CHAPTER 368s
MASS GATHERINGS

Table of Contents

Sec. 19a-435. (Formerly Sec. 19-549). Definitions.
Sec. 19a-436. (Formerly Sec. 19-550). License requirements. Waiver of requirements.
Sec. 19a-437. (Formerly Sec. 19-551). Information required of applicant.
Sec. 19a-438. (Formerly Sec. 19-552). Application for license.
Sec. 19a-439. (Formerly Sec. 19-553). Issuance of license.
Sec. 19a-440. (Formerly Sec. 19-554). Revocation of license for noncompliance.
Sec. 19a-441. (Formerly Sec. 19-555). Appeal from denial or revocation of license.
Sec. 19a-442. (Formerly Sec. 19-556). Injunction. Public nuisance. Fines.
Sec. 19a-443. (Formerly Sec. 19-557). Exceptions.
Sec. 19a-444.

      Sec. 19a-435. (Formerly Sec. 19-549). Definitions. As used in this chapter:

      (1) "Person" means any individual, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, firm, company, association, society or group;

      (2) "Assembly" means a company of persons gathered together at any location at any single time for any purpose.

      (1971, P.A. 696, S. 1; P.A. 95-79, S. 62, 189.)

      History: Sec. 19-549 transferred to Sec. 19a-435 in 1983; P.A. 95-79 redefined "person" to include a limited liability company, effective May 31, 1995.

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      Sec. 19a-436. (Formerly Sec. 19-550). License requirements. Waiver of requirements. (a) Except as provided in subsection (c) of this section, no person shall permit, maintain, promote, conduct, advertise, act as entrepreneur, undertake, organize, manage or sell or give tickets to an assembly (1) that continues or can reasonably be expected to continue for twelve or more consecutive hours, and (2) for which the average number of persons assembled during all hours of the assembly can reasonably be expected to equal or exceed two thousand persons, whether on public or private property, unless a license to hold the assembly has first been issued by the chief elected official of the municipality in which the assembly is to gather or a designee of the chief elected official.

      (b) A separate license shall be required for each day and each location in which two thousand or more people assemble or can reasonably be anticipated to assemble. The fee for each license shall be one hundred dollars.

      (c) A municipality may waive the licensure process prescribed in this chapter, provided no assembly, as described in subsection (a) of this section, may gather without a license unless the person undertaking the assembly has provided: (1) Prior notification to the chief elected official of the municipality where the assembly is to gather, or a designee of the chief elected official, and (2) a letter to the chief elected official of the municipality, or a designee of the chief elected official, documenting that the requirements of section 19a-437 have been met. The person undertaking the gathering shall provide such notice and letter to the chief elected official of the municipality, or a designee of the chief elected official, not less than twenty days prior to the date when the assembly is to gather.

      (1971, P.A. 696, S. 2; P.A. 09-232, S. 5; P.A. 10-92, S. 1.)

      History: Sec. 19-550 transferred to Sec. 19a-436 in 1983; P.A. 09-232 amended Subsec. (a) by substituting "two thousand" for "three thousand" re number of persons anticipated at assembly and substituting "twelve" for "eighteen" re consecutive hours of assembly and amended Subsec. (b) by substituting "two thousand" for "three thousand" re number of people assembling; P.A. 10-92 amended Subsec. (a) by transferring responsibility for issuance of license from chief of police to chief elected official or official's designee, by requiring license for assembly for which the average number of persons during all hours of the assembly can reasonably be expected to equal or exceed 2,000 persons and by deleting provision re activities that may be held in connection with assembly, replaced former Subsec. (c) re maximum permissible number of people with new Subsec. (c) re municipality's authority to waive licensure process and deleted former Subsec. (d) re unreasonable sound, effective May 26, 2010.

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      Sec. 19a-437. (Formerly Sec. 19-551). Information required of applicant. Before the issuance of a license in accordance with the provisions of this chapter, the applicant shall first:

      (1) Determine the maximum number of people which will be assembled or admitted to the location of the assembly, provided the maximum number shall not exceed the maximum number which can reasonably assemble at the location of the assembly in consideration of the nature of the assembly and provided, where the assembly is to continue overnight, the maximum number shall not be more than is allowed to sleep within the boundaries of the location of the assembly by the zoning or health ordinances of the municipality and that, for an assembly that occurs on an annual basis, the maximum number of people determined may be the average number of persons assembled each day of the assembly during the prior four years of the assembly;

      (2) Provide proof that food concessions will be in operation on the grounds with sufficient capacity to accommodate the number of persons expected to be in attendance and that he will furnish before the assembly commences: (A) Potable water, meeting all federal and state requirements for purity, sufficient to provide drinking water for the maximum number of people to be assembled at the rate of at least one gallon per person per day and water for bathing at the rate of at least ten gallons per person per day; (B) separate enclosed toilets for males and females, meeting all state and local specifications, conveniently located throughout the grounds, sufficient to provide facilities for the maximum number of people to be assembled at the rate of at least one toilet for every two hundred females and at least one toilet for every three hundred males, together with an efficient, sanitary means of disposing of waste matter deposited, which is in compliance with all state and local laws and regulations. A lavatory with running water under pressure and a continuous supply of soap and paper towels shall be provided with each toilet; (C) a sanitary method of disposing of solid waste, in compliance with state and local laws and regulations, sufficient to dispose of the solid waste production of the maximum number of people to be assembled at the rate of at least two and one-half pounds of solid waste per person per day, together with a plan for holding and a plan for collecting all such waste at least once each day of the assembly and sufficient trash cans with tight fitting lids and personnel to perform the task; (D) a copy of a written plan for the provision of emergency medical services, prepared by the applicant in consultation and cooperation with the primary service area responder, as defined in section 19a-175, for the location where the assembly is to occur, that is in compliance with state law and any applicable local ordinances; (E) a parking area sufficient to provide parking space for the maximum number of people to be assembled; (F) if the assembly is to continue overnight, camping facilities in compliance with all state and local requirements, sufficient to provide camping accommodations for the maximum number of people to be assembled; (G) a copy of a written plan for on-site security and for traffic control on public roads prepared by the applicant in consultation and cooperation with the local police authority that is in compliance with state law and any applicable local ordinances; and (H) a copy of a written plan for fire protection prepared by the applicant in consultation and cooperation with the local fire department that is in compliance with state law and any applicable local ordinances.

      (1971, P.A. 696, S. 3; P.A. 08-184, S. 45; P.A. 10-92, S. 2.)

      History: Sec. 19-551 transferred to Sec. 19a-437 in 1983; P.A. 08-184 made technical changes and amended Subdiv. (2)(D) by substituting requirement that applicant submit a written plan reviewed by the primary service area responder re on-site availability of an emergency medical service organization during duration of assembly in lieu of former provision that required on-site availability of physicians, nurses, a medical treatment center and at least one emergency ambulance; P.A. 10-92 amended Subdiv. (1) by adding provision re determining maximum permissible number of persons for assembly that occurs on annual basis and amended Subdiv. (2) by deleting "at his own expense" re applicant's responsibilities to provide certain goods and services at assembly, replacing former Subpara. (D) with new requirements re provision of emergency medical services, deleting former Subpara. (E) re illumination requirements, redesignating existing Subpara. (F) as Subpara. (E) and eliminating requirements therein that parking be free, inside of assembly grounds and at prescribed parking space rates, deleting former Subpara. (G) re telephone connections, redesignating existing Subpara. (H) as Subpara. (F), deleting former Subparas. (I) to (L) re security guards, fire protection, sound control and bond requirements, adding new Subpara. (G) re on-site security and traffic control and adding new Subpara. (H) re submission of fire protection plan, effective May 26, 2010.

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      Sec. 19a-438. (Formerly Sec. 19-552). Application for license. (a) Application for a license to hold an actual or anticipated assembly of two thousand or more persons that continues or can reasonably be expected to continue for twelve or more consecutive hours shall be made, in writing, to the chief elected official of the municipality not less than twenty days prior to the date of such assembly and shall be accompanied by the license fee required by subsection (b) of section 19a-436.

      (b) The application shall contain a statement made upon oath or affirmation that the statements contained therein are true and correct to the best knowledge of the applicant. The application shall be signed by the individual applicant, or in cases where the applicant is a partnership, corporation, limited liability company, firm, company, association, society or group, by a duly authorized representative of such entity.

      (c) The application shall contain and disclose: (1) The name, age, residence and mailing address of the person signing the application in accordance with subsection (b) of this section; (2) the address and legal description of all property upon which the assembly is to be held, together with the name, residence and mailing address of the record owner or owners of all such property; (3) proof of ownership of all property upon which the assembly is to be held or a statement made upon oath or affirmation by the record owner or owners of all such property that the applicant has permission to use such property for an assembly of two thousand or more persons; (4) the nature or purpose of the assembly; (5) the dates and total number of hours and days, as the case may be, during which the assembly is to last; (6) the maximum number of persons which the applicant shall permit to assemble at any time, not to exceed the maximum number which can reasonably assemble at the location of the assembly, in consideration of the nature of the assembly or the maximum number of persons allowed to sleep within the boundaries of the location of the assembly by the zoning ordinances of the municipality if the assembly is to continue overnight; (7) the maximum number of tickets to be sold, if any; (8) a copy of a written plan prepared by the applicant to limit the maximum number of people permitted to assemble; (9) a copy of a written plan prepared by the applicant for the provision and existence of pure and adequate drinking water; (10) a copy of a written plan prepared by the applicant for the provision of toilet and lavatory facilities, including the source, number, location and type, and the means of disposing of waste deposited; (11) a copy of a written plan prepared by the applicant for holding, collecting and disposing of solid waste material; (12) a copy of a written plan for the provision of emergency medical services, prepared by the applicant in consultation and cooperation with the primary services area responder, as defined in section 19a-175, for the location where the assembly is to occur, that is in compliance with state law and any applicable local ordinances; (13) a copy of a written plan prepared by the applicant for parking vehicles, including size and location of lots, points of highway access and interior roads, including routes between highway access and parking lots; (14) a copy of a written plan prepared by the applicant for camping facilities, if any, including facilities available and their location; (15) a copy of a written plan for on-site security and traffic control on public roads, prepared by the applicant in consultation and cooperation with the local police authority, that is in compliance with state law and any applicable local ordinances; (16) a copy of a written plan for fire protection, prepared by the applicant in consultation and cooperation with the local fire department, that is in compliance with state law and any applicable local ordinances; and (17) a copy of a written plan prepared by the applicant that ensures compliance by concessioners with federal, state and municipal food protection laws.

      (1971, P.A. 696, S. 4; P.A. 01-195, S. 147, 181; P.A. 09-232, S. 6; P.A. 10-92, S. 3.)

      History: Sec. 19-552 transferred to Sec. 19a-438 in 1983; P.A. 01-195 amended Subsec. (a) to make a technical change, effective July 11, 2001; P.A. 09-232 amended Subsec. (a) by substituting "two thousand" for "three thousand" re number of persons anticipated at assembly and substituting "fifteen" for "thirty" days re deadline for application and bond, and amended Subsec. (c)(3) by substituting "two thousand" for "three thousand" re number of persons at assembly; P.A. 10-93 amended Subsec. (a) by requiring a license for assembly that continues or can reasonably be expected to continue for 12 or more consecutive hours, by requiring that license application be made to chief elected official not less than 20 days prior to date of assembly and by eliminating bond requirement, amended Subsec. (b) by replacing former application signature and affirmation provisions with provision re signature of individual or duly authorized representative of entity, and amended Subsec. (c) by conforming signature requirements to Subsec. (b) and eliminating certain submission requirements applicable to corporations in Subdiv. (1), requiring disclosure of dates of assembly in Subdiv. (5), requiring submission of written plans re maximum number of persons, drinking water, toilet and lavatory facilities, solid waste and emergency medical services in Subdivs. (8) to (12), deleting former Subdiv. (13) re plans for illumination, redesignating existing Subdiv. (14) as Subdiv. (13) and requiring submission of written plan re parking therein, deleting former Subdiv. (15) re plans for telephone service, redesignating existing Subdiv. (16) as Subdiv. (14) and requiring submission of written plan re camping facilities therein, deleting former Subdivs. (17) to (20) re plans for security, fire protection, sound control and food concessions and adding new Subdivs. (15) to (17) requiring submission of written plans re on-site security and traffic control, fire protection and compliance with food protection laws, effective May 26, 2010.

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      Sec. 19a-439. (Formerly Sec. 19-553). Issuance of license. If an applicant has complied with all licensure requirements prescribed in this chapter, the chief elected official of the municipality or a designee of the chief elected official shall issue a license for such assembly not later than fifteen days after the date of receipt of the application.

      (1971, P.A. 696, S. 5; P.A. 10-92, S. 4.)

      History: Sec. 19-553 transferred to Sec. 19a-439 in 1983; P.A. 10-92 replaced former provision re processing of license applications with requirement that license be issued not later than 15 days after date of receipt of application where applicant has complied with all licensure requirements, effective May 26, 2010.

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      Sec. 19a-440. (Formerly Sec. 19-554). Revocation of license for noncompliance. The chief elected official of the municipality, or a designee of the chief elected official, may revoke a license issued under the provisions of this chapter at any time if the person holding such license fails to comply with any of the conditions (1) necessary for the issuance of the license, or (2) contained in the license.

      (1971, P.A. 696, S. 6; P.A. 10-92, S. 5.)

      History: Sec. 19-554 transferred to Sec. 19a-440 in 1983; P.A. 10-92 transferred authority to revoke license from the "governing body of the municipality" to the "chief elected official of the municipality, or a designee of the chief elected official" and made technical changes, effective May 26, 2010.

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      Sec. 19a-441. (Formerly Sec. 19-555). Appeal from denial or revocation of license. Any person aggrieved by the denial or revocation of a license under this chapter may appeal therefrom in accordance with the provisions of section 4-183, except venue for such appeal shall be in the judicial district within which the assembly was to gather. Such appeal shall be privileged.

      (1971, P.A. 696, S. 7; P.A. 76-436, S. 398, 681; P.A. 77-603, S. 58, 125; P.A. 78-280, S. 1, 127.)

      History: P.A. 76-436 replaced court of common pleas with superior court and added reference to judicial districts, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 77-603 replaced previous appeal provisions with statement that appeals to be made in accordance with Sec. 4-183, but retained statement that appeals to be privileged; P.A. 78-280 deleted reference to counties; Sec. 19-555 transferred to Sec. 19a-441 in 1983.

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      Sec. 19a-442. (Formerly Sec. 19-556). Injunction. Public nuisance. Fines. (a) The provisions of this chapter may be enforced by injunction in any court of competent jurisdiction.

      (b) The holding of an assembly in violation of any provision or condition contained in this chapter shall be deemed a public nuisance and may be abated as such.

      (c) Any person who violates subsection (a) of section 19a-436 or who violates any condition upon which he is granted a license shall be fined not less than one thousand dollars or more than ten thousand dollars. Each day of violation shall be considered a separate offense.

      (1971, P.A. 696, S. 8.)

      History: Sec. 19-556 transferred to Sec. 19a-442 in 1983.

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      Sec. 19a-443. (Formerly Sec. 19-557). Exceptions. (a) This chapter shall not apply to any regularly established, permanent place of worship, stadium, athletic field, arena, auditorium, coliseum or other similar permanently established place of assembly for assemblies which do not exceed by more than two hundred fifty people the maximum seating capacity of the structure where the assembly is held.

      (b) This chapter shall not apply to government-sponsored fairs held on regularly established fairgrounds or to assemblies required to be licensed by other provisions of the general statutes or local ordinances.

      (c) This chapter shall not apply to any annual agricultural fair provided: (1) Such agricultural fair has been held annually for not less than ten consecutive years since 1990 at the same grounds; (2) such agricultural fair is held on grounds owned or leased by the person holding such agricultural fair and such grounds are specially improved and adapted for the holding of fairs; (3) the person holding such agricultural fair is a nonprofit organization organized under the laws of the state; and (4) a detailed description of the agricultural fair is hand-delivered to the chief elected official of the municipality, or a designee of the chief elected official, where the agricultural fair is to be held not less than ninety days prior to the date of commencement of such agricultural fair. The description shall include, but not be limited to: (A) The dates and hours of operation of the agricultural fair; (B) the location where the agricultural fair is to be held; (C) a copy of a written plan for the provision of emergency medical services, prepared by the applicant in consultation and cooperation with the primary services area responder, as defined in section 19a-175, for the location where the assembly is to occur, that is in compliance with state law and any applicable local ordinances; (D) a copy of a written plan for on-site security and traffic control on public roads, prepared by the applicant in consultation and cooperation with the local police authority, that is in compliance with state law and any applicable local ordinances; (E) a copy of a written plan for fire protection, prepared by the applicant in consultation and cooperation with the local fire department, that is in compliance with state law and any applicable local ordinances; (F) a copy of a written plan for traffic and transportation services; and (G) a copy of a written plan prepared by the applicant and reviewed by the local health department or district that ensures (i) the provision and existence of pure and adequate drinking water; (ii) proper sewage and solid waste disposal; and (iii) food protection measures in compliance with federal and state law and any applicable local ordinance. No provision of this subsection shall prohibit a municipality from enacting any ordinance relating to an agricultural fair as otherwise authorized by law.

      (1971, P.A. 696, S. 9; P.A. 10-92, S. 6.)

      History: Sec. 19-557 transferred to Sec. 19a-443 in 1983; P.A. 10-92 added Subsec. (c) re exemption for annual agricultural fairs, effective May 26, 2010.

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      Sec. 19a-444. Reserved for future use.

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