CHAPTER 141
GENERAL PROVISIONS

Table of Contents

Sec. 9-1. Definitions.
Sec. 9-1a. "Municipal clerk" defined.
Sec. 9-2. Calculation of period of time.
Sec. 9-2a. Notice and warning requirements.
Sec. 9-3. Secretary to be Commissioner of Elections. Presumption concerning rulings and opinions.
Sec. 9-4. Duties of secretary.
Sec. 9-4a. Voter guide for state elections.
Sec. 9-4b. Elections training unit.
Sec. 9-5. Copies of instructional materials for moderators.
Sec. 9-5a. Towns to supply registrars with office space and supplies. Records.
Sec. 9-5b. Retention of records by registrars.
Sec. 9-6. Conferences of town clerks, registrars and secretary.
Sec. 9-6a. Conference for voting machine examiners.
Sec. 9-6b. Assistance to blind persons in the signing of petitions.
Sec. 9-7. Charter provisions not affected.
Sec. 9-7a. (Formerly Sec. 9-368a). State Elections Enforcement Commission. Reports. Political activity of members. Written complaints.
Sec. 9-7b. (Formerly Sec. 9-368b). State Elections Enforcement Commission's duties and powers.
Sec. 9-7c. Recommended appropriations. Allotments.
Sec. 9-8. Penalty for false statement.
Sec. 9-8a. 1972 election of General Assembly.

      Sec. 9-1. Definitions. Except as otherwise provided, the following terms, as used in this title and sections 3-124, 7-5, 7-6, 7-7, 7-17, 7-20, 7-39, 7-157, 7-214, 7-275, 7-295, 7-343, 7-407, 8-1, 8-5, 8-19, 10-219, 11-36, 13a-11, 30-10, 30-11, 45a-18, 45a-19 and 51-95 shall have the following meanings:

      (a) "Ballot label" means paper or other material containing the names of the candidates or a statement of a proposed constitutional amendment or other question or proposition to be voted on;

      (b) "Board for admission of electors" means the board as composed under subsection (a) of section 9-15a;

      (c) "Clerical error" means any error in the registry list or enrollment list due to a mistake or an omission on the part of the printer or a mistake or omission made by the registrars or their assistants;

      (d) "Election" means any electors' meeting at which the electors choose public officials by use of voting machines or by paper ballots as provided in sections 9-271 and 9-272;

      (e) "Elector" means any person possessing the qualifications prescribed by the Constitution and duly admitted to, and entitled to exercise, the privileges of an elector in a town;

      (f) Repealed by P.A. 77-298, S. 14;

      (g) "Municipal clerk" means the clerk of a municipality;

      (h) "Municipal election" means the regularly recurring election held in a municipality at which the electors of the municipality choose public officials of such municipality;

      (i) "Municipality" means any city, borough or town within the state;

      (j) "Official ballot" means the official ballot to be used at an election, or the official paper ballot to be used thereat in accordance with the provisions of sections 9-271 and 9-272;

      (k) "Population" means the population according to the last-completed United States census;

      (l) "Presidential electors" means persons elected to cast their ballots for President and Vice President of the United States;

      (m) "Print" means methods of duplication of words by mechanical process, but shall not include typewriting;

      (n) "Referendum" means (1) a question or proposal which is submitted to a vote of the electors or voters of a municipality at any regular or special state or municipal election, as defined in this section, (2) a question or proposal which is submitted to a vote of the electors or voters, as the case may be, of a municipality at a meeting of such electors or voters, which meeting is not an election, as defined in subsection (d) of this section, and is not a town meeting, or (3) a question or proposal which is submitted to a vote of the electors or voters, as the case may be, of a municipality at a meeting of such electors or voters pursuant to section 7-7 or pursuant to charter or special act;

      (o) "Regular election" means any state or municipal election;

      (p) "Registrars" means the registrars of voters of the municipality;

      (q) "Registry list" means the list of electors of any municipality certified by the registrars;

      (r) "Special election" means any election not a regular election;

      (s) "State election" means the election held in the state on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November in the even-numbered years in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution of Connecticut;

      (t) "State officers" means the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of the State, Treasurer, Comptroller and Attorney General;

      (u) "Voter" means a person qualified to vote at town and district meetings under the provisions of section 7-6;

      (v) "Voting district" means any municipality, or any political subdivision thereof, having not more than one polling place in a regular election;

      (w) "Voting tabulator" means a machine, including, but not limited to, a device which operates by electronic means, for the registering and recording of votes cast at elections, primaries and referenda;

      (x) "Write-in ballot" means a vote cast for any person whose name does not appear on the official ballot as a candidate for the office for which his name is written in;

      (y) "The last session for admission of electors prior to an election" means the day which is the seventh day prior to an election.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1030; 1953, S. 503d; November, 1955, S. N39; 1957, P.A. 13, S. 99; 442, S. 13; March, 1958, P.A. 27, S. 34; 1961, P.A. 274, S. 2; February, 1965, P.A. 393, S. 1; 1967, P.A. 831, S. 1; 1971, P.A. 871, S. 63; P.A. 73-616, S. 8; P.A. 75-567, S. 54, 80; P.A. 76-311; P.A. 77-298, S. 14; P.A. 79-189, S. 1, 9; P.A. 84-319, S. 1, 49; P.A. 88-364, S. 116, 123; P.A. 91-351, S. 22, 28; P.A. 97-192, S. 2; P.A. 05-235, S. 26; P.A. 07-194, S. 37.)

      History: 1961 act added reference in Subdiv. (f) to list compiled under Sec. 9-57a; 1965 act added reference in Subdiv. (f) to list compiled under Sec. 9-31g; 1967 act under Subdiv. (b) changed definition to "board as composed under subsection (a) of section 9-15a"; 1971 act deleted reference to Sec. 53-172 in introductory language; P.A. 73-616 deleted reference to Sec. 7-387 in introductory language; P.A. 75-567 deleted "in connection with which no question of fact was determined" in Subdiv. (c); P.A. 76-311 inserted new definition for "referendum" in Subdiv. (n) and relettered former Subdiv. (n) and following definitions accordingly; P.A. 77-298 repealed Subdiv. (f), defining "enrollment list"; P.A. 79-189 added Subdiv. (x) defining "the last session for admission of electors prior to an election"; P.A. 84-319 inserted definition of "voting machine" as Subdiv. (w), relettering as necessary; P.A. 88-364 amended Subdiv. (n)(3) by adding the words "or pursuant to charter or special act"; P.A. 91-351 substituted "fourteenth" for "twenty-first" day in Subdiv. (y); (Revisor's note: In 1993 an obsolete reference to repealed Sec. 53-295 was deleted editorially by the Revisors); P.A. 97-192 amended definition of "referendum" by inserting "or voters" in Subdiv. (n)(1); P.A. 05-235 substituted "seventh" for "fourteenth" day in Subdiv. (y), effective January 1, 2006; P.A. 07-194 replaced "Voting machine" with "Voting tabulator" in Subsec. (w) and made technical changes in Subsecs. (a), (j) and (w).

      Cited. 139 C. 209. Cited. 140 C. 517. Cited. 184 C. 200.

      Cited. 43 CS 297.

      Subdiv. (n):

      Cited. 36 CS 74. Cited. 43 CS 297. Stand-alone referendum is not subject to the election contest deadline of Sec. 9-328 and requiring application of Secs. 9-369 and 9-328 to a referendum held under Subdiv. (2) would impinge on home rule considerations. 48 CS 481.


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      Sec. 9-1a. "Municipal clerk" defined. The term "municipal clerk" or "clerk of the municipality" as used in this title shall mean the town clerk in or for the municipality to which reference is made, unless otherwise provided by charter or special act.

      (1969, P.A. 704, S. 1.)

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      Sec. 9-2. Calculation of period of time. In this title and the sections listed in section 9-1, when a period of time is prescribed for the doing of any act, Saturdays, Sundays and holidays shall be included in computing such period, except that, if the last day of such period is a Saturday, Sunday or holiday, such day shall not be counted, and the last day shall be the day following such Saturday, Sunday or holiday.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1031; 1953, S. 504d; 1963, P.A. 393, S. 1; P.A. 84-319, S. 2, 49; P.A. 87-382, S. 1, 55.)

      History: 1963 act added provision for including day of publication, Sundays and holidays in computing time lapse required between warning or notice and day of holding meeting or election; P.A. 84-319 eliminated provision requiring that date of publication and intervening Sundays and holidays be counted in publication period; P.A. 87-382 provided that Saturdays be treated in same manner as Sundays and holidays in calculations of time periods.

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      Sec. 9-2a. Notice and warning requirements. (a) Whenever in this title newspaper publication of any notice or warning is required to be given by a municipal clerk, it may be given by an assistant clerk.

      (b) Any provision of any special act contrary to the notice or warning requirements of this title is repealed.

      (1963, P.A. 393, S. 2.)

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      Sec. 9-3. Secretary to be Commissioner of Elections. Presumption concerning rulings and opinions. The Secretary of the State, by virtue of the office, shall be the Commissioner of Elections of the state, with such powers and duties relating to the conduct of elections as are prescribed by law and, unless otherwise provided by state statute, the secretary's regulations, declaratory rulings, instructions and opinions, if in written form, shall be presumed as correctly interpreting and effectuating the administration of elections and primaries under this title, except for chapter 155, provided nothing in this section shall be construed to alter the right of appeal provided under the provisions of chapter 54.

      (1953, S. 505d; P.A. 84-319, S. 46, 49.)

      History: P.A. 84-319 established presumption concerning secretary's regulations, rulings, instructions and opinions.

      See Sec. 3-87 re publication of election laws.

      The secretary of the state is, by virtue of the office, commissioner of elections. 31 CS 447.

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      Sec. 9-4. Duties of secretary. The Secretary of the State, in addition to other duties imposed by law, shall, as such commissioner, (1) advise local election officials in connection with proper methods of conducting elections and referenda as defined in subsection (n) of section 9-1, and, upon request of a municipal official, matters arising under chapter 99; (2) prepare regulations and instructions for the conduct of elections, as designated by law; (3) provide local election officials with a sufficient number of copies of election laws pamphlets and materials necessary to the conduct of elections; (4) distribute all materials concerning proposed laws or amendments required by law to be submitted to the electors; (5) recommend to local election officials the form of registration cards and blanks; (6) determine, in the manner provided by law, the forms for the preparation of voting machines, for the recording of the vote and the conduct of the election and certification of election returns; (7) prepare the ballot title or statement to be placed on the ballot for any proposed law or amendment to the Constitution to be submitted to the electors of the state; (8) certify to the several boards the form of official ballots for state and municipal offices; (9) provide the form and manner of filing notification of vacancies, nomination and subsequent appointment to fill such vacancies; (10) prescribe, provide and distribute absentee voting forms for use by the municipal clerks; (11) examine and approve nominating petitions filed under section 9-453o; and (12) distribute corrupt practices forms and provide instructions for completing and filing the same.

      (1953, S. 506d; 1957, P.A. 222; 1971, P.A. 806, S. 18; P.A. 77-32, S. 1, 2.)

      History: 1971 act made technical changes; P.A. 77-32 under Subdiv. (1) added referenda and matters arising under chapter 99 on request of municipal official, effective January 1, 1978.

      The secretary of the state as commissioner of elections is charged with advising local election officials. 31 CS 447.

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      Sec. 9-4a. Voter guide for state elections. (a) Not later than October first in each year in which a state election, as defined in section 9-1, is to be held, the Secretary of the State, in consultation with the State Elections Enforcement Commission and within available appropriations, shall prepare a voter guide for such state election and shall publish such voter guide on the Internet.

      (b) The voter guide shall contain:

      (1) The date of the state election and the hours the polls will be open;

      (2) The name, party affiliation and contact information of each candidate who is nominated or qualifies as a petitioning candidate for election to the office of President of the United States, Vice-President of the United States, senator in Congress, representative in Congress, Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, State Treasurer, State Comptroller, Secretary of the State, state senator or state representative at the state election. As used in this section, "contact information" means any or all of the following information received by the Secretary of the State in the course of the secretary's elections duties or by the Federal Election Commission: A candidate's campaign mailing address, telephone number, facsimile number, electronic mail address and web site. The voter guide may provide contact information for a candidate for the office of President of the United States, Vice-President of the United States, senator in Congress or representative in Congress by an electronic link to such information on the Federal Election Commission's web site;

      (3) The following three maps produced pursuant to the most recent decennial reapportionment of General Assembly and Connecticut congressional districts: One map showing the boundaries of state senatorial districts, one map showing the boundaries of state house of representatives districts and one map showing the boundaries of state congressional districts;

      (4) A description of each office to be filled at the state election;

      (5) An absentee ballot application in printable format;

      (6) Instructions regarding voting by absentee ballot;

      (7) Information on the procedure for registering to vote;

      (8) A voter registration application in printable format;

      (9) The full text of each proposed constitutional amendment that will appear on the ballot at the state election;

      (10) The explanatory text as to the content and purpose of each such proposed constitutional amendment, which is prepared by the Office of Legislative Research pursuant to section 2-30a; and

      (11) The text of the Voter's Bill of Rights set forth in section 9-236b.

      (c) The Secretary of the State, in consultation with the State Elections Enforcement Commission, may adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to carry out the purposes of this section. Such regulations shall not authorize the inclusion of any information in the voter guide in addition to that required in subsection (b) of this section.

      (P.A. 05-188, S. 5.)

      History: P.A. 05-188 effective January 1, 2006.

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      Sec. 9-4b. Elections training unit. The Secretary of the State shall establish an elections training unit to coordinate all training for registrars of voters, deputy registrars of voters, permanent assistant registrars of voters as described in section 9-192 and poll workers. Such unit shall employ at least one person having field experience in the conduct of elections.

      (P.A. 05-235, S. 23.)

      History: P.A. 05-235 effective July 1, 2005.

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      Sec. 9-5. Copies of instructional materials for moderators. At least one week prior to each state or municipal election, the Secretary of the State shall send to the registrars of voters of each municipality in which such election is to be held a copy of such instructional materials as the secretary deems necessary for use by the moderator in each voting district. At the time when the moderator or moderators are appointed, such registrars shall give to each such moderator such materials as they have received from the secretary.

      (1953, S. 507d; P.A. 80-274; P.A. 97-67, S. 7, 9.)

      History: P.A. 80-274 substituted "instructional materials" for more specific language; P.A. 97-67 substituted "registrars of voters" for "clerk", effective July 1, 1997.

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      Sec. 9-5a. Towns to supply registrars with office space and supplies. Records. Each town shall provide the registrars of voters with office space, supplies and equipment, including facilities for the safe storage of the official records of such registrars. Such records shall be accessible to all registrars of voters in such town and they shall be jointly responsible for their safekeeping.

      (1961, P.A. 71.)

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      Sec. 9-5b. Retention of records by registrars. When the registrars of voters are required by law to maintain, have on file or retain any document, record, list or other paper, the same shall be kept in their office or, if they do not have a permanent office, in the office space provided under section 9-5a.

      (1963, P.A. 201, S. 3.)

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      Sec. 9-6. Conferences of town clerks, registrars and secretary. Each registrar of voters or, in the absence of a registrar, his deputy, and each town clerk or, in the absence of a town clerk, one of his assistant town clerks shall be compensated by the municipality which he represents, as herein provided, for attending two conferences a year for town clerks and registrars of voters which may be called by the Secretary of the State for the purpose of discussing the election laws, procedures or matters related thereto. Each such official shall be compensated by his municipality at the rate of thirty-five dollars per day for attending each such conference, plus mileage to and from such conference at a rate per mile determined by the municipality, but not less than twenty cents per mile, computed from the office of such official or, if he has no office, from his home to the place where such conference is being held. In towns divided into two voting districts which elect registrars of voters for each voting district, only two registrars of opposite political parties need be so compensated for each such conference and, if the registrars are unable to agree as to the two registrars to be so compensated, such determination shall be made at least three days prior to such conference by the chief executive officer of the municipality.

      (1957, P.A. 480; 1959, P.A. 51; 1961, P.A. 198; 1969, P.A. 97, S. 1; P.A. 79-384; P.A. 83-475, S. 3, 43; P.A. 95-171, S. 1, 14.)

      History: 1959 act provided compensation for deputy registrar or assistant town clerk attending conference in the absence of a registrar or town clerk, and changed destination for computing mileage to the place where the conference is being held; 1961 act deleted requirement that conference be state-wide; 1969 act changed compensation from $10 to $25 per day; P.A. 79-384 changed compensation to $35 per day and changed mileage rate from $0.10 per mile to the same rate as that paid to state employees; P.A. 83-475 amended section by establishing minimum mileage rate of $0.20 per mile or such greater rate as determined by municipality; P.A. 95-171 added "two" re towns divided into voting districts, effective January 8, 1997.

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      Sec. 9-6a. Conference for voting machine examiners. The Secretary of the State shall hold a conference prior to each regular election for state officers for the purpose of training and approving persons examining voting machines under section 9-240a. The registrars of voters may designate a suitable person or persons to attend such conference, and each such person shall be compensated by his municipality at the rate of thirty-five dollars per day, plus mileage to and from such conference at a rate per mile determined by the municipality, but not less than twenty cents per mile, computed from the home of such person to the place where such conference is being held.

      (1969, P.A. 31; P.A. 83-475, S. 4, 43.)

      History: P.A. 83-475 increased compensation from $25 to $35 per day and established a minimum mileage rate of $0.20 per mile.

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      Sec. 9-6b. Assistance to blind persons in the signing of petitions. (a) Any provision of the general statutes to the contrary notwithstanding, a circulator of any petition shall, without subjecting himself to the penalties of false statement, accept the signature of an authorized agent, in the form and manner provided for in this section, who signs a petition which is authorized pursuant to any provision of the general statutes or any special act on behalf of a blind person, provided there is compliance with the procedures prescribed in subsection (b) of this section.

      (b) Any person who is blind, as defined in section 1-1f, may cause his name to be affixed to a petition which is authorized pursuant to any provision of the general statutes, or any special act, provided an authorized agent reads aloud the full text of the petition in the presence of the circulator, and the blind person consents to having his name appear thereon. In the event a blind person is unable to write, his authorized agent may write the name of such blind person followed by the word "by" and his own signature. Any provision of the general statutes to the contrary notwithstanding, no authorized agent who complies with the provisions of this subsection shall be prosecuted or subjected to criminal liability. No circulator shall act as an authorized agent.

      (P.A. 79-355.)

      See Sec. 9-453a re petition for nomination for elective office.

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      Sec. 9-7. Charter provisions not affected. No provision of this title or the sections listed in section 9-1 shall be construed to repeal any charter provision in existence on May 14, 1953, relative to the election, term of office or powers or duties of any municipal officer or to the manner of warning or conducting any municipal meeting or any election, but the powers and duties of such officers shall remain as provided in such charter.

      (1953, S. 508d.)

      This is superseded by section 9-167a. 28 CS 403.

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      Sec. 9-7a. (Formerly Sec. 9-368a). State Elections Enforcement Commission. Reports. Political activity of members. Written complaints. (a) There is established a State Elections Enforcement Commission to consist of five members, not more than two of whom shall be members of the same political party and at least one of whom shall not be affiliated with any political party. Of the members first appointed hereunder, one shall be appointed by the minority leader of the House of Representatives and shall hold office for a term of one year from July 1, 1974; one shall be appointed by the minority leader of the Senate and shall hold office for a term of three years from said July first; one shall be appointed by the speaker of the House of Representatives and shall hold office for a term of one year from said July first; one shall be appointed by the president pro tempore of the Senate and shall hold office for a term of three years from said July first, and one shall be appointed by the Governor, provided that such member shall not be affiliated with any political party, and shall hold office for a term of five years from said July first. Thereafter, members shall be appointed for terms of five years from July first in the year of their appointment and shall be appointed by the person holding the same office as was held by the person making the original appointment, provided any person chosen to fill a vacancy shall be appointed only for the unexpired term of the member whom he shall succeed. All appointments shall be made with the consent of the state Senate and House of Representatives, provided the initial appointees may serve without confirmation from July 1, 1974, subject to approval at the next regular session of the General Assembly. No person who has served within the previous three years as a public official, other than a member of the State Elections Enforcement Commission, or who has served within the previous three years as a political party officer, shall be appointed to membership on the commission. For purposes of this subsection the term "public official" means an individual who holds or has held a state, district or municipal office as defined in section 9-372 but shall not include a justice of the peace or a notary public and the term "political party officer" means an officer or member of a national committee of a political party, state central or town committee, or any person employed by any such committee for compensation. The commission shall elect one of its members to serve as chairperson and another member to serve as vice-chairperson. Each member of the commission shall be compensated at the rate of two hundred dollars per day for any day on which he participates in a regular commission meeting or hearing, and shall be paid by the state for his reasonable expenses, including necessary stenographic and clerical help.

      (b) A vacancy in the commission shall not impair the right of the remaining members to exercise all the powers of the commission, and three members of said commission shall constitute a quorum.

      (c) The commission shall at the close of each fiscal year report to the General Assembly and the Governor concerning the action it has taken including, but not limited to a list of all complaints investigated by the commission and the disposition of each such complaint, by voting districts, where the alleged violation occurred; the names, salaries and duties of the individuals in its employ and the money it has disbursed; and shall make such further reports on the matters within its jurisdiction and such recommendations for further legislation as may appear desirable.

      (d) The commission shall, subject to the provisions of chapter 67, employ such employees as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this section, section 9-7b and section 9-623 and may apply to the Commissioner of Public Safety or to the Chief State's Attorney for necessary investigatory personnel, which the same are hereby authorized to provide.

      (e) Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 5-266a and 5-266b, no member or employee of the commission shall (1) be a candidate in any primary or election, (2) hold any elected public office, provided a member or employee of the commission who holds an elected public office as of October 1, 1994, may continue to hold such office prior to April 1, 1995, (3) be a political party officer, as defined in subsection (a) of this section, or (4) hold any office of any committee, as defined in section 9-601. The members and employees of the commission shall otherwise be subject to the provisions of sections 5-266a and 5-266b.

      (f) The commission shall not be construed to be a board or commission within the meaning of section 4-9a.

      (g) In the case of a written complaint filed with the commission pursuant to section 9-7b on or after January 1, 1988, if the commission does not, by the sixtieth day following receipt of the complaint, either issue a decision or render its determination that probable cause or no probable cause exists for one or more violations of state election laws, the complainant or respondent may apply to the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford for an order to show cause why the commission has not acted upon the complaint and to provide evidence that the commission has unreasonably delayed action. Such proceeding shall be privileged with respect to assignment for trial. The commission shall appear and give appropriate explanation in the matter. The court may, in its discretion, order the commission to: (1) Continue to proceed pursuant to section 9-7b, (2) act by a date certain or (3) refer the complaint to the Chief State's Attorney. Nothing in this subsection shall require the commission, in any proceeding brought pursuant to this subsection, to disclose records or documents which are not required to be disclosed pursuant to subsection (b) of section 1-210. Nothing in this subsection shall preclude the commission from continuing its investigation or taking any action permitted by section 9-7b, unless otherwise ordered by the court. The commission or any other party may, within seven days after a decision by the court under this subsection, file an appeal of the decision with the Appellate Court.

      (P.A. 74-213, S. 1, 9; P.A. 75-250, S. 1, 2; P.A. 77-566, S. 1, 3; 77-604, S. 6, 84; 77-614, S. 70, 486, 587, 610; P.A. 79-363, S. 1, 2, 38; 79-560, S. 35, 39; P.A. 80-281, S. 30, 31; P.A. 81-209, S. 1, 2; P.A. 82-76; P.A. 84-511, S. 2, 15; P.A. 86-99, S. 31, 34; P.A. 87-469, S. 1, 2; P.A. 88-230, S. 1, 12; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; P.A. 94-102; P.A. 95-220, S. 4-6; P.A. 06-187, S. 67.)

      History: P.A. 75-250 amended Subsec. (a) to change to three years the previous time during which service as a public official or political party officer acts as bar to appointment; in 1977 Sec. 9-368a was transferred to Sec. 9-7a; P.A. 77-566 in Subsec. (a) provided compensation of $50 for any day of participation; P.A. 77-604 made technical changes; P.A. 77-614 in Subsec. (a) substituted commissioner of administrative services for commissioner of finance and control and, effective January 1, 1979, in Subsec. (d) changed commissioner of state police to commissioner of public safety; P.A. 79-363 substituted chairperson and vice-chairperson for chairman and vice chairman in Subsec. (a); P.A. 79-560 added new Subsec. (f) providing that new commission not construed to be a board or commission within meaning of Sec. 4-9a; P.A. 80-281 amended Subsec. (a) to provide that term "public official" not include justice of peace or notary public; P.A. 81-209 amended Subsec. (a) by refining definition of the term "public official" and by defining "political party officer"; P.A. 82-76 deleted requirement that commissioner of administrative services approve payment of expenses of members; P.A. 84-511 amended section to change name of state elections commission to elections enforcement commission; P.A. 86-99 amended Subsec. (d) by deleting reference to repealed Sec. 9-348l and inserting reference to Sec. 9-333y; P.A. 87-469 added Subsec. (g), allowing complainant or respondent to apply to court for order to show cause if commission does not act on complaint within 60 days; P.A. 88-230 replaced "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain" with "judicial district of Hartford", effective September 1, 1991; P.A. 90-98 changed effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1991, to September 1, 1993; P.A. 93-142 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1993, to September 1, 1996, effective June 14, 1993; P.A. 94-102 amended Subsec. (e) by adding Subdivs. (1) to (4) re political activity restrictions of commission members and employees notwithstanding Secs. 5-266a and 5-266b; P.A. 95-220 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1996, to September 1, 1998, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 06-187 amended Subsec. (a) to increase rate of compensation for commission members from $50 to $200 per day for regular commission meeting or hearing, effective May 26, 2006.

      Cited. 224 C. 29.

      Subsec. (a):

      Composition of Elections Enforcement Commission as provided by this subsec. and Sec. 9-7b(a) does not violate separation of powers doctrine. 255 C. 78.


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      Sec. 9-7b. (Formerly Sec. 9-368b). State Elections Enforcement Commission's duties and powers. (a) The State Elections Enforcement Commission shall have the following duties and powers:

      (1) To make investigations on its own initiative or with respect to statements filed with the commission by the Secretary of the State or any town clerk, or upon written complaint under oath by any individual, with respect to alleged violations of any provision of the general statutes relating to any election or referendum, any primary held pursuant to section 9-423, 9-425 or 9-464 or any primary held pursuant to a special act, and to hold hearings when the commission deems necessary to investigate violations of any provisions of the general statutes relating to any such election, primary or referendum, and for the purpose of such hearings the commission may administer oaths, examine witnesses and receive oral and documentary evidence, and shall have the power to subpoena witnesses under procedural rules the commission shall adopt, to compel their attendance and to require the production for examination of any books and papers which the commission deems relevant to any matter under investigation or in question. In connection with its investigation of any alleged violation of any provision of chapter 145, or of any provision of section 9-359 or section 9-359a, the commission shall also have the power to subpoena any municipal clerk and to require the production for examination of any absentee ballot, inner and outer envelope from which any such ballot has been removed, depository envelope containing any such ballot or inner or outer envelope as provided in sections 9-150a and 9-150b and any other record, form or document as provided in section 9-150b, in connection with the election, primary or referendum to which the investigation relates. In case of a refusal to comply with any subpoena issued pursuant to this subsection or to testify with respect to any matter upon which that person may be lawfully interrogated, the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford, on application of the commission, may issue an order requiring such person to comply with such subpoena and to testify; failure to obey any such order of the court may be punished by the court as a contempt thereof. In any matter under investigation which concerns the operation or inspection of or outcome recorded on any voting machine, the commission may issue an order to the municipal clerk to impound such machine until the investigation is completed;

      (2) To levy a civil penalty not to exceed (A) two thousand dollars per offense against any person the commission finds to be in violation of any provision of chapter 145, part V of chapter 146, part I of chapter 147, chapter 148, section 7-9, section 9-12, subsection (a) of section 9-17, section 9-19b, 9-19e, 9-19g, 9-19h, 9-19i, 9-20, 9-21, 9-23a, 9-23g, 9-23h, 9-23j to 9-23o, inclusive, 9-23r, 9-26, 9-31a, 9-32, 9-35, 9-35b, 9-35c, 9-40a, 9-42, 9-43, 9-50a, 9-56, 9-59, 9-168d, 9-170, 9-171, 9-172, 9-232i to 9-232o, inclusive, 9-404a to 9-404c, inclusive, 9-409, 9-410, 9-412, 9-436, 9-436a, 9-453e to 9-453h, inclusive, 9-453k or 9-453o, (B) two thousand dollars per offense against any town clerk, registrar of voters, an appointee or designee of a town clerk or registrar of voters, or any other election or primary official whom the commission finds to have failed to discharge a duty imposed by any provision of chapter 146 or 147, (C) two thousand dollars per offense against any person the commission finds to have (i) improperly voted in any election, primary or referendum, and (ii) not been legally qualified to vote in such election, primary or referendum, or (D) two thousand dollars per offense or twice the amount of any improper payment or contribution, whichever is greater, against any person the commission finds to be in violation of any provision of chapter 155 or 157. The commission may levy a civil penalty against any person under subparagraph (A), (B), (C) or (D) of this subdivision only after giving the person an opportunity to be heard at a hearing conducted in accordance with sections 4-176e to 4-184, inclusive. In the case of failure to pay any such penalty levied pursuant to this subsection within thirty days of written notice sent by certified or registered mail to such person, the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford, on application of the commission, may issue an order requiring such person to pay the penalty imposed and such court costs, state marshal's fees and attorney's fees incurred by the commission as the court may determine. Any civil penalties paid, collected or recovered under subparagraph (D) of this subdivision for a violation of any provision of chapter 155 applying to the office of the Treasurer shall be deposited on a pro rata basis in any trust funds, as defined in section 3-13c, affected by such violation;

      (3) (A) To issue an order requiring any person the commission finds to have received any contribution or payment which is prohibited by any of the provisions of chapter 155 or 157, after an opportunity to be heard at a hearing conducted in accordance with the provisions of sections 4-176e to 4-184, inclusive, to return such contribution or payment to the donor or payor, or to remit such contribution or payment to the state for deposit in the General Fund or the Citizens' Election Fund, whichever is deemed necessary to effectuate the purposes of chapter 155 or 157, as the case may be;

      (B) To issue an order when the commission finds that an intentional violation of any provision of chapter 155 or 157 has been committed, after an opportunity to be heard at a hearing conducted in accordance with sections 4-176e to 4-184, inclusive, which order may contain one or more of the following sanctions: (i) Removal of a campaign treasurer, deputy campaign treasurer or solicitor; (ii) prohibition on serving as a campaign treasurer, deputy campaign treasurer or solicitor, for a period not to exceed four years; and (iii) in the case of a party committee or a political committee, suspension of all political activities, including, but not limited to, the receipt of contributions and the making of expenditures, provided the commission may not order such a suspension unless the commission has previously ordered the removal of the campaign treasurer and notifies the officers of the committee that the commission is considering such suspension;

      (C) To issue an order revoking any person's eligibility to be appointed or serve as an election, primary or referendum official or unofficial checker or in any capacity at the polls on the day of an election, primary or referendum, when the commission finds such person has intentionally violated any provision of the general statutes relating to the conduct of an election, primary or referendum, after an opportunity to be heard at a hearing conducted in accordance with sections 4-176e to 4-184, inclusive;

      (D) To issue an order to enforce the provisions of the Help America Vote Act, P.L. 107-252, as amended from time to time, as the commission deems appropriate;

      (E) To issue an order following the commission's determination of the right of an individual to be or remain an elector when such determination is made (i) pursuant to an appeal taken to the commission from a decision of the registrars of voters or board of admission of electors under section 9-31l, or (ii) following the commission's investigation pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection;

      (F) To issue a cease and desist order for violation of any general statute or regulation under the commission's jurisdiction and to take reasonable actions necessary to compel compliance with such statute or regulation;

      (4) To issue an order to a candidate committee that receives moneys from the Citizens' Election Fund pursuant to chapter 157, to comply with the provisions of chapter 157, after an opportunity to be heard at a hearing conducted in accordance with the provisions of sections 4-176e to 4-184, inclusive;

      (5) To inspect or audit at any reasonable time and upon reasonable notice the accounts or records of any campaign treasurer or principal campaign treasurer, as required by chapter 155 or 157 and to audit any such election, primary or referendum held within the state; provided, (A) (i) not later than two months preceding the day of an election at which a candidate is seeking election, the commission shall complete any audit it has initiated in the absence of a complaint that involves a committee of the same candidate from a previous election, and (ii) during the two-month period preceding the day of an election at which a candidate is seeking election, the commission shall not initiate an audit in the absence of a complaint that involves a committee of the same candidate from a previous election, and (B) the commission shall not audit any caucus, as defined in subdivision (1) of section 9-372;

      (6) To attempt to secure voluntary compliance, by informal methods of conference, conciliation and persuasion, with any provision of chapter 149, 151 to 153, inclusive, 155, 156 or 157 or any other provision of the general statutes relating to any such election, primary or referendum;

      (7) To consult with the Secretary of the State, the Chief State's Attorney or the Attorney General on any matter which the commission deems appropriate;

      (8) To refer to the Chief State's Attorney evidence bearing upon violation of any provision of chapter 149, 151 to 153, inclusive, 155, 156 or 157 or any other provision of the general statutes pertaining to or relating to any such election, primary or referendum;

      (9) To refer to the Attorney General evidence for injunctive relief and any other ancillary equitable relief in the circumstances of subdivision (8) of this subsection. Nothing in this subdivision shall preclude a person who claims that he is aggrieved by a violation of any provision of chapter 152 or any other provision of the general statutes relating to referenda from pursuing injunctive and any other ancillary equitable relief directly from the Superior Court by the filing of a complaint;

      (10) To refer to the Attorney General evidence pertaining to any ruling which the commission finds to be in error made by election officials in connection with any election, primary or referendum. Those remedies and procedures available to parties claiming to be aggrieved under the provisions of sections 9-323, 9-324, 9-328 and 9-329a shall apply to any complaint brought by the Attorney General as a result of the provisions of this subdivision;

      (11) To consult with the United States Department of Justice and the United States Attorney for Connecticut on any investigation pertaining to a violation of this section, section 9-12, subsection (a) of section 9-17 or section 9-19b, 9-19e, 9-19g, 9-19h, 9-19i, 9-20, 9-21, 9-23a, 9-23g, 9-23h, 9-23j to 9-23o, inclusive, 9-26, 9-31a, 9-32, 9-35, 9-35b, 9-35c, 9-40a, 9-42, 9-43, 9-50a, 9-56 or 9-59 and to refer to said department and attorney evidence bearing upon any such violation for prosecution under the provisions of the National Voter Registration Act of 1993, P.L. 103-31, as amended from time to time;

      (12) To inspect reports filed with town clerks pursuant to chapter 155 and refer to the Chief State's Attorney evidence bearing upon any violation of law therein if such violation was committed knowingly and wilfully;

      (13) To intervene in any action brought pursuant to the provisions of sections 9-323, 9-324, 9-328 and 9-329a upon application to the court in which such action is brought when in the opinion of the court it is necessary to preserve evidence of possible criminal violation of the election laws;

      (14) To adopt and publish regulations pursuant to chapter 54 to carry out the provisions of section 9-7a, this section, and chapters 155 and 157; to issue upon request and publish advisory opinions in the Connecticut Law Journal upon the requirements of chapters 155 and 157, and to make recommendations to the General Assembly concerning suggested revisions of the election laws;

      (15) To the extent that the Elections Enforcement Commission is involved in the investigation of alleged or suspected criminal violations of any provision of the general statutes pertaining to or relating to any such election, primary or referendum and is engaged in such investigation for the purpose of presenting evidence to the Chief State's Attorney, the Elections Enforcement Commission shall be deemed a law enforcement agency for purposes of subdivision (3) of subsection (b) of section 1-210, provided nothing in this section shall be construed to exempt the Elections Enforcement Commission in any other respect from the requirements of the Freedom of Information Act, as defined in section 1-200;

      (16) To enter into such contractual agreements as may be necessary for the discharge of its duties, within the limits of its appropriated funds and in accordance with established procedures;

      (17) To provide the Secretary of the State with notice and copies of all decisions rendered by the commission in contested cases, advisory opinions and declaratory judgments, at the time such decisions, judgments and opinions are made or issued;

      (18) To receive and determine complaints filed under the Help America Vote Act, P.L. 107-252, as amended from time to time, by any person who believes there is a violation of any provision of Title III of P.L. 107-252, as amended. Any complaint filed under this subdivision shall be in writing, notarized and signed and sworn by the person filing the complaint. At the request of the complainant, there shall be a hearing on the record, conducted in accordance with sections 4-167e to 4-184, inclusive. The commission shall make a final determination with respect to a complaint prior to the expiration of the ninety-day period beginning on the date the complaint is filed, unless the complainant consents to a longer period for making such determination. If the commission fails to meet the applicable deadline under this subdivision with respect to a complaint, the commission shall resolve the complaint within sixty days after the expiration of such ninety-day period under an alternative dispute resolution procedure established by the commission.

      (b) In the case of a refusal to comply with an order of the commission issued pursuant to subdivision (3) or (4) of subsection (a) of this section, the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford, on application of the commission, may issue a further order to comply. Failure to obey such further order may be punished by the court as a contempt thereof.

      (P.A. 74-213, S. 2, 9; P.A. 75-202; 75-571, S. 32, 34; P.A. 76-249; P.A. 78-61, S. 1-4; 78-88, S. 1, 2; 78-106; 78-280, S. 6, 127; P.A. 79-363, S. 32, 38; 79-631, S. 6, 111; P.A. 80-212, S. 1, 4; P.A. 81-359, S. 1, 2; 81-447, S. 18, 23; P.A. 82-472, S. 23, 183; P.A. 83-583, S. 1, 6; P.A. 84-319, S. 4, 49; 84-437, S. 1, 4; 84-511, S. 3, 15; P.A. 85-489, S. 1; P.A. 86-1, S. 1, 5; 86-412, S. 1, 2; P.A. 87-532, S. 1, 10; P.A. 88-113; 88-230, S. 1, 12; 88-317, S. 52, 107; 88-347, S. 3, 4; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-30, S. 8, 14; 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; 93-192, S. 1, 3; 93-386, S. 3, 5; P.A. 94-121, S. 31, 33; P.A. 95-122, S. 1; 95-220, S. 4-6; P.A. 97-47, S. 17; 97-107, S. 1, 2; 97-154, S. 2, 27; P.A. 00-43, S. 10, 19; P.A. 01-195, S. 15, 181; P.A. 03-223, S. 2; 03-241, S. 53, 65; P.A. 04-74, S. 4; P.A. 05-235, S. 6; Oct. 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-5, S. 42; P.A. 08-2, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 75-202 inserted new Subsec. (c) providing for securing of voluntary compliance with election statutes and relettered former Subsec. (c) as (d) and all following Subsecs.; P.A. 75-571 made technical change; P.A. 76-249 added new Subsec. (h) providing that elections commission be deemed a law enforcement agency for certain purposes under freedom of information act, but not for other requirements of that act; in 1977 Sec. 9-368b was transferred to Sec. 9-7b; P.A. 78-61 in Subsecs. (a), (c), (d) and (h) substituted provisions relating to any election, primary or referendum where word "elections" previously occurred; P.A. 78-88 added new Subsec. (i) authorizing commission to enter into contractual agreements; P.A. 78-106 in Subsec. (d) inserted new provision authorizing consultation with secretary of the state, chief state's attorney or the attorney general, relettering former Subsec. (d) as (e) and (e) as (f), in relettered Subsec. (f) added "and any other ancillary equitable relief", added new Subsec. (g) authorizing referral to attorney general of evidence pertaining to ruling by election officials found to be in error in connection with election, primary or referendum and relettered former Subsec. (f) as (h) and following Subsecs. accordingly; P.A. 78-280 replaced Hartford county with judicial district of Hartford-New Britain in Subsec. (a); P.A. 79-363 in Subsec. (b) following "to inspect" added "or audit"; P.A. 79-631 made technical changes; P.A. 80-212 changed Subsec. (a) to Subdiv. (1), inserted new Subdiv. (2) providing for civil penalty not to exceed $1,000 and its enforcement, changed Subsec. (b) to Subdiv. (3) and remaining Subsecs. changed accordingly and in Subdiv. (9) added "if such violation was committed knowingly and wilfully"; P.A. 81-359 amended Subdiv. (2) to permit imposition of civil penalty for violation of laws pertaining to circulation of petitions and casting of absentee ballots and Subdiv. (10) to allow publication of advisory opinions in the Connecticut Law Journal; P.A. 81-447 made technical correction in Subsec. (3); P.A. 82-472 made a technical correction; P.A. 83-583 inserted new Subdiv. (10) empowering the state elections commission to intervene in certain actions upon application to the court in order to preserve evidence, renumbering former Subdivs. (10) to (12) accordingly; P.A. 84-319 added new Subdiv. requiring that copies of decisions, judgments and opinions be provided to the secretary of the state; P.A. 84-437 gave power to commission to order return of illegal contributions to donor or payor or payment into state's general fund in new Subdiv. (3), renumbering former Subdivs. (3) to (13) accordingly; P.A. 84-511 changed name of elections commission to elections enforcement commission; P.A. 85-489 amended Subdiv. (1) to empower the commission to subpoena municipal clerks and require the production of absentee ballots, records, forms or other documents to which the investigation relates; P.A. 86-1 amended Subdiv. (1) to empower commission to issue order to municipal clerk to impound voting machine; P.A. 86-412 amended Subdiv. (2) to allow commission to levy a civil penalty for violations of statutes re conduct of elections, voting machines, handicapped voters and primary officials; P.A. 87-532 amended Subdiv. (1) to make provisions applicable to all primaries instead of "any primary held for the purpose of selecting a nominee for public office"; P.A. 88-113 amended Subdiv. (8) by providing that the Subdiv. does not preclude person who claims he is aggrieved by violation of referenda statute from pursuing equitable relief directly from superior court; P.A. 88-230 replaced "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain" with "judicial district of Hartford", effective September 1, 1991; P.A. 88-317 amended references to Secs. 4-177 to 4-184 in Subdivs. (2) and (3) and reference to Ch. 54 in Subdiv. (12) to include new sections added to Ch. 54, effective July 1, 1989, and applicable to all agency proceedings commencing on or after that date; P.A. 88-347 amended Subdiv. (2) to permit imposition of civil penalty for violation of Secs. 9-23g, 9-23h and 9-23i; P.A. 90-98 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1991, to September 1, 1993; P.A. 93-30 made technical changes in Subdivs. (1) and (2), effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-142 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1993, to September 1, 1996, effective June 14, 1993; P.A. 93-192 amended Subdiv. (2) to increase maximum civil penalty from $1,000 to $2,000, effective July 1, 1993, and applicable to violations committed on or after that date; P.A. 93-386 made a technical change in Subdiv. (2), effective January 1, 1994; P.A. 94-121 amended Subdiv. (2) by inserting "9-7b or 9-12, subsection (a) of section 9-17, section 9-19b, 9-19e, 9-19g, 9-19h, 9-19i, 9-20, 9-21, 9-23a," and "9-23j to 9-23o, inclusive, 9-26, 9-31a, 9-32, 9-35, 9-35b, 9-35c, 9-40a, 9-42, 9-43, 9-50a, 9-56, 9-59," inserted new Subdiv. (10) re duties and powers re voter registration and National Voter Registration Act of 1993 violations, and renumbered remaining Subdivs. accordingly, effective January 1, 1995; P.A. 95-122 amended Subdiv. (2) to authorize commission to levy civil penalties for violations of Ch. 148 and Secs. 9-170, 9-171 and 9-172 and to authorize court to order payment of court costs, sheriff's fees and attorney's fees; P.A. 95-220 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1996, to September 1, 1998, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 97-47 amended Subdiv. (14) by substituting "the Freedom of Information Act, as defined in Sec. 1-18a" for list of sections; P.A. 97-107 lettered existing section as Subsec. (a), amended Subsec. (a)(2) to designate as Subpara. (A) language re penalties for violating a provision of the general statutes, to delete in Subpara. (A) reference to Ch. 150 and to add new Subpara. (B) re penalties for violating Ch. 150, amended Subsec. (a)(3) to designate existing language as Subpara. (A) and to delete provision re failure to comply with order and insert same provision in new Subsec. (b), also amended Subsec. (a)(3) to add new Subpara. (B) authorizing commission to issue orders for intentional violations and to add new Subpara. (C) authorizing commission to revoke person's eligibility to serve as official or checker, and added new Subsec. (b) re failure to comply with order, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 97-154 amended Subdiv. (1) by substituting "primary held pursuant to section 9-423, 9-424, 9-425 or 9-464 or any primary held pursuant to a special act" for "primary" and amended Subdiv. (9) for consistency, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 00-43 amended Subdiv. (2) to provide for deposit of penalties for violations involving Treasurer's office, effective May 3, 2000; P.A. 01-195 substituted "state marshal's" for "sheriff's" in Subsec. (a)(2), effective July 11, 2001; P.A. 03-223 amended Subsec. (a)(4) by adding Subpara. (A) re completion and initiation of audits, designating existing proviso as Subpara. (B) and making a technical change, effective July 1, 2003; P.A. 03-241 amended Subsec. (a)(1) by deleting reference to a repealed section and amended Subsec. (a)(2)(A) by authorizing commission to levy civil penalty for violation of Secs. 9-404a to 9-404c, inclusive, effective January 1, 2004, and applicable to primaries and elections held on or after that date, and added Subsec. (a)(3)(B)(iii) authorizing order suspending political activities of party committee or political committee, effective July 1, 2003; P.A. 04-74 amended Subsec. (a)(2)(A) by adding reference to Secs. 9-232i to 9-232o, inclusive, and Sec. 9-23r, amended Subsec. (a)(3) by adding Subpara. (D) re duties and powers to issue an order to enforce the Help America Vote Act, made a technical change in Subsec (a)(8) and further amended Subsec. (a) by adding Subdiv. (17) re duties and powers to receive and determine complaints filed under the Help America Vote Act, effective May 10, 2004; P.A. 05-235 amended Subsec. (a)(2) by adding reference to Sec. 7-9, adding new Subpara. (B) re power to levy civil penalty for failure of official to discharge a duty imposed by Ch. 146 or 147, adding new Subpara. (C) re power to levy civil penalty against a person improperly voting or not legally qualified to vote, and making conforming changes, and amended Subsec. (a)(3) by adding Subpara. (E) re power to issue order concerning right of individual to be or remain an elector, effective July 1, 2005; Oct. 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-5 amended Subsec. (a) by adding references to Secs. 9-700 to 9-716, inclusive, adding new Subdiv. (4) re order to comply with Secs. 9-700 to 9-716, inclusive, redesignating existing Subdivs. (4) to (17) as Subdivs. (5) to (18), and adding reference to Secs. 9-700 to 9-716, inclusive, in redesignated Subdiv. (14), effective December 31, 2006, and applicable to elections held on or after that date; P.A. 08-2 replaced references to "sections 9-700 to 9-716, inclusive" with references to chapter 157 and added references to chapters 155 and 157 throughout section, amended Subsec.(a)(3)(A) to add ability to make deposit in Citizens' Election Fund, added Subsec. (a)(3)(F) re issuance of cease and desist order for violation of any general statute or regulation under commission's jurisdiction and ability to take reasonable actions necessary to compel compliance with such statute or regulation, amended Subsec. (a)(12) to eliminate reference to Secretary of the State and amended Subsec. (b) to add reference to Subsec. (a)(4), effective April 7, 2008.

      Cited. 204 C. 551.

      Subsec. (a):

      Composition of Elections Enforcement Commission as provided by this subsec. and Sec. 9-7a(a) does not violate separation of powers doctrine. 255 C. 78.


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      Sec. 9-7c. Recommended appropriations. Allotments. (a) Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes, the appropriations recommended for the State Elections Enforcement Commission, as established in section 9-7a, shall be the estimates of expenditure requirements transmitted to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management by the executive director of the commission and the recommended adjustments and revisions of such estimates shall be the recommended adjustments and revisions, if any, transmitted by said executive director to the Office of Policy and Management.

      (b) Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes, the Governor shall not reduce allotment requisitions or allotments in force concerning the State Elections Enforcement Commission.

      (P.A. 04-204, S. 10.)

      History: P.A. 04-204 effective July 1, 2004.

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      Sec. 9-8. Penalty for false statement. Any person who makes a false statement in any statement required to be signed under the penalties of false statement under this title and, except as otherwise provided by law, any person who signs the name of another to any such statement shall be guilty of false statement, which shall be deemed to have been committed in the town where such statement is filed and shall be subject to the penalties provided for false statement.

      (1949, Rev., S. 1149; 1953, 1955, S. 639d; 1955, S. 621d; 1957, P.A. 442, S. 12; 517, S. 10; 1971, P.A. 871, S. 64.)

      History: 1971 act substituted "false statement" for "perjury" where appearing and following "penalties provided" replaced "in section 53-143" with "for false statement".

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      Sec. 9-8a. 1972 election of General Assembly. Section 9-8a is repealed.

      (1972, P.A. 220, S. 1, 2; P.A. 78-153, S. 31, 32.)

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