CHAPTER 173*
PUBLIC SCHOOL BUILDING PROJECTS

      *Cited. 195 C. 24.

Table of Contents

Sec. 10-282. Definitions.
Sec. 10-283. Applications for grants for school building projects.
Sec. 10-283a. Committee from General Assembly to review listing of eligible projects.
Sec. 10-283b. School building projects for the regional vocational-technical schools.
Sec. 10-283c. Consolidated school construction grant application for multiple projects in a distressed municipality.
Sec. 10-283d. Federal funds as part of local share for projects in a priority school district.
Sec. 10-284. Approval or disapproval of applications by Commissioner of Education.
Sec. 10-285. Acceptance or rejection of allotment.
Sec. 10-285a. Percentage determination for school building project grants.
Sec. 10-285b. School building project grants to incorporated or endowed high schools and academies.
Sec. 10-285c. Title reversion to the state.
Sec. 10-285d. Projects related to full-day kindergarten programs or reduction in class size.
Sec. 10-285e. Reimbursement for lease costs. Renovation project requirements.
Sec. 10-285f. Design-build projects: Pilot program.
Sec. 10-285g. Acoustical standards. Waiver.
Sec. 10-285h. Projects for charter schools: Pilot program.
Sec. 10-286. Computation of school building project grants.
Sec. 10-286a. Grants for occupational training facilities.
Sec. 10-286b. Adjustment of grants approved prior to July 1, 1967. Formula for regional school districts.
Sec. 10-286c. Establishment of criteria for building grants.
Sec. 10-286d. Site-acquisition grant.
Sec. 10-286e. Audits.
Sec. 10-286f. Professional or consulting fees. No increase due to increased prices for construction materials.
Sec. 10-287. Installment payments of school building project grants. Construction contracts subject to bid. Withholding of state grant payments; conditions. Submission of final grant application.
Sec. 10-287a. Lump sum payments. Advance payment of grants. Overpayment.
Sec. 10-287b. Loans for school building projects. Terms of bonds and notes evidencing such loans.
Sec. 10-287c. Regulations.
Sec. 10-287d. Bond issue for school building project grants.
Sec. 10-287e. School Building Construction Fund.
Sec. 10-287f. Renewal of temporary notes outstanding.
Secs. 10-287g and 10-287h. Interest subsidy on bonds issued after July 1, 1971. Site acquisition, dates and amounts of project cost and interest grant payments.
Sec. 10-287i. Progress payments of state share of eligible project costs.
Sec. 10-287j. Bond issue for funding interest subsidy grants.
Sec. 10-288. Grants and loans to towns unable to complete projects.
Sec. 10-288a. Replacement or relocation of secondary school associated with center.
Sec. 10-289. Issuance of bonds for school building project.
Sec. 10-289a. Short-term financing for school building projects.
Secs. 10-289b and 10-289c.
Sec. 10-289d. Definitions.
Sec. 10-289e. Private academy project proposal, public hearing, referendum vote.
Sec. 10-289f. Loans. Bond issues. Guaranties.
Sec. 10-289g. Defaults in payment. Withholding of state aid.
Sec. 10-289h. Central kitchen facility projects.
Sec. 10-290. Advisory school planning service.
Sec. 10-290a. Commissioner of Education to provide advisory services re school plant planning.
Sec. 10-290b. Publication and distribution of information.
Sec. 10-290c. Advisory committee.
Sec. 10-290d. Conveyance of air space over schools.
Sec. 10-290e. Services agreements. Requirements. Prohibitions.
Sec. 10-290f. Standard school construction contracts. Guidance for projects.
Sec. 10-291. Approval of plans and site. Expense limit.
Sec. 10-291a. Code compliance improvements not required in certain situations.
Sec. 10-292. Review of final plans by Commissioner of Education. Exceptions; role of local officials.
Secs. 10-292a and 10-292b. Abatement of asbestos hazards; inspections; regulations. Asbestos abatement plans; reports by school districts.
Sec. 10-292c. Definitions.
Sec. 10-292d. Interest subsidy grants.
Sec. 10-292e. Committee from General Assembly to review listing of eligible interest subsidy grants.
Sec. 10-292f. Approval or disapproval of interest subsidy applications by Commissioner of Education.
Sec. 10-292g. Percentage determination for interest subsidy grants.
Sec. 10-292h. Interest subsidy grants to incorporated or endowed high schools and academies.
Sec. 10-292i. Computation of interest subsidy grants.
Sec. 10-292j. Installment payment of interest subsidy grants. Withholding of state grant payments.
Sec. 10-292k. Bond issue for interest subsidy grants.
Sec. 10-292l. Certification of dates and amounts of interest subsidy grant payments.
Sec. 10-292m. Short-term financing and interest subsidy grants. Availability of interest subsidy grants for the local share of the cost of school building projects; amount of grant.
Sec. 10-292n. Default by municipality or private academy.
Sec. 10-292o. Leasing of facilities by regional educational service centers; grants.
Sec. 10-292p. School-based health clinic. Entrance requirement.

      Sec. 10-282. Definitions. As used in this chapter, section 10-65 and section 10-76e:

      (1) "Elementary school building" means any public school building designed to house any combination of grades below grade seven or children requiring special education who are described in subdivision (2) of subsection (b) of section 10-76d;

      (2) "Secondary school building" means any public school building designed to house any combination of grades seven through twelve or any regional agricultural science and technology education center established under the provisions of part IV of chapter 164, and may also include any separate combination of grades five and six or grade six with grades seven and eight in a program approved by the State Board of Education when the use of special facilities generally associated with secondary schools is an essential part of the program for all grades included in such school;

      (3) "School building project", except as used in section 10-289, means (A) the construction, purchase, extension, replacement, renovation or major alteration of a building to be used for public school purposes, including the equipping and furnishing of any such construction, purchase, extension, replacement, renovation or major alteration, the improvement of land therefor, or the improvement of the site of an existing building for public school purposes, but shall not include the cost of a site, except as provided in subsection (b) of section 10-286d; (B) the construction and equipping and furnishing of any such construction of any building which the towns of Norwich, Winchester and Woodstock may provide by lease or otherwise for use by the Norwich Free Academy, Gilbert School and Woodstock Academy, respectively, in furnishing education for public school pupils under the provisions of section 10-34; and (C) the addition to, renovation of and equipping and furnishing of any such addition to or renovation of any building which may be leased, upon the approval of the Commissioner of Education, to any local or regional board of education for a term of twenty years or more for use by such local or regional board in furnishing education of public school pupils;

      (4) "Extension" of an existing school building means the addition to an existing building or remaining portion of an existing building damaged by fire, flood or other natural catastrophe, or the erection of a new structure or group of structures on the same site which, together with the existing building, is designed to house pupils in an educational program under the supervision of one school principal;

      (5) "Replacement" of a school building means the erection of a new structure on the same or another site to replace a school building totally destroyed by fire, flood or other natural catastrophe or one to be abandoned for school use upon completion of its replacement;

      (6) "Major alteration" means a capital improvement of an existing building, the total project costs of which exceed ten thousand dollars except for projects approved pursuant to subsection (a) of section 10-65, for public school purposes resulting in improved educational conditions;

      (7) "Code violation" means the correction of any condition in an existing building for public school purposes, the total project costs of which exceed ten thousand dollars, and which condition is in violation of the requirements of the State Building, Fire Safety or Public Health Codes, state or federal Occupational, Safety and Health Administration Codes, federal or state accessibility requirements or regulations of the federal Environmental Protection Agency or the state Department of Environmental Protection, state Department of Public Health regulations for radon or federal standards for lead contamination in school drinking water;

      (8) "Completed school building project" means a school building project declared complete by the applicant board of education as of the date shown on the final application for grant payment purposes as submitted by said board to the Commissioner of Education or his agent;

      (9) "Date of beginning of construction" means the date on which the general construction contract or the first phase thereof, purchase agreement or leasing agreement is signed by the authorized agent of the town or regional school district;

      (10) "Standards" means architectural, engineering and education space specifications and standards for facility eligibility;

      (11) "Application" or "grant application" means formal notification of intention to apply for a state grant-in-aid for a particular school building project;

      (12) "Net eligible costs" means eligible project costs adjusted for the state standard education space specifications;

      (13) "Regional educational service center" means a body corporate and politic established pursuant to the provisions of part IVa of chapter 164;

      (14) "Regional educational service center administrative or service facility" means a building designed for administrative offices or residential facilities, operated by a regional educational service center;

      (15) "Agricultural science and technology education" includes vocational aquaculture and marine-related employment;

      (16) "Bonds or municipal bonds", except as used in section 10-289, means (A) any bond, note, certificate or other evidence of indebtedness, and (B) any energy conservation lease purchase agreement;

      (17) "Energy conservation lease purchase agreement" means any lease purchase agreement, installment sale agreement or other similar agreement providing for periodic payments by a town or regional school district which (A) has as its purpose the financing of a school building project concerning energy conservation, (B) separately states the principal and interest components of the periodic payments to be made under the agreement, and (C) provides that the town or regional school district acquire title to the school building project upon payment of the total amount outstanding under the agreement;

      (18) "Renovation" means a school building project to totally refurbish an existing building (A) which results in the renovated facility taking on a useful life comparable to that of a new facility and which will cost less than building a new facility as determined by the department, provided the school district may submit a feasibility study and cost analysis of the project prepared by an independent licensed architect to the department prior to final plan approval, (B) which was not renovated in accordance with this subdivision during the twenty-year period ending on the date of application, and (C) of which not less than seventy-five per cent of the facility to be renovated is at least thirty years old;

      (19) "Certified school indoor air quality emergency" means the existence of a building condition determined by the Department of Public Health to present a substantial and imminent adverse health risk that requires remediation in an amount greater than one hundred thousand dollars;

      (20) "Turn-key purchase" means the purchase of a facility that a party has agreed to construct or renovate and deliver as fully completed in accordance with an agreement between that party and a purchasing school district.

      (November, 1949, 1953, S. 978d; 1957, P.A. 13, S. 65; 593, S. 1; 1959, P.A. 321, S. 1; February, 1965, P.A. 340, S. 2; 416, S. 1; 1967, P.A. 588, S. 1; 1969, P.A. 582, S. 1, 751, S. 7; P.A. 73-358, S. 1; P.A. 74-344, S. 1, 3; P.A. 76-418, S. 1, 18; P.A. 77-377; 77-614, S. 302, 610; P.A. 84-460, S. 5, 16; P.A. 85-599, S. 1, 6; P.A. 86-333, S. 14, 32; P.A. 87-499, S. 21, 34; P.A. 88-360, S. 28-30, 63; P.A. 89-387, S. 37, 41; P.A. 90-114, S. 2, 3; 90-256, S. 1, 9; P.A. 93-353, S. 6, 52; 93-378, S. 1, 4; 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 96-270, S. 2, 11; P.A. 97-265, S. 75, 98; P.A. 99-239, S. 15, 32; P.A. 00-220, S. 20, 43; P.A. 01-173, S. 25, 67; P.A. 03-220, S. 3; P.A. 06-158, S. 4; P.A. 07-249, S. 2; P.A. 08-152, S. 12, 13; 08-170, S. 29, 30.)

      History: 1959 act added regional vocational agriculture center to definition of secondary school building; 1965 acts defined "date of beginning of construction" and redefined "secondary school building" to include separate combinations of grades five and six or grades six, seven and eight; 1967 act redefined "elementary school building" as one which houses grades below the seventh rather than the ninth and defined "extension" and "major alteration"; 1969 acts redefined "school building project" to include specific mention of Norwich Free Academy, Gilbert School and Woodstock Academy, included "purchasing" and "improvement of an existing building for public school purposes" in definition of "school building project" and added reference to purchase agreements in definition of "date of beginning of construction"; P.A. 73-358 redefined "school building project" to include "replacement" of buildings and to specify improvements "of the site" of an existing building, redefined "extension" to include additions to remaining portions of buildings damaged by natural catastrophe, redefined "major alteration" to specify purposes "resulting in improved educational, safety or health conditions" and to raise cost from $2,500 to $5,000, redefined "date of beginning of construction" to include date the first phase of contract signed and defined "replacement"; P.A. 74-344 included leasing in definition of "school building project" and leasing agreements in definition of "date of beginning of construction"; P.A. 76-418 increased cost to $10,000 in definition of "major alteration" and defined "standards" and "application"; P.A. 77-377 included in "school building project" additions, renovations, etc. re buildings leased for at least 50 years; P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of education for secretary of the state board of education, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 84-460 inserted Subsec. indicators, amended definition of "major alteration" to except projects "approved pursuant to subsection (a) of section 10-65", i.e. projects for vocational agriculture centers, added definitions for "code violation" and "net eligible costs", and added reference to Secs. 10-65 and 10-76e; P.A. 85-599 added definitions of "regional educational service center" and "regional educational service center administrative or service facility"; P.A. 86-333 substituted 20 for 50 years in Subsec. (c)(3); P.A. 87-499 redefined "code violation" in Subsec. (g) to expand the number of codes and regulations applicable; P.A. 88-360 deleted "leasing" of a building in Subsec. (c)(1) and added Subsec. (c)(4) re the leasing of a facility by a regional educational service center, in Subsec. (h) substituted "applicant" for "state" board of education and "submitted by said board to" for "designated by" the commissioner of education and amended Subsec. (m) to provide that a regional educational service center means a body corporate and politic established pursuant to the provisions of part IVa of chapter 164; P.A. 89-387 added new Subsec. (o) defining term "vocational agriculture"; P.A. 90-114 in Subsec. (g) added violations of regulations re radon and standards for lead in drinking water to definition of "code violation"; P.A. 90-256 in Subsec. (a) redefined "elementary school building" to include public school buildings to house certain children requiring special education; P.A. 93-353 amended Subsec. (c) to specify that the equipping and furnishing be related to the construction, purchase, extension, replacement or major alteration of a building, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-378 added new Subsecs. (p) defining "bonds or municipal bonds" and (q) defining "energy conservation lease purchase agreement", respectively, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 96-270 replaced lowercase alphabetic Subdiv. indicators and numeric Subpara. indicators in Subdiv. (3), with numeric and uppercase alphabetic indicators, respectively, added the definition of "renovation", redefined "school building project" to include renovation and made technical changes, effective July 1, 1996 (Revisor's note: The numeric Subpara. indicators in Subdivs. (16) and (17) were changed editorially by the Revisors to uppercase alphabetic indicators for consistency with Subdiv. (3) and customary statutory usage); P.A. 97-265 redefined "school building project" to delete leases of facility by a regional educational service center, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 99-239 redefined "school building project" to add the exception for site costs provided in Sec. 10-286d(b), effective June 28, 1999; P.A. 00-220 amended Subdiv. (18) to redefine "renovation", effective July 1, 2000; P.A. 01-173 amended Subdiv. (3)(C) to require leasing approval by the Commissioner of Education rather than the State Board of Education, effective July 1, 2001; P.A. 03-220 added Subdiv. (19) defining "certified school indoor air quality emergency", effective July 1, 2003; P.A. 06-158 added Subdiv. (20) defining "turn-key purchase", effective July 1, 2006; P.A. 07-249 amended Subdiv. (18) defining "renovation" to designate existing provisions as Subpara. (A) and add Subparas. (B) and (C) restricting renovations to buildings not renovated during previous 20-year period and projects for which not less than 75% of facility is at least 30 years old, effective July 1, 2007; P.A. 08-152 and 08-170 amended Subdivs. (2) and (15) to change "vocational agriculture" to "agricultural science and technology education", effective July 1, 2008.

      A school building site is not within the definition of a "school building project" hereunder, and section 10-291 is not applicable to its acquisition. 168 C. 135. Cited. 181 C. 544.

      Subsec. (c):

      Cited. 220 C. 556.


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      Sec. 10-283. Applications for grants for school building projects. (a)(1) Each town or regional school district shall be eligible to apply for and accept grants for a school building project as provided in this chapter. Any town desiring a grant for a public school building project may, by vote of its legislative body, authorize the board of education of such town to apply to the Commissioner of Education and to accept or reject such grant for the town. Any regional school board may vote to authorize the supervising agent of the regional school district to apply to the Commissioner of Education for and to accept or reject such grant for the district. Applications for such grants under this chapter shall be made by the superintendent of schools of such town or regional school district on the form provided and in the manner prescribed by the Commissioner of Education. The application form shall require the superintendent of schools to affirm that the school district considered the maximization of natural light and the use and feasibility of wireless connectivity technology in projects for new construction and alteration or renovation of a school building. Grant applications for school building projects shall be reviewed by the Commissioner of Education on the basis of categories for building projects and standards for school construction established by the State Board of Education in accordance with this section, provided grant applications submitted for purposes of subsection (a) of section 10-65 or section 10-76e shall be reviewed annually by the commissioner on the basis of the educational needs of the applicant. Notwithstanding the provisions of this chapter, the Board of Trustees of the Community-Technical Colleges on behalf of Quinebaug Valley Community College and the following entities that will operate an interdistrict magnet school that will assist the state in meeting the goals of the 2008 stipulation and order for Milo Sheff, et al. v. William A. O'Neill, et al., as determined by the commissioner, may apply for and shall be eligible to receive grants for school building projects pursuant to section 10-264h for such a school: (A) The Board of Trustees of the Community-Technical Colleges on behalf of a regional community-technical college, (B) the Board of Trustees of the Connecticut State University System on behalf of a state university, (C) the Board of Trustees for The University of Connecticut on behalf of the university, (D) the board of governors for an independent college or university, as defined in section 10a-37, or the equivalent of such a board, on behalf of the independent college or university, (D) cooperative arrangements pursuant to section 10-158a, and (E) any other third-party not-for-profit corporation approved by the commissioner.

      (2) Each school building project shall be assigned to a category on the basis of whether such project is primarily required to: (A) Create new facilities or alter existing facilities to provide for mandatory instructional programs pursuant to this chapter, for physical education facilities in compliance with Title IX of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1972 where such programs or such compliance cannot be provided within existing facilities or for the correction of code violations which cannot be reasonably addressed within existing program space; (B) create new facilities or alter existing facilities to enhance mandatory instructional programs pursuant to this chapter or provide comparable facilities among schools to all students at the same grade level or levels within the school district unless such project is otherwise explicitly included in another category pursuant to this section; and (C) create new facilities or alter existing facilities to provide supportive services, provided in no event shall such supportive services include swimming pools, auditoriums, outdoor athletic facilities, tennis courts, elementary school playgrounds, site improvement or garages or storage, parking or general recreation areas. All applications submitted prior to July first shall be reviewed promptly by the commissioner and the amount of the grant for which such project is eligible shall be estimated, provided an application for a school building project determined by the commissioner to be a project that will assist the state in meeting the goals of the 2008 stipulation and order for Milo Sheff, et al. v. William A. O'Neill, et al., shall have until September first to submit an application for such a project and may have until December first of the same year to secure and report all local and state approvals required to complete the grant application. The commissioner shall annually prepare a listing of all such eligible school building projects listed by category together with the amount of the estimated grants therefor and shall submit the same to the Governor and the General Assembly on or before the fifteenth day of December, except as provided in section 10-283a, with a request for authorization to enter into grant commitments. Each such listing submitted after December 1995 shall include a separate schedule of authorized projects which have changed in scope or cost to a degree determined by the commissioner. Notwithstanding any provision of this chapter, no such project that has changed in scope or cost to the degree determined by the commissioner shall be eligible for reimbursement under this chapter unless it appears on such list. Each such listing submitted after December 2005 shall include a separate schedule of authorized projects which have changed in scope or cost to a degree determined by the commissioner once, and a separate schedule of authorized projects which have changed in scope or cost to a degree determined by the commissioner twice. On and after July 1, 2006, no project, other than a project for a regional vocational-technical school, may appear on the separate schedule of authorized projects which have changed in cost more than twice. The percentage determined pursuant to section 10-285a at the time a school building project on such schedule was originally authorized shall be used for purposes of the grant for such project. On and after July 1, 2006, a project that was not previously authorized as an interdistrict magnet school shall not receive a higher percentage for reimbursement than that determined pursuant to section 10-285a at the time a school building project on such schedule was originally authorized. The General Assembly shall annually authorize the commissioner to enter into grant commitments on behalf of the state in accordance with the commissioner's categorized listing for such projects as the General Assembly shall determine. The commissioner may not enter into any such grant commitments except pursuant to such legislative authorization. Any regional school district which assumes the responsibility for completion of a public school building project shall be eligible for a grant pursuant to subdivision (5) or (6), as the case may be, of subsection (a) of section 10-286, when such project is completed and accepted by such regional school district.

      (3) (A) All final calculations completed by the Department of Education for school building projects authorized on or after July 1, 1996, shall include a computation of the state grant for the school building project amortized on a straight line basis over a twenty-year period for school building projects with costs equal to or greater than two million dollars and over a ten-year period for school building projects with costs less than two million dollars. Any town or regional school district which abandons, sells, leases, demolishes or otherwise redirects the use of such a school building project to other than a public school use during such amortization period shall refund to the state the unamortized balance of the state grant remaining as of the date the abandonment, sale, lease, demolition or redirection occurs. The amortization period for a project shall begin on the date the project was accepted as complete by the local or regional board of education. A town or regional school district required to make a refund to the state pursuant to this subdivision may request forgiveness of such refund if the building is redirected for public use. The department shall include as an addendum to the annual school construction priority list all those towns requesting forgiveness. General Assembly approval of the priority list containing such request shall constitute approval of such request. This subdivision shall not apply to projects to correct safety, health and other code violations or to remedy certified school indoor air quality emergencies approved pursuant to subsection (b) of this section or projects subject to the provisions of section 10-285c.

      (B) Any moneys refunded to the state pursuant to subparagraph (A) of this subdivision shall be deposited in the state's tax-exempt proceeds fund and used not later than sixty days after repayment to pay debt service on, including redemption, defeasance or purchase of, outstanding bonds of the state the interest on which is not included in gross income pursuant to Section 103 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as from time to time amended.

      (b) Notwithstanding the application date requirements of this section, the Commissioner of Education may approve applications for grants to assist school building projects to remedy damage from fire and catastrophe, to correct safety, health and other code violations, to replace roofs, to remedy a certified school indoor air quality emergency, or to purchase and install portable classroom buildings at any time within the limit of available grant authorization and make payments thereon within the limit of appropriated funds, provided portable classroom building projects shall not create a new facility or cause an existing facility to be modified so that the portable buildings comprise a substantial percentage of the total facility area, as determined by the commissioner.

      (c) No school building project shall be added to the list prepared by the Commissioner of Education pursuant to subsection (a) of this section after such list is submitted to the committee of the General Assembly appointed pursuant to section 10-283a unless (1) the project is for a school placed on probation by the New England Association of Schools and Colleges and the project is necessary to preserve accreditation, (2) the project is necessary to replace a school building for which a state agency issued a written notice of its intent to take the school property for public purpose, (3) for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2002, the project is in a town operating under state governance, or (4) it is a school building project determined by the commissioner to be a project that will assist the state in meeting the goals of the 2008 stipulation and order for Milo Sheff, et al. v. William A. O'Neill, et al. The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to projects previously authorized by the General Assembly that require special legislation to correct procedural deficiencies.

      (d) No application for a school building project shall be accepted by the commissioner on or after July 1, 2002, unless the applicant has secured funding authorization for the local share of the project costs prior to application. The reimbursement percentage for a project covered by this subsection shall reflect the rates in effect during the fiscal year in which such local funding authorization is secured.

      (e) For each such list submitted in December, 2003, and December, 2004, the total amount requested by the commissioner for grant commitments shall not exceed one billion dollars. In each such list, the commissioner shall list the categories described in subdivision (2) of subsection (a) of this section in order of priority and shall list the projects within each category in order of priority. The commissioner shall comply with the limitation on grant commitments provided for under this subsection according to such priorities. Eligible projects that cannot be included on the list shall be included first on the list submitted the next following year.

      (November, 1949, 1951, 1953, S. 980d; 1957, P.A. 256, S. 1; 593, S. 2; 1969, P.A. 493, S. 1; 698, S. 24; P.A. 76-418, S. 2, 18; P.A. 80-317, S. 1, 3; P.A. 81-195, S. 1, 3; P.A. 84-460, S. 6, 16; P.A. 85-307, S. 1, 2; 85-377, S. 7, 13; P.A. 87-419, S. 1, 3; P.A. 89-237, S. 4, 11; P.A. 90-256, S. 2, 9; P.A. 96-270, S. 3, 11; P.A. 97-265, S. 76, 98; P.A. 98-243, S. 21, 25; 98-249, S. 63, 67; P.A. 99-239, S. 16, 32; P.A. 00-220, S. 21, 32, 43; P.A. 01-173, S. 26, 63, 67; May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-2, S. 34; May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-5, S. 8; May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-6, S. 1; P.A. 03-76, S. 27; 03-220, S. 4; P.A. 04-57, S. 2; 04-213, S. 23; P.A. 06-158, S. 9; P.A. 07-249, S. 5; P.A. 08-169, S. 26; P.A. 09-45, S. 6.)

      History: 1969 acts deleted selectmen as agency for applying for and receiving grants from state board of education, allowed authorization of supervising agent and superintendent of schools to apply for grants and added provision re grants to regional school districts which assume responsibility for completion of building project; P.A. 76-418 added provisions re priorities for building projects and grants in accordance with priorities and allowed deductions of value received for abandonment, sale, lease, demolition or redirection of use of buildings when application made within 5 years of abandonment, sale, lease, etc.; P.A. 80-317 deleted phrase "not eligible for assistance under section 10-287a" which had limited applicability of priorities, deletion made applicability more general, deleted exception to application date requirements for projects to remedy fire and catastrophe damage and safety and health violations and added Subsec. (b) containing exception for projects to remedy fire damage, etc.; P.A. 81-195 excluded grant to alter existing facilities or sites in order to provide, expand or enhance instructional programs or supportive services from consideration as a grant to be calculated by deducting amount of state assistance previously granted in connection with the facility or site from the total cost of the building project for which a grant is currently sought in Subsec. (a); P.A. 84-460 amended Subsec. (a) re annual review of grant applications submitted for vocational agriculture centers and regional special education facilities and inclusion of such projects on the priority listing without rank and amended Subsec. (b) deleting provisions re projects for vocational agriculture centers and regional special education facilities; P.A. 85-307, in conjunction with P.A. 85-377, deleted provision requiring deduction of total amount of state assistance from total cost of project and added provision requiring deduction of grant amounts paid or due on facility from the net eligible cost of the project; P.A. 85-377 also transferred certain responsibilities of state board of education to commissioner of education; P.A. 87-419 amended Subsec. (b) to provide for the approval of grant applications for the leasing of facilities by regional educational service centers at any time; P.A. 89-237 in Subsec. (a) deleted the school tax rate as a factor on which priorities for building projects are to be based; P.A. 90-256 in Subsec. (a) provided that school building projects not be listed by priority within categories but only by category, added a description of the categories and made technical changes; P.A. 96-270 added the requirement that each listing of eligible projects submitted after December 1995, include a separate schedule of authorized projects which have changed in scope or cost to a degree determined by the commissioner and specified that the percentage determined at the time the project on such schedule was originally authorized be used for purposes of the grant for the project, effective July 1, 1996; P.A. 97-265 deleted provision in Subsec. (a) for the issuance of regulations and made technical changes, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 98-243 amended Subsec. (a) to designate existing provisions as Subdivs. (1) and (2), to delete provisions re certain deductions in the amount of a grant for construction of new school or purchase or lease of a facility if the grant application is submitted within 5 years of the abandonment, sale, lease, demolition or redirection of use of a school facility and to add new Subdiv. (3) re amortization of grants over 10 or 20-year period and refunds to the state of unamortized balance if school is abandoned, sold, leased or demolished or if redirection occurs during the amortization period, effective July 1, 1998; P.A. 98-249 added new Subsec. (c) re prohibition against adding to the list, effective June 8, 1998; P.A. 99-239 amended Subsec. (c) to add exception for the state taking of school property, effective June 28, 1999; P.A. 00-220 amended Subsec. (a)(3)(A) to make a technical change and amended Subsec. (b) to add roof replacements, effective July 1, 2000; P.A. 01-173 amended Subsec. (a)(1) to add requirement for consideration of the maximization of natural light and amended Subsec. (b) to add portable classroom building projects, effective July 1, 2001; May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-2 amended Subsec. (c) to designate existing provisions as Subdivs. (1) and (2), and to add new Subdiv. (3) re projects in a town operating under state governance for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2002, effective July 1, 2002; May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-5 added new Subsecs. (d) and (e) re local funding authorization and a $1,000,000,000 cap on grant commitments, effective July 1, 2002; May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-6 amended Subsec. (d) to delete language re prior local funding authorization for applications filed before July 1, 2002, effective August 15, 2002; P.A. 03-76 made a technical change in Subsec. (a)(3)(A), effective June 3, 2003; P.A. 03-220 amended Subsec. (b) by adding provision re remediation of certified school indoor air quality emergency, effective July 1, 2003; P.A. 04-57 amended Subsec. (a)(1) by adding provision re use and feasibility of wireless connectivity technology, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-213 amended Subsec. (a)(1) by allowing the Board of Trustees of the Community-Technical Colleges on behalf of Manchester Community College to be eligible for grants, effective June 3, 2004; P.A. 06-158 amended Subsec. (a)(2) by requiring projects which change in scope or cost to a degree determined by the commissioner to appear on separate list to be eligible for reimbursement, by requiring that on and after July 1, 2006, no project may appear on such list more than twice, and by prohibiting a higher reimbursement rate for a project reclassified as an interdistrict magnet school if such project was not so initially authorized and amended Subsec. (a)(3) by making subdivision inapplicable to projects to correct safety, health and other code violations, or indoor air quality emergencies in Subpara. (A) and by making technical changes in Subpara. (B), effective July 1, 2006; P.A. 07-249 amended Subsec. (a)(2) to provide exception for projects for regional vocational-technical schools to prohibition against projects appearing more than twice on a schedule of projects that have changed in cost, effective July 1, 2007; P.A. 08-169 amended Subsec. (a) to substitute reference to Quinebaug Valley Community College for Manchester Community College and to add provisions re stipulation re Sheff v. O'Neill and amended Subsec. (c) to add Subdiv. (4) re stipulation re Sheff v. O'Neill, effective July 1, 2008; P.A. 09-45 made a technical change in Subsec. (a)(2), effective May 20, 2009.

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      Sec. 10-283a. Committee from General Assembly to review listing of eligible projects. A committee to review the listing of eligible school building projects submitted pursuant to section 10-283 shall be appointed annually on or before July first consisting of eight persons who are members of the General Assembly at the time of their appointment as follows: Two persons each appointed by the speaker of the House of Representatives, the minority leader of the House of Representatives, the president pro tempore of the Senate and the minority leader of the Senate. The listing of eligible projects by category shall be submitted to said committee prior to December fifteenth annually to determine if said listing is in compliance with the categories described in subsection (a) of section 10-283, and existing standards established by the State Board of Education pursuant to said regulations. The committee may modify the listing if it finds that the Commissioner of Education acted in an arbitrary or unreasonable manner in establishing the listing. Such modified listing shall be in compliance with said standards and categories. Prior to February first annually, the committee shall submit the approved or modified listing of projects to the Governor and the General Assembly.

      (P.A. 76-418, S. 3, 18; P.A. 78-123, S. 1, 3; P.A. 84-460, S. 7, 16; P.A. 85-377, S. 8, 13; P.A. 90-256, S. 3, 9; P.A. 96-244, S. 25, 63.)

      History: P.A. 78-123 deleted references to specific years, thus making provisions applicable to actions taken each year; P.A. 84-460 deleted provisions exempting regulations from the provisions of chapter 54; P.A. 85-377 substituted commissioner of education for board of education in provision re arbitrary or unreasonable actions taken in establishment of priority listing; P.A. 90-256 provided that school building projects not be listed by priority within categories but only by category; P.A. 96-244 deleted provision re regulations concerning standards and categories of school building projects, effective July 1, 1996.

      See Sec. 10-287c re State Board of Education's authority to prescribe rules and regulations necessary to implement the provisions of this chapter.

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      Sec. 10-283b. School building projects for the regional vocational-technical schools. (a) On and after July 1, 1999, the Commissioner of Education shall include school building projects for the regional vocational-technical schools on the list developed pursuant to section 10-283. Prior to inclusion on the list, such projects shall be reviewed by the Department of Public Works. The adoption of the list by the General Assembly and authorization by the State Bond Commission of the issuance of bonds pursuant to section 10-287d shall fund the full cost of the projects. On or after July 1, 2007, the commissioner may approve applications for grants to assist school building projects for the regional vocational-technical school system to remedy damage from fire and catastrophe, to correct safety, health and other code violations, to replace roofs, to remedy a certified school indoor air quality emergency, or to purchase and install portable classroom buildings at any time within the limit of available grant authorization and to make payments on such a project within the limit of appropriated funds, provided portable classroom building projects do not create a new facility or cause an existing facility to be modified so that the portable buildings comprise a substantial percentage of the total facility area, as determined by the commissioner. Funds for the projects shall be transferred to the Department of Public Works and, upon such transfer, the projects shall be subject to the requirements of chapters 59 and 60.

      (b) The Department of Public Works shall ensure that an architect and a construction manager or construction administrator hired to work on a project pursuant to subsection (a) of this section are not related persons as defined in subdivision (18) of subsection (a) of section 12-218b.

      (P.A. 99-281, S. 2, 6; P.A. 06-158, S. 6; P.A. 07-249, S. 6.)

      History: P.A. 99-281 effective July 1, 1999; P.A. 06-158 designated existing language as Subsec. (a) and added Subsec. (b) re architect and construction manager or administrator, effective July 1, 2006; P.A. 07-249 amended Subsec. (a) to provide that on or after July 1, 2007, commissioner may approve grant applications for certain emergency situations and remedial projects, effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-283c. Consolidated school construction grant application for multiple projects in a distressed municipality. Notwithstanding any provision of this chapter or the regulations adopted under this chapter, a local board of education in a town that is a distressed municipality, as defined in section 32-9p, with a population greater than ninety thousand shall be eligible to submit a consolidated school construction grant application for multiple school projects and be eligible to receive a single grant equal to the state share of total project costs. Based on a determination by the Office of Policy and Management that any such municipality is unable to reasonably issue debt to finance the local share of such costs, discretionary federal block grant funds may be deemed to have financed the local share of total project costs without regard to any zone restrictions that may limit the actual expenditure of such funds to specific schools. Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision (18) of section 10-282, projects whose eligibility is provided for under this section may be considered renovations for purposes of receiving state grants.

      (May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-2, S. 35.)

      History: May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-2 effective July 1, 2002.

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      Sec. 10-283d. Federal funds as part of local share for projects in a priority school district. Notwithstanding any provision of this chapter or any regulations adopted under this chapter, if the town, whose school district is the priority school district pursuant to section 10-266p with the largest student enrollment as of October 2003, uses federal funds received by the town to finance school construction projects pursuant to this chapter, such funds shall be deemed to be part or all of the town's local share for such projects.

      (P.A. 04-251, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 04-251 effective July 1, 2004.

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      Sec. 10-284. Approval or disapproval of applications by Commissioner of Education. (a) The Commissioner of Education shall have authority to receive, review and approve applications for state grants under this chapter, or to disapprove any such application if (1) it does not comply with the requirements of the State Fire Marshal or the Department of Public Health, (2) it is not accompanied by a life-cycle cost analysis approved by the Commissioner of Public Works pursuant to section 16a-38, (3) it does not comply with the provisions of sections 10-290d and 10-291, (4) it does not meet the standards or school building priorities established by the State Board of Education, or (5) the commissioner determines that the proposed educational specifications for or theme of the project for which the applicant requests a state grant duplicates a program offered by a vocational-technical school or an interdistrict magnet school in the same region.

      (b) (1) The Commissioner of Education may also disapprove such a grant application: (A) For a project for which the General Assembly authorized a grant commitment prior to June 14, 1984, if the town or regional school district has not begun construction, as defined in section 10-282, by July 1, 1987; or (B) for any other project if the town or regional school district has not begun construction, as defined in section 10-282, within two years after the effective date of the act of the General Assembly authorizing the Commissioner of Education to enter into grant commitments for such projects as provided in sections 10-283 and 10-283a.

      (2) Prior to disapproval of an application under the provisions of subparagraph (A) of subdivision (1) of this subsection, the commissioner shall give written notice of the pending disapproval by mail to (A) the school building committee formed in connection with the application, (B) the local or regional board of education, and (C) if the applicant is a local board, to the chief executive officer of the town or if the applicant is a regional board, to the chief executive officer of each of the district's member towns. The notice shall be given twice. The first such notice shall be mailed not later than September 1, 1986, and the second notice shall be mailed not later than March 1, 1987.

      (c) When any such application is approved, said commissioner shall certify to the Comptroller the amount of the grant for which the town or regional school district is eligible under this chapter and the amount and time of the payment thereunder. Upon receipt of such certification, the Comptroller is authorized and directed to draw his order on the Treasurer in such amount and at such time as certified by said commissioner.

      (November, 1949, 1953, S. 981d; 1957, P.A. 593, S. 3; 1959, P.A. 321, S. 2; 611, S. 5; 1967, P.A. 638, S. 3; P.A. 73-165; P.A. 76-418, S. 4, 18; P.A. 77-597, S. 2; 77-614, S. 73, 323, 587, 610; P.A. 78-331, S. 6, 58; P.A. 79-56; P.A. 82-22, S. 1, 4; P.A. 84-460, S. 8, 16; P.A. 85-377, S. 9, 13; P.A. 86-75, S. 1, 2; P.A. 87-496, S. 48, 110; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-6, S. 4.)

      History: 1959 acts limited approval of applications for vocational agriculture centers to two in one year and to an amount totaling not more than $300,000, unless approved by governor and allowed disapproval of applications not in compliance re filing of plans and specifications; 1967 act increased amount of grants which require governor's approval to $400,000 and made technical changes re amount and time of payments; P.A. 73-165 revised provisions re vocational agriculture centers, deleting limitation on number of centers to be approved and reducing amount of grants allowed without governor's approval to $300,000, allowed grants for occupational training centers not exceeding $100,000 total, specified "fiscal" year and substituted "commitments" for "applications"; P.A. 76-418 allowed disapproval of applications which do not meet standards or priorities set by state board, deleted phrase which would allow exceptions to limits imposed by provisions with governor's approval and limited approval of grants for cooperative regional special education facilities to amounts totaling $2,000,000; P.A. 77-597 allowed disapproval of applications not accompanied by life-cycle cost analysis; P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of administrative services for public works commissioner and, effective January 1, 1979, substituted department of health services for state department of health; P.A. 78-331 made technical changes; P.A. 79-56 prohibited approval of grants for more than $600,000, rather than $300,000, for vocational agriculture centers; P.A. 82-22 deleted provision prohibiting approval of commitments exceeding $100,000 for regional or local centers for occupational training serving programs under Sec. 10-266f, that section having been previously repealed; P.A. 84-460 amended Subdiv. (4) deleting provision re limitation on total amount of grants to be approved for vocational agriculture centers and regional special education facilities and added new Subdiv. (5) re town having failed to begin construction on the project; P.A. 85-377 substituted references to commissioner of education for references to state board of education; P.A. 86-75 reorganized the section and added provisions for disapproval where grant commitment authorized prior to June 14, 1984, and construction not begun by July 1, 1987; P.A. 87-496 replaced administrative services commissioner with public works commissioner in Subsec. (a); P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-6 added Subsec. (a)(5) re duplicate educational specifications or theme of projects at proposed vocational-technical schools or interdistrict magnet schools in same region, effective October 5, 2009.

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      Sec. 10-285. Acceptance or rejection of allotment. Section 10-285 is repealed.

      (November, 1949, 1951, 1953, S. 982d; 1957, P.A. 593, S. 4; P.A. 73-77.)

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      Sec. 10-285a. Percentage determination for school building project grants. (a) The percentage of school building project grant money a local board of education may be eligible to receive, under the provisions of section 10-286 shall be determined as follows: (1) Each town shall be ranked in descending order from one to one hundred sixty-nine according to such town's adjusted equalized net grand list per capita, as defined in section 10-261; (2) based upon such ranking, a percentage of not less than forty nor more than eighty shall be determined for each town on a continuous scale, except that for school building projects authorized by the General Assembly during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1991, for all such projects so authorized thereafter and for grants approved pursuant to subsection (b) of section 10-283 for which application is made on and after July 1, 1991, the percentage of school building project grant money a local board of education may be eligible to receive, under the provisions of section 10-286 shall be determined as follows: (A) Each town shall be ranked in descending order from one to one hundred sixty-nine according to such town's adjusted equalized net grand list per capita, as defined in section 10-261; (B) based upon such ranking, a percentage of not less than twenty nor more than eighty shall be determined for each town on a continuous scale.

      (b) The percentage of school building project grant money a regional board of education may be eligible to receive under the provisions of section 10-286 shall be determined by its ranking. Such ranking shall be determined by (1) multiplying the total population, as defined in section 10-261, of each town in the district by such town's ranking, as determined in subsection (a) of this section, (2) adding together the figures determined under subdivision (1) of this subsection, and (3) dividing the total computed under subdivision (2) of this subsection by the total population of all towns in the district. The ranking of each regional board of education shall be rounded to the next higher whole number and each such board shall receive the same reimbursement percentage as would a town with the same rank plus ten per cent, except that no such percentage shall exceed eighty-five per cent.

      (c) The percentage of school building project grant money a regional educational service center may be eligible to receive shall be determined by its ranking. Such ranking shall be determined by (1) multiplying the population of each member town in the regional educational service center by such town's ranking, as determined in subsection (a) of this section; (2) adding together the figures for each town determined under subdivision (1) of this subsection, and (3) dividing the total computed under subdivision (2) of this subsection by the total population of all member towns in the regional educational service center. The ranking of each regional educational service center shall be rounded to the next higher whole number and each such center shall receive the same reimbursement percentage as would a town with the same rank.

      (d) The percentage of school building project grant money a cooperative arrangement pursuant to section 10-158a, may be eligible to receive shall be determined by its ranking. Such ranking shall be determined by (1) multiplying the total population, as defined in section 10-261, of each town in the cooperative arrangement by such town's ranking, as determined in subsection (a) of this section, (2) adding the products determined under subdivision (1) of this subsection, and (3) dividing the total computed under subdivision (2) of this subsection by the total population of all towns in the cooperative arrangement. The ranking of each cooperative arrangement shall be rounded to the next higher whole number and each such cooperative arrangement shall receive the same reimbursement percentage as would a town with the same rank plus ten percentage points.

      (e) If an elementary school building project for a new building or for the expansion of an existing building includes space for a school readiness program, the percentage determined pursuant to this section shall be increased by five percentage points, but shall not exceed one hundred per cent, for the portion of the building used primarily for such purpose. Recipient districts shall maintain full-day preschool enrollment for at least ten years.

      (f) The percentage determined pursuant to this section for a school building project grant for the expansion, alteration or renovation of an existing public school building to convert such building for use as a lighthouse school, as defined in section 10-266cc, shall be increased by ten percentage points.

      (g) The percentage determined pursuant to this section for a school building project grant shall be increased by the percentage of the total projected enrollment of the school attributable to the number of spaces made available for out-of-district students participating in the program established pursuant to section 10-266aa, provided the maximum increase shall not exceed ten percentage points.

      (h) Subject to the provisions of section 10-285d, if an elementary school building project for a school in a priority school district or for a priority school is necessary in order to offer a full-day kindergarten program or a full-day preschool program or to reduce class size pursuant to section 10-265f, the percentage determined pursuant to this section shall be increased by ten percentage points for the portion of the building used primarily for such full-day kindergarten program, full-day preschool program or such reduced size classes. Recipient districts that receive an increase pursuant to this subsection in support of a full-day preschool program, shall maintain full-day preschool enrollment for at least ten years.

      (i) For all projects authorized on or after July 1, 2007, all attorneys' fees and court costs related to litigation shall be eligible for state school construction grant assistance only if the grant applicant is the prevailing party in any such litigation.

      (P.A. 78-352, S. 1; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-4, S. 7, 8; P.A. 85-476, S. 4, 6; 85-599, S. 2, 6; P.A. 86-403, S. 20, 132; P.A. 89-355, S. 1, 20; P.A. 96-244, S. 26, 63; 96-270, S. 4, 11; P.A. 97-259, S. 22, 41; 97-290, S. 19, 29; P.A. 98-243, S. 6, 25; P.A. 99-289, S. 3, 11; P.A. 01-173, S. 50, 67; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-1, S. 24, 54; P.A. 03-76, S. 49; P.A. 05-245, S. 6, 7; P.A. 07-242, S. 11; 07-249, S. 3, 33.)

      History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-4 amended Subsec. (b) to clarify that total population figures, as defined in Sec. 10-261, are to be used in calculation of the percentage; P.A. 85-476 amended section to specify that reimbursement percentage is determined by ranking, to provide that ranking is to be rounded to next nearest higher whole number, to provide for reimbursement at same percentage as for a town with the same rank and, in conjunction with P.A. 85-599 to add Subsec. (c) re calculation of percentage for regional educational service centers; P.A. 86-403 made technical changes in Subsecs. (b) and (c); P.A. 89-355 in Subsec. (a) changed the reimbursement percentage sliding scale of 40% to 80% to 30% to 80% for projects authorized during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1991, and thereafter and for certain grants for which application is made on and after July 1, 1991; P.A. 96-244 amended Subsec. (b) to add Subparas. (A) and (B) allowing for increased reimbursement percentages for certain projects, effective July 1, 1996; P.A. 96-270 added Subsec. (d) re cooperative arrangements, effective July 1, 1996; P.A. 97-259 added Subsec. (e) re space for a school readiness program, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 97-290 added Subsecs. (f) and (g) re lighthouse schools and spaces for out-of-district students participating in the program established pursuant to Sec. 10-266aa, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 98-243 added new Subsec. (h) re projects related to full-day kindergarten or reduction in class size, effective July 1, 1998; P.A. 99-289 amended Subsec. (g) to make technical changes to clarify the method for determining the percentage increase, effective July 1, 1999; P.A. 01-173 amended Subsec. (b) to provide a 10% increase and delete provisions re 5% increase to secondary regional school districts, effective July 1, 2001; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-1 amended Subsec. (h) to increase percentage points from 5% to 10%, effective July 1, 2001; P.A. 03-76 made technical changes in Subsec. (b), effective June 3, 2003; P.A. 05-245 amended Subsec. (e) by adding requirement for maintaining full-day preschool enrollment for at least 10 years and amended Subsec. (h) by adding language re full-day preschool program, effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 07-242 added Subsec. (i) re increase for adherence to provisions of Sec. 16a-38k; P.A. 07-249 deleted Subsec. (i) added by P.A. 07-242, effective October 1, 2007, and added new Subsec. (i) re attorneys' fees and court costs, effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-285b. School building project grants to incorporated or endowed high schools and academies. (a)(1) For the fiscal year ending June 30, 1987, Woodstock Academy may apply and be eligible subsequently to be considered for school construction grant commitments from the state pursuant to this chapter. (2) Except as provided in subdivision (1) of this subsection, any incorporated or endowed high school or academy approved by the State Board of Education pursuant to section 10-34 may apply and be eligible subsequently to be considered for school construction grant commitments from the state pursuant to this chapter. (3) Applications pursuant to this subsection shall be filed at such time and on such forms as the state Department of Education prescribes. The Commissioner of Education shall approve such applications pursuant to the provisions of section 10-284 deemed applicable by the state Department of Education.

      (b) In the case of a school building project, as defined in subparagraph (A) of subdivision (3) of section 10-282, the amount of the grant approved by said commissioner shall be computed pursuant to the provisions of section 10-286, and the eligible percentage shall be computed pursuant to the provisions of subdivision (2) of subsection (c) of this section. The calculation of the grant pursuant to this section shall be made in accordance with the state standard space specifications in effect at the time of final grant calculation.

      (c) (1) The percentage of school building project grant money Woodstock Academy may be eligible to receive for school construction projects for which application was made in the fiscal year ending June 30, 1987, under the provisions of subsection (b) of this section shall be determined by its ranking. The ranking shall be determined by (A) multiplying the total population, as defined in section 10-261, of each town which subsequent to October 1, 1985, and prior to October 1, 1986, designates Woodstock Academy as the high school for such town for a period of not less than five years, by such town's percentile ranking, as determined in subsection (a) of section 10-285a, (B) adding together the figures for each town determined under subparagraph (A) of this subdivision, and (C) dividing the total computed under subparagraph (B) of this subdivision by the total population of all towns which designate Woodstock Academy as their high school under subparagraph (A) of this subdivision. The ranking determined pursuant to this subdivision shall be rounded to the next higher whole number. Woodstock Academy shall receive the same reimbursement percentage as would a town with the same rank.

      (2) Except as provided in subdivision (1) of this subsection, the percentage of school building project grant money each incorporated or endowed high school or academy may be eligible to receive under the provisions of subsection (b) of this section shall be determined by its ranking. The ranking shall be determined by (A) multiplying the total population, as defined in section 10-261, of each town which at the time of application for such school construction grant commitment has designated such school as the high school for such town for a period of not less than five years from the date of such application, by such town's percentile ranking, as determined in subsection (a) of section 10-285a, (B) adding together the figures for each town determined under subparagraph (A) of this subdivision and (C) dividing the total computed under subparagraph (B) of this subdivision by the total population of all towns which designate the school as their high school under subparagraph (A) of this subdivision. The ranking determined pursuant to this subdivision shall be rounded to the next higher whole number. Such high school or academy shall receive the reimbursement percentage of a town with the same rank increased by five per cent, except that the reimbursement percentage of such high school or academy shall not exceed eighty-five per cent.

      (d) (1) In order for Woodstock Academy to be eligible for a grant commitment pursuant to this section for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1987, said academy shall (A) provide educational facilities to the town or towns designating it as the high school for such town or towns for a period commencing on June 5, 1986, and not less than ten years after completion of grant payments under this section, and (B) provide that at least half of its executive committee, exclusive of the president, be representatives of the board or boards of education designating Woodstock Academy as the high school for each such board's town.

      (2) Except as provided in subdivision (1) of this subsection, in order for an incorporated or endowed high school or academy to be eligible for a grant commitment pursuant to this section such high school or academy shall (A) provide educational services to the town or towns designating it as the high school for such town or towns for a period of not less than ten years after completion of grant payments under this section, and (B) provide that at least half of the governing board which exercises final educational, financial and legal responsibility for the high school or academy, exclusive of the chairman of such board, be representatives of the board or boards of education designating the high school or academy as the high school for each such board's town.

      (P.A. 86-294, S. 1, 3; P.A. 87-461, S. 6, 7; P.A. 89-387, S. 27, 41; P.A. 90-256, S. 6, 9; P.A. 96-244, S. 27, 63; 96-270, S. 5, 11; P.A. 97-265, S. 77, 98; P.A. 98-252, S. 25, 80.)

      History: P.A. 87-461 added "of the eligible project cost" in Subsec. (b); P.A. 89-387 in Subsec. (b) added a definition of "eligible project costs" for purposes of calculating grants pursuant to the subsection; P.A. 90-256 in Subsec. (a) added Subdiv. (2) re eligibility of incorporated or endowed high schools and academies for grant commitments and inserted Subdiv. (1) and (3) designations, in Subsec. (b) amended definition of "eligible project costs" by substituting any approved incorporated or endowed high school or academy for "Woodstock Academy", added Subsec. (c)(2) re reimbursement percentages for incorporated or endowed high schools and academies and made technical changes and added Subsec. (d)(2) re conditions for eligibility for grant commitments and made technical changes; P.A. 96-244 made technical changes, deleting reference to Sec. 10-36, repealed elsewhere in the act, effective July 1, 1996; P.A. 96-270 amended Subsec. (b) to make technical changes, effective July 1, 1996; P.A. 97-265 removed provision re grant payment of interest costs and made technical changes in Subsec. (b), effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 98-252 amended Subsec. (b) to remove language that repeated provisions of Sec. 10-286 and to make technical changes, and amended Subsec. (c) to provide for a 5% increase with a cap of 85%, effective July 1, 1998.

      See Secs. 10-289d to 10-289g, inclusive, re loans and bond issues for private academy school building projects.

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      Sec. 10-285c. Title reversion to the state. For school building projects approved by the General Assembly after July 1, 1993, if state reimbursement pursuant to the provisions of this chapter or any special act, for the acquisition, purchase or construction of a building was for ninety-five or more per cent of the eligible costs of such acquisition, purchase or construction and such building ceases to be used for the purpose for which the grant was provided within twenty years of the date of approval by the General Assembly of the project, title to the building shall revert to the state unless the Commissioner of Education decides otherwise for good cause.

      (P.A. 93-353, S. 35, 52; P.A. 94-245, S. 32, 46; P.A. 08-169, S. 3.)

      History: P.A. 93-353 effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 94-245 made a technical change, effective June 2, 1994; P.A. 08-169 changed "one hundred per cent" to "ninety-five or more per cent", effective July 1, 2008.

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      Sec. 10-285d. Projects related to full-day kindergarten programs or reduction in class size. In order to be eligible for the percentage increase pursuant to subsection (h) of section 10-285a: (1) The project shall be (A) included in a plan developed pursuant to section 10-265f, and (B) for a particular full-day kindergarten class or reduced-sized class funded pursuant to section 10-265f; (2) the local or regional board of education shall present evidence to the Department of Education that the project is the best option for solving the need for additional space and is cost-efficient; and (3) the project shall meet the requirements established in this chapter.

      (P.A. 98-243, S. 7, 25.)

      History: P.A. 98-243 effective July 1, 1998.

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      Sec. 10-285e. Reimbursement for lease costs. Renovation project requirements. (a) The State Board of Education shall include reimbursement for reasonable lease costs that are determined by the Commissioner of Education to be required as part of a school building project grant under this chapter.

      (b) The State Board of Education shall require renovation projects under this chapter to meet the same state and federal codes and regulations as are required for alteration projects.

      (P.A. 99-239, S. 14, 32.)

      History: P.A. 99-239 effective June 28, 1999.

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      Sec. 10-285f. Design-build projects: Pilot program. (a) Notwithstanding any provision of this chapter or any regulation adopted by the State Board of Education pursuant to this chapter, the State Board of Education may establish a pilot program for a period of five years that authorizes up to two school construction projects per year using a design-build contract and with the approval of the State Board of Education a town or regional school district may enter into a design-build contract for new school construction or renovation and shall be eligible to be considered for a grant commitment and progress payments from the state provided each design phase shall be reviewed and approved for compliance with all applicable codes by local authorities having jurisdiction over such codes. The provisions of section 10-287 relative to bidding all orders and contracts for school building construction shall not apply to any such project.

      (b) Notwithstanding any provision of this chapter or any regulation adopted by the State Board of Education pursuant to this chapter, a town or regional school district choosing to use the design-build option pursuant to subsection (a) of this section shall attend a meeting with Department of Education staff prior to executing a design-build contract. The department shall provide the town or regional school district with all of its code checklists and review materials which the town or regional school district shall use as a basis for obtaining plan approval by local officials having jurisdiction over such matters or other qualified code reviewers. It shall be the sole responsibility of the town or regional school district to ensure compliance with all applicable codes.

      (c) The State Board of Education shall report in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to education and finance on or before January 15, 2008, on the efficiency and efficacy of using the design-build approach to school construction projects.

      (May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-2, S. 12; P.A. 06-158, S. 11.)

      History: May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-2 effective July 1, 2002; P.A. 06-158 amended Subsecs. (a) and (c) to extend program through 2008 and to expand program to include renovation projects, effective June 6, 2006.

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      Sec. 10-285g. Acoustical standards. Waiver. (a) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, for any school building project authorized by the General Assembly on or after July 1, 2005, classrooms or libraries shall be constructed or altered in accordance with American National Standard: Acoustical Performance Criteria, Design Requirements and Guidelines for Schools, ANSI S12. 60-2002. The provisions of this section shall not apply to classrooms or libraries where adequate acoustical modifications cannot be made without compromising health and safety, or the educational purpose or function of a specific classroom or library.

      (b) A local or regional board of education may apply to the Commissioner of Education for a waiver from the standard required in subsection (a) of this section for any relocatable classroom that will be used by the same school for a period of less than thirty-six months and the commissioner shall grant such waiver provided the application includes evidence that the board, with notice to parents, students and teachers, held a public hearing on the effects that required acoustical standards for classrooms may have on a student's ability to learn.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-6, S. 20.)

      History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-6 effective July 1, 2005.

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      Sec. 10-285h. Projects for charter schools: Pilot program. (a) For the fiscal year ending June 30, 2006, there shall be established a pilot program for the development of a school building facility to be used for a state charter school. The Commissioner of Education may receive applications for the purchase and renovation of a building to be used as a state charter school facility. The amount of the grant shall be equal to the net eligible expenditures multiplied by the school construction reimbursement rate for the town in which the facility will be located. Enrollment projections identified in the application may exceed current charter school enrollment limitations, if approved by the commissioner. The provisions of this chapter concerning school construction projects and regulations adopted by the State Board of Education, in accordance with this chapter, shall apply to the project, except as provided by this section.

      (b) Eligible applicants shall be successful state charter school governing boards that have operated a charter school for at least five years and have had the charter of the school renewed by the State Board of Education. The application shall include information concerning the charter school that describes: (1) Academic success, including test results on mastery examinations pursuant to section 10-14n, (2) attendance records of students, (3) student success in completing the program of studies offered by the school, (4) parental involvement in the operation and decisions of the governing board, and (5) other such information as is required by the Commissioner of Education. The application shall be submitted in such form, manner and time as determined by the commissioner.

      (c) The Commissioner of Education may select one application for state grant assistance. The commissioner shall notify the school construction committee pursuant to section 10-283a of the commissioner's selection and the proposed funding for such state charter school project. The school construction committee shall consider the application in conjunction with the committee's review of the listing of eligible projects developed in accordance with section 10-283. If the school construction committee approves the request for funding, the committee shall include such grant request as a separately-listed item on a special supplementary schedule for such pilot charter school project on the listing of eligible projects developed in accordance with section 10-283.

      (d) If a state charter school that received a grant pursuant to this section ceases to be used as a state charter school facility, the Commissioner of Education shall determine whether title to the building and any legal interest in appurtenant land shall revert to the state.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-6, S. 39.)

      History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-6 effective July 1, 2005.

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      Sec. 10-286. Computation of school building project grants. (a) The amount of the grant approved by the Commissioner of Education under the provisions of this chapter for any completed school building project shall be computed as follows:

      (1) For the fiscal year ending June 30, 1984, and each fiscal year thereafter, in the case of a new school plant, an extension of an existing school building or projects involving the major alteration of any existing building to be used for school purposes, the eligible percentage, as determined in section 10-285a, of the result of multiplying together the number representing the highest projected enrollment, based on data acceptable to the Commissioner of Education, for such building during the eight-year period from the date a local or regional board of education files a notification of a proposed school building project with the Department of Education, the number of gross square feet per pupil determined by the Commissioner of Education to be adequate for the kind of educational program or programs intended, and the eligible cost of such project, divided by the gross square feet of such building, or the eligible percentage, as determined in section 10-285a, of the eligible cost of such project, whichever is less, provided, (A) any such project on which construction was started prior to July 1, 1975, shall be reimbursed under the formula in effect prior to said date, (B) any such project on which construction or payments under this chapter were started after June 30, 1975, but prior to July 31, 1983, shall be reimbursed based upon the data, submitted for each such project and accepted by the Department of Education during said period, representing the number of pupils the plant was designed to accommodate, (C) any project for which final grant calculation has been made after June 30, 1975, but prior to July 31, 1983, shall be reimbursed based upon such final calculation, and (D) any such project for which estimated grant payments were begun prior to July 31, 1983, shall be reimbursed based upon the calculation formula used in making such estimated grant payments;

      (2) In case of projects involving the purchase of an existing building to be used for school purposes, the eligible percentage, as determined in section 10-285a, of the eligible cost as determined by the Commissioner of Education, provided any project for which an application is made on or after July 1, 1995, involving the purchase and renovation of an existing facility, may be exempt from the standard space specifications, and otherwise ineligible repairs and replacements may be considered eligible for reimbursement as part of such a project, if information is provided acceptable to the commissioner documenting the need for such work and the cost savings to the state and the school district of such purchase and renovation project in comparison to alternative construction options;

      (3) If any school building project described in subdivisions (1) and (2) of this subsection includes the construction, extension or major alteration of outdoor athletic facilities, tennis courts or a natatorium, gymnasium or auditorium, the grant for the construction of such outdoor athletic facilities, tennis courts and natatorium shall be limited to one-half of the eligible percentage for subdivisions (1) and (2) of the net eligible cost of construction thereof; the grant for the construction of an area of spectator seating in a gymnasium shall be one-half of the eligible percentage for subdivisions (1) and (2) of the net eligible cost of construction thereof; and the grant for the construction of the seating area in an auditorium shall be limited to one-half of the eligible percentage for subdivisions (1) and (2) of the net eligible cost of construction of the portion of such area that seats one-half of the projected enrollment of the building, as defined in subdivision (1) of this subsection, which it serves;

      (4) In the case of a regional agricultural science and technology education center or the purchase of equipment pursuant to subsection (a) of section 10-65 or a regional special education facility pursuant to section 10-76e, an amount equal to the eligible cost of such project, as determined by the Commissioner of Education;

      (5) In the case of a public school administrative or service facility, one-half of the eligible percentage for subdivisions (1) and (2) of this subsection of the eligible project cost as determined by the Commissioner of Education, or in the case of a regional educational service center administrative or service facility, the eligible percentage, as determined pursuant to subsection (c) of section 10-285a, of the eligible project cost as determined by the commissioner;

      (6) In the case of the total replacement of a roof or the total replacement of a portion of a roof which has existed for at least twenty years, or in the case of the total replacement of a roof or the total replacement of a portion of a roof which has existed for fewer than twenty years when it is determined by a registered architect or registered engineer that such roof was improperly designed or improperly constructed and the town is prohibited from recovery of damages or has no other recourse at law or in equity, the eligible percentage for subdivisions (1) and (2) of this subsection, of the eligible cost as determined by the Commissioner of Education. In the case of the total replacement of a roof or the total replacement of a portion of a roof which has existed for fewer than twenty years (A) when it is determined by a registered architect or registered engineer that such roof was improperly designed or improperly constructed and the town has recourse at law or in equity and recovers less than such eligible cost, the eligible percentage for subdivisions (1) and (2) of this subsection of the difference between such recovery and such eligible cost, and (B) when the roof is at least fifteen years old but less than twenty years old and it cannot be determined by a registered architect or registered engineer that such roof was improperly designed or improperly constructed, the eligible percentage for subdivisions (1) and (2) of this subsection of the eligible project costs provided such costs are multiplied by the ratio of the age of the roof to twenty years. For purposes of this subparagraph, the age of the roof shall be determined in whole years to the nearest year based on the time between the completed installation of the old roof and the date of the grant application for the school construction project for the new roof;

      (7) For the fiscal year ending June 30, 1984, and for each fiscal year thereafter, in the case of projects to correct code violations, the eligible percentage, as determined in section 10-285a, of the eligible cost as determined by the Commissioner of Education;

      (8) In the case of a renovation project for which an application is made on or after July 1, 1995, the eligible percentage as determined in subsection (b) of section 10-285a, multiplied by the eligible costs as determined by the commissioner, provided the project may be exempt from the standard space specifications, and otherwise ineligible repairs and replacements may be considered eligible for reimbursement as part of such a project, if information is provided acceptable to the commissioner documenting the need for such work and the cost savings to the state and the school district of such renovation project in comparison to alternative construction options;

      (9) In the case of projects approved to remedy certified school indoor air quality emergencies, the eligible percentage, as determined in section 10-285a, of the eligible cost as determined by the Commissioner of Education;

      (10) In the case of a project involving a turn-key purchase for a facility to be used for school purposes, the eligible percentage, as determined in section 10-285a, of the net eligible cost as determined by the Commissioner of Education, except that for any project involving such a purchase for which an application is made on or after July 1, 2006, (A) final plans for all construction work included in the turn-key purchase agreement shall be approved by the Commissioner of Education in accordance with section 10-292, and (B) such project may be exempt from the standard space specifications, and otherwise ineligible repairs and replacements may be considered eligible for reimbursement as part of such project, if information acceptable to the commissioner documents the need for such work and that such a purchase will cost less than constructing the facility in a different manner and will result in a facility taking on a useful life comparable to that of a new facility.

      (b) (1) In the case of all grants computed under this section for a project which constitutes a replacement, extension or major alteration of a damaged or destroyed facility, no grant may be paid if a local or regional board of education has failed to insure its facilities and capital equipment in accordance with the provisions of section 10-220. The amount of financial loss due to any damage or destruction to any such facility, as determined by ascertaining the replacement value of such damage or destruction, shall be deducted from project cost estimates prior to computation of the grant.

      (2) In the case of any grants computed under this section for a school building project authorized pursuant to section 10-283 after July 1, 1979, any federal funds or other state funds received for such school building project shall be deducted from project costs prior to computation of the grant.

      (3) The limitation on grants for new outdoor athletic facilities, tennis courts, natatorium, gymnasium and auditorium shall not apply to school building projects for which applications for review of preliminary plans and specifications on Form 2A were submitted prior to October 1, 1975, in the case of towns and prior to October 15, 1975, in the case of regional school districts.

      (4) Commencing with the school construction projects authorized by the General Assembly during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1985, and for all such projects so authorized thereafter, the calculation of grants pursuant to this section shall be made in accordance with the state standard space specifications in effect at the time of the final grant calculation, except that on and after July 1, 2005, in the case of a school district with an enrollment of less than one hundred fifty students in grades kindergarten to grade eight, inclusive, state standard space specifications shall not apply in the calculation of grants pursuant to this section and the Commissioner of Education may modify the standard space specifications for a project in such district.

      (c) In the computation of grants pursuant to this section for any school building project authorized by the General Assembly pursuant to section 10-283 (1) after January 1, 1993, any maximum square footage per pupil limit established pursuant to this chapter or any regulation adopted by the State Board of Education pursuant to this chapter shall be increased by twenty-five per cent for a building constructed prior to 1950; (2) after January 1, 2004, any maximum square footage per pupil limit established pursuant to this chapter or any regulation adopted by the State Board of Education pursuant to this chapter shall be increased by up to one per cent to accommodate a heating, ventilation or air conditioning system, if needed; (3) for the period from July 1, 2006, to June 30, 2009, inclusive, for projects with total authorized project costs greater than ten million dollars, if total construction change orders or other change directives otherwise eligible for grant assistance under this chapter exceed five per cent of the authorized total project cost, only fifty per cent of the amount of such change order or other change directives in excess of five per cent shall be eligible for grant assistance; and (4) after July 1, 2009, for projects with total authorized project costs greater than ten million dollars, if total construction change orders or other change directives otherwise eligible for grant assistance exceed five per cent of the total authorized project cost, such change order or other change directives in excess of five per cent shall be ineligible for grant assistance.

      (d) For any school building project receiving state grant assistance under this chapter, all change orders or other change directives issued for such project on or after July 1, 2008, shall be submitted, not later than six months after the date of such issuance, to the Commissioner of Education, in a manner prescribed by the commissioner. Only change orders or other change directives submitted to the commissioner in accordance with this subsection shall be eligible for state grant assistance.

      (November, 1949, 1953, S. 983d; 1957, P.A. 593, S. 5; March, 1958, P.A. 7, S. 1; 1959, P.A. 321, S. 3; February, 1965, P.A. 361, S. 12; 1967, P.A. 588, S. 2; 1969, P.A. 751, S. 8; P.A. 74-344, S. 2, 3; P.A. 75-298, S. 1, 2; P.A. 76-418, S. 5, 18; P.A. 78-218, S. 193; 78-352, S. 2; P.A. 79-322, S. 1, 2; P.A. 84-3, S. 1, 3; 84-460, S. 9, 16; P.A. 85-358, S. 20, 21; 85-476, S. 5, 6; 85-599, S. 3, 6; P.A. 86-245, S. 1, 2; P.A. 87-305, S. 1, 3; 87-419, S. 2, 3; 87-499, S. 22, 34; P.A. 88-360, S. 31, 63; P.A. 89-355, S. 2, 20; P.A. 91-303, S. 20, 22; P.A. 93-190, S. 1, 2; P.A. 96-244, S. 28, 29, 63; 96-270, S. 6, 7, 11; P.A. 97-265, S. 78, 98; P.A. 00-220, S. 33, 43; P.A. 01-173, S. 27, 67; P.A. 03-76, S. 28; 03-220, S. 5, 8; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-6, S. 21; P.A. 06-158, S. 8; P.A. 08-152, S. 14; 08-169, S. 2; 08-170, S. 31; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-6, S. 3.)

      History: 1959 act added Subdiv. (g); 1965 act increased dollar amounts in Subdiv. (a) from $500 to $700, in Subdiv. (b) from $700 to $1,100, in Subdiv. (c) from $500 to $700 for elementary pupils and from $700 to $1,100 for secondary pupils and increased percentage in Subdiv. (f) from 15% to 25%; 1967 act increased amounts in Subdiv. (a) to $900 plus $200 per pupil station provided by specialized facilities, in Subdiv. (b) to $1,400, in Subdiv. (c) to $900 for each elementary pupil plus $200 for each elementary pupil station provided by specialized facilities and to $1,400 for each secondary pupil, in Subdiv. (d) from one-third to one-half the cost, replaced former Subdiv. (e) re extensions (now included in Subdiv. (d) with allowance for 70% of cost of building project in secondary school regional district, re placed former Subdiv. (f) re 25% increase in all grants to regional districts with allowance for 80% of cost in building project for regional school district with grades K-12, added exception in Subdiv. (g), and added Subdiv. (h) re occupational training centers; 1969 act included in Subdiv. (d) projects involving site improvements or purchase of existing building and added Subdiv. (i) re administrative and service facilities; P.A. 74-344 made Subdiv. (a) applicable to any new school plant and rewrote provisions, deleted Subdivs. (b) to (d), relettering remaining subdivs. accordingly and added new Subdiv. (h) re leases involving former private schools; P.A. 75-298 substituted "fifty per cent" for "one-half" and "gross" for "average" in Subdiv. (a) and changed applicable dates and changed computation method in Subdivs. (c) and (d); P.A. 76-418 added provisions re athletic facilities, tennis courts, natatoria, etc. in Subdiv. (e) and provisions re deduction of appraised value of damaged and destroyed facilities and re applicability of limitations on construction of athletic facilities, etc.; P.A. 78-218 deleted Subsec. (f) re occupational training centers; P.A. 78-352 changed percentages in Subdivs. (a) and (b) to "not less than forty nor more eighty per cent", in Subdivs. (c) and (d) to "the percentage as determined in Subsec. (b) of Sec. 10-285a, plus an additional five per cent, but in no case in excess of eighty-five per cent" except with regard to athletic facilities, etc. which all became eligible for grants of "one-half of the eligible percentage for subsections [sic.] (a) to (d), inclusive"; P.A. 79-322 included in Subdiv. (a) extensions or major alterations of existing buildings and allowed deduction of federal funds received from project cost estimates; P.A. 84-3 clarified that the number of pupils to be counted when computing the grant was to be the number of pupils representing the highest projected enrollment during the 5-year period from the date a school board files a notification of a proposed school building project rather than the number of pupils the plant was designed to accommodate, but provided that the reimbursement for any project on which construction or payments had been started or final grant calculation had been made after June 30, 1975, but prior to July 31, 1983, was to be based on data representing the number of pupils the plant was designed to accommodate; P.A. 84-460 divided section into Subsecs. replacing existing alphabetic Subdiv. indicators with numeric indicators; changed the time period for calculating the highest projected enrollment from 5 to 8 years, in renumbered Subsec. (a)(5) and (6) added provision re regional special education facility and provision re eligible percentage, added new Subsec. (a)(7) and (8) re grant calculation for total or partial replacement of a roof and re grant calculation for projects to correct code violations and (a)(10) re grant calculation for a regional educational service center; in Subsec. (b), inserted Subdiv. indicators and added provision in Subdiv. (1) re nonpayment of grant for failure to insure facilities and capital equipment; P.A. 85-358 added Subsec. (b)(4) re school construction projects authorized during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1985, and thereafter; P.A. 85-476, in conjunction with P.A. 85-599, deleted Subsec. (a)(10) re calculation of percentage for regional educational service centers; P.A. 85-599 also amended Subsec. (a)(6) to add provision re regional educational service center administrative or service facilities, specified applicability of Subdiv. (8) to FY 1983-1984 and thereafter and deleted provision in Subdiv. (9) which limited its applicability to projects involving lease of existing building which had been used as a private school; P.A. 86-245 added Subpara. designations in Subsec. (a)(1) and the reimbursement formula for projects for which estimated grant payments were begun prior to July 31, 1983; P.A. 87-305 in Subsec. (a)(7) reduced, from 25 to 20 years, the age of a roof for which a grant is available without a finding of improper design or construction, provided for the total replacement of a portion of such a roof and for a grant for a roof which has existed for fewer than 20 years when the town recovers less than the eligible cost and made technical changes; P.A. 87-419 replaced provisions re lease of existing buildings by towns or regional school districts based on appraised value in Subsec. (a)(9) with provisions re lease of facilities by regional educational service centers; P.A. 87-499 amended Subsec. (a)(6) to substitute "commissioner" for "state board" and "eligible project cost" for "net eligible project cost"; P.A. 88-360 in Subsec. (a) substituted "commissioner" for "state board" of education and in Subdiv. (5) provided an alternate calculation for projects solely for the purchase of equipment for a regional vocational agriculture center; P.A. 89-355 in Subsec. (a) substituted the "eligible percentage" for "not less than forty nor more than eighty per cent" and made technical changes; P.A. 91-303 in Subsec. (a)(9) changed requirements for applications filed on and after July 1, 1991, added provisions concerning the local fire marshal, eligible costs, payment schedule and underpayments and overpayments and removed requirement for inspection by the department of education; P.A. 93-190 added Subsec. (c) re computation of grants for projects authorized after January 1, 1993, for buildings constructed prior to 1950, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 96-244 amended Subsec. (a) to remove Subdivs. (3) and (4) containing provisions dealing with regional school districts which are covered by Sec. 10-285a, renumbering remaining Subdivs. as necessary, to make technical changes, and in Subdiv. (4) to apply to purchase of equipment and amended Subsec. (b)(2) to add "state funds" and to substitute "costs" for "cost estimates", effective July 1, 1996; P.A. 96-270 added Subsec. (a)(10), codified as Subdiv. (9) due to other amendments to this section, re renovation projects for which an application is made on or after July 1, 1995, and amended Subsec. (a)(2) to add provision concerning exemption from space specifications and eligibility for reimbursement of otherwise ineligible repairs and replacements for projects for which an application is made on or after July 1, 1995, effective July 1, 1996; P.A. 97-265 deleted Subsec. (a)(8) re leasing of facility by a regional educational service center and redesignated former Subdiv. (9) as Subdiv. (8), effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 00-220 amended Subsec. (a)(6) to make existing provision re improper design or improper construction Subpara. (A) and to add Subpara. (B) re treatment of certain roofs at least 15 years old but less than 20 years old, effective July 1, 2000; P.A. 01-173 amended Subsec. (c) to add exception for applications to the department by June 30, 2002, for use of increased percentage for a building constructed prior to July 1, 1951, effective July 1, 2001; P.A. 03-76 made technical changes in Subsec. (a)(1), effective June 3, 2003; P.A. 03-220 added Subsec. (a)(9) re remediation of certified school indoor air quality emergencies and added Subsec. (d) re square footage per pupil increase for accommodation of heating, ventilation or air conditioning system, effective July 1, 2003; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-6 amended Subsec. (b)(4) by adding exception to state standard space specifications for districts enrolling fewer than 150 students in grades kindergarten to eight, effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 06-158 added Subsec. (a)(10) re turn-key purchases, amended Subsec. (c) by designating existing language re buildings constructed prior to 1950 as Subdiv. (1) and by removing exception for buildings constructed prior to July 1, 1951, redesignated existing Subsec. (d) as Subsec. (c)(2), making a conforming change therein, and added Subsec. (c)(3) re change orders, effective July 1, 2006; P.A. 08-152 and 08-170 amended Subsec. (a)(4) to change "vocational agriculture" to "agricultural science and technology education", effective July 1, 2008; P.A. 08-169 added Subsec. (d) re change orders or other change directives, effective July 1, 2008; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-6 amended Subsec. (c) to add Subdiv. (4) re change orders or other change directives after July 1, 2009, and make conforming changes, effective October 5, 2009.

      See Sec. 10-42 re computation of expenses of temporary regional school study committee.

      See Sec. 10-285a re grants for school building projects.


      Violates Article I, Sec. 20 and Article VIII, Sec. 1 of Connecticut Constitution. 31 CS 377.

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      Sec. 10-286a. Grants for occupational training facilities. Section 10-286a is repealed.

      (February, 1965, P.A. 361, S. 8; 1967, P.A. 588, S. 6; P.A. 82-22, S. 3, 4.)

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      Sec. 10-286b. Adjustment of grants approved prior to July 1, 1967. Formula for regional school districts. Section 10-286b is repealed, effective July 1, 1996.

      (1967, P.A. 588, S. 3; 1969, P.A. 617, S. 1; P.A. 78-218, S. 194; P.A. 96-244, S. 62, 63.)

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      Sec. 10-286c. Establishment of criteria for building grants. Section 10-286c is repealed.

      (1967, P.A. 588, S. 5; 1969, P.A. 698, S. 27.)

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      Sec. 10-286d. Site-acquisition grant. (a) Any grant for a completed school building project approved by the Commissioner of Education under the provisions of sections 10-282 and 10-286 shall include an amount equal to the percentage determined in section 10-285a of the site-acquisition costs related to such project which are determined to be eligible by the Commissioner of Education, provided the site of such project was approved by the Commissioner of Education and by the local board of education in such school district prior to the date of beginning of construction. Such site-acquisition grant shall be in addition to the amount granted pursuant to section 10-286. In the case of new school building projects the date of site acquisition shall have no bearing on approval of a site-acquisition grant.

      (b) For purposes of determining the amount of grants pursuant to subsection (a) of this section for a priority school district under section 10-266p, the Department of Education shall allow the reasonable cost, as determined by the commissioner, of acquiring property adjacent to an existing school site as an eligible cost if the acreage of the existing school site is less than half of the number of the acres permitted under regulations adopted by the State Board of Education pursuant to this chapter.

      (c) For projects authorized, and sites selected for school use, on and after July 1, 2007, remediation costs of the site and site improvements eligible for grant assistance under this chapter shall not exceed twenty-five per cent of the appraised value of the site with improvements unless the purchase price is such that the sum of the purchase price plus remediation costs of the site and site improvements does not exceed one hundred twenty-five per cent of the appraised value of the site and improvements.

      (1967, P.A. 588, S. 4; P.A. 76-418, S. 6, 18; P.A. 78-352, S. 3; P.A. 82-22, S. 2, 4; P.A. 84-460, S. 10, 16; P.A. 87-499, S. 24, 34; P.A. 88-360, S. 32, 63; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-5, S. 37, 49; P.A. 99-239, S. 18, 32; P.A. 07-249, S. 4.)

      History: P.A. 76-418 required approval of state board of education as well as of local board of education for sites; P.A. 78-352 deleted reference to projects approved "after July 1, 1967", making provisions generally applicable and allowed payment of site acquisition costs in amount equal to "percentage determined in section 10-285a" rather than one-half of cost; P.A. 82-22 removed reference to Sec. 10-286a, repealed by the same act; P.A. 84-460 deleted reference to Sec. 10-286c and substituted "eligible" for "necessary" re costs related to the project; P.A. 87-499 provided that the project site be approved by the commissioner rather than the state board of education; P.A. 88-360 substituted "commissioner" for "state board" of education; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-5 removed language which limited the site acquisition grant to additions to the site which are required by the project in the case of the extension of an existing school building or major alteration; P.A. 99-239 designated the existing section as Subsec. (a) and added Subsec. (b) re acquisition of property adjacent to an existing school site in a priority school district, effective June 28, 1999; P.A. 07-249 added Subsec. (c) re remediation costs and site improvements for projects authorized on and after July 1, 2007, effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-286e. Audits. (a) If the Department of Education does not complete an audit of a school building project during the five-year period from the date the school district files a notice of project completion with the department, the department shall conduct a limited scope audit of such project. The limited scope audit shall review (1) the total amount of expenditures reported, (2) any off-site improvements, (3) adherence to authorized space specifications, (4) interest costs on temporary notes and bonds, and (5) any other matter the Commissioner of Education deems appropriate.

      (b) The department shall not make any adjustment to a school construction grant based on the result of an audit finding that a change order was not publicly bid.

      (P.A. 00-220, S. 22, 43.)

      History: P.A. 00-220 effective July 1, 2000.

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      Sec. 10-286f. Professional or consulting fees. No increase due to increased prices for construction materials. Any professional or consulting fee that is calculated as a proportion of total project costs for any school building project for which state assistance is provided in accordance with the provisions of this chapter shall not be increased as a result of increased prices for construction materials.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-6, S. 19.)

      History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-6 effective July 1, 2005.

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      Sec. 10-287. Installment payments of school building project grants. Construction contracts subject to bid. Withholding of state grant payments; conditions. Submission of final grant application. (a) A grant for a school building project under this chapter to meet project costs not eligible for state financial assistance under section 10-287a shall be paid in installments, the number and time of payment of which shall correspond to the number and time of principal installment payments on municipal bonds, including principal payments to retire temporary notes renewed for the third and subsequent years pursuant to section 7-378a or 7-378e, issued for the purpose of financing such costs and shall be equal to the state's share of project costs per principal installment on municipal bonds or notes, except in cases where the project has been fully paid for, in which case the number of installments shall be five or, in the case of a regional agricultural science and technology education center or a cooperative regional special educational facility, shall be one; provided final payment shall not be made prior to an audit conducted by the State Board of Education for each project for which a final calculation was not made prior to July 31, 1983. Grants under twenty-five thousand dollars shall be paid in one lump sum. The Commissioner of Education shall certify to the State Comptroller, upon completion of the issuance of bonds or such renewal of temporary notes to finance each school building project, the dates and amounts of grant payments to be made pursuant to this chapter and the State Comptroller shall draw an order on the State Treasurer upon such certification to pay the amounts so certified when due. All site acquisition and project cost grant payments shall be made at least ten days prior to the principal payment on bonds or temporary notes related thereto or short-term financing issued to finance such site acquisition or project. Annual grant installments paid pursuant to this section on principal installment payments to retire temporary notes renewed pursuant to section 7-378a or 7-378e shall be based each year on the amount required to be retired pursuant to said sections, as adjusted for any ineligible project costs, and shall be paid only if at the time such temporary notes are renewed the rate of interest applicable to such notes is less than the rate of interest that would be applicable with respect to twenty-year bonds if issued at the time of such renewal. The determination related to such rates of interest pursuant to this subsection may be reviewed and shall be subject to approval by the Commissioner of Education prior to renewal of such notes. In the event that a school building project is not completed at the time bonds or temporary notes related thereto are issued to finance the project, the certification of the grant payments made pursuant to this section by the Commissioner of Education may be based on estimates, provided upon completion of such project and notification of final acceptance to the state, the Commissioner of Education shall adjust and recertify the dates and amounts of subsequent grant payments based on the state's share of final eligible costs.

      (b) (1) All orders and contracts for school building construction receiving state assistance under this chapter, except as provided in subdivision (2) of this subsection, shall be awarded to the lowest responsible qualified bidder only after a public invitation to bid, which shall be advertised in a newspaper having circulation in the town in which construction is to take place, except for (A) school building projects for which the town or regional school district is using a state contract pursuant to subsection (d) of section 10-292, and (B) change orders, those contracts or orders costing less than ten thousand dollars and those of an emergency nature, as determined by the Commissioner of Education, in which cases the contractor or vendor may be selected by negotiation, provided no local fiscal regulations, ordinances or charter provisions conflict.

      (2) All orders and contracts for architectural or construction management services shall be awarded from a pool of not more than the four most responsible qualified proposers after a public selection process. Such process shall, at a minimum, involve requests for qualifications, followed by requests for proposals, including fees, from the proposers meeting the qualifications criteria of the request for qualifications process. Public advertisements shall be required in a newspaper having circulation in the town in which construction is to take place, except for school building projects for which the town or regional school district is using a state contract pursuant to subsection (d) of section 10-292. Following the qualification process, the awarding authority shall evaluate the proposals to determine the four most responsible qualified proposers using those criteria previously listed in the requests for qualifications and requests for proposals for selecting architectural or construction management services specific to the project or school district. Such evaluation criteria shall include due consideration of the proposer's pricing for the project, experience with work of similar size and scope as required for the order or contract, organizational and team structure for the order or contract, past performance data, including, but not limited to, adherence to project schedules and project budgets and the number of change orders for projects, the approach to the work required for the contract and documented contract oversight capabilities, and may include criteria specific to the project. Final selection by the awarding authority is limited to the pool of the four most responsible qualified proposers and shall include consideration of all criteria included within the request for proposals. As used in this subdivision, "most responsible qualified proposer" means the proposer who is qualified by the awarding authority when considering price and the factors necessary for faithful performance of the work based on the criteria and scope of work included in the request for proposals.

      (c) If the commissioner determines that a building project has not met the approved conditions of the original application, the State Board of Education may withhold subsequent state grant payments for said project until appropriate action, as determined by the commissioner, is taken to cause the building project to be in compliance with the approved conditions or may require repayment of all state grant payments for said project when such appropriate action is not undertaken within a reasonable time.

      (d) Each town or regional school district shall submit a final grant application to the Department of Education within one year from the date of completion and acceptance of the building project by the town or regional school district. If a town or regional school district fails to submit a final grant application within said period of time, the commissioner may withhold ten per cent of the state reimbursement for such project.

      (November, 1949, 1951, 1953, S. 985d; 1957, P.A. 593, S. 6; 1959, P.A. 321, S. 4; 1963, P.A. 317; February, 1965, P.A. 361, S. 13; 1969, P.A. 751, S. 1; 1971, P.A. 695, S. 1; P.A. 73-215, S. 1, 2; P.A. 76-418, S. 7, 18; P.A. 82-253, S. 1, 4; P.A. 84-460, S. 11, 16; P.A. 88-360, S. 33, 34, 63; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-5, S. 38, 49; P.A. 94-245, S. 7, 46; P.A. 95-259, S. 20, 32; P.A. 97-265, S. 79, 98; P.A. 98-249, S. 65, 67; P.A. 03-76, S. 29; P.A. 07-249, S. 25; P.A. 08-152, S. 15; 08-169, S. 17; 08-170, S. 32.)

      History: 1959 act added provision re regional vocational agriculture center; 1963 act provided grants under $10,000 be paid in lump sum rather than 5 annual installments; 1965 act changed number of installments from 20 to the same number as for municipal bonds issued for project's construction; 1969 act specified that provisions apply to grants "for projects not receiving state financial assistance under section 10-287b;" 1971 act changed applicability of provisions to grants "not eligible for state financial assistance under section 10-287a"; P.A. 73-215 provided exception to requirement for bids for contracts of less than $10,000 and those of an emergency nature; P.A. 76-418 clarified exceptions to provision making installments equal in number to installments on municipal bonds by excepting cases where number of installments on municipal bonds is less than 5 and by including cases involving cooperative regional special education facilities in provision re vocational agriculture centers and changed amount of grants to be paid in lump sum from $10,000 to $25,000; P.A. 82-253 added provisions concerning the number of grant installment payments so that the total would be equal to the number of installment payments on the municipal bonds, as previously provided, however the amendment in this act included in such payments on municipal bonds, payments to retire temporary notes under certain conditions, effective July 1, 1982, and applicable to installment payments made on or after that date to retire temporary notes renewed for the third and subsequent years pursuant to Sec. 7-378a or 7-378e; P.A. 84-460 amended Subsec. (a) re payment of the state's share of project costs per installment on municipal bonds or notes, added provision re final payment conditioned on audit of any project for which a final calculation was not made prior to July 31, 1983, added new Subsec. (c) re withholding of state grant payments and added new Subsec. (d) re submission of a final grant application; P.A. 88-360 in Subsec. (a) deleted designations for Subdivs. (1) and (2) and added that the determination related to such rates of interest "may be reviewed" by the commissioner of education and in Subsec. (b) substituted "commissioner" for "state board" of education; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-5 amended Subsec. (a) to remove an exception which provided for five installments in cases where the number of installment payments on municipal bonds is less than 5; P.A. 94-245 amended Subsec. (d) to remove forfeiture provision for failure to submit a final grant application within the required time frame and to substitute provision permitting the commissioner to withhold 10% of the state reimbursement for such project, effective June 2, 1994; P.A. 95-259 amended Subsec. (b) to add the exception for change orders, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 97-265 amended Subsec. (a) to specify that installments are for principal, to provide for certification to the State Comptroller of the dates and amounts of grant payments, to require payments to be made at least ten days prior to the principal payment on bonds or other financing, to allow for certification to be based on estimates if the project is not completed at the time bonds or temporary notes are issued to finance the project and to require adjustment and recertification based on the state's share of final eligible costs, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 98-249 amended Subsec. (b) to add provision re use of a state contract, effective June 8, 1998; P.A. 03-76 made a technical change in Subsec. (d), effective June 3, 2003; P.A. 07-249 amended Subsec. (b) to include orders and contracts for architectural or construction management services, effective July 1, 2007; P.A. 08-152 and 08-170 amended Subsec. (a) to change "vocational agriculture" to "agricultural science and technology education", effective July 1, 2008; P.A. 08-169 amended Subsec. (b) to redesignate existing provisions as Subdiv. (1) and redesignate Subdivs. (1) and (2) therein as Subparas. (A) and (B), to add exception re Subdiv. (2) and delete language re architectural or construction management services from provisions re lowest responsible qualified bidder in Subdiv. (1), and to add Subdiv. (2) re most responsible qualified proposers for architectural and construction management services, effective July 1, 2008.

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      Sec. 10-287a. Lump sum payments. Advance payment of grants. Overpayment. A grant under this chapter to meet project costs not permanently financed prior to July 1, 1969, shall be payable in one lump sum forthwith after the completion of such projects and a determination by the Commissioner of Education of the amount of such grant, but only if the application for review of preliminary plans and specifications on Form 2A for such project was submitted prior to October 1, 1975, in the case of towns and prior to October 15, 1975, in the case of regional school districts. The Commissioner of Education is authorized on behalf of the state, subject to the approval of the State Bond Commission, to make a commitment for such grant at any time prior to the completion of such project and to make advances thereon at such times and in such amounts as it shall deem advisable, provided the aggregate of such advances shall at no time exceed the estimated amount of such grant as determined by the Commissioner of Education. If the aggregate of such advances exceeds the amount of such grant as finally determined by the Commissioner of Education, the town or regional school district receiving such advances shall promptly repay to the state the amount of such overpayment.

      (1969, P.A. 751, S. 2; 1971, P.A. 695, S. 2; P.A. 76-418, S. 8, 18; P.A. 88-360, S. 35, 63.)

      History: 1971 act made provisions applicable to grants "to meet the project costs not permanently financed prior to July 1, 1969," rather than to grants "for project receiving state financial assistance under section 10-287b" as previously and simplified language; P.A. 76-418 qualified provision requiring payment in lump sum, limiting its applicability to cases in which preliminary plans and specifications were submitted as set forth in section; P.A. 88-360 substituted "commissioner" for "state board" of education.

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      Sec. 10-287b. Loans for school building projects. Terms of bonds and notes evidencing such loans. Section 10-287b is repealed.

      (1969, P.A. 751, S. 3; 1971, P.A. 695, S. 9.)

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      Sec. 10-287c. Regulations. The State Board of Education is authorized to prescribe such rules and regulations as may be necessary to implement the provisions of this chapter, provided any rules or regulations to implement the provisions of sections 10-283, 10-287, 10-287a, 10-292d and subsection (d) of section 10-292m shall be prescribed in consultation with the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management. Whenever the Commissioner of Education has made a commitment for a grant prior to the completion of a project as provided in section 10-287a, and said commissioner has made advances thereon as provided in said section, any such rules or regulations prescribed in accordance with this section which were in effect at the time of such commitment and advances shall be applicable to any additional commitment and subsequent advances with respect to said project.

      (1969, P.A. 751, S. 4; 1971, P.A. 695, S. 3; P.A. 76-351, S. 1, 2; P.A. 77-614, S. 19, 610; P.A. 84-460, S. 12, 16; P.A. 88-360, S. 36, 63; P.A. 97-265, S. 80, 98.)

      History: 1971 act required consultation with commissioner of finance and control re rules and regulations and substituted reference to Sec. 10-287g for reference to repealed Sec. 10-287b; P.A. 76-351 added provision re applicability of rules and regulations in effect at time of commitment in cases involving advance payments and subsequent additional commitments; P.A. 77-614 substituted secretary of the office of policy and management for commissioner of finance and control; P.A. 84-460 added provisions re adoption of regulations and required that regulations to implement the provisions of Secs. 10-287, 10-287a and 10-287g be prescribed in consultation with the secretary of the office of policy and management; P.A. 88-360 substituted "commissioner" for "state board" of education; P.A. 97-265 added provision for regulations to implement Secs. 10-283, 10-292d and 10-292m(b) and deleted provision concerning regulations for Sec. 10-287g, effective July 1, 1997.

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      Sec. 10-287d. Bond issue for school building project grants. For the purposes of funding (1) grants to projects that have received approval of the State Board of Education pursuant to sections 10-287 and 10-287a, subsection (a) of section 10-65 and section 10-76e, (2) grants to assist school building projects to remedy safety and health violations and damage from fire and catastrophe, and (3) regional vocational-technical school projects pursuant to section 10-283b, the State Treasurer is authorized and directed, subject to and in accordance with the provisions of section 3-20, to issue bonds of the state from time to time in one or more series in an aggregate amount not exceeding eight billion thirty-eight million nine hundred sixty thousand dollars, provided six hundred thirty million four hundred thousand dollars of said authorization shall be effective July 1, 2010. Bonds of each series shall bear such date or dates and mature at such time or times not exceeding thirty years from their respective dates and be subject to such redemption privileges, with or without premium, as may be fixed by the State Bond Commission. They shall be sold at not less than par and accrued interest and the full faith and credit of the state is pledged for the payment of the interest thereon and the principal thereof as the same shall become due, and accordingly and as part of the contract of the state with the holders of said bonds, appropriation of all amounts necessary for punctual payment of such principal and interest is hereby made, and the State Treasurer shall pay such principal and interest as the same become due. The State Treasurer is authorized to invest temporarily in direct obligations of the United States, United States agency obligations, certificates of deposit, commercial paper or bank acceptances such portion of the proceeds of such bonds or of any notes issued in anticipation thereof as may be deemed available for such purpose.

      (1969, P.A. 751, S. 5; 1971, P.A. 25, S. 1; 695, S. 4; June, 1971, P.A. 4, S. 4; 1972, P.A. 225, S. 3; P.A. 73-286, S. 4, 5; P.A. 76-418, S. 17, 18; P.A. 79-591, S. 1, 2; P.A. 80-317, S. 2, 3; S.A. 80-41, S. 61, 68; P.A. 84-443, S. 9, 20; P.A. 87-405, S. 14, 26; P.A. 88-343, S. 8, 32; P.A. 89-1, S. 1, 2; 89-331, S. 11, 30; P.A. 90-297, S. 5, 24; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-4, S. 11, 25; May Sp. Sess. 92-7, S. 10, 36; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 93-1, S. 10, 45; P.A. 95-272, S. 8, 29; P.A. 97-265, S. 81, 98; P.A. 98-259, S. 7, 17; P.A. 99-4, S. 1, 3; 99-241, S. 7, 66; 99-281, S. 3, 6; P.A. 00-167, S. 60, 69; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-7, S. 4, 28; May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-5, S. 9; Sept. 8 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-2, S. 20; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-1, S. 6; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-5, S. 5; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-7, S. 47; P.A. 08-169, S. 30; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3, S. 127; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-2, S. 3.)

      History: 1971 acts changed bond limit from $160,000,000 to $241,755,000, deleted reference to Sec. 10-287 and to repealed Sec. 10-287b and further increased limit to $316,755,000 in June session; 1972 act included references to Sec. 10-65(a) and to Sec. 10-76e and increased bond limit to $393,880,000; P.A. 73-286 increased limit to $413,880,000; P.A. 76-418 included in provisions authorization for grants to remedy safety and health violations and damage from fire and catastrophe, required appropriation of amounts necessary to make punctual payments in contracts between state and bondholders and increased limit to $504,000,000; P.A. 79-591 increased limit to $509,000,000; P.A. 80-317 specified authorization for grants for projects whose final plans and specifications were approved before January 1, 1980, pursuant to sections enumerated; S.A. 80-41 increased limit to $514,000,000; P.A. 84-443 decreased authorization limit to $511,000,000; P.A. 87-405 decreased the bond authorization to $510,000,000; P.A. 88-343 removed the January 1, 1980 ending date and increased the bond authorization to $548,000,000; P.A. 89-1 authorized the state treasurer to issue bonds for the purposes of grants for projects approved pursuant to Sec. 10-287; P.A. 89-331 increased the bond authorization to $586,000,000; P.A. 90-297 increased the bond authorization from to $659,000,000; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-4 increased the bond authorization to $807,000,000; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-7 increased the bond authorization to $919,000,000; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 93-1 increased bond authorization to $1,186,100,000, effective July 1, 1993, provided $138,000,000 of said authorization shall be effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 95-272 increased authorization amount to $1,446,100,000, effective July 1, 1995, provided $130,000,000 shall be effective July 1, 1996; P.A. 97-265 increased the cap for bonding and the amount of authorization that shall be effective July 1, 1998, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 98-259, effective July 1, 1998, increased authorization from $1,699,560,000 to $1,749,560,000 provided $184,810,000 of said authorization is effective July 1, 1998; P.A. 99-4 increased authorization to $1,801,560,000, effective April 9, 1999; P.A. 99-241 increased authorization from to $2,511,360,000, effective July 1, 1999, provided $339,000,000 is effective July 1, 2000; P.A. 99-281 designated existing provisions as Subdivs. (1) and (2) and added Subdiv. (3) re regional vocational-technical school projects, effective July 1, 1999; P.A. 00-167 increased the aggregate bond authorization from $2,511,360,000 to $2,565,360,000, effective July 1, 2000, of which $393,000,000 is effective July 1, 2000; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-7 increased authorization $3,158,360,000 provided $450,000,000 is effective July 1, 2002, effective July 1, 2001; May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-5 decreased the aggregate bond authorization to $3,108,360,000, effective July 1, 2002, of which $20,000,000 is effective July 1, 2003; Sept. 8 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-2 increased the aggregate bond authorization from to $3,546,360,000, effective September 10, 2003, of which $458,000,000 is effective July 1, 2003; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-1 increased the aggregate authorization to $4,171,860,000 and provided that $625,500,000 of said authorization is effective July 1, 2004, effective July 1, 2004; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-5 increased the aggregate authorization to $5,401,860,000, of which $650,000,000 is effective July 1, 2006, effective July 1, 2005; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-7 increased aggregate authorization from $5,401,860,000 to $6,711,860,000, of which $603,000,000 is effective July 1, 2008, effective November 2, 2007; P.A. 08-169 increased aggregate authorization from $6,711,860,000 to $6,731,860,000, of which $623,000,000 is effective July 1, 2008, effective July 1, 2008; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3 increased aggregate authorization from $6,731,860,000 to $6,920,210,000 and deleted provision re $623,000,000 of authorization to be effective July 1, 2008, effective September 9, 2009; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-2 increased aggregate authorization from $6,920,210,000 to $8,038,960,000, of which $630,400,000 is effective July 1, 2010, effective September 25, 2009.

      See Sec. 10-290f re development of series of standard school construction contracts.

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      Sec. 10-287e. School Building Construction Fund. All moneys received by the state in payment of the principal of and the interest on bonds purchased and held by the state under the provisions of section 10-287b of the 1969 supplement to the general statutes, together with all net earnings on the temporary investment thereof, shall comprise a fund to be designated "School Building Construction Fund" and the moneys in said fund shall be used to pay the principal of and the interest on bonds issued by the State Treasurer under sections 10-287d and 10-292k, and of notes, to the extent not paid by renewal notes, issued in anticipation of the receipt of the proceeds of such bonds.

      (1969, P.A. 751, S. 6; 1971, P.A. 695, S. 5; P.A. 97-265, S. 82, 98.)

      History: 1971 act substituted "bonds purchased and held by the state under the provisions of section 10-287b ..." for "bonds issued by a town, consolidated town and city or regional school district" under the provisions of said section; P.A. 97-265 added reference to Sec. 10-292k, effective July 1, 1997.

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      Sec. 10-287f. Renewal of temporary notes outstanding. Any town or regional school district which has temporary notes outstanding in anticipation of the receipt of the proceeds from the sale of bonds authorized for construction of school building projects eligible for a grant under section 10-287a may renew such notes from time to time without regard to the provisions of sections 7-378 and 10-56 and any other sections of the general statutes, public act or special act or charter which limit the time for renewing temporary notes issued in anticipation of the receipt of the proceeds of bond issues, provided that (i) no such notes may be renewed to mature more than six months after the final grant payment under section 10-287a or July 1, 1971, whichever is later and (ii) all grant payments received by the town or district shall be applied promptly toward project costs or toward repayment of such temporary notes as the same shall become due and payable.

      (June, 1969, P.A. 1, S. 65; 1971, P.A. 695, S. 6.)

      History: 1971 act substituted "a grant under section 10-287a" for "state financial assistance under sections 10-287a and 10-287b", deleted reference to provisions of Sec. 7-264 but included reference to Sec. 10-56 as not limiting note renewal and added proviso in Subdivs. (i) and (ii).

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      Secs. 10-287g and 10-287h. Interest subsidy on bonds issued after July 1, 1971. Site acquisition, dates and amounts of project cost and interest grant payments. Sections 10-287g and 10-287h are repealed, effective July 1, 1997.

      (1971, P.A. 695, S. 8; P.A. 76-418, S. 9, 10, 18; P.A. 78-218, S. 195, 196; 78-316, S. 2, 4; P.A. 82-253, S. 2, 4; P.A. 88-360, S. 37, 38, 63; 88-364, S. 117, 123; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-11, S. 64, 65.)

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      Sec. 10-287i. Progress payments of state share of eligible project costs. A grant under this chapter for any school building project authorized by the General Assembly on or after July 1, 1996, or for any project for which application is made pursuant to subsection (b) of section 10-283, on or after July 1, 1997, shall be paid as follows: Applicants shall request progress payments for the state share of eligible project costs calculated pursuant to sections 10-65, 10-76e and 10-286, at such time and in such manner as the Commissioner of Education shall prescribe provided no payments shall commence until the applicant has filed a notice of authorization of funding for the local share of project costs, and provided further no payments other than those for architectural planning and site acquisition shall be made prior to approval of the final architectural plans pursuant to section 10-292. The Department of Education shall withhold five per cent of a grant pending completion of an audit pursuant to section 10-287 provided, if the department is unable to complete the required audit within six months of the date a request for final payment is filed, the applicant may have an independent audit performed and include the cost of such audit in the eligible project costs.

      (June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-11, S. 45, 65.)

      History: June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-11 effective July 1, 1997.

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      Sec. 10-287j. Bond issue for funding interest subsidy grants. Notwithstanding the purposes set forth in section 10-287d, the State Treasurer is hereby authorized and directed, subject to and in accordance with the provisions of section 3-20, to issue bonds of the state, which have been previously authorized by the State Bond Commission pursuant to the provisions of said section 10-287d, in an aggregate principal amount of eighteen million nine hundred eighty-five thousand dollars for the purpose of funding interest subsidy grants, as such term is defined in section 10-292c. Such bonds shall be issued on or before July 1, 1999, and may be issued in one or more series. Bonds of each series shall bear such date or dates and mature at such time or times not exceeding thirty years from their respective dates and be subject to such redemption privileges, with or without premium, as may be fixed by the State Bond Commission. They shall be sold at not less than par and accrued interest and the full faith and credit of the state is pledged for the payment of the interest thereon and the principal thereof as the same shall become due, and accordingly and as part of the contract of the state with the holders of said bonds, appropriation of all amounts necessary for punctual payment of such principal and interest is hereby made, and the State Treasurer shall pay such principal and interest as the same become due. The State Treasurer is authorized to invest temporarily in direct obligations of the United States, United States agency obligations, certificates of deposit, commercial paper or bank acceptances, such portion of the proceeds of such bonds or of any notes issued in anticipation thereof as may be deemed available for such purpose.

      (P.A. 98-259, S. 6, 17.)

      History: P.A. 98-259 effective July 1, 1998.

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      Sec. 10-288. Grants and loans to towns unable to complete projects. Any town or regional school district having a school building project which it is unable to finance, after estimating any grant available to it under section 10-286, may, by vote of its legislative body or by vote of the regional board of education, direct the selectmen or the chairman of the board of education of such town or regional school district to apply to the State Board of Education for a hardship grant or loan for such purpose. The board shall, in determining the town's or district's ability to finance such a school building project, consider among other factors for such town or for the towns comprising such district the valuation of real property within such town or district as reflected in a grand list adjusted on the basis of true market value, tax-supported bonded indebtedness, the tax rate, expenditures for school building projects since July 1, 1945, school building needs as determined by the local board or boards of education for the present biennium and for such future period as the state board deems appropriate, and planned and urgently needed capital improvements which will affect the debt burden or tax rate of the town or towns. If the state board finds that (1) the town or district is financially unable to complete such project and (2) the standard of education in such town or district will deteriorate unless a hardship grant or loan is received for such project, the state board may, with the approval of a committee consisting of the Governor, the Attorney General, the Comptroller and the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, make a hardship grant or loan to such town or district in such amount and on such terms as it considers necessary and proper, and may in its discretion pay such grant or loan in one sum or in installments. In case of a hardship grant or loan to a regional school district, said state board may allocate the amount thereof which shall be credited to each town's proportionate share of the project or of the district's indebtedness and current expenditures as determined under the provisions of section 10-51.

      (November, 1949, 1953, S. 986d; 1957, P.A. 261; 593, S. 7; P.A. 73-527; P.A. 77-614, S. 19, 610.)

      History: P.A. 73-527 included references to hardship loans; P.A. 77-614 substituted secretary of the office of policy and management for commissioner of finance and control.

      Cited. 28 CS 207.

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      Sec. 10-288a. Replacement or relocation of secondary school associated with center. When the secondary school with which an approved agricultural science and technology education center has been associated is to be replaced or relocated within a town or regional school district, the Commissioner of Education may require the relocation of the equipment and program in a building approximately equal to that serving as a center for agricultural science and technology education. Such new facilities shall be included in or adjacent to the high school which is to serve the needs of the agricultural science and technology education pupils and shall conform to requirements of the Commissioner of Education with respect to location, design and construction. Said town or regional school district may receive a grant for the construction of such replaced or relocated agricultural science and technology education center as provided in subsection (e) of section 10-286 for a secondary regional school district or subsection (f) of section 10-286, whichever may be appropriate. Upon final approval by the Commissioner of Education of the replacement or relocation of such agricultural science and technology education center the town or regional school district may use the facilities which had previously served as such center for such purposes as it determines advisable.

      (1967, P.A. 638, S. 4; 1971, P.A. 365, S. 1; P.A. 88-360, S. 39, 63; P.A. 08-152, S. 16; 08-170, S. 33.)

      History: 1971 act based determination of grants for construction of replaced or relocated vocational agriculture centers on provisions in Sec. 10-286(e) or (f), whichever is appropriate, rather than on the cost of the center or $200,000, whichever is less, minus the grant received for construction of original center; P.A. 88-360 substituted "commissioner" for "state board" of education; P.A. 08-152 and 08-170 changed "vocational agriculture" to "agricultural science and technology education", effective July 1, 2008.

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      Sec. 10-289. Issuance of bonds for school building project. As used in this section, "school building project" means (1) the construction, purchase, extension, furnishing, equipping or major alteration of a building to be used for public school purposes, including the acquisition and improvement of land therefor, with the improvements thereon, if any, and (2) the construction, furnishing and equipping of any building which the towns of Norwich, Winchester and Woodstock may provide by lease or otherwise for use by the Norwich Free Academy, Gilbert School and Woodstock Academy, respectively, in furnishing education for public school pupils under the provisions of section 10-34. Any municipality upon approval by a vote of the members present at a regular or special meeting of its legislative body, shall have the power, without further authority from the General Assembly, to issue its bonds, or temporary notes related thereto, which shall be obligatory upon the inhabitants thereof, for the purpose of financing in whole or in part any school building project. School bonds, or temporary notes related thereto, authorized pursuant to this section or section 10-56, shall bear interest at such rate or rates as shall be determined in accordance with the provisions of resolutions authorizing such bonds or notes.

      (November, 1949, 1953, June, 1955, S. 988d; 1957, P.A. 13, S. 66; 593, S. 8; 1971, P.A. 695, S. 7; P.A. 74-114, S. 1, 2; P.A. 76-418, S. 11, 18; P.A. 78-218, S. 197; P.A. 82-253, S. 3, 4.)

      History: 1971 act included purchase of buildings in definition of "school building project" and included consolidated towns and cities and consolidated towns and boroughs in bonding authorization; P.A. 74-114 included in definition provisions re Norwich Free Academy, Gilbert School and Woodstock Academy; P.A. 76-418 added provision re interest on bonds; P.A. 78-218 substituted "municipality" for "town, consolidated town and city and consolidated town and borough"; P.A. 82-253 added references to temporary notes to be in conformance with provisions in Sec. 10-287 under which grant installment payments are related to payments on municipal bonds, including payments to retire temporary notes under certain conditions, effective July 1, 1982, and applicable to installment payments made on or after that date to retire temporary notes renewed for the third and subsequent years pursuant to Sec. 7-378a or 7-378e.

      Acquisition of a school building site is not subject to section 10-291 and is not within the definition of a school building project. 168 C. 135. Cited. 220 C. 556.

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      Sec. 10-289a. Short-term financing for school building projects. Notwithstanding any other provision of the general statutes, in the case of any school building project for which the total cost is less than one million dollars, the state shall not require permanent local financing prior to the payment of a grant for a school building project under this chapter. In any such case, the school district may pay off its debt on any such project over a period not to exceed four years if the school district promptly applies all project grant payments toward project costs or toward payment of temporary notes as the same become due and payable and provides for the payment of such notes in equal annual installments commencing no later than one year from the date of issue.

      (P.A. 85-589, S. 1, 3; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-5, S. 36, 49; P.A. 97-265, S. 83, 98.)

      History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-5 substituted $1,000,000 for $500,000 as limit on projects which do not require permanent local financing as condition of grant payment; P.A. 97-265 deleted provision for state payment of interest and made a technical change, effective July 1, 1997.

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      Secs. 10-289b and 10-289c. Reserved for future use.

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      Sec. 10-289d. Definitions. For purposes of this section and sections 10-289e to 10-289g, inclusive:

      (1) "Qualifying municipality" means a city, town or consolidated city and town which does not maintain a public high school and whose board of education has designated a private academy as the high school for such municipality for a period of not less than five years.

      (2) "Private academy" means an incorporated or endowed high school or academy which is approved by the State Board of Education for public high school purposes pursuant to section 10-34 and which has been or is eligible to apply for a school construction grant commitment from the state pursuant to this chapter.

      (3) "School building project" means a school building project as defined in subdivision (3) of section 10-282.

      (4) "Bonds or notes" means any bonds or notes or any temporary notes issued in anticipation of the receipt of the proceeds of such bonds or notes.

      (P.A. 87-461, S. 1, 7; 87-499, S. 27, 34; P.A. 90-256, S. 7, 9; P.A. 96-270, S. 8, 11.)

      History: P.A. 87-499 amended the definition of "private academy" in Subdiv. (2) to substitute "has been or is eligible to" for "may" apply for a grant commitment; P.A. 90-256 in Subdiv. (2) substituted "an incorporated or endowed high school or academy" for "private academy" in the definition of "private academy"; P.A. 96-270 made a technical change in Subdiv. (3), effective July 1, 1996.

      See Sec. 10-285b re grants to Woodstock Academy for school building projects.

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      Sec. 10-289e. Private academy project proposal, public hearing, referendum vote. Any private academy may propose to undertake a school building project to be financed by a loan of the proceeds of bonds or notes of a qualifying municipality and to have such bonds or notes guaranteed by one or more qualifying municipalities as provided in sections 10-289d to 10-289g, inclusive. Any such proposal shall describe generally the school building project, the maximum amount of the loan, the maximum amount of any bonds or notes to be issued, the name of the qualifying municipality which will issue such bonds or notes and the name of each qualifying municipality which will guarantee the payment of such bonds or notes. The private academy shall submit any such proposal to the board of selectmen of each qualifying municipality named in the proposal which has a board of selectmen or to the town council in each qualifying municipality named in the proposal which has a town council. The board of selectmen or town council to which such a proposal is submitted may, and upon the recommendation of the board of education of such qualifying municipality shall, hold a public hearing and a referendum vote on such proposal. The referendum shall be held no later than ninety days after the private academy submits such a proposal to a qualifying municipality. A copy of the proposal shall be filed in the office of the town clerk of each qualifying municipality named in the proposal and shall be made available for public inspection during the period beginning at least five days prior to the public hearing and ending on the day of such referendum. Notice of the public hearing shall be posted and published in a newspaper which has a substantial circulation in the qualifying municipality at least five days prior to such public hearing. Notice of the referendum and the question to be proposed shall be posted and published in a newspaper which has a substantial circulation in the qualifying municipality at least thirty days prior to such referendum. The referendum shall be held between the hours of six a.m. and eight p.m. The vote shall be taken and the results of the vote canvassed and declared in the same manner as is provided for an election of officers of a town, except that any person entitled to vote under section 7-6 may vote. If, in each qualifying municipality named in the proposal, the majority of those persons voting vote in favor of the proposal, the proposal shall be approved.

      (P.A. 87-461, S. 2, 7; 87-499, S. 28, 34.)

      History: P.A. 87-499 deleted the provision that absentee voting not be permitted in the referendum.

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      Sec. 10-289f. Loans. Bond issues. Guaranties. (a) Any qualifying municipality which has a private academy within its boundaries may, in accordance with the provisions of sections 10-289d to 10-289g, inclusive, and if approved at a referendum in the manner provided in said sections, (1) make loans to the private academy to pay the costs of a school building project and (2) issue its bonds or notes to finance such loans.

      (b) Any qualifying municipality may, in accordance with the provisions of sections 10-289d to 10-289g, inclusive, and if approved at referendum in the manner provided in said sections, guarantee the payment of principal and any redemption premiums of an interest on any bonds or notes issued pursuant to said sections.

      (c) All loans authorized by said sections 10-289d to 10-289g, inclusive, shall be secured or unsecured, be evidenced by a note of the private academy, and be in such amounts, bear such date or dates, mature at such time or times, and may be subject to prepayment and may contain such other terms and conditions as are contained in a loan agreement between the qualifying municipality and the private academy. The board of selectmen of a qualifying municipality which has a board of selectmen or the town council in a qualifying municipality which has a town council may approve such loan agreement on behalf of such municipality.

      (d) All bonds or notes issued pursuant to said sections 10-289d to 10-289g, inclusive, shall be subject to the provisions of chapter 109 except as otherwise provided in said sections. Notwithstanding the provisions of any general statute, special act or charter, bonds or notes issued pursuant to said sections shall be special obligations of the issuing municipality payable solely from the revenues, property and funds pledged to the payment thereof and shall be issued pursuant to a trust indenture between the issuing municipality and a bank or trust company. The board of selectmen or town council of the issuing municipality may approve the terms and provisions of such bonds or notes and of such trust indenture including, but not limited to, amounts, dates, maturities, rates of interest, and redemption provisions of such bonds or notes, the revenues, property or funds pledged to secure the payment thereof, the establishment of reserves and other funds and any other provisions as are customary in trust indentures securing bonds and debentures of corporations including, but not limited to, provisions for protecting or enforcing the rights and remedies of the holders of such bonds or notes or to restrict the individual rights of action of such holders. Such bonds or notes shall be secured by the note of the private academy, the loan repayment obligations and other covenants and provisions of the private academy under its loan agreement with the issuing municipality, the assignment of any security or property pledged by the private academy to secure repayment of its loan, any guaranty agreements of any qualifying municipality and any grant payments to which the trustee for the bonds or notes may be entitled to receive pursuant to section 10-289g. Any pledge made by the issuing municipality shall be valid and binding from the time the pledge is made. The revenues, property or funds so pledged and thereafter received by the issuing municipality shall immediately be subject to the lien of such pledge without any physical delivery thereof or further act. The lien of any such pledge shall be valid and binding as against all parties having claims of any kind in tort, contract or otherwise against the issuing municipality, irrespective of whether such parties have notice thereof. Neither the trust indenture nor any other instrument by which a pledge is created need be recorded or filed.

      (e) Bonds and notes issued pursuant to sections 10-289d to 10-289g, inclusive, shall be special obligations of the issuing municipality and shall not be payable from nor charged upon any funds other than the revenues, property or funds pledged to the payment thereof, nor shall the issuing municipality be subject to any liability thereon except to the extent of such pledged revenues, property and funds. No holder or holders of any bonds or notes shall have the right to compel any exercise of the taxing power of the issuing municipality to pay any bonds or notes or the interest thereon, nor to enforce payment thereon against any property of the issuing municipality except the revenues, property or funds pledged under the trust indenture. The bonds or notes shall not constitute a charge, lien or encumbrance, legal or equitable, upon any property of the issuing municipality, except the revenues, property or funds pledged under the trust indenture. The substance of such limitation shall be plainly stated on the face of each bond or note.

      (f) A qualifying municipality may contract with the holders of any of the bonds or notes issued pursuant to sections 10-289d to 10-289g, inclusive, as to the custody, collection, securing, investment and payment of any moneys of such a municipality derived in furtherance of the purposes of said sections and of any moneys held in a trust or otherwise for the payment of such bonds or notes, and carry out such contract. Moneys held in trust or otherwise for the payment of bonds or notes or in any way to secure bonds or notes and deposits of such moneys may be secured in the same manner as moneys of such a municipality. All banks and trust companies may give such security for such deposits. All moneys, securities and property received by such a municipality in trust for security of the bonds or notes issued pursuant to sections 10-289d to 10-289g, inclusive, shall be kept separate from other funds and accounts of the municipality and shall be used for the purposes of said sections and for no other purpose. All accounts of such a municipality established in furtherance of the purposes of said sections shall be audited annually by an independent certified public accountant.

      (g) The bonds or notes of a municipality issued pursuant to sections 10-289d to 10-289g, inclusive, are (1) securities in which all public officers and bodies of the state and all municipalities and municipal subdivisions, all insurance companies and associations and other persons carrying on an insurance business, all banks, bankers, trust companies, savings banks and savings associations, including savings and loan associations, investment companies and other persons carrying on a banking business, all administrators, guardians, executors, trustees and other fiduciaries and all other persons whatsoever who are or may be authorized to invest in bonds or in other obligations of the state may properly and legally invest funds, including capital, in their control or belonging to them and (2) securities which may be deposited with and shall be received by all public officers and bodies of the state and all municipalities for any purpose for which the deposit of bonds or other obligations of the state is or may be authorized.

      (h) It is determined that the powers conferred on municipalities by sections 10-289d to 10-289g, inclusive, are in all respect for the benefit of the people of the state and for the improvement of their health, safety, welfare, comfort and security and that the purposes of said sections are public purposes and that municipalities will be performing an essential governmental function in the exercise of the powers conferred upon them by said sections. In consideration of the acceptance of any payment for bonds or notes issued by a municipality pursuant to sections 10-289d to 10-289g, inclusive, the state covenants with the purchasers and all subsequent holders and transferees of such bonds or notes that such bonds or notes and the income therefrom shall at all times be free from taxation, except for estate and gift taxes and taxes on transfers. Issuing municipalities are authorized to include this covenant of the state in any agreement with the holder of such bonds or notes.

      (i) The state pledges to and agrees with the holders of any bonds or notes that the state will not limit or alter the rights vested in a qualifying municipality to fulfill the terms of any agreements made with such holders, including agreements in any loan agreements, trust indentures or guaranty agreements, or in any way impair the rights and remedies of such holders until such bonds or notes, issued pursuant to sections 10-289d to 10-289g, inclusive, together with the interest thereon, with interest on any unpaid installments of interest, and all costs and expenses in connection with any action or proceeding by or on behalf of such holders are fully met and discharged. A qualifying municipality may include this pledge and agreement of the state in any agreement with the holders of such bonds or notes.

      (j) All guaranties authorized by sections 10-289d to 10-289g, inclusive, shall be in such amounts, shall bear such date or dates and may contain such other terms and conditions as are contained in a guaranty agreement between the qualifying municipality and the indenture trustee for the bonds or notes issued pursuant to said sections. The board of selectmen or town council of the qualifying municipality may approve such guaranty agreement on behalf of such municipality. Each such guaranty shall constitute a general obligation of such qualifying municipality. If more than one qualifying municipality has entered into any such guaranty, each such municipality may, in the guaranty agreement, limit its obligation to an amount proportionate to the ratio of the number of students eligible for high school education from such municipality to the total number of students eligible for high school education from all municipalities which have entered such guaranties. Such guaranty obligations shall be reduced by the amount of moneys or securities held by the trustee for the bonds or notes in any fund for payment of such bonds or notes, including any grant payments received by the trustee pursuant to section 10-289g.

      (k) No bonds or notes issued pursuant to sections 10-289d to 10-289g, inclusive, nor any guaranty of such bonds or notes shall be subject to any statutory limitation on the indebtedness of any qualifying municipality nor be included in computing the aggregate indebtedness and borrowing capacity of any qualifying municipality.

      (l) The validity of any bonds or notes or of any guaranty authorized by sections 10-289d to 10-289g, inclusive, may be contested only if an action, suit or proceeding contesting such validity is commenced within sixty days after the date of any referendum approval thereof.

      (P.A. 87-461, S. 3, 7.)

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      Sec. 10-289g. Defaults in payment. Withholding of state aid. The loan obligation of the private academy and the bonds or notes issued to finance such loan shall be secured by all school construction grants committed by the state to the private academy for the school building project. In the event of any default by the private academy under its loan agreement, the qualifying municipalities shall have the right to set off any tuition payments to the private academy to the extent of all loan payments due by the private academy under its loan agreement during each twelve-month period following such default and make such tuition payments directly to the trustee for the bonds or notes. Whenever it is established that a qualifying municipality or private academy has defaulted in the payment of the principal or redemption premium or interest on its bonds or notes or on any payment obligation due under any loan agreement authorized by sections 10-289d to 10-289g, inclusive, or any other event of default under any such loan agreement or guaranty agreement or the trust indenture for the bonds or notes occurs, the payment of state aid and assistance to such qualifying municipality or private academy pursuant to any statute in existence at the time the default is established shall be withheld by the state. If the trustee, on behalf of a holder or owner of any such bond or note or of such qualifying municipality or private academy, files with the State Comptroller a verified statement describing such default, the Comptroller may investigate the circumstances of the alleged default, prepare and file in his office a certificate setting forth his finding with respect to the default and serve a copy of such finding, by registered or certified mail, upon the treasurer or chief fiscal officer of each such qualifying municipality and the private academy and the indenture trustee. Upon the filing of such a verified statement in the office of the Comptroller, the Comptroller shall deduct and withhold from all succeeding payments of state aid or assistance otherwise due each such qualifying municipality or private academy such amounts as are necessary to pay the principal and redemption premium of and interest on such bonds and notes of such a qualifying municipality until such time as the indenture trustee files a verified statement with the Comptroller that all defaults have been cured. Payments of state aid or assistance so deducted and withheld shall be forwarded promptly by the Comptroller and the Treasurer to the paying agent or agents for the bonds and notes for the sole purpose of payment of principal and redemption premium of and interest on such bonds or notes. The Comptroller shall promptly notify the treasurer or the chief fiscal officer of each such qualifying municipality and the private academy of any payment or payments made to any paying agent or paying agents pursuant to this section. The state of Connecticut hereby covenants with the purchasers, holders and owners from time to time of bonds and notes issued by a qualifying municipality for school purposes that it will not repeal the provisions of this section or amend or modify the same so as to limit or impair the rights and remedies granted by this section, provided nothing in this section shall be deemed or construed as requiring the state to continue the payment of state aid or assistance to any qualifying municipality or private academy or as limiting or prohibiting the state from repealing or amending any law relating to state aid or assistance, the manner and time of payment or apportionment thereof or the amount thereof.

      (P.A. 87-461, S. 4, 7.)

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      Sec. 10-289h. Central kitchen facility projects. Notwithstanding any provision of this chapter, a local or regional board of education may design and construct a central kitchen facility to provide food services to its public schools and shall be eligible for a school construction grant at the rate of reimbursement pursuant to subsection (a) of section 10-285a. Such project may also include costs for alterations, expansions or creation of existing or new kitchen facilities in its schools to accommodate the new method of centralized food service preparation. Such projects shall not be subject to the standard space specification requirements for school construction projects, but shall be of reasonable size and scope as approved by the Commissioner of Education.

      (P.A. 01-173, S. 29, 67.)

      History: P.A. 01-173 effective July 1, 2001.

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      Sec. 10-290. Advisory school planning service. Section 10-290 is repealed.

      (1953, S. 989d; 1957, P.A. 593, S. 9; 1959, P.A. 611, S. 6.)

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      Sec. 10-290a. Commissioner of Education to provide advisory services re school plant planning. The Commissioner of Education shall provide advisory services to local officials and agencies on long range school plant planning and educational specifications and review the sketches and preliminary plans and outline specifications for any school building project and the educational program which it is designed to house and advise boards of education and school building committees regarding the suitability of such plans on the basis of educational effectiveness, sound construction and reasonable economy of cost, including energy economy and efficiency.

      (1959, P.A. 611, S. 1; 1969, P.A. 434, S. 1; P.A. 76-418, S. 12, 18; P.A. 77-597, S. 3; 77-614, S. 73, 610; P.A. 84-460, S. 13, 16; P.A. 85-613, S. 23, 154; P.A. 88-360, S. 40, 63.)

      History: 1969 act included in duties of school construction economy service the provision of advisory services for long-range school plant planning and educational specifications and limited duty re plans and specifications to preliminary plans and specifications, deleting reference to final plans and specifications; P.A. 76-418 allowed board to employ engineers and to use expertise of public works department; P.A. 77-597 included advice concerning energy economy and efficiency and allowed board to hire accountants; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of administrative services for department of public works; P.A. 84-460 deleted provisions re school construction economy service and provisions re "employment of necessary staff, including architects, engineers and accountants..."; P.A. 85-613 made technical changes; P.A. 88-360 substituted "commissioner" for "state board" of education.

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      Sec. 10-290b. Publication and distribution of information. The Commissioner of Education shall arrange for the collection, publication and distribution of information on procedures for school building committees, building methods and materials suitable for school construction and on relevant educational methods, requirements and materials, and shall furnish such information to towns or regional school districts planning school construction. Said commissioner, through the school construction economy service, shall from time to time inform local officials and agencies involved in school construction of the services available under sections 10-290a to 10-290d, inclusive.

      (1959, P.A. 611, S. 2; P.A. 84-460, S. 14, 16; P.A. 88-360, S. 41, 63.)

      History: P.A. 84-460 deleted reference to school construction economy service; P.A. 88-360 substituted "commissioner" for "state board" of education.

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      Sec. 10-290c. Advisory committee. Section 10-290c is repealed.

      (1959, P.A. 611, S. 3; P.A. 76-418, S. 13, 18; P.A. 77-614, S. 609, 610.)

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      Sec. 10-290d. Conveyance of air space over schools. Any municipality, with the approval of the Commissioner of Education, may convey any type of interest in air space over land used for school purposes to a private developer for residential or commercial uses or to a quasi-municipal or public nonmunicipal corporation. Said conveyance shall be made upon the recommendation of the chief executive officer with the approval of the legislative body of the municipality.

      (1959, P.A. 611, S. 4; February, 1965, P.A. 340, S. 1; 1969, P.A. 705; P.A. 76-418, S. 14, 18; P.A. 84-460, S. 15, 16; P.A. 88-360, S. 42, 63; P.A. 90-256, S. 4, 9.)

      History: 1965 act required that plans and specifications are to be submitted "at such time and in such manner as the state board of education may specify"; 1969 act added provisions re use of commercial or residential structures for school purposes and incorporated as Subsec. (b) provisions re conveyance of air space over land used for school purposes to private developer or quasi-municipal or public nonmunicipal corporation; P.A. 76-418 permitted state board to disapprove state assistance for projects which fail to meet construction standards, replacing provision which required board to "state in detail wherein it believes there has been a departure from such standards"; P.A. 84-460 deleted reference to school construction economy service and deleted provisions re standards of construction to "include the use of commercial or residential structures for school purposes"; P.A. 88-360 substituted "commissioner" for "state board" of education and made a technical change; P.A. 90-256 deleted Subsec. (a) re the establishment of standards of construction and review by the commissioner of education of preliminary plans and specifications.

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      Sec. 10-290e. Services agreements. Requirements. Prohibitions. (a) Any town or regional school district that enters into a services agreement with a consultant to render independent architectural services for a project receiving state assistance pursuant to this chapter may, where necessary or desired, provide the consultant with instructions, guidance and directions in connection with the consultant's performance of such services. The consultant shall provide all labor, materials, supplies, tools, equipment and other facilities and necessary appurtenances or property for or incidental to such services requested by the town or regional school district to complete the school building project. As part of the services agreement, the consultant shall agree to perform such services as an independent contractor and in a good and workmanlike manner, consistent with: (1) Instructions, guidance and directions provided by the town or regional school district to the consultant; (2) the terms and conditions of the services agreement; (3) the highest prevailing applicable professional or industry standards; (4) sound architectural practices; and (5) any applicable laws, rules, regulations, ordinances, codes, orders and permits of all federal, state and local governmental bodies, agencies, authorities and courts having jurisdiction. Such services agreement shall not limit the liability of the consultant for errors and omissions related to the performance of the services.

      (b) The consultant shall not use, publish, distribute, sell or divulge any information obtained from any town or regional school district through a services agreement for the consultant's own purposes or for the benefit of any person, firm, corporation or other entity without the prior, written consent of the town or regional school district that contracted for the services. Any reports or other work product prepared by the consultant while performing services under the services agreement shall be owned solely and exclusively by the town or regional school district that contracted for such services and the Department of Education and cannot be used by the consultant for any purpose beyond the scope of the services agreement without the prior written consent of the town or regional school district. Any information designated by the town or regional school district in accordance with applicable law as confidential shall not be disclosed to any third parties without the prior written consent of the town or regional school district that contracted for such services.

      (c) For the purposes of subsections (a) and (b) of this section, "services agreement" means a written agreement between a consultant and a town or regional school district for the provision of independent architectural services for the purpose of a school building project for which the town or district is receiving state assistance pursuant to this chapter.

      (d) Any town or regional school district that fails to adhere to the provisions of this section for a project for which the town or district receives state assistance pursuant to this chapter shall be assessed a ten per cent reduction in the amount of its grant approved pursuant to this chapter upon completion of an audit pursuant to section 10-287.

      (P.A. 06-158, S. 10.)

      History: P.A. 06-158 effective July 1, 2006.

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      Sec. 10-290f. Standard school construction contracts. Guidance for projects. (a) The Department of Education shall develop a series of standard school construction contracts that, upon completion of such series of contracts, towns and regional boards of education may use when contracting for any school building project receiving state assistance pursuant to this chapter. In the development of such contracts, the department shall ensure such contracts adhere to the provisions of section 10-290e, and any other standards as determined by the department. The town or regional board of education may modify the contract to meet their needs for the project, provided the contract conforms with the provisions of section 10-290e.

      (b) The Department of Education shall provide leadership and guidance to recipients of grants pursuant to this chapter concerning the efficient and effective means for constructing and renovating school buildings. Such leadership and guidance shall include: (1) Identification and publication of exemplary plans and specifications for new school buildings and other school projects; (2) publication of pamphlets and materials describing the school construction process; (3) information about economical, safe and efficient buildings; (4) incorporation of technology in building designs to promote student learning; and (5) information about the proper maintenance of buildings.

      (c) The Department of Education may use the services of the state education resource center pursuant to section 10-4q to carry out the provisions of this section.

      (d) The Department of Education may use up to one hundred thousand dollars of the proceeds of the bonds issued pursuant to section 10-287d to carry out the provisions of this section.

      (P.A. 06-158, S. 12.)

      History: P.A. 06-158 effective July 1, 2006.

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      Sec. 10-291. Approval of plans and site. Expense limit. (a) No school building project for which state assistance is sought shall be undertaken except according to a plan and on a site approved by the Department of Education, the town or regional board of education and by the building committee of such town or district. No such school building project shall be undertaken at an expense exceeding the sum which the town or regional district may appropriate for the project. In the case of a school building project financed in whole or in part by an energy conservation lease purchase agreement, the expense of the project shall not exceed the sum which the town or regional school district approved for the project. A copy of final plans and specifications for each phase of site development and construction of all school building projects and for each phase thereof including site development shall be filed with the Commissioner of Education subject to the provisions of section 10-292 before the start of such phase of development or construction shall be begun. In the case of a school building project which is a new construction, extension or replacement of a building to be used for public school purposes, the town or regional board of education and the building committee of such town or district, prior to the approval of the architectural plans pursuant to the provisions of section 10-292, shall provide for a Phase I environmental site assessment in accordance with the American Society for Testing and Materials Standard #1527, Standard Practice for Environmental Site Assessments: Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Process, or similar subsequent standards. The costs of performing such Phase I environmental site assessment shall be considered eligible costs of such school construction project. A town or regional school district may commence a phase of development or construction before completion of final plans and specifications for the whole project provided a copy of the latest preliminary plan and cost estimate for such project which has been approved by the town or regional board of education and by the building committee shall be submitted with the final plans and specifications for such phase. Any board of education which, prior to the approval of a grant commitment by the General Assembly, commences any portion of a school construction project or causes any such project to be let out for bid, shall not be eligible for a school construction grant until a grant commitment is so approved.

      (b) The Department of Education shall not approve a school building project plan or site, as applicable, if:

      (1) The site is in an area of moderate or high radon potential, as indicated in the Department of Environmental Protection's Radon Potential Map, or similar subsequent publications, except where the school building project plan incorporates construction techniques to mitigate radon levels in the air of the facility;

      (2) The plans incorporate new roof construction or total replacement of an existing roof and do not provide for the following: (A) A minimum roof pitch of one-half inch per foot, except that for a total replacement of an existing roof, the Commissioner of Education may permit the minimum roof pitch to be reduced to one-quarter inch per foot if the commissioner finds, based upon written certification from a licensed architect or engineer provided by the town or regional board of education, that (i) such reduction of roof pitch will not impede drainage or cause pooling of water that may leak into the building to a greater degree than that of a roof of a minimum roof pitch of one-half inch per foot, (ii) the cost of replacing the roof with a minimum roof pitch of one-half inch per foot would substantially exceed the cost of replacing the roof with a minimum roof pitch of one-quarter inch per foot, (iii) the time needed to replace the roof with a minimum roof pitch of one-half inch per foot would be substantially longer than the time needed to replace the roof with a minimum roof pitch of one-quarter inch per foot, and (iv) the existing building would not support a roof with a roof pitch of one-half inch per foot without a substantial rebuilding of the existing building, (B) a minimum twenty-year unlimited manufacturer's guarantee for water tightness covering material and workmanship on the entire roofing system, (C) the inclusion of vapor retarders, insulation, bitumen, felts, membranes, flashings, metals, decks and any other feature required by the roof design, and (D) that all manufacturer's materials to be used in the roofing system are specified to meet the latest standards for individual components of the roofing systems of the American Society for Testing and Materials;

      (3) In the case of a major alteration, renovation or extension of a building to be used for public school purposes, the plans do not incorporate the guidelines set forth in the Sheet Metal and Air Conditioning Contractors National Association's publication entitled "Indoor Air Quality Guidelines for Occupied Buildings Under Construction" or similar subsequent publications;

      (4) In the case of a new construction, extension, renovation or replacement, the plans do not provide that the building maintenance staff responsible for such facility are trained in or are receiving training in, or that the applicant plans to provide training in, the appropriate areas of plant operations including, but not limited to, heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems pursuant to section 10-231e, with specific training relative to indoor air quality; or

      (5) In the case of a project for new construction, extension, major alteration, renovation or replacement involving a school entrance for inclusion on any listing submitted to the General Assembly in accordance with section 10-283 on or after July 1, 2008, the plans do not provide for a security infrastructure for such entrance.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1496; 1953, S. 990d; 1957, P.A. 593, S. 10; 1967, P.A. 294, S. 1; P.A. 73-358, S. 2; P.A. 76-418, S. 15, 18; P.A. 85-589, S. 2, 3; P.A. 88-360, S. 43, 63; P.A. 91-220, S. 5, 8; P.A. 93-378, S. 2, 4; P.A. 03-76, S. 30; 03-220, S. 6; P.A. 04-26, S. 8; 04-168, S. 1; P.A. 07-208, S. 1.)

      History: 1967 act specified that site must be approved as well as plan; P.A. 73-358 required filing of plans and specifications "for each phase of site development and construction" before each phase begins and allowed commencement of phase before final plans complete for whole project if final phase plans and latest preliminary plan and cost estimates have been submitted; P.A. 76-418 made provisions applicable to projects for which state assistance sought, included reference to districts, forbade letting project out for bid until grant commitment approved and allowed commencement of phase before approval of grant commitment under same conditions as previously applied; P.A. 85-589 amended section to allow towns which commence projects or let projects out for bid to remain eligible for project grants effective July 1, 1985, and transferred site approval power from state board of education to department of education; P.A. 88-360 substituted "commissioner" for "state board" of education; P.A. 91-220 required that filing of plans and specifications be pursuant to Sec. 10-292; P.A. 93-378 added provision regarding project financed by energy conservation lease purchase agreement, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 03-76 made a technical change, effective June 3, 2003; P.A. 03-220 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and amended same by making a technical change and adding provisions re environmental site assessment, and added Subsec. (b) re grounds for rejection of a plan or site, effective July 1, 2003; P.A. 04-26 made technical changes in Subsec. (b)(4), effective April 28, 2004; P.A. 04-168 amended Subsec. (b)(2)(A) by adding provisions permitting a reduction in minimum roof pitch, effective June 1, 2004; P.A. 07-208 added Subsec. (b)(5) re school entrances, effective July 1, 2007.

      Prior approval by town board of education and town building committee not applicable to acquisition of a school building site. 168 C. 135.

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      Sec. 10-291a. Code compliance improvements not required in certain situations. Notwithstanding the provisions of this chapter, in the case of a school building project to expand an existing school building, the State Board of Education shall not require code compliance improvements to the existing part of the building not affected by the project as a condition of reimbursement for the project under this chapter.

      (P.A. 96-270, S. 10, 11.)

      History: P.A. 96-270 effective July 1, 1996.

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      Sec. 10-292. Review of final plans by Commissioner of Education. Exceptions; role of local officials. (a) Upon receipt by the Commissioner of Education of the final plans for any phase of a school building project as provided in section 10-291, said commissioner shall promptly review such plans and check them to the extent appropriate for the phase of development or construction for which final plans have been submitted to determine whether they conform with the requirements of the State Fire Safety Code, the Department of Public Health, the life-cycle cost analysis approved by the Commissioner of Public Works, the State Building Code and the state and federal standards for design and construction of public buildings to meet the needs of disabled persons, and if acceptable a final written approval of such phase shall be sent to the town or regional board of education and the school building committee. No phase of a school building project, subject to the provisions of subsection (c) or (d) of this section, shall go out for bidding purposes prior to such written approval.

      (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, a town or regional school district may submit final plans and specifications for oil tank replacement, roof replacement, asbestos abatement, code violation, energy conservation, network wiring projects or projects for which state assistance is not sought, to the local officials having jurisdiction over such matters for review and written approval. The total costs for an asbestos abatement, code violation, energy conservation, or network wiring project eligible for review and approval under this subsection shall not exceed one million dollars. Except for projects for which state assistance is not sought and projects for which the town or regional school district is using a state contract pursuant to subsection (d) of this section, no school building project described in this subsection shall go out for bidding purposes prior to the receipt and acceptance by the Department of Education of such written approval.

      (c) On and after October 1, 1991, if the Commissioner of Education does not complete his review pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, within thirty days from the date of receipt of final plans for a school building project, a town or regional school district may submit such final plans to local officials having jurisdiction over such matters for review and written approval. In such case, the school district shall notify the commissioner of such action and no such school building project shall go out for bidding purposes prior to the receipt by the commissioner of such written approval, except for projects for which the town or regional school district is using a state contract pursuant to subsection (d) of this section. Local building officials and fire marshals may engage the services of a code consultant for purposes of the review pursuant to this subsection, provided the cost of such consultant shall be paid by the school district.

      (d) If the Department of Administrative Services or the Department of Public Works makes a state contract available for use by towns or regional school districts, a town or regional school district may use such contract, provided the actual estimate for the school building project under the state contract is not given until receipt by the town or regional school district of approval of the plan pursuant to this section.

      (1953, S. 991d; 1957, P.A. 593, S. 11; 1969, P.A. 413; P.A. 73-358, S. 3; P.A. 76-418, S. 16, 18; P.A. 77-597, S. 4; 77-614, S. 73, 323, 587, 610; P.A. 87-496, S. 49, 110; P.A. 88-360, S. 44, 63; P.A. 90-256, S. 5, 9; P.A. 91-220, S. 6, 8; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 94-245, S. 5, 46; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 96-244, S. 30, 63; P.A. 98-249, S. 66, 67; P.A. 01-173, S. 28, 67; P.A. 03-76, S. 31.)

      History: 1969 act required that plans be checked for compliance with standards for design and construction of public buildings to meet needs of disabled persons; P.A. 73-358 included reference to regional boards of education and required checking plans "to the extent appropriate for the phase ... for which final plans have been submitted" for conformity; P.A. 76-418 required written approval of phases checked and forbade bids before such written approval obtained, deleting previous provision for report which carried no authority to prevent bids or continuance of project; P.A. 77-597 required check for conformity with life-cycle cost analysis requirements; P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of administrative services for commissioner of public works and, effective January 1, 1979, substituted department of health services for state department of health; P.A. 87-496 substituted public works for administrative services commissioner; P.A. 88-360 substituted "commissioner" for "state board" of education; P.A. 90-256 added Subsec. (b) re submission of final plans and specifications for certain projects to local officials; P.A. 91-220 in Subsec. (a) added references to state building code and federal standards and made technical changes, in Subsec. (b) increased the limitation from $100,000 to $1,000,000 and added Subsec. (c) re review procedures; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 94-245 amended Subsec. (b) to add energy conservation projects, effective June 2, 1994; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 96-244 amended Subsec. (a) to replace "State Fire Code" with "State Fire Safety Code", effective July 1, 1996; P.A. 98-249 amended Subsec. (a) to add reference to new Subsec. (d), amended Subsecs. (b) and (c) to add exceptions for use of state contracts and added new Subsec. (d) re use of state contracts, effective June 8, 1998; P.A. 01-173 amended Subsec. (b) to include network wiring, effective July 1, 2001; P.A. 03-76 made a technical change in Subsec. (b), effective June 3, 2003.

      See chapter 541 part III (Sec. 29-381 et seq.) re safety requirements for public buildings.

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      Secs. 10-292a and 10-292b. Abatement of asbestos hazards; inspections; regulations. Asbestos abatement plans; reports by school districts. Sections 10-292a and 10-292b are repealed.

      (P.A. 85-541, S. 1, 2, 4; P.A. 86-65, S. 1, 2; P.A. 91-260, S. 2.)

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      Sec. 10-292c. Definitions. As used in sections 10-292c to 10-292n, inclusive:

      (1) "Bonds or municipal bonds" means (A) any bond, note, certificate or other evidence of indebtedness, and (B) any energy conservation lease purchase agreement.

      (2) "Energy conservation lease purchase agreement" means an energy conservation lease purchase agreement, as defined in subdivision (17) of section 10-282.

      (3) "Interest subsidy grants" means the grant payments by the state to pay the interest cost on bonds, or on temporary notes renewed in accordance with section 7-378a or 7-378e into the third or any subsequent year of such renewal following the date of issuance of the original notes, issued by a town, regional school district or regional educational service center to finance a school building project.

      (4) "Regional educational service center" means a body corporate and politic established pursuant to the provisions of part IVa of chapter 164.

      (5) "School building project" means school building project, as defined in subdivision (3) of section 10-282.

      (P.A. 97-265, S. 85, 98; P.A. 98-252, S. 33, 80.)

      History: P.A. 97-265 effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 98-252 made a technical change, effective July 1, 1998.

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      Sec. 10-292d. Interest subsidy grants. (a) For school building projects authorized by the General Assembly prior to July 1, 1996, and for projects pursuant to subsection (b) of section 10-283 for which application was made prior to July 1, 1997, each town and regional school district shall be eligible to apply for and accept interest subsidy grants, as provided in sections 10-292c to 10-292n, inclusive. Any town desiring an interest subsidy grant may, by vote of its legislative body, authorize the board of education of such town to apply to the Commissioner of Education and to accept or reject such grants for the town. Any regional school board may vote to authorize the supervising agent of the regional school district to apply to the Commissioner of Education for and to accept or reject such grants for the district. Applications for such grants under sections 10-292c to 10-292n, inclusive, shall be made by the superintendent of schools of such town or regional school district on the form provided and in the manner prescribed by the Commissioner of Education. Grant applications under sections 10-292c to 10-292n, inclusive, shall be received, reviewed and approved or disapproved by the Commissioner of Education. All applications submitted prior to the first day of July in any year shall be reviewed promptly by the commissioner and the amount of the grant shall be estimated. The commissioner shall annually prepare a listing of all such eligible grants under sections 10-292c to 10-292n, inclusive, together with the amount of the estimated grants therefor and shall submit the same to the Governor and the General Assembly on or before the fifteenth day of December, except as provided in section 10-292e, with a request for authorization to enter into grant commitments. The General Assembly shall annually authorize the commissioner to enter into grant commitments on behalf of the state in accordance with the commissioner's listing for such grants as the General Assembly shall determine. The commissioner shall not enter into any such grant commitments except pursuant to such legislative authorization.

      (b) Notwithstanding the application date requirements of this section, the Commissioner of Education may approve applications for interest subsidy grants in connection with school building projects to remedy damage from fire and catastrophe or to correct safety, health and other code violations at any time within the limit of available grant authorization and make payments thereon within the limit of appropriated funds.

      (P.A. 97-265, S. 86, 98.)

      History: P.A. 97-265 effective July 1, 1997.

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      Sec. 10-292e. Committee from General Assembly to review listing of eligible interest subsidy grants. A committee to review the listing of eligible grants submitted pursuant to sections 10-292c to 10-292n, inclusive, shall be appointed annually on or before July first. Such committee may be the same committee that is appointed pursuant to section 10-283a. The listing of eligible grants shall be submitted to said committee prior to December fifteenth annually to determine if said listing is in compliance with section 10-292d. The committee may modify the listing if it finds that the Commissioner of Education acted in an arbitrary or unreasonable manner in establishing the listing. Prior to February first annually, the committee shall submit the approved or modified listing of grants to the Governor and the General Assembly.

      (P.A. 97-265, S. 87, 98.)

      History: P.A. 97-265 effective July 1, 1997.

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      Sec. 10-292f. Approval or disapproval of interest subsidy applications by Commissioner of Education. (a) The Commissioner of Education is authorized to receive, review and approve applications for state grants under sections 10-292c to 10-292n, inclusive, or to disapprove any such application if it does not meet the standards or school building priorities established by the State Board of Education.

      (b) When any such application is approved, said commissioner shall certify to the State Comptroller the amount of the grant for which the town, regional school district or regional educational service center is eligible under sections 10-292c to 10-292n, inclusive, and the amount and time of the payment thereunder. Upon receipt of such certification, the State Comptroller is authorized and directed to draw his order on the State Treasurer in such amount and at such time as certified by said commissioner.

      (P.A. 97-265, S. 88, 98.)

      History: P.A. 97-265 effective July 1, 1997.

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      Sec. 10-292g. Percentage determination for interest subsidy grants. (a) The percentage of interest subsidy grant money a local board of education may be eligible to receive under the provisions of section 10-292i shall be determined as follows: (1) Each town shall be ranked in descending order from one to one hundred sixty-nine according to such town's adjusted equalized net grand list per capita, as defined in section 10-261; (2) based upon such ranking, a percentage of not less than twenty nor more than eighty shall be determined for each town on a continuous scale.

      (b) The percentage of interest subsidy grant money a regional board of education may be eligible to receive under the provisions of section 10-292i shall be determined by its ranking. Such ranking shall be determined by (1) multiplying the total population, as defined in section 10-261, of each town in the district by such town's ranking, as determined in subsection (a) of this section, (2) adding together the figures determined under subdivision (1) of this subsection, and (3) dividing the total computed under subdivision (2) of this subsection by the total population of all towns in the district. The ranking of each regional board of education shall be rounded to the next higher whole number and each such board shall receive the same reimbursement percentage as would a town with the same rank. In the case of an interest subsidy grant (A) for a secondary regional school district, such reimbursement percentage shall be increased by five per cent and (B) for a regional school district accommodating pupils in kindergarten to grade twelve, inclusive, such reimbursement percentage shall be increased by ten per cent, except that no such percentage shall exceed eighty-five per cent.

      (c) The percentage of interest subsidy grant money a regional educational service center may be eligible to receive shall be determined by its ranking. Such ranking shall be determined by (1) multiplying the population of each member town in the regional educational service center by such town's ranking, as determined in subsection (a) of this section, (2) adding together the figures for each town determined under subdivision (1) of this subsection and (3) dividing the total computed under subdivision (2) of this subsection by the total population of all member towns in the regional educational service center. The ranking of each regional educational service center shall be rounded to the next higher whole number and each such center shall receive the same reimbursement percentage as would a town with the same rank.

      (P.A. 97-265, S. 89, 98.)

      History: P.A. 97-265 effective July 1, 1997.

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      Sec. 10-292h. Interest subsidy grants to incorporated or endowed high schools and academies. (a) For school building projects authorized by the General Assembly prior to July 1, 1996, and for projects pursuant to subsection (b) of section 10-283 for which application was made prior to July 1, 1997, any incorporated or endowed high school or academy approved by the State Board of Education pursuant to section 10-34 may apply and be eligible subsequently to be considered for interest subsidy grant commitments from the state pursuant to sections 10-292c to 10-292n, inclusive. Applications pursuant to this subsection shall be filed at such time and on such forms as the Department of Education prescribes. The Commissioner of Education shall approve such applications pursuant to the provisions of section 10-292f deemed applicable by the Department of Education.

      (b) The amount of any interest subsidy grant approved by said commissioner under this section shall be computed pursuant to the provisions of section 10-292i. Grant payments shall be made in accordance with sections 10-292c to 10-292n, inclusive, as deemed applicable by the Department of Education.

      (c) The percentage of interest subsidy grant money each incorporated or endowed high school or academy may be eligible to receive under the provisions of subsection (b) of this section shall be determined by its ranking. The ranking shall be determined by (1) multiplying the total population, as defined in section 10-261, of each town which, at the time of application for such grant commitment, has designated such school as the high school for such town for a period of not less than five years from the date of such application, by such town's percentile ranking, as determined in subsection (a) of section 10-292g, (2) adding together the figures for each town determined under subdivision (1) of this subsection and (3) dividing the total computed under subdivision (2) of this subsection by the total population of all towns which designate the school as their high school under subdivision (1) of this subsection. The ranking determined pursuant to this subdivision shall be rounded to the next higher whole number. Such high school or academy shall receive the same reimbursement percentage as would a town with the same rank.

      (d) In order for an incorporated or endowed high school or academy to be eligible for an interest subsidy grant commitment pursuant to this section, such high school or academy shall (1) provide educational services to the town or towns designating it as the high school for such town or towns for a period of not less than ten years after completion of the interest subsidy grant payments under this section and (2) provide that at least half of the governing board which exercises final educational, financial and legal responsibility for the high school or academy, exclusive of the chairman of such board, be representatives of the board or boards of education designating the high school or academy as the high school for each such board's town.

      (P.A. 97-265, S. 90, 98; P.A. 03-76, S. 32.)

      History: P.A. 97-265 effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 03-76 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a) and (b), effective June 3, 2003.

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      Sec. 10-292i. Computation of interest subsidy grants. (a) The amount of the interest subsidy grant approved by the Commissioner of Education under the provisions of sections 10-292c to 10-292n, inclusive, shall be the eligible percentage, as determined in section 10-292g, times the eligible interest costs, provided such interest subsidy grant amount and percentage may be adjusted by the Commissioner of Education to the same extent that the grant for the school building project financed by the bonds of the town, regional school district or regional educational service center to which such interest subsidy grant relates is adjusted pursuant to section 10-286.

      (b) In the case of any grants computed under this section, any federal funds or other state funds received for such costs covered by the grant shall be deducted from cost estimates prior to computation of the grant.

      (P.A. 97-265, S. 91, 98.)

      History: P.A. 97-265 effective July 1, 1997.

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      Sec. 10-292j. Installment payment of interest subsidy grants. Withholding of state grant payments. (a) An interest subsidy grant approved under sections 10-292c to 10-292n, inclusive, shall be paid in installments, the number and time of payment of which shall correspond to the number and time of interest installment payments on municipal bonds, including payments to retire temporary notes renewed for the third and subsequent years pursuant to section 7-378a or 7-378e issued for the purpose of financing the school building project to which such interest subsidy grant relates and shall be equal to the state's share of interest costs per interest installment on municipal bonds or notes, provided final payment shall not be made prior to an audit conducted by the State Board of Education. Annual interest subsidy grant installments paid pursuant to this section on interest installment payments to retire temporary notes renewed pursuant to said section 7-378a or 7-378e shall be paid only if at the time such temporary notes are renewed, the rate of interest applicable to such notes is less than the rate of interest that would be applicable with respect to twenty-year bonds if issued at the time of such renewal. The determination related to such rates of interest pursuant to this subsection may be reviewed and shall be subject to approval by the Commissioner of Education prior to renewal of such notes.

      (b) If the commissioner determines that a school building project has not met the approved conditions of the original application, the State Board of Education may withhold subsequent state interest subsidy grant payments related to said school building project until appropriate action, as determined by the commissioner, is taken to cause the school building project to be in compliance with the approved conditions or may require repayment of all state interest subsidy grant payments for said school building project when such appropriate action is not undertaken within a reasonable time.

      (P.A. 97-265, S. 92, 98.)

      History: P.A. 97-265 effective July 1, 1997.

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      Sec. 10-292k. Bond issue for interest subsidy grants. For purposes of funding interest subsidy grants, except for interest subsidy grants made pursuant to subsection (b) of section 10-292m, the State Treasurer is authorized and directed, subject to and in accordance with the provisions of section 3-20, to issue bonds of the state from time to time in one or more series in an aggregate amount not exceeding three hundred thirty-four million seven hundred thousand dollars, provided eleven million two hundred thousand dollars of said authorization shall be effective July 1, 2010. Bonds of each series shall bear such date or dates and mature at such time or times not exceeding thirty years from their respective dates and be subject to such redemption privileges, with or without premium, as may be fixed by the State Bond Commission. They shall be sold at not less than par and accrued interest and the full faith and credit of the state is pledged for the payment of the interest thereon and the principal thereof as the same shall become due, and accordingly and as part of the contract of the state with the holders of said bonds, appropriation of all amounts necessary for punctual payment of such principal and interest is hereby made, and the State Treasurer shall pay such principal and interest as the same become due. The State Treasurer is authorized to invest temporarily in direct obligations of the United States, United States agency obligations, certificates of deposit, commercial paper or bank acceptances, such portion of the proceeds of such bonds or of any notes issued in anticipation thereof as may be deemed available for such purpose.

      (P.A. 97-265, S. 93, 98; P.A. 99-4, S. 2, 3; 99-241, S. 8, 66; P.A. 00-167, S. 61, 69; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-7, S. 17, 28; May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-5, S. 10; Sept. 8 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-2, S. 21; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-1, S. 7; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-5, S. 6; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-7, S. 48; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3, S. 128; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-2, S. 4.)

      History: P.A. 97-265 effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 99-4 increased authorization from $113,100,000 to $121,100,000, effective April 9, 1999; P.A. 99-241 increased authorization to $188,100,000, effective July 1, 1999, provided $61,000,000 is effective July 1, 2000; P.A. 00-167 decreased the aggregate bond authorization to $144,100,000, effective July 1, 2000, of which $17,000,000 is effective July 1, 2000; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-7 decreased the authorization to $121,100,000, effective July 1, 2001; May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-5 increased the aggregate bond authorization to $171,100,000, effective July 1, 2002, of which $50,000,000 is effective July 1, 2002; Sept. 8 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-2 increased the aggregate bond authorization from to $198,100,000, effective September 10, 2003, of which $27,000,000 is effective July 1, 2003; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-1 increased the aggregate authorization to $231,100,000 and provided that $33,000,000 of said authorization is effective July 1, 2004, effective July 1, 2004; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-5 increased the aggregate authorization to $281,100,000, of which $25,000,000 is effective July 1, 2006, effective July 1, 2005; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-7 increased aggregate authorization from $281,100,000 to $311,900,000, of which $16,400,000 is effective July 1, 2008, effective November 2, 2007; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-3 increased aggregate authorization from $311,900,000 to $314,500,000 and deleted provision re $16,400,000 of authorization to be effective July 1, 2008, effective September 9, 2009; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-2 increased aggregate authorization from $314,500,000 to $334,700,000, of which $11,200,000 is effective July 1, 2010, effective September 25, 2009 (Revisor's note: The word "interest" in the first occurrence of the phrase "interest subsidy grants" was inadvertently omitted from the 2009 acts and was restored editorially by the Revisors for accuracy, and the word "thereon" was inadvertently inserted after the phrase "accrued interest" in the 2009 acts and was deleted editorially by the Revisors for accuracy).

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      Sec. 10-292l. Certification of dates and amounts of interest subsidy grant payments. Any grant commitment entered into by the Commissioner of Education on or prior to July 1, 1997, which includes a commitment to pay the interest cost on bonds or temporary notes renewed in accordance with section 7-378a or 7-378e into the third or any subsequent year of such renewal following the date of issuance of the original notes, issued by a town or regional school district to finance the state share of the cost of a school building project as determined by the Commissioner of Education, and if not paid prior to July 1, 1997, shall be considered to have been properly made pursuant to, and is subject to, sections 10-292c to 10-292n, inclusive. On or after July 1, 1997, each town and regional school district shall submit a separate application to the Commissioner of Education for interest subsidy grants described in sections 10-292c to 10-292n, inclusive. The Commissioner of Education shall certify to the State Comptroller, upon completion of the issuance of bonds or such renewal of temporary notes, the dates and amount of interest subsidy grant payments to be made pursuant to sections 10-292c to 10-292n, inclusive, and the State Comptroller is authorized and directed to draw an order on the State Treasurer upon such certification to pay the amounts so certified when due. The State Treasurer shall make such interest subsidy grant payments at least ten days prior to the interest payment dates on bonds or temporary notes related thereto. In the event that a school building project is not completed at the time bonds or temporary notes related thereto or short-term financing are issued to finance the project, the certification of the interest subsidy grant amounts by the Commissioner of Education may be based on estimates, provided, upon completion of such project and notification of final acceptance to the state, the Commissioner of Education shall adjust and recertify the dates and amounts of subsequent interest subsidy grant payments based on the state's share of final eligible costs.

      (P.A. 97-265, S. 94, 98.)

      History: P.A. 97-265 effective July 1, 1997.

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      Sec. 10-292m. Short-term financing and interest subsidy grants. Availability of interest subsidy grants for the local share of the cost of school building projects; amount of grant. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of the general statutes, in the case of any school building project for which the total cost is less than one million dollars, the state shall not require permanent local financing prior to the payment of an interest subsidy grant under sections 10-292c to 10-292n, inclusive. In any such case, the school district may pay off its debt on any such project over a period not to exceed four years if the school district promptly applies all interest subsidy grant payments toward interest costs on such debt as the same becomes due and payable and provides for the payment of such debt in equal annual installments commencing no later than one year from the date of issue. The interest subsidy grant percentage on such debt of the district shall be the same as if permanent financing had been used.

      (b) Interest subsidy grants shall be available for bonds issued after July 1, 1971, for the local share of the cost of a school building project eligible for assistance under section 10-287a. The State Comptroller is authorized and directed to draw an order on the State Treasurer upon certification of the Commissioner of Education to pay any regional school district, town, consolidated town and city, and consolidated town and borough an interest subsidy grant on such bonds issued after July 1, 1971, for the local share of the cost of such school building project but not in excess of the amount certified as such share by the Commissioner of Education for such project. The local share of the cost of such project shall be the total cost of such project, as determined by the Commissioner of Education to be eligible for assistance under section 10-287a, less the total grant payments made by the state. Such interest subsidy shall be the difference between four per cent per annum and the lower of six per cent per annum or the net interest cost on such bonds. Such payments may be made on a reimbursement basis in the event the bonds were issued prior to the date of certification from the commissioner to the State Comptroller in accordance with sections 10-292c to 10-292n, inclusive.

      (P.A. 97-265, S. 95, 98.)

      History: P.A. 97-265 effective July 1, 1997.

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      Sec. 10-292n. Default by municipality or private academy. The loan obligation of a private academy and the bonds or notes issued to finance such loan pursuant to sections 10-289d to 10-289g, inclusive, shall be secured by all interest subsidy grants committed by the state to the private academy in connection with such financing. Whenever it is established that a qualifying municipality or private academy has defaulted in the payment of the principal or redemption premium or interest on its bonds or notes or on any payment obligation due under any loan agreement authorized by said sections 10-289d to 10-289g, inclusive, or any other event of default under any such loan agreement or guaranty agreement or the trust indenture for the bonds or notes occurs, the payment of interest subsidy grants to such qualifying municipality or private academy pursuant to any provision of the general statutes in effect at the time the default is established shall be withheld by the state. If the trustee, on behalf of a holder or owner of any such bond or note or such qualifying municipality or private academy, files with the State Comptroller a verified statement describing such default, the State Comptroller may investigate the circumstances of the alleged default, prepare and file in his office a certificate setting forth his finding with respect to the default and serve a copy of such finding, by registered or certified mail, upon the State Treasurer or chief fiscal officer of each such qualifying municipality and the private academy and the indenture trustee. Upon the filing of such a verified statement in the office of the State Comptroller, the State Comptroller shall deduct and withhold from all succeeding interest subsidy grant payments otherwise due each such qualifying municipality or private academy such amounts as are necessary to pay the interest on such bonds and notes of such a qualifying municipality until such time as the indenture trustee files a verified statement with the State Comptroller that all defaults have been cured. Payments of interest subsidy grants so deducted and withheld shall be forwarded promptly by the State Comptroller and the State Treasurer to the paying agent or agents for the bonds and notes for the sole purpose of payment of interest on such bonds or notes. The State Comptroller shall promptly notify the State Treasurer or the chief fiscal officer of each such qualifying municipality and the private academy of any payment or payments made to any paying agent or paying agents pursuant to this section. The state of Connecticut hereby covenants with the purchasers, holders and owners, from time to time, of bonds and notes issued by a qualifying municipality for school purposes that it will not limit or impair the rights and remedies granted by this section, provided nothing in this section shall be construed as requiring the state to continue the payment of state aid or assistance to any qualifying municipality or private academy or as limiting or prohibiting the state from repealing or amending any law relating to state aid or assistance, the manner and time of payment or apportionment thereof or the amount thereof.

      (P.A. 97-265, S. 96, 98.)

      History: P.A. 97-265 effective July 1, 1997.

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      Sec. 10-292o. Leasing of facilities by regional educational service centers; grants. Section 10-292o is repealed, effective October 5, 2009.

      (P.A. 97-265, S. 97, 98; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 11; P.A. 04-26, S. 9; P.A. 05-245, S. 43; P.A. 06-13, S. 7; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3, S. 6; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-6, S. 61.)

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      Sec. 10-292p. School-based health clinic. Entrance requirement. Section 10-292p is repealed, effective July 8, 2009.

      (P.A. 07-185, S. 33; P.A. 08-184, S. 35; P.A. 09-232, S. 105.)

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