CHAPTER 92*
TOWN CLERKS

      *Cited. 109 C. 436.

Table of Contents

Sec. 7-16. Bond.
Sec. 7-16a. Notice to Secretary of the State of appointment of town clerk, vacancy in appointed office of town clerk.
Sec. 7-17. Oath of town clerks.
Sec. 7-18. Neglect of duty.
Sec. 7-19. Assistant town clerks. Notice to Secretary of the State of appointment, vacancy.
Sec. 7-20. Acting town clerk.
Sec. 7-21. Town clerk pro tempore.
Sec. 7-22. Removal of town clerks.
Sec. 7-22a. Certification program for town clerks.
Sec. 7-23. Records and copies.
Sec. 7-24. Recording of instruments; safekeeping of records; recording of illegible instruments; form of instruments.
Sec. 7-25. Index.
Sec. 7-25a. Electronic indexing system.
Sec. 7-26. Errors to be corrected.
Sec. 7-26a. Indemnification of clerk with respect to claims arising out of land record errors.
Sec. 7-27. Municipal records to be kept in fire-resistive vaults or safes.
Sec. 7-27a. Destruction of original land records or instruments.
Sec. 7-27b. Removal of Social Security number from document prior to recording on land records.
Sec. 7-28. Indexing of mechanic's lien.
Sec. 7-29. Release or assignment of mortgage or lien.
Sec. 7-30. Attachment of real estate.
Sec. 7-31. Maps of surveys and plots, filing requirements, copies.
Sec. 7-32. Index of surveys and maps.
Secs. 7-32a to 7-32j.
Sec. 7-32k. Property upon which hunting or shooting sports regularly take place. Placement of property location on list maintained by town clerk. Notice. Liability not imposed by section.
Sec. 7-33. Lists of transfers of taxable property.
Sec. 7-33a. Issuance of certificates of authority of justices of peace, notaries and Superior Court commissioners.
Sec. 7-34. Fees.
Sec. 7-34a. Fees.
Sec. 7-34b. Accounting of fees required. Salary in lieu of fees.
Sec. 7-35. Preservation by town clerks of statutes, special acts and Register and Manual.
Sec. 7-35a. Off-site storage of original documents. Requirements.
Secs. 7-35b to 7-35z.

      Sec. 7-16. Bond. Section 7-16 is repealed.

      (1949 Rev., S. 545; 1953, S. 219d; P.A. 82-327, S. 12.)

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      Sec. 7-16a. Notice to Secretary of the State of appointment of town clerk, vacancy in appointed office of town clerk. If a town clerk is appointed under a special law or a town charter, the appointing authority or, if none, the chief executive official of the town, shall, within ten days after such an appointment is made, file a notice of such appointment with the Secretary of the State, indicating the name and address of the person appointed, the date and method of such appointment and the law under which the appointment was made. Within ten days after a vacancy occurs in the appointed office of town clerk, the first selectman or chief executive official of the town shall notify the Secretary of the State of such vacancy.

      (P.A. 87-387, S. 4.)

      See Secs. 9-189, 9-189a re elected town clerks.

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      Sec. 7-17. Oath of town clerks. Town clerks, before entering upon the duties of their office, shall be sworn, and the authority administering the oath shall file a certificate thereof with the town clerk, who shall record the same. The moderator of any town election at which a town clerk has been elected may administer to such town clerk the oath required by law.

      (1949 Rev., S. 518; 1953, S. 252d; P.A. 88-45, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 88-45 required town clerks to be sworn and authority administering oath to file certificate thereof.

      See Sec. 9-1 for applicable definitions.

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      Sec. 7-18. Neglect of duty. Section 7-18 is repealed, effective October 1, 2002.

      (1949 Rev., S. 526; 1953, S. 257d; P.A. 02-89, S. 90.)

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      Sec. 7-19. Assistant town clerks. Notice to Secretary of the State of appointment, vacancy. Each town clerk may, unless otherwise provided by charter or ordinance, appoint assistant town clerks, who, having taken the oath provided for town clerks, shall, in the absence or inability of the town clerk, have all the powers and perform all the duties of the town clerk. Within ten days after a town clerk appoints an assistant town clerk, the town clerk shall file a notice of such appointment with the Secretary of the State, indicating the name and address of the person appointed, the date and method of such appointment and the law under which the appointment was made. Within ten days after a vacancy occurs in the office of assistant town clerk, the town clerk shall notify the Secretary of the State of such vacancy.

      (1949 Rev., S. 546; 1953, S. 220d; 1961, P.A. 182; P.A. 73-198, S. 1, 2; P.A. 82-327, S. 1; P.A. 87-387, S. 5; P.A. 02-137, S. 5.)

      History: 1961 act added provision assistant town clerks shall in absence or inability of clerk "have all his powers"; P.A. 73-198 changed number of assistant clerks from "one or two" to "not more than three"; P.A. 82-327 specified that towns may appoint assistants in another manner if charter or ordinance so provides and removed the bond provision from this section; P.A. 87-387 required town clerk to notify secretary of the state of appointment of an assistant town clerk or vacancy in office of assistant town clerk; P.A. 02-137 deleted requirement that appointment of assistant town clerks be approved by one of the selectman, deleted limit of "not more than three" assistant town clerks and made technical changes for purposes of gender neutrality, effective January 1, 2003.

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      Sec. 7-20. Acting town clerk. When any town clerk is unable to discharge the duties of his office and has omitted or is unable to appoint an assistant town clerk, the selectmen may appoint one, who, having been sworn, shall act as town clerk during such inability or until the next town election.

      (1949 Rev., S. 547; 1953, S. 221d.)

      See Sec. 9-1 for applicable definitions.

      Cited. 41 CS 267.

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      Sec. 7-21. Town clerk pro tempore. When the town clerk is absent from any town meeting, such town meeting may choose a clerk pro tempore.

      (1949 Rev., S. 548; 1953, S. 222d.)

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      Sec. 7-22. Removal of town clerks. Whenever complaint in writing is made to the state's attorney for any judicial district that the town clerk of any town in such judicial district is guilty of misconduct, wilful and material neglect of duty or incompetence in the conduct of such town clerk's office, such state's attorney shall make such investigation of the charges as such state's attorney deems proper and shall, if such state's attorney is of the opinion that the evidence obtained warrants such action, prepare a statement in writing of the charges against such town clerk, together with a citation in the name of the state, commanding such town clerk to appear before a judge of the Superior Court at a date named in the citation and show cause, if any, why such town clerk should not be removed from office as provided in this section. Such state's attorney shall cause a copy of such statement and citation to be served by some proper officer upon the defendant town clerk at least ten days before the date of appearance named in such citation, and the original statement and citation, with the return of the officer thereon, shall be returned to the clerk of the superior court for the judicial district within which such town is situated. To carry into effect the proceedings authorized by this section, the state's attorney of any judicial district shall have power to summon witnesses, require the production of necessary books, papers and other documents and administer oaths to witnesses; and upon the date named in such citation for the appearance of such town clerk, or upon any adjourned date fixed by the judge before whom such proceedings are pending, the state's attorney shall appear and conduct the hearing on behalf of the state. If, after a full hearing of all the evidence offered by the state's attorney and by and on behalf of the defendant, such judge is of the opinion that the evidence presented warrants the removal of such town clerk from office, the judge shall cause to be prepared a written order to that effect, which order shall be signed by the judge and lodged with the clerk of the superior court for the judicial district in which such defendant resides. Such clerk of the superior court shall cause a certified copy of such order to be served forthwith upon such town clerk, and upon such service the office held by such town clerk shall become vacant and the vacancy thereby created shall be filled at once in the manner provided in section 9-220. Any witnesses summoned and any officer making service under the provisions of this section shall be allowed and paid by the state the same fees as are allowed by law in criminal prosecutions.

      (1949 Rev., S. 506; 1953, S. 256d; P.A. 78-280, S. 2, 127; P.A. 10-32, S. 12.)

      History: P.A. 78-280 substituted "judicial district" for "county"; P.A. 10-32 made technical changes, effective May 10, 2010.

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      Sec. 7-22a. Certification program for town clerks. (a) There shall be a committee for the purpose of establishing a program and procedures for the training, examination and certification of town clerks and assistant town clerks. The committee shall consist of six members, one of whom shall be from the office of the Secretary of the State, one of whom shall be from the Department of Public Health, one of whom shall be from the Office of Public Records Administration, and three of whom shall be town clerks. The Secretary of the State shall appoint the town clerk committee members and the committee member from the office of the Secretary of the State. Each of the other two committee members shall be appointed by their respective department heads. The committee members shall serve without pay and shall be appointed initially as follows: Two members for two-year terms; two members for four-year terms; and two members for six-year terms. The Secretary of the State shall initially determine the term of each member; and thereafter two committee members shall be appointed every two years for six-year terms. Said committee shall elect its own chairman and adopt rules and regulations for the training and examination of town clerks and assistant town clerks.

      (b) Any person may participate in the course of training prescribed by the committee and, upon completing such training and upon successfully completing any examination or examinations prescribed by said committee, shall be recommended to the Secretary of the State as a candidate for certification as a certified Connecticut town clerk. The Secretary of the State shall certify any qualified candidate recommended by the committee as a certified Connecticut town clerk and may rescind such certificate upon a finding, by a majority of the committee, of sufficient cause as defined in rules and regulations adopted by the committee. The Secretary of the State may certify a candidate who has not completed all of the course of training prescribed by the committee provided that the committee has determined that the candidate has experience that is substantially the equivalent of all or part of the course, and provided further, that the candidate has successfully completed any examination or examinations prescribed by said committee.

      (P.A. 84-378; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)

      History: P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

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      Sec. 7-23. Records and copies. Town clerks shall keep the records of their respective towns and truly enter therein, either by transcribing or by photographic, micrographic, electronic imaging or any other process approved by the Public Records Administrator, all votes of the town and give true copies of the same and of all deeds and other instruments by them recorded; and all attested copies of deeds, with a certificate of the town clerk or assistant town clerk that they have been recorded, shall be conclusive evidence of that fact. No copy of record certified by the town clerk or assistant town clerk of any town shall be deemed valid in law unless the seal of such town is affixed thereto; and the town clerk of each town or his legally qualified assistant shall affix the seal of such town to all certified copies of record, and no fee shall be allowed for affixing the same.

      (1949 Rev., S. 549; 1967, P.A. 655, S. 1; P.A. 97-89, S. 6.)

      History: 1967 act substituted "records" for "books"; P.A. 97-89 substituted "micrographic, electronic imaging or any other process approved by the Public Records Administrator" for "process".

      See Sec. 11-8i et seq. re historic documents preservation grant program for municipalities.

      When certified copy of deed admissible. 2 R. 286; 3 D. 267; 15 C. 174; 75 C. 68; 78 C. 106. To introduce a copy a grantee must be unable to produce the original deed. 3 D. 267. Heir-at-law of grantee likewise. 16 C. 254. A certified copy is, when admissible, prima facie evidence of contents and execution. 3 D. 267; 15 C. 174; 18 C. 318. Town clerk may amend his own records. 20 C. 589. Town clerk's record is conclusive and is not to be collaterally attacked. Id., 598. Certificate of town clerk is not equivalent to official copy of record. 21 C. 109. His record stating that meeting was warned is prima facie evidence thereof. 25 C. 555; see 121 U.S. 121. Clerk's recital of legal warning is not an estoppel on town or in favor of one acting under it. 51 C. 29. Record of meeting best evidence of propositions submitted. 78 C. 110. Certified copies of deeds admissible. 126 C. 369.

      Cited. 17 CA 405. Cited. 30 CA 493.


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      Sec. 7-24. Recording of instruments; safekeeping of records; recording of illegible instruments; form of instruments. (a) Each town clerk who is charged with the custody of any public record shall provide suitable books, files or systems, acceptable to the Public Records Administrator, for the keeping of such records and may purchase such stationery and other office supplies as are necessary for the proper maintenance of the town clerk's office. Such books, files or systems, and such stationery and supplies shall be paid for by the town, and the selectmen of the town, on presentation of the bill for such books and supplies properly certified to by the town clerk, shall draw their order on the treasurer in payment for the same. Each person who has the custody of any public record books of any town, city, borough or probate district shall, at the expense of such town, city, borough or probate district, cause them to be properly and substantially bound. Such person shall have any such records which have been left incomplete made up and completed from the usual files and memoranda, so far as practicable. Such person shall cause fair and legible copies to be seasonably made of any records which are worn, mutilated or becoming illegible, and shall cause the originals to be repaired, rebound or renovated, or such person may cause any such records to be placed in the custody of the Public Records Administrator, who may have them repaired, renovated or rebound at the expense of the town, city, borough or probate district to which they belong. Any custodian of public records who so causes such records to be completed or copied shall attest them and shall certify, under the seal of such custodian's office, that they have been made from such files and memoranda or are copies of the original records. Such records and all copies of records made and certified to as provided in this section and on file in the office of the legal custodian of such records shall have the force of the original records. All work done under the authority of this section shall be paid for by the town, city, borough or probate district responsible for the safekeeping of such records, but in no case shall expenditures exceeding three hundred dollars be made for repairs or copying records in any one year in any town or any probate district comprising one town only, unless the same are authorized by a vote of the town, or in any probate district comprising two or more towns, unless the same are authorized by the first selectmen of all the towns included in such district.

      (b) There shall be kept in each town proper books, or in lieu thereof a recording system approved by the Public Records Administrator, in which all instruments required by law to be recorded shall be recorded at length by the town clerk within thirty days from the time they are left for record.

      (c) The town clerk shall, on receipt of any instrument for record, write thereon the day, month, year and time of day when the town clerk received it, and the record shall bear the same date and time of day; but the town clerk shall not be required to receive any instrument for record unless the fee for recording it is paid to the town clerk in advance, except instruments received from the state or any political subdivision thereof. When the town clerk has received any instrument for record, the town clerk shall not deliver it up to the parties or either of them until it has been recorded. When any town clerk has, upon receiving any instrument for record, written thereon the time of day when the town clerk received it and the day and year of such receipt, and when any town clerk has noted with the record of any instrument the time of day when the town clerk received the record, such entries of the time of day shall have the same effect as other entries that are required by law to be made.

      (d) Each town clerk shall also, within twenty-four hours of the receipt for record of any such instrument, enter in chronological order according to the time of its receipt as endorsed thereon, (1) the names of sufficient parties thereto to enable reasonable identification of the instrument, (2) the nature of the instrument, and (3) the time of its receipt.

      (e) If the town clerk receives an instrument for record which the town clerk deems to be illegible, the town clerk shall record such instrument, write thereon that it is being recorded as an illegible instrument and, if there is a return address appearing on such illegible instrument, give notice to the return addressee that a legible instrument should be submitted for rerecording forthwith. The fact that the town clerk records the instrument as an illegible instrument shall not affect its priority or validity.

      (f) Each instrument for record shall have a blank margin, that shall be not less than three-fourths of an inch in width, surrounding each page of the instrument. Each such instrument that is to be recorded in the land records shall have a return address and addressee appearing at the top of the front side of the first page of the instrument. The town clerk shall not refuse to receive an instrument for record that does not conform to any requirement set forth in this subsection, and the fact that the town clerk records an instrument that does not conform to any requirement set forth in this subsection shall not affect its priority or validity.

      (1949 Rev., S. 550; 1955, S. 223d; 1967, P.A. 389, S. 1; 655, S. 2; P.A. 93-389, S. 1, 7; May 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-1, S. 5, 130; P.A. 07-252, S. 52.)

      History: 1967 acts divided section into Subsecs. (a), (b) and (c) and added Subsec. (d) re daily index record book, replaced references to "books" and "record books" with "records", added to Subsec. (b) allowance for alternate recording system approved by examiner of public records and removed from Subsec. (d) specific reference to daily index record book; P.A. 93-389 added Subsec. (e) specifying the responsibilities of a town clerk upon receiving an illegible instrument for record and providing that the fact that the clerk records the instrument as illegible does not affect its priority or validity, effective July 1, 1993; May 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-1 made technical change in Subsec. (e), effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 07-252 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a) to (e) and added Subsec. (f) re form requirements for instruments, effective October 1, 2008.

      See Sec. 11-8(b) re appointment of Public Records Administrator.

      See Sec. 11-8i et seq. re historic documents preservation grant program for municipalities.

      See Sec. 47-16a re acceptance for recording of certified copy of deed or other instrument recorded in land records of another town.


      As to whether payment of recording fee is a condition precedent to lodging for record, see 132 C. 554.

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      Sec. 7-25. Index. Each town clerk shall, within five days after receipt of an instrument for record, enter the names of all the grantors in a grantor index and all the grantees in a grantee index, in alphabetical order, and cross-indexed as to the party first identified as grantor or grantee on the instrument, the nature of the instrument, the date of its receipt as endorsed upon the recorded instrument and thereafter, when available for entry, the book and page of such instrument or other suitable indication of its location approved by the Public Records Administrator. If such instrument is an assignment of mortgage, collateral assignment of mortgage, subordination of mortgage or other transfer of an interest in a mortgage, the mortgagor shall be deemed an additional grantor for purposes of this section. If such instrument is a grant or assignment of a mortgage to a party designated in the mortgage or assignment as the nominee for another, such nominee shall be deemed to be the grantee of such mortgage or assignment for purposes of this section. If such instrument affects real property, the index shall include a reference to the location of such property, if contained in such instrument. Such general index shall be a permanent public record.

      (1949 Rev., S. 550, 551; 1955, S. 223d; 1967, P.A. 389, S. 2; 655, S. 3; P.A. 01-74; P.A. 02-66, S. 2.)

      History: 1967 acts allowed five days for recording information rather than 24 hours, provided for separate grantor and grantee indexes, cross-indexing of person first identified as grantor or grantee, indexing of book and page where recorded and declared index to be a permanent public record; P.A. 01-74 added provision requiring index to include mortgagor as additional grantor where instrument is assignment of mortgage, collateral assignment of mortgage or subordination of mortgage or other transfer of an interest in a mortgage; P.A. 02-66 added provision re nominee designated in mortgage or assignment deemed to be grantee for purposes of section.

      See Sec. 7-14 re land records and indexes.

      See Sec. 11-8i et seq. re historic documents preservation grant program for municipalities.


      Cited. 30 CA 493.

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      Sec. 7-25a. Electronic indexing system. Not later than January 1, 2009, each town shall provide public access to an electronic indexing system that combines the grantor index and the grantee index of the town's land records.

      (P.A. 07-252, S. 56.)

      History: P.A. 07-252 effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 7-26. Errors to be corrected. The town clerk of each town shall correct all errors and omissions in the indexes to the land records of such town and all omissions of the town clerk or his assistant to attest the records of conveyances of land with the genuine signature of such clerk or assistant, which shall be noted and reported to him by any person appointed by the selectmen to examine and note the same.

      (1949 Rev., S. 554.)

      See Sec. 7-14 re land records and indexes.

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      Sec. 7-26a. Indemnification of clerk with respect to claims arising out of land record errors. Each town shall indemnify and save harmless the town clerk of such town, whether such clerk is compensated on a salary or fee basis, from financial loss and expense, including legal fees and costs, if any, arising out of any claim, demand, suit or judgment by reason of alleged negligence resulting in any errors or omissions in the indexing or recording of any instruments in the land records of such town. Each such town may insure against the liability imposed upon it by this section in any insurance company authorized by law to write such insurance in this state, or may elect to act as self-insurer of such liability.

      (P.A. 73-285; P.A. 74-24, S. 1, 2.)

      History: P.A. 74-24 included claims for errors in recording in indemnification of town clerk.

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      Sec. 7-27. Municipal records to be kept in fire-resistive vaults or safes. All public records of towns, cities and boroughs shall be kept in fire-resistive vaults or safes except when in actual use for the purpose of examination or entry. If the proper authorities in any town, city or borough fail to provide such vaults or safes, the Public Records Administrator may give an order to the chief administrative officer of such town, city or borough that the same shall be provided. If such provision is not made within a reasonable time thereafter, said Public Records Administrator shall report the neglect to the State Librarian, who may seek enforcement of compliance with such order as provided in section 11-8. All fire-resistive rooms or vaults and all safes provided for the safekeeping of any such public records shall conform to the regulations adopted by the Public Records Administrator and shall be furnished with fittings of a noncombustible nature.

      (1949 Rev., S. 552; 1959, P.A. 152, S. 13; 1967, P.A. 495, S. 2; P.A. 77-614, S. 119, 610; P.A. 80-338, S. 3.)

      History: 1959 act deleted references to counties; 1967 act amended section extensively, replacing "fire-proof" with "fire-resistive", deleting references to buildings, substituting public records administrator for examiner of public records and records management committee for state library committee, replacing reference to selectmen, mayors and wardens with "chief administrative officer", deleting provisions re purchase of safes and public school records and replacing them with provisions re compliance in accordance with Sec. 11-8 and re standards established by records administrator; P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of administrative services for records management committee; P.A. 80-338 replaced commissioner with state librarian.

      See Sec. 11-8(b) re appointment of Public Records Administrator.

      See Sec. 11-8i et seq. re historic documents preservation grant program for municipalities.


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      Sec. 7-27a. Destruction of original land records or instruments. Whenever land records or instruments have been photographed, microphotographed or otherwise reproduced by electronic imaging or any other process approved by the Public Records Administrator, as permitted under section 1-16, and the reproduced images have been placed in conveniently accessible files, and adequate provision has been made for preserving, examining and using the same, and a copy or copies have been deposited for security storage in the State Library or in some other safe storage facility, as shall be required or approved by the Public Records Administrator, the town clerk may, with approval of the administrative head of the municipality and the Public Records Administrator, destroy the original land record books so reproduced; provided, no original book, record or document created prior to the year 1850 shall be destroyed without the express written approval of the State Librarian. When land records have been microphotographed or otherwise reproduced by a process approved by the Public Records Administrator and the originals have been destroyed as provided in this section, the reproduced images thus made shall be deemed to be the record for all purposes.

      (1967, P.A. 655, S. 4; P.A. 97-89, S. 7.)

      History: P.A. 97-89 substituted "otherwise reproduced by electronic imaging or any other process approved by the Public Records Administrator" for "reproduced on film".

      See Sec. 11-8(b) re appointment of Public Records Administrator.

      See Sec. 11-8i et seq. re historic documents preservation grant program for municipalities.


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      Sec. 7-27b. Removal of Social Security number from document prior to recording on land records. Any person whose Social Security number appears on a document that is to be recorded on the land records of a municipality may expunge or cause to be expunged such Social Security number prior to the recording of such document.

      (P.A. 01-38.)

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      Sec. 7-28. Indexing of mechanic's lien. Whenever any certificate of mechanic's lien lodged with a town clerk fails to disclose the name of the owner of the premises against which such lien is claimed, such town clerk shall ascertain and index the same from such information as he is able to obtain from the town records or otherwise; but he shall not be liable for any mistake in so indexing such name.

      (1949 Rev., S. 553.)

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      Sec. 7-29. Release or assignment of mortgage or lien. When any town clerk has recorded any instrument that the town clerk knows to be a release, partial release or assignment of a mortgage or lien recorded on the records of such town, the town clerk shall make a notation on the first page where such mortgage or lien is recorded, stating the book and page where such release, partial release or assignment is recorded, except that a manual notation of such release, partial release or assignment shall not be required if such town clerk provides public access to an electronic indexing system that combines the grantor index and the grantee index of the town's land records.

      (1949 Rev., S. 555; P.A. 00-92, S. 1; P.A. 07-252, S. 53.)

      History: P.A. 00-92 made provisions applicable to a partial release or assignment, required a notation on first page where mortgage or lien is recorded and deleted requirement for a memorandum, added requirement that if land records are not maintained in paper form, clerk shall make the notation on the digitized image of the first page, and made technical changes for the purpose of gender neutrality; P.A. 07-252 added exception to requirement for manual notation of release or assignment for town clerk who provides public access to electronic indexing system that combines grantor and grantee indices of town's land records and deleted requirement that if land records are not maintained in paper form, clerk shall make notation on the digitized image of the first page, effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 7-30. Attachment of real estate. When any real estate is attached, the town clerk in whose office the certificate of attachment is left shall record it at length in the land records of such town; and his fees for such service shall be paid to him by the plaintiff in the suit and be included and taxed with the officer's fees in such suit.

      (1949 Rev., S. 556; February, 1965, P.A. 207.)

      History: 1965 act required attachment to be recorded at length, removing option to record names of parties, amount of damages claimed and description of attached estate.

      Failure of town clerk to record attachment does not invalidate it as against subsequent purchaser without actual notice. 109 C. 433.

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      Sec. 7-31. Maps of surveys and plots, filing requirements, copies. When any person having an interest in land has caused it to be surveyed and plotted or laid out into lots and projected highways, and a map made, which map shall bear the seal of the surveyor and a certification that it is substantially correct to the degree of accuracy shown thereon, and when such projected highways have been approved by the municipal authorities empowered to approve the layout of highways, the map may be received and placed on file in the office of the clerk of the town in which such land is situated and shall thereupon be deemed a part of the deeds referring thereto, and may be produced in court accordingly; and such town clerk shall, upon request, make and certify copies of any such map on file in his office. All maps bearing a date of October 1, 1974, or later, shall be drawn in ink or printed on translucent linen, or any other material approved by the Public Records Administrator, and shall be thirty-six inches long and twenty-four inches wide or eighteen inches long and twelve inches wide or eighteen inches long and twenty-four inches wide. The selectmen of each town shall cause to be provided cases in which such maps may be properly preserved or books of appropriate size in which such maps may be properly preserved. Maps may be recorded by a photographic process as approved by the Public Records Administrator and the original retained for reference.

      (1949 Rev., S. 7125; 1951, S. 224d; 1963, P.A. 528, S. 3; February, 1965, P.A. 98, S. 1; P.A. 74-28; P.A. 75-41; P.A. 96-180, S. 2, 166.)

      History: 1963 act deleted fee payable to clerk; 1965 act deleted requirement that town clerk number maps keep records thereof and permitted recording maps by photographic process, retaining originals for reference; P.A. 74-28 required that maps made on or after October 1, 1974, be drawn or printed on translucent linen or other approved material, changed size specifications and specifications for cases; P.A. 75-41 added third option for map size, i.e. 18 by 24 inches; P.A. 96-180 replaced state Examiner of Public Records with Public Records Administrator, effective June 3, 1996.

      See Sec. 7-34a re fees charged by town clerks.

      See Sec. 8-29 re filing of maps and plans by municipal planning commission.

      See Sec. 11-8(b) re appointment of Public Records Administrator.

      See Sec. 11-8i et seq. re historic documents preservation grant program for municipalities.


      Is declaratory of common law; filing of map, with sales of land therefrom, may constitute a dedication to public use of ways and grounds. 57 C. 31; see 76 C. 295; 77 C. 444; 79 C. 353. Reference to map on file in record office in a deed incorporates it by reference into that deed. 93 C. 508. Reference must be specific. 108 C. 541. Cited. 140 C. 202; 142 C. 39. A map, which showed a right-of-way was to be released, was incorporated by this section into the deed to defendant and he was bound to give a release of said right-of-way. 158 C. 395. Cited. 160 C. 109. Cited. 179 C. 650. Cited as section 224d of the 1955 Cumulative Supplement. 185 C. 426. Existence of map may be satisfied by language in deed if such language is reasonably sufficient to alert person to inquire about or search for such a map. 276 C. 782.

      Cited. 10 CA 556; Id., 669.

      Cited. 8 CS 212. Where owner of land sells lots, referring in conveyances to map showing lots and parks or other open areas, lot owners acquire right to have parks thereafter kept open for their use in connection with their lands. 22 CS 499.


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      Sec. 7-32. Index of surveys and maps. Each town clerk shall keep a special index book to be known as the "Index of Surveys and Maps". Whenever any map is filed with the town clerk as provided by law, he shall make an entry in said index book, giving the title thereof, the name of each of the owners of such land, the date on which it was filed, the date of the survey and a brief description of the plot surveyed. He shall further keep another and separate index book to be known as "Index of Surveys and Maps by Streets" and whenever any map is filed with the town clerk as provided by law, he shall make an entry in said index book giving the street or streets on which the property abuts, and giving the title of the map, the name of each of the owners of such land, the date on which it was filed, the date of the survey and a brief description of the plot surveyed.

      (1949 Rev., S. 558; February, 1965, P.A. 98, S. 2; 574, S. 51; 1969, P.A. 567, S. 1.)

      History: 1965 acts required index entry to contain names of owners and the date on which filed and deleted requirement to include name of surveyors; 1969 act added provisions concerning "Index of Surveys and Maps by Streets".

      See Sec. 7-34a re fees charged by town clerks.

      See Sec. 11-8i et seq. re historic documents preservation grant program for municipalities.


      Purpose and effect of index; does not obviate necessity for specific reference to map in a duly recorded deed. 108 C. 541.

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      Secs. 7-32a to 7-32j. Reserved for future use.

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      Sec. 7-32k. Property upon which hunting or shooting sports regularly take place. Placement of property location on list maintained by town clerk. Notice. Liability not imposed by section. (a) Any owner of real property upon which hunting or shooting sports regularly take place may enter the location of such property on a list maintained by the town clerk of any town within which such property is located. Each entry shall include the name of the owner, the address of the subject property, the corresponding map, block and lot number, and the owner's signature and date of entry.

      (b) Each town clerk shall maintain a list of properties disclosed pursuant to subsection (a) of this section and shall make such list available to the public for inspection. A notice of the availability of the list shall be posted in the office of the town clerk in the area where the municipal land records are kept.

      (c) Nothing in this section shall be construed to impose liability on the owner of property upon which hunting or shooting sports take place for failing to enter the property on such list.

      (P.A. 07-214, S. 5.)

      History: P.A. 07-214 effective July 1, 2007.

      See Sec. 20-327g re disclosure to potential buyers of residential property of list of local properties where hunting and shooting sports take place.

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      Sec. 7-33. Lists of transfers of taxable property. The town clerk of each town, consolidated town and city and consolidated town and borough shall, annually, within ten days from the assessment date of such municipality, furnish to the chairman of the board of assessors a list which shall include all transfers of taxable property recorded in such municipality from the assessment date of the year preceding to the assessment date of such year. The provisions of this section shall not apply to any town in which the board of assessors has a clerk or a member who discharges the duties herein required of the town clerk.

      (1949 Rev., S. 559.)

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      Sec. 7-33a. Issuance of certificates of authority of justices of peace, notaries and Superior Court commissioners. The town clerk of a town wherein a justice of the peace, notary public or commissioner of the Superior Court resides or is employed is authorized to issue certificates of the authority of such person.

      (1971, P.A. 387, S. 1; P.A. 78-280, S. 2, 127; P.A. 81-34, S. 1, 9.)

      History: P.A. 78-280 substituted "judicial district" for "county"; P.A. 81-34 eliminated the requirement that town clerks shall be deputized by the clerk of the superior court to issue certificates of authority, effective July 1, 1982.

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      Sec. 7-34. Fees. Section 7-34 is repealed.

      (1949 Rev., S. 3624; 1951, S. 1980d; 1957, P.A. 485, S. 1; 654, S. 1; 1961, P.A. 517, S. 79; 572; 1963, P.A. 528, S. 6.)

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      Sec. 7-34a. Fees. (a) Town clerks shall receive, for recording any document, ten dollars for the first page and five dollars for each subsequent page or fractional part thereof, a page being not more than eight and one-half by fourteen inches. Town clerks shall receive, for recording the information contained in a certificate of registration for the practice of any of the healing arts, five dollars. Town clerks shall receive, for recording documents conforming to, or substantially similar to, section 47-36c, which are clearly entitled "statutory form" in the heading of such documents, as follows: For the first page of a warranty deed, a quitclaim deed, a mortgage deed, or an assignment of mortgage, ten dollars; for each additional page of such documents, five dollars; and for each marginal notation of an assignment of mortgage, subsequent to the first two assignments, one dollar. Town clerks shall receive, for recording any document with respect to which certain data must be submitted by each town clerk to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management in accordance with section 10-261b, two dollars in addition to the regular recording fee. Any person who offers any written document for recording in the office of any town clerk, which document fails to have legibly typed, printed or stamped directly beneath the signatures the names of the persons who executed such document, the names of any witnesses thereto and the name of the officer before whom the same was acknowledged, shall pay one dollar in addition to the regular recording fee. Town clerks shall receive, for recording any deed, except a mortgage deed, conveying title to real estate, which deed does not contain the current mailing address of the grantee, five dollars in addition to the regular recording fee. Town clerks shall receive, for filing any document, five dollars; for receiving and keeping a survey or map, legally filed in the town clerk's office, five dollars; and for indexing such survey or map, in accordance with section 7-32, five dollars, except with respect to indexing any such survey or map pertaining to a subdivision of land as defined in section 8-18, in which event town clerks shall receive fifteen dollars for each such indexing. Town clerks shall receive, for a copy of any document either recorded or filed in their offices, one dollar for each page or fractional part thereof, as the case may be; for certifying any copy of the same, two dollars; for making a copy of any survey or map, the actual cost thereof; and for certifying such copy of a survey or map, two dollars. Town clerks shall receive, for recording the commission and oath of a notary public, ten dollars; and for certifying under seal to the official character of a notary, two dollars.

      (b) The fees set forth in subsection (a) of this section received by town clerks for recording documents include therein payment for the return of each document which shall be made by the town clerk to the designated addressee.

      (c) Compensation for all services other than those enumerated in subsection (a) of this section which town clerks are required by the general statutes to perform and for which compensation is not fixed by statute shall be fixed and paid by the selectmen or other governing body of the town or city in which such services are performed.

      (d) In addition to the fees for recording a document under subsection (a) of this section, town clerks shall receive a fee of three dollars for each document recorded in the land records of the municipality. Not later than the fifteenth day of each month, town clerks shall remit two-thirds of the fees paid pursuant to this subsection during the previous calendar month to the State Librarian for deposit in a bank account of the State Treasurer and crediting to the historic documents preservation account established under section 11-8i. One-third of the amount paid for fees pursuant to this subsection shall be retained by town clerks and used for the preservation and management of historic documents. The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to any document recorded on the land records by an employee of the state or of a municipality in conjunction with said employee's official duties. As used in this section "municipality" includes each town, consolidated town and city, city, consolidated town and borough, borough, district, as defined in chapter 105 or chapter 105a, and each municipal board, commission and taxing district not previously mentioned.

      (e) In addition to the fees for recording a document under subsection (a) of this section, town clerks shall receive a fee of thirty dollars for each document recorded in the land records of the municipality. The town clerk shall retain one dollar of any fee paid pursuant to this subsection and three dollars of such fee shall become part of the general revenue of the municipality and be used to pay for local capital improvement projects, as defined in section 7-536. Not later than the fifteenth day of each month, town clerks shall remit twenty-six dollars of the fees paid pursuant to this subsection during the previous calendar month to the State Treasurer. Upon deposit in the General Fund, such amount shall be credited to the land protection, affordable housing and historic preservation account established pursuant to section 4-66aa. The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to any document recorded on the land records by an employee of the state or of a municipality in conjunction with such employee's official duties. As used in this subsection, "municipality" includes each town, consolidated town and city, city, consolidated town and borough, borough, and district, as defined in chapter 105 or 105a, any municipal corporation or department thereof created by a special act of the General Assembly, and each municipal board, commission and taxing district not previously mentioned.

      (f) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (e) of this section, in addition to the fees for recording a document under subsection (a) of this section, from July 1, 2009, until July 1, 2011, town clerks shall receive a fee of forty dollars for each document recorded in the land records of the municipality. The town clerk shall retain one dollar of any fee paid pursuant to this subsection and three dollars of such fee shall become part of the general revenue of the municipality and be used to pay for local capital improvement projects, as defined in section 7-536. Not later than the fifteenth day of each month, from July 1, 2009, until July 1, 2011, town clerks shall remit thirty-six dollars of the fees paid pursuant to this subsection during the previous calendar month to the State Treasurer. Upon deposit in the General Fund, such amount shall be credited to the community investment account established pursuant to section 4-66aa. The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to any document recorded on the land records by an employee of the state or of a municipality in conjunction with such employee's official duties. As used in this subsection, "municipality" includes each town, consolidated town and city, city, consolidated town and borough, borough, and district, as defined in chapter 105 or 105a, any municipal corporation or department thereof created by a special act of the General Assembly, and each municipal board, commission and taxing district not previously mentioned.

      (1963, P.A. 528, S. 1, 2; 1971, P.A. 286; 1972, P.A. 150; P.A. 74-56; P.A. 75-154; P.A. 76-271, S. 1; P.A. 77-478, S. 4, 5; 77-614, S. 139, 587, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 85, 136; P.A. 81-34, S. 8, 9; P.A. 82-323, S. 1; P.A. 85-60; 85-257; 85-385, S. 1; P.A. 89-217, S. 1, 6; P.A. 90-175, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-389, S. 2, 7; P.A. 00-92, S. 2; 00-146, S. 1, 8; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 00-1, S. 25, 46; P.A. 01-79, S. 2; P.A. 05-228, S. 5; 05-288, S. 37; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-3, S. 113; P.A. 06-163, S. 1; P.A. 07-133, S. 1; 07-217, S. 13; 07-252, S. 54; P.A. 09-229, S. 27.)

      History: 1971 act provided for $10 payment to index surveys or maps in Subsec. (a); 1972 act changed fee for indexing surveys or maps to $5, except where subdivisions concerned fee became $15; P.A. 74-56 revised fees for recording documents using page basis rather than word basis and deleted provision re additional fees for pages exceeding 10 by 16 inches; P.A. 75-154 deleted provisions covering character size and set flat fee for certifying copies rather than fee per page; P.A. 76-271 added fees for recording warranty and quitclaim deeds and assignments of mortgages; P.A. 77-478 added fee for recording documents re tax commissioner; P.A. 77-614 and P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner of revenue services for tax commissioner, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 81-34 amended Subsec. (a) by adding a fee of $10 for recording the commission and oath of a notary public and a fee of $2 for certification of a notary, effective July 1, 1982; P.A. 82-323 increased various fees; P.A. 85-60 changed required address of grantee from last-known mailing address to current mailing address; P.A. 85-257 inserted a new Subsec. (b) providing that the fees for recording documents include payment for the return of each document to the designated addressee by the town clerk and redesignated former Subsec. (b) as Subsec. (c); P.A. 85-385 amended section to require $0.55 fee for each marginal notation of an assignment of mortgage subsequent to the first two assignments; P.A. 89-217 changed the fee for recording the first page of any document from $5 to $10 and for mortgage assignments after the first two, from $0.50 to $1; P.A. 90-175 increased recording fee for documents from $7.50 to $10 and specified that such documents be clearly titled "statutory form"; P.A. 93-389 amended Subsec. (a) to change the fee for making a copy of any document from "one dollar for the first page or two hundred words or fractional part thereof, as the case may be, and $0.50 for each additional page or two hundred words or fractional part thereof, as the case may be" to "one dollar for each page or fractional part thereof, as the case may be", effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 00-92 amended Subsec. (a) to substitute "for a copy of any document" for "for making a copy of any document"; P.A. 00-146 added new Subsec. (d) providing for an additional fee of $3 to be used for historic preservation, effective July 1, 2000; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 00-1 amended Subsec. (d) to specify its inapplicability to document recorded on land records by a state or municipal employee in conjunction with employee's official duties and to define "municipality", effective July 1, 2000; P.A. 01-79 amended Subsec. (d) to require remittance of fees "to the State Librarian for deposit in a bank account of the State Treasurer and crediting to" historic documents preservation account rather than remittance "to the State Treasurer for deposit in" said account; P.A. 05-228 added new Subsec. (e) providing for an additional fee of $30 to be used for local capital improvement projects, land protection, affordable housing and historic preservation, effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 05-288 made technical changes in Subsec. (a), effective July 13, 2005; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-3 changed effective date of P.A. 05-228 to October 1, 2005, effective June 30, 2005; P.A. 06-163 amended Subsec. (e) to include municipal corporation or department thereof in definition of "municipality", effective June 6, 2006; P.A. 07-133 amended Subsec. (a) by increasing the fee for certifying a copy of a document or a survey or map from $1.00 to $2.00, effective July 1, 2007; P.A. 07-217 made technical changes in Subsec. (e), effective July 12, 2007; P.A. 07-252 amended Subsec. (a) to make technical changes and substitute "regular recording fee" for "recording fee", effective July 1, 2007; P.A. 09-229 added Subsec. (f) re additional recording fee, effective July 1, 2009.

      See Sec. 11-8i et seq. re historic documents preservation grant program for municipalities.

      See Secs. 12-176 and 12-179 re fees charged in connection with municipal tax liens.

      See Sec. 30-53 re filing of liquor permit with town clerk.


      Former statute cited. 103 C. 424.

      Subsec. (a):

      Cited. 223 C. 80.


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      Sec. 7-34b. Accounting of fees required. Salary in lieu of fees. (a) The clerk of each municipality shall, at the end of each fiscal year of such municipality, give an accounting of all fees and compensation provided by the general statutes to be paid to the clerk to the legislative body of such municipality. The record of such accounting shall be a public record, as defined in subdivision (5) of section 1-200.

      (b) Any town may, by ordinance, provide that the town clerk shall receive a salary in lieu of all fees and other compensation provided for in the general statutes, which salary shall be fixed by the legislative body of such town. Upon the adoption of such ordinance the fees or compensation provided by the general statutes to be paid to the town clerk shall be collected by such town clerk and he shall deposit all such money collected by him in accordance with such provisions of law as govern the deposit of moneys belonging to such town.

      (1971, P.A. 477; P.A. 80-368, S. 1, 2; P.A. 97-47, S. 45.)

      History: P.A. 80-368 inserted Subsec. (a) re required accounting and made previous provisions Subsec. (b); P.A. 97-47 made a technical change in Subsec. (a).

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      Sec. 7-35. Preservation by town clerks of statutes, special acts and Register and Manual. The latest revision of the general statutes, the latest cumulative supplements thereto, the latest edition of the special acts and the latest edition of the Register and Manual shall be kept for public use in the office of the town clerk. Any person who destroys or appropriates any of such publications to his own use, or wilfully removes them from such office, shall be fined not more than fifty dollars. All other publications of the state, whether or not deposited in the town clerk's office under the provisions of any existing public or special act, may be turned over by the town clerk to the appropriate county law library, or library service center, or to the State Library or the State Records Center in Rocky Hill, for processing and disposition as may be directed by the Commission on Official Legal Publications and the State Librarian.

      (1949 Rev., S. 49; 1967, P.A. 393; P.A. 91-37.)

      History: 1967 act replaced provision requiring preservation of legislative journals and supreme court reports in town clerk's office with requirement that latest revision, supplements etc. be preserved for public use and others turned over to appropriate library or center for disposition; P.A. 91-37 deleted requirement that the last fifty-two issues of the Connecticut Law Journal be sent to town clerks.

      See Sec. 2-49 re distribution of house and senate journals.

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      Sec. 7-35a. Off-site storage of original documents. Requirements. A municipality may store any original document off-site, provided the information contained in the document is available on demand on-site by electronic means and the town clerk can provide and certify a copy of the required document.

      (P.A. 03-139, S. 1.)

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      Secs. 7-35b to 7-35z. Reserved for future use.

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