CHAPTER 298
ENERGY UTILIZATION AND CONSERVATION

Table of Contents

Sec. 16a-37w. Program to encourage use of biodiesel in state buildings.
Sec. 16a-38k. Building construction standards for new construction of certain state facilities.
Sec. 16a-38l. Management of energy use in state buildings. Strategic plan.
Sec. 16a-38m. State bonds for purpose of funding energy services projects in state buildings.
Sec. 16a-38n. Clean and distributive generation grant program.
Sec. 16a-38o. Bond authorization.
Sec. 16a-38p. Additional funding for renewable energy for combined heat and power projects in state buildings.
Sec. 16a-40b. Revolving loans and deferred loans for energy-conserving installations in residential structures. Revolving loans for secondary heating systems and conversions of primary heating systems in dwellings heated primarily by electricity. Program for multifamily dwellings. Regulations. Electric and gas company participation.
Sec. 16a-41a. Implementation of block grant program authorized under the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Act. Annual plan. Program for purchase of deliverable fuel at a reduced rate for low-income households. Annual Reports.
Sec. 16a-41h. Energy assistance program funded through electric distribution company, gas company and municipal utility customer donations.
Sec. 16a-46e. Rebate program for residential furnace or boiler replacement.
Sec. 16a-47a. State-wide energy efficiency and outreach marketing campaign.
Sec. 16a-47b. Real-time energy reports.
Sec. 16a-47c. State-wide energy efficiency and outreach account.
Sec. 16a-47d. Real-time energy alert system.
Sec. 16a-47e. Capacity deficiency customer notification procedure.
Sec. 16a-48. Energy efficiency standards for products.

      Sec. 16a-37w. Program to encourage use of biodiesel in state buildings. The Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall, within available appropriations and in consultation with each state department, each constituent unit of the state system of higher education, as defined in section 10-1, the judicial branch and the Joint Committee on Legislative Management, establish a program designed to encourage the use of biodiesel blended heating fuel mixed from not more than ninety per cent ultra low sulfur number 2 heating oil and not less than ten per cent of biodiesel in state buildings and facilities under the custody and control of such department, unit, branch or committee. On or before January 1, 2008, the secretary shall prepare a plan for implementation of such program which shall include, but not be limited to, (1) identification of state buildings and facilities suitable for biodiesel blended heating fuel, (2) evaluation of energy efficiency and reliability of biodiesel blended heating fuel in such buildings and facilities, and (3) the availability and feasibility of exclusively using such fuels or fuel products, including agricultural products or waste yellow grease, produced in Connecticut.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-4, S. 60.)

      History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-4 effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 16a-38k. Building construction standards for new construction of certain state facilities. (a) Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes, any (1) new construction of a state facility that is projected to cost five million dollars, or more, and for which all budgeted project bond funds are allocated by the State Bond Commission on or after January 1, 2008, (2) renovation of a state facility that is projected to cost two million dollars or more, of which two million dollars or more is state funding, approved and funded on or after January 1, 2008, (3) new construction of a facility that is projected to cost five million dollars, or more, of which two million dollars or more is state funding, and is authorized by the General Assembly pursuant to chapter 173 on or after January 1, 2009, and (4) renovation of a public school facility as defined in subdivision (18) of section 10-282 that is projected to cost two million dollars or more, of which two million dollars or more is state funding, and is authorized by the General Assembly pursuant to chapter 173 on or after January 1, 2009, shall comply with or exceed compliance with the silver building rating of the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design's rating system for new commercial construction and major renovation projects, as established by the United States Green Building Council, or an equivalent standard, including, but not limited to, a two-globe rating in the Green Globes USA design program until the regulations described in subsection (b) of this section are adopted. The Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, in consultation with the Commissioner of Public Works and the Institute for Sustainable Energy, shall exempt any facility from complying with said regulations if said secretary finds, in a written analysis, that the cost of such compliance significantly outweighs the benefits. Nothing in this section shall be construed to require the redesign of any new construction of a state facility that is designed in accordance with the silver building rating of the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design's rating system for new commercial construction and major renovation projects, as established by the United States Green Building Council, or an equivalent standard, including, but not limited to, a two-globe rating in the Green Globes USA design program, provided the design for such facility was initiated or completed prior to the adoption of the regulations described in subsection (b) of this section.

      (b) Not later than January 1, 2007, the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, in consultation with the Commissioner of Public Works, the Commissioner of Environmental Protection and the Commissioner of Public Safety, shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to adopt state building construction standards that are consistent with or exceed the silver building rating of the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design's rating system for new commercial construction and major renovation projects, as established by the United States Green Building Council, including energy standards that exceed those set forth in the 2004 edition of the American Society of Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) Standard 90.1 by no less than twenty per cent, or an equivalent standard, including, but not limited to, a two-globe rating in the Green Globes USA design program, and thereafter update such regulations as the secretary deems necessary.

      (P.A. 06-187, S. 70; P.A. 07-213, S. 5; 07-242, S. 10; 07-249, S. 15.)

      History: P.A. 07-213 amended Subsec. (a) to replace "is approved and funded" with "for which all budgeted project bond funds are allocated by the State Bond Commissioner", add provisions re compliance with silver building rating of the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design's rating system for new commercial construction and major renovation projects and revise provisions re regulations, and amended Subsec. (b) to replace "building construction standards" with "state building construction standards", effective July 10, 2007; P.A. 07-242 amended Subsec. (a) to delete exception for salt sheds, parking garages, maintenance facilities or school construction, provide that $2,000,000 or more be state funding and change date of approval and funding from on or after January 1, 2007, to on or after January 1, 2008, in newly designated Subdiv. (1), add Subdivs. (2) to (4), and charge Institute for Sustainable Energy with task of determining whether compliance cost outweighs the benefits, and amended Subsec. (b) to include energy standards that exceed the ASHRAE standard by at least 20%, effective January 1, 2008; P.A. 07-249 amended Subsec. (a) to delete provision in Subdiv. (1) re projects that use $2,000,000 or more in state funding, to require Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management to consult with Institute for Sustainable Energy re exemptions for facilities from regulations and to require that exemption be based on written cost analysis by the secretary, instead of the institute, effective January 1, 2008.

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      Sec. 16a-38l. Management of energy use in state buildings. Strategic plan. (a) Notwithstanding any provisions of the general statutes, the Office of Policy and Management, in consultation with the Department of Public Works, shall develop a strategic plan to improve the management of energy use in state facilities. Such plan shall include, but not be limited to: (1) A detailed description of the manner in which initiatives that make investments in energy efficiency, demand and load response, distributed generation, renewable energy and combined heat and power will be implemented; (2) options for having state agencies and institutions pursue competitive electric supply options through an integrated energy purchasing program; and (3) an outline of potential near-term budgetary savings targets that can be achieved through the implementation of said plan.

      (b) On or before September 1, 2007, and annually thereafter, the Office of Policy and Management shall file such strategic plan with the Connecticut Energy Advisory Board. On or before January 1, 2008, and annually thereafter, the board shall approve or modify and approve said plan. On or before March 15, 2008, and annually thereafter, the board shall measure the success of the implementation of said plan and determine any actual financial benefits that have been derived by the overall electric system, including, but not limited to, state facilities. Any savings shall be allocated as follows: (1) Seventy-five per cent shall be retained by electric ratepayers, and (2) twenty-five per cent shall be divided equally between (A) reinvestment into energy efficiency programs in state buildings, and (B) investment into energy efficiency programs and technologies on behalf of participants of energy assistance programs administered by the Department of Social Services. Any reinvestments or investments made in programs pursuant to this section shall be paid through the systems benefits charge.

      (c) To carry out the purposes of this section, the Office of Policy and Management may perform all acts necessary for the negotiation, execution and administration of any contract that is reasonably incidental to and furthers the needs of the state and the purposes of this section. The Office of Policy and Management may also retain the services of a third party entity possessing the requisite managerial, technical and financial capacity, to perform some or all of the duties necessary to implement the provisions of said plan.

      (d) Any costs incurred by the state in complying with the provisions of this section shall be paid from annual state appropriations.

      (P.A. 07-242, S. 101.)

      History: P.A. 07-242 effective June 4, 2007.

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      Sec. 16a-38m. State bonds for purpose of funding energy services projects in state buildings. (a) For the purposes described in subsection (b) of this section, the State Bond Commission shall have the power, from time to time, to authorize the issuance of bonds of the state in one or more series and in principal amounts not exceeding in the aggregate thirty million dollars.

      (b) The proceeds of the sale of said bonds, to the extent of the amount stated in subsection (a) of this section, shall be used by the Department of Public Works for the purpose of funding the net project costs, or the balance of any projects after applying any public or private financial incentives available, for any energy services project that results in increased efficiency measures in state buildings pursuant to section 16a-38l.

      (c) All provisions of section 3-20, or the exercise of any right or power granted thereby, which are not inconsistent with the provisions of this section are hereby adopted and shall apply to all bonds authorized by the State Bond Commission pursuant to this section, and temporary notes in anticipation of the money to be derived from the sale of any such bonds so authorized may be issued in accordance with said section 3-20 and from time to time renewed. Such bonds shall mature at such time or times not exceeding twenty years from their respective dates as may be provided in or pursuant to the resolution or resolutions of the State Bond Commission authorizing such bonds. None of said bonds shall be authorized except upon a finding by the State Bond Commission that there has been filed with it a request for such authorization which is signed by or on behalf of the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management and states such terms and conditions as said commission, in its discretion, may require. Said bonds issued pursuant to this section shall be general obligations of the state and the full faith and credit of the state of Connecticut are pledged for the payment of the principal of and interest on said bonds as the same become due, and accordingly and as part of the contract of the state with the holders of said bonds, appropriation of all amounts necessary for punctual payment of such principal and interest is hereby made, and the State Treasurer shall pay such principal and interest as the same become due.

      (P.A. 07-242, S. 73.)

      History: P.A. 07-242 effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 16a-38n. Clean and distributive generation grant program. (a) On and after October 1, 2007, the Department of Public Utility Control shall, in consultation with the Renewable Energy Investments Advisory Board and the Office of Policy and Management, establish a grant program for clean and distributive generation, generated from a Class I renewable energy source, projects for businesses and state buildings.

      (b) The Department of Public Utility Control shall award grants as follows: (1) Not more than twenty-five million dollars shall be awarded to fuel cell projects, and (2) not more than twenty-five million dollars shall be awarded for all other clean and distributive generation projects.

      (P.A. 07-242, S. 108.)

      History: P.A. 07-242 effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 16a-38o. Bond authorization. (a) For the purposes described in subsection (b) of this section, the State Bond Commission shall have the power, from time to time, to authorize the issuance of bonds of the state in one or more series and in principal amounts not exceeding in the aggregate fifty million dollars.

      (b) The proceeds of the sale of said bonds, to the extent of the amount stated in subsection (a) of this section, shall be used by the Department of Public Utility Control for the purpose of the grant program established in section 16a-38n.

      (c) All provisions of section 3-20, or the exercise of any right or power granted thereby, which are not inconsistent with the provisions of this section are hereby adopted and shall apply to all bonds authorized by the State Bond Commission pursuant to this section, and temporary notes in anticipation of the money to be derived from the sale of any such bonds so authorized may be issued in accordance with said section 3-20 and from time to time renewed. Such bonds shall mature at such time or times not exceeding twenty years from their respective dates as may be provided in or pursuant to the resolution or resolutions of the State Bond Commission authorizing such bonds. None of said bonds shall be authorized except upon a finding by the State Bond Commission that there has been filed with it a request for such authorization which is signed by or on behalf of the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management and states such terms and conditions as said commission, in its discretion, may require. Said bonds issued pursuant to this section shall be general obligations of the state and the full faith and credit of the state of Connecticut are pledged for the payment of the principal of and interest on said bonds as the same become due, and accordingly and as part of the contract of the state with the holders of said bonds, appropriation of all amounts necessary for punctual payment of such principal and interest is hereby made, and the State Treasurer shall pay such principal and interest as the same become due.

      (P.A. 07-242, S. 109.)

      History: P.A. 07-242 effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 16a-38p. Additional funding for renewable energy for combined heat and power projects in state buildings. (a) For the purposes described in subsection (b) of this section, the State Bond Commission shall have the power, from time to time, to authorize the issuance of bonds of the state in one or more series and in principal amounts not exceeding in the aggregate thirty million dollars.

      (b) The proceeds of the sale of said bonds, to the extent of the amount stated in subsection (a) of this section, shall be used by Connecticut Innovations, Incorporated, for the purpose of funding the net project costs, or the balance of any projects after applying any public or private financial incentives available, for any renewable energy or combined heat and power projects in state buildings. The funds shall be made available through the Renewable Energy Investment Fund, established pursuant to section 16-245n. Eligible state buildings shall be Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certified or in the process of becoming LEED certified or in the process of becoming LEED silver rating certified or receive a two-globe rating in the green Globes USA design program or in the process of receiving a two-globe rating in the Green Globes USA design program.

      (c) All provisions of section 3-20, or the exercise of any right or power granted thereby, which are not inconsistent with the provisions of this section are hereby adopted and shall apply to all bonds authorized by the State Bond Commission pursuant to this section, and temporary notes in anticipation of the money to be derived from the sale of any such bonds so authorized may be issued in accordance with said section 3-20 and from time to time renewed. Such bonds shall mature at such time or times not exceeding twenty years from their respective dates as may be provided in or pursuant to the resolution or resolutions of the State Bond Commission authorizing such bonds. None of said bonds shall be authorized except upon a finding by the State Bond Commission that there has been filed with it a request for such authorization which is signed by or on behalf of the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management and states such terms and conditions as said commission, in its discretion, may require. Said bonds issued pursuant to this section shall be general obligations of the state and the full faith and credit of the state of Connecticut are pledged for the payment of the principal of and interest on said bonds as the same become due, and accordingly and as part of the contract of the state with the holders of said bonds, appropriation of all amounts necessary for punctual payment of such principal and interest is hereby made, and the State Treasurer shall pay such principal and interest as the same become due.

      (P.A. 07-242, S. 121; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-4, S. 64.)

      History: P.A. 07-242 effective July 1, 2007; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-4 amended Subsec. (b) to add that eligible state buildings may be "in the process of becoming LEED silver rating certified or receive a two-globe rating in the Green Globes USA design program or in the process of receiving a two-globe rating in the Green Globes USA design program", effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 16a-40b. Revolving loans and deferred loans for energy-conserving installations in residential structures. Revolving loans for secondary heating systems and conversions of primary heating systems in dwellings heated primarily by electricity. Program for multifamily dwellings. Regulations. Electric and gas company participation. (a) The commissioner, acting on behalf of the state, may, with respect to loans for which funds have been authorized by the State Bond Commission prior to July 1, 1992, in his discretion make low-cost loans or deferred loans to residents of this state for the purchase and installation in residential structures of insulation, alternative energy devices, energy conservation materials and replacement furnaces and boilers, approved in accordance with regulations to be adopted by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management. In the purchase and installation of insulation in new residential structures, only that insulation which exceeds the requirements of the State Building Code shall be eligible for such loans or deferred loans. The commissioner may also make low-cost loans or deferred loans to persons in the state residing in dwellings constructed not later than December 31, 1979, and for which the primary source of heating since such date has been electric resistance, for (1) the purchase and installation of a high-efficiency secondary heating system using a source of heat other than electric resistance, (2) the conversion of a primary electric heating system to a high-efficiency system using a source of heat other than electric resistance, or (3) the purchase and installation of a high-efficiency combination heating and cooling system. As used in this subsection, "high-efficiency" means having a seasonal energy efficiency ratio of 11.0 or higher, or a heating season performance factor of 7.2 or higher, as designated by the American Refrigeration Institute in the Directory of Certified Unitary Air Conditioners, Air Source Heat Pumps and Outdoor Unitary Equipment, as from time to time amended, or an equivalent ratio for a fossil fuel system.

      (b) Any such loan or deferred loan shall be available only for a residential structure containing not more than four dwelling units, shall be not less than four hundred dollars and not more than twenty-five thousand dollars per structure and, with respect to any application received on or after November 29, 1979, shall be made only to an applicant who submits evidence, satisfactory to the commissioner, that the adjusted gross income of the household member or members who contribute to the support of his household was not in excess of one hundred fifty per cent of the median area income by household size. In the case of a deferred loan, the contract shall require that payments on interest are due immediately but that payments on principal may be made at a later time. Repayment of all loans made under this subsection shall be subject to a rate of interest to be determined in accordance with subsection (t) of section 3-20 and such terms and conditions as the commissioner may establish. The State Bond Commission shall establish a range of rates of interest payable on all loans under this subsection and shall apply the range to applicants in accordance with a formula which reflects their income. Such range shall be not less than zero per cent for any applicant in the lowest income class and not more than one per cent above the rate of interest borne by the general obligation bonds of the state last issued prior to the most recent date such range was established for any applicant for whom the adjusted gross income of the household member or members who contribute to the support of his household does not exceed one hundred fifty per cent of the median area income by household size.

      (c) The commissioner shall establish a program under which he shall make funds deposited in the Energy Conservation Loan Fund available for low-cost loans or deferred loans under subsection (a) of this section for residential structures containing more than four dwelling units, or for contracts guaranteeing payment of loans or deferred loans provided by private institutions for such structures for the purposes specified under subsection (a) of this section. Any such loan or deferred loan shall be an amount equaling not more than two thousand dollars multiplied by the number of dwelling units in such structure, provided no such loan or deferred loan shall exceed sixty thousand dollars. If the applicant seeks a loan or deferred loan for a structure containing more than thirty dwelling units, he shall include in his application a commitment to make comparable energy improvements of benefit to all dwelling units in the structure in addition to the thirty units which are eligible for the loan or deferred loan. Applications for contracts of guarantee shall be limited to structures containing not more than thirty dwelling units and the amount of the guarantee shall be not more than three thousand dollars for each dwelling unit benefiting from the loan or deferred loan. There shall not be an income eligibility limitation for applicants for such loans, deferred loans or guarantees, but the commissioner shall give preference to applications for loans, deferred loans or guarantees for such structures which are occupied by persons of low or moderate income. Repayment of such loans or deferred loans shall be subject to such rates of interest, terms and conditions as the commissioner shall establish. The state shall have a lien on each property for which a loan, deferred loan or guarantee has been made under this section to ensure compliance with such terms and conditions.

      (d) With respect to such loans made on or after July 1, 1981, all repayments of principal shall be paid to the State Treasurer for deposit in the Housing Repayment and Revolving Loan Fund. The interest applicable to any such loans made shall be paid to the State Treasurer for deposit in the General Fund. After the close of each fiscal year, commencing with the close of the fiscal year ending June 30, 1992, and prior to the date of the calculation required under subsection (f) of this section, the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development shall cause any balance of loan repayments under this section remaining in said fund to be transferred to the Energy Conservation Loan Fund created pursuant to section 16a-40a.

      (e) The commissioner shall adopt regulations in accordance with chapter 54, (1) concerning qualifications for such loans or deferred loans, requirements and limitations as to adjustments of terms and conditions of repayment and any additional requirements deemed necessary to carry out the provisions of this section and to assure that those tax-exempt bonds and notes used to fund such loans or deferred loans qualify for exemption from federal income taxation, (2) providing for the maximum feasible availability of such loans or deferred loans for dwelling units owned or occupied by persons of low and moderate income, (3) establishing procedures to inform such persons of the availability of such loans or deferred loans and to encourage and assist them to apply for such loans or deferred loans, and (4) providing that (A) the interest payments received from the recipients of loans or deferred loans made on and after July 1, 1982, less the expenses incurred by the commissioner in the implementation of the program of loans, deferred loans and loan guarantees under this section, and (B) the payments received from electric and gas companies under subsection (f) of this section shall be applied to reimburse the General Fund for interest on the outstanding bonds and notes used to fund such loans or deferred loans made on or after July 1, 1982.

      (f) Not later than August first, annually, the commissioner shall calculate the difference between (1) the weighted average of the percentage rates of interest payable on all subsidized loans made (A) after July 1, 1982, from the Energy Conservation Loan Fund, (B) from the Home Heating System Loan Fund established under section 16a-40k, and (C) from the Housing Repayment and Revolving Loan Fund pursuant to this section, and (2) the average of the percentage rates of interest on any bonds and notes issued pursuant to section 3-20, which have been dedicated to the energy conservation loan program and used to fund such loans, and multiply such difference by the outstanding amount of all such loans, or such lesser amount as may be required under Section 103(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as from time to time amended. The product of such difference and such applicable amount shall not exceed six per cent of the sum of the outstanding principal amount at the end of each fiscal year of all loans or deferred loans made (A) on or after July 1, 1982, from the Energy Conservation Loan Fund, (B) from the Home Heating System Loan Fund established under section 16a-40k, and (C) from the Housing Repayment and Revolving Loan Fund pursuant to this section, and the balance remaining in the Energy Conservation Loan Fund and the balance of energy conservation loan repayments in the Housing Repayment and Revolving Loan Fund. Not later than September first, annually, the Department of Public Utility Control shall allocate such product among each electric and gas company having at least seventy-five thousand customers, in accordance with a formula taking into account, without limitation, the average number of residential customers of each company. Not later than October first, annually, each such company shall pay its assessed amount to the commissioner. The commissioner shall pay to the State Treasurer for deposit in the General Fund all such payments from electric and gas companies, and shall adopt procedures to assure that such payments are not used for purposes other than those specifically provided in this section. The department shall include each company's payment as an operating expense of the company for the purposes of rate-making under section 16-19.

      (P.A. 79-509, S. 3, 5; Oct. Sp. Sess. P.A. 79-10, S. 2, 4; P.A. 81-306, S. 1, 4; P.A. 82-369, S. 7, 28; P.A. 83-427, S. 2; P.A. 85-601, S. 2-4, 8; P.A. 86-189, S. 1, 2; P.A. 87-416, S. 12, 24; 87-578, S. 1-4, 6; P.A. 88-220, S. 6, 11; P.A. 89-211, S. 28; 89-312, S. 1, 2; P.A. 90-238, S. 26, 27, 32; P.A. 92-166, S. 29, 31; 92-208, S. 1, 6; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-7, S. 31, 36; P.A. 93-435, S. 4, 95; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 05-191, S. 5; P.A. 07-64, S. 1; 07-242, S. 80.)

      History: Oct. Sp. Sess. P.A. 79-10 placed income ceiling of $30,000 average for loan applicants as of November 29, 1979; P.A. 81-306 divided section into two subsecs. and in Subsec. (a) added provisions making loan fund revolving and in Subsec. (b) raised maximum income eligibility for loans from $30,000 to $33,000 per year; P.A. 82-369 relettered and added subsections, made technical changes in Subsec. (a), increased from $33,000 to $45,000 the eligibility limit for loans for residential structures containing not more than four dwelling units and added provisions re range of interest rates for such loans in Subsec. (b), added Subsec. (c) providing for pilot program for loans and loan guarantees for residential structures containing more than four dwelling units, clarified loan repayment provisions in Subsec. (d), required in Subsec. (e) that regulations be adopted re qualification of bonds and notes used for loans for exemption from federal income taxation, availability of loans for persons of low and moderate income, and reimbursement of general fund for interest on outstanding bonds and notes used to fund loans made on or after July 1, 1982, added Subsec. (f) re payments by electric and gas companies, and added Subsec. (g) re report to general assembly on pilot program; P.A. 83-427 amended Subsec. (b) to vary loan limits in accordance with size of structure and amended Subsec. (c) to require that not less than 10% nor more than 25% of funds deposited in loan fund be made available for pilot program, instead of 10%, and to increase the limit on loans under pilot program from $700 to $1,000 per unit; P.A. 85-601 amended Subsec. (a), authorizing loans to be made for purchase and installation of replacement furnaces and boilers, limiting amount of funds to be allocated for such loans during fiscal year ending June 30, 1986, and authorizing loans to be made to persons residing in certain electrically heated dwellings for purchase of nonelectric secondary systems or conversion to nonelectric systems, amended Subsec. (c), increasing from 10 to 30 the number of dwelling units in a structure eligible for loans and loan guarantees and limiting the amount of funds to be allocated for such loans during fiscal year ending June 30, 1986, amended Subsec. (e) re regulations re application of interest payments to program implementation expenses and to reimbursement of general fund and amended Subsec. (f), clarifying calculation of electric and gas company assessment; P.A. 86-189 amended Subsec. (a) to repeal limit on allocation for loans for replacement furnaces and boilers, amended Subsec. (c) to repeal provision basing loan amount on number of dwelling units benefiting from loan and replacing with $30,000 loan limit and to repeal limit on allocation for loans and contracts guaranteeing loans in amounts greater than $10,000 and amended Subsec. (g) to require new report to general assembly; P.A. 87-416 amended Subsec. (b) to provide that the interest rates on loans would be determined by the state bond commission in accordance with Subsec. (t) of Sec. 3-20; P.A. 87-578 increased the limit for loans for residential structures containing not more than four dwelling units to $6,000 and made technical changes re income requirements in Subsec. (b), eliminated fiscal year 1986-1987 allocation requirement and added lien provision in Subsec. (c), and made technical changes in Subsecs. (c) and (f); P.A. 88-220 deleted provision for repayment, before 1981, of principal and interest on loans in Subsec. (d) and made the reporting requirement in Subsec. (g) annual; P.A. 89-211 clarified reference to the Internal Revenue Code of 1986; P.A. 89-312 amended Subsec. (f)(2) to refer to bonds dedicated to energy conservation loan program rather than to bonds issued pursuant to Secs. 16a-40c and 16a-40k; P.A. 90-238 revised provisions re administrative expenses, state service fees and allocation of moneys in various housing funds in Subsecs. (d) and (f); P.A. 92-166 amended Subsec. (b) to provide that, in the case of a deferred loan, payments on principal are due immediately but that payments on interest may be made at a later time and to amend Subsecs. (a) and (c) to (g), inclusive, to make technical changes consistent with 1992 public acts; P.A. 92-208 amended Subsec. (a) by adding provision re loans for which funds have been authorized by the state bond commission prior to July 1, 1992, and amended Subsec. (d) to require the annual transfer of any balance in the fund after July 1, 1992, to the energy conservation revolving loan account created pursuant to Sec. 32-317; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-7 amended Subsec. (d) to provide that payments shall be prior to the calculations required under Subsec. (f) of this section and Sec. 32-317(f); P.A. 93-435 added references to "deferred loans", in Subsec. (e), effective June 28, 1993; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 05-191 made technical changes in Subsecs. (e) and (f) and deleted former Subsec. (g) re annual report by Commissioner of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 07-64 amended Subsec. (a) by specifying purposes of a loan in new Subdivs. (1) to (3), deleting former provision re primary source of heating and defining "high-efficiency", amended Subsec. (b) by raising loan amount to $15,000, and applying highest loan interest range to households at 150% of median income, amended Subsec. (c) by increasing multiplier for loan amount for structures with four or more dwelling units to $2,000, with a maximum amount of $60,000, and increasing multiplier for loan amount for structures with more than 30 dwelling units to $3,000, and made technical changes in Subsec. (d); P.A. 07-242 amended Subsec. (b) to delete exception re Subsec. (c) and to increase maximum loan limit from $15,000 to $25,000, effective June 4, 2007.

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      Sec. 16a-41a. Implementation of block grant program authorized under the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Act. Annual plan. Program for purchase of deliverable fuel at a reduced rate for low-income households. Annual Reports. (a) The Commissioner of Social Services shall submit to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of energy planning and activities, appropriations, and human services the following on the implementation of the block grant program authorized under the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Act of 1981, as amended:

      (1) Not later than August first, annually, a Connecticut energy assistance program annual plan which establishes guidelines for the use of funds authorized under the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Act of 1981, as amended, and includes the following:

      (A) Criteria for determining which households are to receive emergency and weatherization assistance;

      (B) A description of systems used to ensure referrals to other energy assistance programs and the taking of simultaneous applications, as required under section 16a-41;

      (C) A description of outreach efforts;

      (D) Estimates of the total number of households eligible for assistance under the program and the number of households in which one or more elderly or physically disabled individuals eligible for assistance reside; and

      (E) Design of a basic grant for eligible households that does not discriminate against such households based on the type of energy used for heating;

      (2) Not later than January thirtieth, annually, a report covering the preceding months of the program year, including:

      (A) In each community action agency geographic area and Department of Social Services region, the number of fuel assistance applications filed, approved and denied, the number of emergency assistance requests made, approved and denied and the number of households provided weatherization assistance;

      (B) In each such area and district, the total amount of fuel, emergency and weatherization assistance, itemized by such type of assistance, and total expenditures to date; and

      (C) For each state-wide office of each state agency administering the program, each community action agency and each Department of Social Services region, administrative expenses under the program, by line item, and an estimate of outreach expenditures; and

      (3) Not later than November first, annually, a report covering the preceding twelve calendar months, including:

      (A) In each community action agency geographic area and Department of Social Services region, (i) seasonal totals for the categories of data submitted under subdivision (1) of this subsection, (ii) the number of households receiving fuel assistance in which elderly or physically disabled individuals reside, and (iii) the average combined benefit level of fuel, emergency and renter assistance;

      (B) Types of weatherization assistance provided;

      (C) Percentage of weatherization assistance provided to tenants;

      (D) The number of homeowners and tenants whose heat or total energy costs are not included in their rent receiving fuel and emergency assistance under the program by benefit level;

      (E) The number of homeowners and tenants whose heat is included in their rent and who are receiving assistance, by benefit level; and

      (F) The number of households receiving assistance, by energy type and total expenditures for each energy type.

      (b) The Commissioner of Social Services shall implement a program to purchase deliverable fuel for low-income households participating in the Connecticut energy assistance program and the state-appropriated fuel assistance program. The commissioner shall ensure that no fuel vendor discriminates against fuel assistance program recipients who are under the vendor's standard payment, delivery, service or other similar plans. The commissioner may take advantage of programs offered by fuel vendors that reduce the cost of the fuel purchased, including, but not limited to, fixed price, capped price, prepurchase or summer-fill programs that reduce program cost and that make the maximum use of program revenues. As funding allows, the commissioner shall ensure that all agencies administering the fuel assistance program shall make payments to program fuel vendors in advance of the delivery of energy where vendor provided price-management strategies require payments in advance.

      (c) Each community action agency administering a fuel assistance program shall submit reports, as requested by the Commissioner of Social Services, concerning pricing information from vendors of deliverable fuel participating in the program. Such information shall include, but not be limited to, the state-wide or regional retail price per unit of deliverable fuel, the reduced price per unit paid by the state for the deliverable fuel in utilizing price management strategies offered by program vendors for all consumers, the number of units delivered to the state under the program and the total savings under the program due to the purchase of deliverable fuel utilizing price-management strategies offered by program vendors for all consumers.

      (d) If funding allows, the Commissioner of Social Services, in consultation with the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, shall require that, each community action agency administering a fuel assistance program begin accepting applications for the program not later than September first of each year.

      (Nov. Sp. Sess. P.A. 81-9, S. 1, 4; P.A. 91-234, S. 1, 3; P.A. 93-113, S. 2, 3; P.A. 93-262, S. 12, 87; P.A. 05-123, S. 1; P.A. 07-242, S. 66; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-4, S. 102.)

      History: P.A. 91-234 deleted obsolete language re first report after January 27, 1982, required in Subsec. (a)(1), and added a new Subsec. (e) requiring the secretary to implement a program to purchase number two home heating oil at a reduced rate for the Connecticut energy assistance program and the state-appropriated fuel assistance program; P.A. 93-113 amended Subsec. (a) by adding the appropriations committee, amending Subdiv. (1) by substituting annual plan for two initial reports, deleting Subpara. (B) regarding emergency request system, relettering Subparas. (C) to (E), and relettered Subpara. (D) deleting provision requiring that estimates be made by geographic area and income maintenance district, amending Subdiv. (2) by substituting an annual report for six monthly reports, and in Subpara. (B) adding total expenditures to date, amending Subdiv. (3) by changing September first to November first, in Subpara. (A) changing data submitted under Subdiv. (2) to data submitted under Subdiv. (1), deleting provisions regarding number of appeals, assistance for households receiving weatherization assistance and processing time averages, and adding benefit level of renter assistance, deleting Subparas. (D) and (E) regarding percentage of fuel assistance provided to tenants with heat not included in rent and recipients of 100% of eligible assistance, relettering Subpara. (F) as (D) and changing categories of amount of assistance received to "by benefit level", adding new Subparas. (E), regarding the number of recipients with heat included in rent, and (F), regarding number of recipient households, deleted Subsecs. (c) and (d) regarding low-income home energy assistance reports and costs of carrying out the provisions of section, and relettered Subsec. (e) as (c), effective June 3, 1993; P.A. 93-262 replaced secretary of the office of policy and management with commissioner of social services, replaced references to income maintenance districts with references to social services regions, deleted Subsec. (b) requiring human resources and income maintenance departments to submit information requested by the secretary for inclusion in his reports, relettering remaining Subsecs. as necessary, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 05-123 added Subsec. (a)(1)(E) re basic grant that does not discriminate based on the type of energy used; P.A. 07-242 amended Subsec. (b) to change fuel purchased from number two home heating oil to deliverable fuel, move reporting requirements to new Subsec. (c), prohibit discrimination against program participants, require commissioner to take advantage of any price-reduction programs and provide for payments to be made in advance and added new Subsec. (d) re applications to be accepted before September first each year, effective July 1, 2007; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-4 amended Subsec. (b) to delete requirement that commissioner ensure that all fuel assistance recipients are treated the same as any other similarly situated customer, change "commissioner shall" to "commissioner may" take advantage of programs offered by vendors, and provide that commissioner shall ensure that all agencies make payments in advance of delivery "as funding allows" and amended Subsec. (d) to provide that Commissioner of Social Services, in consultation with Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, shall require agencies to begin accepting applications if funding allows, effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 16a-41h. Energy assistance program funded through electric distribution company, gas company and municipal utility customer donations. (a)(1) Each electric distribution company, gas company and municipal utility furnishing electric or gas service, shall include in its monthly bills a request to each customer to add a donation in an amount designated by the customer to the bill payment. Such company shall provide to all of its customers the opportunity to donate one dollar, two dollars, three dollars or another amount on each bill provided to a customer either through the mail or electronically. Such designation shall be made available and included where customers are either electronically billed or bill payment is handled electronically. The opportunity to donate one dollar, two dollars, three dollars or another amount shall be included on the bill in such a way that facilitates such donations.

      (2) Operation Fuel, Incorporated, shall provide fundraising inserts and remittance envelopes to retail dealers of fuel oil that volunteer to include the inserts and envelopes in their customers' bills for one or more billing cycles each year. Such retail dealers of fuel oil shall inform Operation Fuel, Incorporated, as to the number of inserts and envelopes needed to conduct such a mailing.

      (3) Each electric, gas or fuel oil company shall transmit all such donations received each month, as well as their own contributions, if any, to Operation Fuel, Incorporated, a state-wide nonprofit organization designed to respond to people within the state who are in financial crisis and need emergency energy assistance. Operation Fuel, Incorporated shall distribute donations to nonprofit social services agencies and private fuel banks in accordance with guidelines established by the board of directors of Operation Fuel, Incorporated, provided such funds shall be distributed on a priority basis to low-income elderly and working poor households that are not eligible for public assistance or state-administered general assistance but are faced with a financial crisis and are unable to make timely payments on winter fuel, electricity or gas bills. Such companies shall coordinate their promotions of this program, holding promotions during the same month and using similar formats.

      (b) If Operation Fuel, Inc. ceases to exist, such electric and gas companies shall jointly establish a nonprofit, tax-exempt corporation for the purpose of holding in trust and distributing such customer donations. The board of directors of such corporation shall consist of eleven members appointed as follows: Four by the companies, each of which shall appoint one member; one by the president pro tempore of the Senate; one by the minority leader of the Senate; one by the speaker of the House of Representatives; one by the minority leader of the House of Representatives; and three by the Governor. The board shall distribute such funds to nonprofit organizations and social service agencies which provide emergency energy or fuel assistance. The board shall target available funding on a priority basis to low-income elderly and working poor households which are not eligible for public assistance or state-administered general assistance but are faced with a financial crisis and are unable to make timely payments on winter fuel, electricity or gas bills.

      (c) Not later than the first of September annually, Operation Fuel, Inc. shall submit to the General Assembly a report on the implementation of this section. Such report shall include, (1) a summary of the effectiveness of the program, (2) the total amount of the donations received by electric and gas companies and transmitted to Operation Fuel, Inc. under subsection (b) of this section, and (3) an accounting of the distribution of such funds by Operation Fuel, Inc. indicating the organizations and agencies receiving funds, the amounts received and distributed by each such organization and agency and the number of households each assisted. On and after October 1, 1996, the report shall be submitted to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to energy and, upon request, to any member of the General Assembly. A summary of the report shall be submitted to each member of the General Assembly if the summary is two pages or less and a notification of the report shall be submitted to each member if the summary is more than two pages. Submission shall be by mailing the report, summary or notification to the legislative address of each member of the committee or the General Assembly, as applicable.

      (P.A. 83-505, S. 2, 3; P.A. 88-220, S. 7, 11; P.A. 89-291, S. 6; P.A. 96-251, S. 8; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-2, S. 17, 165; P.A. 04-76, S. 4; P.A. 05-288, S. 67; P.A. 07-242, S. 82.)

      History: P.A. 88-220 amended Subsec. (c) to make the reporting requirement annual; P.A. 89-291 in Subsecs. (a) and (d) changed name of corporation and in Subsecs. (a) and (b) made technical changes in definition of those eligible for assistance; P.A. 96-251 amended Subsec. (d) by requiring that on and after October 1, 1996, reports be submitted to the legislative committee on energy and upon request to legislators and by adding provisions re submission of summaries; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-2 made technical changes, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 04-76 amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) by replacing references to "general assistance" with references to "state-administered general assistance"; P.A. 05-288 made a technical change in Subsecs. (a) and (b), effective July 13, 2005; P.A. 07-242 divided existing provisions of Subsec. (a) into Subdivs. (1) and (3), amended Subsec. (a)(1) to change electric company to electric distribution company, include municipal utilities, change amount of donation from $1.00 to amount designated by customer, specify that company shall provide the opportunity to donate $1.00, $2.00, $3.00 or another amount, and specify that company shall allow donations to be made with bill payment through the mail or electronically, added Subsec. (a)(2) re fundraising inserts and remittance envelopes and amended Subsec. (a)(3) to specify that companies and municipal utilities may add own contributions to donations transmitted monthly, make technical changes, and require companies to coordinate promotions of program, effective June 4, 2007.

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      Sec. 16a-46e. Rebate program for residential furnace or boiler replacement. (a) Between July 1, 2007, and July 1, 2017, inclusive, the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall provide a five-hundred-dollar rebate for the purchase and installation in residential structures of replacement natural gas furnaces or boilers that meet or exceed federal Energy Star standards and propane and oil furnaces and boilers that are not less than eighty-four per cent efficient. Such rebates shall not exceed five million dollars in aggregate per year. Persons may apply to the secretary, on a form prescribed by the secretary, to receive such rebate. The rebate shall be available for only a residential structure containing not more than four dwelling units. Eligibility for said rebate program shall be determined as follows:

      (1) (A) For the taxable year commencing on or after January 1, 2007, but prior to January 1, 2008, in the case of any such taxpayer who files under the federal income tax for such taxable year as an unmarried individual whose Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds fifty-five thousand five hundred dollars, the amount of the rebate shall be reduced by ten per cent for each ten thousand dollars, or fraction thereof, by which the taxpayer's Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds said amount.

      (B) For the taxable year commencing on or after January 1, 2008, but prior to January 1, 2009, in the case of any such taxpayer who files under the federal income tax for such taxable year as an unmarried individual whose Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds fifty-six thousand five hundred dollars, the amount of the rebate shall be reduced by ten per cent for each ten thousand dollars, or fraction thereof, by which the taxpayer's Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds said amount.

      (C) For the taxable year commencing on or after January 1, 2009, but prior to January 1, 2010, in the case of any such taxpayer who files under the federal income tax for such taxable year as an unmarried individual whose Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds fifty-eight thousand five hundred dollars, the amount of the rebate shall be reduced by ten per cent for each ten thousand dollars, or fraction thereof, by which the taxpayer's Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds said amount.

      (D) For the taxable year commencing on or after January 1, 2010, but prior to January 1, 2011, in the case of any such taxpayer who files under the federal income tax for such taxable year as an unmarried individual whose Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds sixty thousand five hundred dollars, the amount of the rebate shall be reduced by ten per cent for each ten thousand dollars, or fraction thereof, by which the taxpayer's Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds said amount.

      (E) For the taxable year commencing on or after January 1, 2011, but prior to January 1, 2012, in the case of any such taxpayer who files under the federal income tax for such taxable year as an unmarried individual whose Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds sixty-two thousand five hundred dollars, the amount of the rebate shall be reduced by ten per cent for each ten thousand dollars, or fraction thereof, by which the taxpayer's Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds said amount.

      (F) For the taxable year commencing on or after January 1, 2012, in the case of any such taxpayer who files under the federal income tax for such taxable year as an unmarried individual whose Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds sixty-four thousand five hundred dollars, the amount of the rebate shall be reduced by ten per cent for each ten thousand dollars, or fraction thereof, by which the taxpayer's Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds said amount.

      (2) In the case of any such taxpayer who files under the federal income tax for such taxable year as a married individual filing separately whose Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds fifty thousand two hundred fifty dollars, the amount of the rebate shall be reduced by ten per cent for each five thousand dollars, or fraction thereof, by which the taxpayer's Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds said amount.

      (3) In the case of a taxpayer who files under the federal income tax for such taxable year as a head of household whose Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds seventy-eight thousand five hundred dollars, the amount of the rebate shall be reduced by ten per cent for each ten thousand dollars or fraction thereof, by which the taxpayer's Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds said amount.

      (4) In the case of a taxpayer who files under federal income tax for such taxable year as married individuals filing jointly whose Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds one hundred thousand five hundred dollars, the amount of the rebate shall be reduced by ten per cent for each ten thousand dollars, or fraction thereof, by which the taxpayer's Connecticut adjusted gross income exceeds said amount.

      (b) On or before January 1, 2009, the Energy Conservation Management Board shall report to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to energy regarding the cost-effectiveness of the rebate program established pursuant to subsection (a) of this section.

      (P.A. 07-242, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 07-242 effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 16a-47a. State-wide energy efficiency and outreach marketing campaign. (a) The Department of Public Utility Control shall, in coordination with the Energy Conservation Management Board, established pursuant to section 16-245m, establish a state-wide energy efficiency and outreach marketing campaign that shall provide targeted information for each of the following sectors: (1) Commercial, including small businesses, (2) industrial, (3) governmental, (4) institutional, including schools, hospitals and nonprofits, (5) agricultural, and (6) residential.

      (b) The goals of the campaign established pursuant to subsection (a) of this section shall include, but not be limited to, educating electric consumers regarding (1) the benefits of pursuing strategies that increase energy efficiency, including information on the Connecticut electric efficiency partner program established pursuant to section 16a-46e and combined heat and power technologies, (2) the real-time energy reports prepared pursuant to section 16a-47d and the real-time energy alert system prepared pursuant to section 61 of public act 07-242* and (3) the option of choosing participating electric suppliers, as defined in subsection (k) of section 16-244c.

      (c) On or before December 1, 2007, the department shall develop and approve a plan that meets the goals of said campaign pursuant to subsection (b) of this section. Said plan shall include a coordinated range of marketing activities and outreach strategies, including, but not limited to, inserts in customers' utility bills; television, radio and newspaper advertisements; printed educational materials; events; a comprehensive web site resource serving all sectors; an electronic newsletter; planning forums and meetings throughout the state; and partnerships with businesses, government entities and nonprofit organizations. Said utility bill inserts shall include, but not be limited to, information that can assist consumers in evaluating options regarding energy efficiency. Said web site shall be maintained and updated regularly and shall include, but not be limited to, current rate and contact information for participating electric suppliers. Such current rate information shall be on said web site with date and time of update displayed prominently. The department shall begin the implementation of said plan on or before March 1, 2008.

      (d) The department may retain the services of third-party entities to assist in the development and implementation of the state-wide energy efficiency and marketing campaign established pursuant to this section.

      (P.A. 07-242, S. 87.)

      *Note: Section 61 of public act 07-242 was repealed by section 65 of public act 07-3 of the June special session.


      History: P.A. 07-242 effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 16a-47b. Real-time energy reports. (a) As part of the energy efficiency and outreach marketing campaign established pursuant to section 16a-47a, on or before April 1, 2008, the Department of Public Utility Control shall, in consultation with the Energy Conservation Management Board, established pursuant to section 16-245m, develop a real-time energy report for daily use by television and other media. The report shall (1) identify the state's current real-time energy demand, along with how the demand has changed over the course of the day, and in the case of television news broadcasts, the real-time changes in energy demand; (2) emphasize the importance of reducing peak demand and provide estimates of the economic benefits that can be derived by reducing electricity use; (3) provide tips on energy efficiency measures; (4) promote community and business competition to reduce energy consumption; and (5) give visibility to communities and businesses that have implemented energy saving changes or that have installed and are operating renewable energy resources.

      (b) The department may obtain the information needed to develop the real-time energy reports established pursuant to subsection (a) of this section from the regional independent system operator and the state's electric distribution companies.

      (P.A. 07-242, S. 88.)

      History: P.A. 07-242 effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 16a-47c. State-wide energy efficiency and outreach account. (a) There is established an account to be known as the "state-wide energy efficiency and outreach account", which shall be a separate, nonlapsing account of the General Fund. The account shall contain any moneys required by law to be deposited in the account. Any balance remaining in said account at the end of any fiscal year shall be carried forward in said account for the fiscal year next succeeding.

      (b) The moneys in said account shall be expended by the Department of Public Utility Control for the purpose of carrying out the requirements of sections 16a-47a, 16a-47b and 16a-47d and section 61 of public act 07-242*.

      (P.A. 07-242, S. 111.)

      *Note: Section 61 of public act 07-242 was repealed by section 65 of public act 07-3 of the June special session.


      History: P.A. 07-242 effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 16a-47d. Real-time energy alert system. As part of the energy efficiency and outreach marketing campaign established pursuant to section 16a-47a, on or before April 1, 2008, the Department of Public Utility Control shall, in consultation with the Energy Conservation Management Board, established pursuant to section 16-245m, develop a real-time energy electronic mail and cellular phone alert system to notify the public of the need to reduce energy consumption during peak power periods.

      (P.A. 07-242, S. 100.)

      History: P.A. 07-242 effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 16a-47e. Capacity deficiency customer notification procedure. On or before October 1, 2007, each electric distribution company, municipal utility or municipal electric energy cooperative shall submit a proposed customer notification procedure to notify retail customers of a capacity deficiency situation and the potential for said companies, municipal utilities or energy cooperatives to take emergency actions, which will encourage the customers to reduce electricity use voluntarily to help reduce the capacity deficiency to the Department of Public Utility Control for the department's consideration. Each company's, utility's or cooperative's costs related to such procedure and notification shall be recoverable as federally mandated congestion charges.

      (P.A. 07-242, S. 89.)

      History: P.A. 07-242 effective June 4, 2007.

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      Sec. 16a-48. Energy efficiency standards for products. (a) As used in this section:

      (1) "Office" means the Office of Policy and Management;

      (2) "Fluorescent lamp ballast" or "ballast" means a device designed to operate fluorescent lamps by providing a starting voltage and current and limiting the current during normal operation, but does not include such devices that have a dimming capability or are intended for use in ambient temperatures of zero degrees Fahrenheit or less or have a power factor of less than sixty-one hundredths for a single F40T12 lamp;

      (3) "F40T12 lamp" means a tubular fluorescent lamp that is a nominal forty-watt lamp, with a forty-eight-inch tube length and one and one-half inches in diameter;

      (4) "F96T12 lamp" means a tubular fluorescent lamp that is a nominal seventy-five-watt lamp with a ninety-six-inch tube length and one and one-half inches in diameter;

      (5) "Luminaire" means a complete lighting unit consisting of a fluorescent lamp, or lamps, together with parts designed to distribute the light, to position and protect such lamps, and to connect such lamps to the power supply;

      (6) "New product" means a product that is sold, offered for sale, or installed for the first time and specifically includes floor models and demonstration units;

      (7) "Secretary" means the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management;

      (8) "State Building Code" means the building code adopted pursuant to section 29-252;

      (9) "Torchiere lighting fixture" means a portable electric lighting fixture with a reflector bowl giving light directed upward so as to give indirect illumination;

      (10) "Unit heater" means a self-contained, vented fan-type commercial space heater that uses natural gas or propane that is designed to be installed without ducts within the heated space. "Unit heater" does not include a product regulated by federal standards pursuant to 42 USC 6291, as amended from time to time, a product that is a direct vent, forced flue heater with a sealed combustion burner, or any oil fired heating system;

      (11) "Transformer" means a device consisting of two or more coils of insulated wire that transfers alternating current by electromagnetic induction from one coil to another in order to change the original voltage or current value;

      (12) "Low-voltage dry-type transformer" means a transformer that: (A) Has an input voltage of six hundred volts or less; (B) is between fourteen kilovolt-amperes and two thousand five hundred one kilovolt-amperes in size; (C) is air-cooled; and (D) does not use oil as a coolant. "Low-voltage dry-type transformer" does not include such transformers excluded from the low-voltage dry-type distribution transformer definition contained in the California Code of Regulations, Title 20: Division 2, Chapter 4, Article 4: Appliance Efficiency Regulations;

      (13) "Pass-through cabinet" means a refrigerator or freezer with hinged or sliding doors on both the front and rear of the refrigerator or freezer;

      (14) "Reach-in cabinet" means a refrigerator, freezer, or combination thereof, with hinged or sliding doors or lids;

      (15) "Roll-in" or "roll-through cabinet" means a refrigerator or freezer with hinged or sliding doors that allows wheeled racks of product to be rolled into or through the refrigerator or freezer;

      (16) "Commercial refrigerators and freezers" means reach-in cabinets, pass-through cabinets, roll-in cabinets and roll-through cabinets that have less than eighty-five feet of capacity, which are designed for the refrigerated or frozen storage of food and food products;

      (17) "Traffic signal module" means a standard eight-inch or twelve-inch round traffic signal indicator consisting of a light source, lens and all parts necessary for operation and communication of movement messages to drivers through red, amber and green colors;

      (18) "Illuminated exit sign" means an internally illuminated sign that is designed to be permanently fixed in place and used to identify an exit by means of a light source that illuminates the sign or letters from within where the background of the exit sign is not transparent;

      (19) "Packaged air-conditioning equipment" means air-conditioning equipment that is built as a package and shipped as a whole to end-user sites;

      (20) "Large packaged air-conditioning equipment" means air-cooled packaged air-conditioning equipment having not less than two hundred forty thousand BTUs per hour of capacity;

      (21) "Commercial clothes washer" means a soft mount front-loading or soft mount top-loading clothes washer that is designed for use in (A) applications where the occupants of more than one household will be using it, such as in multifamily housing common areas and coin laundries; or (B) other commercial applications, if the clothes container compartment is no greater than three and one-half cubic feet for horizontal-axis clothes washers or no greater than four cubic feet for vertical-axis clothes washers;

      (22) "Energy efficiency ratio" means a measure of the relative efficiency of a heating or cooling appliance that is equal to the unit's output in BTUs per hour divided by its consumption of energy, measured in watts;

      (23) "Electricity ratio" means the ratio of furnace electricity use to total furnace energy use;

      (24) "Boiler" means a space heater that is a self-contained appliance for supplying steam or hot water primarily intended for space-heating. "Boiler" does not include hot water supply boilers;

      (25) "Central furnace" means a self-contained space heater designed to supply heated air through ducts of more than ten inches in length;

      (26) "Residential furnace or boiler" means a product that utilizes only single-phase electric current or single-phase electric current or DC current in conjunction with natural gas, propane or home heating oil and that (A) is designed to be the principal heating source for the living space of a residence; (B) is not contained within the same cabinet as a central air conditioner with a rated cooling capacity of not less than sixty-five thousand BTUs per hour; (C) is an electric central furnace, electric boiler, forced-air central furnace, gravity central furnace or low pressure steam or hot water boiler; and (D) has a heat input rate of less than three hundred thousand BTUs per hour for an electric boiler and low pressure steam or hot water boiler and less than two hundred twenty-five thousand BTUs per hour for a forced-air central furnace, gravity central furnace and electric central furnace;

      (27) "Furnace air handler" means the section of the furnace that includes the fan, blower and housing, generally upstream of the burners and heat exchanger. The furnace air handler may include a filter and a cooling coil;

      (28) "High-intensity discharge lamp" means a lamp in which light is produced by the passage of an electric current through a vapor or gas, the light-producing arc is stabilized by bulb wall temperature and the arc tube has a bulb wall loading in excess of three watts per square centimeter;

      (29) "Metal halide lamp" means a high intensity discharge lamp in which the major portion of the light is produced by radiation of metal halides and their products of dissociation, possibly in combination with metallic vapors;

      (30) "Metal halide lamp fixture" means a light fixture designed to be operated with a metal halide lamp and a ballast for a metal halide lamp;

      (31) "Probe start metal halide ballast" means a ballast used to operate metal halide lamps that does not contain an ignitor and that instead starts lamps by using a third starting electrode probe in the arc tube;

      (32) "Single voltage external AC to DC power supply" means a device that (A) is designed to convert line voltage AC input into lower voltage DC output; (B) is able to convert to only one DC output voltage at a time; (C) is sold with, or intended to be used with, a separate end-use product that constitutes the primary power load; (D) is contained within a separate physical enclosure from the end-use product; (E) is connected to the end-use product in a removable or hard-wired male and female electrical connection, cable, cord or other wiring; (F) does not have batteries or battery packs, including those that are removable or that physically attach directly to the power supply unit; (G) does not have a battery chemistry or type selector switch and indicator light or a battery chemistry or type selector switch and a state of charge meter; and (H) has a nameplate output power less than or equal to two hundred fifty watts;

      (33) "State regulated incandescent reflector lamp" means a lamp that is not colored or designed for rough or vibration service applications, has an inner reflective coating on the outer bulb to direct the light, has an E26 medium screw base, a rated voltage or voltage range that lies at least partially within one hundred fifteen to one hundred thirty volts, and that falls into one of the following categories: (A) A bulged reflector or elliptical reflector or a blown PAR bulb shape and that has a diameter that equals or exceeds two and one-quarter inches, or (B) a reflector, parabolic aluminized reflector, bulged reflector or similar bulb shape and that has a diameter of two and one-quarter to two and three-quarters inches. "State regulated incandescent reflector lamp" does not include ER30, BR30, BR40 and ER40 lamps of not more than fifty watts, BR30, BR40 and ER40 lamps of sixty-five watts and R20 lamps of not more than forty-five watts;

      (34) "Bottle-type water dispenser" means a water dispenser that uses a bottle or reservoir as the source of potable water;

      (35) "Commercial hot food holding cabinet" means a heated, fully-enclosed compartment with one or more solid or partial glass doors that is designed to maintain the temperature of hot food that has been cooked in a separate appliance. "Commercial hot food holding cabinet" does not include heated glass merchandizing cabinets, drawer warmers or cook-and-hold appliances;

      (36) "Pool heater" means an appliance designed for heating nonpotable water contained at atmospheric pressure for swimming pools, spas, hot tubs and similar applications, including natural gas, heat pump, oil and electric resistance pool heaters;

      (37) "Portable electric spa" means a factory-built electric spa or hot tub supplied with equipment for heating and circulating water;

      (38) "Residential pool pump" means a pump used to circulate and filter pool water to maintain clarity and sanitation;

      (39) "Walk-in refrigerator" means a space refrigerated to temperatures at or above thirty-two degrees Fahrenheit that has a total chilled storage area of less than three thousand square feet, can be walked into and is designed for the refrigerated storage of food and food products. "Walk-in refrigerator" does not include refrigerated warehouses and products designed and marketed exclusively for medical, scientific or research purposes;

      (40) "Walk-in freezer" means a space refrigerated to temperatures below thirty-two degrees Fahrenheit that has a total chilled storage area of less than three thousand square feet, can be walked into and is designed for the frozen storage of food and food products. "Walk-in freezer" does not include refrigerated warehouses and products designed and marketed exclusively for medical, scientific or research purposes;

      (41) "Central air conditioner" means a central air conditioning model that consists of one or more factory-made assemblies, which normally include an evaporator or cooling coil, compressor and condenser. Central air conditioning models may provide the function of air cooling, air cleaning, dehumidifying or humidifying.

      (b) The provisions of this section apply to the testing, certification and enforcement of efficiency standards for the following types of new products sold, offered for sale or installed in the state: (1) Commercial clothes washers; (2) commercial refrigerators and freezers; (3) illuminated exit signs; (4) large packaged air-conditioning equipment; (5) low voltage dry-type distribution transformers; (6) torchiere lighting fixtures; (7) traffic signal modules; (8) unit heaters; (9) residential furnaces and boilers; (10) residential pool pumps; (11) metal halide lamp fixtures; (12) single voltage external AC to DC power supplies; (13) state regulated incandescent reflector lamps; (14) bottle-type water dispensers; (15) commercial hot food holding cabinets; (16) portable electric spas; (17) walk-in refrigerators and walk-in freezers; (18) pool heaters; and (19) any other products as may be designated by the office in accordance with subdivision (3) of subsection (d) of this section.

      (c) The provisions of this section do not apply to (1) new products manufactured in the state and sold outside the state, (2) new products manufactured outside the state and sold at wholesale inside the state for final retail sale and installation outside the state, (3) products installed in mobile manufactured homes at the time of construction, or (4) products designed expressly for installation and use in recreational vehicles.

      (d) (1) The office, in consultation with the Department of Public Utility Control, shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to implement the provisions of this section and to establish minimum energy efficiency standards for the types of new products set forth in subsection (b) of this section. The regulations shall provide for the following minimum energy efficiency standards:

      (A) Commercial clothes washers shall meet the requirements shown in Table P-3 of section 1605.3 of the California Code of Regulations, Title 20: Division 2, Chapter 4, Article 4;

      (B) Commercial refrigerators and freezers shall meet the August 1, 2004, requirements shown in Table A-6 of said California regulation;

      (C) Illuminated exit signs shall meet the version 2.0 product specification of the "Energy Star Program Requirements for Exit Signs" developed by the United States Environmental Protection Agency;

      (D) Large packaged air-conditioning equipment having not more than seven hundred sixty thousand BTUs per hour of capacity shall meet a minimum energy efficiency ratio of 10.0 for units using both electric heat and air conditioning or units solely using electric air conditioning, and 9.8 for units using both natural gas heat and electric air conditioning;

      (E) Large packaged air-conditioning equipment having not less than seven hundred sixty-one thousand BTUs per hour of capacity shall meet a minimum energy efficiency ratio of 9.7 for units using both electric heat and air conditioning or units solely using electric air conditioning, and 9.5 for units using both natural gas heat and electric air conditioning;

      (F) Low voltage dry-type distribution transformers shall meet or exceed the energy efficiency values shown in Table 4-2 of the National Electrical Manufacturers Association Standard TP-1-2002;

      (G) Torchiere lighting fixtures shall not consume more than one hundred ninety watts and shall not be capable of operating with lamps that total more than one hundred ninety watts;

      (H) Traffic signal modules shall meet the product specification of the "Energy Star Program Requirements for Traffic Signals" developed by the United States Environmental Protection Agency that took effect in February, 2001, except where the department, in consultation with the Commissioner of Transportation, determines that such specification would compromise safe signal operation;

      (I) Unit heaters shall not have pilot lights and shall have either power venting or an automatic flue damper;

      (J) On or after January 1, 2009, residential furnaces and boilers purchased by the state shall meet or exceed the following annual fuel utilization efficiency: (i) For gas and propane furnaces, ninety per cent annual fuel utilization efficiency, (ii) for oil furnaces, eighty-three per cent annual fuel utilization efficiency, (iii) for gas and propane hot water boilers, eighty-four per cent annual fuel utilization efficiency, (iv) for oil-fired hot water boilers, eighty-four per cent annual fuel utilization efficiency, (v) for gas and propane steam boilers, eighty-two per cent annual fuel utilization efficiency, (vi) for oil-fired steam boilers, eighty-two per cent annual fuel utilization efficiency, and (vii) for furnaces with furnace air handlers, an electricity ratio of not more than 2.0, except air handlers for oil furnaces with a capacity of less than ninety-four thousand BTUs per hour shall have an electricity ratio of 2.3 or less;

      (K) On or after January 1, 2010, metal halide lamp fixtures designed to be operated with lamps rated greater than or equal to one hundred fifty watts but less than or equal to five hundred watts shall not contain a probe-start metal halide lamp ballast;

      (L) Single-voltage external AC to DC power supplies manufactured on or after January 1, 2008, shall meet the energy efficiency standards of table U-1 of section 1605.3 of the January 2006 California Code of Regulations, Title 20, Division 2, Chapter 4, Article 4: Appliance Efficiency Regulations. This standard applies to single voltage AC to DC power supplies that are sold individually and to those that are sold as a component of or in conjunction with another product. This standard shall not apply to single voltage external AC to DC power supplies sold with products subject to certification by the United States Food and Drug Administration. A single-voltage external AC to DC power supply that is made available by a manufacturer directly to a consumer or to a service or repair facility after and separate from the original sale of the product requiring the power supply as a service part or spare part shall not be required to meet the standards in said table U-1 until five years after the effective dates indicated in the table;

      (M) On or after January 1, 2009, state regulated incandescent reflector lamps shall be manufactured to meet the minimum average lamp efficacy requirements for federally-regulated incandescent reflector lamps contained in 42 USC 6295(i)(1)(A). Each lamp shall indicate the date of manufacture;

      (N) On or after January 1, 2009, bottle-type water dispensers, commercial hot food holding cabinets, portable electric spas, walk-in refrigerators and walk-in freezers shall meet the efficiency requirements of section 1605.3 of the January 2006 California Code of Regulations, Title 20, Division 2, Chapter 4, Article 4: Appliance Efficiency Regulations. On or after January 1, 2010, residential pool pumps shall meet said efficiency requirements;

      (O) On or after January 1, 2009, pool heaters shall meet the efficiency requirements of sections 1605.1 and 1605.3 of the January 2006 California Code of Regulations, Title 20, Division 2, Chapter 4, Article 4: Appliance Efficiency Regulations.

      (2) Such efficiency standards, where in conflict with the State Building Code, shall take precedence over the standards contained in the Building Code. Not later than July 1, 2007, and biennially thereafter, the office, in consultation with the Department of Public Utility Control, shall review and increase the level of such efficiency standards by adopting regulations in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54 upon a determination that increased efficiency standards would serve to promote energy conservation in the state and would be cost-effective for consumers who purchase and use such new products, provided no such increased efficiency standards shall become effective within one year following the adoption of any amended regulations providing for such increased efficiency standards.

      (3) The office, in consultation with the Department of Public Utility Control, shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to designate additional products to be subject to the provisions of this section and to establish efficiency standards for such products upon a determination that such efficiency standards (A) would serve to promote energy conservation in the state, (B) would be cost-effective for consumers who purchase and use such new products, and (C) that multiple products are available which meet such standards, provided no such efficiency standards shall become effective within one year following their adoption pursuant to this subdivision.

      (e) On or after July 1, 2006, except for commercial clothes washers, for which the date shall be July 1, 2007, commercial refrigerators and freezers, for which the date shall be July 1, 2008, and large packaged air-conditioning equipment, for which the date shall be July 1, 2009, no new product of a type set forth in subsection (b) of this section or designated by the office may be sold, offered for sale, or installed in the state unless the energy efficiency of the new product meets or exceeds the efficiency standards set forth in such regulations adopted pursuant to subsection (d) of this section.

      (f) The office, in consultation with the Department of Public Utility Control, shall adopt procedures for testing the energy efficiency of the new products set forth in subsection (b) of this section or designated by the department if such procedures are not provided for in the State Building Code. The office shall use United States Department of Energy approved test methods, or in the absence of such test methods, other appropriate nationally recognized test methods. The manufacturers of such products shall cause samples of such products to be tested in accordance with the test procedures adopted pursuant to this subsection or those specified in the State Building Code.

      (g) Manufacturers of new products set forth in subsection (b) of this section or designated by the office shall certify to the secretary that such products are in compliance with the provisions of this section, except that certification is not required for single voltage external AC to DC power supplies and walk-in refrigerators and walk-in freezers. All single voltage external AC to DC power supplies shall be labeled as described in the January 2006 California Code of Regulations, Title 20, Section 1607 (9). The office, in consultation with the Department of Public Utility Control, shall promulgate regulations governing the certification of such products. The secretary shall publish an annual list of such products.

      (h) The Attorney General may institute proceedings to enforce the provisions of this section. Any person who violates any provision of this section shall be subject to a civil penalty of not more than two hundred fifty dollars. Each violation of this section shall constitute a separate offense, and each day that such violation continues shall constitute a separate offense.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-3, S. 1; P.A. 87-564, S. 1-6; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 146(c); P.A. 04-85, S. 1; P.A. 07-242, S. 12.)

      History: (Revisor's note: The reference to "mobile homes" in Subsec. (c) was changed to "mobile manufactured homes" in accordance with June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-3); June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 replaced Commissioner of Consumer Protection with Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-85 changed jurisdictional authority from Commissioner of Consumer Protection to Department of Public Utility Control, replaced "new appliance" with "new product", adding new products to be subject to section and definitions for such products and deleting certain fluorescent ballasts and luminaries and showerheads as products subject to section, added definition of "energy efficiency ratio", required department to establish certain minimum energy efficiency standards for the subject products by 2005, required department to adopt regulations by July 1, 2007, and biennially thereafter to increase the level of efficiency standards, allowed department to designate additional products to be subject to section, amended Subsec. (e) by replacing "1988" with "2006" and by adding exception for commercial clothes washers, commercial refrigerators and freezers and large packaged air-conditioning equipment and deleted provision in Subsec. (h) re periodic inspections, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 07-242 amended Subsec. (a)(1) to change Department of Public Utility Control to Office of Policy and Management, amended Subsec. (a)(16) to redefine "commercial refrigerators and freezers", added Subsec. (a)(23) to (41) to define "electricity ratio", "boiler", "central furnace", "residential furnace or boiler", "furnace air handler", "high-intensity discharge lamp", "metal halide lamp", "metal halide lamp fixture", "probe start metal halide ballast", "single voltage external AC to DC power supply", "state regulated incandescent reflector lamp", "bottle-type water dispenser", "commercial hot food holding cabinet", "pool heater", "portable electric spa", "residential pool pump", "walk-in refrigerator", "walk-in freezer", and "central air conditioner", added Subsec. (b)(9) to (18) and redesignated existing Subsec. (b)(9) as Subsec. (b)(19), added in Subsec. (d)(1) new (J) to (O), amended Subsec. (g) to add exception for single voltage external AC to DC power supplies, walk-in refrigerators and walk-in freezers, and made conforming and technical changes throughout.

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