CHAPTER 319rr
CHILD CARE

Table of Contents

Sec. 17b-733. (Formerly Sec. 17-585(a)). Department designated lead agency for child day care services.
Sec. 17b-745. (Formerly Sec. 17-324). Court order for support of persons supported by state. National Medical Support Notice. Income withholding orders. Enforcement and modification of support orders.

      Sec. 17b-733. (Formerly Sec. 17-585(a)). Department designated lead agency for child day care services. The Department of Social Services shall be the lead agency for child day care services in Connecticut. The department shall: (1) Identify, annually, existing child day care services and maintain an inventory of all available services; (2) provide technical assistance to corporations and private agencies in the development and expansion of child day care services for families at all income levels, including families of their employees and clients; (3) study and identify funding sources available for child day care including federal funds and tax benefits; (4) study the cost and availability of liability insurance for child day care providers; (5) provide, in conjunction with the Departments of Education and Higher Education, ongoing training for child day care providers including preparing videotaped workshops and distributing them to cable stations for broadcast on public access stations, and seek private donations to fund such training; (6) encourage child day care services to obtain accreditation; (7) develop a range of financing options for child care services, including the use of a tax-exempt bond program, a loan guarantee program and establishing a direct revolving loan program; (8) promote the colocation of child day care and school readiness programs pursuant to section 4b-31; (9) establish a performance-based evaluation system; (10) develop for recommendation to the Governor and the General Assembly measures to provide incentives for the private sector to develop and support expanded child day care services; (11) provide, within available funds and in conjunction with the temporary family assistance program as defined in section 17b-680, child day care to public assistance recipients; (12) develop and implement, with the assistance of the Child Day Care Council and the Departments of Public Health, Social Services, Education, Higher Education, Children and Families, Economic and Community Development and Consumer Protection, a state-wide coordinated child day care and early childhood education training system (A) for child day care centers, group day care homes and family day care homes that provide child day care services, and (B) that makes available to such providers and their staff, within available appropriations, scholarship assistance, career counseling and training, advancement in career ladders, as defined in section 4-124bb, through seamless articulation of levels of training, program accreditation support and other initiatives recommended by the Departments of Social Services, Education and Higher Education; (13) plan and implement a unit cost reimbursement system for state-funded child day care services such that, on and after January 1, 2008, any increase in reimbursement shall be based on a requirement that such centers meet the staff qualifications, as defined in subsection (b) of section 10-16p; (14) develop, within available funds, initiatives to increase compensation paid to child day care providers for educational opportunities, including, but not limited to, (A) incentives for educational advancement paid to persons employed by child day care centers receiving state or federal funds, and (B) support for the establishment and implementation by the Labor Commissioner of apprenticeship programs for child day care workers pursuant to sections 31-22m to 31-22q, inclusive, which programs shall be jointly administered by labor and management trustees; (15) evaluate the effectiveness of any initiatives developed pursuant to subdivision (14) of this section in improving staff retention rates and the quality of education and care provided to children; and (16) report annually to the Governor and the General Assembly on the status of child day care in Connecticut. Such report shall include (A) an itemization of the allocation of state and federal funds for child care programs; (B) the number of children served under each program so funded; (C) the number and type of such programs, providers and support personnel; (D) state activities to encourage partnership between the public and private sectors; (E) average payments issued by the state for both part-time and full-time child care; (F) range of family income and percentages served within each range by such programs; and (G) age range of children served.

      (P.A. 82-261, S. 2, 6; P.A. 85-495, S. 3, 7; P.A. 86-417, S. 6, 15; P.A. 87-77; 87-110; P.A. 88-160, S. 2, 3; P.A. 91-292, S. 2; 91-327, S. 5, 8; 91-371, S. 1; 91-406, S. 25, 29; P.A. 93-20, S. 2; 93-91, S. 1, 2; 93-118; 93-262, S. 44, 87; 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 94-181, S. 1, 7; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 97-259, S. 26, 41; P.A. 01-206; P.A. 04-212, S. 6; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-2, S. 15.)

      History: P.A. 85-495 inserted new provisions designated as Subsec. (a) re human resources department's duties re child day care services, and designated previously existing provisions as Subsecs. (b) to (d), inclusive; P.A. 86-417 amended Subsec. (a) by requiring the department to provide, in conjunction with the department of education, training for day care providers and requiring department of human resources to provide day care to assistance recipients in the WIN program, amended Subsec. (b) by requiring that family day care homes be registered instead of licensed and adding requirements for registration and inspection and made technical changes in Subsec. (c); P.A. 87-77 amended Subsec. (b) to require inspections to include an inspection for evident sources of lead poisoning and to require the department to provide a chemical analysis of any paint chips found on such premises; P.A. 87-110 amended Subsec. (b) to require that the department investigation include a visit and inspection of the premises and changed the percentage of homes for unannounced visits from "ten" to "thirty-three and one-third"; P.A. 88-160 amended Subsec. (b) to provide that a registered family day care home shall not be subject to any conditions other than those imposed by the department as long as the home complies with applicable local codes and ordinances; Sec. 17-31q transferred to Sec. 17-585 in 1991; P.A. 91-292 in Subsec. (a) inserted new Subdiv. (8) re development and implementation of child day care training system, renumbering the remaining Subdiv. and specifying information to be included in report to general assembly re day care; P.A. 91-327 amended Subsec. (c) to direct the department of human resources to establish regulations to require immunizations according to the schedule established by the department of health services before a child may attend a family day care home, and amended Subsec. (d) to require registrants to certify that children enrolled are immunized; P.A. 91-371 in Subsec. (a) inserted new Subdiv. (9) re cost reimbursement system for state-funded child day care services and renumbered the remaining Subdiv. accordingly; P.A. 91-406 substituted "JOBS" for "WIN incentive" program in Subsec. (a)(7); P.A. 93-20 amended Subsec. (c) to require that the regulations specify standards for the extended care and overnight care provided by family day care homes; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-118 amended Subsec. (c) to require regulations re family day care home providers' administering certain medicinal preparations; P.A. 93-262 replaced references to commissioners and departments of income maintenance and human resources with commissioner and department of social services and changed the word "registration" to "license" or "licensure", effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 94-181 transferred the licensure program of family day care homes to the department of public health and addiction services from the department of social services, effective July 1, 1994, as a result of which Subsecs. (b), (c) and (d) were transferred editorially by the Revisors to Sec. 19a-87b in 1995; Sec. 17-585(a) transferred to Sec. 17b-733 in 1995; P.A. 95-250 replaced Commissioner and Department of Economic Development with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 97-259 amended Subdiv. (5) to add the Department of Higher Education, added new Subdivs. (6) to (9), inclusive, renumbered existing Subdivs., and in Subdiv. (11) substituted temporary family assistance program for JOBS program, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 01-206 added new Subdivs. (14) and (15) re initiatives to increase compensation paid to child day care providers and evaluation of these initiatives and renumbered existing Subdiv. (14) as Subdiv. (16); P.A. 04-212 amended Subdiv. (12) to require assistance from Department of Higher Education re development and implementation of a state-wide coordinated child day care and early childhood education training system and to specify the types of training initiatives that should be made available to child day care providers and their staff; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-2 amended Subdiv. (13) by requiring that on and after January 1, 2008, any increase in reimbursement shall be based on requirement that centers meet staff qualifications, as defined in Sec. 10-16p(b), effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 17b-745. (Formerly Sec. 17-324). Court order for support of persons supported by state. National Medical Support Notice. Income withholding orders. Enforcement and modification of support orders. (a)(1) The Superior Court or a family support magistrate may make and enforce orders for payment of support to the Commissioner of Administrative Services or, in IV-D support cases, to the state acting by and through the IV-D agency, directed to the husband or wife and, if the patient or person is under the age of eighteen years or as otherwise provided in this subsection, to any parent of any patient or person being supported by the state, wholly or in part, in a state humane institution, or under any welfare program administered by the Department of Social Services, as the court or family support magistrate finds, in accordance with the provisions of subsection (b) of section 17b-179, or section 17a-90, 17b-81, 17b-223, 46b-129 or 46b-130, to be reasonably commensurate with the financial ability of any such relative. If such person is unmarried and a full-time high school student, such support shall continue according to the parents' respective abilities, if such person is in need of support, until such person completes the twelfth grade or attains the age of nineteen, whichever occurs first. Any court or family support magistrate called upon to make or enforce such an order, including an order based upon a determination consented to by the relative, shall ensure that such order is reasonable in light of the relative's ability to pay.

      (2) (A) The court or family support magistrate shall include in each support order in a IV-D support case a provision for the health care coverage of the child. Such provision may include an order for either parent or both parents to provide such coverage under any or all of clauses (i), (ii) or (iii) of this subparagraph.

      (i) The provision for health care coverage may include an order for either parent to name any child as a beneficiary of any medical or dental insurance or benefit plan carried by such parent or available to such parent at a reasonable cost, as described in clause (iv) of this subparagraph. If such order requires the parent to maintain insurance available through an employer, the order shall be enforced using a National Medical Support Notice as provided in section 46b-88.

      (ii) The provision for health care coverage may include an order for either parent to: (I) Apply for and maintain coverage on behalf of the child under the HUSKY Plan, Part B; or (II) provide cash medical support, as described in clauses (v) and (vi) of this subparagraph. An order under this clause shall be made only if the cost to the parent obligated to maintain coverage under the HUSKY Plan, Part B, or provide cash medical support is reasonable as described in clause (iv) of this subparagraph. An order under subclause (I) of this clause shall be made only if insurance coverage as described in clause (i) of this subparagraph is unavailable at reasonable cost to either parent, or inaccessible to the child.

      (iii) An order for payment of the child's medical and dental expenses, other than those described in subclause (II) of clause (v) of this subparagraph, that are not covered by insurance or reimbursed in any other manner shall be entered in accordance with the child support guidelines established pursuant to section 46b-215a.

      (iv) Health care coverage shall be deemed reasonable in cost if: (I) The parent obligated to maintain such coverage would qualify as a low-income obligor under the child support guidelines established pursuant to section 46b-215a, based solely on such parent's income, and the cost does not exceed five per cent of such parent's net income; or (II) the parent obligated to maintain such coverage would not qualify as a low-income obligor under such guidelines and the cost does not exceed seven and one-half per cent of such parent's net income. In either case, net income shall be determined in accordance with the child support guidelines established pursuant to section 46b-215a. If a parent obligated to maintain insurance must obtain coverage for himself or herself to comply with the order to provide coverage for the child, reasonable cost shall be determined based on the combined cost of coverage for such parent and such child.

      (v) Cash medical support means: (I) An amount ordered to be paid toward the cost of premiums for health insurance coverage provided by a public entity, including the HUSKY Plan, Part A or Part B, except as provided in clause (vi) of this subparagraph, or by another parent through employment or otherwise, or (II) an amount ordered to be paid, either directly to a medical provider or to the person obligated to pay such provider, toward any ongoing extraordinary medical and dental expenses of the child that are not covered by insurance or reimbursed in any other manner, provided such expenses are documented and identified specifically on the record. Cash medical support, as described in subclauses (I) and (II) of this clause, may be ordered in lieu of an order under clause (i) of this subparagraph to be effective until such time as health insurance that is accessible to the child and reasonable in cost becomes available, or in addition to an order under clause (i) of this subparagraph, provided the total cost to the obligated parent of insurance and cash medical support is reasonable, as described in clause (iv) of this subparagraph. An order for cash medical support shall be payable to the state or the custodial party, as their interests may appear, provided an order under subclause (I) of this clause shall be effective only as long as health insurance coverage is maintained. Any unreimbursed medical and dental expenses not covered by an order issued pursuant to subclause (II) of this clause are subject to an order for unreimbursed medical and dental expenses pursuant to clause (iii) of this subparagraph.

      (vi) Cash medical support to offset the cost of any insurance payable under the HUSKY Plan, Part A or Part B, shall not be ordered against a noncustodial parent who is a low-income obligor, as defined in the child support guidelines established pursuant to section 46b-215a, or against a custodial parent of children covered under the HUSKY Plan, Part A or Part B.

      (B) Whenever an order of the Superior Court or family support magistrate is issued against a parent to cover the cost of such medical or dental insurance or benefit plan for a child who is eligible for Medicaid benefits, and such parent has received payment from a third party for the costs of such services but such parent has not used such payment to reimburse, as appropriate, either the other parent or guardian or the provider of such services, the Department of Social Services may request the court or family support magistrate to order the employer of such parent to withhold from the wages, salary or other employment income of such parent to the extent necessary to reimburse the Department of Social Services for expenditures for such costs under the Medicaid program, except that any claims for current or past-due child support shall take priority over any such claims for the costs of such services.

      (3) Said court or family support magistrate shall also have authority to make and enforce orders directed to the conservator or guardian of any such patient or person, or the payee of Social Security or other benefits to which such patient or person is entitled, to the extent of the income or estate held or received by such fiduciary or payee in any such capacity.

      (4) For purposes of this section, the term "father" shall include a person who has acknowledged in writing paternity of a child born out of wedlock, and the court or family support magistrate shall have authority to determine, order and enforce payment of any accumulated sums due under a written agreement to support such child in accordance with the provisions of this section.

      (5) (A) The court or family support magistrate may also make and enforce orders for the payment by any person named herein of past-due support for which any such person is liable in accordance with the provisions of subsection (b) of section 17b-179, or section 17a-90, 17b-81, 17b-223, 46b-129 or 46b-130 or, in IV-D cases, and order such person, provided such person is not incapacitated, to participate in work activities that may include, but shall not be limited to, job search, training, work experience and participation in the job training and retraining program established by the Labor Commissioner pursuant to section 31-3t. The father's liability for past-due support of a child born out of wedlock shall be limited to the three years next preceding the filing of a petition pursuant to this section.

      (B) In the determination of child support due based on neglect or refusal to furnish support prior to the action, the support due for periods of time prior to the action shall be based upon the obligor's ability to pay during such prior periods, as determined in accordance with the child support guidelines established pursuant to section 46b-215a. The state shall disclose to the court any information in its possession concerning current and past ability to pay. If no information is available to the court concerning past ability to pay, the court may determine the support due for periods of time prior to the action as if past ability to pay is equal to current ability to pay, if current ability is known. If current ability to pay is not known, the court shall determine the past ability to pay based on the obligor's work history if known, or if not known, on the state minimum wage that was in effect during such periods, provided only actual earnings shall be used to determine ability to pay for past periods during which the obligor was a full-time high school student or was incarcerated, institutionalized or incapacitated.

      (C) Any finding of support due for periods of time prior to an action in which the obligor failed to appear shall be entered subject to adjustment. Such adjustment may be made upon motion of any party, and the state in IV-D cases shall make such motion if it obtains information that would have substantially affected the court's determination of past ability to pay if such information had been available to the court. Motion for adjustment under this subparagraph may be made not later than twelve months from the date upon which the obligor receives notification of (i) the amount of such finding of support due for periods of time prior to the action, and (ii) the right not later than twelve months from the date of receipt of such notification to present evidence as to such obligor's past ability to pay support for such periods of time prior to the action. A copy of any support order entered, subject to adjustment, that is provided to each party under subsection (c) of this section shall state in plain language the basis for the court's determination of past support, the right to request an adjustment and to present information concerning the obligor's past ability to pay, and the consequences of a failure to request such adjustment.

      (6) (A) All payments ordered by the court or family support magistrate under this section shall be made to the Commissioner of Administrative Services or, in IV-D cases, to the state acting by and through the IV-D agency, as the court or family support magistrate may determine, for the period during which the supported person is receiving assistance or care from the state, provided, in the case of beneficiaries of any program of public assistance, upon the discontinuance of such assistance, payments shall be distributed to the beneficiary, beginning with the effective date of discontinuance, and provided further that in IV-D support cases, all payments shall be distributed as required by Title IV-D of the Social Security Act. Any order of payment made under this section may, at any time after being made, be set aside or altered by the court or a family support magistrate.

      (B) In IV-D support cases, the IV-D agency or a support enforcement agency under cooperative agreement with the IV-D agency may, upon notice to the obligor and obligee, redirect payments for the support of any child receiving child support enforcement services either to the state of Connecticut or to the present custodial party, as their interests may appear, provided neither the obligor nor the obligee objects in writing within ten business days from the mailing date of such notice. Any such notice shall be sent by first class mail to the most recent address of such obligor and obligee, as recorded in the state case registry pursuant to section 46b-218, and a copy of such notice shall be filed with the court or family support magistrate if both the obligor and obligee fail to object to the redirected payments within ten business days from the mailing date of such notice.

      (7) (A) Proceedings to obtain orders of support under this section shall be commenced by the service on the liable person or persons of a verified petition of the Commissioner of Administrative Services, the Commissioner of Social Services or their designees. The verified petition shall be filed by any of said commissioners or their designees in the judicial district of the court or Family Support Magistrate Division in which the patient, applicant, beneficiary, recipient or the defendant resides. The judge or family support magistrate shall cause a summons, signed by such judge or magistrate, by the clerk of said court, or by a commissioner of the Superior Court to be issued, requiring such liable person or persons to appear before the court or a family support magistrate at a time and place as determined by the clerk but not more than ninety days after the issuance of the summons to show cause, if any, why the request for relief in such petition should not be granted.

      (B) Service of process issued under this section may be made by a state marshal, any proper officer or any investigator employed by the Department of Social Services or by the Commissioner of Administrative Services. The state marshal, proper officer or investigator shall make due return of process to the court not less than twenty-one days before the date assigned for hearing. Upon proof of the service of the summons to appear before the court or a family support magistrate, at the time and place named for hearing upon such petition, the failure of the defendant to appear shall not prohibit the court or family support magistrate from going forward with the hearing.

      (8) Failure of any defendant to obey an order of the court or Family Support Magistrate Division made under this section may be punished as contempt of court. If the summons and order is signed by a commissioner of the Superior Court, upon proof of service of the summons to appear in court or before a family support magistrate and upon the failure of the defendant to appear at the time and place named for hearing upon the petition, request may be made by the petitioner to the court or family support magistrate for an order that a capias mittimus be issued. Except as otherwise provided, upon proof of the service of the summons to appear in court or before a family support magistrate at the time and place named for a hearing upon the failure of the defendant to obey the court order as contempt of court, the court or the family support magistrate may order a capias mittimus to be issued and directed to some proper officer to arrest such defendant and bring such defendant before the Superior Court for the contempt hearing. The costs of commitment of any person imprisoned therefor shall be paid by the state as in criminal cases. When any such defendant is so found in contempt, the court or family support magistrate may award to the petitioner a reasonable attorney's fee and the fees of the officer serving the contempt citation, such sums to be paid by the person found in contempt.

      (9) In addition to or in lieu of contempt proceedings, the court or family support magistrate, upon a finding that any person has failed to obey any order made under this section, may issue an order directing that an income withholding order issue against such amount of any debt accruing by reason of personal services due and owing to such person in accordance with section 52-362, or against such lesser amount of such excess as said court or family support magistrate deems equitable, for payment of accrued and unpaid amounts due under such order and all amounts which thereafter become due under such order. On presentation of such income withholding order by the officer to whom delivered for service to the person or persons or corporation from whom such debt accruing by reason of personal services is due and owing, or thereafter becomes due and owing, to the person against whom such support order was issued, such income withholding order shall be a lien and a continuing levy upon such debt to the amount specified therein, which shall be accumulated by the debtor and paid directly to the Commissioner of Administrative Services or, in IV-D cases, to the state acting by and through the IV-D agency, in accordance with section 52-362, until such income withholding order and expenses are fully satisfied and paid, or until such income withholding order is modified.

      (10) No entry fee, judgment fee or any other court fee shall be charged by the court to either party in actions under this section.

      (11) Written statements from employers as to property, insurance, wages, indebtedness and other information obtained by the Commissioner of Social Services, or the Commissioner of Administrative Services under authority of section 17b-137, shall be admissible in evidence in actions under this section.

      (b) Except as provided in sections 46b-212 to 46b-213v, inclusive, any court or family support magistrate, called upon to enforce a support order, shall insure that such order is reasonable in light of the obligor's ability to pay. Except as provided in sections 46b-212 to 46b-213v, inclusive, any support order entered pursuant to this section, or any support order from another jurisdiction subject to enforcement by the state of Connecticut, may be modified by motion of the party seeking such modification, including Support Enforcement Services in TANF support cases as defined in subdivision (14) of subsection (b) of section 46b-231, upon a showing of a substantial change in the circumstances of either party or upon a showing that the final order for child support substantially deviates from the child support guidelines established pursuant to section 46b-215a, unless there was a specific finding on the record that the application of the guidelines would be inequitable or inappropriate, provided the court or family support magistrate finds that the obligor or the obligee and any other interested party have received actual notice of the pendency of such motion and of the time and place of the hearing on such motion. There shall be a rebuttable presumption that any deviation of less than fifteen per cent from the child support guidelines is not substantial and any deviation of fifteen per cent or more from the guidelines is substantial. Modification may be made of such support order without regard to whether the order was issued before, on or after May 9, 1991. In any hearing to modify any support order from another jurisdiction the court or the family support magistrate shall conduct the proceedings in accordance with the procedure set forth in sections 46b-213o to 46b-213q, inclusive. No such support orders may be subject to retroactive modification except that the court or family support magistrate may order modification with respect to any period during which there is a pending motion for a modification of an existing support order from the date of service of notice of such pending motion upon the opposing party pursuant to section 52-50.

      (c) In IV-D support cases, as defined in subdivision (13) of subsection (b) of section 46b-231, a copy of any support order established or modified pursuant to this section or, in the case of a motion for modification of an existing support order, a notice of determination that there should be no change in the amount of the support order, shall be provided to each party and the state case registry within fourteen days after issuance of such order or determination.

      (1953, 1955, S. 1445d; 1951, 1953, 1955, S. 1461d; 1957, P.A. 28; 1959, P.A. 42, S. 1; 1963, P.A. 73, S. 2; 1967, P.A. 314, S. 12; 746, S. 5; 1972, P.A. 127, S. 30; 294, S. 22; June, 1972, P.A. 1, S. 11; P.A. 74-183, S. 217, 291; P.A. 75-420, S. 4, 6; P.A. 76-334, S. 7, 12; 76-435, S. 20, 82; 76-436, S. 186, 681; P.A. 77-594, S. 4, 7; 77-614, S. 70, 608, 610; P.A. 79-206; P.A. 80-70, S. 2; 80-149, S. 1, 3; P.A. 84-159, S. 3; 84-205, S. 2; P.A. 86-359, S. 30, 44; P.A. 87-316, S. 9; 87-421, S. 10, 13; P.A. 87-589, S. 32, 87; P.A. 90-188, S. 2; 90-213, S. 19, 56; P.A. 91-76, S. 2, 7; 91-391, S. 1; P.A. 92-253, S. 3; P.A. 93-187, S. 1; 93-262, S. 40, 89; 93-396, S. 1; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-5, S. 7, 30; P.A. 95-305, S. 2, 6; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-1, S. 51, 75; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-2, S. 82, 165; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-7, S. 11, 38; P.A. 99-279, S. 28, 45; P.A. 00-99, S. 56, 154; P.A. 01-91, S. 3; May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-7, S. 40; P.A. 03-258, S. 2; 03-278, S. 70; P.A. 04-100, S. 1; P.A. 06-149, S. 4, 5; P.A. 07-247, S. 3, 4.)

      History: 1959 act specified statute applies to persons supported in state institutions or under state welfare programs, added references to Secs. 17-62, 17-90 and 17-119, included payee of social security or other benefits, added provisions re father of child born out of wedlock, method of making payments and dependents found in contempt, provided for accumulation of debt owed under lien and that no fees shall be charged and changed technical language; 1963 act placed jurisdiction in circuit rather than common pleas court, provided for payments through family relations division of court and for service by investigator in welfare department, made statement as to wages admissible in evidence and added Subsec. (b); 1967 acts restricted liability to parents of a child under 21 and children of a parent under 65, substituted commissioner of finance and control for welfare commissioner and raised amount exempt from execution from $25 to $50 per week; 1972 acts changed age of patients for which parent is liable from under 21 to under 18, reflecting changed age of majority and deleted reference to Sec. 17-82d; P.A. 74-183 replaced circuit court with court of common pleas, "county" with "geographical area" and family relations "division" with "office"; P.A. 75-420 replaced welfare commissioner and department with social services commissioner and department; P.A. 76-334 included references to Secs. 17-62a and 17-295a, required court making or enforcing order to insure that order is reasonable in light of relative's ability to pay, replaced "certificate" with "notice", added exception re continued collection of payments by social services commissioner, allowed commissioner of social services to file petition for institution of proceedings and replaced executions against debts exceeding $50 per week which are owed to person violating order with executions as provided in Secs. 52-362 and 52-362a; P.A. 76-435 made technical changes; P.A. 76-436 replaced court of common pleas with superior court, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 77-594 allowed commissioners' designees to file petitions and allowed filing in geographical area where patient, applicant, beneficiary or recipient lives and added provisions re failure to appear after summons served; P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner of finance and control with commissioner of administrative services and, effective January 1, 1979, replaced commissioner and department of social services with commissioner and department of income maintenance; P.A. 79-206 included commissioner and department of human resources in provisions re petitions, service of summons and evidence; P.A. 80-70 added reference to Sec. 17-31i(b); P.A. 80-149 required lien payments at one-month, rather than three-month, intervals; P.A. 84-159 removed the authority of the court to order children to contribute to the support of parents who are under 65 years of age; P.A. 84-205 added the language concerning orders for medical or dental insurance; P.A. 86-359 applied provisions to family support magistrates and authorized filing of notice and petitions with assistant clerk of family support magistrate division; P.A. 87-316 added Subsec. (b) requiring any court or family support magistrate called upon to enforce a support order to insure that order is reasonable in light of obligor's ability to pay, and permitting modification of support order entered pursuant to this section or from another jurisdiction subject to enforcement in this state, provided obligor or obligee or other interested party receives actual notice of pendency of motion and hearing, which shall be conducted in accordance with Sec. 46b-197; P.A. 87-421 removed references to Sec. 17-295a which was repealed by the same act; P.A. 87-589 made technical change in Subsec. (b); P.A. 90-188 amended Subsec. (b) by adding provision permitting modification of child support orders upon showing of substantial change of circumstances or substantial deviation from child support guidelines established under P.A. 89-203 unless inequitable or inappropriate, and prohibiting retroactive modification of order of periodic payment or permanent alimony or support, except during period of pending motion for modification; P.A. 90-213 in Subsec. (a) replaced family division with the support enforcement division, deleted provision allowing the commissioner of income maintenance to collect certain support payments and in Subsec. (b) authorized the commissioner of human resources to seek to modify AFDC support cases; P.A. 91-76 amended Subsec. (b) by adding provision re rebuttable presumption that deviation of less than 15% from child support guidelines is not substantial and any deviation of more than 15% is substantial and permitting modification of support order without regard to whether order issued before on or after May 9, 1991; P.A. 91-391 amended Subsec. (a) by adding provisions requiring that determination of support due shall be based upon obligor's ability to pay during such prior periods, requiring that state disclose to court information re current and past ability to pay, and that if no information is available on orders entered on or after October 1, 1991, such order shall be subject to adjustment when information becomes available to court upon motion of any party within four months of notification of amount of such order and of right to present evidence of past ability to pay; P.A. 92-253 amended Subsec. (a) by granting authority to court or magistrate to make and enforce orders to employer of parent to withhold premiums necessary for medical or dental insurance for minor child; P.A. 93-187 made technical changes to Subsec. (a) re commencement of support proceedings, summons and order, service of process and wage withholding orders; P.A. 93-262 replaced references to commissioners and departments of income maintenance and human resources with commissioner and department of social services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-396 changed references to "execution" to "withholding order" or "wage withholding" and deleted reference to filing of discontinuance notice with court or assistant clerk of family support magistrate division where order was entered and in Subsec. (b) removed the reference to the commissioner of human resources and substituted "support enforcement division" thereby superseding the reference to the commissioner of social services which was added by P.A. 93-262, since P.A. 93-396 passed later than P.A. 93-262; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-5 amended Subsec. (a) to provide that if an order is issued against a parent, and such parent has received payment from a third party for the costs of such insurance, and the parent fails to reimburse the other parent or the party providing the insurance, the court may order a wage withholding of an amount necessary to reimburse the department of social services if the child is covered by the Medicaid program or the guardian or other parent in other cases for expenditures made or to be made on behalf of such child, effective July 1, 1994; Sec. 17-324 transferred to Sec. 17b-745 in 1995; P.A. 95-305 amended Subsec. (a) by requiring the court or family support magistrate to order the employer of a parent with a medical or dental insurance or benefit plan to withhold from such parent's compensation the amount of a premium for health coverage, except such employer may be required to withhold less than the full cost of such premium under regulation of the Secretary of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, effective July 1, 1995; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-1 made technical changes to Subsec. (b), effective January 1, 1998; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-2 amended Subsec. (b) to replace a reference to "AFDC" with "TANF", effective July 1, 1997; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-7 amended Subsec. (a) to require order in IV-D case to include provision for health care coverage of child, to permit magistrate, in IV-D cases, to order person to participate in work activities, provided such person is not incapacitated and to make other technical changes, including changing "wage" to "income", made a technical change in Subsec. (b) and added Subsec. (c) re copy of order and any modification shall be provided to each party and to state case registry within 14 days of order in IV-D cases, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 99-279 amended Subsec. (a) by dividing it into eleven Subdivs. and Subparas., making technical changes and adding to Subdiv. (2) provisions re insurance coverage under Husky Plan in cases where insurance is unavailable under a parent's group coverage through an employer or union, effective July 1, 1999; P.A. 00-99 replaced references to sheriff with state marshal in Subsec. (a)(7)(B), effective December 1, 2000; P.A. 01-91 amended Subsec. (b) by changing "the Support Enforcement Division" to "Support Enforcement Services"; May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-7 amended Subsec. (a)(2) by specifying that an employment based order requiring a parent to name a child as a beneficiary of medical or dental insurance is to be enforced using a National Medical Support Notice in Subpara. (A) and deleting provisions re withholding from employee's compensation in Subpara. (B); P.A. 03-258 amended Subsec. (a)(5)(B) by providing that child support due for periods prior to commencement of an action shall be "determined in accordance with the child support and arrearage guidelines established pursuant to section 46b-215a", deleting provision re support determination being based on assistance rendered to a child, adding provision re court determination of past ability to pay support based on obligor's work history or state's minimum wage in effect during periods prior to action and making technical changes, and amended Subsec. (a)(5)(C) by adding provision re support findings made for periods of time prior to an action where obligor failed to appear are subject to adjustment, providing that in IV-D cases state must make motion for adjustment if it obtains information that would have substantially affected court's determination of past ability to pay, changing time parameters for making motion for adjustment from four to twelve months, and adding provision re support orders subject to adjustment must state in plain language the court's basis for making the determination of past support, the right to request an adjustment and present evidence re past ability to pay, and consequences of failure to request an adjustment; P.A. 03-278 made technical changes in Subsec. (a)(1), effective July 9, 2003; P.A. 04-100 amended Subsec. (a)(1) and (2) by adding provision re continuation of support for unmarried, full-time high school student residing with custodial parent and making technical and conforming changes; P.A. 06-149 amended Subsec. (a)(1) and (2) to make technical changes, delete "and residing with the custodial parent", and substitute exemption from insurance payments for low-income obligors for prior exemption if premium payment would reduce amount of support required under child support guidelines, amended Subsec. (a)(5) to provide that a father's liability for past-due support of a child born out of wedlock shall be limited to three years next preceding the filing of a petition and make technical changes, and amended Subsec. (a)(6) to designate existing provisions as Subpara. (A) and provide therein that in IV-D support cases, payments shall be distributed as required by Title IV-D of the Social Security Act, and to add Subpara. (B) re redirection of payments and notice thereof, effective June 6, 2006; P.A. 07-247 amended Subsec. (a)(2)(A) by inserting clause (i) to (vi) designators, by specifying that court or family support magistrate may order either or both parents to provide health care coverage for the child, by specifying that either parent may be ordered to name a child as a beneficiary of any medical or dental insurance plan carried by or available to such parent at a reasonable cost, by describing "reasonable in cost" re maintaining health care coverage, by deleting provision that required applying for coverage under HUSKY Plan, Part B only if noncustodial parent had sufficient ability to pay the appropriate premium, by providing that court or family support magistrate may order either parent to provide for coverage under HUSKY Plan, Part B, or alternatively enter an order for cash medical support as long as any such order was reasonable, by defining "cash medical support" and requirements related to entry of a cash medical support order and by making conforming and technical changes, and amended Subsec. (a)(7)(A) by deleting "The verified petition, summons and order shall be on forms prescribed by the Office of the Chief Court Administrator."

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