes of the imposition of a civil penalty upon a nursing home facility pursuant to subsections (c) and (d) of this section.

      (f) Such plan shall be deemed a statement of strategy or negotiation with respect to collective bargaining for the purpose of subdivision (9) of subsection (b) of section 1-210.

      (P.A. 81-201, S. 3; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 01-195, S. 153, 181; P.A. 05-172, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 01-195 substituted "institution" for "facility" and made other technical changes, effective July 11, 2001; P.A. 05-172 designated existing language re filing of strike contingency plan as Subsec. (a), deleted former provision re regulations and established five-day pre-strike deadline for filing plan, added Subsec. (b) authorizing commissioner to issue summary orders to noncomplying nursing home facilities, added Subsec. (c) subjecting noncomplying nursing home facilities to civil penalty, added Subsec. (d) establishing notification and hearing requirements for imposition of civil penalty, added Subsec. (e) requiring commissioner to adopt regulations establishing requirements for strike contingency plans and for imposition of civil penalty, and designated existing language deeming strike contingency plan a statement of strategy or negotiation with respect to collective bargaining as Subsec. (f).

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      Sec. 19a-498. (Formerly Sec. 19-582). Inspections, investigations, examinations and audits. Retention of records. (a) Subject to the provisions of section 19a-493, the Department of Public Health shall make or cause to be made a biennial licensure inspection of all institutions and such other inspections and investigations of institutions and examination of their records as the department deems necessary.

      (b) The commissioner, or an agent authorized by the commissioner to conduct any inquiry, investigation or hearing under the provisions of this chapter, shall have power to inspect the premises of an institution, issue subpoenas, order the production of books, records or documents, administer oaths and take testimony under oath relative to the matter of such inquiry, investigation or hearing. At any hearing ordered by the department, the commissioner or such agent may subpoena witnesses and require the production of records, papers and documents pertinent to such inquiry. If any person disobeys such subpoena or, having appeared in obedience thereto, refuses to answer any pertinent question put to such person by the commissioner or such agent or to produce any records and papers pursuant to the subpoena, the commissioner or such agent may apply to the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford or for the judicial district wherein the person resides or wherein the business has been conducted, setting forth such disobedience or refusal, and said court shall cite such person to appear before said court to answer such question or to produce such records and papers.

      (c) The Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, with respect to any mental health facility or alcohol or drug treatment facility, shall be authorized, either upon the request of the Commissioner of Public Health or at such other times as they deem necessary, to enter such facility for the purpose of inspecting programs conducted at such facility. A written report of the findings of any such inspection shall be forwarded to the Commissioner of Public Health and a copy shall be maintained in such facility's licensure file.

      (d) In addition, when the Commissioner of Social Services deems it necessary, said commissioner, or a designated representative of said commissioner, may examine and audit the financial records of any nursing home facility, as defined in section 19a-521, or any nursing facility management services certificate holder, as defined in section 19a-561. Each nursing home facility and nursing facility management services certificate holder shall retain all financial information, data and records relating to the operation of the nursing home facility for a period of not less than ten years, and all financial information, data and records relating to any real estate transactions affecting such operation, for a period of not less than twenty-five years, which financial information, data and records shall be made available, upon request, to the Commissioner of Social Services or such designated representative at all reasonable times. In connection with any inquiry, examination or investigation, the commissioner or the commissioner's designated representative may issue subpoenas, order the production of books, records and documents, administer oaths and take testimony under oath. The Attorney General, upon request of said commissioner or the commissioner's designated representative, may apply to the Superior Court to enforce any such subpoena or order.

      (1953, 1955, S. 2057d; P.A. 77-593, S. 1, 4; 77-614, S. 323, 587, 608, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 85, 136; P.A. 79-610, S. 25; P.A. 80-92; P.A. 82-210, S. 1, 2; P.A. 88-230, S. 1, 12; P.A. 89-350, S. 9; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; 93-262, S. 1, 87; 93-381, S. 34, 39; P.A. 95-220, S. 4-6; 95-257, S. 11, 12, 21, 26, 39, 58; P.A. 01-57, S. 2; 01-195, S. 154, 181; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3, S. 36; P.A. 10-117, S. 6.)

      History: Sec. 19-38 transferred to Sec. 19-582 in 1977; P.A. 77-593 added Subsec. (b) re audits; P.A. 77-614 and P.A. 78-303 replaced department of health with department of health services and commissioner of social services with commissioner of income maintenance, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-610 added provisions re annual inspections of mental health facilities or alcohol or drug treatment facilities; P.A. 80-92 replaced alcohol and drug abuse council with alcohol and drug abuse commission; P.A. 82-210 replaced previous specific provisions re personnel to conduct annual and interim inspections with new provisions in Subsecs. (a) and (b), relettering former Subsec. (b) as (c); Sec. 19-582 transferred to Sec. 19a-498 in 1983; P.A. 89-350 added a new Subsec. (b) re investigatory powers and relettered the remaining Subsecs., replaced "annual" with "biennial" in Subsec. (a) and made technical changes Revisor's note: P.A. 88-230 authorized substitution of "judicial district of Hartford" for "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain" in 1989 public and special acts, effective September 1, 1991); P.A. 90-98 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1991, to September 1, 1993; P.A. 93-142 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1993, to September 1, 1996, effective June 14, 1993; P.A. 93-262 authorized substitution of commissioner and department of social services for commissioner and department of income maintenance, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner and department of health services with commissioner and department of public health and addiction services, amended Subsec. (a) re notice of biennial inspection or investigation of an alcohol or drug treatment facility and amended Subsec. (c) to remove reference to Connecticut alcohol and drug abuse commission, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-220 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1996, to September 1, 1998, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, replaced Commissioner and Department of Mental Health with Commissioner and Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, replaced Commission on Hospitals and Health Care with Office of Health Care Access and amended Subsec. (c) to include alcohol or drug treatment facilities, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 01-57 made technical changes in Subsec. (c); P.A. 01-195 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a) to (d), effective July 11, 2001; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3 amended Subsec. (d) by eliminating provision that permitted Commissioner of Health Care Access to request that Commissioner of Social Services examine and audit financial records of a nursing home and by making conforming changes, effective October 6, 2009; P.A. 10-117 amended Subsec. (b) by adding provisions re subpoenas and production of books, records or documents re inquiries, investigations or hearings and amended Subsec. (d) by adding provisions re nursing facilities management certificate holder and re subpoenas, production of books, records and documents, testimony under oath and Attorney General enforcement in connection with any inquiry, examination or investigation.

      Annotation to former section 19-582:

      Cited. 26 CS 452.


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      Sec. 19a-498a. Discriminatory practices prohibited. (a) As used in this section: (1) "Discriminate" and "discriminatory treatment" with regard to an employee of a health care facility includes discharge, demotion, suspension, or any other detrimental changes in terms or conditions of employment, or the threat of any such actions; and (2) "health care facility" has the same meaning as in section 19a-630.

      (b) No health care facility shall discriminate or retaliate in any manner against an employee of such facility because the employee submitted a complaint or initiated or cooperated in an investigation by or proceeding before a governmental entity relating to the care or services by, or the conditions in, such facility.

      (c) A health care facility that violates subsection (b) of this section shall reinstate the employee and reimburse the employee for lost wages, lost work benefits, and any reasonable legal costs incurred by the employee in pursuing the employee's rights under this section.

      (d) The provisions and remedies under this section are not exclusive and are in addition to any other provisions and remedies in any section of the general statutes or which are available under common law.

      (P.A. 03-272, S. 2.)

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      Sec. 19a-498b. Nursing homes. Admission of residents who have been administered a level two assessment. Annual survey by Department of Public Health to include comparison between recommended services and actual services. Responsibilities of nursing home administrators and Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services. (a) The Department of Public Health, when conducting its annual survey of a nursing home that has admitted a resident or residents who have been administered a level two assessment, shall compare the services recommended for any such resident in the level two assessment with the actual services being provided to such resident as reflected in such resident's plan of care. The department shall include the results of any such comparison, as well as any regulatory violations found by the department during an inspection, in the survey of such nursing home.

      (b) A nursing home administrator, or a designee of the nursing home administrator, shall notify the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services not later than fourteen days after the date of admission of any individual who has been administered a level two assessment which confirms a psychiatric diagnosis. Within available appropriations, the department shall consult with the staff of a nursing home concerning the status and discharge of those individuals who are clients of the department. The department shall, within available appropriations, protect to the fullest extent possible, the existing housing of any client of the department, who is identified in a level two assessment as being in need of a short-term admission to a nursing home of ninety days or less.

      (P.A. 08-184, S. 57; P.A. 09-11, S. 6.)

      History: P.A. 08-184 effective June 12, 2008; P.A. 09-11 made a technical change in Subsec. (a).

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      Sec. 19a-499. (Formerly Sec. 19-583). Information to be confidential. Exceptions. (a) Information received by the Department of Public Health through filed reports, inspection or as otherwise authorized under this chapter, shall not be disclosed publicly in such manner as to identify any patient of an institution, except in a proceeding involving the question of licensure.

      (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, all records obtained by the commissioner in connection with any investigation under this chapter shall not be subject to the provisions of section 1-210 for a period of six months from the date of the petition or other event initiating such investigation, or until such time as the investigation is terminated pursuant to a withdrawal or other informal disposition or until a hearing is convened pursuant to chapter 54, whichever is earlier. A complaint, as defined in subdivision (6) of section 19a-13, shall be subject to the provisions of section 1-210 from the time that it is served or mailed to the respondent. Records which are otherwise public records shall not be deemed confidential merely because they have been obtained in connection with an investigation under this chapter.

      (1953, 1955, S. 2058d; P.A. 75-242; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 85-585, S. 3; P.A. 89-350, S. 10; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 39, 58; P.A. 01-195, S. 155, 181; P.A. 10-179, S. 105.)

      History: P.A. 75-242 replaced "individuals or institutions" with "any patient of an institution" and included proceeding before commission on hospitals and health care in exception; Sec. 19-39 transferred to Sec. 19-583 in 1977; P.A. 77-614 replaced department of health with department of health services, effective January 1, 1979; Sec. 19-583 transferred to Sec. 19a-499 in 1983; P.A. 85-585 added Subsec. (b) re confidentiality of investigations by the commission; P.A. 89-350 made a technical change in Subsec. (a), substituting "this chapter" for specific section cites; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health and replaced Commission on Hospitals and Health Care with Office of Health Care Access, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 01-195 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a) and (b), effective July 11, 2001; P.A. 10-179 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting provision re Office of Health Care Access proceeding.

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      Sec. 19a-500. Penalty for material false statement. Any person who makes any material false statement in any document or record which an institution licensed by the Department of Public Health is required to submit to such department or maintain on file shall be guilty of false statement and shall be subject to the penalties provided for false statement.

      (P.A. 81-201, S. 2; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)

      History: P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

      See Secs. 53a-157a and 53a-157b for definitions of and penalties for false statement.

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      Sec. 19a-501. (Formerly Sec. 19-584). Appeal. Any person who is a holder of a license or certificate, or the state, acting through the Attorney General, aggrieved by any decision of the Department of Public Health after a hearing, or any applicant whose license or certificate is denied, may appeal therefrom in accordance with the provisions of section 4-183.

      (1953, 1955, S. 2059d; 1971, P.A. 870, S. 49; P.A. 76-436, S. 376, 681; P.A. 77-603, S. 68, 125; 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 80-127, S. 3; P.A. 83-103, S. 2; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)

      History: 1971 act replaced superior court with court of common pleas, effective September 1, 1971, except that courts with cases pending retain jurisdiction unless pending matters deemed transferable; P.A. 76-436 replaced court of common pleas with superior court and included reference to judicial districts, effective July 1, 1978; Sec. 19-40 transferred to Sec. 19-584 in 1977; P.A. 77-603 replaced previous detailed appeal provisions with statement that appeals to be made in accordance with Sec. 4-183 but retained provision re preservation of status quo pending final disposition of matter; P.A. 77-614 replaced department of health with department of health services, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 80-127 included references to certificates and certificate holders; Sec. 19-584 transferred to Sec. 19a-501 in 1983; P.A. 83-103 deleted requirement preserving the status quo of an applicant or license or certificate pending an appeal; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

      Annotation to former section 19-584:

      Department did not act illegally, arbitrarily or in abuse of its discretion in refusing a license to plaintiffs for more beds than it had nurses as required by regulations. 26 CS 452.


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      Sec. 19a-502. (Formerly Sec. 19-585). Penalty for operating without license or owning property without certificate. Revocation or suspension of license for failure to yield financial information. (a) Any person establishing, conducting, managing or operating any institution without the license required under the provisions of sections 19a-490 to 19a-503, inclusive, or owning real property or improvements upon or within which such an institution is established, conducted, managed or operated, without the certificate required under the provisions of section 19a-491, shall be fined not more than one hundred dollars for each offense, and each day of a continuing violation after conviction shall be considered a separate offense. The penalty provisions of this subsection shall not apply to any financial institution regulated by any state or federal agency or body, which financial institution has succeeded to the title of the premises by mortgage foreclosure and the operator, if any, continues to occupy such property.

      (b) If any person conducting, managing or operating any nursing home facility, as defined in section 19a-521, fails to maintain or make available the financial information, data or records required under subsection (d) of section 19a-498, such person's license as a nursing home administrator may be revoked or suspended in accordance with section 19a-517 or the license of such nursing home facility may be revoked or suspended in the manner provided in section 19a-494, or both.

      (1953, 1955, S. 2060d; P.A. 77-593, S. 2, 4; P.A. 80-127, S. 4; P.A. 89-350, S. 11; P.A. 01-195, S. 156, 181.)

      History: Sec. 19-41 transferred to Sec. 19-585 in 1977; P.A. 77-593 added Subsec. (b) re suspension or revocation of licenses for failure to maintain or supply financial information; P.A. 80-127 made Subsec. (a) applicable to persons owning real property or improvements upon or within which an institution is established who lack required certificate; Sec. 19-585 transferred to Sec. 19a-502 in 1983; P.A. 89-350 made a technical change in Subsec. (b); P.A. 01-195 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a) and (b), effective July 11, 2001.

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      Sec. 19a-503. (Formerly Sec. 19-586). Authority re establishment, conduct, management or operation of institution without a license or nursing facility management services without a certificate. Notwithstanding the existence or pursuit of any other remedy, the Department of Public Health may, in the manner provided by law and upon the advice of the Attorney General, conduct an investigation and maintain an action in the name of the state for injunction or other process against any person or governmental unit to restrain or prevent the establishment, conduct, management or operation of an institution or nursing facility management services, without a license or certificate under this chapter.

      (1953, 1955, S. 2061d; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 85-146, S. 1, 4; P.A. 89-350, S. 12; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 10-117, S. 7.)

      History: Sec. 19-42 transferred to Sec. 19-586 in 1977; P.A. 77-614 replaced department of health with department of health services, effective January 1, 1979; Sec. 19-586 transferred to Sec. 19a-503 in 1983; P.A. 85-146 authorized the department to conduct an investigation of unlicensed institutions prior to maintaining any action; P.A. 89-350 made a technical change, substituting "this chapter" for specific section cites; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 10-117 added provisions re nursing facility management services without a certificate.

      Cited. 206 C. 316.

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      Sec. 19a-504. (Formerly Sec. 19-587). Removal of bodies of deceased persons from presence of patients in hospitals, residential care homes and rest homes. The Department of Public Health shall adopt such regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, pertaining to the prompt removal of bodies of deceased persons from the presence of other patients in hospitals, residential care homes or rest homes as will minimize, as far as possible, disturbance of such other patients.

      (1971, P.A. 143; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 97-112, S. 2; P.A. 01-195, S. 157, 181.)

      History: Sec. 19-49a transferred to Sec. 19-587 in 1977; P.A. 77-614 replaced department of health with department of health services, effective January 1, 1979; Sec. 19-587 transferred to Sec. 19a-504 in 1983; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 97-112 replaced "homes for the aged" with "residential care homes"; P.A. 01-195 made technical changes, effective July 11, 2001.

      See Secs. 7-64 to 7-71, inclusive, re disposal of bodies and disinterment procedures, generally.

      See Sec. 19a-91 re transportation of bodies.


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      Sec. 19a-504a. Continuation or removal of life support system. Determination of death. (a) For the purpose of this section, "life support system" means any mechanical or electronic device utilized by any medical facility in order to replace, assist or supplement the function of any human vital organ or combination of organs.

      (b) For purposes of making a determination concerning the continuation or removal of any life support system in a general hospital licensed under section 19a-491, an individual who has sustained either (1) irreversible cessation of circulatory and respiratory functions, or (2) irreversible cessation of all functions of the entire brain, including the brain stem, is dead. Determination of death shall be made in accordance with accepted medical standards.

      (P.A. 84-261, S. 1, 2.)

      Cited. 44 CA 790.

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      Sec. 19a-504b. Home health care for elderly persons. Each licensed hospital or outpatient surgical facility where a one-day ambulatory surgical or invasive diagnostic procedure as defined by the Connecticut Peer Review Organization has been performed on a person who is sixty-five years of age or older shall ascertain or attempt to insure the availability of home health care for such person. As used in this section: "Outpatient surgical facility" means a facility operated by a corporation other than a hospital which provides ambulatory surgical care in addition to the provision of medical care for diagnosis and treatment of persons with acute or chronic conditions or to the provision of surgical care to well persons.

      (P.A. 87-266.)

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      Sec. 19a-504c. Regulations; standards for hospital discharge planning. By October 1, 1989, the Department of Public Health shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to set minimum standards for hospital discharge planning services. Such standards shall include, but not necessarily be limited to, requirements for (1) a written discharge plan prepared in consultation with the patient, or his family or representative, and the patient's physician and (2) a procedure for advance notice to the patient of his discharge and provision of a copy of the discharge plan to the patient prior to discharge.

      (P.A. 88-335, S. 2, 5; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)

      History: P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

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      Sec. 19a-504d. Hospital discharge plans; options of home health care agencies required. (a) If a hospital recommends home health care to a patient, the hospital discharge plan shall include two or more available options of home health care agencies.

      (b) A hospital which (1) has an ownership or investment interest in a home health care agency, or (2) receives compensation or remuneration for referral of patients to a home health care agency shall disclose such interest to any patient prior to including such agency as an option in a hospital discharge plan. Such information shall be verbally disclosed to each patient or shall be posted in a conspicuous place visible to patients. As used in this subsection, "ownership or investment interest" does not include ownership of investment securities purchased by the practitioner on terms available to the general public and which are publicly traded.

      (P.A. 93-415, S. 7.)

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      Sec. 19a-505. (Formerly Sec. 19-588). Maternity hospitals; license; inspection. (a) No person shall keep a maternity hospital or lying-in place unless such person has previously obtained a license therefor, issued by the Department of Public Health. Each such license shall be valid for a term of two years and may be revoked by the Department of Public Health upon proof that the institution for which such license was issued is being improperly conducted or for the violation of any of the provisions of this section or of the Public Health Code, or on the basis of lack of demonstrable need, provided the licensee shall be given a reasonable opportunity to be heard in reference to such proposed revocation.

      (b) Within six hours after the departure, removal or withdrawal of any child born at such maternity hospital or lying-in place, the keeper thereof shall make a record of such departure, removal or withdrawal of such child, the names and residences of the persons who took such child or its body and the place to which it was taken and where it was left, which record shall be produced by the keeper or licensee of such hospital or lying-in place, for inspection by and upon the demand of any person authorized to make such inspection by the Department of Public Health or the council. Each keeper of any such hospital or lying-in place, and his servants and agents, shall permit any person so authorized to enter such hospital or lying-in place and inspect such hospital or lying-in place and all of its appurtenances, for the purpose of detecting any improper treatment of any child or any improper management or conduct in such hospital or lying-in place or its appurtenances. Each person so authorized may remove any article which he may think presents evidence of any crime being committed therein and deliver the same to the appropriate law enforcement official to be disposed of according to law. Any person who violates any provision of this section shall be fined not more than two hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than six months or both.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4687; 1949, S. 2336d; 1969, P.A. 693, S. 4; 699, S. 23; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 89-339, S. 2, 6; P.A. 93-381 , S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)

      History: 1969 acts divided section into Subsecs., allowed revocation of license on basis of lack of demonstrable need, added reference to inspectors authorized by council on hospitals and deleted reference to presentation of evidence to coroner, referring instead to "appropriate law enforcement official"; Sec. 19-43 transferred to Sec. 19-588 in 1977; P.A. 77-614 replaced department of health with department of health services, effective January 1, 1979; Sec. 19-588 transferred to Sec. 19a-505 in 1983; P.A. 89-339 amended Subsec. (a) to replace provision that license terminates December thirty-first, annually, with provision that license is valid for two years; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

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      Sec. 19a-505a. Hospital to provide forms for birth certificate and affidavit of parentage to parents of child born out of wedlock. Upon the birth of a child born out of wedlock, the hospital or such other institution where such birth occurs shall provide an opportunity for the mother and putative father to complete a birth certificate and an affidavit of parentage.

      (P.A. 93-329, S. 3.)

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      Sec. 19a-506. (Formerly Sec. 19-589). Licensing of maternity homes. Fees. Section 19a-506 is repealed, effective July 1, 2009.

      (1959, P.A. 658; P.A. 76-436, S. 378, 681; P.A. 77-603, S. 69, 125; 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 78-280, S. 1, 127; P.A. 83-121, S. 1, 2; P.A. 89-339, S. 3, 6; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-6, S. 15, 117; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 09-197, S. 3.)

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      Sec. 19a-507. (Formerly Sec. 19-589a). New Horizons independent living facility for severely physically disabled adults. (a) Notwithstanding the provisions of chapter 368z, New Horizons, Inc., a nonprofit, nonsectarian organization, or a subsidiary organization controlled by New Horizons, Inc., is authorized to construct and operate an independent living facility for severely physically disabled adults, in the town of Farmington, provided such facility shall be constructed in accordance with applicable building codes. The Farmington Housing Authority, or any issuer acting on behalf of said authority, subject to the provisions of this section, may issue tax-exempt revenue bonds on a competitive or negotiated basis for the purpose of providing construction and permanent mortgage financing for the facility in accordance with Section 103 of the Internal Revenue Code. Prior to the issuance of such bonds, plans for the construction of the facility shall be submitted to and approved by the Office of Health Care Access. The office shall approve or disapprove such plans within thirty days of receipt thereof. If the plans are disapproved they may be resubmitted. Failure of the office to act on the plans within such thirty-day period shall be deemed approval thereof. The payments to residents of the facility who are eligible for assistance under the state supplement program for room and board and necessary services, shall be determined annually to be effective July first of each year. Such payments shall be determined on a basis of a reasonable payment for necessary services, which basis shall take into account as a factor the costs of providing those services and such other factors as the commissioner deems reasonable, including anticipated fluctuations in the cost of providing services. Such payments shall be calculated in accordance with the manner in which rates are calculated pursuant to subsection (h) of section 17b-340 and the cost-related reimbursement system pursuant to said section except that efficiency incentives shall not be granted. The commissioner may adjust such rates to account for the availability of personal care services for residents under the Medicaid program. The commissioner shall, upon submission of a request, allow actual debt service, comprised of principal and interest, in excess of property costs allowed pursuant to section 17-313b-5 of the regulations of Connecticut state agencies, provided such debt service terms and amounts are reasonable in relation to the useful life and the base value of the property. The cost basis for such payment shall be subject to audit, and a recomputation of the rate shall be made based upon such audit. The facility shall report on a fiscal year ending on the thirtieth day of September on forms provided by the commissioner. The required report shall be received by the commissioner no later than December thirty-first of each year. The Department of Social Services may use its existing utilization review procedures to monitor utilization of the facility. If the facility is aggrieved by any decision of the commissioner, the facility may, within ten days, after written notice thereof from the commissioner, obtain by written request to the commissioner, a hearing on all items of aggrievement. If the facility is aggrieved by the decision of the commissioner after such hearing, the facility may appeal to the Superior Court in accordance with the provisions of section 4-183.

      (b) The Commissioner of Social Services may provide for work incentive programs for residents of the facility

      (P.A. 77-569, S. 2, 3; 77-614, S. 587, 608, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 85, 136; P.A. 79-92, S. 1, 2; P.A. 83-482, S. 1, 2; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-8, S. 19, 63; P.A. 93-262, S. 1, 87; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-5, S. 13, 30; P.A. 95-257, S. 39, 58; 95-338, S. 2, 3; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-2, S. 92, 165; P.A. 99-279, S. 26, 45; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-5, S. 35.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 and 78-303 allowed substitution of commissioner of income maintenance for social services commissioner, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-92 substituted "account" for "fund" and changed purpose for which account to be used from payment of bonds issued by Connecticut Health and Educational Facilities Authority as stated; Sec. 19-589a transferred to Sec. 19a-507 in 1983; P.A. 83-482 authorized construction of "independent living facility for severely physically disabled adults" rather than of "health care facility for the handicapped", required that construction accord with building codes rather than public health codes, added authority for the issuance of tax-exempt revenue bonds, commission on hospitals and health care's approval of construction plans, payments to residents who are eligible for assistance under Ch. 302, the method for the determination of such payments and the appeal procedure, and also deleted provisions in Subsec. (b) concerning work incentive positions, reimbursement from the state and federal government and an escrow account for patients' earnings; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-8 amended Subsec. (a) to maintain rates paid by the state as of June 30, 1991, through June 30, 1992, except for scheduled decreases; P.A. 93-262 authorized substitution of commissioner and department of social services for commissioner and department of income maintenance, effective July 1, 1993; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-5 amended Subsec. (a) to require commissioner to allow actual debt service in excess of property costs allowed based upon the useful life and base value of the property and deleted provision limiting fair rental value to no more than the sum of building depreciation and reported mortgage interest, effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commission on Hospitals and Health Care with Office of Health Care Access, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-338 expanded the exemption for New Horizons, Inc. to include a subsidiary organization, effective July 13, 1995; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-2 amended Subsec. (a) to make a technical change, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 99-279 amended Subsec. (a) to allow commissioner to adjust rates to account for the availability of personal care services for residents under the Medicaid program, effective July 1, 1999; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-5 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting provision requiring rate in effect June 30, 1991, to remain in effect through June 30, 1992, and inserting reference to Sec. 17b-340(h), effective October 5, 2009.

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      Sec. 19a-507a. (Formerly Sec. 19a-80a). Community residences for mentally ill adults. Definitions. As used in section 8-3g and sections 19a-507a to 19a-507d, inclusive: (1) "Mentally ill adult" means any adult who has a mental or emotional condition which has substantial adverse effects on his ability to function and who requires care and treatment but shall not mean any adult who is dangerous to himself or herself or others, as defined in section 17a-495, or who is an alcohol-dependent person or a drug-dependent person, as defined in section 17a-680, or who has been placed in any community-based residential home by order of the Superior Court or has been released to any community-based residential home by the Department of Correction or any person found not competent to stand trial for any crime pursuant to section 54-56d or committed pursuant to sections 17a-580 to 17a-602, inclusive; (2) "regional mental health board" means a regional mental health board, as defined in section 17a-482; (3) "community residence" means a facility which houses the staff of such facility and eight or fewer mentally ill adults which is licensed by the Commissioner of Public Health and which provides supervised, structured group living activities and psychosocial rehabilitation and other support services to mentally ill adults discharged from a state-operated or licensed facility or referred by a licensed physician specializing in psychiatry or a licensed psychologist.

      (P.A. 84-341, S. 1, 8; P.A. 85-506, S. 29, 32; P.A. 90-209, S. 24; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 11, 12, 21, 58; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-8, S. 35, 88.)

      History: P.A. 85-506 replaced reference to repealed Sec. 53a-77 with reference to Secs. 17-257a to 17-257w, inclusive; Sec. 19a-80a transferred to Sec. 19a-507a in 1987; P.A. 90-209 in Subdiv. (1) redefined "mentally ill adult" by substituting "alcohol-dependent person" for "alcoholic" and "drug-dependent person, as defined in section 17-155l" for an adult "whose psychiatric disorder is drug dependence, as defined in subdivision (18) of section 21a-240"; P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Mental Health with Commissioner and Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services and replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-8 deleted former Subdiv. (3) defining "regional mental health director" and renumbered remaining Subdiv. accordingly, effective July 1, 1997.

      See Sec. 9-159s re notice to certain guardians and conservators re voting opportunities presented to certain residents.

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      Sec. 19a-507b. (Formerly Sec. 19a-80b). Establishment of community residence. Limitations. Petitions. (a) No community residence shall be established on or after July 1, 1984, within one thousand feet of any other community residence. If more than one community residence is proposed to be established in any municipality, the total capacity of all community residences in the municipality in which such residence is proposed to be established shall not exceed one-tenth of one per cent of the population of such municipality.

      (b) Any resident of a municipality in which a community residence is or will be located may, through the chief executive officer of the municipality, or the legislative body of such municipality may, petition the Commissioner of Public Health to deny an application for a license to operate a community residence on the grounds that the operation of such a community residence would be in violation of the limits established under subsection (a) of this section.

      (c) An applicant for a license to operate a community residence shall mail a copy of the application made to the Department of Public Health to the regional mental health board and the governing body of the municipality in which the community residence is to be located, by certified mail, return receipt requested. All applications shall specify the number of community residences in the municipality, the address of each such residence and the number of residents in each and the address of the proposed community residence, and shall include population and occupancy statistics reflecting compliance with the limits established pursuant to subsection (a) of this section.

      (d) The Commissioner of Public Health shall not issue a license for a community residence until the applicant has submitted proof that the mailing required by subsection (c) of this section has been made and until at least thirty days have elapsed since the receipt of such mailing by all required recipients.

      (P.A. 84-341, S. 3, 8; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-8, S. 36, 88.)

      History: Sec. 19a-80b transferred to Sec. 19a-507b in 1987; P.A. 93-381 replaced department and commissioner of health services with department and commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-8 deleted reference in Subsec. (c) to regional mental health directors, effective July 1, 1997.

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      Sec. 19a-507c. (Formerly Sec. 19a-80c). Evaluation of community residences. A community residence shall be evaluated twice a year by the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services. Evaluations by said department shall include a review of individual client records and shall be sent to the Department of Public Health upon its request.

      (P.A. 84-341, S. 4, 8; P.A. 85-613, S. 43, 154; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 11, 12, 21, 58.)

      History: P.A. 85-613 made technical change; Sec. 19a-80c transferred to Sec. 19a-507c in 1987; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Mental Health with Commissioner and Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services and replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

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      Sec. 19a-507d. (Formerly Sec. 19a-80d). Petition for revocation of license of community residence. Any resident of a municipality in which a community residence is located may, with the approval of the legislative body of such municipality, petition the Commissioner of Public Health to revoke the license of such community residence on the grounds that such community residence is not in compliance with the provisions of any statute or regulation concerning the operation of such residences.

      (P.A. 84-341, S. 5, 8; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)

      History: Sec. 19a-80d transferred to Sec. 19a-507d in 1987; P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

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      Secs. 19a-507e and 19a-507f. Grants and loans for community residential facilities for mentally ill adults. Bond issue. Sections 19a-507e and 19a-507f are repealed.

      (P.A. 87-405, S. 24-26; P.A. 88-343, S. 24, 32; P.A. 89-331, S. 29, 30.)

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      Sec. 19a-507g. Adult day health care facilities. Regulations. The Department of Social Services shall adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, for the certification of adult day health care facilities. In establishing such regulations, the Department of Social Services shall consult with the Connecticut Association of Adult Day Centers and such other persons or entities it deems appropriate.

      (P.A. 93-262, S. 1, 87; 93-415, S. 3, 10; 93-435, S. 59, 95.)

      History: P.A. 93-262 and P.A. 93-435 authorized substitution of commissioner and department of social services for commissioner and department of income maintenance, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-415 effective June 30, 1993.

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      Sec. 19a-508. (Formerly Sec. 19-590). Notice of appointment of interns, house officers and resident physicians. Within ten days of the date an intern, house officer or resident physician is appointed or employed by any hospital or institution in this state, the superintendent thereof shall notify the Department of Public Health of the name of each such intern, house officer or resident physician, the name and location of the medical school of which he is a graduate and the year of graduation and shall give such other information as is required on forms to be supplied by said department.

      (1953, S. 2050d; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)

      History: Sec. 19-44 transferred to Sec. 19-590 in 1977; P.A. 77-614 replaced department of health with department of health services, effective January 1, 1979; Sec. 19-590 transferred to Sec. 19a-508 in 1983; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

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      Sec. 19a-509. (Formerly Sec. 19-590a). Hospital and nursing home admission forms. Hospital bills. Utility charges for nursing home patients. (a) All hospitals and all nursing homes shall include on their admission forms a question as to whether a person is a veteran or the spouse of a veteran. All hospitals shall include on their admission forms a conspicuous notice that a self-pay patient may, upon request, receive a copy of the hospital charges related to such patient. Such admission forms shall also include a conspicuous notice specifying the name and contact information of a person whom the patient may contact to request a copy of the hospital charges related to the patient.

      (b) All hospitals shall include in their bills to patients, and to third party payors unless previously furnished, an explanation of any items identified by any code or by initials. Upon request by a self-pay patient, a hospital shall provide such patient with an itemized bill not later than thirty days after the date of such request. Such itemized bill shall identify, in plain language pursuant to chapter 742, each individual service, supply or medication provided to the patient by the hospital and the specific charge for such service, supply or medication.

      (c) No nursing home may bill a patient or third party payor an amount for telephone service, community antenna television service or other telecommunications service, which amount includes a surcharge or administrative fee or which otherwise exceeds the amount paid by the nursing home to provide such service.

      (P.A. 77-48; P.A. 86-14; P.A. 99-87, S. 1, 2; P.A. 02-92, S. 3.)

      History: Sec. 19-590a transferred to Sec. 19a-509 in 1983; P.A. 86-14 inserted new provision re inclusion of veteran status question on hospital forms as Subsec. (a) and designated prior provision as Subsec. (b); P.A. 99-87 added new Subsec. (c) re utility charges for nursing home patients, effective July 1, 1999; P.A. 02-92 amended Subsec. (a) to require hospitals to include on admission forms conspicuous notices re self-pay patients, and amended Subsec. (b) to require hospitals to provide self-pay patients with an itemized bill and to specify contents of such bill, effective July 1, 2002.

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      Sec. 19a-509a. Audits of hospital bills. Charges. (a) No hospital shall charge payers which are health insurance plans or insurance arrangements issued to or in accordance with a trust established pursuant to collective bargaining subject to the federal Labor Management Relations Act, a fee for an audit to verify that charges are correct and that services were actually performed, provided the amount of the charges is ten thousand dollars or more and one hundred per cent of the charges, excluding any applicable coinsurance and deductibles, is paid on or before the tenth business day after receipt of the bill by the payer in accordance with the terms of the patient's health insurance coverage agreement. If the amount of the charges is less than ten thousand dollars and one hundred per cent of the charges, excluding any applicable coinsurance and deductibles, is paid on or before the tenth business day after receipt of the bill by the payer, a fee, not to exceed two per cent of the amount of the total bill, may be charged for the audit.

      (b) Upon receipt of a written audit request pursuant to an agreement between the hospital and the payer or the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, a hospital shall, within thirty days of the request or within thirty days of receipt by the hospital of any patient authorization required prior to the release of records or information, whichever is later, provide a detailed itemization of charges to the patient and make available all medical records and supporting documentation at no cost to the party conducting the audit except as provided in subsection (a) of this section and a reasonable fee for photocopying and mailing. Within fifteen days after receipt of the audit report, which shall be in writing and set forth in detail the findings of the auditor, the hospital shall respond to the auditor. If the hospital fails to respond, the audit findings shall be deemed correct and any required adjustments to the charges or payments shall be made by the payer or hospital. Any balance due or refund owed shall be remitted within twenty days.

      (c) If a dispute arises which the parties are unable to resolve within thirty days of the receipt of the audit findings, the dispute shall be immediately submitted to arbitration to be conducted by the American Arbitration Association. The cost of arbitration shall be borne equally by the parties to the dispute.

      (d) When an audit request is submitted in accordance with an agreement between the hospital and the payer or the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, the hospital shall not issue, in any form, bills to the patient, nor initiate self-pay collection efforts until the audit is complete and the charges are determined to be correct either by mutual agreement of the parties or arbitration. If a balance is due to the hospital and it is not paid within twenty days, collection efforts may be initiated.

      (e) As used in this section "hospital" means a hospital included within the definition of health care facilities or institutions under section 19a-630 and licensed as a short-term general hospital by the Department of Public Health, including John Dempsey Hospital of The University of Connecticut Health Center.

      (P.A. 91-267; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 05-288, S. 78, 79.)

      History: P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 05-288 made technical changes in Subsecs. (b) and (d), effective July 13, 2005.

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      Sec. 19a-509b. Hospital bed funds. (a) As used in this section, (1) "hospital bed fund" means any gift of money, stock, bonds, financial instruments or other property made by any donor for the purpose of establishing a fund to provide medical care, including, but not limited to, inpatient or outpatient care, to patients at a hospital. A hospital bed fund may be established by inter vivos gift, bequest, subscription, solicitation, dedication or any other means; (2) "hospital" means hospital as defined in section 19a-490; (3) "collection agent" means any person, either employed by or under contract to, a hospital, who is engaged in the business of collecting payment from consumers for medical services provided by the hospital, and includes, but is not limited to, attorneys performing debt collection activities.

      (b) (1) Each hospital which holds or administers one or more hospital bed funds shall post or cause to be posted in a conspicuous public place in each patient admitting location, including, but not limited to, the admissions office, emergency room, social services department and patient accounts or billing office, information in English and Spanish regarding the availability of its hospital bed funds, in plain language in a forty-eight to seventy-two point type size. Such information shall include: (A) Notification of the existence of hospital bed funds and the hospital's program to administer them and (B) the person to contact for application information.

      (2) Each hospital which has a hospital bed fund shall train staff, including but not limited to, hospital social workers, discharge planners and billing personnel concerning the existence of such fund, the eligibility requirements and the procedures for application.

      (c) Each hospital that holds or administers one or more hospital bed funds shall make available in a place and manner allowing individual members of the public to easily obtain it, a one-page summary in English and Spanish describing hospital bed funds and how to apply for them. The summary shall also describe any other policies regarding the provision of charity care and reduced cost services for the indigent as reported by the hospital to the Office of Health Care Access division of the Department of Public Health pursuant to section 19a-649 and shall clearly distinguish hospital bed funds from other sources of financial assistance. The summary shall include notification that the patient is entitled to reapply upon rejection, and that additional funds may become available on an annual basis. The summary shall be available in the patient admissions office, emergency room, social services department and patient accounts or billing office, and from any collection agent. If during the admission process or during its review of the financial resources of the patient, the hospital reasonably believes the patient will have limited funds to pay for any portion of the patient's hospitalization not covered by insurance, the hospital shall provide the summary to each such patient.

      (d) Each hospital which holds or administers one or more hospital bed funds shall require its collection agents to include a summary as provided in subsection (c) of this section in all bills and collection notices sent by such collection agents.

      (e) Applicants for assistance from hospital bed funds shall be notified in writing of any award or any rejection and the reason for such rejection. Patients who cannot pay any outstanding medical bill at the hospital shall be allowed to apply or reapply for hospital bed funds.

      (f) Each hospital which holds or administers one or more hospital bed funds shall maintain and annually compile, at the end of the fiscal year of the hospital, the following information: (1) The number of applications for hospital bed funds; (2) the number of patients receiving hospital bed fund grants and the actual dollar amounts provided to each patient from such fund; (3) the fair market value of the principal of each individual hospital bed fund, or the principal attributable to each bed fund if held in a pooled investment; (4) the total earnings for each hospital bed fund or the earnings attributable to each hospital bed fund; (5) the dollar amount of earnings reinvested as principal if any; and (6) the dollar amount of earnings available for patient care. The information compiled pursuant to this subsection shall be permanently retained by the hospital and made available to the Office of Health Care Access upon request.

      (P.A. 91-348, S. 1-5; P.A. 95-257, S. 39, 58; P.A. 03-266, S. 2; P.A. 07-149, S. 1; P.A. 10-179, S. 106.)

      History: P.A. 95-257 replaced Commission on Hospitals and Health Care with Office of Health Care Access, effective July 1, 1995; (Revisor's note: In 2001 references to "Department of Social Services" in Subsecs. (b) and (c) were changed editorially by the Revisors to "social services department" in order to reflect the original language contained in P.A. 91-348 and to correct a codification error); P.A. 03-266 amended Subsec. (a) by specifying medical care includes inpatient and outpatient care and adding Subdiv. (3) defining "collection agent", amended Subsecs. (b) and (c) to require bed fund summary to be in English and Spanish, adding required elements of summary in Subsec. (c), added new Subsec. (d) re summary to be included in bills sent by collection agent, redesignated existing Subsecs. (d) and (e) as new Subsecs. (e) and (f) and made conforming and technical changes; P.A. 07-149 amended Subsec. (c) to substitute provision re charity care for free care re policies for the indigent and make a technical change, effective July 1, 2007; P.A. 10-179 amended Subsec. (c) by replacing "Office of Health Care Access" with "Office of Health Care Access division of the Department of Public Health".

      CIted. 44 CS 274. Hospital bed funds statute cited. Id.

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      Sec. 19a-509c. Prescription orders in health care facilities. In a facility licensed pursuant to this chapter, a physician assistant, advanced practice registered nurse, registered nurse or licensed practical nurse may, except with respect to an order for schedule II controlled substances, reduce to writing the oral or written order of a prescribing practitioner, as defined in section 20-571, and transmit the order to a pharmacy licensed under sections 20-570 to 20-625, inclusive. Such transmitted order shall contain the name of the prescribing practitioner and shall be treated as a written prescription for purposes of sections 20-570 to 20-625, inclusive.

      (P.A. 91-27, S. 1; P.A. 95-264, S. 48.)

      History: P.A. 95-264 made technical changes.

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      Sec. 19a-509d. Transcription and execution of verbal medication orders. When a physician or other authorized prescriber conveys a medication order to a licensed pharmacist by verbal means for a patient in a health care facility licensed pursuant to this chapter, or for a client in a facility operated or licensed by the Department of Developmental Services, such order shall be received and immediately committed to writing in the patient's or client's chart by the pharmacist. Any order so written may be acted upon by the facility's nurses and physician assistants with the same authority as if the order were received directly from the prescriber. Any order conveyed in this manner shall be countersigned by the prescriber within twenty-four hours unless otherwise provided by state or federal law or regulations.

      (P.A. 91-75; P.A. 94-124, S. 2; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a).)

      History: P.A. 94-124 made section applicable to facilities of the department of mental retardation; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Department of Mental Retardation" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 19a-509e. (Formerly Sec. 17a-661). Referrals required for certain patients showing symptoms of substance abuse. Each hospital shall establish and implement, on or before October 1, 1992, a protocol whereby each patient who shows symptoms of substance abuse, shall be provided with informational referrals to (1) entitlement programs for which the patient may be eligible; (2) area substance abuse treatment programs; and (3) appropriate community-based support services.

      (P.A. 90-183, S. 3; P.A. 91-197.)

      History: P.A. 91-197 amended section to require hospitals to establish and implement a protocol by October 1, 1992, to provide patients with information regarding referrals for substance abuse treatment; Sec. 17a-661 transferred to Sec. 19a-509e in 1995.

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      Sec. 19a-509f. Prohibited utility charges to residents of residential care homes, nursing homes and rest homes. (a) No telephone company, telecommunications company, certified telecommunications provider, community antenna television company, certified competitive video service provider or holder of a certificate of cable franchise authority, all as defined in section 16-1, shall charge an installation fee to a resident of a residential care home, nursing home or rest home, as defined in section 19a-490, when such resident moves from one room in such home to another room in such home. Any violation of this subsection shall not constitute an unfair or deceptive trade practice under section 42-110b.

      (b) No owner or operator of a residential care home, nursing home or rest home, as defined in section 19a-490, shall charge any resident of such home a fee for the installation of telecommunication or community antenna television service, as defined in section 12-407, when such resident moves from one room in such home to another room in such home.

      (P.A. 08-115, S. 1, 2; P.A. 10-32, S. 75.)

      History: P.A. 10-32 made technical changes, effective May 10, 2010.

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      Sec. 19a-510. (Formerly Sec. 19-590b). Reporting of burns. Section 19a-510 is repealed.

      (P.A. 77-197; 77-614, S. 323, 587, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 85, 136; P.A. 83-38, S. 1, 2.)

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      Sec. 19a-510a. Reporting of treatment for burn injuries or injuries resulting from use of fireworks. (a) The attending physician, the director of a health care institution, his designee, or any health care provider shall report the provision of treatment for (1) a second or third degree burn to five per cent or more of the body, (2) any burn to the upper respiratory tract, (3) laryngeal edema due to the inhalation of superheated air, (4) each case of a burn injury which is likely to or may result in death, and (5) any injury resulting from the use of fireworks, immediately, by telephone, to the local fire marshal of the jurisdiction where the incident which caused the burn occurred, and within forty-eight hours, in writing, to the State Fire Marshal's Office on forms provided by that office. The report shall be sent to the Bureau of State Fire Marshal and Safety Services which shall compile the information and publish a statistical abstract to be submitted annually to local fire marshals and the General Assembly.

      (b) Nothing in this section shall be construed to remove the primary responsibility for fire investigations from the appropriate local jurisdiction.

      (c) For purposes of this section "health care provider" means any person, corporation, facility or institution licensed by this state to provide health care or professional services, or an officer, employee or agent thereof acting in the course and scope of his employment.

      (P.A. 87-392, S. 1, 2; P.A. 03-231, S. 5.)

      History: P.A. 03-231 added Subsec. (a)(5) requiring the reporting of treatment for any injury resulting from the use of fireworks, effective July 9, 2003.

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      Sec. 19a-511. (Formerly Sec. 19-591). Nursing home administrators to supervise homes. Definitions. As used in sections 19a-511 to 19a-520, inclusive, "nursing home" means an institution licensed under this chapter and "nursing home administrator" means the person in general administrative charge of a nursing home. All nursing homes licensed under this chapter shall be under the supervision of a licensed nursing home administrator.

      (1969, P.A. 754, S. 1, 2; P.A. 81-472, S. 132, 159.)

      History: Sec. 19-42a transferred to Sec. 19-591 in 1977; P.A. 81-472 removed Subdiv. indicators and deleted definition of "board", i.e. board of licensure of nursing home administrators; Sec. 19-591 transferred to Sec. 19a-511 in 1983.

      Cited. 25 CA 177.

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      Sec. 19a-512. (Formerly Sec. 19-593). Licensure by examination. Minimum requirements. (a) In order to be eligible for licensure by examination pursuant to sections 19a-511 to 19a-520, inclusive, a person shall submit an application, together with a fee of two hundred dollars, and proof satisfactory to the Department of Public Health that he (1) is physically and emotionally capable of administering a nursing home; (2) has satisfactorily completed a program of instruction and training, including residency training which meets the requirements of subsection (b) of this section and which is approved by the Commissioner of Public Health; and (3) has passed an examination prescribed and administered by the Department of Public Health designed to test the applicant's knowledge and competence in the subject matter referred to in subsection (b) of this section. Passing scores shall be established by the department.

      (b) Minimum education and training requirements for applicants for licensure are as follows:

      (1) Each person other than an applicant for renewal, applying prior to February 1, 1985, shall have completed: (A) A program so designed as to content and so administered as to present sufficient knowledge of the needs to be properly served by nursing homes, laws and regulations governing the operation of nursing homes and the protection of the interest of patients therein and the elements of good nursing home administration, or presented evidence satisfactory to the Department of Public Health of sufficient education and training in the foregoing fields; and (B) a one-year residency period under the joint supervision of a duly licensed nursing home administrator in an authorized nursing home and an accredited institution of higher education, approved by said department, which period may correspond to one academic year in such accredited institution. The supervising administrator shall submit such reports as may be required by the department on the performance and progress of such administrator-in-training, on forms provided by the department. This subdivision shall not apply to any person who has successfully completed a program of study for a master's degree in nursing home administration or in a related health care field and who has been awarded such degree from an accredited institution of higher learning.

      (2) Each such person applying on or after February 1, 1985, in addition to the requirements of subdivision (1) of this subsection, shall either (A) have a baccalaureate degree in any area and have completed a course in long-term care administration approved by the department, or (B) have a master's degree in long-term care administration or in a related health care field approved by the commissioner.

      (c) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (b) of this section, the Department of Public Health shall renew the license of any person licensed as a nursing home administrator on July 1, 1983.

      (1969, P.A. 754, S. 5; 1972, P.A. 127, S. 36; P.A. 77-287, S. 2; 77-574, S. 1, 6; P.A. 80-484, S. 6, 176; P.A. 83-263, S. 1, 4; P.A. 84-135, S. 1, 3; P.A. 89-251, S. 70, 203; 89-350, S. 19, 21; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 07-217, S. 80; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3, S. 178.)

      History: 1972 act changed applicable age from 21 to 18 reflecting changed age of majority; Sec. 19-42c transferred to Sec. 19-593 in 1977; P.A. 77-287 changed language, added proviso re residency periods, replaced semiannual reports with reports "as may be required by the board" and updated obsolete date reference; P.A. 77-574 increased application fee from $25 to $50; P.A. 80-484 replaced "board", i.e. board of licensure of nursing home administrators, with department and commissioner of health services and provided that department establish passing scores; Sec. 19-593 transferred to Sec. 19a-512 in 1983; P.A. 83-263 amended Subsec. (a) to add residency training to the required program of instruction and training and deleted existing program requirements and added Subsecs. (b) and (c) to add new license requirements; P.A. 84-135 amended Subsecs. (b) and (c) to change July 1, 1985, to February 1, 1985, in Subdivs. (1) and (2), and to add the requirement for a master's degree for applicants after February 1, 1985, and excepted from the provisions of Subsec. (b) all applicants for renewal who were licensed on July 1, 1983; P.A. 89-251 increased fee in Subsec. (a) from $50 to $100; P.A. 89-350 amended Subsec. (b)(1) by removing language requiring the administrator-in-training to register with the department and (b)(2) by removing requirement that the person apply prior to July 1, 1987, by changing requirement to "either (A) or (B)" rather than "(A) and (B)" and removing requirement in (B) that the master's degree be obtained prior to July 1, 1994, and deleted obsolete subdivisions; P.A. 93-381 replaced department and commissioner of health services with department and commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 07-217 made technical changes in Subsec. (b)(2), effective July 12, 2007; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3 amended Subsec. (a) to increase fee from $100 to $200.

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      Sec. 19a-513. (Formerly Sec. 19-594). Licensure by endorsement. In order to be eligible for licensure by endorsement pursuant to sections 19a-511 to 19a-520, inclusive, a person shall submit an application for endorsement licensure on a form provided by the department, together with a fee of two hundred dollars, and meet the following requirements: (1) Hold a current license in good standing as a nursing home administrator in another state that was issued on the basis of holding, at a minimum, a baccalaureate degree and having passed the examination required for licensure in such state; and (2) have practiced as a licensed nursing home administrator for not less than twelve months within the twenty-four-month period preceding the date of the application. No license shall be issued under this section to any applicant against whom disciplinary action is pending or who is the subject of an unresolved complaint.

      (1969, P.A. 754, S. 6; P.A. 80-484, S. 7, 176; P.A. 89-251, S. 71, 203; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-6, S. 16, 117; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3, S. 179; P.A. 10-117, S. 17.)

      History: Sec. 19-42d transferred to Sec. 19-594 in 1977; P.A. 80-484 replaced "board", i.e. licensure board for nursing home administrators with "department", i.e. health services department, added Subdiv. (3) and prohibited issuance of license to person against whom disciplinary action is pending or who is subject of unresolved complaint; Sec. 19-594 transferred to Sec. 19a-513 in 1983; P.A. 89-251 increased the fee from $25 to $50; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-6 raised fee to $100; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3 increased fee from $100 to $200; P.A. 10-117 deleted former Subdiv. (1), redesignated existing Subdiv. (2) as Subdiv. (1) and amended same to provide that license shall be current, in good standing and issued on basis of having, at minimum, a baccalaureate degree and having passed an examination required for licensure in other state, deleted former Subdiv. (3) and added new Subdiv. (2) re having practiced as licensed nursing home administrator in other state for not less than 12 months in the 24-month period preceding date of application.

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      Sec. 19a-514. (Formerly Sec. 19-595). Issuance of administrator's license. Nontransferable. The Commissioner of Public Health shall issue a license as a nursing home administrator to any applicant meeting the requirements for licensure as specified in sections 19a-511 to 19a-520, inclusive. A nursing home administrator's license shall be nontransferable.

      (1969, P.A. 754, S. 3; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 80-484, S. 146, 176; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)

      History: Sec. 19-42e transferred to Sec. 19-595 in 1977; P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner of health with commissioner of health services, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 80-484 deleted reference to board of licensure's approval of applicant's qualifications; Sec. 19-595 transferred to Sec. 19a-514 in 1983; P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

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      Sec. 19a-515. (Formerly Sec. 19-596). License renewal. Continuing education requirement. (a) Each nursing home administrator's license issued pursuant to the provisions of sections 19a-511 to 19a-520, inclusive, shall be renewed once every two years, in accordance with section 19a-88, except for cause, by the Department of Public Health, upon forms to be furnished by said department and upon the payment to said department, by each applicant for license renewal, of the sum of two hundred dollars. Each such fee shall be remitted to the Department of Public Health on or before the date prescribed under section 19a-88. Such renewals shall be granted unless said department finds the applicant has acted or failed to act in such a manner or under such circumstances as would constitute grounds for suspension or revocation of such license.

      (b) Each licensee shall complete a minimum of forty hours of continuing education every two years. Such two-year period shall commence on the first date of renewal of the licensee's license after January 1, 2004. The continuing education shall be in areas related to the licensee's practice. Qualifying continuing education activities are courses offered or approved by the Connecticut Association of Healthcare Facilities, the Connecticut Association of Not-For-Profit Providers for the Aging, the Connecticut Assisted Living Association, the Connecticut Alliance for Subacute Care, Inc., the Connecticut Chapter of the American College of Health Care Administrators, the Association For Long Term Care Financial Managers or any accredited college or university, or programs presented or approved by the National Continuing Education Review Service of the National Association of Boards of Examiners of Long Term Care Administrators, or by federal or state departments or agencies.

      (c) Each licensee shall obtain a certificate of completion from the provider of the continuing education for all continuing education hours that are successfully completed and shall retain such certificate for a minimum of three years. Upon request by the department, the licensee shall submit the certificate to the department. A licensee who fails to comply with the continuing education requirements shall be subject to disciplinary action pursuant to section 19a-517.

      (d) The continuing education requirements shall be waived for licensees applying for licensure renewal for the first time. The department may, for a licensee who has a medical disability or illness, grant a waiver of the continuing education requirements for a specific period of time or may grant the licensee an extension of time in which to fulfill the requirements.

      (1969, P.A. 754, S. 9; P.A. 77-287, S. 3; 77-574, S. 2, 6; 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 80-484, S. 8, 176; P.A. 89-251, S. 72, 203; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 03-118, S. 4; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-3, S. 20; P.A. 04-221, S. 18; P.A. 05-272, S. 32; P.A. 06-196, S. 211; P.A. 08-184, S. 16; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3, S. 180.)

      History: Sec. 19-42f transferred to Sec. 19-596 in 1977; P.A. 77-287 required proof of completion of required continuing education courses for license renewal; P.A. 77-574 required annual renewal rather than biennial renewal in odd-numbered years and raised fee from $10 to $25; P.A. 77-614 replaced department of health with department of health services, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 80-484 made renewals in accordance with Sec. 14-95 and replaced "board", i.e. licensure board with "department", i.e. health services department; Sec. 19-596 transferred to Sec. 19a-515 in 1983; P.A. 89-251 increased the renewal fee from $25 to $50; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 03-118 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and deleted provisions therein re regulations for continuing education requirements, and added Subsecs. (b) to (d) re continuing education requirements; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-3 changed license renewal from annually to biennially, and made conforming changes to renewal fee and continuing education requirements, effective January 1, 2004; P.A. 04-221 amended Subsec. (b) by changing commencement date for two-year period from October 1, 2004 to January 1, 2004, and making a technical change, effective June 8, 2004; P.A. 05-272 amended Subsec. (b) by including courses offered by the Association for Long Term Care Financial Managers in the list of qualifying continuing education activities; P.A. 06-196 made a technical change in Subsec. (b), effective June 7, 2006; P.A. 08-184 amended Subsec. (b) by adding the Connecticut Assisted Living Association and Connecticut Alliance for Subacute Care, Inc. to entities that offer or approve continuing education courses; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3 amended Subsec. (a) to increase renewal fee from $100 to $200.

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      Sec. 19a-516. (Formerly Sec. 19-597). Temporary license. Section 19a-516 is repealed.

      (1969, P.A. 754, S. 8; P.A. 83-263, S. 3, 4.)

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      Sec. 19a-517. (Formerly Sec. 19-598). Unacceptable conduct. Notice. Hearing. Revocation or suspension of license. Appeal. (a) The Department of Public Health shall have jurisdiction to hear all charges of unacceptable conduct brought against any person licensed to practice as a nursing home administrator and, after holding a hearing, written notice of which shall be given to such person, said department, if it finds that any grounds for action by the department enumerated in subsection (b) of this section exist, may take any of the actions set forth in section 19a-17. Such notice shall be given, and such hearing conducted, as provided in the regulations adopted by the Commissioner of Public Health. Any person aggrieved by the finding of the department may appeal therefrom in accordance with the provisions of section 4-183, and such appeal shall have precedence over nonprivileged cases in respect to order of trial.

      (b) The department may take action under section 19a-17 for any of the following reasons: (1) The license holder has employed or knowingly cooperated in fraud or material deception in order to obtain his license or has engaged in fraud or material deception in the course of professional services or activities; (2) the license holder is suffering from physical or mental illness, emotional disorder or loss of motor skill, including but not limited to, deterioration through the aging process, or is suffering from the abuse or excessive use of drugs, including alcohol, narcotics or chemicals; (3) illegal, incompetent or negligent conduct in his practice; (4) violation of any provision of state or federal law governing the license holder's practices within a nursing home; or (5) violation of any provision of this chapter or any regulation adopted hereunder. The Commissioner of Public Health may order a license holder to submit to a reasonable physical or mental examination if his physical or mental capacity to practice safely is being investigated. Said commissioner may petition the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford to enforce such order or any action taken pursuant to section 19a-17.

      (1969, P.A. 754, S. 10; P.A. 76-436, S. 377, 681; P.A. 77-603, S. 70, 125; 77-614, S. 473, 610; P.A. 80-484, S. 9, 176; P.A. 88-230, S. 1, 12; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-220, S. 4-6; 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 09-232, S. 2; P.A. 10-18, S. 11.)

      History: P.A. 76-436 replaced court of common pleas with superior court and added reference to judicial districts, effective July 1, 1978; Sec. 19-42h transferred to Sec. 19-598 in 1977; P.A. 77-603 replaced previous appeal provisions with statement that appeals to be made in accordance with Sec. 4-183; P.A. 77-614 allowed revocation or suspension of license, etc. for violations of chapter or regulations, provided that notice be given and hearing conducted pursuant to adopted regulations and substituted department of health for department of health services, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 80-484 replaced "board", i.e. licensing board, with department of health services as hearing authority, deleted provision re grounds for action to revoke, etc., now contained in newly added Subsec. (b) in greater detail and deleted provision re notification of department made obsolete by transfer of hearing power; Sec. 19-598 transferred to Sec. 19a-517 in 1983; P.A. 88-230 replaced "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain" with "judicial district of Hartford", effective September 1, 1991; P.A. 90-98 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1991, to September 1, 1993; P.A. 93-142 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1993, to September 1, 1996, effective June 14, 1993; P.A. 93-381 replaced department and commissioner of health services with department and commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-220 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1996, to September 1, 1998, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 09-232 amended Subsec. (b) by adding new Subdiv. (4) re disciplinary action based on violation of state or federal law governing license holder's practices within a nursing home and redesignating existing Subdiv. (4) as Subdiv. (5); P.A. 10-18 made a technical change in Subsec. (b)(3).

      Subsec. (b):

      Cited. 4 CA 544.


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      Sec. 19a-518. (Formerly Sec. 19-599). Penalty. No person shall act as a nursing home administrator unless such person has been licensed as a nursing home administrator under the provisions of sections 19a-511 to 19a-520, inclusive. Any person who violates this section or who wilfully makes false representation to the Department of Public Health shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than six months or both. The department shall cause to be presented, to the prosecuting officer having jurisdiction, evidence of any violation of any provision of said sections.

      (1969, P.A. 754, S. 11; P.A. 82-472, S. 71, 183; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)

      History: Sec. 19-42i transferred to Sec. 19-599 in 1977; P.A. 82-472 replaced references to board for licensure of nursing home administrators with references to health services department; Sec. 19-599 transferred to Sec. 19a-518 in 1983; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

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      Sec. 19a-519. (Formerly Sec. 19-600). Regulations. Programs of instruction and training. (a) The Commissioner of Public Health shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, with respect to standards for: (1) Approval of institutions of higher education, (2) course or degree requirements, or both, for licensing and renewal of licenses, which requirements shall include, but not be limited to, nursing home administration, management behavior, financial management, business administration, psychosocial behavior and gerontology, (3) the residency training program and (4) reinstatement of individuals who fail to renew their licenses upon expiration, as provided in section 19a-515, to carry out the provisions of sections 19a-511 to 19a-520, inclusive.

      (b) The Commissioner of Public Health may make provision for one or more programs of instruction and training sufficient to meet the requirements of sections 19a-511 to 19a-520, inclusive, considering the accessibility of such programs to residents of this state, if he finds there are not a sufficient number of approved courses conducted in this state.

      (1969, P.A. 754, S. 7; P.A. 77-287, S. 4; P.A. 82-472, S. 72, 183; P.A. 83-263, S. 2, 4; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)

      History: Sec. 19-42j transferred to Sec. 19-600 in 1977; P.A. 77-287 made previous provisions Subsec. (b) and added Subsec. (a) re regulation power; P.A. 82-472 replaced references to licensing board with references to health services commissioner; Sec. 19-600 transferred to Sec. 19a-519 in 1983; P.A. 83-263 amended Subsec. (a) to add business administration to course or degree requirements; P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

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      Sec. 19a-520. (Formerly Sec. 19-601). Changes in regulations to meet federal requirements. The Commissioner of Public Health may make such changes in the rules and regulations adopted under this chapter, as will enable them to conform with federal statutes and regulations relating to licensure of nursing home administrators, subject to the provisions of chapter 54.

      (1969, P.A. 754, S. 12; P.A. 77-287, S. 5; 77-614, S. 474, 610; P.A. 82-472, S. 73, 183; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)

      History: Sec. 19-42k transferred to Sec. 19-601 in 1977; P.A. 77-287 revised language, dropping reference to rule changes and made regulation changes subject to provisions of chapter 54; P.A. 77-614 transferred power to change rules and regulations to commissioner of health services, relegating board to advisory body and specifying rules and regulations under chapter, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 82-472 deleted reference to licensing board's advisory role in changing rules and regulations; Sec. 19-601 transferred to Sec. 19a-520 in 1983; P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

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      Sec. 19a-521. (Formerly Sec. 19-602). Nursing home facilities. Definitions. As used in this section and sections 19a-522 to 19a-534a, inclusive, 19a-536 to 19a-539, inclusive, 19a-550 to 19a-554, inclusive, and 19a-562a, unless the context otherwise requires: "Nursing home facility" means any nursing home or residential care home as defined in section 19a-490 or any rest home with nursing supervision which provides, in addition to personal care required in a residential care home, nursing supervision under a medical director twenty-four hours per day, or any chronic and convalescent nursing home which provides skilled nursing care under medical supervision and direction to carry out nonsurgical treatment and dietary procedures for chronic diseases, convalescent stages, acute diseases or injuries; "department" means the Department of Public Health; and "commissioner" means the Commissioner of Public Health or the commissioner's designated representative.

      (P.A. 75-468, S. 1, 17; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 79-467, S. 1, 8; P.A. 80-437, S. 1; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 97-112, S. 2; P.A. 99-176, S. 18, 24; P.A. 06-195, S. 28; P.A. 09-108, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 replaced department and commissioner of health with department and commissioner of health services, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-467 removed Sec. 19-613 as section to which definitions apply; P.A. 80-437 added Secs. 19-623a and 19-623b as sections to which definitions apply; Sec. 19-602 transferred to Sec. 19a-521 in 1983; P.A. 93-381 replaced department and commissioner of health services with department and commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 97-112 replaced "home for the aged" with "residential care home"; P.A. 99-176 deleted reference to Sec. 17b-406 and substituted "the commissioner's" for "his", effective July 1, 1999; P.A. 06-195 replaced reference to Sec. 19a-534 with reference to Sec. 19a-534a; P.A. 09-108 added reference to Sec. 19a-562a, effective July 1, 2009.

      See Sec. 17b-400 et seq. re Office of Long-Term Care Ombudsman and residents' advocates.

      Cited. 214 C. 321.

      Cited. 25 CA 177.


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      Sec. 19a-521a. Dual inspections of chronic and convalescent nursing homes or rest homes with nursing supervision. The Department of Public Health shall, whenever possible, conduct dual inspections of chronic and convalescent nursing homes or rest homes with nursing supervision when an inspection of such a facility is necessary for the purpose of the facility's maintaining state licensure and certification for participation in the Title XIX Medicaid program or the Title XVIII Medicare program, provided such dual inspections shall be conducted in not less than fifty per cent of such facilities. On and after January 1, 1993, the department shall conduct such dual inspections in not less than seventy per cent of such facilities. On and after June 3, 2003, such dual inspections shall not be disclosed to such facility before such inspection and shall be conducted on a random basis, as to date and time of day.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-8, S. 34, 63; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 03-92, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 03-92 added requirement that dual inspections be conducted on a random basis, effective June 3, 2003.

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      Sec. 19a-521b. Bed clearance of nursing home facilities. In each licensed chronic and convalescent nursing home, chronic disease hospital associated with a chronic and convalescent nursing home, rest home with nursing supervision and residential care home, at least a three-foot clearance shall be provided at the sides and the foot of each bed.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-8, S. 35, 63; P.A. 97-112, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 97-112 replaced "home for the aged" with "residential care home".

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      Sec. 19a-521c. Prescription drugs obtained through United States Department of Veterans Affairs prescription drug program or health plan by patients of nursing home facilities. No nursing home facility, as defined in section 19a-521, shall restrict any patient from obtaining prescription drugs through a prescription drug program or health plan offered by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs. If a nursing home facility patient obtains prescription drugs through a prescription drug program or health plan offered by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs, the nursing home facility may require such prescription drugs to be dispensed and administered according to the facility's policies, provided such policies conform to applicable state and federal laws. At the request of a patient, a nursing home facility shall dispense and administer prescription drugs obtained through a prescription drug program or health plan operated by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs regardless of the form of the drugs' packaging. Nothing in this section shall prevent a nursing home facility from dispensing and administering to a patient prescription drugs that are obtained from sources other than a prescription drug program or health plan operated by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs when the patient requires such drugs before the drugs can be obtained from such drug program or health plan.

      (P.A. 10-39, S. 1.)

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      Sec. 19a-522. (Formerly Sec. 19-603). Regulations concerning nursing home facilities' health, safety and welfare. Regulations concerning immunization against influenza and pneumococcal disease. Reimbursement procedures. (a) The commissioner shall adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, concerning the health, safety and welfare of patients in nursing home facilities, classification of violations relating to such facilities, medical staff qualifications, record-keeping, nursing service, dietary service, personnel qualifications and general operational conditions. The regulations shall: (1) Assure that each patient admitted to a nursing home facility is protected by adequate immunization against influenza and pneumococcal disease in accordance with the recommendations of the National Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, established by the Secretary of Health and Human Services; (2) specify that each patient be protected annually against influenza and be vaccinated against pneumonia in accordance with the recommendations of the National Advisory Committee on Immunization; and (3) provide appropriate exemptions for patients for whom such immunizations are medically contraindicated and for patients who object to such immunization on religious grounds.

      (b) Nursing home facilities may not charge the family or estate of a deceased self-pay patient beyond the date on which such patient dies. Nursing home facilities shall reimburse the estate of a deceased self-pay patient, within sixty days after the death of such patient, for any advance payments made by or on behalf of the patient covering any period beyond the date of death. Interest, in accordance with subsection (a) of section 37-1, on such reimbursement shall begin to accrue from the date of such patient's death.

      (P.A. 75-468, S. 7, 17; P.A. 87-81; P.A. 02-10, S. 1; P.A. 03-278, S. 74.)

      History: Sec. 19-603 transferred to Sec. 19a-522 in 1983; P.A. 87-81 added Subsec. (b) re reimbursement procedures to estates of deceased self-pay patients; P.A. 02-10 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting reference to December 1, 1975, as the date by which the commissioner was to adopt regulations, and added regulation requirements for the immunization or vaccination against influenza and pneumococcol disease of each patient admitted to a nursing home facility and provided an exception where such immunizations are medically contraindicated or where the patient objects on religious grounds; P.A. 03-278 made a technical change in Subsec. (b), effective July 9, 2003.

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      Sec. 19a-522a. Chronic and convalescent nursing homes and rest homes with nursing supervision: Resident room and area temperature levels. A chronic and convalescent nursing home or a rest home with nursing supervision may maintain temperatures in resident rooms and other areas used by residents at such facilities at levels that are lower than minimum temperature standards prescribed in the Public Health Code provided temperature levels at such facilities comply with the comfortable and safe temperature standards prescribed under federal law pursuant to 42 CFR 483.15(h)(6). In accordance with section 19a-36, the Commissioner of Public Health shall amend the Public Health Code in conformity with the provisions of this section.

      (P.A. 03-272, S. 1; P.A. 10-117, S. 63.)

      History: P.A. 10-117 replaced former provisions re maximum and minimum temperatures with provisions permitting chronic and convalescent nursing home or rest home with nursing supervision to maintain resident room and area temperatures at level lower than that prescribed in Public Health Code provided temperature level complies with standards prescribed under federal law, effective July 1, 2010.

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      Sec. 19a-522b. Chronic and convalescent nursing homes and rest homes with nursing supervision: Maintenance and preservation of patient medical records. A chronic and convalescent nursing home or a rest home with nursing supervision shall preserve all patient medical records, irrespective of whether such records are in a printed or electronic format, for not less than seven years following the date of the patient's discharge from such facility or, in the case of a patient who dies at the facility, for not less than seven years following the date of death. A chronic and convalescent nursing home or rest home with nursing supervision may maintain all or any portion of a patient's medical record in an electronic format that complies with accepted professional standards for such medical records. In accordance with section 19a-36, the Commissioner of Public Health shall amend the Public Health Code in conformity with the provisions of this section.

      (P.A. 10-117, S. 65.)

      History: P.A. 10-117 effective July 1, 2010.

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      Sec. 19a-522c. Chronic and convalescent nursing homes and rest homes with nursing supervision: In-service training. A nursing home administrator of a chronic and convalescent nursing home or a rest home with nursing supervision shall ensure that all facility staff receive annual in-service training in an area specific to the needs of the patient population at such facilities. A nursing home administrator shall ensure that any person conducting the in-service training is familiar with needs of the patient population at the facility, provided such training need not be conducted by a qualified social worker or qualified social worker consultant. In accordance with section 19a-36, the Commissioner of Public Health shall amend the Public Health Code in conformity with the provisions of this section.

      (P.A. 10-117, S. 71.)

      History: P.A. 10-117 effective July 1, 2010.

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      Sec. 19a-522d. Chronic and convalescent nursing homes and rest homes with nursing supervision: Maximum time span between meals; bedtime nourishment. A chronic and convalescent nursing home or a rest home with nursing supervision may extend the maximum time span between the patient's evening meal and breakfast from fourteen hours to sixteen hours provided such extension of the time span meets the requirements of 42 CFR 483.35(f)(4). A chronic and convalescent nursing home or a rest home with nursing supervision, when providing bedtime nourishment to patients as required by the Public Health Code, shall verbally offer such nourishment to patients and shall not be required to serve such nourishment to patients who decline such nourishment. In accordance with section 19a-36, the Commissioner of Public Health shall amend the Public Health Code in conformity with the provisions of this section.

      (P.A. 10-117, S. 77.)

      History: P.A. 10-117 effective July 1, 2010.

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      Sec. 19a-522e. Chronic and convalescent nursing homes and rest homes with nursing supervision: Stretcher requirement. A chronic and convalescent nursing home or a rest home with nursing supervision may provide one stretcher per floor irrespective of whether such floor contains multiple nursing units. In accordance with section 19a-36, the Commissioner of Public Health shall amend the Public Health Code in conformity with the provisions of this section.

      (P.A. 10-117, S. 78.)

      History: P.A. 10-117 effective July 1, 2010.

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      Sec. 19a-523. (Formerly Sec. 19-606). Injunction for violation. (a) If, from the results of an inspection and investigation in accordance with section 19a-498, or upon receipt of a report or complaint from the Commissioner of Social Services, pursuant to section 17b-408, and upon such review and further investigation, as the Commissioner of Public Health deems necessary, the Commissioner of Public Health determines that such nursing home facility has violated any provision of the Public Health Code relating to the operation or maintenance of a nursing home facility, the Commissioner of Public Health may, notwithstanding the provisions of chapter 54, request the Attorney General to seek a temporary or permanent injunction and such other relief as may be appropriate to enjoin such nursing home facility from continuing such violation or violations. If the court determines such violation or violations exist, it may grant such injunctive relief and such other relief as justice may require and may set a time period within which such nursing home facility shall comply with any such order.

      (b) Any appeal taken from any permanent injunction granted under subsection (a) of this section shall not stay the operation of such injunction unless the court is of the opinion that great and irreparable injury will be done by not staying the operation of such injunction.

      (P.A. 75-468, S. 5, 17; P.A. 77-575, S. 9, 23; 77-614, S. 323, 587, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 85, 136; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 99-176, S. 19, 24.)

      History: P.A. 77-575 clarified process after which commissioner of health may seek court ordered relief; P.A. 77-614 and P.A. 78-303 replaced commissioner of health with commissioner of health services, effective January 1, 1979; Sec. 19-606 transferred to Sec. 19a-523 in 1983; P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 99-176 amended Subsec. (a) to substitute "report or complaint from the Commissioner of Social Services" for "report or complaint from the ombudsmen" and make provisions gender neutral, effective July 1, 1999.

      See Sec. 17b-400 et seq. re Office of Long-Term Care Ombudsman and residents' advocates.

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      Sec. 19a-524. (Formerly Sec. 19-607). Citations issued for certain violations. If, upon review, investigation or inspection pursuant to section 19a-498, the Commissioner of Public Health determines that a nursing home facility has violated any provision of section 17b-406, 19a-521 to 19a-529, inclusive, 19a-531 to 19a-551, inclusive, or 19a-553 to 19a-555, inclusive, section 19a-491a, 19a-491b, 19a-493a or 19a-528a or any regulation in the Public Health Code or regulation relating to licensure or the Fire Safety Code relating to the operation or maintenance of a nursing home facility, which violation has been classified in accordance with section 19a-527, he shall immediately issue or cause to be issued a citation to the licensee of such nursing home facility. Governmental immunity shall not be a defense to any citation issued or civil penalty imposed pursuant to sections 19a-524 to 19a-528, inclusive. Each such citation shall be in writing, shall provide notice of the nature and scope of the alleged violation or violations and shall be sent by certified mail to the licensee at the address of the nursing home facility in issue. A copy of such citation shall also be sent to the licensed administrator at the address of the facility.

      (P.A. 76-331, S. 1, 16; P.A. 77-575, S. 10, 23; 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 79-467, S. 2, 8; P.A. 80-437, S. 4; P.A. 82-375, S. 1, 4; P.A. 89-350, S. 13; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)

      History: P.A. 77-575 added reference to review pursuant to Sec. 19-606 and added Secs. 19-603 and 19-606 in provision re violations; P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner of health with commissioner of health services, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-467 added the word "facility" to nursing home references; P.A. 80-437 added reference to violations of Sec. 19-623a; P.A. 82-375 required the commissioner of health services to issue citations to the licensee rather than the owner of a nursing home and that a copy be sent to the administrator; Sec. 19-607 transferred to Sec. 19a-524 in 1983; P.A. 89-350 added references to Secs. 19a-491a, 19a-491b, 19a-493a and 19a-528a; P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

      See Sec. 17b-400 et seq. re Office of Long-Term Care Ombudsman and residents' advocates.

      Cited. 13 CA 641.

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      Sec. 19a-525. (Formerly Sec. 19-608). Contest of citation. Informal conference. Hearing. Final order. (a) The administrator of the nursing home facility or his designee shall, within three days, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, of receipt of the citation by the licensee, notify the commissioner if the licensee contests the citation. If the administrator fails to so notify the commissioner within such three-day period, the citation shall be deemed a final order of the commissioner, effective upon the expiration of said period.

      (b) If any administrator of a nursing home facility or his designee notifies the commissioner that the licensee contests the citation, the commissioner shall provide within five days of such notice, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, an informal conference between the licensee and the commissioner. If the licensee and commissioner fail to reach an agreement at such conference, the commissioner shall set the matter down for a hearing as a contested case in accordance with chapter 54, not more than five nor less than three days after such conference, with notice of the date of such hearing to the administrator not less than two days before such hearing, provided the minimum time requirements may be waived by agreement. The commissioner shall, within three days, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, after the conference if agreement is reached at such conference, or after the hearing, issue a final order, based on findings of fact, affirming, modifying or vacating the citation.

      (P.A. 76-331, S. 3, 16; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 79-467, S. 3, 8; P.A. 82-375, S. 2, 4; P.A. 87-166, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner of health with commissioner of health services, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-467 added "facility" to nursing home references; P.A. 82-375 placed the responsibility of communicating with the commissioner of health services regarding citations with the administrator rather than the owner of the nursing home; Sec. 19-608 transferred to Sec. 19a-525 in 1983; P.A. 87-166 added provision permitting a designee of the administrator to contest citations and added the five-day time period for providing an informal hearing.

      Subsec. (b):

      Cited. 13 CA 641.


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      Sec. 19a-526. (Formerly Sec. 19-609). Effect of final order. Payment of civil penalties. (a) When, in the case of a class A or B violation, a final order becomes effective, the citation, the order, if any, affirming or modifying the citation and the finding shall be filed by the Commissioner of Public Health in the office of the clerk of the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford. Said clerk shall cause said citation, order, if any, and finding to be filed in said court. Upon such filing, the civil penalty imposed may be enforced in the same manner as a judgment of the Superior Court, provided if an appeal is taken in accordance with section 19a-529, the court or a judge thereof may, in its or his discretion, stay execution of such order.

      (b) Civil penalties imposed pursuant to this section shall be paid not later than fifteen days after the final date by which an appeal may be taken as provided in section 19a-529 or, if an appeal is taken, not later than fifteen days after the final judgment on such appeal. In the event such fines are not paid, the Commissioner of Public Health shall notify the Commissioner of Social Services who is authorized to immediately withhold from the nursing home's next medical assistance payment, an amount equal to the amount of the civil penalty.

      (P.A. 76-331, S. 5, 16; P.A. 77-452, S. 57, 72; 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 78-280, S. 5, 32, 121, 127; P.A. 82-375, S. 3, 4; P.A. 87-166, S. 2; P.A. 88-230, S. 1, 12; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; 93-262, S. 1, 87; 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-220, S. 4-6; 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)

      History: P.A. 77-452 replaced court of common pleas with superior court, effective July 1, 1979; P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner of health with commissioner of health services, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-280 replaced Hartford county with judicial district of Hartford-New Britain; P.A. 82-375 replaced "owner" with "licensee" or "administrator" as necessary and added Subsec. (c) requiring payment of fines within a specified period of time and authorizing the commissioner of income maintenance to withhold from a nursing home's medical assistance payments the amount of any unpaid fines; Sec. 19-609 transferred to Sec. 19a-526 in 1983; P.A. 87-166 deleted references to class C or D violations and deleted Subsec. (b) re correction of violations, relettering the remaining Subsec.; P.A. 88-230 replaced "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain" with "judicial district of Hartford", effective September 1, 1991; P.A. 90-98 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1991, to September 1, 1993; P.A. 93-142 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1993, to September 1, 1996, effective June 14, 1993; P.A. 93-262 authorized substitution of commissioner and department of social services for commissioner and department of income maintenance, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-220 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1996, to September 1, 1998, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

      Cited. 13 CA 641.

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      Sec. 19a-527. (Formerly Sec. 19-610). Classification of violations. Citations issued pursuant to section 19a-524 shall be classified according to the nature of the violation and shall state such classification and the amount of the civil penalty to be imposed on the face thereof. The Commissioner of Public Health shall, by regulation in accordance with chapter 54, classify violations as follows:

      (a) Class A violations are conditions which the Commissioner of Public Health determines present an immediate danger of death or serious harm to any patient in the nursing home facility. For each class A violation, a civil penalty of not more than five thousand dollars may be imposed;

      (b) Class B violations are conditions which the Commissioner of Public Health determines present a probability of death or serious harm in the reasonably foreseeable future to any patient in the nursing home facility, but which he does not find constitute a class A violation. For each such violation, a civil penalty of not more than three thousand dollars may be imposed.

      (P.A. 76-331, S. 4, 16; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 79-467, S. 4, 8; P.A. 87-166, S. 3; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner of health with commissioner of health services, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-467 added "facility" to nursing home references; Sec. 19-610 transferred to Sec. 19a-527 in 1983; P.A. 87-166 deleted references to per diem penalties, deleted references to minimum fines, deleted Subsecs. (c) and (d) re class C and D violations and made imposition of civil penalties discretionary rather than mandatory; P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

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      Sec. 19a-528. (Formerly Sec. 19-611). Criteria for imposing civil penalties. In imposing the civil penalties which shall become due under sections 19a-524 to 19a-528, inclusive, the commissioner may consider all factors which he deems relevant, including, but not limited to, the following:

      (1) The amount of assessment necessary to insure immediate and continued compliance;

      (2) The character and degree of impact of the violation on the health, safety and welfare of any patient in the nursing home facility;

      (3) The conduct of the person against whom the citation is issued in taking all feasible steps or procedures necessary or appropriate to comply or to correct the violation;

      (4) Any prior violations by the nursing home facility of statutes, regulations or orders administered, adopted or issued by the Commissioner of Public Health.

      (P.A. 76-331, S. 2, 16; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 79-467, S. 5, 8; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner of health with commissioner of health services, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-467 added "facility" to nursing home references; Sec. 19-611 transferred to Sec. 19a-528 in 1983; P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

      Cited. 13 CA 641.

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      Sec. 19a-528a. Application of licensure for the acquisition of a nursing home. Required disclosures. For any application of licensure for the acquisition of a nursing home filed after July 1, 2004, any potential nursing home licensee or owner shall submit in writing, a change in ownership application with respect to the facility for which the change in ownership is sought. Such application shall include such information as the Commissioner of Public Health deems necessary and whether such potential nursing home licensee or owner (1) has had three or more civil penalties imposed through final order of the commissioner in accordance with the provisions of sections 19a-524 to 19a-528, inclusive, or civil penalties imposed pursuant to the statutes or regulations of another state, during the two-year period preceding the application, (2) has had in any state sanctions, other than civil penalties of less than twenty thousand dollars, imposed through final adjudication under the Medicare or Medicaid program pursuant to Title XVIII or XIX of the federal Social Security Act, 42 USC 301, as from time to time amended, or (3) has had in any state such potential licensee's or owner's Medicare or Medicaid provider agreement terminated or not renewed. In the event that a potential nursing home licensee or owner's application contains information concerning civil penalties, sanctions, terminations or nonrenewals, as described in this section, the commissioner shall not approve the application to acquire another nursing home in this state for a period of five years from the date of final order on such civil penalties, final adjudication of such sanctions, or termination or nonrenewal, except for good cause shown.

      (P.A. 89-350, S. 4; P.A. 01-195, S. 158, 181; P.A. 04-258, S. 39; P.A. 10-117, S. 8.)

      History: P.A. 01-195 made technical changes, effective July 11, 2001; P.A. 04-258 required that for any application of licensure for the acquisition of a nursing home filed after July 1, 2004, the potential licensee or owner must submit a written change in ownership application for the facility for which the ownership change is sought, amended Subdiv. (1) to require disclosure of civil penalties imposed by statutes or regulations of any state, amended Subdivs. (2) and (3) to require disclosure of out-of-state sanctions and termination of Medicaid provider agreements and added provision permitting Commissioner of Public Health to make exceptions for good cause shown re acquisition prior to expiration of five-year period, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 10-117 required that application include such information as commissioner deems necessary, amended Subdiv. (1) by changing civil penalties provision to "three or more" during 2-year period preceding application, amended Subdiv. (2) by changing "state intermediate sanctions" to "state sanctions, other than civil penalties of less than twenty thousand dollars", amended Subdiv. (3) to provide that if application contains information re civil penalties, sanctions, terminations or nonrenewals, such application shall not be approved except for good cause shown, and deleted provision re commissioner's authority to grant exceptions prior to expiration of 5-year period.

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      Sec. 19a-529. (Formerly Sec. 19-612). Appeal from final order. Any person aggrieved by a final order pursuant to sections 19a-524 to 19a-528, inclusive, may appeal such order to the superior court for the judicial district in which the nursing home facility is situated in accordance with section 4-183. Such appeal shall have precedence in the order of trial to the same extent as provided in section 52-191. This section shall provide the exclusive procedure for appealing any such order.

      (P.A. 76-331, S. 7, 16; P.A. 77-452, S. 58, 72; 77-604, S. 17, 84; P.A. 78-280, S. 1, 127; P.A. 79-467, S. 6, 8.)

      History: P.A. 77-452 replaced court of common pleas with superior court, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 77-604 made technical correction; P.A. 78-280 replaced "county" with "judicial district"; P.A. 79-467 added "facility" to nursing home reference; Sec. 19-612 transferred to Sec. 19a-529 in 1983.

      Cited. 13 CA 641.

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      Sec. 19a-530. (Formerly Sec. 19-612a). Report to regional ombudsman. The Commissioner of Public Health, within ten working days, shall furnish the Commissioner of Social Services a written report of any action taken pursuant to sections 19a-524 to 19a-527, inclusive, on any report or complaint referred to the Commissioner of Public Health in accordance with the provisions of section 17b-408.

      (P.A. 77-575, S. 11, 23; 77-614, S. 323, 587, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 85, 136; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 99-176, S. 20, 24.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 and P.A. 78-303 replaced commissioner of health with commissioner of health services, effective January 1, 1979; Sec. 19-612a transferred to Sec. 19a-530 in 1983; P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 99-176 substituted "Commissioner of Social Services" for "appropriate regional ombudsman" and made provisions gender neutral, effective July 1, 1999.

      See Sec. 17b-400 et seq. re Office of Long-Term Care Ombudsman and residents' advocates.

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      Sec. 19a-531. (Formerly Sec. 19-613). Advance disclosure of inspection, investigation or complaint prohibited. Exception. Penalty. Any employee of the Department of Public Health or the Department of Social Services or any regional ombudsman who gives or causes to be given any advance notice to any nursing home facility, directly or indirectly, that an investigation or inspection is under consideration or is impending or gives any information regarding any complaint submitted pursuant to section 17b-408, or 19a-523 prior to an on-the-scene investigation or inspection of such facility, unless specifically mandated by federal or state regulations to give advance notice, shall be guilty of a class B misdemeanor and may be subject to dismissal, suspension or demotion in accordance with chapter 67.

      (P.A. 75-468, S. 4, 17; P.A. 76-331, S. 11, 16; P.A. 77-575, S. 12, 23; 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 93-262, S. 1, 87; 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)

      History: P.A. 76-331 added exception for advance notice "specifically mandated by federal or state regulations"; P.A. 77-575 replaced Sec. 19-604 with Sec. 19-606 and made provisions applicable to department on aging employees and regional ombudsmen; P.A. 77-614 replaced department of health with department of health services, effective January 1, 1979; Sec. 19-613 transferred to Sec. 19a-531 in 1983; P.A. 93-262 authorized substitution of commissioner and department of social services for commissioner and department on aging, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

      See Sec. 17b-400 et seq. re Office of Long-Term Care Ombudsman and residents' advocates.

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      Sec. 19a-532. (Formerly Sec. 19-614). Discrimination against complainants and others prohibited. Penalty. No nursing home facility shall discharge or in any manner discriminate or retaliate against any patient in any nursing home facility, or any relative, guardian, conservator or sponsoring agency thereof or against any employee of any nursing home facility or against any other person because such patient, relative, guardian, conservator, sponsoring agency, employee or other person has filed any complaint or instituted or caused to be instituted any proceeding under sections 17b-406, 17b-408, 19a-531 to 19a-534, inclusive, 19a-536 to 19a-539, inclusive, 19a-550, 19a-553 and 19a-554, or has testified or is about to testify in any such proceeding or because of the exercise by such patient, relative, guardian, conservator, sponsoring agency, employee or other person on behalf of himself or others of any right afforded by said sections. Notwithstanding any other provision of the general statutes, any nursing home facility which violates any provision of this section shall be liable to the injured party for treble damages.

      (P.A. 75-468, S. 8, 17; P.A. 77-575, S. 13, 23.)

      History: P.A. 77-575 deleted reference to Secs. 19-602 to 19-606, added reference to Sec. 17-135i, and substituted Sec. 17-135g for 19-621 reflecting transfer of section; Sec. 19-614 transferred to Sec. 19a-532 in 1983.

      See Sec. 17b-400 et seq. re Office of Long-Term Care Ombudsman and residents' advocates.

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      Sec. 19a-533. (Formerly Sec. 19-614a). Discrimination against indigent applicants. Definitions. Prohibitions. Record-keeping. Investigation of complaints. Penalties. Waiting lists; not required to accept indigents. Removal from waiting lists. (a) As used in this section, "nursing home" means any chronic and convalescent facility or any rest home with nursing supervision, as defined in section 19a-521, which has a provider agreement with the state to provide services to recipients of funds obtained through Title XIX of the Social Security Amendments of 1965; and "indigent person" means any person who is eligible for or who is receiving medical assistance benefits from the state.

      (b) A nursing home which receives payment from the state for rendering care to indigent persons shall:

      (1) Be prohibited from discriminating against indigent persons who apply for admission to such facility on the basis of source of payment. Except as otherwise provided by law, all applicants for admission to such facility shall be admitted in the order in which such applicants apply for admission. Each nursing home shall (A) provide a receipt to each applicant for admission to its facility who requests placement on a waiting list stating the date and time of such request and (B) maintain a dated list of such applications which shall be available at all times to any applicant, his bona fide representative, authorized personnel from the Departments of Public Health and Social Services and such other state agencies or other bodies established by state statute whose statutory duties necessitate access to such lists. If a nursing home desires to remove the name of an applicant who is unresponsive to facility telephone calls and letters from its waiting list, the nursing home may, no sooner than ninety days after initial placement of the person's name on the waiting list, inquire by letter to such applicant and any one person if designated by such applicant whether the applicant desires continuation of his name on the waiting list. If the applicant does not respond and an additional thirty days pass, the facility may remove such applicant's name from its waiting list. A nursing home may annually send a waiting list placement continuation letter to all persons on the waiting list for at least ninety days to inquire as to whether such person desires continuation of his name on the waiting list, provided such letter shall also be sent to any one person if designated by such applicant. If such person does not respond and at least thirty days pass, the facility may remove the person's name from its waiting list. Indigent persons shall be placed on any waiting list for admission to a facility and shall be admitted to the facility as vacancies become available, in the same manner as self-pay applicants, except as provided in subsections (f) and (g) of this section;

      (2) Post in a conspicuous place a notice informing applicants for admission that the facility is prohibited by statute from discriminating against indigent applicants for admission on the basis of source of payment. Such notice shall advise applicants for admission of the remedies available under this section and shall list the name, address and telephone number of the ombudsman who serves the region in which the facility is located;

      (3) Be prohibited from requiring that an indigent person pay any sum of money or furnish any other consideration, including but not limited to the furnishing of an agreement by the relative, conservator or other responsible party of an indigent person which obligates such party to pay for care rendered to an indigent person as a condition for admission of such indigent person;

      (4) Record in the patient roster, maintained pursuant to the Public Health Code, or in a separate roster maintained for this purpose, the number of patients who are Medicare, Medicaid and private pay patients on each day. Such numbers shall be recorded daily and made available, upon request, to the state or regional ombudsman.

      (c) Upon the receipt of a complaint concerning a violation of this section, the Department of Social Services shall conduct an investigation into such complaint.

      (d) The Department of Social Services is authorized to decrease the daily reimbursement rate to a nursing home for one year for a violation of this section which occurred during the twelve-month period covered by the cost report upon which the per diem rate is calculated. The per diem rate shall be reduced by one-quarter of one per cent for an initial violation of this section and one per cent for each additional violation.

      (e) Prior to imposing any sanction, the Department of Social Services shall notify the nursing home of the alleged violation and the accompanying sanction, and shall permit such facility to request an administrative hearing, in accordance with sections 4-176e to 4-181a, inclusive. A facility shall request such hearing within fifteen days of receipt of the notice of violation from the Department of Social Services. The department shall stay the imposition of any sanction pending the outcome of the administrative hearing.

      (f) A nursing home with a number of self-pay residents equal to or less than thirty per cent of its total number of residents shall not be required to admit an indigent person on a waiting list for admission when a vacancy becomes available during the subsequent six months, provided no bed may be held open for more than thirty days. Each such nursing home meeting the conditions for such waiver shall on a quarterly basis notify the Commissioner of Social Services and the regional nursing home ombudsman office of the date on which such six-month period of waiver began.

      (g) A nursing home shall not be required to admit an indigent person on a waiting list for admission when a vacancy becomes available if the vacancy is in a private room.

      (h) Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, a nursing home may, without regard to the order of its waiting list, admit an applicant who seeks to transfer from a nursing home that is closing.

      (P.A. 80-364, S. 1-3; P.A. 84-245; P.A. 88-317, S. 83, 107; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-8, S. 29, 63; P.A. 92-231, S. 2, 10; P.A. 93-262, S. 59, 87; 93-327, S. 1, 4; 93-364; 93-381, S. 9, 39; 93-435, S. 59, 95; May 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-1, S. 21, 130; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-2, S. 129, 165; P.A. 99-176, S. 21, 24; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-3, S. 74; P.A. 04-76, S. 28.)

      History: Sec. 19-614a transferred to Sec. 19a-533 in 1983; P.A. 84-245 amended Subsec. (b)(1) to require each nursing home to provide a receipt to each applicant for admission and to maintain a dated list of applicants; P.A. 88-317 amended reference to Secs. 4-177 to 4-181 in Subsec. (e) to include new sections added to Ch. 54, effective July 1, 1989, and applicable to all agency proceedings commencing on or after that date; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-8 made technical corrections in Subsec. (b) and added Subsecs. (f), (g) and (h) governing admission of indigents to nursing homes and concerning a review of documentation requirements; P.A. 92-231 amended Subsec. (f) by substituting 30% for 20%, inserted new Subsec. (h) re priority admission for applicants insured under long-term care policies precertified under Sec. 38a-475 and relettered former Subsec. (h) accordingly; P.A. 93-262 and P.A. 93-435 replaced references to departments of income maintenance and aging with department of social services and deleted Subsec. (i) re review of documentation requirements by income maintenance department and suggestions to reduce administrative requirements made to general assembly, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-327 amended Subsec. (b)(1) to describe process for removal of names from a waiting list and (b)(4) to replace requirements re daily log with requirements re patient roster and amended Subsec. (f) to require notice to commissioner of income maintenance and the ombudsman when waiver period begins; P.A. 93-364 deleted former Subsec. (h) allowing nursing homes to fill vacancies on a priority basis for applicants insured under long-term care insurance policies, and would have relettered former Subsec. (i) as (h), but the latter change failed to take effect, Subsec. (i) having been deleted by P.A. 93-262; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; May 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-1 amended Subsec. (b)(1) by making technical changes, effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-2 amended Subsec. (c) by requiring the Department of Social Services to conduct investigations, in addition to the regional ombudsman, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 99-176 amended Subsec. (c) to delete reference to the regional ombudsman and delete required report of findings, effective July 1, 1999; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-3 added new Subsec. (h) re priority given to nursing home applicant seeking to transfer from a nursing home that is closing, effective August 20, 2003; P.A. 04-76 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting reference to "general assistance benefits from a town" in definition of "indigent person".

      See Sec. 17b-400 et seq. re Office of Long-Term Care Ombudsman and residents' advocates.

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      Sec. 19a-534. (Formerly Sec. 19-615). Emergency transfer of patients; notice requirement. If the commissioner determines that there is imminent danger to the health, safety or welfare of any patient in any nursing home facility, said commissioner may transfer or cause to be transferred such patient to another nursing home facility or hospital, provided the commissioner promptly notifies the spouse, relative, guardian or conservator or sponsoring agency of such patient of the transfer and indicates the nursing home facility or hospital to which such patient has been transferred.

      (P.A. 75-468, S. 6, 17; P.A. 83-103, S. 3.)

      History: Sec. 19-615 transferred to Sec. 19a-534 in 1983; P.A. 83-103 deleted requirement that a patient or his relative, guardian, conservator or sponsoring agency consent to an emergency transfer, requiring rather that notice of transfer and location be given to spouse, relative, guardian or conservator or sponsoring agency of patient.

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      Sec. 19a-534a. Emergency actions against nursing home licensees. If the commissioner finds that the health, safety or welfare of any patient or patients in any nursing home facility imperatively requires emergency action and incorporates a finding to that effect in the order, the commissioner may issue a summary order to the holder of a license issued pursuant to section 19a-493 pending completion of any proceedings conducted pursuant to section 19a-494. Such proceedings shall be promptly instituted and determined. The orders which the commissioner may issue shall include, but not be limited to: (1) Revoking or suspending the license; (2) prohibiting the nursing home facility from admitting new patients or discharging current patients; (3) limiting the license of a nursing home facility in any respect, including reducing the licensed patient capacity; and (4) compelling compliance with the applicable statutes or regulations administered or adopted by the department.

      (P.A. 83-103, S. 4; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 01-195, S. 159, 181.)

      History: P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 01-195 made technical changes, effective July 11, 2001.

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      Sec. 19a-535. (Formerly Sec. 19-616). Transfer or discharge of patients. Notice. Plan required. Appeal. Hearing. (a) For the purposes of this section: (1) "Facility" means the entity certified as a nursing facility under the Medicaid program or the entity certified as a skilled nursing facility under the Medicare program or with respect to facilities that do not participate in the Medicaid or Medicare programs, a chronic and convalescent nursing home or a rest home with nursing supervision as defined in section 19a-521; (2) "Medicare distinct part" means an entity certified as a skilled nursing facility under the Medicare program within a facility; (3) "transfer" means the transfer of a resident from a facility to a separate facility, including a transfer into or out of a Medicare distinct part, but does not include the transfer of a resident from one bed to another bed within the same facility; (4) "discharge" means the discharge of a resident from a facility to another institution or a noninstitutional setting.

      (b) A facility shall not transfer or discharge a patient from the facility except to meet the welfare of the patient which cannot be met in the facility, or unless the patient no longer needs the services of the facility due to improved health, or the health or safety of individuals in the facility is endangered, or in the case of a self-pay patient, for his nonpayment or arrearage of more than fifteen days of the per diem facility room rate, or the facility ceases to operate. In each case the basis for transfer or discharge shall be documented in the patient's medical record by a physician. In each case where the welfare, health or safety of the patient is concerned the documentation shall be by the patient's physician. A facility which is part of a continuing care facility which guarantees life care for its residents, as defined in subsection (b) of section 17b-354, may transfer or discharge (1) a resident self-pay patient who has intentionally transferred assets in a sum which will render the patient unable to pay the costs of facility care in accordance with the contract between the resident and the facility or (2) a nonresident self-pay patient who has intentionally transferred assets in a sum which will render the patient unable to pay the costs of a total of forty-two months of facility care from the date of initial admission to the facility.

      (c) Before effecting a transfer or discharge of a patient from the facility, the facility shall notify, in writing, the patient and the patient's guardian or conservator, if any, or legally liable relative or other responsible party if known, of the proposed transfer or discharge, the reasons therefor, the effective date of the proposed transfer or discharge, the location to which the patient is to be transferred or discharged, the right to appeal the proposed transfer or discharge and the procedures for initiating such an appeal as determined by the Department of Social Services, the date by which an appeal must be initiated in order to stay the proposed transfer or discharge, which date shall be ten days from the receipt of the notice from the facility, that the patient may represent himself or herself or be represented by legal counsel, a relative, a friend or other spokesman, and information as to bed hold and hospital readmission policy when appropriate. The notice shall also include the name, mailing address and telephone number of the State Long-Term Care Ombudsman. If the patient is, or the facility alleges a patient is, mentally ill or developmentally disabled, the notice shall include the name, mailing address and telephone number of the Office of Protection and Advocacy for Persons with Disabilities. The notice shall be given at least thirty days and no more than sixty days prior to the patient's transfer or discharge, except where the health or safety of individuals in the facility are endangered, or where the patient's health improves sufficiently to allow a more immediate transfer or discharge, or where immediate transfer or discharge is necessitated by urgent medical needs or where a patient has not resided in the facility for thirty days, in which cases notice shall be given as many days before the transfer or discharge as practicable.

      (d) No patient shall be transferred or discharged from any facility as a result of a change in his status from self-pay or Medicare to Medicaid provided the facility offers services to both categories of patients. Any such patient who wishes to be transferred to another facility which has agreed to accept him may do so upon giving at least fifteen days written notice to the administrator of the facility from which he is to be transferred and a copy thereof to the appropriate advocate of such patient. The patients' advocate may help the patient complete all administrative procedures relating to a transfer. As used in this section "self-pay" patient means a patient who is not receiving state or municipal assistance to pay for the cost of care.

      (e) Except (1) in an emergency, (2) in the case of transfer to a hospital, or (3) in the case of transfer into or out of a Medicare distinct part within the same institution, no patient shall be transferred or discharged from a facility unless a discharge plan has been developed by the personal physician of the patient or the medical director in conjunction with the nursing director, social worker or other health care provider. To minimize the disruptive effects of the transfer or discharge on the patient the person responsible for developing the plan shall consider the feasibility of placement near the patient's relatives, the acceptability of the placement to the patient and his guardian or conservator, if any, or his legally liable relative or other responsible party, if known, and any other relevant factors which affect the patient's adjustment to the move. The plan shall contain a written evaluation of the effects of the transfer or discharge on the patient and a statement of the action taken to minimize such effects. In addition the plan shall outline the care and kinds of services which the patient shall receive upon transfer or discharge. Not less than thirty days prior to an involuntary transfer or discharge a copy of the discharge plan shall be provided to the patient's personal physician if the discharge plan was prepared by the medical director, to the patient and his guardian or conservator, if any, or his legally liable relative or other responsible party, if known.

      (f) No patient shall be involuntarily transferred or discharged from a facility if such transfer or discharge is medically contraindicated.

      (g) The facility shall be responsible for assisting the patient in finding appropriate placement.

      (h) (1) Except as provided in subdivision (4) of this subsection, upon receipt of a request for a hearing to appeal any proposed transfer or discharge, the Commissioner of Social Services or his designee shall hold a hearing to determine whether the transfer or discharge is being effected in accordance with this section. A hearing shall be convened not less than ten, but not more than thirty days from the receipt of such request and a written decision made by the commissioner or his designee within sixty days of the termination of the hearing or within ninety days of the date of the hearing request, whichever occurs sooner. The hearing shall be conducted in accordance with chapter 54. In each case the facility shall prove by a preponderance of the evidence that it has complied with the provisions of this section.

      (2) The patient, his guardian, conservator, legally liable relative or other responsible party shall have an opportunity to examine, during regular business hours at least three business days prior to a hearing conducted pursuant to this section, the contents of the patient's file maintained by the facility and all documents and records to be used by the commissioner or his designee or the facility at the hearing. The facility shall have an opportunity to examine during regular business hours at least three business days prior to such a hearing, all documents and records to be used by the patient at the hearing.

      (3) If a hearing conducted pursuant to this section involves medical issues, the commissioner or his designee may order an independent medical assessment of the patient at the expense of the Department of Social Services which shall be made part of the hearing record.

      (4) In an emergency the notice required pursuant to subsection (c) of this section shall be provided as soon as practicable. For the purposes of this section "emergency" means that a failure to effect an immediate transfer or discharge would endanger the health, safety or welfare of the patient or other patients. A patient who is transferred or discharged on an emergency basis or a patient who receives notice of such a transfer or discharge may contest the action by requesting a hearing in writing within ten days of receipt of notice or within ten days of the transfer or discharge, whichever is later. A hearing shall be held in accordance with the requirements of this subsection within seven business days of receipt of the request.

      (5) Except in the case of a transfer or discharge effected pursuant to subdivision (4) of this subsection, (A) an involuntary transfer or discharge shall be stayed pending a decision by the commissioner or his designee, and (B) if the commissioner or his designee determines the transfer or discharge is being effected in accordance with this section, the facility may not transfer or discharge the patient prior to fifteen days from the receipt of the decision by the patient and his guardian or conservator, if any, or his legally liable relative or other responsible party if known.

      (6) A copy of a decision of the commissioner or his designee shall be sent to the facility. The decision shall be deemed to have been received within five days of the date it was mailed, unless the patient or his guardian, conservator, legally liable relative or other responsible party proves otherwise by a preponderance of the evidence. The Superior Court shall consider an appeal from a decision of the Department of Social Services pursuant to this section as a privileged case in order to dispose of the case with the least possible delay.

      (P.A. 76-331, S. 9, 16; P.A. 79-265, S. 1; P.A. 89-348, S. 1, 10; P.A. 93-262, S. 1, 87; 93-327, S. 2; 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 94-236, S. 5, 10; P.A. 95-160, S. 2, 69; P.A. 96-139, S. 12, 13; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-2, S. 115, 165; P.A. 99-176, S. 22, 24; P.A. 03-278, S. 124.)

      History: P.A. 79-265 defined "self-pay" patient in Subsec. (a) and added reference to self-pay status, added provisions re minimizing disruptive effects of transfers or discharges and re provision of copies of discharge plan and added Subsec. (c); Sec. 19-616 transferred to Sec. 19a-535 in 1983; P.A. 89-348 inserted new Subsecs. (a), (b), (c), (g) and (h) re the transfer or discharge of patients, a patient's right to appeal a transfer or discharge decision and a patient's right to a hearing, relettering previously existing Subsecs. as necessary; P.A. 93-262 authorized substitution of commissioner and department of social services for commissioner and department of income maintenance, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-327 amended Subsec. (c) to permit notice no more than 60 days prior to transfer or discharge and amended Subsec. (f) to replace standard of imminent danger of death with "medically contraindicated"; P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 94-236 amended Subsec. (b) to add requirements re transfer or discharge of a patient in a nursing facility which is part of a continuing care facility, effective June 7, 1994; P.A. 95-160 amended Subsec. (a) by replacing former definition of "nursing facility" with new definitions applicable to section, amended Subsec. (c) by allowing a facility to notify, in writing, or other responsible party, if known, of a patient transfer or discharge and by requiring additional information in the notice of transfer or discharge, deleted in Subsec. (h)(1) a provision allowing a patient notified of a transfer or discharge to request a hearing within 10 days of receipt of such notice and added requirement that commissioner provide notice to a patient within 5 business days of receipt of a notice of proposed transfer or discharge and specified the provisions such notice shall include, amended Subsec. (h)(2) by replacing the Commissioner of Public Health and Addiction Services with the Commissioner of Social Services, by extending the time for a hearing to be held from within 7 "business days" to not less than 10 but not more than 30 days of the date of such request, by requiring the commissioner to issue a written decision of his determination, by extending the time the commissioner has to issue such decision from within 20 days "of the termination of the hearing" to within 60 days "of the determination of the hearing" or within 90 days of the date of the hearing request, whichever occurs sooner and by adding a provision that the facility shall prove by a preponderance of the evidence that it has complied with the provisions of this section, added Subsec. (h)(3)and (4) re requirements for the patient to have the opportunity to examine the contents of such patient's file and re commissioner's authority to order an independent medical assessment for a hearing, amended Subsec. (h)(5) by deleting a provision allowing a facility, in an emergency, to request the commissioner to make a determination as to the need for an immediate transfer or discharge of a patient, by adding a provision providing that in an emergency, "notice required pursuant to subsection (c) of this section and subdivision (1) of this subsection shall be provided as soon as practicable", by adding a definition of emergency and by adding a provision allowing a patient who is transferred or discharged on an emergency basis to contest the action by requesting a hearing, amended Subsec. (h)(6) by providing that an emergency transfer or discharge be excepted from this Subdiv. and by adding Subdiv. (B) prohibiting the transfer or discharge of a patient prior to 15 days from the receipt of the decision and added Subsec. (h)(7) requiring a copy of the decision of the commissioner be sent to the facility and made technical changes, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 96-139 changed effective date of P.A. 95-160 but without affecting this section; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-2 amended Subsec. (c) by eliminating the requirement that the commissioner be notified by a facility of a transfer or discharge and requiring notification to include the procedures for the right to appeal, amended Subsec. (e) by adding transfer to a hospital or transfer into or out of a Medicare distinct part within the same institution to the exceptions in which a patient may be transferred or discharged unless a discharge plan has been developed and eliminating a requirement that the department be notified of an involuntary discharge if the patient receives payments under Title XIX of the federal Social Security Act, as amended, deleted Subsec. (h)(1) which required that the department notify the patient or his representative of any transfer or discharge action a facility plans to make, renumbered the remaining Subdivs. of Subsec. (h) and made technical and conforming changes, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 99-176 amended Subsec. (c) to substitute "State Long-Term Care Ombudsman" for "state nursing home ombudsman" and to make provisions gender neutral, effective July 1, 1999; P.A. 03-278 made technical changes in Subsec. (c), effective July 9, 2003.

      See Sec. 17b-454 re power of Department of Social Services to take actions necessary to assure health, safety and welfare of the elderly and to transfer an elderly person from a nursing home.

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      Sec. 19a-535a. Residential care home. Transfer or discharge of patients. Appeal. Hearing. (a) As used in this section, a "facility" means a residential care home, as defined in section 19a-490.

      (b) A facility shall not transfer or discharge a resident from the facility unless (1) the transfer or discharge is necessary to meet the resident's welfare and the resident's welfare cannot be met in the facility, (2) the transfer or discharge is appropriate because the resident's health has improved sufficiently so the resident no longer needs the services provided by the facility, (3) the health or safety of individuals in the facility is endangered, (4) the resident has failed, after reasonable and appropriate notice, to pay for a stay or a requested service, at the facility or (5) the facility ceases to operate. In the case of an involuntary transfer or discharge the resident and, if known, his legally liable relative, guardian or conservator shall be given a thirty-day written notification which includes the reason for the transfer or discharge and notice of the right of the resident to appeal a transfer or discharge by the facility pursuant to subsection (d) of this section. No resident shall be involuntarily transferred or discharged from a facility if such transfer or discharge presents imminent danger of death.

      (c) The facility shall be responsible for assisting the resident in finding appropriate placement. A discharge plan, prepared by the facility, which indicates the resident's individual needs shall accompany the patient.

      (d) (1) For transfers or discharges effected on or after October 1, 1989, a resident or his legally liable relative, guardian or conservator who has been notified by a facility, pursuant to subsection (b) of this section, that he will be transferred or discharged from the facility may appeal such transfer or discharge to the Commissioner of Public Health by filing a request for a hearing with the commissioner within ten days of receipt of such notice. Upon receipt of any such request, the commissioner or his designee shall hold a hearing to determine whether the transfer or discharge is being effected in accordance with this section. Such a hearing shall be held within seven business days of receipt of such request and a determination made by the commissioner or his designee within twenty days of the termination of the hearing. The hearing shall be conducted in accordance with chapter 54.

      (2) In an emergency the facility may request that the commissioner make a determination as to the need for an immediate transfer or discharge of a resident. Before making such a determination, the commissioner shall notify the resident and, if known, his legally liable relative, guardian or conservator. The commissioner shall issue such a determination no later than seven days after receipt of the request for such determination. If, as a result of such a request, the commissioner or his designee determines that a failure to effect an immediate transfer or discharge would endanger the health, safety or welfare of the resident or other residents, the commissioner or his designee shall order the immediate transfer or discharge of the resident from the facility. A hearing shall be held in accordance with the requirements of subdivision (1) of this subsection within seven business days of the issuance of any determination issued pursuant to this subdivision.

      (3) Any involuntary transfer or discharge shall be stayed pending a determination by the commissioner or his designee. Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes, the determination of the commissioner or his designee after a hearing shall be final and binding upon all parties and not subject to any further appeal.

      (P.A. 89-348, S. 2, 10; P.A. 90-230, S. 96, 101; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 97-112, S. 3.)

      History: P.A. 90-230 added "and, if known, his legally liable relative, guardian or conservator" to Subsec. (b)(5); P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 97-112 amended Subsec. (a) to redefine "facility" as a residential care home and replace reference to Sec. 19a-521 with Sec. 19a-490.

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      Sec. 19a-535b. Chronic disease hospital. Transfer or discharge of patients. Notice. (a) As used in this section, a "facility" means a chronic disease hospital which is a long-term hospital having facilities, medical staff and all necessary personnel for the diagnosis, care and treatment of chronic diseases.

      (b) A facility shall not transfer or discharge a patient from the facility except for medical reasons, or for the patient's welfare or the welfare of other patients, as documented in the patient's medical record; or, in the case of a self pay patient, for nonpayment or arrearage of more than fifteen days of the per diem chronic disease hospital room rates for the patient's stay, except as prohibited by the Social Security Act. In the case of an involuntary transfer or discharge, the patient and, if known, the patient's legally liable relative, guardian or conservator and the patient's personal physician, if the discharge plan is prepared by the medical director of the chronic disease hospital, shall be given at least thirty days' written notice of the proposed action to ensure orderly transfer or discharge.

      (P.A. 89-348, S. 3, 10; P.A. 95-257, S. 39, 58; P.A. 07-149, S. 2; P.A. 08-184, S. 26.)

      History: P.A. 95-257 replaced Commission on Hospitals and Health Care with Office of Health Care Access, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 07-149 amended Subsec. (b) by making technical changes and deleting language re approval of hospital room rates by Office of Health Care Access, effective July 1, 2007; P.A. 08-184 made a technical change in Subsec. (b).

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      Sec. 19a-536. (Formerly Sec. 19-617). Inspection reports to be available for inspection. Room to be provided. Notice of availability. Each nursing home administrator, as defined in section 19a-511 shall permit patients in the nursing home, relatives and legal representatives of, and any other person designated by, such patients and persons interested in placing someone in a nursing home to inspect all inspection reports pertaining to nursing home facilities made by the Department of Public Health, the State Fire Marshal, local fire and health departments or other state and local agencies having jurisdiction over the institution, and all summary copies of current inspection reports of the United States Department of Health and Human Services as provided in the Social Security Act, and shall provide a room adequate for such inspection during normal business hours, provided no such reports or copies thereof shall disclose the name of any patient in any nursing home facility. Such nursing home administrator shall post or cause to be posted in a conspicuous place in the nursing home facility a notice stating that such reports are available for inspection and the location where they may be inspected.

      (P.A. 75-468, S. 9, 17; P.A. 76-331, S. 12, 16; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)

      History: P.A. 76-331 revised section so that rather than posting inspection reports themselves, administrators post notice that such reports are available for inspection and provide place for such inspections to occur; P.A. 77-614 replaced department of health with department of health services, effective January 1, 1979; Sec. 19-617 transferred to Sec. 19a-536 in 1983; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

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      Sec. 19a-537. (Formerly Sec. 19-617a). Definitions. Nursing home responsibilities re reservation of beds. Reimbursement. (a) As used in this section and section 19a-537a:

      (1) "Vacancy" means a bed that is available for an admission;

      (2) "Nursing home" means any chronic and convalescent facility or any rest home with nursing supervision, as defined in section 19a-521;

      (3) "Hospital" means a general short-term hospital licensed by the Department of Public Health or a hospital for mental illness, as defined in section 17a-495, or a chronic disease hospital, as defined in section 19-13-D1(a) of the Public Health Code.

      (b) A nursing home shall:

      (1) Reserve the bed of a self-pay resident of such facility who is absent from the facility due to hospitalization whenever payment is available to reserve the bed;

      (2) Inform the self-pay resident and such resident's relatives or other responsible persons, upon admission of a person to the facility and upon transfer of a resident to a hospital, that the bed of a resident will be reserved as long as payment is available to the facility to reserve the bed and that if payment is not made, the resident will be admitted to the next available bed;

      (3) Reserve the bed of a resident who is a recipient of medical assistance when the resident is absent from the facility for home leave days authorized under the Medicaid program;

      (4) Inform the resident who is a recipient of medical assistance and such resident's relatives or other responsible persons, upon admission of a person to the nursing home and upon transfer of a resident to a hospital of the conditions under which the Department of Social Services requires the nursing home to reserve the bed of a resident and that if the home is not required to reserve the bed, the resident will be admitted to the next available bed; and

      (5) Not make the bed reserved for a hospitalized resident available for use by any other person unless the nursing home records in such resident's medical record the medical reasons justifying the change in such resident's bed, and the necessity of making the change before the resident's return to the facility, provided no resident's bed shall be changed if (A) such a change is medically contraindicated as defined in subsection (a) of section 19a-550; or (B) if the resident does not consent to the change, except when the change is made (i) to protect the resident or others from physical harm; (ii) to control the spread of an infectious disease; or (iii) to respond to a physical plant or environmental emergency that threatens the resident's health or safety. In the case of such an involuntary change of a resident's bed, disruption of residents shall be minimized, notice shall be provided to the resident or representative within twenty-four hours after the change and, if practicable, the resident, if he or she wishes, shall be returned to his or her room when the threat to health or safety which prompted the transfer has been eliminated. When a resident's bed is changed without his or her consent to protect the resident or others from physical harm, a consultative process shall be established on the first business day following the resident's return to the facility. The consultative process shall include the participation of the attending physician, a registered nurse with responsibility for the resident, other appropriate staff in disciplines as determined by the resident's needs and the participation of the resident, such resident's family or other representative. The consultative process shall determine what caused the change in bed, whether the cause can be removed and, if not, whether the facility has attempted alternatives to the change. The resident shall be informed of the risks and benefits of the change in bed and of any alternatives.

      (c) A nursing home shall reserve, for at least fifteen days, the bed of a resident who is a recipient of medical assistance and who is absent from such home due to hospitalization unless the nursing home documents that it has objective information from the hospital confirming that the patient will not return to the nursing home within fifteen days of the hospital admission including the day of hospitalization.

      (d) The Department of Social Services shall reimburse a nursing home at the per diem Medicaid rate of the facility for each day that the facility reserves the bed of a resident who is a recipient of medical assistance in accordance with the following conditions:

      (1) A facility shall be reimbursed for reserving the bed of a resident who is hospitalized for a maximum of seven days including the admission date of hospitalization, if on such date the nursing home documents that (A) it has a vacancy rate of not more than three beds or three per cent of licensed capacity, whichever is greater, and (B) it contacted the hospital and the hospital failed to provide objective information confirming that the person would be unable to return to the nursing home within fifteen days of the date of hospitalization.

      (2) The nursing home shall be reimbursed for a maximum of eight additional days provided:

      (A) On the seventh day of the person's hospital stay, the nursing home has a vacancy rate that is not more than three beds or three per cent of licensed capacity, whichever is greater; and

      (B) Within seven days of the hospitalization of a resident who is a recipient of medical assistance, the nursing home has contacted the hospital for an update on the person's status and the nursing home documents such contact in the person's file and that the information obtained through the contact does not indicate that the person will be unable to return to the nursing home within fifteen days of hospitalization.

      (3) A facility shall be reimbursed for reserving the bed of a resident who is absent for up to twenty-one days of home leave as authorized under the Medicaid program if on the day of such an absence the facility documents that it has a vacancy rate of not more than four beds or four per cent of licensed capacity, whichever is greater. No facility shall require or request a resident who is a recipient of medical assistance to provide payment for such authorized home leave days, whether or not such payment is available from the department.

      (e) If a resident's hospitalization exceeds the period of time that a nursing home is required to reserve the resident's bed or the nursing home is not required to reserve the resident's bed under this section, the nursing home:

      (1) Shall provide the resident with the first bed available at the time the nursing home receives notice of the resident's discharge from the hospital;

      (2) Shall grant the resident priority of admission over applicants for first admission to the nursing home;

      (3) May charge a fee to reserve the bed, not exceeding the facility's self-pay rate for the unit in which that resident resided, or not exceeding the per diem Medicaid rate for recipients of medical assistance, whichever charge is applicable, for the number of days which the resident is absent from the facility.

      (P.A. 80-170, S. 1, 2; P.A. 83-348, S. 1, 3; P.A. 85-453, S. 1, 3; P.A. 87-178, S. 1; P.A. 88-197, S. 1; P.A. 93-262, S. 1, 87; 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-160, S. 3, 69; 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 96-81, S. 2; 96-139, S. 12, 13; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-2, S. 64, 69; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9, S. 129, 131.)

      History: Sec. 19-617a transferred to Sec. 19a-537 in 1983; P.A. 83-348 amended Subsec. (b) by adding the requirement that on and after October 1, 1983, a nursing home reserve the bed of a resident who is a recipient of medical assistance and who is absent from such home due to hospitalization for the time it may be reimbursed and by requiring the commissioner to adopt regulations to establish a monetary penalty; P.A. 85-453 amended Subsec. (a) to include "any licensed home for the aged" in the definition of "nursing home" and amended Subsec. (b) to authorize reimbursement at per diem boarding home rate; P.A. 87-178 amended Subsec. (a) to delete "licensed home for the aged" from the definition and amended Subsec. (b) to delete a reference to the "per diem boarding home rate"; P.A. 88-197 added definitions of "vacancy", "level of care" and "hospital", distinguished between nursing homes' obligations to self-pay patients and to patients receiving medical assistance, and substantially revised prior provisions re reservation of beds including provisions re patient information, reimbursement rates and 15-day mandatory bed reservation policy for residents on assistance; P.A. 93-262 authorized substitution of commissioner and department of social services for commissioner and department of income maintenance, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-160 amended Subsec. (b)(2) by adding a provision that if payment is not made, the resident will be admitted to the next available bed, added Subsec. (b)(3) requiring a nursing home to reserve the bed of a resident who is a recipient of medical assistance when the resident is absent for home leave days authorized under the Medicaid program, amended Subsec. (b)(4) by adding a provision that if the home is not required to reserve the bed, the resident will be admitted to the next available bed, added Subsec. (d)(3) providing for a facility to be reimbursed for reserving the bed of a resident who is absent for up to 21 days of home leave as authorized under the Medicaid program and amended Subsec. (e)(3) by changing the amount that a nursing home shall not exceed when charging a fee to reserve a bed from "the maximum allowable charge for the accommodation being reserved as established by the Department of Social Services for persons who are not recipients of medical assistance" to "the facility's self-pay rate for the unit in which that resident resided", effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 96-81 amended Subsec. (b)(5) to prohibit making the reserved bed available unless such change is medically contraindicated or if the resident does not consent to the change, with exceptions and required a consultation process to be established if the resident's bed is changed without his consent; P.A. 96-139 changed effective date of P.A. 95-160 but without affecting this section; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-2 amended Subsec. (a) to eliminate definition of "level of care", renumbering existing Subdiv. (4) as Subdiv. (3), and to make technical changes in definition of "hospital", amended Subsec. (b) to make technical changes for the purposes of gender neutrality, amended Subsec. (c) to delete phrase "at the same level of care", and amended Subsec. (d) to delete references to "at the same level of care as the hospitalized person", "at the same level of care" and "at the same level of care as the resident so absent", effective July 1, 2001; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9 revised effective date of June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-2 but without affecting this section.

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      Sec. 19a-537a. Reservation of beds. Penalty. Hearing. Compliance with section 19a-537 shall be monitored by the department on a postaudit basis or whenever a complaint is received and its provisions shall be enforced as follows:

      (1) The Department of Social Services is authorized to impose a penalty not greater than eight thousand five hundred dollars for each violation of said section 19a-537.

      (2) The department shall recoup payments made to a nursing home for reserve-bed days when it is determined that: The nursing home made the bed assigned to a hospitalized resident available to another person; or the nursing home was reimbursed for reserve bed days after it had objective information indicating that the hospitalized person would not return to the nursing home; or the nursing home failed to provide a resident with the first available bed or grant a resident priority of admission as required by subsection (e) of said section 19a-537; or the nursing home failed to document the appropriate vacancy rate or hospital contact. If the payments have already been made, the department may set off the amount of the payments against any other payments due to the nursing home.

      (3) The department may impose a penalty upon a facility pursuant to subdivision (1) of this section or recoup any payments from a facility pursuant to subdivision (2) of this section, regardless of whether a change in ownership of the facility has taken place since the time of the violation, provided the department has issued notice of the alleged violation and the accompanying penalty or recoupment prior to the effective date of the change in ownership and record of such notice is readily available in a central registry maintained by the department.

      (4) Prior to imposing any penalty pursuant to subdivision (1) of this section or recouping any payments pursuant to subdivision (2) of this section, the Department of Social Services shall notify the nursing home of the alleged violation and the accompanying penalty or recoupment, and shall permit such facility to request an administrative hearing, in accordance with sections 4-177 to 4-181, inclusive. A facility shall request such hearing within fifteen days of receipt of the notice of violation from the Department of Social Services. The department shall stay the imposition of any penalty or recoupment pending the outcome of the administrative hearing.

      (P.A. 88-197, S. 2; P.A. 93-262, S. 1, 87; P.A. 95-160, S. 4, 69; P.A. 96-139, S. 12, 13; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-2, S. 65, 69; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9, S. 129, 131.)

      History: P.A. 93-262 authorized substitution of commissioner and department of social services for commissioner and department of income maintenance, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-160 inserted new Subdiv. (3) outlining provisions for the department to impose a penalty upon a facility pursuant to Subdiv. (1) or recoup payments from a facility pursuant to Subdiv. (2), renumbering former Subdiv. (3) as (4), effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 96-139 changed effective date of P.A. 95-160 but without affecting this section; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-2 amended Subdiv. (2) to make a technical change and to delete phrase "at the same level of care", effective July 1, 2001; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9 revised effective date of June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-2 but without affecting this section.

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      Sec. 19a-538. (Formerly Sec. 19-618). Annual report by Department of Public Health concerning nursing home facilities. On or before January 1, 1977, and annually thereafter, the Department of Public Health shall publish a report, available to the public, which shall include, but not be limited to, a list of all nursing home facilities in this state; whether such nursing home facilities are proprietary or nonproprietary; the classification of each such nursing home facility; the name of the owner or owners, including the name of any partnership, corporation, trust, individual proprietorship or other legal entity which owns or controls, directly or indirectly, such facility; the total number of beds; the number of private and semiprivate rooms; the religious affiliation, and religious services offered, if any, in the nursing home facility; the cost per diem for private patients; the languages spoken by the administrator and staff of such nursing home facility; the number of full-time employees and their professions; whether or not such nursing home facility accepts Medicare and Medicaid patients; recreational and other programs available and the number and nature of any class A or class B citation issued against such nursing home in the previous year.

      (P.A. 75-468, S. 10, 17; P.A. 76-331, S. 13, 16; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)

      History: P.A. 76-331 substituted "1977" for "1976" and required that report include name of partnership, corporation, etc. owning or controlling facility, religious services offered, per diem cost for private patients and number and nature of class A or B citations issued against home in previous year; P.A. 77-614 replaced health department with department of health services, effective January 1, 1979; Sec. 19-618 transferred to Sec. 19a-538 in 1983; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

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      Sec. 19a-539. (Formerly Sec. 19-619). Disclosure of additional costs. Enforcement of surety contracts. (a) Each nursing home facility shall disclose in writing to all prospective patients a complete and accurate list of all additional costs which may be incurred by them and such nursing home facility shall display or cause to be displayed copies of such list in conspicuous places therein.

      (b) Nursing home facilities, as defined in section 19a-521, shall be prohibited from enforcing a surety contract on behalf of an applicant required as a condition of admission unless: (1) The guarantor under such contract or his spouse or his children or his grandchildren has received an assignment or transfer or other disposition of property for less than fair market value, pursuant to section 17b-261, from the applicant; or (2) the applicant fails to return a properly completed application for Title XIX benefits to the Department of Social Services in accordance with its regulations; and (3) such contract contains a clause which states the contract is enforceable against the guarantor or his spouse or his children or his grandchildren if such guarantor or his spouse or his children or his grandchildren have received an assignment or transfer or other disposition of property for less than fair market value, pursuant to section 17b-261, from the applicant or if said applicant fails to return a properly completed application for Title XIX benefits to the Department of Social Services in accordance with its regulations.

      (c) Nothing in this section shall be interpreted as prohibiting the acceptance of a voluntary surety contract.

      (P.A. 75-468, S. 13, 17; P.A. 87-365; P.A. 93-262, S. 1, 87; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-3, S. 97.)

      History: Sec. 19-619 transferred to Sec. 19a-539 in 1983; P.A. 87-365 added Subsecs. (b) and (c) re enforcement of surety contracts; P.A. 93-262 authorized substitution of commissioner and department of social services for commissioner and department of income maintenance, effective July 1, 1993; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-3, in repealing Sec. 17a-134, authorized deletion of internal references to said section in this section, effective March 1, 2004.

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      Sec. 19a-540. (Formerly Sec. 19-620). Posting of citations. Monthly report by Department of Public Health. (a) Each class A or class B citation shall be prominently posted in the nursing home cited in the manner prescribed by the Commissioner of Public Health so as to be visible to any patient, including those in wheelchairs, and to any employee or visitor of the nursing home until the violation has been corrected to the satisfaction of the Commissioner of Public Health or the citation has been vacated.

      (b) The Department of Public Health shall prepare and keep on file a monthly report listing all class A, B and C citations issued, all civil penalties which have been filed as provided in section 19a-526 or paid before such filing and all violations which have been corrected during the previous month. The listing shall include the following: (1) The name and address of the nursing home; (2) the class of the violation and the civil penalty, if any, imposed; and (3) a description of the violation.

      (P.A. 76-331, S. 6, 16; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner and department of health with commissioner and department of health services, effective January 1, 1979; Sec. 19-620 transferred to Sec. 19a-540 in 1983; P.A. 93-381 replaced department and commissioner of health services with department and commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

      See Secs. 19a-524 to 19a-529, inclusive, re procedures for issuing and contesting citations.

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      Sec. 19a-541. (Formerly Sec. 19-621a). Receivership of nursing homes: Definitions. As used in this section and sections 19a-542 to 19a-549, inclusive, unless the context otherwise requires:

      (1) "Nursing home facility" shall have the same meaning as provided in section 19a-521;

      (2) "Emergency" means a situation, physical condition or one or more practices, methods or operations which presents imminent danger of death or serious physical or mental harm to residents of a nursing home facility;

      (3) "Transfer trauma" means the medical and psychological reactions to physical transfer that increase the risk of death, or grave illness, or both, in elderly persons; and

      (4) "Substantial violation" means a violation of law which presents a reasonable likelihood of serious physical or mental harm to residents of a nursing home facility.

      (P.A. 78-227, S. 1, 10; P.A. 89-350, S. 14; P.A. 01-195, S. 160, 181.)

      History: Sec. 19-621a transferred to Sec. 19a-541 in 1983; P.A. 89-350 deleted former Subsec. (e) which defined "habitual violation"; P.A. 01-195 made technical changes, effective July 11, 2001.

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      Sec. 19a-542. (Formerly Sec. 19-621b). Application for receivership. Hearing. Parties. Emergency order. (a) An application to appoint a receiver for a nursing home facility may be filed in the Superior Court by the Commissioner of Social Services, the Commissioner of Public Health or the director of the Office of Protection and Advocacy for Persons with Disabilities. A resident of a facility or such resident's legally liable relative, conservator or guardian may file a written complaint with the Commissioner of Public Health specifying conditions at the facility which warrant an application to appoint a receiver. If the Commissioner of Public Health fails to resolve such complaint within forty-five days of its receipt or, in the case of a facility which intends to close, within seven days of its receipt, the person who filed the complaint may file an application in the Superior Court for the appointment of a receiver for such facility. Said court shall immediately notify the Attorney General of such application. The court shall hold a hearing not later than ten days after the date the application is filed. Notice of such hearing shall be given to the owner of such facility or such owner's agent for service of process not less than five days prior to such hearing. Such notice shall be posted by the court in a conspicuous place inside such facility for not less than three days prior to such hearing.

      (b) A resident of a facility for which an application to appoint a receiver has been filed or such resident's legally liable relative, conservator or guardian may appear as a party to the proceedings.

      (c) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section the court may appoint a receiver upon an ex parte motion when affidavits, testimony or any other evidence presented indicates that there is a reasonable likelihood an emergency exists in such facility which must be remedied immediately to insure the health, safety and welfare of the patients of such facility. Notice of the application and order shall be served on the owner or his agent for service of process and shall be posted in a conspicuous place inside the facility not later than twenty-four hours after issuance of such order. A hearing on the application shall be held not later than five days after the issuance of such order unless the owner consents to a later date.

      (P.A. 78-227, S. 2, 10; P.A. 80-309, S. 1; P.A. 89-144, S. 9; 89-350, S. 15; P.A. 93-262, S. 1, 87; 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)

      History: P.A. 80-309 authorized director of office of protection and advocacy for handicapped and developmentally disabled persons to file application for appointment of receiver and added provisions re complaints filed with health services commissioner or superior court facility resident or his legally liable relative, conservator or guardian under Subsec. (a); Sec. 19-621b transferred to Sec. 19a-542 in 1983; P.A. 89-144 amended Subsec. (a) by substituting the office of protection and advocacy for persons with disabilities for the office of protection and advocacy for handicapped and developmentally disabled persons; P.A. 89-350 inserted new Subsec. (b) re residents' right to be party to proceedings and relettered the existing Subsecs.; P.A. 93-262 authorized substitution of commissioner and department of social services for commissioner and department on aging, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

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      Sec. 19a-543. (Formerly Sec. 19-621c). Imposition of receivership: Grounds. The court shall grant an application for the appointment of a receiver for a nursing home facility upon a finding of any of the following: (1) Such facility is operating without a license issued pursuant to this chapter or such facility's license has been suspended or revoked pursuant to section 19a-494; (2) such facility intends to close and adequate arrangements for relocation of its residents have not been made at least thirty days prior to closing; (3) such facility has sustained a serious financial loss or failure which jeopardizes the health, safety and welfare of the patients or there is a reasonable likelihood of such loss or failure; or (4) there exists in such facility a condition in substantial violation of the Public Health Code, or any other applicable state statutes, or Title XVIII or XIX of the federal Social Security Act, 42 USC 301, as amended, or any regulation adopted pursuant to such state or federal laws.

      (P.A. 78-227, S. 3, 10; P.A. 89-350, S. 16.)

      History: Sec. 19-621c transferred to Sec. 19a-543 in 1983; P.A. 89-350 made appointment mandatory, inserted new Subdiv. (3) and renumbered the existing Subdiv., deleting former Subdiv. (4) re "habitual violation" as ground for appointment of a receiver.

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      Sec. 19a-544. (Formerly Sec. 19-621d). Imposition of receivership: Defenses. It shall be a sufficient defense to a receivership application if any owner of a nursing home facility establishes that, (1) he did not have knowledge or could not reasonably have known that any conditions in violation of section 19a-543 existed, or (2) he did not have a reasonable time in which to correct such violations, or (3) the violations listed in the application do not, in fact, exist or, in the event the grounds upon which the petition is based are those set forth in subdivision (2) of section 19a-543, the facility does not intend to close.

      (P.A. 78-227, S. 4, 10; P.A. 80-309, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 80-309 added as defense establishment of fact that if grounds are those of Sec. 19-621c, facility does not intend to close; Sec. 19-621d transferred to Sec. 19a-544 in 1983.

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      Sec. 19a-545. (Formerly Sec. 19-621e). Duties of receiver. (a) A receiver appointed pursuant to the provisions of sections 19a-541 to 19a-549, inclusive, in operating such facility, shall have the same powers as a receiver of a corporation under section 52-507, except as provided in subsection (c) of this section and shall exercise such powers to remedy the conditions which constituted grounds for the imposition of receivership, assure adequate health care for the patients and preserve the assets and property of the owner. If a facility is placed in receivership it shall be the duty of the receiver to notify patients and family, except where medically contraindicated. Such receiver may correct or eliminate any deficiency in the structure or furnishings of the facility which endangers the safety or health of the residents while they remain in the facility, provided the total cost of correction does not exceed three thousand dollars. The court may order expenditures for this purpose in excess of three thousand dollars on application from such receiver. If any resident is transferred or discharged such receiver shall provide for: (1) Transportation of the resident and such resident's belongings and medical records to the place where such resident is being transferred or discharged; (2) aid in locating an alternative placement and discharge planning in accordance with section 19a-535; (3) preparation for transfer to mitigate transfer trauma, including but not limited to, participation by the resident or the resident's guardian in the selection of the resident's alternative placement, explanation of alternative placements and orientation concerning the placement chosen by the resident or the resident's guardian; and (4) custodial care of all property or assets of residents which are in the possession of an owner of the facility. The receiver shall preserve all property, assets and records of residents which the receiver has custody of and shall provide for the prompt transfer of the property, assets and records to the alternative placement of any transferred resident. In no event may the receiver transfer all residents and close a facility without a court order and without preparing a discharge plan for each resident in accordance with section 19a-535.

      (b) Not later than ninety days after appointment as a receiver, such receiver shall take all necessary steps to stabilize the operation of the facility in order to ensure the health, safety and welfare of the residents of such facility. In addition, within a reasonable time period after the date of appointment, not to exceed six months, the receiver shall: (1) Determine whether the facility can continue to operate and provide adequate care to residents in substantial compliance with applicable federal and state law within the facility's state payments as established by the Commissioner of Social Services pursuant to subsection (f) of section 17b-340, together with income from self-pay residents, Medicare payments and other current income and shall report such determination to the court; and (2) seek facility purchase proposals. If the receiver determines that the facility will be unable to continue to operate in compliance with said requirements, the receiver shall promptly request an order of the court to close the facility and make arrangements for the orderly transfer of residents pursuant to subsection (a) of this section unless the receiver determines that a transfer of the facility to a qualified purchaser is expected during the six-month period commencing on the date of the receiver's appointment. If a transfer is not completed within such period and all purchase and sale proposal efforts have been exhausted, the receiver shall request an immediate order of the court to close the facility and make arrangements for the orderly transfer of residents pursuant to subsection (a) of this section.

      (c) The court may limit the powers of a receiver appointed pursuant to the provisions of sections 19a-541 to 19a-549, inclusive, to those necessary to solve a specific problem.

      (P.A. 78-227, S. 5, 10; P.A. 80-309, S. 3; P.A. 89-350, S. 17; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-3, S. 77; P.A. 04-16, S. 15; P.A. 07-209, S. 3.)

      History: P.A. 80-309 prohibited transferring patients and closing facility without court order and without preparing discharge plans for residents; Sec. 19-621e transferred to Sec. 19a-545 in 1983; P.A. 89-350 added Subsec. (b) re limitation of receivers' powers, designating prior provisions as Subsec. (a) and adding exception re Subsec. (b); June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-3 added new Subsec. (b) requiring receiver to make determination within 90 days as to whether facility can continue to provide adequate care to residents and to seek facility purchase proposals, authorizing receiver to request an immediate order of the court to close facility if receiver determines facility cannot continue to provide adequate care to residents and making receiver responsible for ensuring an orderly transfer of residents of facilities that are closed, redesignated former Subsec. (b) as Subsec. (c) and made a technical change, effective August 20, 2003; P.A. 04-16 made a technical change in Subsec. (b); P.A. 07-209 amended Subsec. (b) by adding provisions re receiver taking necessary steps to stabilize operation of the facility, and re receiver action within a reasonable time after the date of appointment, not to exceed 6 months, adding "promptly" and deleting "immediate" re receiver's request of court order to close facility, extending time period relating to transfer of the facility to a qualified purchaser from 90 days to 6 months from date of receiver's appointment, and substituting "such period and all purchase and sale proposal efforts have been exhausted" for "one hundred eighty days of the appointment of the receiver" re time period for requesting court order to close facility and make arrangements for transfer of residents, effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 19a-546. (Formerly Sec. 19-621f). Authority of receiver concerning leases, mortgages, secured transactions. (a) A receiver may not be required to honor any lease, mortgage, secured transaction or other contract entered into by the owner of the facility if, upon application to the Superior Court, said court determines that: (1) The person seeking payment under the agreement was an owner or controlling stockholder of the facility or was an affiliate of such owner or controlling stockholder at the time the agreement was made; or (2) the rental, price or rate of interest required to be paid under the agreement was substantially in excess of a reasonable rental, price or rate of interest at the time the contract was entered into.

      (b) If the receiver is in possession of real estate or goods subject to a lease, mortgage or security interest which the receiver is permitted to avoid under subsection (a) of this section and if the real estate or goods are necessary for the continued operation of the facility under this section, the receiver may apply to the court to set a reasonable rental, price or rate of interest to be paid by the receiver during the duration of the receivership. The court shall hold a hearing not later than fifteen days after application is made. Any known owners of the property involved shall receive notice of such application from the receiver at least ten days prior to the hearing. Payment by the receiver of the amount determined by the court to be reasonable is a defense to any action against the receiver for payment or for possession of the goods or real estate subject to the lease, security interest or mortgage involved by any person who received such notice, but the payment does not relieve the owner of the facility of any liability for the difference between the amount paid by the receiver and the amount due under such lease, security interest or mortgage involved.

      (c) The provisions of this section shall not apply to a lease, mortgage, secured transaction or other contract entered into with any financial institution regulated by a state or federal agency.

      (P.A. 78-227, S. 6, 10; P.A. 07-217, S. 81.)

      History: Sec. 19-621f transferred to Sec. 19a-546 in 1983; P.A. 07-217 made a technical change in Subsec. (b), effective July 12, 2007.

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      Sec. 19a-547. (Formerly Sec. 19-621g). Appointment of receiver. Qualifications of receiver. Removal. Bond. Fees. (a) The court may appoint any responsible individual whose name is proposed by the Commissioner of Public Health and the Commissioner of Social Services to act as a receiver. Such individual shall be a nursing home administrator licensed in the state of Connecticut with substantial experience in operating Connecticut nursing homes. On or before July 1, 2004, the Commissioner of Social Services shall adopt regulations governing qualifications for proposed receivers consistent with this subsection. No state employee or owner, administrator or other person with a financial interest in the facility may serve as a receiver for that facility. No person appointed to act as a receiver shall be permitted to have a current financial interest in the facility; nor shall such person appointed as a receiver be permitted to have a financial interest in the facility for a period of five years from the date the receivership ceases.

      (b) The court may remove such receiver in accordance with section 52-513. A nursing home receiver appointed pursuant to this section shall be entitled to a reasonable receiver's fee as determined by the court. The receiver shall be liable only in his official capacity for injury to person and property by reason of the conditions of the nursing home. He shall not be personally liable, except for acts or omissions constituting gross, wilful or wanton negligence.

      (c) The court, in its discretion, may require a bond of such receiver in accordance with section 52-506.

      (d) The court may require the Commissioner of Public Health to provide for the payment of any receiver's fees authorized in subsection (a) of this section upon a showing by such receiver to the satisfaction of the court that (1) the assets of the nursing home facility are not sufficient to make such payment, and (2) no other source of payment is available, including the submission of claims in a bankruptcy proceeding. The state shall have a claim for any court-ordered fees and expenses of the receiver which shall have priority over all other claims of secured and unsecured creditors and other persons whether or not the nursing home facility is in bankruptcy, to the extent allowed under state or federal law.

      (P.A. 78-227, S. 7, 10; P.A. 84-410, S. 1, 2; P.A. 91-198; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-3, S. 76.)

      History: Sec. 19-621g transferred to Sec. 19a-547 in 1983; P.A. 84-410 added Subsec. (c) concerning the payment of receiver's fees by the commissioner of health services under certain circumstances; P.A. 91-198 amended Subsec. (c) to provide a priority claim for the state for the fees and expenses of a receiver paid by the state whether or not the nursing home is in bankruptcy; P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-3 amended Subsec. (a) to provide that court appointed receiver shall be a responsible individual "whose name is proposed by the Commissioner of Public Health and the Commissioner of Social Services" and who is "a nursing home administrator licensed in the state of Connecticut with substantial experience in operating Connecticut nursing homes", to specify that person appointed as receiver may not have a current financial interest in the facility nor shall such person have an interest in the facility for a period of five years from the date the receivership ceases, and to require commissioner to adopt regulations re receiver's qualifications, redesignated portion of Subsec. (a) as new Subsec. (b), redesignated existing Subsecs. (b) and (c) as new Subsecs. (c) and (d) and made technical changes, effective August 20, 2003.

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      Sec. 19a-548. (Formerly Sec. 19-621h). Accounting by receiver. Each receiver shall, during the first week in January, April, July and October in each year, sign, swear to and file with the clerk of the court by which he was appointed a full and detailed account of his doings as such receiver for the three months next preceding, together with a statement of all court orders passed during such three months and the present condition and prospects of the facility in his charge, and cause a motion for a hearing and approval of the same to be placed on the short calendar.

      (P.A. 78-227, S. 8, 10.)

      History: Sec. 19-621h transferred to Sec. 19a-548 in 1983.

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      Sec. 19a-549. (Formerly Sec. 19-621i). Termination of receivership. The Superior Court, upon a motion by the receiver or the owner of such facility, may terminate the receivership if it finds that such facility has been rehabilitated so that the violations complained of no longer exist or if such receivership was instituted pursuant to subdivision (2) of section 19a-543, the orderly transfer of the patients has been completed and such facility is ready to be closed. Upon such finding, the court may terminate the receivership and return such facility to its owner. In its termination order the court may include such terms as it deems necessary to prevent the conditions complained of from recurring.

      (P.A. 78-227, S. 9, 10; P.A. 80-309, S. 4.)

      History: P.A. 80-309 substituted "may" for "shall" in second reference to termination of receivership for consistency and allowed court to include terms to prevent recurrence of conditions which originally caused complaint; Sec. 19-621i transferred to Sec. 19a-549 in 1983.

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      Sec. 19a-550. (Formerly Sec. 19-622). Patients' bill of rights. (a)(1) As used in this section, (A) "nursing home facility" shall have the same meaning as provided in section 19a-521, and (B) "chronic disease hospital" means a long-term hospital having facilities, medical staff and all necessary personnel for the diagnosis, care and treatment of chronic diseases; and (2) for the purposes of subsections (c) and (d) of this section, and subsection (b) of section 19a-537, "medically contraindicated" means a comprehensive evaluation of the impact of a potential room transfer on the patient's physical, mental and psychosocial well-being, which determines that the transfer would cause new symptoms or exacerbate present symptoms beyond a reasonable adjustment period resulting in a prolonged or significant negative outcome that could not be ameliorated through care plan intervention, as documented by a physician in a patient's medical record.

      (b) There is established a patients' bill of rights for any person admitted as a patient to any nursing home facility or chronic disease hospital. The patients' bill of rights shall be implemented in accordance with the provisions of Sections 1919(b), 1919(c), 1919(c)(2), 1919(c)(2)(D) and 1919(c)(2)(E) of the Social Security Act. The patients' bill of rights shall provide that each such patient: (1) Is fully informed, as evidenced by the patient's written acknowledgment, prior to or at the time of admission and during the patient's stay, of the rights set forth in this section and of all rules and regulations governing patient conduct and responsibilities; (2) is fully informed, prior to or at the time of admission and during the patient's stay, of services available in the facility, and of related charges including any charges for services not covered under Titles XVIII or XIX of the Social Security Act, or not covered by basic per diem rate; (3) is entitled to choose the patient's own physician and is fully informed, by a physician, of the patient's medical condition unless medically contraindicated, as documented by the physician in the patient's medical record, and is afforded the opportunity to participate in the planning of the patient's medical treatment and to refuse to participate in experimental research; (4) in a residential care home or a chronic disease hospital is transferred from one room to another within the facility only for medical reasons, or for the patient's welfare or that of other patients, as documented in the patient's medical record and such record shall include documentation of action taken to minimize any disruptive effects of such transfer, except a patient who is a Medicaid recipient may be transferred from a private room to a nonprivate room, provided no patient may be involuntarily transferred from one room to another within the facility if (A) it is medically established that the move will subject the patient to a reasonable likelihood of serious physical injury or harm, or (B) the patient has a prior established medical history of psychiatric problems and there is psychiatric testimony that as a consequence of the proposed move there will be exacerbation of the psychiatric problem which would last over a significant period of time and require psychiatric intervention; and in the case of an involuntary transfer from one room to another within the facility, the patient and, if known, the patient's legally liable relative, guardian or conservator or a person designated by the patient in accordance with section 1-56r, is given at least thirty days' and no more than sixty days' written notice to ensure orderly transfer from one room to another within the facility, except where the health, safety or welfare of other patients is endangered or where immediate transfer from one room to another within the facility is necessitated by urgent medical need of the patient or where a patient has resided in the facility for less than thirty days, in which case notice shall be given as many days before the transfer as practicable; (5) is encouraged and assisted, throughout the patient's period of stay, to exercise the patient's rights as a patient and as a citizen, and to this end, has the right to be fully informed about patients' rights by state or federally funded patient advocacy programs, and may voice grievances and recommend changes in policies and services to facility staff or to outside representatives of the patient's choice, free from restraint, interference, coercion, discrimination or reprisal; (6) shall have prompt efforts made by the facility to resolve grievances the patient may have, including those with respect to the behavior of other patients; (7) may manage the patient's personal financial affairs, and is given a quarterly accounting of financial transactions made on the patient's behalf; (8) is free from mental and physical abuse, corporal punishment, involuntary seclusion and any physical or chemical restraints imposed for purposes of discipline or convenience and not required to treat the patient's medical symptoms. Physical or chemical restraints may be imposed only to ensure the physical safety of the patient or other patients and only upon the written order of a physician that specifies the type of restraint and the duration and circumstances under which the restraints are to be used, except in emergencies until a specific order can be obtained; (9) is assured confidential treatment of the patient's personal and medical records, and may approve or refuse their release to any individual outside the facility, except in case of the patient's transfer to another health care institution or as required by law or third-party payment contract; (10) receives quality care and services with reasonable accommodation of individual needs and preferences, except where the health or safety of the individual would be endangered, and is treated with consideration, respect, and full recognition of the patient's dignity and individuality, including privacy in treatment and in care for the patient's personal needs; (11) is not required to perform services for the facility that are not included for therapeutic purposes in the patient's plan of care; (12) may associate and communicate privately with persons of the patient's choice, including other patients, send and receive the patient's personal mail unopened and make and receive telephone calls privately, unless medically contraindicated, as documented by the patient's physician in the patient's medical record, and receives adequate notice before the patient's room or roommate in the facility is changed; (13) is entitled to organize and participate in patient groups in the facility and to participate in social, religious and community activities that do not interfere with the rights of other patients, unless medically contraindicated, as documented by the patient's physician in the patient's medical records; (14) may retain and use the patient's personal clothing and possessions unless to do so would infringe upon rights of other patients or unless medically contraindicated, as documented by the patient's physician in the patient's medical record; (15) is assured privacy for visits by the patient's spouse or a person designated by the patient in accordance with section 1-56r and, if the patient is married and both the patient and the patient's spouse are inpatients in the facility, they are permitted to share a room, unless medically contraindicated, as documented by the attending physician in the medical record; (16) is fully informed of the availability of and may examine all current state, local and federal inspection reports and plans of correction; (17) may organize, maintain and participate in a patient-run resident council, as a means of fostering communication among residents and between residents and staff, encouraging resident independence and addressing the basic rights of nursing home and chronic disease hospital patients and residents, free from administrative interference or reprisal; (18) is entitled to the opinion of two physicians concerning the need for surgery, except in an emergency situation, prior to such surgery being performed; (19) is entitled to have the patient's family or a person designated by the patient in accordance with section 1-56r meet in the facility with the families of other patients in the facility to the extent the facility has existing meeting space available which meets applicable building and fire codes; (20) is entitled to file a complaint with the Department of Social Services and the Department of Public Health regarding patient abuse, neglect or misappropriation of patient property; (21) is entitled to have psychopharmacologic drugs administered only on orders of a physician and only as part of a written plan of care developed in accordance with Section 1919(b)(2) of the Social Security Act and designed to eliminate or modify the symptoms for which the drugs are prescribed and only if, at least annually, an independent external consultant reviews the appropriateness of the drug plan; (22) is entitled to be transferred or discharged from the facility only pursuant to section 19a-535 or section 19a-535b, as applicable; (23) is entitled to be treated equally with other patients with regard to transfer, discharge and the provision of all services regardless of the source of payment; (24) shall not be required to waive any rights to benefits under Medicare or Medicaid or to give oral or written assurance that the patient is not eligible for, or will not apply for benefits under Medicare or Medicaid; (25) is entitled to be provided information by the facility as to how to apply for Medicare or Medicaid benefits and how to receive refunds for previous payments covered by such benefits; (26) on or after October 1, 1990, shall not be required to give a third-party guarantee of payment to the facility as a condition of admission to, or continued stay in, the facility; (27) is entitled to have the facility not charge, solicit, accept or receive any gift, money, donation, third-party guarantee or other consideration as a precondition of admission or expediting the admission of the individual to the facility or as a requirement for the individual's continued stay in the facility; and (28) shall not be required to deposit the patient's personal funds in the facility.

      (c) The patients' bill of rights shall provide that a patient in a rest home with nursing supervision or a chronic and convalescent nursing home may be transferred from one room to another within a facility only for the purpose of promoting the patient's well-being, except as provided pursuant to subparagraph (C) or (D) of this subsection or subsection (d) of this section. Whenever a patient is to be transferred, the facility shall effect the transfer with the least disruption to the patient and shall assess, monitor and adjust care as needed subsequent to the transfer in accordance with subdivision (10) of subsection (b) of this section. When a transfer is initiated by the facility and the patient does not consent to the transfer, the facility shall establish a consultative process that includes the participation of the attending physician, a registered nurse with responsibility for the patient and other appropriate staff in disciplines as determined by the patient's needs, and the participation of the patient, the patient's family, a person designated by the patient in accordance with section 1-56r or other representative. The consultative process shall determine: (1) What caused consideration of the transfer; (2) whether the cause can be removed; and (3) if not, whether the facility has attempted alternatives to transfer. The patient shall be informed of the risks and benefits of the transfer and of any alternatives. If subsequent to the completion of the consultative process a patient still does not wish to be transferred, the patient may be transferred without the patient's consent, unless medically contraindicated, only (A) if necessary to accomplish physical plant repairs or renovations that otherwise could not be accomplished; provided, if practicable, the patient, if the patient wishes, shall be returned to the patient's room when the repairs or renovations are completed; (B) due to irreconcilable incompatibility between or among roommates, which is actually or potentially harmful to the well-being of a patient; (C) if the facility has two vacancies available for patients of the same sex in different rooms, there is no applicant of that sex pending admission in accordance with the requirements of section 19a-533 and grouping of patients by the same sex in the same room would allow admission of patients of the opposite sex, which otherwise would not be possible; (D) if necessary to allow access to specialized medical equipment no longer needed by the patient and needed by another patient; or (E) if the patient no longer needs the specialized services or programming that is the focus of the area of the facility in which the patient is located. In the case of an involuntary transfer, the facility shall, subsequent to completion of the consultative process, provide the patient and the patient's legally liable relative, guardian or conservator if any or other responsible party if known, with at least fifteen days' written notice of the transfer, which shall include the reason for the transfer, the location to which the patient is being transferred, and the name, address and telephone number of the regional long-term care ombudsman, except that in the case of a transfer pursuant to subparagraph (A) of this subsection at least thirty days' notice shall be provided. Notwithstanding the provisions of this subsection, a patient may be involuntarily transferred immediately from one room to another within a facility to protect the patient or others from physical harm, to control the spread of an infectious disease, to respond to a physical plant or environmental emergency that threatens the patient's health or safety or to respond to a situation that presents a patient with an immediate danger of death or serious physical harm. In such a case, disruption of patients shall be minimized; the required notice shall be provided within twenty-four hours after the transfer; if practicable, the patient, if the patient wishes, shall be returned to the patient's room when the threat to health or safety which prompted the transfer has been eliminated; and, in the case of a transfer effected to protect a patient or others from physical harm, the consultative process shall be established on the next business day.

      (d) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (c) of this section, unless medically contraindicated, a patient who is a Medicaid recipient may be transferred from a private to a nonprivate room. In the case of such a transfer, the facility shall (1) give at least thirty days' written notice to the patient and the patient's legally liable relative, guardian or conservator, if any, a person designated by the patient in accordance with section 1-56r or other responsible party, if known, which notice shall include the reason for the transfer, the location to which the patient is being transferred and the name, address and telephone number of the regional long-term care ombudsman; and (2) establish a consultative process to effect the transfer with the least disruption to the patient and assess, monitor and adjust care as needed subsequent to the transfer in accordance with subdivision (10) of subsection (b) of this section. The consultative process shall include the participation of the attending physician, a registered nurse with responsibility for the patient and other appropriate staff in disciplines as determined by the patient's needs, and the participation of the patient, the patient's family, a person designated by the patient in accordance with section 1-56r or other representative.

      (e) Any facility that negligently deprives a patient of any right or benefit created or established for the well-being of the patient by the provisions of this section shall be liable to such patient in a private cause of action for injuries suffered as a result of such deprivation. Upon a finding that a patient has been deprived of such a right or benefit, and that the patient has been injured as a result of such deprivation, damages shall be assessed in the amount sufficient to compensate such patient for such injury. The rights or benefits specified in subsections (b) to (d), inclusive, of this section may not be reduced, rescinded or abrogated by contract. In addition, where the deprivation of any such right or benefit is found to have been wilful or in reckless disregard of the rights of the patient, punitive damages may be assessed. A patient may also maintain an action pursuant to this section for any other type of relief, including injunctive and declaratory relief, permitted by law. Exhaustion of any available administrative remedies shall not be required prior to commencement of suit under this section.

      (f) In addition to the rights specified in subsections (b), (c) and (d) of this section, a patient in a nursing home facility is entitled to have the facility manage the patient's funds as provided in section 19a-551.

      (P.A. 75-468, S. 12, 17; P.A. 76-331, S. 15, 16; P.A. 79-265, S. 2; 79-378; P.A. 80-80; 80-120; P.A. 86-11; P.A. 89-348, S. 4, 10; P.A. 92-231, S. 3, 10; P.A. 93-262, S. 1, 87; 93-327, S. 3; 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 96-81, S. 1; P.A. 97-112, S. 2; P.A. 01-195, S. 161, 181; P.A. 02-105, S. 6; P.A. 04-158, S. 1; P.A. 09-168, S. 1, 2.)

      History: P.A. 76-331 rephrased Subdiv. (d) and added provision re transfer or discharge of private patient and added Subdiv. (o) re availability of inspection reports; P.A. 79-265 specified that 30 days' notice is applicable to involuntary transfers or discharges and required notification of personal physician if discharge plan prepared by nursing home medical director under Subdiv. (d); P.A. 79-378 changed alphabetic Subdiv. indicators to numeric indicators and added Subsec. (b) re nursing homes liability if patient not notified of rights and benefits; P.A. 80-80 added Subdiv. (16) in Subsec. (a) re patient-run resident council; P.A. 80-120 added Subdiv. (17) re medical opinions concerning surgery; Sec. 19-622 transferred to Sec. 19a-550 in 1983; P.A. 86-11 applied provisions to chronic disease patients and defined "chronic disease hospital"; P.A. 89-348 inserted new Subsec. (a) defining "nursing home facility" and "chronic disease hospital", relettered the remaining Subsecs., amended Subsec. (b) to expand patients' rights and added Subdivs. (18) to (28) re patients' rights and added a new Subsec. (d) re the management of funds; P.A. 92-231 amended Subsec. (b) by requiring implementation of bill of rights in accordance with Sections 1919(c)(2), 1919(c)(2)(D) and 1919(c)(2)(E) of the Social Security Act and providing that a patient who is a Medicaid recipient may be transferred from a private to a nonprivate room unless such transfer would present imminent danger of death; P.A. 93-262 authorized substitution of commissioner and department of social services for commissioner and department on aging, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-327 amended Subsec. (b) to replace imminent danger of death standard with new Subdivs. (A) re reasonable likelihood of serious physical harm and (B) re exacerbation of psychiatric problems and to provide notice of transfer no more than 60 days prior to transfer; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 96-81 amended Subsec. (a) to define "medically contraindicated", amended Subsec. (b)(4) to specify applicability to patients "in a home for the aged or a chronic disease hospital" and added Subsecs. (c) and (d) re the establishment of a consultative process, conditions for nonconsensual transfers and emergency transfers, relettering Subsecs. (c) and (d) as (e) and (f) (Revisor's note: The Revisors editorially (1) substituted the word "and" for a comma in Subsec. (c) in the phrase "... a registered nurse with responsibility for the patient and other appropriate staff ...", (2) deleted the word "such" in Subsec. (c)(E) in the phrase "... at least thirty days' notice shall ...", and (3) substituted the word "and" for a comma in Subsec. (d)(2) in the phrase "... a registered nurse with responsibility for the patient and other appropriate staff ..."); P.A. 97-112 replaced "home for the aged" with "residential care home"; P.A. 01-195 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a) to (d) and (f), effective July 11, 2001; P.A. 02-105 amended Subsec. (b)(4)(B) by adding that notice of involuntary transfer may be given to a person designated by patient in accordance with Sec. 1-56r, amended Subsec. (b)(15) by adding that patient is assured of private visits with such a designated person and that if patient is married and both patient and spouse are inmates they are permitted to share a room unless medically contraindicated, amended Subsec. (b)(19) by adding that such designated person may meet in the facility with the families of other patients, amended Subsec. (c) by adding that if patient does not consent to a transfer initiated by the facility the consultation process may include such a designated person, amended Subsec. (d) by adding that in the case of the transfer of a Medicaid recipient from a private to a nonprivate room, notice may be given to such a designated person, and by adding that the consultative process may include such a designated person; P.A. 04-158 amended Subsec. (b) to reference Sections 1919(b) and 1919(c) of the Social Security Act re implementation of the patients' bill of rights, amended Subsec. (b)(5) re "right to be fully informed about patients' rights by state or federally funded patient advocacy programs", amended Subsec. (b)(10) to substitute "receives quality care and services" for "receives services", and amended Subsec. (b)(21) to add "developed in accordance with Section 1919(b)(2) of the Social Security Act" re a written plan of care; P.A. 09-168 amended Subsec. (b)(27) by deleting reference to individual entitled to medical assistance, deleting reference to any amount required to be paid under Medicaid and adding "third-party guarantee" and amended Subsec. (e) by adding provision re rights or benefits not subject to reduction, rescission or abrogation by contract.

      Connecticut Patients' Bill of Rights mirrors framework set forth in federal Medicaid Act. 76 CA 800.

      Subsec. (b):

      Connecticut Patients' Bill of Rights prohibits nursing facility from requiring third party guarantee of payment to the facility as condition of admission (or expedited admission) to, or continued stay in, the facility. 76 CA 800.


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      Sec. 19a-550a. Patient's rights pursuant to Medicare conditions of participation. Each hospital, as defined in section 19a-490, shall notify each patient, or where appropriate and permitted by state and federal privacy laws, the patient's representative or guardian, upon such patient's admission to the hospital, of the patient's rights enumerated in the federal Medicare conditions of participation. Such notification shall (1) be in writing, (2) specifically identify the rights in the federal Medicare conditions of participation, and (3) provide information regarding the means of redress or complaint available to patients, including, but not limited to, contact information for the Department of Public Health.

      (P.A. 05-128, S. 1.)

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      Sec. 19a-551. (Formerly Sec. 19-623a). Management of patient's personal funds. Each nursing home facility shall: (1) On or before the admission of each patient provide such patient or such patient's legally liable relative, guardian or conservator with a written statement explaining such patient's rights regarding the patient's personal funds and listing the charges which may be deducted from such funds. Such statement shall explain that the nursing home facility shall on and after October 1, 1992, pay interest at a rate not less than four per cent per annum and on and after October 1, 1994, pay interest at a rate not less than five and one-half per cent per annum on any security deposit or other advance payment required of such patient prior to admission to the nursing home. In the case of patients receiving benefits under Title XVIII or XIX of the federal Social Security Act the statement shall include a list of charges not covered by said titles and not covered by the basic per diem rate provided by said titles. Upon delivery of such statement the person in charge of the nursing home facility shall obtain a signed receipt acknowledging such delivery; (2) upon written consent or request of the patient or the patient's legally liable relative, guardian or conservator, manage such patient's personal funds, provided such consent by a patient shall not be effective unless cosigned by the patient's legally liable relative or guardian if such patient has been determined by a physician to be mentally incapable of understanding and no conservator has been appointed. As manager of such personal funds the nursing home facility shall: (A) Either maintain separate accounts for each patient or maintain an aggregate trust account for patients' funds to prevent commingling the personal funds of patients with the funds of the facility. The facility shall notify in writing each patient receiving Medicaid assistance or such patient's legally liable relative, guardian or conservator when the amount in the patient's account reaches two hundred dollars less than the dollar amount determined under the Medicaid program as the maximum for eligibility under the program and advise the patient or such patient's legally liable relative, guardian or conservator that if the amount in the account plus the value of the patient's other nonexempt resources reaches the maximum the patient may lose his or her Medicaid eligibility; (B) obtain signed receipts for each expenditure from each patient's personal funds; (C) maintain an individual itemized record of income and expenditures for each patient, including quarterly accountings; and (D) permit the patient or the patient's legally liable relative, guardian or conservator, and the regional long-term care ombudsman, and representatives from the Departments of Social Services and Public Health, access to such record; and (3) (A) refund any overpayment or deposit from a former patient or such patient's legally liable relative, guardian or conservator within thirty days of the patient's discharge and (B) refund any deposit from an individual planning to be admitted to the facility within thirty days of receipt of written notification that the individual is no longer planning to be admitted. A refund issued after thirty days shall include interest at a rate of ten per cent per annum. For the purposes of this section "deposit" shall include liquidated damages under any contract for pending admission.

      (P.A. 80-437, S. 2; P.A. 82-208; P.A. 89-13, S. 1, 2; 89-348, S. 5, 10; P.A. 90-230, S. 87, 101; P.A. 92-231, S. 4, 10; P.A. 93-262, S. 1, 87; 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 99-176, S. 23, 24.)

      History: P.A. 82-208 required nursing homes to pay interest at a rate of not less than 5% per annum on any security deposit or other advance payment required of patients prior to admission; Sec. 19-623a transferred to Sec. 19a-551 in 1983; P.A. 89-13 added Subdiv. (3) requiring nursing homes to refund any overpayment or deposit under certain circumstances; P.A. 89-348 amended Subdiv. (1)(A) re the written notification of a patient, who is a Medicaid recipient, when the patient's account reaches $200 less than the dollar amount determined as the maximum for eligibility; P.A. 90-230 made technical change to Subdiv. (2)(A); P.A. 92-231 changed the minimum rate of interest to be paid on any security deposit or advance payment required of a patient from 5% per annum to4% per annum on and after October 1, 1992, and to 5.5% per annum on and after October 1, 1994; P.A. 93-262 authorized substitution of commissioner and department of social services for commissioner and department of income maintenance, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 99-176 substituted "regional long-term care ombudsman" for "regional nursing home ombudsman" and made provisions gender neutral, effective July 1, 1999.

      Cited. 13 CA 641.

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      Sec. 19a-552. (Formerly Sec. 19-623b). Failure to comply with section 19a- 551: Penalties. (a) Any person who violates any provision of section 19a-551 shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor.

      (b) Any patient or his legally liable relative, guardian or conservator may bring an action in the Superior Court for any violation of section 19a-551. Any nursing home facility determined by the court to be in violation of any provision of said section shall be liable to the injured party for treble damages.

      (P.A. 80-437, S. 3; P.A. 81-236; P.A. 87-166, S. 5.)

      History: P.A. 81-236 amended Subsec. (b) to increase the penalty from a class C to a class A misdemeanor; Sec. 19-623b transferred to Sec. 19a-552 in 1983; P.A. 87-166 deleted Subsec. (a) re nursing home's penalty for failure to comply with Sec. 19a-551 and relettered the remaining Subsecs. accordingly.

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      Sec. 19a-553. (Formerly Sec. 19-624). Disclosure of crimes required. Penalty. (a) Each nursing home administrator shall submit or cause to be submitted to the appropriate local law enforcement agency a detailed statement regarding any alleged commission of any crime or criminal action by any patient admitted to or by any person employed or visiting in any nursing home facility which is under the general administrative charge of such administrator.

      (b) Any person who violates any provision of this section shall be fined not more than two hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than sixty days for each violation.

      (P.A. 75-468, S. 14, 17.)

      History: Sec. 19-624 transferred to Sec. 19a-553 in 1983.

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      Sec. 19a-554. (Formerly Sec. 19-625). Attorney General to assign assistant to Commissioner of Public Health. The Attorney General shall assign an assistant attorney general to advise and assist the commissioner on legal matters relating to the administration of sections 17b-406, 19a-521, 19a-522, 19a-523, 19a-531 to 19a-534, inclusive, 19a-536 to 19a-539, inclusive, 19a-550, 19a-553 and 19a-554, and to perform the duties delegated to the Attorney General under said sections.

      (P.A. 75-468, S. 15, 17; P.A. 77-575, S. 15, 23.)

      History: P.A. 77-575 rephrased section references to remove repealed Secs. 19-604 and 19-605; Sec. 19-625 transferred to Sec. 19a-554 in 1983.

      See Sec. 17b-400 et seq. re Office of Long-Term Care Ombudsman and residents' advocates.

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      Sec. 19a-555. (Formerly Sec. 19-626). Chronic and convalescent nursing homes. Medical director. Personal physicians. (a) There shall be a medical director for each chronic and convalescent nursing home. The medical director shall be a person licensed to practice medicine and surgery in the state pursuant to section 20-13. The medical director, in conjunction with the medical staff, shall develop and put into effect medical care procedures and medical practice policies. Such procedures and policies shall specify the duties and responsibilities of any physician utilizing the facilities of the nursing home for the care of patients.

      (b) The medical director shall be responsible for the quality of medical and nursing care delivered in the chronic and convalescent nursing home.

      (c) Each patient in a chronic and convalescent nursing home shall have a personal physician while residing there. If the patient fails to express a preference for a personal physician, or for any reason the physician so selected fails or refuses to serve, the medical director shall assign, subject to the approval of the patient, a personal physician for such patient, which physician may be himself. The medical director shall call in the patient's personal physician in those instances when the clinical course of the patient indicates that medical attention is required. The personal physician of the patient shall determine the seriousness of the illness and assume responsibility for the validity of any diagnosis or treatment.

      (d) The medical director and personal physician of the patient shall be responsible for making such special provisions as may be necessary for the medical and psychiatric care of patients with mental disorders, to insure the safety and well being of such patients and of persons in contact with them.

      (P.A. 76-331, S. 10, 16; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 89-350, S. 18.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 replaced department of health with department of health services, effective January 1, 1979; Sec. 19-626 transferred to Sec. 19a-555 in 1983; P.A. 89-350 removed requirement that the policies and procedures be filed with the department of health services.

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      Secs. 19a-556 to 19a-558. (Formerly Secs. 19-626a to 19-626c). Commission on Long-Term Care; membership. Coordinator; powers and duties. Complaint and investigation procedure. Sections 19a-556 to 19a-558, inclusive, are repealed.

      (P.A. 80-409, S. 1-3, 6; P.A. 83-337, S. 1, 2, 4, 5; P.A. 88-172, S. 2; P.A. 90-237, S. 2, 3.)

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      Sec. 19a-559. (Formerly Sec. 19-626d). Advisory board. Membership. Duties. Section 19a-559 is repealed, effective June 7, 1994.

      (P.A. 80-409, S. 4, 6; P.A. 83-337, S. 3, 5; P.A. 90-237, S. 1, 3; P.A. 94-167, S. 3, 4.)

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      Sec. 19a-560. Disclosure of Medicaid and Medicare participation and advance payment and deposit requirements by nursing homes. (a) Each nursing home shall post in a prominent location a clearly legible sign stating (1) whether the nursing home has a provider agreement with the state to provide services to Medicaid recipients pursuant to Title XIX of the Social Security Act; (2) whether the nursing home participates in Medicare pursuant to Title XVIII of the Social Security Act; (3) the following limitations on the advance payment and deposit requirements of nursing homes imposed by state and federal law and regulation: (A) No nursing home may request an advance payment or deposit from a Medicare beneficiary for any services or supplies covered by Medicare as a condition of admission; (B) no nursing home may request an advance payment or deposit from a Medicaid recipient as a condition of admission; and (C) a nursing home may request an advance payment or deposit of up to one thousand five hundred dollars from an applicant who has applied for Medicaid, provided such payment or deposit is held in an account for the applicant's benefit and returned to the applicant when he is determined eligible for Medicaid; and (4) the advance payment or deposit requirement of the nursing home.

      (b) Each nursing home shall secure a written statement from each patient prior to admission evidencing the patient's understanding as to (1) whether the nursing home has a provider agreement with the state to provide services to Medicaid recipients pursuant to Title XIX of the Social Security Act; (2) whether the nursing home participates in Medicare pursuant to Title XVIII of the Social Security Act; (3) the following limitations on the advance payment and deposit requirements of nursing homes imposed by state and federal law and regulation: (A) No nursing home may request an advance payment or deposit from a Medicare beneficiary for any services or supplies covered by Medicare as a condition of admission; (B) no nursing home may request an advance payment or deposit from a Medicaid recipient as a condition of admission; and (C) a nursing home may request an advance payment or deposit of up to one thousand five hundred dollars from an applicant who has applied for Medicaid, provided such payment or deposit is held in an account for the applicant's benefit and returned to the applicant when he is determined eligible for Medicaid; and (4) the advance payment or deposit requirement of the nursing home.

      (P.A. 90-217, S. 1, 3; P.A. 92-243.)

      History: P.A. 92-243 amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) by adding Subdivs. (3) and (4) to each re advance payment and deposit requirements.

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      Sec. 19a-561. Nursing facility management services. Certification. Initial applications and biennial renewals. Investigation. Disciplinary action. (a) As used in this section, "nursing facility management services" means services provided in a nursing facility to manage the operations of such facility, including the provision of care and services and "nursing facility management services certificate holder" means a person or entity certified by the Department of Public Health to provide nursing facility management services.

      (b) No person or entity shall provide nursing facility management services in this state without obtaining a certificate from the Department of Public Health.

      (c) Any person or entity seeking a certificate to provide nursing facility management services shall apply to the department, in writing, on a form prescribed by the department. Such application shall include the following:

      (1) (A) The name and business address of the applicant and whether the applicant is an individual, partnership, corporation or other legal entity; (B) if the applicant is a partnership, corporation or other legal entity, the names of the officers, directors, trustees, managing and general partners of the applicant, the names of the persons who have a ten per cent or greater beneficial ownership interest in the partnership, corporation or other legal entity, and a description of each such person's relationship to the applicant; (C) if the applicant is a corporation incorporated in another state, a certificate of good standing from the state agency with jurisdiction over corporations in such state; and (D) if the applicant currently provides nursing facility management services in another state, a certificate of good standing from the licensing agency with jurisdiction over public health for each state in which such services are provided;

      (2) A description of the applicant's nursing facility management experience;

      (3) An affidavit signed by the applicant and any of the persons described in subparagraph (B) of subdivision (1) of this subsection disclosing any matter in which the applicant or such person (A) has been convicted of an offense classified as a felony under section 53a-25 or pleaded nolo contendere to a felony charge, or (B) has been held liable or enjoined in a civil action by final judgment, if the felony or civil action involved fraud, embezzlement, fraudulent conversion or misappropriation of property, or (C) is subject to a currently effective injunction or restrictive or remedial order of a court of record at the time of application, or (D) within the past five years has had any state or federal license or permit suspended or revoked as a result of an action brought by a governmental agency or department, arising out of or relating to business activity or health care, including, but not limited to, actions affecting the operation of a nursing facility, residential care home or any facility subject to sections 17b-520 to 17b-535, inclusive, or a similar statute in another state or country; and

      (4) The location and description of any nursing facility in this state or another state in which the applicant currently provides management services or has provided such services within the past five years.

      (d) In addition to the information provided pursuant to subsection (c) of this section, the department may reasonably request to review the applicant's audited and certified financial statements, which shall remain the property of the applicant when used for either initial or renewal certification under this section.

      (e) Each application for a certificate to provide nursing facility management services shall be accompanied by an application fee of three hundred dollars. The certificate shall list each location at which nursing facility management services may be provided by the holder of the certificate.

      (f) The department shall base its decision on whether to issue or renew a certificate on the information presented to the department and on the compliance status of the managed entities. The department may deny certification to any applicant for the provision of nursing facility management services (1) at any specific facility or facilities where there has been a substantial failure to comply with the Public Health Code, or (2) if the applicant fails to provide the information required under subdivision (1) of subsection (c) of this section.

      (g) Renewal applications shall be made biennially after (1) submission of the information required by subsection (c) of this section and any other information required by the department pursuant to subsection (d) of this section, and (2) submission of evidence satisfactory to the department that any nursing facility at which the applicant provides nursing facility management services is in substantial compliance with the provisions of this chapter, the Public Health Code and licensing regulations, and (3) payment of a three-hundred-dollar fee.

      (h) In any case in which the Commissioner of Public Health finds that there has been a substantial failure to comply with the requirements established under this section, the commissioner may initiate disciplinary action against a nursing facility management services certificate holder pursuant to section 19a-494.

      (i) The department may limit or restrict the provision of management services by any nursing facility management services certificate holder against whom disciplinary action has been initiated under subsection (h) of this section.

      (j) The department, in implementing the provisions of this section, may conduct any inquiry or investigation, in accordance with the provisions of section 19a-498, regarding an applicant or certificate holder.

      (k) Any person or entity providing nursing facility management services without the certificate required under this section shall be subject to a civil penalty of not more than one thousand dollars for each day that the services are provided without such certificate.

      (P.A. 06-195, S. 23; P.A. 07-252, S. 14; P.A. 10-117, S. 9.)

      History: P.A. 06-195 effective July 1, 2006; P.A. 07-252 amended Subsec. (c)(3) by making technical changes and organizing existing provisions as Subparas. (A) to (D); P.A. 10-117 amended Subsec. (a) by defining "nursing facility management services certificate holder", amended Subsec. (b) by deleting "On and after January 1, 2007", redesignated existing Subsec. (c)(1) as Subsec. (c)(1)(A), added Subsecs. (c)(1)(B) to (c)(1)(D) re additional information required of applicants, amended Subsec. (c)(3) by making conforming changes, amended Subsec. (c)(4) by adding "in this state or another state", redesignated provision of existing Subsec. (f) re failure to comply with Public Health Code as Subsec. (f)(1), added Subsec. (f)(2) re failure to provide information required under Subsec. (c)(1), added Subsec. (j) re department's authority to conduct inquiry or investigation and added Subsec. (k) re civil penalty.

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      Sec. 19a-562. Alzheimer's special care units or programs. Definitions. Disclosure requirements. (a) As used in this section and section 19a-562a, "Alzheimer's special care unit or program" means any nursing facility, residential care home, assisted living facility, adult congregate living facility, adult day care center, hospice or adult foster home that locks, secures, segregates or provides a special program or unit for residents with a diagnosis of probable Alzheimer's disease, dementia or other similar disorder, in order to prevent or limit access by a resident outside the designated or separated area, or that advertises or markets the facility as providing specialized care or services for persons suffering from Alzheimer's disease or dementia.

      (b) On and after January 1, 2007, each Alzheimer's special care unit or program shall provide written disclosure to any person who will be placed in such a unit or program or to that person's legal representative or other responsible party. Such disclosure shall be signed by the patient or responsible party and shall explain what additional care and treatment or specialized program will be provided in the Alzheimer's special care unit or program that is distinct from the care and treatment required by applicable licensing rules and regulations, including, but not limited to:

      (1) Philosophy. A written statement of the overall philosophy and mission of the Alzheimer's special care unit or program that reflects the needs of residents with Alzheimer's disease, dementia or other similar disorders.

      (2) Preadmission, admission and discharge. The process and criteria for placement within or transfer or discharge from the Alzheimer's special care unit or program.

      (3) Assessment, care planning and implementation. The process used for assessing and establishing and implementing the plan of care, including the method by which the plan of care is modified in response to changes in condition.

      (4) Staffing patterns and training ratios. The nature and extent of staff coverage, including staff to patient ratios and staff training and continuing education.

      (5) Physical environment. The physical environment and design features appropriate to support the functioning of cognitively impaired adult residents.

      (6) Residents' activities. The frequency and types of resident activities and the ratio of residents to recreation staff.

      (7) Family role in care. The involvement of families and family support programs.

      (8) Program costs. The cost of care and any additional fees.

      (c) Each Alzheimer's special care unit or program shall develop a standard disclosure form for compliance with subsection (b) of this section and shall annually review and verify the accuracy of the information provided by Alzheimer's special care units or programs. Each Alzheimer's special care unit or program shall update any significant change to the information reported pursuant to subsection (b) of this section not later than thirty days after such change.

      (P.A. 06-195, S. 55; P.A. 07-252, S. 15, 16, 60.)

      History: P.A. 07-252 amended Subsec. (a) to extend applicability of definitions to Sec. 19a-562a and to substitute "or" for "and" in definition of "Alzheimer's special care unit or program" and made a technical change in Subsec. (c).

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      Sec. 19a-562a. Pain recognition and management training requirements for nursing home facility staff. Staff training requirements for Alzheimer's special care units or programs. (a) Each nursing home facility that is not a residential care home or an Alzheimer's special care unit or program shall annually provide a minimum of two hours of training in pain recognition and administration of pain management techniques to all licensed and registered direct care staff and nurse's aides who provide direct patient care to residents.

      (b) Each Alzheimer's special care unit or program shall annually provide Alzheimer's and dementia specific training to all licensed and registered direct care staff and nurse's aides who provide direct patient care to residents enrolled in the Alzheimer's special care unit or program. Such requirements shall include, but not be limited to, (1) not less than eight hours of dementia-specific training, which shall be completed not later than six months after the date of employment and not less than eight hours of such training annually thereafter, and (2) annual training of not less than two hours in pain recognition and administration of pain management techniques for direct care staff.

      (c) Each Alzheimer's special care unit or program shall annually provide a minimum of one hour of Alzheimer's and dementia specific training to all unlicensed and unregistered staff, except nurse's aides, who provide services and care to residents enrolled in the Alzheimer's special care unit or program. For such staff hired on or after October 1, 2007, such training shall be completed not later than six months after the date of employment.

      (P.A. 06-195, S. 56; P.A. 07-34, S. 1; 07-252, S. 17, 61; P.A. 08-184, S. 38; P.A. 09-108, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 06-195 effective June 7, 2006; P.A. 07-34 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and added Subsec. (b) re training requirements for unlicensed and unregistered staff working in Alzheimer's special care unit or program; P.A. 07-252 amended Subsec. (a) to extend Alzheimer's and dementia specific training requirements to nurse's aides and make technical changes, and amended Subsec. (b) to exempt nurse's aides from training requirements imposed on unlicensed and unregistered staff; P.A. 08-184 amended Subsec. (a)(1) by substituting "eight" for "three" re hours of annual dementia-specific training required; P.A. 09-108 added new Subsec. (a) re pain recognition and management training requirements for nursing home facility staff and redesignated existing Subsecs. (a) and (b) as Subsecs. (b) and (c), effective July 1, 2009.

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      Secs. 19a-563 to 19a-569. Reserved for future use.

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