CHAPTER 884
JURORS

Table of Contents

Sec. 51-247. Compensation of jurors. Guidelines re reimbursement of expenses.
Sec. 51-247c. Court may excuse compensation of juror. Waiver application. Juror service certificate. Filing of application.

      Sec. 51-247. Compensation of jurors. Guidelines re reimbursement of expenses. (a) Each full-time employed juror shall be paid regular wages by the juror's employer for the first five days, or part thereof, of jury service. Such payment shall be subject to the requirements of section 31-71b and any employer who violates this section shall be subject to the provisions of sections 31-71g and 31-72. A person shall not be considered a full-time employed juror on any day of jury service in which such person (1) would not have accrued regular wages to be paid by the employer if such person were not serving as a juror on that day, or (2) would not have worked more than one-half of a shift which extends into another day if such person were not serving as a juror on that day. Each juror not considered a full-time employed juror on a particular day of jury service pursuant to subdivision (1) or (2) of this subsection shall be reimbursed by the state for necessary out-of-pocket expenses incurred during that day of jury service, provided such day of service is within the first five days, or part thereof, of jury service. Each part-time employed juror and unemployed juror shall be reimbursed by the state for necessary out-of-pocket expenses incurred during the first five days, or part thereof, of jury service. Necessary out-of-pocket expenses shall include, but not be limited to, twenty cents for each mile of travel from the juror's place of residence to the place of holding the court and return, and shall exclude food. The mileage shall be determined by the shortest direct route either by highway or by any regular line of conveyance between the points. A reimbursement award under this subsection for each day of service shall not be less than twenty dollars or more than fifty dollars. For the purposes of this subsection, "full-time employed juror" means an employee holding a position normally requiring thirty hours or more of service in each week, which position is neither temporary nor casual, and includes an employee holding a position through a temporary help service, as defined in section 31-129, which position normally requires thirty hours or more of service in each week, who has been working in that position for a period exceeding ninety days, and "part-time employed juror" means an employee holding a position normally requiring less than thirty hours of service in each week or an employee working on a temporary or casual basis. In the event that a juror may be considered to be both a full-time employed juror and a part-time employed juror for any day of the first five days, or part thereof, of jury service, such juror shall, for the purposes of this section, be considered to be a full-time employed juror only.

      (b) The Jury Administrator shall establish guidelines for reimbursement of expenses pursuant to this section.

      (c) Each juror who serves more than five days shall be paid by the state for the sixth day and each day thereafter at a rate of fifty dollars per day of service. A juror receiving payment under this subsection shall not be entitled to any additional reimbursement.

      (1949 Rev., S. 3610; 1951, S. 1974d; 1959, P.A. 28, S. 101; 1967, P.A. 703; 901, S. 9; P.A. 79-608, S. 8, 10; P.A. 80-270, S. 1, 3; 80-483, S. 183, 186; P.A. 82-248, S. 133; P.A. 87-385, S. 1, 4; P.A. 88-55, S. 1, 2; P.A. 91-160, S. 1, 3; P.A. 94-169, S. 18, 20; P.A. 03-202, S. 13; P.A. 07-217, S. 189.)

      History: 1959 act deleted reference to juror in civil action before a justice of the peace, the judicial function of the latter having been abolished; 1967 acts deleted jurors for coroner's inquests, increased compensation from $8 to $10 per day and authorized mileage for return from court; P.A. 79-608 raised jurors' per diem from $10 to $20 and travel allowance from $0.10 to $0.15 a mile, effective July 1, 1980; P.A. 80-270 reduced per diem to $10; P.A. 80-483 changed effective date of P.A. 80-270 from May 14, 1980, to July 1, 1980; P.A. 82-248 rephrased the section and inserted Subsec. indicators; P.A. 87-385, effective September 1, 1988, revised section, creating subdivisions within Subsec. (a), adding Subdiv. (3) re applicability of subsection to jurors summoned on or after September 1, 1988, in judicial district to which provisions of Sec. 51-238a(a) are not applicable and added Subsec. (b) re payment of wages by employer to full-time employed juror for first three days of jury service, payment of wages by state for fourth day and each day thereafter at rate of $50 per day, but no compensation for travel and added Subdiv. (3) re applicability of subsection to jurors summoned on and after September 1, 1988, to serve in judicial district to which provisions of Sec. 51-238(a) are applicable; P.A. 88-55 amended Subsec. (b)(1) by adding provisions re person not considered a full-time employed juror, definitions of necessary out-of-pocket expenses for part-time employed juror and unemployed juror and of "position" for employee who is a "full-time employed juror" and re juror who may be considered to be both full-time employed juror and part-time employed juror, inserted new Subdiv. (2) re establishment of guidelines by jury administrator for reimbursement of expenses pursuant to subsection and amended relettered Subdiv. (3) by deleting "for travel" and adding "any" before "additional reimbursement"; P.A. 91-160 amended Subsec. (a)(3) by deleting "on or after September 1, 1988," Subsec. (b)(1) and (2) by changing "three" days to "five" days, and Subsec. (b)(4) by replacing "to serve on or after September 1, 1988," with "for service to begin on or after September 1, 1991,"; P.A. 94-169 eliminated obsolete provisions, effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 03-202 amended Subsec. (a) by adding provisions re payment subject to requirements of Sec. 31-71b and violating employer subject to provisions of Secs. 31-71g and 31-72 and by making technical changes; P.A. 07-217 made a technical change in Subsec. (a), effective July 12, 2007.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 51-247c. Court may excuse compensation of juror. Waiver application. Juror service certificate. Filing of application. (a) Upon written application on a form prescribed by the Office of the Chief Court Administrator, the court may excuse (1) an employer from the duty to compensate a juror-employee, or (2) a self-employed juror from the duty to compensate himself or herself. In such instances, the court shall make a finding that extreme financial hardship would be imposed if such duty were not removed. If an employer or self-employed juror is so excused from making payment, the court shall award to the juror the amount the court finds to be the juror's regular wages, to be paid by the state, for the first five days, or part thereof, of juror service but in no event shall such award exceed fifty dollars per day.

      (b) The Jury Administrator shall mail or the clerk of the court shall give the waiver applications as provided for in subsection (a) of this section and juror service certificates to jurors who have performed juror service. The Office of the Chief Court Administrator may combine into one form the waiver application and the juror service certificate. The juror service certificate shall contain: (1) The name and address of the juror; (2) the court location in which the juror service was performed; (3) the number of days of juror service performed by the juror and the specific dates thereof; (4) the total compensation received by the juror for the period of juror service involved; (5) a declaration of the duty of an employer to compensate a juror-employee for the first five days or part thereof of juror service; (6) the right of an employer to be excused from such duty by the court upon a finding of extreme financial hardship; and (7) any other information which the Jury Administrator deems appropriate. Each juror service certificate shall be completed in duplicate, one copy of which shall be for the juror and one copy of which shall be for the employer of the juror. A juror who seeks compensation from the juror's employer for juror service shall tender the employer's copy of the juror service certificate and the waiver application to the juror's employer as soon as practicable after its receipt.

      (c) An employer may file a waiver application not later than fifteen days after its receipt by the employer. The waiver application shall be submitted to the court location where the juror served. If an application is denied, the party making the application may apply for a hearing no later than twenty days from the date of the finding by the court.

      (P.A. 87-385, S. 2, 4; P.A. 91-160, S. 2, 3; P.A. 94-169, S. 19, 20; P.A. 07-217, S. 190.)

      History: P.A. 87-385 effective September 1, 1988; P.A. 91-160 changed "three" days to "five" days and in Subsec. (d) deleted "to serve on or after September 1, 1988," and substituted "for service to begin on or after September 1, 1991," in lieu thereof; P.A. 94-169 deleted Subsec. (d) which had limited applicability of section, effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 07-217 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a) and (b), effective July 12, 2007.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)