CHAPTER 517
CIVIL PREPAREDNESS.
DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT
AND HOMELAND SECURITY

Table of Contents

Sec. 28-1. Definitions.
Sec. 28-1b. State-wide Emergency Management and Homeland Security Coordinating Council: Duties; members; chairpersons; meetings; vacancies; annual report.
Sec. 28-1j. Designation of hazard zone re liquefied natural gas terminal: Recommendations; approval; notice; hearings; vote; notification.
Sec. 28-1k. Designation of security zone re liquefied natural gas terminal: Recommendations; approval; notice; hearing; vote; notification.
Sec. 28-6. Mutual aid or mobile support units.
Sec. 28-7. Local and joint organizations: Organization; powers; temporary aid.
Sec. 28-9d. Federal assistance for individual or family disaster-related expenses.
Sec. 28-12. Loyalty oath. Roster of members.
Sec. 28-13. Immunity from liability. Penalty for denial of access to property during civil preparedness emergency.

      Sec. 28-1. Definitions. As used in this chapter:

      (1) "Attack" means any attack or series of attacks by an enemy of the United States causing, or which may cause, substantial damage or injury to civilian property or persons in the United States in any manner by sabotage or by the use of bombs, shellfire or atomic, radiological, chemical, bacteriological or biological means or other weapons or processes.

      (2) "Major disaster" means any catastrophe including, but not limited to, any hurricane, tornado, storm, high water, wind-driven water, tidal wave, tsunami, earthquake, volcanic eruption, landslide, mudslide, snowstorm or drought, or, regardless of cause, any fire, flood, explosion, or manmade disaster in any part of this state that, in the determination of the President, causes damage of sufficient severity and magnitude to warrant major disaster assistance under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, 42 USC 5121 et seq., as amended from time to time, to supplement the efforts and available resources of this state, local governments thereof, and disaster relief organizations in alleviating the damage, loss, hardship, or suffering caused thereby.

      (3) "Emergency" means any occasion or instance for which, in the determination of the President, federal assistance is needed to supplement state and local efforts and capabilities to save lives and protect property, public health and safety or to avert or lessen the threat of a disaster or catastrophe in any part of this state.

      (4) "Civil preparedness" means all those activities and measures designed or undertaken (A) to minimize or control the effects upon the civilian population of major disaster, (B) to minimize the effects upon the civilian population caused or which would be caused by an attack upon the United States, (C) to deal with the immediate emergency conditions which would be created by any such attack, major disaster or emergency, and (D) to effectuate emergency repairs to, or the emergency restoration of, vital utilities and facilities destroyed or damaged by any such attack, major disaster or emergency. Such term shall include, but shall not be limited to, (i) measures to be taken in preparation for anticipated attack, major disaster or emergency, including the establishment of appropriate organizations, operational plans and supporting agreements; the recruitment and training of personnel; the conduct of research; the procurement and stockpiling of necessary materials and supplies; the provision of suitable warning systems; the construction and preparation of shelters, shelter areas and control centers; and, when appropriate, the nonmilitary evacuation of the civilian population, pets and service animals; (ii) measures to be taken during attack, major disaster or emergency, including the enforcement of passive defense regulations prescribed by duly established military or civil authorities; the evacuation of personnel to shelter areas; the control of traffic and panic; and the control and use of lighting and civil communication; and (iii) measures to be taken following attack, major disaster or emergency, including activities for fire fighting; rescue, emergency medical, health and sanitation services; monitoring for specific hazards of special weapons; unexploded bomb reconnaissance; essential debris clearance; emergency welfare measures; and immediately essential emergency repair or restoration of damaged vital facilities.

      (5) "Civil preparedness forces" means any organized personnel engaged in carrying out civil preparedness functions in accordance with the provisions of this chapter or any regulation or order adopted pursuant to this chapter. All the police and fire forces of the state or any political subdivision of the state, or any part of any political subdivision, including all the auxiliaries of these forces and emergency medical service personnel licensed or certified pursuant to section 19a-179, shall be construed to be a part of the civil preparedness forces. The Connecticut Disaster Medical Assistance Team and the Medical Reserve Corps, under the auspices of the Department of Public Health, the Connecticut Urban Search and Rescue Team, under the auspices of the Department of Emergency Management and Homeland Security, and the Connecticut behavioral health regional crisis response teams, under the auspices of the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services and the Department of Children and Families, and their members, shall be construed to be a part of the civil preparedness forces while engaging in authorized civil preparedness duty or while assisting or engaging in authorized training for the purpose of eligibility for immunity from liability as provided in section 28-13 and for death, disability and injury benefits as provided in section 28-14. Any member of the civil preparedness forces who is called upon either by civil preparedness personnel or state or municipal police personnel to assist in any emergency shall be deemed to be engaging in civil preparedness duty while assisting in such emergency or while engaging in training under the auspices of the Department of Emergency Management and Homeland Security, the Department of Public Safety, the Division of State Police within the Department of Public Safety or a municipal police department, for the purpose of eligibility for death, disability and injury benefits as provided in section 28-14.

      (6) "Mobile support unit" means an organization of civil preparedness forces created in accordance with the provisions of this chapter to be dispatched by the Governor or Commissioner of Emergency Management and Homeland Security to supplement civil preparedness forces in a stricken or threatened area.

      (7) "Civil preparedness emergency" or "disaster emergency" means an emergency declared by the Governor under the provisions of this chapter in the event of serious disaster or of enemy attack, sabotage or other hostile action within the state or a neighboring state, or in the event of the imminence thereof.

      (8) "Local civil preparedness emergency" or "disaster emergency" means an emergency declared by the chief executive officer of any town or city in the event of serious disaster affecting such town or city.

      (9) "Governor" means the Governor or anyone legally administering the office of Governor.

      (10) "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Emergency Management and Homeland Security.

      (11) "Department" means the Department of Emergency Management and Homeland Security.

      (12) "Political subdivision" means any city, town, municipality, borough or other unit of local government.

      (June, 1951, 1953, S. 1905d; 1957, P.A. 469, S. 1; 1959, P.A. 65, S. 1; 135; 1961, P.A. 455; P.A. 73-544, S. 1; P.A. 74-296; P.A. 75-643, S. 1; P.A. 79-417, S. 1; P.A. 88-135, S. 4; P.A. 03-278, S. 89; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 166; P.A. 04-219, S. 12; 04-257, S. 45; P.A. 05-259, S. 3; P.A. 06-15, S. 1; P.A. 07-11, S. 1.)

      History: 1959 acts defined attack and governor, and redefined civil defense and civil defense forces; 1961 act further defined civil defense forces to add provision re skindivers; P.A. 73-544 substituted "civil preparedness" for "civil defense" where appearing; P.A. 74-296 deleted in Subsec. (c) references to skindiving and added "municipal" to references to "state police"; P.A. 75-643 defined "disaster" in new Subsec. (b) and relettered the Subsecs. accordingly, added the unorganized militia to civil preparedness forces defined in new Subsec. (d), added "disaster emergency" in new Subsec. (f) and added new Subsec. (i) defining political subdivision; P.A. 79-417 deleted definition for "disaster" in Subsec. (b) and substituted definition for "major disaster", added new Subsec. (c) defining "emergency", relettered Subsec. (c) as (d) and incorporated references to major disaster or emergency in definition of "civil preparedness", relettered subsequent Subsecs. accordingly in sequence and deleted reference to the unorganized militia in new Subsec. (e); P.A. 88-135 substituted "emergency management" for "civil preparedness" in Subsecs. (e) and (f); P.A. 03-278 made a technical change in Subsecs. (g) and (h), effective July 9, 2003; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 made technical changes in Subsecs. (c) and (d) and amended Subsec. (e) by adding provisions re the Connecticut Disaster Medical Assistance Team, the Medical Reserve Corps, the Connecticut Urban Search and Rescue Team and the Connecticut behavioral health regional crisis response teams as part of the civil preparedness forces, effective August 20, 2003; P.A. 04-219 substituted numerical Subdiv. designators for Subsec. designators, changing internal subdesignators accordingly, substituted Department of Emergency Management and Homeland Security for Department of Public Safety and for Office of Emergency Management and added reference to Department of Public Safety in Subdiv. (5), substituted Commissioner of Emergency Management and Homeland Security for state director of emergency management in Subdiv. (6), and added definitions of "commissioner" and "department" in Subdivs. (10) and (11), effective January 1, 2005; P.A. 04-257 made technical changes in definition of "civil preparedness forces", effective June 14, 2004; P.A. 05-259 amended Subdiv. (5) by making a technical change and including emergency medical service personnel licensed or certified pursuant to Sec. 19a-179 within the definition of "civil preparedness forces", effective July 13, 2005; P.A. 06-15 redefined "major disaster" in Subdiv. (2) and "emergency" in Subdiv. (3); P.A. 07-11 redefined "civil preparedness" to include the nonmilitary evacuation of pets and service animals in Subdiv. (4).

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      Sec. 28-1b. State-wide Emergency Management and Homeland Security Coordinating Council: Duties; members; chairpersons; meetings; vacancies; annual report. (a) There is established a state-wide Emergency Management and Homeland Security Coordinating Council to advise the Department of Public Safety, the Office of Emergency Management and, on and after January 1, 2005, the Department of Emergency Management and Homeland Security with respect to: (1) Application and distribution of federal or state funds for emergency management and homeland security; (2) planning, design, implementation and coordination of state-wide emergency response systems; (3) assessing the state's overall emergency management and homeland security preparedness, policies and communications; (4) the recommendation of strategies to improve emergency response and incident management including, but not limited to, training and exercises, volunteer management, communications and use of technology, intelligence gathering, compilation and dissemination, the development, coordination and implementation of state and federally required emergency response plans, and the assessment of the state's use of regional management structures; and (5) strengthening consultation, planning, cooperation and communication among federal, state and local governments, the Connecticut National Guard, police, fire, emergency medical and other first responders, emergency managers, public health officials, private industry and community organizations. The council shall advise the Governor and the General Assembly on its findings and efforts to secure the state from all disasters and emergencies and to enhance the protection of the citizens of the state.

      (b) The council shall consist of: (1) The Commissioner of Emergency Management and Homeland Security; the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management; the Commissioner of Public Safety; the Commissioner of Public Health; the Commissioner of Mental Health and Addiction Services; the Commissioner of Environmental Protection; the Commissioner of Public Works; the Commissioner of Transportation; the Adjutant General of the Military Department; the chairperson of the Department of Public Utility Control; the Chief Information Officer, as defined in section 4d-1; the State Fire Administrator; or their designees; and (2) the following members appointed as follows: Two municipal police chiefs, one appointed by the speaker of the House of Representatives and one appointed by the Governor; two municipal fire chiefs, one appointed by the president pro tempore of the Senate and one appointed by the Governor; one volunteer fire chief appointed by the minority leader of the Senate; one representative of the Connecticut Conference of Municipalities appointed by the majority leader of the Senate; one representative of the Council of Small Towns appointed by the minority leader of the House of Representatives; two local or regional emergency management directors, one appointed by the speaker of the House of Representatives and one designated, not later than July 1, 2007, by the president of the Connecticut Emergency Management Association; one local or regional health director appointed by the president pro tempore of the Senate; one emergency medical services professional appointed by the Governor; one nonprofit hospital administrator appointed by the majority leader of the House of Representatives; and one manager or coordinator of 9-1-1 public safety answering points appointed by the Governor. Each member appointed under this subdivision shall serve for a term of three years from July 1, 2004, or three years from the time of appointment if appointed after July 1, 2004, or until a qualified successor has been appointed to replace such member. No member appointed under this subdivision shall receive any compensation for such member's service on the council.

      (c) The Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, or the secretary's designee who shall be an employee of said office, shall serve as chairperson of the council until January 1, 2005. On and after January 1, 2005, the Commissioner of Emergency Management and Homeland Security shall serve as chairperson.

      (d) The council shall hold its first meeting not later than August 1, 2004, and shall meet at least quarterly thereafter.

      (e) The chairperson of the council may request the participation of other representatives of federal, state, regional and local agencies as nonvoting members for purposes of consultation, planning and communication.

      (f) Any vacancy on the council shall be filled for the unexpired portion of the term by the appointing authority having the power to make the original appointment. Any vacancy occurring on the council shall be filled within thirty days.

      (g) The council shall submit a report to the General Assembly not later than January 1, 2005, and annually thereafter.

      (P.A. 04-219, S. 27; P.A. 07-106, S. 7; 07-173, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 04-219 effective June 8, 2004; P.A. 07-106 amended Subsec. (b) to delete reference to not later than July 1, 2004, and require that there be two, rather than one, local or regional emergency management, rather than civil preparedness, directors on the council, one of which is to be designated by president of the Connecticut Emergency Management Association, and that the term for all members be three years from time of appointment if appointed after July 1, 2004, effective June 11, 2007; P.A. 07-173 amended Subsec. (d) to require council to meet at least quarterly, rather than monthly.

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      Sec. 28-1j. Designation of hazard zone re liquefied natural gas terminal: Recommendations; approval; notice; hearings; vote; notification. (a) The Attorney General, in consultation with the Commissioner of Emergency Management and Homeland Security, shall make written recommendations to the United States Coast Guard regarding the designation of a hazard zone in relation to a liquefied natural gas terminal located or proposed to be located on Long Island Sound that will impact Connecticut waters or land, and shall submit such recommendations to the Governor and the General Assembly in accordance with section 11-4a.

      (b) The Governor and the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to the environment and public safety shall approve the designation of a hazard zone in relation to a liquefied natural gas terminal located or proposed to be located on Long Island Sound that will impact Connecticut waters or land prior to such designation by the United States Coast Guard taking effect.

      (c) The Attorney General shall file, in writing, notice of the United States Coast Guard's designation of such a hazard zone with the clerks of the House of Representatives and the Senate and the office of the Governor.

      (d) Not later than five days after receiving such notice, the clerks of the House of Representatives and the Senate shall refer the notice to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to public safety and the environment. The committees shall hold a joint public hearing regarding such notice not later than thirty days after receiving the notice. Not later than five days after the hearing, the committees shall each (1) hold a roll-call vote to approve or reject the notice, and (2) forward the notice and a record of the committee's vote to the General Assembly.

      (e) Not later than fifteen days after receiving such notice the General Assembly may approve or reject the notice. The notice shall be approved in whole, by a majority vote of each house. If one house fails to approve, the notice shall be rejected. If the General Assembly fails to vote during such fifteen-day period, the notice shall be deemed rejected. If the notice is submitted when the General Assembly is not in session, the notice shall be deemed rejected if the General Assembly fails to convene to consider the notice by the thirtieth day after it receives the notice from the committee. The clerks of the House of Representatives and the Senate shall notify the United States Coast Guard, in writing, by registered mail of any approval or rejection pursuant to this subsection.

      (f) The Governor shall approve or reject the notice of the United States Coast Guard's designation of such a hazard zone and shall notify the United States Coast Guard, in writing, by registered mail of such approval or rejection.

      (P.A. 07-94, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 07-94 effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 28-1k. Designation of security zone re liquefied natural gas terminal: Recommendations; approval; notice; hearing; vote; notification. (a) The Attorney General, in consultation with the Commissioner of Emergency Management and Homeland Security, shall make written recommendations to the federal government regarding the designation of a security zone in relation to a liquefied natural gas terminal located or proposed to be located on Long Island Sound that will impact Connecticut waters or land, and shall submit such recommendations to the Governor and the General Assembly in accordance with section 11-4a.

      (b) The Governor and the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to the environment and public safety shall approve the designation of a security zone in relation to a liquefied natural gas terminal located or proposed to be located on Long Island Sound that will impact Connecticut waters or land prior to such designation by the federal government taking effect.

      (c) The Attorney General shall file, in writing, notice of the federal government's designation of such a security zone with the clerks of the House of Representatives and the Senate and the office of the Governor.

      (d) Not later than five days after receiving such notice, the clerks of the House of Representatives and the Senate shall refer the notice to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to public safety and the environment. The committees shall hold a joint public hearing regarding such notice not later than thirty days after receiving the notice. Not later than five days after the hearing, the committees shall each (1) hold a roll-call vote to approve or reject the notice, and (2) forward the notice and a record of the committee's vote to the General Assembly.

      (e) Not later than fifteen days after receiving such notice the General Assembly may approve or reject the notice. The notice shall be approved in whole, by a majority vote of each house. If one house fails to approve, the notice shall be rejected. If the General Assembly fails to vote during such fifteen-day period, the notice shall be deemed rejected. If the notice is submitted when the General Assembly is not in session, the notice shall be deemed rejected if the General Assembly fails to convene to consider the notice by the thirtieth day after it receives the notice from the committee. The clerks of the House of Representatives and the Senate shall notify the federal government, in writing, by registered mail of any approval or rejection pursuant to this subsection.

      (f) The Governor shall approve or reject the notice of the federal government's designation of such a security zone, and shall notify the federal government, in writing, by registered mail of such approval or rejection.

      (P.A. 07-94, S. 4.)

      History: P.A. 07-94 effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 28-6. Mutual aid or mobile support units. (a) All civil preparedness units, forces, facilities, supplies and equipment in the state are deemed to be available for employment as mutual aid or mobile support. They may be ordered to duty by the Governor or the commissioner only under the conditions defined in subsection (f) of section 28-7 or section 28-9, except that such civil preparedness units, forces, facilities, supplies and equipment may be employed in another state under the conditions specified in subsection (e) of this section.

      (b) Personnel of such civil preparedness units or forces, while engaged in officially authorized civil preparedness duty, shall: (1) If they are employees of the state, have the powers, duties, rights, privileges and immunities and receive the compensation incident to their employment; (2) if they are employees of a political subdivision of the state, and whether serving within or without such political subdivision, have the powers, duties, rights, privileges and immunities and receive the compensation incident to their employment; and (3) if they are not employees of the state or a political subdivision thereof, be entitled to such compensation from the state as is determined by the Commissioner of Administrative Services under the provisions of section 4-40 and to the same rights and immunities as are provided by law for the employees of this state, provided in no instance shall such compensation be determined at a rate less than the minimum wage as determined by the Labor Commissioner. All personnel of mobile support units shall, while on duty, be subject to the operational control of the authority in charge of civil preparedness activities in the area in which they are serving.

      (c) The state shall reimburse a political subdivision for the compensation paid and actual and necessary travel, subsistence and maintenance expenses of employees of the political subdivision while in training or on call by the Governor for emergency duty as members of a mobile support unit, and for all payments for death, disability or injury of such employees incurred in the course of such training or duty, and for all losses of or damage to supplies and equipment of such political subdivisions used by such mobile support units.

      (d) Whenever the mobile support unit of another state renders aid pursuant to the orders of the Governor of its home state and upon the request of the Governor of this state, this state shall reimburse such other state for the compensation paid and actual and necessary travel, subsistence and maintenance expenses of the personnel of such mobile support units incurred in rendering such aid, and for all payments for death, disability or injury of such personnel incurred in rendering such aid, and for all losses of or damage to supplies and equipment of such other state or a political subdivision thereof resulting from rendering such aid, provided the laws of such other state shall contain provisions substantially similar to those of this section.

      (e) No personnel of mobile support units of this state shall be ordered by the Governor to operate in any other state unless the laws of such other state contain provisions substantially similar to those of this section or unless such state is a signatory to the Emergency Management Assistance Compact established in section 28-23a.

      (June, 1951, S. 1910d; 1959, P.A. 192; P.A. 73-544, S. 6; P.A. 78-324, S. 2; P.A. 79-83, S. 1, 2; P.A. 80-483, S. 153, 186; P.A. 04-219, S. 16; P.A. 07-173, S. 2.)

      History: 1959 act made all civil defense forces available for duty instead of mobile support units only; P.A. 73-544 substituted "civil preparedness" for "civil defense" throughout; P.A. 78-324 provided in Subsec. (b) for compensation at not less than minimum wage for a period to be determined by the compensation commissioner of area in which injured person resides; P.A. 79-83 deleted in Subsec. (b) reference to period to be determined by the compensation commissioner as added in foregoing amendment; P.A. 80-483 substituted in Subsec. (b) "commissioner of administrative services under the provisions of section 4-40" for "board provided in section 4-40"; P.A. 04-219 amended Subsec. (a) to substitute commissioner for state director, effective January 1, 2005; P.A. 07-173 amended Subsec. (e) to permit mobile support units to operate in a state that is a signatory to Emergency Management Assistance Compact.

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      Sec. 28-7. Local and joint organizations: Organization; powers; temporary aid. (a) Each town or city of the state shall establish a local organization for civil preparedness in accordance with the state civil preparedness plan and program, provided any two or more towns or cities may, with the approval of the commissioner, establish a joint organization for civil preparedness. The authority of such local or joint organization for civil preparedness shall not supersede that of any regularly organized police or fire department. In order to be eligible for any state or federal benefits under this chapter, not later than January 1, 2008, and annually thereafter, each town or city of the state shall have a current emergency plan of operations that has been approved by the commissioner. The plan shall be submitted to the commissioner after it has been approved by the local director of civil preparedness and the local chief executive. Such plan may be submitted with a notice stating that the plan remains unchanged from the previous year's version. The emergency plan of operations of every town or city situated on the shoreline of the state shall contain provisions addressing an emergency caused by any existing liquefied natural gas terminal located on the Long Island Sound and every town or city situated on the shoreline of the state shall submit such plan to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to public safety, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a, and the commissioner to obtain approval. The committee shall hold a public hearing regarding such plan not later than thirty days after receiving the plan. Not later than five days after the hearing, the committee shall (1) hold a roll-call vote to approve or reject the plan, and (2) forward the plan and a record of the committee's vote to the General Assembly. Such emergency plan of operations shall not be approved by the commissioner unless the commissioner determines that the plan proposes strategies that address all the activities and measures of civil preparedness identified in subdivision (4) of section 28-1. Each town or city of the state shall consider whether to provide for the nonmilitary evacuation of livestock and horses in such plan.

      (b) Each local organization for civil preparedness shall consist of an advisory council and a director appointed by the chief executive officer. The advisory council shall contain representatives of city or town agencies concerned with civil preparedness and representatives of interests, including business, labor, agriculture, veterans, women's groups and others, which are important to the civil preparedness program in the particular community. The director shall be responsible for the organization, administration and operation of such local organization, subject to the direction and control of the commissioner. The chief executive officer may remove any local director for cause.

      (c) Each local or joint organization shall perform such civil preparedness functions in the territorial limits within which it is organized as the commissioner prescribes. In addition, such local or joint organization shall conduct such functions outside such territorial limits as are prescribed by the state civil preparedness plan and program or by the terms of any mutual aid agreements to which the town is a party.

      (d) The director of each local or joint organization may, with the approval of the commissioner, collaborate with other public and private agencies within the state and develop or cause to be developed mutual aid agreements for civil preparedness aid and assistance in case of disaster too great to be dealt with unassisted. The director of such joint or local organization may, with the approval of the commissioner, enter into such mutual aid agreements with civil preparedness agencies or organizations in other states. Such agreements shall be consistent with the state civil preparedness plan and program and, in time of emergency, each local or joint organization shall render assistance in accordance with the provisions of such agreements to which it is a party unless otherwise ordered by the commissioner.

      (e) Each town or city shall have the power to make appropriations for the payment of salaries and expenses of its local or joint organization or any other civil preparedness agencies or instrumentalities.

      (f) In the event of a serious disaster or of a sudden emergency, when such action is deemed necessary for the protection of the health and safety of the people, and upon request of the local chief executive authority, the Governor or the commissioner, without regard to the provisions of section 22a-148, may authorize the temporary use of such civil preparedness forces, including civil preparedness auxiliary police and firemen, as he deems necessary. Personnel of such civil preparedness forces shall be so employed only with their consent. The provisions of section 28-14 shall apply to personnel so employed.

      (g) The state shall reimburse any town or city rendering aid under this section for the compensation paid and actual and necessary travel, subsistence and maintenance expenses of employees of such town or city while rendering such aid, and for all payments for death, disability or injury of such employees in the course of rendering such aid and for all losses of or damage to supplies or equipment of such town or city incurred in the course of rendering such aid.

      (h) Whenever, in the judgment of a local civil preparedness director, with prior approval of the commissioner, it is deemed essential to authorize the temporary assignment, with their consent, of any members of civil preparedness forces who are not paid employees of the state or any political subdivision thereof, for a temporary civil preparedness mission, the provisions of section 28-14 shall apply. A complete written record of the conditions and dates of such assignment shall be maintained by the local director concerned and such record shall be available for examination by the commissioner and the Attorney General. The commissioner shall establish the necessary procedures to administer this section.

      (June, 1951, S. 1911d; 1957, P.A. 469, S. 2; September, 1957, P.A. 2, S. 1; 1959, P.A. 214, S. 1; 275, S. 1; P.A. 73-544, S. 7; P.A. 75-567, S. 51, 80; P.A. 77-571, S. 1-3; P.A. 79-417, S. 2; P.A. 90-230, S. 39, 40, 101; P.A. 04-219, S. 17; P.A. 07-11, S. 2; 07-94, S. 1; 07-173, S. 3, 5.)

      History: 1959 acts provided in new Subsec. (h) for temporary civil defense mission as determined essential by local civil defense director with prior approval of state director and amended Subsec. (f) to provide for the governor to authorize temporary use of civil defense forces upon request of the local chief executive authority in event of serious natural disaster or sudden emergency, personnel to be employed only with their consent; P.A. 73-544 substituted "civil preparedness" for "civil defense" throughout; P.A. 75-567 deleted in Subsec. (f) the word "natural" in characterizing "serious disaster"; P.A. 77-571 provided in Subsec. (a) for municipalities to submit an emergency plan of operation in order to be eligible for benefits, substituted in Subsec. (b) the chief executive officer for the state director as authority to remove any local director for cause; P.A. 79-417 provided in amendment of Subsec. (a) by P.A. 77-571 that plan submitted be subsequently approved by the state director; P.A. 90-230 and editorial change corrected a reference to the state director of emergency management in Subsecs. (a) and (h); P.A. 04-219 substituted "commissioner" for references to director, state director and state director of emergency management, effective January 1, 2005; P.A. 07-11 amended Subsec. (a) to make approval of plan contingent upon its conformance with Sec. 28-1(4); P.A. 07-94 amended Subsec. (a) to require shoreline towns or cities to provide for liquefied natural gas terminal emergency in their emergency plan of operations and to submit plan for approval, and to require General Assembly public safety committee to hold hearing and vote on plan; P.A. 07-173 amended Subsec. (a) to require each town or city to submit emergency plan of operations by January 1, 2008, and annually thereafter, and to require each town or city to consider whether to provide for nonmilitary evacuation of livestock and horses in plan.

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      Sec. 28-9d. Federal assistance for individual or family disaster-related expenses. (a) Whenever the President, at the request of the Governor, has declared a disaster to exist in this state, the Governor is authorized: (1) Upon the Governor's determination that financial assistance is essential to meet disaster-related necessary expenses or serious needs of individuals or families adversely affected by such disaster that cannot be otherwise adequately met from other means of assistance, to accept a grant by the federal government to fund such financial assistance, subject to such terms and conditions as may be imposed upon the grant; (2) to enter into an agreement with the federal government, or any officer or agency thereof, pledging the state to participate in the funding of the financial assistance authorized in subdivision (1) of this subsection, in an amount not to exceed twenty-five per cent thereof and, if state funds are not otherwise available to the Governor, to accept an advance of the state share from the federal government to be repaid when the state is able to do so.

      (b) Notwithstanding any other provision of law or regulation, the Governor is authorized to make financial grants to meet disaster-related necessary expenses or serious needs of individuals or families adversely affected by a disaster which cannot otherwise adequately be met from other means of assistance, which shall not exceed in the aggregate the maximum payment established by the Federal Emergency Management Agency, to an individual or family in any single disaster declared by the President.

      (c) The Governor shall make such regulations as are necessary for carrying out the purposes of this section, including, but not limited to, standards of eligibility for persons applying for benefits; procedures for application and administration; methods of investigation, filing and approving applications; and formation of local or state-wide boards to pass upon applications and procedures for appeals.

      (d) Any person who fraudulently or wilfully makes a misstatement of fact in connection with an application for financial assistance under this section shall, upon conviction of each offense, be subject to a fine of not more than five thousand dollars, or imprisonment for not more than one year, or both.

      (P.A. 75-643, S. 8; P.A. 00-117, S. 1, 2; P.A. 07-217, S. 131.)

      History: (Revisor's note: In 1995 the words "subparagraph (1)" in Subsec. (a) were replaced editorially by the Revisors with "subdivision (1)" for consistency with customary general statutes usage); P.A. 00-117 amended Subsec. (b) to provide that grants shall not exceed in the aggregate the maximum payment established by FEMA, rather than $5,000, effective May 26, 2000; P.A. 07-217 made technical changes in Subsec. (a), effective July 12, 2007.

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      Sec. 28-12. Loyalty oath. Roster of members. No person shall be employed or associated in any capacity in any civil preparedness organization established under this chapter who advocates a change by force or violence in the constitutional form of the government of the United States or of this state or the overthrow of any government in the United States by force or violence, or who has been convicted of or is under indictment or information charging any subversive act against the United States. Each person who is appointed to serve in an organization for civil preparedness shall, before entering upon his duties, and annually thereafter, take an oath orally before a local civil preparedness officer or officers empowered by the commissioner to enlist volunteers, which oath shall be substantially as follows: "I, ...., do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States and the Constitution of the state of Connecticut, against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I take this obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion; and that I will well and faithfully discharge the duties upon which I am about to enter." Each local civil preparedness officer shall provide to the department a roster of sworn volunteer civil preparedness force members on or before the fifteenth of August each year.

      (June, 1951, S. 1916d; 1957, P.A. 380; 1959, P.A. 142; P.A. 73-544, S. 12; P.A. 79-61, S. 1, 2; P.A. 07-173, S. 4.)

      History: 1959 act removed reference to past activities with subversive organizations from bar to employment and from oath and revised oath; P.A. 73-544 substituted "civil preparedness" for "civil defense" throughout; P.A. 79-61 deleted from the loyalty oath all reference to present activities and affiliations having to do with subversive acts and advocacy thereof; P.A. 07-173 required that loyalty oath be administered annually, substituted "orally" for "verbally" re oath and "commissioner" for "director" re person who may empower officer to enlist volunteers, and required officers to submit roster of sworn volunteer members to department annually.

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      Sec. 28-13. Immunity from liability. Penalty for denial of access to property during civil preparedness emergency. (a) Neither the state nor any political subdivision of the state nor, except in cases of wilful misconduct, the agents or representatives of the state or any political subdivision thereof nor any member of the civil preparedness forces of the state nor any person authorized by such civil preparedness forces or by any member of such civil preparedness forces complying with or attempting to comply with this chapter or any order or regulation promulgated pursuant to the provisions of this chapter, or pursuant to any ordinance relating to blackout or other precautionary measures enacted by any political subdivision of the state nor any person employed by or authorized to assist any agency of the federal government in the prevention or mitigation of any major disaster or emergency, shall be liable for the death of or injury to persons or for damage to property as a result of any such activity. The Attorney General shall appear for and defend the state, any political subdivision of the state and the agents or representatives of the state or any political subdivision thereof or any member of the civil preparedness forces of the state or any other person exempted from liability for his acts under this section in any civil action brought for the death of or injury to persons or for damage to property as a result of any civil preparedness activity.

      (b) Any person, corporation, partnership or association who denies access to property owned or under the control of such entity to any person acting in accordance with this chapter during a civil preparedness emergency shall be fined not less than fifty dollars or more than five hundred dollars.

      (June, 1951, S. 1917d; P.A. 73-544, S. 13; P.A. 79-417, S. 4; P.A. 07-217, S. 132.)

      History: P.A. 73-544 substituted "civil preparedness" for "civil defense" throughout; P.A. 79-417 extended exemption from liability and subsequent defense by attorney general to persons authorized by civil preparedness forces or any of its members to act within provisions of the chapter and to persons employed by or authorized to assist agency of federal government in cases of major disasters or emergencies and added new Subsec. (b) providing for fines for those who deny access to property for those acting in accordance with provisions of chapter; P.A. 07-217 made technical changes in Subsec. (b), effective July 12, 2007.

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