CHAPTER 249*
TRAFFIC CONTROL AND HIGHWAY SAFETY

      *Presence of traffic signal makes chapter operative. 114 C. 404. Chapter defined respective powers of state traffic commission and of local authorities. 125 C. 506.

      Cited. 28 CA 283.


Table of Contents

Sec. 14-297. Definitions.
Sec. 14-298. State Traffic Commission.
Sec. 14-298a. Operation of motor vehicle exceeding posted clearance or load prohibited.
Sec. 14-299. Traffic control signals. Right turn on red.
Sec. 14-299a. Traffic signal preemption devices.
Sec. 14-300. Crosswalks. Pedestrian-control signals. Regulation of pedestrians and motor vehicles at crosswalks. Pedestrians who are blind or have guide dogs.
Sec. 14-300a. Pedestrian street markings near housing projects for elderly persons.
Sec. 14-300b. Pedestrian use of crosswalks and roadways.
Sec. 14-300c. Pedestrian use of roads and sidewalks. Required to yield to emergency vehicle.
Sec. 14-300d. Operator of a vehicle required to exercise due care to avoid pedestrian.
Sec. 14-300e. Application of pedestrian rights to solicitation of rides in a motor vehicle and walking on limited access highways.
Sec. 14-300f. Vehicles to stop for school crossing guard. Penalties.
Sec. 14-300g. Operation of golf carts. Equipment. Insurance.
Sec. 14-301. Through ways. Stop signs.
Sec. 14-302. "Yield" signs.
Sec. 14-303. Designation of one-way streets.
Sec. 14-304. Safety zones.
Sec. 14-305. Bus stops and public service motor vehicle stands.
Sec. 14-306. Taxi stands in front of hotels.
Sec. 14-307. Parking restrictions. Regulations.
Sec. 14-308. Loading and unloading.
Sec. 14-309. Traffic safety measures and control devices; approval of State Traffic Commission.
Sec. 14-310. Fraudulent or obstructive signs and signals.
Sec. 14-311. Open air theaters, shopping centers and certain other developments affecting state highway traffic.
Sec. 14-311a. New certificate for increase in parking spaces.
Sec. 14-311b. Traffic controls for certain parking areas and commercial establishments.
Sec. 14-311c. Developed parcels of land separately owned and utilized together for a single development purpose which affects state highway traffic.
Sec. 14-312. Regulations.
Sec. 14-313. Appeal.
Sec. 14-314. Penalties.
Sec. 14-314a. Periodic review of traffic control signals and signs.
Sec. 14-314b. Injury to or removal of traffic control devices, signs or lights.
Sec. 14-314c. Erection of signs to warn operators of presence of deaf persons. Regulations.
Sec. 14-314d. Erection of signs stating the requirement of the use of signal lights when changing lanes.
Sec. 14-315. Duties of Commissioner of Public Safety re street and highway safety and accident prevention.
Secs. 14-316 and 14-317. Commissioners to serve without compensation; offices. Assistants.

PART I
TRAFFIC CONTROL

      Sec. 14-297. Definitions. Terms used in this chapter shall be construed as follows, unless another construction is clearly apparent from the language or context in which the term is used or unless the construction is inconsistent with the manifest intention of the General Assembly:

      (1) The following terms shall be construed as they are defined in section 14-1: "Authorized emergency vehicle", "driver", "head lamp", "highway", "intersection", "limited access highway", "motor vehicle", "number plate", "operator", "person", "rotary" or "roundabout", "shoulder", "stop", "truck", "vehicle";

      (2) "Crosswalk" means that portion of a highway ordinarily included within the prolongation or connection of the lateral lines of sidewalks at intersections, or any portion of a highway distinctly indicated, by lines or other markings on the surface, as a crossing for pedestrians, except such prolonged or connecting lines from an alley across a street;

      (3) "Official traffic control devices" means all signs, signals, markings and devices consistent with the provisions of this chapter and placed or erected, for the purpose of regulating, warning or guiding traffic, by authority of a public body or official having jurisdiction;

      (4) "Parking" means the standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, on a highway, except it shall not include the temporary standing of a vehicle for the purpose of and while engaged in receiving or discharging passengers or loading or unloading merchandise or while in obedience to traffic regulations or traffic signs or signals;

      (5) "Traffic" means pedestrians, vehicles and other conveyances while using any highway for the purpose of travel;

      (6) "Traffic authority" means the board of police commissioners of any city, town or borough, or the city or town manager, the chief of police, the superintendent of police or any legally elected or appointed official or board, or any official having similar powers and duties, of any city, town or borough that has no board of police commissioners but has a regularly appointed force, or the board of selectmen of any town in which there is no city or borough with a regularly appointed police force, except that, with respect to state highways and bridges, "traffic authority" means the State Traffic Commission, provided nothing contained in this section shall be construed to limit or detract from the jurisdiction or authority of the State Traffic Commission to adopt regulations establishing a uniform system of traffic control signals, devices, signs and markings as provided in section 14-298, and the requirement that no installation of any traffic control signal light shall be made by any city, town or borough until the installation has been approved by the State Traffic Commission as provided in section 14-299;

      (7) "Traffic control sign" means any sign bearing a message with respect to the stopping or to the rate of speed of vehicles; and

      (8) "Traffic control signal" means any device, whether operated manually, electrically or mechanically, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and to proceed.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2516; P.A. 84-429, S. 42; P.A. 90-263, S. 53, 74; P.A. 05-210, S. 27.)

      History: P.A. 84-429 substantially revised section, dividing section into Subsecs., applying definitions in Sec. 14-1 to terms added in Subdiv. (1), rephrasing provisions and making other technical changes; P.A. 90-263 amended Subdiv. (1) to delete "public service motor vehicle"; P.A. 05-210 amended Subdiv. (1) by substituting "rotary" or "roundabout" for "rotary traffic island", effective July 1, 2005.

      Cited. 122 C. 518. Longitudinal line at intersection is an official control device. Id., 520. Cited. 123 C. 665. Cited. 130 C. 243. Cited. 138 C. 81. Cited. 163 C. 365.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 14-298. State Traffic Commission. There shall be within the Department of Transportation a State Traffic Commission. Said Traffic Commission shall consist of the Commissioner of Transportation, the Commissioner of Public Safety and the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles. For the purpose of standardization and uniformity, said commission shall adopt and cause to be printed for publication regulations establishing a uniform system of traffic control signals, devices, signs and markings consistent with the provisions of this chapter for use upon the public highways. The commissioner shall make known to the General Assembly the availability of such regulations and any requesting member shall be sent a written copy or electronic storage media of such regulations by the commissioner. Taking into consideration the public safety and convenience with respect to the width and character of the highways and roads affected, the density of traffic thereon and the character of such traffic, said commission shall also adopt regulations, in cooperation and agreement with local traffic authorities, governing the use of state highways and roads on state-owned properties, and the operation of vehicles including but not limited to motor vehicles, as defined by section 14-1, and bicycles, as defined by section 14-286, thereon. A list of limited-access highways shall be published with such regulations and said list shall be revised and published once each year. The commissioner shall make known to the General Assembly the availability of such regulations and list and any requesting member shall be sent a written copy or electronic storage media of such regulations and list by the commissioner. A list of limited-access highways opened to traffic by the Commissioner of Transportation in the interim period between publications shall be maintained in the office of the State Traffic Commission and such regulations shall apply to the use of such listed highways. Said commission shall also make regulations, in cooperation and agreement with local traffic authorities, respecting the use by through truck traffic of streets and highways within the limits of, and under the jurisdiction of, any city, town or borough of this state for the protection and safety of the public. If said commission determines that the prohibition of through truck traffic on any street or highway is necessary because of an immediate and imminent threat to the public health and safety and the local traffic authority is precluded for any reason from acting on such prohibition, the commission, if it is not otherwise precluded from so acting, may impose such prohibition. Said commission may place and maintain traffic control signals, signs, markings and other safety devices, which it deems to be in the interests of public safety, upon such highways as come within the jurisdiction of said commission as set forth in section 14-297. The traffic authority of any city, town or borough may place and maintain traffic control signals, signs, markings and other safety devices upon the highways under its jurisdiction, and all such signals, devices, signs and markings shall conform to the regulations established by said commission in accordance with this chapter, and such traffic authority shall, with respect to traffic control signals, conform to the provisions of section 14-299.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2517; 1957, P.A. 331, S. 1; 1967, P.A. 685, S. 1; 1969, P.A. 768, S. 151; P.A. 77-375, S. 6; 77-614, S. 558, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 11, 136; P.A. 84-429, S. 67; P.A. 88-242, S. 1, 2; P.A. 98-222, S. 6.)

      History: 1967 act added provisions re regulations governing use of state highways and roads on state-owned properties and re list of limited access highways; 1969 act replaced highway commissioner with commissioner of transportation; P.A. 77-375 added reference to role of local traffic authorities in adoption of regulations and specifically referred to regulations re operation of vehicles "not limited to motor vehicles" and of bicycles; P.A. 77-614 placed state traffic commission in department of transportation and changed membership to include commissioner of public safety rather than commissioner of motor vehicles, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 restored membership of commissioner of motor vehicles and deleted reference to no longer existing commissioner of state police; P.A. 84-429 made technical changes for statutory consistency; P.A. 88-242 added provisions authorizing the state traffic commission to prohibit through truck traffic in certain cases involving an immediate and imminent threat to public health and safety; P.A. 98-222 added a requirement that the commissioner notify the General Assembly that the regulations establishing a uniform system of traffic control signals and the list of limited-access highways are available upon request in a written format or as electronic storage.

      See Sec. 7-136i re preliminary review of municipal petitions, applications or permit requests.

      Court may take judicial notice of state traffic commission regulations. 133 C. 453. Cited. 134 C. 636. Cited. 181 C. 114. Uniform Administrative Procedure Act not applicable to regulations under statute which are not of general applicability. Distinction between regulations within and without the purview of that act discussed. 183 C. 313. Legislature reserved to state traffic commission the ultimate authority to regulate through truck traffic. 203 C. 267.

      Cited. 28 CA 283.

      Cited. 4 Conn. Cir. Ct. 104.


(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 14-298a. Operation of motor vehicle exceeding posted clearance or load prohibited. No person shall operate or move a motor vehicle over, on, through, or under any bridge or structure on any highway if the height of such vehicle or the load exceeds the height of the posted clearance or load, as shown by an official traffic control device, as defined in section 14-297. Any person violating any provision of this section shall have committed an infraction.

      (P.A. 05-218, S. 30.)

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 14-299. Traffic control signals. Right turn on red. (a) For the purpose of standardization and uniformity, no installation of any traffic control signal light shall be made by any town, city or borough until the same has been approved by the State Traffic Commission. Such approval shall be based on necessity for, location of and type of such signal light and shall be applied for on a form supplied by the State Traffic Commission and shall be submitted to said commission by the traffic authority having jurisdiction. Approval of any such signal light may be revoked by said commission at any time if it deems such revocation to be in the interest of public safety, and thereupon such signal lights shall be removed by the traffic authority having jurisdiction.

      (b) When traffic at an intersection is alternately directed to proceed and to stop by the use of signals exhibiting colored lights or lighted arrows, successively one at a time or in combination, only the colors green, red and yellow shall be used, except for special pedestrian control signals carrying word legends, said lights shall apply to drivers of vehicles and pedestrians and shall indicate the following:

      (1) Circular green alone: Vehicular traffic facing a green signal may proceed straight through or turn right or left unless a sign or marking at such place prohibits either such turn or straight through movement, except that such traffic shall yield the right-of-way to pedestrians and vehicles lawfully within a crosswalk or the intersection at the time such signal was exhibited; pedestrians facing the green signal, except when directed by separate pedestrian-control signals, may proceed across the highway within any marked or unmarked crosswalk.

      (2) Yellow: Vehicular traffic facing a steady yellow signal is thereby warned that the related green movement is being terminated or that a red indication will be exhibited immediately thereafter, when vehicular traffic shall stop before entering the intersection unless so close to the intersection that a stop cannot be made in safety; pedestrians facing a steady yellow signal, except when directed by separate pedestrian-control signals, are thereby advised that there is insufficient time to cross the roadway before a red indication is shown and no pedestrian shall then start to cross the roadway.

      (3) Red alone: Vehicular traffic facing a steady red signal alone shall stop before entering the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection or, if none, then before entering the intersection and remain standing until the next indication is shown; provided, on or after July 1, 1979, vehicular traffic traveling in the travel lane nearest the right hand curb or other defined edge of the roadway, unless a sign has been erected in the appropriate place prohibiting this movement, may cautiously enter the intersection to make a right turn onto a two-way street or onto another one-way street on which all the traffic is moving to such vehicle's right after such vehicle has stopped as required in this subdivision and yielded the right-of-way to pedestrians lawfully within an adjacent crosswalk and to other traffic lawfully using the intersection. Pedestrians facing a steady red signal alone, except when directed by separate pedestrian-control signals, shall not enter the roadway. The Commissioner of Transportation, in the case of state highways and the traffic authority, as defined in section 14-297, in the case of highways maintained by towns, cities or boroughs, shall review all traffic control signalized intersections on highways within their respective jurisdictions to determine those intersections where signs should be erected to prohibit right turns on a steady red signal as hereinbefore described and cause to have erected such signs by June 30, 1979. For purposes of uniformity, each municipality shall report the results of its reviews to the State Traffic Commission and shall not erect or cause to be erected signs prohibiting right turns on a steady red signal until such signs have been approved by the State Traffic Commission.

      (4) Green arrow: Vehicular traffic facing a green arrow signal, shown alone or in combination with another indication, may cautiously enter the intersection only to make the movement indicated by such arrow, or such other movement as is permitted by other indications shown at the same time, but such vehicular traffic shall yield the right-of-way to pedestrians lawfully within a crosswalk and to other traffic lawfully within the intersection.

      (5) Whenever special pedestrian-control signals exhibiting the words "Walk" or "Don't Walk" are in place such signals shall indicate as follows: "Walk": Pedestrians facing such signals may proceed across the roadway in the direction of the signal and shall be given the right-of-way by the drivers of all vehicles; "Don't Walk": No pedestrian shall start to cross the roadway in the direction of such signal, but any pedestrian who has partially completed his crossing on the walk signal shall proceed to a sidewalk or safety island while the "Don't Walk" signal is showing.

      (c) When an illuminated flashing red or yellow signal is used in a traffic sign or signal, it shall require obedience by vehicular traffic as follows:

      (1) Flashing red: When a red lens is illuminated by rapid intermittent flashes, drivers of vehicles shall stop before entering the nearest crosswalk at an intersection, or at a limit line when marked or, if none, then before entering the intersection, and the right to proceed shall be subject to the rules applicable after making a stop at a stop sign.

      (2) When a yellow lens is illuminated with rapid intermittent flashes, drivers of vehicles facing such signal may proceed through the intersection or past such signal only with caution.

      (d) Lenses of the following colors only shall be used and shall be arranged vertically in the signal face or, when necessary, horizontally, and shall conform to the following positions: When arranged vertically, red shall be located at the top, yellow shall be located directly below red and the remaining indications below the yellow in the following order: Flashing yellow, circular green, vertical arrow, left-turn arrow and right-turn arrow, as needed; when arranged horizontally, red shall be located at the left, yellow shall be located directly to the right of red and the remaining indications to the right of yellow in the following order: Flashing yellow, left-turn arrow, circular green, vertical arrow and right-turn arrow, as needed.

      (e) When lane-direction-control signals are placed over the individual lanes of a street or highway, vehicular traffic may travel in any lane over which a green arrow signal is shown, but shall not enter or travel in any lane over which a red X signal is shown.

      (f) If a traffic control signal, approved by the State Traffic Commission, is erected and maintained at a place other than an intersection, the provisions of this section shall be applicable except as to those provisions which by their nature can have no application. Any stop required shall be made at a sign or marking on the pavement indicating where the stop shall be made, but in the absence of any sign or marking the stop shall be made at the signal.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2518; 1967, P.A. 428; P.A. 75-297; P.A. 78-309, S. 1.)

      History: 1967 act restated provisions of Subsecs. (b) to (d) and added Subsecs. (e) and (f); P.A. 75-297 added provisions in Subsec. (b)(3) re right turns on red; P.A. 78-309 revised and amplified Subsec. (b)(3) and changed emphasis by allowing right turn on red unless sign prohibits it, whereas previously turn allowed only where sign permitted it.

      See Sec. 14-111g re operator's retraining program.

      Cited. 181 C. 515.

      Cited. 2 CA 523, 525.

      Duty of operator approaching intersection where traffic light is red. 3 CS 177. That stop sign was obscured from view by large truck not justification for failure to stop. 6 CS 264. All silent policemen or stanchions are obstructions in the highway, but they are not nuisances. 15 CS 93.

      Subsec. (a):

      Cited. 2 CA 523, 525.

      Cited. 5 Conn. Cir. Ct. 333. Cited. 6 Conn. Cir. Ct. 335, 452.

      Subsec. (b):

      The provisions of this subsection are subject to the specific exceptions created by the express provisions of section 14-283. 114 C. 406. Right-of-way and duty of driver approaching green light. Id., 640. Cited. 119 C. 267. Cited. 122 C. 518. When street marking and green arrow create separate lanes; right to proceed in right-hand lane. Id., 520. Cited. 124 C. 688. Cited. 125 C. 38. Cited. 149 C. 61. A driver when faced with a green light at an intersection must act as a reasonably prudent person with a knowledge that he cannot proceed in disregard of other vehicles in the intersection. 165 C. 422. A duty of reasonable safety is placed on a driver who wishes to turn left. A driver facing a green light may have a higher standard of care as he is required to yield to certain vehicles that constitute an imminent hazard. Id. Cited. 170 C. 490.


(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 14-299a. Traffic signal preemption devices. (a) As used in this section, "traffic signal preemption device" means a device capable of altering the timing or phasing of a traffic control signal.

      (b) No person shall use a traffic signal preemption device unless such person, in furtherance of such person's duties, is (1) installing or maintaining a traffic control signal; (2) operating railroad equipment or a movable bridge; (3) operating a transit vehicle on behalf of the Department of Transportation; (4) operating a motor vehicle owned by the federal or state government, a municipal government or fire district in responding to an emergency; or (5) operating an ambulance in responding to an emergency. No traffic signal preemption device shall be in, or part of, a motor vehicle unless (A) the motor vehicle is owned or controlled by the federal or state government, a municipal government or fire district, (B) the motor vehicle is an ambulance, or (C) such vehicle is being used in the course of manufacturing, transporting, installing or maintaining such a device.

      (c) No person shall possess a traffic signal preemption device unless such person is a manufacturer specializing in the manufacture of such devices, a vendor authorized by a manufacturer specializing in the manufacture of such devices or a repairer of such devices.

      (d) No person shall sell or transfer possession of a traffic signal preemption device unless (1) such person is a manufacturer specializing in the manufacture of such devices, a vendor authorized by a manufacturer specializing in the manufacture of such devices or a repairer of such devices, and (2) such sale or transfer of possession is to the federal or state government, a municipal government or fire district, ambulance operator or to a vendor or repairer of such devices.

      (e) Any person who violates any provision of subsection (b), (c) or (d) of this section shall be fined not more than five thousand dollars or imprisoned not more than ninety days, or both.

      (f) Any person who violates any provision of subsection (b) of this section which violation results in a traffic accident shall be fined not more than fifteen thousand dollars or imprisoned not more than five years, or both.

      (P.A. 05-242, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 05-242 effective July 1, 2005.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 14-300. Crosswalks. Pedestrian-control signals. Regulation of pedestrians and motor vehicles at crosswalks. Pedestrians who are blind or have guide dogs. (a) The traffic authority shall have power to designate, by appropriate official traffic control devices, as defined in section 14-297, or markers, or by lines upon the surface of the highway, such crosswalks and intersections as, in its opinion, constitute a danger to pedestrians crossing the highway including, but not limited to, specially marked crosswalks in the vicinity of schools, which crosswalks shall have distinctive markings, in accordance with the regulations of the State Traffic Commission, to denote use of such crosswalks by school children; and may maintain suitable signs located at intervals along highways, particularly where there are no sidewalks, directing pedestrians to walk facing vehicular traffic.

      (b) At any intersection where special pedestrian-control signals bearing the words "Walk" or "Don't Walk" are placed, pedestrians may cross the highway only as indicated by the signal. At any intersection where traffic is controlled by other traffic control signals or by police officers, pedestrians shall not cross the highway against a red or "Stop" signal and shall not cross at any place not a marked or unmarked crosswalk. A pedestrian started or starting across the highway on a "Walk" signal or on any such crosswalk on a green or "Go" signal shall have the right-of-way over all vehicles, including those making turns, until such pedestrian has reached the opposite curb or safety zone.

      (c) Except as provided in subsection (c) of section 14-300c, at any crosswalk marked as provided in subsection (a) of this section or any unmarked crosswalk, provided such crosswalks are not controlled by police officers or traffic control signals, each operator of a vehicle shall grant the right-of-way, and slow or stop such vehicle if necessary to so grant the right-of-way, to any pedestrian crossing the roadway within such crosswalk, provided such pedestrian steps off the curb or into the crosswalk at the entrance to a crosswalk or is within that half of the roadway upon which such operator of a vehicle is traveling, or such pedestrian steps off the curb or into the crosswalk at the entrance to a crosswalk or is crossing the roadway within such crosswalk from that half of the roadway upon which such operator is not traveling. No operator of a vehicle approaching from the rear shall overtake and pass any vehicle, the operator of which has stopped at any crosswalk marked as provided in subsection (a) of this section or any unmarked crosswalk to permit a pedestrian to cross the roadway. The operator of any vehicle crossing a sidewalk shall yield the right-of-way to each pedestrian and all other traffic upon such sidewalk.

      (d) The operator of a motor vehicle who approaches or comes into the immediate vicinity of a pedestrian who is blind, as defined in subsection (a) of section 1-1f, carrying a white cane or a white cane tipped with red, or a pedestrian being guided by a guide dog, shall reduce speed or stop, if necessary, to yield the right-of-way to such pedestrian. No person, except one who is blind, shall carry or use on any street or highway, or in any other public place, a cane or walking stick which is white in color or white, tipped with red.

      (e) Any crosswalk designated by a traffic authority on or after October 1, 2010, pursuant to subsection (a) of this section shall be required by such authority to have markings, signage, or any control signals deemed necessary by such authority to provide sufficient time for the safe crossing of pedestrians.

      (f) The operator of any motor vehicle who violates this section shall be deemed to have committed an infraction and be fined ninety dollars.

      (g) In any civil action arising under subsection (c) or (d) of this section or sections 14-300b to 14-300d, inclusive, the doctrine of negligence per se shall not apply.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2519; 1955, S. 1403d; 1967, P.A. 639; P.A. 78-309, S. 2; P.A. 94-189, S. 33, 34; P.A. 00-196, S. 13; P.A. 07-167, S. 26; P.A. 08-150, S. 32; P.A. 10-159, S. 9.)

      History: 1967 act made special reference to specially marked crosswalks near schools in Subsec. (a); P.A. 78-309 added Subsecs. (c) and (d); P.A. 94-189 amended Subsec. (c) by changing "yield" to "grant", making the section also applicable to a pedestrian who "steps to the curb at the entrance to a crosswalk" and deleting the requirement that such pedestrian should be "approaching at such a rate of speed or has approached so near to that half of the roadway upon which such operator is traveling so as to be in reasonable danger of being struck by the vehicle of such operator", effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 00-196 made a technical change; P.A. 07-167 amended Subsec. (c) by replacing "steps to the curb" with "steps off the curb or into the crosswalk", making infraction applicable to "The operator of any motor vehicle who violates this section", rather than "A violation of this subsection", and specifying a fine of $90, effective July 1, 2007; P.A. 08-150 amended Subsec. (c) to delete penalty provision, reflecting its reenactment as new Subsec. (e), added new Subsec. (d) requiring motor vehicle operator to yield right-of-way to pedestrian who is blind carrying a white cane or white cane tipped with red or being guided by a guide dog and prohibiting a person who is not blind from carrying or using a cane or walking stick white in color or white, tipped in red, added new Subsec. (e) re penalty, formerly part of Subsec. (c), and redesignated existing Subsec. (d) as new Subsec. (f) and amended same to add reference to new Subsec. (d); P.A. 10-159 amended Subsec. (a) to substitute "official traffic control devices" for "devices" and make technical changes, made technical changes in Subsec. (c), inserted new Subsec. (e) requiring crosswalks designated on or after October 1, 2010, to have necessary markings, signage or control signals to provide sufficient time for safe crossing of pedestrians and redesignated existing Subsecs. (e) and (f) as Subsecs. (f) and (g).

      See Sec. 53-182 re penalties for infractions committed by pedestrians.

      Subsec. (a):

      What lines constitute compliance with this section. 126 C. 527.

      Subsec. (b):

      Cited. 125 C. 223. Rule for pedestrians crossing from one curb to the other; not applicable to one marooned in middle of street when the light changed. 127 C. 160. Cited. Id., 301. Pedestrian crossing with light could not be found guilty of contributory negligence as a matter of law. 130 C. 614. Cited. 133 C. 581. Cited. 138 C. 81. A pedestrian who has the right of way is not justified in being oblivious to the circumstances and failing to exercise care commensurate with the situation. 142 C. 385. Cited. 146 C. 210. Violation constitutes negligence per se. 147 C. 644. Cited. 149 C. 61. Statute not applicable where evidence did not show that decedent was on or near crosswalk until bus had nearly completed its turn. 151 C. 14. Statutory right-of-way to pedestrians at crosswalks limited to crosswalks on public highways. 163 C. 365.

      Legislature intended to make it possible for the pedestrian to cross and to be protected while crossing. 5 CS 133. A pedestrian desiring to cross a street upon a crosswalk at a street intersection where traffic is controlled by traffic light may rely solely upon the assumption that other traffic will obey such lights. 10 CS 413.

      Stoplights and flashers on school bus not the type of signals specified in subsection. 2 Conn. Cir. Ct. 214.


(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 14-300a. Pedestrian street markings near housing projects for elderly persons. The State Traffic Commission and each municipal traffic authority shall, on highways under their respective jurisdictions and subject to the provisions of section 14-298, provide special pedestrian street or sidewalk markings at intersections and streets in proximity to projects designated for or containing a high proportion of elderly persons.

      (1967, P.A. 358.)

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 14-300b. Pedestrian use of crosswalks and roadways. (a) Each pedestrian crossing a roadway at any point other than within a crosswalk marked as provided in subsection (a) of section 14-300 or any unmarked crosswalk or at a location controlled by police officers shall yield the right of way to each vehicle upon such roadway. Each pedestrian crossing a roadway at a point where a pedestrian tunnel or overhead pedestrian crossing has been provided shall yield the right-of-way to each vehicle upon such roadway.

      (b) No pedestrian shall cross a roadway intersection diagonally unless authorized by a pedestrian-control signal or police officer. When authorized by a pedestrian-control signal or police officer to cross an intersection diagonally each pedestrian shall cross only in accordance with such signals or as directed by such police officer. No pedestrian shall cross a roadway between adjacent intersections at which traffic or pedestrian-control signals are in operation except within a marked crosswalk.

      (c) Each pedestrian crossing a roadway within a crosswalk shall travel whenever practicable upon the right half of such crosswalk.

      (d) A violation of any provision of this section shall be an infraction.

      (P.A. 78-309, S. 3.)

      Cited. 27 CA 513.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 14-300c. Pedestrian use of roads and sidewalks. Required to yield to emergency vehicle. (a) No pedestrian shall walk along and upon a roadway where a sidewalk adjacent to such roadway is provided and the use thereof is practicable. Where a sidewalk is not provided adjacent to a roadway each pedestrian walking along and upon such roadway shall walk only on the shoulder thereof and as far as practicable from the edge of such roadway. Where neither a sidewalk nor a shoulder adjacent to a roadway is provided each pedestrian walking along and upon such roadway shall walk as near as practicable to an outside edge of such roadway and if such roadway carries motor vehicle traffic traveling in opposite directions each pedestrian walking along and upon such roadway shall walk only upon the left side of such roadway.

      (b) No pedestrian shall suddenly leave a curb, sidewalk, crosswalk or any other place of safety adjacent to or upon a roadway and walk or run into the path of a vehicle which is so close to such pedestrian as to constitute an immediate hazard to such pedestrian. No pedestrian who is under the influence of alcohol or any drug to a degree which renders himself a hazard shall walk or stand upon any part of a roadway.

      (c) Each pedestrian shall yield the right-of-way to any authorized emergency vehicle, as defined by section 14-1, approaching such pedestrian and emitting any audible signal or displaying or making any visual signal reasonably indicating that such vehicle is being operated in an emergency situation. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to relieve the driver of such an authorized emergency vehicle from any duty to drive with due regard for the safety of all persons using the highway or from the duty to exercise due care to avoid colliding with any pedestrian.

      (d) Except as provided by sections 14-299, 14-300, and 14-300b to 14-300e, inclusive, each pedestrian upon a roadway shall yield the right-of-way to each vehicle upon such roadway.

      (e) A violation of any provision of this section shall be an infraction.

      (P.A. 78-309, S. 4; P.A. 84-429, S. 68.)

      History: P.A. 84-429 substituted reference to Sec. 14-1 for reference to Sec. 14-1a, repealed in the same act.

      Cited. 27 CA 513. Plaintiff's failure to comply with Subsec. (a) demonstrated negligence on her part and precluded recovery under Sec. 13a-149, the municipal highway defect statute. 119 CA 724.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 14-300d. Operator of a vehicle required to exercise due care to avoid pedestrian. Notwithstanding any provisions of the general statutes or any regulations issued thereunder, sections 14-299, 14-300, 14-300b to 14-300e, inclusive, or any local ordinance to the contrary, each operator of a vehicle shall exercise due care to avoid colliding with any pedestrian or person propelling a human powered vehicle and shall give a reasonable warning by sounding a horn or other lawful noise emitting device to avoid a collision. A violation of any provision of this section shall be an infraction.

      (P.A. 78-309, S. 5.)

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 14-300e. Application of pedestrian rights to solicitation of rides in a motor vehicle and walking on limited access highways. Nothing contained in sections 14-299, 14-300 or 14-300b to 14-300d, inclusive, shall be construed to limit the provisions of section 53-181 or to permit any pedestrian to walk upon or along any highway where pedestrians are prohibited by any provision of the general statutes or any regulations issued thereunder.

      (P.A. 78-309, S. 6.)

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 14-300f. Vehicles to stop for school crossing guard. Penalties. (a) The operator of any motor vehicle shall immediately bring his vehicle to a stop not less than ten feet from a location having a school crossing guard on any highway or private road when such school crossing guard specifically directs him to do so. Any motor vehicle so stopped for a school crossing guard shall not proceed until there is specific direction from the school crossing guard.

      (b) Any person who violates any provision of subsection (a) of this section shall be fined not less than one hundred dollars nor more than five hundred dollars for the first offense and, for each subsequent offense, not less than five hundred dollars nor more than one thousand dollars or imprisoned not more than thirty days or both.

      (P.A. 96-167, S. 1.)

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 14-300g. Operation of golf carts. Equipment. Insurance. (a) The traffic authority of any city, town or borough is authorized to permit the operation of golf carts, during daylight hours only, on any street or highway within the limits of, and under the jurisdiction of, such traffic authority, provided: (1) Each such golf cart shall be equipped with an operable horn in accordance with the requirements of subsection (e) of section 14-80; (2) each such golf cart shall be equipped with a flag that is positioned to assist operators of motor vehicles in observing the location and operation of such golf cart; (3) no such authorization shall be granted for operation on any street or highway the posted speed limit of which is more than twenty-five miles per hour; and (4) the operator of any such golf cart shall carry a valid Connecticut motor vehicle operator's license while operating such golf cart. Any person who operates a golf cart in violation of any provision of this subsection, any insurance requirement established in accordance with subsection (b) of this section, or any other conditions or limitations established by the traffic authority for the operation of golf carts shall have committed an infraction.

      (b) The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles may establish, by regulations adopted in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, insurance requirements for the operation of golf carts in accordance with subsection (a) of this section.

      (P.A. 09-187, S. 27.)

      History: P.A. 09-187 effective July 8, 2009.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 14-301. Through ways. Stop signs. (a) The State Traffic Commission may designate any state highway or part thereof or any bridge upon any such highway as a through way, and may, after notice, revoke any such designation. The traffic authority of any town, city or borough may designate any highway or part thereof under the control of such town, city or borough as a through way, and may, after notice, revoke any such designation.

      (b) No designation of a through way shall become effective as to regulation of traffic at any intersection thereon until said commission or such other traffic authority has caused signs to be erected at such intersections. Each such sign shall bear the word "stop", which shall be self-illuminated at night or so placed as to be illuminated by street lights or by headlights of approaching motor vehicles, and each such sign shall be located as near as practicable to the traveled portion of the highway at the entrance to which the stop is to be made, or at the nearest line of the crosswalk thereat, and shall be clearly visible for a distance of one hundred feet along the street intersecting the through way.

      (c) The driver of a vehicle shall stop in obedience to a stop sign at such clearly marked stop line or lines as may be established by the traffic authority having jurisdiction or, in the absence of such line or lines, shall stop in obedience to a stop sign at the entrance to a through highway and shall yield the right-of-way to vehicles not so obliged to stop which are within the intersection or approaching so closely as to constitute an immediate hazard.

      (d) Nothing herein contained shall prevent said commission or such traffic authority from erecting such stop signs on all corners of any intersection within its jurisdiction, and thereafter the provisions of subsection (c) of this section, relating to the stopping of motor vehicles and the right-of-way within such intersection, shall apply to the operation of motor vehicles on each of the intersecting streets.

      (e) The driver of a vehicle shall stop in obedience to a stop sign at a railroad crossing erected and maintained on the highway by requirement of the Commissioner of Transportation or the State Traffic Commission.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2520; 1949, S. 1405d; 1955, S. 1404d; 1959, P.A. 163; 1963, P.A. 29; 1971, P.A. 144; P.A. 75-486, S. 44, 69; P.A. 77-614, S. 571, 587, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 85, 136.)

      History: 1959 act amended Subsec. (c) by adding requirement of stopping at stop lines; 1963 act added Subsec. (e); 1971 act deleted clause in Subsec. (c) allowing drivers having once yielded right-of-way to proceed and requiring others approaching to yield to them; P.A. 75-486 replaced public utilities commission with public utilities control authority in Subsec. (e); P.A. 77-614 and P.A. 78-303 replaced public utilities control authority with commissioner of transportation, effective January 1, 1979.

      See Sec. 14-111g re operator's retraining program.

      Subsec. (e):

      See Sec. 14-249 re stopping at grade crossings.


      Purpose of former statute accomplished by a stop at a "stop" sign. 116 C. 599; 117 C. 551. Stopping at "stop" sign not sufficient, as sign may be considerable distance from traveled portion of "through street". Where no reasonably observable property line, statute inoperative to impose obligation to stop. Statute places no duty upon traffic authority to erect sign of any particular type or legible for any particular distance, but, if there is sign legible for one hundred feet, duties upon driver of car arise. 127 C. 234. Operator of vehicle approaching from right who complies with "stop" regulation has superior right-of-way if vehicles arrive at intersection at approximately same time. 130 C. 400. Cited. 131 C. 79. Whether placing of stop sign complies with statute is question of fact for jury. Id., 165. Right-of-way of driver entering "through street". 133 C. 455. Where visibility is obscured at required stopping point, statute imposes no duty to make second stop. Id., 724. Failure of defendant to stop at a stop line was negligence. 139 C. 223. Error where court charged, in effect, that car disregarding stop sign at intersection might have right-of-way over car making left turn. 151 C. 199. Charge, "once operator from right has complied with stop sign regulation, he has superior right-of-way if vehicles arrived at intersection at approximately same time", was erroneous. Id., 221. The word "entrance" does not require a special definition when a jury is charged. 160 C. 480. Cited. 163 C. 279.

      Cited. 29 CA 791.

      Cited. 24 CS 375. Cited. 26 CS 184.

      Subsec. (c):

      Subsection explained. 165 C. 635. Cited. 170 C. 583.

      Cited. 16 CA 272.

      The judge's charge as to this statute if read in its entirety was accurate in law, adapted to the issues and sufficient as a guide to the jury. 5 Conn. Cir. Ct. 164.


(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 14-302. "Yield" signs. The State Traffic Commission, on any state highway, or a local traffic authority, on any highway under its control, may designate intersections at which signs bearing the words "Yield" may be erected. The driver of a vehicle approaching a "Yield" sign shall, in obedience to such sign, slow down to a speed reasonable for the existing conditions, and shall yield the right-of-way to any vehicle in the intersection or approaching on another highway so closely as to constitute an immediate hazard during the time such driver is moving across or within the intersection, provided, if such driver is involved in a collision, such collision shall be deemed prima facie evidence of such driver's failure to yield the right-of-way.

      (1955, S. 1406d; February, 1965, P.A. 448, S. 40.)

      History: 1965 act deleted reference to state aid highway, words "right-of-way" after "Yield" and provision specifying application of collision proviso was to collisions with pedestrians or other vehicles, and changed driver's duty on approaching sign from slowing to 10 miles per hour and yielding so as to avoid collision to slowing to reasonable speed so as to avoid hazard.

      See Sec. 14-111g re operator's retraining program.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 14-303. Designation of one-way streets. Subject to the provisions of this chapter, the traffic authority shall have power to designate streets as one-way streets and to place and maintain on each street intersecting a street designated as a one-way street, at or near the property line of such one-way street, appropriate signs upon or in the street; such signs, devices or marks to bear the word "one-way" with an arrow pointing in the direction that all vehicular traffic shall travel when using such designated one-way street. No person shall operate or drive any vehicle upon or through any one-way street contrary to the directions as indicated by such signs, devices or marks established under the provisions of this section.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2521.)

      See Sec. 14-111g re operator's retraining program.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 14-304. Safety zones. (a) The traffic authority shall have power to establish safety zones of such character and at such places as it deems necessary for the protection of pedestrians.

      (b) No person shall operate or drive any vehicle over or through any safety zone established under the provisions of this section.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2522.)

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 14-305. Bus stops and public service motor vehicle stands. (a) The traffic authority shall have power to establish bus stops with the approval of the Department of Transportation. The traffic authority shall also have the power to establish stands for other motor vehicles used for the transportation of passengers for hire and designate the same by appropriate signs and markings.

      (b) No person other than an operator of a motor vehicle used for the transportation of passengers for hire shall park any vehicle in any officially designated public service motor vehicle stand, and no operator of any such motor vehicle shall park such vehicle upon any highway in any business district at any place other than a public service motor vehicle stand; but this provision shall not prevent the operator of any such motor vehicle from temporarily stopping such vehicle in accordance with parking regulations at any place for the purpose of and while actually engaged in receiving or discharging passengers.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2523; 1949, S. 1407d; P.A. 75-486, S. 45, 69; P.A. 77-614, S. 162, 610; P.A. 80-482, S. 36, 348; P.A. 84-20, S. 3; P.A. 90-263, S. 54, 74.)

      History: P.A. 75-486 replaced public utilities commission with public utilities control authority; P.A. 77-614 replaced authority with division of public utility control within the department of business regulation, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 80-482 gave division of public utility control department status and deleted reference to abolished department of business regulation; P.A. 84-20 amended Subsec. (a) to transfer power to approve establishment of bus stops from public utility control department to transportation department; P.A. 90-263 substituted "motor vehicles used for the transportation of passengers for hire" for "public service motor vehicle".

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 14-306. Taxi stands in front of hotels. The traffic authority of any city or town is authorized to establish a public taxi stand in connection with any hotel within the limits of such city or town and may, with the approval of the owner or lessee of such hotel, limit the use of such public taxi stand to cabs of a company to be designated by such owner or lessee.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2524.)

      Cited. 118 C. 375. Statute construed as applying to establishment of taxi stands adjacent to hotels in those portions of highway of which hotel owner holds fee; hence constitutional. 119 C. 325.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 14-307. Parking restrictions. Regulations. (a) The traffic authority of any city, town or borough shall have power to prohibit, limit or restrict the parking of vehicles and to erect and maintain signs in each block designating the time or terms of such prohibition or restriction on any highway or thoroughfare coming under the jurisdiction of such city, town or borough and such traffic authority may remove from state highways, except limited access highways, within the territorial limits of such city, town or borough any vehicles parked in violation of any regulation of the State Traffic Commission established in accordance with subsection (b) of this section and of any rule, regulation, order or ordinance of any such city, town or borough relative to or in connection with parking on such highway. Such removal shall be undertaken in accordance with the procedures employed by the city, town or borough in the removal of vehicles from any highway or thoroughfare coming under the jurisdiction of such city, town or borough. The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles shall adopt regulations in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54 to establish procedures for the removal of such vehicles by such traffic authority and for the storage of such vehicles. The regulations shall, at a minimum, (1) require that such traffic authority provide written notice by certified mail to the owner of any vehicle removed, (2) provide any such owner with an opportunity for a hearing before a hearing officer appointed by the chief executive officer of each city, town or borough and specify procedures for the holding of such hearing, (3) provide that the owner or keeper of any garage or other place where any such vehicle is stored shall have a lien on the vehicle for his storage charges and (4) specify procedures for the sale at public auction of any vehicle placed in storage which is not claimed within a specified period of time by the owner thereof.

      (b) The State Traffic Commission shall have power to prohibit, limit or restrict the parking of vehicles on any portion of any state highway or on any bridge on any such highway and to erect and maintain signs designating the terms of such prohibition or restriction.

      (c) No person shall park any vehicle in any place where parking is prohibited or park any vehicle for a longer period than that indicated as lawful by any sign erected and maintained in accordance with the provisions of this chapter, except: (1) A person operating an armored car vehicle may, while in the performance of such person's duties, park for a period not to exceed ten minutes in a place where parking is prohibited, provided such vehicle does not obstruct or impede the normal and reasonable movement of traffic, or (2) a vehicle displaying a special license plate or a removable windshield placard issued pursuant to section 14-253a or by authorities of other states or countries for the purpose of identifying vehicles permitted to utilize parking spaces reserved for persons with disabilities which limit or impair their ability to walk or blind persons, may park in an area where parking is legally permissible, for an unlimited period of time without penalty, notwithstanding the period of time indicated as lawful by any (A) parking meter, or (B) sign erected and maintained in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2525; 1969, P.A. 236; P.A. 91-408, S. 6; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-4, S. 7, 11; June 18 Sp. Sess. 97-11, S. 63, 65; P.A. 99-268, S. 35; P.A. 00-169, S. 22.)

      History: 1969 act gave local traffic authorities power to remove from roads vehicles parked in violation of state traffic commission regulations under Subsec. (a); P.A. 91-408 amended Subsec. (c) to add exception authorizing operator of an armored car vehicle to park where parking is prohibited; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-4 amended Subsec. (a) to require commissioner to adopt regulations re procedures for removal and storage of vehicles and stated minimum requirements for such regulations, effective June 30, 1997; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-11 changed effective date of June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-4 but without affecting this section; P.A. 99-268 amended Subsec. (c) by designating existing exception re armored cars as Subdiv. (1), adding Subdiv. (2) re allowing a vehicle displaying a special license plate or removable windshield placard to park without penalty where legally permissible for an unlimited period of time and by making a technical change re gender neutrality; P.A. 00-169 revised effective date of P.A. 99-268 but without affecting this section.

      As to local parking regulations. 125 C. 506. Traffic authority has power to install parking meters. 130 C. 243.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 14-308. Loading and unloading. (a) The traffic authority shall have power to determine the location of loading and unloading zones and shall erect and maintain signs designating the same.

      (b) No operator of any vehicle shall park for a period of time longer than is necessary for the loading or unloading of materials or merchandise in any place marked as a loading or unloading zone.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2526.)

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 14-309. Traffic safety measures and control devices; approval of State Traffic Commission. No traffic safety measure or traffic control device, sign or marking shall be installed or maintained on any state highway or on any bridge on any such highway or within the right-of-way of any such highway or bridge by the traffic authority of any town, city or borough, except by consent and written approval of the State Traffic Commission. No rule, regulation, order or ordinance of any town, city or borough relative to or in connection with such safety measure or traffic control device, sign or marking on any such highway or bridge, or within the right-of-way of any such highway or bridge, shall take effect until approved in writing by said commission or be effective after such approval has been revoked. Approval of any such traffic control measure may be revoked by said commission at any time, if it deems such revocation to be in the interest of public safety.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2527.)

      Cited. 134 C. 636.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 14-310. Fraudulent or obstructive signs and signals. (a) No person, firm or corporation shall place, maintain or display upon or in view from any highway any unauthorized sign, signal, marking or device which purports to be or is in imitation of or resembles an official traffic control device or railroad sign or signal, or which attempts to direct the movement of traffic or which hides from view or interferes with the effectiveness of any official traffic control device or any railroad sign or signal and no person, firm or corporation shall place or maintain, nor shall any public authority permit, upon any highway any traffic sign or signal bearing thereon any commercial advertising.

      (b) The traffic authority having jurisdiction over any such highway is authorized, without notice, to cause any such prohibited sign, signal or marking to be removed as a public nuisance.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2528.)

      See Sec. 13a-124 re unauthorized signs.

      Cited. 122 C. 518.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 14-311. Open air theaters, shopping centers and certain other developments affecting state highway traffic. (a) No person, firm, corporation, state agency, or municipal agency or combination thereof shall build, expand, establish or operate any open air theater, shopping center or other development generating large volumes of traffic, having an exit or entrance on, or abutting or adjoining, any state highway or substantially affecting state highway traffic within this state until such person or agency has procured from the State Traffic Commission a certificate that the operation thereof will not imperil the safety of the public.

      (b) No local building official shall issue a building or foundation permit to any person, firm, corporation, state agency or municipal agency to build, expand, establish or operate such a development until the person, firm, corporation or agency provides to such official a copy of the certificate issued under this section by the commission. If the commission determines that any person, firm, corporation, or state or municipal agency has (1) started building, expanding, establishing or operating such a development without first obtaining a certificate from the commission or (2) has failed to comply with the conditions of such a certificate, it shall order the person, firm, corporation or agency to (A) cease constructing, expanding, establishing or operating the development or (B) comply with the conditions of the certificate within a reasonable period of time. If such person, firm, corporation or agency fails to (i) cease such work or (ii) comply with an order of the commission within such time as specified by the commission, the commission may make an application to the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford or the judicial district where the development is located enjoining the construction, expansion, establishment or operation of such development.

      (c) The State Traffic Commission shall issue its decision on an application for a certificate under subsection (a) of this section not later than one hundred twenty days after it is filed, except that, if the commission needs additional information from the applicant, it shall notify the applicant in writing as to what information is required and (1) the commission may toll the running of such one-hundred-twenty-day period by the number of days between and including the date such notice is received by the applicant and the date the additional information is received by the commission and (2) if the commission receives the additional information during the last ten days of the one-hundred-twenty-day period and needs additional time to review and analyze such information, it may extend such period by not more than fifteen days. The State Traffic Commission may also, at its discretion, postpone action on any application submitted pursuant to this section or section 14-311a until such time as it is shown that an application has been filed with and approved by the municipal planning and zoning agency or other responsible municipal agency.

      (d) In determining the advisability of such certification, the State Traffic Commission shall include, in its consideration, highway safety, the width and character of the highways affected, the density of traffic thereon, the character of such traffic and the opinion and findings of the traffic authority of the municipality wherein the development is located. If the State Traffic Commission determines that traffic signals, pavement markings, channelization, pavement widening or other changes or traffic control devices are required to handle traffic safely and efficiently, one hundred per cent of the cost thereof shall be borne by the person building, establishing or operating such open air theater, shopping center or other development generating large volumes of traffic, except that such cost shall not be borne by any municipal agency. The Commissioner of Transportation may issue a permit to said person to construct or install the changes required by the State Traffic Commission.

      (e) Any person aggrieved by any decision of the State Traffic Commission hereunder may appeal therefrom in accordance with the provisions of section 4-183, except venue for such appeal shall be in the judicial district in which it is proposed to operate such establishment. The provisions of this section except insofar as such provisions relate to expansion shall not apply to any open air theater, shopping center or other development generating large volumes of traffic in operation on July 1, 1967.

      (1951, S. 1408d; 1967, P.A. 730; 1969, P.A. 768, S. 152; 1971, P.A. 611, S. 1; 870, S. 103; P.A. 73-136; P.A. 74-183, S. 202, 291; P.A. 76-412; 76-436, S. 173, 681; P.A. 77-603, S. 38, 125; P.A. 78-280, S. 1, 127; P.A. 83-362; P.A. 84-546, S. 46, 173; P.A. 85-498, S. 1, 3; P.A. 88-230, S. 1, 12; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; 90-342, S. 1, 5; P.A. 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; P.A. 95-220, S. 4-6.)

      History: 1967 act made provisions applicable to shopping centers and other developments generating large volumes of traffic, added provisions re percentage of cost of traffic signals, pavement markings, road widening etc. to be borne by developer and re permit to construct or install required changes and replaced exemption for developments under construction or in operation on June 5, 1951, with exemption for developments in operation on July 1, 1967; 1969 act replaced highway commissioner with commissioner of transportation; 1971 acts made provisions applicable to expansions of developments or facilities, required developer to bear 75% rather than 50% of cost of road or traffic signal changes, qualified exemption by excluding expansion operations and replaced superior court with court of common pleas; P.A. 73-136 required developer to pay 100% of cost of road or traffic signal changes; P.A. 74-183 added reference to judicial districts; P.A. 76-412 included facilities or developments of state or municipal agencies, made provisions applicable to projects "substantially affecting state highway traffic", exempted municipal agency from payment of cost of changes and added provision re postponement of action on applications; P.A. 76-436 replaced court of common pleas with superior court, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 77-603 replaced previous appeal provision with requirement that appeals be made in accordance with Sec. 4-183 except that venue remains in county or judicial district affected; P.A. 78-280 deleted reference to counties; P.A. 83-362 divided section into Subsecs., prohibited local building officials from issuing building or foundation permits for developments until commission issues certificates and required commission to act on certificate applications within 120 days unless additional information needed; P.A. 84-546 made technical grammatical change in Subsec. (e); P.A. 85-498 extended the provisions of Subsecs. (a) and (b) to firms, corporations or any combination of a firm, corporation, state agency or municipal agency;; P.A. 90-342 added provision in Subsec. (b) authorizing injunction for failure to comply with commission's orders and provision in Subsec. (d) requiring the commission to seek the opinion of the traffic authority of the municipality where the development is located (Revisor's note: P.A. 88-230 and P.A. 90-98 authorized substitution of "judicial district of Hartford" for "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain" in public and special acts of the 1990 session, effective September 1, 1993); P.A. 93-142 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1993, to September 1, 1996, effective June 14, 1993; P.A. 95-220 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1996, to September 1, 1998, effective July 1, 1995.

      See Sec. 14-311c re developed parcels of land separately owned and utilized together for a single development purpose which affects state highway traffic.

      Approval by state traffic commission is not a condition precedent to issuance of a building permit by local authority. 144 C. 67. Cited. 176 C. 63. Cited. 180 C. 11.

      Cited. 43 CA 52.

      No open air theater can lawfully be built until the required certificate has been issued. 18 CS 521. The issue of adequacy of roads leading to proposed site is determined by the state traffic commission. 20 CS 192.


(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 14-311a. New certificate for increase in parking spaces. Any open air theater, shopping center or other development, generating large volumes of traffic, in respect of which a certificate of operation has been issued under section 14-311 by the State Traffic Commission, or any such open air theater, shopping center or other development in operation on July 1, 1967, shall not increase its parking facilities by fifty or more parking spaces without first procuring a new certificate of operation from the State Traffic Commission under section 14-311.

      (1971, P.A. 611, S. 2.)

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 14-311b. Traffic controls for certain parking areas and commercial establishments. The State Traffic Commission, in cooperation and agreement with local traffic authorities, may, in any parking area for twenty or more vehicles or for any commercial establishment having an exit or entrance on or abutting or adjoining any state highway, establish traffic controls by signal or device, for access to and egress from and for traffic within such parking area or commercial establishment. The traffic authority of any city, town or borough may establish similar controls for parking areas for twenty or more vehicles or for any commercial establishment having an exit or entrance on or abutting or adjoining any highway under their jurisdiction. The owner or operator of any parking area or commercial establishment where such traffic controls have been established, pursuant to this section, shall erect and maintain the necessary uniform traffic control signals or devices, which shall conform to the specifications of the manual of uniform traffic control devices established under this chapter and as approved and revised by the State Traffic Commission, provided no traffic control signal or device shall be installed, operated or maintained until a permit for such installation, operation or maintenance has been procured from the State Traffic Commission.

      (1971, P.A. 600.)

      History: (Revisor's note: In 2005 a reference to "chapter 249" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "this chapter").

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 14-311c. Developed parcels of land separately owned and utilized together for a single development purpose which affects state highway traffic. (a) No group of persons, firms, corporations, state agencies or municipal agencies or combination thereof shall build, expand, establish or operate any open air theater, shopping center or other development generating large volumes of traffic on any group of individual parcels of land which are separately owned but are utilized together for a single development purpose, whether or not such parcels are separated by any state, local or private roadway, having an exit or entrance on, or abutting or adjoining, any state highway or substantially affecting state highway traffic within this state until such group has procured from the State Traffic Commission a certificate that the operation thereof will not imperil the safety of the public.

      (b) No local building official shall issue a building or foundation permit to any such group or member thereof to build, expand, establish or operate such a development until the group or member provides to such official a copy of the certificate issued under this section by the commission. If the commission determines that any group or member has (1) started building, expanding, establishing or operating such a development without first obtaining a certificate from the commission or (2) has failed to comply with the conditions of such a certificate, it shall order the group or member to (A) cease constructing, expanding, establishing or operating the development or (B) to comply with the conditions of the certificate within a reasonable period of time. If such group or member fails to (i) cease such work or (ii) comply with an order of the commission within such time as specified by the commission, the commission or the traffic authority of the municipality wherein the development is located may make an application to the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford or the judicial district where the development is located enjoining the construction, expansion, establishment or the operation of such development.

      (c) The State Traffic Commission shall issue its decision on an application for a certificate under subsection (a) of this section not later than one hundred twenty days after it is filed, except that, if the commission needs additional information from the applicant, it shall notify the applicant in writing as to what information is required and (1) the commission may toll the running of such one-hundred-twenty-day period by the number of days between and including the date such notice is received by the applicant and the date the additional information is received by the commission and (2) if the commission receives the additional information during the last ten days of the one-hundred-twenty-day period and needs additional time to review and analyze such information, it may extend such period by not more than fifteen days. The State Traffic Commission may also, at its discretion, postpone action on any application submitted pursuant to this section or section 14-311a until such time as it is shown that an application has been filed with and approved by the municipal planning and zoning agency or other responsible municipal agency.

      (d) In determining the advisability of such certification, the State Traffic Commission shall include, in its consideration, highway safety, the width and character of the highways affected, the density of traffic thereon, the character of such traffic and the opinion and findings of the traffic authority of the municipality wherein the development is located. If the State Traffic Commission determines that traffic signals, pavement markings, channelization, pavement widening or other changes or traffic control devices are required to handle traffic safely and efficiently, one hundred per cent of the cost thereof shall be borne by the group building, establishing or operating such open air theater, shopping center or other development generating large volumes of traffic, except that such cost shall not be borne by any municipal agency. The Commissioner of Transportation may issue a permit to said group to construct or install the changes required by the State Traffic Commission, in consultation with the local traffic authority.

      (e) Any group aggrieved by any decision of the State Traffic Commission hereunder may appeal therefrom in accordance with the provisions of section 4-183, except venue for such appeal shall be in the judicial district in which it is proposed to operate such establishment. The provisions of this section except insofar as such provisions relate to expansion shall not apply to any open air theater, shopping center or other development generating large volumes of traffic which has received all necessary permits, variances, exceptions and approvals from the municipal zoning commission, planning commission, combined planning and zoning commission and zoning board of appeals in which such development is located prior to or on July 1, 1985, or to any such development which is in operation on that date.

      (P.A. 85-498, S. 2, 3; P.A. 88-230, S. 1, 12; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; 90-342, S. 2, 5; P.A. 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; P.A. 95-220, S. 4-6.)

      History: P.A. 90-342 added provision in Subsec. (b) authorizing injunction for failure to comply with commission's orders and provision in Subsec. (d) requiring the commission to seek the opinion of the traffic authority of the municipality where the development is located (Revisor's note: P.A. 88-230 and P.A. 90-98 authorized substitution of "judicial district of Hartford" for "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain" in public and special acts of the 1990 session, effective September 1, 1993); P.A. 93-142 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1993, to September 1, 1996, effective June 14, 1993; P.A. 95-220 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1996, to September 1, 1998, effective July 1, 1995.

      See Sec. 14-311 re open air theaters, shopping centers and certain other developments affecting state highway traffic.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 14-312. Regulations. The traffic authority shall have power to make regulations necessary to make effective the provisions of this chapter, and may make and enforce temporary regulations to cover emergencies and special conditions.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2529.)

      Cited. 130 C. 243.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 14-313. Appeal. Any person aggrieved by any order or regulation made by any traffic authority under the provisions of this chapter, relating to the establishment of through streets, the making of safety zones, the establishment of parking restrictions or the location of loading and unloading zones, or by the performance of any act pursuant to any provision of this chapter, may take an appeal therefrom to the court of common council or to the board of aldermen of the city, to the town council or board of selectmen of the town, or to the warden and burgesses of the borough, wherein such traffic authority is located, or to the superior court for the judicial district in which it is located. Such appeal shall be to the next session of such court or board which will allow sufficient time for the service of the notice required herein. A written notice of such appeal, addressed to such traffic authority, shall be deposited with, or forwarded by registered or certified mail to, such traffic authority at least ten days before the return day thereof. Upon such hearing, such court or board shall determine whether the order or regulation appealed from is reasonable, and shall thereupon sustain or revoke such order or regulation.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2530; 1963, P.A. 486; P.A. 74-183, S. 203, 291; P.A. 76-436, S. 174, 681; P.A. 78-280, S. 1, 127.)

      History: 1963 act specified appellate body in towns and boroughs; P.A. 74-183 added reference to judicial districts; P.A. 76-436 replaced court of common pleas with superior court, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 78-280 deleted reference to counties.

      Cited. 28 CA 344.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 14-314. Penalties. Any person, firm or corporation failing to comply with any order made pursuant to any provision of this chapter shall be fined not more than five thousand dollars or imprisoned not more than thirty days or both, and shall be subject to the provisions of section 14-111. Any person, firm or corporation failing to comply with any traffic control signal, sign, marking or other device placed and maintained upon the highway, or with any regulation adopted pursuant to any provision of this chapter, by the State Traffic Commission or the traffic authority of any city, town or borough shall be deemed to have committed an infraction, if no other penalty is provided by law. Traveling at a greater rate of speed than is reasonable as provided in section 14-218a shall not be deemed to be a failure to comply with the provisions of this section but shall be deemed to be the commission of an infraction within the provisions of said section 14-218a.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2531; 1967, P.A. 195, S. 1; P.A. 75-577, S. 125, 126; P.A. 76-381, S. 19; P.A. 90-342, S. 3, 5.)

      History: 1967 act deleted reference to violations of "any provision of this chapter" and added additional $50 maximum penalty for failure to comply with signals, markings, etc.; P.A. 75-577 replaced provision for $50 maximum fine with statement that violation is an infraction and moved failure to comply with regulations from $100 penalty provision to infraction provision; P.A. 76-381 added provision re traveling at greater than reasonable speed; P.A. 90-342 increased penalty for violations of the chapter from $100 to $5,000.

      Cited. 131 C. 167.

      Cited. 43 CA 52. Section does not provide state with method of charging the driving public with an infraction for failing to obey a warning sign. Regulations of Connecticut state agencies delineate between regulatory signs, warning signs and guide signs, and driver's failure to follow a warning sign's advice does not give rise to an infraction with which driver may be cited. 54 CA 98.

      Cited. 5 Conn. Cir. Ct. 619.


(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 14-314a. Periodic review of traffic control signals and signs. Section 14-314a is repealed.

      (1961, P.A. 339; 1969, P.A. 768, S. 153; P.A. 95-325, S. 15.)

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 14-314b. Injury to or removal of traffic control devices, signs or lights. Any person who, without lawful authority, attempts to or in fact alters, defaces, injures, knocks down or removes any official traffic control device, signal light, railroad sign, portable warning light or barricade, or any other sign or light or any part thereof, shall be fined not more than one hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than thirty days or both.

      (1971, P.A. 690, S. 1.)

      Cited. 219 C. 179.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 14-314c. Erection of signs to warn operators of presence of deaf persons. Regulations. (a) The State Traffic Commission, on any state highway, or a local traffic authority, on any highway under its control, shall, upon receipt of an application on behalf of any person under the age of eighteen who is deaf, as certified by a physician, erect one or more signs in the person's neighborhood to warn motor vehicle operators of the presence of the deaf person.

      (b) The State Traffic Commission may adopt regulations in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54 to carry out the purposes of this section.

      (P.A. 84-72; P.A. 97-236, S. 26, 27.)

      History: P.A. 97-236 amended Subsec. (b) to substitute "may" for "shall" re adoption of regulations, effective June 24, 1997.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 14-314d. Erection of signs stating the requirement of the use of signal lights when changing lanes. The State Traffic Commission, on any state highway, or a local traffic authority, on any highway under its control, may, within available appropriations, designate locations at which signs bearing the words "STATE LAW REQUIRES USE OF SIGNAL LIGHTS WHEN CHANGING LANES" may be erected.

      (P.A. 99-181, S. 23.)

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

PART II
STREET AND HIGHWAY SAFETY AND ACCIDENT PREVENTION

      Sec. 14-315. Duties of Commissioner of Public Safety re street and highway safety and accident prevention. The Commissioner of Public Safety shall study the problems of street and highway safety, shall act as the central coordinating agency of state departments, organizations and instrumentalities engaged in the elimination of motor vehicle accidents; shall study all phases of the problem of obtaining better observance and uniform enforcement of the laws for the regulation of highway travel and motor vehicle operation; shall study methods of safety control and engineering in this and other states with a view to improvement in such methods in this state; shall study problems of safety as they affect home, farm and school accidents; shall act as the central coordinating agency of the state in the planning and execution of safety programs and campaigns for the prevention of accidents and the loss of manpower and may conduct educational programs and campaigns relating to industrial safety; shall advise with and assist the Commissioner of Transportation and other state department heads in the accomplishment of the purposes stated herein.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2532; 1951, S. 1409d; 1957, P.A. 305, S. 1; September, 1957, P.A. 11, S. 13; 1969, P.A. 768, S. 154; P.A. 77-614, S. 513, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 12, 136.)

      History: 1969 act replaced highway commissioner with commissioner of transportation; P.A. 77-614 abolished Connecticut safety commission and transferred duties to commissioner of public safety, deleted reference to commissioner of motor vehicles and deleted provision re annual report to governor, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 deleted obsolete reference to commissioner of state police.

      See title 29 re Department of Public Safety.

      See Sec. 38a-683 re accident prevention course for senior citizens, entitling them to insurance premium reductions.


(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Secs. 14-316 and 14-317. Commissioners to serve without compensation; offices. Assistants. Sections 14-316 and 14-317 are repealed.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2533, 2534; P.A. 77-614, S. 73, 609, 610.)

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)