Table of Contents
COMPACT FOR EDUCATION
Sec. 10-374. Compact for Education.
Sec. 10-375. Legislative members of the Education Commission of the States.
Sec. 10-376. Bylaws of commission filed.
Sec. 10-374. Compact for Education. The Compact for Education is hereby entered into and enacted into law with all jurisdictions legally joining therein, in the form
substantially as follows:
COMPACT FOR EDUCATION
A. It is the purpose of this compact to:
Purpose and Policy.
1. Establish and maintain close cooperation and understanding among executive,
legislative, professional educational and lay leadership on a nation-wide basis at the
State and local levels.
2. Provide a forum for the discussion, development, crystalization and recommendation of public policy alternatives in the field of education.
3. Provide a clearing house of information on matters relating to educational problems and how they are being met in different places throughout the Nation, so that the
executive and legislative branches of State Government and of local communities may
have ready access to the experience and record of the entire country, and so that both
lay and professional groups in the field of education may have additional avenues for
the sharing of experience and the interchange of ideas in the formation of public policy
4. Facilitate the improvement of State and local educational systems so that all of
them will be able to meet adequate and desirable goals in a society which requires
continuous qualitative and quantitative advance in educational opportunities, methods
B. It is the policy of this compact to encourage and promote local and State initiative
in the development, maintenance, improvement and administration of educational systems and institutions in a manner which will accord with the needs and advantages of
diversity among localities and States.
C. The party States recognize that each of them has an interest in the quality and
quantity of education furnished in each of the other States, as well as in the excellence
of its own educational systems and institutions, because of the highly mobile character
of individuals within the Nation, and because the products and services contributing to
the health, welfare and economic advancement of each State are supplied in significant
part by persons educated in other States.
As used in this Compact, "State" means a State, territory or possession of the United
States, the District of Columbia, or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
A. The Education Commission of the States, hereinafter called "the Commission,"
is hereby established. The Commission shall consist of seven members representing
each party State. One of such members shall be the Governor; two shall be members of
the State legislature selected by its respective houses and serving in such manner as the
legislature may determine; and four shall be appointed by and serve at the pleasure of
the Governor unless the laws of the State otherwise provide. If the laws of a State prevent
legislators from serving on the Commission, six members shall be appointed and serve
at the pleasure of the Governor, unless the laws of the State otherwise provide. In addition
to any other principles or requirements which a State may establish for the appointment
and service of its members of the Commission, the guiding principle for the composition
of the membership on the Commission from each party State shall be that the members
representing such State shall, by virtue of their training, experience, knowledge or affiliations be in a position collectively to reflect broadly the interests of the State Government,
higher education, the State education system, local education, lay and professional,
public and nonpublic educational leadership. Of those appointees, one shall be the head
of a state agency or institution, designated by the Governor, having responsibility for
one or more programs of public education. In addition to the members of the Commission
representing the party States, there may be not to exceed ten nonvoting commissioners
selected by the leading national organizations of professional educators or persons concerned with educational administration.
B. The members of the Commission shall be entitled to one vote each on the Commission. No action of the Commission shall be binding unless taken at a meeting at
which a majority of the total number of votes on the Commission are cast in favor
thereof. Action of the Commission shall be only at a meeting at which a majority of the
Commissioners are present. The Commission shall meet at least once a year. In its
bylaws, and subject to such directions and limitations as may be contained therein, the
Commission may delegate the exercise of any of its powers to the steering committee
or the Executive Director, except for the power to approve budgets or requests for appropriations, the power to make policy recommendations pursuant to Article IV and adoption of the annual report pursuant to Article III (j).
C. The Commission shall have a seal.
D. The Commission shall elect annually, from among its members, a chairman,
who shall be a Governor, a vice chairman and a treasurer. The Commission shall provide
for the appointment of an executive director. Such executive director shall serve at the
pleasure of the Commission, and together with the treasurer and such other personnel
as the Commission may deem appropriate shall be bonded in such amount as the Commission shall determine. The executive director shall be secretary.
E. Irrespective of the civil service, personnel or other merit system laws of any of
the party States, the executive director subject to the approval of the steering committee
shall appoint, remove or discharge such personnel as may be necessary for the performance of the functions of the Commission, and shall fix the duties and compensation of
such personnel. The Commission in its bylaws shall provide for the personnel policies
and programs of the Commission.
F. The Commission may borrow, accept or contract for the services of personnel
from any party jurisdiction, the United States, or any subdivision or agency of the aforementioned governments, or from any agency of two or more of the party jurisdictions
or their subdivisions.
G. The Commission may accept for any of its purposes and functions under this
compact any and all donations, and grants of money, equipment, supplies, materials
and services, conditional or otherwise, from any State, the United States, or any other
governmental agency, or from any person, firm, association, foundation, or corporation,
and may receive, utilize and dispose of the same. Any donation or grant accepted by
the Commission pursuant to this paragraph or services borrowed pursuant to paragraph
(f) of this Article shall be reported in the annual report of the Commission. Such report
shall include the nature, amount and conditions, if any, of the donation, grant, or services
borrowed, and the identity of the donor or lender.
H. The Commission may establish and maintain such facilities as may be necessary
for the transacting of its business. The Commission may acquire, hold, and convey real
and personal property and any interest therein.
I. The Commission shall adopt bylaws for the conduct of its business and shall have
the power to amend and rescind these bylaws. The Commission shall publish its bylaws
in convenient form and shall file a copy thereof and a copy of any amendment thereto,
with the appropriate agency or officer in each of the party States.
J. The Commission annually shall make to the Governor and legislature of each
party State a report covering the activities of the Commission for the preceding year.
The Commission may make such additional reports as it may deem desirable.
In addition to authority conferred on the Commission by other provisions of the compact, the Commission shall have authority to:
1. Collect, correlate, analyze and interpret information and data concerning educational needs and resources.
2. Encourage and foster research in all aspects of education, but with special reference to the desirable scope of instruction, organization, administration, and instructional
methods and standards employed or suitable for employment in public educational
3. Develop proposals for adequate financing of education as a whole and at each
of its many levels.
4. Conduct or participate in research of the types referred to in this Article in any
instance where the Commission finds that such research is necessary for the advancement of the purposes and policies of this compact, utilizing fully the resources of national
associations, regional compact organizations for higher education, and other agencies
and institutions, both public and private.
5. Formulate suggested policies and plans for the improvement of public education
as a whole, or for any segment thereof, and make recommendations with respect thereto
available to the appropriate governmental units, agencies and public officials.
6. Do such other things as may be necessary or incidental to the administration of
any of its authority or functions pursuant to this compact.
A. If the laws of the United States specifically so provide, or if administrative provision is made therefor within the Federal Government, the United States may be represented on the Commission by not to exceed ten representatives. Any such representative
or representatives of the United States shall be appointed and serve in such manner as
may be provided by or pursuant to Federal law, and may be drawn from any one or more
branches of the Federal Government, but no such representative shall have a vote on
Cooperation With Federal Government.
B. The Commission may provide information and make recommendations to any
executive or legislative agency or officer of the Federal Government concerning the
common educational policies of the States, and may advise with any such agencies or
officers concerning any matter of mutual interest.
A. To assist in the expeditious conduct of its business when the full Commission
is not meeting, the Commission shall elect a steering committee of thirty-two members
which, subject to the provisions of this compact and consistent with the policies of
the Commission, shall be constituted and function as provided in the bylaws of the
Commission. One-fourth of the voting membership of the steering committee shall consist of Governors, one-fourth shall consist of Legislators, and the remainder shall consist
of other members of the Commission. A Federal representative on the Commission may
serve with the steering committee, but without vote. The voting members of the steering
committee shall serve for terms of two years, except that members elected to the first
steering committee of the Commission shall be elected as follows: Sixteen for one year
and sixteen for two years. The chairman, vice chairman, and treasurer of the Commission
shall be members of the steering committee and, anything in this paragraph to the contrary notwithstanding, shall serve during their continuance in these offices. Vacancies
in the steering committee shall not affect its authority to act, but the Commission at its
next regularly ensuing meeting following the occurrence of any vacancy shall fill it for
the unexpired term. No person shall serve more than two terms as a member of the
steering committee; provided that service for a partial term of one year or less shall not
be counted toward the two term limitation.
B. The Commission may establish advisory and technical committees composed
of State, local, and Federal officials, and private persons to advise it with respect to any
one or more of its functions. Any advisory or technical committee may, on request of
the States concerned, be established to consider any matter of special concern to two
or more of the party States.
C. The Commission may establish such additional committees as its bylaws may
A. The Commission shall advise the Governor or designated officer or officers of
each party State of its budget and estimated expenditures for such period as may be
required by the laws of that party State. Each of the Commission's budgets of estimated
expenditures shall contain specific recommendations of the amount or amounts to be
appropriated by each of the party States.
B. The total amount of appropriation requests under any budget shall be apportioned
among the party States. In making such apportionment, the Commission shall devise
and employ a formula which takes equitable account of the populations and per capita
income levels of the party States.
C. The Commission shall not pledge the credit of any party States. The Commission
may meet any of its obligations in whole or in part with funds available to it pursuant
to Article III (g) of this compact, provided that the Commission takes specific action
setting aside such funds prior to incurring an obligation to be met in whole or in part in
such manner. Except where the Commission makes use of funds available to it pursuant
to Article III (g) thereof, the Commission shall not incur any obligation prior to the
allotment of funds by the party States adequate to meet the same.
D. The Commission shall keep accurate accounts of all receipts and disbursements.
The receipts and disbursements of the Commission shall be subject to the audit and
accounting procedures established by its bylaws. However, all receipts and disbursements of funds handled by the Commission shall be audited yearly by a qualified public
accountant, and the report of the audit shall be included in and become part of the annual
reports of the Commission.
E. The accounts of the Commission shall be open at any reasonable time for inspection by duly constituted officers of the party States and by any persons authorized by
F. Nothing contained herein shall be construed to prevent Commission compliance
with laws relating to audit or inspection of accounts by or on behalf of any government
contributing to the support of the Commission.
A. This compact shall have as eligible parties all States, Territories, and Possessions
of the United States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
In respect of any such jurisdiction not having a Governor, the term "Governor," as used
in this compact, shall mean the closest equivalent official of such jurisdiction.
Eligible Parties; Entry Into and Withdrawal.
B. Any State or other eligible jurisdiction may enter into this compact and it shall
become binding thereon when it has adopted the same: Provided that in order to enter
into initial effect, adoption by at least ten eligible party jurisdictions shall be required.
C. Adoption of the compact may be either by enactment thereof or by adherence
thereto by the Governor; provided that in the absence of enactment, adherence by the
Governor shall be sufficient to make his State a party only until December 31, 1967.
During any period when a State is participating in this compact through gubernatorial
action, the Governor shall appoint those persons who, in addition to himself, shall serve
as the members of the Commission from his State, and shall provide to the Commission
an equitable share of the financial support of the Commission from any source available
D. Except for a withdrawal effective on December 31, 1967, in accordance with
paragraph C of this Article, any party State may withdraw from this compact by enacting
a statute repealing the same, but no such withdrawal shall take effect until one year after
the Governor of the withdrawing State has given notice in writing of the withdrawal to
the Governors of all other party States. No withdrawal shall affect any liability already
incurred by or chargeable to a party State prior to the time of such withdrawal.
This compact shall be liberally construed so as to effectuate the purposes thereof. The
provisions of this compact shall be severable and if any phrase, clause, sentence or
provision of this compact is declared to be contrary to the constitution of any State or
of the United States, or the application thereof to any Government, agency, person
or circumstance is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of this compact and the
applicability thereof to any Government, agency, person or circumstance shall not be
affected thereby. If this compact shall be held contrary to the constitution of any State
participating therein, the compact shall remain in full force and effect as to the State
affected as to all severable matters. Adopted by thirty-six states, Puerto Rico and the
Construction and Severability.
(1967, P.A. 56, S. 1.)
Sec. 10-375. Legislative members of the Education Commission of the States.
The legislative members of the Education Commission of the States representing this
state shall be appointed as follows: Two members of the Senate, one of whom shall be
appointed by the president pro tempore of the Senate and one of whom shall be appointed
by the minority leader of the Senate, and two members of the House of Representatives,
one of whom shall be appointed by the speaker of the House of Representatives and
one of whom shall be appointed by the minority leader of the House of Representatives.
(1967, P.A. 56, S. 2; P.A. 93-353, S. 39.)
History: P.A. 93-353 deleted language establishing a Connecticut Education Council composed of the members of the
Education Commission of the States representing this state and expanded the legislative membership of the Commission
representing this state by adding representatives appointed by the minority leaders.
Sec. 10-376. Bylaws of commission filed. Pursuant to Article III(i) of the Compact, the commission shall file a copy of its bylaws and any amendment thereto with
the Commissioner of Education.
(1967, P.A. 56, S. 3; P.A. 77-614, S. 302, 610.)
History: P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of education for secretary of the state board of education, effective
January 1, 1979.