CHAPTER 847
LIENS

Table of Contents

Sec. 49-33. Mechanic's lien. Precedence. Rights of subcontractors.
Sec. 49-34. Certificate of lien to be recorded and notice given to owner.
Sec. 49-35. Notice of intent. Liens of subcontractors and materialmen.
Sec. 49-41. Public buildings and public works. Bonds for protection of employees and materialmen. Performance bonds. Limits on use of owner-controlled insurance programs. Certain surety contract provisions.
Sec. 49-51. Discharge of invalid lien.

      Sec. 49-33. Mechanic's lien. Precedence. Rights of subcontractors.

      Legislature intended to extend benefits under mechanic's lien statute to an architect who provides architectural services. Architectural services satisfied the physical enhancement test, thus evidencing direct association with the physical construction or improvement of defendant's real property. 103 CA 710.

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      Sec. 49-34. Certificate of lien to be recorded and notice given to owner.

      "Subscribed and sworn to" requirement in Subdiv. (1)(C) requires that claimant executing mechanic's lien sign the lien at the end and take part in an oath ceremony in which claimant swears to the truth of facts set forth in the lien, and further, that there be evidence in the lien, such as a jurat, confirming administration of the oath by a notary public or commissioner of the Superior Court, and section does not require affidavit or similar writing, or written recital of claimant's oath. 280 C. 672.

      "Owner" as used in section means only the owner at time of service of certificate of lien because, at that time, it is only that owner who possesses adversely affected property rights, and, consequently, has right to a hearing designed to protect those rights. 99 CA 690.


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      Sec. 49-35. Notice of intent. Liens of subcontractors and materialmen.

      "Owner" as used in section means only the owner at time of service of certificate of lien because, at that time, it is only that owner who possesses adversely affected property rights, and, consequently, has right to a hearing designed to protect those rights. 99 CA 690.

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      Sec. 49-41. Public buildings and public works. Bonds for protection of employees and materialmen. Performance bonds. Limits on use of owner-controlled insurance programs. Certain surety contract provisions. (a) Each contract exceeding one hundred thousand dollars in amount for the construction, alteration or repair of any public building or public work of the state or a municipality shall include a provision that the person to perform the contract shall furnish to the state or municipality on or before the award date, a bond in the amount of the contract which shall be binding upon the award of the contract to that person, with a surety or sureties satisfactory to the officer awarding the contract, for the protection of persons supplying labor or materials in the prosecution of the work provided for in the contract for the use of each such person, provided no such bond shall be required to be furnished (1) in relation to any general bid in which the total estimated cost of labor and materials under the contract with respect to which such general bid is submitted is less than one hundred thousand dollars, (2) in relation to any sub-bid in which the total estimated cost of labor and materials under the contract with respect to which such sub-bid is submitted is less than one hundred thousand dollars, or (3) in relation to any general bid or sub-bid submitted by a consultant, as defined in section 4b-55. Any such bond furnished shall have as principal the name of the person awarded the contract.

      (b) Nothing in this section or sections 49-41a to 49-43, inclusive, shall be construed to limit the authority of any contracting officer to require a performance bond or other security in addition to the bond referred to in subsection (a) of this section, except that no such officer shall require a performance bond in relation to any general bid in which the total estimated cost of labor and materials under the contract with respect to which such general bid is submitted is less than twenty-five thousand dollars or in relation to any sub-bid in which the total estimated cost of labor and materials under the contract with respect to which such sub-bid is submitted is less than fifty thousand dollars.

      (c) No contract for the construction, alteration or repair of any public building or public work of the state or a municipality that requires a person to supply the state or municipality with a bond may include a provision that requires the person to obtain the bond from a specific surety, agent, broker or producer. No contracting officer may require that a bond be obtained from a specific surety, agent, broker or producer.

      (d) In the event that any political subdivision of the state enters into a contract described in subsection (a) of this section and fails to obtain delivery from the contractor of the bond required by this section, any person who has not been paid by the contractor for labor or materials supplied in the performance of work under the contract shall have the same legal right of action against such political subdivision of the state as such person would have had against a surety under the provisions of section 49-42. Nothing in this section shall be construed to extend liability to the state for any person's right to payment or constitute a waiver of the state's sovereign immunity.

      (e) (1) As used in this subsection, "owner-controlled insurance program" means an insurance procurement program under which a principal provides and consolidates insurance coverage for one or more contractors on one or more construction projects.

      (2) No contract for the construction, alteration or repair of any public building or public work of the state or a municipality may include a provision that allows or requires the state or municipality to maintain an owner-controlled insurance program, except for (A) a project approved pursuant to section 10a-109e, or (B) one or more municipal projects totaling one hundred million dollars or more (i) under the supervision of one construction manager, or (ii) located within the boundaries of a municipality if under the supervision of more than one construction manager.

      (3) Each contract or policy of insurance issued under an owner-controlled insurance program pursuant to this subsection shall provide that:

      (A) Coverage for work performed and materials furnished shall continue from the completion of the work until the date all causes of action are barred under any applicable statute of limitations.

      (B) Any notice of a change in coverage under the contract or policy or of a cancellation or refusal to renew the coverage under the contract or policy shall be provided to the principal and all contractors covered under the program.

      (C) The effective date of a (i) change in coverage under the contract or policy shall be at least thirty days after the date the principal and contractors receive the notice of change in coverage as required under subparagraph (B) of this subdivision, and (ii) cancellation or refusal to renew shall be at least sixty days after the principal and contractors receive the notice of change in coverage as required under subparagraph (B) of this subdivision.

      (4) Each principal or contractor shall disclose in the project plans or specifications at the time the principal or contractor is soliciting bids for the construction project that the project will be covered by an owner-controlled insurance program.

      (f) Whenever a surety bond is required in connection with a contract for the construction, reconstruction, alteration, remodeling, repair or demolition of any public building for work by the state or a municipality, that is estimated to cost more than five hundred thousand dollars and is paid for, in whole or in part, with state funds, the surety contract between the contractor named as principal in the bond and the surety that issues such bond shall contain the following provision: "In the event that the surety assumes the contract or obtains a bid or bids for completion of the contract, the surety shall ensure that the contractor chosen to complete the contract is prequalified pursuant to section 4a-100 of the Connecticut general statutes in the requisite classification and has the aggregate work capacity rating and single project limit necessary to complete the contract".

      (1949 Rev., S. 7214; P.A. 79-602, S. 98; P.A. 82-358, S. 9, 10; P.A. 87-345, S. 1; P.A. 89-27, S. 1, 2; P.A. 91-23; P.A. 93-104; P.A. 96-235, S. 13, 19; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-11, S. 33, 65; P.A. 01-21; P.A. 05-38, S. 1; 05-193, S. 1; 05-229, S. 1; P.A. 07-202, S. 10; 07-213, S. 6.)

      History: P.A. 79-602 substituted "that" or "the" for "such" where appearing; P.A. 82-358 specified when bonds shall not be required in Subsecs. (a) and (b); P.A. 87-345 amended Subsec. (a) to make contracts in excess of $25,000, instead of $1,000, subject to bond requirement, to exempt general bids in which the cost is less than $25,000, instead of $10,000, and to exempt sub-bids in which the cost is less than $50,000, instead of $20,000, and amended Subsec. (b) to provide that performance bonds shall not be required in relation to general bids in which cost is less than $25,000, instead of $10,000, and in relation to sub-bids in which cost is less than $50,000, instead of $20,000; P.A. 89-27 exempted design professionals from Subsec. (a); P.A. 91-23 amended Subsec. (a) to require that any bond furnished shall have as principal the name of the person awarded the contract; P.A. 93-104 amended Subsec. (a) to rephrase provision requiring person performing the contract to provide the state with a surety bond before the award date; P.A. 96-235 amended Subsec. (a) by substituting "consultant" for "design professional", effective June 6, 1996; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-11 amended Subsec. (a) by increasing contract threshold for including bond provision, from $25,000 to $50,000, and making corresponding change in Subdiv. (1), effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 01-21 made a technical change in Subsec. (b) and added new Subsec. (c) prohibiting contract provisions that require the use of a specific surety, agent, broker or producer; P.A. 05-38 amended Subsec. (a) by increasing the value of a contract that requires the furnishing of a bond from $50,000 to $100,000; P.A. 05-193 amended Subsecs. (a) and (c) to substitute "municipality" for "subdivision" and added Subsec. (e) re owner-controlled insurance programs, effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 05-229 added Subsec. (d) re the failure of a political subdivision to obtain required bond, effective July 8, 2005; P.A. 07-202 added Subsec. (f) re surety contract provision, effective July 10, 2007; P.A. 07-213 amended Subsec. (a)(1) and (2) to change references re estimated costs from $50,000 to $100,000.

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      Sec. 49-51. Discharge of invalid lien.

      Judgment lien discharged as invalid because marital dissolution judgment regarding child's educational expenses did not order payment of a sum certain and cannot be characterized as a money judgment. 99 CA 347.

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