CHAPTER 298
ENERGY UTILIZATION AND CONSERVATION

Table of Contents

Sec. 16a-35k. Legislative findings and policy.
Sec. 16a-35l. Review of agency policies and practices for consistency with energy policy. Reports.
Sec. 16a-35m. Preparation of comprehensive energy plan. Report.
Secs. 16a-36 and 16a-36a. Air-conditioning in state buildings restricted; variance; regulations; report to General Assembly. Heating in state buildings restricted; variance; regulations; report to General Assembly.
Sec. 16a-37. Use of natural gas restricted. Exemptions. Regulations.
Secs. 16a-37a and 16a-37b. Relamping; retrofitting light fixtures and other retrofits in state buildings. Savings achieved through implementation of relamping; retrofitting in state buildings.
Sec. 16a-37c. Shared energy savings program. Regulations.
Secs. 16a-37d and 16a-37e. Plans for improving energy performance of state-funded facilities. Savings achieved through implementation of energy performance plans.
Sec. 16a-37f. Light bulbs purchased by budgeted agencies.
Secs. 16a-37g to 16a-37t.
Sec. 16a-37u. Planning and managing energy use in state-owned and leased buildings. Reduction in energy consumption. Connection of state-owned and leased buildings to district heating and cooling systems.
Sec. 16a-37v. Pilot program for energy performance contract with a private vendor. Reports.
Sec. 16a-37w. Program to encourage use of biodiesel in state buildings.
Sec. 16a-38. Energy performance standards, life-cycle cost analyses and design proposals for state buildings, equipment and appliances.
Sec. 16a-38a. Energy audits and retrofitting of state buildings. Energy efficiency maintenance program.
Sec. 16a-38b. Achievement of energy performance standards.
Sec. 16a-38c. Program to maximize efficiency of energy use in state buildings.
Sec. 16a-38d. Energy conservation projects: Definitions.
Sec. 16a-38e. Designation of priority energy projects. Regulations. Criteria. Report.
Sec. 16a-38f. Agency decision outlines.
Sec. 16a-38g. Decision schedule.
Sec. 16a-38h. Buildings leased to state. Energy requirements.
Sec. 16a-38i. Reduction of energy use in state buildings.
Sec. 16a-38j. Equipment for use in state buildings; criteria established by regulations.
Sec. 16a-38k. Building construction standards for new construction of certain state facilities.
Sec. 16a-38l. Management of energy use in state buildings. Strategic plan.
Sec. 16a-38m. State bonds for purpose of funding energy services projects in state buildings.
Sec. 16a-38n. Clean and distributive generation grant program.
Sec. 16a-38o. Bond authorization for the clean and distributive generation grant program.
Sec. 16a-38p. Bond authorization for renewable energy or combined heat and power projects in state buildings.
Sec. 16a-38q. Eligible photovoltaic contractors under solar photovoltaic rebate program.
Sec. 16a-39. Lighting standards for public buildings. Regulations. Inspections. Lighting grants to municipalities.
Sec. 16a-39a. Pilot energy conservation management program.
Sec. 16a-39b. Periodic meeting re opportunities for energy savings by the state.
Sec. 16a-40. Definitions.
Sec. 16a-40a. Energy Conservation Loan Fund.
Sec. 16a-40b. Revolving loans and deferred loans for energy-conserving installations in residential structures. Revolving loans for secondary heating systems and conversions of primary heating systems in dwellings heated primarily by electricity. Program for multifamily dwellings. Regulations. Electric and gas company participation.
Sec. 16a-40c. State bonds for purposes of the Energy Conservation Loan Fund.
Sec. 16a-40d. Bond authorization for the Energy Conservation Loan Fund and the Green Connecticut Loan Guaranty Fund.
Sec. 16a-40e. Green Connecticut Loan Guaranty Fund.
Sec. 16a-40f. Green Connecticut Loan Guaranty Fund program.
Secs. 16a-40g and 16a-40h.
Sec. 16a-40i. Electric and gas company participation in Solar Energy and Energy Conservation Bank Program.
Sec. 16a-40j. Bond authorization.
Sec. 16a-40k. Revolving loans for secondary heating systems and conversions of primary heating systems in dwellings heated primarily by electricity. Electric and gas company participation. Regulations. Termination of loan authority.
Sec. 16a-41. Applications for and written summaries of energy conservation, energy assistance and renewable resources programs. Regulations. Needs of persons residing in rental housing and persons of poverty status.
Sec. 16a-41a. Implementation of block grant program authorized under the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Act. Annual plan. Program for purchase of deliverable fuel at a reduced rate for low-income households. Annual reports.
Sec. 16a-41b. Low-Income Energy Advisory Board.
Sec. 16a-41c. Weatherization assistance.
Secs. 16a-41d to 16a-41g.
Sec. 16a-41h. Energy assistance program funded through electric distribution company, gas company and municipal utility customer donations.
Secs. 16a-42 to 16a-42h. Heating fuel loan program: Definitions. Bond authorization. Loans for the purchase of fuel; funds allocated to towns. Eligibility requirements for loans. Application requirements for loans. Loan amounts; interest rate; repayment schedule. Payments to fuel dealers; nondiscrimination. Regulations. Termination of loan authority.
Sec. 16a-43. Creation of Business Emergency Relief Revolving Loan Fund. Termination of Small Home Heating Oil Dealers' Revolving Loan Fund.
Secs. 16a-44 and 16a-44a. Grants to municipalities to assist in addressing problems caused by fuel shortages and increased energy costs. Bond authorization.
Sec. 16a-44b. Grants to municipalities to assist in addressing problems caused by fuel shortages and increased energy costs.
Sec. 16a-44c. Bond authorization.
Sec. 16a-44d. Validation of certain actions.
Sec. 16a-45. Oil burner inspection and retrofit as condition of receipt of energy or fuel assistance.
Sec. 16a-45a. Residential and commercial conservation service program. Definition.
Sec. 16a-46. Residential energy conservation service program. Energy audits. Regulations.
Sec. 16a-46a. Preparation and amendment of residential energy conservation service plan and amendments. Approval.
Sec. 16a-46b. Review, evaluation and implementation of plan and amendments. Report and amendments.
Sec. 16a-46c. Responsibilities of Department of Public Utility Control re program. Regulations.
Sec. 16a-46d. Commercial building energy conservation service program. Services.
Sec. 16a-46e. Rebate program for residential furnace or boiler replacement.
Sec. 16a-46f. Rebate program for residential furnace or boiler repair or upgrade.
Sec. 16a-46g. Residential energy audit subsidy program for homes not heated by electricity or natural gas.
Sec. 16a-47. Energy conservation loans by electric and gas companies. Study. Implementation.
Sec. 16a-47a. State-wide energy efficiency and outreach marketing campaign.
Sec. 16a-47b. Real-time energy reports.
Sec. 16a-47c. State-wide energy efficiency and outreach account.
Sec. 16a-47d. Real-time energy alert system.
Sec. 16a-47e. Capacity deficiency customer notification procedure.
Sec. 16a-48. Energy efficiency standards for products.
Sec. 16a-49. Conservation and load management program. Return on expenditures in acquiring energy conservation measures from private power provider.
Sec. 16a-50. Cash or energy source credit incentives prohibited from being placed in the rate base or as an operating expense.
Secs. 16a-51 to 16a-99.

      Sec. 16a-35k. Legislative findings and policy. The General Assembly finds that the state of Connecticut is severely disadvantaged by its lack of primary energy resources; that primarily as a result of past policies and tendencies, the state has become dependent upon petroleum as an energy source; that national energy policies do not preclude the recurrence of serious problems arising from this dependence during petroleum shortages; that the increase in oil prices since the 1973 oil embargo has had a major impact on the state; that the economy has suffered directly because of our dependence on petroleum and constraints upon the rate of conversion to alternatives; that other conventional sources of energy are subject to constraints involving supply, transportation, cost and environmental, health and safety considerations; and that the state must address these problems by conserving energy, increasing the efficiency of energy utilization and developing renewable energy sources. The General Assembly further finds that energy use has a profound impact on the society, economy and environment of the state, particularly in its impact on low and moderate-income households and interrelationship with population growth, high density urbanization, industrial well-being, resource utilization, technological development and social advancement, and that energy is critically important to the overall welfare and development of our society. Therefore, the General Assembly declares that it is the policy of the state of Connecticut to (1) conserve energy resources by avoiding unnecessary and wasteful consumption; (2) consume energy resources in the most efficient manner feasible; (3) develop and utilize renewable energy resources, such as solar and wind energy, to the maximum practicable extent; (4) diversify the state's energy supply mix; (5) where practicable, replace energy resources vulnerable to interruption due to circumstances beyond the state's control with those less vulnerable; (6) assist citizens and businesses in implementing measures to reduce energy consumption and costs; (7) ensure that low-income households can meet essential energy needs; (8) maintain planning and preparedness capabilities necessary to deal effectively with future energy supply interruptions; and (9) when available energy alternatives are equivalent, give preference for capacity additions first to conservation and load management. The state shall seek all possible ways to implement this policy through public education and cooperative efforts involving the federal government, regional organizations, municipal governments, other public and private organizations and concerned individuals, using all practical means and measures, including financial and technical assistance, in a manner calculated to promote the general welfare by creating and maintaining conditions under which energy can be utilized effectively and efficiently. The General Assembly further declares that it is the continuing responsibility of the state to use all means consistent with other essential considerations of state policy to improve and coordinate the plans, functions, programs and resources of the state to attain the objectives stated herein without harm to the environment, risk to health or safety or other undesirable or unintended consequences, to preserve wherever possible a society which supports a diversity and variety of individual choice, to achieve a balance between population and resource use which will permit the maintenance of adequate living standards and a sharing of life's amenities among all citizens, and to enhance the utilization of renewable resources so that the availability of nonrenewable resources can be extended to future generations. The General Assembly declares that the energy policy is essential to the preservation and enhancement of the health, safety and general welfare of the people of the state and that its implementation therefore constitutes a significant and valid public purpose for all state actions.

      (P.A. 78-262, S. 1, 2; P.A. 79-449, S. 1, 7; P.A. 82-222, S. 1, 7; P.A. 92-106, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 79-449 amended section to point out constraints on conversion to alternative forms of energy, including conventional sources of energy and to include consideration of development of renewable forms of energy; P.A. 82-222 applied energy policy to diversification, energy costs and supply interruptions and to all state actions; P.A. 92-106 added a new Subdiv. (9) providing preference to conservation over other equivalent energy alternatives.

      Cited. 20 CA 474.

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      Sec. 16a-35l. Review of agency policies and practices for consistency with energy policy. Reports. Section 16a-35l is repealed.

      (P.A. 79-449, S. 2, 7; P.A. 82-222, S. 6, 7.)

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      Sec. 16a-35m. Preparation of comprehensive energy plan. Report. Section 16a-35m is repealed, effective July 1, 2003.

      (P.A. 79-449, S. 3, 7; P.A. 80-482, S. 4, 40, 345, 348; P.A. 82-222, S. 2, 7; P.A. 88-21, S. 1, 3; P.A. 91-28; P.A. 92-138, S. 2; P.A. 03-140, S. 25.)

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      Secs. 16a-36 and 16a-36a. Air-conditioning in state buildings restricted; variance; regulations; report to General Assembly. Heating in state buildings restricted; variance; regulations; report to General Assembly. Sections 16a-36 and 16a-36a are repealed, effective October 1, 2003.

      (P.A. 77-257, S. 1, 2; 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 81-330, S. 7, 8, 13; P.A. 82-314, S. 34, 35, 63; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 03-230, S. 5.)

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      Sec. 16a-37. Use of natural gas restricted. Exemptions. Regulations. Section 16a-37 is repealed.

      (P.A. 77-333, S. 1-4; 77-614, S. 162, 587, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 85, 136; P.A. 80-482, S. 168, 348; P.A. 86-130.)

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      Secs. 16a-37a and 16a-37b. Relamping; retrofitting light fixtures and other retrofits in state buildings. Savings achieved through implementation of relamping; retrofitting in state buildings. Sections 16a-37a and 16a-37b are repealed, effective October 1, 2002.

      (P.A. 90-221, S. 11, 12, 15; S.A. 02-12, S. 1.)

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      Sec. 16a-37c. Shared energy savings program. Regulations. (a) The Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall establish a program to provide incentives to agencies that achieve savings through energy conservation. The program shall allow any state agency to request from the Office of Policy and Management a statement of the agency's energy cost savings achieved through conservation measures during the preceding fiscal year. The Office of Policy and Management, in consultation with the Department of Public Utility Control, shall provide any agency with the requested statement. Based upon said statement the secretary shall allow a portion of the energy savings accumulated during any fiscal year to be retained by the agency and used for future energy costs or energy conservation related activities. Said portion shall not be less than fifty per cent of the energy savings and shall accrue to the agency annually for a period equal to the useful life of the conservation measures.

      (b) The Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, in consultation with the Department of Public Utility Control, shall adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, to carry out the purposes of this section.

      (P.A. 90-130, S. 1, 2.)

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      Secs. 16a-37d and 16a-37e. Plans for improving energy performance of state-funded facilities. Savings achieved through implementation of energy performance plans. Sections 16a-37d and 16a-37e are repealed, effective October 1, 2003.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-6, S. 1, 2, 4; P.A. 93-417, S. 4, 5; P.A. 03-230, S. 5.)

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      Sec. 16a-37f. Light bulbs purchased by budgeted agencies. A budgeted agency, as defined in section 4-69, shall only purchase replacement light bulbs which (1) are provided under an electric company's customer lighting efficiency program, (2) are equivalent in energy efficiency to bulbs provided under such electric company lighting efficiency program, as determined by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, in consultation with the Commissioner of Administrative Services, or (3) meet such other life-cycle cost analysis standards as the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, with the concurrence of the Commissioner of Administrative Services, may designate.

      (P.A. 94-67, S. 4.)

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      Secs. 16a-37g to 16a-37t. Reserved for future use.

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      Sec. 16a-37u. Planning and managing energy use in state-owned and leased buildings. Reduction in energy consumption. Connection of state-owned and leased buildings to district heating and cooling systems. (a) The Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall be responsible for planning and managing energy use in state-owned and leased buildings and shall establish a program to maximize the efficiency with which energy is utilized in such buildings. The secretary shall exercise this authority by (1) preparing and implementing annual and long-range plans, with timetables, establishing goals for reducing state energy consumption and, based on energy audits, specific objectives for state agencies to meet the performance standards adopted under section 16a-38; (2) coordinating federal and state energy conservation resources and activities, including but not limited to, those required to be performed by other state agencies under this chapter; and (3) monitoring energy use and costs by budgeted state agencies on a monthly basis.

      (b) Not later than January fifth, annually, the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall submit a report to the Governor and the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to energy planning and activities. The report shall (1) indicate the total number of energy audits and technical assistance audits of state-owned and leased buildings, (2) summarize the status of the energy conservation measures recommended by such audits, (3) summarize all energy conservation measures implemented during the preceding twelve months in state-owned and leased buildings which have not had such audits, (4) analyze the availability and allocation of funds to implement the measures recommended under subdivision (2) of this subsection, (5) list each budgeted agency, as defined in section 4-69, which occupies a state-owned or leased building and has not cooperated with the Commissioner of Public Works and the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management in conducting energy and technical assistance audits of such building and implementing operational and maintenance improvements recommended by such audits and any other energy conservation measures required for such building by the secretary, (6) summarize all life-cycle cost analyses prepared under section 16a-38 during the preceding twelve months, and summarize agency compliance with the life-cycle cost analyses, and (7) identify any state laws, regulations or procedures that impede innovative energy conservation and load management projects in state buildings.

      (c) The Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, in conjunction with the Department of Public Works, shall as soon as practicable and where cost-effective connect all state-owned buildings to a district heating and cooling system, where such heating and cooling system currently exists or where one is proposed. The secretary, in conjunction with the Department of Public Works, shall prepare an annual report with the results of the progress in connecting state-owned buildings to such a heating and cooling system, the cost of such connection and any projected energy savings achieved through any such connection. The secretary shall submit the report to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to energy on or before January 1, 1993, and January first annually thereafter.

      (d) The Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall require each state agency to maximize its use of public service companies' energy conservation and load management programs and to provide sites in its facilities for demonstration projects of highly energy efficient equipment, provided no such demonstration project impairs the functioning of the facility.

      (P.A. 81-376, S. 1, 11; Nov. Sp. Sess. P.A. 81-13, S. 1, 3; P.A. 83-29, S. 1; 83-48, S. 1; P.A. 86-305, S. 3; P.A. 87-496, S. 74, 110; P.A. 88-220, S. 4, 11; P.A. 91-248, S. 10, 13; P.A. 92-138, S. 1; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 98-1, S. 11, 121; P.A. 03-132, S. 1; P.A. 04-236, S. 16.)

      History: Nov. Sp. Sess. P.A. 81-13 deleted former Subsec. (a)(4), which required secretary to report energy conservation efforts and results by October first annually to governor and general assembly and added Subsec. (c) containing more detailed provisions re required annual reports; P.A. 83-29 changed deadline for report under Subsec. (c) from October first to January fifth, annually; P.A. 83-48 added Subsec. (c)(6), requiring the secretary to include in the report summaries of life-cycle cost analyses; P.A. 86-305 deleted Subsec. (a)(4) which had provided that the secretary shall determine for each state agency and institution, the amount of and expenditures for energy use during the last-completed fiscal year and estimates of such amounts and expenditures for the current and next fiscal years, and that such information shall be included in the governor's budget document; P.A. 87-496 substituted "public works" for "administrative services" commissioner in Subsec. (c); P.A. 88-220 deleted former Subsec. (b) which contained obsolete temperature requirements for state-owned buildings, relettering Subsec. (c) as (b); P.A. 91-248 added Subsec. (b)(7) re identification of certain impediments to energy conservation in state buildings, added a new Subsec. (c) re connection of state-owned buildings to a district heating and cooling system and added Subsec. (d) re demonstration sites in state-owned facilities of highly energy efficient equipment; P.A. 92-138 amended Subsec. (c) to require connection of all state-owned buildings to a district heating and cooling system and to require report to be submitted annually; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 98-1 made a technical change to Subsec. (c), effective June 24, 1998; P.A. 03-132 amended Subsec. (b)(6) to require that report summarize agency compliance with the life-cycle cost analyses, and made technical changes for purposes of gender neutrality in Subsecs. (a) and (c); P.A. 04-236 amended Subsec. (d) to make a technical change, effective June 8, 2004.

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      Sec. 16a-37v. Pilot program for energy performance contract with a private vendor. Reports. Not later than July 1, 2004, the Office of Policy and Management and the Department of Public Works shall establish a pilot program under which the state selects an existing state facility or complex of facilities to be covered by an energy performance contract with a private vendor. The agencies that participate in the pilot program shall submit reports on the results of the program to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to appropriations and energy and technology in accordance with section 11-4a. Such reports shall be submitted not later than three months after the effective date of the contract and annually thereafter until the final report is submitted not later than three months after the termination of the contract.

      (P.A. 03-132, S. 4.)

      History: P.A. 03-132 effective June 26, 2003.

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      Sec. 16a-37w. Program to encourage use of biodiesel in state buildings. The Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall, within available appropriations and in consultation with each state department, each constituent unit of the state system of higher education, as defined in section 10-1, the Judicial Branch and the Joint Committee on Legislative Management, establish a program designed to encourage the use of biodiesel blended heating fuel mixed from not more than ninety per cent ultra low sulfur number 2 heating oil and not less than ten per cent of biodiesel in state buildings and facilities under the custody and control of such department, unit, branch or committee. On or before January 1, 2008, the secretary shall prepare a plan for implementation of such program which shall include, but not be limited to, (1) identification of state buildings and facilities suitable for biodiesel blended heating fuel, (2) evaluation of energy efficiency and reliability of biodiesel blended heating fuel in such buildings and facilities, and (3) the availability and feasibility of exclusively using such fuels or fuel products, including agricultural products or waste yellow grease, produced in Connecticut.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-4, S. 60.)

      History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-4 effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 16a-38. Energy performance standards, life-cycle cost analyses and design proposals for state buildings, equipment and appliances. (a) As used in this section, subsection (e) of section 4b-23, sections 16a-38a and 16a-38b, unless the context otherwise requires: (1) "Major capital project" means the construction or renovation of a major facility; (2) "major facility" means any building owned by the state or constructed or renovated wholly or partly with state funds, including a state-financed housing project, which is used or intended to be used as a school or which has ten thousand or more gross square feet, or any other building so owned, constructed or renovated which is designated a major facility by the Commissioner of Public Works; (3) "renovation" means additions, alterations or repairs to a major facility which the Commissioner of Public Works finds will have a substantial effect upon the energy consumption of the facility; (4) "life-cycle cost" means the cost, as determined by the methodology identified in the National Institute of Standards and Technology's special publication 544 and interagency report 80-2040, available as set forth in the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 15, Part 230, of a major facility including the initial cost of its construction or renovation, the marginal cost of future energy capacity, the cost of the energy consumed by the facility over its expected useful life or, in the case of a leased facility, over the remaining term of the lease, and the cost of operating and maintaining the facility as such cost affects energy consumption; (5) "energy performance standard" means a rate of energy consumption which is the minimum practically achievable, on a life-cycle cost basis, by adjusting maintenance or operating procedures, modifying a building's equipment or structure and utilizing renewable sources of energy; (6) "energy audit" means an evaluation of, recommendations for and improvements of the energy consumption characteristics of all passive, active and operational energy systems and components by demand and type of energy used including the internal energy load imposed on a building by its occupants, equipment and components, and the external energy load imposed on a building by the climatic conditions at its location; (7) "renewable sources of energy" means energy from direct solar radiation, wind, water, geothermal sources, wood and other forms of biomass; (8) "cost effective" means that savings exceed cost over a ten-year period; (9) "state agency" means any department, board, commission, institution, or other agency of this state; and (10) "covered products" means the consumer products set forth as covered products in the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, 42 USC 6292.

      (b) (1) Except as provided in subsection (f) of this section, the Commissioner of Public Works and the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall jointly establish and publish standards for life-cycle cost analyses required by this section for buildings owned or leased by the state. Such life-cycle cost analyses for buildings shall provide, but shall not be limited to, information on the estimated initial cost of each energy-consuming system being compared and evaluated, annual operating and maintenance costs of all energy-consuming systems over the useful life of the building, cost of energy, salvage value and the estimated replacement cost for each energy-consuming system or component expressed in annual terms for the useful life of the building.

      (2) Except as provided in subsection (f) of this section, the Commissioner of Administrative Services and the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management may jointly establish and publish standards for life-cycle cost analyses required by this section for equipment and appliances owned or leased by the state which are not covered products, and for such equipment and appliances which are covered products. In establishing such standards, the commissioner and secretary shall consider the criteria set forth in subsection (j) of this section.

      (c) No state agency shall obtain preliminary design approval for a major capital project unless the Commissioner of Public Works makes a written determination that the design is cost effective on a life-cycle cost basis. To make such a determination, the commissioner (1) shall require documentation that the design meets or exceeds the standards set forth in the National Bureau of Standards Handbook 135, or subsequent corresponding handbook of the United States Department of Commerce and the State Building Code, and (2) may require additional documentation, including, but not limited to, a life-cycle cost analysis that complies with the standards established pursuant to subdivision (1) of subsection (b) of this section.

      (d) All design proposals for major capital projects shall include at least two differing energy systems for space heating, cooling and hot water to supplement the passive features designed into the building. Such proposals may include computer or other analytical modeling or simulation but shall not be construed to require the development of architectural or mechanical design plans for each such system. All cost evaluations of the competing energy systems shall be based on life-cycle costs. A life-cycle cost analysis for each competing energy system determined by the Commissioner of Public Works to meet the standards of subsection (b) of this section shall be included as part of the design proposal for all projects. No major capital project shall be approved by the Commissioner of Public Works or by the State Properties Review Board pursuant to section 4b-23, after June 30, 1980, unless the proposed project achieves to the maximum extent practicable the energy performance standards established in accordance with subsection (b) or (g) of this section.

      (e) All applications for state funding of major capital projects shall be accompanied by a life-cycle cost analysis which the Commissioner of Public Works has determined complies with the standards established pursuant to subsection (b) of this section. The Commissioner of Public Works or the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management may require such a life-cycle cost analysis for projects other than major capital projects.

      (f) The Commissioner of Economic and Community Development and the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall jointly establish and publish energy performance standards for buildings constructed as part of state-owned and state-financed housing projects and establish standards for life-cycle cost analyses for such projects. In establishing such standards, the commissioner and secretary shall consider (1) the coordination, positioning and solar orientation of the project on its situs, (2) the amount of glazing, degree of sun shading and direction of exposure, (3) the levels of insulation incorporated into the design, (4) the variable occupancy and operating conditions of the facility, (5) all architectural features which affect energy consumption, and (6) the design and location of all heating, cooling, hot water and electrical systems.

      (g) Notwithstanding any provision in this section concerning the review of life-cycle cost analyses by the Commissioner of Public Works, a life-cycle cost analysis of a major capital project prepared for the Department of Housing shall be reviewed by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development and the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management to determine if such analysis is in compliance with the life-cycle cost analyses standards established for such project under subsection (f) of this section.

      (h) Each state agency preparing a life-cycle cost analysis under this section shall submit a summary of the analysis to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management.

      (i) Except as provided in subsection (f) of this section, the Commissioner of Public Works and the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall jointly establish and publish energy performance standards for existing and new buildings owned or leased by the state. Such standards shall require maximum efficiency in energy use in all such buildings and maximum practicable use of renewable sources of energy in all such buildings. In establishing such standards, the commissioner and secretary shall consider (1) the coordination, positioning and solar orientation of the project on its situs, (2) the amount of glazing, degree of sun shading and direction of exposure, (3) the levels of insulation incorporated into the design, (4) the variable occupancy and operating conditions of the facility, (5) all architectural features which affect energy consumption, and (6) the design and location of all heating, cooling, hot water and electrical systems.

      (j) Except as provided in subsection (f) of this section, the Commissioner of Administrative Services and the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management may jointly establish and publish energy performance standards for equipment and appliances owned or leased by the state which are not covered products, and for such equipment and appliances which are covered products. Any such standards shall require maximum energy efficiency for all such equipment and appliances and, for equipment and appliances owned or leased by the state which are covered products, shall be more stringent than the corresponding federal energy conservation standards set forth in the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, 42 USC 6295, or federal regulations adopted thereunder. In establishing such standards, the commissioner and secretary shall consider, without limitation, (1) the initial cost of the equipment or appliance, (2) the projected useful lifetime of the equipment or appliance, (3) the projected cost of the energy that the equipment or appliance will consume over its projected useful lifetime, (4) the estimated operating costs for maintenance and repair, over the projected useful lifetime of the equipment or appliance, and (5) the positive or negative salvage value of the equipment or appliance upon disposal at the conclusion of its projected useful lifetime.

      (k) Any life-cycle cost analysis standards established pursuant to subdivision (2) of subsection (b) of this section and any energy performance standards established pursuant to subsection (j) of this section shall be implemented in accordance with the purchasing requirements set forth in chapter 58, and any regulations adopted thereunder, and the provisions of this section and section 16a-38j.

      (P.A. 77-597, S. 1; 77-614, S. 19, 73, 587, 610; P.A. 79-205; 79-496, S. 1, 5; P.A. 80-443, S. 2, 3; 80-483, S. 68, 186; P.A. 81-376, S. 2, 11; P.A. 83-48, S. 2; P.A. 87-496, S. 75, 110; P.A. 89-140; P.A. 93-30, S. 7, 14; 93-417, S. 1, 5; P.A. 94-67, S. 1; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; 95-346, S. 3, 4; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 99-152, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner of planning and energy policy with secretary of the office of policy and management and commissioner of public works with commissioner of administrative services; P.A. 79-205 included state-financed housing projects in definition of "major facility" in Subsec. (a); P.A. 79-496 changed square foot requirement for consideration as major facility from 25,000 to 10,000 square feet and defined "life-cycle cost", "energy performance goal", "energy audit" and "renewable sources of energy" in Subsec. (a), included provisions re energy performance goals in Subsec. (b) and rewrote provisions re life-cycle cost analyses, inserted new Subsec. (d) re alternative energy systems in design proposals and relettered former Subsecs. (d) and (e) accordingly; P.A. 80-443 added exception in Subsec. (b), replaced "alternative" energy systems with "differing" systems in Subsec. (d) and added provision re computer or analytical modeling and added Subsecs. (g) and (h); P.A. 80-483 made technical correction in Subsec. (f) for clarity; P.A. 81-376 substituted "energy performance standard" for "energy performance goal"; P.A. 83-48 added Subsec. (i), requiring agencies to submit life-cycle cost analyses summaries to secretary of the office of policy and management; P.A. 87-496 substituted "public works" for "administrative services" commissioner throughout section and deleted obsolete date reference in Subsec. (b); P.A. 89-140 added the marginal cost of future energy capacity in definition of life-cycle cost in Subsec. (a)(4); P.A. 93-30 substituted "commissioner of public works" for "commissioner of administrative services" in Subsec. (a), effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-417 amended Subsec. (a) by changing commissioner from administrative services to public works in Subdiv. (3), adding determination method for life-cycle cost, adding new Subdiv. (8) defining "cost effective" and renumbering Subdiv. (8) as (9), amended Subsec. (b) by changing Subsec. reference from (g) to (f), changing application of Subparas. from life-cycle cost analyses to energy performance standards, changing glass to glazing, changing amount to levels regarding insulation, changing energy consumption of all systems to design and location of certain systems, deleting provision requiring debt service cost information, adding cost of energy and salvage value requirements, and deleting provision regarding location and orientation of proposed buildings, amended Subsec. (c) by changing timing from commencing project to obtaining preliminary design approval, adding Subdiv. designations, new Subdiv. (1) regarding project standards and provision regarding office of policy and management in Subdiv. (3), amended Subsec. (d) by deleting requirement that one system be supplied by renewable energy sources and adding reference to passive features, amended Subsec. (e) by deleting reference to Subsec. (b)(2) and adding provision regarding life-cycle cost analyses for other projects, deleted Subsec. (f), relettered Subsecs. (g) to (i) as (f) to (h), amended Subsec. (f) by adding "jointly" and "buildings constructed as part of", amended Subsec. (g) by adding "and the secretary of the office of policy and management" and changing Subsec. reference from (g) to (f), effective October 1, 1993, and applicable to design proposals for major capital projects commenced after October 1, 1993; P.A. 94-67 amended Subsec. (a) by adding definition of "covered products", amended Subsec. (b) by moving provision re energy performance standards for buildings to new Subsec. (i), adding requirement of publishing life-cycle cost analyses standards for buildings, adding Subdiv. (2) re life-cycle cost analyses for equipment and appliances, and moving considerations for energy performance standards for buildings to Subsec. (f) and new Subsec. (i), added Subsec. (j) re energy performance standards for equipment and appliances and added Subsec. (k) re implementation of standards for equipment and appliances; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 95-346 amended Subsec. (j) by adding reference to federal regulations and "without limitation", effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 99-152 amended Subsec. (c) by revising life-cycle cost requirement for an agency to obtain preliminary design approval for a major capital project.

      See Sec. 16a-38i re reduction of energy use.

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      Sec. 16a-38a. Energy audits and retrofitting of state buildings. Energy efficiency maintenance program. (a) The Commissioner of Public Works shall conduct an energy audit of all buildings owned by the state to determine the energy conservation and energy consumption characteristics of such buildings. Such energy audits shall be conducted in cooperation with the state department, agency, board or commission occupying such building. Such energy audits shall be conducted in accordance with guidelines established under the "National Energy Conservation Policy Act", Public Law 95-619, 92 Stat. 3206 (1978), as amended from time to time, and with the following schedule: (1) Preliminary energy audits of all buildings owned or leased by the state shall be completed within one year after July 1, 1979. The results from such preliminary audits shall be used to set priorities for subsequent audits. (2) Subsequent energy audits based on the priorities established in accordance with subdivision (1) of this subsection, shall be initiated at a rate of at least twenty per cent of total building floor space per year. Each audit procedure shall be completed within two years of its initiation.

      (b) (1) The Commissioner of Public Works shall review and evaluate the energy audits completed in accordance with this section and shall, within six months, recommend to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management buildings for cost effective retrofit measures to enable such buildings to attain the energy performance standards established under subdivision (1) of subsection (b) of section 16a-38. (2) It shall be a goal that beginning not later than July 1, 1982, work to retrofit at least twenty per cent of the total floor area of existing state-owned buildings for energy conservation shall be commenced in each fiscal year. Where technically feasible, renewable sources of energy shall be used for space heating and cooling, domestic hot water and other applications. (3) It shall be a goal that not later than June 30, 1991, all state-owned buildings be the subject of such energy conservation and renewable energy retrofit measures as will enable them to meet the energy performance standards established in accordance with subdivision (1) of subsection (b) of section 16a-38.

      (c) The Commissioner of Public Works and the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall jointly develop and publish guidelines applicable to all state agencies for an energy efficiency maintenance program for all state-owned buildings. The program shall include, but not be limited to, annually inspecting, testing and tuning fossil fuel burning equipment utilized for space heating or the production of steam or hot water for process uses. All agencies shall cooperate in implementing such maintenance program.

      (P.A. 79-496, S. 2, 5; P.A. 81-376, S. 3, 11; P.A. 87-496, S. 76, 110; P.A. 03-230, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 81-376 substituted "energy performance standards" for "energy performance goals" in Subsecs. (b) and (c), required commissioner to recommend to secretary, rather than select, buildings for retrofit measures in Subsec. (b), required commissioner to jointly develop guidelines with secretary for program under Subsec. (c), rather than in consultation with secretary, and set forth scope of program under Subsec. (c); P.A. 87-496 substituted "public works" for "administrative services" commissioner; P.A. 03-230 deleted former Subsec. (c) re preference for leasing buildings that meet energy performance standards, transferring provisions to Sec. 16a-38h(b), and redesignated existing Subsec. (d) as new Subsec. (c).

      See Sec. 4b-23 for secretary's responsibilities concerning recommended retrofit measures.

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      Sec. 16a-38b. Achievement of energy performance standards. The Commissioner of Public Works and the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall take such actions as may be necessary or appropriate to enable all state facilities to meet the energy performance standards established in accordance with subdivision (1) of subsection (b) of section 16a-38.

      (P.A. 79-496, S. 4, 5; P.A. 81-376, S. 4, 11; P.A. 87-496, S. 77, 110.)

      History: P.A. 81-376 substituted "energy performance standards" for "energy performance goals" and eliminated requirement of annual report by commissioner; P.A. 87-496 substituted "public works" for "administrative services" commissioner.

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      Sec. 16a-38c. Program to maximize efficiency of energy use in state buildings. Section 16a-38c is repealed.

      (P.A. 79-462, S. 2; P.A. 81-376, S. 8, 11.)

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      Sec. 16a-38d. Energy conservation projects: Definitions. As used in this section and sections 16a-38e to 16a-38g, inclusive:

      (1) "Agency" means an agency, department, board, institution or commission, other than the State Bond Commission, of the state or any of its political subdivisions or an agency or instrumentality of a special governmental authority created by the state or any of its political subdivisions.

      (2) "Agency decision" means any decision required to be made, or any other action required to be taken, by any agency with respect to any energy saving capital project.

      (3) "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Public Works.

      (4) "Energy-saving capital project" means any capital project for the purpose of adopting energy conservation measures in a state building.

      (P.A. 80-265, S. 1; P.A. 87-496, S. 78, 110.)

      History: P.A. 87-496 substituted "public works" for "administrative services" commissioner in Subdiv. (3).

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      Sec. 16a-38e. Designation of priority energy projects. Regulations. Criteria. Report. (a) The commissioner shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, establishing standards for use by said commissioner in designating certain energy-saving capital projects as priority energy projects. Any agency of the state may apply to the commissioner for such designation with respect to an energy-saving capital project. The commissioner shall, within ninety days after an application is received by him, either make or refuse to make such designation.

      (b) In determining whether to make such designation, the commissioner shall consider among other things the extent to which such project would conserve energy, the time that would normally be required to obtain all necessary agency decisions, the adverse effects of delay in the completion of such project, comments received concerning such project and the extent to which the project has been assessed in terms of cost effectiveness and energy efficiency.

      (c) On or before February 1, 1992, each commissioner of a state agency, as defined in section 4-166, shall submit a report to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to energy and public utilities listing the projects initiated pursuant to subsection (a) of this section.

      (P.A. 80-265, S. 2; P.A. 91-248, S. 9, 13.)

      History: P.A. 91-248 added a new Subsec. (c) re submittal of a report to energy and public utilities committee on energy efficiency projects in state buildings.

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      Sec. 16a-38f. Agency decision outlines. Any agency having authority to make any agency decision with respect to an energy-saving capital project which has been designated as a priority energy project shall provide the commissioner with a decision outline within thirty days after such designation. Such decision outline shall include a statement of necessary actions to be taken by such agency, a schedule for completing such actions and a list of actions required of the agency of the state which requested the designation.

      (P.A. 80-265, S. 3.)

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      Sec. 16a-38g. Decision schedule. (a) The commissioner shall issue a decision schedule for each priority energy project within sixty days after his designation. Such decision schedule shall state the order in which agency decisions are to be made and where feasible shall provide for concurrent review of applications and joint agency hearings. Notwithstanding any general statute or special act to the contrary, such decision schedule shall provide, whenever deemed in the best interests of the state by said commissioner, for the completion of all agency decisions within one year or less from the date of its issuance.

      (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of any general statutes or special act to the contrary, if the time limit set forth in the decision schedule for an agency decision has elapsed and such decision has not been made, it shall be deemed to have been made in favor of the project unless the commissioner waives or grants an extension of such time limit.

      (P.A. 80-265, S. 4.)

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      Sec. 16a-38h. Buildings leased to state. Energy requirements. (a) On and after July 1, 1984, the Department of Public Works may not execute a new lease for use by the state of any building having ten thousand or more gross square feet and which is not occupied or possessed by the state at the time of execution of the lease unless (1) the owner or agent of the owner of the building (A) has had an energy audit conducted for the building, (B) has implemented the operational and maintenance improvements recommended by the energy audit and (C) agrees in the lease to maintain such improvements, (2) energy consumption data are obtained for the two years preceding execution of the lease or the life of the building, whichever is shorter, (3) the building has a certificate of occupancy and no uncorrected violations of the State Building Code adopted under section 29-252 and the applicable municipal housing code and (4) an efficiency test for the building's boiler has been conducted.

      (b) In selecting buildings to lease for state use, the Commissioner of Public Works shall give preference to buildings which meet energy performance standards established in accordance with subdivision (1) of subsection (b) of section 16a-38 including buildings which use solar heating and cooling equipment or other renewable energy sources and which otherwise minimize life-cycle costs.

      (P.A. 83-58; P.A. 87-496, S. 79, 110; P.A. 03-230, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 87-496 substituted "public works" for "administrative services" department; P.A. 03-230 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and added provisions formerly found in Sec. 16a-38a as Subsec. (b) re leasing of energy efficient buildings.

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      Sec. 16a-38i. Reduction of energy use in state buildings. (a) The energy performance standards established by the Commissioner of Public Works and the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management pursuant to section 16a-38 shall require that the Commissioner of Public Works, in consultation with the secretary, establish a process for calculating annually, from currently available data, the average energy use per square foot in state buildings.

      (b) In accordance with section 16a-37u, the secretary shall (1) implement a system requiring all state agencies to use the process established by the Department of Public Works to annually calculate energy use, (2) establish one or more thresholds of acceptability for energy use in state buildings, and (3) (A) reduce energy use, on a cost-effective life-cycle basis and within available fiscal resources as determined by the secretary, in those buildings under the care and control of the Department of Public Works which do not meet such thresholds, and (B) assist other agencies in reducing energy use, on a cost-effective life-cycle basis and within available fiscal resources as determined by the secretary, in those buildings under their care and control which do not meet the applicable thresholds.

      (P.A. 90-219, S. 2; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-11, S. 35, 65; P.A. 03-230, S. 3.)

      History: June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-11 deleted mandated reductions in energy use in state buildings, inserted Subdiv. designators, and added requirements that the Commissioner of Public Works, in consultation with Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, annually calculate energy use in state buildings, establish thresholds of acceptability for energy use in state buildings and reduce or assist agencies in reducing energy use, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 03-230 divided existing provisions into Subsecs. (a) and (b), amended Subsec. (a) to substitute "establish a process for calculating" for "calculate", and amended Subsec. (b) to add "In accordance with section 16a-37u", require the secretary to implement a system re annual calculation of energy use and make technical changes.

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      Sec. 16a-38j. Equipment for use in state buildings; criteria established by regulations. The Department of Public Works, in consultation with the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, establishing criteria to be used by each state agency in selecting equipment for use in state buildings. Such criteria shall include a life-cycle cost analysis. Such criteria for equipment for which energy performance standards have been established pursuant to subsection (j) of section 16a-38 shall include such energy performance standards.

      (P.A. 91-248, S. 11, 13; P.A. 93-417, S. 2; P.A. 94-67, S. 2; P.A. 99-152, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 93-417 made no changes; P.A. 94-67 added provision re energy performance standards; P.A. 99-152 deleted provisions describing the required life-cycle cost analysis.

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      Sec. 16a-38k. Building construction standards for new construction of certain state facilities. (a) Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes, any (1) new construction of a state facility that is projected to cost five million dollars, or more, and for which all budgeted project bond funds are allocated by the State Bond Commission on or after January 1, 2008, (2) renovation of a state facility that is projected to cost two million dollars or more, of which two million dollars or more is state funding, approved and funded on or after January 1, 2008, (3) new construction of a facility that is projected to cost five million dollars, or more, of which two million dollars or more is state funding, and is authorized by the General Assembly pursuant to chapter 173 on or after January 1, 2009, and (4) renovation of a public school facility as defined in subdivision (18) of section 10-282 that is projected to cost two million dollars or more, of which two million dollars or more is state funding, and is authorized by the General Assembly pursuant to chapter 173 on or after January 1, 2009, shall comply with or exceed compliance with the silver building rating of the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design's rating system for new commercial construction and major renovation projects, as established by the United States Green Building Council, or an equivalent standard, including, but not limited to, a two-globe rating in the Green Globes USA design program until the regulations described in subsection (b) of this section are adopted. The Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, in consultation with the Commissioner of Public Works and the Institute for Sustainable Energy, shall exempt any facility from complying with said regulations if said secretary finds, in a written analysis, that the cost of such compliance significantly outweighs the benefits. Nothing in this section shall be construed to require the redesign of any new construction of a state facility that is designed in accordance with the silver building rating of the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design's rating system for new commercial construction and major renovation projects, as established by the United States Green Building Council, or an equivalent standard, including, but not limited to, a two-globe rating in the Green Globes USA design program, provided the design for such facility was initiated or completed prior to the adoption of the regulations described in subsection (b) of this section.

      (b) Not later than January 1, 2007, the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, in consultation with the Commissioner of Public Works, the Commissioner of Environmental Protection and the Commissioner of Public Safety, shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to adopt state building construction standards that are consistent with or exceed the silver building rating of the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design's rating system for new commercial construction and major renovation projects, as established by the United States Green Building Council, including energy standards that exceed those set forth in the 2004 edition of the American Society of Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) Standard 90.1 by no less than twenty per cent, or an equivalent standard, including, but not limited to, a two-globe rating in the Green Globes USA design program, and thereafter update such regulations as the secretary deems necessary.

      (P.A. 06-187, S. 70; P.A. 07-213, S. 5; 07-242, S. 10; 07-249, S. 15.)

      History: P.A. 07-213 amended Subsec. (a) to replace "is approved and funded" with "for which all budgeted project bond funds are allocated by the State Bond Commissioner", add provisions re compliance with silver building rating of the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design's rating system for new commercial construction and major renovation projects and revise provisions re regulations, and amended Subsec. (b) to replace "building construction standards" with "state building construction standards", effective July 10, 2007; P.A. 07-242 amended Subsec. (a) to delete exception for salt sheds, parking garages, maintenance facilities or school construction, provide that $2,000,000 or more be state funding and change date of approval and funding from on or after January 1, 2007, to on or after January 1, 2008, in newly designated Subdiv. (1), add Subdivs. (2) to (4), and charge Institute for Sustainable Energy with task of determining whether compliance cost outweighs the benefits, and amended Subsec. (b) to include energy standards that exceed the ASHRAE standard by at least 20%, effective January 1, 2008; P.A. 07-249 amended Subsec. (a) to delete provision in Subdiv. (1) re projects that use $2,000,000 or more in state funding, to require Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management to consult with Institute for Sustainable Energy re exemptions for facilities from regulations and to require that exemption be based on written cost analysis by the secretary, instead of the institute, effective January 1, 2008.

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      Sec. 16a-38l. Management of energy use in state buildings. Strategic plan. (a) Notwithstanding any provisions of the general statutes, the Office of Policy and Management, in consultation with the Department of Public Works, shall develop a strategic plan to improve the management of energy use in state facilities. Such plan shall include, but not be limited to: (1) A detailed description of the manner in which initiatives that make investments in energy efficiency, demand and load response, distributed generation, renewable energy and combined heat and power will be implemented; (2) options for having state agencies and institutions pursue competitive electric supply options through an integrated energy purchasing program; and (3) an outline of potential near-term budgetary savings targets that can be achieved through the implementation of said plan.

      (b) On or before September 1, 2007, and annually thereafter, the Office of Policy and Management shall file such strategic plan with the Connecticut Energy Advisory Board. On or before January 1, 2008, and annually thereafter, the board shall approve or modify and approve said plan. On or before March 15, 2008, and annually thereafter, the board shall measure the success of the implementation of said plan and determine any actual financial benefits that have been derived by the overall electric system, including, but not limited to, state facilities. Any savings shall be allocated as follows: (1) Seventy-five per cent shall be retained by electric ratepayers, and (2) twenty-five per cent shall be divided equally between (A) reinvestment into energy efficiency programs in state buildings, and (B) investment into energy efficiency programs and technologies on behalf of participants of energy assistance programs administered by the Department of Social Services. Any reinvestments or investments made in programs pursuant to this section shall be paid through the systems benefits charge.

      (c) To carry out the purposes of this section, the Office of Policy and Management may perform all acts necessary for the negotiation, execution and administration of any contract that is reasonably incidental to and furthers the needs of the state and the purposes of this section. The Office of Policy and Management may also retain the services of a third party entity possessing the requisite managerial, technical and financial capacity, to perform some or all of the duties necessary to implement the provisions of said plan.

      (d) Any costs incurred by the state in complying with the provisions of this section shall be paid from annual state appropriations.

      (P.A. 07-242, S. 101.)

      History: P.A. 07-242 effective June 4, 2007.

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      Sec. 16a-38m. State bonds for purpose of funding energy services projects in state buildings. (a) For the purposes described in subsection (b) of this section, the State Bond Commission shall have the power, from time to time, to authorize the issuance of bonds of the state in one or more series and in principal amounts not exceeding in the aggregate thirteen million dollars.

      (b) The proceeds of the sale of said bonds, to the extent of the amount stated in subsection (a) of this section, shall be used by the Department of Public Works for the purpose of funding the net project costs, or the balance of any projects after applying any public or private financial incentives available, for any energy services project that results in increased efficiency measures in state buildings pursuant to section 16a-38l.

      (c) All provisions of section 3-20, or the exercise of any right or power granted thereby, which are not inconsistent with the provisions of this section are hereby adopted and shall apply to all bonds authorized by the State Bond Commission pursuant to this section, and temporary notes in anticipation of the money to be derived from the sale of any such bonds so authorized may be issued in accordance with said section 3-20 and from time to time renewed. Such bonds shall mature at such time or times not exceeding twenty years from their respective dates as may be provided in or pursuant to the resolution or resolutions of the State Bond Commission authorizing such bonds. None of said bonds shall be authorized except upon a finding by the State Bond Commission that there has been filed with it a request for such authorization which is signed by or on behalf of the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management and states such terms and conditions as said commission, in its discretion, may require. Said bonds issued pursuant to this section shall be general obligations of the state and the full faith and credit of the state of Connecticut are pledged for the payment of the principal of and interest on said bonds as the same become due, and accordingly and as part of the contract of the state with the holders of said bonds, appropriation of all amounts necessary for punctual payment of such principal and interest is hereby made, and the State Treasurer shall pay such principal and interest as the same become due.

      (P.A. 07-242, S. 73; P.A. 10-44, S. 31.)

      History: P.A. 07-242 effective July 1, 2007; P.A. 10-44 amended Subsec. (a) by decreasing aggregate authorization from $30,000,000 to $13,000,000, effective July 1, 2010.

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      Sec. 16a-38n. Clean and distributive generation grant program. (a) On and after October 1, 2007, the Department of Public Utility Control shall, in consultation with the Renewable Energy Investments Advisory Board and the Office of Policy and Management, establish a grant program for clean and distributive generation, generated from a Class I renewable energy source, projects for businesses and state buildings.

      (b) The Department of Public Utility Control shall award grants as follows: (1) Not more than twenty-five million dollars shall be awarded to fuel cell projects, and (2) not more than twenty-five million dollars shall be awarded for all other clean and distributive generation projects.

      (P.A. 07-242, S. 108.)

      History: P.A. 07-242 effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 16a-38o. Bond authorization for the clean and distributive generation grant program. (a) For the purposes described in subsection (b) of this section, the State Bond Commission shall have the power, from time to time, to authorize the issuance of bonds of the state in one or more series and in principal amounts not exceeding in the aggregate twenty million dollars.

      (b) The proceeds of the sale of said bonds, to the extent of the amount stated in subsection (a) of this section, shall be used by the Department of Public Utility Control for the purpose of the grant program established in section 16a-38n.

      (c) All provisions of section 3-20, or the exercise of any right or power granted thereby, which are not inconsistent with the provisions of this section are hereby adopted and shall apply to all bonds authorized by the State Bond Commission pursuant to this section, and temporary notes in anticipation of the money to be derived from the sale of any such bonds so authorized may be issued in accordance with said section 3-20 and from time to time renewed. Such bonds shall mature at such time or times not exceeding twenty years from their respective dates as may be provided in or pursuant to the resolution or resolutions of the State Bond Commission authorizing such bonds. None of said bonds shall be authorized except upon a finding by the State Bond Commission that there has been filed with it a request for such authorization which is signed by or on behalf of the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management and states such terms and conditions as said commission, in its discretion, may require. Said bonds issued pursuant to this section shall be general obligations of the state and the full faith and credit of the state of Connecticut are pledged for the payment of the principal of and interest on said bonds as the same become due, and accordingly and as part of the contract of the state with the holders of said bonds, appropriation of all amounts necessary for punctual payment of such principal and interest is hereby made, and the State Treasurer shall pay such principal and interest as the same become due.

      (P.A. 07-242, S. 109; P.A. 10-44, S. 32.)

      History: P.A. 07-242 effective July 1, 2007; P.A. 10-44 amended Subsec. (a) by decreasing aggregate authorization from $50,000,000 to $20,000,000, effective July 1, 2010.

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      Sec. 16a-38p. Bond authorization for renewable energy or combined heat and power projects in state buildings. (a) For the purposes described in subsection (b) of this section, the State Bond Commission shall have the power, from time to time, to authorize the issuance of bonds of the state in one or more series and in principal amounts not exceeding in the aggregate ten million dollars.

      (b) The proceeds of the sale of said bonds, to the extent of the amount stated in subsection (a) of this section, shall be used by Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated, for the purpose of funding the net project costs, or the balance of any projects after applying any public or private financial incentives available, for any renewable energy or combined heat and power projects in state buildings. The funds shall be made available through the Renewable Energy Investment Fund, established pursuant to section 16-245n. Eligible state buildings shall be Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certified or in the process of becoming LEED certified or in the process of becoming LEED silver rating certified or receive a two-globe rating in the green Globes USA design program or in the process of receiving a two-globe rating in the Green Globes USA design program.

      (c) All provisions of section 3-20, or the exercise of any right or power granted thereby, which are not inconsistent with the provisions of this section are hereby adopted and shall apply to all bonds authorized by the State Bond Commission pursuant to this section, and temporary notes in anticipation of the money to be derived from the sale of any such bonds so authorized may be issued in accordance with said section 3-20 and from time to time renewed. Such bonds shall mature at such time or times not exceeding twenty years from their respective dates as may be provided in or pursuant to the resolution or resolutions of the State Bond Commission authorizing such bonds. None of said bonds shall be authorized except upon a finding by the State Bond Commission that there has been filed with it a request for such authorization which is signed by or on behalf of the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management and states such terms and conditions as said commission, in its discretion, may require. Said bonds issued pursuant to this section shall be general obligations of the state and the full faith and credit of the state of Connecticut are pledged for the payment of the principal of and interest on said bonds as the same become due, and accordingly and as part of the contract of the state with the holders of said bonds, appropriation of all amounts necessary for punctual payment of such principal and interest is hereby made, and the State Treasurer shall pay such principal and interest as the same become due.

      (P.A. 07-242, S. 121; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-4, S. 64; P.A. 10-44, S. 33.)

      History: P.A. 07-242 effective July 1, 2007; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-4 amended Subsec. (b) to add that eligible state buildings may be "in the process of becoming LEED silver rating certified or receive a two-globe rating in the Green Globes USA design program or in the process of receiving a two-globe rating in the Green Globes USA design program", effective July 1, 2007; P.A. 10-44 amended Subsec. (a) to decrease aggregate authorization from $30,000,000 to $10,000,000, effective July 1, 2010.

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      Sec. 16a-38q. Eligible photovoltaic contractors under solar photovoltaic rebate program. (a) The administrator of a solar photovoltaic rebate program funded in whole or in part, pursuant to section 16-245n, shall deem the holder of an E-1 or E-2 electrical license issued pursuant to chapter 393 an eligible photovoltaic contractor under such program if such license holder is qualified by experience or training in photovoltaic system siting, design and electrical services. For purposes of this subsection, a license holder is qualified by experience or training in photovoltaic system siting, design and electrical services if such license holder has (1) completed either (A) a photovoltaic installation training course, or (B) received manufacturer certification regarding the photovoltaic products to be installed by the license holder under such program, and (2) (A) has completed one or more photovoltaic installations as a lead installer or as a subcontractor, which installations may be grid-tied photovoltaic systems installed at such license holder's residence or business, (B) has been the on-site supervisor for one or more photovoltaic system installations, or (C) has completed not less than seven photovoltaic system installations as an apprentice.

      (b) Nothing in this section shall exempt the holder of an E-1 or E-2 license issued pursuant to chapter 393 from insurance or inspection requirements of a solar photovoltaic rebate program that is subject to the provisions of subsection (a) of this section.

      (P.A. 10-80, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 10-80 effective June 2, 2010.

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      Sec. 16a-39. Lighting standards for public buildings. Regulations. Inspections. Lighting grants to municipalities. (a) As used in this section:

      (1) "Public building" means any building or portion thereof, other than an "exempted building", which is open to the public during normal business hours, including (A) any building which provides facilities or shelter for public assembly, (B) any inn, hotel, motel, sports arena, supermarket, transportation terminal, retail store, restaurant, or other commercial establishment which provides services or retails merchandise, and (C) any building owned or leased by the state of Connecticut or any political subdivision thereof, or by another state or political subdivision thereof and located in Connecticut, including libraries, museums, schools, hospitals, auditoriums, sports arenas and university buildings;

      (2) "Exempted building" means (A) any building whose peak design rate of energy usage for all purposes is less than one watt per square foot of floor area for all purposes, (B) any building with neither a heating nor cooling system and (C) any building owned or leased in whole or in part by the United States;

      (3) "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Public Works or his designee;

      (4) "Secretary" means the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management or his designee; and

      (5) "Eligible building" means a building owned by a municipality, located within the state and not used for public education purposes.

      (b) The commissioner, after consultation with the secretary and with such advisory board as said secretary may appoint, shall adopt, in accordance with chapter 54, regulations establishing lighting standards for all public buildings. The members of any such advisory board shall receive neither compensation nor expenses for the performance of their duties.

      (c) The lighting standards adopted pursuant to subsection (b) of this section shall provide for the maximum feasible energy efficiency of lighting equipment commensurate with other factors relevant to lighting levels and equipment, including, but not limited to, the purposes of the lighting, reasonable economic considerations in terms both of initial capital costs and of operating costs including nonenergy operating costs, reasonable budgetary considerations in terms of the feasibility of implementing changes which require a significant capital expenditure in a given time period, any constraints imposed on lighting equipment by the nature of the activities being carried out in the facility involved, considerations involving historic preservation or unusual architectural features, the amount of remaining useful lifetime which a particular structure would be expected to enjoy and the size of the building or portion of the building involved.

      (d) The commissioner shall, upon the adoption of the regulations required by subsection (b) of this section, make random inspections of public buildings to monitor compliance with the standards established by such regulations. The commissioner may also inspect any public buildings against which complaints alleging violation of such standards have been received. The operator of a public building or portion thereof shall provide access to such inspectors at any reasonable time, including all times during which the facility is open to the public. If an inspector is denied access to a public building for the purposes of making an inspection in accordance with the provisions of this section, the commissioner may apply to the superior court for the judicial district wherein such building is located for injunctive or other equitable relief. If upon inspection it is determined that the lighting levels in a public building do not conform to such standards, the inspector shall make available to the owner or operator of such building, information regarding such standards and the economic and energy savings expected to result from compliance therewith. The owner or operator of a public building may, after having taken appropriate measures to render such building in compliance with such standards request a reinspection of such building by the commissioner. The commissioner may, upon such request or at his own discretion, conduct such reinspection and determine whether or not such building has been brought into compliance with such standards.

      (e) The commissioner shall maintain a listing of all public buildings found to be in compliance with the lighting standards adopted pursuant to subsection (c) of this section.

      (f) The secretary may award lighting grants to municipalities for the purpose of improving the energy efficiency of lighting equipment in eligible buildings. All lighting grants shall be awarded based on an application, submitted by a municipality, which sets forth the lighting conservation measures to be implemented. Such measures shall meet the standards established pursuant to subsection (b) of this section and be consistent with the state energy policy, as set forth in section 16a-35k. When evaluating the applications submitted pursuant to this section and determining the amount of a lighting grant, the secretary shall consider the energy savings and the payback period for the measures to be implemented and any other information which the secretary deems relevant. The funds for lighting grants shall be provided from proceeds of bonds issued for such purpose. The amount of each grant shall be not less than five thousand dollars but not more than fifty thousand dollars, provided the secretary may award grants of less than five thousand dollars or more than fifty thousand dollars if the secretary finds good cause to do so. All public service company incentive payments contributed to any energy conservation project at an eligible building shall be applied to pay the principal cost of that project.

      (P.A. 78-269, S. 1-6; P.A. 87-496, S. 80, 110; P.A. 88-220, S. 5, 11; P.A. 93-378, S. 3, 4.)

      History: P.A. 87-496 substituted public works commissioner for administrative services commissioner in Subsec. (a); P.A. 88-220 deleted obsolete provisions re 1979 reporting requirement in Subsec. (e); P.A. 93-378 added Subsec. (a)(5) defining "eligible building" and added new Subsec. (f) regarding lighting grants to municipalities, effective July 1, 1993.

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      Sec. 16a-39a. Pilot energy conservation management program. Section 16a-39a is repealed, effective October 1, 2002.

      (P.A. 84-220, S. 2, 3; P.A. 85-325, S. 2, 5; P.A. 87-496, S. 81, 110; S.A. 02-12, S. 1.)

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      Sec. 16a-39b. Periodic meeting re opportunities for energy savings by the state. The Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall convene periodic meetings, to be held at least once every twelve months, to discuss opportunities for energy savings by the state. Such meetings shall consist of the secretary, or the secretary's designee, and representatives from each state agency that the secretary determines to be among the ten agencies that consumed the greatest amount of energy during the previous twelve months.

      (P.A. 85-325, S. 1, 5; P.A. 87-496, S. 82, 110; P.A. 96-251, S. 7; P.A. 03-230, S. 4.)

      History: P.A. 87-496 substituted "public works" for "administrative services" commissioner and department; P.A. 96-251 amended Subsec. (d) by requiring that on and after October 1, 1996, reports be submitted to the legislative committee on energy and upon request to legislators and by adding provisions re submission of summaries; P.A. 03-230 replaced former Subsecs. (a) to (d) re task force on incentives for conserving energy with provisions requiring that the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management convene periodic meetings to discuss opportunities for energy savings by the state.

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      Sec. 16a-40. Definitions. For the purposes of sections 16a-40a to 16a-40c, inclusive, and this section:

      (a) "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development;

      (b) "Alternative energy device" means a wood-burning stove for space heating and any system or mechanism which uses wood, solar radiation, wind, water or geothermal resources as a source for space heating, water heating, cooling or generation of electrical energy. Such alternative energy device may be a new source or system, a replacement of an existing source or system or a supplement to an existing source or system; and

      (c) "Residential structure" means any building in which at least two-thirds of the usable square footage is used for dwelling purposes.

      (P.A. 79-509, S. 1, 5; Oct. Sp. Sess. P.A. 79-10, S. 1, 4; P.A. 82-369, S. 5, 28; P.A. 83-427, S. 1; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: Oct. Sp. Sess. P.A. 79-10 replaced commissioner of economic development with commissioner of housing and redefined "alternative energy device" to include devices using wood and to clarify fact that device may be new, replacement or supplemental source or system; P.A. 82-369 eliminated definition of "residential dwelling", relettered former Subdiv. (c) as Subdiv. (b) and made technical corrections; P.A. 83-427 added Subdiv. (c), defining "residential structure"; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 16a-40a. Energy Conservation Loan Fund. The commissioner shall establish an "Energy Conservation Loan Fund". Such fund shall be used for the purposes of making and guaranteeing loans or deferred loans authorized under section 16a-40b and may be used for expenses incurred by the commissioner in the implementation of the program of loans, deferred loans and loan guarantees under said section and in the servicing of loans made before July 1, 1985, under section 16a-40k.

      (P.A. 79-509, S. 2, 5; P.A. 82-369, S. 6, 28; P.A. 85-601, S. 1, 8; P.A. 92-166, S. 28, 31.)

      History: P.A. 82-369 required fund to also be used for purpose of guaranteeing loans authorized under Sec. 16a-40b; P.A. 85-601 allowed, instead of required, fund to be used for expenses incurred in implementation of program under Sec. 16a-40b and allowed fund to be used in servicing of loans made under Sec. 16a-40k; P.A. 92-166 authorized deferred loans as a form of financial assistance available under the section.

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      Sec. 16a-40b. Revolving loans and deferred loans for energy-conserving installations in residential structures. Revolving loans for secondary heating systems and conversions of primary heating systems in dwellings heated primarily by electricity. Program for multifamily dwellings. Regulations. Electric and gas company participation. (a) The commissioner, acting on behalf of the state, may, with respect to loans for which funds have been authorized by the State Bond Commission prior to July 1, 1992, in his discretion make low-cost loans or deferred loans to residents of this state for the purchase and installation in residential structures of insulation, alternative energy devices, energy conservation materials and replacement furnaces and boilers, approved in accordance with regulations to be adopted by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management. In the purchase and installation of insulation in new residential structures, only that insulation which exceeds the requirements of the State Building Code shall be eligible for such loans or deferred loans. The commissioner may also make low-cost loans or deferred loans to persons in the state residing in dwellings constructed not later than December 31, 1979, and for which the primary source of heating since such date has been electric resistance, for (1) the purchase and installation of a high-efficiency secondary heating system using a source of heat other than electric resistance, (2) the conversion of a primary electric heating system to a high-efficiency system using a source of heat other than electric resistance, or (3) the purchase and installation of a high-efficiency combination heating and cooling system. As used in this subsection, "high-efficiency" means having a seasonal energy efficiency ratio of 11.0 or higher, or a heating season performance factor of 7.2 or higher, as designated by the American Refrigeration Institute in the Directory of Certified Unitary Air Conditioners, Air Source Heat Pumps and Outdoor Unitary Equipment, as from time to time amended, or an equivalent ratio for a fossil fuel system.

      (b) Any such loan or deferred loan shall be available only for a residential structure containing not more than four dwelling units, shall be not less than four hundred dollars and not more than twenty-five thousand dollars per structure and, with respect to any application received on or after November 29, 1979, shall be made only to an applicant who submits evidence, satisfactory to the commissioner, that the adjusted gross income of the household member or members who contribute to the support of his household was not in excess of two hundred per cent of the median area income by household size. In the case of a deferred loan, the contract shall require that payments on interest are due immediately but that payments on principal may be made at a later time. Repayment of loans made under this subsection shall be subject to (1) a rate of interest (A) of zero per cent for loans for natural gas furnaces or boilers that meet or exceed federal Energy Star standards and propane and oil furnaces and boilers that are not less than eighty-four per cent efficient or as may otherwise be provided in subsection (a) of section 16a-46e, or (B) to be determined in accordance with subsection (t) of section 3-20 and this subsection for loans for other purposes, and (2) such terms and conditions as the commissioner may establish. The State Bond Commission shall establish a range of rates of interest payable on loans pursuant to subparagraph (B) of subdivision (1) of this subsection and shall apply the range to applicants in accordance with a formula which reflects their income. Such range shall be not less than zero per cent for any applicant in the lowest income class and not more than one per cent above the rate of interest borne by the general obligation bonds of the state last issued prior to the most recent date such range was established for any applicant for whom the adjusted gross income of the household member or members who contribute to the support of his household does not exceed two hundred per cent of the median area income by household size.

      (c) The commissioner shall establish a program under which he shall make funds deposited in the Energy Conservation Loan Fund available for low-cost loans or deferred loans under subsection (a) of this section for residential structures containing more than four dwelling units, or for contracts guaranteeing payment of loans or deferred loans provided by private institutions for such structures for the purposes specified under subsection (a) of this section. Any such loan or deferred loan shall be an amount equaling not more than two thousand dollars multiplied by the number of dwelling units in such structure, provided no such loan or deferred loan shall exceed sixty thousand dollars. If the applicant seeks a loan or deferred loan for a structure containing more than thirty dwelling units, he shall include in his application a commitment to make comparable energy improvements of benefit to all dwelling units in the structure in addition to the thirty units which are eligible for the loan or deferred loan. Applications for contracts of guarantee shall be limited to structures containing not more than thirty dwelling units and the amount of the guarantee shall be not more than three thousand dollars for each dwelling unit benefiting from the loan or deferred loan. There shall not be an income eligibility limitation for applicants for such loans, deferred loans or guarantees, but the commissioner shall give preference to applications for loans, deferred loans or guarantees for such structures which are occupied by persons of low or moderate income. Repayment of such loans or deferred loans shall be subject to (1) a rate of interest (A) of zero per cent for loans for natural gas furnaces or boilers that meet or exceed federal Energy Star standards and propane and oil furnaces and boilers that are not less than eighty-four per cent efficient or as may otherwise be provided in subsection (a) of section 16a-46e, or (B) to be determined in accordance with subsection (t) of section 3-20 for loans for other purposes, and (2) such terms and conditions as the commissioner shall establish. The state shall have a lien on each property for which a loan, deferred loan or guarantee has been made under this section to ensure compliance with such terms and conditions.

      (d) With respect to such loans made on or after July 1, 1981, all repayments of principal shall be paid to the State Treasurer for deposit in the Housing Repayment and Revolving Loan Fund. The interest applicable to any such loans made shall be paid to the State Treasurer for deposit in the General Fund. After the close of each fiscal year, commencing with the close of the fiscal year ending June 30, 1992, and prior to the date of the calculation required under subsection (f) of this section, the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development shall cause any balance of loan repayments under this section remaining in said fund to be transferred to the Energy Conservation Loan Fund created pursuant to section 16a-40a.

      (e) The commissioner shall adopt regulations in accordance with chapter 54, (1) concerning qualifications for such loans or deferred loans, requirements and limitations as to adjustments of terms and conditions of repayment and any additional requirements deemed necessary to carry out the provisions of this section and to assure that those tax-exempt bonds and notes used to fund such loans or deferred loans qualify for exemption from federal income taxation, (2) providing for the maximum feasible availability of such loans or deferred loans for dwelling units owned or occupied by persons of low and moderate income, (3) establishing procedures to inform such persons of the availability of such loans or deferred loans and to encourage and assist them to apply for such loans or deferred loans, and (4) providing that (A) the interest payments received from the recipients of loans or deferred loans made on and after July 1, 1982, less the expenses incurred by the commissioner in the implementation of the program of loans, deferred loans and loan guarantees under this section, and (B) the payments received from electric and gas companies under subsection (f) of this section shall be applied to reimburse the General Fund for interest on the outstanding bonds and notes used to fund such loans or deferred loans made on or after July 1, 1982.

      (f) Not later than August first, annually, the commissioner shall calculate the difference between (1) the weighted average of the percentage rates of interest payable on all subsidized loans made (A) after July 1, 1982, from the Energy Conservation Loan Fund, (B) from the Home Heating System Loan Fund established under section 16a-40k, and (C) from the Housing Repayment and Revolving Loan Fund pursuant to this section, and (2) the average of the percentage rates of interest on any bonds and notes issued pursuant to section 3-20, which have been dedicated to the energy conservation loan program and used to fund such loans, and multiply such difference by the outstanding amount of all such loans, or such lesser amount as may be required under Section 103(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as from time to time amended. The product of such difference and such applicable amount shall not exceed six per cent of the sum of the outstanding principal amount at the end of each fiscal year of all loans or deferred loans made (A) on or after July 1, 1982, from the Energy Conservation Loan Fund, (B) from the Home Heating System Loan Fund established under section 16a-40k, and (C) from the Housing Repayment and Revolving Loan Fund pursuant to this section, and the balance remaining in the Energy Conservation Loan Fund and the balance of energy conservation loan repayments in the Housing Repayment and Revolving Loan Fund. Not later than September first, annually, the Department of Public Utility Control shall allocate such product among each electric and gas company having at least seventy-five thousand customers, in accordance with a formula taking into account, without limitation, the average number of residential customers of each company. Not later than October first, annually, each such company shall pay its assessed amount to the commissioner. The commissioner shall pay to the State Treasurer for deposit in the General Fund all such payments from electric and gas companies, and shall adopt procedures to assure that such payments are not used for purposes other than those specifically provided in this section. The department shall include each company's payment as an operating expense of the company for the purposes of rate-making under section 16-19.

      (P.A. 79-509, S. 3, 5; Oct. Sp. Sess. P.A. 79-10, S. 2, 4; P.A. 81-306, S. 1, 4; P.A. 82-369, S. 7, 28; P.A. 83-427, S. 2; P.A. 85-601, S. 2-4, 8; P.A. 86-189, S. 1, 2; P.A. 87-416, S. 12, 24; 87-578, S. 1-4, 6; P.A. 88-220, S. 6, 11; P.A. 89-211, S. 28; 89-312, S. 1, 2; P.A. 90-238, S. 26, 27, 32; P.A. 92-166, S. 29, 31; 92-208, S. 1, 6; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-7, S. 31, 36; P.A. 93-435, S. 4, 95; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 05-191, S. 5; P.A. 07-64, S. 1; 07-242, S. 80; Aug. Sp. Sess. P.A. 08-2, S. 6.)

      History: Oct. Sp. Sess. P.A. 79-10 placed income ceiling of $30,000 average for loan applicants as of November 29, 1979; P.A. 81-306 divided section into two subsecs. and in Subsec. (a) added provisions making loan fund revolving and in Subsec. (b) raised maximum income eligibility for loans from $30,000 to $33,000 per year; P.A. 82-369 relettered and added subsections, made technical changes in Subsec. (a), increased from $33,000 to $45,000 the eligibility limit for loans for residential structures containing not more than four dwelling units and added provisions re range of interest rates for such loans in Subsec. (b), added Subsec. (c) providing for pilot program for loans and loan guarantees for residential structures containing more than four dwelling units, clarified loan repayment provisions in Subsec. (d), required in Subsec. (e) that regulations be adopted re qualification of bonds and notes used for loans for exemption from federal income taxation, availability of loans for persons of low and moderate income, and reimbursement of general fund for interest on outstanding bonds and notes used to fund loans made on or after July 1, 1982, added Subsec. (f) re payments by electric and gas companies, and added Subsec. (g) re report to general assembly on pilot program; P.A. 83-427 amended Subsec. (b) to vary loan limits in accordance with size of structure and amended Subsec. (c) to require that not less than 10% nor more than 25% of funds deposited in loan fund be made available for pilot program, instead of 10%, and to increase the limit on loans under pilot program from $700 to $1,000 per unit; P.A. 85-601 amended Subsec. (a), authorizing loans to be made for purchase and installation of replacement furnaces and boilers, limiting amount of funds to be allocated for such loans during fiscal year ending June 30, 1986, and authorizing loans to be made to persons residing in certain electrically heated dwellings for purchase of nonelectric secondary systems or conversion to nonelectric systems, amended Subsec. (c), increasing from 10 to 30 the number of dwelling units in a structure eligible for loans and loan guarantees and limiting the amount of funds to be allocated for such loans during fiscal year ending June 30, 1986, amended Subsec. (e) re regulations re application of interest payments to program implementation expenses and to reimbursement of general fund and amended Subsec. (f), clarifying calculation of electric and gas company assessment; P.A. 86-189 amended Subsec. (a) to repeal limit on allocation for loans for replacement furnaces and boilers, amended Subsec. (c) to repeal provision basing loan amount on number of dwelling units benefiting from loan and replacing with $30,000 loan limit and to repeal limit on allocation for loans and contracts guaranteeing loans in amounts greater than $10,000 and amended Subsec. (g) to require new report to general assembly; P.A. 87-416 amended Subsec. (b) to provide that the interest rates on loans would be determined by the state bond commission in accordance with Subsec. (t) of Sec. 3-20; P.A. 87-578 increased the limit for loans for residential structures containing not more than four dwelling units to $6,000 and made technical changes re income requirements in Subsec. (b), eliminated fiscal year 1986-1987 allocation requirement and added lien provision in Subsec. (c), and made technical changes in Subsecs. (c) and (f); P.A. 88-220 deleted provision for repayment, before 1981, of principal and interest on loans in Subsec. (d) and made the reporting requirement in Subsec. (g) annual; P.A. 89-211 clarified reference to the Internal Revenue Code of 1986; P.A. 89-312 amended Subsec. (f)(2) to refer to bonds dedicated to energy conservation loan program rather than to bonds issued pursuant to Secs. 16a-40c and 16a-40k; P.A. 90-238 revised provisions re administrative expenses, state service fees and allocation of moneys in various housing funds in Subsecs. (d) and (f); P.A. 92-166 amended Subsec. (b) to provide that, in the case of a deferred loan, payments on principal are due immediately but that payments on interest may be made at a later time and to amend Subsecs. (a) and (c) to (g), inclusive, to make technical changes consistent with 1992 public acts; P.A. 92-208 amended Subsec. (a) by adding provision re loans for which funds have been authorized by the state bond commission prior to July 1, 1992, and amended Subsec. (d) to require the annual transfer of any balance in the fund after July 1, 1992, to the energy conservation revolving loan account created pursuant to Sec. 32-317; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-7 amended Subsec. (d) to provide that payments shall be prior to the calculations required under Subsec. (f) of this section and Sec. 32-317(f); P.A. 93-435 added references to "deferred loans", in Subsec. (e), effective June 28, 1993; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 05-191 made technical changes in Subsecs. (e) and (f) and deleted former Subsec. (g) re annual report by Commissioner of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 07-64 amended Subsec. (a) by specifying purposes of a loan in new Subdivs. (1) to (3), deleting former provision re primary source of heating and defining "high-efficiency", amended Subsec. (b) by raising loan amount to $15,000, and applying highest loan interest range to households at 150% of median income, amended Subsec. (c) by increasing multiplier for loan amount for structures with four or more dwelling units to $2,000, with a maximum amount of $60,000, and increasing multiplier for loan amount for structures with more than 30 dwelling units to $3,000, and made technical changes in Subsec. (d); P.A. 07-242 amended Subsec. (b) to delete exception re Subsec. (c) and to increase maximum loan limit from $15,000 to $25,000, effective June 4, 2007; Aug. Sp. Sess. P.A. 08-2 amended Subsec. (b) to increase income eligibility requirements from 150% to 200% of median area income by household size, to add Subdiv. (1)(A) re 0% interest loans for certain furnaces or boilers, regardless of income, to make interest rates in Subdiv. (1)(B) applicable to loans for other purposes and to make conforming changes and amended Subsec. (c) to add Subdiv. (1)(A) re 0% interest loans for certain furnaces or boilers, to make interest rates in Subdiv. (1)(B) applicable to loans for other purposes and to make conforming changes, effective August 26, 2008.

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      Sec. 16a-40c. State bonds for purposes of the Energy Conservation Loan Fund. The State Bond Commission shall have the power, from time to time, to authorize the issuance of bonds of the state in one or more series and in principal amounts not exceeding in the aggregate twenty-three million seven hundred thousand dollars. The proceeds of the sale of said bonds shall be deposited in the Energy Conservation Loan Fund established under section 16a-40a for the purposes of making and guaranteeing loans and deferred loans as provided in section 16a-40b. All provisions of section 3-20, or the exercise of any right or power granted thereby which are not inconsistent with the provisions of sections 16a-40 to 16a-40b, inclusive, and this section are hereby adopted and shall apply to all bonds authorized by the State Bond Commission pursuant to said sections 16a-40 to 16a-40b, inclusive, and this section, and temporary notes in anticipation of the money to be derived from the sale of any such bonds so authorized may be issued in accordance with said section 3-20 and from time to time renewed. Such bonds shall mature at such time or times not exceeding twenty years from their respective dates as may be provided in or pursuant to the resolution or resolutions of the State Bond Commission authorizing such bonds. Said bonds issued pursuant to said sections 16a-40 to 16a-40b, inclusive, and this section shall be general obligations of the state and the full faith and credit of the state of Connecticut are pledged for the payment of the principal of and interest on said bonds as the same become due, and accordingly and as part of the contract of the state with the holders of said bonds, appropriation of all amounts necessary for punctual payment of such principal and interest is hereby made, and the Treasurer shall pay such principal and interest as the same become due.

      (P.A. 79-509, S. 4, 5; Oct. Sp. Sess. P.A. 79-10, S. 3, 4; P.A. 80-453, S. 1, 2; P.A. 81-306, S. 2, 4; P.A. 82-369, S. 8, 28; P.A. 85-558, S. 11, 17; 85-601, S. 5, 8; P.A. 87-405, S. 15, 26; P.A. 89-331, S. 16, 30; P.A. 92-166, S. 30, 31.)

      History: Oct. Sp. Sess. P.A. 79-10 increased bond limit from $3,000,000 to $6,000,000 and imposed three-year deadline on authorization, dating from November 26, 1979; P.A. 80-453 increased bond limit to $8,000,000; P.A. 81-306 increased bond authorization for fund to $13,000,000 and changed authorization deadline from "three years after November 29, 1979" to "June 30, 1986"; P.A. 82-369 increased bond authorization to $17,000,000 and provided that bond proceeds also be used for guaranteeing loans; P.A. 85-558 removed June 30, 1986 deadline for issuance of bonds under this section; P.A. 85-601 increased bond authorization to $7,700,000; P.A. 87-405 increased the bond authorization to $18,700,000; P.A. 89-331 increased the bond authorization to $23,700,000; P.A. 92-166 amended section by adding reference to deferred loans, consistent with 1992 public acts.

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      Sec. 16a-40d. Bond authorization for the Energy Conservation Loan Fund and the Green Connecticut Loan Guaranty Fund. (a) The State Bond Commission shall have the power, from time to time, to authorize the issuance of bonds of the state in one or more series and in principal amounts not exceeding in the aggregate five million dollars per year. Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, the proceeds of the sale of said bonds shall be deposited in the Energy Conservation Loan Fund established under section 16a-40a for the purposes of making and guaranteeing loans and deferred loans as provided in section 5 of public act 05-2 of the October 25 special session* and section 16a-46e. All provisions of section 3-20, or the exercise of any right or power granted thereby which are not inconsistent with the provisions of sections 16a-40 to 16a-40b, inclusive, and this section are hereby adopted and shall apply to all bonds authorized by the State Bond Commission pursuant to said sections 16a-40 to 16a-40b, inclusive, and this section, and temporary notes in anticipation of the money to be derived from the sale of any such bonds so authorized may be issued in accordance with said section 3-20 and from time to time renewed. Such bonds shall mature at such time or times not exceeding twenty years from their respective dates as may be provided in or pursuant to the resolution or resolutions of the State Bond Commission authorizing such bonds. Said bonds issued pursuant to said sections 16a-40 to 16a-40b, inclusive, and this section shall be general obligations of the state and the full faith and credit of the state of Connecticut are pledged for the payment of the principal of and interest on said bonds as the same become due, and accordingly and as part of the contract of the state with the holders of said bonds, appropriation of all amounts necessary for punctual payment of such principal and interest is hereby made, and the Treasurer shall pay such principal and interest as the same become due.

      (b) As of July 1, 2010, proceeds of the sale of said bonds which have been authorized as provided in subsection (a) of this section, but have not been allocated by the State Bond Commission, and the additional amount of five million dollars authorized by this section on July 1, 2010, shall be deposited in the Green Connecticut Loan Guaranty Fund established pursuant to section 16a-40e, and shall be used by the Connecticut Health and Educational Facilities Authority for purposes of the Green Connecticut Loan Guaranty Fund program established pursuant to section 16a-40f, provided not more than eighteen million dollars shall be deposited in the Green Connecticut Loan Guaranty Fund. Such additional amounts may be deposited in the Green Connecticut Loan Guaranty Fund as the State Bond Commission may, from time to time, authorize.

      (Oct. 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-2, S. 6; P.A. 07-242, S. 2; P.A. 10-44, S. 210; 10-179, S. 137.)

      *Note: Section 5 of public act 05-2 of the October 25 special session is special in nature and therefore has not been codified but remains in full force and effect according to its terms.


      History: Oct. 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-2 effective October 31, 2005; P.A. 07-242 made aggregate authorization of $5,000,000 available annually, effective June 4, 2007; P.A. 10-44 decreased aggregate authorization from $5,000,000 to $2,000,000 for 2008 fiscal year, and authorized $5,000,000 for 2011 fiscal year and each fiscal year thereafter, effective July 1, 2010; P.A. 10-179 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and amended same to change aggregate authorization to $5,000,000 per year, and added Subsec. (b) re use of up to $18,000,000 in bond proceeds for Green Connecticut Loan Guaranty Fund, effective July 1, 2010.

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      Sec. 16a-40e. Green Connecticut Loan Guaranty Fund. The Connecticut Health and Educational Facilities Authority shall establish a "Green Connecticut Loan Guaranty Fund". Such fund shall be used for the purposes of guaranteeing loans authorized under section 16a-40f, and may be used for expenses incurred by said authority in the implementation of the program under said section.

      (P.A. 10-179, S. 136.)

      History: P.A. 10-179 effective May 7, 2010.

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      Sec. 16a-40f. Green Connecticut Loan Guaranty Fund program. (a) For the purposes of this section:

      (1) "Participating qualified nonprofit organizations" means individuals, nonprofit organizations and small businesses;

      (2) "Small business" means a business entity employing not more than fifty full-time employees;

      (3) "Eligible energy conservation project" means an energy conservation project meeting the criteria identified, as provided in subsection (d) of this section; and

      (4) "Participating lending institution" means any bank, trust company, savings bank, savings and loan association or credit union, whether chartered by the United States of America or this state, or any insurance company authorized to do business in this state that participates in the Green Connecticut Loan Guaranty Fund program.

      (b) The Connecticut Health and Educational Facilities Authority shall establish the Green Connecticut Loan Guaranty Fund program from the proceeds of the bonds issued pursuant to section 16a-40d for the purpose of guaranteeing loans made by participating lending institutions to a participating qualified nonprofit organization for eligible energy conservation projects, including for two or more joint eligible energy conservation projects. In carrying out the purposes of this section, the authority shall have and may exercise the powers provided in section 10a-180.

      (c) Participating qualified nonprofit organizations may borrow money from a participating lending institution for any energy conservation project for which the authority provides guaranties pursuant to this section. In connection with the provision of such a guaranty by the Connecticut Health and Educational Facilities Authority, (1) a participating qualified nonprofit organization shall enter into any loan or other agreement and make such covenants, representations and indemnities as a participating lending institution deems necessary or appropriate; and (2) a participating lending institution shall enter into a guaranty agreement with the authority, pursuant to which the authority has agreed to provide a first loss guaranty of an agreed percentage of the original principal amount of loans for eligible energy conservation projects.

      (d) In consultation with the Office of Policy and Management, the Connecticut Health and Educational Facilities Authority shall identify types of projects that qualify as eligible energy conservation projects, including, but not limited to, the purchase and installation of insulation, alternative energy devices, energy conservation materials, replacement furnaces and boilers, and technologically advanced energy-conserving equipment. The authority, in consultation with said office, shall establish priorities for financing eligible energy conservation projects based on need and quality determinants. The authority shall adopt procedures, in accordance with the provisions of section 1-121, to implement the provisions of this section.

      (P.A. 10-179, S. 135.)

      History: P.A. 10-179 effective May 7, 2010.

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      Secs. 16a-40g and 16a-40h. Reserved for future use.

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      Sec. 16a-40i. Electric and gas company participation in Solar Energy and Energy Conservation Bank Program. Section 16a-40i is repealed, effective October 1, 2002.

      (P.A. 83-427, S. 3; S.A. 02-12, S. 1.)

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      Sec. 16a-40j. Bond authorization. (a) For the purposes described in subsection (b), the State Bond Commission shall have the power, from time to time, to authorize the issuance of bonds of the state in one or more series and in principal amounts not exceeding in the aggregate five hundred thousand dollars.

      (b) The proceeds of the sale of said bonds, to the extent of the amount stated in subsection (a), shall be deposited in the Energy Conservation Loan Fund established under section 16a-40a for the purposes of making and guaranteeing loans as provided in section 16a-40b.

      (c) All provisions of section 3-20, or the exercise of any right or power granted thereby which are not inconsistent with the provisions of this section and section 16a-40b are hereby adopted and shall apply to all bonds authorized by the State Bond Commission pursuant to this section and section 16a-40b, and temporary notes in anticipation of the money to be derived from the sale of any such bonds so authorized may be issued in accordance with said section 3-20 and from time to time renewed. Such bonds shall mature at such time or times not exceeding twenty years from their respective dates as may be provided in or pursuant to the resolution or resolutions of the State Bond Commission authorizing such bonds. None of said bonds shall be authorized except upon a finding by the State Bond Commission that there has been filed with it a request for such authorization, which is signed by or on behalf of the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development and states such terms and conditions as said commission, in its discretion, may require. Said bonds issued pursuant to this section and section 16a-40b shall be general obligations of the state and the full faith and credit of the state of Connecticut are pledged for the payment of the principal of and interest on said bonds as the same become due, and accordingly and as part of the contract of the state with the holders of said bonds, appropriation of all amounts necessary for punctual payment of such principal and interest is hereby made, and the Treasurer shall pay such principal and interest as the same become due.

      (d) All proceeds from the repayments of interest and principal on any loan authorized under this section and section 16a-40b or 16a-40k, after payment therefrom of any loan correspondent's service fees properly chargeable thereto, shall be paid to the State Treasurer for deposit in the fund established under section 16a-40a, except as provided in section 16a-40b.

      (P.A. 83-549, S. 1, 4; 83-587, S. 89, 96; P.A. 85-601, S. 6, 8; P.A. 90-238, S. 28, 32; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: P.A. 83-587 made a technical correction in Subsec. (d), specifying that proceeds from loan repayments be paid to the home heating system loan fund under Sec. 16a-40k; P.A. 85-601 decreased bond authorization from $2,980,000 to $500,000 and required proceeds to be deposited in energy conservation loan fund for purposes provided in Sec. 16a-40b, instead of for purpose provided under Sec. 16a-40k; P.A. 90-238 amended Subsec. (d) to add exception re Sec. 16a-40b; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 16a-40k. Revolving loans for secondary heating systems and conversions of primary heating systems in dwellings heated primarily by electricity. Electric and gas company participation. Regulations. Termination of loan authority. (a) The Commissioner of Economic and Community Development shall establish a home heating system loan fund and make low-cost loans from such fund for three years to persons in the state residing in dwellings constructed not later than December 31, 1979, and for which the primary source of heating since such date has been electricity. Any such loan may be used to (1) purchase a secondary heating system using a source of heat other than electricity or (2) convert a primary electric heating system to a system using a source of heat other than electricity.

      (b) Any loan under subdivision (1) of subsection (a) of this section shall be not more than two thousand dollars and any loan under subdivision (2) of said subsection shall be not more than four thousand dollars. Any loan under said subsection shall be made only to an applicant who submits evidence, satisfactory to the commissioner, that the adjusted gross income of the household member or members who contribute to the support of his household was not in excess of forty-five thousand dollars as an average amount per year in the last two reported filings of income by such household member or members. Repayment of all loans made under this section shall be subject to such rate of interest, terms and conditions as the commissioner may establish, provided the commissioner, in consultation with the Department of Public Utility Control, shall, not later than July first and January first, annually, establish a range of rates of interest payable on all loans to be made during the succeeding six months and shall apply the range to applicants in accordance with a formula which reflects their income. Such range shall be not less than zero per cent for any applicant in the lowest income class and not more than one per cent above the rate of interest borne by the general obligation bonds of the state last issued prior to the most recent date such range was established for any applicant for whom the adjusted gross income of the household member or members who contribute to support of his household was at least thirty-three thousand dollars as an average amount per year in the last two reported filings of income by such household member or members.

      (c) Not later than August 1, 1984, the commissioner shall calculate an amount equal to the difference between the rate of interest payable on all loans made on and after July 1, 1983, and the rate of interest on any outstanding bonds and notes used to fund such loans, multiplied by the outstanding amount of all such loans, or such lesser amount as may be required under Section 103(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as from time to time amended. Such amount shall not exceed six per cent of the sum of the outstanding principal amount at the end of each fiscal year of all loans made on or after July 1, 1983, from the Home Heating System Loan Fund and the amount remaining in such fund. Not later than September 1, 1984, the Department of Public Utility Control shall allocate such amount among each electric company, as defined in section 16-1, having at least seventy-five thousand customers in accordance with a formula taking into account, without limitation, the average number of residential customers of each company. Not later than October 1, 1984, each such company shall pay its assessed amount to the commissioner. The commissioner shall pay to the State Treasurer for deposit in the General Fund all such payments from electric companies, and shall adopt procedures to assure that such payments are not used for purposes other than those specifically provided in this section. The department shall include each company's payment as an operating expense of the company for the purposes of rate-making under section 16-19.

      (d) The commissioner shall adopt regulations in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, (1) concerning qualifications for such loans, requirements and limitations as to adjustments of terms and conditions of repayment and any additional requirements deemed necessary to carry out the provisions of this section and to assure that any bonds and notes used to fund such loans qualify for exemption from federal income taxation, (2) providing for the maximum feasible availability of such loans for dwelling units owned or occupied by persons of low and moderate income and (3) establishing procedures to inform such persons of the availability of such loans and to encourage and assist them to apply for such loans.

      (e) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsections (a) to (d), inclusive, of this section, on and after July 1, 1985, no loans shall be authorized under said subsections and, not later than July 15, 1985, the State Treasurer shall terminate the Home Heating System Loan Fund and transfer the proceeds of such fund to the Energy Conservation Loan Fund established under section 16a-40a.

      (P.A. 83-549, S. 2, 4; 83-587, S. 90, 96; P.A. 85-601, S. 7, 8; P.A. 89-211, S. 29; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: P.A. 83-587 made a technical correction for purposes of consistency, deleting a provision in Subsec. (b) requiring repayment of loans to be deposited in general fund; P.A. 85-601 added Subsec. (e), terminating the program and loan fund; P.A. 89-211 clarified reference to the Internal Revenue Code of 1986; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 16a-41. Applications for and written summaries of energy conservation, energy assistance and renewable resources programs. Regulations. Needs of persons residing in rental housing and persons of poverty status. (a) Any public or private agency or organization administering an energy assistance program which is funded or administered, in whole or in part, by the state shall take simultaneous applications from applicants for all energy assistance programs and energy conservation loan, grant, audit or service programs which that agency or organization administers and for which an applicant may be eligible and shall provide the applicants with written summaries of all such programs administered by other agencies and organizations and for which an applicant may be eligible. Any public or private agency or organization administering an energy conservation loan, grant, audit or service program or renewable resources loan, grant or service program which is funded or administered, in whole or in part, by the state shall provide applicants with written summaries of all other such programs in the state for which an applicant may be eligible. The Department of Social Services, in consultation with the Department of Economic and Community Development and the Department of Public Utility Control, shall adopt regulations in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54 to carry out the purposes of this subsection. Such regulations shall, without limitation, set forth requirements for the form and content of the summaries. The Department of Social Services shall be responsible for collecting and disseminating information on all such programs in the state to agencies and organizations administering the programs.

      (b) Any state agency which administers or funds an energy assistance program, an energy conservation loan, grant, audit, or service program or a renewable resources loan, grant or service program shall adopt regulations in accordance with chapter 54 for such program in order to protect the due process rights of the applicants. The regulations shall include, but not be limited to, the following, where applicable: (1) Procedures for applications and their disposition, including record-keeping; (2) procedures for the immediate provision of appropriate assistance to eligible applicants who are without or in imminent danger of being without heat, hot water or utilities; (3) standards of assistance, including eligibility and benefits; (4) procedures for assisting elderly, handicapped, bilingual and other persons who are unable to file such applications without assistance; (5) procedures for assisting applicants in obtaining other forms of assistance; (6) procedures for written notice to applicants of the disposition of their applications and the basis for each full or partial denial of assistance; and (7) administrative appeal procedures, including notice to applicants of the availability of such procedures.

      (c) The regulations adopted under subsection (a) or (b) of this section shall not require an applicant for assistance to be without fuel or utility service before an agency may accept his application or as a condition of eligibility.

      (d) The Department of Public Utility Control shall assure: (1) That any energy assistance program, energy conservation loan, grant, audit or service program or renewable resources loan, grant or service program concerning residential dwellings, funded or administered by a public service company or municipal utility, shall include provisions to address the needs of persons residing in rental housing and persons of poverty status; and (2) that the audit report on any audit conducted on a dwelling occupied by persons of poverty status, under a conservation audit program funded or administered by a public service company or municipal utility, include a section which excerpts from the audit report the results of those audit procedures required under weatherization or conservation programs available to such persons.

      (e) As used in this section, "applicant" means a natural person or a household seeking assistance under any program referred to in this section.

      (Oct. Sp. Sess. P.A. 79-6, S. 1, 2; P.A. 80-482, S. 4, 40, 345, 348; P.A. 81-422, S. 1, 2; Nov. Sp. Sess. P.A. 81-9, S. 3, 4; P.A. 86-142; P.A. 88-21, S. 2, 3; P.A. 93-113, S. 1, 3; 93-262, S. 11, 87; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: P.A. 80-482 made division of public utility control an independent department and deleted reference to abolished department of business regulation; P.A. 81-422 replaced Subsec. (a) and inserted new Subsecs. (b) to (e) and (h), providing for coordination of energy assistance programs and application procedure for such programs, relettered former Subsec. (b) as (f), giving office of policy and management primary responsibility for report where responsibility was previously equally shared, and adding department of housing to list of consulting agencies, and relettered former Subsec. (c) as (g), adding department of housing to agencies whose regulations are reviewed by office of policy and management; Nov. Sp. Sess. P.A. 81-9 deleted requirement for submission of preliminary report by February fifteenth each year and changed date for submission of remaining annual report (formerly "final" report) from November fifteenth to fifteenth business day of July in Subsec. (f); P.A. 86-142 replaced provisions in Subsec. (a) re referrals with provisions re written summaries, extended provisions of Subsecs. (a), (b) and (d) to renewable resource programs, repealed existing Subsec. (e), re deadlines for adoption of regulations, relettered remaining Subsecs. accordingly, and added re progress report, to Subsec. (e)(6); P.A. 88-21 amended Subsec. (e) changing the date of the report's submission from July first to November first and deleting Subdivs. (4) and (5) which recommended actions by other agencies concerning ways to protect persons of poverty status from loss of electricity, deleted Subsec. (f) requiring the office of policy and management to review regulations of other agencies concerning energy and utility assistance and weatherization programs and relettered former Subsec. (g) accordingly; P.A. 93-113 amended Subsec. (a) by making grammatical and punctuation changes, deleted Subsec. (e) re annual report and relettered former Subsec. (f) as (e), effective June 3, 1993; P.A. 93-262 replaced office of policy and management with department of social services and deleted references to advisory role of human services and income maintenance departments in Subsecs. (a) and (e) and made technical changes, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 16a-41a. Implementation of block grant program authorized under the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Act. Annual plan. Program for purchase of deliverable fuel at a reduced rate for low-income households. Annual reports. (a) The Commissioner of Social Services shall submit to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of energy planning and activities, appropriations, and human services the following on the implementation of the block grant program authorized under the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Act of 1981, as amended:

      (1) Not later than August first, annually, a Connecticut energy assistance program annual plan which establishes guidelines for the use of funds authorized under the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Act of 1981, as amended, and includes the following:

      (A) Criteria for determining which households are to receive emergency and weatherization assistance;

      (B) A description of systems used to ensure referrals to other energy assistance programs and the taking of simultaneous applications, as required under section 16a-41;

      (C) A description of outreach efforts;

      (D) Estimates of the total number of households eligible for assistance under the program and the number of households in which one or more elderly or physically disabled individuals eligible for assistance reside; and

      (E) Design of a basic grant for eligible households that does not discriminate against such households based on the type of energy used for heating;

      (2) Not later than January thirtieth, annually, a report covering the preceding months of the program year, including:

      (A) In each community action agency geographic area and Department of Social Services region, the number of fuel assistance applications filed, approved and denied, the number of emergency assistance requests made, approved and denied and the number of households provided weatherization assistance;

      (B) In each such area and district, the total amount of fuel, emergency and weatherization assistance, itemized by such type of assistance, and total expenditures to date; and

      (C) For each state-wide office of each state agency administering the program, each community action agency and each Department of Social Services region, administrative expenses under the program, by line item, and an estimate of outreach expenditures; and

      (3) Not later than November first, annually, a report covering the preceding twelve calendar months, including:

      (A) In each community action agency geographic area and Department of Social Services region, (i) seasonal totals for the categories of data submitted under subdivision (1) of this subsection, (ii) the number of households receiving fuel assistance in which elderly or physically disabled individuals reside, and (iii) the average combined benefit level of fuel, emergency and renter assistance;

      (B) Types of weatherization assistance provided;

      (C) Percentage of weatherization assistance provided to tenants;

      (D) The number of homeowners and tenants whose heat or total energy costs are not included in their rent receiving fuel and emergency assistance under the program by benefit level;

      (E) The number of homeowners and tenants whose heat is included in their rent and who are receiving assistance, by benefit level; and

      (F) The number of households receiving assistance, by energy type and total expenditures for each energy type.

      (b) The Commissioner of Social Services shall implement a program to purchase deliverable fuel for low-income households participating in the Connecticut energy assistance program and the state-appropriated fuel assistance program. The commissioner shall ensure that no fuel vendor discriminates against fuel assistance program recipients who are under the vendor's standard payment, delivery, service or other similar plans. The commissioner may take advantage of programs offered by fuel vendors that reduce the cost of the fuel purchased, including, but not limited to, fixed price, capped price, prepurchase or summer-fill programs that reduce program cost and that make the maximum use of program revenues. As funding allows, the commissioner shall ensure that all agencies administering the fuel assistance program shall make payments to program fuel vendors in advance of the delivery of energy where vendor provided price-management strategies require payments in advance.

      (c) Each community action agency administering a fuel assistance program shall submit reports, as requested by the Commissioner of Social Services, concerning pricing information from vendors of deliverable fuel participating in the program. Such information shall include, but not be limited to, the state-wide or regional retail price per unit of deliverable fuel, the reduced price per unit paid by the state for the deliverable fuel in utilizing price management strategies offered by program vendors for all consumers, the number of units delivered to the state under the program and the total savings under the program due to the purchase of deliverable fuel utilizing price-management strategies offered by program vendors for all consumers.

      (d) If funding allows, the Commissioner of Social Services, in consultation with the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, shall require that, each community action agency administering a fuel assistance program begin accepting applications for the program not later than September first of each year.

      (e) The Commissioner of Social Services shall submit each plan or report described in subsection (a) of this section to the Low-Income Energy Advisory Board, established pursuant to section 16a-41b, not later than seven days prior to submitting such plan or report to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to energy and technology, appropriations and human services.

      (Nov. Sp. Sess. P.A. 81-9, S. 1, 4; P.A. 91-234, S. 1, 3; P.A. 93-113, S. 2, 3; P.A. 93-262, S. 12, 87; P.A. 05-123, S. 1; P.A. 07-242, S. 66; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-4, S. 102; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-5, S. 80.)

      History: P.A. 91-234 deleted obsolete language re first report after January 27, 1982, required in Subsec. (a)(1), and added a new Subsec. (e) requiring the secretary to implement a program to purchase number two home heating oil at a reduced rate for the Connecticut energy assistance program and the state-appropriated fuel assistance program; P.A. 93-113 amended Subsec. (a) by adding the appropriations committee, amending Subdiv. (1) by substituting annual plan for two initial reports, deleting Subpara. (B) regarding emergency request system, relettering Subparas. (C) to (E), and relettered Subpara. (D) deleting provision requiring that estimates be made by geographic area and income maintenance district, amending Subdiv. (2) by substituting an annual report for six monthly reports, and in Subpara. (B) adding total expenditures to date, amending Subdiv. (3) by changing September first to November first, in Subpara. (A) changing data submitted under Subdiv. (2) to data submitted under Subdiv. (1), deleting provisions regarding number of appeals, assistance for households receiving weatherization assistance and processing time averages, and adding benefit level of renter assistance, deleting Subparas. (D) and (E) regarding percentage of fuel assistance provided to tenants with heat not included in rent and recipients of 100% of eligible assistance, relettering Subpara. (F) as (D) and changing categories of amount of assistance received to "by benefit level", adding new Subparas. (E), regarding the number of recipients with heat included in rent, and (F), regarding number of recipient households, deleted Subsecs. (c) and (d) regarding low-income home energy assistance reports and costs of carrying out the provisions of section, and relettered Subsec. (e) as (c), effective June 3, 1993; P.A. 93-262 replaced secretary of the office of policy and management with commissioner of social services, replaced references to income maintenance districts with references to social services regions, deleted Subsec. (b) requiring human resources and income maintenance departments to submit information requested by the secretary for inclusion in his reports, relettering remaining Subsecs. as necessary, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 05-123 added Subsec. (a)(1)(E) re basic grant that does not discriminate based on the type of energy used; P.A. 07-242 amended Subsec. (b) to change fuel purchased from number two home heating oil to deliverable fuel, move reporting requirements to new Subsec. (c), prohibit discrimination against program participants, require commissioner to take advantage of any price-reduction programs and provide for payments to be made in advance and added new Subsec. (d) re applications to be accepted before September first each year, effective July 1, 2007; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-4 amended Subsec. (b) to delete requirement that commissioner ensure that all fuel assistance recipients are treated the same as any other similarly situated customer, change "commissioner shall" to "commissioner may" take advantage of programs offered by vendors, and provide that commissioner shall ensure that all agencies make payments in advance of delivery "as funding allows" and amended Subsec. (d) to provide that Commissioner of Social Services, in consultation with Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, shall require agencies to begin accepting applications if funding allows, effective July 1, 2007; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-5 added Subsec. (e) requiring Commissioner of Social Services to submit plans and reports described in Subsec. (a) to Low-Income Energy Advisory Board prior to submission to energy and technology, appropriations and human services committees, effective October 5, 2009.

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      Sec. 16a-41b. Low-Income Energy Advisory Board. (a) There shall be a Low-Income Energy Advisory Board which shall consist of the following members: The Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management or the secretary's designee; the Commissioner of Social Services or the commissioner's designee; the executive director of the Commission on Aging; a representative of each electric and gas public service company designated by each such company; the chairperson of the Department of Public Utility Control or a commissioner of the Department of Public Utility Control designated by the chairperson; the Consumer Counsel or the counsel's designee; the executive director of Operation Fuel; the executive director of Infoline; the director of the Connecticut Local Administrators of Social Services; the executive director of Legal Assistance Resource Center of Connecticut; the Connecticut president of AARP; a designee of the Norwich Public Utility; a designee of the Connecticut Petroleum Dealers Association; and a representative of the community action agencies administering energy assistance programs under contract with the Department of Social Services, designated by the Connecticut Association for Community Action.

      (b) The Low-Income Energy Advisory Board shall advise and assist the Office of Policy and Management and the Department of Social Services in the planning, development, implementation and coordination of energy-assistance-related programs and policies and low-income weatherization assistance programs and policies, shall advise the Department of Public Utility Control regarding the impact of utility rates and policies, and shall make recommendations to the General Assembly regarding (1) legislation and plans subject to legislative approval, and (2) administration of the block grant program authorized under the Low-Income Energy Assistance Act, as described in section 16a-41a, to ensure affordable access to residential energy services to low-income state residents.

      (c) The Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management or the person designated by the secretary pursuant to subsection (a) of this section shall be the chairperson of the board.

      (d) The Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall convene the first meeting of the board not later than August 1, 2005. The secretary shall provide notice of meetings to the members of Low-Income Energy Advisory Board, provide space for such meetings, maintain minutes and publish reports of the board.

      (P.A. 05-204, S. 1; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-5, S. 81.)

      History: P.A. 05-204 effective July 6, 2005; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-5 amended Subsec. (b) by adding requirement that Low-Income Energy Advisory Board make recommendations concerning administration of block grant program described in Sec. 16a-41a, effective October 5, 2009.

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      Sec. 16a-41c. Weatherization assistance. Section 16a-41c is repealed, effective April 1, 2009.

      (Aug. Sp. Sess. P.A. 08-2, S. 10; P.A. 09-2, S. 27.)

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      Secs. 16a-41d to 16a-41g. Reserved for future use.

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      Sec. 16a-41h. Energy assistance program funded through electric distribution company, gas company and municipal utility customer donations. (a)(1) Each electric distribution company, gas company and municipal utility furnishing electric or gas service, shall include in its monthly bills a request to each customer to add a donation in an amount designated by the customer to the bill payment. Such company shall provide to all of its customers the opportunity to donate one dollar, two dollars, three dollars or another amount on each bill provided to a customer either through the mail or electronically. Such designation shall be made available and included where customers are either electronically billed or bill payment is handled electronically. The opportunity to donate one dollar, two dollars, three dollars or another amount shall be included on the bill in such a way that facilitates such donations.

      (2) Operation Fuel, Incorporated, shall provide fundraising inserts and remittance envelopes to retail dealers of fuel oil that volunteer to include the inserts and envelopes in their customers' bills for one or more billing cycles each year. Such retail dealers of fuel oil shall inform Operation Fuel, Incorporated, as to the number of inserts and envelopes needed to conduct such a mailing.

      (3) Each electric, gas or fuel oil company shall transmit all such donations received each month, as well as their own contributions, if any, to Operation Fuel, Incorporated, a state-wide nonprofit organization designed to respond to people within the state who are in financial crisis and need emergency energy assistance. Operation Fuel, Incorporated shall distribute donations to nonprofit social services agencies and private fuel banks in accordance with guidelines established by the board of directors of Operation Fuel, Incorporated, provided such funds shall be distributed on a priority basis to low-income elderly and working poor households that are not eligible for public assistance or state-administered general assistance but are faced with a financial crisis and are unable to make timely payments on winter fuel, electricity or gas bills. Such companies shall coordinate their promotions of this program, holding promotions during the same month and using similar formats.

      (b) If Operation Fuel, Inc. ceases to exist, such electric and gas companies shall jointly establish a nonprofit, tax-exempt corporation for the purpose of holding in trust and distributing such customer donations. The board of directors of such corporation shall consist of eleven members appointed as follows: Four by the companies, each of which shall appoint one member; one by the president pro tempore of the Senate; one by the minority leader of the Senate; one by the speaker of the House of Representatives; one by the minority leader of the House of Representatives; and three by the Governor. The board shall distribute such funds to nonprofit organizations and social service agencies which provide emergency energy or fuel assistance. The board shall target available funding on a priority basis to low-income elderly and working poor households which are not eligible for public assistance or state-administered general assistance but are faced with a financial crisis and are unable to make timely payments on winter fuel, electricity or gas bills.

      (c) Not later than the first of September annually, Operation Fuel, Inc. shall submit to the General Assembly a report on the implementation of this section. Such report shall include, (1) a summary of the effectiveness of the program, (2) the total amount of the donations received by electric and gas companies and transmitted to Operation Fuel, Inc. under subsection (b) of this section, and (3) an accounting of the distribution of such funds by Operation Fuel, Inc. indicating the organizations and agencies receiving funds, the amounts received and distributed by each such organization and agency and the number of households each assisted. On and after October 1, 1996, the report shall be submitted to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to energy and, upon request, to any member of the General Assembly. A summary of the report shall be submitted to each member of the General Assembly if the summary is two pages or less and a notification of the report shall be submitted to each member if the summary is more than two pages. Submission shall be by mailing the report, summary or notification to the legislative address of each member of the committee or the General Assembly, as applicable.

      (P.A. 83-505, S. 2, 3; P.A. 88-220, S. 7, 11; P.A. 89-291, S. 6; P.A. 96-251, S. 8; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-2, S. 17, 165; P.A. 04-76, S. 4; P.A. 05-288, S. 67; P.A. 07-242, S. 82.)

      History: P.A. 88-220 amended Subsec. (c) to make the reporting requirement annual; P.A. 89-291 in Subsecs. (a) and (d) changed name of corporation and in Subsecs. (a) and (b) made technical changes in definition of those eligible for assistance; P.A. 96-251 amended Subsec. (d) by requiring that on and after October 1, 1996, reports be submitted to the legislative committee on energy and upon request to legislators and by adding provisions re submission of summaries; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-2 made technical changes, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 04-76 amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) by replacing references to "general assistance" with references to "state-administered general assistance"; P.A. 05-288 made a technical change in Subsecs. (a) and (b), effective July 13, 2005; P.A. 07-242 divided existing provisions of Subsec. (a) into Subdivs. (1) and (3), amended Subsec. (a)(1) to change electric company to electric distribution company, include municipal utilities, change amount of donation from $1.00 to amount designated by customer, specify that company shall provide the opportunity to donate $1.00, $2.00, $3.00 or another amount, and specify that company shall allow donations to be made with bill payment through the mail or electronically, added Subsec. (a)(2) re fundraising inserts and remittance envelopes and amended Subsec. (a)(3) to specify that companies and municipal utilities may add own contributions to donations transmitted monthly, make technical changes, and require companies to coordinate promotions of program, effective June 4, 2007.

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      Secs. 16a-42 to 16a-42h. Heating fuel loan program: Definitions. Bond authorization. Loans for the purchase of fuel; funds allocated to towns. Eligibility requirements for loans. Application requirements for loans. Loan amounts; interest rate; repayment schedule. Payments to fuel dealers; nondiscrimination. Regulations. Termination of loan authority. Sections 16a-42 to 16a-42h, inclusive, are repealed.

      (Oct. Sp. Sess. P.A. 79-13, S. 1-9; P.A. 80-388, S. 1-7; P.A. 81-306, S. 3, 4; P.A. 85-404, S. 1, 2; P.A. 88-220, S. 8, 11.)

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      Sec. 16a-43. Creation of Business Emergency Relief Revolving Loan Fund. Termination of Small Home Heating Oil Dealers' Revolving Loan Fund. Section 16a-43 is repealed, effective October 1, 2002.

      (Oct. Sp. Sess. P.A. 79-9, S. 1, 3; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 82-1, S. 4, 5, 14; P.A. 86-107, S. 4, 19; P.A. 87-416, S. 13, 24; P.A. 88-265, S. 35, 36; 88-317, S. 66, 107; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; S.A. 02-12, S. 1.)

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      Secs. 16a-44 and 16a-44a. Grants to municipalities to assist in addressing problems caused by fuel shortages and increased energy costs. Bond authorization. Sections 16a-44 and 16a-44a are repealed.

      (Oct. Sp. Sess. P.A. 79-11, S. 1-3; P.A. 80-483, S. 69, 186; P.A. 88-220, S. 8, 11.)

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      Sec. 16a-44b. Grants to municipalities to assist in addressing problems caused by fuel shortages and increased energy costs. (a) For the fiscal year ending June 30, 1980, each town shall be entitled to receive from the state a grant to assist it in addressing problems caused by fuel shortages and increased energy costs. Such grants may only be used for programs designed to avoid housing abandonments and implement capital improvement energy conservation projects. Such grants shall not be used for current expenses, except that an amount not to exceed ten per cent of the grant to such town may be used for the administration of programs funded through sections 16a-44b to 16a-44d, inclusive. The Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall calculate the amount due each town from funds made available for the purposes of said sections in accordance with the allocation formula provided in subsection (b) of this section, and shall certify to the Comptroller the amount due, provided no payment shall be made to a town until the secretary has certified that the municipality has filed a local winter energy plan for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1980, with the Office of Policy and Management, which complies with the purposes of sections 16a-44b to 16a-44d, inclusive, and has held a public hearing on it. Such plan shall: (1) Describe the particular problems of such town caused by fuel shortages and increased energy costs; (2) detail how the town believes such problems should be addressed by the town; (3) detail how it plans to use the grant provided for in this section and (4) provide for outreach to persons sixty-two years of age or over and persons physically disabled as defined in section 1-1f. Any two or more towns may form a municipal district, as provided in section 7-330, to carry out the purposes of sections 16a-44b to 16a-44d, inclusive. The formation of such a district shall in no way affect the amount of the grant to which each town shall be entitled, nor shall it exempt any town from the requirement of holding a public hearing within such town.

      (b) Funds allocated for the purposes of sections 16a-44b to 16a-44d, inclusive, shall be distributed among the towns in the following manner: (1) Ten per cent of the amount shall be distributed pro rata on the basis of the ratio of the total population of each town to the total population of the state. (2) Fifty per cent of the amount shall be divided among those towns whose adjusted equalized net grand list per capita falls below that of the town at the seventy-fifth percentile among all towns in the state, as determined by ranking in ascending order of all towns in the state according to their adjusted equalized net grand list per capita. The distribution shall be made to each town pro rata on the basis of the following ratio: The difference between the adjusted equalized net grand list per capita for the town at the seventy-fifth percentile and that of such town multiplied by the population of such town shall be the numerator of the fraction. For each town whose adjusted equalized net grand list per capita falls below that of the town at the seventy-fifth percentile, the resulting products of all such towns shall be added together and the sum shall be the denominator of the fraction. (3) Twenty per cent of the amount shall be distributed pro rata on the basis of the ratio of the average number of monthly paid maintenance cases for such town to the average number of monthly paid maintenance cases in the state. (4) Twenty per cent of the amount shall be distributed pro rata on the basis of the ratio of the number of elderly persons in such town receiving assistance under section 12-129b and chapter 204a to the number of elderly persons in the state receiving such assistance. For the purposes of this section, "adjusted equalized net grand list per capita" and "total population" shall be defined as in section 10-261, and "average number of monthly paid maintenance cases" means the monthly number of recipients of temporary family assistance, state-administered general assistance, and assistance to the aged, the blind and the totally disabled, averaged over the most recent fiscal year for which information is available.

      (c) Moneys received by a town pursuant to the provisions of this section shall be deposited by such town in a separate fund and shall not be commingled with the general fund of such town.

      (P.A. 89-331, S. 26, 30; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-2, S. 18, 165; P.A. 04-76, S. 5.)

      History: June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-2 amended Subsec. (b) to replace a reference to "aid to families with dependent children, aid to families with dependent children-unemployed fathers" with "temporary family assistance", effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 04-76 amended Subsec. (b) by adding reference to "state-administered general assistance" and deleting reference to "Connecticut assistance and medical aid program for the disabled and general assistance".

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      Sec. 16a-44c. Bond authorization. The State Bond Commission shall have power, from time to time to authorize the issuance of bonds of the state in one or more series and in principal amounts not exceeding in the aggregate five million dollars. The proceeds of the sale of said bonds shall be used for the grants to towns provided for in section 16a-44b. All provisions of section 3-20, or the exercise of any right or power granted thereby which are not inconsistent with the provisions of sections 16a-44b to 16a-44d, inclusive, are hereby adopted and shall apply to all bonds authorized by the State Bond Commission pursuant to sections 16a-44b to 16a-44d, inclusive, and temporary notes in anticipation of the money to be derived from the sale of any such bonds so authorized may be issued in accordance with said section 3-20 and from time to time renewed. Such bonds shall mature at such time or times not exceeding twenty years from their respective dates as may be provided in or pursuant to the resolution or resolutions of the State Bond Commission authorizing such bonds. Said bonds issued pursuant to this section shall be general obligations of the state and the full faith and credit of the state of Connecticut are pledged for the payment of the principal of and interest on said bonds as the same become due, and accordingly and as part of the contract of the state with the holders of said bonds, appropriation of all amounts necessary for the punctual payment of such principal and interest is hereby made, and the Treasurer shall pay such principal and interest as the same become due.

      (P.A. 89-331, S. 27, 30.)

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      Sec. 16a-44d. Validation of certain actions. All proceedings and actions of the State Bond Commission and the State Treasurer in relation to the authorization, sale, execution and delivery of bonds had and taken in accordance with sections 16a-44 and 16a-44a of the general statutes, revision of 1958, revised to January 1, 1987, and section 3-20, including any authorization of bonds, appropriation, allocation or allotment of moneys, awarding of contracts or incurring of costs and or obligations, establishment of the terms of sale or delegation to the Treasurer of such powers of sale in connection with the issuance of bonds of the state pursuant to said sections 16a-44 and 16a-44a and in accordance with section 3-20 are validated, ratified and confirmed as if said sections 16a-44 and 16a-44a of the general statutes, revision of 1958, revised to January 1, 1987, had not been repealed but were in full force and effect at the time of any such actions.

      (P.A. 89-331, S. 28, 30.)

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      Sec. 16a-45. Oil burner inspection and retrofit as condition of receipt of energy or fuel assistance. Any person who receives any grant for energy or fuel assistance under any program financed with state funds and who owns the dwelling in which he resides where such dwelling is heated by fuel oil shall agree to permit the inspection and retrofit, if necessary, of the dwelling's fuel oil burner as a condition of receiving such state energy or fuel assistance if such inspection and retrofit is offered by the state and at no charge to such person.

      (Oct. Sp. Sess. P.A. 79-5, S. 2, 5.)

      See Sec. 8-206c re effective date information.

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      Sec. 16a-45a. Residential and commercial conservation service program. Definition. As used in section 16a-46, "participant" means: (1) Each electric or gas company, as defined in section 16-1, which has annual sales, other than for resale, in excess of seven hundred fifty million kilowatt hours of electricity or ten billion cubic feet of natural gas; (2) any company, person or entity fulfilling the responsibilities of section 16a-46 in whole or in part, on behalf of one or more such electric or gas companies, as determined by the secretary; (3) any petroleum product vendor registered under section 16a-22d, whose gross volume of retail fuel oil, propane or kerosene delivered in its most recently completed year exceeds two million gallons; and (4) any other electric or gas company, as defined in section 16-1, municipal electric utility organized under chapter 101, municipal electric energy cooperative organized under chapter 101a or electric cooperative organized under chapter 597 which is included in a plan under section 16a-46a and subsequently approved by the secretary, and which voluntarily participates in the program under section 16a-46.

      (P.A. 82-231, S. 1, 8; P.A. 83-192, S. 1; P.A. 90-304, S. 10; P.A. 95-32, S. 1, 7.)

      History: P.A. 83-192 repealed Subsec. (a), which defined "energy conservation", and applied the definition of "participant" to Sec. 16a-46d; P.A. 90-304 separated participants in the residential and the commercial energy conservation programs into separate definitions and expanded the participants in the residential energy conservation program to Subsec. (b) to include petroleum product vendors whose gross volume of retail fuel, propane or kerosene exceeds $2,000,000, small home heating oil dealers and municipal water works systems; P.A. 95-32 deleted former Subsec. (a) which had defined "participant" for purposes of Sec. 16a-46d, deleted water companies, small home heating oil dealers and municipal water works system from definition of "participant" as used in Sec. 16a-46, and made technical changes, effective July 1, 1995 (Revisor's note: An incorrect reference to "plan under section 16-46a" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "plan under section 16a-46a", thereby correcting a clerical error in P.A. 95-32).

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      Sec. 16a-46. Residential energy conservation service program. Energy audits. Regulations. (a) The Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall be responsible for the development and implementation of a residential energy conservation service program in accordance with the provisions of this section, sections 16a-46a, 16a-46b and 16a-46c and applicable federal law. Participants in the program shall provide or arrange for low cost energy audits. No participant under subdivision (1) or (3) of section 16a-45a may be required to provide such services outside its authorized service area or area of normal operation. The residential energy conservation service program shall terminate on July 1, 2010.

      (b) The secretary, in consultation with the Department of Public Utility Control, may adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, with regard to the conduct and administration of such program. Not later than January first in 1996 and 1997, each participant shall submit a report to the secretary concerning the energy audits the participant provided or arranged for pursuant to this section. Not later than February first in 1996 and 1997, the secretary shall submit a report to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to energy and technology concerning all energy audits provided or arranged for pursuant to this section.

      (P.A. 80-178, S. 1, 3; 80-482, S. 4, 40, 345, 348; P.A. 82-231, S. 3, 8; P.A. 83-192, S. 2; P.A. 90-304, S. 11; P.A. 95-32, S. 2, 7; P.A. 97-7, S. 1, 2; P.A. 99-13, S. 1, 2; May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-7, S. 72; P.A. 05-280, S. 12.)

      History: P.A. 80-482 made division of public utility control an independent department and abolished its umbrella agency, the department of business regulation; P.A. 82-231 itemized categories of services to be provided or arranged, authorized regulations for material and installation standards and specifications, relettered the subsections and transferred provisions of former Subsec. (c) to new Subsec. (b); P.A. 83-192 repealed Subsec. (b), re the department of public utility control's responsibilities under the program, relettered Subsec. (c) as Subsec. (b) and added new Subsec. (c), defining "energy conservation"; P.A. 90-304 added a new Subdiv. (5) requiring participants in the residential energy conservation program to establish a uniform residential energy rating system; P.A. 95-32 amended Subsec. (a) by adding "low-cost energy audits", deleting list of categories of energy conservation services and adding termination date of July 1, 1997, amended Subsec. (b) by deleting provision re what may be included in regulations and adding reporting requirements and deleted Subsec. (c) defining "energy conservation", effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 97-7 amended Subsec. (a) to change program's termination date to July 1, 1999, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 99-13 amended Subsec. (a) to change program's termination date to July 1, 2002, effective July 1, 1999; May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-7 amended Subsec. (a) to change program's termination date to July 1, 2005, effective August 15, 2002; P.A. 05-280 amended Subsec. (a) to change program's termination date from July 1, 2005, to July 1, 2010, effective July 1, 2005.

      See title 2c re termination under "Sunset Law".

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      Sec. 16a-46a. Preparation and amendment of residential energy conservation service plan and amendments. Approval. (a) The Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall prepare and may from time to time amend a residential energy conservation service plan which implements the program established under section 16a-46, and which complies with applicable federal law. The residential energy conservation service plan shall include, but not be limited to, a designation of the classes of residential buildings that may receive low-cost energy audits during the period covered by the plan.

      (b) Prior to implementing any amendments to the residential energy conservation service plan, the secretary shall submit the plan or amendments to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to energy planning and activities. The committee may approve or disapprove such plan or amendments at a meeting held not later than sixty days after receipt of the plan or amendments. If the committee takes no action with regard to the plan or amendments during such sixty-day period, they shall be deemed approved. Upon such approval, the secretary shall submit the plans or amendments to the United States Department of Energy.

      (P.A. 80-178, S. 2, 3; P.A. 82-231, S. 4, 8; P.A. 83-192, S. 4; P.A. 95-32, S. 3, 7.)

      History: P.A. 82-231 required plan to implement program set out under Sec. 16a-46 and to designate measures and services to be provided and classes of buildings to receive the measures and services and created new Subsec. (b) providing approval process for plan amendments; P.A. 83-192 applied provisions of section to commercial building energy conservation service program, in addition to residential energy conservation service program and required that plans or amendments to them be submitted to U.S. Department of Energy; P.A. 95-32 deleted provisions re commercial building energy conservation service plan and limited the residential energy conservation service plan to low-cost energy audits, effective July 1, 1995.

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      Sec. 16a-46b. Review, evaluation and implementation of plan and amendments. Report and amendments. The secretary shall (1) review and evaluate, on an ongoing basis, the implementation of the plan prepared under section 16a-46a to insure compliance with applicable state statutes and regulations and the provisions of such plan; (2) participate in proceedings before the Department of Public Utility Control which involve, in whole or in part, the implementation of said statutes, regulations or plan; and (3) report on the implementation of, and make any recommendations concerning, said plan not later than January fifteenth, annually, to the Governor, the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to energy planning and activities and the Legislative Program Review and Investigations Committee.

      (P.A. 82-231, S. 5, 8; P.A. 83-192, S. 5; P.A. 95-32, S. 4, 7.)

      History: P.A. 83-192 applied provisions of section to commercial building energy conservation service program, in addition to residential energy conservation service program; P.A. 95-32 changed "plans" to "plan", effective July 1, 1995.

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      Sec. 16a-46c. Responsibilities of Department of Public Utility Control re program. Regulations. The Department of Public Utility Control shall exercise its regulatory responsibilities as they relate to the residential energy conservation service program within any program guidelines established by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management in regulations adopted under section 16a-46 and in the plan authorized under section 16a-46a. The secretary shall consult with the department in the development of the program. The department, in consultation with the secretary, may adopt regulations in accordance with chapter 54 concerning the conduct and administration of the program as it relates to the department's regulatory responsibilities.

      (P.A. 83-192, S. 6; P.A. 95-32, S. 5, 7.)

      History: P.A. 95-32 deleted references to commercial energy conservation service program, effective July 1, 1995.

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      Sec. 16a-46d. Commercial building energy conservation service program. Services. Section 16a-46d is repealed, effective July 1, 1995.

      (P.A. 83-192, S. 3; P.A. 95-32, S. 6, 7.)

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      Sec. 16a-46e. Rebate program for residential furnace or boiler replacement. (a) From July 1, 2007, to June 30, 2017, inclusive, the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall provide a five-hundred-dollar rebate for the purchase and installation in residential structures of replacement natural gas furnaces or boilers that meet or exceed federal Energy Star standards and propane and oil furnaces and boilers that are not less than eighty-four per cent efficient. Persons may apply to the secretary, on a form prescribed by the secretary, to receive such rebate for furnaces and boilers purchased and installed from July 1, 2007, to June 30, 2017, inclusive. The rebate shall be available for only a residential structure containing not more than four dwelling units. Eligibility for the rebate program shall be based upon the purchaser's Connecticut personal income tax return for the tax year prior to the tax year in which the purchase was made and determined as follows:

      (1) (A) For the taxable year commencing on or after January 1, 2007, but prior to January 1, 2008, in the case of any such taxpayer who files under the federal income tax for such taxable year as an unmarried individual whose Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds fifty-five thousand five hundred dollars, the amount of the rebate shall be reduced by ten per cent for each ten thousand dollars, or fraction thereof, by which the taxpayer's Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds said amount.

      (B) For the taxable year commencing on or after January 1, 2008, but prior to January 1, 2009, in the case of any such taxpayer who files under the federal income tax for such taxable year as an unmarried individual whose Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds fifty-six thousand five hundred dollars, the amount of the rebate shall be reduced by ten per cent for each ten thousand dollars, or fraction thereof, by which the taxpayer's Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds said amount.

      (C) For the taxable year commencing on or after January 1, 2009, but prior to January 1, 2010, in the case of any such taxpayer who files under the federal income tax for such taxable year as an unmarried individual whose Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds fifty-eight thousand five hundred dollars, the amount of the rebate shall be reduced by ten per cent for each ten thousand dollars, or fraction thereof, by which the taxpayer's Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds said amount.

      (D) For the taxable year commencing on or after January 1, 2010, but prior to January 1, 2011, in the case of any such taxpayer who files under the federal income tax for such taxable year as an unmarried individual whose Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds sixty thousand five hundred dollars, the amount of the rebate shall be reduced by ten per cent for each ten thousand dollars, or fraction thereof, by which the taxpayer's Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds said amount.

      (E) For the taxable year commencing on or after January 1, 2011, but prior to January 1, 2012, in the case of any such taxpayer who files under the federal income tax for such taxable year as an unmarried individual whose Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds sixty-two thousand five hundred dollars, the amount of the rebate shall be reduced by ten per cent for each ten thousand dollars, or fraction thereof, by which the taxpayer's Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds said amount.

      (F) For the taxable year commencing on or after January 1, 2012, in the case of any such taxpayer who files under the federal income tax for such taxable year as an unmarried individual whose Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds sixty-four thousand five hundred dollars, the amount of the rebate shall be reduced by ten per cent for each ten thousand dollars, or fraction thereof, by which the taxpayer's Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds said amount.

      (2) For a taxable year commencing on or after January 1, 2007, but prior to January 1, 2017, in the case of any such taxpayer who files under the federal income tax for such taxable year as a married individual filing separately whose Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds fifty thousand two hundred fifty dollars, the amount of the rebate shall be reduced by ten per cent for each five thousand dollars, or fraction thereof, by which the taxpayer's Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds said amount.

      (3) For a taxable year commencing on or after January 1, 2007, but prior to January 1, 2017, in the case of a taxpayer who files under the federal income tax for such taxable year as a head of household whose Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds seventy-eight thousand five hundred dollars, the amount of the rebate shall be reduced by ten per cent for each ten thousand dollars or fraction thereof, by which the taxpayer's Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds said amount.

      (4) For a taxable year commencing on or after January 1, 2007, but prior to January 1, 2017, in the case of a taxpayer who files under federal income tax for such taxable year as married individuals filing jointly whose Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds one hundred thousand five hundred dollars, the amount of the rebate shall be reduced by ten per cent for each ten thousand dollars, or fraction thereof, by which the taxpayer's Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds said amount.

      (b) A person who is not required to file a federal income tax return because such person's income does not meet the filing requirements and who otherwise qualifies for a rebate pursuant to this section shall receive the maximum allowable rebate pursuant to this section, subject to verification of income in a manner prescribed by the secretary.

      (c) No person shall receive a rebate pursuant to this section for a furnace or boiler replacement if such person has received a monetary grant for the same furnace or boiler replacement under any program administered by the Fuel Oil Conservation Board established pursuant to section 16a-22l or any other state or federal grant program that pays the full cost of furnace or boiler replacement. A person using a state or federal low interest loan program to pay for the cost of furnace or boiler replacement may be eligible for a rebate pursuant to this section. In no event shall a rebate exceed the total expenditures for such furnace or boiler replacement.

      (d) Rebates received pursuant to this section (1) shall not be considered taxable income for purposes of chapter 229, and (2) shall be excluded from any calculation of income for purposes of determining the eligibility for, or the benefit level of, any individual under any state or local program financed in whole or in part with state funds.

      (e) On or before January 1, 2009, the Energy Conservation Management Board shall report to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to energy regarding the cost-effectiveness of the rebate programs established pursuant to subsection (a) of this section.

      (P.A. 07-242, S. 1; Aug. Sp. Sess. P.A. 08-1, S. 4.)

      History: P.A. 07-242 effective July 1, 2007; Aug. Sp. Sess. P.A. 08-1 amended Subsec. (a) to delete $5,000,000 aggregate per year limitation on rebates, to provide that eligibility for program be based on purchaser's Connecticut personal income tax return for tax year prior to tax year in which purchase was made, and to add dates of taxable years commencing on or after January 1, 2007, but prior to January 1, 2017, in Subdivs. (2), (3) and (4), added new Subsecs. (b), (c) and (d) re rebate provisions, redesignated existing Subsec. (b) as new Subsec. (e) and made conforming and technical changes, effective August 26, 2008.

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      Sec. 16a-46f. Rebate program for residential furnace or boiler repair or upgrade. The Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall establish a program to provide rebates to eligible state residents for repairing or upgrading their existing boilers and furnaces to achieve greater heating efficiency. Eligibility for rebates pursuant to this section shall be determined using eligibility criteria established for rebates pursuant to subsection (a) of section 16a-46e. Persons may apply to the secretary, on a form prescribed by the secretary, to receive such rebate for furnace or boiler repairs or upgrades made on or after August 1, 2008. The rebate shall be available only for residential structures containing not more than four dwelling units. No rebate shall exceed five hundred dollars, nor shall a rebate equal more than fifty per cent of the cost of the repair or upgrade.

      (Aug. Sp. Sess. P.A. 08-2, S. 3.)

      History: Aug. Sp. Sess. P.A. 08-1 effective August 26, 2008.

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      Sec. 16a-46g. Residential energy audit subsidy program for homes not heated by electricity or natural gas. (a) The Office of Policy and Management shall establish an energy audit subsidy program for qualified oil companies and other entities that conduct energy audits for people who heat their homes by a means other than electricity or natural gas, including, but not limited to, residential home heating oil customers. The program shall cover the balance of the cost of such audits conducted from September 1, 2008, to June 30, 2009, inclusive, by qualified oil companies and other entities that can show they (1) provided an energy audit to a residential customer, and (2) collected a seventy-five-dollar fee from the customer for such audit.

      (b) The sum of seven million dollars is appropriated from the funds credited to the General Fund for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2009, pursuant to subsection (a) of section 1 of public act 08-2 of the August special session* to the Office of Policy and Management for the energy audit subsidy program established pursuant to subsection (a) of this section.

      (c) Any unexpended funds appropriated for purposes of this section shall not lapse at the end of the fiscal year ending June 30, 2009, but shall be available for expenditure during the next fiscal year.

      (Aug. Sp. Sess. P.A. 08-2, S. 9.)

      *Note: Section 1 of public act 08-2 of the August special session is special in nature and therefore has not been codified but remains in full force and effect according to its terms.


      History: Aug. Sp. Sess. P.A. 08-2 effective August 26, 2008.

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      Sec. 16a-47. Energy conservation loans by electric and gas companies. Study. Implementation. Section 16a-47 is repealed.

      (P.A. 81-316, S. 1, 2; P.A. 88-220, S. 8, 11.)

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      Sec. 16a-47a. State-wide energy efficiency and outreach marketing campaign. (a) The Department of Public Utility Control shall, in coordination with the Energy Conservation Management Board, established pursuant to section 16-245m, establish a state-wide energy efficiency and outreach marketing campaign that shall provide targeted information for each of the following sectors: (1) Commercial, including small businesses, (2) industrial, (3) governmental, (4) institutional, including schools, hospitals and nonprofits, (5) agricultural, and (6) residential.

      (b) The goals of the campaign established pursuant to subsection (a) of this section shall include, but not be limited to, educating electric consumers regarding (1) the benefits of pursuing strategies that increase energy efficiency, including information on the Connecticut electric efficiency partner program established pursuant to section 16a-46e and combined heat and power technologies, (2) the real-time energy reports developed pursuant to section 16a-47b and the real-time energy electronic mail and cellular phone alert system developed pursuant to section 16a-47d, and (3) the option of choosing a participating electric supplier, as defined in subsection (k) of section 16-244c.

      (c) On or before December 1, 2007, the department shall develop and approve a plan that meets the goals of said campaign pursuant to subsection (b) of this section. Said plan shall include a coordinated range of marketing activities and outreach strategies, including, but not limited to, inserts in customers' utility bills; television, radio and newspaper advertisements; printed educational materials; events; a comprehensive web site resource serving all sectors; an electronic newsletter; planning forums and meetings throughout the state; and partnerships with businesses, government entities and nonprofit organizations. Said utility bill inserts shall include, but not be limited to, information that can assist consumers in evaluating options regarding energy efficiency. Said web site shall be maintained and updated regularly and shall include, but not be limited to, current rate and contact information for participating electric suppliers. Such current rate information shall be on said web site with date and time of update displayed prominently. The department shall begin the implementation of said plan on or before March 1, 2008.

      (d) The department may retain the services of third-party entities to assist in the development and implementation of the state-wide energy efficiency and marketing campaign established pursuant to this section.

      (P.A. 07-242, S. 87; P.A. 10-32, S. 57.)

      History: P.A. 07-242 effective July 1, 2007; P.A. 10-32 amended Subsec. (b) to substitute reference to Sec. 16a-47b for reference to Sec. 16a-47d, and reference to Sec. 16a-47d for "section 61 of public act 07-242", add "electronic mail and cellular phone" re alert system, and make technical changes, effective May 10, 2010.

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      Sec. 16a-47b. Real-time energy reports. (a) As part of the energy efficiency and outreach marketing campaign established pursuant to section 16a-47a, on or before April 1, 2008, the Department of Public Utility Control shall, in consultation with the Energy Conservation Management Board, established pursuant to section 16-245m, develop a real-time energy report for daily use by television and other media. The report shall (1) identify the state's current real-time energy demand, along with how the demand has changed over the course of the day, and in the case of television news broadcasts, the real-time changes in energy demand; (2) emphasize the importance of reducing peak demand and provide estimates of the economic benefits that can be derived by reducing electricity use; (3) provide tips on energy efficiency measures; (4) promote community and business competition to reduce energy consumption; and (5) give visibility to communities and businesses that have implemented energy saving changes or that have installed and are operating renewable energy resources.

      (b) The department may obtain the information needed to develop the real-time energy reports established pursuant to subsection (a) of this section from the regional independent system operator and the state's electric distribution companies.

      (P.A. 07-242, S. 88.)

      History: P.A. 07-242 effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 16a-47c. State-wide energy efficiency and outreach account. (a) There is established an account to be known as the "state-wide energy efficiency and outreach account", which shall be a separate, nonlapsing account of the General Fund. The account shall contain any moneys required by law to be deposited in the account. Any balance remaining in said account at the end of any fiscal year shall be carried forward in said account for the fiscal year next succeeding.

      (b) The moneys in said account shall be expended by the Department of Public Utility Control for the purpose of carrying out the requirements of sections 16a-47a, 16a-47b and 16a-47d and section 61 of public act 07-242*.

      (P.A. 07-242, S. 111.)

      *Note: Section 61 of public act 07-242 was repealed by section 65 of public act 07-3 of the June special session.


      History: P.A. 07-242 effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 16a-47d. Real-time energy alert system. As part of the energy efficiency and outreach marketing campaign established pursuant to section 16a-47a, on or before April 1, 2008, the Department of Public Utility Control shall, in consultation with the Energy Conservation Management Board, established pursuant to section 16-245m, develop a real-time energy electronic mail and cellular phone alert system to notify the public of the need to reduce energy consumption during peak power periods.

      (P.A. 07-242, S. 100.)

      History: P.A. 07-242 effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 16a-47e. Capacity deficiency customer notification procedure. On or before October 1, 2007, each electric distribution company, municipal utility or municipal electric energy cooperative shall submit a proposed customer notification procedure to notify retail customers of a capacity deficiency situation and the potential for said companies, municipal utilities or energy cooperatives to take emergency actions, which will encourage the customers to reduce electricity use voluntarily to help reduce the capacity deficiency to the Department of Public Utility Control for the department's consideration. Each company's, utility's or cooperative's costs related to such procedure and notification shall be recoverable as federally mandated congestion charges.

      (P.A. 07-242, S. 89.)

      History: P.A. 07-242 effective June 4, 2007.

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      Sec. 16a-48. Energy efficiency standards for products. (a) As used in this section:

      (1) "Office" means the Office of Policy and Management;

      (2) "Fluorescent lamp ballast" or "ballast" means a device designed to operate fluorescent lamps by providing a starting voltage and current and limiting the current during normal operation, but does not include such devices that have a dimming capability or are intended for use in ambient temperatures of zero degrees Fahrenheit or less or have a power factor of less than sixty-one hundredths for a single F40T12 lamp;

      (3) "F40T12 lamp" means a tubular fluorescent lamp that is a nominal forty-watt lamp, with a forty-eight-inch tube length and one and one-half inches in diameter;

      (4) "F96T12 lamp" means a tubular fluorescent lamp that is a nominal seventy-five-watt lamp with a ninety-six-inch tube length and one and one-half inches in diameter;

      (5) "Luminaire" means a complete lighting unit consisting of a fluorescent lamp, or lamps, together with parts designed to distribute the light, to position and protect such lamps, and to connect such lamps to the power supply;

      (6) "New product" means a product that is sold, offered for sale, or installed for the first time and specifically includes floor models and demonstration units;

      (7) "Secretary" means the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management;

      (8) "State Building Code" means the building code adopted pursuant to section 29-252;

      (9) "Torchiere lighting fixture" means a portable electric lighting fixture with a reflector bowl giving light directed upward so as to give indirect illumination;

      (10) "Unit heater" means a self-contained, vented fan-type commercial space heater that uses natural gas or propane and that is designed to be installed without ducts within the heated space. "Unit heater" does not include a product regulated by federal standards pursuant to 42 USC 6291, as amended from time to time, a product that is a direct vent, forced flue heater with a sealed combustion burner, or any oil fired heating system;

      (11) "Transformer" means a device consisting of two or more coils of insulated wire that transfers alternating current by electromagnetic induction from one coil to another in order to change the original voltage or current value;

      (12) "Low-voltage dry-type transformer" means a transformer that: (A) Has an input voltage of six hundred volts or less; (B) is between fourteen kilovolt-amperes and two thousand five hundred one kilovolt-amperes in size; (C) is air-cooled; and (D) does not use oil as a coolant. "Low-voltage dry-type transformer" does not include such transformers excluded from the low-voltage dry-type distribution transformer definition contained in the California Code of Regulations, Title 20: Division 2, Chapter 4, Article 4: Appliance Efficiency Regulations;

      (13) "Pass-through cabinet" means a refrigerator or freezer with hinged or sliding doors on both the front and rear of the refrigerator or freezer;

      (14) "Reach-in cabinet" means a refrigerator, freezer, or combination thereof, with hinged or sliding doors or lids;

      (15) "Roll-in" or "roll-through cabinet" means a refrigerator or freezer with hinged or sliding doors that allows wheeled racks of product to be rolled into or through the refrigerator or freezer;

      (16) "Commercial refrigerators and freezers" means reach-in cabinets, pass-through cabinets, roll-in cabinets and roll-through cabinets that have less than eighty-five feet of capacity, which are designed for the refrigerated or frozen storage of food and food products;

      (17) "Traffic signal module" means a standard eight-inch or twelve-inch round traffic signal indicator consisting of a light source, lens and all parts necessary for operation and communication of movement messages to drivers through red, amber and green colors;

      (18) "Illuminated exit sign" means an internally illuminated sign that is designed to be permanently fixed in place and used to identify an exit by means of a light source that illuminates the sign or letters from within where the background of the exit sign is not transparent;

      (19) "Packaged air-conditioning equipment" means air-conditioning equipment that is built as a package and shipped as a whole to end-user sites;

      (20) "Large packaged air-conditioning equipment" means air-cooled packaged air-conditioning equipment having not less than two hundred forty thousand BTUs per hour of capacity;

      (21) "Commercial clothes washer" means a soft mount front-loading or soft mount top-loading clothes washer that is designed for use in (A) applications where the occupants of more than one household will be using it, such as in multifamily housing common areas and coin laundries; or (B) other commercial applications, if the clothes container compartment is no greater than three and one-half cubic feet for horizontal-axis clothes washers or no greater than four cubic feet for vertical-axis clothes washers;

      (22) "Energy efficiency ratio" means a measure of the relative efficiency of a heating or cooling appliance that is equal to the unit's output in BTUs per hour divided by its consumption of energy, measured in watts;

      (23) "Electricity ratio" means the ratio of furnace electricity use to total furnace energy use;

      (24) "Boiler" means a space heater that is a self-contained appliance for supplying steam or hot water primarily intended for space-heating. "Boiler" does not include hot water supply boilers;

      (25) "Central furnace" means a self-contained space heater designed to supply heated air through ducts of more than ten inches in length;

      (26) "Residential furnace or boiler" means a product that utilizes only single-phase electric current or single-phase electric current or DC current in conjunction with natural gas, propane or home heating oil and that (A) is designed to be the principal heating source for the living space of a residence; (B) is not contained within the same cabinet as a central air conditioner with a rated cooling capacity of not less than sixty-five thousand BTUs per hour; (C) is an electric central furnace, electric boiler, forced-air central furnace, gravity central furnace or low pressure steam or hot water boiler; and (D) has a heat input rate of less than three hundred thousand BTUs per hour for an electric boiler and low pressure steam or hot water boiler and less than two hundred twenty-five thousand BTUs per hour for a forced-air central furnace, gravity central furnace and electric central furnace;

      (27) "Furnace air handler" means the section of the furnace that includes the fan, blower and housing, generally upstream of the burners and heat exchanger. The furnace air handler may include a filter and a cooling coil;

      (28) "High-intensity discharge lamp" means a lamp in which light is produced by the passage of an electric current through a vapor or gas, the light-producing arc is stabilized by bulb wall temperature and the arc tube has a bulb wall loading in excess of three watts per square centimeter;

      (29) "Metal halide lamp" means a high intensity discharge lamp in which the major portion of the light is produced by radiation of metal halides and their products of dissociation, possibly in combination with metallic vapors;

      (30) "Metal halide lamp fixture" means a light fixture designed to be operated with a metal halide lamp and a ballast for a metal halide lamp;

      (31) "Probe start metal halide ballast" means a ballast used to operate metal halide lamps that does not contain an ignitor and that instead starts lamps by using a third starting electrode probe in the arc tube;

      (32) "Single voltage external AC to DC power supply" means a device that (A) is designed to convert line voltage AC input into lower voltage DC output; (B) is able to convert to only one DC output voltage at a time; (C) is sold with, or intended to be used with, a separate end-use product that constitutes the primary power load; (D) is contained within a separate physical enclosure from the end-use product; (E) is connected to the end-use product in a removable or hard-wired male and female electrical connection, cable, cord or other wiring; (F) does not have batteries or battery packs, including those that are removable or that physically attach directly to the power supply unit; (G) does not have a battery chemistry or type selector switch and indicator light or a battery chemistry or type selector switch and a state of charge meter; and (H) has a nameplate output power less than or equal to two hundred fifty watts;

      (33) "State regulated incandescent reflector lamp" means a lamp that is not colored or designed for rough or vibration service applications, has an inner reflective coating on the outer bulb to direct the light, has an E26 medium screw base, a rated voltage or voltage range that lies at least partially within one hundred fifteen to one hundred thirty volts, and that falls into one of the following categories: (A) A bulged reflector or elliptical reflector or a blown PAR bulb shape and that has a diameter that equals or exceeds two and one-quarter inches, or (B) a reflector, parabolic aluminized reflector, bulged reflector or similar bulb shape and that has a diameter of two and one-quarter to two and three-quarters inches. "State regulated incandescent reflector lamp" does not include ER30, BR30, BR40 and ER40 lamps of not more than fifty watts, BR30, BR40 and ER40 lamps of sixty-five watts and R20 lamps of not more than forty-five watts;

      (34) "Bottle-type water dispenser" means a water dispenser that uses a bottle or reservoir as the source of potable water;

      (35) "Commercial hot food holding cabinet" means a heated, fully-enclosed compartment with one or more solid or partial glass doors that is designed to maintain the temperature of hot food that has been cooked in a separate appliance. "Commercial hot food holding cabinet" does not include heated glass merchandizing cabinets, drawer warmers or cook-and-hold appliances;

      (36) "Pool heater" means an appliance designed for heating nonpotable water contained at atmospheric pressure for swimming pools, spas, hot tubs and similar applications, including natural gas, heat pump, oil and electric resistance pool heaters;

      (37) "Portable electric spa" means a factory-built electric spa or hot tub supplied with equipment for heating and circulating water;

      (38) "Residential pool pump" means a pump used to circulate and filter pool water to maintain clarity and sanitation;

      (39) "Walk-in refrigerator" means a space refrigerated to temperatures at or above thirty-two degrees Fahrenheit that has a total chilled storage area of less than three thousand square feet, can be walked into and is designed for the refrigerated storage of food and food products. "Walk-in refrigerator" does not include refrigerated warehouses and products designed and marketed exclusively for medical, scientific or research purposes;

      (40) "Walk-in freezer" means a space refrigerated to temperatures below thirty-two degrees Fahrenheit that has a total chilled storage area of less than three thousand square feet, can be walked into and is designed for the frozen storage of food and food products. "Walk-in freezer" does not include refrigerated warehouses and products designed and marketed exclusively for medical, scientific or research purposes;

      (41) "Central air conditioner" means a central air conditioning model that consists of one or more factory-made assemblies, which normally include an evaporator or cooling coil, compressor and condenser. Central air conditioning models may provide the function of air cooling, air cleaning, dehumidifying or humidifying.

      (b) The provisions of this section apply to the testing, certification and enforcement of efficiency standards for the following types of new products sold, offered for sale or installed in the state: (1) Commercial clothes washers; (2) commercial refrigerators and freezers; (3) illuminated exit signs; (4) large packaged air-conditioning equipment; (5) low voltage dry-type distribution transformers; (6) torchiere lighting fixtures; (7) traffic signal modules; (8) unit heaters; (9) residential furnaces and boilers; (10) residential pool pumps; (11) metal halide lamp fixtures; (12) single voltage external AC to DC power supplies; (13) state regulated incandescent reflector lamps; (14) bottle-type water dispensers; (15) commercial hot food holding cabinets; (16) portable electric spas; (17) walk-in refrigerators and walk-in freezers; (18) pool heaters; and (19) any other products as may be designated by the office in accordance with subdivision (3) of subsection (d) of this section.

      (c) The provisions of this section do not apply to (1) new products manufactured in the state and sold outside the state, (2) new products manufactured outside the state and sold at wholesale inside the state for final retail sale and installation outside the state, (3) products installed in mobile manufactured homes at the time of construction, or (4) products designed expressly for installation and use in recreational vehicles.

      (d) (1) The office, in consultation with the Department of Public Utility Control, shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to implement the provisions of this section and to establish minimum energy efficiency standards for the types of new products set forth in subsection (b) of this section. The regulations shall provide for the following minimum energy efficiency standards:

      (A) Commercial clothes washers shall meet the requirements shown in Table P-3 of section 1605.3 of the California Code of Regulations, Title 20: Division 2, Chapter 4, Article 4;

      (B) Commercial refrigerators and freezers shall meet the August 1, 2004, requirements shown in Table A-6 of said California regulation;

      (C) Illuminated exit signs shall meet the version 2.0 product specification of the "Energy Star Program Requirements for Exit Signs" developed by the United States Environmental Protection Agency;

      (D) Large packaged air-conditioning equipment having not more than seven hundred sixty thousand BTUs per hour of capacity shall meet a minimum energy efficiency ratio of 10.0 for units using both electric heat and air conditioning or units solely using electric air conditioning, and 9.8 for units using both natural gas heat and electric air conditioning;

      (E) Large packaged air-conditioning equipment having not less than seven hundred sixty-one thousand BTUs per hour of capacity shall meet a minimum energy efficiency ratio of 9.7 for units using both electric heat and air conditioning or units solely using electric air conditioning, and 9.5 for units using both natural gas heat and electric air conditioning;

      (F) Low voltage dry-type distribution transformers shall meet or exceed the energy efficiency values shown in Table 4-2 of the National Electrical Manufacturers Association Standard TP-1-2002;

      (G) Torchiere lighting fixtures shall not consume more than one hundred ninety watts and shall not be capable of operating with lamps that total more than one hundred ninety watts;

      (H) Traffic signal modules shall meet the product specification of the "Energy Star Program Requirements for Traffic Signals" developed by the United States Environmental Protection Agency that took effect in February, 2001, except where the department, in consultation with the Commissioner of Transportation, determines that such specification would compromise safe signal operation;

      (I) Unit heaters shall not have pilot lights and shall have either power venting or an automatic flue damper;

      (J) On or after January 1, 2009, residential furnaces and boilers purchased by the state shall meet or exceed the following annual fuel utilization efficiency: (i) For gas and propane furnaces, ninety per cent annual fuel utilization efficiency, (ii) for oil furnaces, eighty-three per cent annual fuel utilization efficiency, (iii) for gas and propane hot water boilers, eighty-four per cent annual fuel utilization efficiency, (iv) for oil-fired hot water boilers, eighty-four per cent annual fuel utilization efficiency, (v) for gas and propane steam boilers, eighty-two per cent annual fuel utilization efficiency, (vi) for oil-fired steam boilers, eighty-two per cent annual fuel utilization efficiency, and (vii) for furnaces with furnace air handlers, an electricity ratio of not more than 2.0, except air handlers for oil furnaces with a capacity of less than ninety-four thousand BTUs per hour shall have an electricity ratio of 2.3 or less;

      (K) On or after January 1, 2010, metal halide lamp fixtures designed to be operated with lamps rated greater than or equal to one hundred fifty watts but less than or equal to five hundred watts shall not contain a probe-start metal halide lamp ballast;

      (L) Single-voltage external AC to DC power supplies manufactured on or after January 1, 2008, shall meet the energy efficiency standards of table U-1 of section 1605.3 of the January 2006 California Code of Regulations, Title 20, Division 2, Chapter 4, Article 4: Appliance Efficiency Regulations. This standard applies to single voltage AC to DC power supplies that are sold individually and to those that are sold as a component of or in conjunction with another product. This standard shall not apply to single voltage external AC to DC power supplies sold with products subject to certification by the United States Food and Drug Administration. A single-voltage external AC to DC power supply that is made available by a manufacturer directly to a consumer or to a service or repair facility after and separate from the original sale of the product requiring the power supply as a service part or spare part shall not be required to meet the standards in said table U-1 until five years after the effective dates indicated in the table;

      (M) On or after January 1, 2009, state regulated incandescent reflector lamps shall be manufactured to meet the minimum average lamp efficacy requirements for federally-regulated incandescent reflector lamps contained in 42 USC 6295(i)(1)(A). Each lamp shall indicate the date of manufacture;

      (N) On or after January 1, 2009, bottle-type water dispensers, commercial hot food holding cabinets, portable electric spas, walk-in refrigerators and walk-in freezers shall meet the efficiency requirements of section 1605.3 of the January 2006 California Code of Regulations, Title 20, Division 2, Chapter 4, Article 4: Appliance Efficiency Regulations. On or after January 1, 2010, residential pool pumps shall meet said efficiency requirements;

      (O) On or after January 1, 2009, pool heaters shall meet the efficiency requirements of sections 1605.1 and 1605.3 of the January 2006 California Code of Regulations, Title 20, Division 2, Chapter 4, Article 4: Appliance Efficiency Regulations.

      (2) Such efficiency standards, where in conflict with the State Building Code, shall take precedence over the standards contained in the Building Code. Not later than July 1, 2007, and biennially thereafter, the office, in consultation with the Department of Public Utility Control, shall review and increase the level of such efficiency standards by adopting regulations in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54 upon a determination that increased efficiency standards would serve to promote energy conservation in the state and would be cost-effective for consumers who purchase and use such new products, provided no such increased efficiency standards shall become effective within one year following the adoption of any amended regulations providing for such increased efficiency standards.

      (3) The office, in consultation with the Department of Public Utility Control, shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to designate additional products to be subject to the provisions of this section and to establish efficiency standards for such products upon a determination that such efficiency standards (A) would serve to promote energy conservation in the state, (B) would be cost-effective for consumers who purchase and use such new products, and (C) that multiple products are available which meet such standards, provided no such efficiency standards shall become effective within one year following their adoption pursuant to this subdivision.

      (e) On or after July 1, 2006, except for commercial clothes washers, for which the date shall be July 1, 2007, commercial refrigerators and freezers, for which the date shall be July 1, 2008, and large packaged air-conditioning equipment, for which the date shall be July 1, 2009, no new product of a type set forth in subsection (b) of this section or designated by the office may be sold, offered for sale, or installed in the state unless the energy efficiency of the new product meets or exceeds the efficiency standards set forth in such regulations adopted pursuant to subsection (d) of this section.

      (f) The office, in consultation with the Department of Public Utility Control, shall adopt procedures for testing the energy efficiency of the new products set forth in subsection (b) of this section or designated by the department if such procedures are not provided for in the State Building Code. The office shall use United States Department of Energy approved test methods, or in the absence of such test methods, other appropriate nationally recognized test methods. The manufacturers of such products shall cause samples of such products to be tested in accordance with the test procedures adopted pursuant to this subsection or those specified in the State Building Code.

      (g) Manufacturers of new products set forth in subsection (b) of this section or designated by the office shall certify to the secretary that such products are in compliance with the provisions of this section, except that certification is not required for single voltage external AC to DC power supplies and walk-in refrigerators and walk-in freezers. All single voltage external AC to DC power supplies shall be labeled as described in the January 2006 California Code of Regulations, Title 20, Section 1607 (9). The office, in consultation with the Department of Public Utility Control, shall promulgate regulations governing the certification of such products. The secretary shall publish an annual list of such products.

      (h) The Attorney General may institute proceedings to enforce the provisions of this section. Any person who violates any provision of this section shall be subject to a civil penalty of not more than two hundred fifty dollars. Each violation of this section shall constitute a separate offense, and each day that such violation continues shall constitute a separate offense.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-3, S. 1; P.A. 87-564, S. 1-6; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(c); P.A. 04-85, S. 1; P.A. 07-242, S. 12; P.A. 10-32, S. 58.)

      History: (Revisor's note: The reference to "mobile homes" in Subsec. (c) was changed to "mobile manufactured homes" in accordance with June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-3); June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Consumer Protection with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-85 changed jurisdictional authority from Commissioner of Consumer Protection to Department of Public Utility Control, replaced "new appliance" with "new product", adding new products to be subject to section and definitions for such products and deleting certain fluorescent ballasts and luminaries and showerheads as products subject to section, added definition of "energy efficiency ratio", required department to establish certain minimum energy efficiency standards for the subject products by 2005, required department to adopt regulations by July 1, 2007, and biennially thereafter to increase the level of efficiency standards, allowed department to designate additional products to be subject to section, amended Subsec. (e) by replacing "1988" with "2006" and by adding exception for commercial clothes washers, commercial refrigerators and freezers and large packaged air-conditioning equipment and deleted provision in Subsec. (h) re periodic inspections, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 07-242 amended Subsec. (a)(1) to change Department of Public Utility Control to Office of Policy and Management, amended Subsec. (a)(16) to redefine "commercial refrigerators and freezers", added Subsec. (a)(23) to (41) to define "electricity ratio", "boiler", "central furnace", "residential furnace or boiler", "furnace air handler", "high-intensity discharge lamp", "metal halide lamp", "metal halide lamp fixture", "probe start metal halide ballast", "single voltage external AC to DC power supply", "state regulated incandescent reflector lamp", "bottle-type water dispenser", "commercial hot food holding cabinet", "pool heater", "portable electric spa", "residential pool pump", "walk-in refrigerator", "walk-in freezer", and "central air conditioner", added Subsec. (b)(9) to (18) and redesignated existing Subsec. (b)(9) as Subsec. (b)(19), added in Subsec. (d)(1) new (J) to (O), amended Subsec. (g) to add exception for single voltage external AC to DC power supplies, walk-in refrigerators and walk-in freezers, and made conforming and technical changes throughout; P.A. 10-32 made a technical change in Subsec. (a)(10), effective May 10, 2010.

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      Sec. 16a-49. Conservation and load management program. Return on expenditures in acquiring energy conservation measures from private power provider. (a) The Department of Public Utility Control shall require each gas and electric public service company to implement a cost effective conservation and load management program consistent with integrated resource planning principles. As part of each conservation and load management program the department shall require specific programs to target the needs of manufacturers. The department shall allow the gas or electric public service company either: (1) To earn a return on prudently incurred multiyear conservation and load management expenditures on programs and measures approved by the department included in the company's rate base and successfully implemented by the company at a rate at least one percentage point but no more than five percentage points higher than such company's rate of return otherwise found to be reasonable; or (2) authorize a return of at least one percentage point but no more than five percentage points on the company's prudently incurred conservation and load management expenditures treated as operating costs on programs and measures approved by the department and successfully implemented by the company. For the purposes of this section "conservation and load management expenditures" shall include all prudent expenditures, approved by the department by gas or electric public service companies designed to conserve energy or manage gas or energy load.

      (b) The department may authorize an electric public service company a return on such company's expenditures in acquiring energy conservation or load management measures, approved by the department, from private power providers, as defined in section 16-243b.

      (P.A. 88-57, S. 1; P.A. 90-65, S. 3, 5; P.A. 91-248, S. 6, 13; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 98-1, S. 47, 121.)

      History: P.A. 90-65 added provision requiring specific conservation and load management programs for manufacturers; P.A. 91-248 added provisions re rate of return for certain conservation and load management programs and return on certain operating costs of certain conservation and load management programs and added a new Subsec. (b) allowing the department to authorize a return on company expenditures in acquiring certain conservation measures from private power producers; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 98-1 made a technical change to Subsec. (a), effective June 24, 1998.

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      Sec. 16a-50. Cash or energy source credit incentives prohibited from being placed in the rate base or as an operating expense. Section 16a-50 is repealed.

      (P.A. 88-57, S. 2; P.A. 91-248, S. 12, 13.)

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      Secs. 16a-51 to 16a-99. Reserved for future use.

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