CHAPTER 203
PROPERTY TAX ASSESSMENT

Table of Contents

Sec. 12-62. Revaluation of real estate. Regulations. Certain Indian lands exempt.
Sec. 12-62o. Municipal option to make annual adjustments in property values.
Sec. 12-62p. Municipal option to delay revaluation or suspend phase-in of real property assessment increase.
Sec. 12-62q. Regional revaluation program.
Sec. 12-63b. Valuation of rental income real property.
Sec. 12-63c. Submission of income and expense information applicable to rental income real property.
Sec. 12-63h. Land value taxation program.
Sec. 12-71. Personal property subject to tax. Computer software not subject to tax. Determination of situs of motor vehicles and snowmobiles for tax purposes.
Sec. 12-81. Exemptions.
Sec. 12-94b. State payment in lieu of taxes for commercial motor vehicles and manufacturing machinery and equipment. Applicable until July 1, 2013.
Sec. 12-94f. Phase-in of one hundred per cent state payment in lieu of taxes for machinery and equipment.
Sec. 12-94g. Amount of state payment in lieu of taxes on machinery and equipment commencing July 1, 2013.
Sec. 12-111. Appeals to board of assessment appeals.

      Sec. 12-62. Revaluation of real estate. Regulations. Certain Indian lands exempt. (a) As used in this chapter:

      (1) "Assessor" means the person responsible for establishing property assessments for purposes of a town's grand list and includes a board of assessors;

      (2) "Field review" means the process by which an assessor, a member of an assessor's staff or person designated by an assessor examines each parcel of real property in its neighborhood setting, compares observable attributes to those listed on such parcel's corresponding property record, makes any necessary corrections based on such observation and verifies that such parcel's attributes are accounted for in the valuation being developed for a revaluation;

      (3) "Full inspection" or "fully inspect" means to measure or verify the exterior dimensions of a building or structure and to enter and examine the interior of such building or structure in order to observe and record or verify the characteristics and conditions thereof, provided permission to enter such interior is granted by the property owner or an adult occupant;

      (4) "Real property" means all the property described in section 12-64;

      (5) "Revaluation" or "revalue" means to establish the present true and actual value of all real property in a town as of a specific assessment date;

      (6) "Secretary" means the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, or said secretary's designee; and

      (7) "Town" means any town, consolidated town and city or consolidated town and borough.

      (b) (1) Commencing October 1, 2006, each town shall implement a revaluation not later than the first day of October that follows, by five years, the October first assessment date on which the town's previous revaluation became effective, provided, a town that opted to defer a revaluation, pursuant to section 12-62l, shall implement a revaluation not later than the first day of October that follows, by five years, the October first assessment date on which the town's deferred revaluation became effective. The town shall use assessments derived from each such revaluation for the purpose of levying property taxes for the assessment year in which such revaluation is effective and for each assessment year that follows until the ensuing revaluation becomes effective.

      (2) When conducting a revaluation, an assessor shall use generally accepted mass appraisal methods which may include, but need not be limited to, the market sales comparison approach to value, the cost approach to value and the income approach to value. Prior to the completion of each revaluation, the assessor shall conduct a field review. Except in a town that has a single assessor, the members of the board of assessors shall approve, by majority vote, all valuations established for a revaluation.

      (3) An assessor, member of an assessor's staff or person designated by an assessor may, at any time, fully inspect any parcel of improved real property in order to ascertain or verify the accuracy of data listed on the assessor's property record for such parcel. Except as provided in subdivision (4) of this subsection, the assessor shall fully inspect each such parcel once in every ten assessment years, provided, if the full inspection of any such parcel occurred in an assessment year preceding that commencing October 1, 1996, the assessor shall fully inspect such parcel not later than the first day of October of 2009, and shall thereafter fully inspect such parcel in accordance with this section. Nothing in this subsection shall require the assessor to fully inspect all of a town's improved real property parcels in the same assessment year and in no case shall an assessor be required to fully inspect any such parcel more than once during every ten assessment years.

      (4) An assessor may, at any time during the period in which a full inspection of each improved parcel of real property is required, send a questionnaire to the owner of such parcel to (A) obtain information concerning the property's acquisition, and (B) obtain verification of the accuracy of data listed on the assessor's property record for such parcel. An assessor shall develop and institute a quality assurance program with respect to responses received to such questionnaires. If satisfied with the results of said program concerning such questionnaires, the assessor may fully inspect only those parcels of improved real property for which satisfactory verification of data listed on the assessor's property record has not been obtained and is otherwise unavailable. The full inspection requirement in subdivision (3) of this subsection shall not apply to any parcel of improved real property for which the assessor obtains satisfactory verification of data listed on the assessor's property record.

      (c) The following shall be available for public inspection in the assessor's office, in the manner provided for access to public records in subsection (a) of section 1-210, not later than the date written notices of real property valuations are mailed in accordance with subsection (f) of this section: (1) Any criteria, guidelines, price schedules or statement of procedures used in such revaluation by the assessor or by any revaluation company that the assessor designates to perform mass appraisal or field review functions, all of which shall continue to be available for public inspection until the town's next revaluation becomes effective; and (2) a compilation of all real property sales in each neighborhood for the twelve months preceding the date on which each revaluation is effective, the selling prices of which are representative of the fair market values of the properties sold, which compilation shall continue to be available for public inspection for a period of not less than twelve months immediately following a revaluation's effective date. If the assessor changes any property valuation as determined by the revaluation company, the assessor shall document, in writing, the reason for such change and shall append such written explanation to the property card for the real estate parcel whose revaluation was changed. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to permit the assessor to post a plan or drawing of a dwelling unit of a residential property's interior on the Internet or to otherwise publish such plan or drawing.

      (d) (1) The chief executive officer of a town shall notify the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management that the town is effecting a revaluation by sending a written notice to the secretary not later than thirty days after the date on which such town's assessor signs a grand list that reflects assessments of real property derived from a revaluation. Any town that fails to effect a revaluation for the assessment date required by this section shall be subject to a penalty effective for the fiscal year commencing on the first day of July following such assessment date, and continuing for each successive fiscal year in which the town fails to levy taxes on the basis of such revaluation, provided the secretary shall not impose such penalty with respect to any assessment year in which the provisions of subsection (b) of section 12-117 are applicable. Such penalty shall be the forfeit of the amount otherwise allocable to such town pursuant to section 7-536, and the loss of fifty per cent of the amount of the grant that is payable to such town pursuant to sections 3-55i, 3-55j and 3-55k. Upon imposing said penalty, the secretary shall notify the chief executive officer of the amount of the town's forfeiture for said fiscal year and that the secretary's certification to the State Comptroller for the payments of such grant in said year shall reflect the required reduction.

      (2) The secretary may waive such penalty if, in the secretary's opinion, there appears to be reasonable cause for the town not having implemented a revaluation for the required assessment date, provided the chief executive officer of the town submits a written request for such waiver. Reasonable cause shall include: (A) An extraordinary circumstance or an act of God, (B) the failure on the part of any revaluation company to complete its contractual duties in a time and manner allowing for the implementation of such revaluation, and provided the town imposed the sanctions for such failure provided in a contract executed with said company, (C) the assessor's death or incapacitation during the conduct of a revaluation, which results in a delay of its implementation, or (D) an order by the superior court for the judicial district in which the town is located postponing such revaluation, or the potential for such an order with respect to a proceeding brought before said court. The chief executive officer shall submit such written request to the secretary not earlier than thirty business days after the date on which the assessor signs a grand list that does not reflect real property assessments based on values established for such required revaluation, and not later than thirty days preceding the July first commencement date of the fiscal year in which said penalty is applicable. Such request shall include the reason for the failure of the town to comply with the provisions of subsection (b) of this section. The chief executive officer of such town shall promptly provide any additional information regarding such failure that the secretary may require. Not later than sixty days after receiving such request and any such additional information, the secretary shall notify the chief executive officer of the secretary's decision to grant or deny the waiver requested, provided the secretary may delay a decision regarding a waiver related to a potential court order until not later than sixty days after the date such court renders the decision. The secretary shall not grant a penalty waiver under the provisions of this subsection with respect to consecutive years unless the General Assembly approves such action.

      (e) When conducting a revaluation, an assessor may designate a revaluation company certified in accordance with section 12-2b to perform property data collection, analysis of such data and any mass appraisal valuation or field review functions, pursuant to a method or methods the assessor approves, and may require such company to prepare and mail the valuation notices required by subsection (f) of this section, provided nothing in this subsection shall relieve any assessor of any other requirement relating to such revaluation imposed by any provisions of the general statutes, any public or special act, the provisions of any municipal charter that are not inconsistent with the requirements of this section, or any regulations adopted pursuant to subsection (g) of this section.

      (f) Not earlier than the assessment date that is the effective date of a revaluation and not later than the tenth calendar day immediately following the date on which the grand list for said assessment date is signed, the assessor shall mail a written notice to the last-known address of the owner of each parcel of real property that was revalued. Such notice shall include the valuation of such parcel as of said assessment date and the valuation of such parcel in the last-preceding assessment year, and shall provide information describing the property owner's rights to appeal the valuation established for said assessment date, including the manner in which an appeal may be filed with the board of assessment appeals.

      (g) The secretary shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, which an assessor shall use when conducting a revaluation. Such regulations shall include (1) provisions governing the management of the revaluation process, including, but not limited to, the method of compiling and maintaining property records, documenting the assessment year during which a full inspection of each parcel of improved real property occurs, and the method of determining real property sales data in support of the mass appraisal process, and (2) provisions establishing criteria for measuring the level and uniformity of assessments generated from a revaluation, provided such criteria shall be applicable to different classes of real property with respect to which a sufficient number of property sales exist. Certification of compliance with not less than one of said regulatory provisions shall be required for each revaluation and the assessor shall, not later than the date on which the grand list reflecting assessments of real property derived from a revaluation is signed, certify to the secretary and the chief executive officer, in writing, that the revaluation was conducted in accordance with said regulatory requirement. Any town effecting a revaluation with respect to which an assessor is unable to certify such compliance shall be subject to the penalty provided in subsection (d) of this section. In the event the assessor designates a revaluation company to perform mass appraisal valuation or field review functions with respect to a revaluation, the assessor and the employee of said company responsible for such function or functions shall jointly sign such certification. The assessor shall retain a copy of such certification and any data in support thereof in the assessor's office. The provisions of subsection (c) of this section concerning the public inspection of criteria, guidelines, price schedules or statement of procedures used in a revaluation shall be applicable to such certification and supporting data.

      (h) This section shall not require the revaluation of real property (1) designated within the 1983 Settlement boundary and taken into trust by the federal government for the Mashantucket Pequot Tribal Nation before June 8, 1999, or (2) taken into trust by the federal government for the Mohegan Tribe of Indians of Connecticut.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1737; 1949, 1951, S. 1046d; P.A. 74-253; P.A. 79-28, S. 1, 2; 79-485; P.A. 89-251, S. 190, 203; P.A. 91-296, S. 1, 5; P.A. 92-197, S. 1, 3; 92-221, S. 1, 3; P.A. 93-373; P.A. 95-283, S. 3, 68; P.A. 96-171, S. 5-7, 16; 96-218, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 97-68, S. 2, 3; 97-254, S. 1, 6; P.A. 98-242, S. 4, 9; P.A. 99-108, S. 1, 2; 99-189, S. 18, 20; P.A. 00-229, S. 3, 7; P.A. 02-49, S. 1, 2; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2, S. 33; P.A. 06-148, S. 1; P.A. 07-246, S. 8; P.A. 09-196, S. 4.)

      History: P.A. 74-253 replaced obsolete reference to February 1, 1930, as date for commencement of 10-year revaluations with reference to October 1, 1978, and clarified that first required revaluation after that time be no later than 10 years after last preceding revaluation; P.A. 79-28 replaced "thereafter" with "after each such revaluation" for clarity; P.A. 79-485 added Subsec. (b) requiring that criteria etc. used in revaluation be available for public inspection; P.A. 89-251 added new Subsec. (b) providing that a revaluation of all real estate within 5 years of a revaluation conducted by physical observation, may be conducted by use of a statistical method of adjustment without viewing the real estate, Subsec. (d) providing that any municipality which has not revalued all real estate in the tenth year following the last preceding revaluation, or sooner, shall be required to revalue all real estate not later than October 1, 1991, Subsec. (e) requiring filing of written notice of revaluation with the secretary of the office of policy and management not later than five business days following final action establishing a mill rate for the revalued grand list, and providing that any municipality failing to comply with this section shall forfeit 10% of total state grants-in-aid to such municipality for the fiscal year next following the assessment date on which the required revaluation was not implemented, with an additional provision allowing waiver of such forfeiture by the secretary of the office of policy and management under certain conditions and Subsec. (f) providing that any municipality which has implemented the program of property tax surcharges and credits under Sec. 12-62d shall revalue no later than 5 years following the last preceding revaluation and every 5 years thereafter, allowing revaluation by statistical adjustment in certain cases as provided in Subsec. (b) of this section; P.A. 91-296 provided that the revaluations required by this section would not be required until October 1, 1992, rather than October 1, 1991; P.A. 92-197 provided that the revaluations required by this section would not be required until October 1, 1993, rather than October 1, 1992; P.A. 92-221 added Subsec. (g) regarding designation of revaluation companies and amended Subsec. (c) to conform with its provisions, effective June 1, 1992, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1992; P.A. 93-373 amended Subsec. (b) authorizing municipalities under certain conditions to annually conduct a revaluation by use of a statistical method; P.A. 95-283 amended Subsec. (a) to provide that commencing October 1, 1996, real estate be revalued every 12 years, instead of 10 years, by physical inspection and by statistical method every 4 years following the physical revaluation, deleted portion of Subsec. (b) re 5 year physical revaluation, deleted Subsec. (f) re towns which implemented a program of property tax surcharges and credits, relettered remaining Subsecs., added new Subsec. (g) re notice of revaluation and right to appeal, and made technical changes effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 96-171 amended Subsec. (a) to authorize "designees" of assessors to perform statistical revaluations, amended Subsec. (c) to require criteria, guidelines, price schedules or statement of procedures to continue to be available for public inspection until the next revaluation becomes effective and replace "October 1, 1979" with "October 1, 1996", and amended Subsec. (g) to replace "appeal such revaluation" with "appeal the valuation of his property" and require the notice to include information on the manner in which an appeal may be filed with the board of assessment appeals, effective May 31, 1996; P.A. 96-218 provided a schedule for when towns must begin implementing physical and statistical revaluation cycles, added provision allowing assessor to have fulfilled the physical observation requirement if this was done within 4 years of the next scheduled physical revaluation, deleted Subsec. (d) re 10-year cycle and relettered remaining Subsecs. and made conforming and technical changes, and enacted new provision re agreements by contiguous towns which was added editorially by the Revisor as Subsec. (g), effective June 4, 1996; P.A. 97-68 amended Subsec. (f) by adding provision establishing time for mailing of the notice, effective May 27, 1997, and applicable to assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 1997; P.A. 97-254 deleted existing Subsec. (a)(1) and (2) and inserted new provisions effective October 1, 1997, re revaluing of all real estate in accordance with new schedule in new Subsec. (b), deleted existing Subsec. (b), amended Subsec. (f) to add requirement re when written revaluation notices must be sent out and made technical changes, effective June 27, 1997; P.A. 98-242 added new Subsec. (h) to allow one-time election by a town to revalue earlier than the date required by section, effective July 1, 1998; P.A. 99-108, designated Subsec. (i) by the Revisors, prohibited requiring a municipality to revalue prior to year of next revaluation, effective June 3, 1999, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1997; P.A. 99-189 amended Subsec. (d) to add provisions re postponement of revaluation for extraordinary circumstances and procedure and agreement with the Office of Policy and Management for waiver and made technical changes, effective June 23, 1999, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1999; P.A. 00-229 added Subsec. (j) re revaluation of certain Indian land, effective June 1, 2000, and applicable to assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 1998; P.A. 02-49 amended Subsec. (h)(2) to provide that, starting October 1, 2002, a town performing its revaluation before the time established in Subsec. (b) shall effect its next subsequent revaluation on the assessment date that is 4 years after the applicable date provided in Subsec. (b) instead of performing such revaluation 4 years after its early revaluation date and added Subsec. (k) exempting a municipality from conducting its next scheduled revaluation based on statistical calculations with respect to level of assessment, coefficient of dispersion and price related differential re all properties and properties in specific classes, effective May 9, 2002; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2 amended Subsec. (a) to provide for physical inspection every 10 years and amended Subsec. (b) to delete former schedule for revaluation and to provide for revaluation every 5 years, effective October 1, 2003, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after that date; P.A. 06-148 entirely replaced existing section with new Subsecs. (a) to (h), inclusive, adding definitions, requiring revaluations every 5 years, providing inspection requirements, requiring certain public documents, requiring notice to the Office of Policy and Management of town revaluation, allowing use of revaluation company, specifying notice provisions, requiring regulations and exempting certain Indian tribe land from revaluation, effective June 6, 2006, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2006; P.A. 07-246 amended Subsec. (c) to provide that nothing in subsection shall be construed to permit publication or posting on the Internet of a plan or drawing of certain dwelling units; P.A. 09-196 amended Subsec. (c) by requiring assessor to document any changes in property valuation as determined by revaluation company, effective July 8, 2009.

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      Sec. 12-62o. Municipal option to make annual adjustments in property values. Section 12-62o is repealed, effective July 1, 2009.

      (P.A. 08-185, S. 12; P.A. 09-60, S. 3.)

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      Sec. 12-62p. Municipal option to delay revaluation or suspend phase-in of real property assessment increase. (a)(1) Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes, any municipal charter, any special act or any home rule ordinance, any municipality required to effect a revaluation of real property under section 12-62 for the 2008, 2009 or 2010 assessment year shall not be required to effect a revaluation prior to the 2011 assessment year, provided any decision not to implement a revaluation pursuant to this subsection is approved by the legislative body of such municipality. The rate maker, as defined in section 12-131, in any municipality that elects, pursuant to this subsection, not to implement a revaluation may prepare new rate bills under the provisions of chapter 204 in order to carry out the provisions of this subsection.

      (2) Any required revaluation subsequent to any delayed revaluation effected pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection shall be effected in accordance with the provisions of section 12-62. Such subsequent revaluation shall recommence at the point in the schedule required pursuant to section 12-62 that the municipality was following prior to such delay.

      (b) (1) Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes, any municipal charter, any special act or any home rule ordinance, any municipality that is currently in the process of phasing in a real property assessment increase, or a portion of such increase, may suspend such phase-in for a period of time, but not later than the 2011 assessment year, provided any decision to suspend a phase-in pursuant to this subsection is approved by the legislative body of such municipality. The rate maker, as defined in section 12-131, in any municipality that elects, pursuant to this subsection, to suspend a phase-in may prepare new rate bills under the provisions of chapter 204 in order to carry out the provisions of this subsection.

      (2) Any required phase-in of a real property assessment increase subsequent to any suspension of such phase-in pursuant to this subsection shall recommence at the point at which such phase-in was suspended, provided any municipality required, pursuant to section 12-62, to implement a revaluation prior to the completion of the phase-in shall implement such revaluation as required.

      (c) The assessor or board of assessors of any municipality that elects, pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, not to implement a revaluation of real property for the 2008 assessment year or, pursuant to subsection (b) of this section, to suspend a phase-in of an assessment increase for the 2008 assessment year, shall prepare a revised grand list for said assessment year, which shall reflect the assessments of real estate according to the grand list in effect for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2007, subject only to transfers of ownership, additions for new construction and reductions for demolitions. Such assessor shall send notice of any increase in the valuation of real estate over the valuation of such real estate as of October 1, 2007, or notice of the valuation of any real estate that is on the grand list to be effective for the October 1, 2008, assessment year, but was not on such list in the prior assessment year, to the last-known address of the person whose valuation is so affected, and such person shall have the right to appeal such increase or valuation during the next regular session of the board of assessment appeals at which real estate appeals may be heard.

      (P.A. 09-60, S. 1; 09-196, S. 5.)

      History: P.A. 09-60 effective July 1, 2009, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2008; P.A. 09-196 changed effective date of P.A. 09-60, S. 1, from July 1, 2009, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2008, to May 15, 2009, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2008, effective July 8, 2009.

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      Sec. 12-62q. Regional revaluation program. (a) Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision (1) of subsection (b) of section 12-62, any two or more towns may enter into an agreement, as provided in section 7-148cc, to establish a regional revaluation program. Towns participating in such an agreement shall provide for the revaluation of all parcels of real property encompassed within such towns at the same time and not less than once every five years, or shall annually revalue approximately one-fifth of all such parcels over a five-year period.

      (b) Any agreement entered into pursuant to subsection (a) of this section shall: (1) Establish or designate an entity, which may be a regional planning organization, as the coordinating agency for implementation of the regional revaluation program; (2) indicate how a revaluation company certified in accordance with section 12-2b will be hired and overseen by the participating towns or the coordinating agency; (3) include a revaluation schedule that lists any adjustments to the revaluation schedules for participating towns; (4) identify administrative and procedural processes that will be implemented by the participating towns to implement the program; and (5) estimate the projected savings resulting from a regional revaluation program.

      (c) (1) Prior to entering into an agreement pursuant to subsection (b) of this section, the participating towns shall submit to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management proposed adjustments to the revaluation schedules for the participating towns for the secretary's review and approval. The secretary shall, not later than forty-five days after receipt of such agreement, notify all participating towns of the approval or disapproval of such proposed adjustments. If any such adjustments are disapproved, the secretary shall notify the towns of each reason for each such disapproval and make recommendations for revision.

      (2) If participation in a regional revaluation program causes a town to postpone the revaluation required by subdivision (1) of subsection (b) of section 12-62, such postponement shall be expressly approved by the secretary in the approval the secretary provides pursuant to this subsection.

      (d) All procedures for conducting a revaluation in accordance with section 12-62 shall be followed by all towns participating in a regional revaluation program.

      (e) If any participating town decides to withdraw from a regional revaluation program after the date on which a regional revaluation is implemented, such town shall notify the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management. Such town shall resume the revaluation schedule required pursuant to subdivision (1) of subsection (b) of section 12-62 with the date of the last regional revaluation as the starting point for implementing future revaluations. If any participating town decides to withdraw from a regional revaluation program prior to the date on which a regional revaluation is implemented, such town shall notify the secretary and shall be required to resume implementation of revaluation in accordance with the provisions of section 12-62.

      (P.A. 09-60, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 09-60 effective May 15, 2009, and applicable to assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 2009.

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      Sec. 12-63b. Valuation of rental income real property. (a) The assessor or board of assessors in any town, at any time, when determining the present true and actual value of real property as provided in section 12-63, which property is used primarily for the purpose of producing rental income, exclusive of such property used solely for residential purposes, containing not more than six dwelling units and in which the owner resides, shall determine such value on the basis of an appraisal which shall include to the extent applicable with respect to such property, consideration of each of the following methods of appraisal: (1) Replacement cost less depreciation, plus the market value of the land, (2) capitalization of net income based on market rent for similar property, and (3) a sales comparison approach based on current bona fide sales of comparable property. The provisions of this section shall not be applicable with respect to any housing assisted by the federal or state government except any such housing for which the federal assistance directly related to rent for each unit in such housing is no less than the difference between the fair market rent for each such unit in the applicable area and the amount of rent payable by the tenant in each such unit, as determined under the federal program providing for such assistance.

      (b) For purposes of subdivision (2) of subsection (a) of this section and, generally, in its use as a factor in any appraisal with respect to real property used primarily for the purpose of producing rental income, the term "market rent" means the rental income that such property would most probably command on the open market as indicated by present rentals being paid for comparable space. In determining market rent the assessor shall consider the actual rental income applicable with respect to such real property under the terms of an existing contract of lease at the time of such determination.

      (P.A. 77-586, S. 1, 3; P.A. 84-417, S. 1, 2; P.A. 09-196, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 84-417 added Subsec. (b) for purposes of defining the term "market rent"; P.A. 09-196 amended Subsec. (a) by adding "at any time" re determining present true and actual value of real property, deleting provision re properties for which there is insufficient data based on current bona fide sales of comparable property, deleting former Subdiv. (2) re use of gross income multiplier method of appraisal, redesignating existing Subdiv. (3) as Subdiv. (2) and adding new Subdiv. (3) re use of sales comparison approach of appraisal, and made a conforming change in Subsec. (b), effective October 1, 2009, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2009.

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      Sec. 12-63c. Submission of income and expense information applicable to rental income real property. (a) In determining the present true and actual value in any town of real property used primarily for purposes of producing rental income, the assessor, which term whenever used in this section shall include assessor or board of assessors, may require in the conduct of any appraisal of such property pursuant to the capitalization of net income method, as provided in section 12-63b, that the owner of such property annually submit to the assessor not later than the first day of June, on a form provided by the assessor not later than forty-five days before said first day of June, the best available information disclosing the actual rental and rental-related income and operating expenses applicable to such property. Submission of such information may be required whether or not the town is conducting a revaluation of all real property pursuant to section 12-62. Upon determination that there is good cause, the assessor may grant an extension of not more than thirty days to file such information, if the owner of such property files a request for an extension with the assessor not later than May first.

      (b) Any such information related to actual rental and rental-related income and operating expenses and not already a matter of public record which is submitted or made available to the assessor shall not be subject to the provisions of section 1-210.

      (c) If upon receipt of information as required under subsection (a) of this section the assessor finds that such information does not appear to reflect actual rental and rental-related income or operating expenses related to the current use of such property, additional verification concerning such information may be requested by the assessor. All information received by the assessor under subsection (a) of this section shall be subject to audit by the assessor or a designee of the assessor. Any person claiming to be aggrieved by the action of the assessor hereunder may appeal the actions of the assessor to the board of assessment appeals and the Superior Court as otherwise provided in this chapter.

      (d) Any owner of such real property required to submit or make available information to the assessor in accordance with subsection (a) of this section for any assessment year, who fails to submit such information or fails to make it available as required under said subsection (a) or who submits information or makes it available in incomplete or false form with intent to defraud, shall be subject to a penalty equal to a ten per cent increase in the assessed value of such property for such assessment year. Notwithstanding the provisions of this subsection, an assessor or board of assessment appeals shall waive such penalty if the owner of the real property required to submit the information is not the owner of such property on the assessment date for the grand list to which such penalty is added. Such assessor or board may waive such penalty upon receipt of such information in any town in which the legislative body adopts an ordinance allowing for such a waiver.

      (P.A. 84-520, S. 1, 2; P.A. 85-613, S. 27, 154; P.A. 87-94, S. 1, 2; P.A. 95-283, S. 36, 68; P.A. 97-254, S. 3, 6; P.A. 00-215, S. 2, 11; P.A. 09-196, S. 3.)

      History: P.A. 84-520 effective June 11, 1984, and applicable to the assessment year in any town commencing October 1, 1985, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 85-613 made technical changes; P.A. 87-94 amended Subsec. (a) to provide that income and expense information related to rental income real property be submitted to the assessor not later than the first day of June in any assessment year in lieu of the first day of November in such assessment year as provided prior to this amendment, effective April 28, 1987, and applicable to the assessment list of October 1, 1987, in any municipality and each assessment list thereafter; P.A. 95-283 amended Subsec. (c) to replace board of tax review with board of assessment appeals, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 97-254 amended Subsec. (b) to remove three-year limit for request of income and expense data, effective June 27, 1997; P.A. 00-215 amended Subsec. (a) to require that the assessor provide forms under this section, effective June 1, 2000, and applicable to assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 2000; P.A. 09-196 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting provision re making information available to assessor, requiring assessor to provide form for submission of information not later than 45 days before June first, authorizing required submission of information whether or not town is conducting revaluation, providing that assessor may grant extension to file information and making a technical change, amended Subsec. (c) by subjecting information received by assessor under Subsec. (a) to audit by assessor or designee, and amended Subsec. (d) by replacing "penalty assessment" with "penalty" and adding provisions allowing assessor or board of assessment appeals to waive a penalty, effective October 1, 2009, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2009.

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      Sec. 12-63h. Land value taxation program. (a) The Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall establish a pilot program in a single municipality whereby the municipality selected shall develop a plan for implementation of land value taxation that (1) classifies real estate included in the taxable grand list as (A) land or land exclusive of buildings, or (B) buildings on land; and (2) establishes a different mill rate for property tax purposes for each class, provided the higher mill rate shall apply to land or land exclusive of buildings. The different mill rates for taxable real estate in each class shall not be applicable to any property for which a grant is payable under section 12-19a or 12-20a.

      (b) To be eligible for the program a municipality shall (1) be a distressed municipality, as defined in subsection (b) of section 32-9p; (2) have a population of not more than twenty-six thousand; and (3) have a city manager and city council form of government. The secretary shall establish an application procedure and any other criteria for the program. The secretary shall not select a municipality for the pilot program unless the legislative body of the municipality has approved the application. The secretary shall send a notice of selection for the pilot program to the chief executive officer of the municipality.

      (c) After receipt of the notice of selection provided by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management pursuant to subsection (b) of this section, the chief executive officer of such municipality shall appoint a committee consisting of relevant taxpayers and stakeholders to prepare a plan for implementation of land value taxation. Such plan shall (1) provide a process for implementation of differentiated tax rates; (2) designate geographic areas of the municipality where the differentiated rates shall be applied; and (3) identify legal and administrative issues affecting the implementation of the plan. The chief executive officer, the assessor and the tax collector of the municipality shall have an opportunity to review and comment on the plan. On or before December 31, 2009, and upon approval of the plan by the legislative body, the plan shall be submitted to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to planning and development and to finance, revenue and bonding.

      (P.A. 09-236, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 09-236 effective July 1, 2009.

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      Sec. 12-71. Personal property subject to tax. Computer software not subject to tax. Determination of situs of motor vehicles and snowmobiles for tax purposes. (a) All goods, chattels and effects or any interest therein, including any interest in a leasehold improvement classified as other than real property, belonging to any person who is a resident in this state, shall be listed for purposes of property tax in the town where such person resides, subject to the provisions of sections 12-41, 12-43 and 12-59. Any such property belonging to any nonresident shall be listed for purposes of property tax as provided in section 12-43. Motor vehicles and snowmobiles shall be listed for purposes of the property tax in accordance with subsection (f) of this section.

      (b) Except as otherwise provided by the general statutes, property subject to this section shall be valued at the same percentage of its then actual valuation as the assessors have determined with respect to the listing of real estate for the same year, except that any antique, rare or special interest motor vehicle, as defined in section 14-1, shall be assessed at a value of not more than five hundred dollars. The owner of such antique, rare or special interest motor vehicle may be required by the assessors to provide reasonable documentation that such motor vehicle is an antique, rare or special interest motor vehicle, provided any motor vehicle for which special number plates have been issued pursuant to section 14-20 shall not be required to provide any such documentation. The provisions of this section shall not include money or property actually invested in merchandise or manufacturing carried on out of this state or machinery or equipment which would be eligible for exemption under subdivision (72) of section 12-81 once installed and which cannot begin or which has not begun manufacturing, processing or fabricating; or which is being used for research and development, including experimental or laboratory research and development, design or engineering directly related to manufacturing or being used for the significant servicing, overhauling or rebuilding of machinery and equipment for industrial use or the significant overhauling or rebuilding of other products on a factory basis or being used for measuring or testing or metal finishing or in the production of motion pictures, video and sound recordings.

      (c) Upon payment of the property tax assessed with respect to any property referred to in this section, owned by a resident or nonresident of this state, which is currently used or intended for use in relation to construction, building, grading, paving or similar projects, including, but not limited to, motor vehicles, bulldozers, tractors and any trailer-type vehicle, excluding any such equipment weighing less than five hundred pounds, and excluding any motor vehicle subject to registration pursuant to chapter 246 or exempt from such registration by section 14-34, the town in which such equipment is taxed shall issue, at the time of such payment, for display on a conspicuous surface of each such item of equipment for which such tax has been paid, a validation decal or sticker, identifiable as to the year of issue, which will be presumptive evidence that such tax has been paid in the appropriate town of the state.

      (d) (1) Personal property subject to taxation under this chapter shall not include computer software, except when the cost thereof is included, without being separately stated, in the cost of computer hardware. "Computer software" shall include any program or routine used to cause a computer to perform a specific task or set of tasks, including without limitation, operational and applicational programs and all documentation related thereto.

      (2) The provisions of subdivision (1) of this subsection shall be applicable (A) to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1988, and each assessment year thereafter, and (B) to any assessment of computer software made after September 30, 1988, for any assessment year commencing before October 1, 1988.

      (3) Nothing contained in this subsection shall create any implication related to liability for property tax with respect to computer software prior to July 1, 1989.

      (4) A certificate of correction in accordance with section 12-57 shall not be issued with respect to any property described in subdivision (1) of this subsection for any assessment year commencing prior to October 1, 1989.

      (e) For assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 1992, each municipality shall exempt aircraft, as defined in section 15-34, from the provisions of this chapter.

      (f) (1) Property subject to taxation under this chapter shall include each registered and unregistered motor vehicle and snowmobile that, in the normal course of operation, most frequently leaves from and returns to or remains in a town in this state, and any other motor vehicle or snowmobile located in a town in this state, which motor vehicle or snowmobile is not used or is not capable of being used.

      (2) Any motor vehicle or snowmobile registered in this state subject to taxation in accordance with the provisions of this subsection shall be set in the list of the town where such vehicle in the normal course of operation most frequently leaves from and returns to or in which it remains. It shall be presumed that any such motor vehicle or snowmobile most frequently leaves from and returns to or remains in the town in which the owner of such vehicle resides, unless a provision of this subsection otherwise expressly provides. As used in this subsection, "the town in which the owner of such vehicle resides" means the town in this state where (A) the owner, if an individual, has established a legal residence consisting of a true, fixed and permanent home to which such individual intends to return after any absence, or (B) the owner, if a company, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, firm or any other type of public or private organization, association or society, has an established site for conducting the purposes for which it was created. In the event such an entity resides in more than one town in this state, it shall be subject to taxation by each such town with respect to any registered or unregistered motor vehicle or snowmobile that most frequently leaves from and returns to or remains in such town.

      (3) Any motor vehicle owned by a nonresident of this state shall be set in the list of the town where such vehicle in the normal course of operation most frequently leaves from and returns to or in which it remains. If such vehicle in the normal course of operation most frequently leaves from and returns to or remains in more than one town, it shall be set in the list of the town in which such vehicle is located for the three or more months preceding the assessment day in any year, except that, if such vehicle is located in more than one town for three or more months preceding the assessment day in any year, it shall be set in the list of the town where it is located for the three months or more in such year nearest to such assessment day. In the event a motor vehicle owned by a nonresident is not located in any town for three or more of the months preceding the assessment day in any year, such vehicle shall be set in the list of the town where such vehicle is located on such assessment day.

      (4) Notwithstanding any provision of subdivision (2) of this subsection: (A) Any registered motor vehicle that is assigned to an employee of the owner of such vehicle for the exclusive use of such employee and which, in the normal course of operation most frequently leaves from and returns to or remains in such employee's town of residence, shall be set in the list of the town where such employee resides; (B) any registered motor vehicle that is being operated, pursuant to a lease, by a person other than the owner of such vehicle, or such owner's employee, shall be set in the list of the town where the person who is operating such vehicle pursuant to said lease resides; (C) any registered motor vehicle designed or used for recreational purposes, including, but not limited to, a camp trailer, camper or motor home, shall be set in the list of the town such vehicle, in the normal course of its operation for camping, travel or recreational purposes in this state, most frequently leaves from and returns to or the town in which it remains. If such a vehicle is not used in this state in its normal course of operation for camping, travel or recreational purposes, such vehicle shall be set in the list of the town in this state in which the owner of such vehicle resides; and (D) any registered motor vehicle that is used or intended for use for the purposes of construction, building, grading, paving or similar projects, or to facilitate any such project, shall be set in the list of the town in which such project is situated if such vehicle is located in said town for the three or more months preceding the assessment day in any year, provided (i) if such vehicle is located in more than one town in this state for three or more months preceding the assessment day in any year, such vehicle shall be set in the list of the town where it is located for the three months or more in such year nearest to such assessment day, and (ii) if such vehicle is not located in any town for three or more of the months preceding the assessment day in any year, such vehicle shall be set in the list of the town where such vehicle is located on such assessment day.

      (5) The owner of a motor vehicle subject to taxation in accordance with the provisions of subdivision (4) of this subsection in a town other than the town in which such owner resides may register such vehicle in the town in which such vehicle is subject to taxation.

      (6) Information concerning any vehicle subject to taxation in a town other than the town in which it is registered may be included on any declaration or report filed pursuant to section 12-41, 12-43 or 12-57a. If a motor vehicle or snowmobile is registered in a town in which it is not subject to taxation, pursuant to the provisions of subdivision (4) of this section, the assessor of the town in which such vehicle is subject to taxation shall notify the assessor of the town in which such vehicle is registered of the name and address of the owner of such motor vehicle or snowmobile, the vehicle identification number and the town in which such vehicle is subject to taxation. The assessor of the town in which said vehicle is registered and the assessor of the town in which said vehicle is subject to taxation shall cooperate in administering the provisions of this section concerning the listing of such vehicle for property tax purposes.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1745; 1953, S. 1047d; 1957, P.A. 673, S. 7; 1959, P.A. 239, S. 1; 1971, P.A. 668, S. 1; P.A. 73-490; 73-531, S. 1, 2; P.A. 77-432, S. 1, 2; P.A. 79-550, S. 1, 2; P.A. 81-20, S. 1, 2; 81-423, S. 1, 25; P.A. 83-485, S. 1, 13; P.A. 89-251, S. 193, 203; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-17, S. 49, 59; P.A. 93-433, S. 8, 26; P.A. 99-189, S. 12, 20; 99-272, S. 3, 7; P.A. 00-230, S. 3; P.A. 04-228, S. 2; P.A. 08-150, S. 56; P.A. 09-187, S. 29.)

      History: 1959 act provided for listing of property of nonresident; 1971 act added provisions allowing taxation of vessels either in town of owner's residence or in town where vessel usually operated; P.A. 73-490 divided previous provisions into Subsecs. (a) to (c) and added Subsec. (d) re validation stickers on construction equipment; P.A. 73-531 provided that antique automobiles not be assessed at value of more than $500, effective June 11, 1973, and applicable to the first assessment date thereafter; P.A. 77-432 specifically included trailer-type vehicles in Subsec. (d); P.A. 79-550 removed goods, chattels and effects from exception in Subsec. (a) and added exception for farm machinery in Subsec. (b); effective June 21, 1979, and applicable to town assessment lists for 1979 and any list thereafter; P.A. 81-20 deleted special procedure for valuation of farm machinery, effective April 7, 1981, and applicable in any municipality to assessment year commencing October 1, 1981, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 81-423 eliminated vessels from personal property subject to property tax, effective July 1, 1981, and applicable to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1981, and thereafter; P.A. 83-485 amended Subsec. (a) for purposes of clarification with respect to provisions applicable to listing of personal property in the town where the owner resides and the listing of such property of a nonresident, effective June 30, 1983, and applicable in any town to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1983, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 89-251 added Subsec. (e) providing that for the assessment year commencing October 1, 1988, and thereafter computer software shall not be subject to tax as personal property, and including a definition of computer software; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-17 amended Subsec. (b) to set an assessment cap of $500 for aircraft manufactured prior to January 1, 1946, effective June 19, 1992, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1992; P.A. 93-433 added Subsec. (f) exempting aircraft from the property tax, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 99-189 added leasehold improvements classified as other than real property, deleted former Subsec. (c) re taxation of personal property in a town having two or more taxing districts, redesignated former Subsecs. (d), (e) and (f) as Subsecs. (c), (d) and (e) and made technical changes, effective June 23, 1999, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1999; P.A. 99-272 amended Subsec. (b) to exclude construction in progress property which is eligible for exemption under Sec. 12-81(72), effective June 15, 1999, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 1999; P.A. 00-230 made technical changes in Subsec. (b); P.A. 04-228 made conforming and technical changes in Subsecs. (a) and (b) and added Subsec. (f) re criteria for determining the situs of motor vehicles and snowmobiles for property tax purposes, effective June 8, 2004, and applicable to any assessment year; P.A. 08-150 amended Subsec. (b) to replace "motor vehicle for which number plates have been issued under section 14-20" with "antique, rare or special interest motor vehicle, as defined in section 14-1"; P.A. 09-187 amended Subsec. (b) to provide that owner of antique, rare or special interest motor vehicle may be required to provide documentation that vehicle is antique, rare or special interest unless special number plates have been issued pursuant to Sec. 14-20.

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      Sec. 12-81. Exemptions. The following-described property shall be exempt from taxation:

      (1) Property of the United States. Property belonging to, or held in trust for, the United States, the taxation of which has not been authorized by Congress;

      (2) State property and reservation land. Property belonging to, or held in trust for, this state and reservation land held in trust by the state for an Indian tribe;

      (3) County property. Repealed;

      (4) Municipal property. Except as otherwise provided by law, property belonging to, or held in trust for, a municipal corporation of this state and used for a public purpose, including real and personal property used for cemetery purposes;

      (5) Property held by trustees for public purposes. As long as used by the public for public purposes, property held by trustees named in a will or deed of trust and their successors for this state or its people, one of its counties or its people or one of its municipal corporations or its people;

      (6) Property of volunteer fire companies and property devoted to public use. The property of any volunteer fire company used for fire protection or for other public purposes, if such company receives any annual appropriation from the town; and, as long as the owner thereof makes only a nominal charge not in excess of twenty-five dollars annually for its use, property not owned by a Connecticut municipality wherein the same is situated, provided such property is exclusively used by the public in lieu of public property which would otherwise be required, as authorized by any general statute or special act;

      (7) Property used for scientific, educational, literary, historical, charitable or open space land preservation purposes. Exception. (A) Subject to the provisions of sections 12-87 and 12-88, the real property of, or held in trust for, a corporation organized exclusively for scientific, educational, literary, historical or charitable purposes or for two or more such purposes and used exclusively for carrying out one or more of such purposes or for the purpose of preserving open space land, as defined in section 12-107b, for any of the uses specified in said section, that is owned by any such corporation, and the personal property of, or held in trust for, any such corporation, provided (i) any officer, member or employee thereof does not receive or at any future time shall not receive any pecuniary profit from the operations thereof, except reasonable compensation for services in effecting one or more of such purposes or as proper beneficiary of its strictly charitable purposes, and (ii) in 1965, and quadrennially thereafter, a statement shall be filed on or before the first day of November with the assessor or board of assessors of any town, consolidated town and city or consolidated town and borough, in which any of its property claimed to be exempt is situated. Such statement shall be filed on a form provided by such assessor or board of assessors. The real property shall be eligible for the exemption regardless of whether it is used by another corporation organized exclusively for scientific, educational, literary, historical or charitable purposes or for two or more such purposes;

      (B) On and after July 1, 1967, housing subsidized, in whole or in part, by federal, state or local government and housing for persons or families of low and moderate income shall not constitute a charitable purpose under this section. As used in this subdivision, "housing" shall not include real property used for temporary housing belonging to, or held in trust for, any corporation organized exclusively for charitable purposes and exempt from taxation for federal income tax purposes, the primary use of which property is one or more of the following: (i) An orphanage; (ii) a drug or alcohol treatment or rehabilitation facility; (iii) housing for homeless, retarded or mentally or physically handicapped individuals, or for battered or abused women and children; (iv) housing for ex-offenders or for individuals participating in a program sponsored by the state Department of Correction or Judicial Branch; and (v) short-term housing operated by a charitable organization where the average length of stay is less than six months. The operation of such housing, including the receipt of any rental payments, by such charitable organization shall be deemed to be an exclusively charitable purpose;

      (8) College property. The funds and estate which have been or may be granted, provided by the state, or given by any person or persons to the Trustees of the Berkeley Divinity School, the board of trustees of Connecticut College for Women, the Hartford Seminary Foundation, Sheffield Scientific School, Trinity College, Wesleyan University or The President and Fellows of Yale College in New Haven, and by them respectively invested and held for the use of such institutions, with the income thereof; provided none of said corporations shall hold in this state real estate free from taxation affording an annual income of more than six thousand dollars. Such exemption shall not apply to any real estate which said Trustees of the Berkeley Divinity School own, control or hold in trust, and which is situated in the city of Middletown. No other provision of this section concerning exemption of property used for educational purposes shall be construed to affect any provision of this subdivision;

      (9) Personal property loaned to tax-exempt educational institutions. Personal property while it is loaned without charge or leased at a nominal charge of one dollar per year to any tax-exempt educational institution above secondary level and used exclusively by such institution for teaching, research or teaching demonstration purposes;

      (10) Property belonging to agricultural or horticultural societies. Subject to the provisions of sections 12-87 and 12-88, property belonging to, or held in trust for, an agricultural or horticultural society incorporated by this state which is used in connection with an annual agricultural fair held by a nonprofit incorporated agricultural society of this state or any nonprofit incorporated society of this state carrying on or promoting any branch of agriculture, provided (A) said society shall pay cash premiums at such fair amounting to at least two hundred dollars, (B) said society shall file with the Commissioner of Agriculture on or before the thirtieth of December following said fair a report in such detail as the commissioner may require giving the names of all exhibitors and the amount of premiums, with the objects for which they have been paid, which statement shall be sworn to by the president, secretary or treasurer of the society, (C) any officer, member or employee thereof does not receive or at any future time shall not receive any pecuniary profit from the operations thereof except reasonable compensation for services in the conduct of its affairs, and (D) in 1965, and quadrennially thereafter, a statement shall be filed on or before the first day of November with the assessor or board of assessors of any town, consolidated town and city or consolidated town and borough in which any of its property claimed to be exempt is situated. Such statement shall be filed on a form provided by such assessor or board of assessors. For purposes of this subsection, "fair" means a bona fide agricultural exhibition designed, arranged and operated to promote, encourage and improve agriculture by offering premiums and awards for the best exhibits of two or more by the following branches of agriculture: Crops, livestock, poultry, dairy products and homemaking;

      (11) Property held for cemetery use. Subject to the provisions of section 12-88, tangible property owned by, or held in trust for, a religious organization, provided such tangible property is used exclusively for cemetery purposes; donations held in trust by a municipality, an ecclesiastical society or a cemetery association, the income of which is to be used for the care or improvement of its cemetery, or of one or more private burial lots within such cemetery. Subject to the provisions of sections 12-87 and 12-88, any other tangible property used for cemetery purposes shall not be exempt, unless (a) such tangible property is exclusively so used, and (b) no officer, member or employee of the organization owning such property receives or, at any future time, shall receive any pecuniary profit from the cemetery operations thereof except reasonable compensation for services in the conduct of its cemetery affairs, and (c) in 1965, and quadrennially thereafter, a statement on forms prepared by the assessor shall be filed on or before the last day required by law for the filing of assessment returns with the local board of assessors of any town, consolidated town and city or consolidated town and borough, in which any of its property claimed to be exempt is situated;

      (12) Personal property of religious organizations devoted to religious or charitable use. Personal property within the state owned by, or held in trust for, a Connecticut religious organization, whether or not incorporated, if the principal or income is used or appropriated for religious or charitable purposes or both;

      (13) Houses of religious worship. Subject to the provisions of section 12-88, houses of religious worship, the land on which they stand, their pews, furniture and equipment owned by, or held in trust for the use of, any religious organization;

      (14) Property of religious organizations used for certain purposes. Subject to the provisions of section 12-88, real property and its equipment owned by, or held in trust for, any religious organization and exclusively used as a school, a daycare facility, a Connecticut nonprofit camp or recreational facility for religious purposes, a parish house, an orphan asylum, a home for children, a thrift shop, the proceeds of which are used for charitable purposes, a reformatory or an infirmary or for two or more of such purposes;

      (15) Houses used by officiating clergymen as dwellings. Subject to the provisions of section 12-88, dwelling houses and the land on which they stand owned by, or held in trust for, any religious organization and actually used by its officiating clergymen;

      (16) Hospitals and sanatoriums. Subject to the provisions of section 12-88, all property of, or held in trust for, any Connecticut hospital society or corporation or sanatorium, provided (A) no officer, member or employee thereof receives or, at any future time, shall receive any pecuniary profit from the operations thereof, except reasonable compensation for services in the conduct of its affairs, and (B) in 1967, and quadrennially thereafter, a statement shall be filed by such hospital society, corporation or sanatorium on or before the first day of November with the assessor or board of assessors of any town, consolidated town and city or consolidated town and borough, in which any of its property claimed to be exempt is situated. Such statement shall be filed on a form provided by such assessor or board of assessors;

      (17) Blind persons. Subject to the provisions of sections 12-89, 12-90 and 12-92, property to the amount of three thousand dollars belonging to, or held in trust for, any blind person, resident of this state; or, lacking said amount of property in his own name, so much of the property belonging to, or held in trust for, his spouse, who is domiciled with him, as is necessary to equal said amount;

      (18) Property of veterans' organizations. (a) Property of bona fide war veterans' organization. Subject to the provisions of section 12-88, property owned by, or held in trust for, any bona fide war veterans' organization or any of its local posts, which organization shall be composed in whole or in major part of veterans of the military or naval service or both of the United States in any war, except the Civil War; provided such property shall be actually and exclusively used and occupied by such organization;

      (b) Property of the Grand Army of the Republic. Property belonging to the Grand Army of the Republic, or owned by, or held in trust for, any local post thereof, shall continue to be exempt from taxation in accordance with the provisions of subdivision (27);

      (19) Veterans. Subject to the provisions of sections 12-89, 12-90 and 12-95, property to the amount of one thousand dollars belonging to, or held in trust for, any resident of this state who (a) is a veteran of the armed forces in service in time of war, (b) any resident of this state who was a citizen of the United States at the time of his enlistment and who was in the military or naval service of a government allied or associated with that of the United States during the Second World War and received an honorable discharge therefrom, (c) any resident of this state who served during the Second World War as a member of any armed force of any government signatory to the United Nations Declaration of January 1, 1942, and participated in armed conflict with an enemy of the United States and who has been a citizen of the United States for at least ten years and presents satisfactory evidence of such service, (d) any resident of this state who served as a member of the crew of a merchant vessel during the Second World War and is qualified with respect to such service as a member of the group known as the "American Merchant Marine in ocean-going service during the period of armed conflict, December 7, 1941, to August 15, 1945", members of which are deemed to be eligible for certain veterans benefits under a determination in the United States Department of Defense, as recorded in the Federal Register of February 1, 1988, provided such resident has received an armed forces discharge certificate from the Department of Defense on the basis of such service, (e) any member of the armed forces who was in service in time of war and is still in the service and by reason of continuous service has not as yet received a discharge, (f) any person who is retired from the armed forces after thirty years of service because he has reached the age limit prescribed by law or because he suffers from mental or physical disability, or (g) any person who is serving in the armed services in time of war; or lacking said amount of property in his own name, so much of the property belonging to, or held in trust for, his spouse, who is domiciled with him, as is necessary to equal said amount. For the purposes of this subdivision, "veteran", "armed forces" and "service in time of war" have the same meaning as in section 27-103;

      (20) Servicemen and veterans having disability ratings. Subject to the provisions hereinafter stated, property not exceeding three thousand dollars in amount shall be exempt from taxation, which property belongs to, or is held in trust for, any resident of this state who has served, or is serving, in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard or Air Force of the United States and (1) has a disability rating by the Veterans' Administration of the United States amounting to ten per cent or more of total disability, provided such exemption shall be fifteen hundred dollars in any case in which such rating is between ten per cent and twenty-five per cent; two thousand dollars in any case in which such rating is more than twenty-five per cent but not more than fifty per cent; twenty-five hundred dollars in any case in which such rating is more than fifty per cent but not more than seventy-five per cent; and three thousand dollars in any case in which such person has attained sixty-five years of age or such rating is more than seventy-five per cent; or (2) is receiving a pension, annuity or compensation from the United States because of the loss in service of a leg or arm or that which is considered by the rules of the United States Pension Office or the Bureau of War Risk Insurance the equivalent of such loss. If such veteran lacks such amount of property in his or her name, so much of the property belonging to, or held in trust for, his or her spouse, who is domiciled with him or her, as is necessary to equal such amount shall also be so exempt. When any veteran entitled to an exemption under the provisions of this section has died, property belonging to, or held in trust for, his or her surviving spouse, while such spouse remains a widow or widower, or belonging to or held in trust for his or her minor children during their minority, or both, while they are residents of this state, shall be exempt in the same aggregate amount as that to which the disabled veteran was or would have been entitled at the time of his or her death. No individual entitled to exemption under this subdivision and under one or more of subdivisions (19), (22), (23), (25) and (26) of this section shall receive more than one exemption. No individual shall receive any exemption to which he or she is entitled under this subdivision until he or she has complied with section 12-95 and has submitted proof of his or her disability rating, as determined by the Veterans' Administration of the United States, to the assessor of the town in which the exemption is sought. If there is no change to an individual's disability rating, such proof shall not be required for any assessment year following that for which the exemption under this subdivision is granted initially. If the Veterans' Administration of the United States modifies a veteran's disability rating, such modification shall be deemed a waiver of the right to such exemption until proof of disability rating is submitted to the assessor and the right to such exemption is established as required initially. Any person who has been unable to submit evidence of disability rating in the manner required by this subdivision, or who has failed to submit such evidence as provided in section 12-95, may, when he or she obtains such evidence, make application to the collector of taxes within one year after he or she obtains such proof or within one year after the expiration of the time limited in section 12-95, as the case may be, for abatement in case the tax has not been paid, or for refund in case the whole tax has been paid, of such part or the whole of such tax as represents the service exemption. Such abatement or refund may be granted retroactively to include the assessment day next succeeding the date as of which such person was entitled to such disability rating as determined by the Veterans' Administration of the United States, but in no case shall any abatement or refund be made for a period greater than three years. The collector shall, after examination of such application, refer the same, with his recommendations thereon, to the board of selectmen of a town or to the corresponding authority of any other municipality, and shall certify to the amount of abatement or refund to which the applicant is entitled. Upon receipt of such application and certification, the selectmen or other duly constituted authority shall, in case the tax has not been paid, issue a certificate of abatement or, in case the whole tax has been paid, draw an order upon the treasurer in favor of such applicant for the amount without interest which represents the service exemption. Any action so taken by such selectmen or other authority shall be a matter of record and the tax collector shall be notified in writing of such action;

      (21) Disabled veteran with severe disability. (A) Disabilities. The dwelling house, and the lot whereupon the same is erected, belonging to or held in trust for any person who is a citizen and resident of this state, occupied as such person's domicile, shall be exempt from local property taxation to the extent of ten thousand dollars of its assessed valuation or, lacking said amount in property in such person's own name, so much of the property belonging to, or held in trust for, such person's spouse, who is domiciled with such person, as is necessary to equal said amount, if such person is a veteran who served in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard or Air Force of the United States and has been declared by the United States Veterans' Administration or its successors to have a service-connected disability from paraplegia or osteochondritis resulting in permanent loss of the use of both legs or permanent paralysis of both legs and lower parts of the body; or from hemiplegia and has permanent paralysis of one leg and one arm or either side of the body resulting from injury to the spinal cord, skeletal structure or brain or from disease of the spinal cord not resulting from any form of syphilis; or from total blindness as defined in section 12-92; or from the amputation of both arms, both legs, both hands or both feet, or the combination of a hand and a foot; sustained through enemy action, or resulting from accident occurring or disease contracted in such active service. Nothing in this subdivision shall be construed to include paraplegia or hemiplegia resulting from locomotor ataxia or other forms of syphilis of the central nervous system, or from chronic alcoholism, or to include other forms of disease resulting from the veteran's own misconduct which may produce signs and symptoms similar to those resulting from paraplegia, osteochondritis or hemiplegia. The loss of the use of one arm or one leg because of service related injuries specified in this subdivision shall qualify a veteran for a property tax exemption in the same manner as hereinabove, provided such exemption shall be for five thousand dollars;

      (B) Exemptions hereunder additional to others. Surviving spouse's rights. The exemption provided for in this subdivision shall be in addition to any other exemption of such person's real and personal property allowed by law, but no taxpayer shall be allowed more than one exemption under this subdivision. No person shall be entitled to receive any exemption under this subdivision until such person has satisfied the requirements of subdivision (20) of this section. The surviving spouse of any such person who at the time of such person's death was entitled to and had the exemption provided under this subdivision shall be entitled to the same exemption, (i) while such spouse remains a widow or widower, or (ii) upon the termination of any subsequent marriage of such spouse by dissolution, annulment or death and while a resident of this state, for the time that such person is the legal owner of and actually occupies a dwelling house and premises intended to be exempted hereunder. When the property which is the subject of the claim for exemption provided for in this subdivision is greater than a single family house, the assessor shall aggregate the assessment on the lot and building and allow an exemption of that percentage of the aggregate assessment which the value of the portion of the building occupied by the claimant bears to the value of the entire building;

      (C) Municipal option to allow total exemption for residence with respect to which veteran has received assistance for special housing under Title 38 of United States Code. Subject to the approval of the legislative body of the municipality, the dwelling house and the lot whereupon the same is erected, belonging to or held in trust for any citizen and resident of this state, occupied as such person's domicile shall be fully exempt from local property taxation, if such person is a veteran who served in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard or Air Force of the United States and has received financial assistance for specially adapted housing under the provisions of Section 801 of Title 38 of the United States Code and has applied such assistance toward the acquisition or modification of such dwelling house. The same exemption may also be allowed on such housing units owned by the surviving spouse of such veteran (i) while such spouse remains a widow or widower, or (ii) upon the termination of any subsequent marriage of such spouse by dissolution, annulment or death, or by such veteran and spouse while occupying such premises as a residence;

      (22) Surviving spouse or minor child of serviceman or veteran. Subject to the provisions of sections 12-89, 12-90 and 12-95, property to the amount of one thousand dollars belonging to, or held in trust for, any surviving spouse while such person remains a widow or widower, or a minor child or both, residing in this state, of one who has served in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard or Air Force of the United States or of any citizen of the United States who served in the military or naval service of a government allied or associated with the United States, as provided by subdivision (19) of this section, and has died either during his or her term of service or after receiving an honorable discharge therefrom, provided such amount shall be three thousand dollars if death was due to service and occurred while on active duty;

      (23) Serviceman's surviving spouse receiving federal benefits. Subject to the provisions of sections 12-89, 12-90 and 12-95, property to the amount of one thousand dollars belonging to, or held in trust for, any surviving spouse, while such spouse remains a widow or widower, resident of this state, of one who has served in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard or Air Force of the United States, which surviving spouse is receiving or has received a pension, annuity or compensation from the United States;

      (24) Surviving spouse and minor child of veteran receiving compensation from Veterans' Administration. The exemption from taxation granted by subdivision (22) of this section, to the amount of three thousand dollars allowable to the widow or widower or minor child or both of a veteran whose death was due to service and occurred on active duty shall be granted to any widow or widower drawing compensation from the Veterans' Administration, upon verification of such fact by letter from the Veterans' Administration;

      (25) Surviving parent of deceased serviceman or veteran. Subject to the provisions of sections 12-89, 12-90 and 12-95, property to the amount of one thousand dollars belonging to, or held in trust for, a sole surviving parent, while such parent remains a widow or widower, resident of this state, of one who has left no widow or widower, or whose widow or widower has remarried or died, and who has served in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard or Air Force of the United States as provided by subdivision (19) of this section and has died during his or her term of service or after receiving an honorable discharge therefrom, provided, property belonging to, or held in trust for, such parent of more than one serviceman or servicewoman who has left no widow or widower, or whose widow or widower has remarried or died, and who has served in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard or Air Force of the United States as provided in subdivision (19) of this section and has died during his or her term of service shall be subject to an exemption of one thousand dollars for each such serviceman or servicewoman;

      (26) Parents of veterans. Subject to the provisions of sections 12-89, 12-90 and 12-95, property to the amount of one thousand dollars belonging to, or held in trust for, any father or mother, resident of this state, of one who served in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard or Air Force of the United States as long as such father or mother receives, or has received, a pension, annuity or compensation from the United States; or if such parent lacks said amount of property in his own name, so much of the property belonging to, or held in trust for, his spouse, who is domiciled with him, as is necessary to equal said amount;

      (27) Property of Grand Army posts. Property owned by, or held in trust for, a Connecticut Grand Army post, provided the major use of such property shall be as a meeting place for its members or for the members of the Woman's Relief Corps or both, or provided the income from such property is being entirely devoted to its upkeep and improvement and to the relief of such soldiers of the Civil War or their dependents or both as are receiving or are entitled to receive benefits or pensions from the federal or state government or both;

      (28) Property of United States Army instructors. Subject to the provisions of sections 12-89, 12-90 and 12-95, property to the amount of one thousand dollars, which property belongs to, or is held in trust for, any resident or nonresident of this state who was in the regular Army of the United States on the assessment day and who has been detailed by the Secretary of the Army for duty in this state for the instruction of the Connecticut National Guard. Any person receiving the foregoing exemption shall be entitled to an additional exemption of two thousand dollars on tangible personal property belonging to, or held in trust for, him, which property is necessary or convenient for the use of such person in the performance of his official duties and which property shall consist of military equipment, horses, vehicles and furniture;

      (29) Property of American National Red Cross. Subject to the provisions of section 12-88, all real estate and tangible property owned by or held in trust for the American National Red Cross;

      (30) Fuel and provisions. Fuel and provisions for the use of any family;

      (31) Household furniture. Household furniture, used by or held in storage for and belonging to any family;

      (32) Private libraries. Private libraries and books;

      (33) Musical instruments. Musical instruments, inclusive of radios and television sets, used by and belonging to any family;

      (34) Watches and jewelry. Watches and jewelry used by any individual;

      (35) Wearing apparel. All other wearing apparel of every person and family;

      (36) Commercial fishing apparatus. Fishing apparatus belonging to any person or company to the value of five hundred dollars, providing such apparatus was purchased for use in the main business of such person or company at the time of purchase;

      (37) Mechanic's tools. Tools of a mechanic, actually used by him in his trade, to the value of five hundred dollars;

      (38) Farming tools. Farming tools actually and exclusively used in the business of farming on any farm to the value of five hundred dollars;

      (39) Farm produce. Produce of a farm, actually grown, growing or produced, including colts, calves and lambs, while owned and held by the producer or by a cooperative marketing corporation organized under the provisions of chapter 596, when delivered to it by such producer;

      (40) Sheep, goats and swine. Sheep, goats and swine owned and kept in this state;

      (41) Dairy and beef cattle, oxen, asses and mules. Dairy and beef cattle, oxen, asses and mules, owned and kept in this state;

      (42) Poultry. Poultry owned and kept in this state;

      (43) Cash. Cash on hand or on deposit;

      (44) Nursery products. Produce or products growing in any nursery, and any shrub and any forest, ornamental or fruit trees while growing in a nursery;

      (45) Property of units of Connecticut National Guard. The property of any unit of the Connecticut National Guard, while being used for military purposes, or for other public purposes;

      (46) Watercraft owned by nonresident. Repealed;

      (47) Carriages, wagons and bicycles. Carriages, wagons and bicycles, owned and used by any person but not held for sale or rent in the regular course of business;

      (48) Airport improvements. Improvements on or to the landing area of a privately-owned airport, provided the owner shall grant free use of such landing area to the general public for the landing, taking off and taxiing of aircraft and such airport shall have been approved and licensed for use by the Commissioner of Transportation, if a majority of those qualified to vote as provided by section 7-6 in the town wherein such airport is located, voting at a town meeting or general or special election warned for the purpose, so determine. The question of granting such exemption shall be submitted to the voters if a petition containing the names of at least ten per cent of such voters has been presented to the town clerk, who shall determine the sufficiency of such petition;

      (49) Nonprofit camps or recreational facilities for charitable purposes. Subject to the provisions of subdivision (7) of this section and section 12-88, real property and its equipment owned by or held in trust for any charitable corporation exclusively used as a nonprofit camp or recreational facility for charitable purposes; provided at least seventy-five per cent of the beneficiaries of its strictly charitable purposes using such property and equipment in each taxable year were bona fide residents of the state at the time of such use. During the month preceding the assessment date of the town or towns where such camp or facilities are located, such charitable corporation shall submit to the assessors of such town or towns a statement under oath in respect to such residence of such beneficiaries using such facilities during the taxable year ending with the month in which such statement is rendered, and, if the number of such beneficiaries so resident in Connecticut did not equal or exceed such seventy-five per cent, such real property and equipment shall not be exempt during the next ensuing taxable year. This subdivision shall not affect the exemption of any such real property or equipment of any such charitable corporation incorporated under the laws of this state granted prior to May 26, 1961, where such property and equipment was actually in use for such recreational purposes prior to said date;

      (50) Manufacturers' inventories. The monthly average quantity of goods of any manufacturing business, comprising raw materials, purchased parts and supplies acquired for consumption during the manufacture of or for incorporation in goods to be manufactured for sale in such business, goods in process of manufacture, and finished goods manufactured in and held for sale in such business, to the extent of forty per cent of their valuation for purposes of assessment in the year 1970, fifty per cent in the year 1971, sixty per cent in the year 1972, seventy per cent in the year 1973, eighty per cent in the year 1974, ninety per cent in the year 1975, and one hundred per cent in the year 1976 and each year thereafter. As used herein the term "manufacturing business" means a business the principal activity of which is the mechanical or chemical transformation of inorganic or organic substances into new products or the assembling of component parts of manufactured products;

      (51) Water pollution control structures and equipment. (a) Structures and equipment acquired by purchase or lease after July 1, 1965, for the treatment of industrial waste before the discharge thereof into any waters of the state or into any sewerage system emptying into such waters, the primary purpose of which is the reduction, control or elimination of pollution of such waters, certified as approved for such purpose by the Commissioner of Environmental Protection. For the purpose of this subdivision "industrial waste" means any harmful thermal effect or any liquid, gaseous or solid substance or combination thereof resulting from any process of industry, manufacture, trade or business, or from the development or recovery of any natural resource;

      (b) Any owner or lessee of such structures or equipment who wishes to claim the exemption provided under this subdivision for any assessment year shall, on or before the first day of November in such assessment year, file an application for such exemption with the assessor or board of assessors in the town in which such structures or equipment are located, in the form and manner said assessor or assessors shall prescribe, together with such certification by the Commissioner of Environmental Protection, as required under subparagraph (a) of this subdivision. Failure to file such certification within the time limitation prescribed herein shall constitute a waiver of the right to such exemption for such assessment year. Such certification shall not be required for any assessment year following that for which initial certification is filed, provided if such structures and equipment are altered in any manner, such alteration shall be deemed a waiver of the right to such exemption until such certification, applicable with respect to the altered structures and equipment, is filed and the right to such exemption is established as required initially;

      (c) In the event there is a change in the name of the owner or lessee of any structure or equipment for which an exemption is granted pursuant to this subdivision, the new owner or lessee of such structure or equipment shall be required to file a revised application with the assessor or board of assessors on or before the first day of November immediately following the end of the assessment year during which such change occurs, except that for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2005, a revised application may be filed when there has been a change in the name of the owner or lessee of such structure or equipment during any assessment year and the exemption under this subdivision continued to be granted for each assessment year following such change. If such structures or equipment have not been altered in any manner, such new owner or lessee shall be entitled to a continuation of the exemption under this subdivision and shall not be required to obtain or provide a certification of approval from the Commissioner of Environmental Protection;

      (52) Structures and equipment for air pollution control. (a) Structures and equipment acquired by purchase or lease after July 1, 1967, for the primary purpose of reducing, controlling or eliminating air pollution, certified as approved for such purpose by the Commissioner of Environmental Protection. Said commissioner may certify to a portion of structures and equipment so acquired to the extent that such portion shall have as its primary purpose the reduction, control or elimination of air pollution;

      (b) Any owner or lessee of such structures or equipment who wishes to claim the exemption provided under this subdivision for any assessment year shall, on or before the first day of November in such assessment year, file an application for such exemption with the assessor or board of assessors in the town in which such structures and equipment are located, in the form and manner said assessor or assessors shall prescribe together with such certification by the Commissioner of Environmental Protection, as required under subparagraph (a) of this subdivision. Failure to file such certification within the time limitation prescribed herein shall constitute a waiver of the right to such exemption for such assessment year. Such certification shall not be required for any assessment year following that for which initial certification is filed, provided if such structures and equipment are altered in any manner, such alteration shall be deemed a waiver of the right to such exemption until such certification, applicable with respect to the altered structures and equipment, is filed and the right to such exemption is established as required initially;

      (c) In the event there is a change in the name of the owner or lessee of any structure or equipment for which an exemption is granted pursuant to this subdivision, the new owner or lessee of such structure or equipment shall be required to file a revised application with the assessor or board of assessors on or before the first day of November immediately following the end of the assessment year during which such change occurs, except that for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2005, a revised application may be filed when there has been a change in the name of the owner or lessee of such structure or equipment during any assessment year and the exemption under this subdivision continued to be granted for each assessment year following such change. If such structures or equipment have not been altered in any manner, such new owner or lessee shall be entitled to a continuation of the exemption under this subdivision and shall not be required to obtain or provide a certification of approval from the Commissioner of Environmental Protection;

      (53) Motor vehicle of member of armed forces. (a) One motor vehicle belonging to, leased to or held in trust for, any member of the United States armed forces, if such motor vehicle is garaged inside or outside the state;

      (b) Any person claiming the exemption provided under this subdivision for any assessment year shall, not later than the thirty-first day of December next following the date on which property tax is due in such assessment year, file with the assessor or board of assessors, in the town in which such motor vehicle is registered, written application claiming such exemption on a form approved for such purpose by such assessor or board. Notwithstanding the provisions of this chapter, any person claiming the exemption under this subdivision for a leased motor vehicle shall be entitled to a refund of the tax paid with respect to such vehicle, whether such tax was paid by the lessee or by the lessor pursuant to the terms of the lease. Upon approving such person's exemption claim, the assessor shall certify the amount of refund to which the applicant is entitled and shall notify the tax collector of such amount. The tax collector shall refer such certification to the board of selectmen in a town or to the corresponding authority in any other municipality. Upon receipt of such certification, the selectmen or such other authority shall draw an order on the Treasurer in favor of such person for the amount of refund so certified. Failure to file such application as prescribed herein with respect to any assessment year shall constitute a waiver of the right to such exemption for such assessment year;

      (54) Wholesale and retail business inventory. The monthly average quantity of goods of any wholesale and retail business to the extent of one-twelfth of their valuation for purposes of assessment in the year 1971, two-twelfths in the year 1972, three-twelfths in the year 1973, four-twelfths in the year 1974, five-twelfths in the year 1975, six-twelfths in the year 1976, seven-twelfths in the year 1977, eight-twelfths in the year 1978, nine-twelfths in the year 1979, ten-twelfths in the year 1980, eleven-twelfths in the year 1981 and one hundred per cent in the year 1982 and each year thereafter. As used in this subdivision, "wholesale and retail business" means a business the principal activity of which is making sales of tangible personal property with the object of gain, benefit or advantage, either direct or indirect;

      (55) Property of totally disabled persons. Property to the amount of one thousand dollars belonging to, or held in trust for, any resident of this state who (1) is eligible, in accordance with applicable federal regulations, to receive permanent total disability benefits under Social Security, (2) has not been engaged in employment covered by Social Security and accordingly has not qualified for benefits thereunder but who has become qualified for permanent total disability benefits under any federal, state or local government retirement or disability plan, including the Railroad Retirement Act and any government-related teacher's retirement plan, determined by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management to contain requirements in respect to qualification for such permanent total disability benefits which are comparable to such requirements under Social Security, or (3) has attained age sixty-five or over and would be eligible in accordance with applicable federal regulations to receive permanent total disability benefits under Social Security or any such federal, state or local government retirement or disability plan as described in subparagraph (2) of this subdivision, except that such resident has attained age sixty-five or over and accordingly is no longer eligible to receive benefits under the disability benefit provisions of Social Security or such other plan because of payments received under retirement provisions thereof; or, lacking said amount of property in his own name, so much of the property belonging to, or held in trust for, his spouse, who is domiciled with him, as is necessary to equal said amount. Each assessor shall issue a certificate of correction with respect to the property of a person who would have been eligible, except for the provisions of section 40 of public act 03-6 of the June 30 special session*, to receive the exemption under this subdivision for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2003. Such certificate shall reduce the assessment of such eligible person's property by the amount of said exemption;

      (56) Active solar energy heating or cooling systems. (a) Subject to authorization of the exemption by ordinance in any municipality, any building, the construction of which is commenced on or after October 1, 1976, which is equipped with an active solar energy heating or cooling system, or any building to which a solar energy heating or cooling system is added on or after October 1, 1976, to the extent of the amount by which the assessed valuation of such real property equipped with such solar heating or cooling system exceeds the assessed valuation of such real property equipped with the conventional portion of the heating or cooling system, exclusive of any portion of such system related to solar energy, provided this exemption shall only apply to the first fifteen assessment years following construction of such building or addition of any such system to a building;

      (b) As used in this subdivision, "active solar energy heating or cooling system" means equipment which (1) provides for the collection, transfer, storage and use of incident solar energy for water heating, space heating or cooling which absent such solar energy system would require a conventional energy resource, such as petroleum products, natural gas or electricity, (2) employs mechanical means such as fans or pumps to transfer energy, and (3) meets standards established by regulation, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management;

      (c) Any person claiming the exemption provided in this subdivision for any assessment year shall, on or before the first day of November in such assessment year, file with the assessor or board of assessors in the town in which such real property is located written application claiming such exemption. Failure to file such application in the manner and form as provided by such assessor or board within the time limit prescribed shall constitute a waiver of the right to such exemption for such assessment year. Such application shall not be required for any assessment year following that for which the initial application is filed, provided if such solar energy heating or cooling system is altered in a manner which would require a building permit, such alteration shall be deemed a waiver of the right to such exemption until a new application, applicable with respect to such altered system, is filed and the right to such exemption is established as required initially;

      (57) Class I renewable energy sources, hydropower facilities, solar water or space heating systems and geothermal energy sources. (a) Any Class I renewable energy source, as defined in section 16-1, or any hydropower facility described in subdivision (27) of section 16-1, installed for the generation of electricity for private residential use or on a farm, as defined in subsection (q) of section 1-1, provided such installation occurs on or after October 1, 2007, and further provided such installation is for a single family dwelling, multifamily dwelling consisting of two to four units or a farm, or any passive or active solar water or space heating system or geothermal energy resource;

      (b) Any person claiming the exemption provided in this subdivision for any assessment year shall, on or before the first day of November in such assessment year, file with the assessor or board of assessors in the town in which such hydropower facility, Class I renewable energy source, or passive or active solar water or space heating system or geothermal energy resource is located, written application claiming such exemption. Failure to file such application in the manner and form as provided by such assessor or board within the time limit prescribed shall constitute a waiver of the right to such exemption for such assessment year. Such application shall not be required for any assessment year following that for which the initial application is filed, provided if such hydropower facility, Class I renewable energy source, or passive or active solar water or space heating system or geothermal energy resource is altered in a manner which would require a building permit, such alteration shall be deemed a waiver of the right to such exemption until a new application, applicable with respect to such altered source, is filed and the right to such exemption is established as required initially;

      (58) Property leased to a charitable, religious or nonprofit organization. Subject to authorization of the exemption by ordinance in any municipality, any real or personal property leased to a charitable, religious or nonprofit organization, exempt from taxation for federal income tax purposes, provided such property is used exclusively for the purposes of such charitable, religious or nonprofit organization and not otherwise exempt under this section;

      (59) Manufacturing facility in a distressed municipality, targeted investment community or enterprise zone. Designated manufacturing plant. Service facility. (a) Any manufacturing facility, as defined in section 32-9p, acquired, constructed, substantially renovated or expanded on or after July 1, 1978, in a distressed municipality, as defined in said section or in a targeted investment community, as defined in section 32-222, or in an enterprise zone designated pursuant to section 32-70 and for which an eligibility certificate has been issued by the Department of Economic and Community Development, and any manufacturing plant designated by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development under subsection (a) of section 32-75c as follows: To the extent of eighty per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years following the assessment year in which the acquisition, construction, renovation or expansion of the manufacturing facility is completed, except that a manufacturing facility having a standard industrial classification code of 2833 or 2834 and having at least one thousand full-time employees, as defined in subsection (f) of section 32-9j, shall be eligible to have the assessment period extended for five additional years upon approval of the commissioner, in accordance with all applicable regulations, provided such full-time employees have not been relocated from another facility in the state operated by the same eligible applicant;

      (b) Any service facility, as defined in section 32-9p, acquired, constructed, substantially renovated or expanded on or after July 1, 1996, and for which an eligibility certificate has been issued by the Department of Economic and Community Development, as follows: (i) In the case of an investment of twenty million dollars or more but not more than thirty-nine million dollars in the service facility, to the extent of forty per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years following the assessment year in which the acquisition, construction, renovation or expansion of the service facility is completed; (ii) in the case of an investment of more than thirty-nine million dollars but not more than fifty-nine million dollars in the service facility, to the extent of fifty per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years following the assessment year in which the acquisition, construction, renovation or expansion of the service facility is completed; (iii) in the case of an investment of more than fifty-nine million dollars but not more than seventy-nine million dollars in the service facility, to the extent of sixty per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years following the assessment year in which the acquisition, construction, renovation or expansion of the service facility is completed; (iv) in the case of an investment of more than seventy-nine million dollars but not more than ninety million dollars in the service facility, to the extent of seventy per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years following the assessment year in which the acquisition, construction, renovation or expansion of the service facility is completed; or (v) in the case of an investment of more than ninety million dollars in the service facility, to the extent of eighty per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years following the assessment year in which the acquisition, construction, renovation or expansion of the service facility is completed, except that any financial institution, as defined in section 12-217u, having at least four thousand qualified employees, as determined in accordance with an agreement pursuant to subdivision (3) of subsection (n) of section 12-217u, shall be eligible to have the assessment period extended for five additional years upon approval of the commissioner, in accordance with all applicable regulations, provided such full-time employees have not been relocated from another facility in the state operated by the same eligible applicant. In no event shall the definition of qualified employee be more favorable to the employer than the definition provided in section 12-217u;

      (c) The completion date of a manufacturing facility, manufacturing plant or a service facility will be determined by the Department of Economic and Community Development taking into account the issuance of occupancy certificates and such other factors as it deems relevant. In the case of a manufacturing facility, manufacturing plant or a service facility which consists of a constructed, renovated or expanded portion of an existing plant, the assessed valuation of the facility or manufacturing plant is the difference between the assessed valuation of the plant prior to its being improved and the assessed valuation of the plant upon completion of the improvements. In the case of a manufacturing facility, manufacturing plant or a service facility which consists of an acquired portion of an existing plant, the assessed valuation of the facility or manufacturing plant is the assessed valuation of the portion acquired. This exemption shall be applicable during each such assessment year regardless of any change in the ownership or occupancy of the facility or manufacturing plant. If during any such assessment year, however, any facility for which an eligibility certificate has been issued ceases to qualify as a manufacturing facility, manufacturing plant or a service facility, the entitlement to the exemption allowed by this subdivision shall terminate for the assessment year following the date on which the qualification ceases, and there shall not be a pro rata application of the exemption. Any person who desires to claim the exemption provided in this subdivision shall file annually with the assessor or board of assessors in the distressed municipality, targeted investment community or enterprise zone designated pursuant to section 32-70 in which the manufacturing facility or service facility is located, on or before the first day of November, written application claiming such exemption on a form prescribed by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management. Failure to file such application in this manner and form within the time limit prescribed shall constitute a waiver of the right to such exemption for such assessment year, unless an extension of time is allowed pursuant to section 12-81k, and upon payment of the required fee for late filing;

      (60) Machinery and equipment in a manufacturing facility in a distressed municipality, targeted investment community or enterprise zone. Machinery and equipment in a service facility. (a)(1) Machinery and equipment which represents an addition to the assessment or grand list of the municipality in which this exemption is claimed and is installed in any manufacturing facility, as defined in section 32-9p, which facility is or has been constructed, or substantially renovated or expanded on or after July 1, 1978, in a distressed municipality or targeted investment community or enterprise zone designated pursuant to section 32-70 and for which an eligibility certificate has been issued by the Department of Economic and Community Development, concurrently with and directly attributable to such construction, renovation or expansion, (2) machinery and equipment which represents an addition to the assessment or grand list of the municipality in which this exemption is claimed and is installed, or machinery and equipment existing, in any manufacturing facility, as defined in section 32-9p, which facility is or has been acquired on or after July 1, 1978, in a distressed municipality, targeted investment community or enterprise zone designated pursuant to section 32-70 and for which an eligibility certificate has been issued by the Department of Economic and Community Development, and (3) machinery and equipment acquired and installed on or after October 1, 1986, in a manufacturing facility that is or has at one time been certified as eligible for the exemption under this subparagraph in accordance with section 32-9r, and which continues to be used for manufacturing purposes, provided such machinery and equipment is installed in conjunction with an expansion program that satisfies the requirements for a manufacturing facility, as defined in section 32-9p, and is contiguous to and represents an increase in square feet of floor space of not less than fifty per cent of the floor space in the certified manufacturing facility, as follows: To the extent of eighty per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years for which the manufacturing facility in which it is installed qualifies for an exemption under subdivision (59) of this section, except that a facility having a code classification 2833 or 2834 in the Standard Industrial Code Classification Manual, United States Office of Management and Budget, 1987 edition, wherein at least one thousand new full-time employees, as defined in subsection (f) of section 32-9j, are employed, shall be eligible to have the assessment period under this subdivision extended for five additional years upon approval of the commissioner, provided the commissioner approves an extension of the assessment period under subdivision (59) of this section for said facility;

      (b) (1) Machinery and equipment which represents an addition to the assessment or grand list of the municipality in which this exemption is claimed and is installed in any service facility, as defined in section 32-9p, which facility is or has been constructed, or substantially renovated or expanded on or after July 1, 1996, and for which an eligibility certificate has been issued by the Department of Economic and Community Development, concurrently with and directly attributable to such construction, renovation or expansion, (2) machinery and equipment which represents an addition to the assessment or grand list of the municipality in which this exemption is claimed and is installed, or machinery and equipment existing, in any service facility, as defined in section 32-9p, which facility is or has been acquired on or after July 1, 1996, and for which an eligibility certificate has been issued by the department, and (3) machinery and equipment acquired and installed on or after July 1, 1996, in a service facility that is or has at one time been certified as eligible for the exemption under this subparagraph in accordance with section 32-9r and which continues to be used for service purposes, provided such machinery and equipment is installed in conjunction with an expansion program that satisfies the requirements for a service facility, as defined in section 32-9p, and is contiguous to and represents an increase in square feet of floor space of not less than fifty per cent of the floor space in the certified service facility, as follows: (i) In the case of an investment of twenty million dollars or more but not more than thirty-nine million dollars in the service facility, to the extent of forty per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years for which the service facility in which it is installed qualifies for an exemption under subdivision (59) of this section; (ii) in the case of an investment of more than thirty-nine million dollars but not more than fifty-nine million dollars in the service facility, to the extent of fifty per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years for which the service facility in which it is installed qualifies for an exemption under subdivision (59) of this section; (iii) in the case of an investment of more than fifty-nine million dollars but not more than seventy-nine million dollars in the service facility, to the extent of sixty per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years for which the service facility in which it is installed qualifies for an exemption under subdivision (59) of this section; (iv) in the case of an investment of more than seventy-nine million dollars but not more than ninety million dollars in the service facility, to the extent of seventy per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years for which the service facility in which it is installed qualifies for an exemption under subdivision (59) of this section; or (v) in the case of an investment of more than ninety million dollars in the service facility, to the extent of eighty per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years for which the service facility in which it is installed qualifies for an exemption under subdivision (59) of this section, except that any financial institution, as defined in section 12-217u, having at least four thousand qualified employees, as determined in accordance with an agreement pursuant to subdivision (3) of subsection (n) of section 12-217u, shall be eligible to have the assessment period extended for five additional years upon approval of the commissioner, in accordance with all applicable regulations, provided such full-time employees have not been relocated from another facility in the state operated by the same eligible applicant. In no event shall the definition of qualified employee be more favorable to the employer than the definition provided in section 12-217u;

      (c) This exemption shall terminate for the assessment year next following if the manufacturing facility or service facility in which such machinery and equipment is installed no longer qualifies for an exemption under said subdivision (59), and there shall not be a pro rata application of the exemption of such machinery and equipment in the assessment year of such termination. Any person who desires to claim the exemption provided in this subdivision shall file annually with the assessor or board of assessors in the distressed municipality, targeted investment community or enterprise zone designated pursuant to section 32-70 in which the manufacturing facility or service facility is located, on or before the first day of November, written application claiming such exemption on a form prescribed by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management. Failure to file such application in this manner and form within the time limit prescribed shall constitute a waiver of the right to such exemption for such assessment year, unless an extension of time is allowed pursuant to section 12-81k, and upon payment of the required fee for late filing. This exemption shall not apply to rolling stock;

      (61) Vessels used primarily for commercial fishing. Any vessel as defined in section 15-127 used primarily for purposes of commercial fishing, provided in the tax year of the owner ending immediately prior to any assessment date with respect to which application is submitted for the exemption provided in this subdivision not less than fifty per cent of the adjusted gross income of such owner, as determined for purposes of the federal income tax, is derived from commercial fishing subject to proof satisfactory to the assessor in the town in which such application is submitted;

      (62) Passive solar energy heating or cooling systems and hybrid systems. (a) Subject to authorization of the exemption by ordinance in any municipality, any building, the construction of which is commenced on or after April 20, 1977, which is equipped with a passive or hybrid solar energy heating or cooling system, or any building to which such a system is added on or after April 20, 1977, to the extent of any amount by which the assessed valuation of such real property equipped with such a system exceeds the valuation at which such real property would be assessed if built using conventional construction techniques in lieu of construction related to such a system, as determined by the assessing officer of the municipality, provided this exemption shall only apply to the first fifteen assessment years following construction of such building or addition of any such system to a building. Any portion of a hybrid solar energy heating or cooling system which is allowed an exemption under subdivision (56) of this section shall not be eligible for exemption under this subdivision;

      (b) As used in this subdivision, (A) "passive solar energy heating or cooling system" means a system which utilizes the structural elements of a building for the collection of incident solar energy and its storage and distribution for use in water heating or space heating or cooling, which building absent such system would require a conventional energy resource, such as petroleum products, natural gas or electricity, and which system meets standards established by regulation, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, and (B) "hybrid system" means a solar energy heating or cooling system which consists of both active and passive elements and which meets the standards established for both;

      (c) Any person claiming the exemption provided in this subdivision for any assessment year shall, on or before the first day of November in such assessment year, file with the assessor or board of assessors in the town in which such real property is located written application claiming such exemption. Failure to file such application in the manner and form as provided by such assessor or board within the time limit prescribed shall constitute a waiver of the right to such exemption for such assessment year. Such application shall not be required for any assessment year following that for which the initial application is filed, provided if such passive or hybrid solar energy heating or cooling system is altered in a manner which would require a building permit, such alteration shall be deemed a waiver of the right to such exemption until a new application, applicable with respect to such altered system, is filed and the right to such exemption is established as required initially;

      (63) Cogeneration systems. (a) Subject to authorization of the exemption by ordinance in any municipality and to the provisions of subparagraph (b) of this subdivision, any cogeneration system installed on or after July 1, 2007. The ordinance shall establish the number of years that a system will be exempt from taxation, except that it may not provide for an exemption beyond the first fifteen assessment years following the installation of a system. The ordinance shall prohibit the exemption from applying to additions to resources recovery facilities operating on October 1, 1994, or to resources recovery facilities constructed on and after that date and may prohibit the exemption from applying to property acquired by eminent domain for the purpose of qualifying for the exemption;

      (b) As used in this subdivision, "cogeneration system" means equipment which is designed, operated and installed as a system which produces, in the same process, electricity and exhaust steam, waste steam, heat or other resultant thermal energy which is used for space or water heating or cooling, industrial, commercial, manufacturing or other useful purposes and which meets standards established by regulation, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management;

      (c) Any municipality which adopts an ordinance authorizing an exemption provided by this subdivision may enter into a written agreement with an applicant for the exemption, which may require the applicant to make payments to the municipality in lieu of taxes. The agreement may vary the amount of the payments in lieu of taxes in each assessment year of the agreement, provided the payment in any assessment year is not greater than the taxes which would otherwise be due in the absence of the exemption. Any agreement negotiated under this subdivision shall be submitted to the legislative body of the municipality for its approval or rejection;

      (d) Any person claiming the exemption provided in this subdivision for any assessment year and whose application has been approved in accordance with subparagraph (c) of this subdivision shall, on or before the first day of November in such assessment year, file with the assessor or board of assessors in the town in which the system is located written application claiming the exemption. Failure to file the application in the manner and form as provided by such assessor or board within the time limit prescribed shall constitute a waiver of the right to the exemption for such assessment year. Such application shall not be required for any assessment year following that for which the initial application is filed, provided if such cogeneration system is altered in a manner which would require a building permit, such alteration shall be deemed a waiver of the right to such exemption until a new application, applicable with respect to such altered system, is filed and the right to such exemption is established as required initially;

      (64) Vessels. In the assessment year commencing October 1, 1981, and each assessment year thereafter, any vessel as defined in section 15-127;

      (65) Vanpool vehicles. Any vanpool vehicle as defined in section 14-1;

      (66) Motor vehicles leased to state agencies. Motor vehicles leased to an agency of this state on or after June 4, 1982;

      (67) Beach property belonging to or held in trust for cities. Except as otherwise provided by law, beach property belonging to, or held in trust for, a city within the territorial limits of, but not coterminous with, a town, which property is within the territorial limits of such city and is used for any public purposes of such city;

      (68) Livestock totally exempt except that exemption for horses and ponies limited to one thousand dollars in value unless used in farming. Any livestock owned and kept in this state, except that any horse or pony shall be exempt from local property tax up to the assessed value of one thousand dollars, with such exempt value applicable in the case of each such horse or pony, provided any horse or pony used in farming, in the manner required in section 12-91, shall be totally exempt from local property tax as provided in said section 12-91;

      (69) Property of Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Property belonging to the Metropolitan Transportation Authority or any of its subsidiaries, provided such property is used for the operation, maintenance, repair or improvement of the New Haven commuter railroad service or the facilities of such service;

      (70) Machinery and equipment acquired as part of a technological upgrading of a manufacturing process. (A) New machinery and equipment used directly in the manufacturing of goods or products and acquired through purchase by any business organization or any affiliate of such business organization as part of a technological upgrading of the manufacturing process at a location in a distressed municipality, targeted investment community, as defined in section 32-222, or enterprise zone designated pursuant to section 32-70, and for which an eligibility certificate has been issued by the Department of Economic and Community Development, which business organization (i) is engaged in the manufacturing, processing or assembling of raw materials, parts or manufactured products, (ii) has been in continuous operation in the state for a period not less than five years prior to claiming the exemption provided in this subdivision, (iii) had gross receipts in an amount less than twenty million dollars in the year prior to claiming the exemption provided in this subdivision, including receipts of any affiliates of the business organization, and (iv) has incurred costs in acquiring such machinery and equipment not less than the greater of (I) two hundred thousand dollars, or (II) two hundred per cent of the business organization's and affiliate's average expenditure for the acquisition of machinery and equipment used directly in the manufacturing of goods or products at the location in the distressed municipality, targeted investment community or enterprise zone designated pursuant to section 32-70 during the three years prior to claiming the exemption provided in this subdivision, as follows: To the extent of fifty per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment in each of the five full assessment years following the assessment year in which such machinery and equipment is acquired;

      (B) Any person who desires to claim the exemption provided in this subdivision shall file annually with the assessor or board of assessors in the distressed municipality, targeted investment community or enterprise zone designated pursuant to section 32-70 in which the business organization is located, on or before the first day of November, written application claiming such exemption on a form prescribed by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management. Failure to file such application in this manner and form within the time limit prescribed shall constitute a waiver of the right to such exemption for such assessment year, unless an extension of time is allowed pursuant to section 12-81k, and upon payment of the required fee for late filing. No person shall be eligible to receive the exemption provided in this subdivision if such exemption is sought for machinery and equipment located in a manufacturing facility, as defined in subsection (d) of section 32-9p, currently receiving assistance under subdivisions (59) and (60) of this section, and no person shall receive such exemption for eligible machinery or equipment at each location in a distressed municipality, targeted investment community or enterprise zone designated pursuant to section 32-70 more than once in any continuous five-year period;

      (C) The state and the municipality and district shall hold a security interest, as defined in subdivision (35) of subsection (b) of section 42a-1-201, in any machinery or equipment which is exempt from taxation pursuant to this subdivision, in an amount equal to the tax revenue reimbursed or lost, as the case may be, which shall be subordinate to any purchase money security interest, as defined in section 42a-9-103a. Such security interest shall be enforceable against the taxpayer for a period of five years after the last assessment year in which such exemption was received in any case in which the business organization ceases all business operations or moves its business operations entirely out of this state. Any assessor who has granted an exemption under this subdivision shall provide written notification to the secretary of the cessation of such operations or the move of such operations entirely out of this state. Such notification may be made at any time after the October first of the last assessment year in which such exemption is granted and before the September thirtieth that is five years after the conclusion of said assessment year. Upon receiving such notification and complying with the provisions of section 12-35a, the state shall have a lien upon the machinery or equipment situated in this state and owned by the person that ceased all business operations or moved such operations entirely out of this state. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 12-35a, the total amount of the reimbursement made by the state for the property tax exemptions granted to the person under the provisions of this subdivision, shall be deemed to be the amount of the tax which such person failed to pay. Notwithstanding said section 12-35a, the information required to be included in the notice of lien for said tax shall be as follows: (i) The owner of the property upon which the lien is claimed, (ii) the business address or residence address of such owner, (iii) the specific property claimed to be subject to such lien, (iv) the location of such property at the time it was last made tax-exempt pursuant to this subdivision, (v) the total amount of the reimbursement made by the state for the property tax exemptions granted to such owner under the provisions of this subdivision, and (vi) the tax period or periods for which such lien is claimed. If more than one agency of the state perfects such a notice of lien on the same day, the priority of such liens shall be determined by the time of day such liens were perfected, and if perfected at the same time, the lien for the highest amount shall have priority. In addition to the other remedies provided in this subdivision, the Attorney General, upon request of the secretary, may bring a civil action in a court of competent jurisdiction to recover the amount of tax revenue reimbursed by the state from any person who received an exemption under this subdivision;

      (71) Motor vehicles owned by American Indians. Any motor vehicle owned by a member of an indigenous Indian tribe or spouse and garaged on the reservation of the tribe;

      (72) Machinery and equipment in manufacturing facilities, including biotechnology and recycling industries, assessed prior to October 1, 2011. (A) Effective for assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2002, but prior to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2011, new machinery and equipment, as defined in this subdivision, acquired after October 1, 1990, and prior to October 1, 2011, and newly-acquired machinery and equipment, as defined in this subdivision, acquired on or after July 1, 1992, and prior to October 1, 2011, by the person claiming exemption under this subdivision, provided this exemption shall only be applicable in the five full assessment years following the assessment year in which such machinery or equipment is acquired, subject to the provisions of subparagraph (B) of this subdivision. Machinery and equipment acquired on or after July 1, 1996, and prior to October 1, 2011, and used in connection with biotechnology shall qualify for the exemption under this subdivision. Machinery and equipment acquired on or after July 1, 2006, and used in connection with recycling shall qualify for the exemption under this subdivision. For the purposes of this subdivision: (i) "Machinery" and "equipment" means tangible personal property which is installed in a manufacturing facility and claimed on the owner's federal income tax return as either five-year property or seven-year property, as those terms are defined in Section 168(e) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as from time to time amended, and the predominant use of which is for manufacturing, processing or fabricating; for research and development, including experimental or laboratory research and development, design or engineering directly related to manufacturing; for the significant servicing, overhauling or rebuilding of machinery and equipment for industrial use or the significant overhauling or rebuilding of other products on a factory basis; for measuring or testing or for metal finishing; or used in the production of motion pictures, video and sound recordings. "Machinery" means the basic machine itself, including all of its component parts and contrivances such as belts, pulleys, shafts, moving parts, operating structures and all equipment or devices used or required to control, regulate or operate the machinery, including, without limitation, computers and data processing equipment, together with all replacement and repair parts therefor, whether purchased separately or in conjunction with a complete machine, and regardless of whether the machine or component parts thereof are assembled by the taxpayer or another party. "Equipment" means any device separate from machinery but essential to a manufacturing, processing or fabricating process. (ii) "Manufacturing facility" means that portion of a plant, building or other real property improvement used for manufacturing, processing or fabricating, for research and development, including experimental or laboratory research and development, design or engineering directly related to manufacturing, for the significant servicing, overhauling or rebuilding of machinery and equipment for industrial use or the significant overhauling or rebuilding of other products on a factory basis, for measuring or testing or for metal finishing. (iii) "Manufacturing" means the activity of converting or conditioning tangible personal property by changing the form, composition, quality or character of the property for ultimate sale at retail or use in the manufacturing of a product to be ultimately sold at retail. Changing the quality of property shall include any substantial overhaul of the property that results in a significantly greater service life than such property would have had in the absence of such overhaul or with significantly greater functionality within the original service life of the property, beyond merely restoring the original functionality for the balance of the original service life. (iv) "Fabricating" means to make, build, create, produce or assemble components or tangible personal property work in a new or different manner, but does not include the presorting, sorting, coding, folding, stuffing or delivery of direct or indirect mail distribution services. (v) "Processing" means the physical application of the materials and labor in a manufacturing process necessary to modify or change the characteristics of tangible personal property. (vi) "Measuring or testing" includes both nondestructive and destructive measuring or testing, and the alignment and calibration of machinery, equipment and tools, in the furtherance of the manufacturing, processing or fabricating of tangible personal property. (vii) "Biotechnology" means the application of technologies, including recombinant DNA techniques, biochemistry, molecular and cellular biology, genetics and genetic engineering, biological cell fusion techniques, and new bioprocesses, using living organisms, or parts of organisms, to produce or modify products, to improve plants or animals, to develop microorganisms for specific uses, to identify targets for small molecule pharmaceutical development, or to transform biological systems into useful processes and products. (viii) "Recycling" means the processing of solid waste to reclaim material, as defined in section 22a-260;

      (B) Any person who on October first in any year holds title to machinery and equipment for which such person desires to claim the exemption provided in this subdivision shall file with the assessor or board of assessors in the municipality in which the machinery or equipment is located, on or before the first day of November in such year, a list of such machinery or equipment together with written application claiming such exemption on a form prescribed by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management. Such application shall include the taxpayer identification number assigned to the claimant by the Commissioner of Revenue Services and the federal employer identification number assigned to the claimant by the Secretary of the Treasury. If title to such equipment is held by a person other than the person claiming the exemption, the claimant shall include on such person's application information as to the portion of the total acquisition cost incurred by such person, and on or before the first day of November in such year, the person holding title to such machinery and equipment shall file a list of such machinery with the assessor of the municipality in which the manufacturing facility of the claimant is located. Such person shall include on the list information as to the portion of the total acquisition cost incurred by such person. Commercial or financial information in any application or list filed under this section shall not be open for public inspection, provided such information is given in confidence and is not available to the public from any other source. The provisions of this subdivision regarding the filing of lists and information shall not supersede the requirements to file tax lists under sections 12-41, 12-42 and 12-57a. In substantiation of such claim, the claimant and the person holding title to machinery and equipment for which exemption is claimed shall present to the assessor or board of assessors such supporting documentation as said secretary may require, including, but not limited to, invoices, bills of sale, contracts for lease and bills of lading and shall, upon request, present to the secretary or the secretary's designee a copy of each applicable federal income tax return and accompanying schedules. In lieu of submitting each applicable federal income tax return and accompanying schedules, a claimant and person holding title to machinery and equipment for which an exemption is claimed may, upon approval of said secretary, submit copies of applicable schedules accompanied by a sworn affidavit stating that such schedules were filed as part of such claimant's or person's federal income tax return. Failure to file such application in this manner and form within the time limit prescribed shall constitute a waiver of the right to such exemption for such assessment year, unless an extension of time is allowed pursuant to section 12-81k. If title to exempt machinery is conveyed subsequent to October first in any assessment year, entitlement to such exemption shall terminate for the next assessment year and there shall be no pro rata application of the exemption unless such machinery or equipment continues to be leased by the manufacturer who claimed and was approved for the exemption in the previous assessment year. Machinery or equipment shall not be eligible for exemption upon transfer from a seller to a related business or from a lessor to a lessee except to the extent it would have been eligible for exemption by the seller or the lessor, as the case may be. For the purposes of this subdivision, "related business" means: (i) A corporation, limited liability company, partnership, association or trust controlled by the taxpayer; (ii) an individual, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, association or trust that is in control of the taxpayer; (iii) a corporation, limited liability company, partnership, association or trust controlled by an individual, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, association or trust that is in control of the taxpayer; or (iv) a member of the same controlled group as the taxpayer. For purposes of this subdivision, "control", with respect to a corporation, means ownership, directly or indirectly, of stock possessing fifty per cent or more of the total combined voting power of all classes of the stock of such corporation entitled to vote. "Control", with respect to a trust, means ownership, directly or indirectly, of fifty per cent or more of the beneficial interest in the principal or income of such trust. The ownership of stock in a corporation, of a capital or profits interest in a partnership or association or of a beneficial interest in a trust shall be determined in accordance with the rules for constructive ownership of stock provided in Section 267(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as from time to time amended, other than paragraph (3) of said Section 267(c);

      (C) Any person claiming the exemption provided under this subdivision for machinery or equipment shall not be eligible to claim the exemption provided under subdivision (60) of this section or subdivision (70) of this section for the same machinery or equipment. The state and the municipality and district shall hold a security interest, as defined in subdivision (35) of subsection (b) of section 42a-1-201, in any machinery or equipment which is exempt from taxation pursuant to this subdivision, in an amount equal to the tax revenue reimbursed or lost, as the case may be, which shall be subordinate to any purchase money security interest, as defined in section 42a-9-103a. Such security interest shall be enforceable against the claimant for a period of five years after the last assessment year in which such exemption was received in any case in which such person ceases all manufacturing or biotechnology operations or moves such manufacturing or biotechnology operations entirely out of this state. Any assessor who has granted an exemption under this subdivision shall provide written notification to the secretary of the cessation of such operations or the move of such operations entirely out of this state. Such notification may be made at any time after the October first of the last assessment year in which such exemption is granted and before the September thirtieth that is five years after the conclusion of said assessment year. Upon receiving such notification and complying with the provisions of section 12-35a, the state shall have a lien upon the machinery or equipment situated in this state and owned by the person that ceased all business operations or moved such operations entirely out of this state. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 12-35a, the total amount of the reimbursement made by the state for the property tax exemptions granted to the person under the provisions of this subdivision, shall be deemed to be the amount of the tax which such person failed to pay. Notwithstanding said section 12-35a, the information required to be included in the notice of lien for such tax shall be as follows: (i) The owner of the property upon which the lien is claimed, (ii) the business address or residence address of such owner, (iii) the specific property claimed to be subject to such lien, (iv) the location of such property at the time it was last made tax-exempt pursuant to this subdivision, (v) the total amount of the reimbursement made by the state for the property tax exemptions granted to such owner under the provisions of this subdivision, and (vi) the tax period or periods for which such lien is claimed. If more than one agency of the state perfects such a notice of lien on the same day, the priority of such liens shall be determined by the time of day such liens were perfected, and if perfected at the same time, the lien for the highest amount shall have priority. In addition to the other remedies provided in this subdivision, the Attorney General, upon request of the secretary, may bring a civil action in a court of competent jurisdiction to recover the amount of tax revenue reimbursed by the state from any person who received an exemption under this subdivision. The following shall not be eligible for the exemption provided under this subdivision: (I) A public service company, as defined in section 16-1; and (II) any provider, directly or indirectly, of electricity, oil, water or gas;

      (D) A claim for property tax exemption under this subdivision may be denied by the assessor or board of assessors of a town, consolidated town and city or consolidated town and borough, with the consent of the chief executive officer thereof, if the claimant is delinquent in a property tax payment to such town, consolidated town and city or consolidated town and borough, pursuant to section 12-146, for property owned by such claimant. Before any such claim is denied, the assessor or board of assessors shall send written notice to the claimant, stating that the claimant may pay the amount of such delinquent tax or enter into an agreement with such town, consolidated town and city or consolidated town and borough for the payment thereof, by the date set forth in such notice, provided, such date shall not be less than thirty days after the date of such notice. Failure on the part of the claimant to pay the amount of the delinquent tax or enter into an agreement to pay the amount thereof by said date shall result in a disallowance of the exemption being claimed;

      (E) The secretary, in the secretary's discretion, may deny any claim for exemption under the provisions of this subdivision for new machinery and equipment by a claimant who is delinquent in the payment of corporation business tax imposed under chapter 208, as reported on the list provided by the Commissioner of Revenue Services pursuant to subsection (b) of section 12-7a and who qualified for exemption under this subdivision in the preceding year. On or before September first annually, commencing September 1, 1998, the secretary shall send a written notice to any claimant identified on said list and to the assessor of the town in which the property is subject to taxation, stating that the property tax exemption allowed by this subdivision for the assessment date following the date on which such notice is sent, shall be denied by the assessor of the town in which the property of the taxpayer is subject to taxation unless the taxpayer provides written documentation from the Department of Revenue Services that the delinquency has been cleared. Such written documentation shall substantiate that the delinquency was cleared on or before the statutory date for the filing of an application for exemption under this subdivision, provided, if a taxpayer receives an extension of the filing date pursuant to section 12-81k, the date by which the taxpayer shall be required to clear such tax delinquency shall be extended for a like period of time. No assessor shall approve an application for the exemption under this subdivision that is not accompanied by the written documentation required from a claimant who was sent a notification by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management;

      (73) Temporary devices or structures for seasonal production, storage or protection of plants or plant material. Temporary devices or structures used in the seasonal production, storage or protection of plants or plant material, including, but not limited to, hoop houses, poly houses, high tunnels, overwintering structures and shade houses;

      (74) Certain vehicles used to transport freight for hire. (A)(i) For a period not to exceed five assessment years following the assessment year in which it is first registered, any new commercial truck, truck tractor, tractor and semitrailer, and vehicle used in combination therewith, which is used exclusively to transport freight for hire and: Is either subject to the jurisdiction of the United States Department of Transportation pursuant to Chapter 135 of Title 49, United States Code, or any successor thereto, or would otherwise be subject to said jurisdiction except for the fact that the vehicle is used exclusively in intrastate commerce; has a gross vehicle weight rating in excess of twenty-six thousand pounds; and prior to August 1, 1996, was not registered in this state or in any other jurisdiction but was registered in this state on or after said date. (ii) For a period not to exceed five assessment years following the assessment year in which it is first registered, any new commercial truck, truck tractor, tractor and semitrailer, and vehicle used in combination therewith, not eligible under subparagraph (A)(i) of this subdivision, that has a gross vehicle weight rating in excess of fifty-five thousand pounds and was not registered in this state or in any other jurisdiction but was registered in this state on or after August 1, 1999. As used in this subdivision, "gross vehicle weight rating" shall have the same meaning as in section 14-1;

      (B) Any person who on October first in any year holds title to or is the registrant of a vehicle for which such person intends to claim the exemption provided in this subdivision shall file with the assessor or board of assessors in the municipality in which the vehicle is subject to property taxation, on or before the first day of November in such year, a written application claiming such exemption on a form prescribed by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management. Such person shall include information as to the make, model, year and vehicle identification number of each such vehicle, and any appurtenances attached thereto, in such application. The person holding title to or the registrant of such vehicle for which exemption is claimed shall furnish the assessor or board of assessors with such supporting documentation as said secretary may require, including, but not limited to, evidence of vehicle use, acquisition cost and registration. Failure to file such application in this manner and form within the time limit prescribed shall constitute a waiver of the right to such exemption for such assessment year, unless an extension of time is allowed as provided in section 12-81k. Such application shall not be required for any assessment year following that for which the initial application is filed, provided if the vehicle is modified, such modification shall be deemed a waiver of the right to such exemption until a new application is filed and the right to such exemption is established as required initially. With respect to any vehicle for which the exemption under this subdivision has previously been claimed in a town other than that in which the vehicle is registered on any assessment date, the person shall not be entitled to such exemption until a new application is filed and the right to such exemption is established in said town;

      (C) With respect to any vehicle which is not registered on the first day of October in any assessment year and which is registered subsequent to said first day of October but prior to the first day of August in such assessment year, the value of such vehicle for property tax exemption purposes shall be a pro rata portion of the value determined in accordance with subparagraph (D) of this subdivision, to be determined by a ratio, the numerator of which shall be the number of months from the date of such registration, including the month in which registration occurs, to the first day of October next succeeding and the denominator of which shall be twelve. For purposes of this subdivision the term "assessment year" means the period of twelve full months commencing with October first each year;

      (D) Notwithstanding the provisions of section 12-71d, the assessor or board of assessors shall determine the value for each vehicle with respect to which a claim for exemption under this subdivision is approved, based on the vehicle's cost of acquisition, including costs related to the modification of such vehicle, adjusted for depreciation in accordance with the schedule set forth in section 12-94c;

      (75) Certain health care institutions. Any real or personal property which (1) is owned or leased by an entity considered to be a nonprofit organization for purposes of Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Service of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as from time to time amended, and (2) is the location of or located at an institution licensed by the state pursuant to chapter 368v and described in subsection (c) of section 19a-490. This subdivision shall not affect (1) the taxability in assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2000, of any such property that was taxable on the net grand list, as adjusted by the board of assessment appeals, next preceding June 1, 2000, or (2) any time-limited written agreement in existence on June 1, 2000, with any municipality regarding the taxability of any such property;

      (76) Machinery and equipment assessed commencing on or after October 1, 2011. Effective for assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2011, new machinery and equipment or newly-acquired machinery and equipment, including machinery and equipment used in connection with biotechnology. For purposes of this subdivision, "machinery" and "equipment", and "biotechnology" shall have the same meaning as in subdivision (72) of this section. Any person claiming the exemption provided under this subdivision shall not be eligible to claim the exemption provided under subdivision (60) or (70) of this section for the same machinery and equipment;

      (77) Real property of regional council or agency. Real property belonging to, or held in trust for, a regional council of elected officials established under sections 4-124c to 4-124f, inclusive, a regional council of governments established under sections 4-124i to 4-124p, inclusive, or a regional planning agency organized under sections 8-31a to 8-37b, inclusive, provided (A) such property is used to advance the official duties of such council or agency, and (B) the exemption for such property is approved by the municipality in which such property is located.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1761, 1766, 1767, 1773, 1774, 1775; 1949, 1951, June, 1955, S. 1061d; 1951, S. 1056d, 1058d; 1951, 1953, June, 1955, S. 1054d; 1953, S. 1057d; 1953, 1955, S. 1053d; 1955, S. 1052d; 1957, P.A. 166; 388; 453; 572; September, 1957, P.A. 16, S. 8; 1959, P.A. 152, S. 99; 239, S. 2; 1961, P.A. 235, S. 1; 245; February, 1965, P.A. 461, S. 3; 465, S. 1; 1967, P.A. 57, S. 27; 425, S. 1, 2; 738; 754, S. 19; 1969, P.A. 630, S. 2; 657, S. 2; 758, S. 13; 768, S. 67; 1971, P.A. 234; 872, S. 31, 144; P.A. 73-435; P.A. 74-123, S. 1, 4; 74-207, S. 1-6; P.A. 75-483, S. 3, 4, 10; 75-500, S. 1, 2; P.A. 76-409, S. 1; P.A. 77-490, S. 1, 2; 77-533, S. 1, 3; 77-614, S. 19, 139, 587, 610; P.A. 78-267, S. 2, 3; 78-296, S. 1-5; 78-303, S. 85, 136; 78-357, S. 8, 16; P.A. 79-82, S. 1, 2; 79-472, S. 1, 2; 79-479; 79-492, S. 2-4; 79-610, S. 3, 47; P.A. 80-406, S. 1; 80-412, S. 1, 2; P.A. 81-333, S. 2, 3; 81-423, S. 18, 25; 81-439, S. 13, 14; P.A. 82-318, S. 2, 3; 82-382, S. 1, 4; 82-449, S. 1, 5; P.A. 83-75, S. 1, 3; 83-485, S. 4-7, 12, 13; 83-568, S. 1, 2; P.A. 84-429, S. 48; 84-533, S. 1-3; P.A. 85-593, S. 1, 2; P.A. 86-153, S. 1, 5; 86-273, S. 1, 2; 86-394, S. 2, 3; P.A. 87-240, S. 2-4; 87-346, S. 1, 2, 4; 87-584, S. 10, 18; P.A. 88-134, S. 1, 3; 88-287, S. 1, 5; 88-342, S. 2, 4; P.A. 89-235, S. 1, 5; 89-368, S. 25, 26, 30; P.A. 90-270, S. 19, 20, 28, 38; P.A. 91-257, S. 1, 2; 91-307, S. 1; P.A. 92-64, S. 1, 3; 92-193, S. 1, 8; P.A. 93-434, S. 5, 6, 20; P.A. 94-157, S. 1, 2, 4; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-6, S. 16, 28; P.A. 95-283, S. 9, 68; P.A. 96-180, S. 18, 19, 166; 96-208, S. 1, 2; 96-222, S. 34, 41; 96-239, S. 11, 17; 96-252, S. 6, 8; 96-265, S. 1, 5; P.A. 97-193, S. 1, 5; 97-282, S. 4, 5, 6; P.A. 98-28, S. 45, 117; 98-146, S. 2, 5; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 98-1, S. 98, 121; P.A. 99-272, S. 1, 7; 99-280, S. 1, 2; P.A. 00-120, S. 5, 13; 00-169, S. 23, 36; 00-170, S. 27, 28, 42; 00-215, S. 3-9, 11; 00-229, S. 1, 7; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 00-1, S. 26, 46; P.A. 01-132, S. 156, 157; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-6, S. 17, 83, 85; P.A. 02-49, S. 5; 02-143, S. 1, 2; P.A. 03-269, S. 5; 03-270, S. 1; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 40, 53, 146(e); P.A. 04-72, S. 1, 2; 04-189, S. 1; 04-240, S. 35; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2, S. 76; P.A. 05-109, S. 43, 44; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-1, S. 37, 38; P.A. 06-83, S. 9, 10; 06-186, S. 84; P.A. 07-240, S. 2; 07-242, S. 46, 47; 07-254, S. 5-7; 07-255, S. 1, 2; P.A. 08-121, S. 3; 08-174, S. 8; P.A. 09-176, S. 1; 09-226, S. 1.)

      *Note: Section 40 of public act 03-6 of the June 30 special session is special in nature and therefore has not been codified but remains in full force and effect according to its terms.


      History: 1959 acts repealed exemptions for county property (county government abolished) and watercraft owned by nonresidents; 1961 acts added Subdivs. (48) and (49); 1965 acts added Subdivs. (50) and (51); 1967 acts replaced former provisions of Subdiv. (51) with wholly new provisions, amended Subdivs. (19) and (21) to include references to the Vietnam era, and added Subdivs. (52) and (53); 1969 acts amended Subdiv. (50) to delete per cent figures for 1967, 1968 and 1969, to decrease by 10% the figures for 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974 and 1975 and to add "one hundred per cent in the year 1976", added Subdiv. (54), amended Subdiv. (52) to specify structures or equipment acquired "by lease or purchase", to substitute clean air commission for air pollution control commission and to allow certification of a portion of structures and equipment acquired, and substituted commissioner of transportation for Connecticut aeronautics commission in Subdiv. (48); 1971 acts deleted reference to (17) in Subdiv. (20) and substituted commissioner of environmental protection for clean air commission in Subdiv. (52); P.A. 73-435 amended Subdiv. (21) to include exemption for loss of use of one arm or one leg because of service-related injury; P.A. 74-123 added Subdiv. (55); P.A. 74-207 amended Subdivs. (20) to (25) to include both widows and widowers; P.A. 75-483 simplified reference to Vietnam era in Subdivs. (19) and (21); P.A. 75-500 excluded subsidized housing for low and moderate income persons or families from consideration as charitable purpose in Subdiv. (7); P.A. 76-409 added Subdiv. (56); P.A. 77-490 clarified Subdiv. (56)(a) by deleting reference to "addition to a building" and inserting "building to which a solar heating or cooling system is added...", deleted reference to windmills and water wheels in (b), and added Subdiv. (57); P.A. 77-533 added Subdiv. (58); P.A. 77-614 and P.A. 78-303 substituted secretary of the office of policy and management for commissioner of planning and energy policy and, effective January 1, 1979 substituted commissioner of revenue services for tax commissioner; P.A. 78-267 removed requirement that veteran have served in time of war and listed eligible branches of service in Subdiv. (21); P.A. 78-296 removed "Connecticut" in Subdivs. (7), (13), (18) and (49) thus making out-of-state organizations eligible, effective May 31, 1978, and applicable to assessment list in any town for assessment date next following May 31, 1978, and each assessment date thereafter; P.A. 78-357 added Subdivs. (59) and (60); P.A. 79-82 added Subdiv. (61), effective May 3, 1979, and applicable to assessment list in any town for 1979 and any assessment list thereafter; P.A. 79-472 included in Subdiv. (19) state residents who served in forces of Czechoslovakia or Poland in WWII and included parents of more than one serviceman or woman under certain conditions in Subdiv. (25); P.A. 79-479 added Subdiv. (62); P.A. 79-492 amended Subdivs. (59) and (60) to detail exemptions further; P.A. 79-610 substituted secretary of the office of policy and management for commissioner of revenue services, effective July 1, 1980; P.A. 80-406 replaced "October 1, 1980" with "April 20, 1977" in Subdiv. (61); P.A. 80-412 amended Subdiv. (55) to replace requirements for federal old-age, survivors and disability insurance with requirements for social security or other permanent total disability payments comparable with social security, effective June 6, 1980, and applicable in any town to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1980, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 81-333 amended Subdiv. (60) to allow exemption for existing machinery in newly purchased manufacturing facility in distressed municipality: P.A. 81-423 added Subdiv. (64) providing exemption for vessels, effective July 1, 1981, and applicable in any municipality to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1981, and thereafter; P.A. 81-439 added Subdiv. (63), authorizing municipalities to adopt ordinance exempting from property tax solar energy electricity generating systems not eligible for exemption under Subdiv. (57), cogeneration systems or both, effective July 1, 1981; P.A. 82-318 amended Subdiv. (21) to allow municipalities to provide total exemption for the residence of a veteran with respect to which such veteran has received assistance for specially adapted housing under title 38 of United States Code, effective June 9, 1982 and applicable to assessment years in municipalities commencing October 1, 1982, and thereafter; P.A. 82-382 added Subdiv. (66) re motor vehicles leased to state agencies; P.A. 82-449 added Subdiv. (65) re exemption for certain vanpool vehicles, effective July 1, 1982 and applicable to assessment year commencing October 1, 1982, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 83-75 amended Subdiv. (19) to allow exemption for service during period beginning June 27, 1950, and ending January 31, 1955, in lieu of the period "between June 27, 1950 and October 27, 1953" as previously provided, effective May 10, 1983, and applicable in any town to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1983, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 83-485 amended Subdiv. (14) by adding exemption with respect to real property and equipment owned by any religious organization and exclusively used as a thrift shop, the proceeds of which are used for charitable purposes and amended Subdivs. (51), (52) and (53) by the addition of Subpara. (b) to each of said subdivisions, which subparagraph in Subdivs. (51) and (52) concerns requirements related to certification of the exempt property by the commissioner of environmental protection and in Subdiv. (53) concerns time requirements applicable to claims for the exemption and the result of failure to file such application as prescribed; P.A. 83-485 amended Subdivs. (56) and (57) by providing in Subpara. (c) of each of said subdivisions that application for exemption shall not be required for any assessment year following that for which the initial application is filed unless the exempt property is altered in any manner and amended Subdivs. (62)(d) and (63)(d) to provide that application for exemption shall not be required for any assessment year following that for which the initial application is filed unless the exempt property is altered in any manner, effective June 30, 1983, and applicable in any town to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1983, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 83-568 amended Subdivs. (59) and (60) to provide that the exemptions in those Subdivs. terminate for the assessment year following the date that the facility no longer qualifies for the exemption; P.A. 84-429 made technical changes in Subdiv. (65) for statutory consistency; P.A. 84-533 amended Subdivs. (40) and (41) to remove the $50 specific exemption for swine in Subdiv. (41) and include it with sheep and goats in an exemption in Subdiv. (40) which was increased from $200 to $500 and to insert in Subdiv. (41) an exemption for dairy and beef cattle and oxen and added Subdiv. (67) re exemption of city beach property, effective June 4, 1984, and applicable to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1984, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 85-593 added Subdiv. (55)(3), clarifying that a person who has attained age 65 or over and because of payments received as retirement benefits, is no longer eligible to receive benefits under the disability benefit provisions of Social Security or any federal, state or local government retirement or disability plan, in accordance with which such person would be eligible under such disability benefit provisions except for having attained age 65 or over, shall be eligible for the exemption provided under said Subdiv. (55), effective July 8, 1985, and applicable in any municipality to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1985, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 86-153 amended Subdivs. (59) and (60) by clarifying filing requirements for the exemption under each of said subdivisions by inserting the provision that any person claiming the exemption shall file "annually" with the assessor "on or before the first day of November", effective April 28, 1986, and applicable in any municipality for purposes of the assessment year commencing October 1, 1986, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 86-273 amended Subdiv. (21)(b) and (c) to provide for reinstatement of exemption of a surviving spouse after the termination of a subsequent marriage, effective June 4, 1986, and applicable for the assessment year of any municipality commencing October 1, 1986, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 86-394 amended Subdiv. (19) to eliminate reference to state residents who served in forces of Czechoslovakia or Poland in World War II and included residents who served in forces of any government signatory to United Nations Declaration of January 1, 1942, effective June 9, 1986, and applicable in any municipality to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1987, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 87-240 amended Subdiv. (59) by adding reference to the extension of time that may be allowed for filing the application for exemption as required under said Subdiv. (59), and amended Subdiv. (60) by adding provisions allowing exemption for machinery and equipment acquired and installed on or after October 1, 1986, in a manufacturing facility eligible for exemption under Subdiv. (59), when such machinery and equipment is installed in conjunction with an expansion of such facility contiguous to and representing an increase of not less than 50% of the floor space in the certified manufacturing facility, and adding reference to the extension of time that may be allowed for filing the application for exemption as required under said Subdiv. (60), effective June 1, 1987, and applicable to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1987, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 87-346 amended Subdiv. (40) by allowing complete exemption for sheep, goats and swine in the state, eliminating the maximum amount of exemption previously applicable to assessed value of such livestock, except when totally exempt as a result of being used in farming, Subdiv. (41) by allowing complete exemption for dairy and beef cattle and oxen, eliminating the maximum amount of exemption previously applicable to assessed value of such livestock, except when totally exempt as a result of being used in farming, and by allowing complete exemption for asses and mules and Subdiv. (43) by allowing complete exemption for poultry, eliminating the maximum exemption previously applicable to poultry except when used in farming, and added Subdiv. (68) allowing total exemption for all livestock except that the exemption for horses and ponies shall be limited to $1,000 in assessed value unless used in farming, effective June 10, 1987, and applicable to the assessment year commencing October 1, 1987, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 87-584 amended Subdiv. (54) by deleting reference to Sec. 12-24c and by incorporating a definition of "wholesale and retail business"; P.A. 88-134 added Subdiv. (69) exempting certain property belonging to the metropolitan transportation authority, effective May 6, 1988, and applicable to assessment year commencing October 1, 1988, and thereafter; P.A. 88-287 added Subdiv. (70) re exemption for machinery and equipment used in manufacturing goods or products and acquired as part of a technological upgrading of the manufacturing process, effective June 6, 1988, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1988; P.A. 88-342 added certain members of the merchant marine to Subdiv. (19), effective June 6, 1988, and applicable to assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 1988; P.A. 89-235 amended Subdiv. (60) to require in Subparas. (1) and (2) that machinery and equipment eligible for an exemption represent an addition to the assessment or grand list of the municipality, and to provide in Subpara. (3) that the manufacturing facility is or has at one time been certified for an exemption, effective June 16, 1989, and applicable to assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 1989; P.A. 89-368 amended Subdiv. (2) by exempting reservation land held in trust by the state for Indian tribes and added Subdiv. (71) allowing exemption for motor vehicles owned by member of indigenous Indian tribe or spouse and garaged on the reservation of the tribe; P.A. 90-270 amended Subdivs. (59) and (60) by expanding exemption to facilities, machinery and equipment in municipalities located in a targeted investment community or enterprise zone, amended Subdiv. (70) to expand exemption to new machinery and equipment located in a targeted investment community or enterprise zone and made technical changes and added Subdiv. (72) re exemption for new machinery and equipment in manufacturing facilities, effective January 1, 1991, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 1991; P.A. 91-257 added Subdiv. (73) concerning temporary devices or structures used in the seasonal production, storage or protection of plants or plant material, effective June 19, 1991, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1991; P.A. 91-307 amended Subdiv. (10) concerning property belonging to agricultural or horticultural societies to revise the requirements for exemption thereunder; P.A. 92-64 amended Subdiv. (39) to remove the requirement that produce be grown in the season next preceding the assessment date to qualify for the exemption, effective May 20, 1992, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1992; P.A. 92-193 amended Subdiv. (72) by adding provisions allowing exemption for "newly-acquired machinery and equipment, as defined herein, acquired on or after July 1, 1992", substituting "fabricating" for "assembling of raw materials, parts or manufactured products" and inserting "for measuring or testing or for metal finishing" in definitions of "machinery", "equipment" and "manufacturing facility", adding further definitions of "machinery" and "equipment", deleting definition of "manufacturer" and adding definitions of "manufacturing", "fabricating", "processing" and "measuring or testing", effective July 1, 1992, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on and after October 1, 1992; P.A. 93-434 amended Subdivs. (56)(c) and (57)(c) by deleting obsolete reference to forms prescribed by the secretary and providing that such forms be approved by the assessor, effective June 30, 1993, and amended Subdiv. (72)9(a) by inserting reference to Subpara. (b) and amended Subdiv. (72)(b) by establishing a procedure to claim exemption for leased machinery or equipment, effective June 30, 1993, and applicable to assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 1992; P.A. 94-157 amended Subdiv. (56) by extending end date of construction or addition from 1991 to 2006, adding "active" before "solar energy heating or cooling system", dividing Subpara. (b) into numbered subparagraphs, adding Subpara. (2) re mechanical means to transfer energy in Subpara. (b), adding reference to chapter 54 in Subpara. (b)(3) and adding provision re building permit in Subpara. (c), amended Subdiv. (57) by extending end date of installation from 1991 to 2006, adding reference to chapter 54 in Subpara. (b) and adding provision re building permit in Subpara. (c), amended Subdiv. (62) by extending end date of construction or addition from 1991 to 2006, deleting Subpara. (b) re regulations to define and set standards for passive and hybrid solar energy heating or cooling systems and adding new Subpara. (b) defining "passive solar energy heating or cooling system" and "hybrid system", requiring application in manner and form as provided by assessor or board rather than on form prescribed by the office of policy and management in Subpara. (c) and adding provision re building permit in Subpara. (c), and amended Subdiv. (63) by extending end date of installation from 1991 to 2006, making prohibition of applicability in Subpara. (a) mandatory rather than permissive, adding provision re resources recovery facilities in Subpara. (a), adding references to chapter 54 in Subpara. (b), changing "energy which is used for heating, cooling" to "thermal energy which is used for space or water heating or cooling," in Subpara. (b), requiring application in manner and form as provided by assessor or board rather than on form prescribed by the office of policy and management in Subpara. (d) and adding provision re building permit in Subpara. (d), effective October 1, 1994, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after that date; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-6 amended Subdiv. (72)(c) to exclude public service companies defined in Sec. 16-1, effective June 21, 1994, and applicable for the assessment year commencing October 1, 1993, and each assessment year thereafter; P.A. 95-283 amended Subdiv. (72) to extend exemption period from four years to five years, effective July 6, 1995, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1996; P.A. 96-180 amended Subdivs. (59), (60) and (70) by substituting "Department of Economic and Community Development" for "department", effective June 3, 1996; P.A. 96-208 amended Subdiv. (72) to require taxpayer identification number and federal employer identification number on application and to add provision allowing denial of exemption if the claimant is delinquent in a property tax payment, effective June 4, 1996, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 1996; P.A. 96-222 amended Subdiv. (60) to provide that exemption shall not apply to rolling stock, effective October 1, 1996, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after said date; P.A. 96-239 amended Subdivs. (59) and (60) by dividing the Subdivs. into Subparas., adding Subpara. (b) re tax exemption for service facilities and adding references to "service facility" in Subpara. (c) of both, effective July 1, 1996 (Revisor's note: In Subparas. (b) of both Subdivs. (59) and (60) "department" was replaced editorially by the Revisors with "Department of Economic and Community Development" to mirror technical change enacted in P.A. 96-180); P.A. 96-252 amended Subdiv. (72)(a) by adding provisions re machinery and equipment used in the biotechnology industry, effective July 1, 1996, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1996; P.A. 96-265 added Subdiv. (74) re exemption for certain commercial motor vehicles, effective October 1, 1996, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after said date; P.A. 97-193 added Subdiv. (72)(E) re denial of exemption if applicant delinquent in corporation business tax and to make technical and renumbering changes, effective June 24, 1997, and applicable to income years commencing on or after January 1, 1998; P.A. 97-282 amended Subdiv. (72) to make assessors instead of the Office of Policy and Management responsible for granting extensions, to provide that machinery or equipment that is transferred by sale or lease is only eligible for the exemption only to the extent it would be exempt for the seller or lessor and to make technical changes and amended Subdiv. (74) to require commercial vehicles to be valued on the basis of their acquisition costs and depreciated in accordance with the schedule in Sec. 12-94c, to provide for prorating the value of vehicles that appear on the supplemental motor vehicle list, and to make technical changes, effective June 26, 1997, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 1996 (Revisor's note: In Subdiv. (72)(A)(vii) the phrase "to development microorganisms" was replaced editorially by the Revisors with "to develop microorganisms" for grammatical accuracy); P.A. 98-28 amended Subdiv. (57) by replacing solar energy electricity generating systems with Class I renewable energy sources and certain hydropower facilities, by deleting October 1, 2006 sunset date in Subpara. (a), by deleting Subpara. (b) and by relettering former Subpara. (c) as (b), effective April 29, 1998, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1999; P.A. 98-146 amended Subdiv. (59)(a) by applying exemption to properties designated as manufacturing plants under Sec. 32-75c and authorized extention of assessment period for manufacturing facilities with a Standard Industrial Classification Code of 2833, effective July 1, 1998, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 1998; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 98-1 amended Subdiv. (59)(a) by adding reference to Standard Industrial Classification Code 2834 and making a technical change, effective July 1, 1998; P.A. 99-272 amended Subdiv. (21)(C) to allow exemption for modification of dwelling house and made technical changes, effective June 15, 1999, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 1998; P.A. 99-280 amended Subdiv. (74) by requiring the five-year assessment period of a new commercial truck, truck tractor, tractor and semitrailer, and vehicle used in combination therewith, to begin following the assessment year in which such a vehicle was "first registered" in lieu of "purchased" in Subpara. (A)(i), added Subpara. (A)(ii) re vehicles not eligible under Subpara. (A)(i) and made technical changes, effective October 1, 2000, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after that date; P.A. 00-120 amended Subdiv. (19) to define "veteran", "service in time of war", and "armed forces" and to make technical changes, effective May 26, 2000, and applicable to assessment years commencing October 1, 2000; P.A. 00-169 amended Subdiv. (74)(A) by making a technical change; P.A. 00-170 amended Subdivs. (59)(b) and (60)(b) to allow certain financial institutions receiving state assistance to extend the assessment period for five years, effective May 26, 2000; P.A. 00-215 amended Subdivs. (7), (10) and (16) to require that the assessor provide the statement form under those Subdivs. and to provide that the statement is due on November first quadrennially, amended Subdivs. (59)(c), (60)(c) and (70) to provide that extensions of deadlines for applications under those Subdivs. be in accordance with Sec. 12-81k and amended Subdiv. (74)(B) to make a technical change and to modify the filing requirements for new commercial vehicles, effective June 1, 2000, and applicable to assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 2000 (Revisor's note: In 2001 the word "if" in the phrase "sworn to by the president, secretary or treasurer if the society" in Subdiv. (10) was changed editorially by the Revisors to "of" to conform provision with P.A. 91-307, thereby correcting a clerical error first published in the 1993 edition of the general statutes); P.A. 00-229 provided an exemption for certain health care institutions, effective June 1, 2000, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 1998 (Revisor's note: P.A. 00-229 was designated editorially by the Revisors as Subdiv. (75) and the words "... shall be exempt from taxation under chapter 203 of the general statutes," were deleted editorially by the Revisors since they were no longer needed in the Subdiv. as codified); June Sp. Sess. P.A. 00-1 amended Subdiv. (36) to replace fishing apparatus "actually used in the main business of" with fishing apparatus "belonging to" and to add proviso that such apparatus was purchased for use in the main business of such business or company at the time of purchase, effective June 21, 2000, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2000; P.A. 01-132 amended Subdivs. (70) and (72) to replace Sec. 42a-9-107 with Sec. 42a-9-103a as the statutory reference for the definition of "purchase money security interest" and to make technical changes; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-6 amended Subdiv. (60)(a) to provide for a five-year extension of the assessment period for facilities having code classification 2833 or 2834 in the Standard Industrial Code Classification Manual and employing at least one thousand new full-time employees and amended Subdiv. (72)(B) to provide definitions of "related business" and "control" for purposes of subdivision, to add provisions re determination of stock or interest ownership and to make technical changes for purposes of gender neutrality, effective July 1, 2001 (Revisor's note: In Subdiv. (75), "This section" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "This subdivision" for clarity and accuracy); P.A. 02-49 amended Subdiv. (11) to require quadrennial statements be filed with the assessor rather than the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management and to make technical changes, effective May 9, 2002; P.A. 02-143 amended Subdivs. (70) and (72)(C) to add provisions re enforcement of the state's security interest established under said Subdivs. and to make technical changes, effective July 1, 2002, and applicable with respect to personal property tax exemptions in which the state has a security interest for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2001, and each assessment year thereafter; (Revisor's note: In 2003 a reference in Subdiv. (59) to "Commissioner of Economic Development" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Economic and Community Development"); P.A. 03-269 amended Subdiv. (53) to provide exemption for leased vehicles and to delete requirement that vehicle be for passengers, effective October 1, 2003, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after that date; P.A. 03-270 amended Subdiv. (7) to make a technical change and define "housing" for purposes of that subdivision, effective July 9, 2003, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2002; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 amended Subdiv. (10) to replace Commissioner of Agriculture with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004, and amended Subdiv. (55) to suspend the exemption for property of totally disabled persons for the 2003 assessment year and make a technical change, and amended Subdiv. (72)(A) to make Subpara. effective for assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2002, redefine "fabricating" to exclude presorting, sorting, coding, folding, stuffing or delivery of certain mail services, limit definition of "processing" to manufacturing and make technical changes, both effective August 20, 2003, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2002; P.A. 04-72 amended Subdiv. (72)(A)(i) to provide that "machinery" and "equipment" must be claimed on the owner's federal income tax return, and amended Subdiv. (72)(B) to revise reference to certain other sections requiring lists of property to be filed and to add provisions re reporting of certain information on a claimant's federal income tax return, effective May 10, 2004; P.A. 04-189 repealed Sec. 146 of June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, thereby reversing the merger of the Departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective June 1, 2004; P.A. 04-240 amended Subdiv. (7) by making technical changes and adding provision re operation of housing by charitable organization deemed an exclusively charitable purpose, effective October 1, 2002, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after that date; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 04-2 amended Subdiv. (55) to restore exemption for the 2003 assessment year and to provide for the issuance of certificates of correction, effective May 12, 2004, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2003; P.A. 05-109 amended Subdivs. (70)(C) and (72)(C) by replacing references to Sec. 42a-1-201(37) with references to Sec. 42a-1-201(b)(35); June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-1 amended Subdiv. (51) to add "by purchase or lease" in Subpara. (a), to substitute "owner or lessee of such structures or equipment who wishes to claim" for "person claiming", add application requirement and make technical changes in Subpara. (b), and to add new Subpara. (c) re revised application for a change in the name of the owner or lessee, and amended Subdiv. (52)(b) to make changes identical to those in Subdiv. (51) and add identical provisions as new Subpara. (c), effective July 21, 2005; P.A. 06-83 amended Subdiv. (72)(A) by limiting applicability to assessment years commencing prior to October 1, 2011, effective July 1, 2006, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2006, and added Subdiv. (76) re exemption for new or newly acquired machinery and equipment effective for assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2011, effective July 1, 2006; P.A. 06-186 amended Subdiv. (72)(A) by allowing machinery and equipment used in recycling to qualify for exemption and adding definition of "recycling", effective July 1, 2006, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2006; P.A. 07-240 amended Subdiv. (57)(a) to include farms, effective October 1, 2007, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after that date; P.A. 07-242 amended Subdiv. (57)(a) to delete provision re authorization of exemption by ordinance, change installation date from October 1, 1977, to October 1, 2007, and add passive or active solar water or space heating system or geothermal energy resource, amended Subdiv. (57)(b) to add hydropower facility, passive or active solar water heating system or geothermal energy resources and amended Subdiv. (63) to delete provisions re solar energy electricity generating system and change installation date from on or after July 1, 1981, and before October 1, 2006, to on or after July 1, 2007, effective October 1, 2007, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after that date; P.A. 07-254 amended Subdiv. (7) by adding provision re real property eligible for exemption regardless of whether used by another corporation organized exclusively for scientific, educational, literary, historical or charitable purposes or for two or more such purposes, amended Subdiv. (14) by inserting "a daycare facility," and amended Subdiv. (58) by inserting "and not otherwise exempt under this section", effective October 1, 2007, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after that date; P.A. 07-255 amended Subdivs. (56)(a) and (62)(a) by deleting "and before October 1, 2006", effective July 1, 2007; P.A. 08-121 amended Subdiv. (53)(a) by adding provision re motor vehicle garaged inside the state, effective July 1, 2008; P.A. 08-174 amended Subdiv. (7) to divide existing provisions into Subparas. (A) and (B) and, in Subpara. (A), add purpose of preserving open space land, effective June 13, 2008, and applicable to assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 2007; P.A. 09-176 amended Subdiv. (20) to replace former provisions re submission of evidence satisfactory to assessors with provisions requiring an individual receiving exemption to submit proof of disability rating to assessor of the town for initial exemption year and when disability rating has been modified by Veterans' Administration of the United States, effective June 30, 2009; P.A. 09-226 added Subdiv. (77) re real property belonging to or held in trust for regional council of elected officials, regional council of governments or regional planning agency, effective October 1, 2009, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2009.

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      Sec. 12-94b. State payment in lieu of taxes for commercial motor vehicles and manufacturing machinery and equipment. Applicable until July 1, 2013. (a) As used in this section, "municipality" means each town, city, borough, consolidated town and city and consolidated town and borough and each district, as defined in section 7-324, and "next succeeding" means the second such date.

      (b) On or before March fifteenth, annually, commencing March 15, 1998, the assessor or board of assessors of each municipality shall certify to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, on a form furnished by said secretary, the amount of exemptions approved under the provisions of subdivision (74) of section 12-81, together with such supporting information as said secretary may require including the number of taxpayers with approved claims under said subdivision (74) and the original copy of the applications filed by them. Said secretary shall review each such claim as provided in section 12-120b. Not later than December first next succeeding the conclusion of the assessment year for which the assessor approved such exemption, the secretary shall notify each claimant of the modification or denial of the claimant's exemption, in accordance with the procedure set forth in section 12-120b. Any claimant aggrieved by the results of the secretary's review shall have the rights of appeal as set forth in section 12-120b. With respect to property first approved for exemption under the provisions of subdivision (74) of section 12-81 for the assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2000, the grant payable for such property to any municipality under the provisions of this subsection shall be equal to eighty per cent of the property taxes which, except for the exemption under the provisions of subdivision (74) of section 12-81, would have been paid. The secretary shall, on or before December fifteenth, annually, certify to the Comptroller the amount due each municipality under the provisions of this subsection, including any modification of such claim made prior to December first, and the Comptroller shall draw an order on the Treasurer on or before the twenty-fourth day of December following and the Treasurer shall pay the amount thereof to such municipality on or before the thirty-first day of December following. If any modification is made as the result of the provisions of this subsection on or after the December fifteenth following the date on which the assessor has provided the amount of the exemption in question, any adjustments to the amount due to any municipality for the period for which such modification was made shall be made in the next payment the Treasurer shall make to such municipality pursuant to this subsection.

      (c) On or before March fifteenth, annually, commencing March 15, 2007, and ending March 15, 2011, the assessor or board of assessors of each municipality shall certify to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, on a form furnished by said secretary, the amount of exemptions approved under the provisions of subdivision (72) of section 12-81, together with such supporting information as said secretary may require including the number of taxpayers with approved claims under said subdivision (72) and the original copy of the applications filed by them. Said secretary shall review each such claim as provided in section 12-120b. Not later than December first next succeeding the conclusion of the assessment year for which the assessor approved such exemption, the secretary shall notify each claimant of the modification or denial of the claimant's exemption, in accordance with the procedure set forth in section 12-120b. Any claimant aggrieved by the results of the secretary's review shall have the rights of appeal as set forth in section 12-120b. With respect to property first approved for exemption under the provisions of subdivision (72) of section 12-81 for the assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2000, but on or before October 1, 2010, the grant payable for such property to any municipality under the provisions of this subsection shall be equal to eighty per cent of the property taxes which, except for the exemption under the provisions of subdivision (72) of section 12-81, would have been paid. The secretary shall, on or before December fifteenth, annually, certify to the Comptroller the amount due each municipality under the provisions of this subsection, including any modification of such claim made prior to December first, and the Comptroller shall draw an order on the Treasurer on or before the twenty-fourth day of December following and the Treasurer shall pay the amount thereof to such municipality on or before the thirty-first day of December following. If any modification is made as the result of the provisions of this subsection on or after the December fifteenth following the date on which the assessor has provided the amount of the exemption in question, any adjustments to the amount due to any municipality for the period for which such modification was made shall be made in the next payment the Treasurer shall make to such municipality pursuant to this subsection.

      (d) Machinery and equipment acquired between October 2, 2006, to October 1, 2010, inclusive, and approved for exemption under the provisions of subdivision (72) of section 12-81 for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2010, shall continue to be exempt from taxation for assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 2011. The grant determined in accordance with section 12-94g shall replace the grant payable under the provisions of this section, in the fiscal year commencing July 1, 2013, and each fiscal year thereafter.

      (e) The amount of the grant payable to each municipality in any year in accordance with this section shall be reduced proportionately in the event that the total of such grants in such year exceeds the amount appropriated for the purposes of this section with respect to such year.

      (P.A. 88-230, S. 1, 12; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; 90-270, S. 29, 38; P.A. 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; 93-434, S. 7, 20; P.A. 95-220, S. 4-6; 95-283, S. 16, 68; 95-307, 3. 5, 14; P.A. 96-261, S. 3, 4; 96-265, S. 3, 5; P.A. 97-244, S. 9, 13; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-6, S. 49, 57, 85; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 184; P.A. 06-83, S. 12; P.A. 07-140, S. 1; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-7, S. 15.)

      History: P.A. 90-270, S. 29 effective January 1, 1991, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 1991; P.A. 93-434 changed the time for notification by the secretary from September first to November first effective June 30, 1993, and applicable to assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 1992; P.A. 95-283 changed location of appeal from as provided in Sec. 12-33 to the judicial district of Hartford-New Britain, effective October 1, 1996 (Revisor's note: P.A. 88-230, 90-98, 93-142 and 95-220 authorized substitution of "judicial district of Hartford" for "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain" in 1995 in 1995 public and special acts, effective September 1, 1998); P.A. 95-307 added new Subsec. (b) concerning appeal of the decision of the secretary to deny reimbursement and designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a), effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 96-261 repealed changes made by P.A. 95-283, effective June 10, 1996; P.A. 96-265 amended Subsec. (a) to add reference to Sec. 12-81(74), to authorize secretary to reevaluate any vehicle included in claim when he believes valuation is inaccurate and to require secretary to notify each municipality of his denial of claim, and amended Subsec. (b) to add references to commercial motor vehicle and to substitute Sec. 12-81(72) or (74) for reference to "this section" in the first sentence, effective October 1, 1996, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after said date (Revisor's note: Since the changes made in Subsec. (a) by P.A. 95-283 were repealed by P.A. 96-261 the Revisors editorially reversed those changes when codifying P.A. 96-265 by changing the sentence which read "Any municipality aggrieved by the action of the secretary under the provisions of this section may appeal therefrom to the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford-New Britain pursuant to section 12-391." back to "Any municipality aggrieved by the action of the secretary under the provisions of this section may appeal therefrom as provided in section 12-33.", that is the way the sentence read prior to the changes made by P.A. 95-283); P.A. 97-244 amended Subsec. (a) to advance the deadline for certifications from July 1 to March 15, added provisions re number of claimants and modifications and defined the term "next succeeding", and replaced existing Subsec. (b) with new provisions re administrative procedure in cases where the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management modifies or denies an exemption claim, effective July 1, 1997; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-6 deleted former provisions re administrative appeals, including former Subsec. (b), added provisions re appeals under this section as provided in Sec. 12-120b, changed amount of the grant to 80% of taxes which would have been paid for property first approved for exemption under Sec. 12-81(72) or (74) on or after October 1, 2001, and made technical changes for purposes of clarity and gender neutrality, effective July 1, 2001; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 added provision re reduction in grant amount under this section in the event total of grants exceeds the amount appropriated, effective August 20, 2003, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2002; P.A. 06-83 divided section into subsecs., repositioning existing definitions as Subsec. (a), designating remainder of existing provisions as Subsec. (b) and amending same by removing references re machinery and equipment and making technical changes, and adding Subsec. (c) re applicability to machinery and equipment limited to dates prior to March 15, 2011, effective July 1, 2006; P.A. 07-140 made a technical change in Subsec. (c) and added Subsec. (d) re replacement of section's grant provisions commencing July 1, 2013, effective June 19, 2007; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-7 repositioned provision re proportionate grant reduction from Subsec. (b) to Subsec. (e) and amended same by changing "this subsection" to "this section", effective October 5, 2009.

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      Sec. 12-94f. Phase-in of one hundred per cent state payment in lieu of taxes for machinery and equipment. (a) For purposes of this section, (1) "machinery", "equipment", "manufacturing", "biotechnology" and "recycling" shall have the same meaning as in subdivision (72) of section 12-81, and (2) "municipality" means each town, city, borough, consolidated town and city and consolidated town and borough and each district, as defined in section 7-324.

      (b) (1) A property tax exemption, at the percentage of valuation for purposes of assessment specified in this subdivision, shall be applicable to machinery or equipment described in this subsection and used for manufacturing or in connection with biotechnology: Twenty per cent for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2006, provided the acquisition date of such machinery or equipment is on or before October 1, 2001; forty per cent for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2007, provided the acquisition date of such machinery or equipment is on or before October 1, 2002; sixty per cent for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2008, provided the acquisition date of such machinery or equipment is on or before October 1, 2003; eighty per cent for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2009, provided the acquisition date of such machinery or equipment is on or before October 1, 2004; one hundred per cent for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2010, provided the acquisition date of such machinery or equipment is on or before October 1, 2005; and one hundred per cent for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2011, provided the acquisition date of such machinery or equipment is on or before October 1, 2006.

      (2) Machinery or equipment used in connection with recycling shall be exempt to the extent of one hundred per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2011, provided the acquisition date of such machinery or equipment is on or before September 30, 2006.

      (3) Machinery or equipment used for manufacturing or in connection with biotechnology or recycling shall be exempt to the extent of one hundred per cent of its valuation for purposes of assessment for assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 2012, provided the acquisition date of such machinery or equipment precedes, by not less than six years, the commencement date of any such assessment year.

      (c) In each fiscal year commencing on and after July 1, 2007, and on or before July 1, 2012, the state shall provide a payment in lieu of taxes to each municipality equal to the property tax revenue loss due to exemptions provided pursuant to this section. In each fiscal year commencing on and after July 1, 2013, the grant determined in accordance with section 12-94g shall replace said payment in lieu of taxes.

      (d) On or before March fifteenth, annually, commencing March 15, 2007, and ending on March 15, 2012, the assessor or board of assessors of each municipality shall certify to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, on a form furnished by said secretary, the assessed value of all machinery and equipment located in such municipality that is approved for an exemption under subsection (c) of this section, for the assessment date immediately preceding. Such certification shall be accompanied by such supporting information as said secretary may require, including, but not limited to, a copy of each exemption recipient's supplement to the personal property declaration for each such assessment date. The provisions of section 12-63 shall apply to all such machinery and equipment. The secretary may modify the amount due to a municipality to reflect a correction due to a clerical omission or mistake, or to reflect a correction that is supported by documentation provided by an assessor, and shall, annually, on or before the fifteenth day of December, commencing December 15, 2007, and ending December 15, 2012, certify to the Comptroller the amount due to each municipality under the provisions of this section. The Comptroller shall draw an order on the Treasurer not later than the twenty-fourth day of December following, and the Treasurer shall pay such amount to such municipality on or before the thirty-first day of December. If said secretary modifies the amount due to a municipality subsequent to certifying payment to the Comptroller, said secretary may reflect such modification in said secretary's next certification of payment pursuant to this section, provided said secretary shall not make any modification subsequent to December 15, 2012.

      (e) All municipal valuation and enforcement procedures pursuant to chapters 203, 204 and 205 shall apply to machinery and equipment eligible for exemption under this section. A taxpayer may appeal the assessment of such machinery and equipment to the board of assessment appeals, and may appeal a determination of said board pursuant to this chapter.

      (f) The amount of the grant payable to each municipality in any year in accordance with this section shall be reduced proportionately in the event that the total of such grants in such year exceeds the amount appropriated for the purposes of this section with respect to such year.

      (P.A. 06-83, S. 13; 06-186, S. 85; P.A. 07-140, S. 2; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-7, S. 16.)

      History: P.A. 06-83 effective July 1, 2006, and applicable to assessment years commencing on and after October 1, 2006; P.A. 06-186 amended Subsec. (c) by adding "on or prior to" in each subdiv. and amended Subsec. (d) by changing date of assessor's certification from November to March, changing date of secretary's certification to December fifteenth, changing "town" to "municipality" and making technical changes, effective July 1, 2006, and applicable to income years commencing on or after January 1, 2006 (Revisor's note: In Subsec. (d), a reference to "section 12-71" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "section 12-81" for accuracy, and the word "before" in the phrase "on or before the fifteenth day of December" was reinstated editorially by the Revisors to correct a clerical error); P.A. 07-140 amended Subsec. (a)(1) to define "manufacturing", "biotechnology" and "recycling", amended Subsec. (b) to replace former provisions with new Subdivs. (1) to (3) re applicable exemption rates, amended Subsec. (c) to replace former Subdivs. (1) to (4) with new provisions re payment in lieu of taxes and grant, amended Subsec. (d) to include procedure for certification and modification thereof ending December 15, 2012, and made technical changes in Subsec. (e), effective June 19, 2007; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-7 added Subsec. (f) re proportionate reduction of grant amount payable to municipality, effective October 5, 2009.

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      Sec. 12-94g. Amount of state payment in lieu of taxes on machinery and equipment commencing July 1, 2013. (a) As used in this section, "machinery", "equipment", "manufacturing", "biotechnology" and "recycling" shall have the same meaning as in subdivision (72) of section 12-81, and "municipality" means each town, city, borough, consolidated town and city and consolidated town and borough and each district, as defined in section 7-324.

      (b) Not later than January 1, 2013, the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall determine the amount due to each municipality in the state, in accordance with this subsection, as a state grant in lieu of taxes with respect to certain machinery or equipment exempt from taxation. The grant payable to any municipality under the provisions of this section in the state fiscal year commencing July 1, 2013, and in each fiscal year thereafter, shall be equal to the sum of the following: (1) The tax loss the municipality sustains in the fiscal year commencing July 1, 2012, for exemptions approved for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2011, pursuant to section 12-94f, and (2) the tax loss the municipality would have sustained in said fiscal year if the exemption pursuant to subdivision (72) of section 12-81 had been available for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2011. In determining the tax loss each municipality would have sustained, the secretary shall reflect the provisions of section 12-94c by reducing the total assessment of machinery and equipment approved for exemption under said subdivision (72) for the assessment year commencing October 1, 2010, for machinery and equipment acquired and installed on or after October 2, 2006, and on or before October 1, 2010, and multiplying the result by the municipality's mill rate for the fiscal year commencing July 1, 2012.

      (c) The amount of the grant payable to each municipality in any year in accordance with this section shall be reduced proportionately in the event that the total of such grants in such year exceeds the amount appropriated for the purposes of this section with respect to such year.

      (P.A. 06-83, S. 14; P.A. 07-140, S. 3; Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-7, S. 17.)

      History: P.A. 06-83 effective July 1, 2006, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2006; P.A. 07-140 amended Subsec. (a) by defining "manufacturing", "biotechnology" and "recycling", and amended Subsec. (b) by replacing "manufacturing machinery or equipment" with "certain machinery or equipment exempt from taxation" and former provision re grant of 100% of property taxes with new Subdivs. (1) and (2) re formula for grant, effective June 19, 2007, and applicable to assessment years commencing on or after October 1, 2007 (Revisor's note: In Subsec. (b) the repeated words "equal to" were deleted editorially by the Revisors in the phrase "shall be equal to equal to the sum of the following:"); Sept. Sp. Sess. P.A. 09-7 added Subsec. (c) re proportionate reduction in grant amount payable to municipality, effective October 5, 2009.

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      Sec. 12-111. Appeals to board of assessment appeals. (a) Any person, including any lessee of real property whose lease has been recorded as provided in section 47-19 and who is bound under the terms of a lease to pay real property taxes and any person to whom title to such property has been transferred since the assessment date, claiming to be aggrieved by the doings of the assessors of such town may appeal therefrom to the board of assessment appeals. Such appeal shall be filed, in writing, on or before February twentieth. The written appeal shall include, but is not limited to, the property owner's name, name and position of the signer, description of the property which is the subject of the appeal, name and mailing address of the party to be sent all correspondence by the board of assessment appeals, reason for the appeal, appellant's estimate of value, signature of property owner, or duly authorized agent of the property owner, and date of signature. The board shall notify each aggrieved taxpayer who filed a written appeal in the proper form and in a timely manner, no later than March first immediately following the assessment date, of the date, time and place of the appeal hearing. Such notice shall be sent no later than seven calendar days preceding the hearing date except that the board may elect not to conduct an appeal hearing for any commercial, industrial, utility or apartment property with an assessed value greater than one million dollars. The board shall, not later than March first, notify the appellant that the board has elected not to conduct an appeal hearing. An appellant whose appeal will not be heard by the board may appeal directly to the Superior Court pursuant to section 12-117a. The board shall determine all appeals for which the board conducts an appeal hearing and send written notification of the final determination of such appeals to each such person within one week after such determination has been made. Such written notification shall include information describing the property owner's right to appeal the determination of such board. Such board may equalize and adjust the grand list of such town and may increase or decrease the assessment of any taxable property or interest therein and may add an assessment for property omitted by the assessors which should be added thereto; and may add to the grand list the name of any person omitted by the assessors and owning taxable property in such town, placing therein all property liable to taxation which it has reason to believe is owned by such person, at the percentage of its actual valuation, as determined by the assessors in accordance with the provisions of sections 12-64 and 12-71, from the best information that it can obtain, and if such property should have been included in the declaration, as required by section 12-42 or 12-43, it shall add thereto twenty-five per cent of such assessment; but, before proceeding to increase the assessment of any person or to add to the grand list the name of any person so omitted, it shall mail to such person, postage paid, at least one week before making such increase or addition, a written or printed notice addressed to such person at the town in which such person resides, to appear before such board and show cause why such increase or addition should not be made. When the board increases or decreases the gross assessment of any taxable real property or interest therein, the amount of such gross assessment shall be fixed until the assessment year in which the municipality next implements a revaluation of all real property pursuant to section 12-62, unless the assessor increases or decreases the gross assessment of the property to (1) comply with an order of a court of jurisdiction, (2) reflect an addition for new construction, (3) reflect a reduction for damage or demolition, or (4) correct a factual error by issuance of a certificate of correction. Notwithstanding the provisions of this subsection, if, prior to the next revaluation, the assessor increases or decreases a gross assessment established by the board for any other reason, the assessor shall submit a written explanation to the board setting forth the reason for such increase or decrease. The assessor shall also append the written explanation to the property card for the real estate parcel whose gross assessment was increased or decreased.

      (b) If an extension is granted to any assessor or board of assessors pursuant to section 12-117, the date by which a taxpayer shall be required to submit a written request for appeal to the board of assessment appeals shall be extended to March twentieth and said board shall conduct hearings regarding such requests during the month of April. The board shall send notification to the taxpayer of the time and date of an appeal hearing at least seven calendar days preceding the hearing date, but no later than the first day of April. If the board elects not to hear an appeal for commercial, industrial, utility or apartment property described in subsection (a) of this section, the board shall notify the taxpayer of such decision no later than the first day of April.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1794; 1957, P.A. 673, S. 9; 1963, P.A. 458; February, 1965, P.A. 65, S. 1; 1967, P.A. 50; P.A. 87-245, S. 6, 10; P.A. 95-283, S. 50, 68; P.A. 96-171, S. 11, 16; P.A. 00-120, S. 6, 13; P.A. 01-195, S. 119, 181; P.A. 03-269, S. 3; P.A. 09-196, S. 1.)

      History: 1963 act added requirement of written report of decisions on appeals within one week of determination; 1965 act included appeals by lessees who, according to terms of lease, are responsible for payment of property taxes; 1967 act included appeals by persons receiving title since assessment date; P.A. 87-245 increased penalty from 10% to 25%, effective June 1, 1987, and applicable to assessment years of municipalities commencing on or after October 1, 1987; P.A. 95-283 changed name of board of tax review to board of assessment appeals, required appeals to be filed on or before February twentieth, in writing, added requirements for the written appeal and notification requirements, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 96-171 required the board to "send written notification of" the final determination of all appeals, rather than "report in writing" such determination, and required the notice to include information describing the property owner's right to appeal the determination of the board, effective May 31, 1996; P.A. 00-120 substituted grand list for assessment list and made technical changes, effective May 26, 2000, and applicable to assessment years commencing October 1, 2000; P.A. 01-195 made technical changes for the purposes of gender neutrality, effective July 11, 2001; P.A. 03-269 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and added new Subsec. (b) re effect on appeals of extensions of time granted to assessors, effective July 1, 2003; P.A. 09-196 amended Subsec. (a) by increasing the assessed value of property for which the board may elect not to conduct an appeal hearing from $500,000 to $1,000,000, by providing that appellant whose appeal will not be heard by the board may appeal directly to the Superior Court and by adding language re increasing or decreasing the gross assessment of any taxable real property or interest therein.

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