CHAPTER 375
PODIATRY

Table of Contents

Sec. 20-54. Qualifications for general practice, medical and nonsurgical treatment of the ankle and surgical treatment of the ankle. Permits. Exception for surgery under the direct supervision of a physician or surgeon. Regulations. Effect of permit on hospital privileges.
Sec. 20-59. Disciplinary action by board; grounds.

      Sec. 20-54. Qualifications for general practice, medical and nonsurgical treatment of the ankle and surgical treatment of the ankle. Permits. Exception for surgery under the direct supervision of a physician or surgeon. Regulations. Effect of permit on hospital privileges. (a) No person other than those described in section 20-57 and those to whom a license has been reissued as provided by section 20-59 shall engage in the practice of podiatry in this state until such person has presented to the department satisfactory evidence that such person has received a diploma or other certificate of graduation from an accredited school or college of chiropody or podiatry approved by the Board of Examiners in Podiatry with the consent of the Commissioner of Public Health, nor shall any person so practice until such person has obtained a license from the Department of Public Health after meeting the requirements of this chapter. A graduate of an approved school of chiropody or podiatry subsequent to July 1, 1947, shall present satisfactory evidence that he or she has been a resident student through not less than four graded courses of not less than thirty-two weeks each in such approved school and has received the degree of D.S.C., Doctor of Surgical Chiropody, or Pod. D., Doctor of Podiatry, or other equivalent degree; and, if a graduate of an approved chiropody or podiatry school subsequent to July 1, 1951, that he or she has completed, before beginning the study of podiatry, a course of study of an academic year of not less than thirty-two weeks' duration in a college or scientific school approved by said board with the consent of the Commissioner of Public Health, which course included the study of chemistry and physics or biology; and if a graduate of an approved college of podiatry or podiatric medicine subsequent to July 1, 1971, that he or she has completed a course of study of two such prepodiatry college years, including the study of chemistry, physics or mathematics and biology, and that he or she received the degree of D.P.M., Doctor of Podiatric Medicine. No provision of this section shall be construed to prevent graduates of a podiatric college, approved by the Board of Examiners in Podiatry with the consent of the Commissioner of Public Health, from receiving practical training in podiatry in a residency program in an accredited hospital facility which program is accredited by the Council on Podiatric Education.

      (b) A licensed podiatrist who is board qualified or certified by the American Board of Podiatric Surgery or the American Board of Podiatric Orthopedics and Primary Podiatric Medicine may engage in the medical and nonsurgical treatment of the ankle and the anatomical structures of the ankle, as well as the administration and prescription of drugs incidental thereto, and the nonsurgical treatment of manifestations of systemic diseases as they appear on the ankle. Such licensed podiatrist shall restrict treatment of displaced ankle fractures to the initial diagnosis and the initial attempt at closed reduction at the time of presentation and shall not treat tibial pilon fractures. For purposes of this section, "ankle" means the distal metaphysis and epiphysis of the tibia and fibula, the articular cartilage of the distal tibia and distal fibula, the ligaments that connect the distal metaphysis and epiphysis of the tibia and fibula and the talus, and the portions of skin, subcutaneous tissue, fascia, muscles, tendons and nerves at or below the level of the myotendinous junction of the triceps surae.

      (c) No licensed podiatrist may independently engage in the surgical treatment of the ankle, including the surgical treatment of the anatomical structures of the ankle, as well as the administration and prescription of drugs incidental thereto, and the surgical treatment of manifestations of systemic diseases as they appear on the ankle, until such licensed podiatrist has obtained a permit from the Department of Public Health after meeting the requirements set forth in subsection (d) or (e) of this section, as appropriate. No licensed podiatrist who applies for a permit to independently engage in the surgical treatment of the ankle shall be issued such permit unless (1) the commissioner is satisfied that the applicant is in compliance with all requirements set forth in subsection (d) or (e) of this section, as appropriate, and (2) the application includes payment of a fee in the amount of one hundred dollars. For purposes of this section, "surgical treatment of the ankle" does not include the performance of total ankle replacements or the treatment of tibial pilon fractures.

      (d) The Department of Public Health may issue a permit to independently engage in standard ankle surgery procedures to any licensed podiatrist who: (1) (A) Graduated on or after June 1, 2006, from a three-year residency program in podiatric medicine and surgery that was accredited by the Council on Podiatric Medical Education, or its successor organization, at the time of graduation, and (B) holds and maintains current board certification in reconstructive rearfoot ankle surgery by the American Board of Podiatric Surgery, or its successor organization; (2) (A) graduated on or after June 1, 2006, from a three-year residency program in podiatric medicine and surgery that was accredited by the Council on Podiatric Medical Education, or its successor organization, at the time of graduation, (B) is board qualified, but not board certified, in reconstructive rearfoot ankle surgery by the American Board of Podiatric Surgery, or its successor organization, and (C) provides documentation satisfactory to the department that such licensed podiatrist has completed acceptable training and experience in standard or advanced midfoot, rearfoot and ankle procedures; or (3) (A) graduated before June 1, 2006, from a residency program in podiatric medicine and surgery that was at least two years in length and was accredited by the Council on Podiatric Medical Education at the time of graduation, (B) holds and maintains current board certification in reconstructive rearfoot ankle surgery by the American Board of Podiatric Surgery, or its successor organization, and (C) provides documentation satisfactory to the department that such licensed podiatrist has completed acceptable training and experience in standard or advanced midfoot, rearfoot and ankle procedures; except that a licensed podiatrist who meets the qualifications of subdivision (2) of this subsection may not perform tibial and fibular osteotomies until such licensed podiatrist holds and maintains current board certification in reconstructive rearfoot ankle surgery by the American Board of Podiatric Medicine, or its successor organization. For purposes of this subsection, "standard ankle surgery procedures" includes soft tissue and osseous procedures.

      (e) The Department of Public Health may issue a permit to independently engage in advanced ankle surgery procedures to any licensed podiatrist who has obtained a permit under subsection (d) of this section, or who meets the qualifications necessary to obtain a permit under said subsection (d), provided such licensed podiatrist: (1) (A) Graduated on or after June 1, 2006, from a three-year residency program in podiatric medicine and surgery that was accredited by the Council on Podiatric Medical Education, or its successor organization, at the time of graduation, (B) holds and maintains current board certification in reconstructive rearfoot ankle surgery by the American Board of Podiatric Surgery, or its successor organization, and (C) provides documentation satisfactory to the department that such licensed podiatrist has completed acceptable training and experience in advanced midfoot, rearfoot and ankle procedures; or (2) (A) graduated before June 1, 2006, from a residency program in podiatric medicine and surgery that was at least two years in duration and was accredited by the Council on Podiatric Medical Education at the time of graduation, (B) holds and maintains current board certification in reconstructive rearfoot ankle surgery by the American Board of Podiatric Surgery, or its successor organization, and (C) provides documentation satisfactory to the department that such licensed podiatrist has completed acceptable training and experience in advanced midfoot, rearfoot and ankle procedures. For purposes of this subsection, "advanced ankle surgery procedures" includes ankle fracture fixation, ankle fusion, ankle arthroscopy, insertion or removal of external fixation pins into or from the tibial diaphysis at or below the level of the myotendinous junction of the triceps surae, and insertion and removal of retrograde tibiotalocalcaneal intramedullary rods and locking screws up to the level of the myotendinous junction of the triceps surae, but does not include the surgical treatment of complications within the tibial diaphysis related to the use of such external fixation pins.

      (f) A licensed podiatrist who (1) graduated from a residency program in podiatric medicine and surgery that was at least two years in duration and was accredited by the Council on Podiatric Medical Education, or its successor organization, at the time of graduation, and (2) (A) holds and maintains current board certification in reconstructive rearfoot ankle surgery by the American Board of Podiatric Surgery, or its successor organization, (B) is board qualified in reconstructive rearfoot ankle surgery by the American Board of Podiatric Surgery, or its successor organization, or (C) is board certified in foot and ankle surgery by the American Board of Podiatric Surgery, or its successor organization, may engage in the surgical treatment of the ankle, including standard and advanced ankle surgery procedures, without a permit issued by the department in accordance with subsection (d) or (e) of this section, provided such licensed podiatrist is performing such procedures under the direct supervision of a physician or surgeon licensed under chapter 370 who maintains hospital privileges to perform such procedures or under the direct supervision of a licensed podiatrist who has been issued a permit under the provisions of subsection (d) or (e) of this section, as appropriate, to independently engage in standard or advanced ankle surgery procedures.

      (g) The Commissioner of Public Health shall appoint an advisory committee to assist and advise the commissioner in evaluating applicants' training and experience in midfoot, rearfoot and ankle procedures for purposes of determining whether such applicants should be permitted to independently engage in standard or advanced ankle surgery procedures pursuant to subsection (d) or (e) of this section. The advisory committee shall consist of four members, two of whom shall be podiatrists recommended by the Connecticut Podiatric Medical Association and two of whom shall be orthopedic surgeons recommended by the Connecticut Orthopedic Society.

      (h) The Commissioner of Public Health shall adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, to implement the provisions of subsections (c) to (f), inclusive, of this section. Such regulations shall include, but not be limited to, the number and types of procedures required for an applicant's training or experience to be deemed acceptable for purposes of issuing a permit under subsection (d) or (e) of this section. In identifying the required number and types of procedures, the commissioner shall seek the advice and assistance of the advisory committee appointed under subsection (g) of this section and shall consider nationally recognized standards for accredited residency programs in podiatric medicine and surgery for midfoot, rearfoot and ankle procedures. The commissioner may issue permits pursuant to subsections (c) to (e), inclusive, of this section prior to the effective date of any regulations adopted pursuant to this section.

      (i) The Department of Public Health's issuance of a permit to a licensed podiatrist to independently engage in the surgical treatment of the ankle shall not be construed to obligate a hospital or outpatient surgical facility to grant such licensed podiatrist privileges to perform such procedures at the hospital or outpatient surgical facility.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4552, 4556; 1949, S. 2274d; 1955, S. 2273d; 1963, P.A. 247; 1971, P.A. 124; 1972, P.A. 232; P.A. 76-113, S. 4; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 80-484, S. 25, 176; P.A. 81-472, S. 133, 159; P.A. 91-113, S. 3; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 06-160, S. 1; P.A. 07-252, S. 25, 34.)

      History: 1963 act added provision re one who has received a degree equivalent to a D.S.C. or Pod. D; 1971 act added requirements applicable to persons graduating from approved podiatry colleges after July 1, 1971; 1972 act allowed mathematics study as alternative to physics study for graduates after July 1, 1971; P.A. 76-113 deleted citizenship requirement for applicants; P.A. 77-614 replaced department of health with department of health services, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 80-484 substituted "license" for "certificate", required presentation of credentials to health services department rather than to board of examiners, required consent of health services commissioner for approval of schools or colleges and deleted requirements that applicant be or intends to become a resident, that he be of good moral character and that he have received from board of examiners a certificate of qualification; P.A. 81-472 made technical changes; P.A. 91-113 amended section to clarify residency programs for graduates of podiatric colleges and to specify that diploma or certificate must be from an accredited school or college; P.A. 93-381 replaced department and commissioner of health services with department and commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 06-160 designated existing language as Subsec. (a) and made technical changes therein for the purpose of gender neutrality, and added Subsec. (b) defining "ankle" and authorizing certain qualified or certified licensed podiatrists to engage in medical and nonsurgical treatment of the ankle; P.A. 07-252 amended Subsec. (a) by eliminating requirement that applicants present evidence of a high school education or its equivalent, made a technical change in Subsec. (b) and added Subsecs. (c) to (i) establishing qualifications for obtaining a permit to engage in surgical treatment of the ankle, standard ankle surgery procedures and advanced ankle surgery procedures and establishing qualifications for engaging in standard and advanced ankle surgery procedures without a permit, establishing an advisory committee to assist and advise commissioner in evaluating applicants' credentials, requiring adoption of regulations specifying credentials necessary to obtain a permit for engaging in standard or advanced ankle surgery procedures and preserving rights of hospitals and outpatient surgical facilities re granting privileges to perform procedures.

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      Sec. 20-59. Disciplinary action by board; grounds. The board may take any of the actions set forth in section 19a-17 for any of the following reasons: (1) Procurement of a license by fraud or material deception; (2) conviction in a court of competent jurisdiction, either within or without this state, of any crime in the practice of podiatry; (3) fraudulent or deceptive conduct in the course of professional services or activities; (4) illegal or incompetent or negligent conduct in the practice of podiatry; (5) habitual intemperance in the use of spirituous stimulants or addiction to the use of morphine, cocaine or other drugs having a similar effect; (6) aiding and abetting the practice of podiatry by an unlicensed person or a person whose license has been suspended or revoked; (7) mental illness or deficiency of the practitioner; (8) physical illness or loss of motor skill, including but not limited to, deterioration through the aging process, of the practitioner; (9) undertaking or engaging in any medical practice beyond the privileges and rights accorded to the practitioner of podiatry by the provisions of this chapter; (10) failure to maintain professional liability insurance or other indemnity against liability for professional malpractice as provided in subsection (a) of section 20-58a; (11) independently engaging in the performance of ankle surgery procedures without a permit, in violation of section 20-54; or (12) violation of any provision of this chapter or any regulation adopted hereunder. The Commissioner of Public Health may order a license holder to submit to a reasonable physical or mental examination if his physical or mental capacity to practice safely is the subject of an investigation. Said commissioner may petition the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford to enforce such order or any action taken pursuant to section 19a-17. The clerk of any court in this state in which a person practicing podiatry has been convicted of any crime shall, upon such conviction, make written report, in duplicate, to the Department of Public Health of the name and residence of such person, the crime of which such person was convicted and the date of conviction; and said department shall forward one of such duplicate reports to the board.

      (1949 Rev., S. 4559; P.A. 77-614, S. 379, 610; P.A. 80-484, S. 28, 176; P.A. 81-471, S. 21, 71; P.A. 88-230, S. 1, 12; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 94-71, S. 11; P.A. 95-220, S. 4-6; 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 07-252, S. 35.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 replaced department of health with department of health services and allowed disciplinary action for violations of chapter or related regulations, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 80-484 rephrased reference to actions of disciplinary nature, substituted "license" for "certificate of qualification", deleted grounds re crimes of moral turpitude, felony or misdemeanor, immoral, dishonorable or unprofessional conduct and misleading, etc. advertising, added grounds re deception, physical illness and loss of motor skill, added provisions re required physical or mental examinations and re petitions to court for enforcement of orders or actions and deleted provision re revocation etc. of correlated licenses issued by health services department and reissuance of certificates; P.A. 81-471 made minor changes in wording; P.A. 88-230 replaced "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain" with "judicial district of Hartford", effective September 1, 1991; P.A. 90-98 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1991, to September 1, 1993; P.A. 93-142 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1993, to September 1, 1996, effective June 14, 1993; P.A. 93-381 replaced department and commissioner of health services with department and commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 94-71 inserted new Subdiv. (10) concerning failure to maintain professional liability insurance or other indemnity against liability for professional malpractice and renumbered former Subdiv. (10) as (11); P.A. 95-220 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1996, to September 1, 1998, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 07-252 added new Subdiv. (11) allowing board to take disciplinary action for independently engaging in the performance of ankle surgery procedures without a permit, in violation of Sec. 20-54, and redesignated existing Subdiv. (11) as Subdiv. (12).

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