CHAPTER 368d
EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES

Table of Contents

Sec. 19a-180. (Formerly Sec. 19-73bb). Licensure and certification of emergency medical service organizations. Suspension or revocation. Records. Penalties. Advertisement. Medical control by sponsor hospital. New or expanded emergency medical services.
Sec. 19a-196b. Response to calls from other municipalities. Transporting patients to the state's mobile field hospital.

      Sec. 19a-180. (Formerly Sec. 19-73bb). Licensure and certification of emergency medical service organizations. Suspension or revocation. Records. Penalties. Advertisement. Medical control by sponsor hospital. New or expanded emergency medical services. (a) No person shall operate any ambulance service, rescue service or management service without either a license or a certificate issued by the commissioner. No person shall operate a commercial ambulance service or commercial rescue service or a management service without a license issued by the commissioner. A certificate shall be issued to any volunteer or municipal ambulance service which shows proof satisfactory to the commissioner that it meets the minimum standards of the commissioner in the areas of training, equipment and personnel. No license or certificate shall be issued to any volunteer, municipal or commercial ambulance service, rescue service or management service, as defined in subdivision (19) of section 19a-175, unless it meets the requirements of subsection (e) of section 14-100a. Applicants for a license shall use the forms prescribed by the commissioner and shall submit such application to the commissioner accompanied by an annual fee of one hundred dollars. In considering requests for approval of permits for new or expanded emergency medical services in any region, the commissioner shall consult with the Office of Emergency Medical Services and the emergency medical services council of such region and shall hold a public hearing to determine the necessity for such services. Written notice of such hearing shall be given to current providers in the geographic region where such new or expanded services would be implemented, provided, any volunteer ambulance service which elects not to levy charges for services rendered under this chapter shall be exempt from the provisions concerning requests for approval of permits for new or expanded emergency medical services set forth in this subsection. A primary service area responder in a municipality in which the applicant operates or proposes to operate shall, upon request, be granted intervenor status with opportunity for cross-examination. Each applicant for licensure shall furnish proof of financial responsibility which the commissioner deems sufficient to satisfy any claim. The commissioner may adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to establish satisfactory kinds of coverage and limits of insurance for each applicant for either licensure or certification. Until such regulations are adopted, the following shall be the required limits for licensure: (1) For damages by reason of personal injury to, or the death of, one person on account of any accident, at least five hundred thousand dollars, and more than one person on account of any accident, at least one million dollars, (2) for damage to property at least fifty thousand dollars, and (3) for malpractice in the care of one passenger at least two hundred fifty thousand dollars, and for more than one passenger at least five hundred thousand dollars. In lieu of the limits set forth in subdivisions (1) to (3), inclusive, of this subsection, a single limit of liability shall be allowed as follows: (A) For damages by reason of personal injury to, or death of, one or more persons and damage to property, at least one million dollars; and (B) for malpractice in the care of one or more passengers, at least five hundred thousand dollars. A certificate of such proof shall be filed with the commissioner. Upon determination by the commissioner that an applicant is financially responsible, properly certified and otherwise qualified to operate a commercial ambulance service, rescue service or management service, the commissioner shall issue the appropriate license effective for one year to such applicant. If the commissioner determines that an applicant for either a certificate or license is not so qualified, the commissioner shall notify such applicant of the denial of the application with a statement of the reasons for such denial. Such applicant shall have thirty days to request a hearing on the denial of the application.

      (b) Any person, management service organization or emergency medical service organization which does not maintain standards or violates regulations adopted under any section of this chapter applicable to such person or organization may have such person's or organization's license or certification suspended or revoked or may be subject to any other disciplinary action specified in section 19a-17 after notice by certified mail to such person or organization of the facts or conduct which warrant the intended action. Such person or emergency medical service organization shall have an opportunity to show compliance with all requirements for the retention of such certificate or license. In the conduct of any investigation by the commissioner of alleged violations of the standards or regulations adopted under the provisions of this chapter, the commissioner may issue subpoenas requiring the attendance of witnesses and the production by any medical service organization or person of reports, records, tapes or other documents which concern the allegations under investigation. All records obtained by the commissioner in connection with any such investigation shall not be subject to the provisions of section 1-210 for a period of six months from the date of the petition or other event initiating such investigation, or until such time as the investigation is terminated pursuant to a withdrawal or other informal disposition or until a hearing is convened pursuant to chapter 54, whichever is earlier. A complaint, as defined in subdivision (6) of section 19a-13, shall be subject to the provisions of section 1-210 from the time that it is served or mailed to the respondent. Records which are otherwise public records shall not be deemed confidential merely because they have been obtained in connection with an investigation under this chapter.

      (c) Any person, management service organization or emergency medical service organization aggrieved by an act or decision of the commissioner regarding certification or licensure may appeal in the manner provided by chapter 54.

      (d) Any person guilty of any of the following acts shall be fined not more than two hundred fifty dollars, or imprisoned not more than three months, or be both fined and imprisoned: (1) In any application to the commissioner or in any proceeding before or investigation made by the commissioner, knowingly making any false statement or representation, or, with knowledge of its falsity, filing or causing to be filed any false statement or representation in a required application or statement; (2) issuing, circulating or publishing or causing to be issued, circulated or published any form of advertisement or circular for the purpose of soliciting business which contains any statement that is false or misleading, or otherwise likely to deceive a reader thereof, with knowledge that it contains such false, misleading or deceptive statement; (3) giving or offering to give anything of value to any person for the purpose of promoting or securing ambulance or rescue service business or obtaining favors relating thereto; (4) administering or causing to be administered, while serving in the capacity of an employee of any licensed ambulance or rescue service, any alcoholic liquor to any patient in such employee's care, except under the supervision and direction of a licensed physician; (5) in any respect wilfully violating or failing to comply with any provision of this chapter or wilfully violating, failing, omitting or neglecting to obey or comply with any regulation, order, decision or license, or any part or provisions thereof; (6) with one or more other persons, conspiring to violate any license or order issued by the commissioner or any provision of this chapter.

      (e) No person shall place any advertisement or produce any printed matter that holds that person out to be an ambulance service unless such person is licensed or certified pursuant to this section. Any such advertisement or printed matter shall include the license or certificate number issued by the commissioner.

      (f) Each licensed or certified ambulance service shall secure and maintain medical control, as defined in section 19a-179, by a sponsor hospital, as defined in section 19a-179, for all its emergency medical personnel, whether such personnel are employed by the ambulance service or a management service.

      (g) Each applicant whose request for new or expanded emergency medical services is approved shall, not later than six months after the date of such approval, acquire the necessary resources, equipment and other material necessary to comply with the terms of the approval and operate in the service area identified in the application. If the applicant fails to do so, the approval for new or expanded medical services shall be void and the commissioner shall rescind the approval.

      (h) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, any volunteer or municipal ambulance service that is licensed or certified and is a primary service area responder may apply to the commissioner to add one emergency vehicle to its existing fleet every three years, on a short form application prescribed by the commissioner. No such volunteer or municipal ambulance service may add more than one emergency vehicle to its existing fleet pursuant to this subsection regardless of the number of municipalities served by such volunteer or municipal ambulance service. Upon making such application, the applicant shall notify in writing all other primary service area responders in any municipality or abutting municipality in which the applicant proposes to add the additional emergency vehicle. Except in the case where a primary service area responder entitled to receive notification of such application objects, in writing, to the commissioner not later than fifteen calendar days after receiving such notice, the application shall be deemed approved thirty calendar days after filing. If any such primary service area responder files an objection with the commissioner within the fifteen-calendar-day time period and requests a hearing, the applicant shall be required to demonstrate need at a public hearing as required under subsection (a) of this section.

      (i) The commissioner shall develop a short form application for primary service area responders seeking to add an emergency vehicle to their existing fleets pursuant to subsection (h) of this section. The application shall require an applicant to provide such information as the commissioner deems necessary, including, but not limited to, (1) the applicant's name and address, (2) the primary service area where the additional vehicle is proposed to be used, (3) an explanation as to why the additional vehicle is necessary and its proposed use, (4) proof of insurance, (5) a list of the providers to whom notice was sent pursuant to subsection (h) of this section and proof of such notification, and (6) total call volume, response time and calls passed within the primary service area for the one-year period preceding the date of the application.

      (P.A. 74-305, S. 9, 19; P.A. 75-112, S. 7, 18; 75-140; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 80-480, S. 2, 3; P.A. 81-259, S. 2, 3; 81-472, S. 47, 159; P.A. 85-585, S. 2; P.A. 86-59, S. 1, 2; P.A. 88-172, S. 1; P.A. 90-172, S. 2; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; 95-271, S. 37; P.A. 98-195, S. 8; P.A. 00-151, S. 5, 14; P.A. 06-195, S. 35; P.A. 07-134, S. 6; 07-252, S. 10.)

      History: P.A. 75-112 replaced commission on hospitals and health care with commissioner of health, transferred duty to establish regulations re insurance coverage and limits in Subsec. (a) and subpoena power in Subsec. (b) from office of emergency medical services to commissioner of health, exempted volunteer ambulance or rescue services from requirement of furnishing proof of financial responsibility in licensure application under Subsec. (a) and required issuance of temporary permits on or before December 1, 1975, in Subsec. (d); P.A. 75-140 inserted new Subsec. (e)(3) and (4) re gift or offer of gift of value to promote or secure ambulance or rescue service business and re administering alcoholic liquor to patient except as directed by physician and renumbered former Subdivs. (3) and (4) accordingly; P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner of health with commissioner of health services, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 80-480 added provisions in Subsec. (a) re hearing procedure requests for approval of permits for new or expanded emergency medical services; P.A. 81-259 amended Subsec. (a) to conform with the definitions contained in Subsecs. (q), (r) and (s); P.A. 81-472 made technical changes; Sec. 19-73bb transferred to Sec. 19a-180 in 1983; P.A. 85-585 added provisions in Subsec. (b) re the confidentiality of investigations by the commission; P.A. 86-59 amended Subsec. (a) to increase the required insurance limits for licensure of any commercial ambulance or rescue service as follows: (1) Personal injury, from $100,000 to $500,000 for one person, and from $300,000 to $1,000,000 for more than one person; (2) property damage, from $25,000 to $50,000; and (3) malpractice, from $100,000 to $250,000 for one person, and from $300,000 to $500,000 for more than one person and to establish single liability limits of $1,000,000 for personal injury and $500,000 for malpractice; P.A. 88-172 amended Subsec. (b) by adding the reference to "any other disciplinary action specified in Sec. 19a-17" and made technical changes; P.A. 90-172 added the references to a management service and made technical changes; P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-271 added Subsec. (f) re advertisements or printed matter; P.A. 98-195 transferred from the Office of Emergency Medical Services to the Commissioner of Public Health responsibility for authority over ambulance services, made adoption of regulations discretionary rather than mandatory, deleted obsolete former Subsec. (d) relettering remaining sections accordingly and made technical changes (Revisor's note: In codifying this section, two erroneous references in Subsec. (b) to "section 1-16" were deemed by the Revisors to be "section 1-19", as they had been prior to a technical error in P.A. 98-195, and therefore codified as "section 1-210" since section 1-19 was transferred to that number in 1999); P.A. 00-151 made technical changes, effective July 1, 2000; P.A. 06-195 amended Subsec. (a) by granting primary service area responder intervenor status with opportunity for cross-examination in hearing re need for new or expanded emergency medical services, adding reference to "rescue service or management service" and replacing "issue a license" with "issue the appropriate license", amended Subsecs. (b) and (c) by extending their applicability to management service organization, added Subsec. (f) to require licensed or certified ambulance service to secure and maintain medical control by a sponsor hospital for all emergency medical personnel, added Subsec. (g) to establish six-month deadline for acquiring resources, equipment and other material necessary to operate approved new or expanded medical services, added Subsec. (h) to permit certain primary service area responders to add one emergency vehicle every three years under an expedited review and approval process and added Subsec. (i) re development of short form application for primary service area responders seeking to add an emergency vehicle pursuant to Subsec. (h), effective June 7, 2006; P.A. 07-134 amended Subsec. (a) by adding provision re compliance with requirements of Sec. 14-100a(e); P.A. 07-252 made technical changes in Subsec. (i).

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      Sec. 19a-196b. Response to calls from other municipalities. Transporting patients to the state's mobile field hospital. (a) Each emergency medical service council and emergency medical service system shall respond to and honor calls from any municipality that participates in another emergency medical service council or emergency communication system or which is a member of an agency that participates in such council or system.

      (b) Any licensed or certified ambulance may transport patients to the state's mobile field hospital when the hospital has been deployed by the Governor or the Governor's designee for the purposes specified in subsection (m) of section 19a-490.

      (P.A. 95-198, S. 3; P.A. 07-252, S. 72.)

      History: P.A. 07-252 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a), made technical changes therein and added Subsec. (b) authorizing ambulances to transport patients to state's mobile field hospital upon deployment by the Governor or the Governor's designee, effective July 12, 2007.

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