CHAPTER 100*
MUNICIPAL PARKING AUTHORITIES

      *Sections 7-202 to 7-211. Cited. 142 C. 155.

Table of Contents

Sec. 7-202. Definitions.
Sec. 7-203. Creation of parking authorities.
Sec. 7-204. Powers of parking authority.
Sec. 7-204a. Enforcement of municipal parking regulations.
Sec. 7-205. Financing.
Sec. 7-206. Revenue bonds.
Sec. 7-206a. Bonds and notes not subject to statutory debt limit. Conveyance of title by municipality to public agency lessee.
Sec. 7-207. Rates and charges.
Sec. 7-207a. Use of parking meter revenues.
Sec. 7-208. Rights of bondholders.
Sec. 7-209. Bonds to be tax-exempt.
Sec. 7-210. Receipts to be trust funds.
Sec. 7-211. Provisions of special acts not affected.
Sec. 7-212. Parking authorities; tax exemption; investment of funds.
Sec. 7-212a. Public parking garages.

      Sec. 7-202. Definitions. When used in this chapter, "parking facilities" means lots, garages, parking terminals or other structures and accommodations for the parking of motor vehicles off the street or highway and open to public use with or without charge; "parking authority" means a body corporate and politic created by the legislative body of any municipality as hereinafter provided; "parking division" means any existing municipal department, bureau, agency, commission or executive officer designated by any municipality as hereinafter provided; and "municipality" means any town, city or borough, whether consolidated or unconsolidated, and any fire district.

      (1953, S. 280d; 1957, P.A. 13, S. 26.)

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      Sec. 7-203. Creation of parking authorities. Any municipality may provide parking facilities and may, by ordinance, create a parking authority or designate a parking division for the purposes of creating and establishing off-street parking facilities. A parking authority created under the provisions of this section shall consist of five members, appointed by the chief executive officer of the municipality, not more than three of whom shall be of the same political party. Those first appointed shall be designated to serve for one, two, three, four and five years respectively and thereafter a member shall be appointed annually to serve for five years, except that any vacancy shall be filled for the unexpired portion of the term. Such authority shall select from among its members a chairman and may employ necessary personnel. The members of the authority shall serve without compensation but may be reimbursed for necessary expenses. No action of such authority shall be valid unless authorized by a vote of the majority of its members. Such authority shall maintain proper accounting and financial records and shall make an annual report to the chief executive officer of the municipality.

      (1953, S. 281d; 1957, P.A. 13, S. 27.)

      Parking authority, when created by the municipality, has powers given by this and section 7-204 to act in "the name of the municipality". 19 CS 46.

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      Sec. 7-204. Powers of parking authority. Such parking authority or parking division shall have the power, in the name of the municipality, to (1) create, establish, and expand wherever built by such municipality, off-street parking facilities; (2) acquire by purchase, gift, devise, lease or condemnation, subject to the provisions of section 48-6, real property or any interest therein necessary for or incidental to the construction, maintenance, operation, or expansion of off-street parking facilities, provided such authority shall not be empowered to take by eminent domain any property from a corporation which has the right of eminent domain, and this chapter shall not affect the powers of eminent domain of any such corporation; prepare necessary plans and drawings; (3) construct or cause to be constructed parking facilities; (4) maintain and operate parking facilities; (5) establish and collect reasonable off-street parking fees; (6) give, grant or sell any real property owned by such parking authority to the municipality; dedicate any real property owned by such parking authority to the public purposes for a street or highway; (7) lease parking facilities or such expanded parking facilities as may be provided, and already subject to lease, to any public agency, individual, firm, corporation or hospital, as defined by subsection (b) of section 19a-490, upon such terms and conditions as the public interest may warrant; and (8) enforce parking regulations in a municipality that has adopted an ordinance under section 7-204a in accordance with the terms of such ordinance.

      (1953, S. 282d; 1959, P.A. 242; 1969, P.A. 516; 1971, P.A. 604, S. 1; P.A. 73-614, S. 1, 3; P.A. 03-264, S. 2.)

      History: 1959 act authorized authority to give, grant or sell its property to the municipality and to dedicate its property for a street or highway; 1969 act deleted language which, in effect, had made parking authority a lessor of facilities to others, leaving language which implied that the authority itself might lease facilities from others; 1971 act permitted expansion of facilities and specified that authority may lease facilities to public agencies; P.A. 73-614 allowed leasing of facilities to individuals, firms, corporations and hospitals and deleted provision concerning dispensing or furnishing products or services other than parking at parking facilities; P.A. 03-264 added provision re enforcement of municipal parking regulations and inserted numeric subdivision designators.

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      Sec. 7-204a. Enforcement of municipal parking regulations. Any consolidated town and city which (1) was consolidated in 1896, (2) has a mayor and a court of common council, and (3) has a population of more than one hundred thousand, may, by ordinance adopted by the court of common council, authorize the parking authority of such consolidated town and city to (A) enforce the parking regulations of such consolidated city and town, and (B) receive the amount remitted to the town and city for parking regulations under subsection (b) of section 51-56a.

      (P.A. 03-264, S. 1.)

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      Sec. 7-205. Financing. Such parking authority or parking division, subject to the specific authorization and approval of the legislative body, may finance the creation and establishment of parking facilities by any one, or any combination, of the following methods: (a) General obligation bonds, including such general obligation bonds as shall mature at such time on a maturity schedule that will substantially equalize the payment of principal and interest annually; (b) revenue bonds as provided in section 7-206; (c) parking fees and special charges derived from the use of parking facilities; (d) general fund appropriations; (e) parking meter revenues; or (f) gifts, bequests, devises, grants-in-aid or otherwise.

      (1953, S. 283d; 1971, P.A. 604, S. 3.)

      History: 1971 act included general obligation bonds with maturity schedules which equalize principal and interest payments.

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      Sec. 7-206. Revenue bonds. (a) The legislative body of any municipality is authorized to provide, by ordinance, for the issuance of revenue bonds of the municipality to finance parking facilities. The bonds of each issue shall be dated, shall bear interest at such rate or rates, shall mature at such time or times not exceeding twenty-five years from their date, and may be made redeemable before maturity at such price or prices, and under such terms and conditions, as is provided by the legislative body prior to the issuance of such bonds. The legislative body shall determine the form of bonds, including any interest coupons to be attached thereto, and the manner of execution of the bonds, and shall fix the denomination or denominations of the bonds and the place or places of payment of principal and interest, which may be at any bank or trust company within the state. All bonds issued under the provisions of this chapter shall be negotiable instruments under the provisions of the general statutes. Such bonds may be sold in such manner and for such price as is determined to be for the best interests of the municipality.

      (b) Revenue bonds issued under the provisions of this chapter shall not constitute a pledge of the faith and credit of the municipality, but shall be payable as to principal and interest solely from the funds provided therefor from revenues under the provisions of this chapter, and shall contain on the face thereof a statement to that effect; and such bonds shall not be subject to the debt limitation prescribed by section 7-374.

      (c) The ordinance authorizing the issuance of revenue bonds under the provisions of this chapter shall pledge the revenues to be received from the parking facility or parking facilities for which such bonds are issued. Such ordinance may also pledge off-street or on-street, parking meter revenues, or both, for such purpose and may further provide for mortgaging such parking facility or parking facilities as additional security, and may contain such provisions for protecting and enforcing the rights and remedies of the bondholders as may be reasonable and proper and not in violation of law, including covenants setting forth the duties of the municipality, of the legislative body and of the parking authority or division in relation to the construction, improvement, maintenance, repair, operation and insurance of the parking facility or parking facilities, and provisions for the custody, safeguarding and application of all moneys and for the employment of necessary personnel. Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, the legislative body may provide for the payment of the proceeds of the sale of the bonds and the revenues of the parking facility or parking facilities to such officer, board or depository as it designates for the custody thereof, and for the method of disbursement thereof, with such restrictions as it determines. All expenses incurred in carrying out the provisions of such ordinance may be treated as a part of the cost of operation.

      (d) The ordinance providing for the issuance of revenue bonds may also contain such limitations upon the issuance of additional revenue bonds as the legislative body deems proper.

      (1953, S. 284d; 1957, P.A. 13, S. 28; 1959, P.A. 558, S. 2, 3; 1969, P.A. 424, S. 2.)

      History: 1959 act added reference to Sec. 7-207a in Subsec. (b) and modified parking meter revenues in Subsec. (c) by adding "off-street or on-street"; 1969 act amended Subsec. (a) to remove provisions limiting interest on bonds to 5% and amended Subsec. (b) to delete reference to Sec. 7-207a with regard to revenues from which interest and principal paid.

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      Sec. 7-206a. Bonds and notes not subject to statutory debt limit. Conveyance of title by municipality to public agency lessee. Bonds and notes issued under the provisions of section 7-206 for the purposes of sections 7-204 and 7-205 shall not be subject to any statutory limitations on the indebtedness of the municipality and such bonds and notes, when issued pursuant to the execution of a lease to a public agency, or an agreement for such lease, shall not be included in computing the aggregate indebtedness of the municipality in respect of any such limitation, and the municipality may convey title to the facility, including the land, to the public agency lessee, without consideration but only after receipt of sufficient funds to pay the principal of and interest on said notes or bonds and only when the terms of the lease agreement shall have been fully performed.

      (1971, P.A. 604, S. 2.)

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      Sec. 7-207. Rates and charges. The legislative body shall, in the ordinance providing for the issuance of revenue bonds, fix the initial schedule of minimum rates, rentals, fees and other charges for the use of, and for the service and facilities furnished or to be furnished by, each parking facility. After any parking facility has been in operation the legislative body may revise such schedule of rates, rentals, fees and charges from time to time, subject to the provisions of any lease theretofore made by the parking authority or parking division and then in force. The parking authority or parking division shall charge and collect the rates, rentals, fees and charges so fixed or revised. Such rates, rentals, fees and charges shall be so fixed and revised as to provide funds sufficient at all times (a) to pay the cost of maintaining, repairing and operating the parking facility or parking facilities, including reserves for such purpose and for replacements and depreciation, (b) to pay the principal of and the interest on the revenue bonds as the same become due and reserves therefor and (c) to provide a margin of safety for making such payments.

      (1953, S. 285d.)

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      Sec. 7-207a. Use of parking meter revenues. Any municipality may, by ordinance, authorize its parking authority or parking division to collect and receive all revenue from parking meters located on public streets in the municipality or to establish metered on-street parking zones. Any municipality that has adopted an ordinance under section 7-204a may authorize its parking authority to receive the amount remitted to the municipality for parking violations under subsection (b) of section 51-56a. All existing parking meters, upon the adoption of such ordinance, shall become the property of the parking authority or parking division and such authority or division shall succeed to all the obligations of such municipality relative to payment for such meters. The revenues from such meters shall be used by such authority or division for the regulation and control of the parking of vehicles in parking meter on-street and off-street zones, for the cost of purchase, installation, operation, inspection, supervision and maintenance of parking meters, for acquiring, operating and maintaining off-street parking facilities and to fulfill pledges made under the provisions of section 7-206 for the payment of bonds.

      (1959, P.A. 558, S. 1; P.A. 03-264, S. 3.)

      History: P.A. 03-264 added provision re receipt of fines remitted to municipality for parking violations under Sec. 51-56a(b).

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      Sec. 7-208. Rights of bondholders. Any holder of revenue bonds issued under the provisions of this chapter or of any of the coupons appertaining thereto, except to the extent that the rights herein given may be restricted by the authorizing ordinance, may, either at law or in equity, by suit, action, mandamus or other proceeding, protect and enforce all rights under the provisions of the general statutes or under such ordinance, and may enforce and compel the performance of all duties required by this chapter or by such ordinance to be performed by the municipality, the legislative body, the parking authority or parking division or any officer thereof, including the fixing, charging and collecting of rates, rentals, fees and charges for the services and facilities furnished by the parking facility or parking facilities.

      (1953, S. 286d.)

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      Sec. 7-209. Bonds to be tax-exempt. Revenue bonds issued under the provisions of this chapter, their transfer and the income therefrom, including any profit made on the sale thereof, shall at all times be free from taxation within the state.

      (1953, S. 287d.)

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      Sec. 7-210. Receipts to be trust funds. All moneys received under the provisions of this chapter shall be deemed to be trust funds, to be held and applied as provided in this chapter. The ordinance authorizing the issuance of revenue bonds shall provide that any officer to whom, or bank, trust company or other fiscal agent to which, such moneys are paid shall act as trustee of such moneys and shall hold and apply the same for the purposes hereof, subject to such regulations as this chapter and such ordinance provide.

      (1953, S. 288d.)

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      Sec. 7-211. Provisions of special acts not affected. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to limit the powers enjoyed by any municipality under any special act.

      (1953, S. 289d.)

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      Sec. 7-212. Parking authorities; tax exemption; investment of funds. The property of any parking authority created under the authority of any general or special act shall be exempt from taxation, unless otherwise specifically provided in such general or special act or in the ordinance or resolution creating such parking authority. Any such parking authority may invest temporarily in direct obligations of the United States of America such portions of the proceeds received from the sale of bonds or other funds as is deemed available for such purpose.

      (1953, S. 290d.)

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      Sec. 7-212a. Public parking garages. Any town, city or borough shall have the power to enter into agreements or contracts with any person or corporation for the erection and construction of public parking garages by such town, city or borough, or by such person or corporation or by the cooperative efforts of such town, city or borough and such person or corporation. Such town, city or borough shall also have the power to lease portions of any parking structure or any portion of its real property rights including air rights above or areas below any such structure, not to be used for public parking purposes, for commercial use where in the opinion of the municipality such leasing is desirable or feasible in order to defray its expenses in connection therewith and to facilitate the erection of off-street parking structures, and such municipality shall have the right to borrow money and to issue its bonds and notes therefor, for the purpose of financing such construction.

      (1967, P.A. 687.)

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