CHAPTER 319b
DEPARTMENT OF DEVELOPMENTAL SERVICES

Table of Contents

Sec. 17a-210. (Formerly Sec. 19a-460). Department and Commissioner of Developmental Services. Duties. Patient transfer, programs and placement. Right to object and hearing.
Sec. 17a-210a. Ombudsman.
Sec. 17a-210b. Finding of mental retardation not precluded by school or medical records.
Sec. 17a-210c. Use of terms "Commissioner of Mental Retardation" and "Department of Mental Retardation". Administrative changes related to renaming of department. Eligibility determinations not affected.
Sec. 17a-211. Five-year plan. Public hearings. Submission to legislature.
Sec. 17a-211a. Annual spending and placement plan.
Sec. 17a-211b. Affirmative action plan.
Sec. 17a-211c. Pilot programs for client services.
Sec. 17a-211d. Workers' Compensation and private providers. Report to General Assembly.
Sec. 17a-212. Regulations. Uniform standards and procedures. Protocol.
Sec. 17a-212a. Regulations re placement and care of clients posing a serious threat to others.
Sec. 17a-213. Comparison of regions. Report to legislature.
Sec. 17a-214. (Formerly Sec. 19a-461). Acceptance of gift or devise by Department of Developmental Services.
Sec. 17a-215. (Formerly Sec. 19a-462). Department designated lead agency for autism services.
Sec. 17a-215a. Advisory Commission on Services and Supports for Persons With Developmental Disabilities.
Sec. 17a-215b. Pilot autism spectrum disorders program. Eligibility. Report.
Sec. 17a-215c. Division of Autism Spectrum Services. Services and programs for state residents with autism spectrum disorders.
Sec. 17a-216. (Formerly Sec. 19a-463). Purchase of wheelchairs, placement equipment and clothing.
Sec. 17a-217. (Formerly Sec. 19a-464). Programs for mentally retarded children and adults. Funding.
Sec. 17a-217a. Camp Harkness Advisory Committee.
Sec. 17a-218. (Formerly Sec. 19a-464a). Programs of community-based residential facilities and respite care and emergency placement for persons with mental retardation. Requirement re enrollment in federal programs.
Sec. 17a-218a. Continuing operation of Southbury Training School. Evaluation criteria.
Sec. 17a-219. (Formerly Sec. 19a-464b). Regulation of community-based residential facilities and respite care services for the mentally retarded.
Sec. 17a-219a. Family support services: Definitions.
Sec. 17a-219b. Family support services: Department responsible for coordination.
Sec. 17a-219c. Family Support Council.
Sec. 17a-220. (Formerly Sec. 19a-464c). Definitions.
Sec. 17a-221. (Formerly Sec. 19a-464d). Community Residential Facility Revolving Loan Fund.
Sec. 17a-222. (Formerly Sec. 19a-464e). Loans.
Sec. 17a-223. (Formerly Sec. 19a-464f). Requirements of borrowers. Capital loan agreement.
Sec. 17a-224. (Formerly Sec. 19a-464g). Purchase-of-service contract.
Sec. 17a-225. (Formerly Sec. 19a-464h). Bond authorization.
Sec. 17a-226. (Formerly Sec. 19a-466). Day services for adults with mental retardation. Funding.
Sec. 17a-227. (Formerly Sec. 19a-467). Licensing and regulation of residential facilities for mentally retarded and autistic persons.
Sec. 17a-227a. State criminal background checks for applicants for employment.
Sec. 17a-227b. Employment applicants required to submit to state child abuse and neglect registry check.
Sec. 17a-228. (Formerly Sec. 19a-483). Payments for room and board and other services for persons with mental retardation in residential facilities. Authorization for admission to residential facilities; annual review.
Sec. 17a-229. (Formerly Sec. 19a-483a). Commissioner of Developmental Services to make payments for operating costs incurred prior to admission of residents.
Sec. 17a-230. (Formerly Sec. 19a-483b). Regulations. Exemptions.
Sec. 17a-231. (Formerly Sec. 19a-467a). Receivership of residential facilities for mentally retarded persons: Definitions.
Sec. 17a-232. (Formerly Sec. 19a-467b). Application for receivership. Hearing. Emergency order.
Sec. 17a-233. (Formerly Sec. 19a-467c). Imposition of receivership: Grounds; defenses.
Sec. 17a-234. (Formerly Sec. 19a-467d). Duties of receiver.
Sec. 17a-235. (Formerly Sec. 19a-467e). Authority of receiver concerning leases, mortgages and secured transactions.
Sec. 17a-236. (Formerly Sec. 19a-467f). Appointment of receiver. Accounting by receiver.
Sec. 17a-237. (Formerly Sec. 19a-467g). Termination of receivership.
Sec. 17a-238. (Formerly Sec. 19a-469). Rights of persons under supervision of Commissioner of Developmental Services.
Sec. 17a-239. (Formerly Sec. 19a-470). Definitions.
Sec. 17a-240. (Formerly Sec. 19a-471). Establishment of Unified School District #3 in the Department of Developmental Services.
Sec. 17a-241. (Formerly Sec. 19a-472). Appointment and duties of school superintendent.
Sec. 17a-242. (Formerly Sec. 19a-473). Annual evaluation reports.
Sec. 17a-243. (Formerly Sec. 19a-474). Placement of child. Costs.
Sec. 17a-244. (Formerly Sec. 19a-475). Regulations.
Sec. 17a-245. (Formerly Sec. 19a-483c). Work incentive grant for certain fully employed residents of private community-based residential facilities. Regulations.
Sec. 17a-246. Rates of payment to organizations providing employment opportunities and day services. Regulations.
Sec. 17a-247. (Formerly Sec. 19a-484). Conduct of employee of Department of Developmental Services appointed as guardian or limited guardian of a mentally retarded person.
Sec. 17a-247a. Registry of former employees of department or other service providers terminated because of substantiated acts of abuse or neglect. Definitions.
Sec. 17a-247b. Establishment and maintenance of registry.
Sec. 17a-247c. Prohibition on hiring persons on registry. Notice to employers.
Sec. 17a-247d. Registry confidentiality.
Sec. 17a-247e. Regulations.
Sec. 17a-248. Birth-to-three program. Definitions.
Sec. 17a-248a. Birth-to-three program not deemed humane institution.
Sec. 17a-248b. State Interagency Birth-to-Three Coordinating Council.
Sec. 17a-248c. Local interagency birth-to-three coordinating councils.
Sec. 17a-248d. Birth-to-three early intervention services. Data collection. Regulations. Notification to school boards.
Sec. 17a-248e. Individualized family service plans. Duties of the lead agency.
Sec. 17a-248f. Birth-to-three procedural safeguards.
Sec. 17a-248g. Birth-to-three funding. Fees for services. Insurance coverage. Regulations. Authority of advanced practice registered nurse to order services.
Secs. 17a-249 to 17a-269.

      Sec. 17a-210. (Formerly Sec. 19a-460). Department and Commissioner of Developmental Services. Duties. Patient transfer, programs and placement. Right to object and hearing. (a) There shall be a Department of Developmental Services. The Department of Developmental Services, with the advice of a Council on Developmental Services, shall be responsible for the planning, development and administration of complete, comprehensive and integrated state-wide services for persons with mental retardation and persons medically diagnosed as having Prader-Willi syndrome. The Department of Developmental Services shall be under the supervision of a Commissioner of Developmental Services, who shall be appointed by the Governor in accordance with the provisions of sections 4-5 to 4-8, inclusive. The Council on Developmental Services may advise the Governor on the appointment. The commissioner shall be a person who has background, training, education or experience in administering programs for the care, training, education, treatment and custody of persons with mental retardation. The commissioner shall be responsible, with the advice of the council, for: (1) Planning and developing complete, comprehensive and integrated state-wide services for persons with mental retardation; (2) the implementation and where appropriate the funding of such services; and (3) the coordination of the efforts of the Department of Developmental Services with those of other state departments and agencies, municipal governments and private agencies concerned with and providing services for persons with mental retardation. The commissioner shall be responsible for the administration and operation of the state training school, state developmental services regions and all state-operated community-based residential facilities established for the diagnosis, care and training of persons with mental retardation. The commissioner shall be responsible for establishing standards, providing technical assistance and exercising the requisite supervision of all state-supported residential, day and program support services for persons with mental retardation and work activity programs operated pursuant to section 17a-226. The commissioner shall stimulate research by public and private agencies, institutions of higher education and hospitals, in the interest of the elimination and amelioration of mental retardation and care and training of persons with mental retardation. The commissioner shall conduct or monitor investigations into allegations of abuse and neglect and file reports as requested by state agencies having statutory responsibility for the conduct and oversight of such investigations. In the event of the death of a person with mental retardation for whom the department has direct or oversight responsibility for medical care, the commissioner shall ensure that a comprehensive and timely review of the events, overall care, quality of life issues and medical care preceding such death is conducted by the department and shall, as requested, provide information and assistance to the Independent Mortality Review Board established by Executive Order No. 25 of Governor John G. Rowland. The commissioner shall report to the board and the board shall review any death: (A) Involving an allegation of abuse or neglect; (B) for which the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner or local medical examiner has accepted jurisdiction; (C) in which an autopsy was performed; (D) which was sudden and unexpected; or (E) in which the commissioner's review raises questions about the appropriateness of care. The department's mortality review process and the Independent Mortality Review Board shall operate in accordance with the peer review provisions established under section 19a-17b for medical review teams and confidentiality of records provisions established under section 19a-25 for the Department of Public Health.

      (b) The commissioner shall be responsible for the development of criteria as to the eligibility of any person with mental retardation for residential care in any public or state-supported private institution and, after considering the recommendation of a properly designated diagnostic agency, may assign such person to a public or state-supported private institution. The commissioner may transfer such persons from one such institution to another when necessary and desirable for their welfare, provided such person and such person's parent, conservator, guardian or other legal representative receive written notice of their right to object to such transfer at least ten days prior to the proposed transfer of such person from any such institution or facility. Such prior notice shall not be required when transfers are made between residential units within the training school or a state developmental services region or when necessary to avoid a serious and immediate threat to the life or physical or mental health of such person or others residing in such institution or facility. The notice required by this subsection shall notify the recipient of his or her right to object to such transfer, except in the case of an emergency transfer as provided in this subsection, and shall include the name, address and telephone number of the Office of Protection and Advocacy for Persons with Disabilities. In the event of an emergency transfer, the notice required by this subsection shall notify the recipient of his or her right to request a hearing in accordance with subsection (c) of this section and shall be given within ten days following the emergency transfer. In the event of an objection to the proposed transfer, the commissioner shall conduct a hearing in accordance with subsection (c) of this section and the transfer shall be stayed pending final disposition of the hearing, provided no such hearing shall be required if the commissioner withdraws such proposed transfer.

      (c) Any person with mental retardation who is eighteen years of age or older and who resides at any institution or facility operated by the Department of Developmental Services, or the parent, guardian, conservator or other legal representative of any person with mental retardation who resides at any such institution or facility, may object to any transfer of such person from one institution or facility to another for any reason other than a medical reason or an emergency, or may request such a transfer. In the event of any such objection or request, the commissioner shall conduct a hearing on such proposed transfer, provided no such hearing shall be required if the commissioner withdraws such proposed transfer. In any such transfer hearing, the proponent of a transfer shall have the burden of showing, by clear and convincing evidence, that the proposed transfer is in the best interest of the resident being considered for transfer and that the facility and programs to which transfer is proposed (1) are safe and effectively supervised and monitored, and (2) provide a greater opportunity for personal development than the resident's present setting. Such hearing shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54.

      (d) Any person, or the parent, guardian, conservator or other legal representative of such person, may request a hearing for any final determination by the department that denies such person eligibility for programs and services of the department. A request for a hearing shall be made in writing to the commissioner. Such hearing shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54.

      (e) Any person with mental retardation, or the parent, guardian, conservator or other legal representative of such person, may request a hearing to contest the priority assignment made by the department for persons seeking residential placement, residential services or residential support. A request for hearing shall be made, in writing, to the commissioner. Such hearing shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54.

      (f) Any person with mental retardation or the parent, guardian, conservator or other legal representative of such person, may object to (1) a proposed approval by the department of a program for such person that includes the use of behavior-modifying medications or aversive procedures, or (2) a proposed determination of the department that community placement is inappropriate for such person placed under the direction of the commissioner. The department shall provide written notice of any such proposed approval or determination to the person, or to the parent, guardian, conservator or other legal representative of such person, at least ten days prior to making such approval or determination. In the event of an objection to such proposed approval or determination, the commissioner shall conduct a hearing in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, provided no such hearing shall be required if the commissioner withdraws such proposed approval or determination.

      (1959, P.A. 148, S. 22; 1963, P.A. 377, S. 3; P.A. 75-594; 75-638, S. 2, 23; P.A. 76-153, S. 1; P.A. 81-185; P.A. 83-64, S. 1, 4; P.A. 86-41, S. 9, 11; P.A. 87-109, S. 1, 2; P.A. 88-28, S. 2, 8; 88-317, S. 80, 107; P.A. 89-144, S. 7; 89-325, S. 21, 26; P.A. 90-164, S. 4; P.A. 91-193; 91-406, S. 22, 29; P.A. 94-124, S. 1; 94-222, S. 2; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-8, S. 22, 88; P.A. 00-135, S. 1, 21; P.A. 01-140, S. 1; P.A. 03-146, S. 1; P.A. 05-256, S. 9; P.A. 07-73, S. 1, 2(a), (b); P.A. 08-7, S. 1; 08-42, S. 1; P.A. 09-11, S. 2.)

      History: 1963 act eliminated deputy commissioner's responsibility for the Mansfield-Southbury social service; P.A. 75-594 added Subsec. (b) re requests for transfers; P.A. 75-638 replaced office of mental retardation in health department with independent department of mental retardation headed by commissioner appointed by the governor; P.A. 76-153 included responsibility for regional centers in commissioner's duties and again replaced office of mental retardation with independent department of mental retardation; Sec. 19-4c transferred to Sec. 19-570 in 1977; P.A. 81-185 added provisions re required notice of intended transfers of persons from one institution to another in Subsec. (a) and amended Subsec. (b) to include conservators or other legal representatives as persons authorized to request hearing; Sec. 19-570 transferred to Sec. 19a-460 in 1983; P.A. 83-64 amended Subsec. (a) to include vocational training and work activity programs under the commissioner's responsibility and supervision; P.A. 86-41 substituted references to mental retardation regions for references to regional centers and made other technical changes in Subsec. (a); P.A. 87-109 substituted "services" for "program" and "persons with mental retardation" for "mentally retarded"; P.A. 88-28 divided Subsec. (a) into two subsections, relettering Subsec. (b) as Subsec. (c) and substituted "residential, day and program support services" for "diagnostic facilities, day care centers, habilitation centers, sheltered workshops, boarding homes and other facilities"; P.A. 88-317 amended reference to Secs. 4-177 to 4-184 in Subsec. (b) to include new sections added to Ch. 54, effective July 1, 1989, and applicable to all agency proceedings commencing on or after that date; P.A. 89-144 amended Subsec. (b) by substituting the office of protection and advocacy for persons with disabilities for the office of protection and advocacy for handicapped and developmentally disabled persons; P.A. 89-325 deleted the references to Secs. 19a-477 to 19a-479, inclusive, in Subsec. (a); P.A. 90-164 made technical changes in Subsec. (a) and deleted a provision requiring the council on mental retardation to recommend the appointment of the commissioner and added authority for the council to advise the governor on the appointment; Sec. 19a-460 transferred to Sec. 17a-210 in 1991; P.A. 91-193 added Subsec. (d) authorizing the parent, guardian, conservator or other legal representative of a person, or the person himself, to request a hearing by the department on certain final decisions of the department; P.A. 91-406 substituted "determination" for "decision" in the phrase "final decision" in Subsec. (d); P.A. 94-124 required that commissioner conduct investigations of allegations of abuse and neglect and made technical changes; P.A. 94-222 amended Subsec. (a) to provide for services to persons with Prader-Willi Syndrome; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-8 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a) and (b) and in (c) added the evidentiary requirements for transfer hearings, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 00-135 amended Subsec. (a) to add provision re power of commissioner to monitor investigations, effective May 26, 2000; P.A. 01-140 amended Subsec. (a) by making technical changes, amended Subsec. (b) by making technical changes and adding provisions re notice of right to object to transfer and withdrawal of proposed transfer, amended Subsec. (c) by making technical changes, deleting provision re request for hearing and adding provisions re objection to or request for transfer and withdrawal of proposed transfer, amended Subsec. (d) by making technical changes and deleting provisions re hearing for use of behavior-modifying medications or aversive procedures and determination of inappropriate community placement, and added new Subsec. (e) re objection to and hearing for proposed approval of use of behavior-modifying medications or aversive procedures and proposed determination of inappropriate community placement; P.A. 03-146 amended Subsec. (a) by adding provisions re duties in the event of death of a person for whom department has direct or oversight responsibility; P.A. 05-256 amended Subsec. (c) to permit person with mental retardation residing at institution or facility who is 18 years of age or older to object to transfer to another institution or facility, made technical changes in Subsec. (d), added new Subsec. (e) to permit person with mental retardation, or parent, guardian, conservator or other legal representative of person, to contest priority assignment made by department re residential placement, services or support, redesignated existing Subsec. (e) as Subsec. (f) and made technical changes therein; P.A. 07-73 amended Subsecs. (a) and (c) by renaming the Department and Commissioner of Mental Retardation as the Department and Commissioner of Developmental Services; P.A. 08-7 amended Subsec. (a) by renaming Council on Mental Retardation as Council on Developmental Services and changing reference from "retardation" to "mental retardation" and amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) by renaming state mental retardation regions as state developmental services regions, effective April 29, 2008; P.A. 08-42 amended Subsec. (a) by renaming Council on Mental Retardation as Council on Developmental Disabilities, renaming state mental retardation regions as state developmental services regions, adding provision re commissioner's responsibility for stimulating research and adding provision re operation of department's mortality review process and Independent Mortality Review Board; P.A. 09-11 made technical changes in Subsec. (a).

      See Sec. 1-101aa re provider participation in informal committees, task forces and work groups of department not deemed to be lobbying.

      See Sec. 17a-270 et seq. re Council on Developmental Services.

      See Sec. 17a-475a re medical services for women in state-operated facilities.

      See Sec. 17b-492b re authority of Commissioner of Developmental Services with respect to Medicare Part D program.

      See Sec. 19a-24 re liability of commissioner and staff members for damages.

      See Secs. 20-14h to 20-14j, inclusive, re administration of medication in day and residential programs and facilities.


      Annotation to former section 19-570:

      Cited. 31 CS 197.

      Annotations to former section 19a-460:

      Cited. 30 CA 463.

      Subsec. (b):

      Cited. 207 C. 296.

      Annotation to present section:

      Cited. 30 CA 463.


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      Sec. 17a-210a. Ombudsman. (a) There is established an independent ombudsman office within the Department of Developmental Services that is responsible for receiving and making recommendations to the commissioner for resolving complaints affecting consumers under the care or supervision of the department or of any public or private agency with which the department has contracted for the provision of services.

      (b) The director of the ombudsman office shall be appointed by the Governor, with the approval of the General Assembly. Said director shall be an elector of the state with expertise and experience in the fields of developmental services and advocacy for the rights of the consumers specified in subsection (a) of this section and shall be exempt from the classified service.

      (c) Upon the vacancy of the director of the ombudsman office by the person serving in such position on July 1, 2004, and whenever thereafter the term of such position expires or there is a vacancy in such position, the Governor shall appoint the director of the ombudsman office from a list of candidates prepared and submitted to the Governor by the Council on Developmental Services, established by section 17a-270. The Governor shall notify the council of the pending expiration of the term of an incumbent ombudsman not less than ninety days prior to the final day of the ombudsman's term in office. If a vacancy occurs in the position of ombudsman, the Governor shall notify the council immediately of the vacancy. The council shall meet to consider qualified candidates for the position of ombudsman and shall submit a list of not more than five candidates to the Governor ranked in order of preference, not more than sixty days after receiving notice from the Governor of the pending expiration of the ombudsman's term or the occurrence of a vacancy. The Governor shall designate, not more than sixty days after receipt of the list of candidates from the council, one candidate from the list for the position of ombudsman. If, after the list is submitted to the Governor by the council, any candidate withdraws from consideration, the Governor shall designate a candidate from those remaining on the list. If the Governor fails to designate a candidate within sixty days of receipt of the list from the council, the council shall refer the candidate with the highest ranking on the list to the General Assembly for confirmation. If the General Assembly is not in session at the time of the Governor's or council's designation of a candidate, the candidate shall serve as the acting ombudsman until the General Assembly meets and confirms the candidate as ombudsman. A candidate serving as acting ombudsman shall be entitled to compensation and have all the powers, duties and privileges of the ombudsman. An ombudsman shall serve a term of four years, not including any time served as acting ombudsman, and may be reappointed by the Governor or shall remain in the position until a successor is appointed pursuant to this subsection. Although an incumbent ombudsman may be reappointed, the Governor shall also consider additional candidates from a list submitted by the council as provided in this section.

      (d) The director of the ombudsman office shall report monthly to the Council on Developmental Services and, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a, annually to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to public health.

      (P.A. 99-271, S. 1, 2; P.A. 02-89, S. 25; P.A. 04-211, S. 3; P.A. 05-256, S. 3; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a); P.A. 08-7, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 99-271 effective July 1, 1999; P.A. 02-89 deleted as obsolete former Subsec. (c) requiring the commissioner to convene by September 1, 1999, a special selection committee for advice and recommendations in the hiring or appointment of the director; P.A. 04-211 amended Subsec. (a) to require establishment of office, changed name from "ombudsperson" to "ombudsman" throughout, added new Subsec. (b) requiring director of ombudsman office be appointed by Governor and be elector of state with expertise and experience in fields of mental retardation and advocacy for rights of consumers, added new Subsec. (c) establishing procedure for appointment of new director upon vacancy of office by person serving in position on July 1, 2004, and redesignated existing Subsec. (b) as Subsec. (d), making technical changes therein, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 05-256 amended Subsec. (c) to require ombudsman to remain in position until successor appointed; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Department of Mental Retardation" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007; P.A. 08-7 amended Subsec. (b) by changing "mental retardation" to "developmental services" and amended Subsecs. (c) and (d) by renaming Council on Mental Retardation as Council on Developmental Services, effective April 29, 2008.

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      Sec. 17a-210b. Finding of mental retardation not precluded by school or medical records. The absence of a diagnosis of, or reference to, mental retardation, intellectual disability or developmental disability within an individual's school records or medical records shall not preclude the Department of Developmental Services from making a finding of mental retardation, as defined in section 1-1g.

      (P.A. 06-92, S. 2; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a).)

      History: Pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Department of Mental Retardation" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 17a-210c. Use of terms "Commissioner of Mental Retardation" and "Department of Mental Retardation". Administrative changes related to renaming of department. Eligibility determinations not affected. (a) Whenever the term "Department of Mental Retardation" is used or referred to in the following sections of the general statutes, the term "Department of Developmental Services" shall be substituted in lieu thereof: 1-101aa, 4-38c, 4-61aa, 4a-12, 4a-16, 4a-82, 5-259, 8-206d, 10-15d, 10-76d, 10-145d, 17a-33, 17a-114, 17a-145, 17a-210, 17a-210a, 17a-210b, 17a-211, 17a-211a, 17a-211b, 17a-212a, 17a-214, 17a-215, 17a-215a, 17a-215b, 17a-216, 17a-217, 17a-218, 17a-219b, 17a-219c, 17a-220, 17a-226, 17a-227, 17a-227a, 17a-228, 17a-236, 17a-238, 17a-240, 17a-246, 17a-247, 17a-247a, 17a-247b, 17a-247e, 17a-248, 17a-248g, 17a-270, 17a-273, 17a-274, 17a-276, 17a-277, 17a-281, 17a-475a, 17b-337, 17b-352, 17b-360, 17b-492b, 19-570, 19a-509d, 19a-576, 38a-488a, 38a-514, 45a-654, 45a-656, 45a-674, 45a-676, 45a-677, 45a-681, 46a-11, 46a-11a, 46a-11c, 46a-11d and 46a-11f.

      (b) Whenever the term "Commissioner of Mental Retardation" is used or referred to in the following sections of the general statutes, the term "Commissioner of Developmental Services" shall be substituted in lieu thereof: 4-5, 4b-3, 4b-23, 8-3e, 10-76i, 17a-4a, 17a-22a, 17a-210, 17a-212, 17a-212a, 17a-214, 17a-215a, 17a-215b, 17a-217a, 17a-218, 17a-218a, 17a-225, 17a-226, 17a-227a, 17a-228, 17a-229, 17a-230, 17a-232, 17a-238, 17a-240, 17a-241, 17a-242, 17a-244, 17a-246, 17a-247a, 17a-248, 17a-270, 17a-272, 17a-273, 17a-274, 17a-276, 17a-277, 17a-281, 17a-282, 17a-582, 17a-584, 17a-586, 17a-587, 17a-588, 17a-592, 17a-593, 17a-594, 17a-596, 17a-599, 17b-28a, 17b-244, 17b-244a, 17b-337, 17b-340, 17b-492b, 19a-24, 19a-411, 19a-580d, 20-14j, 20-571, 45a-670, 45a-674, 45a-676, 45a-677, 45a-681, 45a-682, 45a-692, 46a-11a, 46a-11c, 46a-11f, 54-56d, 54-102g and 54-102h.

      (c) If the term "Department of Mental Retardation" is used or referred to in any public or special act of 2007 or 2008, or in any section of the general statutes that is amended in 2007 or 2008, it shall be deemed to refer to the Department of Developmental Services.

      (d) If the term "Commissioner of Mental Retardation" is used or referred to in any public or special act of 2007 or 2008, or in any section of the general statutes that is amended in 2007 or 2008, it shall be deemed to refer to the Commissioner of Developmental Services.

      (e) Any administrative changes related to the renaming of the Department of Mental Retardation as the Department of Developmental Services, including, but not limited to, changes in business cards, stationery, brochures, web sites and signage shall be done in a manner and in the timeframe prescribed by the Commissioner of Developmental Services.

      (f) Nothing in this section shall be construed to change the criteria by which the Commissioner of Developmental Services makes eligibility determinations for programs and services of the Department of Developmental Services.

      (P.A. 07-73, S. 2.)

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      Sec. 17a-211. Five-year plan. Public hearings. Submission to legislature. (a) In 1991, and every five years thereafter, the Department of Developmental Services shall develop and review a five-year plan in accordance with this section. The plan shall: (1) Set priorities; (2) identify goals and objectives and the strategies to be employed to achieve them; (3) define the criteria to be used in evaluating whether the department is making progress toward the achievement of such goals and objectives; (4) identify changes in priorities, goals, objectives and strategies from the prior plan; (5) describe and document progress made in achieving the goals and objectives outlined in the prior plan; and (6) estimate the type and quantity of staff and client services that will be needed over the life of the plan.

      (b) Every five years, the department shall hold public hearings on a complete draft of the plan and, in January, 1992, and every five years thereafter, the department shall submit the final plan and a transcript of the public hearings to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to public health and appropriations and the budgets of state agencies.

      (P.A. 90-164, S. 1; P.A. 01-195, S. 123, 181; P.A. 04-54, S. 3; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a).)

      History: P.A. 01-195 made a technical change in Subsec. (b), effective July 11, 2001; P.A. 04-54 amended Subsec. (a) to change from every two years to every five years re Department of Mental Retardation to develop and review five-year plan and amended Subsec. (b) to change from every two years to every five years re department to hold public hearings and submit final plan to legislative committees, effective May 4, 2004; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Department of Mental Retardation" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 17a-211a. Annual spending and placement plan. Section 17a-211a is repealed, effective October 1, 2007.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-11, S. 7, 25; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a); 07-238, S. 10.)

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      Sec. 17a-211b. Affirmative action plan. Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes or regulations adopted thereunder to the contrary, the Department of Developmental Services shall develop a single, comprehensive affirmative action plan which covers each region, school and office of said department.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-11, S. 6, 25; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a).)

      History: Pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Department of Mental Retardation" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 17a-211c. Pilot programs for client services. Section 17a-211c is repealed, effective October 1, 2002.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-11, S. 9, 25; P.A. 92-229, S. 1, 3; S.A. 02-12, S. 1.)

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      Sec. 17a-211d. Workers' Compensation and private providers. Report to General Assembly. Section 17a-211d is repealed, effective October 1, 2007.

      (June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-8, S. 34, 88; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a); 07-238, S. 10.)

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      Sec. 17a-212. Regulations. Uniform standards and procedures. Protocol. (a) On or before September 30, 1991, the Commissioner of Developmental Services shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, establishing (1) criteria for (A) determining eligibility for services provided by the department, (B) determining which clients shall receive a specific service, and (C) selecting private sector service providers, and (2) uniform procedures to be used by the regional offices in determining which clients shall receive services and in selecting private sector service providers. Such procedures shall specify the decision-making authority of the department's central office and the regional offices and set parameters within which each shall operate.

      (b) Each regional office, following a format developed by the department's central office and taking into account the regulations developed by the commissioner, shall prepare a written protocol to be used in determining which clients shall receive services and in selecting service providers. The protocol shall be approved by the commissioner.

      (P.A. 90-164, S. 2; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(b); 07-238, S. 1.)

      History: Pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Commissioner of Mental Retardation" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007; P.A. 07-238 made technical changes in Subsec. (a) and deleted former Subsec. (c) re requirement that department evaluate each region's adherence to its approved protocol.

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      Sec. 17a-212a. Regulations re placement and care of clients posing a serious threat to others. The Commissioner of Developmental Services shall adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, to establish and implement the policy of the Department of Developmental Services with respect to the placement and care of department clients who are evaluated by the department as posing a serious threat to others without specific measures for their supervision and security. Such regulations shall include, but not be limited to, provisions concerning the criteria or factors to be considered in: (1) Evaluating and placing such clients; (2) siting of residential facilities for such clients; (3) giving notice, if any, to the community in which such client is to be placed; (4) determining appropriate levels of security and supervision; and (5) providing appropriate programs and quality of life for such clients in the least restrictive environment. Such regulations shall not permit the siting of more than one such facility in any one municipality.

      (P.A. 01-154, S. 3, 5; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a), (b).)

      History: P.A. 01-154 effective July 6, 2001; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Commissioner of Mental Retardation" and "Department of Mental Retardation" were changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Developmental Services" and "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 17a-213. Comparison of regions. Report to legislature. The department shall compare the regions with regard to such matters as staff to client ratios, cost per program type, cost per client for each type of service provided and gaps between persons served and persons requesting services. The department shall issue a report to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to public health and appropriations and the budgets of state agencies at least annually which identifies and explains any discrepancies between regions.

      (P.A. 90-164, S. 3; P.A. 07-238, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 07-238 deleted provision re evaluation pursuant to repealed Sec. 17a-212(c).

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      Sec. 17a-214. (Formerly Sec. 19a-461). Acceptance of gift or devise by Department of Developmental Services. The Commissioner of Developmental Services may accept and receive, on behalf of the Department of Developmental Services, any bequest or gift of money or personal property and, subject to the consent of the Governor and Attorney General as provided in section 4b-22, any devise or gift of real property to the Department of Developmental Services, and may hold and use such property for the purposes, if any, specified in connection with such bequest, devise or gift.

      (P.A. 77-181; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a), (b).)

      History: Sec. 19-570a transferred to Sec. 19a-461 in 1983; Sec. 19a-461 transferred to Sec. 17a-214 in 1991; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Commissioner of Mental Retardation" and "Department of Mental Retardation" were changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Developmental Services" and "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007.

"


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      Sec. 17a-215. (Formerly Sec. 19a-462). Department designated lead agency for autism services. The Department of Developmental Services shall serve as the lead agency to coordinate, where possible, the functions of the several state agencies which have responsibility for providing services to autistic persons.

      (P.A. 79-448; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a).)

      History: Sec. 19-570b transferred to Sec. 19a-462 in 1983; Sec. 19a-462 transferred to Sec. 17a-215 in 1991; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Department of Mental Retardation" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007.

      Annotation to former section 19a-462:

      Cited. 30 CA 463.

      Annotation to present section:

      Cited. 30 CA 463.


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      Sec. 17a-215a. Advisory Commission on Services and Supports for Persons With Developmental Disabilities. Section 17a-215a is repealed, effective October 1, 2007.

      (P.A. 00-135, S. 19; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-4, S. 47; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a), (b); 07-238, S. 10.)

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      Sec. 17a-215b. Pilot autism spectrum disorders program. Eligibility. Report. (a) The Commissioner of Developmental Services, in consultation with the Commissioners of Social Services and Mental Health and Addiction Services and any other commissioner the Commissioner of Developmental Services deems appropriate, shall establish a pilot autism spectrum disorders program, to provide a coordinated system of supports and services, including case management, for persons with autism spectrum disorders who do not have mental retardation, as defined in section 1-1g, and their families. The pilot program shall serve up to seventy-five adults with autism spectrum disorders who are not eligible for services from the Department of Developmental Services under this chapter.

      (b) The Commissioner of Developmental Services shall establish eligibility requirements for participation in the program. The commissioner shall expand the pilot program to ensure that, on and after May 12, 2008, access to the pilot program is available to persons in a geographic area not served by the program prior to said date.

      (c) The Commissioner of Developmental Services, or the commissioner's designee, shall identify appropriate individualized services and supports for each person in the program and the family of each person in the program and shall coordinate the provision of such services and supports to such person and family.

      (d) The pilot program shall commence on or before October 1, 2006, and shall terminate not later than June 30, 2009.

      (e) The Commissioner of Developmental Services shall report, in accordance with section 11-4a, to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to public health not later than January 1, 2009, concerning the results of such pilot program. The report shall include recommendations concerning a system for addressing the needs of persons with autism spectrum disorder, including, but not limited to, recommendations (1) establishing an independent council to advise the Department of Developmental Services with respect to system design, implementation and quality enhancement, (2) establishing procedural safeguards, (3) designing and implementing a quality enhancement and improvement process, and (4) designing and implementing an interagency data and information management system.

      (P.A. 06-188, S. 37; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a), (b); P.A. 08-63, S. 1; P.A. 09-11, S. 3.)

      History: P.A. 06-188 effective July 1, 2006; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Commissioner of Mental Retardation" and "Department of Mental Retardation" were changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Developmental Services" and "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007; P.A. 08-63 amended Subsec. (a) by replacing "fifty" with "seventy-five" re number of persons served by pilot program, amended Subsec. (b) by requiring access to pilot program to be expanded to geographic area not previously served by program and amended Subsec. (d) by extending termination date of program from October 1, 2008, to June 30, 2009, effective May 12, 2008; P.A. 09-11 made a technical change in Subsec. (e).

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      Sec. 17a-215c. Division of Autism Spectrum Services. Services and programs for state residents with autism spectrum disorders. (a) There is established a Division of Autism Spectrum Services within the Department of Developmental Services.

      (b) The Department of Developmental Services shall adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, to define the term "autism", establish eligibility standards and criteria for the receipt of services by any resident of the state with an autism spectrum disorder, regardless of age, and data collection, maintenance and reporting processes. The commissioner may implement policies and procedures necessary to administer the provisions of this section prior to adoption of such regulations, provided the commissioner shall publish notice of intent to adopt such regulations not later than twenty days after implementation of such policies and procedures. Any such policies and procedures shall be valid until such regulations are adopted.

      (c) The Division of Autism Spectrum Services may, within available appropriations, research, design and implement the delivery of appropriate and necessary services and programs for all residents of the state with autism spectrum disorders. Such services and programs may include the creation of: (1) The Autism-Specific Early Intervention Program, (AEI), designed to deliver services to any child who becomes at risk or is diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder and who was previously placed in the "birth-to-three" program administered by the Department of Developmental Services; (2) age three to twenty-one, inclusive, support services including educational, recreation, life and skill coaching, and vocational and transition services; and (3) over age twenty-one adult services, including those services as defined by the pilot autism spectrum disorder program established pursuant to section 17a-215b, as well as related services deemed necessary by the Commissioner of Developmental Services.

      (d) The Department of Developmental Services shall serve as the lead state agency for the purpose of the federal Combating Autism Act, P.L. 109-416 and for applying for and receiving funds and performing any related responsibilities concerning autism spectrum disorders which are authorized pursuant to any state or federal law.

      (e) On or before February 1, 2009, and annually thereafter, the Department of Developmental Services shall make recommendations to the Governor and the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to public health concerning legislation and funding required to provide necessary services to persons with autism spectrum disorders.

      (f) The Division of Autism Spectrum Services shall research and locate possible funding streams for the continued development and implementation of services for persons with autism spectrum disorders without mental retardation. The division shall take all necessary action, in coordination with the Department of Social Services, to secure Medicaid reimbursement for home and community-based individualized support services for adults with autism spectrum disorders, but who are not mentally retarded. Such action may include applying for a Medicaid waiver pursuant to Section 1915(c) of the Social Security Act, in order to secure the funding for such services.

      (g) The Division of Autism Spectrum Services, within available appropriations, shall: (1) Design and implement a training initiative that shall include training to develop a workforce; (2) develop an autism-specific curriculum in coordination with the Department of Higher Education; and (3) to the extent federal reimbursement permits, develop an education and training initiative eligible for the receipt of funding pursuant to the federal Combating Autism Act, P.L. 109-416.

      (h) The case records of the Division of Autism Spectrum Services maintained by the division for any purpose authorized pursuant to subsections (b) to (g), inclusive, of this section shall be subject to the same confidentiality requirements, under state and federal law, that govern all client records maintained by the Department of Developmental Services.

      (i) The Commissioner of Social Services, in consultation with the Commissioner of Developmental Services, may seek approval of an amendment to the state Medicaid plan or a waiver from federal law, whichever is sufficient and most expeditious, to establish and implement a Medicaid-financed home and community-based program to provide community-based services and, if necessary, housing assistance, to adults with autism spectrum disorders who are not mentally retarded.

      (j) On or before January 1, 2008, and annually thereafter, the Commissioner of Social Services, in consultation with the Commissioner of Developmental Services, and in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a, shall submit a report to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to public health, on the status of any amendment to the state Medicaid plan or waiver from federal law as described in subsection (i) of this section and on the establishment and implementation of the program authorized pursuant to subsection (i) of this section.

      (k) The independent council established pursuant to section 17a-215b shall advise the Commissioner of Developmental Services on all matters relating to autism.

      (P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a), (b); June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-4, S. 109-111, 113, 114.)

      History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-4 effective June 29, 2007; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Commissioner of Mental Retardation" and "Department of Mental Retardation" were changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Developmental Services" and "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 17a-216. (Formerly Sec. 19a-463). Purchase of wheelchairs, placement equipment and clothing. The Department of Developmental Services may, within available appropriations, purchase wheelchairs, placement equipment and clothing which is specifically designed for handicapped persons directly and without the issuance of a purchase order, provided such purchases shall not be in excess of three thousand five hundred dollars per unit purchased. All such purchases shall be made in the open market, but shall, when possible, be based on at least three competitive bids. Such bids shall be solicited by sending notice to prospective suppliers and by posting notice on a public bulletin board within the Department of Developmental Services. Each bid shall be opened publicly at the time stated in the notice soliciting such bid. Acceptance of a bid by the Department of Developmental Services shall be based on standard specifications as may be adopted by the department.

      (P.A. 80-4; P.A. 81-87; P.A. 01-195, S. 124, 181; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a).)

      History: P.A. 81-87 authorized department of mental retardation to purchase clothing specially designed for handicapped persons without issuance of purchase order; Sec. 19-570c transferred to Sec. 19a-463 in 1983; Sec. 19a-463 transferred to Sec. 17a-216 in 1991; P.A. 01-195 made technical changes, effective July 11, 2001; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Department of Mental Retardation" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 17a-217. (Formerly Sec. 19a-464). Programs for mentally retarded children and adults. Funding. (a) The Department of Developmental Services shall develop day care programs, day camp programs and recreational programs for children and adults with mental retardation. Any nonprofit organization which establishes or maintains day care programs, day camp programs or recreational programs for children or adults with mental retardation may apply to the Department of Developmental Services for funds to be used to assist in establishing, maintaining or expanding such programs. For the purposes of this section: (1) A day care program (A) may provide for the care and training of preschool age children to enable them to achieve their maximum social, physical and emotional potential; (B) may provide adolescents and adults with mental retardation with an activity program which includes training in one or more of the following areas: (i) Self-care, (ii) activities of daily living, (iii) personal and social adjustment, (iv) work habits, and (v) skills, speech and language development; (2) a day camp program may provide children or adults with mental retardation with a supervised program of out-of-doors activities which may be conducted during all or part of the months of June, July, August and September; and (3) a recreational program may provide planned and supervised recreational activities for children or adults with mental retardation, which activities may be of a social, athletic or purely diversionary nature and which programs shall be considered separate and apart from the day camp program described in subdivision (2) of this subsection.

      (b) No grant made under this section to assist in establishing, maintaining or expanding any program set forth in subsection (a) of this section shall exceed the ordinary and recurring annual operating expenses of such program, nor shall any grant be made to pay for all or any part of capital expenditures. The Department of Developmental Services shall: (1) Define minimum requirements to be met by each program in order to be eligible to receive funds as provided for by this section in regard to qualification and number of staff members and program operation, including, but not limited to, physical plant and record keeping; (2) establish procedures to be used in making application for such funds; and (3) adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, governing the granting of funds to assist in the establishment of day care programs, day camp programs and recreational programs for persons with mental retardation. Upon receipt of proper application, the Department of Developmental Services, within available appropriations, may grant such funds, provided the plans for financing and the standards of operation of such programs shall be approved by the department in accordance with the provisions of this section. For the purpose of developing such programs, the department may accept grants from the federal government, a municipality or any other source.

      (1959, P.A. 148, S. 33; 1971, P.A. 719, S. 1; P.A. 75-638, S. 12, 23; P.A. 76-340, S. 1; P.A. 79-171, S. 1; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-11, S. 1, 25; P.A. 01-195, S. 125, 181; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a).)

      History: 1971 act added provision making retired circuit court judges state referees and replaced references to superior court with "court from which case was referred"; P.A. 75-638 replaced office of mental retardation and department of health with department of mental retardation; P.A. 76-340 changed wording re eligible nonprofit organization in Subsec. (a) slightly; Sec. 19-4d transferred to Sec. 19-571 in 1977; P.A. 79-171 deleted reference to children judged inadmissible to special classes and school-excluded children in Subsec. (a)(1)(A) and allowed department to accept federal, municipal or other grants in Subsec. (b); Sec. 19-571 transferred to Sec. 19a-464 in 1983; Sec. 19a-464 transferred to Sec. 17a-217 in 1991; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-11 amended Subsec. (b) to make funding by the department subject to available appropriations; P.A. 01-195 made technical changes, effective July 11, 2001; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Department of Mental Retardation" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 17a-217a. Camp Harkness Advisory Committee. (a) There shall be a Camp Harkness Advisory Committee to advise the Commissioner of Developmental Services with respect to issues concerning the health and safety of persons who attend and utilize the facilities at Camp Harkness. The advisory committee shall be composed of twelve members as follows: (1) The director of Camp Harkness, who shall serve ex-officio, one member representing the Southeastern Connecticut Association for Developmental Disabilities, one member representing the Southbury Training School, one member representing the Arc of New London County, one consumer representing persons who use the camp on a residential basis and one member representing parents or guardians of persons who use the camp, all of whom shall be appointed by the Governor; (2) one member representing parents or guardians of persons who use the camp, who shall be appointed by the president pro tempore of the Senate; (3) one consumer from the Family Support Council established pursuant to section 17a-219c representing persons who use the camp on a day basis, who shall be appointed by the speaker of the House of Representatives; (4) one member representing the board of selectmen of the town of Waterford, who shall be appointed by the majority leader of the House of Representatives; (5) one member representing a private nonprofit corporation that is: (A) Tax exempt under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or any subsequent internal revenue code of the United States, as amended from time to time, and (B) established to promote and support Camp Harkness and its camping programs, who shall be appointed by the majority leader of the Senate; (6) one member representing the Connecticut Institute for the Blind and the Oak Hill School, who shall be appointed by the minority leader of the House of Representatives; and (7) one member representing the United Cerebral Palsy Association, who shall be appointed by the minority leader of the Senate.

      (b) The advisory committee shall promote communication regarding camp services and develop recommendations for the commissioner regarding the use of Camp Harkness.

      (c) Not later than October 1, 2002, and annually thereafter, the advisory committee shall submit a report to the commissioner and to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to public health concerning the status of Camp Harkness. Such report shall be submitted in accordance with section 11-4a.

      (P.A. 01-108, S. 1, 2; P.A. 03-94, S. 1; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(b); P.A. 08-7, S. 8; P.A. 10-93, S. 8.)

      History: P.A. 01-108 effective July 1, 2001; P.A. 03-94 amended Subsec. (a)(1) to add representative of the Association for Retarded Citizens of New London County to membership; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Commissioner of Mental Retardation" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007; P.A. 08-7 amended Subsec. (a)(1) by changing reference to Southeastern Connecticut Association for the Retarded to Southeastern Connecticut Association for Developmental Disabilities and by making a technical change, effective April 29, 2008; P.A. 10-93 amended Subsec. (a) by substituting "Arc" for "Association for Retarded Citizens" in Subdiv. (1) and by replacing reference to Camp Harkness Booster Club with provision re tax exempt private nonprofit corporation in Subdiv. (5).

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      Sec. 17a-218. (Formerly Sec. 19a-464a). Programs of community-based residential facilities and respite care and emergency placement for persons with mental retardation. Requirement re enrollment in federal programs. (a) For purposes of this section, the following terms have the following meanings: "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Developmental Services; "department" means the Department of Developmental Services; and "emergency placement" means cases in which there has been a request for a residential accommodation for an individual for whom there is an unforeseen emergency in his current living arrangement, or cases in which the department has had no previous knowledge of a need for placement, or cases in which such a placement is needed because of actions of another state agency or department, including, but not limited to, the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, the Department of Children and Families, and any court, or cases prior to any other planned placements, because the health or safety of the individual needing such placement would be adversely affected without such placement.

      (b) The commissioner shall plan, develop and administer a comprehensive program of community-based residential facilities including, but not limited to, transitional facilities, group homes, community training homes and supervised apartments. On and after January 1, 1997, every contract by the commissioner for the construction, renovation or rehabilitation of a community-based residential facility shall be awarded to the lowest responsible and qualified bidder on the basis of competitive bids in accordance with procedures which the commissioner shall establish in regulations adopted by the commissioner in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54.

      (c) The commissioner may provide, within available appropriations, subsidies to persons with mental retardation who are placed in supervised apartments, condominiums or homes which do not receive housing payments under section 17b-244, in order to assist such persons to meet housing costs.

      (d) The commissioner may provide, within available appropriations, respite care services which may be administered directly by the department, or through contracts for services with providers of such services, or by means of direct subsidy to parents of mentally retarded persons to enable them to purchase such services.

      (e) The commissioner may, within available appropriations and in accordance with individualized plans of care, provide a full range of services to support persons with mental retardation living with their families, caretakers, independently or in community-based residential facilities licensed pursuant to section 17a-227. Such services may include, but are not limited to, education and training programs, social services, counseling services, medical services, physical or occupational therapy, parent training, recreation and transportation. Such services may be provided by the department or be purchased from persons or private agencies through contracts pursuant to subsection (d) of section 4-70b or purchased directly by the service recipient or his family. The department may provide a direct subsidy to persons with mental retardation or their families to be used for such purchases of such support services. The recipient of such subsidy shall provide a documented accounting of such subsidy to the department.

      (f) Notwithstanding the provisions of part III of chapter 59, the commissioner may, within available appropriations, enter into a rental or lease agreement for an apartment, home, or similar private residence if it has been determined by the commissioner that an individual is in need of an emergency placement. Such agreements shall not exceed the fair market price for the area in which the leased premises are located and shall not be for more than twelve months. Upon entering such agreements, the commissioner shall notify the State Properties Review Board and shall begin the leasing procedures outlined in said part III of chapter 59.

      (g) Any person who is in or is seeking a placement through the Department of Developmental Services or is receiving any support or service that is included within or covered by any federal program being administered and operated by the Department of Social Services and the Department of Developmental Services, and who meets the eligibility criteria for the federal program, shall enroll in such program in order to continue in the existing placement or to remain eligible for a placement or continue to receive such support or service. Any person who is ineligible for such federal program due to excess income or assets may continue in existing placement, or continue to receive existing supports and services through the Department of Developmental Services while spending down available excess income and assets until such person qualifies for enrollment in the applicable federal program. The Commissioner of Developmental Services may make exceptions to the requirements of this provision and provide or continue to provide, within available appropriations, placement, support or services to individuals who are not eligible for enrollment in such federal programs and for whom it is determined there is a legal requirement to serve pursuant to state or federal law or court order.

      (P.A. 83-64, S. 2, 4; P.A. 87-152, S. 3, 4; P.A. 88-28, S. 3, 8; P.A. 89-375, S. 1, 5; P.A. 90-230, S. 29, 101; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; P.A. 94-222, S. 1; P.A. 95-257, S. 11, 58; P.A. 96-186, S. 5, 6; P.A. 05-280, S. 31; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a), (b); P.A. 09-210, S. 7.)

      History: P.A. 87-152 added provisions designated as Subsecs. (a) and (f) re emergency placement, relettering prior Subsecs. accordingly; P.A. 88-28 added "within available appropriations" in Subsec. (c), (d) and (e) and authorized placements in "condominiums or homes which do not receive payments under section 17-313b" to Subsec. (c); P.A. 89-375 made technical changes in Subsec. (c); P.A. 90-230 corrected internal references in Subsec. (f); Sec. 19a-464a transferred to Sec. 17a-218 in 1991; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 94-222 amended Subsec. (e) to add provision to permit direct subsidies to persons with mental retardation or their families and made technical corrections; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Mental Health with Commissioner and Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 96-186 amended Subsec. (b) by adding lowest-bidder requirements, effective May 31, 1996; P.A. 05-280 added new Subsec. (g) re enrollment in federal programs, effective July 1, 2005; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Commissioner of Mental Retardation" and "Department of Mental Retardation" were changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Developmental Services" and "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007; P.A. 09-210 amended Subsec. (e) by making a technical change, effective July 8, 2009.

      See Sec. 17a-219 re regulations concerning community-based residential facilities and respite care services for the mentally retarded.

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      Sec. 17a-218a. Continuing operation of Southbury Training School. Evaluation criteria. (a) The Commissioner of Developmental Services shall continue the operation of the Southbury Training School and shall establish criteria to evaluate the current population of the training school in regard to community placement and training school placement. The criteria shall include, at a minimum, consideration of the client's age, physical disabilities, medical fragility, level of mental retardation, length of residence at the school and availability of an appropriate placement.

      (b) The commissioner shall no longer accept new admissions at the Southbury Training School.

      (c) For the fiscal years ending June 30, 1998, and June 30, 1999, the commissioner shall not certify additional beds as immediate care facilities for the mentally retarded (ICFMR) at the Southbury Training School beyond a total of six hundred sixteen.

      (P.A. 95-236; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-8, S. 38, 88; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(b); 07-238, S. 3.)

      History: June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-8 added Subsecs. (b) re limit on new admissions, (c) re additional immediate care beds and (d) re annual report, effective July 1, 1997; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Commissioner of Mental Retardation" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007; P.A. 07-238 amended Subsec. (a) and deleted former Subsec. (d) to remove obsolete reporting requirements.

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      Sec. 17a-219. (Formerly Sec. 19a-464b). Regulation of community-based residential facilities and respite care services for the mentally retarded. The commissioner shall adopt regulations in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54 to implement the provisions of subsections (b) and (c) of section 17a-218.

      (P.A. 83-64, S. 3, 4.)

      History: Sec. 19a-464b transferred to Sec. 17a-219 in 1991.

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      Sec. 17a-219a. Family support services: Definitions. As used in this section and sections 17a-219b and 17a-219c:

      (1) "Children with disabilities" means any child with a physical, emotional or mental impairment under the age of eighteen years who (A) if under the age of five, has a severe disability and substantial developmental delay, or a specific diagnosed condition with a high probability of resulting in a developmental delay, (B) has a moderate, severe or profound educational disability, or (C) otherwise meets the definition of developmental disabilities in the federal Developmental Disabilities Act, Section 102(5), as codified in 42 USC 6001(8).

      (2) "Family" means a child with a disability and (A) one or more biological or adoptive parents, (B) one or more persons to whom legal custody has been given and in whose home the child resides, or (C) other adult family members who reside with and have a primary responsibility for providing continuous care to a child with a disability.

      (3) "Family support services" means services, cash subsidies, and goods which enhance the ability of all children with disabilities to grow within their families, to reduce the emotional and financial costs to families who care at home for children with disabilities, and to assist families of children with disabilities to find the supports, services and assistance to lead lives in their communities.

      (P.A. 94-228, S. 1, 4; P.A. 01-195, S. 79, 126, 181.)

      History: P.A. 94-228 effective June 8, 1994; P.A. 01-195 made technical changes, effective July 11, 2001.

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      Sec. 17a-219b. Family support services: Department responsible for coordination. (a) The Department of Developmental Services shall be responsible for the coordination of family support services for children with disabilities. The department shall, within available appropriations, promote state-wide availability of family support services.

      (b) The Department of Developmental Services, in coordination with other state, regional and local agencies that operate family support services or administer programs, shall assist families in accessing all other sources of government funds before using existing family support funds appropriated by the General Assembly pursuant to sections 17a-219a to 17a-219c, inclusive, or any other provision of the general statutes or public or special act.

      (P.A. 94-228, S. 2, 4; P.A. 96-185, S. 12, 16; 96-238, S. 14, 25; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a).)

      History: P.A. 94-228 effective June 8, 1994 (Revisor's note: The reference to "this or any other act" was replaced editorially by the Revisors with "sections 17a-219a to 17a-219c, inclusive, or any other provision of the general statutes or public or special act" for consistency with existing statutory custom); P.A. 96-185 deleted references in Subsec. (a) to Secs. 10-91a to 10-91d, 10-94f, 10-94g and section 5 of public act 93-383, effective July 1, 1996; P.A. 96-238 deleted references in Subsec. (a) to repealed Secs. 10-91a to 10-91d, inclusive, and section 5 of public act 93-383, effective July 1, 1996; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Department of Mental Retardation" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 17a-219c. Family Support Council. (a) There is established a Family Support Council to assist the Department of Developmental Services and other state agencies that administer or fund family support services to act in concert and, within available appropriations, to (1) establish a comprehensive, coordinated system of family support services, (2) use existing state and other resources efficiently and effectively as appropriate for such services, (3) identify and address services that are needed for families of children with disabilities, and (4) promote state-wide availability of such services. The council shall consist of twenty-seven voting members including the Commissioners of Public Health, Developmental Services, Children and Families, Education and Social Services, or their designees, the Child Advocate or the Child Advocate's designee, the executive director of the Office of Protection and Advocacy for Persons with Disabilities or the executive director's designee, the chairperson of the State Interagency Birth-to-Three Coordinating Council, established pursuant to section 17a-248b, or the chairperson's designee, the executive director of the Commission on Children or the executive director's designee, and family members of, or individuals who advocate for, children with disabilities. The family members or individuals who advocate for children with disabilities shall comprise two-thirds of the council and shall be appointed as follows: Six by the Governor, three by the president pro tempore of the Senate, two by the majority leader of the Senate, one by the minority leader of the Senate, three by the speaker of the House of Representatives, two by the majority leader of the House of Representatives and one by the minority leader of the House of Representatives. All appointed members serving on or after October 5, 2009, including members appointed prior to October 5, 2009, shall serve in accordance with the provisions of section 4-1a. Members serving on or after October 5, 2009, including members appointed prior to October 5, 2009, shall serve no more than eight consecutive years on the council. The council shall meet at least quarterly and shall select its own chairperson. Council members shall serve without compensation but shall be reimbursed for necessary expenses incurred. The costs of administering the council shall be within available appropriations in accordance with this section and sections 17a-219a to 17a-219b, inclusive.

      (b) The council shall: (1) Gather input and develop a vision and guidelines for family support services in Connecticut; (2) review existing program policies, procedures and funding mechanisms for conformity to the guidelines and make appropriate recommendations; (3) monitor the implementation of the guidelines and recommendations; (4) report to the Governor and the General Assembly on an annual basis regarding the status of family support services, including the implementation of the guidelines and recommendations; (5) advocate for family support services in accordance with the guidelines; (6) compile and distribute information on family support services within public and private agencies; and (7) perform such other duties as are related to the advancement of family centered supports, policies and services.

      (P.A. 94-228, S. 3, 4; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 96-185, S. 13, 16; P.A. 98-100; P.A. 01-195, S. 127, 181; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a),(b); Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-7, S. 137; P.A. 10-93, S. 9.)

      History: P.A. 94-228 effective June 8, 1994; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995 (Revisor's note: The phrase "Commissioners of the Departments of Public Health ..." in Subsec. (a) was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioners of Public Health ..." for consistency with customary statutory usage); P.A. 96-185 made a technical change in Subsec. (a) reflecting transfer of birth-to-three program to Department of Mental Retardation, effective July 1, 1996; P.A. 98-100 amended Subsec. (a) by increasing members from 24 to 27, adding the Child Advocate, individuals who advocate for children with disabilities and increased from 2 to 3 the appointments by the president pro tempore of the Senate and the speaker of the House of Representatives; P.A. 01-195 amended Subsec. (a) by making technical changes, effective July 11, 2001; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Commissioner of Mental Retardation" and "Department of Mental Retardation" were changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Developmental Services" and "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-7 amended Subsec. (a) to replace provision re 4-year term and limit of 2 consecutive terms with provision re service in accordance with Sec. 4-1a and requirement that members serve no more than 8 consecutive years, and to make a technical change, effective October 5, 2009; P.A. 10-93 amended Subsec. (a) to permit designees of Child Advocate, executive director of Office of Protection and Advocacy for Persons with Disabilities, chairperson of State Interagency Birth-to-Three Coordinating Council and executive director of Commission on Children to be members of council and by making a technical change.

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      Sec. 17a-220. (Formerly Sec. 19a-464c). Definitions. As used in this section and sections 17a-221 to 17a-225, inclusive:

      (1) "Borrower" means an organization which has received a loan pursuant to this section and sections 17a-221 to 17a-225, inclusive;

      (2) "Capital loan agreement" means an agreement, in the form of a written contract, between the department and the organization which sets forth the terms and conditions applicable to the awarding of a community residential facility loan;

      (3) "Certification" or "certified" means certification by the Department of Public Health as an intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded pursuant to standards set forth in the rules and regulations published in Title 42, Part 442, Subpart G of the Code of Federal Regulations;

      (4) "Community-based" means those programs or facilities which are not located on the grounds of, or operated by, the department;

      (5) "Community residential facility" means a community-based residential facility which houses up to six persons with mental retardation or autism and which provides food, shelter, personal guidance and, to the extent necessary, continuing health-related services and care for persons requiring assistance to live in the community, provided any such facilities in operation on July 1, 1985, which house more than six persons with mental retardation or autism shall be eligible for loans for rehabilitation under this section and sections 17a-221 to 17a-225, inclusive. Such facility shall be licensed and may be certified;

      (6) "Community Residential Facility Revolving Loan Fund" means the loan fund established pursuant to section 17a-221;

      (7) "Default" means the failure of the borrower to observe or perform any covenant or condition under the capital loan agreement and includes the failure to meet any of the conditions specified in section 17a-223;

      (8) "Department" means the Department of Developmental Services;

      (9) "Loan" means a community residential facilities loan which shall bear an interest rate to be determined in accordance with subsection (t) of section 3-20, but in no event in excess of six per cent per annum, and is made pursuant to the provisions of this section and sections 17a-221 to 17a-225, inclusive;

      (10) "Licensed" or "licensure" means licensure by the department pursuant to section 17a-227;

      (11) "Organization" means a private nonprofit corporation which is (A) tax-exempt under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as from time to time amended, (B) qualified to do business in this state, and (C) applying for a loan under the community residential facility revolving loan program;

      (12) "Rehabilitate" or "rehabilitation" means rehabilitation of a previously existing and operating community residential facility to meet physical plant requirements for licensure, certification or Fire Safety Code compliance or to make energy conservation improvements;

      (13) "Renovate" or "renovation" means renovation of a newly acquired residential facility to meet physical plant requirements for licensure, certification or Fire Safety Code compliance or to make energy conservation improvements;

      (14) "Total property development cost" means the cost of property acquisition, construction, renovation or rehabilitation and related development costs which may be capitalized under generally accepted accounting principles, including furnishings and equipment, provided in no case may the total property development cost of a residential facility financed pursuant to this section and sections 17a-221 to 17a-225, inclusive, exceed the total residential development amount approved by the Department of Social Services in accordance with sections 17a-228 and 17b-244, and the regulations adopted thereunder; and

      (15) "Capital repairs and improvements" means major repairs and improvements to an existing community residential facility to maintain the physical plant and property of such facility, which repairs and improvements are reimbursable under the room and board rates established by the Department of Social Services in accordance with section 17b-244 and may be capitalized in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.

      (P.A. 85-472, S. 1, 7; P.A. 87-402, S. 1, 3; 87-416, S. 14, 24; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 96-181, S. 105, 121; 96-186, S. 1, 6; P.A. 01-195, S. 128, 181; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a).)

      History: P.A. 87-402 redefined "total property development cost" to increase the maximum from $225,000 to $350,000; P.A. 87-416 amended definition of "loan" to provide that the interest rates on loans would be determined in accordance with Sec. 3-20(t), but would not be in excess of 6% per annum; Sec. 19a-464c transferred to Sec. 17a-220 in 1991; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Mental Health with Commissioner and Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 96-181 added definition of "capital repairs and improvements", effective July 1, 1996; P.A. 96-186 substituted "the total residential development amount approved by the department" in lieu of a specific dollar amount in Subsec. (n) and added Subsec. (o) defining "capital repairs and improvements", effective May 31, 1996 (Revisor's note: In codifying this section the Revisors editorially merged and harmonized the two newly created Subsecs. "(o)"); P.A. 01-195 made technical changes, effective July 11, 2001; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Department of Mental Retardation" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 17a-221. (Formerly Sec. 19a-464d). Community Residential Facility Revolving Loan Fund. There is established a Community Residential Facility Revolving Loan Fund. The proceeds of any bonds issued pursuant to section 17a-225 and the payments on any loans made by the department pursuant to section 17a-222 shall be deposited in said fund. The department may draw on said fund for the purpose of making loans pursuant to section 17a-222.

      (P.A. 85-472, S. 2, 7; P.A. 86-107, S. 15, 19.)

      History: P.A. 86-107 removed reference to the state treasurer as trustee of the fund; Sec. 19a-464d transferred to Sec. 17a-221 in 1991.

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      Sec. 17a-222. (Formerly Sec. 19a-464e). Loans. (a) The department may make community residential facility loans to organizations for (1) construction or purchase and renovation of community-based residential facilities in principal amounts up to one hundred per cent of the total property development cost of the project or (2) the refinancing of an indebtedness created in December, 1983, which indebtedness is secured by a mortgage on such residential facility in principal amounts up to one hundred per cent of the total indebtedness provided in no case may the total amount of the loan exceed three hundred fifty thousand dollars.

      (b) The department may make community residential facility loans to organizations for rehabilitation of community-based residential facilities in principal amounts up to one hundred per cent of the total property development cost of the project provided in no case may the total amount of the loan exceed sixty thousand dollars.

      (c) The portion, if any, of the total property development cost which is to be paid by the organization may come from one or both of the following sources: (1) Actual cash under the control of the organization; or (2) a loan secured by a mortgage on the property, which mortgage may include both the land and the building.

      (d) The department may make community residential facility loans to organizations which own or have capital leases for existing community-based residential facilities for rehabilitation and capital repairs and improvements in amounts not less than three thousand dollars and not greater than forty thousand dollars. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 17a-225, the department may make loans pursuant to this subsection upon execution of a promissory note equal to the amount of the loan which shall provide for repayment of the loan principal and interest. The term of such loans shall be consistent with the reimbursement through the rates established by the Department of Social Services in accordance with section 17b-224.

      (P.A. 85-472, S. 3, 7; P.A. 87-402, S. 2, 3; P.A. 96-181, S. 106, 121; 96-186, S. 4, 6.)

      History: P.A. 87-402 amended Subsec. (a) to increase the loan maximum from $150,000 to $350,000 and amended Subsec. (b) to increase the loan maximum from $40,000 to $60,000; Sec. 19a-464e transferred to Sec. 17a-222 in 1991; P.A. 96-181 and 96-186 added identical provisions as new Subsec. (d) re community residential facility loans to organizations for rehabilitation and capital repairs to existing community-based residential facilities, effective July 1, 1996, and May 31, 1996, respectively.

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      Sec. 17a-223. (Formerly Sec. 19a-464f). Requirements of borrowers. Capital loan agreement. (a) If the organization is seeking to purchase and renovate a new community residential facility or to rehabilitate an existing community residential facility, it shall provide to the department: (1) An independent appraisal by a state certified real estate appraiser; and (2) a structural survey of the home by a state licensed engineer. The department shall not provide community residential facility loan funds for the purchase of a residential facility in principal amounts which are in excess of its appraised value and shall not provide such loan funds for renovation or rehabilitation in principal amounts which are in excess of actual and reasonable cost as defined in department standards.

      (b) The borrower shall sign a capital loan agreement in which it agrees to meet all existing department guidelines for use of loan funds and to use such loan funds exclusively for the purchase of property, construction, renovation or rehabilitation of a community residential facility approved by the department.

      (c) The borrower shall agree to maintain the facility as a licensed community residential facility for a period equal to the amortization period of the loan. The minimum such obligation shall be five years and the maximum such obligation shall be thirty years.

      (d) If the borrower receives a loan equal to one hundred per cent of the total property development cost of a new community residential facility, it shall agree to reserve one hundred per cent of the maximum number of beds in the funded community residential facility for department referrals from state institutions and waiting lists until such time as the department determines this no longer to be necessary. If the borrower receives a loan which provides less than one hundred per cent of the total property development cost of a new community residential facility, it shall agree to reserve not less than two-thirds of the maximum number of beds in the funded community residential facility for department referrals from state institutions and waiting lists until such time as the department determines this no longer to be necessary. The department may establish priorities for the development of new community residential facilities serving persons with specialized needs and may give preference in funding to applications addressing such needs.

      (e) The borrower shall provide the department with a promissory note equal to the amount of the loan which shall provide for repayment of the loan principal and interest within a period not to exceed thirty years and a mortgage deed as security for the loan. Such mortgage may be subordinate to a first mortgage interest in the property given by the organization for the purpose of developing such property, provided that the total of both mortgage interests shall not exceed the limit of total property development cost as set forth in section 17a-220. The department shall file a lien against the title of the property for which community residential facility loan funds are expended.

      (f) The capital loan agreement shall require the borrower to make periodic payments of principal and interest to the department which payments shall be deposited in the Community Residential Facility Revolving Loan Fund.

      (g) In the event of a default or if the capital loan agreement is terminated prior to the borrower's having satisfied its obligations under said agreement, the department shall require the return to the Community Residential Facility Revolving Loan Fund of the outstanding amount of the loan and may foreclose on its mortgage in accordance with the provisions of chapter 49.

      (h) In the event that the borrower's license to operate the community residential facility is terminated by the department for cause, the department may bring an action to place the facility into receivership pursuant to sections 17a-231 to 17a-237, inclusive, may contract with a private nonprofit corporation to operate the facility or may operate the facility with department staff until such license is restored. If such license is not restored within one year, this shall constitute a default and the department may pursue the remedies provided in this subsection.

      (P.A. 85-472, S. 4, 7.)

      History: Sec. 19a-464f transferred to Sec. 17a-223 in 1991.

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      Sec. 17a-224. (Formerly Sec. 19a-464g). Purchase-of-service contract. The department may administer the residential facility revolving loan program through a purchase-of-service contract with any state-wide private nonprofit housing development corporation which is organized for the purpose of expanding independent living opportunities for disabled persons.

      (P.A. 85-472, S. 5, 7.)

      History: Sec. 19a-464g transferred to Sec. 17a-224 in 1991.

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      Sec. 17a-225. (Formerly Sec. 19a-464h). Bond authorization. (a) The State Bond Commission shall have the power, from time to time to authorize the issuance of bonds of the state in one or more series and in principal amounts not exceeding in the aggregate six million dollars.

      (b) The proceeds of the sale of said bonds, to the extent of the amount stated in subsection (a) of this section, shall be used for the purposes of sections 17a-220 to 17a-224, inclusive.

      (c) All provisions of section 3-20, or the exercise of any right or power granted thereby which are not inconsistent with the provisions of sections 17a-220 to 17a-224, inclusive, are hereby adopted and shall apply to all bonds authorized by the State Bond Commission pursuant to said sections, and temporary notes in anticipation of the money to be derived from the sale of any such bonds so authorized may be issued in accordance with said section 3-20 and from time to time renewed. Such bonds shall mature at such time or times not exceeding twenty years from their respective dates as may be provided in or pursuant to the resolution or resolutions of the State Bond Commission authorizing such bonds. None of said bonds shall be authorized except upon a finding by the State Bond Commission that there has been filed with it a request for such authorization, which is signed by or on behalf of the Commissioner of Developmental Services and states such terms and conditions as said commission, in its discretion, may require. Said bonds issued pursuant to sections 17a-220 to 17a-224, inclusive, shall be general obligations of the state and the full faith and credit of the state of Connecticut are pledged for the payment of the principal of and interest on said bonds as the same become due, and accordingly and as part of the contract of the state with the holders of said bonds, appropriation of all amounts necessary for punctual payment of such principal and interest is hereby made, and the Treasurer shall pay such principal and interest as the same become due.

      (P.A. 85-472, S. 6, 7; P.A. 86-396, S. 24, 25; P.A. 87-405, S. 17, 26; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-1, S. 16; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(b).)

      History: P.A. 86-396 increased bond authorization from $3,000,000 to $5,000,000; P.A. 87-405 decreased the bond authorization to $4,000,000; Sec. 19a-464h transferred to Sec. 17a-225 in 1991; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-1 amended Subsec. (a) to increase the authorization to $6,000,000, effective July 1, 2004; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Commissioner of Mental Retardation" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 17a-226. (Formerly Sec. 19a-466). Day services for adults with mental retardation. Funding. The Commissioner of Developmental Services shall develop, to the extent funding is available, a program of employment opportunities and day services for adults with mental retardation. Any nonprofit organization which provides such services may apply to the Department of Developmental Services for funds to be used to assist in establishing, maintaining or expanding its program. No funding to assist in establishing, maintaining or expanding programs of employment opportunities and day services under the provisions of this section shall exceed the ordinary and recurring operating expenses of such employment opportunities and day services. The Commissioner of Developmental Services shall establish the requirements to be met by such organizations in order to be eligible to receive funds as provided by this section and establish procedures to be used in making application for such funds. Upon receipt of proper application, the Department of Developmental Services, if funding is available, shall provide such funds, provided the organization meets the requirements established by the commissioner in accordance with the provisions of this section. The Department of Developmental Services may receive federal, municipal or private funds available or tendered on a matching or supporting basis for the development, maintenance and promotion of employment opportunities and day services. For purposes of this section, "employment opportunities and day services" means the following programs operated or funded by the Department of Developmental Services for adults: Supported employment, sheltered employment, community experience, adult day treatment and opportunities for older adults.

      (1959, P.A. 148, S. 35; P.A. 75-638, S. 14, 23; P.A. 76-340, S. 2; P.A. 79-171, S. 3; P.A. 88-28, S. 4, 8; P.A. 89-325, S. 22, 26; P.A. 90-138, S. 1, 2; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a),(b).)

      History: P.A. 75-638 replaced deputy commissioner of mental retardation with commissioner of mental retardation and department of health with department of mental retardation; P.A. 76-340 removed provision allowing boards of education to apply for funds; Sec. 19-4f transferred to Sec. 19-573 in 1977; P.A. 79-171 added reference to grants for maintenance and expansion of vocational training centers; Sec. 19-573 transferred to Sec. 19a-466 in 1983; P.A. 88-28 substituted references to "day services for adults with mental retardation" for references to vocational training, added definition of "day services", deleted definition of "vocational training center" and language providing for regulations governing the granting of funds, and added language concerning availability of funding; P.A. 89-325 added term "employment opportunities" and replaced "grant" with "funding"; P.A. 90-138 deleted language prohibiting use of funds for capital expenditures; Sec. 19a-466 transferred to Sec. 17a-226 in 1991; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Commissioner of Mental Retardation" and "Department of Mental Retardation" were changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Developmental Services" and "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 17a-227. (Formerly Sec. 19a-467). Licensing and regulation of residential facilities for mentally retarded and autistic persons. (a) No person, firm or corporation shall conduct or maintain within this state a residential facility which it owns, leases or rents for the lodging, care or treatment of persons with mental retardation or autistic persons unless such person, firm or corporation, upon written application, verified by oath, has obtained a license issued by the Department of Developmental Services.

      (b) The commissioner shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to insure the comfort, safety, adequate medical care and treatment of such persons at such residential facilities. Such regulations shall include requirements that: (1) All residential facility staff be certified in cardiopulmonary resuscitation in a manner and timeframe prescribed by the commissioner; (2) records of staffing schedules and actual staff hours worked, by residential facility, be available for inspection by the department upon advance notice; (3) each residential facility develop and implement emergency plans and staff training to address emergencies that may pose a threat to the health and safety of the residents of the facility; (4) department inspectors verify during licensing inspections, that (A) staff is adequately trained to respond in an emergency, and (B) a summary of information on each resident is available to emergency medical personnel for use in an emergency; and (5) at least half of the inspections conducted by the department after initial licensure are unannounced.

      (c) After receiving an application and making such investigation as is deemed necessary and after finding the specified requirements to have been fulfilled, the department shall grant a license to such applicant to conduct a facility of the character described in such application, which license shall specify the name of the person to have charge and the location of such facility. Any person, firm or corporation aggrieved by any requirement of the regulations or by the refusal to grant any license may within twenty days of any order directing the enforcement of any provision of such regulations or the refusal of such license, appeal therefrom in accordance with the provisions of section 4-183, except venue for such appeal shall be in the judicial district in which such facility is located. If the licensee of any such facility desires to place in charge thereof a person other than the one specified in the license, application shall be made to the Department of Developmental Services, in the same manner as provided for the original application, for permission to make such change. Such application shall be acted upon within ten days from the date of the filing of same. Each such license shall be renewed annually upon such terms as may be established by regulations and may be revoked by the department upon proof that the facility for which such license was issued is being improperly conducted, or for the violation of any of the provisions of this section or of the regulations adopted pursuant to this subsection, provided the licensee shall first be given a reasonable opportunity to be heard in reference to such proposed revocation. Any person, firm or corporation aggrieved by such revocation may appeal in the same manner as hereinbefore provided. Each person, firm or corporation, upon filing an application under the provisions of this section for a license for a facility providing residential services for five or more persons, shall pay to the State Treasurer the sum of fifty dollars.

      (d) Notwithstanding any regulation to the contrary, subject to the provisions of this section, the Department of Developmental Services may contract, within available appropriations, with any organization for the operation of a community-based residential facility, provided such facility is licensed by the department. The department shall include in all contracts with such organizations, provisions requiring the department to (1) conduct periodic reviews of contract performance, and (2) take progressive enforcement actions if the department finds poor performance or noncompliance with the contract, as follows: (A) The organization may be placed on a strict schedule of monitoring and oversight by the department; (B) the organization may be placed on a partial-year contract; and (C) payments due under the contract may be reduced by specific amounts on a monthly basis until the organization complies with the contract. If compliance cannot be achieved, the department shall terminate the contract.

      (e) The department may contract with any person, firm or corporation to provide residential support services for persons with mental retardation who reside in settings which are not licensed by the department. The commissioner shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to ensure the safety, adequate supervision and support of persons receiving residential support services.

      (f) Any person, firm or corporation who conducts any facility contrary to the provisions of this section shall be fined not more than one thousand dollars or imprisoned not more than six months or both. Any person, firm or corporation who conducts any facility contrary to the regulations adopted pursuant to subsection (b) of this section shall be fined not more than one thousand dollars.

      (1969, P.A. 740, S. 1; P.A. 75-638, S. 15, 23; P.A. 77-603, S. 59, 125; P.A. 78-280, S. 2, 127; P.A. 80-110; P.A. 81-118; P.A. 82-7; P.A. 87-112, S. 1, 2; P.A. 89-375, S. 2, 5; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-11, S. 10, 25; P.A. 03-146, S. 2; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a).)

      History: P.A. 75-638 replaced office of mental retardation in health department with independent department of mental retardation; Sec. 19-4g transferred to Sec. 19-574 in 1977; P.A. 77-603 replaced previous appeal provisions with statement that appeals be made in accordance with Sec. 4-183 and added reference to judicial districts; P.A. 78-280 deleted reference to counties; P.A. 80-110 inserted new Subsec. (c) re contracts with nonprofit organizations and redesignated former Subsec. (c) as (d); P.A. 81-118 amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) to extend the licensing authority of the department of mental retardation to residential facilities for autistic persons, to exempt from the licensing fee requirement residential facilities for less than five persons and to delete specific expiration date of December thirty-first, referring instead to annual renewal as provided by regulation; P.A. 82-7 amended Subsec. (c) to require that community-based residential facilities for the mentally retarded operated by nonprofit organizations be licensed by the department of mental retardation, where previously Subsec. required that "programs" be "supervised" by mental retardation department; Sec. 19-574 transferred to Sec. 19a-467 in 1983; P.A. 87-112 amended Subsec. (c) to remove restriction limiting contracting authority to contracts with nonprofit organizations only; P.A. 89-375 made technical changes and inserted new Subsec. (d) re contracts for provision of residential support services, relettered existing Subsec. (d) as (e) and amended (e) by adding language re the fine for violation of regulations; Sec. 19a-467 transferred to Sec. 17a-227 in 1991; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-11 amended Subsec. (c) to make department's ability to contract subject to available appropriations; P.A. 03-146 amended Subsec. (b) by adding Subdivs. (1) to (5) re requirements to be included in regulations, redesignated existing provisions of Subsec. (b) re license as new Subsec. (c), redesignated existing Subsecs. (c) to (e) as Subsecs. (d) to (f), and amended Subsec. (d) by making a technical change and adding requirements for enforcing contract provisions with providers, effective July 1, 2004; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Department of Mental Retardation" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007.

      See Sec. 8-3e re zoning regulations for community residences for mentally retarded persons.

      See Sec. 9-159s re notice to certain conservators and guardians re voting opportunities provided to certain residents.


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      Sec. 17a-227a. State criminal background checks for applicants for employment. (a) The Commissioner of Developmental Services shall require each applicant for employment in a Department of Developmental Services program that provides direct services to persons with mental retardation to submit to a check of such applicant's state criminal background.

      (b) The commissioner may require private sector service providers under contract with or licensed by the department to provide residential, day or support services to persons with mental retardation, to require each applicant for employment who will have direct and ongoing contact with persons and families receiving such services to submit to a check of such applicant's state criminal background. If the department requires such providers to have such applicants submit to such checks, the administrative costs associated with such checks shall be considered an allowable cost on the annual cost report.

      (c) If such checks are conducted, no applicant shall be hired by the department or a private sector service provider until the results of such checks are available.

      (P.A. 03-203, S. 1; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a),(b).)

      History: Pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Commissioner of Mental Retardation" and "Department of Mental Retardation" were changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Developmental Services" and "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 17a-227b. Employment applicants required to submit to state child abuse and neglect registry check. The Commissioner of Developmental Services may require each applicant seeking employment with the department or seeking employment with a provider licensed or funded by the department to submit to a check for substantiated complaints in the Department of Children and Families child abuse and neglect registry established pursuant to section 17a-101k.

      (P.A. 09-85, S. 1.)

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      Sec. 17a-228. (Formerly Sec. 19a-483). Payments for room and board and other services for persons with mental retardation in residential facilities. Authorization for admission to residential facilities; annual review. (a) If a person with mental retardation residing in a residential facility for the mentally retarded licensed pursuant to section 17a-227, but not certified to participate in the Title XIX Medicaid program as an intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded, qualifies for the program of state supplementation to the Supplemental Security Income Program, the Commissioner of Social Services shall pay, under such qualifying program, on behalf of such person the rate established pursuant to subsection (b) of section 17b-244 for room and board, after a reasonable deduction, as determined by the commissioner, to reflect such person's income. The Department of Developmental Services shall pay the rate established pursuant to subsection (b) of section 17b-244 for services other than room and board provided on behalf of any person whose admission to the facility has been authorized by the Department of Developmental Services.

      (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, persons residing in residential facilities for the mentally retarded licensed pursuant to section 17a-227 and receiving state payment for the cost of such services on October 1, 1983, shall be deemed to have been authorized for admission by the Department of Developmental Services. In addition, any person who is admitted to a residential facility for the mentally retarded after October 1, 1983, and not later than December 31, 1983, which facility is licensed pursuant to said section after October 1, 1983, and who is receiving state payment for the cost of such services, shall be deemed to have been authorized for admission by the Department of Developmental Services if (1) not later than July 15, 1983, the applicant for licensure owns or has an interest in the facility or land upon which the facility shall be located, or concludes a closing transaction on any mortgage loan secured by mortgage on such facility or land, (2) such facility is licensed not later than December 31, 1983, and (3) the applicant for licensure presents evidence to the Commissioner of Developmental Services that commitments had been made by such applicant not later than July 15, 1983, for the placement of individuals in such facility.

      (c) The Department of Social Services shall continue to make payments on behalf of persons residing, on or before October 1, 1983, in residential facilities licensed pursuant to section 17a-227 on or before October 1, 1983, but not certified as intermediate care facilities for the mentally retarded, and on behalf of persons authorized for admission into such facilities by the Department of Developmental Services after October 1, 1983, who are otherwise eligible for assistance under sections 17b-600 to 17b-604, inclusive. Such payment shall be on the same basis and at the same rate which is in effect on October 1, 1983, and shall continue to pay such rate until the next succeeding annual rate is determined as provided in section 17b-244 and in this section.

      (d) Each individual authorized for admission pursuant to subsections (a) or (b) of this section into a residential facility for the mentally retarded licensed pursuant to section 17a-227 shall be reviewed annually by the Department of Developmental Services. Upon completion of the annual review, the Department of Developmental Services may (1) renew the authorization of the individual for continued state-assisted care in the residential facility, (2) refuse to renew the authorization of the individual for continued state-assisted care in the residential facility but authorize admission into alternate facilities or (3) refuse to renew the authorization of the individual for continued state-assisted care in the facility and refuse to authorize continued state-assisted care in alternate facilities. If the Department of Developmental Services refuses to renew the authorization of the individual for continued state-assisted care in the residential facility and either authorizes admission into alternative facilities or refuses to authorize the individual for state-assisted care in any such alternative facility, the Department of Developmental Services shall continue to pay the rate established pursuant to section 17b-244 for such time as may be administratively necessary for the Department of Developmental Services to arrange for an appropriate transfer.

      (e) Whenever the Department of Developmental Services refuses to renew the authorization of a person for continued state-assisted care in a licensed residential facility for the mentally retarded pursuant to subsection (d) of this section and either authorizes the individual for admission into alternate facilities or refuses to authorize the individual for continued state-assisted care in any alternative facility, the Department of Developmental Services shall give thirty days' notice of its determination to the previously authorized individual and to such individual's parent, conservator, guardian or other legal representative. Such notice shall also notify each such individual or his legal representative of the individual's right to contest the determination by submitting a request for a hearing in writing to the Commissioner of Developmental Services within fifteen days of receiving the notice required by this subsection. Such hearing, if requested, shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of sections 4-176e to 4-184, inclusive. State-assisted care shall continue in the present facility pending final disposition of any such hearing.

      (f) Whenever the Department of Social Services is notified that a facility receiving payments from the Department of Developmental Services under the provisions of this section has been certified as an intermediate care facility for persons with mental retardation, as defined in 42 CFR 440.50, the Commissioner of Social Services shall notify the Governor and the Governor, with the approval of the Finance Advisory Committee, may transfer from the appropriation for the Department of Developmental Services to the Department of Social Services, sufficient funds to cover the cost of all services previously paid by the Department of Developmental Services that are reimbursable, at the rate established for services provided by such certified facilities. Subsequent budget requests from both departments shall reflect such transfer of responsibility.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-39, S. 4; P.A. 84-546, S. 57, 173; P.A. 86-24, S. 1; P.A. 88-156, S. 22; 88-317, S. 82, 107; P.A. 89-375, S. 3, 5; P.A. 93-262, S. 1, 87; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a),(b).)

      History: P.A. 84-546 made technical changes in Subsecs. (b) and (c); P.A. 86-24 substituted "alternate facilities" for "facilities offering different level of care" in Subsecs. (d) and (e); P.A. 88-156 made technical changes and replaced aid to the disabled, aid to the blind or aid to the elderly programs with program of state supplementation to the supplemental security income program; P.A. 88-317 amended reference to Secs. 4-177 to 4-184 in Subsec. (e) to include new sections added to Ch. 54, effective July 1, 1989, and applicable to all agency proceedings commencing on or after that date; P.A. 89-375 added Subsec. (f) re transfer of funds from mental retardation department appropriation to income maintenance department; Sec. 19a-483 transferred to Sec. 17a-228 in 1991; P.A. 93-262 authorized substitution of commissioner and department of social services for commissioner and department of income maintenance, effective July 1, 1993; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Commissioner of Mental Retardation" and "Department of Mental Retardation" were changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Developmental Services" and "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 17a-229. (Formerly Sec. 19a-483a). Commissioner of Developmental Services to make payments for operating costs incurred prior to admission of residents. The Commissioner of Developmental Services may, upon application by a residential facility licensed under section 17a-227, at his discretion and prior to the opening of such facility, make payments for operating costs to be incurred up to forty-five days in advance of the initial admission of residents by such facility. He shall ensure that all payments made pursuant to this section and section 17a-228 have been properly expended and shall recoup payments improperly expended.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-39, S. 5, 18; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(b).)

      History: Sec. 19a-483a transferred to Sec. 17a-229 in 1991; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Commissioner of Mental Retardation" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 17a-230. (Formerly Sec. 19a-483b). Regulations. Exemptions. (a) The Commissioner of Developmental Services shall adopt regulations in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54 to implement the provisions of section 17a-229 and subsection (a) of section 17a-228 pertaining to the Commissioner of Developmental Services. Such regulations shall include, but not be limited to, standards for client eligibility for programmatic services provided under subsection (a) of section 17a-228 which standards may address client need for such services and departmental priorities for clients to receive services under subsection (a) of section 17a-228, criteria for determining resident ability to pay for all or part of the cost of such services, standards for advance payments to private entities for the provision of such services, standards for the recovery of payments improperly expended and standards for fair hearing or case review for persons denied eligibility or admission.

      (b) The commissioner shall adopt regulations in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54 to govern the annual reviews mandated by subsection (d) of section 17a-228. Such regulations shall address individual need for continued authorization to receive residential care and the continued appropriateness of the facility. Such regulations shall recognize the characteristics of persons deemed authorized for admission pursuant to subsection (b) of section 17a-228.

      (c) The commissioner may grant exemptions from regulations adopted pursuant to subsections (a) and (b) of this section for group homes in operation prior to October 1, 1983, and shall adopt regulations concerning the criteria and procedures for such exemptions.

      (d) The commissioner shall allow any authorized client of a private residential facility licensed in accordance with section 17a-227 to be absent from such facility for not more than thirty-six days per year without affecting reimbursement to such facility. In order to be reimbursed for absences in excess of thirty-six days, the facility shall obtain prior approval for the absence from the commissioner. The commissioner shall adopt regulations in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54 to implement the provisions of this subsection.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-39, S. 6, 18; P.A. 84-517, S. 1; P.A. 85-310, S. 3, 4; P.A. 86-24, S. 2; 86-380, S. 1, 2; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(b).)

      History: P.A. 84-517 added Subsec. (c) re exemptions from regulations for group homes in operation prior to October 1, 1983 and adoption of regulations re criteria and procedures; P.A. 85-310 added Subsec. (d) requiring commissioner to allow client of private residential facility to be absent for not more than 36 days per year without affecting reimbursement and to adopt regulations accordingly; P.A. 86-24 substituted appropriateness of the "facility" for the "level of care required"; P.A. 86-380 added provision requiring prior approval for absences of more than 36 days in Subsec. (d); Sec. 19a-483b transferred to Sec. 17a-230 in 1991; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Commissioner of Mental Retardation" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 17a-231. (Formerly Sec. 19a-467a). Receivership of residential facilities for mentally retarded persons: Definitions. As used in this section and sections 17a-232 to 17a-237, inclusive, unless the context otherwise requires:

      (1) "Residential facility for mentally retarded persons" means a residential facility for persons with mental retardation that is licensed, or required to be licensed, pursuant to section 17a-227, including staffing and other program resources associated with such facility;

      (2) "Emergency" means a situation, physical condition or one or more practices, methods or operations which present imminent danger of death or serious physical or mental harm to residents of a residential facility for mentally retarded persons;

      (3) "Transfer trauma" means the medical and psychological reactions to physical transfer that increase the risk of death, or grave illness, or both, in persons with mental retardation;

      (4) "Substantial violation" means a violation of regulations adopted pursuant to section 17a-227 which presents a reasonable likelihood of serious physical or mental harm to residents of a residential facility for mentally retarded persons; and

      (5) "Habitual violation" means a violation of regulations adopted pursuant to section 17a-227 which, due to its repetition, presents a reasonable likelihood of serious physical or mental harm to residents of a residential facility for mentally retarded persons.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-39, S. 7; P.A. 01-18; 01-195, S. 129, 181.)

      History: Sec. 19a-467a transferred to Sec. 17a-231 in 1991; P.A. 01-18 redesignated Subdivs. (a) to (e) as Subdivs. (1) to (5), amended definition of "residential facility for mentally retarded persons" to include associated staffing and other program resources and made technical changes; P.A. 01-195 made technical changes, effective July 11, 2001.

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      Sec. 17a-232. (Formerly Sec. 19a-467b). Application for receivership. Hearing. Emergency order. (a) An application to appoint a receiver for a residential facility for mentally retarded persons may be filed in the Superior Court by the Commissioner of Developmental Services or the director of the Office of Protection and Advocacy for Persons with Disabilities. A resident of the facility or the resident's legally liable relative, conservator, or guardian may file a written complaint with the Commissioner of Developmental Services specifying conditions at the facility which warrant an application to appoint a receiver. If the Commissioner of Developmental Services fails to resolve the complaint within forty-five days of its receipt or, in the case of a facility which intends to close, within seven days of its receipt, the person who filed the complaint may file an application in the Superior Court for the appointment of a receiver for the facility. The court shall immediately notify the Attorney General of the application. The court shall hold a hearing not later than ten days after the date the application is filed. Notice of the hearing shall be given to the owner of the facility or the owner's agent for service of process not less than five days prior to the hearing. The notice shall be posted by the court in a conspicuous place inside the facility for not less than three days prior to the hearing.

      (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section the court may appoint a receiver upon an ex parte motion when affidavits, testimony or any other evidence presented indicates that there is a reasonable likelihood an emergency exists in the facility which must be remedied immediately to insure the health, safety and welfare of the residents of the facility. Notice of the application and order shall be served on the owner or his agent for service of process and shall be posted in a conspicuous place inside the facility not later than twenty-four hours after issuance of the order. A hearing on the application shall be held not later than five days after the issuance of the order unless the owner consents to a later date.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-39, S. 8; P.A. 89-144, S. 8; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(b).)

      History: P.A. 89-144 amended Subsec. (a) by substituting the office of protection and advocacy for persons with disabilities for the office of protection and advocacy for handicapped and developmentally disabled persons; Sec. 19a-467b transferred to Sec. 17a-232 in 1991; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Commissioner of Mental Retardation" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 17a-233. (Formerly Sec. 19a-467c). Imposition of receivership: Grounds; defenses. (a) The court may grant an application for the appointment of a receiver for a residential facility for mentally retarded persons upon a finding of any of the following: (1) The facility is operating without a license issued pursuant to section 17a-227; (2) the facility intends to close and adequate arrangements for relocation of its residents have not been made at least thirty days prior to closing; (3) there exists in the facility a condition in substantial violation of regulations established pursuant to section 17a-227; (4) there exists in the facility a practice of habitual violation of regulations established pursuant to section 17a-227.

      (b) It shall be a sufficient defense to a receivership application if any owner of a residential facility for mentally retarded persons establishes that: (1) He did not have knowledge or could not reasonably have known that any conditions in violation of section 17a-227 existed, or (2) he did not have a reasonable time in which to correct such violations, or (3) the violations listed in the application do not, in fact, exist, or (4) in the event the grounds upon which the petition is based are those set forth in subdivision (2) of subsection (a) of this section, the facility does not intend to close.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-39, S. 9.)

      History: Sec. 19a-467c transferred to Sec. 17a-233 in 1991.

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      Sec. 17a-234. (Formerly Sec. 19a-467d). Duties of receiver. A receiver appointed pursuant to the provisions of sections 17a-231 to 17a-237, inclusive, in operating such facility, shall have the same powers as a receiver of a corporation under section 52-507 and shall exercise such powers to remedy the conditions which constituted grounds for the imposition of receivership, assure adequate care for the residents and preserve the assets and property of the owner. If a facility is placed in receivership it shall be the duty of the receiver to notify residents and family, except where medically contraindicated. The receiver may correct or eliminate any deficiency in the structure or furnishings of the facility which endangers the safety or health of the residents while they remain in the facility, provided the total cost of correction does not exceed three thousand dollars. The court may order expenditures for this purpose in excess of three thousand dollars upon the application of the receiver. If any resident is transferred or discharged the receiver shall provide for: (1) Transportation of the resident and the resident's belongings and records to the place where the resident is being transferred or discharged; (2) aid in locating an alternative placement and discharge planning; (3) preparation for transfer to mitigate transfer trauma, including, but not limited to, participation by the resident or the resident's guardian in the selection of the resident's alternative placement, explanation of alternative placements and orientation concerning the placement chosen; and (4) custodial care of all property or assets of residents which are in the possession of the owner of the facility. The receiver shall preserve all property, assets and records of residents which the receiver has custody of and shall provide for the prompt transfer of the property, assets and records to the alternative placement of any transferred resident. In no event may the receiver transfer all residents and close a facility without a court order and without preparing a discharge plan for each resident.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-39, S. 10.)

      History: Sec. 19a-467d transferred to Sec. 17a-234 in 1991.

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      Sec. 17a-235. (Formerly Sec. 19a-467e). Authority of receiver concerning leases, mortgages and secured transactions. (a) A receiver may not be required to honor any lease, mortgage, secured transaction or other contract entered into by the owner of the facility if, upon application to the Superior Court, the court determines that: (1) The person seeking payment under the agreement was an owner or controlling stockholder of the facility or was an affiliate of such owner or controlling stockholder at the time the agreement was made; or (2) the rental, price or rate of interest required to be paid under the agreement was substantially in excess of a reasonable rental, price or rate of interest at the time the contract was entered into.

      (b) If the receiver is in possession of real estate or goods subject to a lease, mortgage or security interest which the receiver is permitted to avoid under subsection (a) of this section and, if the real estate or goods are necessary for the continued operation of the facility under this section, the receiver may apply to the court to set a reasonable rental, price or rate of interest to be paid by the receiver during the duration of the receivership. The court shall hold a hearing not later than fifteen days after application is made. Any known owners of the property involved shall receive notice of the application from the receiver at least ten days prior to the hearing. Payment by the receiver of the amount determined by the court to be reasonable is a defense to any action against the receiver for payment or for possession of the goods or real estate subject to the lease, security interest or mortgage involved by any person who received such notice, except that such payment does not relieve the owner of the facility of any liability for the difference between the amount paid by the receiver and the amount due under such lease, security interest or mortgage involved.

      (c) The provisions of this section shall not apply to a lease, mortgage, secured transaction or other contract entered into with any financial institution regulated by a state or federal agency.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-39, S. 11.)

      History: Sec. 19a-467e transferred to Sec. 17a-235 in 1991.

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      Sec. 17a-236. (Formerly Sec. 19a-467f). Appointment of receiver. Accounting by receiver. (a) The court may name any responsible individual to act as a receiver, including an employee of the Department of Developmental Services. The court may remove such receiver in accordance with section 52-513. A receiver, other than an employee of the Department of Developmental Services, appointed pursuant to this section shall be entitled to a reasonable receiver's fee as determined by the court. The receiver shall be liable only in his official capacity for injury to person and property by reason of the conditions of the residential facility. He shall not be personally liable, except for acts or omissions constituting gross, wilful or wanton negligence.

      (b) The court, in its discretion, may require a bond of such receiver in accordance with section 52-506.

      (c) Each receiver shall, during the first week of January, April, July and October in each year, sign, swear to and file with the clerk of the court by which he was appointed a full and detailed account of his doings as such receiver for the three months next preceding, together with a statement of all court orders passed during such three months and the present condition and prospects of the facility in his charge, and cause a motion for a hearing and approval of the same to be placed on the short calendar.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-39, S. 12; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a).)

      History: Sec. 19a-467f transferred to Sec. 17a-236 in 1991; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Department of Mental Retardation" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 17a-237. (Formerly Sec. 19a-467g). Termination of receivership. The Superior Court, upon a motion by the receiver or the owner of such facility, may terminate the receivership if it finds that the facility has been rehabilitated so that the violations complained of no longer exist or, if the receivership was instituted pursuant to subdivision (2) of subsection (a) of section 17a-233, the orderly transfer of the patients has been completed and the facility is ready to be closed. Upon such finding, the court may terminate the receivership and return the facility to its owner. In its termination order the court may include such terms as it deems necessary to prevent the conditions complained of from recurring.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-39, S. 13.)

      History: Sec. 19a-467g transferred to Sec. 17a-237 in 1991.

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      Sec. 17a-238. (Formerly Sec. 19a-469). Rights of persons under supervision of Commissioner of Developmental Services. (a) No person placed or treated under the direction of the Commissioner of Developmental Services in any public or private facility shall be deprived of any personal, property or civil rights, except in accordance with due process of law.

      (b) Each person placed or treated under the direction of the Commissioner of Developmental Services in any public or private facility shall be protected from harm and receive humane and dignified treatment which is adequate for such person's needs and for the development of such person's full potential at all times, with full respect for such person's personal dignity and right to privacy consistent with such person's treatment plan as determined by the commissioner. No treatment plan or course of treatment for any person placed or treated under the direction of the commissioner shall include the use of an aversive device which has not been tested for safety and efficacy and approved by the federal Food and Drug Administration except for any treatment plan or course of treatment including the use of such devices which was initiated prior to October 1, 1993. No treatment plan or course of treatment prescribed for any person placed or treated under the direction of the commissioner shall include the use of aversive procedures except in accordance with procedures established by the Commissioner of Developmental Services. For purposes of this subsection, "aversive procedure" means the contingent use of an event which may be unpleasant, noxious or otherwise cause discomfort to alter the occurrence of a specific behavior or to protect an individual from injuring himself or herself or others and may include the use of physical isolation and mechanical and physical restraint. Nothing in this subsection shall prohibit persons who are not placed or treated under the direction of the Commissioner of Developmental Services from independently pursuing and obtaining any treatment plan or course of treatment as may otherwise be authorized by law. The commissioner shall adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, to carry out the provisions of this subsection.

      (c) The Commissioner of Developmental Services shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, with respect to each facility or institution under the jurisdiction of the commissioner, with regard to the following: (1) Prohibiting the use of corporal punishment; (2) when and by whom therapies may be used; (3) which therapies may be used; and (4) when a person may be placed in restraint or seclusion or when force may be used upon a person.

      (d) A copy of any order prescribing the use of therapy, restraint or seclusion in accordance with the regulations adopted under subsection (c) of this section shall be made a part of the person's permanent clinical record together with the reasons for each such order and made available in compliance with existing statutes relating to the right to know.

      (e) The Commissioner of Developmental Services shall ensure that each person placed or treated under the commissioner's direction in any public or private facility is afforded the following rights and privileges: (1) The right to prompt, sufficient and appropriate medical and dental treatment; (2) the right to communicate freely and privately with any person, including, but not limited to, an attorney or other legal representative of the person's choosing; (3) the right to reasonable access to a telephone, both to make and receive calls in private, unless such access is used in violation of any federal or state statute; (4) the right to send and receive unopened mail and to make reasonable requests for assistance in the preparation of correspondence; (5) the safety of each person's personal effects shall be assured including the provision of reasonably accessible individual storage space; (6) the right to be free from unnecessary or excessive physical restraint; (7) the right to voice grievances without interference; (8) the right to a nourishing and well-balanced diet; (9) the right to be employed outside a facility and to receive assistance in his or her efforts to secure suitable employment. The department shall encourage the employment of such persons and shall promote the training of such persons for gainful employment, and all benefits of such employment shall accrue solely to the person employed; (10) the right to have the complete record maintained by the Department of Developmental Services concerning such person released for review, inspection and copying to such person's attorney or other legal representative notwithstanding any provisions of subsection (g) of section 4-193 or section 4-194; and (11) the right to receive or purchase his or her own clothing and personal effects, including toilet articles, and the right to wear such clothing and use such personal effects except where determined to be dangerous to the health or safety of the individual or others.

      (f) The Commissioner of Developmental Services shall require the attending physician of any person placed or treated under the direction of the commissioner to obtain informed written consent from the following persons prior to authorizing any surgical procedure or any medical treatment, excluding routine medical treatment which is necessary to maintain the general health of a resident or to prevent the spread of any communicable disease: (1) The resident if such resident is eighteen years of age or over or is legally emancipated and competent to give such consent; (2) the parent of a resident under eighteen years of age who is not legally emancipated; or (3) the legal guardian or conservator of a resident of any age who is adjudicated unable to make informed decisions about matters relating to such resident's medical care. The person whose consent is required shall be informed of the nature and consequences of the particular treatment or surgical procedure, the reasonable risks, benefits and purpose of such treatment or surgical procedure and any alternative treatment or surgical procedures which are available. The consent of any resident or of any parent, guardian or conservator of any resident may be withdrawn at any time prior to the commencement of the treatment or surgical procedure. The regional or training school director having custody and control of a resident of any facility may authorize necessary surgery for such resident where, in the opinion of the resident's attending physician, the surgery is of an emergency nature and there is insufficient time to obtain the required written consent provided for in this section. The attending physician shall prepare a report describing the nature of the emergency which necessitated such surgery and shall file a copy of such report in the patient's record.

      (g) The commissioner's oversight and monitoring of the medical care of persons placed or treated under the direction of the commissioner does not include the authority to make treatment decisions, except in limited circumstances in accordance with statutory procedures. In the exercise of such oversight and monitoring responsibilities, the commissioner shall not impede or seek to impede a properly executed medical order to withhold cardiopulmonary resuscitation. For purposes of this subsection, "properly executed medical order to withhold cardiopulmonary resuscitation" means (1) a written order by the attending physician; (2) in consultation and with the consent of the patient or a person authorized by law; (3) when the attending physician is of the opinion that the patient is in a terminal condition, as defined in section 19a-570, which condition will result in death within days or weeks; and (4) when such physician has requested and obtained a second opinion from a Connecticut licensed physician in the appropriate specialty that confirms the patient's terminal condition; and includes the entry of such an order when the attending physician is of the opinion that the patient is in the final stage of a terminal condition but cannot state that the patient may be expected to expire during the next several days or weeks, or, in consultation with a physician qualified to make a neurological diagnosis, deems the patient to be permanently unconscious, provided the commissioner has reviewed the decision with the department's director of community medical services, the family and guardian of the patient and others whom the commissioner deems appropriate, and determines that the order is a medically acceptable decision.

      (h) Any person applying for services from the Commissioner of Developmental Services or any person placed by a probate court under the direction of the Commissioner of Developmental Services, and such person's parents or guardian, shall be informed orally and in writing at the time of application or placement of the rights guaranteed by this section and the provisions of subdivision (5) of section 46a-11. A summary of such rights shall be posted conspicuously in the public areas of every public or private facility providing services to persons under the care of the Commissioner of Developmental Services.

      (P.A. 76-152, S. 1-3; P.A. 80-311, S. 1, 5; P.A. 81-150; P.A. 82-86; P.A. 86-41, S. 10, 11; P.A. 88-317, S. 81, 107; P.A. 93-253; 93-303; P.A. 01-140, S. 2; 01-195, S. 130, 181; P.A. 06-195, S. 60; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a),(b); 07-252, S. 3.)

      History: P.A. 80-311 required as part of permanent record the reasons for each therapy order under Subsec. (d) and added Subsecs. (e) and (f) re patients' rights; P.A. 81-150 amended Subsec. (e) to add to the rights of persons under the supervision of the commissioner of mental retardation the right of such persons to receive or purchase their own clothing and personal effects, including toilet articles, and to wear or use them unless deemed dangerous to the health or safety or that of others; P.A. 82-86 inserted new Subsec. (d) requiring physician to obtain written consent before authorizing surgical procedure or medical treatment as specified, relettering as necessary; Sec. 19-575a transferred to Sec. 19a-469 in 1983; P.A. 86-41 substituted "director" for "superintendent" in Subsec. (f); P.A. 88-317 amended reference to Secs. 4-166 to 4-176 in Subsec. (c) to include new section added to Ch. 54, effective July 1, 1989, and applicable to all agency proceedings commencing on or after that date; Sec. 19a-469 transferred to Sec. 17a-238 in 1991; P.A. 93-253 amended Subsec. (b) re use of aversive devices and procedures, defined "aversive device" and required adoption of regulations; P.A. 93-303 inserted new Subsec. (g) to describe the commissioner's oversight and monitoring of medical care of persons under his direction with respect to medical orders to withhold cardiopulmonary resuscitation, relettering former Subsec. (g) as (h); P.A. 01-140 made technical changes in Subsecs. (b) to (h) and amended Subsec. (f) by adding provision re emergency surgery authorization by regional or training school director having custody and control of resident; P.A. 01-195 duplicated technical changes made in P.A. 01-140, effective July 11, 2001; P.A. 06-195 amended Subsec. (g)(3) by referencing "section 19a-570" instead of "subdivision (3) of section 19a-570"; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Commissioner of Mental Retardation" and "Department of Mental Retardation" were changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Developmental Services" and "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007; P.A. 07-252 made a technical change in Subsec. (g).

      Annotation to former section 19a-469:

      Cited. 221 C. 346.


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      Sec. 17a-239. (Formerly Sec. 19a-470). Definitions. For the purposes of sections 17a-240 to 17a-244, inclusive, "a person eligible to receive services from State of Connecticut-Unified School District #3" means a child who has not attained the age of eligibility for the provision of special education and related services as specified in subsection (q) of section 10-76a-1 of the regulations of Connecticut state agencies, as amended, and who has a significant developmental delay or a diagnosed physical or mental condition with a high probability of resulting in a significant developmental delay.

      (P.A. 77-587, S. 1, 9; P.A. 79-35, S. 2; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-11, S. 2, 25.)

      History: P.A. 79-35 redefined "child requiring functional education" as one who at maturity is not expected to exceed intellectual functioning equal to that of four-year-old child rather than as one who is "severely or profoundly retarded"; Sec. 19-575b transferred to Sec. 19a-470 in 1983; Sec. 19a-470 transferred to Sec. 17a-239 in 1991; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-11 replaced definition of "a child requiring functional education" and with definition for "a person eligible to receive services from the state of Connecticut-Unified School District #3".

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      Sec. 17a-240. (Formerly Sec. 19a-471). Establishment of Unified School District #3 in the Department of Developmental Services. The Commissioner of Developmental Services shall, within available appropriations, operate a school district within the Department of Developmental Services, to be known as State of Connecticut-Unified School District #3. The school district shall provide educational services to persons eligible to receive services from State of Connecticut-Unified School District #3. The school district shall operate on a twelve-month calendar to provide uninterrupted educational programming.

      (P.A. 77-587, S. 2, 9; P.A. 79-35, S. 3; P.A. 81-282; P.A. 82-302, S. 1, 2; P.A. 83-169, S. 4; P.A. 86-79, S. 1, 2; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-11, S. 3, 25; P.A. 01-195, S. 131, 181; P.A. 04-54, S. 4; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a), (b).)

      History: P.A. 79-35 deleted words "severely or profoundly mentally retarded" to describe children requiring functional education in Subsec. (a); P.A. 81-282 amended Subsec. (a) to change membership of the education council adding one person from the board of trustees of the Mansfield Training School and one from the board of Southbury Training School and reducing from three to one the number representing the council on mental retardation and to reduce the number of meetings from six to four per year and substituted "persons" for "children" throughout the section; P.A. 82-302 authorized operation of the special school district on a twelve-month calendar; Sec. 19-575c transferred to Sec. 19a-471 in 1983; P.A. 83-169 amended Subsec. (a), changing name designation of school district to State of Connecticut-Unified School District #3; P.A. 86-79 revised council membership, reducing number from fifteen to seven; Sec. 19a-471 transferred to Sec. 17a-240 in 1991; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-11 amended Subsec. (a) to replace "severely or profoundly handicapped persons" with "infants and toddlers with developmental delays", to make operation of the school district by the department subject to available appropriations, and to make technical language changes; P.A. 01-195 made technical changes, effective July 11, 2001; P.A. 04-54 amended existing Subsec. (a) to eliminate provisions re education council for the school district within the Department of Mental Retardation and deleted former Subsec. (b) and Subsec. (a) designator; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Commissioner of Mental Retardation" and "Department of Mental Retardation" were changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Developmental Services" and "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007.

      See Sec. 10-15d re applicability of education general statutes to special school district.

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      Sec. 17a-241. (Formerly Sec. 19a-472). Appointment and duties of school superintendent. (a) The Commissioner of Developmental Services shall appoint a superintendent for the school district. Said superintendent shall operate the school district in accordance with the rules and orders of the commissioner. The superintendent shall, subject to the approval of the commissioner, make rules for the administration of the school system, provided all such rules are in accordance with regulations established by the State Board of Education.

      (b) The superintendent of the school district under the general supervision of the Commissioner of Developmental Services shall have the power to (1) establish and maintain within the department a state-wide system of programs as required; (2) purchase, receive, hold and convey personal property for school purposes and equip and supply such schools with necessary furniture, equipment and other appendages; (3) make agreements and regulations for establishing and conducting the district's programs and employ and dismiss, in accordance with the applicable provisions of section 10-151, such teachers and other staff as are necessary to carry out the intent of sections 17a-239 to 17a-244, inclusive, and to pay their salaries; (4) receive any federal funds or aid made available to the state for such programs and shall be eligible for and may receive any other funds or aid whether private, state or otherwise, to be used for the purposes of sections 17a-239 to 17a-244, inclusive. The superintendent of the school district may cooperate with the federal government in carrying out the purposes of any federal law pertaining to the education of students within said district, and may adopt such methods of administration as are found by the federal government to be necessary, and may comply with such conditions as may be necessary to secure the full benefit of all federal funds available.

      (P.A. 77-587, S. 3, 9; P.A. 83-169, S. 5; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-11, S. 4, 25; P.A. 04-54, S. 5; P.A. 05-256, S. 4; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(b).)

      History: Sec. 19-575d transferred to Sec. 19a-472 in 1983; P.A. 83-169 made technical changes; Sec. 19a-472 transferred to Sec. 17a-241 in 1991; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-11 amended Subsec. (b) to delete references to Sec. 10-76a(f) and changed reference to district's "schools" to district's "programs"; P.A. 04-54 amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) to delete references to education council (Revisor's note: In 2005, a reference in Subsec. (b) to "Commissioner for Mental Retardation" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Mental Retardation", for accuracy); P.A. 05-256 amended Subsec. (a) to delete provisions re education council of school district and make a technical change, effective June 30, 2005; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Commissioner of Mental Retardation" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 17a-242. (Formerly Sec. 19a-473). Annual evaluation reports. Section 17a-242 is repealed, effective October 1, 2007.

      (P.A. 77-587, S. 4, 9; 77-614, S. 302, 610; P.A. 01-195, S. 132, 181; P.A. 04-54, S. 6; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(b); 07-238, S. 10.)

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      Sec. 17a-243. (Formerly Sec. 19a-474). Placement of child. Costs. Section 17a-243 is repealed.

      (P.A. 77-587, S. 5, 9; P.A. 83-169, S. 6; 83-394, S. 1, 2; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-11, S. 24.)

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      Sec. 17a-244. (Formerly Sec. 19a-475). Regulations. The Commissioner of Developmental Services shall, pursuant to chapter 54, adopt such regulations as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of sections 17a-239 to 17a-244, inclusive.

      (P.A. 77-587, S. 6, 9; 77-614, S. 302, 610; P.A. 86-333, S. 15, 32; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-11, S. 5, 25; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(b).)

      History: P.A. 77-614 replaced secretary of the state board of education with commissioner of education, effective January 1, 1979; Sec. 19-575g transferred to Sec. 19a-475 in 1983; P.A. 86-333 substituted commissioner of mental retardation for commissioner of education; Sec. 19a-475 transferred to Sec. 17a-244 in 1991; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-11 deleted reference to Subsec. (f) of Sec. 10-76a; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Commissioner of Mental Retardation" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 17a-245. (Formerly Sec. 19a-483c). Work incentive grant for certain fully employed residents of private community-based residential facilities. Regulations. Section 17a-245 is repealed.

      (P.A. 88-219, S. 1, 3; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-11, S. 24.)

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      Sec. 17a-246. Rates of payment to organizations providing employment opportunities and day services. Regulations. (a) The amount of payments to be paid by the state to any organization which provides employment opportunities and day services for persons referred by any state agency shall be determined annually by the Commissioners of Developmental Services, Social Services, Mental Health and Addiction Services and any other state agency which purchases employment opportunities and day services using a uniform payment system. Nothing contained herein shall authorize a payment by the state in excess of the charges for comparable services to the general public. For purposes of this section, "employment opportunities and day services" means the following programs: Supported employment, sheltered employment, community experience, adult day treatment and opportunities for older adults.

      (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of the general statutes or the regulations of the Connecticut state agencies, for the fiscal year commencing July 1, 1989, and ending June 30, 1990, the Department of Developmental Services, in conjunction with the Departments of Mental Health and Addiction Services and Social Services, shall pro rate any reduction in available appropriations to any agency funded pursuant to sections 19a-476 to 19a-482, inclusive, of the general statutes, revision of 1958, revised to 1989. Such proration shall not be construed to authorize a reduction in the level of services to persons receiving services pursuant to said sections as of May 31, 1989, except that upon a showing of hardship to the appropriate commissioner, an agency may be granted relief. Any agency accredited by an appropriate national accrediting body on June 30, 1989, shall continue such accreditation through June 30, 1990.

      (c) The Commissioner of Developmental Services, in consultation with the Commissioners of Mental Health and Addiction Services, Social Services and any other agency which pays for employment opportunities and day services, shall adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, to implement the provisions of subsection (a) of this section.

      (P.A. 89-325, S. 20, 26; P.A. 93-262, S. 1, 87; P.A. 95-257, S. 11, 58; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a), (b).)

      History: P.A. 93-262 authorized substitution of commissioner and department of social services for commissioner and department of human resources, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Mental Health with Commissioner and Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, effective July 1, 1995; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Commissioner of Mental Retardation" and "Department of Mental Retardation" were changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Developmental Services" and "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 17a-247. (Formerly Sec. 19a-484). Conduct of employee of Department of Developmental Services appointed as guardian or limited guardian of a mentally retarded person. (a) Any employee of the Department of Developmental Services appointed as a guardian or limited guardian pursuant to subsection (f) of section 45a-676 shall exercise judgment, independent of the department, for the benefit and best interests of the ward.

      (b) The Department of Developmental Services shall not take or threaten to take any action against any employee of the department in retaliation for such employee's conduct as a guardian or limited guardian of a mentally retarded person.

      (P.A. 83-420, S. 5; P.A. 01-195, S. 133, 181; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a).)

      History: Sec. 19a-484 transferred to Sec. 17a-247 in 1991; P.A. 01-195 made technical changes, effective July 11, 2001; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Department of Mental Retardation" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 17a-247a. Registry of former employees of department or other service providers terminated because of substantiated acts of abuse or neglect. Definitions. As used in sections 17a-247b to 17a-247e, inclusive:

      (1) "Abuse" means the wilful infliction by an employee of physical pain or injury or the wilful deprivation of services necessary to the physical and mental health and safety of a department client.

      (2) "Authorized agency" means any agency authorized in accordance with the general statutes to conduct abuse and neglect investigations and responsible for issuing or carrying out protective services for persons with mental retardation.

      (3) "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Developmental Services.

      (4) "Department" means the Department of Developmental Services.

      (5) "Department client" means a person who is eligible for, and receives services or funding from, the department.

      (6) "Employee" means any individual employed (A) by the department, or (B) by an agency, organization or individual that is licensed or funded by the department.

      (7) "Employer" means (A) the department, or (B) an agency, organization or individual that is licensed or funded by the department.

      (8) "Neglect" means the failure by an employee, through action or inaction, to provide a department client with the services necessary to maintain such client's physical and mental health and safety.

      (9) "Protective services" has the same meaning as provided in section 46a-11a.

      (10) "Registry" means a centralized data base containing information regarding substantiated abuse or neglect.

      (11) "Substantiated abuse or neglect" means a determination by an authorized agency, following an investigation conducted or monitored by such agency, that (A) abuse or neglect of a department client has occurred, or (B) there has been a criminal conviction of a felony or misdemeanor involving abuse or neglect.

      (June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-2, S. 156, 165; P.A. 98-133, S. 1; P.A. 00-37, S. 1, 5; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a), (b); June Sp. Sess. P.A. 10-1, S. 65.)

      History: June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-2 effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 98-133 amended Subdiv. (5) by replacing person "with mental retardation" with person who is eligible for and receives services, amended Subdiv. (5) and Subdiv. (6) by deleting reference to those who provide or hire others to provide services to the department and amended Subdiv. (11) by replacing "final decision" with determination by an authorized agency following an investigation; P.A. 00-37 made technical changes in Subdivs. (8) and (9), effective May 1, 2000; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Commissioner of Mental Retardation" and "Department of Mental Retardation" were changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Developmental Services" and "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 10-1 deleted reference to Sec. 2c-2b(a)(31).

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      Sec. 17a-247b. Establishment and maintenance of registry. (a) The Department of Developmental Services shall establish and maintain a registry of individuals who have been terminated or separated from employment as a result of substantiated abuse or neglect. The department shall, for the purposes of maintaining the registry, be capable of responding to inquiries in accordance with subsection (c) of this section as to whether an individual has been terminated or separated from employment as a result of substantiated abuse or neglect. Such capability may include response by telephone voice mail or other automated response for initial inquiries.

      (b) The registry shall include, but not be limited to, the following: (1) The names, addresses and Social Security numbers of those individuals terminated or separated from employment as a result of substantiated abuse or neglect; (2) the date of termination or separation; (3) the type of abuse or neglect; and (4) the name of any employer or authorized agency requesting information from the registry, the reason for the request and the date of the request.

      (c) The department shall make information in the registry available only to: (1) Authorized agencies, for the purpose of protective service determinations; (2) employers who employ individuals to provide services to a department client; or (3) the Departments of Children and Families and Mental Health and Addiction Services, for the purpose of determining whether an applicant for employment appears on the registry.

      (d) The department shall limit responses to requests for identifying information from the registry established under this section to (1) identification of the individual terminated or separated from employment for substantiated abuse or neglect, and (2) the type of abuse or neglect so substantiated.

      (e) Not later than five business days following receipt of written notification by an authorized agency of the substantiation of abuse or neglect by an employee who has been terminated or separated from employment for such abuse or neglect, an employer shall submit to the department the name of such employee and such other information as the department may request. Upon receipt of notification of such termination or separation, the department shall conduct a hearing in accordance with sections 4-177 to 4-181a, inclusive, governing contested cases. The department shall not place an individual's name on the registry until the department has completed the hearing and the hearing has resulted in a decision to place the individual's name on the registry.

      (f) The department shall remove an employee's name from the registry if an arbitration or a legal proceeding results in a finding that the employee was unfairly terminated from employment.

      (g) No employer shall be liable in any civil action for damages brought by an employee or an applicant for employment whose name appears on the registry established by this section arising out of the conduct of the employer in (1) making any report in good faith pursuant to subsection (e) of this section, (2) testifying under oath in any administrative or judicial proceeding arising from such report, (3) refusing to hire or to retain any individual whose name appears on the registry established under this section, or (4) taking any other action to conform to the requirements of this section. The immunity provided in this subsection shall not apply to gross negligence or to wilful or wanton misconduct.

      (June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-2, S. 157, 165; P.A. 98-133, S. 2; P.A. 00-37, S. 2, 5; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a); 07-238, S. 4.)

      History: June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-2 effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 98-133 amended Subsec. (c) by changing employers "seeking to employ a person" to employers "who employ individuals", amended Subsec. (e) requiring employers to submit names five business days following "receipt of written notification by an authorized agency of the substantiation of abuse or neglect by an employee who has been terminated or separated from employment for such abuse or neglect" rather than following "an employee's termination or separation from employment for abuse or neglect", deleted requirement that the department make a determination of substantiated abuse or neglect before placing a name on the registry and replaced it with a requirement of a hearing in accordance with sections 4-177 to 4-181a and a decision before placing a name on the registry, added new Subsec. (f) re removal of name from registry and relettered remaining section accordingly; P.A. 00-37 amended Subsec. (a) by adding provision re responding to inquiries in accordance with Subsec. (c), by providing that response capability may include response by telephone voice mail or other automated response, and by deleting mandatory automated response requirement, and amended Subsec. (c) by deleting provision re limited information available through an automated response to an initial inquiry, effective May 1, 2000; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Department of Mental Retardation" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007; P.A. 07-238 added Subsec. (c)(3) to make registry information available to Departments of Children and Families and Mental Health and Addiction Services for the purpose of determining whether applicant for employment appears on the registry.

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      Sec. 17a-247c. Prohibition on hiring persons on registry. Notice to employers. (a) No employer shall hire an individual whose name appears on the registry and no employer shall retain an individual after receiving notice that an individual's name so appears.

      (b) The department shall, on at least a semiannual basis, issue a notice to employers containing the name of each individual placed on the registry and the identifying information pertaining to such individual as provided in subsection (d) of section 17a-247b.

      (June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-2, S. 158, 165; P.A. 98-133, S. 3; P.A. 00-37, S. 3, 5.)

      History: June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-2 effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 98-133 amended former Subsec. (a) by prohibiting hiring after notice of a name on the registry rather than requiring inquiry before hiring and deleted former Subsec. (b) re unauthorized inquiries about the registry; P.A. 00-37 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and added Subsec. (b) re notice to employers, effective May 1, 2000.

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      Sec. 17a-247d. Registry confidentiality. Except as required for written orders and final decisions pursuant to section 4-180a, the registry shall be confidential and neither the registry nor any supporting documentation shall be subject to disclosure under the provisions of section 1-210.

      (June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-2, S. 159, 165.)

      History: June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-2 effective July 1, 1997.

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      Sec. 17a-247e. Regulations. The Department of Developmental Services shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to implement the provisions of sections 17a-247b to 17a-247e, inclusive.

      (June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-2, S. 160, 165; P.A. 98-133, S. 4; P.A. 00-37, S. 4, 5; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a).)

      History: June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-2 effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 98-133 made adoption of regulations mandatory rather than permissive; P.A. 00-37 made technical changes, effective May 1, 2000; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Department of Mental Retardation" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 17a-248. Birth-to-three program. Definitions. As used in this section and sections 17a-248b to 17a-248g, inclusive, 38a-490a and 38a-516a, unless the context otherwise requires:

      (1) "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Developmental Services.

      (2) "Council" means the State Interagency Birth-to-Three Coordinating Council established pursuant to section 17a-248b.

      (3) "Early intervention services" means early intervention services, as defined in 34 CFR Part 303.12, as from time to time amended.

      (4) "Eligible children" means children from birth to thirty-six months of age, who are not eligible for special education and related services pursuant to sections 10-76a to 10-76h, inclusive, and who need early intervention services because such children are:

      (A) Experiencing a significant developmental delay as measured by standardized diagnostic instruments and procedures, including informed clinical opinion, in one or more of the following areas: (i) Cognitive development; (ii) physical development, including vision or hearing; (iii) communication development; (iv) social or emotional development; or (v) adaptive skills; or

      (B) Diagnosed as having a physical or mental condition that has a high probability of resulting in developmental delay.

      (5) "Evaluation" means a multidisciplinary professional, objective assessment conducted by appropriately qualified personnel in order to determine a child's eligibility for early intervention services.

      (6) "Individualized family service plan" means a written plan for providing early intervention services to an eligible child and the child's family.

      (7) "Lead agency" means the Department of Developmental Services, the public agency responsible for the administration of the birth-to-three system in collaboration with the participating agencies.

      (8) "Parent" means (A) a biological, adoptive or foster parent of a child; (B) a guardian, except for the Commissioner of Children and Families; (C) an individual acting in the place of a biological or adoptive parent, including, but not limited to, a grandparent, stepparent, or other relative with whom the child lives; (D) an individual who is legally responsible for the child's welfare; or (E) an individual appointed to be a surrogate parent.

      (9) "Participating agencies" includes, but is not limited to, the Departments of Education, Social Services, Public Health, Children and Families and Developmental Services, the Insurance Department, the Board of Education and Services for the Blind, the Commission on the Deaf and Hearing Impaired and the Office of Protection and Advocacy for Persons with Disabilities.

      (10) "Qualified personnel" means persons who meet the standards specified in 34 CFR Part 303.12(e), as from time to time amended, and who are licensed physicians or psychologists or persons holding a state-approved or recognized license, certificate or registration in one or more of the following fields: (A) Special education, including teaching of the blind and the deaf; (B) speech and language pathology and audiology; (C) occupational therapy; (D) physical therapy; (E) social work; (F) nursing; (G) dietary or nutritional counseling; and (H) other fields designated by the commissioner that meet requirements that apply to the area in which the person is providing early intervention services, provided there is no conflict with existing professional licensing, certification and registration requirements.

      (11) "Service coordinator" means a person carrying out service coordination, as defined in 34 CFR Part 303.22, as from time to time amended.

      (12) "Primary care provider" means physicians and advanced practice registered nurses, licensed by the Department of Public Health, who are responsible for performing or directly supervising the primary care services for children enrolled in the birth-to-three program.

      (P.A. 96-185, S. 1, 16; P.A. 00-27, S. 1, 24; P.A. 04-54, S. 1; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a), (b); P.A. 10-93, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 96-185 effective July 1, 1996; P.A. 00-27 made technical changes, effective May 1, 2000; P.A. 04-54 added Subdiv. (13) defining "primary care provider", effective May 4, 2004; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Commissioner of Mental Retardation" and "Department of Mental Retardation" were changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Developmental Services" and "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007; P.A. 10-93 redefined "parent" in Subdiv. (8), deleted definition of "region" in former Subdiv. (11) and redesignated existing Subdivs. (12) and (13) as Subdivs. (11) and (12).

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      Sec. 17a-248a. Birth-to-three program not deemed humane institution. The birth-to-three program established pursuant to section 17a-248b shall not be considered a humane institution, as defined in section 17b-222.

      (P.A. 96-238, S. 13, 25.)

      History: P.A. 96-238 effective July 1, 1996.

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      Sec. 17a-248b. State Interagency Birth-to-Three Coordinating Council. (a) The lead agency shall establish a State Interagency Birth-to-Three Coordinating Council and shall provide staff assistance and other resources to the council. The council shall consist of the following members, appointed by the Governor: (1) Parents, including minority parents, of children with disabilities twelve years of age or younger, with knowledge of, or experience with, programs for children with disabilities from birth to thirty-six months of age, the total number of whom shall equal not less than twenty per cent of the total membership of the council, and at least one of whom shall be a parent of a child six years of age or younger, with a disability; (2) two members of the General Assembly at the time of their appointment, one of whom shall be designated by the speaker of the House of Representatives and one of whom shall be designated by the president pro tempore of the Senate; (3) one person involved in the training of personnel who provide early intervention services; (4) one person who is a member of the American Academy of Pediatrics; (5) one person from each of the participating agencies, who shall be designated by the commissioner or executive director of the participating agency and who have authority to engage in policy planning and implementation on behalf of the participating agency; (6) public or private providers of early intervention services, the total number of whom shall equal not less than twenty per cent of the total membership of the council; and (7) a representative of a Head Start program or agency. The Governor shall designate the chairperson of the council who shall not be the designee of the lead agency.

      (b) The Governor shall appoint all members of the council for terms of three years.

      (c) The council shall meet at least quarterly and shall provide public notice of its meetings, which shall be open and accessible to the general public. Special meetings may be called by the chairperson and shall be called at the request of the commissioner.

      (d) Council members who are parents of children with disabilities shall be reimbursed for reasonable and necessary expenses incurred in the performance of their duties under this section.

      (e) The council shall: (1) Assist the lead agency in the effective performance of the lead agency's responsibilities under section 17a-248, this section and sections 17a-248c to 17a-248g, inclusive, 38a-490a and 38a-516a, including identifying the sources of fiscal support for early intervention services and programs, assignment of financial responsibility to the appropriate agency, promotion of interagency agreements and preparing applications and amendments required pursuant to federal law; (2) advise and assist the commissioner and other participating agencies in the development of standards and procedures pursuant to said sections; (3) advise and assist the commissioner and the Commissioner of Education regarding the transition of children with disabilities to services provided under sections 10-76a to 10-76h, inclusive; (4) advise and assist the commissioner in identifying barriers that impede timely and effective service delivery, including advice and assistance with regard to interagency disputes; and (5) prepare and submit an annual report in accordance with section 11-4a to the Governor and the General Assembly on the status of the birth-to-three system. At least thirty days prior to the commissioner's final approval of rules and regulations pursuant to section 17a-248, this section, sections 17a-248c to 17a-248g, inclusive, 38a-490a and 38a-516a, other than emergency rules and regulations, the commissioner shall submit proposed rules and regulations to the council for its review. The council shall review all proposed rules and regulations and report its recommendations thereon to the commissioner within thirty days. The commissioner shall not act in a manner inconsistent with the recommendations of the council without first providing the reasons for such action. The council, upon a majority vote of its members, may require that an alternative approach to the proposed rules and regulations be published with a notice of the proposed rules and regulations pursuant to chapter 54. When an alternative approach is published pursuant to this section, the commissioner shall state the reasons for not selecting such alternative approach.

      (P.A. 96-185, S. 8, 16; P.A. 98-250, S. 5, 39; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 99-2, S. 28; P.A. 00-27, S. 2, 24; P.A. 05-256, S. 7; P.A. 06-196, S. 206.)

      History: P.A. 96-185 effective July 1, 1996 (Revisor's note: In Subsec. (a) a reference to the "chair" of the council was replaced editorially by the Revisors with "chairperson" for conformity with Subsec. (c) and customary statutory usage); P.A. 98-250 increased number of parents from five to six and added a representative of a Head Start program or agency, effective July 1, 1998; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 99-2 amended Subsec. (b) by replacing staggered appointments with appointed for three years; P.A. 00-27 made technical changes, effective May 1, 2000; P.A. 05-256 amended Subsec. (a)(1) to require that the total number of parents on council equal not less than 20% of total membership and Subsec. (a)(6) to require that the total number of public or private providers on council equal not less than 20% of total membership, effective June 30, 2005; P.A. 06-196 made a technical change in Subsec. (a)(1), effective June 7, 2006.

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      Sec. 17a-248c. Local interagency birth-to-three coordinating councils. (a) The commissioner may establish one local interagency coordinating council in each region of the state. Each council shall consist of five or more individuals interested in the welfare of children ages birth to three years with disabilities or developmental delays.

      (b) Each local interagency coordinating council established pursuant to subsection (a) of this section shall meet at least four times a year and shall advise and assist the lead agency regarding any matter relating to early intervention policies and procedures within the towns served by that council that is brought to its attention by parents, providers, public agencies or others, including the transition from early intervention services to services and programs under sections 10-76a to 10-76g, inclusive, and other early childhood programs.

      (c) Council members who are parents of children with disabilities shall be reimbursed for reasonable and necessary expenses incurred in the performance of their duties.

      (P.A. 96-185, S. 9, 16; P.A. 00-27, S. 3, 24; P.A. 05-256, S. 2; P.A. 06-196, S. 207; P.A. 10-93, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 96-185 effective July 1, 1996; P.A. 00-27 made a technical change in Subsec. (a), effective May 1, 2000; P.A. 05-256 amended Subsec. (a) to change membership of local interagency coordinating councils, amended Subsec. (b) to require councils to advise and assist regional birth-to-three managers and to change matters about which councils are to advise and assist, deleted former Subsec. (c) re annual report and redesignated existing Subsec. (d) as new Subsec. (c), effective June 30, 2005; P.A. 06-196 made a technical change in Subsec. (b), effective June 7, 2006; P.A. 10-93 amended Subsec. (a) by replacing "commissioner shall establish at least one" council with "commissioner may establish one" council and amended Subsec. (b) by replacing "regional birth-to-three managers" with "lead agency".

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      Sec. 17a-248d. Birth-to-three early intervention services. Data collection. Regulations. Notification to school boards. (a) The lead agency, in coordination with the participating agencies and in consultation with the council, shall establish and maintain a state-wide birth-to-three system of early intervention services pursuant to Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 20 USC 1431 et seq., for eligible children and families of such children.

      (b) The state-wide system shall include a system for compiling data on the number of eligible children in the state in need of appropriate early intervention services, the number of such eligible children and their families served, the types of services provided and other information as deemed necessary by the lead agency.

      (c) The state-wide system shall include a comprehensive child-find system and public awareness program to ensure that eligible children are identified, located, referred to the system and evaluated. The following persons and entities, within two working days of identifying a child from birth to three years of age suspected of having a developmental delay or of being at risk of having a developmental delay, shall refer the parent of such child to the early intervention system unless the person knows the child has already been referred: (1) Hospitals; (2) child health care providers; (3) local school districts; (4) public health facilities; (5) early intervention service providers; (6) participating agencies; and (7) such other social service and health care agencies and providers as the commissioner specifies in regulation.

      (d) The commissioner, in coordination with the participating agencies and in consultation with the council, shall adopt regulations, pursuant to chapter 54, to carry out the provisions of section 17a-248 and sections 17a-248b to 17a-248g, inclusive, 38a-490a and 38a-516a.

      (e) The state-wide system shall include a system for required notification to any local or regional school board of education no later than January first of each year of any child who resides in the local or regional school district, participates in the state-wide program and will attain the age of three during the next fiscal year. Such system of notification shall include provisions for preserving the confidentiality of such child and of the parent or guardian of such child.

      (P.A. 96-185, S. 2, 16; P.A. 00-27, S. 4, 24; P.A. 03-174, S. 13; P.A. 04-54, S. 7; P.A. 10-93, S. 3.)

      History: P.A. 96-185 effective July 1, 1996; P.A. 00-27 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a) and (d), effective May 1, 2000; P.A. 03-174 added Subsec. (e) re notification to school boards; P.A. 04-54 amended Subsec. (e) to add provision requiring that notification to school board preserve confidentiality of child and parent or guardian of child, effective May 4, 2004; P.A. 10-93 amended Subsec. (a) by substituting "Part C" for "Part H" and substituting "20 USC 1431" for "20 USC 1471".

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      Sec. 17a-248e. Individualized family service plans. Duties of the lead agency. (a) Each eligible child and his family shall receive (1) a multidisciplinary assessment of the child's unique needs and the identification of services appropriate to meet such needs, (2) a written individualized family service plan developed by a multidisciplinary team, including the parent, within forty-five days after the referral, and (3) review of the individualized family service plan with the family at least every six months, with evaluation of the individualized family service plan at least annually.

      (b) The individualized family service plan shall be in writing and contain: (1) A statement of the child's present level of physical development, cognitive development, language and speech development and self-help skills, based on acceptable objective criteria; (2) a statement of the family's priority, resources and concerns relating to enhancing the development of the eligible child; (3) a statement of the major outcomes expected to be achieved for the child and the family and the criteria, procedures and timelines used to determine the degree to which progress toward achieving the outcomes are being made, and whether modifications or revisions of the outcomes are necessary; (4) a statement of specific early intervention services necessary to meet the unique needs of the eligible child and the family, including the frequency, intensity and the method of delivering services; (5) a statement of the natural environments in which the services shall be provided; (6) the projected dates for initiation of services and the anticipated duration of such services; (7) the name of the approved comprehensive service provider that will provide or procure the services specified in the individualized family service plan; (8) the name of the individual service coordinator from the profession most immediately relevant to the eligible child's or the family's needs who will be responsible for the implementation of the plan and coordination with the other agencies and providers or an otherwise qualified provider selected by a parent; and (9) the steps to be taken to support the transition of the child who is eligible for participation in preschool programs under Part B of the Individuals with Disabilities Act, 20 USC 1471 et seq., as appropriate.

      (c) The individualized family service plan shall be developed in consultation with the child's pediatrician or primary care physician.

      (d) The lead agency may provide early intervention services, arrange for the delivery of early intervention services by participating agencies or contract with providers to deliver early intervention services to eligible children and the families of such children. The lead agency in providing, arranging or contracting for early intervention services shall monitor all birth-to-three service providers for quality and accountability in accordance with Section 616 of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 20 USC 1416 and establish state-wide rates for such services.

      (P.A. 96-185, S. 3, 16; P.A. 10-93, S. 4.)

      History: P.A. 96-185 effective July 1, 1996; P.A. 10-93 deleted former Subsec. (d) re parent's ability to retain same service provider, redesignated existing Subsec. (e) as Subsec. (d) and amended same to add provisions re lead agency's ability to provide or arrange for delivery of early intervention services and lead agency's responsibilities to monitor providers for quality and accountability and establish state-wide rates for services and delete provisions applicable to services provided in 1996 and 1997.

      See Secs. 38a-490a and 38a-516a re mandatory insurance coverage.

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      Sec. 17a-248f. Birth-to-three procedural safeguards. Procedural safeguards shall be the same as required under Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 20 USC 1431 et seq.

      (P.A. 96-185, S. 4, 16; P.A. 10-93, S. 5.)

      History: P.A. 96-185 effective July 1, 1996; P.A. 10-93 substituted "Part C" for "Part H" and substituted "20 USC 1431" for "20 USC 1471".

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      Sec. 17a-248g. Birth-to-three funding. Fees for services. Insurance coverage. Regulations. Authority of advanced practice registered nurse to order services. (a) Subject to the provisions of this section, funds appropriated to the lead agency for purposes of section 17a-248, sections 17a-248b to 17a-248f, inclusive, this section and sections 38a-490a and 38a-516a shall not be used to satisfy a financial commitment for services that would have been paid from another public or private source but for the enactment of said sections, except for federal funds available pursuant to Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 20 USC 1431 et seq., except that whenever considered necessary to prevent the delay in the receipt of appropriate early intervention services by the eligible child or family in a timely fashion, funds provided under said sections may be used to pay the service provider pending reimbursement from the public or private source that has ultimate responsibility for the payment.

      (b) Nothing in section 17a-248, sections 17a-248b to 17a-248f, inclusive, this section and sections 38a-490a and 38a-516a shall be construed to permit the Department of Social Services or any other state agency to reduce medical assistance pursuant to this chapter or other assistance or services available to eligible children. Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes, costs incurred for early intervention services that otherwise qualify as medical assistance that are furnished to an eligible child who is also eligible for benefits pursuant to this chapter shall be considered medical assistance for purposes of payments to providers and state reimbursement to the extent that federal financial participation is available for such services.

      (c) Providers of early intervention services shall, in the first instance and where applicable, seek payment from all third-party payers prior to claiming payment from the birth-to-three system for services rendered to eligible children, provided, for the purpose of seeking payment from the Medicaid program or from other third-party payers as agreed upon by the provider, the obligation to seek payment shall not apply to a payment from a third-party payer who is not prohibited from applying such payment, and who will apply such payment, to an annual or lifetime limit specified in the third-party payer's policy or contract.

      (d) The commissioner, in consultation with the Office of Policy and Management and the Insurance Commissioner, shall adopt regulations, pursuant to chapter 54, providing public reimbursement for deductibles and copayments imposed under an insurance policy or health benefit plan to the extent that such deductibles and copayments are applicable to early intervention services.

      (e) The commissioner shall establish and periodically revise, in accordance with this section, a schedule of fees based on a sliding scale for early intervention services. The schedule of fees shall consider the cost of such services relative to the financial resources of the state and the parents or legal guardians of eligible children, provided that on and after October 6, 2009, the commissioner shall (1) charge fees to such parents or legal guardians that are sixty per cent greater than the amount of the fees charged on the date prior to October 6, 2009; and (2) charge fees for all services provided, including those services provided in the first two months following the enrollment of a child in the program. Fees may be charged to any such parent or guardian, regardless of income, and shall be charged to any such parent or guardian with a gross annual family income of forty-five thousand dollars or more, except that no fee may be charged to the parent or guardian of a child who is eligible for Medicaid. Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision (8) of section 17a-248, as used in this subsection, "parent" means the biological or adoptive parent or legal guardian of any child receiving early intervention services. The Department of Developmental Services may assign its right to collect fees to a designee or provider participating in the early intervention program and providing services to a recipient in order to assist the provider in obtaining payment for such services. The commissioner may implement procedures for the collection of the schedule of fees while in the process of adopting or amending such criteria in regulation, provided the commissioner prints notice of intention to adopt or amend the regulations in the Connecticut Law Journal within twenty days of implementing the policy. Such collection procedures and schedule of fees shall be valid until the time the final regulations or amendments are effective.

      (f) The commissioner shall develop and implement procedures to hold a recipient harmless for the impact of pursuit of payment for early intervention services against lifetime insurance limits.

      (g) Notwithstanding any provision of title 38a relating to the permissible exclusion of payments for services under governmental programs, no such exclusion shall apply with respect to payments made pursuant to section 17a-248, sections 17a-248b to 17a-248f, inclusive, this section and sections 38a-490a and 38a-516a. Except as provided in this subsection, nothing in this section shall increase or enhance coverages provided for within an insurance contract subject to the provisions of section 10-94f, subsection (a) of section 10-94g, subsection (a) of section 17a-219b, subsection (a) of section 17a-219c, sections 17a-248, 17a-248b to 17a-248f, inclusive, this section, and sections 38a-490a and 38a-516a.

      (h) Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes or the regulations of Connecticut state agencies, the signature on an individualized family service plan of an advanced practice registered nurse, working within said nurse's scope of practice in collaboration with a physician licensed to practice medicine in this state, in accordance with section 20-87a, and performing or directly supervising the primary care services for children enrolled in the birth-to-three program, shall be deemed sufficient to order all such services included in the individualized family service plan and shall be deemed sufficient by the Department of Social Services to substantiate a claim for federal financial participation.

      (P.A. 96-185, S. 5, 16; P.A. 00-27, S. 5, 24; P.A. 02-89, S. 26; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-3, S. 9; P.A. 04-54, S. 2; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a); Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3, S. 44; P.A. 10-93, S. 6.)

      History: P.A. 96-185 effective July 1, 1996; P.A. 00-27 made technical changes, effective May 1, 2000; P.A. 02-89 amended Subsec. (g) to delete reference to Sec. 19a-1c, reflecting the repeal of said section by the same public act; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-3 amended Subsec. (e) by requiring fees to be charged to parents or guardians earning $45,000 or more and by making technical changes, effective August 20, 2003; P.A. 04-54 added Subsec. (h) re signature of advanced practice registered nurse deemed sufficient to order services included in individualized family service plan, effective May 4, 2004; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Department of Mental Retardation" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3 amended Subsec. (e) by authorizing commissioner to periodically revise fee schedule, giving consideration to financial resources of the state and the parents and legal guardians of eligible children, and by providing that on and after October 6, 2009, such fees shall be 60% greater than the fees charged on date prior to October 6, 2009, and fees shall be charged for all services including those provided in the first 2 months that a child is enrolled in the program, effective October 6, 2009; P.A. 10-93 amended Subsec. (a) by substituting "Part C" for "Part H" and substituting "20 USC 1431" for "20 USC 1471" and amended Subsec. (e) by defining "parent".

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      Secs. 17a-249 to 17a-269. Reserved for future use.

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