CHAPTER 128*
DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMIC AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT:
MUNICIPAL HOUSING PROJECTS

      *Constitutionality of housing act. 145 C. 196. Cited. 148 C. 536. Nature of housing authority and commissioners, federal preemption discussed. Tenant may not serve as commissioner of the housing project in which he lives. 164 C. 247. Cited. 213 C. 354. Sec. 8-38 et seq. cited. Id.

      Cited. 18 CA 393. Sec. 8-38 et seq. cited. 38 CA 175.

      Cited. 10 CS 389. Housing authority has legal right to set rent at higher rate than that provided in written lease between parties. 11 CS 465.


Table of Contents

Sec. 8-38. Finding and declaration of necessity.
Sec. 8-39. Definitions.
Sec. 8-39a. "Affordable housing" defined.
Sec. 8-40. Creation of housing authorities.
Sec. 8-41. Appointment, qualifications and tenure of commissioners. Commissioners authorized to serve as justice of the peace or registrar of voters.
Sec. 8-41a. Liability of authority for actions of commissioners and employees.
Sec. 8-42. Commissioners and employees to have no interest in project. Limitation on employment of former commissioners.
Sec. 8-43. Removal of commissioners; subpoenas.
Sec. 8-44. Powers of authority.
Sec. 8-44a. Housing authority programs for social and supplementary services, project rehabilitation and improvement and energy conservation. State grants-in-aid, loans and deferred loans. Rental Rehabilitation Fund. Operation or management plan for housing projects.
Sec. 8-44b. Housing authority police force.
Sec. 8-45. Rental rates and tenant selection for low rental projects.
Sec. 8-45a. Consideration of criminal record, alcohol abuse and status as registered sexual offender of applicant or proposed occupant.
Sec. 8-45b. Waiver of regulations.
Sec. 8-46. Penalty for false statement.
Sec. 8-47. Considerations in fixing income limits.
Sec. 8-48. Rentals for persons receiving welfare aid.
Sec. 8-49. Cooperation of housing authorities.
Sec. 8-50. Eminent domain.
Sec. 8-51. Zoning and building laws.
Sec. 8-52. Bonds.
Sec. 8-53. Provisions of bonds, trust indentures and mortgages.
Sec. 8-54. Remedies of an obligee of authority.
Sec. 8-55. Additional remedies conferrable by authority.
Sec. 8-56. Aid from federal and state governments.
Sec. 8-56a. Public hearing prior to construction by authority or developer of HUD-assisted projects.
Sec. 8-57. Agreements to secure federal assistance.
Sec. 8-58. Exemption from taxes and Uniform Securities Act. Payments in lieu of taxes.
Sec. 8-59. Contracts for payments to state public body.
Sec. 8-60. Cooperation in undertaking housing projects.
Sec. 8-61. Advances to housing authority; bonds and notes issued to finance housing projects.
Sec. 8-62. Procedure for state public body.
Sec. 8-63. Reports.
Sec. 8-64. Disposal of property by a housing authority.
Sec. 8-64a. Disposal of housing project by housing authority.
Sec. 8-64b. Nondisclosure of tenant Social Security and bank account numbers.
Sec. 8-65. Exemption of property from execution sale.
Sec. 8-66. Administration of projects established for housing war workers.
Sec. 8-67. Injury on housing authority property.
Sec. 8-68. Housing research and studies.
Sec. 8-68a. State grants for community centers.
Sec. 8-68b. Bond issue.
Sec. 8-68c. Notice of certain actions concerning federally assisted multifamily rental housing for low and moderate income persons and families.
Sec. 8-68d. Housing authority annual report.
Sec. 8-68e. Financial assistance to housing authorities for rehabilitation of uninhabitable dwelling units.
Sec. 8-68f. Tenants' rights and grievance procedures. Regulations.
Sec. 8-68g. Developer's fees charged by eligible developers.
Sec. 8-68h. Tenant escrow accounts.
Sec. 8-68i. Emergency housing in projects.
Sec. 8-68j. Financially distressed development. Transfer to Connecticut Housing Finance Authority.
Sec. 8-68k. Compliance with requirements for operation and disposition of housing projects by successor.
Sec. 8-69. Moderate rental housing projects and moderate cost housing; declaration of policy.
Sec. 8-70. State assistance.
Sec. 8-70a. Pilot program for rehabilitation and private management of moderate rental housing projects.
Sec. 8-71. Payments in lieu of taxes, assessments and use charges.
Sec. 8-72. Operation of projects. Rentals. Tenant eligibility. Inspections. Semiannual statements. Penalty for false statement.
Sec. 8-72a. Maximum income limits. Exceptions: Factors to be considered.
Sec. 8-73. Eviction of families having income over maximum limits. Waiver of eviction requirement.
Sec. 8-74. Hearing on and approval of proposed projects. Use of modern materials. Regulations. Wage rates.
Sec. 8-75. Veterans' preference.
Sec. 8-76. Sale of projects. Regulations to establish priority order of purchasers. Payment and disposition of purchase price.
Sec. 8-76a. Commissioner's authority to service notes and mortgages.
Sec. 8-77. Preference among municipalities.
Sec. 8-78. Aggregate of bonds and notes state may issue for moderate rental housing projects.
Sec. 8-79. Preliminary expenses.
Sec. 8-79a. Regulations.
Sec. 8-80. Issuance of bonds and notes.
Sec. 8-81. Repayment of loans.
Sec. 8-81a. Housing project adaptable for use and occupancy by disabled persons. Pilot program. Regulations. Report.
Sec. 8-82. Purchase and sale of units by state. Insurance of mortgage loans. Mortgage loans.
Sec. 8-83. Preference in granting mortgage loans.
Sec. 8-84. Regulations.
Sec. 8-85. Foreclosure; conveyance of title and assignment of claims to state.
Sec. 8-86. Housing bonds or notes.
Sec. 8-87. Housing Mortgage Fund.
Sec. 8-88. Investment.
Sec. 8-89. Commissioner to be agent for mortgages and loans.
Sec. 8-90. Applicability of provisions.
Sec. 8-91. Payment of administrative expenses.
Sec. 8-92. Inspection by commissioner.
Sec. 8-93. Tax exemption.
Sec. 8-94. Wage rates.
Secs. 8-95 to 8-104. Flood relief housing, generally.
Sec. 8-105. Declaration of public necessity.
Sec. 8-106. Definitions.
Sec. 8-107. Development of projects.
Sec. 8-108. Cooperation with housing authorities or federal government.
Sec. 8-109. Bonds to be legal investments.
Sec. 8-110. Federal aid.
Sec. 8-111. Powers to be additional.
Sec. 8-112. Declaration of policy.
Sec. 8-112a. Declaration of policy.
Sec. 8-113. Definitions. Powers of housing authorities.
Sec. 8-113a. Definitions.
Sec. 8-114. Contracts for state assistance.
Sec. 8-114a. State assistance to authorities, municipal developers, nonprofit corporations and housing partnerships.
Sec. 8-114b. Municipal authorities.
Sec. 8-114c. Mobile manufactured homes. Transfer to municipal housing authorities.
Sec. 8-114d. Resident services coordinators.
Sec. 8-115. Commission to approve plans, financing and rental.
Sec. 8-115a. Authority of Commissioner of Economic and Community Development.
Sec. 8-115b. Powers of authority.
Sec. 8-116. Occupants need not be family units; design of construction; housing restricted to elderly.
Sec. 8-116a. Occupants need not be family units; design of construction; maximum income and asset limit; waiting list; false statement.
Sec. 8-116b. Possession of pets.
Sec. 8-116c. Eligibility for occupancy. Eviction.
Sec. 8-116d. Termination of lease or rental agreement upon acceptance for admission to housing project.
Sec. 8-117. Establishment of rentals. Penalty for false statement concerning income.
Sec. 8-117a. Applicability of other statutes.
Sec. 8-117b. Disposal of projects. Conversion to a congregate housing project.
Sec. 8-118. Payments in lieu of taxes and assessments.
Sec. 8-118a. Payments in lieu of taxes and assessments.
Sec. 8-118b. Contract to convey project to state on default.
Sec. 8-118c. Bond issue for additional development cost of projects.
Sec. 8-119. Bond issue.
Sec. 8-119a. Bond issues.
Sec. 8-119b. Expenses payable from fund.
Sec. 8-119c. Amendment of contracts for assistance.
Sec. 8-119d. Declaration of policy.
Sec. 8-119e. Definitions.
Sec. 8-119f. Program design and oversight.
Sec. 8-119g. Implementation. Maximum income limits for admission. Deduction for congregate housing employment income.
Sec. 8-119h. State assistance to authorities, municipal developers and nonprofit corporations.
Sec. 8-119i. Bond issues. Administrative costs.
Sec. 8-119j. Conversion to a "housing project".
Sec. 8-119k. Payment in lieu of taxes.
Sec. 8-119l. Operating subsidies for congregate housing projects.
Sec. 8-119m. Congregate housing and congregate housing project joint pilot program. Regulations.
Sec. 8-119n. Congregate housing project pilot program offering assisted living services. Regulations. Report.
Secs. 8-119o to 8-119s.
Sec. 8-119t. Grants-in-aid for expanding independent living opportunities. Definition. Regulations.
Secs. 8-119u to 8-119w.
Sec. 8-119x. Database of dwelling units suitable for persons with disabilities.
Secs. 8-119y and 8-119z.
Sec. 8-119aa. Purchase of conversion condominiums for state assisted housing.
Sec. 8-119bb. Declaration of policy.
Sec. 8-119cc. Implementation.
Sec. 8-119dd. State assistance to authorities, municipal developers, nonprofit corporations and housing partnerships.
Sec. 8-119ee. Bond issue.
Sec. 8-119ff. Preliminary expenses.
Sec. 8-119gg. Payments in lieu of taxes and assessments.
Sec. 8-119hh. Disposal of projects.
Sec. 8-119ii. Expenses payable from fund.
Sec. 8-119jj. Regulations.
Sec. 8-119kk. Rental assistance for elderly persons residing in state-assisted rental housing for the elderly. Regulations.
Sec. 8-119ll. Comprehensive assessment of rental assistance for the elderly and disabled.
Secs. 8-119mm to 8-119yy.

PART I*
CREATION AND POWERS OF AUTHORITY.
GENERAL PROVISIONS.
LOW AND MODERATE INCOME RENTAL HOUSING

      *Cited. 208 C. 161. Secs. 8-40-8-81 cited. 216 C. 112.

      Sec. 8-38. Finding and declaration of necessity. It is declared: (a) That there exist in the state insanitary or unsafe dwelling accommodations and that families of low and moderate income are forced to reside in such insanitary or unsafe accommodations; that within the state there is a shortage of safe or sanitary dwelling accommodations available at rents which families of low and moderate income can afford and that such families are forced to occupy overcrowded and congested dwelling accommodations; that such conditions cause an increase in and spread of disease and crime and constitute a menace to the health, safety, morals and welfare of the residents of the state and impair economic values; that such conditions necessitate excessive and disproportionate expenditures of public funds for crime prevention and punishment, public health and safety, fire and accident protection and other public services and facilities; (b) that slum areas cannot be cleared, nor can the shortage of safe and sanitary dwellings for families of low and moderate income be relieved, through the operation of private enterprise, and that the construction of housing projects for families of low and moderate income would, therefore, not be competitive with private enterprise; (c) that the clearance, replanning and reconstruction of the areas in which insanitary or unsafe housing conditions exist and the providing of safe and sanitary dwelling accommodations for families of low and moderate income are public uses and purposes for which public money may be spent and private property acquired; and the necessity in the public interest for the provisions hereinafter enacted is declared as a matter of legislative determination.

      (1949 Rev., S. 923; 1949, 1955, June, 1955, S. 435d; November, 1955, S. N13.)

      See Sec. 8-69 for declaration of policy re moderate rental and moderate cost housing.

      Cited. 145 C. 196.

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      Sec. 8-39. Definitions. The following terms, wherever used or referred to in this chapter, shall have the following respective meanings, unless a different meaning clearly appears from the context:

      (a) "Area of operation" includes the municipality in which a housing authority is created under the provisions of this chapter and may include a neighboring municipality, provided the governing body of such neighboring municipality agrees by proper resolution to the extension of the area of operation to include such neighboring municipality.

      (b) "Authority" or "housing authority" means any of the public corporations created by section 8-40, and the Connecticut Housing Authority when exercising the rights, powers, duties or privileges of, or subject to the immunities or limitations of, housing authorities pursuant to section 8-121.

      (c) "Bonds" means any bonds, including refunding bonds, notes, interim certificates, debentures or other obligations issued by the authority pursuant to this chapter.

      (d) "Clerk" means the clerk of the particular city, borough or town for which a particular housing authority is created.

      (e) "Families of low income" means families who lack the amount of income which is necessary, as determined by the authority undertaking the housing project, to enable them, without financial assistance, to live in decent, safe and sanitary dwellings, without overcrowding.

      (f) "Families of low and moderate income" means families who lack the amount of income which is necessary, as determined by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, to enable them to rent or purchase moderate cost housing without financial assistance as provided by this part and parts II and III of this chapter.

      (g) "Federal government" includes the United States of America, the federal emergency administration of public works or any other agency or instrumentality, corporate or otherwise, of the United States of America.

      (h) "Governing body" means, for towns having a town council, the council; for other towns, the selectmen; for cities, the common council or other similar body of officials; and for boroughs, the warden and burgesses.

      (i) "Housing project" means any work or undertaking (1) to demolish, clear or remove buildings from any slum area, which work or undertaking may embrace the adaptation of such area to public purposes, including parks or other recreational or community purposes; or (2) to provide decent, safe and sanitary urban or rural dwellings, apartments or other living accommodations for families of low or moderate income, which work or undertaking may include buildings, land, equipment, facilities and other real or personal property for necessary, convenient or desirable appurtenances, streets, sewers, water service, parks, site preparation, gardening, administrative, community, recreational, commercial or welfare purposes and may include the acquisition and rehabilitation of existing dwelling units or structures to be used for moderate or low rental units; or (3) to accomplish a combination of the foregoing. The term "housing project" also may be applied to the planning of the buildings and improvements, the acquisition of property, the demolition of existing structures, the construction, reconstruction, alteration and repair of the improvements and all other work in connection therewith and may include the reconstruction, rehabilitation, alteration, or major repair of existing buildings or improvements which were undertaken pursuant to parts II and VI of this chapter.

      (j) "Mayor" means, for cities, the mayor and, for boroughs, the warden.

      (k) "Moderate rental" means a rental which, as determined by an authority with the concurrence of the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, is below the level at which private enterprise is currently building a needed volume of safe and sanitary dwellings for rental in the locality involved; and "moderate rental housing project" means a housing project, receiving state aid in the form of loans or grants, for families unable to pay more than moderate rental. Such project may include the reconstruction, rehabilitation, alteration, or major repair of existing buildings or improvements which were undertaken pursuant to parts II or VI of this chapter.

      (l) "Municipality" means any city, borough or town. "The municipality" means the particular municipality for which a particular housing authority is created.

      (m) "Obligee of the authority" or "obligee" includes any bondholder, trustee or trustees for any bondholders, or lessor demising to the authority property used in connection with a housing project, or any assignee or assignees of such lessor's interest or any part thereof, and the state or federal government when it is a party to any contract with the authority.

      (n) "Real property" includes all lands, including improvements and fixtures thereon, and property of any nature appurtenant thereto, or used in connection therewith, and every estate, interest and right, legal or equitable, therein, including terms for years and liens by way of judgment, mortgage or otherwise and the indebtedness secured by such liens.

      (o) "Rent" means the entire amount paid to an authority for any dwelling unit.

      (p) "Shelter rent" means rent less any charges made by an authority for water, heat, gas and electricity.

      (q) "Slum" means any area where dwellings predominate which, by reason of dilapidation, overcrowding, faulty arrangement or design, lack of ventilation, light or sanitary facilities, or any combination of these factors, are detrimental to safety, health and morals.

      (r) "State public body" means any city, borough, town, municipal corporation, district or other subdivision of the state.

      (s) "Veteran" has the meaning assigned by section 27-103 and includes any officer of the United States Public Health Service detailed by proper authority to duty with any of the armed forces and the spouse or widow or widower of such veteran, provided such veteran shall have served for a period of ninety days or more in time of war after December 7, 1941, and shall have resided in this state at any time continuously for two years.

      (t) "Family" means a household consisting of one or more persons.

      (u) "Eligible developer" or "developer" means (1) a nonprofit corporation; (2) any business corporation incorporated pursuant to chapter 601 or any predecessor statutes thereto, having as one of its purposes the construction, rehabilitation, ownership or operation of housing, and having articles of incorporation approved by the commissioner in accordance with regulations adopted pursuant to section 8-79a or 8-84; (3) any partnership, limited partnership, joint venture, trust, limited liability company or association having as one of its purposes the construction, rehabilitation, ownership or operation of housing, and having basic documents of organization approved by the commissioner in accordance with regulations adopted pursuant to section 8-79a or 8-84; (4) a housing authority; (5) a family or person approved by the commissioner as qualified to own, construct, rehabilitate, manage and maintain housing under a mortgage loan made or insured under an agreement entered into pursuant to the provisions of this chapter; or (6) a municipal developer.

      (v) "Mortgage" means a mortgage deed, deed of trust, or other instrument which shall constitute a lien, whether first or second, on real estate or on a leasehold under a lease having a remaining term, at the time such mortgage is acquired, which does not expire for at least that number of years beyond the maturity date of the obligation secured by such mortgage as is equal to the number of years remaining until the maturity date of such obligation.

      (w) "Nonprofit corporation" means a nonprofit corporation incorporated pursuant to chapter 602 or any predecessor statutes thereto, having as one of its purposes the construction, rehabilitation, ownership or operation of housing and having articles of incorporation approved by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development in accordance with regulations adopted pursuant to section 8-79a or 8-84.

      (x) "Municipal developer" means a municipality, as defined in subsection (l) of this section, which has not declared by resolution a need for a housing authority pursuant to section 8-40, acting by and through its legislative body, except that in any town in which a town meeting or representative town meeting is the legislative body, "municipal developer" means the board of selectmen if such board is authorized to act as the municipal developer by the town meeting or representative town meeting.

      (1949 Rev., S. 924; 1949, 1953, S. 436d; 1957, P.A. 163, S. 15; 1961, P.A. 333; 447, S. 1; 1967, P.A. 522, S. 8; P.A. 73-158, S. 1; P.A. 75-162, S. 1, 2; P.A. 76-14, S. 1-3; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; 78-304, S. 19, 22; 78-374, S. 3, 4, 9; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 83-339, S. 1, 2, 9; P.A. 84-493, S. 1, 9; P.A. 85-444, S. 1; P.A. 86-281, S. 6; P.A. 87-436, S. 1, 23; P.A. 95-79, S. 12, 189; 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-76; 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; 96-256, S. 172, 209; 96-271, S. 150, 254.)

      History: 1961 acts amended Subdiv. (i)(2) to include the acquisition and rehabilitation of existing units or structures and added Subdiv. (t); 1967 act substituted commissioner of community affairs for public works commissioner; P.A. 73-158 included commercial purposes in Subdiv. (i)(2); P.A. 75-162 redefined "family" to include one, rather than two, or more persons, deleting specific references to elderly single persons and remaining members of tenant families; P.A. 76-14 redefined "housing project" and "moderate rental" to include reconstruction, rehabilitation etc. of existing buildings or improvements undertaken pursuant to Pts. II and VI of Ch. 128; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner of economic development for department of economic development; P.A. 78-304 defined "mortgage"; P.A. 78-374 defined "eligible developer"; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 83-339 amended the definition of "authority" to specifically include the commissioner of housing, rewording reference to "authority" in Subdiv. (u) accordingly; P.A. 84-493 amended Subdiv. (k) to provide for state financial assistance to moderate rental housing projects in the form of a grant; P.A. 85-444 added Subdiv. (w), defining "nonprofit corporation", and amended Subdiv. (u) to delete language included in new definition of "nonprofit corporation"; P.A. 86-281 amended definition of "authority" or "housing authority" in Subdiv. (b) to include Connecticut housing authority instead of commissioner of housing; P.A. 87-436 amended definition of "eligible developer" in Subdiv. (u) to include municipal developers and added Subdiv. (x) defining "municipal developer"; P.A. 95-79 amended Subdiv. (u)(3) to include a limited liability company in definition of "eligible developer" or "developer", effective May 31, 1995; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 96-76 redefined "bonds" to include refunding bonds; P.A. 96-256 amended definition of "nonprofit corporation" to replace reference to "chapter 600" with "chapter 602 or any predecessor statutes thereto", effective January 1, 1997; P.A. 96-271 amended Subdiv. (u) to replace reference to "chapter 599" with "chapter 601 or any predecessor statutes thereto", effective January 1, 1997.

      Cited. 216 C. 112.

      Subdiv. (i):

      Cited. 220 C. 556.

      Although Subdiv. requires a housing project to provide living accommodations for families of low or moderate income, it does not expressly require that one must provide such accommodations exclusively for families of low or moderate income. 99 CA 196.

      Subdiv. (l):

      Cited. 12 CA 499.

      Subdiv. (n):

      General allegation that property was depreciated by erection of housing project nearby not sufficient for injunction or declaratory judgment re constitutionality of act. 145 C. 196.

      Subdiv. (t):

      Cited. 144 C. 195.


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      Sec. 8-39a. "Affordable housing" defined. As used in this title, "affordable housing" means housing for which persons and families pay thirty per cent or less of their annual income, where such income is less than or equal to the area median income for the municipality in which such housing is located, as determined by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development.

      (P.A. 88-13, S. 2, 3.)

      Cited. 37 CA 303. Cited. 42 CA 94.

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      Sec. 8-40. Creation of housing authorities. In each municipality of the state there is created a public body corporate and politic to be known as the "housing authority" of the municipality; provided such authority shall not transact any business or exercise its powers hereunder until the governing body of the municipality by resolution declares that there is need for a housing authority in the municipality, provided it shall find (1) that insanitary or unsafe inhabited dwelling accommodations exist in the municipality or (2) that there is a shortage of safe or sanitary dwelling accommodations in the municipality available to families of low income at rentals they can afford or (3) that there is a shortage of safe or sanitary dwelling accommodations in the municipality available to families of moderate income at rentals they can afford. In determining whether dwelling accommodations are unsafe or insanitary, said governing body may take into consideration the degree of overcrowding, the percentage of land coverage, the light, air, space and access available to the inhabitants of such dwelling accommodations, the size and arrangement of the rooms, the sanitary facilities and the extent to which conditions exist in such buildings which endanger life or property by fire or other causes. The governing bodies of two or more municipalities may create a regional housing authority, which shall have all the powers, duties and responsibilities conferred upon housing authorities by this chapter and chapter 130. The area of operation of such authority shall include the municipalities for which such authority is created. Such authority shall act through a board of commissioners composed of two representatives from each municipality appointed for terms of four years in the manner provided in section 8-41.

      (1949 Rev., S. 925; 1949, S. 437d.)

      Cited. 133 C. 546. Hartford Housing Authority is a distinct corporate entity and the city is not responsible for its debts. 143 C. 338. Cited. 208 C. 161. Cited. 213 C. 354. Cited. 216 C. 112.

      Cited. 38 CA 175.

      Cited. 11 CS 465. Local housing authorities are corporations established pursuant to state statutes, with delegated authority to regulate rent subsidy programs. Activities of landlord of low cost housing development constitute "state action" re federal constitution. Informal hearing required before summary process eviction may be instituted. 33 CS 15.


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      Sec. 8-41. Appointment, qualifications and tenure of commissioners. Commissioners authorized to serve as justice of the peace or registrar of voters. (a) When the governing body of a municipality other than a town adopts a resolution as described in section 8-40, it shall promptly notify the chief executive officer of such adoption. Upon receiving such notice, the chief executive officer shall appoint five persons who are residents of said municipality as commissioners of the authority, except that where the authority operates more than three thousand units the chief executive officer may appoint two additional persons who are residents of the municipality. If the governing body of a town adopts such a resolution, such body shall appoint five persons who are residents of said town as commissioners of the authority created for such town. The commissioners who are first so appointed shall be designated to serve for a term of either one, two, three, four or five years, except that if the authority has five members, the terms of not more than one member shall expire in the same year. Terms shall commence on the first day of the month next succeeding the date of their appointment, and annually thereafter a commissioner shall be appointed to serve for five years except that any vacancy which may occur because of a change of residence by a commissioner, removal of a commissioner, resignation or death shall be filled for the unexpired portion of the term. If a governing body increases the membership of the authority on or after July 1, 1995, such governing body shall, by resolution, provide for a term of five years for each such additional member. The term of the chairman shall be three years. At least one of such commissioners of an authority having five members, and at least two of such commissioners of an authority having more than five members, shall be a tenant or tenants who live in housing owned or managed by such authority, if any exists, provided that any such tenant shall have resided in such housing for more than one year or is a tenant who previously resided in such housing for more than one year and is receiving housing assistance in a housing program directly administered by such authority and provided further that no such tenant shall have the authority to vote on any matter concerning the establishment or revision of the rents to be charged in any housing owned or managed by such authority. If, on October 1, 1979, a municipality has adopted a resolution as described in section 8-40, but has no tenants serving as commissioners, the chief executive officer of a municipality other than a town or the governing body of a town shall appoint a tenant who meets the qualifications set out in this section as a commissioner of such authority when the next vacancy occurs. No commissioner of an authority may hold any public office in the municipality for which the authority is created. A commissioner shall hold office until his successor is appointed and has qualified. A certificate of the appointment or reappointment of any commissioner shall be filed with the clerk and shall be conclusive evidence of the legal appointment of such commissioner, after he has taken an oath in the form prescribed in the first paragraph of section 1-25. The powers of each authority shall be vested in the commissioners thereof. Three commissioners shall constitute a quorum if the authority consists of five commissioners. Four commissioners shall constitute a quorum if the authority consists of more than five commissioners. Action may be taken by the authority upon a vote of not less than a majority of the commissioners present, unless the bylaws of the authority require a larger number. The chief executive officer, or, in the case of an authority for a town, the governing body of the town, shall designate which of the commissioners shall be the first chairman, but when the office of chairman of the authority becomes vacant, the authority shall select a chairman from among its commissioners. An authority shall select from among its commissioners a vice chairman, and it may employ a secretary, who shall be executive director, and technical experts and such other officers, agents and employees, permanent and temporary, as it requires, and shall determine their qualifications, duties and compensation, provided, in municipalities having a civil service law, all appointments and promotions, except the employment of the secretary, shall be based on examinations given and lists prepared under such law, and, except so far as may be inconsistent with the terms of this chapter, such civil service law and regulations adopted thereunder shall apply to such housing authority and its personnel. For such legal services as it requires, an authority may employ its own counsel and legal staff. An authority may delegate any of its powers and duties to one or more of its agents or employees. A commissioner, or any employee of the authority who handles its funds, shall be required to furnish an adequate bond. The commissioners shall serve without compensation, but shall be entitled to reimbursement for their actual and necessary expenses incurred in the performance of their official duties.

      (b) Any tenant organization composed of tenants residing within units owned or managed by the appointing authority may indicate to such authority its desire to be notified of any pending appointment of any such commissioner. A reasonable time before appointing any such commissioner, the appointing authority shall notify any such tenant organization and, in making such appointment, such authority shall consider tenants suggested by such tenant organizations.

      (c) Notwithstanding any provision of subsection (a) of this section or any other provision of the general statutes to the contrary, a commissioner of an authority may serve as a justice of the peace or a registrar of voters.

      (1949 Rev., S. 926; 1949, S. 438d; 1967, P.A. 124, S. 1; P.A. 75-415, S. 1; P.A. 78-326; P.A. 79-546; P.A. 90-245; P.A. 94-35, S. 1, 2; 94-156, S. 4, 5; P.A. 97-307, S. 3, 4; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-4, S. 108; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-5, S. 5.)

      History: 1967 act specified conditions under which vacancies are to be filled; P.A. 75-415 limited tenant commissioners to one; P.A. 78-326 deleted former limitation on tenant commissioners and specifically allowed more than one tenant commissioner provided residence requirement met; P.A. 79-546 required at least one tenant commissioner and made provision for appointment and for restricting voting power in cases involving rents in housing owned or managed by authority; P.A. 90-245 amended Subsec. (a) by adding provision re appointment of members who are not residents where the authority operates more than 3,000 units and requiring that authorities with more than five members have at least two members who are residents in units operated by the authority; P.A. 94-35 amended Subsec. (a) to eliminate the requirement that additional members not be residents and that such members serve at the pleasure of the chief executive official, to add provision re term duration and to provide that five commissioners constitute a quorum if the authority has more than five members, effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 94-156 changed the effective date of P.A. 94-35 from July 1, 1994, to July 1, 1995, effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 97-307 added Subsec. (c), allowing commissioners to serve as justices of the peace or registrars of voters, effective July 8, 1997; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-4 amended Subsec. (a) to provide that commissioner who is a tenant may have previously resided in units operated by authority provided residence was for more than one year and tenant is receiving housing assistance in housing program administered by Department of Economic and Community Development, effective June 29, 2007; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-5 amended Subsec. (a) to substitute "such authority" for "the Department of Economic and Community Development", effective October 6, 2007.

      Cited. 208 C. 161. Cited. 216 C. 112.

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      Sec. 8-41a. Liability of authority for actions of commissioners and employees. Each housing authority shall protect and save harmless any commissioner or any full-time or part-time employee of such authority from financial loss and expense, including legal fees and costs, if any, arising out of any claim, demand, suit or judgment by reason of alleged negligence, or for alleged infringement of any person's civil rights, on the part of such commissioner or such employee while acting in the discharge of his duties.

      (P.A. 81-168; P.A. 05-53, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 05-53 extended protections to part-time employees of housing authorities.

      Cited. 208 C. 161.

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      Sec. 8-42. Commissioners and employees to have no interest in project. Limitation on employment of former commissioners. (a) No commissioner or employee of an authority shall acquire any interest, direct or indirect, in any housing project or in any property included or planned to be included in any project, nor shall he have any interest, direct or indirect, in any contract or proposed contract for materials or services to be furnished or used in connection with any housing project. If any commissioner or employee of an authority owns or controls an interest, direct or indirect, in any property included or planned to be included in any housing project, he shall immediately disclose the same in writing to the authority and such disclosure shall be entered upon the minutes of the authority. Failure so to disclose such interest shall constitute misconduct in office. Occupancy of a dwelling unit owned by the housing authority or enrolled in a program of housing authority assistance to low-income families in private accommodations shall not be deemed an interest in any project or in a contract for materials or services or in property included in any project for the purposes of this section.

      (b) No person who has served as a commissioner of an authority shall be employed by such authority for a period of two years after leaving office. The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to a commissioner who has served for more than twenty years for a housing authority which does not have an executive director.

      (1949 Rev., S. 927; P.A. 75-415, S. 2; P.A. 83-483, S. 2; P.A. 93-401, S. 3.)

      History: P.A. 75-415 excluded occupancy from consideration as "an interest in any project or in a contract for materials or services or in property included in any project"; P.A. 83-483 inserted Subsec. (b) concerning employment of former commissioners; P.A. 93-401 amended Subsec. (b) to exempt commissioners who have served more than 20 years for a housing authority without an executive director from the employment prohibition.

      Tenant may not serve as commissioner of the housing project in which he lives. 164 C. 247.

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      Sec. 8-43. Removal of commissioners; subpoenas. A commissioner of an authority may be removed by the appointing power for inefficiency, neglect of duty or misconduct in office, but a commissioner shall be removed only after opportunity to be heard in person or by counsel before the appointing power, at least ten days prior to which he shall have been given a copy of the charges against him. In the event of the removal of any commissioner, a record of the proceedings, together with the charges and findings thereon, shall be filed in the office of the clerk. Such appointing power, for its purposes under this section, may subpoena any books, papers, records, accounts, contracts, deeds, regulations or documents. Any person who wilfully refuses to produce such books, papers, records, accounts, contracts or documents shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than six months or both.

      (1949 Rev., S. 928; 1949, 1951, S. 439d; 1967, P.A. 124, S. 2.)

      History: 1967 act made slight change in wording.

      Cited. 208 C. 161. Cited. 213 C. 354. Cited. 216 C. 112.

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      Sec. 8-44. Powers of authority. (a) An authority shall constitute a public body corporate and politic, exercising public powers and having all the powers necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes and provisions of this chapter, including the following enumerated powers in addition to others granted by any provision of the general statutes: (1) To sue and be sued; to have a seal and to alter the same at pleasure; to have perpetual succession; to make and execute contracts and other instruments necessary or convenient to the exercise of the powers of the authority; and to make and from time to time amend and repeal bylaws, rules and regulations not inconsistent with this chapter to carry into effect the powers and purposes of the authority; (2) within its area of operation, to prepare, carry out, acquire, lease and operate housing projects and to provide for the construction, reconstruction, improvement, alteration or repair of any housing project or any part thereof either directly or in the form of loans or other similar assistance to developers, all such housing projects where families with children are eligible for occupancy to contain reasonably adequate outdoor playground areas; (3) to arrange or contract for the furnishing by any person or agency, public or private, of services, privileges, works or facilities for, or in connection with, a housing project or the occupants thereof; (4) to demise any dwellings, houses, accommodations, lands, buildings, structures or facilities embraced in any housing project and, subject to the limitations contained in this chapter, to establish and revise the rents or charges therefor; to own, hold and improve real or personal property; to purchase, lease, obtain options upon or acquire, by gift, grant, bequest, devise or otherwise, any real or personal property or any interest therein, provided no real property or interest therein shall be acquired for the site of a proposed housing project until the housing authority has held a public hearing concerning such site, notice of which has been published in the form of a legal advertisement in a newspaper having a substantial circulation in the municipality at least twice at intervals of not less than two days, the first not more than fifteen or less than ten days, and the last not less than two days, before such hearing; to insure or provide for the insurance of any real or personal property or operations of the authority against any risks or hazards; to procure insurance or guarantees from the federal government of the payment of any debts or parts thereof, whether or not incurred by such authority, secured by mortgages on any property included in any of its housing projects; (5) to invest any funds held in reserves or sinking funds, or any funds not required for immediate disbursements, in investments legal for mutual savings banks, provided that the provisions of subdivision (2) of subsection (n) of section 36-96 shall not be applicable to any such investment, and to purchase its bonds at a price not more than the principal amount thereof and accrued interest, all bonds so purchased to be cancelled; (6) within its area of operation, to investigate living, dwelling and housing conditions and the means and methods of improving such conditions; to determine where slum areas exist or where there is a shortage of decent, safe and sanitary dwelling accommodations for families of low and moderate income; to make studies and recommendations relating to the problem of clearing, replanning and reconstructing slum areas, and the problem of providing dwelling accommodations for families of low and moderate income, and to cooperate with the municipality or the state or any political subdivision thereof in action taken in connection with such problems; (7) to promote the creation and preservation of housing for low and moderate income persons and families, either directly or through an agency or instrumentality designated or appointed by the authority, by lending or otherwise making available to developers the proceeds from the sale of obligations which are tax-exempt pursuant to the provisions of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as from time to time amended, or Section 11(b) of the United States Housing Act of 1937, as amended, or any successor provisions amendatory or supplementary thereto, provided no such obligations or other notes or securities issued by any agency or instrumentality designated or approved by the authority pursuant to the provisions of this subdivision, shall create or imply any indebtedness of any kind on the part of the housing authority, the state, or any political subdivision thereof; and (8) to exercise all or any part or combination of powers herein granted. No provision of law with respect to the operation or disposition of property by other public bodies shall be applicable to an authority unless the General Assembly specifically so states.

      (b) As used in this subsection, "housing project construction work" means the construction, reconstruction, improvement, alteration or repair of a housing project or any part of a housing project; and "simplified acquisition threshold" has the same meaning as "simplified acquisition threshold", as defined in 41 USC 403(11). All contracts to be made or let by an authority for housing project construction work, supplies, or purchases of personal property of every description, shall be publicly advertised, for the purpose of receiving bids upon the same, in a local daily paper and, if deemed advisable, in other papers, provided the several parts of such housing project construction work, supplies or personal property shall, together, involve an expenditure that exceeds the simplified acquisition threshold. The bids received in response to such public advertisement shall be publicly opened at a hearing of the authority, the date and time of such hearing being named in such public advertisement, and the contract or award shall be made by the authority with or to the lowest responsible bidder. Such bidding shall not be required for housing project construction work, supplies or personal property previously bid and contracted for by the Department of Administrative Services, the federal General Services Administration, the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, or a municipality. An expenditure for housing project construction work, supplies or personal property which is less than or equal to the simplified acquisition threshold and any expenditure for legal or other professional services shall be made in accordance with the competitive proposals requirements of 24 CFR 85.36. In any contract let in connection with a housing project, an authority, notwithstanding any provision to the contrary in this chapter or in any other statute, may include stipulations requiring that the contractor and any subcontractors comply with requirements as to minimum wages, maximum hours and any conditions which the federal government or any other obligee may have imposed as prerequisite to the granting of financial aid to the housing project.

      (1949 Rev., S. 929; 1949, 1955, S. 440d; 1957, P.A. 592, S. 1; February, 1965, P.A. 302; 1971, P.A. 100; P.A. 79-233, S. 6; 79-536, S. 1, 2; P.A. 80-238, S. 1; 80-483, S. 23, 186; P.A. 83-339, S. 3, 9; P.A. 87-211; P.A. 89-211, S. 13; P.A. 92-12, S. 109; P.A. 94-82, S. 3, 5; P.A. 97-27; P.A. 02-79, S. 2; P.A. 03-278, S. 20.)

      History: 1965 act added public hearing requirement re site of project to make it precedent only to acquisition of real property and amended Subdiv. (d) to amplify notice provisions; 1971 act increased dollar limit for expenditures not requiring advertising for bids to $2,000 and limit for waiver of bidding from $2,000 to $4,000; P.A. 79-233 allowed investments as allowed for mutual savings banks if provisions of Subsec. 14b of Sec. 36-96 not applicable to investment; P.A. 79-536 allowed authorities to promote construction of low and moderate-income housing directly or indirectly within limitations set forth in section; P.A. 80-238 changed dollar limit for expenditures not requiring advertising for bids to $5,000 and limit for waiver of bidding to $10,000; P.A. 80-483 replaced "subsection 14b" with "subdivision (b) of subsection (14)" of Sec. 36-96; P.A. 83-339 provided for the issuance of tax-exempt bonds pursuant to Section 103(b)(4)(A) of the Federal Internal Revenue Code; P.A. 87-211 changed dollar limit for expenditures not requiring advertising for bids from $5,000 to $10,000 and limit for waiver of bidding from $10,000 to $20,000; P.A. 89-211 clarified reference to the Internal Revenue Code of 1986; P.A. 92-12 made a technical change; P.A. 94-82 amended Subdiv. (g) to authorize authorities to promote creation and preservation of housing and delete the term "construction" and citation to Sec. 103(b)(4)(a) of the Internal Revenue Code, effective May 25, 1994; P.A. 97-27 increased threshold for expenditures requiring advertising for bids from $10,000 to $25,000 and limit for cost of expenditures re waiver of bidding from $20,000 to $30,000; P.A. 02-79 divided existing provisions into Subsecs. (a) and (b), amended Subsec. (a) by redesignating existing Subdivs. (a) to (h) as Subdivs. (1) to (8), and amended Subsec. (b) by adding definitions of "housing project construction work" and "simplified acquisition threshold", revising provisions for consistency with said definitions, substituting bidding exemption for bidding waiver procedure, and requiring certain expenditures to be made in accordance with competitive proposals requirements of 24 CFR 85.36, effective July 1, 2002; P.A. 03-278 made a technical change in Subsec. (a)(4), effective July 9, 2003.

      See Sec. 51-58 re court seals.

      Requirements of this section extend to purchase of standard form policies of fire and extended coverage insurance. Lowest responsible bidder statutes are enacted solely for benefit of public and in no sense create any rights in those who submit bids. 143 C. 338. Provisions that contracts for work, supplies or personal property involving expenditure of more than $1000 be advertised for bid does not restrict housing authority from selecting a type of facility which, in its judgment, will benefit it. 148 C. 536. Housing authority decided to convert from coal heat to gas heat and then advertised for bids on gas installation; plaintiff, a seller of oil, could not complain of decision to convert to gas heat for it was not necessary for housing authority to invite bids for other types of fuel before deciding to convert to gas. Id. Cited. 208 C. 161. Cited. 216 C. 112.

      Housing authority is not a board to hear and determine disputes over labor and wages. 10 CS 389. Provision in lease absolving authority from liability owing to lack of repair held ineffective as defense. 16 CS 106. Decision of public officers in awarding contracts will not be interfered with by the courts. 18 CS 302.

      Subdiv. (4) (Former Subdiv. (d)):

      Nothing in statute creates a cause of action against housing authority or right of appeal should housing authority fail to comply with the hearing requirement. 265 C. 280.


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      Sec. 8-44a. Housing authority programs for social and supplementary services, project rehabilitation and improvement and energy conservation. State grants-in-aid, loans and deferred loans. Rental Rehabilitation Fund. Operation or management plan for housing projects. (a) Any housing authority may prepare and submit to the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development for approval a program of social and supplementary services and project rehabilitation and improvement for any or all housing projects within the jurisdiction of such housing authority. Such program shall include the estimated costs of the services, rehabilitation and improvement and the method and staff required to carry out such program. After approval of such program by the commissioner, the state, acting by and in the discretion of the commissioner, may enter into a contract with the housing authority conditioned upon the housing authority performing the program approved. Such contract shall provide for state financial assistance in the form of a grant-in-aid, loan, deferred loan or combination thereof equal to the cost of such program, including administrative or other cost or expense to be incurred by the state in connection with such program as approved by the commissioner, provided such contract shall provide financial assistance in the form of a loan, or deferred loan rather than a grant only in a case where, and to the extent that, repayment ability exists because of an adequate rental structure or funds are made available by an agency of the United States government in such amounts and for such periods of time as are required to repay such loan, together with interest. The contract shall further provide that in the event such funds provided by an agency of the United States government shall terminate prior to complete repayment of a loan or deferred loan made pursuant to this subsection, the remaining balance of such loan shall be deemed to be a grant-in-aid. In the case of a deferred loan, the contract shall require that payments on interest are due immediately but that payments on principal may be made at a later time.

      (b) Said commissioner shall establish a program of rehabilitation and major repair, including any repair, replacement or installation as may be necessary for energy conservation, of (1) existing rental housing projects developed with state financial assistance, pursuant to this chapter or chapter 129, to restore such projects to a sound, habitable and energy-efficient condition, (2) housing developed with state financial assistance pursuant to chapter 138b, (3) projects developed with state financial assistance pursuant to section 8-214f, and (4) projects developed with state financial assistance pursuant to section 8-218. Each housing authority, nonprofit corporation, community housing development corporation, municipal developer or other eligible developer, shall prepare and submit to said commissioner a request for any necessary construction, rehabilitation and major repair with respect to each such housing project within the jurisdiction of such authority, nonprofit corporation, community housing development corporation, municipal developer or other eligible developer, including the construction or rehabilitation of facilities adjacent to such project which are functionally related to and serve the needs of such project. Each such request shall include a detailed description and the estimated cost of such construction, rehabilitation or major repair. After approval by said commissioner of such construction, rehabilitation or major repair as requested, or any part thereof, the state, acting by and in the discretion of said commissioner, may enter into a contract with such authority, nonprofit corporation, community housing development corporation, municipal developer or other eligible developer, providing for state financial assistance in the form of a grant-in-aid, loan, deferred loan or combination thereof equal to the cost of such approved construction, rehabilitation or major repair, including, in the case of grants-in-aid or loans or deferred loans financed from the proceeds of the state's general obligation bonds issued pursuant to any authorization, allocation or approval of the State Bond Commission made prior to July 1, 1990, administrative or other cost or expense to be incurred by the state in connection with such program as approved by the commissioner, provided such contract shall provide financial assistance in the form of a loan or deferred loan rather than a grant only in a case where, and to the extent that, repayment ability exists because of an adequate rental structure or funds are made available by an agency of the United States government in such amounts and for such periods of time as are required to repay such loan or deferred loan, together with interest. The contract shall further provide that in the event such funds provided by an agency of the United States government shall terminate prior to complete repayment of a loan or deferred loan made pursuant to this subsection, the remaining balance of such loan or deferred loan shall be deemed to be a grant-in-aid. Such grants-in-aid, loans or deferred loans shall be provided from the proceeds of state bonds authorized and issued in accordance with the provisions of subsection (c) of this section.

      (c) For the purposes of subsection (b) of this section the State Bond Commission shall have power, from time to time to authorize issuance of bonds of the state in one or more series and in principal amounts not exceeding in the aggregate forty-two million dollars. All provisions of section 3-20, or the exercise of any right or power granted thereby which are not inconsistent with the provisions of this section are hereby adopted and shall apply to all bonds authorized by the State Bond Commission pursuant to this section, and temporary notes in anticipation of the money to be derived from the sale of any such bonds so authorized may be issued in accordance with said section 3-20 and from time to time renewed. Such bonds shall mature at such time or times not exceeding twenty years from their respective dates as may be provided in or pursuant to the resolution or resolutions of the State Bond Commission authorizing such bonds. None of said bonds shall be authorized except upon a finding by the State Bond Commission that there has been filed with it a request for such authorization, which is signed by or on behalf of the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development and states such terms and conditions as said commission, in its discretion, may require. Said bonds issued pursuant to this section shall be general obligations of the state and the full faith and credit of the state of Connecticut are pledged for the payment of the principal of and interest on said bonds as the same become due, and accordingly and as part of the contract of the state with the holders of said bonds, appropriation of all amounts necessary for punctual payment of such principal and interest is hereby made, and the Treasurer shall pay such principal and interest as the same become due.

      (d) The proceeds from the sale of the bonds and notes authorized by subsection (c) of this section, except refunding bonds and notes, shall be deposited in a fund designated the "Rental Rehabilitation Fund", which fund shall be used to make the grants, loans and deferred loans authorized by subsection (b) of this section. Payments from the fund to authorities shall be made by the State Treasurer on certification of the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development in accordance with the contract for financial assistance between the state and such authority. All payments by an authority of state service charges, as authorized by subsection (f) of this section, financed from the proceeds of the state's general obligation bonds authorized pursuant to any authorization, allocation or approval of the State Bond Commission made prior to July 1, 1990, shall be paid to the State Treasurer for deposit in said fund. All payments of service charges not financed from the proceeds of the state's general obligation bonds shall be paid to the State Treasurer for deposit in the Housing Repayment and Revolving Loan Fund.

      (e) The State Treasurer is authorized to invest such moneys in the Rental Rehabilitation Fund as he deems to be available for such purpose in obligations of or guaranteed by the state or the United States of America or agencies or instrumentalities thereof and, without limitation on the foregoing, in such other obligations, including time deposits or certificates of deposit, as may be permitted investments by the Treasurer for the General Fund of the state and secured in such manner as the Treasurer may require.

      (f) Grants, loans and deferred loans or combinations thereof made under the authority of this section and financed from the proceeds of the state's general obligation bonds authorized pursuant to any authorization, allocation or approval of the State Bond Commission made prior to July 1, 1990, shall include, as part of the project cost, a state service charge, as approved by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development.

      (g) The Commissioner of Economic and Community Development shall approve an operation or management plan of each housing project, which shall provide an income adequate for debt service, administration, including a state service charge, other operating costs and establishment of reasonable reserves for repairs, maintenance and replacements, vacancy and collection losses.

      (h) Subject to the approval of the Governor, any administrative or other cost or expense incurred by the state in connection with the carrying out of the provisions of this section, including the hiring of necessary employees and the entering upon necessary contracts, may be paid from the Rental Rehabilitation Fund.

      (i) Any principal and interest payments received pursuant to this section from eligible developers shall be paid to the State Treasurer for deposit in the General Fund.

      (1967, P.A. 522, S. 22; 1969, P.A. 379; P.A. 77-564; 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-83, S. 1-4; 78-303, S. 81, 136; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; Oct. Sp. Sess. P.A. 79-4, S. 1, 2; P.A. 80-397, S. 1, 2; P.A. 81-105; 81-230; 81-355; P.A. 84-443, S. 2, 20; P.A. 85-558, S. 3, 17; P.A. 86-217, S. 1, 2; 86-396, S. 4, 25; P.A. 87-380, S. 1, 2; 87-405, S. 2, 26; P.A. 90-238, S. 2, 32; P.A. 92-166, S. 1, 31; 92-214; P.A. 93-309, S. 12, 29; 93-435, S. 70, 95; P.A. 94-40, S. 1, 2; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 06-93, S. 4.)

      History: 1969 act deleted provisions concerning relief from repayment of principal and interest not exceeding 2% of state loans and grants-in-aid for additional assistance in contracts between housing authority and state; P.A. 77-564 added Subsecs. (b) and (c) re rehabilitation and repair programs for moderate rental housing projects and re bonding for financing such programs; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-83 amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) to include loans and to clarify specific conditions governing which form financial assistance is to take; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner of economic development for department of economic development; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; October, 1979, P.A. 79-4 amended Subsec. (b) to include repairs etc. for energy conservation and energy efficiency and amended Subsec. (c) to set June 30, 1980, deadline for bond issuance, to raise limit from $10,000,000 to $12,000,000 with $2,000,000 reserved for energy conservation expenditures; P.A. 80-397 amended Subsec. (c) to change deadline to June 30, 1983, and to increase limit to $15,000,000 with $3,000,000 reserved for energy conservation expenditures; P.A. 81-105 extended the moderate rental rehabilitation program for five years to a total of ten; P.A. 81-230 allowed financial assistance in form of loan rather than grant where repayment ability exists because of adequate rental structure; P.A. 81-355 provided for state recovery of administrative costs and service charges, created moderate rental rehabilitation fund and provided for approval by the commissioner of an operation or management plan for each housing project in new Subsecs. (d) to (i); P.A. 84-443 amended Subsec. (c) to increase the authorization limit to $22,000,000 and to remove the authorization deadline; P.A. 85-558 increased the bond authorization limit in Subsec. (c) to $29,000,000; P.A. 86-217 amended Subsec. (b) to repeal prohibition on paying grants, loans or combination thereof under Subsec. (b) after end of tenth year following establishment of program; P.A. 86-396 increased bond authorization from $29,000,000 to $35,000,000; P.A. 87-380 made technical changes, changed "moderate rental housing" to "rental housing", made Subsec. (b) program applicable to rental housing projects developed with state financial assistance and to adjacent facilities, including construction thereof, and eliminated $3,000,000 reserved for energy conservation expenditures from Subsec. (c); P.A. 87-405 increased the bond authorization from $35,000,000 to $42,000,000; P.A. 90-238 revised provisions re administrative expenses, state service fees and allocation of moneys to various housing funds; P.A. 92-166 amended Subsec. (a) by making deferred loans a form of financial assistance available under the section and further provided that payments on interest are due immediately but that payments on principal may be made at a later time and made technical changes to Subsecs. (b), (d) and (f) consistent with changes in Subsec. (a); P.A. 92-214 amended Subsec. (b) by making rehabilitation and repair of housing for the homeless reimbursable expenses under the program and making nonprofit corporations, community housing development corporations and municipal developers eligible applicants and adding Subdiv. designations; P.A. 93-309 added new Subsec. (j) prohibiting the commissioner of housing, on and after July 1, 1994, or the effective date of regulations adopted under Sec. 8-437, from accepting applications for housing developments that qualify for financial assistance under Sec. 8-433, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-435 amended Subsec. (j) by deleting the reference to "July 1, 1994," re the deadline for the receipt by the commissioner of housing of certain applications for state financial assistance, and made technical changes, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 94-40 amended Subsec. (b) to make program applicable to projects developed with financial assistance under Secs. 8-214f, 8-432 and 8-218, and to add reference to eligible developers under Sec. 8-430(17), effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 06-93 amended Subsec. (b) by deleting references to repealed sections and deleted former Subsec. (j) re regulations and application to program repealed by the same act.

      See Sec. 8-226 re use of prior bond proceeds for purposes of this section.

      Cited. 213 C. 354.

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      Sec. 8-44b. Housing authority police force. (a) Any housing authority created by section 8-40 shall have the power to establish a housing authority police force, the members of which shall be employees of such housing authority and shall be known as housing authority police officers. Housing authority police officers shall be appointed by the local board, agency or person empowered to appoint municipal police officers, subject to approval of the housing authority. The requirements for appointment as a police officer in the municipality in which the housing authority is located, except for age and physical qualifications, shall be mandatory for housing authority police officers in such municipality. No person shall be appointed to such housing authority police force unless he has been awarded a certificate attesting to his successful completion of an approved municipal police basic training program, as provided in section 7-294e. The initial appointment shall be for a probationary term upon completion of which the appointing authority may promote such probationary officers to permanent status; provided such promotion shall be in accordance with procedures applicable to municipal police officers in the municipality and shall be made subject to the approval of the housing authority. Housing authority police officers shall have and exercise the powers and authority conferred upon municipal police officers and shall be subject to the ultimate supervision and control of the chief of police of the municipality in which the housing authority operates.

      (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, any housing authority police force which existed prior to October 1, 1970, pursuant to Title 1 of Public Law 89-754, 80 Stat. 1255, the Demonstration Cities and Metropolitan Development Act of 1966, and which, for any reason, does not constitute a housing authority police force pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, shall constitute a housing authority police force pursuant to this subsection and the members of such police forces may exercise the powers granted to such members pursuant to this subsection. The members of such police force may act, at the expense of the municipality, as special police officers upon property owned or managed by any housing authority. Such special police officers: (1) May arrest, without previous complaint and warrant, any person for any offense in their jurisdiction, when such person is taken or apprehended in the act or on the speedy information of others; (2) when in the immediate pursuit of one who may be arrested under the provisions of this subsection, may pursue such offender outside of their jurisdiction into any part of the municipality to effect an arrest; (3) shall be peace officers as defined in subdivision (9) of section 53a-3; (4) shall have the authority to serve criminal process within their jurisdiction; (5) shall, when on duty, wear a uniform, distinct in color from that worn by the police officers of the municipality; (6) shall, when on duty, wear in plain view a shield, distinct in shape from that worn by the police officers of the municipality which shall bear the words "special police"; (7) shall complete a forty-hour basic training program provided by the municipality within one hundred eighty days of June 27, 1983; (8) shall take an oath of office.

      (1971, P.A. 424; P.A. 83-346, S. 1, 2.)

      History: P.A. 83-346 added Subsec. (b).

      Cited. 216 C. 112.

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      Sec. 8-45. Rental rates and tenant selection for low rental projects. Each housing authority shall manage and operate its housing projects in an efficient manner so as to enable it to fix the rentals for dwelling accommodations at the lowest possible rates consistent with providing decent, safe and sanitary dwelling accommodations, and no housing authority shall construct or operate any such project for profit or as a source of revenue to the municipality. To this end an authority shall fix the rentals for dwelling in its projects at no higher rates than it finds to be necessary in order to produce revenues which, together with all other available money, revenues, income and receipts of the authority from whatever sources derived, will be sufficient (a) to pay, as the same become due, the principal and interest on the bonds of the authority; (b) to meet the cost of, and to provide for, maintaining and operating the projects, including the cost of any insurance, and the administrative expenses of the authority; and (c) to create, during not less than six years immediately succeeding its issuance of any bonds, a reserve sufficient to meet the largest principal and interest payments which will be due on such bonds in any one year thereafter and to maintain such reserve. In the operation or management of housing projects an authority shall, at all times, rent or lease the dwelling accommodations therein at rentals within the financial reach of families of low income. The authority, subject to approval by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, shall fix maximum income limits for the admission and for the continued occupancy of families in such housing, provided such maximum income limits and all revisions thereof for housing projects operated pursuant to any contract with any agency of the federal government shall be subject to the prior approval of such federal agency. The Commissioner of Economic and Community Development shall define the income of a family to provide the basis for determining eligibility for the admission and for the continued occupancy of families under the maximum income limits fixed and approved. The definition of family income, by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, may provide for the exclusion of all or part of the income of family members which, in the judgment of said commissioner, is not generally available to meet the cost of basic living needs of the family. No housing authority shall refuse to rent any dwelling accommodation to an otherwise qualified applicant on the ground that one or more of the proposed occupants are children born out of wedlock. Each housing authority shall provide a receipt to each applicant for admission to its housing projects stating the time and date of application and shall maintain a list of such applications which shall be a public record as defined in section 1-200. The Commissioner of Economic and Community Development shall, by regulation, provide for the manner in which such list shall be created, maintained and revised. No provision of this chapter shall be construed as limiting the right of the authority to vest in an obligee the right, in the event of a default by such authority, to take possession of a housing project or cause the appointment of a receiver thereof or acquire title thereto through foreclosure proceedings, free from all the restrictions imposed by this chapter with respect to rental rates and tenant selection.

      (1949 Rev., S. 930, 952; 1949, 1953, S. 441d; 1957, P.A. 667, S. 1; September, 1957, P.A. 24, S. 2; 1967, P.A. 522, S. 8; 556, S. 1; 800; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 82-130, S. 1; P.A. 84-143, S. 1; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: 1967 acts gave public works commissioner power to define family income to provide basis for eligibility determination, prohibited refusal to rent if occupant is child born out of wedlock and substituted commissioner of community affairs for public works commissioner; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner of economic development for department of economic development; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 82-130 provided for the issuance of a receipt and the maintenance of a list of applicants; P.A. 84-143 required the commissioner of housing to provide, by regulation, for the manner of creation, maintenance and revision of waiting lists; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

      See Sec. 8-45a re criteria and consideration of applicant's or proposed occupant's history of criminal activity.

      See Sec. 8-72 re rentals and tenant eligibility in moderate income housing.


      Duties of commissioners. 164 C. 247. Cited. 213 C. 354.

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      Sec. 8-45a. Consideration of criminal record, alcohol abuse and status as registered sexual offender of applicant or proposed occupant. A housing authority, as defined in subsection (b) of section 8-39, in determining eligibility for the rental of public housing units may establish criteria and consider relevant information concerning (1) an applicant's or any proposed occupant's history of criminal activity involving: (A) Crimes of physical violence to persons or property, (B) crimes involving the illegal manufacture, sale, distribution or use of, or possession with intent to manufacture, sell, use or distribute, a controlled substance, as defined in section 21a-240, or (C) other criminal acts which would adversely affect the health, safety or welfare of other tenants, (2) an applicant's or any proposed occupant's abuse, or pattern of abuse, of alcohol when the housing authority has reasonable cause to believe that such applicant's or proposed occupant's abuse, or pattern of abuse, of alcohol may interfere with the health, safety or right to peaceful enjoyment of the premises by other residents, and (3) an applicant or any proposed occupant who is subject to a lifetime registration requirement under section 54-252 on account of being convicted or found not guilty by reason of mental disease or defect of a sexually violent offense. In evaluating any such information, the housing authority shall give consideration to the time, nature and extent of the applicant's or proposed occupant's conduct and to factors which might indicate a reasonable probability of favorable future conduct such as evidence of rehabilitation and evidence of the willingness of the applicant, the applicant's family or the proposed occupant to participate in social service or other appropriate counseling programs and the availability of such programs.

      (1969, P.A. 133; P.A. 95-247, S. 7; P.A. 99-157, S. 4.)

      History: P.A. 95-247 replaced prior provisions that had prohibited a housing authority from refusing to rent a dwelling accommodation to an otherwise qualified applicant on the ground that any of the proposed occupants has a criminal record with provisions that authorize a housing authority to establish criteria and consider relevant information concerning an applicant's or any proposed occupant's history of criminal activity, that specify types of criminal activity that may be considered, that require the housing authority to give consideration to the time, nature and extent of the applicant's or proposed occupant's conduct and to factors which might indicate a reasonable probability of favorable future conduct and that specify examples of such factors; P.A. 99-157 designated existing provisions re criminal activity as Subdiv. (1), redesignating Subdivs. (1), (2) and (3), re types of crimes, as Subparas. (A), (B) and (C), respectively, and added new Subdiv. (2) re alcohol abuse and new Subdiv. (3) re lifetime registration as a sexual offender.

      Cited. 213 C. 354.

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      Sec. 8-45b. Waiver of regulations. If a housing authority sold a housing property containing thirty-two rental units to a private developer between October 1, 2003, and November 30, 2003, the housing authority may apply to the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development for a waiver of the requirements of the regulations adopted pursuant to section 8-45 to allow for the use of state-financed housing as a relocation resource for families or persons otherwise eligible for residency in such state-financed housing except for the waiting list. Any waiver granted by the commissioner shall remain in effect until all eligible displaced tenants seeking such housing have been accommodated.

      (May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2, S. 96.)

      History: May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2 effective May 12, 2004.

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      Sec. 8-46. Penalty for false statement. Any person who makes a false statement concerning any of the eligibility requirements for a public housing project, as defined in subsection (b) of section 21a-278a, in an application for admission to or continued occupancy of such public housing may be fined not more than five hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than six months or both.

      (1949 Rev., S. 930, 952; 1949, 1953, S. 441d; 1957, P.A. 667, S. 1; September, 1957, P.A. 24, S. 2; P.A. 99-245, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 99-245 expanded prohibition against false statements from those concerning family income to any eligibility requirements.

      See Sec. 8-72 re penalty for false statement with respect to moderate income rentals.

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      Sec. 8-47. Considerations in fixing income limits. In fixing maximum income limits under section 8-45, the authority and the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development shall take into consideration (1) the latest average wage as computed by the Labor Commissioner for the city or town served by the authority, (2) the number of vacancies in the projects under the authority's control and (3) the number of applications for admission to tenancy which are refused because of income disqualification.

      (1957, P.A. 399, S. 2; 1967, P.A. 522, S. 8; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: 1967 act substituted commissioner of community affairs for public works commissioner; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner of economic development for department of economic development; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 8-48. Rentals for persons receiving welfare aid. In the cases of any tenants who are the recipients of one hundred per cent social services aid from the Department of Social Services of the state or any municipality and who have no income from any other source, rentals shall be fixed by each housing authority for the ensuing rental year established by the authority based on one-half of the costs and expenses set forth in subsection (a) of section 8-45, plus the full amount of costs and expenses set forth in subsections (b) and (c) of said section as set forth in the operating statements of the authority for the preceding fiscal year, which total amount shall be divided by the total number of rooms contained in all low-rent housing projects operated by such housing authority to establish the rental cost per room per annum for such tenants, from which figure shall be computed the rent per month per room. Said rentals shall govern for said rental year.

      (September, 1957, P.A. 24, S. 3; 1959, P.A. 41; 615, S. 27; P.A. 77-614, S. 587, 608, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 85, 136; P.A. 93-262, S. 1, 87.)

      History: 1959 acts provided costs and expenses be as set forth in operating statements of authority for preceding fiscal year rather than as set forth in annual budgets of the authority and deleted a termination date of June 30, 1959, for section; P.A. 77-614 and P.A. 78-303 allowed substitution of department of income maintenance for welfare department, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 93-262 authorized substitution of social services department for income maintenance department, effective July 1, 1993.

      Cited. 213 C. 354.

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      Sec. 8-49. Cooperation of housing authorities. Any authority or authorities may join or cooperate with one another or with the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development in the exercise, either jointly or otherwise, of any of their powers for the purpose of financing, including the issuance of bonds, notes or other obligations and the giving of security therefor, planning, undertaking, owning, constructing, operating or contracting with respect to a housing project or projects located within the area within which one or more of such authorities are authorized to exercise their powers. For such purpose any cooperating authority may, by resolution, prescribe and authorize said commissioner or any authority so joining and cooperating with it to act in its behalf in the exercise of any of such powers or the cooperating authorities may, by resolution, appoint from among the commissioners of such authorities an executive committee with full powers to act on behalf of such authorities with respect to any of their powers as prescribed by resolution of such authority.

      (1949 Rev., S. 931, 964; 1967, P.A. 522, S. 8; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-144, S. 1-3, 78-303, S. 81, 136; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: 1967 act substituted commissioner of community affairs for public works commissioner; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner of economic development for department of economic development and P.A. 78-144 authorized commissioner to act on behalf of authority upon authorization by authority to do so; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 8-50. Eminent domain. An authority shall have the right to acquire by the exercise of the power of eminent domain any real property which it deems necessary for its purposes under this chapter after the adoption by it of a resolution declaring that the acquisition of such real property described therein is necessary for such purposes. An authority, in its own name and at its own expense and cost, may prefer a petition and exercise the power of eminent domain in the manner provided in section 48-12 and acts supplementary thereto. Property already devoted to a public use may be acquired, provided no real property belonging to the municipality, the state or any political subdivision thereof may be acquired without its consent.

      (1949 Rev., S. 932.)

      Only real property may be acquired under this section. Not proper to add damages for loss of business. 139 C. 73. Cited. 145 C. 196.

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      Sec. 8-51. Zoning and building laws. Each housing project of an authority shall be subject to the planning, zoning, sanitary and building laws, ordinances and regulations applicable to the locality in which such project is situated.

      (1949 Rev., S. 933.)

      Cited. 213 C. 354. Cited. 216 C. 112.

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      Sec. 8-52. Bonds. An authority shall have the power to issue bonds, from time to time, in its discretion, for any of its corporate purposes. An authority may issue such types of bonds as it determines, including, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, bonds on which the principal and interest are payable (a) exclusively from the income and revenues of the housing project financed with the proceeds of such bonds; (b) exclusively from the income and revenues of certain designated housing projects, whether or not they are financed in whole or in part with the proceeds of such bonds; or (c) from its revenues generally. Any such bonds may be additionally secured by a pledge of any grant or contributions from the federal government or other source, or a pledge of any income or revenues of the authority, or a mortgage of any housing project, projects or other property of the authority. Neither the commissioners of an authority nor any person executing the bonds shall be liable personally on the bonds by reason of the issuance thereof. The bonds and other obligations of an authority shall not be obligations of the municipality or of the state or any political subdivision thereof and such bonds shall so state on their face, and neither the municipality nor the state or any political subdivision thereof shall be liable thereon nor, in any event, shall such bonds or obligations be payable out of any funds or properties other than those of such authority. The bonds shall not constitute an indebtedness within the meaning of any debt limitation or restriction. Bonds of an authority shall be authorized by its resolution and may be issued in one or more series and shall bear such date or dates, mature at such time or times, bear interest at such rate or rates, be in such denomination or denominations, be in such form, either coupon or registered, carry such conversion or registration privileges, have such rank or priority, be sold and executed in such manner, be payable in such medium of payment and at such place or places and be subject to such terms of redemption, with or without premium, as such resolution, its trust indenture or its mortgage may provide. If any commissioner or officer of the authority whose signature appears on any bonds or coupons ceases to be such commissioner or officer before the delivery of such bonds, such signature shall, nevertheless, be valid and sufficient for all purposes, the same as if he had remained in office until such delivery. Any provision of any law to the contrary notwithstanding, any bonds issued pursuant to this chapter shall be fully negotiable. In any suit, action or proceedings involving the validity or enforceability of the provisions of any bonds of an authority or the security therefor, any such bond reciting in substance that it has been issued by the authority to aid in financing a housing project to provide dwelling accommodations for persons of low income shall be conclusively deemed to have been issued for a housing project of such character and such project shall be conclusively deemed to have been planned, located and constructed in accordance with the purposes and provisions of this chapter.

      (1949 Rev., S. 934; 1969, P.A. 424, S. 7; P.A. 83-339, S. 4, 9.)

      History: 1969 act deleted 6% per year maximum for interest on bonds; P.A. 83-339 removed provisions concerning conditions for the sale of bonds at par value or less than par value.

      Cited. 208 C. 161.

      Cited. 11 CS 465.


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      Sec. 8-53. Provisions of bonds, trust indentures and mortgages. In connection with the issuance of bonds or the incurring of obligations under leases and in order to secure the payment of such bonds or obligations, an authority, in addition to its other powers, shall have power: (a) To pledge all or any part of its gross or net rents, fees or revenues to which its right then exists or may thereafter come into existence; (b) to mortgage all or any part of its real or personal property, then owned or thereafter acquired; (c) to covenant against pledging all or any part of its rents, fees and revenues, or against mortgaging all or any part of its real or personal property, to which its right or title then exists or may thereafter come into existence, or against permitting any lien to remain or stand against such revenues or property; to covenant with respect to limitations on its right to sell, lease or otherwise dispose of any housing project or any part thereof and to covenant as to the additional debts or obligations which may be incurred by it; (d) to covenant as to the bonds to be issued and as to the issuance of such bonds in escrow or otherwise and as to the use and disposition of the proceeds thereof; to provide for the replacement of lost, destroyed or mutilated bonds; to covenant against extending the time for the payment of its bonds or interest thereon; to redeem the bonds and to covenant for their redemption and to provide the terms and conditions thereof; (e) to covenant, subject to the limitations contained in this chapter, as to the rents and fees to be charged in the operations of a housing project or projects and as to the amount to be raised each year or other period of time by rents, fees and other revenues and the use and disposition to be made thereof; to create or to authorize the creation of special funds for moneys held for construction or operating costs, contingencies, debt service, reserves or other purposes and to covenant as to the use and disposition of the moneys held in such funds; (f) to prescribe the procedure, if any, by which the terms of any contract with bondholders may be amended or abrogated, the amount of bonds the holders of which shall consent thereto and the manner in which such consent may be given; (g) to covenant as to the use of any or all of its real or personal property; to warrant its title and to covenant as to the maintenance of its real and personal property, the replacement thereof, the insurance to be carried thereon and the use and disposition of insurance moneys; (h) to covenant as to the rights, liabilities, powers and duties arising upon the breach by it of any covenant, condition or obligation; and to covenant and prescribe the procedure in the event of default and the terms and conditions upon which any or all of its bonds or obligations shall become or may be declared due before maturity, and as to the terms and conditions upon which such declaration and its consequences may be waived; (i) to vest in a trustee or trustees or the holders of bonds or any proportion of them the right to enforce the payment of the bonds or any covenants securing or relating to the bonds; to vest in a trustee or trustees the right, in the event of a default by such authority, to take possession of and use, operate and manage any housing project or part thereof, and to collect the rents and revenues arising therefrom and to dispose of such moneys in accordance with the agreement of the authority with such trustee; to provide for the powers and duties of a trustee or trustees and to limit liabilities thereof and to provide the terms and conditions upon which the trustee or trustees or the holders of bonds or any proportion of them may enforce any covenant or rights securing or relating to the bonds; and (j) to exercise all or any part or combination of the powers herein granted; to make covenants, in addition to the covenants herein expressly authorized, of like or different character; to make such covenants and to do any and all such acts as may be necessary or desirable in order to secure its bonds or, in the absolute discretion of such authority, as will tend to make the bonds more marketable notwithstanding that such covenants or acts may not be enumerated herein. The validity of a pledge made by an authority pursuant to subdivision (a) of this section shall not be affected by the deposit of the funds pledged in a savings account in the name of the authority pursuant to the pledge agreement, and section 36a-291 shall not be applicable to such pledge.

      (1949 Rev., S. 935; 1963, P.A. 650, S. 1.)

      History: 1963 act provided that validity of pledge not affected by deposit of funds pledged in savings account and that Sec. 36-113 not applicable to pledge.

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      Sec. 8-54. Remedies of an obligee of authority. An obligee of an authority shall have the right, in addition to all other rights conferred on such obligee, subject only to any contractual restrictions binding upon such obligee: (a) By mandamus or other proceeding in the Superior Court, to compel such authority and the commissioners, officers, agents or employees thereof to perform each and every term, provision and covenant contained in any contract of such authority with or for the benefit of such obligee and to require the carrying out of any or all such covenants and agreements of such authority and the fulfillment of all duties imposed upon such authority by this chapter and (b), by suit or other proceeding in the Superior Court, to enjoin the performance of any acts which may be unlawful or in violation of any of the rights of such obligee of such authority.

      (1949 Rev., S. 936.)

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      Sec. 8-55. Additional remedies conferrable by authority. An authority shall have power, by its resolution, trust indenture, mortgage, lease or other contract, to confer upon any trustee or any obligee holding or representing a specified amount in bonds, or holding a lease, the right, in addition to all rights otherwise conferred, upon the happening of an event of default as defined in such resolution or instrument, by suit or other proceeding in the Superior Court: (a) To cause possession of any housing project or any part thereof to be surrendered to any such obligee; (b) to obtain the appointment of a receiver of any housing project of such authority or any part thereof and of the rents and profits therefrom, and, if such receiver is appointed, he may enter and take possession of such housing project or any part thereof and operate and maintain the same, and collect and receive all fees, rents, revenues or other charges thereafter arising therefrom and keep such moneys in a separate account or accounts and apply the same in accordance with the obligations of such authority as the court directs; and (c) to require such authority and the commissioners thereof to account as if it and they were trustees of an express trust.

      (1949 Rev., S. 937.)

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      Sec. 8-56. Aid from federal and state governments. In addition to the powers conferred upon an authority by other provisions of this chapter, an authority is empowered to borrow money or accept grants or other financial assistance from the state or federal government for or in aid of any housing project within its area of operation and to take over or lease or manage any housing project or undertaking constructed or owned by the federal government, and to comply with such conditions and enter into such mortgages, trust indentures, leases or agreements as may be necessary or desirable therefor. It is the purpose and intent of this chapter to authorize every authority to do any and all things necessary or desirable to secure the financial aid or cooperation of the federal government in the undertaking, construction, maintenance or operation of any housing project by such authority.

      (1949 Rev., S. 938; P.A. 84-493, S. 2, 9.)

      History: P.A. 84-493 provided for state financial assistance.

      Cited. 213 C. 354.

      Cited. 11 CS 465.


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      Sec. 8-56a. Public hearing prior to construction by authority or developer of HUD-assisted projects. Whenever a developer or a housing authority intends to construct a public housing project which is subject to the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development site and neighborhood standards for public housing placement pursuant to 24 CFR 941.202, such developer or housing authority shall: (1) Publish a description of the project plan, including but not limited to, a physical description of the project, a description of the families to be served by the project, a description of existing neighborhood support services, a projection of the impact of the project on existing services, and a description of such developer's or authority's plan to introduce new services or to upgrade or increase existing services in order to successfully integrate the project and its residents into the neighborhood; such description shall be published at least twice, once not less than thirty days prior to the hearing required by this section, and once not less than fourteen days prior to such hearing in a newspaper of general circulation in the municipality in which such project is planned, and a sign shall be posted in a conspicuous place on the property on which such project is planned, stating the date and time of such public hearing; (2) hold a public hearing for residents in the neighborhoods affected by the proposed public housing project; and (3) identify the specific activities to be provided in meeting its obligation under federal law to assure that the housing will be accessible to social, recreational, educational, commercial, and health facilities and services and other municipal facilities and services equivalent to neighborhoods with unassisted standard housing. If a public hearing required by federal or state law is conducted which meets the requirements of this section, such public hearing shall be deemed to satisfy the requirements of this section.

      (P.A. 99-258.)

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      Sec. 8-57. Agreements to secure federal assistance. In addition to the powers conferred by law upon any housing authority or the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, any such authority or said commissioner, in any contract with the federal government for annual contributions or other financial assistance, may obligate itself or the state, as the case may be, which obligation shall be specifically enforceable and shall not constitute a mortgage, notwithstanding any other laws, to convey to the federal government the housing project to which such contract relates, upon the occurrence of a substantial default with respect to the covenants or conditions to which such authority or the state is subject. Such contract may further provide that, in case of such conveyance, the federal government may complete, operate, manage, lease, convey or otherwise deal with the housing project in accordance with the terms of such contract, provided the contract shall require that, as soon as practicable after the federal government is satisfied that all defaults by reason of which it acquired the housing project have been cured and that the housing project will thereafter be operated in accordance with the terms of the contract, the federal government shall reconvey to such authority or the state the housing project as then constituted.

      (1949 Rev., S. 960; 1961, P.A. 508, S. 10; 1967, P.A. 522, S. 8; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: 1961 act amended first sentence to include in reference to contracts with federal government "other financial assistance"; 1967 act substituted commissioner of community affairs for public works commissioner; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner of economic development for department of economic development; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 8-58. Exemption from taxes and Uniform Securities Act. Payments in lieu of taxes. Bonds of any authority or of any agency or instrumentality designated or appointed by an authority are declared to be issued for an essential public and governmental purpose and to be public instrumentalities and, together with interest and income thereon, shall be exempt from taxes and from the Connecticut Uniform Securities Act. The property of an authority or of any agency or instrumentality designated or appointed by an authority shall be exempt from all local and municipal taxes, except that when any commercial facility is included in a housing project, such facility shall be subject to assessment and taxation in the same manner as other taxable property in the municipality. A municipality may (a) fix a sum, and such sum shall be paid to it annually by the authority, in respect of each project; or (b) agree that the authority shall not pay or be liable to pay any sum whatsoever in respect of a project or projects for any year or years; or (c) agree with an authority or the federal government upon the sum to be paid by the authority for any year or years in respect of a project or projects, or accept or agree to accept a fixed sum or other consideration in lieu of such payment.

      (1949 Rev., S. 939; P.A. 73-158, S. 2; P.A. 83-339, S. 5, 9.)

      History: P.A. 73-158 provided that commercial facility in housing project is not exempt from taxation; P.A. 83-339 provided for tax exemption for bonds of agencies and instrumentalities of an authority and provided for an exemption for all bonds from the State Uniform Securities Act.

      Cited. 216 C. 112.

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      Sec. 8-59. Contracts for payments to state public body. In connection with any housing project located within the area in which it is authorized to act, any state public body may contract with a housing authority or the federal government with respect to the sum or sums, if any, which the housing authority or the federal government may agree to pay, during any year or period of years, to the state public body for the improvements, services and facilities to be furnished by it for the benefit of such housing project or the persons residing on or occupying such premises, but in no event shall the amount of such payments exceed the estimated cost to the state public body of the improvements, services or facilities to be so supplied; provided the absence of a contract for such payments shall not relieve any state public body from the duty to furnish, for the benefit of such housing project and the persons residing on or occupying such premises, customary improvements and such services and facilities as such state public bodies furnish customarily without a service fee.

      (1949 Rev., S. 940.)

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      Sec. 8-60. Cooperation in undertaking housing projects. For the purpose of aiding and cooperating in the planning, undertaking, construction or operation of housing projects located within the area in which it is authorized to act, any state public body may, upon such terms, with or without consideration, as it determines: (a) Dedicate, sell, convey or lease any of its interest in any property or grant easements, licenses or any other rights or privileges therein to a housing authority or the federal government; (b) cause parks, playgrounds, recreational, community, water, sewer or drainage facilities, or any other works which it is otherwise empowered to undertake, to be furnished adjacent to or in connection with housing projects; (c) provide for, dedicate, close, pave, install, grade, regrade, plan or replan streets, roads, roadways, alleys, sidewalks or other works which it is otherwise empowered to undertake; (d) plan or replan, zone or rezone any part of such state public body, any city or borough to have authority to change its map to conform thereto; (e) cause services to be furnished to the housing authority of the character which such state public body is otherwise empowered to furnish; (f) enter into agreements with respect to the exercise by such state public body of its powers relating to the repair, closing or demolition of unsafe, insanitary or unfit dwellings; (g) enter into agreements, extending over any period, with a housing authority or the federal government respecting the exercise by such state public body of any of the powers herein granted; and (h) execute all instruments and agreements and do all other things necessary or convenient to carry out or exercise the powers herein granted, and incur, in connection with any public improvements made by it in exercising the powers herein granted, the entire expense thereof. With respect to any housing project which a housing authority has acquired or taken over from the federal government and which the housing authority by resolution has found and declared to have been constructed in a manner that will promote the public interest and afford necessary safety, sanitation and other protection, no state public body shall require any changes to be made in the housing project or the manner of its construction or take any other action relating to such construction.

      (1949 Rev., S. 941.)

      Subdiv. (c):

      Cited. 213 C. 354.

      Subdiv. (e):

      Cited. 213 C. 354.

      Subdiv. (f):

      Cited. 213 C. 354.


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      Sec. 8-61. Advances to housing authority; bonds and notes issued to finance housing projects. When any housing authority created for any municipality becomes authorized to transact business and exercise its powers therein, the governing body of such municipality shall immediately have the power to make an estimate of the amount of money necessary for the administrative expenses and overhead of such housing authority during the first year thereafter and to appropriate such amount to the authority out of any moneys in the treasury of such municipality not appropriated for other purposes. The moneys so appropriated shall be paid to the authority as a donation. Any municipality located within the area of operation of a housing authority shall have the power to lend money or donate money or real estate, improved or unimproved, from time to time, to the authority for any of the authority's purposes, or to agree to take such action. To obtain funds for the temporary and definitive financing of any housing project, a municipality may, in addition to other action authorized under this chapter or other law, issue and sell its temporary notes, bonds or other obligations. Such temporary notes shall be issued for a period of not more than three years but notes issued for a shorter period of time may be renewed by the issue of other notes, provided the period from the date of the original note to the maturity of the last notes issued in renewal thereof shall not exceed three years, and the provisions of section 7-373 shall be deemed to apply thereto. Any such bonds or other obligations issued by a municipality pursuant to this section shall be in accordance with such statutory and other legal requirements as govern the issuance of obligations generally by the municipality except that such bonds may remain outstanding for up to forty years and may provide for payment of principal and interest in substantially equal annual installments. The housing authority, when it has money available therefor, shall make reimbursements for all advances made to it by way of loans pursuant to the terms of an agreement or agreements between it and the municipality.

      (1949 Rev., S. 942; 1949, S. 442d; P.A. 79-593, S. 1, 2.)

      History: P.A. 79-593 authorized issuance and sale of temporary notes, bonds and other obligations to finance housing project as provided in section.

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      Sec. 8-62. Procedure for state public body. The exercise by a state public body of the powers herein granted may be authorized by resolution of the governing body of such state public body adopted by a majority of the members thereof present at a meeting of such governing body. Each resolution shall take effect immediately from its passage and need not thereafter be laid over or published or posted.

      (1949 Rev., S. 943.)

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      Sec. 8-63. Reports. At least once a year an authority shall file with the clerk a report of its activities for the preceding year, and shall make recommendations with reference to additional legislation or other action in order to carry out the purposes of this chapter. All such reports and recommendations shall be kept as permanent records, open to public inspection.

      (1949 Rev., S. 944.)

      Cited. 216 C. 112.

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      Sec. 8-64. Disposal of property by a housing authority. A housing authority shall have the power, in addition to its other powers, to sell, lease, exchange, transfer, assign, pledge or otherwise dispose of any of its real or personal property or any interest therein.

      (1949 Rev., S. 945.)

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      Sec. 8-64a. Disposal of housing project by housing authority. No housing authority which receives or has received any state financial assistance may sell, lease, transfer or destroy, or contract to sell, lease, transfer or destroy, any housing project or portion thereof in any case where such project or portion thereof would no longer be available for the purpose of low or moderate income rental housing as a result of such sale, lease, transfer or destruction, except the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development may grant written approval for the sale, lease, transfer or destruction of a housing project if the commissioner finds, after a public hearing, that (1) the sale, lease, transfer or destruction is in the best interest of the state and the municipality in which the project is located, (2) an adequate supply of low or moderate income rental housing exists in the municipality in which the project is located, (3) the housing authority has developed a plan for the sale, lease, transfer or destruction of such project in consultation with the residents of such project and representatives of the municipality in which such project is situated and has made adequate provision for said residents' and representatives' participation in such plan, and (4) any person who is displaced as a result of the sale, lease, transfer or destruction will be relocated to a comparable dwelling unit of public or subsidized housing in the same municipality or will receive a tenant-based rental subsidy and will receive relocation assistance under chapter 135. The commissioner shall consider the extent to which the housing units which are to be sold, leased, transferred or destroyed will be replaced in ways which may include, but need not be limited to, newly constructed housing, rehabilitation of housing which is abandoned or has been vacant for at least one year, or new federal, state or local tenant-based or project-based rental subsidies. The commissioner shall give the residents of the housing project or portion thereof which is to be sold, leased, transferred or destroyed written notice of said public hearing by first class mail not less than ninety days before the date of the hearing. Said written approval shall contain a statement of facts supporting the findings of the commissioner. This section shall not apply to the sale, lease, transfer or destruction of a housing project pursuant to the terms of any contract entered into before June 3, 1988. The commissioner shall not impose a one-for-one replacement requirement on King Court in East Hartford. This section shall not apply to phase I of Father Panik Village in Bridgeport, Elm Haven in New Haven, Pequonock Gardens Project in Bridgeport, Evergreen Apartments in Bridgeport, Quinnipiac Terrace/Riverview in New Haven, Dutch Point in Hartford, Southfield Village in Stamford and, upon approval by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development of a HOPE VI revitalization application and a revitalization plan that includes at least the one-for-one replacement of low and moderate income units, Fairfield Court in Stamford.

      (P.A. 88-267, S. 2, 4; 89-113, S. 1, 3; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-195; 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 97-299; P.A. 01-194, S. 3, 9; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2, S. 28; P.A. 10-134, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 89-113 removed the one year limitation on the applicability of section 2 of P.A. 88-267, thereby necessitating its codification, added further findings to be made by the commissioner of housing prior to approving the sale, lease, transfer or destruction of state-assisted housing projects and added public hearing and notice requirements in connection therewith; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 96-195 deleted Subdiv. (3) requiring replacement with an equal number of dwelling units, renumbering the remaining Subdivs. accordingly; P.A. 97-299 inserted new Subdiv. (3) re development of plan for disposal of project prior to approval, redesignating existing Subdiv. (3) as (4), added provisions re type of housing or subsidy as alternatives available to displaced persons for relocation and required commissioner to consider extent to which disposed units will be replaced; P.A. 01-194 added exception for Pequonock Gardens Project in Bridgeport, effective July 11, 2001; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2 added exceptions for Evergreen Apartments in Bridgeport, Quinnipiac Terrace/Riverview in New Haven, Dutch Point in Hartford, Southfield Village in Stamford and, upon approval by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development of a HOPE VI revitalization application and a revitalization plan that includes at least the one-for-one replacement of low and moderate income units, Fairfield Court in Stamford, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 10-134 provided that commissioner shall not impose one-for-one replacement requirement on King Court in East Hartford.

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      Sec. 8-64b. Nondisclosure of tenant Social Security and bank account numbers. (a) No entity purchasing a housing project or a portion of a housing project from a housing authority shall disclose to the public the Social Security number or a bank account number of a tenant of said project that is contained in the tenant's lease agreement.

      (b) No housing authority may disclose to any private person, except a purchaser of a housing project owned by the authority, the Social Security number or bank account number of any tenant of said project without the permission of such tenant.

      (c) Any person who violates any provision of this section shall be fined not more than two hundred dollars.

      (P.A. 04-119, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 04-119 effective May 21, 2004.

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      Sec. 8-65. Exemption of property from execution sale. All real and personal property, including choses in action, of a housing authority shall be exempt from levy and sale by virtue of an execution, and no execution or other judicial process shall issue against the same nor shall any judgment against a housing authority be a charge or lien upon its real property; provided the provisions of this section shall not apply to or limit the right of obligees to foreclose or otherwise enforce any mortgage of a housing authority or the right of obligees to pursue any remedies for the enforcement of any pledge or lien given by a housing authority on its rents, fees or revenues.

      (1949 Rev., S. 946.)

      Provisions of Sec. 16-262f which do not provide exemption for public housing authorities had to prevail over this statute since it was enacted later. 191 C. 514.

      Cited. 18 CA 393.


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      Sec. 8-66. Administration of projects established for housing war workers. Projects established under sections 116g to 124g, inclusive, of the 1943 supplement to the general statutes to provide housing for persons engaged in war industries or activities shall be administered for the purposes and in accordance with the provisions of this chapter, provided, in the case of a housing authority acting as agent for the federal government or administering such a project leased from the federal government, the area of operation may include the area within the territorial boundaries of any other city or town if no authority has been established for such other city or town, and the governing body of such other city or town, by resolution, consents to such inclusion.

      (1949 Rev., S. 947.)

      See part V re housing for military and defense workers generally.

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      Sec. 8-67. Injury on housing authority property. Any person injured in person or property within boundaries of property owned or controlled by an authority, for which injury such authority is or may be liable, may bring an action within two years after the cause of action therefor arose to recover damages from such authority, provided written notice of the intention to commence such action and of the time when and the place where the damages were incurred or sustained has been filed with the chairman or the secretary of the authority within six months after the cause of action therefor arose.

      (1955, S. 478d; 1959, P.A. 403; P.A. 83-483, S. 1.)

      History: 1959 act removed notice requirement; P.A. 83-483 inserted two-year limitation on bringing of action and six-month notice provision.

      Annotations to former statute:

      Provision in lease absolving authority from liability owing to lack of repairs held ineffective as defense. 16 CS 106. Notice requirement is a condition subsequent and lack of notice is a matter of defense. 21 CS 65. Covers both negligence and nuisance actions. Id. Demurrer sustained to a complaint which recited notice given to authority for notice did not contain any description whatsoever of the injury. Id., 132.

      Annotations to present section:

      Cited. 213 C. 354.

      Cited. 38 CA 175. Employee of housing authority or its insurance carrier cannot waive the requisite notification to the housing authority. 63 CA 617.

      Cited. 45 CS 136.


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      Sec. 8-68. Housing research and studies. In addition to its other powers, any housing authority, within its area of operation, or the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development may undertake and carry out studies and analyses of the housing needs and of the meeting of such needs, including data with respect to population and family groups and the distribution thereof according to income groups, the amount and quality of available housing and its distribution according to rentals and sale prices, employment, wages and other factors affecting the local housing needs and the meeting thereof; may make the results of such studies and analyses available to the public and the building, housing and supply industries, and may engage in research and disseminate information on the subject of housing.

      (1949 Rev., S. 959; 1967, P.A. 522, S. 8; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: 1967 act substituted commissioner of community affairs for public works commissioner; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 8-68a. State grants for community centers. The state, acting by and through the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, may enter into a contract with the housing authority of any municipality maintaining a housing project, for which state assistance has been provided, for a state grant equivalent to fifty per cent of the cost of establishing a community center in such municipality, subject to a finding by said commissioner that such municipality will establish a continuing program for such center. In anticipation of final payment of such grant, the state, acting by and through said commissioner and in accordance with such contract, may make advances to the authority for preliminary planning expense or other development cost of such center.

      (February, 1965, P.A. 630, S. 1; 1967, P.A. 522, S. 8; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: 1967 act substituted commissioner of community affairs for public works commissioner; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 8-68b. Bond issue. For the purposes of section 8-68a the State Treasurer is authorized and directed, subject to and in accordance with the provisions of section 3-20, to issue bonds of the state, from time to time, in an amount which shall not in the aggregate exceed ....* dollars. Such bonds shall be issued in accordance with the provisions of said section 3-20 and the full faith and credit of the state is pledged for the payment of the interest on said bonds as the same become due and the payment of the principal thereof at maturity. Such bonds shall be sold at not less than par and accrued interest and shall bear such date or dates, mature at such time or times not exceeding thirty years from their respective dates and be subject to such redemption privileges with or without premium as may be fixed and determined by the State Bond Commission. Such portion of the proceeds from the sale of such bonds and of any notes issued in anticipation thereof as may be required for such purpose shall be applied to the payment of the principal of any such notes then outstanding and unpaid and the remaining proceeds of any such sale shall be used for the payment of grants and advances under the provisions of section 8-68a. Such payments shall be made by the State Treasurer on certification of the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development in accordance with the contract between the state and the authority. The Treasurer may invest in direct obligations of the United States of America such of the proceeds of such sale as he deems available for such purpose.

      (February, 1965, P.A. 630, S. 2; 1967, P.A. 522, S. 8; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      *Note: Act passed with no figure inserted.


      History: 1967 act substituted commissioner of community affairs for public works commissioner; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 8-68c. Notice of certain actions concerning federally assisted multifamily rental housing for low and moderate income persons and families. (a) As used in this section, "covered program" means:

      (1) New construction, substantial rehabilitation, moderate rehabilitation, property disposition and loan management set-aside programs or any other program providing project-based assistance under 42 USC 1437f, including, but not limited to, housing regulated pursuant to 24 CFR 983.1 to 24 CFR 983.262, inclusive, 24 CFR Parts 880 to 884, inclusive, and 24 CFR Part 886;

      (2) The Below Market Interest Rate Program under Section 221(d)(3) of the National Housing Act, 12 USC 1715l(d)(3), (5);

      (3) Section 236 of the National Housing Act, 12 USC 1715z-1;

      (4) Section 202 of the Housing Act of 1959, 12 USC 1701q;

      (5) Programs for rent supplement assistance under Section 101 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1965, 12 USC 1701s;

      (6) Programs under Section 515 of the Housing Act of 1949, 42 USC 1485;

      (7) Programs under Section 521 of the Housing Act of 1949, 42 USC 1490a;

      (8) The Low Income Housing Tax Credit program, 26 USC 42; or

      (9) Supportive Housing for Persons with Disabilities under 42 USC 8013.

      (b) On and after July 1, 2006, any owner of multifamily rental housing for persons and families of low and moderate income, that is assisted pursuant to a contract, mortgage, or mortgage insured under any covered program shall, not later than one year prior to the expiration or planned or proposed termination of any subsidy for the development, sale, transfer of title, lease of the development, prepayment of any such contract or mortgage, or maturity of such mortgage, if any such action will result in the cessation or reduction of the financial assistance or regulatory requirements designed to make the assisted units affordable to low and moderate income households, provide written notice of such action to the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, the chief executive officer of the municipality in which such housing is located and to all tenants residing in such housing. Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit the contractual rights or the ability of such owner to prepay any such mortgage or to interfere with any existing contract. Not later than ten business days after receipt of any notice, the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development shall cause such notice to be posted on the web site of the department. Such notice shall also be made available electronically to those persons who have provided the commissioner with a written request to receive such notices along with a current electronic mail address.

      (c) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (b) of this section, the owner of multifamily rental housing that is assisted pursuant to a contract, mortgage or mortgage insured under any covered program that was not subject to the provisions of this section prior to July 1, 2006, and which, as of July 1, 2006, has less than one year remaining prior to the expiration or planned or proposed termination of any subsidy for the development, sale, transfer of title, lease of the development, prepayment of any such contract or mortgage or maturity of such mortgage, if any such action will result in the cessation or reduction of the financial assistance or regulatory requirements designed to make the assisted units affordable to low and moderate income households, shall provide not less than ninety days written notice of such action. Said notice shall be delivered to the parties listed in subsection (b) of this section and shall be posted and made available in accordance with the provisions of said subsection (b).

      (P.A. 88-262, S. 1, 3; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 06-48, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 06-48 replaced former provisions re prepayment with new Subsecs. (a), (b) and (c) re notice of certain actions concerning federally assisted multifamily rental housing for low and moderate income persons and families, effective July 1, 2006.

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      Sec. 8-68d. Housing authority annual report. Each housing authority shall submit a report to the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development and the chief executive officer of the municipality in which the authority is located not later than March first, annually. The report shall contain (1) an inventory of all existing housing owned or operated by the authority, including the total number, types and sizes of rental units and the total number of occupancies and vacancies in each housing project or development, and a description of the condition of such housing, (2) a description of any new construction projects being undertaken by the authority and the status of such projects, (3) the number and types of any rental housing sold, leased or transferred during the period of the report which is no longer available for the purpose of low or moderate income rental housing, and (4) such other information as the commissioner may require by regulations adopted in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54.

      (P.A. 88-267, S. 1, 4; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

      Cited. 213 C. 354.

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      Sec. 8-68e. Financial assistance to housing authorities for rehabilitation of uninhabitable dwelling units. The state, acting by and in the discretion of the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, may enter into a contract with a housing authority for state financial assistance, within available funds, in the form of a grant-in-aid for the rehabilitation of uninhabitable dwelling units, provided the housing authority is receiving financial assistance for such units from the federal government. Such units may be operated and managed under the jurisdiction of the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development. The Commissioner of Economic and Community Development may adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to carry out the purposes of this section.

      (P.A. 88-280, S. 13; P.A. 90-257, S. 8, 17; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: P.A. 90-257 deleted provision prohibiting grants after June 30, 1990, and authorized grants from all agency funds, eliminating the restriction to appropriations; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

      Cited. 213 C. 354.

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      Sec. 8-68f. Tenants' rights and grievance procedures. Regulations. Each housing authority which receives financial assistance under any state housing program, and the Connecticut Housing Finance Authority or its subsidiary when said authority or subsidiary is the successor owner of housing previously owned by a housing authority under part II or part VI of this chapter, shall, for housing which it owns and operates, (1) provide each of its tenants with a written lease, (2) adopt a procedure for hearing tenant complaints and grievances, (3) adopt procedures for soliciting tenant comment on proposed changes in housing authority policies and procedures, including changes to its lease and to its admission and occupancy policies, and (4) encourage tenant participation in the housing authority's operation of state housing programs, including, where appropriate, the facilitation of tenant participation in the management of housing projects. If such housing authority or the Connecticut Housing Finance Authority or its subsidiary operates both a federal and a state-assisted housing program, it shall use the same procedure for hearing tenant grievances in both programs. The Commissioner of Economic and Community Development shall adopt regulations in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54 to establish uniform minimum standards for the requirements in this section.

      (P.A. 89-113, S. 2, 3; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 00-173; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2, S. 94.)

      History: P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 00-173 required written lease and adoption of procedures for tenant complaints and for tenant participation, and required the commissioner to adopt regulations; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2 applied provisions of section to Connecticut Housing Finance Authority or subsidiary, effective July 1, 2004.

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      Sec. 8-68g. Developer's fees charged by eligible developers. The Commissioner of Economic and Community Development may, in accordance with regulations adopted in accordance with chapter 54, permit any eligible developer to charge a developer's fee in connection with the construction, renovation or rehabilitation of low and moderate income housing for which the eligible developer applies to the commissioner for state financial assistance under any program administered by the commissioner. Notwithstanding the provisions of this section or any regulations adopted thereunder, the developer's fee charged by a community housing development corporation for a project pursuant to subsection (b) of section 8-218 shall be ten per cent of the cost of the project except that the commissioner, in his discretion, may authorize, by regulations, a fee in excess of such amount.

      (P.A. 89-300, S. 1, 3; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; 95-296, S. 2, 5; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 95-296 added provision establishing amount of developer's fee charged by a community housing development corporation, effective July 6, 1995, and applicable to applications pending on said date or filed on and after said date.

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      Sec. 8-68h. Tenant escrow accounts. (a) Each housing authority created pursuant to section 8-40 shall establish in accordance with this section a program to enable tenants to save funds sufficient to rent a private dwelling unit or to make a down payment for a home.

      (b) Each housing authority shall notify each tenant residing in units operated by the authority whose rent exceeds the fair market value for a dwelling unit of equivalent size for the area established under Section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937, as amended, that such tenant is eligible for the program established under this section. Upon written request of an eligible tenant, the housing authority shall deposit in a non-interest-bearing escrow account for such tenant in a financial institution an amount equal to the difference between the rent due to the authority from the tenant and the fair market rental for a dwelling unit of equivalent size for the area established under Section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937, as amended. Each deposit into a tenant escrow account shall be made from rent payments received by the housing authority from the tenant. The funds in such account shall be used by the tenant to rent a private dwelling unit or for a down payment for a home. The written request shall state the amount the tenant determines to be sufficient to rent a private dwelling unit or to make a down payment for a home. Upon written request of the tenant, the director may revise such amount once a year, on or after the time the account reaches one hundred per cent of such amount or at such other time the director of the housing authority deems appropriate. Such revision shall be based on rental and sales price levels for housing in the area.

      (c) The director of the housing authority shall notify the tenant, in writing, when the balance in such account equals seventy-five per cent of the amount specified by the tenant in the notice to the authority under subsection (b) of this section. The authority shall also provide written notice to the tenant when the balance equals such specified amount. No deposit shall be made by the authority into a tenant escrow account in excess of such specified amount. The director shall annually provide the tenant with a report stating the balance in the account.

      (d) After receipt of notice that the balance in the account equals the specified amount, the tenant shall have one hundred eighty days to vacate the unit in the housing project. If the tenant fails to vacate, the funds in the account shall revert to the housing authority. Notwithstanding the provisions of this section to the contrary, the director shall extend the time period to vacate if additional time is needed for the tenant to find other housing or for other good cause.

      (e) Prior to vacating his dwelling unit, the tenant shall submit to the director documentation satisfactory to the director that the funds in the account shall be used for rental of a private dwelling unit or for a down payment on a house. The director shall remit the funds in the escrow account to the tenant upon receipt of such documentation.

      (f) The director shall order reversion to the housing authority of the funds in any escrow account established under this section (1) not less than one hundred eighty days after the tenant receives notice that the account equals the specified amount unless such time limit has been extended pursuant to subsection (d) of this section, (2) upon receipt by the tenant of a written finding by the director that it is not reasonable to expect the balance to ever equal the specified amount because of a financial hardship experienced by the tenant or (3) if the tenant becomes thirty days in arrears in his rental payments to the authority. In the case of reversion under subdivision (3) of this subsection, if, within one hundred twenty days of reversion, or later, as permitted by the director for good cause shown, the tenant pays to the authority all amounts in arrears, such escrow account shall be reinstated with the same balance as of the date of reversion.

      (g) Each housing authority shall establish written procedures to implement this section. Such procedures shall include provisions for tenants to dispute an action by a housing authority made under this section.

      (h) On or before November 1, 1992, and annually thereafter, the director of each housing authority shall submit a report to the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development on the tenant escrow account program administered by the housing authority.

      (P.A. 91-202; P.A. 92-101; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: P.A. 92-101 amended Subsec. (b) to specify that the amounts deposited in the account may be revised when the account reaches 100% of the amount or the director deems appropriate, amended Subsec. (d) to authorize the commissioner to extend the period to vacate for any good cause, added Subsec. (h) requiring the director of each housing authority establishing a program under this section to submit an annual report to the commissioner of housing and made technical changes in Subsecs. (c) and (f); P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 8-68i. Emergency housing in projects. A housing authority, created under section 8-40, may allow one or more vacant units in housing projects operated by the authority to be used as emergency housing on a temporary basis. As used in this section "emergency" means a loss of a residence or domicile due to a fire, flood or other act of God or a violation of the Building Code which renders the residence or domicile uninhabitable or a serious or terminal illness of any resident which prevents such resident from meeting his obligation under a mortgage or lease and "temporary" means the period of time needed to find housing, not exceeding thirty days.

      (P.A. 95-197, S. 2, 3.)

      History: P.A. 95-197 effective June 28, 1995.

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      Sec. 8-68j. Financially distressed development. Transfer to Connecticut Housing Finance Authority. (a) As used in this section:

      (1) "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development;

      (2) "Connecticut Housing Finance Authority" means the authority created and operating pursuant to the provisions of chapter 134;

      (3) "Financially distressed development" means a housing development owned by a housing authority and subject to an asset that was transferred from the Department of Economic and Community Development to the Connecticut Housing Finance Authority pursuant to section 8-37u or subdivision (3) of section 32-11; and

      (4) "Housing authority" means a local housing authority owning a financially distressed development.

      (b) Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes, a housing authority may, with the approval of the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, quit claim or otherwise transfer its interest in a financially distressed development to the Connecticut Housing Finance Authority. The commissioner may grant such approval upon an express finding that: (1) The housing authority is financially unable to maintain the development; (2) there is no reasonable prospect that the housing authority will be able to maintain the property in the future; (3) the housing authority has requested to transfer the development; and (4) the Connecticut Housing Finance Authority is prepared to accept the transfer.

      (June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 51; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2, S. 92.)

      History: June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 effective August 20, 2003; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2 amended Subsec. (a)(3) by making technical changes, effective May 12, 2004.

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      Sec. 8-68k. Compliance with requirements for operation and disposition of housing projects by successor. Whenever the Connecticut Housing Finance Authority or its subsidiary is a successor owner of housing previously owned by a housing authority under part II or part VI of this chapter, the authority or its successor shall be subject to the requirements of and operate such housing in compliance with all provisions of the general statutes applicable to the operation or disposition of such housing by a housing authority.

      (May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2, S. 95.)

      History: May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2 effective May 12, 2004.

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PART II*
MODERATE RENTAL HOUSING

      *Secs. 8-40-8-81 cited. 216 C. 112.

      Sec. 8-69. Moderate rental housing projects and moderate cost housing; declaration of policy. It is hereby declared (a) that there is a serious shortage in urban, suburban and rural areas of moderate rental housing and moderate cost housing for families of veterans of World War II and of other citizens of the state of low and moderate income, endangering the health of such families and constituting a menace to the health, safety, morals, welfare and comfort of inhabitants thereof; (b) that it is in the public interest that work on housing projects for such families be commenced as soon as possible in order to alleviate the housing shortage which now constitutes an emergency, and that the building of private homes for such families be encouraged by the use of public funds as mortgage loans at a low rate of interest; (c) that state financial assistance in the form of loans to eligible developers at low interest rates, guarantees of notes of housing authorities, grants to housing authorities or nonprofit corporations, or a combination thereof, is needed to make housing accommodations available for such families at rentals within their reach; (d) that it is in the public interest, wherever possible, to construct housing projects in existing neighborhoods up to twenty-five units; and that the necessity in the public interest for the provisions of this part and the inclusion of housing projects for such families is declared to be a matter of legislative determination.

      (1949 Rev., S. 948; 1949, S. 443d; 1961, P.A. 447, S. 2; P.A. 78-304, S. 1, 22; P.A. 84-493, S. 3, 9.)

      History: 1961 act added Subdiv. (d) provision re construction of projects up to twenty-five units; P.A. 78-304 amended Subdiv. (c) to refer to loans to "eligible developers" rather than to authorities; P.A. 84-493 provided for state financial assistance to moderate rental housing projects in the form of a grant.

      See Sec. 8-38 re declaration of policy re low and moderate income housing.

      See Sec. 8-82 re states' authority to purchase and sell units, to insure and make mortgages, etc.


      Cited. 214 C. 505.

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      Sec. 8-70. State assistance. (a) Upon preliminary approval by the State Bond Commission pursuant to the provisions of section 3-21, the state, acting by and through the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, may enter into a contract or contracts with an authority or combination of authorities for state financial assistance for a moderate rental housing project or projects in the form of (1) interim and permanent loans or deferred loans; (2) guarantees by the state of the notes of an authority; (3) grants; or (4) any combination of such forms of aid. In the case of a deferred loan, the contract shall require that payments on all or a portion of the interest are due currently but that payments on principal may be made at a later time.

      (b) Upon preliminary approval by the State Bond Commission pursuant to the provisions of section 3-21, the state, acting by and through the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, may enter into a contract or contracts with an eligible developer for state financial assistance for a moderate rental housing project or projects in the form of interim and permanent mortgage loans and, in the case of a housing authority or nonprofit corporation, the commissioner may enter into a contract or contracts to provide state financial assistance in the form of a grant.

      (c) Permanent loans or deferred loans made by the state under the authorization of this section (1) shall bear interest payable quarterly on the first days of January, April, July and October for the preceding calendar quarter at a rate to be determined in accordance with subsection (t) of section 3-20; (2) shall be in an amount not in excess of the development cost of the project or projects, including, in the case of loans or deferred loans financed from the proceeds of the state's general obligation bonds issued pursuant to any authorization, allocation or approval of the State Bond Commission made prior to July 1, 1990, a state service charge, as approved by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development; and (3) shall be repayable in such installments as are determined by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development within fifty years from the date of completion of the project or projects, as determined by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development. The term of a permanent loan or deferred loan may be extended upon the recommendation of the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development with the approval of the State Bond Commission if the commissioner determines that such an extension is necessary for the continuing financial viability of a project. In anticipation of such permanent loans or deferred loans, the state, acting by and through the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, with the approval of the Governor and the Treasurer, may make temporary loans or deferred loans or advances to the authority or authorities at an interest rate to be determined in accordance with subsection (t) of section 3-20. As a condition of making any loan under this section, the commissioner may require the authority or authorities or the eligible developer to develop a management plan designed to ensure adequate maintenance of such project or projects.

      (d) Grants made by the state under the authorization of this section shall be in an amount not in excess of the development cost of the projects as approved by the commissioner.

      (1949 Rev., S. 949; 1949, October, 1949, March, 1950, 1951, 1953, June, 1955, S. 444d; November, 1955, S. N14; 1957, P.A. 395, S. 1; 1959, P.A. 466, S. 1; 1961, P.A. 447, S. 3; 1963, P.A. 54, S. 1; 1967, P.A. 522, S. 8; 1972, P.A. 245, S. 2; P.A. 73-598, S. 2, 3; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; 78-304, S. 2, 3, 22; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 84-493, S. 4, 9; P.A. 87-386, S. 1; 87-416, S. 2, 24; P.A. 90-238, S. 3, 32; P.A. 92-166, S. 2, 31; P.A. 93-165, S. 3, 7; 93-309, S. 13, 29; 93-435, S. 71, 95; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 06-93, S. 5.)

      History: 1959 act changed the termination date for contracts under Subsec. (a) from June 30, 1959, to July 1, 1961; 1961 act changed said date to July 1, 1963; 1963 act removed the termination date and made contracts subject to preliminary approval of state bond commission; 1967 act substituted commissioner of community affairs for public works commissioner; 1972 act specified in Subsec. (b) that loans bear interest at rate determined by bond commission; P.A. 73-598 amended Subsec. (b) to specify that interest be payable quarterly and that rate established be per annum rate commencing from first day of quarter in which determined; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 78-304 inserted new Subsec. (b) concerning contracts with developers after preliminary approval of bond commission, designated former Subsec. (b) as Subsec. (c) and substituted "permanent loans" for "definitive loans"; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 84-493 provided for state financial assistance to moderate rental housing projects in the form of a grant; P.A. 87-386 added provisions re extension of loan term and requirement for management plan to Subsec. (c); P.A. 87-416 provided that the interest rates on loans would be determined in accordance with Sec. 3-20(t); P.A. 90-238 revised provisions re state service fees; P.A. 92-166 amended Subsec. (a) by making deferred loans a form of financial assistance available under the section and providing that payments on interest are due immediately but that payments on principal may be made at a later time and made technical changes to Subsec. (c) consistent with changes in Subsec. (a); P.A. 93-165 amended Subsec. (a) by making technical change re payment of interest, effective June 23, 1993; P.A. 93-309 added new Subsec. (e) prohibiting the commissioner of housing, on and after July 1, 1994, or the effective date of regulations adopted under Sec. 8-437, from accepting applications for housing developments that qualify for financial assistance under Sec. 8-433, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-435 amended Subsec. (e) by deleting the reference to "July 1, 1994," re the deadline for the receipt by the commissioner of housing of certain applications for state financial assistance, and made technical changes, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 06-93 deleted former Subsec. (e) re regulations and application to program repealed by the same act.

      Cited. 214 C. 505.

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      Sec. 8-70a. Pilot program for rehabilitation and private management of moderate rental housing projects. Section 8-70a is repealed, effective October 1, 2000.

      (P.A. 97-307, S. 2, 4; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 99-1, S. 7, 51; P.A. 00-195, S. 2.)

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      Sec. 8-71. Payments in lieu of taxes, assessments and use charges. In lieu of real property taxes, special benefit assessments and sewerage system use charges otherwise payable to such municipality, except in such municipalities as, by special act or charter, on May 20, 1957, had a sewer use charge, an authority shall pay each year to the municipality in which any of its moderate rental housing projects are located a sum to be determined by the municipality, with the approval of the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, not in excess of twelve and one-half per cent of the shelter rent per annum for each occupied dwelling unit in any such housing project; except that the amount of such payment shall not be so limited in any case where funds are made available for such payment by an agency or department of the United States government, but no payment shall exceed the amount of taxes which would be paid on the property were the property not exempt from taxation.

      (1949 Rev., S. 951; 1949, S. 446d; 1957, P.A. 395, S. 3; 1963, P.A. 232; 1967, P.A. 522, S. 8; P.A. 76-67, S. 1, 3; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 93-309, S. 14, 29; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 06-93, S. 6.)

      History: 1963 act changed maximum to be paid from a sum not in excess of 10% of the shelter rent per annum to a sum not in excess of 12.5%; 1967 act substituted commissioner of community affairs for public works commissioner; P.A. 76-67 added exception to 12.5% limit in cases where federal funds available and provided that no payment exceed amount of taxes due were property not tax-exempt; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 93-309 added provision requiring payments be made for rental or quasi-ownership units of housing development receiving financial assistance under Sec. 8-433, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 06-93 removed references to repealed section.

      Cited. 214 C. 505.

      Cited. 12 CA 499.


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      Sec. 8-72. Operation of projects. Rentals. Tenant eligibility. Inspections. Semiannual statements. Penalty for false statement. Each developer or housing authority shall manage and operate its housing projects in an efficient manner so as to enable it to fix the rentals for dwelling accommodations at the lowest possible rates consistent with providing decent, safe and sanitary dwelling accommodations, and no housing authority or nonprofit corporation shall construct or operate any such project for profit. To this end an authority or a nonprofit corporation shall fix the rentals for dwelling in its projects at no higher rates than it finds to be necessary in order to produce revenues which, together with all other available money, revenues, income and receipts of the authority or nonprofit corporation from whatever sources derived, will be sufficient (a) to pay, as the same become due, the principal and interest on the bonds of the authority or nonprofit corporation; (b) to meet the cost of, and to provide for, maintaining and operating the projects, including the cost of any insurance, and the administrative expenses of the authority or nonprofit corporation; provided nothing in this section shall be construed as prohibiting any authority or nonprofit corporation from providing for variable rentals based on family income. In the operation or management of housing projects an authority or nonprofit corporation shall, at all times, rent or lease the dwelling accommodations therein at rentals within the financial reach of families of low income. The Commissioner of Economic and Community Development may establish maximum income limits for admission and continued occupancy of tenants, provided such maximum income limits and all revisions thereof for housing projects operated pursuant to any contract with any agency of the federal government shall be subject to the prior approval of such federal agency. The Commissioner of Economic and Community Development shall define the income of a family to provide the basis for determining eligibility for the admission, rentals and for the continued occupancy of families under the maximum income limits fixed and approved. The definition of family income, by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, may provide for the exclusion of all or part of the income of family members which, in the judgment of said commissioner, is not generally available to meet the cost of basic living needs of the family. No housing authority or developer shall refuse to rent any dwelling accommodation to an otherwise qualified applicant on the ground that one or more of the proposed occupants are children born out of wedlock. Each housing authority and developer shall provide a receipt to each applicant for admission to its housing projects stating the time and date of application and shall maintain a list of such applications, which shall be a public record as defined in section 1-200. The Commissioner of Economic and Community Development shall, by regulation, provide for the manner in which such list shall be created, maintained and revised. No provision of this part shall be construed as limiting the right of the authority to vest in an obligee the right, in the event of a default by such authority, to take possession of a housing project or cause the appointment of a receiver thereof or acquire title thereto through foreclosure proceedings, free from all the restrictions imposed by this chapter with respect to rental rates and tenant selection. The Commissioner of Economic and Community Development shall approve an operation or management plan of each housing project, which shall provide an income adequate for debt service, if any, administration, including a state service charge, other operating costs and establishment of reasonable reserves for repairs, maintenance and replacements, vacancy and collection losses. Said commissioner shall have the right of inspection of any housing during the period between the date on which construction thereof begins and the date the state loan is fully paid or, in the case of a grant, during the period for which any housing project built pursuant to such grant is used for housing for families of low and moderate income. An authority or developer shall semiannually submit to said commissioner a sworn statement setting forth such information with respect to the tenants and rentals for each housing project hereunder and the costs of operating each housing project under its jurisdiction as said commissioner requires. Any person who makes a false statement concerning the income of the family for which application for admission to or continued occupancy of housing projects is made may be fined not more than five hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than six months or both. With regard to a family who, since the last annual recertification, received any public assistance or state-administered general assistance and received earnings from employment, the authority or developer shall not require any interim recertification due to an earnings increase. At the annual recertification, the authority or developer shall base rent levels on such family's average income throughout the preceding twelve months. During the subsequent twelve-month period, the authority or developer shall not require any interim recertifications due to increased earnings from employment. However, if a family's income has decreased, nothing in this section shall preclude an interim recertification or recertification based on the reduced income level.

      (1949, March, 1950, S. 447d; November, 1955, S. N16; 1957, P.A. 399, S. 1; 1967, P.A. 522, S. 8; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; P.A. 78-304, S. 4, 5, 22; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; Oct. Sp. Sess. P.A. 79-3, S. 1, 2; P.A. 82-130, S. 2; P.A. 84-143, S. 2; 84-210; 84-493, S. 5, 9; P.A. 91-374, S. 4; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 98-114, S. 1; P.A. 04-76, S. 2.)

      History: 1967 act substituted commissioner of community affairs for public works commissioner; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 78-304 deleted reference to provisions of Secs. 8-45 and 8-46 and instead restated those provisions in section; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; Oct. Sp. Sess. P.A. 79-3 specified that rentals may be variable based on family income; P.A. 82-130 provided for the issuance of a receipt and the maintenance of a list of applicants; P.A. 84-143 required the commissioner of housing to provide, by regulation, for the manner of creation, maintenance and revision of waiting lists; P.A. 84-210 excluded partnerships from the prohibition against operating projects for profit and included nonprofit corporations in the provisions concerning minimizing of rents; P.A. 84-493 provided procedures when state financial assistance to moderate rental housing projects is in the form of a grant; P.A. 91-374 transferred authority to establish maximum income limits from the housing authority or developer to the commissioner; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 98-114 provided a procedure to set rental rates for families who received public or general assistance and had earnings from employment; P.A. 04-76 replaced reference to "received any public or general assistance" with reference to "received any public assistance or state-administered general assistance".

      See Sec. 8-45a re criteria and consideration of applicant's or proposed occupant's history of criminal activity.

      Duties of commissioners. 164 C. 247. Cited. 214 C. 505.

      Cited. 18 CA 393.


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      Sec. 8-72a. Maximum income limits. Exceptions: Factors to be considered. (a) The maximum income limits under section 8-72 shall be eighty per cent of the area median income adjusted for family size.

      (b) Notwithstanding the provision of subsection (a) of this section, each developer or housing authority may propose different maximum income limits. In fixing exceptions to maximum income limits under section 8-72, the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development shall take into consideration (1) the latest average wage as computed by the Labor Commissioner for the city or town served by the authority, (2) the number of vacancies in the projects under the authority's control, (3) the number of applications for admission to tenancy or for continued occupancy which are refused because of income disqualification and (4) the latest area median income, as determined by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development.

      (P.A. 78-304, S. 7, 22; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 84-145; P.A. 91-374, S. 5; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 98-176, S. 1, 4.)

      History: P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 84-145 added Subdiv. (4) concerning median income and added the number of applications for continued occupancy to Subdiv. (3); P.A. 91-374 eliminated reference to the housing authority and developer in establishment of maximum income limits and made technical changes; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 98-176 added provision as Subsec. (a) which set the maximum income limit at 80% of the area median income, and amended existing provisions, designated as Subsec. (b) to allow developers to propose maximum income limits and the commissioner to fix exceptions to this limit, using the factors in Subdivs. (1) to (4), which factors were previously used by the commissioner to set maximum income limits, effective July 1, 1998.

      Cited. 214 C. 505.

      Cited. 18 CA 393.


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      Sec. 8-73. Eviction of families having income over maximum limits. Waiver of eviction requirement. (a) A tenant in a moderate rental housing project shall vacate the dwelling unit occupied by such tenant not later than sixty days after the housing authority or developer has mailed to such tenant, properly addressed, postage prepaid, written notice that the annual income of such tenant's family, determined under section 8-72, is in excess of that permitted for continued occupancy of such dwelling unit under said section. Upon the failure of such tenant to vacate such dwelling unit on or before the expiration of such sixty-day period and as long as such tenant continues to occupy such dwelling unit after the expiration thereof, such tenant shall be obligated, notwithstanding the provisions of section 8-72, to pay to the authority or developer monthly as rent for such dwelling unit an amount equal to the going rental therefor as fixed by the authority or developer plus an amount equal to two per cent of the excess of the annual income of such family over that permitted for continued occupancy of such dwelling unit under section 8-72.

      (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, if the eviction of such tenants would result in or increase the number of vacancies in such project, the housing authority or developer may request approval of the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development to permit continued occupancy by tenants having an annual income over the maximum limits established for such project and rental of existing vacant units to tenants having an annual income over such maximum limits. If the commissioner finds that the vacancy rate which would result from refusal to grant such approval may result in an inability of the project to provide an income adequate for debt service, if any, administration, including the state service charge, other operating costs and reserves for repairs, maintenance, replacements and collection costs, the commissioner may approve such occupancy for a period of one year, subject to renewal for additional one-year periods. The amount fixed as rent for units so occupied pursuant to this subsection shall be determined as provided in subsection (a) of this section but in no event shall such rent be in excess of one hundred thirty-three per cent of the going rental as established pursuant to section 8-72.

      (1957, P.A. 490; 1967, P.A. 65; P.A. 75-434, S. 1, 2; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; 78-304, S. 8, 9, 22; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 84-493, S. 6, 9; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 06-196, S. 45; P.A. 07-217, S. 32.)

      History: 1967 act deleted proviso that 2% surcharge for excess income be not less than $10 a month; P.A. 75-434 added Subsec. (b) re circumstances in which tenants with incomes in excess of maximum allowed to continue in residence on year-to-year basis; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 78-304 included developers under provisions of section and replaced references to Secs. 8-45 and 8-47 with references to Sec. 8-72; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 84-493 made technical changes in Subsec. (b); P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 06-196 made technical changes in Subsec. (a), effective June 7, 2006; P.A. 07-217 made technical changes in Subsec. (b), effective July 12, 2007.

      Cited. 214 C. 505.

      Cited. 18 CA 393.


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      Sec. 8-74. Hearing on and approval of proposed projects. Use of modern materials. Regulations. Wage rates. No moderate rental housing project shall be developed until (1) the housing authority or, in the case of a developer, the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development has provided notice to the general public of the project by publication, in ten-point boldface type, of a description of the project in a newspaper of general circulation in the municipality in which the proposed project is to be located; (2) the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development has approved the site, not less than thirty days after publication of the notice required under this section and after having given due consideration to any comments received from the public, the plans and layout and the estimated cost of development, and (3) the commissioner has approved the proposed methods of financing, the proposed rents and income limits for admission and continued occupancy and a detailed estimate of the expenses and revenues thereof. During the period of any grant or loan contract entered into under part I or III of this chapter or this part, the developer shall submit to the commissioner for his approval its rent schedules and its standards of tenant eligibility and continued occupancy, and any changes therein and its proposed budget for each fiscal year, together with such reports and financial and operating statements as the commissioner finds necessary. The commissioner may recommend the use of modern materials and methods of construction and factory-built houses in such projects, provided the use thereof would not be detrimental to the public health and safety, and may, in his discretion, withhold approval of the plans therefor if he believes that failure to use such methods or materials or factory-built houses would result in unnecessarily high costs. The commissioner is authorized to make and enforce reasonable orders and regulations and to determine the allocation of dwelling units to be constructed by an authority. The provisions of section 31-53 shall apply to housing projects constructed by an eligible developer under this part.

      (1949, S. 450d, 457d; 1957, P.A. 592, S. 2; 1967, P.A. 522, S. 8; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; 78-304, S. 10, 11, 22; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 84-493, S. 7, 9; P.A. 86-307, S. 1, 12; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-12, S. 3, 55; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: 1967 act substituted commissioner of community affairs for public works commissioner; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 78-304 included developers under provisions of section and required that public hearing be held by commissioner in projects planned by developer; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 84-493 provided for state financial assistance to moderate rental housing projects in the form of a grant; P.A. 86-307 deleted references to "authority" and "housing authority"; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-12 amended Subdivs. (1) and (2) to require public notice of a proposed project and a thirty-day comment period instead of a public hearing; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

      Erection of housing project caused no special damage to plaintiff and did not constitute a nuisance. 146 C. 543. Cited. 214 C. 505.

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      Sec. 8-75. Veterans' preference. As among applicants eligible for occupancy at the rent involved whose needs for housing accommodations are substantially equal, as determined by the developer, preference shall be given to veterans.

      (1949 Rev., S. 953; 1949, 1955, June, 1955, S. 448d; November, 1955, S. N17; 1957, P.A. 163, S. 16; P.A. 86-307, S. 2, 12.)

      History: P.A. 86-307 substituted "developer" for "authority".

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      Sec. 8-76. Sale of projects. Regulations to establish priority order of purchasers. Payment and disposition of purchase price. Upon the determination by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development of the termination of the acute shortage of moderate rental housing in the locality or upon the determination by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development and the developer owning a moderate rental housing project that it is in the best interest of the state and such developer, such project or any part thereof may be sold by the developer upon terms and conditions approved by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development.

      (a) Such project or any part of such project sufficiently separable from other property retained by the developer, unless the developer deems it advisable to sell such project as individual one-family or two-family dwelling units, shall be sold, in accordance with regulations adopted by said commissioner which shall establish the order of priorities among the following eligible purchasers: A cooperative or condominium association, membership in which is open to any tenants of the project or part of the project to be sold, the Department of Housing and Urban Development or a private sponsor, provided any such purchaser shall agree to use such project for purposes of housing for persons or families of moderate income for as long as a need for such housing continues to exist, as determined by said commissioner, and provided further no tenant occupying a dwelling unit of the project at the time of sale shall be evicted except for cause.

      (b) In the sale of a one-family or two-family dwelling unit in a project, or of shares in a cooperative or condominium association purchasing a project or part of a project, preference shall be given to buyers in accordance with the following schedule: (1) First preference shall go to persons who are tenants of the project at the time of sale and whose incomes are below the levels for continued occupancy in the project; (2) second preference shall go to persons who are tenants of the project at the time of sale other than those tenants specified in subdivision (1) of this subsection; (3) third preference shall go to applicants who are residents of the community on the waiting list for admission to moderate rental housing projects in the community and whose incomes are below the maximum limits for admission to such moderate rental housing projects; (4) fourth preference shall go to veterans who are residents of the community and whose incomes are below the maximum limits for admission to occupancy of such moderate rental housing projects in the community; (5) fifth preference shall be given to other residents of the municipality, including occupants of publicly-assisted housing projects whose incomes are below the levels for continued occupancy in moderate rental housing projects in the community. No sale or lease of one-family or two-family dwelling units, or of a share in a cooperative or condominium association owning a housing project, originally purchased from the authority according to this section, shall be made to any person who does not meet the qualifications of one or more of the above categories without the approval of the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development and any deed conveying such dwelling units or housing project shall state this restriction, which shall run with the land until released by written instrument in recordable form executed by said commissioner, and which may be enforced by said commissioner.

      (c) The purchase price of a project or any part thereof may be payable by a purchase money note only when the cost of the project was financed with a loan or deferred loan by the state. Each purchase money note shall provide for its complete amortization by periodic payments within a period not exceeding forty-one years from its date, shall bear interest at a rate to be determined by the State Bond Commission and shall be secured by a first mortgage on the dwelling unit purchased, provided when the sale is to a tenant of the project or to a cooperative or condominium association, membership in which is open to any tenants of the project or part of the project to be sold, the commissioner may set an interest rate on such purchase money note commensurate with the amount by which the income of any such individual tenant purchaser or of any tenant member of a cooperative or condominium association exceeds the maximum limits permitted for continued occupancy of such project, but in no case shall such interest rate be set below the minimum determined by the State Bond Commission.

      (d) In the event that the original purchaser of a one-family or two-family dwelling unit sells, assigns, transfers or otherwise conveys any interest in such unit, the entire unpaid principal balance of the note, with interest thereon, shall become due and payable. In the event that the original purchaser of a one-family or two-family dwelling unit ceases to occupy said unit, the entire unpaid principal balance of any loan, made pursuant to this section on and after April 9, 1976, with interest thereon, may become due and payable at the discretion of the commissioner. If such sale, assignment, transfer or conveyance takes place within seven years of the original purchase, the state, acting by and in the discretion of the commissioner, may recapture a portion of the assistance it provided to finance the purchase of the unit, to be determined as follows: The original purchaser shall pay to the state an amount equal to the sum of (1) additional interest representing the difference between the actual interest paid by the original purchaser on the permanent mortgage loan and the interest that the original purchaser would have paid had the terms of the mortgage loan required interest at a rate of eight per cent per annum, from the date of execution of the mortgage loan to the date of prepayment of the mortgage loan; and (2) fifty per cent of the net appreciation if the unit is resold in the first, second or third year, thirty per cent of the net appreciation if the unit is resold in the fourth or fifth year and twenty per cent of the net appreciation if the unit is resold in the sixth or seventh year following the original purchase. Notwithstanding the provisions contained in this subsection, the total amount of such recapture shall not exceed the net gain realized upon the resale of the unit. Permanent mortgage documents provided to original purchasers on and after July 1, 1987, shall contain provisions necessary to fulfill the requirements of this subsection.

      (e) The proceeds of any sale of any project, or of any part thereof, the cost of which was financed with a loan or deferred loan by the state to a housing authority, after payment of all necessary expenses incident to such sale, shall be applied to liquidate the outstanding balance of such loan or deferred loan. To this end, the authority shall endorse each purchase money note received by the authority in payment of the purchase price to the order of the state without recourse and shall deliver such note, together with a duly executed assignment of the mortgage securing the same, to the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, and the State Treasurer shall credit the face amount of such note as having been paid upon such loan. If the proceeds of the sale of such project or of any part thereof, including as such proceeds the face amount of any purchase money note received by an authority and endorsed and delivered by it to the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, as aforesaid, are more than sufficient to liquidate the outstanding balance of such loan, such proceeds shall be applied toward the outstanding balance, if any, on any loan or deferred loan made pursuant to this part on any other project owned and operated by such authority. If any balance remains after all such loans or deferred loans have been liquidated, an amount equal to one-half of any balance remaining shall be retained by or paid over to the state and an amount equal to the remaining one-half of such balance shall be retained by or paid over to the authority for payment by it to the municipality in which the project is located. The proceeds of the sale of any project the cost of which was financed by notes or bonds issued by the authority and guaranteed by the state, or of any part thereof, after payment of all necessary expenses incident to such sale, shall be applied so far as practicable to the redemption of all such outstanding notes or bonds. If such proceeds are more than sufficient to redeem all such outstanding notes and bonds, one-half of any balance remaining shall be paid over to the state and the remaining one-half of such balance shall be paid over to the authority for payment by it to the municipality in which the project is located. If such proceeds are insufficient for complete redemption of such notes and bonds, any balance remaining after redemption of the largest possible amount thereof shall be paid over to the state. No such sales shall affect the obligation of the authority upon such notes or bonds or the obligation of the state on its guarantee thereof. The proceeds of the sale of any project, or any part thereof, the cost of which was financed, wholly or partially, by a grant, after payment of all necessary expenses incident to such sale, shall first be used for the repayment of such grant to the state.

      (f) The proceeds of any sale of any project, or of any part thereof, the cost of which was financed with a loan or deferred loan by the state to a nonprofit corporation, after payment of all necessary expenses incident to such sale, shall be applied to liquidate the outstanding balance of such loan or deferred loan. To this end, the nonprofit corporation shall endorse each purchase money note received by the nonprofit corporation in payment of the purchase price to the order of the state without recourse and shall deliver such note, together with a duly executed assignment of the mortgage securing the same, to the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, and the State Treasurer shall credit the face amount of such note as having been paid upon such loan or deferred loan. If any balance remains after the loan or deferred loan has been liquidated, such balance shall be paid over to the state for deposit to the credit of the General Fund. The proceeds of the sale of any project, or any part thereof, the cost of which was financed, wholly or partially, by a grant, after payment of all necessary expenses incident to such sale, shall first be used for the repayment of such grant to the state. If any balance remains after the grant has been repaid, such balance shall be paid over to the state for deposit to the credit of the General Fund.

      (1949 Rev., S. 954; 1953, 1955, S. 451d; 1959, P.A. 508; February, 1965, P.A. 297, S. 1; 1967, P.A. 522, S. 8; 1969, P.A. 502; P.A. 73-191, S. 1; P.A. 76-20, S. 1, 2; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; 78-304, S. 12, 13, 22; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 83-373, S. 1, 2; P.A. 84-493, S. 8, 9; P.A. 86-307, S. 3, 12; P.A. 87-485, S. 1-3; P.A. 92-166, S. 3, 31; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: 1959 act added schedule of preference; 1965 act provided authority may sell rather than "dispose of" projects, limited application of Subdiv. (a) to the sale of a one or two-family dwelling unit, added Subdivs. (b) and (c), specified proceeds are to include face amount of any purchase money note and state or authority may retain balance of loans, and added provisions re disposition of purchase money notes to liquidate state loans, to redeem authority bond and notes and to distribute surplus, if any; 1967 act substituted commissioner of community affairs for public works commissioner; 1969 act included provisions concerning cooperatives and condominium associations amending preference schedule and purchase money note provisions accordingly; P.A. 73-191 allowed sale of projects or a part of a project to department of housing and urban development or private sponsor under conditions specified in section, made former schedule of preference specifically applicable to sales of one and two-family units, deleted restriction of purchase money notes to sales to tenants' cooperatives, condominium association and one or two-family units and added provision concerning interest rates pegged to amount tenants' incomes exceed maximum allowed for continued occupancy; P.A. 76-20 deleted references to authority in provisions for approval of sales, and execution and enforcement of written instruments and provided that upon sale of property by original purchaser or his ceasing to occupy property, loan becomes due; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 78-304 included developers under provisions of section; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 83-373 changed maximum amortization time from 30 to 41 years and provided for proceeds of sale to be applied toward any outstanding balance of any loans to the authority; P.A. 84-493 provided for repayment of state grants to moderate rental housing projects in the case of the sale of such project; P.A. 86-307 deleted references to "authority" in first paragraph of section and Subsec. (a), amended Subsec. (e) to delete "developer", add the words "in which the project is located" after "municipality" and make technical changes, and added Subsec. (f) re sale of any project financed with loan to nonprofit corporation; P.A. 87-485 amended Subsec. (b) to give first preference to tenants having incomes below level for continued occupancy and second preference to other tenants, renumbered the order of subsequent preferences and renumbered Subdivs. (2) through (4) as (3) through (5), and amended Subsec. (d) by adding provisions concerning recapture of assistance; P.A. 92-166 made technical changes in Subsecs. (c), (e) and (f) to add provision re deferred loans, consistent with 1992 public acts; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 8-76a. Commissioner's authority to service notes and mortgages. The Commissioner of Economic and Community Development is authorized and directed on behalf of the state (a) to do any and all acts or things necessary or appropriate to service purchase money notes and mortgages originated pursuant to the provisions of section 8-76, including entering into agreements with banks, mortgage service agencies and other institutions to service such notes and mortgages for service fees payable from collections of principal and interest on such notes, (b) upon default in the repayment of any such purchase money note to acquire title to the premises mortgaged to secure the same in the name of the state by foreclosure or otherwise and (c), upon acquisition by the state of title to any premises mortgaged to secure any such purchase money note, to dispose of the same for such price and upon such terms as he deems proper.

      (February, 1965, P.A. 297, S. 2; 1967, P.A. 522, S. 8; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: 1967 act substituted commissioner of community affairs for public works commissioner; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 8-77. Preference among municipalities. In reviewing the needs of municipalities of the state for moderate rental housing projects as the basis for allocating amounts of state financial assistance for such projects, the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development shall take into account the respective needs of such municipalities resulting from (1) the construction of a public project or (2) a civil preparedness emergency as defined in section 28-1.

      (November, 1955, S. N18; February, 1965, P.A. 574, S. 9; 1967, P.A. 522, S. 8; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 86-307, S. 4, 12; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: 1965 act changed obsolete reference to Sec. 13-159 to Sec. 13a-21; 1967 act substituted commissioner of community affairs for public works commissioner; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 86-307 deleted provision limiting state financial assistance for purposes of this section to that which is "available under section 8-78 over amounts required to be given under assistance agreements entered into by the state prior to December 20, 1955", deleted provision requiring commissioner to take into account needs of municipalities "by reason of the floods of August and October, 1955, and redevelopment projects in connection therewith" and the construction of "the expressway authorized under section 13a-21 and the construction of any other highway" and added requirement that commissioner take into account needs of municipalities resulting from civil preparedness emergency; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 8-78. Aggregate of bonds and notes state may issue for moderate rental housing projects. The aggregate amount of all bonds and notes issued by the state pursuant to subsection (a) of section 8-80 to meet its obligations under assistance agreements for moderate rental housing projects entered into by it shall not exceed the sum of (1) one hundred sixty-nine million one hundred thirty-two thousand four hundred thirty-five dollars, exclusive of any notes or bonds, the avails of which shall be used for the purpose of refunding outstanding notes or bonds issued for said purposes, and (2) twenty-eight million dollars, provided the proceeds of such bonds and notes issued pursuant to the authorization in subdivision (2) of this section shall be made available for use only with respect to moderate rental housing projects. In considering housing projects for use of the bond proceeds, the Department of Economic and Community Development shall attempt to capture all federal Section 8 subsidies, for family, elderly, and congregate housing units available to the Department of Economic and Community Development, Connecticut Housing Finance Authority or from other sources; encourage the construction or rehabilitation of multifamily rental projects which meet the Mortgage and Revenue Bond Tax Act of 1980 criteria for moderate income; and utilize any other federal subsidy programs for low and moderate income housing which may become available now or in the future, provided the state bonds can be adequately secured and the intent of this section can be assured. The Department of Economic and Community Development may also enter into joint loan participations with other financing sources in order to maximize the number of housing units produced for the amount allocated.

      (1949 Rev., S. 956; 1949, 1951, 1953, June, 1955, S. 453d; November, 1955, S. N19; 1957, P.A. 395, S. 2; 1959, P.A. 466, S. 2; 1961, P.A. 447, S. 4; 1963, P.A. 54, S. 2; P.A. 78-304, S. 14, 22; P.A. 80-382, S. 1, 3; P.A. 81-370, S. 1, 13; 81-400, S. 1, 2; P.A. 82-369, S. 1, 28; P.A. 84-443, S. 3, 20; P.A. 85-558, S. 4, 17; P.A. 86-396, S. 5, 25; P.A. 88-343, S. 4, 32; P.A. 89-331, S. 7, 30; P.A. 90-238, S. 4, 32; P.A. 91-233; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: 1959 act changed termination date for entry into assistance agreements from June 30, 1959, to July 1, 1961; 1961 act changed said date to July 1, 1963; 1963 act removed said date; P.A. 78-304 changed $19,00,000 maximum for bonds and notes to $25,000,000; P.A. 80-382 changed maximum to $30,000,000; P.A. 81-370 increased the aggregate of bonds the state may issue for moderate rental housing from $130,000,000 to $135,000,000; P.A. 81-400 increased the aggregate of bonds and notes the state may issue for moderate rental housing by $25,000,000 and provided that proceeds of bonds issued pursuant to the increase may be used only for projects qualified for federal subsidy under section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937; P.A. 82-369 increased the amount in Subdiv. (1) from $135,000,000 to $142,500,000, added Subdiv. (3) which authorized $3,000,000 for use only with respect to moderate rental housing projects qualified for federal assistance, added provisions requiring housing department to attempt to capture all available Section 8 subsidies, encourage construction or rehabilitation of multifamily rental projects and utilize any other federal subsidy programs for low and moderate income housing and authorized department to enter into joint loan participations; P.A. 84-443 increased authorization limit to $152,500,000; P.A. 85-558 increased the bond authorization limit to $165,500,000; P.A. 86-396 amended Subdiv. (1) to increase bond authorization to $174,500,000; P.A. 88-343 decreased the bond authorization from to $169,500,000; P.A. 89-331 reduced the bond authorization to $169,132,435; P.A. 90-238 inserted a reference to the issuance of bonds and notes pursuant to Subsec. (a) of Sec. 8-80; P.A. 91-233 eliminated Subdiv. (3) re limitation of use of bond authorizations for federal assistance and transferred the bond authorization under Subdiv. (3) to Subdiv. (2); P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 8-79. Preliminary expenses. Funds borrowed by a developer to pay for options on sites, engineering and architectural services and other preliminary expense incident to the construction of a moderate rental housing project under the provisions of this part may, subject to the approval of the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, be included as part of the cost of such project to be financed by the issuance of notes and bonds guaranteed by the state pursuant to the provisions of section 949 of the 1949 revision of the general statutes and section 8-70.

      (1949 Rev., S. 957; 1967, P.A. 522, S. 8; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; 78-304, S. 15, 16, 22; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 86-307, S. 5, 12; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: 1967 act substituted commissioner of community affairs for public works commissioner; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 78-304 included developers under provisions of section; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 86-307 deleted reference to "an authority"; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 8-79a. Regulations. The Commissioner of Economic and Community Development shall make and enforce regulations to carry out the purposes of this part, to determine the allocation of the loans, deferred loans or mortgage loans to be granted, the terms and conditions of such loans, the conditions for approval of the articles of organization of a developer applying for assistance under this part and the credit requirements of mortgage borrowers.

      (P.A. 78-304, S. 21, 22; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 92-166, S. 4, 31; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 92-166 made technical change adding provision re deferred loans, consistent with 1992 public acts; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 8-80. Issuance of bonds and notes. (a) For the purposes of this part, the State Treasurer is authorized and directed, subject to the approval of the State Bond Commission, to issue bonds and notes of the state, from time to time, to the amount provided in section 8-78. Such bonds and notes shall be issued at such times, in such amounts and denominations, subject to such redemption provisions with or without premium and maturing at such time or times as shall be determined by said commission, and shall be subject to such further conditions and be secured by such covenants and agreement, on behalf of the state as the State Bond Commission determines will tend to make the bonds and notes more marketable. The full faith and credit of the state is pledged for the payment of the principal and interest on said bonds and notes as the same become due.

      (b) Such bond shall be sold at not less than par and accrued interest, shall be issued as serial or term bonds or any combination thereof, shall be in such form, either coupon or registered and carry such conversion or registration privileges, shall bear interest at such rate or rates and on such date or dates as the State Bond Commission shall determine, shall be payable at the Treasurer's office in Hartford and at such other place or places as the Treasurer may determine on dates to be determined by the State Bond Commission and shall be signed in the name of the state by the Governor, the State Treasurer and the Comptroller manually or by facsimile signature.

      (c) The State Treasurer shall, at least ten days before the date of issue of any bonds, advertise for proposals for bids for such portion of such bonds as has been determined to be issued at such date, such proposals to be under seal and opened in public by said Treasurer at some time and place by him appointed. Such bids shall contain proposals for the rate of interest to be paid on the interest coupons and shall be submitted in eighths of one per cent and multiples thereof. The State Treasurer shall have the power to reject any and all bids and to readvertise for the sale of such bonds.

      (d) Such notes shall be sold at not less than par and accrued interest, shall be in such form as may be determined by the State Bond Commission and shall be signed in the name of the state by the State Treasurer or his deputy. They shall be sold at public sale on such notice and terms as said commission shall determine and the Treasurer shall have the power to reject any and all bids and to readvertise the sale of such notes.

      (e) The proceeds from the sale of such bonds and notes, except refunding bonds and notes, shall be deposited in a fund designated the "Rental Housing Fund", which fund shall be used to provide the state financial assistance authorized by section 8-70. Payments from the fund to eligible developers shall be made by the State Treasurer on certification of the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development in accordance with the contract for financial assistance between the state and such developer. All payments by a developer of interest and principal on loans by the state and of state service charges, as authorized by section 8-70, shall be paid to the State Treasurer for deposit in said fund. State service charges, as authorized by section 8-72, shall be paid to the State Treasurer for deposit in the Housing Repayment and Revolving Loan Fund. The principal of, and interest on, bonds and notes referred to in subsection (a) of this section, not paid from refunding bonds and notes, shall be paid first out of the moneys in the Rental Housing Fund, and if in any year said fund is not sufficient, then such deficit shall be paid from the General Fund of the state; and if in any year said fund is more than sufficient to meet the principal of the bonds and notes maturing in such year and the interest thereon, the excess shall be applied to the payment of, and principal on, the bonds and notes maturing in any succeeding year or years. Notwithstanding the next preceding sentence, whenever the State Bond Commission authorizes the issuance of a series of bonds which consist of or include term bonds, it shall determine whether or not the annual sinking fund requirement for such term bonds shall be paid out of the moneys in the Rental Housing Fund or out of moneys in the General Fund of the state; if the State Bond Commission determines not to use such moneys in said Rental Housing Fund therefor, such moneys shall be used and expended to pay interest and redemption premium, if any, on any rental housing bonds or notes, or the principal of any rental housing notes or serial bonds, or the principal upon redemption of such term bonds, or to purchase and retire any rental housing bond at a price not to exceed the principal amount thereof and, notwithstanding the foregoing provisions may be used in whole or in part in any year to assist housing projects in the state upon the prior approval of the State Bond Commission of a request by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development which request shall briefly identify the projects and state the amount of such moneys to be used and expended therefor. Amounts paid from the General Fund to cover any deficits in the Rental Housing Fund, including any such amounts paid prior to July 1, 1994, shall be deemed appropriated for such purpose.

      (f) The State Treasurer is authorized to invest such moneys in the Rental Housing Fund as he deems to be available for such purpose in obligations of or guaranteed by the state or the United States of America or agencies or instrumentalities thereof and, without limitation on the foregoing, in such other obligations, including time deposits or certificates of deposit, as may be permitted investments by the Treasurer for the General Fund of the state and secured in such manner as the Treasurer may require.

      (g) Whenever the State Bond Commission authorizes the issuance of a series of bonds which consist of or include term bonds, the commission shall establish by resolution a sinking fund for such series which fund shall be held as the commission shall determine, by a trustee or by the Treasurer separate and apart from other funds of the state and shall be used and applied only to the payment of principal of and redemption premium, if any, on the term bonds of such series whether at maturity or on the redemption date thereof. The amount of the annual sinking fund requirement for the outstanding term bonds of such series shall be determined by the commission in such resolution but shall not be less than an amount which, computed from the date of such term bonds or from the last maturity date of any serial bonds of such series of bonds, whichever is later, would if thereafter annually contributed to such fund, with the fund and with the accumulations thereon invested at a rate of four per cent per annum, produce at the date of maturity of such term bonds an amount equal to the amount of such term bonds and shall be deposited in the sinking fund from the General Fund of the state annually commencing one year after the date of the bonds or after the last maturity date of any serial bonds of such series of bonds, whichever is later. Any part of the annual sinking fund requirement, which arises from deposit in the sinking fund of moneys from the Rental Housing Fund, when permitted pursuant to this section, shall be deducted from the amount of the annual sinking fund requirement to be paid from the General Fund of the state. Appropriation of all amounts necessary to meet the annual sinking fund requirement is hereby made and the State Bond Commission is hereby authorized to include as part of the contract of the state with the holders of such term bonds, provisions as to the pledging, or the application, use and disposition of all or any part of the sinking fund. The state pledges to and agrees with the holders of such term bonds that, from and after the date of issuance of any bonds for which a pledge of the moneys in the sinking fund has been made and until all such bonds together with interest thereon, with interest on any unpaid installments of interest and of costs and expenses in connection with any action or proceedings by or on behalf of such holders are fully met and discharged, or unless expressly permitted or otherwise authorized by the terms of each contract and agreement made or entered into by or on behalf of the state with or for the benefit of such holders, the state (1) will not limit or alter the duties imposed upon the Treasurer or other officers of the state or a trustee with respect to the application hereunder of the sinking fund and the moneys therein, (2) will carry out and perform or cause to be carried out and performed each and every promise, covenant and agreement entered into by the state or on its behalf pursuant to this section and on its behalf to be performed and (3) will not in any way impair the rights, exemptions and remedies of such holders. Any pledge made by or pursuant to this section shall be valid and binding from the time when the pledge is made. Moneys pledged pursuant to this section and thereafter received shall immediately be subject to the lien of such pledge without any physical delivery thereof or further act, and the lien of any such pledge shall be valid and binding as against all parties having claims of any kind in tort, contract or otherwise against the state or any officer thereof irrespective of whether such parties have notice thereof. Neither the resolution nor any other instrument by which a pledge is created need be recorded. Pending use or application of moneys in said sinking fund as hereinabove directed, and subject to any agreement or covenant with the bond holders, such moneys shall be invested or reinvested by the Treasurer in bonds and other obligations of, or guaranteed by, the state or the United States of America or agencies or instrumentalities thereof or any other obligation, including time deposits and certificates of deposit, as may be permitted investments for the General Fund of the state or in accordance with the law governing the investment of savings banks or when deemed prudent, by the Treasurer, in accordance with the law governing the investment of trust funds and shall be secured in such manner as the Treasurer may require. Obligations purchased as such investment of moneys in said fund shall be held at all times as part of said fund and the interest thereon and any other gain arising from the sale thereof shall be credited to said fund and any loss resulting from the sale thereof shall be debited to said fund and the amount of such gain or loss shall decrease or increase the next annual sinking fund requirement by such amount, as the case may be, and notwithstanding any other provision of this section any net gain in any year arising from such crediting and debiting in excess of the next annual sinking fund requirement at the direction of the Treasurer may be used to pay interest on the term bonds.

      (h) For the purposes of this section, bonds of a series which are payable in installments in the next successive years from the date of all bonds of such series shall be known as "serial bonds". All other bonds of such series shall be known as "term bonds".

      (i) The right is expressly reserved at any time to alter, amend or repeal this section unless bonds, for which provisions as to a pledge, or the application, use and disposition of all or any part of the sinking fund has been made, have theretofore been issued and then remain outstanding, provided, if such provisions are made with respect to the sinking fund, the State Bond Commission may, in the resolution authorizing such bonds, reserve for the state the right to alter and amend such provisions to permit the application and use of moneys in the sinking fund to pay the principal and redemption premium, if any, on other term bonds of the state, whether at maturity or on the redemption date thereof.

      (j) The bonds issued pursuant to this section are made and declared to be (1) legal investments for savings banks and trustees unless otherwise provided in the instrument creating the trust, (2) securities in which all public officers and bodies, all insurance companies and associations and persons carrying on an insurance business, all banks, bankers, trust companies, savings banks and savings associations, including savings and loan associations, investment companies and persons carrying on a banking or investment business, all administrators, guardians, executors, trustees and other fiduciaries and all persons whatsoever who are or may be authorized to invest in bonds of the state, may properly and legally invest funds including capital in their control or belonging to them, and (3) securities which may be deposited with and shall be received by all public officers and bodies for any purpose for which the deposit of bonds of the state is or may be authorized.

      (k) All such bonds, their transfer and the income therefrom, including any profit on the sale or transfer thereof, shall at all times be exempt from all taxation by the state or under its authority.

      (1949, October, 1949, March, 1950, 1951, 1953, S. 455d; 1963, P.A. 54, S. 3; 1967, P.A. 522, S. 8; 1972, P.A. 245, S. 1; P.A. 73-598, S. 1, 3; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; 78-304, S. 17, 22; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 80-382, S. 2, 3; 80-483, S. 24, 186; P.A. 81-370, S. 2, 13; P.A. 85-52, S. 1, 2; P.A. 86-307, S. 6, 12; 86-403, S. 16, 132; P.A. 90-238, S. 5, 32; P.A. 94-173, S. 4, 5; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: 1963 act deleted provision in Subsec. (a) that issuance of bonds and notes is for the purposes of Parts I and III as well as this part, substituted the State Bond Commission for former committee consisting of governor, treasurer, finance commissioner and public works commissioner and provided for commission to determine interest payment dates instead of treasurer; 1967 act substituted commissioner of community affairs for public works commissioner; 1972 act amended Subsec. (a) to make bonds and notes subject to redemption provisions and covenants and conditions determined by commission, amended Subsec. (b) to include issuance of term bonds and to allow payment of interest at places other than treasurer's office in Hartford, amended Subsec. (c) to change advertisement for bids from 30 to 10 days before date of issue, amended Subsec. (e) re payment of sinking fund requirement of term bonds, amended Subsec. (f) to clarify permitted investments of moneys in rental housing fund and added Subsecs. (g) to (k), inclusive; P.A. 73-598 reworded Subsecs. (a) and (b) and replaced requirement in Subsec. (b) that interest be paid semiannually with provision leaving rates and times for interest at discretion of commission, amended Subsec. (e) to include rental housing bonds or notes and deleted preference scheme for paying sinking fund requirement, i.e. that it be paid first from rental housing fund and second from general fund and amended Subsec. (g) to allow use of net gains beyond sinking fund requirement to pay interest on term bonds; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 78-304 amended Subsec. (a) to remove requirement that specific appellations of bonds to appear on their faces; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 80-382 amended Subsec. (a) to impose June 30, 1983, deadline on bond issuance; P.A. 80-483 deleted reference to building and loan associations in Subsec. (j); P.A. 81-370 extended the date for termination of the power of the bond commission to authorize bonds for moderate rental housing from June 30, 1983 to June 30, 1984; P.A. 85-52 repealed provision terminating authorization for issuance of bonds and notes on June 30, 1984; P.A. 86-307 amended Subsec. (e) to replace "make the loans" with "provide the state financial assistance" and "authority" with "developer" or "eligible developer"; P.A. 86-403 made technical change in Subsec. (a); P.A. 90-238 revised provisions re state service fees and allocation of moneys to various housing funds; P.A. 94-173 amended Subsec. (e) by adding provision re consideration of amounts from general fund to cover deficit in Rental Housing Fund as appropriated for the purpose and deleting requirement that year-end surpluses be used to reimburse general fund for covering prior deficits, effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

      See Sec. 8-93 re tax exemption.

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      Sec. 8-81. Repayment of loans. Repayment by an authority of the sums loaned to it by the state shall be made only from the income received by such authority from the operation or sale of housing projects for which such sums were loaned to it or from federal funds received by such authority.

      (1949, S. 456d; P.A. 78-304, S. 18, 22.)

      History: P.A. 78-304 allowed authority to repay state loans with federal funds.

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      Sec. 8-81a. Housing project adaptable for use and occupancy by disabled persons. Pilot program. Regulations. Report. (a) The Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, in consultation with the Office of Protection and Advocacy for Persons with Disabilities, shall establish, within available appropriations, a pilot program requiring that a multifamily housing project built or substantially rehabilitated with the use of any state financial assistance on and after July 1, 1988, shall be fully adaptable for use and occupancy by persons having physical or mental disabilities or by persons without such disabilities.

      (b) The Commissioner of Economic and Community Development shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to carry out the purposes of this section.

      (c) The Commissioner of Economic and Community Development shall submit a report to the General Assembly containing an evaluation of the operation and effectiveness of the pilot program authorized under this section not later than six months following the completion of the project.

      (P.A. 88-268, S. 5, 6; P.A. 89-144, S. 1; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: P.A. 89-144 amended Subsec. (a) by substituting the office of protection and advocacy for persons with disabilities for the office of protection and advocacy for handicapped and developmentally disabled persons; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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PART III*
MODERATE COST HOUSING

      *See Sec. 8-69 for declaration of policy re moderate rental and moderate cost housing.

      Sec. 8-82. Purchase and sale of units by state. Insurance of mortgage loans. Mortgage loans. In order to encourage and facilitate the construction or rehabilitation of housing to be purchased by families of low and moderate income and the rehabilitation by or purchase of existing housing by such families, the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, notwithstanding the provisions of sections 8-120 and 8-121, is authorized (a) to enter into an agreement with any eligible developer desirous of erecting or rehabilitating moderate cost housing in a suitable location based upon plans, specifications and layout approved by the commissioner under the terms of which agreement the state may (1) on completion of each housing unit, take title to the same in the name of the state, but only if no eligible purchaser is immediately available, and pay to the developer the agreed price therefor and (2) sell and convey any such housing unit to an eligible purchaser; (b) upon such terms as the commissioner prescribes, to insure, in the name of the state, banks, trust companies, savings banks, mortgage companies, savings and loan associations and other financial institutions which the commissioner finds to be qualified by experience and facilities and approves as eligible for credit insurance, against losses which they may sustain as a result of first mortgage loans on moderate cost housing approved by the commissioner; (c) to make in the name of the state first mortgage loans at rates of interest to be determined in accordance with subsection (t) of section 3-20, but in no event in excess of five per cent per annum; (d) to make, purchase and hold in the name of the state first or second mortgage loans on housing owned by families of low and moderate income at rates of interest to be determined by the commissioner as provided in subsection (c), but in no event in excess of five per cent per annum; (e) to purchase land or to take the same by right of eminent domain in the manner provided by section 48-12; (f) in the event of default on any mortgage obligation created under this section, to foreclose or otherwise take title to and possession of the mortgaged property; (g) to sell at private or public sale any such acquired property, giving first preference to eligible purchasers as determined by regulations issued under section 8-84, and in connection with such sale to give, grant, convey, execute and deliver in the name of the state, by good and sufficient deed, title thereof. Such sale may be made for all cash, or for part cash and part purchase-money mortgage to be taken and held in the name of the state and to bear interest at the rate of five per cent per annum on the unpaid balance, with interest and principal payments to be made monthly, and with the principal to be amortized over a period not to exceed thirty years; (h) to enter into agreements with banks, trust companies, savings banks, mortgage brokers, savings and loan associations, service agencies and other institutions which the commissioner finds to be qualified to service mortgages. Under the terms of such agreement, not more than one-half of one per cent of the average principal balance each year shall be retained in payment for their services as mortgage brokers.

      (1949, October, 1949, March, 1950, June, 1955, S. 458d; 1967, P.A. 522, S. 8; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; 78-374, S. 1, 2, 9; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 80-483, S. 25, 186; P.A. 87-416, S. 3, 24; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: 1967 act substituted commissioner of community affairs for public works commissioner; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 78-374 substituted "families of low and moderate income" for "veterans of World War II and other citizens of the state", deleted references to federal housing administration re site and plan approval and loan insurance in Subdivs. (a) and (d), included loans for rehabilitation and purchase of existing housing, changed interest rate in Subdiv. (c) from maximum of 3.5% to maximum of 5% per year, changed interest rate in Subdiv. (d) from maximum of 2% to maximum of 5% and allowed second mortgage loans, deleted reference to Sec. 48-16 in Subdiv. (e), deleted Subdiv. (f) which dealt exclusively with veterans' loans and renumbered subsequent subdivisions accordingly and changed interest rate in Subdiv. (g) from 4% to 5% per year with amortization not exceeding 30-year period rather than "period not beyond the year 1982"; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 80-483 deleted reference to building and loan associations in Subdiv. (b); P.A. 87-416 provided that the interest rates on loans would be determined in accordance with Subsec. (t) of Sec. 3-20; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 8-83. Preference in granting mortgage loans. In granting any mortgage loan or construction mortgage loan or in insuring any construction mortgage loan provided for in section 8-82, preference shall be given in the following order: (a) To families of low and moderate income, and among such families preference shall be given to veterans of World War II; (b) to citizens dwelling in the community where the housing is located; (c) to all other persons in accordance with their needs. Applications for such mortgages shall be filed with the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, who shall, in accordance with the provisions of this section, establish the order of priority of such applications.

      (1949, S. 459d; 1967, P.A. 522, S. 8; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: 1967 act substituted commissioner of community affairs for public works commissioner; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 8-84. Regulations. The Commissioner of Economic and Community Development shall make and enforce reasonable regulations to carry out the purposes of this part, to determine the allocation of the mortgages to be granted, the terms and conditions of such mortgages, the order of priority to be observed in carrying out the provisions of section 8-82, the conditions for approval of the articles of incorporation or basic documents of organization of a developer applying for assistance under this part and the credit requirements of mortgage borrowers.

      (1949, S. 460d; 1967, P.A. 522, S. 8; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; 78-374, S. 5, 6, 9; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: 1967 act substituted commissioner of community affairs for public works commissioner; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 78-374 allowed regulation of articles of incorporation or documents of organization of developers applying for assistance; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 8-85. Foreclosure; conveyance of title and assignment of claims to state. If the mortgagee, under a construction mortgage insured under the provisions of section 8-82, has foreclosed and taken title to and possession of the mortgaged property, or, with the consent of the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, has otherwise obtained title to and possession of the same after default, the mortgagee shall be entitled to receive the benefit of the insurance as hereinafter provided upon (1) the prompt conveyance to the state of title to the property and (2) the assignment to the state of all claims of the mortgagee against the mortgagor or others arising out of the mortgage transaction or foreclosure proceedings, except such claims as have been released with the consent of the commissioner. Upon such conveyance and assignment, the commissioner shall direct the Treasurer to pay to the mortgagee a sum equal to the value of the mortgage as hereinafter provided. For the purposes of this section, the value of the mortgage shall be determined by adding to the amount of the original principal obligation of the mortgage which was unpaid on the date of the institution of the foreclosure proceedings or on the date of the acquisition of the property after default other than by foreclosure, the amount of all payments made by the mortgagee for taxes and liens prior to the mortgage, and for insurance, and by deducting from such total amount any amount received on account of the mortgage after either of such dates, and any amount received as rent or other income from the property, less reasonable expenses incurred in handling the property after either of such dates.

      (1949, S. 461d; 1967, P.A. 522, S. 8; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: 1967 act substituted commissioner of community affairs for public works commissioner; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 8-86. Housing bonds or notes. (a) For the purposes of this part the State Treasurer is authorized and directed, subject to the approval of the State Bond Commission, to issue bonds and notes of the state to an amount not exceeding in the aggregate sixty million dollars, including bonds and notes issued under the authority of section 130a of the 1949 supplement to the general statutes, subsection (a) of section 4 of number 1 of the public acts of the special session of October, 1949, section 1 of number 1 of the public acts of the special session of September, 1950, section 227b of the 1951 supplement to the general statutes, section 363c of the 1953 supplement to said statutes and section 462d of the 1955 supplement to said statutes, exclusive of bonds or notes issued for refunding purposes, to be denominated on the face thereof "Housing Bonds of the State of Connecticut" or "Housing Notes of the State of Connecticut", as the case may be. Such bonds and notes shall be issued at such times and in such amounts as may be determined by said commission. The full faith and credit of the state of Connecticut is pledged for the payment of the interest on such bonds and such notes as the same become due and the payment of the principal thereof at maturity. The proceeds of the sale of such bonds and notes, except refunding bonds and notes, shall be used to encourage and facilitate the construction of housing to be purchased by veterans of World War II and other citizens of the state in accordance with the provisions of this part.

      (b) Said bonds shall be in such form and in such denominations as may be determined by the State Bond Commission and shall be issued with coupons attached and registrable as to principal and interest, or as to interest alone. They shall bear interest payable semiannually on dates to be determined by said commission at the State Treasurer's office in Hartford, and shall be signed in the name of the state by the Governor, the State Treasurer and the State Comptroller, and the coupons attached to said bonds shall be signed by the State Treasurer. Said notes shall be in such form and in such denominations as shall be determined by said commission and shall be signed in the name of the state by the State Treasurer or his deputy. The use of the facsimile signatures of said officials is authorized and such bonds and notes may be issued notwithstanding that any of the officials signing them or whose facsimile signatures appear on the bonds, coupons or notes have ceased to hold office at the time of such issue or at the time of the delivery of such bonds or notes to the purchaser.

      (c) The State Treasurer shall, at least thirty days before the date of issue of any bonds, advertise for proposals for bids for such portion of such bonds as he has before that time designated to be issued at such date, such proposals to be under seal and opened in public by said Treasurer at some time and place by him appointed. Such bids shall contain proposals for the rate of interest to be paid on the interest coupons and shall be submitted in eighths of one per cent and multiples thereof. Notes shall be sold at public sale on such notice and terms as the State Bond Commission determines.

      (d) Said bonds shall not be sold at less than par and shall be issued in serial form maturing in such annual installments, beginning approximately one year from the date of issue, that the whole amount thereof shall be paid within such period of time as the State Bond Commission determines. Said notes shall not be sold at less than par and shall be issued for such terms as said commission determines.

      (e) The State Treasurer shall have the power to reject any and all bids and to readvertise for the sale of such bonds or notes.

      (1949, October, 1949, September, 1950, 1951, S. 462d; 1963, P.A. 54, S. 4.)

      History: 1963 act added "For the purposes of this part" to subsection (a) and substituted the state bond commission for a committee consisting of the governor, treasurer, finance commissioner and public works commissioner.

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      Sec. 8-87. Housing Mortgage Fund. The proceeds from the sale of such bonds and notes, except refunding bonds and notes, shall be deposited in a fund designated "the Housing Mortgage Fund", which fund shall be used to make the loans authorized by this part. Payments from the fund shall be made by the State Treasurer on certification of the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development. All repayments of interest and principal on loans by the state, as authorized by this part, shall be paid to the State Treasurer for deposit in said fund. The principal of, and interest on, such bonds and notes, not paid from refunding bonds and notes, shall be paid first out of the moneys in said fund and, if in any year said fund is not sufficient, then such deficit shall be paid from the General Fund of the state; and, if in any year said fund is more than sufficient to meet the principal of such bonds and notes maturing in such year and the interest thereon, the excess shall be used to reimburse the state for any such deficit and the balance thereof shall be applied to the payment of, and principal on, the bonds and notes maturing in any succeeding year or years.

      (1949, October, 1949, S. 463d; 1967, P.A. 522, S. 8; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: 1967 act substituted commissioner of community affairs for public works commissioner; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 8-88. Investment. The State Treasurer is authorized to temporarily invest in direct obligations of the United States of America such proceeds of the sale of housing mortgage bonds of the state of Connecticut and housing mortgage notes of the state of Connecticut as he determines to be available for such purpose.

      (1949, S. 464d.)

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      Sec. 8-89. Commissioner to be agent for mortgages and loans. The Commissioner of Economic and Community Development is designated as the state agency empowered to hold or originate in the name of the state first and second mortgages on real estate and secondary loans as provided in this part.

      (1949, S. 465d; 1967, P.A. 522, S. 8; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: 1967 act substituted commissioner of community affairs for public works commissioner; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 8-90. Applicability of provisions. Section 8-90 is repealed.

      (1949, 1951, S. 466d; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; 78-374, S. 8.)

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      Sec. 8-91. Payment of administrative expenses. Subject to the approval of the Governor, any expense incurred by the state in connection with the carrying out of the provisions of parts I and II of this chapter and this part, including the hiring of necessary employees and the entering upon necessary contracts, shall be paid from the accrued interest and premiums or from the proceeds of the sale of the bonds and notes authorized by said parts, and in the same manner as other obligations of the state of Connecticut.

      (1949, S. 467d; P.A. 83-250, S. 1, 2.)

      History: P.A. 83-250 transferred responsibility for approval from the finance advisory committee to the governor.

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      Sec. 8-92. Inspection by commissioner. The Commissioner of Economic and Community Development shall have the right of inspection of any housing during the period between the date on which construction thereof begins and the date the state loan is fully paid.

      (1949, S. 468d; 1967, P.A. 522, S. 8; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: 1967 act substituted commissioner of community affairs for public works commissioner; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 8-93. Tax exemption. The principal and interest of bonds and notes issued under the provisions of part II of this chapter and this part shall be exempt from taxation. The provisions of this section shall apply to all notes or bonds issued prior to October 6, 1949, under the provisions of sections 102a to 138a, inclusive, of the 1949 supplement to the general statutes.

      (October, 1949, 1951, S. 469d.)

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      Sec. 8-94. Wage rates. The provisions of section 31-53 shall apply to the construction or rehabilitation of homes by an eligible developer under this part, whenever the eligible developer either (1) obtains a mortgage loan from the state for the construction or rehabilitation of ten or more houses or (2) enters into contracts or agreements with ten or more individual recipients of mortgage loans from the state within any six-month period to build houses for them on land or lots which are a part of a single common land development. The provisions of said section shall not be applicable to any type of builder engaged in the construction of a single home for a single mortgagor, except for a housing authority and except as provided above, or to any builder not engaged in the construction of homes under the provisions of this chapter.

      (September, 1950, S. 470d; P.A. 78-374, S. 7, 9.)

      History: P.A. 78-374 deleted definition of "operative builder", replacing references to such builder with "eligible developer", included rehabilitation under provisions of section, substituted "recipients of mortgage loans" for "holders of certificates of eligibility" and applied provisions to housing authorities building single home for single mortgagor but to no other single home builders except as provided in Subdiv. (2).

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PART IV
FLOOD RELIEF HOUSING

      Secs. 8-95 to 8-104. Flood relief housing, generally. Sections 8-95 to 8-104, inclusive, are repealed, effective October 1, 2002.

      (November, 1955, S. N20-N29; 1957, P.A. 646, S. 1; 1967, P.A. 522, S. 8; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 80-483, S. 26, 186; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 02-89, S. 90; S.A. 02-12, S. 1.)

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PART V
HOUSING FOR MILITARY PERSONNEL AND DEFENSE WORKERS

      Sec. 8-105. Declaration of public necessity. It is declared that the national defense involves large increases in the military forces and personnel in this state, a great increase in the number of workers in established industries and activities and the bringing of a large number of workers and their families to new defense industries and activities in this state; that there exists or impends an acute shortage of safe and sanitary dwellings available to such persons and their families in this state, which condition impedes national defense; that it is imperative that action be taken immediately to assure the availability of safe and sanitary dwellings for such persons to enable the rapid expansion of national defense activities in this state and to avoid a large labor turnover in defense industries, which would seriously hamper their production; that the provisions hereinafter enacted are necessary to assure the availability of safe and sanitary dwellings for persons engaged in national defense activities; and that such provisions are for the public use and the purpose of facilitating national defense in this state.

      (1951, S. 471d.)

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      Sec. 8-106. Definitions. As used in this part:

      (a) "Persons engaged in national defense activities" includes persons in the military service of the United States; employees of the Department of Defense; and workers engaged or to be engaged in activities connected with and essential to national defense; and includes the families of the aforesaid persons who are living with them.

      (b) "National defense period" means the period, as determined by a housing authority, during which there exists or impends in the locality an acute shortage of safe and sanitary dwellings for persons engaged in national defense activities.

      (c) "Development" means all undertakings necessary for the planning, land acquisition, demolition, financing, construction or equipment in connection with a project, including the negotiation or award of contracts therefor, and includes the acquisition of any project, in whole or in part, from the federal government.

      (d) "Administration" means all undertakings necessary for management, operation or maintenance, in connection with any project, and includes the leasing of any project, in whole or in part, from the federal government.

      (e) The development of a project shall be deemed to be "initiated" if a housing authority has issued any bonds, notes or other obligations with respect to financing the development of such project of the housing authority, or has contracted with the federal government with respect to the exercise of powers hereunder in the development of such project of the federal government.

      (1951, S. 472d.)

      See Sec. 8-39 for definitions applicable to chapter as a whole.

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      Sec. 8-107. Development of projects. Any housing authority may, during a national defense period, undertake the development or administration of projects to assure the availability of safe and sanitary dwellings for persons engaged in national defense activities. In the ownership, development or administration of such projects, a housing authority shall have the rights, powers, privileges and immunities that such authority has under this chapter in respect to slum clearance and housing projects for persons of low income; provided any project developed or administered by such housing authority, or by any housing authority cooperating with it, pursuant to this part, shall not be subject to the provisions of this chapter relating to rentals of, preferences or eligibility for admission to, occupancy of, eviction from, payments in lieu of taxes with respect to, or equivalent elimination of substandard dwellings in connection with the provision of, such dwellings. During the national defense period, a housing authority may make payments, in such amounts as the housing authority and the governing body of the municipality find necessary or desirable, in lieu of taxes and for any services, facilities, works, privileges or improvements furnished for or in connection with any such projects. During periods other than national defense periods, any such projects owned by a housing authority shall be administered in accordance with the provisions of this chapter or other applicable federal or state laws and in accordance with any contracts with the federal government or with state public bodies relating to such projects, and any such projects owned by the federal government may be administered in accordance with federal law.

      (1951, S. 473d.)

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      Sec. 8-108. Cooperation with housing authorities or federal government. Any state public body shall have the same rights and powers to cooperate with housing authorities, or with the federal government, with respect to the development or administration of projects to assure the availability of safe and sanitary dwellings for persons engaged in national defense activities or to provide housing for servicemen and returning veterans and their families that such state public body has pursuant to this chapter for the purpose of assisting the development or administration of slum clearance or housing projects for persons of low income.

      (1951, S. 474d.)

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      Sec. 8-109. Bonds to be legal investments. Bonds or other obligations issued by a housing authority for a project developed or administered pursuant to this part shall be legal investments to the same extent and for the same persons, institutions, associations, corporations, bodies and officers as bonds or other obligations issued pursuant to this chapter for the development of a slum clearance or housing project for persons of low income.

      (1951, S. 475d.)

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      Sec. 8-110. Federal aid. In exercising any powers or carrying out any authorization contained in this part, a housing authority may comply with any conditions not inconsistent with the purposes of this part required by the federal government pursuant to federal law in any contract relating to projects developed or administered under this part. A housing authority may exercise its powers and may do any and all other things necessary or desirable to cooperate with or secure the financial aid of the federal government in the expeditious development or in the administration of projects to assure the availability of safe and sanitary dwellings for persons engaged in national defense activities and to house servicemen and returning veterans and their families, to act as agent or lessee for the federal government in the development or administration of such projects by the federal government, and to effectuate the purposes of this part. A housing authority may function hereunder upon a finding or determination by the governing body of the municipality for which the housing authority was created, which finding or determination shall be in lieu of any finding or determination required by this chapter and shall be conclusive in any suit, action or proceeding, that there exists or impends in the locality an acute shortage of safe and sanitary dwellings available to persons engaged in national defense activities.

      (1951, S. 476d.)

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      Sec. 8-111. Powers to be additional. The powers conferred by this part shall be in addition and supplemental to the powers conferred by any other law, and nothing contained herein shall be construed as limiting any other powers of a housing authority.

      (1951, S. 477d.)

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PART VI*
HOUSING FOR ELDERLY PERSONS

      *See Sec. 8-119kk re program of rental assistance for persons residing in state-assisted rental housing for the elderly.

      Sec. 8-112. Declaration of policy. Section 8-112 is repealed.

      (March, 1958, P.A. 26, S. 1; 1959, P.A. 600, S. 15.)

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      Sec. 8-112a. Declaration of policy. It is hereby declared (a) that there exists in the state an acute shortage of decent, safe and sanitary dwelling accommodations for elderly persons at rents which they can afford to pay; that, within the state, elderly persons are forced to reside in unsafe and insanitary accommodations; that such persons are forced to occupy overcrowded and congested dwelling accommodations; that such conditions cause an increase in and spread of disease, both physical and mental, and constitute a menace to the health, safety and welfare of elderly persons of the state and impair economic values; that such conditions necessitate excessive and disproportionate expenditures of public funds for public health and safety, fire and accident prevention and other services and facilities; (b) that the shortage of safe and sanitary dwelling accommodations for elderly persons of low and moderate income cannot be relieved through the operation of private enterprise, and that the construction of housing accommodations for elderly persons would, therefore, not be competitive with private enterprise; (c) that the acquisition and reconstruction of existing housing accommodations to provide safe and sanitary dwelling facilities especially adapted for elderly persons are public uses and purposes for which public money may be spent and private or public property acquired, and the necessity in the public interest for the provisions hereinafter enacted is declared as a matter of legislative determination.

      (1959, P.A. 600, S. 1.)

      Cited. 173 C. 223. Cited. 206 C. 711.

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      Sec. 8-113. Definitions. Powers of housing authorities. Section 8-113 is repealed.

      (March, 1958, P.A. 26, S. 2; 1959, P.A. 600, S. 15.)

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      Sec. 8-113a. Definitions. The following terms, wherever used or referred to in this part, shall have the following respective meanings, unless a different meaning clearly appears from the context:

      (a) "Authority" or "housing authority" means any of the public corporations created by section 8-40.

      (b) "Municipality" means any city, borough or town. "The municipality" means the particular municipality for which a particular housing authority is created.

      (c) "Governing body" means, for towns having a town council, the council; for other towns, the selectmen; for cities, the common council or other similar body of officials; and for boroughs, the warden and burgesses.

      (d) "Mayor" means, for cities, the mayor, and, for boroughs, the warden. "Clerk" means the clerk of the particular city, borough or town for which a particular housing authority is created.

      (e) "Area of operation" shall include the municipality in which a housing authority is created under the provisions of this chapter, and may include a neighboring municipality, provided the governing body of such neighboring municipality shall agree by proper resolution to the extension of the area of operation to include such neighboring municipality.

      (f) "Housing project" means any work or undertaking (1) to demolish, clear or remove buildings from any slum area, which work or undertaking may embrace the adaptation of such area to public purposes, including parks or other recreational or community purposes; (2) to provide decent, safe and sanitary urban or rural dwellings, apartments or other living accommodations for elderly persons, which work or undertaking may include buildings, land, equipment, facilities and other real or personal property for necessary, convenient or desirable appurtenances, streets, sewers, water service, parks, site preparation, gardening, administrative, community, recreational or welfare purposes; (3) to provide a continuum of housing comprising independent living accommodations, residential care, intermediate housing facilities and skilled nursing care and facilities with ready access to medical and hospital services; or (4) to accomplish a combination of the foregoing. The term "housing project" also may be applied to the planning of the buildings and improvements, the acquisition of property, the demolition of existing structures, the construction, reconstruction, alteration and repair of the improvements and all other work in connection therewith.

      (g) "Bonds" means any bonds, notes, interim certificates, certificates of indebtedness, debentures or other obligations issued by the authority pursuant to this chapter.

      (h) "Real property" shall include all lands, including improvements and fixtures thereon, and property of any nature appurtenant thereto, or used in connection therewith, and every estate, interest and right, legal or equitable, therein, including terms for years and liens by way of judgment, mortgage or otherwise and the indebtedness secured by such liens.

      (i) "Obligee of the authority" or "obligee" shall include any bondholder, trustee or trustees for any bondholders, or lessor demising to the authority property used in connection with a housing project, or any assignee or assignees of such lessor's interest or any part thereof, and the state government when it is a party to any contract with the authority.

      (j) "State public body" means any city, borough, town, municipal corporation, district or other subdivision of the state.

      (k) "Rent" means the entire amount paid to a local authority, nonprofit corporation or housing partnership for any dwelling unit.

      (l) "Shelter rent" means "rent" as defined herein, less any charges made by a local authority, nonprofit corporation or housing partnership for water, heat, gas, electricity and sewer use charges.

      (m) "Elderly persons" means persons sixty-two years of age and over who lack the amount of income which is necessary, as determined by the authority or nonprofit corporation, subject to approval by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, to enable them to live in decent, safe and sanitary dwellings without financial assistance as provided under this part, or persons who have been certified by the Social Security Board as being totally disabled under the federal Social Security Act or certified by any other federal board or agency as being totally disabled.

      (n) "Housing partnership" means any partnership, limited partnership, joint venture, trust or association consisting of (1) a housing authority, a nonprofit corporation or both and (2) (A) a business corporation incorporated pursuant to chapter 601 or any predecessor statutes thereto, having as one of its purposes the construction, rehabilitation, ownership or operation of housing, and having articles of incorporation approved by the commissioner in accordance with regulations adopted pursuant to section 8-79a or 8-84, (B) a for-profit partnership, limited partnership, joint venture, trust, limited liability company or association having as one of its purposes the construction, rehabilitation, ownership or operation of housing, and having basic documents of organization approved by the commissioner in accordance with regulations adopted pursuant to section 8-79a or 8-84 or (C) any combination of the entities included under subparagraphs (A) and (B) of this subdivision.

      (1959, P.A. 600, S. 2; 1961, P.A. 110; 1963, P.A. 430; 1967, P.A. 522, S. 8; P.A. 73-529, S. 1; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 83-574, S. 3, 20; P.A. 85-238, S. 1; 85-444, S. 2; P.A. 91-149, S. 2, 3; P.A. 95-79, S. 13, 189; 95-197, S. 1, 3; 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-180, S. 7, 166; 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; 96-271, S. 151, 254; P.A. 98-114, S. 2.)

      History: 1961 act amended Subsec. (m) to add persons certified as disabled; 1963 act amended Subsec. (m) to delete requirement men be sixty-five; 1967 act substituted commissioner of community affairs for public works commissioner; P.A. 73-529 inserted new Subdiv. (3) in Subsec. (f) concerning provision of housing with ready access to medical and hospital services and renumbered former Subdiv. (3) as Subdiv. (4); P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 83-574 added Subsec. (n) defining "nonprofit corporation" and amended definitions of "rent", "shelter rent" and "elderly persons" to include reference to nonprofit corporations; P.A. 85-238 added references to housing partnership in definitions of "rent" and "shelter rent" and added definition of "housing partnership"; P.A. 85-444 repealed Subsec. (n) defining "nonprofit corporation"; P.A. 91-149 redefined "elderly person" by adding provision re certification of disability by federal boards of agencies other than the Social Security Board; P.A. 95-79 amended Subdiv. (n)(2)(B) to include a limited liability company in definition of "housing partnership", effective May 31, 1995; P.A. 95-197 amended Subsec. (m) by adding Subdivs. (1) to (3), inclusive, excepting persons from the definition of "elderly persons", effective June 28, 1995; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 96-180 made a technical change in definition of "housing project", effective June 3, 1996; P.A. 96-271 amended Subsec. (n) to replace reference to "chapter 599" with "chapter 601 or any predecessor statutes thereto", effective January 1, 1997; P.A. 98-114 redefined "elderly persons" to delete references to persons with drug, alcohol or behavioral problems.

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      Sec. 8-114. Contracts for state assistance. Section 8-114 is repealed.

      (March, 1958, P.A. 26, S. 3; 1959, P.A. 600, S. 15.)

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      Sec. 8-114a. State assistance to authorities, municipal developers, nonprofit corporations and housing partnerships. (a) Upon preliminary approval by the State Bond Commission pursuant to the provisions of section 3-21, the state, acting by and through the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, may enter into a contract or contracts (1) with an authority, municipal developer or nonprofit corporation for state financial assistance for a rental housing project or projects or continuum of housing or mobile manufactured home parks subject to the provisions of section 8-114b, for elderly persons in the form of capital grants, interim loans, permanent loans, deferred loans or any combination thereof for application to the development cost of such project or projects, or (2) with a housing partnership for state financial assistance for a rental housing project or projects or continuum of housing, for elderly persons, in the form of interim loans, permanent loans, deferred loans or any combination thereof, for application to the development cost of such project or projects. A contract with an authority may provide that in the case of any loan made in conjunction with any housing assistance funds provided by an agency of the United States government, if such housing assistance funds terminate prior to complete repayment of a loan made pursuant to this section, the remaining balance of such loan may be converted to a capital grant or decreased loan. Any such state assistance contract with an authority for a capital grant or loan entered into prior to the time housing assistance funds became available from an agency of the United States government, may, upon the mutual consent of the commissioner and the authority, be renegotiated to provide for a loan or increased loan in the place of a capital grant or loan or a part thereof, consistent with the above conditions. In the case of a deferred loan, the contract shall require that payments on all or a portion of the interest are due currently but that payments on principal may be made at a later time.

      (b) Permanent loans made by the state under this section: (1) Shall bear interest payable quarterly on the first days of January, April, July and October for the preceding calendar quarter; (2) shall be in an amount not in excess of the development cost of the project or projects, including, in the case of loans financed from the proceeds of the state's general obligation bonds issued pursuant to any authorization, allocation or approval of the State Bond Commission made prior to July 1, 1990, administrative cost or other expense to be incurred by the state in connection therewith, as approved by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development; and (3) shall be repayable in such installments as are determined by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development within fifty years from the date of completion of the project or projects, as determined by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development. In anticipation of final payment of such capital grants or loans, the state, acting by and through said commissioner and in accordance with such contract, may make temporary advances to the authority, municipal developer, nonprofit corporation or housing partnership for preliminary planning expense or other development cost of such project or projects. Any loan provided pursuant to this section shall bear interest at a rate to be determined in accordance with subsection (t) of section 3-20. As a condition of making any loan under this section, the commissioner may require such authority, developer, corporation or partnership to develop a management plan designed to ensure adequate maintenance of such project or projects, continuum of housing or mobile home parks.

      (1959, P.A. 600, S. 3; 1961, P.A. 508, S. 1; 1963, P.A. 54, S. 5; 1967, P.A. 522, S. 8; 1969, P.A. 317, S. 1; 1971, P.A. 759, S. 1; P.A. 73-529, S. 2; P.A. 76-142, S. 1, 3; P.A. 77-328, S. 1; 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 83-574, S. 4, 20; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-3, S. 1; P.A. 84-504, S. 1, 3; P.A. 85-238, S. 2; P.A. 87-386, S. 2; 87-416, S. 4, 24; 87-436, S. 2, 23; P.A. 88-364, S. 8, 123; P.A. 90-238, S. 6, 32; P.A. 92-166, S. 5, 31; P.A. 93-165, S. 4, 7; 93-309, S. 15, 29; 93-435, S. 72, 95; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 06-93, S. 7.)

      History: 1961 act deleted provision for aid in the form of temporary and definitive loans and guarantees by the state of notes or bonds of an authority and deleted requirement of annual contribution to the Rental Housing for Elderly Fund; 1963 act included "administrative or other cost or expense to be incurred by the state in connection therewith" in development cost of projects; 1967 act substituted commissioner of community affairs for public works commissioner; 1969 act allowed state to contract for assistance in providing housing for elderly if municipality has prepared or begun preparation for preparing community development action plan; 1971 act deleted provision enacted in 1969 concerning community development action plans; P.A. 73-529 added phrase "continuum of housing"; P.A. 76-142 allowed financial aid in form of interim or permanent loans as well as capital grants and permitted combinations of funding, added provisions determining what form or forms assistance is to take in given situations and required that interest on loans not be less than rate of interest paid by state pursuant to Sec. 8-119a; P.A. 77-328 allowed assistance for providing mobile home parks for elderly; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 83-574 amended section to include references to nonprofit corporations and eliminated minimum interest rate on loans; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-3 changed the term "mobile home" to "mobile manufactured home" in Subsec. (a)(1); P.A. 84-504 provided for state financial assistance in the form of loans without regard to federal assistance; P.A. 85-238 added provisions authorizing state to enter into contracts with housing partnerships; P.A. 87-386 divided section into Subsecs. (a) and (b), made technical changes re loan terms and added requirements for management plan; P.A. 87-416 provided that the interest rates on loans would be determined in accordance with Sec. 3-20(t); P.A. 87-436 added provisions authorizing state to enter into contracts with municipal developers; P.A. 88-364 made technical change; P.A. 90-238 revised provisions re administrative expenses; P.A. 92-166 amended Subsec. (a) by making deferred loans a form of financial assistance available under the section and providing that payments on interest are due immediately but that payments on principal may be made at a later time; P.A. 93-165 amended Subsec. (a) by making technical change re payment of interest, effective June 23, 1993; P.A. 93-309 added new Subsec. (c) prohibiting the commissioner of housing, on and after July 1, 1994, or the effective date of regulations adopted under Sec. 8-437, from accepting applications for housing developments that qualify for financial assistance under Sec. 8-433, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-435 amended Subsec. (c) by deleting the reference to "July 1, 1994," re the deadline for the receipt by the commissioner of housing of certain applications for state financial assistance, and made technical changes, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 06-93 made a technical change in Subsec. (a) and deleted former Subsec. (c) re regulations and application to program repealed by the same act.

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      Sec. 8-114b. Municipal authorities. Contracts for state financial assistance for mobile manufactured home parks, as provided in section 8-114a shall be entered into by municipal authorities only.

      (P.A. 77-328, S. 2; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-3, S. 1.)

      History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-3 changed term "mobile home" to "mobile manufactured home".

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      Sec. 8-114c. Mobile manufactured homes. Transfer to municipal housing authorities. In addition to any grant of state assistance to housing authorities for rental housing for elderly persons, pursuant to section 8-114a, the state may transfer, at no cost, to any municipal housing authority any mobile manufactured home received by the state from the federal government for disaster relief under the federal Disaster Relief Act of 1974, 42 USC 5121 et seq., as from time to time amended, provided nothing in this section shall be construed to authorize any action by the state which is contrary to the provisions of any contract between the state and the federal government under said act. The state shall, when making any such transfer, enter into an agreement with such authority, under the provisions of section 8-114a, for state financial assistance for development costs necessary to complete any mobile manufactured home park project which may be necessary to insure proper usage of any mobile manufactured homes transferred under this section.

      (P.A. 80-162; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-3, S. 1.)

      History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-3 changed terms "mobile home" and "mobile homes" to "mobile manufactured home" and "mobile manufactured homes".

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      Sec. 8-114d. Resident services coordinators. (a) The Commissioner of Economic and Community Development shall award grants-in-aid to housing authorities, municipal developers and nonprofit corporations operating elderly housing projects pursuant to this part to hire resident services coordinators to (1) facilitate conflict resolution between residents, including between seniors and younger residents, (2) establish and maintain relationships with community service providers and link residents to appropriate community services, (3) act as a liaison to assist in problem solving, (4) assist residents of such housing to maintain an independent living status, (5) assess the individual needs of residents of such housing for the purpose of establishing and maintaining support services, (6) provide orientation services to new residents and maintain regular contact with residents of such housing, (7) monitor the delivery of support services to residents of such housing, (8) organize resident activities and meetings that promote socialization among all residents, and (9) advocate changes in services sought or required by residents of such housing. The commissioner shall award grants-in-aid based on demonstration of need and availability of matching funds. A joint application made by more than one housing authority, municipal developer or nonprofit corporation shall have the same preference as an application made by one housing authority, municipal developer or nonprofit corporation.

      (b) The employment of resident services coordinators by a housing authority, municipal developer or nonprofit corporation operating elderly housing projects pursuant to this part shall be considered an allowable expense.

      (c) The Commissioner of Economic and Community Development may convene monthly meetings of the resident services coordinators for in-service training and information sharing. Training topics shall include, but not be limited to, the health care needs of seniors and persons with disabilities, mediation and conflict resolution, and local and regional service resources.

      (P.A. 98-263, S. 3, 4, 21; P.A. 05-206, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 98-263 effective July 1, 1998; P.A. 05-206 amended Subsec. (a) by adding provisions re conflict resolution, including resolution of conflicts between seniors and younger residents, community services, liaisons to assist problem solving, orientation services and the promotion of socialization among residents and redesignating subdivisions accordingly, and added new Subsec. (c) re monthly meetings of resident services coordinators, effective July 1, 2005.

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      Sec. 8-115. Commission to approve plans, financing and rental. Section 8-115 is repealed.

      (March, 1958, P.A. 26, S. 5; 1959, P.A. 600, S. 15.)

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      Sec. 8-115a. Authority of Commissioner of Economic and Community Development. (a) No housing project or projects for elderly persons shall be developed until the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development has approved the site, the plans and specifications, the estimated development cost, including administrative or other cost or expense to be incurred by the state in connection therewith as determined by said commissioner, and an operation or management plan for such project or projects which shall provide an income, including contributions expected from any source, which shall be adequate for debt service on any notes or bonds issued by an authority to finance such development cost, administration, including a state service charge as established by the commissioner, other operating costs and establishment of reasonable reserves for repairs, maintenance and replacements, vacancy and collection losses. During the period of operation of such project or projects, the authority, municipal developer, nonprofit corporation or housing partnership shall submit to the commissioner for said commissioner's approval its rent schedules and its standards of tenant eligibility and any changes therein, and its proposed budget for each fiscal year, together with such reports and financial and operating statements as the commissioner finds necessary. Such authority, municipal developer, nonprofit corporation or housing partnership shall also annually submit verification that the significant facilities and services required to be provided to the residents of such project pursuant to Title VIII of the Civil Rights Act of 1968, as amended by the Fair Housing Amendments Act of 1988 (42 USC 3600 et seq.) are being provided. On and after July 1, 1997, the maximum income limits for admission to such project shall be eighty per cent of the area median income adjusted for family size.

      (b) The commissioner shall have the right of inspection of any such project at any time.

      (c) The commissioner may, for periods of up to one year, authorize a housing authority, municipal developer or nonprofit corporation to admit to such a project persons who are not less than fifty-five years of age and otherwise meet the eligibility requirements for the housing project. The commissioner may only grant such authority upon receipt from a housing authority, municipal developer or nonprofit corporation of an application approved by the chief executive officer of the municipality in which the housing authority, municipal developer or nonprofit corporation is located demonstrating (1) that the housing authority, municipal developer or nonprofit corporation is unable to attract an adequate number of elderly persons to occupy the project and (2) that the housing authority, municipal developer or nonprofit corporation (A) has published a notice, at least once each week during the thirty days preceding the submission of its application, in one or more newspapers having a substantial circulation in the municipality in which the housing project is located, indicating that units in such project are available and (B) has sent such a notice, at least thirty days preceding submission of its application, to each housing authority, municipal developer or nonprofit corporation operating an elderly housing project pursuant to this part and having fifty or more units. No person admitted to such a project pursuant to this subsection shall be evicted from or denied continued occupancy of such project solely because such person is less than sixty-two years of age.

      (d) The commissioner is authorized to make orders and to adopt regulations in accordance with chapter 54 with respect to the development and the operation and management of such project or projects by housing authorities, municipal developers, nonprofit corporations and housing partnerships, and to determine the allocation of funds to meet the development costs of such project or projects, including administrative or other costs or expenses to be incurred by the state. Such regulations shall establish maximum income limits for admission to projects that reflect area median incomes, as determined by the Department of Housing and Urban Development.

      (1959, P.A. 600, S. 4; 1961, P.A. 508, S. 2; 1963, P.A. 54, S. 6; 1967, P.A. 522, S. 8; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 83-574, S. 5, 20; P.A. 85-238, S. 3; 85-296, S. 1, 2; P.A. 87-436, S. 3, 23; 87-480, S. 1, 2; P.A. 91-362, S. 6; 91-374, S. 1; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-2, S. 155, 165; P.A. 99-244, S. 2, 3.)

      History: 1961 act clarified debt service as "on any notes or bonds issued by the authority to finance such development cost", clarified what meant by service charge and required monthly payment in Subsec. (a), required rent schedules to be submitted during operation of project instead of during period of loan contract, extended inspection rights of commission to "any time" instead of during period from date construction begins to date state loan is fully paid, amended Subsec. (c) to enumerate subjects of commissioner's orders and regulations; 1963 act amended Subsec. (a) by adding phrase after "estimated development cost," authorized commissioner to determine cost and expense, deleted requirement service charge be paid monthly, amended Subsec. (c) to delete "acquisition" and "construction" from subject matter of regulations and incurred administrative and other costs or expenses incurred by state in development costs; 1967 act substituted commissioner of community affairs for public works commissioner; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 83-574 added references to nonprofit corporations; P.A. 85-238 added references to housing partnerships in Subsecs. (a) and (c); P.A. 85-296 inserted new Subsec. (c) re admission of persons not less than 55 years of age to housing projects and relettered former Subsec. (c) as Subsec. (d); P.A. 87-436 applied provisions of section to municipal developers; P.A. 87-480 amended Subsec. (a) by providing for commissioner to establish state service charge and deleting provisions re sufficiency of service charge; P.A. 91-362 amended Subsec. (a) to require annual submission to the commissioner of verification that significant facilities and services required to be provided by federal law are being provided; P.A. 91-374 amended Subsec. (a) to authorize commissioner to establish maximum income limits for admission and continued occupancy and amended Subsec. (d) to require that regulations establish maximum income limits for admission and continued occupancy; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-2 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting provision allowing the commissioner to establish maximum income limits for admission and continued occupancy of tenants and adding provision requiring maximum income limits for admission to project be 80% of the area median income adjusted for family size, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 99-244 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting requirement for authority or developer to have standards for continued occupancy, amended Subsec. (d) by deleting the requirement that the regulations contain income limits for continued occupancy and made technical changes.

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      Sec. 8-115b. Powers of authority. Section 8-44 shall apply to the development and maintenance of projects under this part by an authority or authorities except that part of subsection (d) which provides for public hearings concerning the site.

      (1959, P.A. 600, S. 5; P.A. 83-574, S. 6, 20.)

      History: P.A. 83-574 made section specifically applicable to development and maintenance of projects by an authority or authorities.

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      Sec. 8-116. Occupants need not be family units; design of construction; housing restricted to elderly. Section 8-116 is repealed.

      (March, 1958, P.A. 26, S. 4; 1959, P.A. 600, S. 15.)

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      Sec. 8-116a. Occupants need not be family units; design of construction; maximum income and asset limit; waiting list; false statement. The following provisions shall be applicable to housing for elderly persons: (1) There shall be no requirement that the occupants of such housing constitute families and housing may be provided in separate dwelling units for elderly persons living alone; (2) housing for elderly persons shall conform to standards established by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development and shall be designed so as to alleviate the infirmities characteristic of the elderly; (3) the authority, municipal developer, nonprofit corporation or housing partnership, subject to approval by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, shall fix maximum standard income and asset limits for admission to such housing; (4) each housing authority, municipal developer, nonprofit corporation or housing partnership shall provide a receipt to each applicant for admission to its housing projects stating the time and date of application and shall maintain a list of such applications, which shall be a public record as defined in section 1-200 and which shall be created, maintained and revised in a manner which the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development shall, by regulation, provide; and (5) any person who makes a false statement concerning the income of the elderly person for whom application for admission to a project under this part is made may be fined not more than five hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than six months, or both.

      (1959, P.A. 600, S. 6; 1967, P.A. 522, S. 8; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 82-130, S. 3; P.A. 83-574, S. 7, 20; P.A. 84-143, S. 3; P.A. 85-238, S. 4; P.A. 87-436, S. 4, 23; P.A. 91-374, S. 2; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 99-244, S. 1.)

      History: 1967 act substituted commissioner of community affairs for public works commissioner; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 82-130 provided for the issuance of a receipt and the maintenance of a list of applicants; P.A. 83-574 amended section to include references to nonprofit corporations; P.A. 84-143 required the commissioner of housing to provide, by regulation, for the manner of creation, maintenance and revision of waiting lists; P.A. 85-238 added references to housing partnerships; P.A. 87-436 added references to municipal developers; P.A. 91-374 specified that the maximum income established be a maximum standard income; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 99-244 deleted the requirement for the commissioner to fix limits for continued occupancy.

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      Sec. 8-116b. Possession of pets. (a) For the purposes of this section, "pet" means a domesticated dog, cat or bird or an aquarium.

      (b) No housing project operated pursuant to parts VI or VIII of this chapter may prohibit the keeping of one pet by any resident in any such housing projects if the residents of any such project, by majority vote, determine that pets shall be allowed in such project. Each dwelling unit shall be allowed one ballot in any such vote. Each such vote shall be by secret ballot and administered by the local housing authority or eligible developer operating such project. A vote may be initiated at the request of any tenant, but no vote shall be taken sooner than three years after any previous vote unless a petition signed by a majority of the tenants of such project requesting such a vote is filed with the local housing authority or eligible developer operating such project. No person who owns any pet in any such project shall be required to dispose of any such pet because of a subsequent vote to prohibit pets. No applicant for admission to such housing project shall be required to dispose of any such pet in order to occupy such housing project because of a subsequent vote to prohibit pets if pets were allowed on the date the person applied for admission to the project.

      (c) Nothing in this section shall prevent a local housing authority or eligible developer from requiring the removal from any housing project of any pet whose conduct or condition is duly determined to constitute a threat or nuisance to the other occupants of such housing project. No pet shall be kept in violation of humane or health laws. Nothing in this section shall: (1) Prevent any housing authority or eligible developer from adopting reasonable regulations relating to the keeping of such pets, which may include a requirement limiting the size of such pets and a requirement for the neutering of such pets; (2) prevent the adoption of differing terms for the tenancy which are reasonably related to the presence of such pet; (3) relieve any tenant from any liability otherwise imposed by law for damages caused by any such pet; or (4) prevent any housing authority or eligible developer from requiring a tenant to provide notice to the authority or developer if the tenant keeps any such pet.

      (P.A. 87-272; P.A. 99-50.)

      History: P.A. 99-50 amended Subsec. (b) to prohibit a requirement that an applicant dispose of a pet in order to occupy a housing project if pets were allowed on the date the applicant applied for admission to the project.

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      Sec. 8-116c. Eligibility for occupancy. Eviction. (a) An elderly person, as defined in subsection (m) of section 8-113a, shall not be eligible to move into a housing project, as defined in subsection (f) of section 8-113a, if the person (1) is currently using illegal drugs, (2) is currently abusing alcohol and has a recent history of disruptive or dangerous behavior and whose tenancy (A) would constitute a direct threat to the health or safety of another individual or (B) would result in substantial physical damage to the property of another, (3) has a recent history of disruptive or dangerous behavior and whose tenancy (A) would constitute a direct threat to the health and safety of another individual or (B) would result in substantial physical damage to the property of another, or (4) was convicted of the illegal sale or possession of a controlled substance, as defined in section 21a-240, within the prior twenty-four-month period.

      (b) Any authority, municipal developer, nonprofit corporation or other lessor may evict any individual from such housing project who is convicted of the illegal sale or possession of a controlled substance, as defined in section 21a-240, during the period of time the individual is residing in such housing. Such eviction shall be in accordance with the provisions of chapter 832. Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit the remedies of any such authority, municipal developer, nonprofit corporation or lessor under chapter 832.

      (P.A. 98-114, S. 3.)

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      Sec. 8-116d. Termination of lease or rental agreement upon acceptance for admission to housing project. Any elderly person, as defined in subsection (m) of section 8-113a, who applies for and is accepted for admission to a housing project pursuant to this part or part VII of this chapter or pursuant to any other state or federal housing assistance program may terminate the lease or rental agreement for the dwelling unit that he or she occupies at the time of such acceptance, without the penalty or liability for the remaining term of the lease or rental agreement, upon giving thirty days' written notice to the landlord of such dwelling unit.

      (P.A. 08-93, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 08-93 effective October 1, 2008, and applicable to leases or rental agreements entered into, renewed or extended on and after that date.

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      Sec. 8-117. Establishment of rentals. Penalty for false statement concerning income. Section 8-117 is repealed.

      (March, 1958, P.A. 26, S. 6; 1959, P.A. 600, S. 15.)

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      Sec. 8-117a. Applicability of other statutes. Except as limited by the provisions of section 8-118a, sections 8-50 to 8-63, inclusive, 8-65, 8-67 and 31-53 shall apply to housing authority projects referred to in this part and the property acquired and loans, grants, financial assistance or other financing made or to be made available therefor.

      (1959, P.A. 600, S. 7; 1961, P.A. 508, S. 3; P.A. 83-574, S. 8, 20.)

      History: 1961 act replaced existing provisions which had read as follows: Sections 8-50 to 8-55, inclusive, 8-59 to 8-63, inclusive, 8-65, 8-67, 8-81 and 31-53 shall apply to projects developed under this part and the property acquired and loans made therefor; P.A. 83-574 limited application of section to housing authority projects.

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      Sec. 8-117b. Disposal of projects. Conversion to a congregate housing project. (a) Upon the determination by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development of the termination of the acute shortage of dwelling accommodations for elderly persons in the locality or upon the determination by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development and the authority, municipal developer, nonprofit corporation or housing partnership owning a housing project for elderly persons that it is to the best interest of the state and such authority, municipal developer, nonprofit corporation or housing partnership, said project or any part thereof may, subject to the provisions of any contract or agreement of the authority, municipal developer, nonprofit corporation or housing partnership with respect thereto, be disposed of by the authority, municipal developer, nonprofit corporation or housing partnership upon terms and conditions approved by the commissioner. The proceeds of any such sale, together with all assets owned by the authority, municipal developer, nonprofit corporation or housing partnership in connection with such project or part thereof, after payment of all necessary expenses incident to such sale, shall be applied to the redemption of any outstanding notes or bonds issued by the local authority to finance the cost of such project or part thereof. If the proceeds, together with all assets owned by the authority, municipal developer, nonprofit corporation or housing partnership in connection with such project or part thereof, are more than sufficient to redeem the outstanding balance of such notes and bonds, any balance remaining shall be paid over to the state for deposit to the credit of the housing repayment and revolving loan fund. This subsection shall not affect the obligation of the authority upon such notes or bonds or any obligation to the federal government.

      (b) Upon the determination of the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development that it is in the best interest of the locality in which a housing project for elderly persons is located or upon the determination of the commissioner and the authority, municipal developer or nonprofit corporation owning such a housing project that it is in the best interest of the state and such authority, municipal developer or nonprofit corporation, said project or any part thereof may, subject to the provisions of any contract or agreement entered into with the authority, municipal developer or nonprofit corporation, be converted to a congregate housing project, as defined in section 8-119e. Any such converted housing project shall be subject to the provisions of sections 8-119d to 8-119l, inclusive.

      (1959, P.A. 600, S. 8; 1961, P.A. 508, S. 4; 1967, P.A. 522, S. 8; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 83-574, S. 9, 20; P.A. 85-238, S. 5; P.A. 86-282, S. 1, 2; P.A. 87-436, S. 5, 23; P.A. 90-238, S. 7, 32; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: 1961 act deleted "local" before the word "authority", made disposition of project subject to provisions of any contract or agreement of authority with respect thereto, removed provision sale proceeds be applied to liquidate loans by state, added provision payments to state be deposited to credit of general fund, removed provision in last sentence that sales would not affect obligation of state on its guarantee of notes or bonds and added "to the federal government" at end; 1967 act substituted commissioner of community affairs for public works commissioner; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 83-574 amended section to include references to nonprofit corporations; P.A. 85-238 added references to housing partnerships; P.A. 86-282 made existing provisions Subsec. (a) and added Subsec. (b) re conversion of a housing project for elderly persons to a congregate housing project; P.A. 87-436 added references to municipal developers; P.A. 90-238 revised provisions re allocation of moneys to the housing repayment and revolving loan fund rather than to the general fund; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 8-118. Payments in lieu of taxes and assessments. Section 8-118 is repealed.

      (March, 1958, P.A. 26, S. 7; 1959, P.A. 600, S. 15.)

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      Sec. 8-118a. Payments in lieu of taxes and assessments. In lieu of real property taxes, special benefit assessments and sewerage system use charges otherwise payable to a municipality, a local authority shall pay each year, to the municipality in which any of its housing projects for elderly persons is located, a sum to be determined by the municipality with the approval of the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development not in excess of ten per cent of the shelter rent per annum for each occupied dwelling unit in any such housing project; except that the amount of such payment shall not be so limited in any case where funds are made available for such payment by an agency or department of the United States government, but no payment shall exceed the amount of taxes which would be paid on the property were the property not exempt from taxation.

      (1959, P.A. 600, S. 9; 1967, P.A. 522, S. 8; P.A. 76-67, S. 2, 3; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 93-309, S. 16, 29; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 06-93, S. 8.)

      History: 1967 act substituted commissioner of community affairs for public works commissioner; P.A. 76-67 added exception for cases where payments made from funds given by federal government but limited payment to no more than amount taxes would have been if property were not tax-exempt; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 93-309 added provision requiring payments be made for rental or quasi-ownership units for the elderly in housing developments receiving financial assistance under Sec. 8-433, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 06-93 removed references to repealed section.

      Cited. 206 C. 711.

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      Sec. 8-118b. Contract to convey project to state on default. In addition to the powers conferred by law upon any housing authority, any such authority in any contract with the state for financial assistance with regard to any housing project may obligate itself, which obligations shall be specifically enforceable and shall not constitute a mortgage, notwithstanding any other laws to convey to the state such housing project upon the occurrence of a substantial default with respect to the covenants or conditions to which such authority is subject. Such contract may further provide that, in case of such conveyance, the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development may complete, operate, manage, lease, convey or otherwise deal with the housing project in accordance with the terms of such contract, provided the contract shall require that, as soon as practicable after the commissioner is satisfied that all defaults by reason of which the commissioner acquired the housing project have been cured and that the housing project will thereafter be operated in accordance with law and the terms of the contract, the commissioner shall reconvey to such authority the housing project if then owned by the state and as then constituted.

      (1959, P.A. 600, S. 10; 1961, P.A. 508, S. 5; 1967, P.A. 522, S. 8; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: 1961 act substituted "for financial assistance with regard to any housing project" for "for annual contributions" in first sentence, provided commissioner should reconvey project "if then owned by the state" in the last sentence and made certain technical changes; 1967 act substituted commissioner of community affairs for public works commissioner; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 8-118c. Bond issue for additional development cost of projects. (a) For the purposes described in subsection (b) of this section, the State Bond Commission shall have the power, from time to time, but in no case later than June 30, 1988, to authorize the issuance of bonds of the state in one or more series and in principal amounts not exceeding in the aggregate three million dollars.

      (b) The proceeds of the sale of said bonds, to the extent of the amount stated in subsection (a) of this section, shall be used for the purpose of grants by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development for additional development costs related to elderly housing projects.

      (c) All provisions of section 3-20 or the exercise of any right or power granted thereby which are not inconsistent with the provisions of this section are hereby adopted and shall apply to all bonds authorized by the State Bond Commission pursuant to this section, and temporary notes in anticipation of the money to be derived from the sale of any such bonds so authorized may be issued in accordance with said section 3-20 and from time to time renewed. Such bonds shall mature at such time or times not exceeding twenty years from their respective dates as may be provided in or pursuant to the resolution or resolutions of the State Bond Commission authorizing such bonds. Such bonds issued pursuant to this section shall be general obligations of the state and the full faith and credit of the state of Connecticut are pledged for the payment of the principal of and interest on such bonds as the same become due, and accordingly and as part of the contract of the state with the holders of such bonds, appropriation of all amounts necessary for punctual payment of such principal and interest is hereby made, and the Treasurer shall pay such principal and interest as the same become due.

      (P.A. 80-411, S. 1, 3; P.A. 83-366, S. 1, 2; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: P.A. 83-366 extended the authorization date from June 30, 1983, to June 30, 1988, and removed the requirement that eligible projects be in the planning stage on April 1, 1986; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 8-119. Bond issue. Section 8-119 is repealed.

      (March, 1958, P.A. 26, S. 8; 1959, P.A. 600, S. 15.)

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      Sec. 8-119a. Bond issues. (a) For the purposes of this part, the State Treasurer is authorized and directed, subject to and in accordance with the provisions of section 3-20, to issue bonds of the state, from time to time, in an amount which, together with the principal amount of any bonds theretofore issued by the state pursuant to this part, shall not in the aggregate exceed one hundred forty-five million six hundred thousand dollars. Such bonds shall bear such date or dates and mature at such time or times not exceeding thirty years from their respective dates and be subject to such redemption privileges with or without premium as may be fixed and determined by the State Bond Commission. They shall be sold at not less than par and accrued interest and the full faith and credit of the state are pledged for the payment of the interest thereon as the same becomes due and the payment of the principal thereof at maturity.

      (b) Such portion of the proceeds from the sale of such bonds and of any notes issued in anticipation thereof as may be required for such purpose shall be applied to the payment of the principal of any such notes then outstanding and unpaid, and the remaining proceeds of any such sale shall be deposited in a fund designated the "Rental Housing Fund for the Elderly", which fund shall be used to make or provide for the capital grants, loans, deferred loans or advances authorized by section 8-114a and the payments authorized by section 8-119b. Payments from the Rental Housing Fund for the Elderly to authorities, municipal developers, nonprofit corporations or housing partnerships shall be made by the State Treasurer on certification of the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development in accordance with the contract for financial assistance between the state and such authority, municipal developer, nonprofit corporation or housing partnership. All payments of fees by a housing authority, municipal developer, nonprofit corporation or housing partnership on a loan or deferred loan provided pursuant to section 8-114a financed from the proceeds of the state's general obligation bonds issued pursuant to any authorization, allocation or approval of the State Bond Commission made prior to July 1, 1990, shall be paid to the State Treasurer for deposit in said fund. All payments of principal or interest by a housing authority, municipal developer, nonprofit corporation or housing partnership on a loan or deferred loan provided pursuant to section 8-114a and all fees and state service charges not financed from the proceeds of the state's general obligation bonds shall be paid to the State Treasurer for deposit in the Housing Repayment and Revolving Loan Fund.

      (1959, P.A. 600, S. 11, 12; 1961, P.A. 508, S. 6, 7; 1963, P.A. 54, S. 7; 388; February, 1965, P.A. 265, S. 1; 1967, P.A. 359, S. 1; 522, S. 8; 1969, P.A. 383, S. 1; June, 1971, P.A. 4, S. 1; P.A. 73-286, S. 1, 5; P.A. 74-105, S. 1, 4; P.A. 75-460, S. 1, 2; P.A. 76-142, S. 2, 3; 76-343, S. 1, 2; P.A. 77-353, S. 1, 2; 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-159, S. 1, 2; 78-303, S. 81, 136; P.A. 79-580, S. 1, 2; 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 80-443, S. 1, 3; P.A. 81-370, S. 9, 13; P.A. 82-369, S. 2, 28; P.A. 83-574, S. 10, 20; P.A. 84-443, S. 4, 20; P.A. 85-238, S. 6; 85-558, S. 5, 17; P.A. 86-396, S. 6, 25; P.A. 87-405, S. 3, 26; 87-436, S. 6, 23; P.A. 90-238, S. 8, 32; P.A. 92-166, S. 6, 31; P.A. 94-95, S. 2; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: 1961 act increased authorized bond issue from $6,000,000 to $9,300,000, specified maximum maturity date of 30 years, provided for deposit of proceeds in excess of par value in general fund with balance in "Rental Housing Fund" to be used first to pay for principal of notes, eliminated provision for method of payment of bonds and notes and provided increase in fund resulting from investments be paid into fund; 1963 acts revised use of proceeds from sale of bonds and notes and increased bond issue to$12,600,000; 1965 act increased bond issue to $18,600,000; 1967 acts incorporated former Subsec. (2) into Subsec. (1) and raised maximum of bonds to $31,600,000, renumbering remaining Subsecs. accordingly and substituted commissioner of community affairs for public works commissioner; 1969 act increased bond limit to $49,600,000; 1971 act increased bond limit to $59,600,000; P.A. 73-286 increased limit to $64,600,000; P.A. 74-105 increased limit to $72,600,000; P.A. 75-460 increased limit to $77,600,000; P.A. 76-142 amended Subsec. (2) to include loans and to require that payments of principal, interest or fees by housing authority on a loan be paid into fund for rental housing for the elderly; P.A. 76-343 increased limit to $79,600,000; P.A. 77-353 increased limit to $89,600,000; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-159 increased limit to $99,600,000; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 79-580 increased limit to $104,600,000 and set June 30, 1984, as deadline for authorization of bonds; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 80-443 increased limit to $109,600,000, deleted deadline for authorization of bonds and imposed June 30, 1983, deadline for issuance of bonds; P.A. 81-370 increased the aggregate of bonds the bond commission may authorize for purposes of part VI of chapter 128 to $111,600,000 and extended the time that bonds may be authorized for such purposes to June 30, 1985; P.A. 82-369 increased the aggregate amount authorized to $116,600,000 and extended final date for issuance from June 30, 1985, to June 30, 1987; P.A. 83-574 amended Subsec. (2) to include references to nonprofit corporations; P.A. 84-443 amended Subsec. (1) to increase the authorization limit to $122,600,000 and to remove the authorization deadline; P.A. 85-238 added references to housing partnerships in Subsec. (2); P.A. 85-558 amended Subsec. (1) to increase the bond authorization limit to $129,600,000; P.A. 86-396 increased bond authorization to $136,600,000; P.A. 87-405 increased the bond authorization to $145,600,000; P.A. 87-436 redesignated former Subsecs. (1) to (3) as Subsecs. (a) to (c) and added references to municipal developers in Subsec. (b); P.A. 90-238 revised provisions re administrative expenses, state service fees and allocation of moneys to various housing funds; P.A. 92-166 amended Subsec. (b) to make technical change adding provision re deferred loans, consistent with 1992 public acts; P.A. 94-95 deleted former Subsec. (c) which had authorized investment of fund moneys in direct obligations of the U.S.; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 8-119b. Expenses payable from fund. Subject to the approval of the Governor, any administrative or other cost or expense incurred by the state in connection with the carrying out of the provisions of this part, including the hiring of necessary employees and the entering upon necessary contracts, may be paid from the Rental Housing Fund for the Elderly.

      (1959, P.A. 600, S. 13; 1961, P.A. 508, S. 8; P.A. 90-238, S. 9, 32.)

      History: 1961 act added "administrative or other cost or" before "expenses," added incurred "by the state" and provided for payment from the fund rather than from accrued interest and premiums or from proceeds of bonds and notes; P.A. 90-238 allowed, rather than required, administrative expenses to be from the fund.

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      Sec. 8-119c. Amendment of contracts for assistance. Upon preliminary approval by the State Bond Commission pursuant to the provisions of section 3-21, the state, acting by or through the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, may enter into a contract or contracts with an authority amending the provisions of any contract or contracts for financial assistance with regard to any housing project entered into before June 13, 1961, pursuant to the provisions of this part to conform the provisions of any such contract so entered into to the provisions of the contracts authorized by law in effect on and after said date.

      (1961, P.A. 508, S. 11; 1967, P.A. 522, S. 8; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: 1967 act substituted commissioner of community affairs for public works commissioner; P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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PART VII*
CONGREGATE HOUSING FOR THE ELDERLY

      *See Sec. 8-119kk re program of rental assistance for persons residing in state-assisted rental housing for the elderly.

      Sec. 8-119d. Declaration of policy. It is found and declared that there is a growing segment of the older population who, because of increasing age, infirmity and other functional limitations, are not able to perform all personal and household functions associated with complete independent living. Most of these people do not require the extent of care or supervision provided in a nursing home or other care institution. However, many of them do have need for specially designed housing and living environments that provide the supportive services necessary to remain semi-independent in a residential setting. It is further found and declared that congregate housing is one solution to meeting this need for specialized housing and services.

      (P.A. 77-582, S. 1, 10.)

      Cited. 206 C. 711.

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      Sec. 8-119e. Definitions. As used in this part:

      (a) "Congregate housing" means a form of residential environment consisting of independent living assisted by congregate meals, housekeeping and personal services, for persons sixty-two years old or older, who have temporary or periodic difficulties with one or more essential activities of daily living such as feeding, bathing, grooming, dressing or transferring.

      (b) "Congregate housing project" means the planning of the buildings and improvements, the acquisition of property, the demolition of existing structures, the construction, reconstruction, alteration and repair of the improvements or all other work performed in connection with a congregate housing program.

      (P.A. 77-582, S. 2, 10; P.A. 78-328, S. 1, 3; P.A. 93-262, S. 76, 87.)

      History: P.A. 78-328 changed age of those eligible for congregate housing from 60 to 62 years; P.A. 93-262 removed reference to Subsec. (a) of Sec. 17a-308, effective July 1, 1993.

      Subsec. (b):

      Cited. 220 C. 556.


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      Sec. 8-119f. Program design and oversight. The Commissioner of Economic and Community Development shall design, implement, operate and monitor a program of congregate housing. For the purpose of this program, the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development shall consult with the Commissioner of Social Services for the provision of services for the physically disabled in order to comply with the requirements of section 29-271.

      (P.A. 77-582, S. 3, 10; 77-614, S. 284, 587, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 85, 136; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 85-444, S. 3; P.A. 93-262, S. 1, 87; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 99-94, S. 6.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 85-444 made commissioner of housing only, instead of both commissioner of housing and commissioner on aging, responsible for program, required commissioner of housing to consult with commissioner on aging for provision of services for physically disabled and required report every even-numbered year to general assembly; P.A. 93-262 authorized substitution of commissioner of social services for commissioner on aging, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 99-94 deleted requirement of submission of a biennial report on congregate housing.

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      Sec. 8-119g. Implementation. Maximum income limits for admission. Deduction for congregate housing employment income. (a) The provisions of section 8-113a and sections 8-115a to 8-118b, inclusive, shall govern the implementation of this part.

      (b) On and after July 1, 1997, the maximum income limits for admission to a state congregate housing facility shall be eighty per cent of the area median income adjusted for family size.

      (c) On and after July 1, 1998, an individual who lives in and is employed by a congregate housing facility may deduct up to two hundred dollars per month of his earnings from such employment for the purpose of determining income for such facility. In no event shall the deduction exceed the amount actually earned by the individual.

      (P.A. 77-582, S. 4, 10; P.A. 93-262, S. 77, 87; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-2, S. 154, 165; P.A. 98-158, S. 1, 2.)

      History: P.A. 93-262 removed references to Sec. 17a-308(a), effective July 1, 1993; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-2 added Subsec. (b) re maximum income limits for admission to a state congregate housing facility, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 98-158 added Subsec. (c) re deduction from income calculations for congregate housing employment earnings, effective July 1, 1998.

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      Sec. 8-119h. State assistance to authorities, municipal developers and nonprofit corporations. Upon preliminary approval by the State Bond Commission pursuant to the provisions of section 3-20, the state, acting by and through the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, may enter into a contract or contracts with an authority, a municipal developer or a nonprofit corporation for state financial assistance for a congregate housing project, in the form of capital grants, interim loans, permanent loans, deferred loans or any combination thereof for application to the development cost of such project or projects. A contract with an authority may provide that in the case of any loan made in conjunction with any housing assistance funds provided by an agency of the United States government, if such housing assistance funds terminate prior to complete repayment of a loan made pursuant to this section, the remaining balance of such loan may be converted to a capital grant or decreased loan. Any such state assistance contract with an authority for a capital grant or loan entered into prior to the time housing assistance funds became available from an agency of the United States government, may, upon the mutual consent of the commissioner and the authority, be renegotiated to provide for a loan or increased loan in the place of a capital grant or loan or a part thereof, consistent with the above conditions. Such capital grants or loans shall be in an amount not in excess of the development cost of the project or projects, including, in the case of grants or loans financed from the proceeds of the state's general obligation bonds issued pursuant to any authorization, allocation or approval of the State Bond Commission made prior to July 1, 1990, administrative or other cost or expense to be incurred by the state in connection therewith, as approved by said commissioner. In anticipation of final payment of such capital grants or loans, the state, acting by and through said commissioner and in accordance with such contract, may make temporary advances to the authority, municipal developer or nonprofit corporation for preliminary planning expense or other development cost of such project or projects. Any loan provided pursuant to this section shall bear interest at a rate to be determined in accordance with subsection (t) of section 3-20. Any such authority, municipal developer or nonprofit corporation may, subject to the approval of the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, contract with any other person approved by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development for the operation of a project undertaken pursuant to this part.

      (P.A. 77-582, S. 5, 10; 77-614, S. 284, 587, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 85, 136; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 83-490; P.A. 85-444, S. 4; P.A. 87-416, S. 5, 24; 87-436, S. 7, 23; P.A. 90-238, S. 10, 32; P.A. 92-166, S. 7, 31; P.A. 93-262, S. 78, 87; 93-309, S. 17, 29; 93-435, S. 73, 95; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 06-93, S. 9.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 83-490 allowed for any person approved by the commissioner of housing to contract to operate a project; P.A. 85-444 included references to nonprofit corporations, provided for state financial assistance in form of loans without regard to federal assistance, modified provisions re conversion of loans to grants and deleted references to commissioner on aging and to community housing development corporations and other corporations approved by commissioner on aging; P.A. 87-416 provided that the interest rates on loans would be determined in accordance with Sec. 3-20(t); P.A. 87-436 added provisions authorizing state to enter into contracts with municipal developers; P.A. 90-238 revised provisions re administrative expenses; P.A. 92-166 amended Subsec. (a) to make technical change adding provision re deferred loans, consistent with 1992 public acts; P.A. 93-262 removed reference to Sec. 17a-308(a), effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-309 designated the existing section as Subsec. (a) and added new Subsec. (b) prohibiting the commissioner of housing, on and after July 1, 1994, or the effective date of regulations adopted under Sec. 8-437, from accepting applications for housing developments that qualify for financial assistance under Sec. 8-433, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-435 amended Subsec. (b) by deleting the reference to "July 1, 1994," re the deadline for the receipt by the commissioner of housing of certain applications for state financial assistance, and made technical changes, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 06-93 deleted former Subsec. (b) re regulations and application to program repealed by the same act and made a conforming change.

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      Sec. 8-119i. Bond issues. Administrative costs. (a) For the purposes of this part, the State Treasurer is authorized and directed, subject to and in accordance with the provisions of section 3-20, to issue bonds of the state, from time to time, in an amount which, together with the principal amount of any bonds theretofore issued by the state pursuant to this part, shall not in the aggregate exceed twenty-one million dollars. Such bonds shall bear such date or dates and mature at such time or times not exceeding thirty years from their respective dates and be subject to such redemption privileges with or without premium as may be fixed and determined by the State Bond Commission. They shall be sold at not less than par and accrued interest and the full faith and credit of the state are pledged for the payment of the interest thereon as the same becomes due and the payment of the principal thereof at maturity.

      (b) Such portion of the proceeds from the sale of such bonds and of any notes issued in anticipation thereof as may be required for such purpose shall be applied to the payment of the principal of any such notes then outstanding and unpaid, and the remaining proceeds of any such sale shall be deposited in a fund designated the "Congregate Housing Fund for the Elderly", which fund shall be used to make or provide for the capital grants, loans or advances authorized by section 8-119h. Payments from the "Congregate Housing Fund for the Elderly" to authorities, municipal developers or nonprofit corporations shall be made by the State Treasurer on certification of the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development in accordance with the contract for financial assistance between the state and such authority, municipal developer or nonprofit corporation. All payments of fees by a housing authority, municipal developer or nonprofit corporation pursuant to section 8-119h financed from the proceeds of the state's general obligation bonds issued pursuant to any authorization, allocation or approval of the State Bond Commission made prior to July 1, 1990, shall be paid to the State Treasurer for deposit in said fund. All payments of principal or interest by a housing authority, municipal developer, nonprofit corporation or housing partnership on a loan provided pursuant to section 8-114a and all fees and state service charges not financed from the proceeds of the state's general obligation bonds shall be paid to the State Treasurer for deposit in the Housing Repayment and Revolving Loan Fund.

      (c) The State Treasurer is authorized to invest in direct obligations of the United States of America such moneys in the Congregate Housing Fund for the Elderly as he may deem to be available for such purpose, and any net increase of said fund resulting therefrom shall be added to said fund.

      (d) Subject to the approval of the Governor, any administrative or other cost or expense incurred by the state in connection with the carrying out of the provisions of this part, including the hiring of necessary employees and the entering upon necessary contracts, may be paid from the Congregate Housing Fund for the Elderly.

      (P.A. 77-582, S. 6, 10; 77-614, S. 284, 587, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 85, 136; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 84-443, S. 5, 20; P.A. 85-444, S. 5; 85-558, S. 6, 17; P.A. 86-396, S. 7, 25; P.A. 87-405, S. 4, 26; 87-436, S. 8, 23; P.A. 88-343, S. 5, 32; P.A. 90-238, S. 11, 12, 32; P.A. 93-262, S. 79, 87; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 84-443 increased authorization limit to $5,000,000; P.A. 85-444 added references to nonprofit corporations in Subsec. (2), deleting references to community housing corporations or other corporations approved by commissioner on aging; P.A. 85-558 increased bond authorization limit in Subsec. (1) to $9,000,000; P.A. 86-396 increased bond authorization to $15,000,000; P.A. 87-405 increased the bond authorization to $21,000,000 and added Subsec. (4) re administrative costs; P.A. 87-436 redesignated former Subsecs. (1) to (3) as Subsecs. (a) to (c) and added references to municipal developers in Subsec. (b); P.A. 88-343 amended Subsec. (d) to provide for approval by the governor, rather than the state bond commission, of payment of administrative expenses; P.A. 90-238 revised provisions in Subsec. (b) re fees and allocation of moneys to various housing funds and amended Subsec. (d) to allow, rather than require, that administrative expenses be paid from the fund; P.A. 93-262 removed, in Subsec. (a), references to Subsec. (a) of Sec. 17a-308, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 8-119j. Conversion to a "housing project". In the event that sufficient appropriations for the operation of this program are no longer available, a congregate housing program assisted pursuant to section 8-119h may, at the discretion of the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, be converted to a "housing project" as defined in section 8-113a subject to all of the provisions of part VI of this chapter.

      (P.A. 77-582, S. 7, 10; 77-614, S. 284, 587, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 85, 136; P.A. 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 8-119k. Payment in lieu of taxes. In lieu of real property taxes, special benefit assessments and sewerage system use charges otherwise payable to a municipality, an eligible developer approved by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development for state financial assistance for a congregate housing project, shall pay each year, to the municipality in which any of its congregate housing projects for the elderly or congregate housing portions of housing developments receiving financial assistance pursuant to subsection (a) or (e) of section 8-37qq, section 8-71, 8-118a, 8-119h, 8-119k, 8-119l, or 8-119gg, subsection (e) of section 8-214f, subsection (b) of section 8-216, subsection (f) of section 8-218, or section 8-218a or 8-356, is located, a sum to be determined by the municipality with the approval of the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development not in excess of ten per cent of the shelter rent per annum for each occupied dwelling unit in any such housing project; except that the amount of such payment shall not be so limited in any case where funds are made available for such payment by an agency or department of the United States government, but no payment shall exceed the amount of taxes which would be paid on the property were the property not exempt from taxation.

      (P.A. 79-394; P.A. 80-483, S. 27, 186; P.A. 93-309, S. 18, 29; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 06-93, S. 10.)

      History: P.A. 80-483 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 93-309 added provision requiring that payments be made for any congregate housing portion of a housing development receiving financial assistance under Secs. 8-430 to 8-438, inclusive, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 06-93 removed references to repealed sections and subsections.

      See Sec. 8-118a re payments in lieu of taxes on housing projects for the elderly.

      Cited. 206 C. 711.

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      Sec. 8-119l. Operating subsidies for congregate housing projects. The state, acting by and through the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, may enter into a contract or contracts with an authority, a municipal developer or a nonprofit corporation for state financial assistance in the form of a grant-in-aid for an operating cost subsidy for state-financed congregate housing projects developed pursuant to this part. In calculating the amount of the grant-in-aid, the commissioner shall use adjusted gross income of tenants. As used in this section, "adjusted gross income" means annual aggregate income from all sources minus fifty per cent of all unreimbursable medical expenses.

      (June Sp. Sess. S.A. 83-1, S. 35, 37; P.A. 85-444, S. 6; P.A. 87-436, S. 9, 23; P.A. 93-309, S. 19, 29; 93-435, S. 74, 95; P.A. 94-146, S. 1, 2; May 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-1, S. 112, 130; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 06-93, S. 11.)

      History: P.A. 85-444 added reference to nonprofit corporations, deleting reference to authorities created by Sec. 8-40, community housing development corporations and other corporations approved by commissioner of aging; P.A. 87-436 authorized contracts with municipal developers; P.A. 93-309 designated the existing section as Subsec. (a) and added new Subsec. (b) prohibiting the commissioner of housing, on and after July 1, 1994, or the effective date of regulations adopted under Sec. 8-437, from accepting applications for housing developments that qualify for financial assistance under Sec. 8-433, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-435 amended Subsec. (b) by deleting reference to "July 1, 1994," re the commissioner of housing of certain applications for state financial assistance, and made technical changes, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 94-146 amended Subsec. (a) to provide that the commissioner of housing use adjusted gross income of tenants in calculating the amount of the grant, effective July 1, 1994; May 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-1 amended Subsec. (b) by making technical change, effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 06-93 deleted former Subsec. (b) re regulations and application to program repealed by the same act and made conforming changes.

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      Sec. 8-119m. Congregate housing and congregate housing project joint pilot program. Regulations. (a) The Commissioner of Economic and Community Development and the Commissioner of Social Services shall establish a joint pilot program to provide for the development and operation of congregate housing and congregate housing projects, as defined in section 8-119e, in which, at a minimum, (1) residents pay no more than sixty per cent of their income to live and receive meals in such housing, (2) residents receive three meals per day and (3) such housing contains a single kitchen facility and a central dining area. The commissioners may provide technical assistance and the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development may provide financial assistance in the form of grants-in-aid or loans for such development and operation under the program. Any grant-in-aid or loan shall be awarded in accordance with such terms and conditions as the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development may prescribe. The pilot program shall provide such assistance for no more than two congregate housing projects located in different municipalities.

      (b) The Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, in consultation with the Commissioner of Social Services, shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to carry out the purposes of this section. The regulations shall establish the criteria for awarding grants-in-aid and loans authorized under this section, and the terms and conditions of such grants and loans.

      (P.A. 89-306, S. 1, 2; P.A. 90-230, S. 69, 101; P.A. 93-262, S. 31, 87; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: P.A. 90-230 corrected an internal reference in Subsec. (a); P.A. 93-262 replaced reference to commissioner on aging and commissioner of human resources with reference to commissioner of social services and deleted Subsec. (c) re report to general assembly, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 8-119n. Congregate housing project pilot program offering assisted living services. Regulations. Report. (a) The Commissioner of Economic and Community Development shall establish a pilot program in the congregate housing facility existing in the town of Norwich on July 1, 1997, to provide assisted living services for the frail elderly. Such assisted living services shall include, but not be limited to, routine nursing services and assistance with activities of daily living. Such congregate housing facility shall contract with an assisted living services agency, as defined in section 19a-490. The commissioner may provide technical assistance and shall provide financial assistance in the form of grants-in-aid for such pilot program. For purposes of this section, "frail elderly" means elderly persons who have temporary or periodic difficulties with one or more essential activities of daily living, as determined by the commissioner.

      (b) Not later than January 1, 1999, the manager of the congregate housing facility in the town of Norwich in which said pilot program is operated, shall submit a report to the select committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to aging, and to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to human services and appropriations. Said report shall analyze the strengths and shortcomings of the pilot program and shall include data on (1) the number of clients served by the program, (2) the number and type of services offered under the program, and (3) the monthly cost per client under the program.

      (c) The Commissioner of Economic and Community Development may adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to carry out the purposes of this section.

      (June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-2, S. 152, 165; P.A. 06-93, S. 12.)

      History: June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-2 effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 06-93 amended Subsec. (a) to remove reference to repealed section and define "frail elderly".

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      Secs. 8-119o to 8-119s. Reserved for future use.

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PART VIII
INDEPENDENT LIVING FOR HANDICAPPED
AND DEVELOPMENTALLY DISABLED PERSONS

      Sec. 8-119t. Grants-in-aid for expanding independent living opportunities. Definition. Regulations. (a) The Commissioner of Economic and Community Development shall encourage the development of independent living opportunities for low and moderate income handicapped and developmentally disabled persons by making grants-in-aid, within available appropriations, to state-wide, private, nonprofit housing development corporations which are organized and operating for the purpose of expanding independent living opportunities for such persons. Such grants-in-aid shall be used to facilitate the development of small, noninstitutionalized living units for such persons, through programs including, but not limited to, preproject development, receipt of federal funds, site acquisition and architectural review. For the purposes of this part, "handicapped and developmentally disabled persons" means any persons who are physically or mentally handicapped, including, but not limited to, mentally retarded, physically disabled, sensory impaired and autistic persons.

      (b) The Commissioner of Economic and Community Development shall adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, to carry out the purposes of this section.

      (P.A. 79-442, S. 1, 2, 4; P.A. 80-21, S. 2, 3, 5; 80-483, S. 141, 142, 186; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 99-279, S. 34, 45.)

      History: P.A. 80-21 and P.A. 80-483 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; (Revisor's note: In 1999 the word "part" in Subsec. (b) was changed editorially by the Revisors to "section" due to inclusion of new Sec. 8-119x in part VIII of chapter 128); P.A. 99-279 amended Subsec. (a) to require that such grants-in-aid be made "within available appropriations", effective July 1, 1999.

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      Secs. 8-119u to 8-119w. Reserved for future use.

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      Sec. 8-119x. Database of dwelling units suitable for persons with disabilities. The Commissioner of Economic and Community Development shall, in consultation with the Department of Social Services, the State Building Inspector, the Office of Protection and Advocacy for Persons with Disabilities, the Department of Information and Technology and the Office of Policy and Management, establish a state-wide electronic database of information on the availability of dwelling units in the state which are accessible to or adaptable for persons with disabilities. Such database shall include such information as: (1) The location of, the monthly rent for and the number of bedrooms in each such dwelling unit, (2) the type of housing and neighborhood in which each such dwelling unit is located, (3) the vacancy status of each such dwelling unit, (4) if a unit is unavailable, the date such unit is expected to become available, and (5) any feature of each such unit that makes it accessible to or adaptable for persons with disabilities. To the extent feasible, the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development shall use information from the computer-assisted mass appraisal systems.

      (P.A. 98-263, S. 2, 21; P.A. 03-278, S. 113.)

      History: P.A. 98-263 effective July 1, 1998; P.A. 03-278 made a technical change, effective July 9, 2003.

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      Secs. 8-119y and 8-119z. Reserved for future use.

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PART IX
CONVERSION CONDOMINIUMS

      Sec. 8-119aa. Purchase of conversion condominiums for state assisted housing. Section 8-119aa is repealed.

      (P.A. 80-396, S. 3, 5; P.A. 82-356, S. 13, 14.)

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PART X
HOUSING FOR LOW INCOME PERSONS

      Sec. 8-119bb. Declaration of policy. It is hereby declared (1) that there exists in the state an acute shortage of decent, safe and sanitary dwelling accommodations for low income persons at rents which they can afford to pay; that, within the state, low income persons are forced to reside in unsafe and unsanitary accommodations; and that such persons are forced to occupy overcrowded and congested dwelling accommodations; (2) that the shortage of safe and sanitary dwelling accommodations for low income persons cannot be relieved through the operation of private enterprise, and that the construction of housing accommodations for low income persons would, therefore, not be competitive with private enterprise; and (3) that the construction of new housing or rehabilitation of existing housing accommodations to provide safe and sanitary dwelling facilities for low income persons are public uses and purposes for which public money may be spent, and the necessity in the public interest for the provisions hereinafter enacted is declared as a matter of legislative determination.

      (P.A. 86-362, S. 1, 10; P.A. 87-589, S. 2, 87.)

      History: P.A. 87-589 made technical change to correct the numbering of this section as published in the general statutes revised to 1987.

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      Sec. 8-119cc. Implementation. The provisions of sections 8-39 and 8-72 to 8-74, inclusive, except as otherwise provided in sections 8-119bb to 8-119jj, inclusive, shall govern the implementation of said sections.

      (P.A. 86-362, S. 2, 10.)

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      Sec. 8-119dd. State assistance to authorities, municipal developers, nonprofit corporations and housing partnerships. (a) Upon preliminary approval by the State Bond Commission pursuant to the provisions of section 3-21, the state, acting by and through the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, may enter into a contract or contracts with a housing authority, municipal developer or nonprofit corporation, or a partnership which includes a housing authority, municipal developer or nonprofit corporation, for state financial assistance for a rental housing project or projects for low income families in the form of grants or deferred loans.

      (b) Grants or deferred loans made by the state under the authorization of this section shall be in an amount not in excess of the development cost of the projects as approved by the commissioner.

      (P.A. 86-362, S. 3, 10; P.A. 87-436, S. 10, 23; P.A. 88-180, S. 1, 6; P.A. 93-309, S. 20, 29; 93-435, S. 75, 95; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 06-93, S. 13.)

      History: P.A. 87-436 amended Subsec. (a) to authorize state to enter into contracts with municipal developers; P.A. 88-180 authorized assistance in the form of grants or deferred loans and provided for assistance to certain housing partnerships; P.A. 93-309 added new Subsec. (c) prohibiting the commissioner of housing, on and after July 1, 1994, or the effective date of regulations adopted under Sec. 8-437, from accepting applications for housing developments that qualify for financial assistance under Sec. 8-433, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-435 amended Subsec. (c) by deleting reference to "July 1, 1994," re the deadline for the receipt by the commissioner of housing of certain applications for state financial assistance, and made technical changes, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 06-93 deleted former Subsec. (c) re regulations and application to program repealed by the same act.

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      Sec. 8-119ee. Bond issue. The proceeds from the sale of any bonds issued pursuant to any authorization, allocation or approval of the State Bond Commission made prior to July 1, 1990, for the purposes of sections 8-119bb to 8-119jj, inclusive, and of any notes issued in anticipation thereof as may be required for such purposes shall be applied to the payment of the principal of any such notes then outstanding and unpaid, and the remaining proceeds of any such sale shall be deposited in a fund designated as the "Low Income Rental Housing Fund", which fund shall be used to make or provide for the grants or deferred loans authorized by section 8-119dd. Payments from the Low Income Rental Housing Fund to authorities, municipal developers or nonprofit corporations, or to partnerships which include a housing authority, municipal developer or nonprofit corporation, shall be made by the State Treasurer on certification of the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development in accordance with the contract for financial assistance between the state and such authority, municipal developer, nonprofit corporation or partnership. All payments of state service charges for low income housing projects as authorized by the commissioner financed with the proceeds of bonds issued pursuant to any authorization, allocation or approval of the State Bond Commission made prior to July 1, 1990, shall be paid to the State Treasurer for deposit in the Low Income Rental Housing Fund. All payments of state service charges for low income housing projects as authorized by the commissioner not financed from the proceeds of the state's general obligation bonds shall be paid to the State Treasurer for deposit in the Housing Repayment and Revolving Loan Fund.

      (P.A. 86-362, S. 4, 10; P.A. 87-436, S. 11, 23; P.A. 88-180, S. 2, 6; P.A. 90-238, S. 13, 32; P.A. 94-95, S. 3; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: P.A. 87-436 added references to municipal developers in Subsec. (a); P.A. 88-180 added provisions re deferred loans and payments to certain housing partnerships in Subsec. (a); P.A. 90-238 revised provisions re state service fees and allocation of moneys to various housing funds; P.A. 94-95 deleted former Subsec. (b) re investment of fund moneys in direct obligations of the U.S.; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 8-119ff. Preliminary expenses. Funds borrowed by an authority, municipal developer or nonprofit corporation, or a partnership which includes a housing authority, municipal developer or nonprofit corporation, to pay for options on sites, engineering and architectural services and other preliminary expenses incident to the construction of a low income rental housing project under the provisions of sections 8-119bb to 8-119jj, inclusive, may, subject to the approval of the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, be included as part of the cost of such project to be financed by the issuance of notes and bonds guaranteed by the state pursuant to the provisions of sections 8-119dd and 8-119ee. As used in this section, preliminary expenses include the complete cost of purchase of land.

      (P.A. 86-362, S. 5, 10; P.A. 87-436, S. 12, 23; P.A. 88-180, S. 3, 6; P.A. 90-257, S. 7, 17; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: P.A. 87-436 added reference to municipal developers; P.A. 88-180 added provisions re funds borrowed by certain housing partnerships; P.A. 90-257 added provision including the complete cost of the purchase of land as a preliminary expense; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 8-119gg. Payments in lieu of taxes and assessments. In lieu of real property taxes, special benefit assessments and sewerage system use charges otherwise payable to a municipality, a housing authority approved by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development for state financial assistance for a low income housing project shall pay each year, to the municipality in which any of its housing projects for low income families are located, a sum to be determined by the municipality with the approval of the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development not in excess of ten per cent of the shelter rent per annum for each occupied dwelling unit in any such housing project; except that the amount of such payment shall not be so limited in any case where funds are made available for such payment by an agency or department of the United States government, but no payment shall exceed the amount of taxes which would be paid on the property were the property not exempt from taxation.

      (P.A. 86-362, S. 6, 10; P.A. 93-309, S. 21, 29; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 06-93, S. 14; P.A. 07-217, S. 31.)

      History: P.A. 93-309 added provision requiring payments be made for rental or quasi-ownership units for eligible households of very low income or low income in any housing development receiving financial assistance under Sec. 8-433, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 06-93 removed references to repealed section; P.A. 07-217 made a technical change, effective July 12, 2007.

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      Sec. 8-119hh. Disposal of projects. Upon the determination by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development of the termination of the acute shortage of dwelling accommodations for low income persons in the locality or upon the determination by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development and the authority, municipal developer, nonprofit corporation or partnership which includes a housing authority, municipal developer or nonprofit corporation owning a housing project for low income persons that it is in the best interest of the state and such authority, municipal developer, nonprofit corporation or partnership, such project or any part thereof may, subject to the provisions of any contract or agreement of the authority, municipal developer, nonprofit corporation or partnership with respect thereto, be disposed of by the authority, municipal developer, nonprofit corporation or partnership upon terms and conditions approved by the commissioner. The proceeds of any such sale, after payment of all necessary expenses incident to such sale, shall first be used for the repayment to the state of the grant or grants, or any deferred loan made by the state to such authority, municipal developer, nonprofit corporation or partnership under section 8-119dd for the project. If the proceeds, together with all assets owned by the authority, municipal developer, nonprofit corporation or partnership in connection with such project or any part thereof, are more than sufficient to redeem the outstanding balance of any notes and bonds issued for such project, any balance remaining shall be paid over to the state for deposit to the credit of the Housing Repayment and Revolving Loan Fund.

      (P.A. 86-362, S. 7, 10; P.A. 87-337, S. 1, 2; 87-436, S. 13, 23; P.A. 88-180, S. 4, 6; 88-364, S. 9, 123; P.A. 90-238, S. 14, 32; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: P.A. 87-337 required sale proceeds in excess of outstanding balance of notes and bonds to be paid to the state; P.A. 87-436 added references to municipal developers; P.A. 88-180 added provisions re certain housing partnerships; P.A. 88-364 made technical change; P.A. 90-238 revised provisions re allocation of moneys to the housing repayment and revolving loan fund rather than the general fund; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 8-119ii. Expenses payable from fund. Subject to the approval of the Governor, any administrative or other costs or expenses incurred by the state in connection with the carrying out of the provisions of sections 8-119bb to 8-119jj, inclusive, including the hiring of necessary employees and the entering upon necessary contracts, may be paid from the Low Income Rental Housing Fund.

      (P.A. 86-362, S. 8, 10; P.A. 90-238, S. 15, 32.)

      History: P.A. 90-238 allowed, rather than required, that administrative expenses be paid from the fund.

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      Sec. 8-119jj. Regulations. (a) The Commissioner of Economic and Community Development shall adopt regulations in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54 to: (1) Provide for the development, operation and management of such project or projects by housing authorities, municipal developers, nonprofit corporations and partnerships which include a housing authority, municipal developer or nonprofit corporation, (2) establish standard maximum income limits for the admission to and continued occupancy of tenants in such housing and (3) determine the allocation of funds to meet the development costs of such project or projects, including, in the case of grants or loans financed from the proceeds of the state's general obligation bond issued pursuant to any authorization, allocation or approval of the State Bond Commission made prior to July 1, 1990, administrative or other costs or expenses to be incurred by the state, and the terms and conditions of such grants or deferred loans.

      (b) The commissioner shall adopt regulations in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54 that establish maximum income limits for admission to and continued occupancy in projects that reflect area median incomes.

      (P.A. 86-362, S. 9, 10; P.A. 87-436, S. 14, 23; P.A. 88-180, S. 5, 6; P.A. 90-238, S. 16, 32; P.A. 91-374, S. 3; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6.)

      History: P.A. 87-436 added reference to municipal developers; P.A. 88-180 added provisions re certain housing partnerships and changed financial assistance to grants or deferred loans; P.A. 90-238 revised provisions re administrative expenses; P.A. 91-374 designated existing language as Subsec. (a) and added new Subsec. (b) re regulation establishing maximum income limits; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development.

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      Sec. 8-119kk. Rental assistance for elderly persons residing in state-assisted rental housing for the elderly. Regulations. (a) On and after July 1, 1997, the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development shall implement and administer a program of rental assistance for elderly persons who reside in state-assisted rental housing for the elderly.

      (b) Housing eligible for use in the program shall comply with applicable state and local health, housing, building and safety codes.

      (c) In addition to rental assistance certificates made available to qualified tenants, to be used in eligible housing which such tenants are able to locate, the program may include housing support in which rental assistance for tenants is linked to participation by the property owner in other municipal, state or federal housing repair, rehabilitation or financing programs. The commissioner shall use rental assistance under this section to encourage the preservation of existing housing and the revitalization of neighborhoods or the creation of additional rental housing.

      (d) The commissioner shall administer the program under this section to promote housing choice for certificate holders and encourage diversity of residents. The commissioner shall establish maximum rent levels for each municipality in a manner that promotes the use of the program in all municipalities. Any certificate issued pursuant to this section may be used for housing in any municipality in the state. The commissioner shall inform certificate holders that a certificate may be used in any municipality and, to the extent practicable, the commissioner shall assist certificate holders in finding housing in the municipality of their choice.

      (e) Nothing in this section shall give any person a right to continued receipt of rental assistance at any time that the program is not funded.

      (f) Whenever an individual who qualifies for rental assistance pursuant to this section moves into congregate housing, as defined in section 8-119e, the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development shall calculate the rental assistance for such individual to include the entire period of his occupancy in the congregate housing facility, regardless of the rental-assistance status of any former congregate housing occupant.

      (g) The commissioner shall adopt regulations in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54 to carry out the purposes of this section. The regulations shall establish maximum income eligibility guidelines for such rental assistance and criteria for determining the amount of rental assistance which shall be provided to elderly persons, provided, effective July 1, 1997, the amount of assistance for elderly persons who are certificate holders shall be the difference between thirty per cent of their adjusted gross income, less a utility allowance, and the base rent. The commissioner may administer the program under this section pursuant to regulations adopted pursuant to section 17b-812 which are in effect on July 1, 1997.

      (June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-2, S. 117, 165.)

      History: June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-2 effective July 1, 1997.

      See Sec. 8-112a et seq. re housing for elderly persons.

      See Sec. 8-119d et seq. re congregate housing for the elderly.


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      Sec. 8-119ll. Comprehensive assessment of rental assistance for the elderly and disabled. Annually, the Department of Economic and Community Development in consultation with the Connecticut Housing Finance Authority shall conduct a comprehensive assessment of current and future needs for rental assistance under section 8-119kk for housing projects for the state's elderly and disabled. Not later than April 1, 2006, the results of the first such analysis shall be presented to the select committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to housing, in accordance with section 11-4a. Any analyses submitted after April 1, 2006, shall be incorporated into the report required pursuant to section 32-1m.

      (P.A. 05-239, S. 2; P.A. 07-171, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 05-239 effective July 8, 2005; P.A. 07-171 added requirement that analyses submitted after April 1, 2006, be included in report required pursuant to Sec. 32-1m.

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      Secs. 8-119mm to 8-119yy. Reserved for future use.

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