CHAPTER 246
MOTOR VEHICLES

Table of Contents

Sec. 14-1. Definitions.
Sec. 14-9a. Criminal background checks for employment with department.
Sec. 14-10. Definitions. Records. Disclosure of personal information and highly restricted personal information contained in motor vehicle records. Regulations.
Sec. 14-12h. Maintenance and compilation of record of all suspended registrations. Availability. Stop and detain procedures. Removal of plates. Seizure, impoundment and forfeiture of vehicle.
Sec. 14-12r. Inspection of vehicle identification number.
Sec. 14-20c. Number plates for immediate family of residents killed in action with armed forces.
Sec. 14-25d. Registration of DUKW or similar amphibious vehicle. Restrictions or prohibitions imposed by traffic authority.
Sec. 14-33. Renewal of registration denied for failure to pay motor vehicle property tax or fines for parking violations. Collection of delinquent property tax by commissioner.
Sec. 14-36. Motor vehicle operator's license. Learner's permit. Limited license. Requirements. Driving history record check. Penalty. Regulations.
Sec. 14-36a. Classification of operators' licenses.
Sec. 14-36d. Acquisition and installation of equipment. Renewal without personal appearance of holder. Regulations re renewal by mail or electronic communication.
Sec. 14-36g. Restrictions on transportation of passengers and hours of operation of vehicle by holders of motor vehicle operator's licenses who are sixteen or seventeen years of age. Exceptions. Regulations. Penalties.
Sec. 14-36h. Contents and features of operator's license and identity card.
Sec. 14-41. Expiration and renewal of operators' licenses and permits. Vision screening. Notice.
Sec. 14-41a. Renewal of license for persons age sixty-five or over.
Sec. 14-44. License endorsement for operators of commercial motor vehicles used for passenger transportation, school buses, taxicabs, motor vehicles in livery service, motor or service buses, student transportation vehicles and activity vehicles. Requirements. Hearing. Appeal. Report re persons whose license or endorsement has been withdrawn, suspended or revoked. Penalty.
Sec. 14-44e. Limitations on issuance of commercial driver's license. Qualification standards. Waiver of skills test. Requirements for license endorsement to operate vehicle transporting hazardous materials. Commercial driver's instruction permit.
Sec. 14-44i. Fees for commercial driver's license and tests.
Sec. 14-44k. Disqualification from operation of commercial motor vehicles. Disqualification offenses. Lifetime disqualification. Mitigation of lifetime disqualification.
Sec. 14-49. Fees for miscellaneous registration and other fees.
Sec. 14-61b. Dealer records, documents and forms maintained in electronic format. Production in written format.
Sec. 14-62. Order and invoice on sale of motor vehicle; information required. Dealer preparation charge. Conveyance or processing fee. Certificate of title on sale of used motor vehicle or sale of motor vehicle at auction.
Sec. 14-65i. (Formerly Sec. 14-65d). Signs required to be posted in motor vehicle repair shops.
Sec. 14-66. Wreckers. Towing and transporting. Distinguishing number plates.
Sec. 14-80i. Brake equipment and handlebars of motorcycles.
Sec. 14-99g. Definitions. Tinted or reflectorized windows. Obstruction of view prohibited. Exceptions. Sale or delivery of motor vehicles having tinted or reflectorized windows prohibited. Stickers required. Penalty. Window tinting businesses. Regulations.
Sec. 14-100a. Seat safety belts. Child restraint systems. Wheelchair transportation devices.
Sec. 14-102a. Inspection of student transportation vehicles.
Sec. 14-103. Inspection of motor vehicles.
Sec. 14-103a. Inspection of reassembled, altered or reconstructed vehicles.
Sec. 14-111. Suspension or revocation of registration, license or right to operate.
Sec. 14-111e. Suspension or delay of issuance of operator's license for misuse of license to procure liquor or possession of liquor by minor on public street or highway or other public or private location.
Sec. 14-147a. Theft or illegal possession of number plate or sticker.
Sec. 14-150. Abandoned or unregistered motor vehicles and motor vehicles which are a menace to traffic. Notice. Removal. Storage. Hearing. Lien. Sale.
Sec. 14-154a. Liability of owner for damage caused by rented or leased motor vehicle. Exceptions.
Sec. 14-163d. Owners of certain motor vehicles in intrastate or interstate commerce to provide evidence of security requirements and to file a motor carrier identification report. Suspension of motor vehicle registration. Amount of insurance or other security for certain motor carriers and motor vehicle owners.

PART I
DEFINITIONS

      Sec. 14-1. Definitions. Terms used in this chapter shall be construed as follows, unless another construction is clearly apparent from the language or context in which the term is used or unless the construction is inconsistent with the manifest intention of the General Assembly:

      (1) "Activity vehicle" means a student transportation vehicle that is used to transport students in connection with school-sponsored events and activities, but is not used to transport students to and from school;

      (2) "Agricultural tractor" means a tractor or other form of nonmuscular motive power used for transporting, hauling, plowing, cultivating, planting, harvesting, reaping or other agricultural purposes on any farm or other private property, or used for the purpose of transporting, from one farm to another, agricultural implements and farm products, provided the agricultural tractor is not used on any highway for transporting a pay load or for some other commercial purpose;

      (3) "Antique, rare or special interest motor vehicle" means a motor vehicle twenty years old or older which is being preserved because of historic interest and which is not altered or modified from the original manufacturer's specifications;

      (4) "Apparent candle power" means an illumination equal to the normal illumination in foot candles produced by any lamp or lamps, divided by the square of the distance in feet between the lamp or lamps and the point at which the measurement is made;

      (5) "Authorized emergency vehicle" means (A) a fire department vehicle, (B) a police vehicle, or (C) a public service company or municipal department ambulance or emergency vehicle designated or authorized for use as an authorized emergency vehicle by the commissioner;

      (6) "Auxiliary driving lamp" means an additional lighting device on a motor vehicle used primarily to supplement the general illumination in front of a motor vehicle provided by the motor vehicle's head lamps;

      (7) "Bulb" means a light source consisting of a glass bulb containing a filament or substance capable of being electrically maintained at incandescence;

      (8) "Camp trailer" includes any trailer designed and used exclusively for camping or recreational purposes;

      (9) "Camper" means any motor vehicle designed or permanently altered in such a way as to provide temporary living quarters for travel, camping or recreational purposes;

      (10) "Combination registration" means the type of registration issued to a motor vehicle used for both private passenger and commercial purposes if such vehicle does not have a gross vehicle weight rating in excess of twelve thousand five hundred pounds;

      (11) "Commercial driver's license" or "CDL" means a license issued to an individual in accordance with the provisions of sections 14-44a to 14-44m, inclusive, which authorizes such individual to drive a commercial motor vehicle;

      (12) "Commercial driver's license information system" or "CDLIS" means the national database of holders of commercial driver's licenses established by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration pursuant to Section 12007 of the Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1986;

      (13) "Commercial motor vehicle" means a vehicle designed or used to transport passengers or property, except a vehicle used for farming purposes in accordance with 49 CFR 383.3(d), fire fighting apparatus or an emergency vehicle, as defined in section 14-283, or a recreational vehicle in private use, which (A) has a gross vehicle weight rating of twenty-six thousand and one pounds or more, or a gross combination weight rating of twenty-six thousand and one pounds or more, inclusive of a towed unit or units with a gross vehicle weight rating of more than ten thousand pounds; (B) is designed to transport sixteen or more passengers, including the driver, or is designed to transport more than ten passengers, including the driver, and is used to transport students under the age of twenty-one years to and from school; or (C) is transporting hazardous materials and is required to be placarded in accordance with 49 CFR 172, Subpart F, as amended, or any quantity of a material listed as a select agent or toxin in 42 CFR Part 73;

      (14) "Commercial registration" means the type of registration required for any motor vehicle designed or used to transport merchandise, freight or persons in connection with any business enterprise, unless a more specific type of registration is authorized and issued by the commissioner for such class of vehicle;

      (15) "Commercial trailer" means a trailer used in the conduct of a business to transport freight, materials or equipment whether or not permanently affixed to the bed of the trailer;

      (16) "Commissioner" includes the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles and any assistant to the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles who is designated and authorized by, and who is acting for, the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles under a designation; except that the deputy commissioners of motor vehicles and the Attorney General are deemed, unless the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles otherwise provides, to be designated and authorized by, and acting for, the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles under a designation;

      (17) "Controlled substance" has the same meaning as in section 21a-240 and the federal laws and regulations incorporated in chapter 420b;

      (18) "Conviction" means an unvacated adjudication of guilt, or a determination that a person has violated or failed to comply with the law in a court of original jurisdiction or an authorized administrative tribunal, an unvacated forfeiture of bail or collateral deposited to secure the person's appearance in court, the payment of a fine or court cost, or violation of a condition of release without bail, regardless of whether or not the penalty is rebated, suspended or probated;

      (19) "Dealer" includes any person actively engaged in buying, selling or exchanging motor vehicles or trailers who has an established place of business in this state and who may, incidental to such business, repair motor vehicles or trailers, or cause them to be repaired by persons in his or her employ;

      (20) "Disqualification" means a withdrawal of the privilege to drive a commercial motor vehicle, which occurs as a result of (A) any suspension, revocation, or cancellation by the commissioner of the privilege to operate a motor vehicle; (B) a determination by the Federal Highway Administration, under the rules of practice for motor carrier safety contained in 49 CFR 386, as amended, that a person is no longer qualified to operate a commercial motor vehicle under the standards of 49 CFR 391, as amended; or (C) the loss of qualification which follows any of the convictions or administrative actions specified in section 14-44k;

      (21) "Drive" means to drive, operate or be in physical control of a motor vehicle, including a motor vehicle being towed by another;

      (22) "Driver" means any person who drives, operates or is in physical control of a commercial motor vehicle, or who is required to hold a commercial driver's license;

      (23) "Driver's license" or "operator's license" means a valid Connecticut motor vehicle operator's license or a license issued by another state or foreign jurisdiction authorizing the holder thereof to operate a motor vehicle on the highways;

      (24) "Employee" means any operator of a commercial motor vehicle, including full-time, regularly employed drivers, casual, intermittent or occasional drivers, drivers under contract and independent owner-operator contractors, who, while in the course of operating a commercial motor vehicle, are either directly employed by, or are under contract to, an employer;

      (25) "Employer" means any person, including the United States, a state or any political subdivision thereof, who owns or leases a commercial motor vehicle, or assigns a person to drive a commercial motor vehicle;

      (26) "Farm implement" means a vehicle designed and adapted exclusively for agricultural, horticultural or livestock-raising operations and which is not operated on a highway for transporting a pay load or for any other commercial purpose;

      (27) "Felony" means any offense as defined in section 53a-25 and includes any offense designated as a felony under federal law;

      (28) "Fatality" means the death of a person as a result of a motor vehicle accident;

      (29) "Foreign jurisdiction" means any jurisdiction other than a state of the United States;

      (30) "Fuels" means (A) all products commonly or commercially known or sold as gasoline, including casinghead and absorption or natural gasoline, regardless of their classification or uses, (B) any liquid prepared, advertised, offered for sale or sold for use, or commonly and commercially used, as a fuel in internal combustion engines, which, when subjected to distillation in accordance with the standard method of test for distillation of gasoline, naphtha, kerosene and similar petroleum products by "American Society for Testing Materials Method D-86", shows not less than ten per cent distilled (recovered) below 347 Fahrenheit (175 Centigrade) and not less than ninety-five per cent distilled (recovered) below 464 Fahrenheit (240 Centigrade); provided the term "fuels" shall not include commercial solvents or naphthas which distill, by "American Society for Testing Materials Method D-86", not more than nine per cent at 176 Fahrenheit and which have a distillation range of 150 Fahrenheit, or less, or liquefied gases which would not exist as liquids at a temperature of 60 Fahrenheit and a pressure of 14.7 pounds per square inch absolute, and (C) any liquid commonly referred to as "gasohol" which is prepared, advertised, offered for sale or sold for use, or commonly and commercially used, as a fuel in internal combustion engines, consisting of a blend of gasoline and a minimum of ten per cent by volume of ethyl or methyl alcohol;

      (31) "Garage" includes every place of business where motor vehicles are, for compensation, received for housing, storage or repair;

      (32) "Gross vehicle weight rating" or "GVWR" means the value specified by the manufacturer as the maximum loaded weight of a single or a combination (articulated) vehicle. The GVWR of a combination (articulated) vehicle commonly referred to as the "gross combination weight rating" or GCWR is the GVWR of the power unit plus the GVWR of the towed unit or units;

      (33) "Gross weight" means the light weight of a vehicle plus the weight of any load on the vehicle, provided, in the case of a tractor-trailer unit, "gross weight" means the light weight of the tractor plus the light weight of the trailer or semitrailer plus the weight of the load on the vehicle;

      (34) "Hazardous materials" has the same meaning as in 49 CFR 383.5;

      (35) "Head lamp" means a lighting device affixed to the front of a motor vehicle projecting a high intensity beam which lights the road in front of the vehicle so that it can proceed safely during the hours of darkness;

      (36) "High-mileage vehicle" means a motor vehicle having the following characteristics: (A) Not less than three wheels in contact with the ground; (B) a completely enclosed seat on which the driver sits; (C) a single or two cylinder, gasoline or diesel engine or an electric-powered engine; and (D) efficient fuel consumption;

      (37) "Highway" includes any state or other public highway, road, street, avenue, alley, driveway, parkway or place, under the control of the state or any political subdivision of the state, dedicated, appropriated or opened to public travel or other use;

      (38) "Imminent hazard" means the existence of a condition that presents a substantial likelihood that death, serious illness, severe personal injury or a substantial endangerment to health, property, or the environment may occur before the reasonably foreseeable completion date of a formal proceeding begun to lessen the risk of that death, illness, injury or endangerment;

      (39) "Intersecting highway" includes any public highway which joins another at an angle whether or not it crosses the other;

      (40) "Light weight" means the weight of an unloaded motor vehicle as ordinarily equipped and ready for use, exclusive of the weight of the operator of the motor vehicle;

      (41) "Limited access highway" means a state highway so designated under the provisions of section 13b-27;

      (42) "Local authorities" includes the board of aldermen, common council, chief of police, warden and burgesses, board of selectmen or other officials having authority for the enactment or enforcement of traffic regulations within their respective towns, cities or boroughs;

      (43) "Maintenance vehicle" means any vehicle in use by the state or by any town, city, borough or district, any state bridge or parkway authority or any public service company, as defined in section 16-1, in the maintenance of public highways or bridges and facilities located within the limits of public highways or bridges;

      (44) "Manufacturer" means (A) a person, whether a resident or nonresident, engaged in the business of constructing or assembling new motor vehicles of a type required to be registered by the commissioner, for operation upon any highway, except a utility trailer, which are offered for sale in this state, or (B) a person who distributes new motor vehicles to new car dealers licensed in this state;

      (45) "Median divider" means an intervening space or physical barrier or clearly indicated dividing section separating traffic lanes provided for vehicles proceeding in opposite directions;

      (46) "Modified antique motor vehicle" means a motor vehicle twenty years old or older which has been modified for safe road use, including, but not limited to, modifications to the drive train, suspension, braking system and safety or comfort apparatus;

      (47) "Motor bus" includes any motor vehicle, except a taxicab, as defined in section 13b-95, operated in whole or in part on any street or highway in a manner affording a means of transportation by indiscriminately receiving or discharging passengers, or running on a regular route or over any portion of a regular route or between fixed termini;

      (48) "Motor home" means a vehicular unit designed to provide living quarters and necessary amenities which are built into an integral part of, or permanently attached to, a truck or van chassis;

      (49) "Motorcycle" means a motor vehicle, with or without a side car, having not more than three wheels in contact with the ground and a saddle or seat on which the rider sits or a platform on which the rider stands and includes bicycles having a motor attached, except bicycles propelled by means of a helper motor as defined in section 14-286, but does not include a vehicle having or designed to have a completely enclosed driver's seat and a motor which is not in the enclosed area;

      (50) "Motor vehicle" means any vehicle propelled or drawn by any nonmuscular power, except aircraft, motor boats, road rollers, baggage trucks used about railroad stations or other mass transit facilities, electric battery-operated wheel chairs when operated by physically handicapped persons at speeds not exceeding fifteen miles per hour, golf carts operated on highways solely for the purpose of crossing from one part of the golf course to another, golf-cart-type vehicles operated on roads or highways on the grounds of state institutions by state employees, agricultural tractors, farm implements, such vehicles as run only on rails or tracks, self-propelled snow plows, snow blowers and lawn mowers, when used for the purposes for which they were designed and operated at speeds not exceeding four miles per hour, whether or not the operator rides on or walks behind such equipment, bicycles with helper motors as defined in section 14-286, special mobile equipment as defined in subsection (i) of section 14-165, mini-motorcycles, as defined in section 14-289j, and any other vehicle not suitable for operation on a highway;

      (51) "National Driver Registry" or "NDR" means the licensing information system and database operated by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and established pursuant to the National Driver Registry Act of 1982, as amended;

      (52) "New motor vehicle" means a motor vehicle, the equitable or legal title to which has never been transferred by a manufacturer, distributor or dealer to an ultimate consumer;

      (53) "Nonresident" means any person whose legal residence is in a state other than Connecticut or in a foreign country;

      (54) "Nonresident commercial driver's license" or "nonresident CDL" means a commercial driver's license issued by a state to an individual who resides in a foreign jurisdiction;

      (55) "Nonskid device" means any device applied to the tires, wheels, axles or frame of a motor vehicle for the purpose of increasing the traction of the motor vehicle;

      (56) "Number plate" means any sign or marker furnished by the commissioner on which is displayed the registration number assigned to a motor vehicle by the commissioner;

      (57) "Officer" includes any constable, state marshal, inspector of motor vehicles, state policeman or other official authorized to make arrests or to serve process, provided the officer is in uniform or displays the officer's badge of office in a conspicuous place when making an arrest;

      (58) "Operator" means any person who operates a motor vehicle or who steers or directs the course of a motor vehicle being towed by another motor vehicle and includes a driver as defined in subdivision (22) of this section;

      (59) "Out-of-service order" means a temporary prohibition against driving a commercial motor vehicle or any other vehicle subject to the federal motor carrier safety regulations enforced by the commissioner pursuant to the commissioner's authority under section 14-8;

      (60) "Owner" means any person holding title to a motor vehicle, or having the legal right to register the same, including purchasers under conditional bills of sale;

      (61) "Parked vehicle" means a motor vehicle in a stationary position within the limits of a public highway;

      (62) "Passenger and commercial motor vehicle" means a motor vehicle used for private passenger and commercial purposes which is eligible for combination registration;

      (63) "Passenger motor vehicle" means a motor vehicle used for the private transportation of persons and their personal belongings, designed to carry occupants in comfort and safety, with a capacity of carrying not more than ten passengers including the operator thereof;

      (64) "Passenger registration" means the type of registration issued to a passenger motor vehicle unless a more specific type of registration is authorized and issued by the commissioner for such class of vehicle;

      (65) "Person" includes any individual, corporation, limited liability company, association, copartnership, company, firm, business trust or other aggregation of individuals but does not include the state or any political subdivision thereof, unless the context clearly states or requires;

      (66) "Pick-up truck" means a motor vehicle with an enclosed forward passenger compartment and an open rearward compartment used for the transportation of property;

      (67) "Pneumatic tires" means tires inflated or inflatable with air;

      (68) "Pole trailer" means a trailer which is (A) intended for transporting long or irregularly shaped loads such as poles, logs, pipes or structural members, which loads are capable of sustaining themselves as beams between supporting connections, and (B) designed to be drawn by a motor vehicle and attached or secured directly to the motor vehicle by any means including a reach, pole or boom;

      (69) "Recreational vehicle" includes the camper, camp trailer and motor home classes of vehicles;

      (70) "Registration" includes the certificate of motor vehicle registration and the number plate or plates used in connection with such registration;

      (71) "Registration number" means the identifying number or letters, or both, assigned by the commissioner to a motor vehicle;

      (72) "Resident", for the purpose of registering motor vehicles, includes any person having a place of residence in this state, occupied by such person for more than six months in a year, or any person, firm or corporation owning or leasing a motor vehicle used or operated in intrastate business in this state, or a firm or corporation having its principal office or place of business in this state;

      (73) "School bus" means any school bus, as defined in section 14-275, including a commercial motor vehicle used to transport preschool, elementary school or secondary school students from home to school, from school to home, or to and from school-sponsored events, but does not include a bus used as a common carrier;

      (74) "Second" violation or "subsequent" violation means an offense committed not more than three years after the date of an arrest which resulted in a previous conviction for a violation of the same statutory provision, except in the case of a violation of section 14-215 or 14-224 or subsection (a) of section 14-227a, "second" violation or "subsequent" violation means an offense committed not more than ten years after the date of an arrest which resulted in a previous conviction for a violation of the same statutory provision;

      (75) "Semitrailer" means any trailer type vehicle designed and used in conjunction with a motor vehicle so that some part of its own weight and load rests on or is carried by another vehicle;

      (76) "Serious traffic violation" means a conviction of any of the following offenses: (A) Speeding in excess of fifteen miles per hour or more over the posted speed limit, in violation of section 14-218a or 14-219; (B) reckless driving in violation of section 14-222; (C) following too closely in violation of section 14-240 or 14-240a; (D) improper or erratic lane changes, in violation of section 14-236; (E) driving a commercial motor vehicle without a valid commercial driver's license in violation of section 14-36a or 14-44a; (F) failure to carry a commercial driver's license in violation of section 14-44a; (G) failure to have the proper class of license or endorsement, or violation of a license restriction in violation of section 14-44a; or (H) arising in connection with an accident related to the operation of a commercial motor vehicle and which resulted in a fatality;

      (77) "Service bus" includes any vehicle except a vanpool vehicle or a school bus designed and regularly used to carry ten or more passengers when used in private service for the transportation of persons without charge to the individual;

      (78) "Service car" means any motor vehicle used by a manufacturer, dealer or repairer for emergency motor vehicle repairs on the highways of this state, for towing or for the transportation of necessary persons, tools and materials to and from the scene of such emergency repairs or towing;

      (79) "Shoulder" means that portion of a highway immediately adjacent and contiguous to the travel lanes or main traveled portion of the roadway;

      (80) "Solid tires" means tires of rubber, or other elastic material approved by the Commissioner of Transportation, which do not depend on confined air for the support of the load;

      (81) "Spot lamp" or "spot light" means a lighting device projecting a high intensity beam, the direction of which can be readily controlled for special or emergency lighting as distinguished from ordinary road illumination;

      (82) "State" means any state of the United States and the District of Columbia unless the context indicates a more specific reference to the state of Connecticut;

      (83) "Stop" means complete cessation of movement;

      (84) "Tail lamp" means a lighting device affixed to the rear of a motor vehicle showing a red light to the rear and indicating the presence of the motor vehicle when viewed from behind;

      (85) "Tank vehicle" means any commercial motor vehicle designed to transport any liquid or gaseous material within a tank that is either permanently or temporarily attached to the vehicle or its chassis which shall include, but not be limited to, a cargo tank and portable tank, as defined in 49 CFR 383.5, as amended, provided it shall not include a portable tank with a rated capacity not to exceed one thousand gallons;

      (86) "Tractor" or "truck tractor" means a motor vehicle designed and used for drawing a semitrailer;

      (87) "Tractor-trailer unit" means a combination of a tractor and a trailer or a combination of a tractor and a semitrailer;

      (88) "Trailer" means any rubber-tired vehicle without motive power drawn or propelled by a motor vehicle;

      (89) "Truck" means a motor vehicle designed, used or maintained primarily for the transportation of property;

      (90) "Ultimate consumer" means, with respect to a motor vehicle, the first person, other than a dealer, who in good faith purchases the motor vehicle for purposes other than resale;

      (91) "United States" means the fifty states and the District of Columbia;

      (92) "Used motor vehicle" includes any motor vehicle which has been previously separately registered by an ultimate consumer;

      (93) "Utility trailer" means a trailer designed and used to transport personal property, materials or equipment, whether or not permanently affixed to the bed of the trailer, with a manufacturer's GVWR of ten thousand pounds or less;

      (94) "Vanpool vehicle" includes all motor vehicles, the primary purpose of which is the daily transportation, on a prearranged nonprofit basis, of individuals between home and work, and which: (A) If owned by or leased to a person, or to an employee of the person, or to an employee of a local, state or federal government unit or agency located in Connecticut, are manufactured and equipped in such manner as to provide a seating capacity of at least seven but not more than fifteen individuals, or (B) if owned by or leased to a regional ride-sharing organization in the state recognized by the Commissioner of Transportation, are manufactured and equipped in such manner as to provide a seating capacity of at least six but not more than nineteen individuals;

      (95) "Vehicle" includes any device suitable for the conveyance, drawing or other transportation of persons or property, whether operated on wheels, runners, a cushion of air or by any other means. The term does not include devices propelled or drawn by human power or devices used exclusively on tracks;

      (96) "Vehicle identification number" or "VIN" means a series of Arabic numbers and Roman letters that is assigned to each new motor vehicle that is manufactured within or imported into the United States, in accordance with the provisions of 49 CFR 565, unless another sequence of numbers and letters has been assigned to a motor vehicle by the commissioner, in accordance with the provisions of section 14-149;

      (97) "Wrecker" means a vehicle which is registered, designed, equipped and used for the purposes of towing or transporting wrecked or disabled motor vehicles for compensation or for related purposes by a person, firm or corporation licensed in accordance with the provisions of subpart (D) of part III of this chapter or a vehicle contracted for the consensual towing or transporting of one or more motor vehicles to or from a place of sale, purchase, salvage or repair;

      (98) "Camp vehicle" means any motor vehicle that is regularly used to transport persons under eighteen years of age in connection with the activities of any youth camp, as defined in section 19a-420.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2350; 1953, S. 1278d, 1281d; 1955, S. 1279d, 1280d; 1959, P.A. 162; 283, S. 1; 1961, P.A. 233, S. 10; 1963, P.A. 560; February, 1965, P.A. 414, S. 1; 448, S. 1, 2, 3; 1967, P.A. 454, S. 1; 799; 821; 1969, P.A. 189; 569, S. 1; 1971, P.A. 355, S. 1, 2; 416, S. 2; 629; 740, S. 1; 848, S. 1, 2; 1972, P.A. 255, S. 1; P.A. 73-676, S. 1; P.A. 75-253, S. 1, 2; P.A. 76-250, S. 2, 3, 4; P.A. 77-67; P.A. 79-25, S. 1; 79-175, S. 2, 3; 79-244, S. 1, 5, 6; 79-627, S. 5, 6; P.A. 80-466, S. 2, 25; P.A. 81-394, S. 1; P.A. 82-460, S. 1, 2, 9; 82-472, S. 39, 183; P.A. 83-224, S. 1, 2; 83-278; 83-431, S. 2; 83-587, S. 67, 96; P.A. 84-429, S. 1; 84-546, S. 37, 173; P.A. 86-383, S. 1, 6; P.A. 88-245, S. 1, 7; P.A. 90-263, S. 1, 74; P.A. 91-272, S. 5, 8; P.A. 93-341, S. 1, 38; P.A. 95-79, S. 39, 189; 95-314, S. 4; P.A. 97-236, S. 23, 27; P.A. 99-268, S. 1, 2, 29; P.A. 00-35, S. 1; 00-99, S. 44, 154; 00-169, S. 22, 35; P.A. 02-70, S. 1, 17; P.A. 03-265, S. 5; P.A. 04-199, S. 7; 04-217, S. 1; P.A. 05-218, S. 2, 3, 15, 16, 42, 43; P.A. 06-130, S. 15; P.A. 07-167, S. 1-3, 38.)

      History: 1959 acts added Subsecs. (21) and (51); 1961 act redefined "used or secondhand motor vehicle" in and added definitions of "new motor vehicle" and "ultimate consumer" to Subsec. (55); 1963 act redefined "second" or "subsequent" violation in Subsec. (44); 1965 acts added snow and lawn machines to Subsec. (26), "driver" to Subsec. (32) and Subsecs. (6), (14), (23), (39), (48) and (54); 1967 acts added Subsecs. (57) and (58) defining "tractor" or "truck tractor" and "wrecker" or "wrecker vehicle" and redefined "resident" in Subsec. (42) to delete persons carrying on business or engaged in occupation for more than six months a year; 1969 acts redefined "motor vehicle" in Subsec. (26) to exclude golf carts and added Subsec. (59) defining "farm implements"; 1971 acts redefined "gross weight" in Subsec. (14) to include special provision re tractor-trailer units, redefined "officer" in Subsec. (31) to include sheriffs and deputy sheriffs, redefined "manufacturer" in Subsec. (22), redefined "vehicle" in Subsec. (56) to include vehicles operated on cushions of air and to delete requirement that machine be suitable for use on highways and added Subsecs. (60) and (61) defining "tractor-trailer unit" and "limited access highway"; 1972 act redefined "manufacturer" in Subsec. (22) to include distributor of vehicles to new car dealers; P.A. 73-676 added Subsec. (62) defining "minibike" or "minicycle"; P.A. 75-253 redefined "motorcycle" to exclude vehicles with wholly or partially enclosed drivers' seat with motor outside enclosed area; P.A. 76-250 excluded bicycles with helper motors in Subsecs. (25) defining "motorcycle" and Subsec. (26) defining "motor vehicle"; P.A. 77-67 redefined "motor vehicles" in Subsec. (26) to delete requirement that vehicle be suitable for operation on a highway, to exclude vehicles used at mass transit facilities other than railroads and vehicles not suitable for operation on highway; P.A. 79-25 added Subsecs. (63) and (64) defining "antique, rare or special interest motor vehicle" and "modified antique motor vehicle"; P.A. 79-175 added Subsec. (65) defining "vanpool vehicle"; P.A. 79-244 also added Subsec. (65) re vanpool vehicles and excluded vanpool vehicles from definitions of "public service motor vehicle" and "service bus" in Subsecs. (40) and (46); P.A. 79-627 included gasohol in Subsec. (12) defining "fuels", effective July 1, 1979, and applicable to fuel sold on or after that date; P.A. 80-466 amended definition of "motor vehicle registration" in Subsec. (27) to reflect use of single license plate; P.A. 81-394 added Subdiv. (66) defining "high-mileage vehicle"; P.A. 82-460 redefined "passenger motor vehicle" to specify applicability to vehicles capable of carrying not more than ten passengers, redefined "commercial motor vehicle", deleting limitations re use in business of registrant and propulsion method and redefined "passenger and commercial motor vehicle", deleting requirement that vehicles be "designed for use" for passenger and commercial purposes; P.A. 82-472 made technical corrections in definition of "high-mileage vehicle"; P.A. 83-224 amended Subdiv. (26) to exclude from the definition of a motor vehicle, golf cart type vehicles operated by state employees on state institution grounds; P.A. 83-278 amended Subdiv. (65) to include in definition of "vanpool vehicle" certain vehicles owned by or leased to recognized regional ride-sharing organizations; P.A. 83-431 amended Subdiv. (26) to exclude from the definition of a motor vehicle, special mobile equipment as defined in Sec. 14-165 (i); P.A. 83-587 made technical change in Subdiv. (12); P.A. 84-429 deleted the definition of "curb" in Subsec. (9), "distributor" in Subsec. (11), "head light" in Subsec. (15), "intersection" in Subsec. (18), "motor vehicle registration" in Subsec. (27), "rotary traffic island" in Subsec. (43), "secondhand motor vehicle" in Subsec. (55) and "wrecker vehicle" in Subsec. (58), transferred definition of "head lamp" from Subsec. (15) to (16), "registration" from Subsec. (27) to (45), "used motor vehicle" from Subsec. (55) to (62), "new motor vehicle" from Subsec. (55) to (31), "ultimate consumer" from Subsec. (55) to (61) and "wrecker" from Subsec. (58) to (65), added Subsec. (4) from Sec. 14-1a, renumbered the remaining Subsecs. as follows: (2) to (3), (3) to (5), (4) to (6), (5) to (7), (6) to (8), (7) to (9), (8) to (10), (10) to (11), (12) to (13), (13) to (14), (14) to (15), (16) to (18), (17) to (19), (19) to (20), (20) to (22), (21) to (23), (22) to (24), (23) to (25), (24) to (28), (25) to (29), (26) to (30), (28) to (32), (29) to (33), (30) to (34), (31) to (35), (32) to (36), (33) to (37), (34) to (38), (35) to (40), (36) to (39), (37) to (41), (38) to (42), (39) to (43), (40) to (44), (41) to (46), (42) to (47), (44) to (48), (45) to (49), (46) to (50), (47) to (51), (48) to (52), (49) to (53), (50) to (54), (51) to (55), (52) to (56), (53) to (59), (54) to (60), (56) to (64), (59) to (12), (60) to (58), (61) to (21), (62) to (2), (63) to (27), (64) to (63) and (66) to (17), and rephrased renumbered Subsec. (10) re definition of "commissioner"; P.A. 84-546 redefined "commissioner" to include deputy commissioner of motor vehicles, attorney general and any assistant to motor vehicles commissioner, but did not take effect, P.A. 84-429 having taken precedence; P.A. 86-383 redefined "commercial motor vehicle" in Subdiv. (9) to include vehicles transporting other passengers with their necessary personal belongings; P.A. 88-245 made technical change to definition of "commissioner" in Subsec. (10); P.A. 90-263 subdivided the section into Subsecs. (a) and (b), in Subsec (a) amending Subdiv. (7) to substitute recreational for pleasure purposes and to delete phrase "used for the purpose of transporting personal property of the owner", amending Subdiv. (8) to redefine "camper" as any motor vehicle designed or permanently altered in such a way as to provide temporary living quarters for travel, camping or recreational purposes, amending Subdiv. (9) to delete definition of "commercial motor vehicle" and insert definition of "combination registration", adding new definitions of "commercial driver's license" in Subdiv. (10), "commercial motor vehicle" in Subdiv. (11), "commercial registration" in Subdiv. (12), "commercial trailer" in Subdiv. (13), "controlled substance" in Subdiv. (15), "conviction" in Subdiv. (16), "disqualification" in Subdiv. (18), "drive" in Subdiv. (19), "driver" in Subdiv. (20), "driver's license" in Subdiv. (21), "employee" in Subdiv. (22), "employer" in Subdiv. (23), "felony" in Subdiv. (25), "foreign jurisdiction" in Subdiv. (26), "gross weight rating" in Subdiv. (29), "hazardous materials" in Subdiv. (31), "motor home" in Subdiv. (45), "nonresident commercial driver's license" in Subdiv. (50), "out-of-service order" in Subdiv. (55), "passenger registration" in Subdiv. (60), "recreational vehicle" in Subdiv. (64), "serious traffic violation" in Subdiv. (70), "state" in Subdiv. (76), "tank vehicle" in Subdiv. (79), "United States" in Subdiv. (85), and "utility trailer" in Subdiv. (87) and renumbering the other Subdivs. accordingly, amending definition of "motor bus" in Subdiv. (44), formerly Subdiv. (28), to include any motor vehicle, except a taxicab, deleting reference to public service motor vehicle, amending definition of "operator" in Subdiv. (54), formerly Subdiv. (36), to include a driver, amending definition of "passenger and commercial motor vehicle" in Subdiv. (58), formerly Subdiv. (39), to include vehicles eligible for combination registration, amending definition of "passenger motor vehicle" in Subdiv. (59), formerly Subdiv. (40), to delete former provisions and insert new provisions concerning use, design and capacity, amending definition of "person" in Subdiv. (61), formerly Subdiv. (41), to specifically exclude the state or any political subdivision thereof, amending definition of "pole trailer" in Subdiv. (63), formerly Subdiv. (43), to delete reference to commercial motor vehicle, and deleting definition of "public service motor vehicle" in Subdiv. (44), and inserting new language in Subsec. (b) re meaning of term "public passenger transportation permit"; P.A. 91-272 amended exception to definition of "commercial motor vehicle" in Subsec. (a)(11)(B) to include vehicles designed to transport "more than" ten passengers and used to transport students under twenty-one to and from school; P.A. 93-341 amended definition of "commercial driver's license" by deleting the reference to a "Class 1" license and reference to Sec. 14-36a, redefined "commercial motor vehicle" to exclude vehicles used "within one hundred fifty miles of a farm in connection with the operation of such farm" and recreational vehicles "in private use", redefined "serious traffic violation" to add a new Subpara. (E) re accident resulting in death, redefined "service bus" to include "school bus" and added definition of "school bus", renumbering previously existing Subdivs. of Subsec. (a) as necessary and made technical change in Subsec. (b), effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 95-79 amended Subsec. (a)(61) by redefining "person" to include a limited liability company, effective May 31, 1995; P.A. 95-314 amended Subsec. (a)(69) to provide that a "second" or "subsequent" violation is one committed within "three" years after date of arrest resulting in a previous conviction for the same offense, in lieu of five years, and to redefine term in the case of a violation of Sec. 14-215, 14-224 or 14-227a(a); P.A. 97-236 redefined "service bus" to require that school bus be "regularly used" to carry eight or more persons, effective June 24, 1997; P.A. 99-268 redefined "motorcycle" in Subsec. (a)(46) to exclude a vehicle "designed to have" a completely enclosed driver's seat in lieu of a vehicle having a completely "or partially" enclosed driver's seat, redefined "serious traffic violation" in Subsec. (a)(71) by changing from a violation of "sections 14-230 to 14-237, inclusive" to a violation of "section 14-236" in Subpara. (D) and redefined "service bus" in Subsec. (a)(72) to increase the minimum number of persons such vehicle may carry from "eight or more persons" to "ten or more passengers"; P.A. 00-35 redefined "wrecker" in Subsec. (a)(91) to delete "exclusively" following "equipped and used" and to add "by a person, firm or corporation licensed in accordance with the provisions of subdivision (D) of part III of this chapter"; P.A. 00-99 replaced reference to sheriff and deputy sheriff in Subsec. (a)(53) with state marshal, effective December 1, 2000; P.A. 00-169 redefined "person" in Subsec. (a)(61) to include a business trust and revised effective date of P.A. 99-268 but without affecting this section; P.A. 02-70 amended Subsec. (a)(9) to add "rating", substituted "place of residence" for "legal residence" and provide that such residence be occupied for more than six months in a year in Subdiv. (67), added new Subdiv. (91) re definition of "vehicle identification number" or "VIN", redesignated existing Subdiv. (91) as Subdiv. (92) and made technical changes in Subdivs. (4), (17), (40), (53) and (55), effective July 1, 2002, and amended Subsec. (a)(40) to add "new" and replace "under section 14-12, who offers the motor vehicles" with "by the commissioner, for operation upon any highway, which are offered" in Subpara. (A) and to make a technical change in Subpara. (B) (Revisor's note: The reference in Subsec. (a)(92) to "subdivision (D)" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "subpart (D)" for clarity of reference); P.A. 03-265 redefined "passenger motor vehicle" in Subdiv. (59); P.A. 04-199 defined "pick-up truck", made technical changes and renumbered subdivs. in Subsec. (a), effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-217 defined "activity vehicle", "commercial driver's license information system", "fatality", "imminent hazard" and "National Driver Registry", redefined "disqualification", "school bus" and "serious traffic violation", made technical changes and renumbered subdivs. in Subsec. (a), effective January 1, 2005; P.A. 05-218 amended Subsec. (a)(10) by substituting "twelve thousand five hundred" for "ten thousand" and amended Subsec. (a)(67) by deleting "and having a gross vehicle weight rating of less than ten thousand pounds" and, effective July 1, 2005, amended Subsec. (a)(3) by changing "twenty-five" to "twenty", amended Subsec. (a)(44) by adding "except a utility trailer", amended Subsec. (a)(47) by changing "twenty-five" to "twenty" and making a technical change, and added Subsec. (a)(99) defining "camp vehicle"; P.A. 06-130 amended Subsec. (a) by redefining "commercial motor vehicle" in Subdiv. (13), redefining "gross vehicle weight rating" in Subdiv. (32), redefining "hazardous materials" in Subdiv. (34), deleting former Subdiv. (46) re definition of "minibike or minicycle", renumbering Subdivs. (47) to (50) as (46) to (49), inclusive, adding "mini-motorcycle" to definition of "motor vehicle" and renumbering it as Subdiv. (50), renumbering Subdivs. (52) to (97) as (51) to (96), inclusive, redefining "wrecker" and renumbering it as Subdiv. (97) and renumbering Subdiv. (99) as (98), effective June 2, 2006; P.A. 07-167 made technical changes in Subsec. (a)(13), (24) and (50), effective June 25, 2007, and deleted Subsec. (a) designator and former Subsec. (b) re definition of "public passenger transportation permit", effective July 1, 2007.

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PART II
DEPARTMENT OF MOTOR VEHICLES

      Sec. 14-9a. Criminal background checks for employment with department. The Department of Motor Vehicles shall, subject to the provisions of section 31-51i, require each external applicant for a position of employment with the department (1) to state whether the applicant has ever been convicted of a crime, to state whether criminal charges are pending against the applicant at the time of the application and, if so, to identify the charges and court in which they are pending, and (2) if offered employment with the department, to be fingerprinted and to submit to state and national criminal history records checks. The criminal history records checks required by this section shall be in accordance with section 29-17a.

      (P.A. 07-167, S. 13.)

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      Sec. 14-10. Definitions. Records. Disclosure of personal information and highly restricted personal information contained in motor vehicle records. Regulations. (a) For the purposes of this section:

      (1) "Disclose" means to engage in any practice or conduct to make available and make known, by any means of communication, personal information or highly restricted personal information contained in a motor vehicle record pertaining to an individual to any other individual, organization or entity;

      (2) "Motor vehicle record" means any record that pertains to an operator's license, learner's permit, identity card, registration, certificate of title or any other document issued by the Department of Motor Vehicles;

      (3) "Personal information" means information that identifies an individual and includes an individual's photograph or computerized image, Social Security number, operator's license number, name, address other than the zip code, telephone number, or medical or disability information, but does not include information on motor vehicle accidents or violations, or information relative to the status of an operator's license, registration or insurance coverage;

      (4) "Highly restricted personal information" means an individual's photograph or computerized image, Social Security number or medical or disability information; and

      (5) "Express consent" means an affirmative agreement given by the individual who is the subject of personal information that specifically grants permission to the department to release such information to the requesting party. Such agreement shall (A) be in writing or such other form as the commissioner may determine in regulations adopted in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, and (B) specify a procedure for the individual to withdraw such consent, as provided in regulations adopted in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54.

      (b) A number shall be assigned to each motor vehicle registration and operator's license and a record of all applications for motor vehicle registrations and operators' licenses issued shall be kept by the commissioner at the main office of the Department of Motor Vehicles.

      (c) (1) All records of the Department of Motor Vehicles pertaining to the application for registration, and the registration, of motor vehicles of the current or previous three years shall be maintained by the commissioner at the main office of the department. Any such records over three years old may be destroyed at the discretion of the commissioner. (2) Before disclosing personal information pertaining to an applicant or registrant from such motor vehicle records or allowing the inspection of any such record containing such personal information in the course of any transaction conducted at such main office, the commissioner shall ascertain whether such disclosure is authorized under subsection (f) of this section, and require the person or entity making the request to (A) complete an application that shall be on a form prescribed by the commissioner, and (B) provide two forms of acceptable identification. An attorney-at-law admitted to practice in this state may provide his or her juris number to the commissioner in lieu of the requirements of subparagraph (B) of this subdivision. The commissioner may disclose such personal information or permit the inspection of such record containing such information only if such disclosure is authorized under subsection (f) of this section.

      (d) The commissioner may disclose personal information from a motor vehicle record pertaining to an operator's license or a driving history or permit the inspection or copying of any such record or history containing such information in the course of any transaction conducted at the main office of the department only if such disclosure is authorized under subsection (f) of this section. Any such records over five years old may be destroyed at the discretion of the commissioner.

      (e) In the event (1) a federal court judge, federal court magistrate or judge of the Superior Court, Appellate Court or Supreme Court of the state, (2) a member of a municipal police department or a member of the Division of State Police within the Department of Public Safety, (3) an employee of the Department of Correction, (4) an attorney-at-law who represents or has represented the state in a criminal prosecution, (5) a member or employee of the Board of Pardons and Paroles, (6) a judicial branch employee regularly engaged in court-ordered enforcement or investigatory activities, (7) a federal law enforcement officer who works and resides in this state, or (8) a state referee under section 52-434, submits a written request and furnishes such individual's business address to the commissioner, such business address only shall be disclosed or available for public inspection to the extent authorized by this section.

      (f) The commissioner may disclose personal information from a motor vehicle record to:

      (1) Any federal, state or local government agency in carrying out its functions or to any individual or entity acting on behalf of any such agency, or

      (2) Any individual, organization or entity that signs and files with the commissioner, under penalty of false statement as provided in section 53a-157b, a statement on a form approved by the commissioner, together with such supporting documentation or information as the commissioner may require, that such information will be used for any of the following purposes:

      (A) In connection with matters of motor vehicle or driver safety and theft, motor vehicle emissions, motor vehicle product alterations, recalls or advisories, performance monitoring of motor vehicles and dealers by motor vehicle manufacturers, motor vehicle market research activities including survey research, motor vehicle product and service communications and removal of nonowner records from the original owner records of motor vehicle manufacturers to implement the provisions of the federal Automobile Information Disclosure Act, 15 USC 1231 et seq., the Clean Air Act, 42 USC 7401 et seq., and 49 USC Chapters 301, 305 and 321 to 331, inclusive, as amended from time to time, and any provision of the general statutes enacted to attain compliance with said federal provisions;

      (B) In the normal course of business by the requesting party, but only to confirm the accuracy of personal information submitted by the individual to the requesting party;

      (C) In connection with any civil, criminal, administrative or arbitral proceeding in any court or government agency or before any self-regulatory body, including the service of process, an investigation in anticipation of litigation by an attorney-at-law or any individual acting on behalf of an attorney-at-law and the execution or enforcement of judgments and orders, or pursuant to an order of any court provided the requesting party is a party in interest to such proceeding;

      (D) In connection with matters of motor vehicle or driver safety and theft, motor vehicle emissions, motor vehicle product alterations, recalls or advisories, performance monitoring of motor vehicles and motor vehicle parts and dealers, producing statistical reports and removal of nonowner records from the original owner records of motor vehicle manufacturers, provided the personal information is not published, disclosed or used to contact individuals except as permitted under subparagraph (A) of this subdivision;

      (E) By any insurer or insurance support organization or by a self-insured entity or its agents, employees or contractors, in connection with the investigation of claims arising under insurance policies, antifraud activities, rating or underwriting;

      (F) In providing any notice required by law to owners or lienholders named in the certificate of title of towed, abandoned or impounded motor vehicles;

      (G) By an employer or its agent or insurer to obtain or verify information relating to a holder of a passenger endorsement or commercial driver's license required under 49 USC Chapter 313, and sections 14-44 to 14-44m, inclusive;

      (H) In connection with any lawful purpose of a labor organization, as defined in section 31-77, provided (i) such organization has entered into a contract with the commissioner, on such terms and conditions as the commissioner may require, and (ii) the information will be used only for the purposes specified in the contract other than campaign or political purposes;

      (I) For bulk distribution for surveys, marketing or solicitations provided the commissioner has obtained the express consent of the individual to whom such personal information pertains;

      (J) For the purpose of preventing fraud by verifying the accuracy of personal information contained in a motor vehicle record, including an individual's photograph or computerized image, as submitted by an individual to a legitimate business or an agent, employee or contractor of a legitimate business, provided the individual has provided express consent in accordance with subdivision (5) of subsection (a) of this section;

      (K) Inclusion of personal information about persons who have indicated consent to become organ and tissue donors in a donor registry established by a procurement organization, as defined in section 19a-279a;

      (L) By any private detective or private detective licensed in accordance with the provisions of chapter 534, in connection with an investigation involving matters concerning motor vehicles.

      (g) Any person receiving personal information from a motor vehicle record pursuant to subsection (f) of this section shall be entitled to use such information for any of the purposes set forth in said subsection.

      (h) Notwithstanding any provision of this section, the disclosure of personal information from a motor vehicle record pursuant to subsection (f) of this section shall be subject to the provisions of section 14-50a concerning (1) the fees that shall be charged for copies of or information pertaining to motor vehicle records and (2) the authority of the commissioner to establish fees for information furnished on a volume basis in accordance with such terms and conditions regarding the use and distribution of such information as the commissioner may prescribe.

      (i) Notwithstanding any provision of this section that restricts or prohibits the disclosure of personal information from a motor vehicle record, the commissioner may disclose personal information contained in any such record to any individual who is the subject of such personal information or to any person who certifies under penalty of false statement that such person has obtained the express consent of the subject of such personal information.

      (j) Notwithstanding any provision of this section that permits the disclosure of personal information from a motor vehicle record, the commissioner may disclose highly restricted personal information contained in any such record only in accordance with the provisions of 18 USC 2721 et seq., as amended.

      (k) The commissioner may adopt regulations in accordance with chapter 54 to implement the provisions of this section.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2359; P.A. 76-263, S. 2, 9; 76-402, S. 2, 3; P.A. 84-429, S. 2; P.A. 89-228; P.A. 90-230, S. 20, 101; P.A. 94-206, S. 1; P.A. 97-266, S. 1, 2; P.A. 99-77, S. 2; 99-232, S. 1; 99-268, S. 28; P.A. 00-169, S. 22, 33, 36; P.A. 02-70, S. 49; P.A. 03-265, S. 6, 7; P.A. 04-122, S. 2; 04-143, S. 17; 04-199, S. 28; 04-234, S. 2; 04-257, S. 115; P.A. 05-108, S. 3; P.A. 07-167, S. 6, 36; June Sp. Sess. 07-5, S. 30.)

      History: P.A. 76-263 removed operator's licenses from former provisions and removed provision re confidentiality of records and created new Subsecs. (b) and (c) re operator's licenses and confidentiality of records; P.A. 76-402 deleted Subsec. (c) re confidentiality of records; P.A. 84-429 added new Subsec. (a) re number assignments and records from Subsec. (a) of Sec. 14-42, relettered Subsecs. and made other technical changes; P.A. 89-228 added a new Subsec. (d), restricting public access to the residential address of a judge, magistrate or policeman; P.A. 90-230 made technical corrections to Subsec. (d); P.A. 94-206 added extensive provisions to Subsec. (b) concerning procedure for disclosure of motor vehicle department records, added provisions in Subsec. (c) detailing to whom operator license or driver history may be disclosed, added Subsec. (d)(3) and (4) and made some technical changes in order to conform the Subsec. to the revised language of the section, and added a new Subsec. (e) re inapplicability of section's provisions; (Revisor's note: In 1997 references throughout the general statutes to "Motor Vehicle(s) Commissioner" and "Motor Vehicle(s) Department" were replaced editorially by the Revisors with "Commissioner of Motor Vehicles" or "Department of Motor Vehicles", as the case may be, for consistency with customary statutory usage); P.A. 97-266 inserted new language in Subsec. (a), defining "disclose", "motor vehicle record", "personal information" and "consent"; relettered former Subsec. (a) as (b) and added provision requiring notice re disclosure of personal information to be included on each form for issuance or renewal of registration, operator's license and identity card; relettered former Subsec. (b) as (c), deleted requirement in Subdiv. (1) that records re registration be open to public inspection at main office during office hours, substituting provision that such records be maintained by the commissioner at main office, restated provisions of Subdiv. (2), substituting "personal information" for name, address or registration number, requiring in the course of any transaction conducted at main office that commissioner ascertain whether individual who is the subject of request has elected to allow disclosure, eliminating requirement that commissioner mail notice of application to individual who is the subject of the request and make disclosure or permit inspection at least seven days after receipt of completed application, eliminating exemption from provisions of Subdiv. for federal, state or local agency, adding provision allowing commissioner to disclose personal information or permit inspection of such record only if individual who is the subject of the request has elected to allow disclosure and making technical changes; relettered former Subsec. (c) as (d) and restated provisions of Subsec., allowing commissioner to disclose personal information from a record re operator's license or driving history or permit inspection or copying in the course of any transaction conducted at main office only if individual who is the subject of the request has elected to allow disclosure, deleting Subdivs. (1) to (3), inclusive, and making technical changes; relettered former Subsec. (d) as (e), eliminating phrase "Notwithstanding the provisions of subsections (b) and (c) of this section" and making a technical change; deleted former Subsec. (e), added Subsecs. (f) to (i), inclusive, re disclosure and use of personal information and added Subsec. (j), authorizing the adoption of regulations, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 99-77 added Subsec. (e)(5) permitting a member or employee of the Board of Parole to request that only his business address be disclosed or available for public inspection; P.A. 99-232 amended Subsec. (b) to delete requirement that not later than July 1, 1998, each form for issuance or renewal of a motor vehicle registration, operator's license or identity card contain the specified notice and consent form re disclosure of personal information and to delete such notice and consent form, amended Subsecs. (c) and (d) to substitute "such disclosure is authorized under subsection (f) of this section" for "the individual who is the subject of the request has elected to allow disclosure", amended Subsec. (f) to delete language notwithstanding the provisions of Subsecs. (c) and (d), to delete reference to any person contracting with the department, and to amend Subdiv. (2)(D) to reference "motor vehicle product and service communications", and throughout section made provisions gender neutral and substituted "that" for "which"; P.A. 99-268 added new Subsec. (i) prohibiting sale of photographs or computerized images on or before June 30, 2000, and relettered existing Subsecs. (i) and (j) as Subsecs. (j) and (k), respectively; P.A. 00-169 deleted the definition of "consent" in Subdiv. (a)(4) and replaced it with "express consent", defined to mean "an affirmative agreement", and required that such agreement be in writing, and prescribed the procedure for withdrawal of such consent, replaced the provision in Subdiv. (h)(I) that an individual be required to prohibit personal information from being distributed with a provision requiring an individual to give express consent for personal information to be distributed, added Subdiv. (h)(J) re prevention of fraud, deleted Subsec. (i) re prohibition on the sale of photographs or computerized images, relettered Subsecs. (j) and (k) as (i) and (j), respectively, and in Subsec. (i), required express consent from the subject of such personal information, effective June 1, 2000, and revised effective date of P.A. 99-268 but without affecting this section; P.A. 02-70 amended Subsec. (a)(1) to add "highly restricted personal information" within definition of "disclose", added new Subdiv. (4) defining "highly restricted personal information" and redesignated existing Subdiv. (4) as Subdiv. (5), amended Subsec. (c)(2) to make a technical change for purposes of gender neutrality, added new Subsec. (j) authorizing commissioner to disclose highly restricted personal information contained in a motor vehicle record only in accordance with 18 USC 2721 et seq. and redesignated existing Subsec. (j) as Subsec. (k), effective June 3, 2002; P.A. 03-265 amended Subsec. (c)(2) to delete former Subpara. (C) re payment of fee to commissioner for disclosure of personal information from motor vehicle records, and, effective July 1, 2003, amended Subsec. (f)(2)(A) to change references to federal acts, amended Subsec. (f)(2)(C) to limit commissioner's disclosure of personal information from motor vehicle record in connection with investigation in anticipation of litigation to attorney-at-law or individual acting on behalf of attorney-at-law, amended Subsec. (f)(2)(G) to change reference to federal act, and made a technical change in Subsec. (f)(2)(J); P.A. 04-122 added Subsec. (f)(2)(K) allowing disclosure of personal information to procurement organizations; P.A. 04-143 made a technical change in Subsec. (f)(2)(A), effective May 21, 2004; P.A. 04-199 amended Subsec. (f)(2) to transfer "motor vehicle market research activities including survey research, motor vehicle product and service communications" from Subpara. (D) to Subpara. (A) and to include "producing statistical reports" in Subpara. (D), effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-234 replaced Board of Parole with Board of Pardons and Paroles in Subsec. (e)(5), effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-257 amended Subsec. (e)(5) to delete reference to an "employee" of the Board of Parole, effective June 14, 2004; P.A. 05-108 amended Subsec. (e)(5) to restore reference to an "employee" of the Board of Pardons and Paroles, effective June 7, 2005; P.A. 07-167 amended Subsec. (e) by adding Subdivs. (6) to (8) re business address of judicial branch employee regularly engaged in court-ordered enforcement or investigatory activities, federal law enforcement officer who works and resides in this state, and state referee and added Subsec. (f)(2)(L) re use of information by private detective in connection with investigation re motor vehicle matters; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-5 made technical changes in Subsec. (e)(8).

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PART III
REGISTRATION AND LICENSES

(A)

REGISTRATION OF MOTOR VEHICLES

      Sec. 14-12h. Maintenance and compilation of record of all suspended registrations. Availability. Stop and detain procedures. Removal of plates. Seizure, impoundment and forfeiture of vehicle. (a) The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles shall compile and maintain a record of all registrations suspended in accordance with the provisions of sections 14-12c and 14-12g. The commissioner shall update the information contained in such record not less than once per week and shall make available to all law enforcement agencies in this state a list of all registration number plates for vehicles whose registration has been suspended. Such list shall contain the number plate numbers, letters or number and letter combinations and the address at which the vehicle was registered. The commissioner may make available the entire list or a portion thereof and may utilize one or more formats for presenting the information contained therein to facilitate its use.

      (b) (1) If any police officer observes a motor vehicle being operated upon the public highway, and such motor vehicle is displaying registration number plates identified as suspended on the list made available by the commissioner, such police officer may (A) stop or detain such vehicle and its occupants, (B) issue to the operator a complaint for operating an unregistered motor vehicle, or expired registration if the vehicle is not being operated, in violation of section 14-12, and (C) remove the registration number plates from the vehicle and return them to any branch office of the Department of Motor Vehicles. If any police officer, motor vehicle inspector or constable observes a motor vehicle parked in any parking area, as defined in section 14-212, and such motor vehicle is displaying registration number plates identified as suspended on the list made available by the commissioner, such police officer, motor vehicle inspector or constable is authorized to remove the registration number plates from the vehicle and to return them to any branch office of the Department of Motor Vehicles. If a number plate is identified as suspended on the list provided by the commissioner and such identification is in error, the state shall indemnify any police officer, motor vehicle inspector or constable for any claim for damages made against that individual as a result of such individual's good faith reliance on the accuracy of the list provided by the commissioner regarding the confiscation of number plates.

      (2) If any police officer observes a motor vehicle being operated upon the public highway or parked in any parking area, as defined in section 14-212, displaying registration number plates identified on the list made available by the commissioner as being suspended, such police officer may seize and impound the vehicle. If a police officer seizes and impounds a vehicle pursuant to this subdivision, such officer shall give notice to the commissioner in such form as the commissioner may require. The police officer shall give such notice not later than three days after seizing and impounding the vehicle.

      (c) Any motor vehicle which has been impounded in accordance with the provisions of subdivision (2) of subsection (b) of this section that is not reclaimed by the owner of such motor vehicle within forty-five days after impounding, shall be subject to forfeiture to the state.

      (P.A. 93-298, S. 4, 11; P.A. 97-226, S. 1; P.A. 98-215, S. 2; P.A. 99-232, S. 2; P.A. 00-99, S. 45, 154; P.A. 01-195, S. 18, 181; P.A. 05-282, S. 3; P.A. 06-196, S. 280; P.A. 07-167, S. 15.)

      History: P.A. 93-298 effective January 1, 1994; P.A. 97-226 amended Subsec. (c) to require confiscation fee remitted to governmental entity to be deposited in Asset Forfeiture Fund and if there is no such fund, in the general fund of such entity; P.A. 98-215 amended Subsec. (b) to make technical changes, insert Subdiv. and Subpara. designators and add new language as Subdiv. (b)(2) re seizure, impoundment and notice to commissioner, amended Subdiv. (c)(4) to increase restoration fee from $100 to $250 for first 31 days of cancellation, and $5 per additional day up to 90 days or $545, and to allow commissioner to reduce fee to $100 if he finds that vehicle was not operated, and added new Subsec. (d) re owner's ability to regain possession and re forfeiture for vehicle impounded more than 45 days (Revisor's note: In Subsec. (c) the phrase "... if the number plates of the vehicle whose registration was cancelled has been confiscated, ..." was changed editorially by the Revisors to "... if the number plates of the vehicle whose registration was cancelled have been confiscated, ..."); P.A. 99-232 deleted Subsec. (c)(3) re requirement that owner furnish proof of financial responsibility for not less than one year, in accordance with Sec. 14-112, redesignating former Subdiv. (4) as (3), and substituted "the owner's name" for "his name" and "the owner" for "such owner"; P.A. 00-99 deleted references to sheriff and deputy sheriff in Subsecs. (b) and (c), effective December 1, 2000; P.A. 01-195 made technical changes in Subsec. (b) for the purposes of gender neutrality, effective July 11, 2001; P.A. 05-282 changed "cancelled" to "suspended" throughout, amended Subsec. (a) by replacing reference to Secs. 14-12f to 14-12k, 38a-343 and 38a-343a with reference to Sec. 14-12g, amended Subsec. (b)(1)(B) by deleting "an infractions" and amended Subsec. (c) by deleting provisions re procedure for acquiring new or renewal registration after cancellation; P.A. 06-196 made technical changes in Subsec. (c), effective June 7, 2006; P.A. 07-167 deleted former Subsec. (c) re confiscation fee, redesignated existing Subsec. (d) as new Subsec. (c) and amended same by replacing provisions re compliance with former Subsec. (c) with provision re reclamation of vehicle within 45 days after impounding and making conforming changes.

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      Sec. 14-12r. Inspection of vehicle identification number. Before issuing registration for any motor vehicle that has not been previously registered in this state, except a new motor vehicle, the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles may require an inspection of the manufacturer's vehicle identification number. Such an inspection may be performed at any designated official emissions inspection station or by any other business or firm authorized by the commissioner to perform safety inspections in accordance with sections 14-12 and 14-16a or by any motor vehicle dealer or repairer, licensed in accordance with section 14-52 and meeting qualifications established by the commissioner. If the inspection is performed by a licensed dealer or repairer, and is not performed in connection with an official emissions inspection, such dealer or repairer may charge a fee to the owner in an amount not to exceed twenty dollars, provided an affidavit relating to such inspection is furnished to the commissioner in accordance with the provisions of subsection (d) of section 14-99h.

      (P.A. 99-287, S. 3, 9; P.A. 04-199, S. 37; P.A. 07-212, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 99-287 effective July 1, 1999; P.A. 04-199 changed reference to Sec. 14-99h(c) to Sec. 14-99h(d), effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 07-212 added provisions re fee not to exceed $20 for inspection by licensed dealer or repairer not performed in connection with official emissions inspection and re affidavit relating to such inspection.

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      Sec. 14-20c. Number plates for immediate family of residents killed in action with armed forces. The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, at the request of any immediate family member, shall issue a special certificate of registration and a set of number plates memorializing residents of this state who were killed in action while performing active military duty with the armed forces, as defined in section 27-103. Such registration and number plates shall be available for any motor vehicle owned or leased for a period of at least one year. Such number plates shall expire and be renewed as provided in section 14-22. The commissioner shall charge a fee for such plates which shall cover the entire cost of making such plates and which shall be in addition to the fee for registration of such motor vehicle. Such plates shall bear the words "Gold Star Family", and the design of such plates shall be approved by a committee established by the commissioner. For the purposes of this section, "immediate family member" includes a spouse, mother, father, brother, sister, child, grandmother or grandfather of a resident of this state who was killed in action while performing active military duty with the armed forces, as defined in section 27-103.

      (P.A. 07-167, S. 24; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-5, S. 32.)

      History: P.A. 07-167 effective June 25, 2007; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-5 made technical changes, deleted provision re Connecticut service members and added provisions re state residents killed in action while performing active military duty with armed forces, effective October 6, 2007.

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      Sec. 14-25d. Registration of DUKW or similar amphibious vehicle. Restrictions or prohibitions imposed by traffic authority. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles may register a DUKW amphibious vehicle, manufactured by General Motors Corporation during the years 1942 to 1945, inclusive, or similar amphibious vehicle as an antique, rare or special interest motor vehicle, in accordance with the provisions of section 14-20, unless such amphibious vehicle has been modified by the addition of seats to transport passengers for hire, in which case the commissioner may issue to the owner of such amphibious vehicle registration for a motor bus, in accordance with the provisions of subsection (d) of section 14-49. No such registration shall be issued until such amphibious vehicle has passed a safety inspection conducted by the Department of Motor Vehicles.

      (b) Any traffic authority, as defined in subdivision (6) of section 14-297, may impose restrictions or prohibitions concerning the use and operation of any such amphibious vehicle registered as a motor bus, on any highway or bridge under its jurisdiction as such traffic authority determines to be necessary for the protection of the passengers of such amphibious vehicle and highway users.

      (P.A. 07-167, S. 39.)

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      Sec. 14-33. Renewal of registration denied for failure to pay motor vehicle property tax or fines for parking violations. Collection of delinquent property tax by commissioner. (a) Subject to the provisions of subsection (e) of this section, if any property tax, or any installment thereof, laid by any city, town, borough or other taxing district upon a registered motor vehicle or snowmobile remains unpaid, the tax collector of such city, town, borough or other taxing district shall notify the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles of such delinquency in accordance with listings and schedules of dates established by the commissioner and on forms prescribed and furnished by the commissioner, specifying the name and address of the person against whom such tax has been assessed, the date when such tax was due and the registration number, if known to the collector. The commissioner shall not issue registration for such motor vehicle or snowmobile for the next registration period if, according to the commissioner's records, it is then owned by the person against whom such tax has been assessed or by any person to whom such vehicle has not been transferred by bona fide sale. Unless notice has been received by the commissioner under the provisions of section 14-33a, no such registration shall be issued until a receipt evidencing the payment of such tax or certificate of abatement of such tax or other satisfactory evidence that the tax obligation has been legally discharged has been presented to the commissioner; nor shall the commissioner register any other motor vehicle or snowmobile in the name of such person until a receipt evidencing the payment of such tax or a certificate of abatement of such tax or other satisfactory evidence that the tax obligation has been legally discharged has been presented to the commissioner, except that the commissioner may continue to register other vehicles owned by a leasing or rental firm licensed pursuant to section 14-15, if the commissioner is satisfied that arrangements have been made to discharge such tax obligation, and may issue such registration to any private owner of three or more paratransit vehicles in direct proportion to the percentage of total tax due on such vehicles which has been paid and notice of payment on which has been received. The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles may immediately suspend all motor vehicle or snowmobile registrations issued in the name of any person (1) who has been reported as delinquent and whose registration was renewed through an error or through the production of false evidence that the delinquent tax had been paid, or (2) who has been reported by a tax collector as having paid a property tax on a motor vehicle or snowmobile with a check which was dishonored by a bank and such tax remains unpaid. Any person aggrieved by any action of the commissioner under this section may appeal therefrom in the manner provided in section 14-134. For the purposes of this subsection, "paratransit vehicle" means a motor bus, taxicab or motor vehicle in livery service operated under a certificate of convenience and necessity issued by the Department of Transportation or by a transit district and which is on call or demand or used for the transportation of passengers for hire.

      (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, in consultation with the Treasurer and the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, may enter into an agreement with the tax collector of any city, town, borough or other taxing district whereby the commissioner shall collect any property tax or any installment thereof on a registered motor vehicle which remains unpaid from any person against whom such tax has been assessed who makes application for registration for such motor vehicle. Each such agreement shall include a procedure for the remission of taxes collected to the city, town, borough or other taxing district, on a regular basis, and may provide that a fee be paid by the city, town, borough or other taxing district to the commissioner to cover any costs associated with the administration of the agreement. In the event an agreement is in effect, the commissioner shall immediately issue a registration for a motor vehicle owned by a person against whom such tax has been assessed upon receipt of payment of such tax and a service fee of two dollars, in addition to the fee prescribed for the renewal of the registration.

      (c) On and after March 1, 1989, any municipality may participate in a program administered by the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles to facilitate the payment of fines for parking violations. If any such municipality elects to participate in such program, it shall provide for a notice of violation to be served personally upon the operator of a motor vehicle who is present at the time of service. If the operator is not present, the notice shall be served upon the owner of the motor vehicle by affixing notice to said vehicle in a conspicuous place. In the case of any motor vehicle that is leased or rented by the owner, not more than thirty days after the initial notice of a parking violation for which a fine remains unpaid at such time, a second notice of violation shall be mailed to the address of record of the owner leasing or renting the motor vehicle to such operator. No fines or penalties shall accrue to the owner of such rented or leased vehicle for the violation for a period of sixty days after the second notice is mailed. Upon receipt of such notification, the owner of such rented or leased vehicle may notify the municipality as to whom the lessee was at the time of such issuance of the notice of violation, the lessee's address, motor vehicle operator's license number and state of issuance, and the municipality shall issue such notice of violation to such lessee. A participating municipality shall notify the commissioner of every owner of a registered motor vehicle who has unpaid fines for more than five parking violations committed within such municipality on and after March 1, 1989. Upon receipt of such notification, the commissioner shall not issue or renew the motor vehicle registration of such person until he receives notification from such municipality that the delinquent fines have been paid.

      (d) The provisions of subsection (c) of this section shall not apply to any person, firm or corporation engaged in the business of leasing or renting motor vehicles without drivers in this state with respect to any motor vehicle which is leased or rented. The commissioner shall adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, to implement the provisions of subsection (c) of this section.

      (e) On and after July 1, 2004, each city and town shall make an annual payment to the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, in an amount determined by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, in order to participate in the program administered by the Department of Motor Vehicles pursuant to subsection (a) of this section. Such amount shall be each city or town's proportionate cost of the administration of said program, to be determined as follows: The number obtained by multiplying said program's administrative cost by a fraction the numerator of which shall be the city or town's population and the denominator of which shall be the population of the state. As used in this section, "population" means the number of persons in the city or town according to the most recent estimate made, pursuant to section 19a-2a, by the Department of Public Health. The commissioner shall, on or before July fifteenth, annually, certify to said secretary the commissioner's cost to administer said program. The secretary shall, on or before August first, annually, notify the chief executive officer of each city and town of the amount such city or town is required to pay to the commissioner and such amount shall be payable not later than September first following said notification date. All amounts received by the commissioner pursuant to this subsection shall be deposited into the General Fund. If a city or town fails to annually pay its proportionate share of said program's administrative cost, the commissioner shall not be required to deny the issuance of a registration, pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, to the person against whom such tax has been assessed by said city or town, or by a borough or other taxing district located therein.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2375; 1959, P.A. 455; 1961, P.A. 233, S. 6; 1967, P.A. 48; 448, S. 2; 1969, P.A. 752, S. 15; P.A. 78-348, S. 1, 6; P.A. 79-566; 79-610, S. 9, 20; 79-631, S. 20, 111; P.A. 80-372, S. 2; P.A. 88-346, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-341, S. 8; P.A. 95-260, S. 8, 24; P.A. 96-167, S. 4; P.A. 03-264, S. 5; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-1, S. 102; P.A. 04-126, S. 2; P.A. 07-88, S. 1.)

      History: 1959 act added taxing districts to section; 1961 act authorized commissioner to establish listings and dates for notification rather than date set by statute; 1967 acts removed specifications of tax amount, year and model of vehicle and engine number from form contents and added reference to issuance of registration without receipt of tax payment if notice under provisions of Sec. 14-33a has been received; 1969 act included snowmobiles under provisions of section; P.A. 78-348 allowed commissioner to suspend registrations when registration renewed because of error or false statement that delinquent tax was paid or when check for payment of tax is not honored by bank; P.A. 79-566 included provisions re paratransit vehicles; P.A. 79-610 and 80-372 authorized substitution of department of transportation for division of public utility control in provision re paratransit vehicles; P.A. 79-631 made technical change; P.A. 88-346 added Subsec. (b) re establishment of a voluntary program to facilitate payment of fines for parking violations, requiring denial of registration for failure to pay such fines; P.A. 93-341 amended Subsec. (a) by adding a provision that the commissioner may "continue to register other vehicles owned by a leasing or rental firm licensed pursuant to section 14-15, if he is satisfied that arrangements have been made to discharge" outstanding tax obligations; P.A. 95-260 amended Subsec. (b) to allow any municipality, regardless of size of population, to participate in the voluntary program to facilitate payment of fines for parking violations; P.A. 96-167 inserted new Subsec. (b) authorizing commissioner to enter into agreement with tax collector whereby commissioner shall collect delinquent motor vehicle property tax and immediately issue registration upon receipt of payment of such tax and relettered former Subsec. (b) as (c); P.A. 03-264 made a technical change in Subsec. (a), divided provisions of Subsec. (c) into Subsecs. (c) and (d), added provisions in Subsec. (c) re notice of violation and period during which penalties will not accrue for violation, and made technical changes in Subsec. (d); June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-1 amended Subsec. (a) to provide for a fee to be paid by municipalities upon notice to commissioner of delinquent tax due and to make technical changes, effective August 16, 2003; P.A. 04-126 amended Subsec. (a) to delete fee for the reporting of delinquent property taxes to the commissioner and to make a conforming change, and added Subsec. (e) requiring municipalities to pay the costs of the delinquent tax reporting program, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 07-88 amended Subsec. (c) by adding provision re notification to municipality by owner of rented or leased vehicle providing information re the lessee of such vehicle at the time of issuance of the notice of violation, and issuance of notice of violation to lessee, effective July 1, 2007.

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(B)

OPERATORS' LICENSES

      Sec. 14-36. Motor vehicle operator's license. Learner's permit. Limited license. Requirements. Driving history record check. Penalty. Regulations. (a) Motor vehicle operator's license required for operation of motor vehicle. Except as otherwise provided by this section and section 14-40a, no person shall operate a motor vehicle on any public highway of this state or private road on which a speed limit has been established in accordance with subsection (a) of section 14-218a until such person has obtained a motor vehicle operator's license.

      (b) Instruction of persons eighteen years of age or older. Out-of-state license holders. Minimum age. (1) A person eighteen years of age or older may operate a motor vehicle without a motor vehicle operator's license if (A) such person has not had a Connecticut motor vehicle operator's license suspended or revoked, and (B) such person is under the instruction of, and accompanied by, a person who holds an instructor's license issued under the provisions of section 14-73 or a person twenty years of age or older who has been licensed to operate, for at least four years preceding the instruction, a motor vehicle of the same class as the motor vehicle being operated and who has not had his or her motor vehicle operator's license suspended by the commissioner during the four-year period preceding the instruction. (2) A person holding a valid out-of-state motor vehicle operator's license may operate a motor vehicle for a period of thirty days following such person's establishment of residence in Connecticut, if the motor vehicle is of the same class as that for which his or her out-of-state motor vehicle operator's license was issued. (3) No person may cause or permit the operation of a motor vehicle by a person under sixteen years of age.

      (c) Learner's permit. (1) On or after January 1, 1997, a person who is sixteen or seventeen years of age and who has not had a motor vehicle operator's license or right to operate a motor vehicle in this state suspended or revoked may apply to the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles for a learner's permit. The commissioner may issue a learner's permit to an applicant after the applicant has passed a vision screening and test as to knowledge of the laws concerning motor vehicles and the rules of the road, has paid the fee required by subsection (v) of section 14-49 and has filed a certificate, in such form as the commissioner prescribes, requesting or consenting to the issuance of the learner's permit and the motor vehicle operator's license, signed by (A) one or both parents or foster parents of the applicant, as the commissioner requires, (B) the legal guardian of the applicant, (C) the applicant's spouse, if the spouse is eighteen years of age or older, or (D) if the applicant has no qualified spouse and such applicant's parent or foster parent or legal guardian is deceased, incapable, domiciled without the state or otherwise unavailable or unable to sign or file the certificate, the applicant's stepparent, or uncle or aunt by blood or marriage, provided such person is eighteen years of age or older. The commissioner may, for the more efficient administration of the commissioner's duties, appoint any drivers' school licensed in accordance with the provisions of section 14-69 or any secondary school providing instruction in motor vehicle operation and highway safety in accordance with section 14-36e to issue a learner's permit, subject to such standards and requirements as the commissioner may prescribe in regulations adopted in accordance with chapter 54. Each learner's permit shall expire on the date the holder of the permit is issued a motor vehicle operator's license or on the date the holder attains the age of eighteen years, whichever is earlier. (2) The learner's permit shall entitle the holder, while such holder has the permit in his or her immediate possession, to operate a motor vehicle on the public highways, provided such holder is under the instruction of, and accompanied by, a person who holds an instructor's license issued under the provisions of section 14-73 or a person twenty years of age or older who has been licensed to operate, for at least four years preceding the instruction, a motor vehicle of the same class as the motor vehicle being operated and who has not had his or her motor vehicle operator's license suspended by the commissioner during the four-year period preceding the instruction. (3) For the period of three months after the date of issuance of such permit, unless the holder is under the instruction of and accompanied by a person who holds an instructor's license issued under the provisions of section 14-73, the holder shall not transport more than (A) one passenger who meets the provisions of subdivision (2) of this subsection, or (B) such holder's parents or legal guardian, at least one of whom holds a motor vehicle operator's license. (4) For the period beginning three months after the date of issuance of such permit and ending six months after the date of issuance of such permit, unless the holder is under the instruction of and accompanied by a person who holds an instructor's license issued under the provisions of section 14-73, such holder shall not transport any passenger other than as permitted under subdivision (2) or (3) of this subsection and any additional member or members of such holder's immediate family. (5) The holder of a learner's permit who (A) is an active member of a certified ambulance service, as defined in section 19a-175, (B) has commenced an emergency vehicle operator's course that conforms to the national standard curriculum developed by the United States Department of Transportation, and (C) has had state and national criminal history records checks conducted by the certified ambulance service or by the municipality in which such ambulance service is provided, shall be exempt from the provisions of subdivisions (2), (3) and (4) of this subsection only when such holder is en route to or from the location of the ambulance for purposes of responding to an emergency call. (6) The commissioner may revoke any learner's permit used in violation of the limitations imposed by subdivision (2), (3) or (4) of this subsection.

      (d) Operator's license application requirements for sixteen and seventeen-year-olds. (1) No motor vehicle operator's license shall be issued to any applicant who is sixteen or seventeen years of age unless the applicant has held a learner's permit and has satisfied the requirements specified in this subsection. The applicant shall (A) present to the commissioner a certificate of the successful completion (i) in a public secondary school, a state vocational school or a private secondary school of a full course of study in motor vehicle operation prepared as provided in section 14-36e, (ii) of training of similar nature provided by a licensed drivers' school approved by the commissioner, or (iii) of home training in accordance with subdivision (2) of this subsection, including, in each case, or by a combination of such types of training, successful completion of not less than twenty clock hours of behind-the-wheel, on-the-road instruction; (B) present to the commissioner a certificate of the successful completion of a course of not less than eight hours relative to safe driving practices, including a minimum of four hours on the nature and the medical, biological and physiological effects of alcohol and drugs and their impact on the operator of a motor vehicle, the dangers associated with the operation of a motor vehicle after the consumption of alcohol or drugs by the operator, the problems of alcohol and drug abuse and the penalties for alcohol and drug-related motor vehicle violations; and (C) pass an examination which shall include a comprehensive test as to knowledge of the laws concerning motor vehicles and the rules of the road and an on-the-road skills test as prescribed by the commissioner. At the time of application and examination for a motor vehicle operator's license, an applicant sixteen or seventeen years of age shall have held a learner's permit for not less than one hundred eighty days, except that an applicant who presents a certificate under subparagraph (A)(i) or subparagraph (A)(ii) of this subdivision shall have held a learner's permit for not less than one hundred twenty days and an applicant who is undergoing training and instruction by the handicapped driver training unit in accordance with the provisions of section 14-11b shall have held such permit for the period of time required by said unit. The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles shall approve the content of the safe driving instruction at drivers' schools, high schools and other secondary schools. Such hours of instruction required by this subdivision shall be included as part of or in addition to any existing instruction programs. Any fee charged for the course required under subparagraph (B) of this subdivision shall not exceed an amount prescribed by the commissioner by regulation, adopted in accordance with chapter 54. Any applicant sixteen or seventeen years of age who, while a resident of another state, completed the course required in subparagraph (A) of this subdivision, but did not complete the safe driving course required in subparagraph (B) of this subdivision, shall complete the safe driving course, and any fee charged for the course shall not exceed an amount prescribed by the commissioner by regulation, adopted in accordance with chapter 54. The commissioner may waive any requirement in this subdivision, except for that in subparagraph (C) of this subdivision, in the case of an applicant sixteen or seventeen years of age who holds a valid motor vehicle operator's license issued by any other state, provided the commissioner is satisfied that the applicant has received training and instruction of a similar nature. (2) The commissioner may accept as evidence of sufficient training under subparagraph (A) of subdivision (1) of this subsection home training as evidenced by a written statement signed by the spouse of a married minor applicant, or by a parent, grandparent, foster parent or legal guardian of an applicant which states that the applicant has obtained a learner's permit and has successfully completed a driving course taught by the person signing the statement, that the signer has had an operator's license for at least four years preceding the date of the statement, and that the signer has not had such license suspended by the commissioner for at least four years preceding the date of the statement or, if the applicant has no spouse, parent, grandparent, foster parent or guardian so qualified and available to give the instruction, a statement signed by the applicant's stepparent, brother, sister, uncle or aunt, by blood or marriage, provided the person signing the statement is qualified. (3) If the commissioner requires a written test of any applicant under this section, the test shall be given in English or Spanish at the option of the applicant, provided the commissioner shall require that the applicant shall have sufficient understanding of English for the interpretation of traffic control signs. (4) The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles may adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to implement the purposes of this subsection concerning the content of safe driving instruction at drivers' schools, high schools and other secondary schools.

      (e) General requirements for obtaining motor vehicle operator's license. Proof of identity. Demonstration of driving skills. Fitness of operators. (1) No motor vehicle operator's license shall be issued until (A) the applicant signs and files with the commissioner an application under oath, or made subject to penalties for false statement in accordance with section 53a-157b, and (B) the commissioner is satisfied that the applicant is sixteen years of age or older and is a suitable person to receive the license. (2) An applicant for a new motor vehicle operator's license shall, in the discretion of the commissioner, file, with the application, a copy of such applicant's birth certificate or other prima facie evidence of date of birth and evidence of identity. (3) Before granting a license to any applicant who has not previously held a Connecticut motor vehicle operator's license, or who has not operated a motor vehicle during the preceding two years, the commissioner shall require the applicant to demonstrate personally to the commissioner, a deputy or a motor vehicle inspector or an agent of the commissioner, in such manner as the commissioner directs, that the applicant is a proper person to operate motor vehicles of the class for which such applicant has applied, has sufficient knowledge of the mechanism of the motor vehicles to ensure their safe operation by him or her and has satisfactory knowledge of the laws concerning motor vehicles and the rules of the road. If any such applicant has held a license from a state, territory or possession of the United States where a similar examination is required, or if any such applicant is a person honorably separated from the United States armed forces who applies within two years following the separation and who, prior to the separation, held a military operator's license for motor vehicles of the same class as that for which such applicant has applied, the commissioner may waive part or all of the examination. When the commissioner is satisfied as to the ability and competency of any applicant, the commissioner may issue to such applicant a license, either unlimited or containing such limitations as the commissioner deems advisable, and specifying the class of motor vehicles which the licensee is eligible to operate. (4) If any applicant or operator license holder has any health problem which might affect such person's ability to operate a motor vehicle safely, the commissioner may require the applicant or license holder to demonstrate personally or otherwise establish that, notwithstanding such problem, such applicant or license holder is a proper person to operate a motor vehicle, and the commissioner may further require a certificate of such applicant's condition, signed by a medical authority designated by the commissioner, which certificate shall in all cases be treated as confidential by the commissioner. A license, containing such limitation as the commissioner deems advisable, may be issued or renewed in any case, but nothing in this section shall be construed to prevent the commissioner from refusing a license, either limited or unlimited, to any person or suspending a license of a person whom the commissioner determines to be incapable of safely operating a motor vehicle. Consistent with budgetary allotments, each motor vehicle operator's license issued to or renewed by a deaf or hearing impaired person shall, upon the request of such person, indicate such impairment. Such person shall submit a certificate stating such impairment, in such form as the commissioner may require and signed by a licensed health care practitioner. (5) The issuance of a motor vehicle operator's license to any applicant who is the holder of a license issued by another state shall be subject to the provisions of sections 14-111c and 14-111k.

      (f) Limited license. No person issued a limited license shall operate (1) a motor vehicle in violation of the limitations imposed by such license, or (2) any motor vehicle other than the motor vehicle for which such person's right to operate is limited.

      (g) Driving history record check. Before issuing a motor vehicle operator's license in accordance with this section or section 14-44c, the commissioner shall request information from the National Driver Registry and the Commercial Driver License Information System, in accordance with the provisions of 49 CFR section 383.73. Each driving history record shall contain a notation of the date on which such inquiry was made.

      (h) Penalties. (1) Any person who violates any provision of this section shall, for a first offense, be deemed to have committed an infraction and be fined not less than seventy-five dollars or more than ninety dollars and, for any subsequent offense, shall be fined not less than two hundred fifty dollars or more than three hundred fifty dollars or be imprisoned not more than thirty days, or both.

      (2) In addition to the penalty prescribed under subdivision (1) of this subsection, any person who violates any provision of this section who (A) has, prior to the commission of the present violation, committed a violation of this section or subsection (a) of section 14-215, shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars or sentenced to perform not more than one hundred hours of community service, or (B) has, prior to the commission of the present violation, committed two or more violations of this section or subsection (a) of section 14-215, or any combination thereof, shall be sentenced to a term of imprisonment of one year, ninety days of which may not be suspended or reduced in any manner.

      (i) Regulations. The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles may adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, to implement the provisions of this section.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2377; 1949, S. 1295d; 1953, S. 1296d; 1957, P.A. 117; 411; 437, S. 2; 599, S. 3; September, 1957, P.A. 23, S. 1; 1959, P.A. 309, S. 1; 1961, P.A. 481, S. 1; 1963, P.A. 150; 550, S. 2; February, 1965, P.A. 361, S. 3; 1967, P.A. 458, S. 3; 614, S. 1; 807, S. 3; 832, S. 4; 1969, P.A. 55, S. 1; 445, S. 1; 807, S. 1, 2; 1972, P.A. 127, S. 13; P.A. 73-507; 73-605, S. 1; P.A. 74-33; 74-36, S. 1; P.A. 76-263, S. 3, 9; P.A. 77-256, S. 1, 4; P.A. 79-7; P.A. 81-172, S. 17; P.A. 82-223, S. 9; P.A. 83-452; 83-491; 83-577, S. 15; P.A. 84-429, S. 15; 84-546, S. 40, 173; P.A. 86-90, S. 1; P.A. 89-242, S. 1, 7; P.A. 90-265, S. 1, 8; P.A. 91-13, S. 1, 3; P.A. 93-341, S. 9; P.A. 95-181, S. 2; P.A. 96-244, S. 35, 63; 96-248, S. 1, 4; P.A. 97-1, S. 1, 4; 97-236, S. 24, 27; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-8, S. 73, 88; P.A. 02-70, S. 52, 66; P.A. 03-171, S. 1; 03-265, S. 20; P.A. 04-217, S. 2; 04-257, S. 22; P.A. 05-54, S. 1; 05-215, S. 3; 05-218, S. 20; P.A. 06-130, S. 2; 06-196, S. 281; P.A. 07-167, S. 20, 22.)

      History: 1959 act added to Subsec. (a) provision for waiver of certificate requirement for persons eighteen to twenty-one in hardship cases; 1961 act added provisions re home training certificates to Subsec. (a); 1963 acts added provisions for 60-day operation under out-of-state license and for request by spouse of minor applicant for issuance of license to such applicant and for signing of home training certificate by such spouse to Subsec. (a); 1965 act added references to schools in driver training course provisions in Subsec. (a); 1967 acts clarified provisions by referring to licenses for operation of different classes of vehicles, deleted references to certificates of behind-the-wheel training from secondary or vocational schools, added provision re filing birth certificate copy with application for license and added Subsec. (e) re definition of motor vehicle; 1969 acts required instructor accompanying learning driver to be at least twenty-one and to have held license for at least 2 years, allowed certificate of request, consent or instruction to be signed by stepparent, uncle or aunt under certain conditions, added provision re written examination in English or Spanish and allowed waiver of part or all of licensure examination for persons holding license from territory or possession of U.S.; 1972 act amended provisions to reflect change in age of majority from 21 to 18; P.A. 73-507 specified that behind-the-wheel instruction by drivers' training school be "given on the roads and highways of this state"; P.A. 73-605 allowed brother or sister to sign instruction certificate and added requirement that brother, sister, stepparent, uncle or aunt sign certificate when spouse, parent or guardian is not available to give instruction; P.A. 74-33 added special provision for waiver of examination when applicant recently serving in armed forces and holding military license for class of vehicles he is applying for license to drive; P.A. 74-36 allowed foster parents to sign certificates of request, consent or instruction; P.A. 76-263 made provisions of Subsec. (b) generally applicable to applicants who have not held Connecticut license during the preceding 4, rather than 2, years; P.A. 77-256 repealed change in applicability provision of Subsec. (b) enacted in 1976 act; P.A. 79-7 substituted "on the road" instruction for instruction "given on the roads and highways of this state" and allowed grandparents to sign instruction certificate; P.A. 81-172 required an operator's license for driving on a private road with established speed limit; P.A. 82-223 amended Subsec. (d) by specifying that the commission of a first offense constituted an infraction and establishing a minimum fine therefor of $25; P.A. 83-452 amended Subsec. (a), eliminating the 30-day limitation on the right of a student driver to operate a motor vehicle while under instruction; P.A. 83-491 amended Subsec. (b), providing that a license issued to or renewed by a deaf or hearing impaired person on or after October 1, 1983, shall indicate such impairment upon that person's request; P.A. 83-577 amended Subsec. (d) by increasing the minimum fine for a first offense from $25 to $35; P.A. 84-429 relettered Subsecs., rephrased provisions, transferred provision re license recall in Subsec. (d) to Sec. 14-38(a), a provision re classifications in Subsec. (f) to Sec. 14-36a(c) and made other technical changes; P.A. 84-546 made technical change, overridden in part by P.A. 84-429; P.A. 86-90 amended Subsec. (d)(2) to require signer of home training certificate to hold operator's license for a minimum of 4 years, to eliminate reference to age of such signer and to provide that such certificate be on file for 30 days before applicant may take examination; P.A. 89-242 amended Subsec. (d)(2) to require applicants between 16 and 18 years old to present proof of successful completion of a course relative to safe driving and alcohol and drug education and to authorize the motor vehicle commissioner to adopt regulations concerning the content of safe driving instruction at drivers' schools; P.A. 90-265 amended Subsec. (e) to replace reference to applicant who "suffers from any physical defect or from any disease" with reference to applicant or operator license holder who has any health problem, and to authorize commissioner to suspend license of person determined to be incapable of safely operating a motor vehicle; P.A. 91-13 amended Subsec. (e) to require each part of license examination to be conducted on same day at same location; P.A. 93-341 amended Subsec. (b)(2) to reduce from 60 to 30 the number of days during which a person holding a valid out-of-state motor vehicle operator's license could operate a motor vehicle following establishment of residence in Connecticut, if the motor vehicle was of the same class as that for which his out-of-state motor vehicle operator's license was issued; P.A. 95-181 amended Subsec. (g) by increasing the minimum fine for a first offense from $35 to $75 and the maximum fine from $50 to $90, adding a minimum fine of $250 for any subsequent offense and increasing the maximum fine from $100 to $350 for any such offense; P.A. 96-244 amended Subsec. (d) to transfer authority for the content of safe driving instruction at high schools and other secondary schools from the Commissioner of Education to the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, effective July 1, 1996; P.A. 96-248 amended Subsec. (b) to eliminate provisions authorizing person 16 years of age or older to operate a motor vehicle without license and requiring instructor to have full control of motor vehicle and to authorize issuance of a learner's permit on or after January 1, 1997, to persons 16 or 17 years of age, amended Subsec. (c) to require applicant for a new motor vehicle operator's license to file evidence of identity with application, amended Subsec. (d) to increase number of hours of behind-the-wheel, on-the-road instruction from six to eight, to substitute "on-the-road skills test" for "examination", to increase length of time within which home training certificate shall be on file with commissioner from 30 to 90 days and to insert references to "obtained a learner's permit" where applicable and amended Subsec. (e) to eliminate requirement that each part of operator's license examination be conducted on same day at same location, effective January 1, 1997; P.A. 97-1 restated the provisions of Subsecs. (b) to (e), inclusive, amended Subsec. (b) to restore language allowing persons 18 years of age or older to operate motor vehicles without an operator's license if they meet two requirements, transferred provisions re learner's permit from Subsec. (b) to (c), amended Subsec. (d) for consistency with provisions requiring a learner's permit and to eliminate home training certificates, amended Subsec. (g) to eliminate reference to Subsec. "(a), (b), (c), (d) or (f)" and added new Subsec. (i), authorizing commissioner to adopt regulations to implement the provisions of this section, effective January 30, 1997; P.A. 97-236 amended Subsec. (c)(2) to restate provision re operation on a multiple-lane limited access highway and added exception thereto for permit holders under the instruction of a person who holds an instructor's license, effective June 24, 1997; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-8 amended Subsec. (c)(2) to add exemption and qualifications for ambulance service members, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 02-70 amended Subsec. (d)(1) to increase the fee that may be charged for course on safe driving practices from $25 to $40, effective July 1, 2002, and added Subsec. (e)(5) providing that issuance of a motor vehicle operator's license to an applicant who holds a license from another state shall be subject to provisions of Secs. 14-111c and 14-111k, effective January 1, 2003; P.A. 03-171 amended Subsec. (c) by deleting restrictions on holder of learner's permit to operate motor vehicle on multiple-lane limited access highways, amended Subsec. (d) to increase from five to eight the number of hours of safe driving instruction a 16 or 17-year-old applicant must complete before being issued motor vehicle operator's license, to increase from two to four the number of hours of instruction re the effects of alcohol and drugs on the operation of a motor vehicle that must be included as part of the eight hours of safe driving instruction, to change $40 fee for safe driving instruction to fee prescribed by commissioner by regulation, and to permit 16 or 17-year-old applicant who, while resident of another state, completed all but alcohol and drug portion of safe driving instruction to complete that portion at a fee prescribed by the commissioner by regulation, deleted former Subsec. (h) re definition and redesignated existing Subsec. (i) as Subsec. (h), making technical changes therein, and made technical changes in Subsecs. (a), (b), (c), (e) and (f), effective October 1, 2003, but not applicable to persons 16 or 17 years of age who applied for a learner's permit on or before that date; P.A. 03-265 amended Subsec. (d)(1) by making identical changes to those made by P.A. 03-171 and adding requirement that signer of statement evidencing home training not have had license suspended by commissioner for at least 4 years preceding date of statement, effective July 9, 2003; P.A. 04-217 added new Subsec. (g) requiring information request from National Driver Registry and Commercial Driver License Information System prior to issuance of motor vehicle operator's license, and redesignated existing Subsecs. (g) and (h) as new Subsecs. (h) and (i), effective January 1, 2005; P.A. 04-257 made technical changes in Subsec. (g), effective June 14, 2004; P.A. 05-54 amended Subsec. (d)(1) by adding Subpara. (A)(iii) re home training in accordance with Subdiv. (2) "or by a combination of such types of training", changing "eight" to "twenty" re clock hours of instruction and making technical changes; P.A. 05-215 amended Subsec. (h) to designate existing provisions as Subdiv. (1) and add Subdiv. (2) re additional penalties for persons who have one or more prior violations of this section or Sec. 14-215(a); P.A. 05-218 amended Subsec. (e)(1)(A) to delete provisions re renewals need not be under oath and re application to state such information as commissioner requires and add provision re application made subject to penalties for false statement in accordance with Sec. 53a-157b; P.A. 06-130 amended Subsec. (d)(1)(C) to limit the 120-day learner's permit period to only those applicants who produce a certificate from a secondary or vocational school program or from a licensed drivers' school approved by the commissioner, effective June 2, 2006; P.A. 06-196 made a technical change in Subsec. (d)(2), effective June 7, 2006; P.A. 07-167 amended Subsec. (c) by adding new Subdivs. (3) and (4) re limitations on transportation of passengers by learner's permit holder, redesignating existing provisions of Subdiv. (2) re exemption as Subdiv. (5), redesignating existing Subdiv. (3) as Subdiv. (6) and making conforming changes, and amended Subsec. (h)(2)(B) by changing penalty from term of imprisonment of 90 days which may not be suspended or reduced to term of imprisonment of one year, 90 days of which may not be suspended or reduced.

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      Sec. 14-36a. Classification of operators' licenses. (a) A commercial driver's license issued in accordance with section 14-44c shall be designated as class A, B or C, in accordance with the provisions of subsection (b) of section 14-44d. All other operators' licenses shall be designated as class D. A license of any class that also authorizes the operation of a motorcycle shall contain the designation "M".

      (b) A commercial driver's license which contains the endorsement "S" evidences that the holder meets the requirements of section 14-44 to operate a school bus or any vehicle described in subsection (c) of this section. A commercial driver's license may contain any of the following additional endorsements:

      "P"- authorizes the operation of commercial motor vehicles designed to carry passengers;

      "H"- authorizes the operation of vehicles transporting hazardous materials;

      "N"- authorizes the operation of tank vehicles;

      "X"- authorizes both hazardous materials and tank vehicles; and

      "T"- authorizes the operation of vehicles with up to three trailing, nonpower units.

The commissioner may establish one or more restrictions on commercial driver's licenses of any class, in regulations adopted in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54.

      (c) A commercial driver's license or a class D license that contains any of the following endorsements evidences that the holder meets the requirements of section 14-44:

      "V"- authorizes the transportation of passengers in a student transportation vehicle, as defined in section 14-212, or any vehicle that requires an "A" or "F" endorsement;

      "A"- authorizes the transportation of passengers in an activity vehicle, as defined in section 14-1, or any vehicle that requires an "F" endorsement; and

      "F"- authorizes the transportation of passengers in a taxicab, motor vehicle in livery service, service bus or motor bus.

The commissioner may establish one or more endorsements or restrictions on class D licenses, in accordance with regulations adopted in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54.

      (d) No person shall operate a motor vehicle in violation of the classification of the license issued to him.

      (e) Any person who violates any provision of subsection (d) or (e) of this section shall, for a first offense, be deemed to have committed an infraction and be fined not less than thirty-five dollars or more than fifty dollars and, for a subsequent offense, shall be fined not more than one hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than thirty days, or both.

      (1967, P.A. 458, S. 1, 2; 1969, P.A. 183, S. 3; 445, S. 2; P.A. 84-429, S. 16; P.A. 89-171, S. 1, 5; P.A. 91-407, S. 17, 42; P.A. 93-341, S. 10, 38; P.A. 94-189, S. 4, 34; P.A. 95-260, S. 9, 24; P.A. 03-171, S. 2; P.A. 04-217, S. 3; P.A. 05-218, S. 5, 37; 05-288, S. 55; P.A. 06-130, S. 25; P.A. 07-167, S. 37.)

      History: 1969 acts revised definition of tractor semitrailer combination in Subsec. (a) to change gross weight of truck from maximum of 10,000 to maximum of 18,000 pounds and revised weight reference in Subsec. (b)(3) accordingly; P.A. 84-429 added Subsecs. (c) and (d) from Sec. 14-36 and made other technical changes; P.A. 89-171 amended Subsec. (a) to include a definition of "commercial motor vehicle" and Subsec. (b) to include "commercial motor vehicle" as a type of vehicle which a class 1 license holder is eligible to operate, to authorize commissioner to adopt regulations establishing additional classifications as necessary, and to prohibit the issuance of a class 1 license to any person under eighteen; P.A. 91-407 amended Subsec. (b)(3) by adding "for business or commercial use" after "truck"; P.A. 93-341 amended the section by deleting Subsec. (a) in its entirety, relettering Subsec. (b) and modifying the various motor vehicle classifications and inserting a new Subsec. (b) concerning Class 1 or Class 2 operator's licenses which have "P" or "PS" endorsements, effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 94-189 amended Subsec. (b) by replacing the "PS" endorsement with the "S" endorsement, effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 95-260 amended Subsec. (a)(2) to include a combination of motor vehicle and trailer used exclusively for camping or another recreational purpose regardless of gross weight of the trailer as a type of vehicle which a class 2 license holder is eligible to operate and to increase gross weight of trailing unit or trailer from a minimum of 6,000 to 10,000 pounds in the exception to "any motor vehicle" under a class 2 license, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 03-171 amended Subsec. (b) to establish that the endorsement "M" on class 1 or 2 operator's license evidences holder's qualification to operate a motorcycle; P.A. 04-217 replaced former provisions of Subsec. (a) with new provisions requiring commercial driver's licenses to be classified as class A, B or C, all other operator's licenses to be designated as class D and any class license with motorcycle endorsement to be designated "M", amended Subsec. (b) to replace provisions re Class 1 and 2 licenses with provisions re various types of endorsements and to provide that "S" endorsement qualifies holder to operate school bus or any vehicle described in Subsec. (c), added new Subsec. (c) providing that commercial driver's license or class D license containing specified endorsements evidences that holder meets requirements of Sec. 14-44 and permitting commissioner to establish restrictions on class D licenses and redesignated existing Subsecs. (c) and (d) as new Subsecs. (d) and (e), effective January 1, 2005; P.A. 05-218 amended Subsec. (c) by adding "endorsements or" re class D licenses, effective July 1, 2005, and by adding camp vehicle to endorsement "A"; P.A. 05-288 made technical changes in Subsec. (e), effective July 13, 2005; P.A. 06-130 amended Subsec. (c) to remove reference to camp vehicles under "A" endorsement, added new Subsec. (d) re camp vehicles, redesignated existing Subsecs. (d) and (e) as Subsecs. (e) and (f) and inserted reference to violation of Subsec. (e) in Subsec. (f), effective June 2, 2006; P.A. 07-167 deleted former Subsec. (d) re endorsement for operation of camp vehicle and redesignated existing Subsecs. (e) and (f) as Subsecs. (d) and (e), effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 14-36d. Acquisition and installation of equipment. Renewal without personal appearance of holder. Regulations re renewal by mail or electronic communication. (a) The commissioner may acquire, by lease or purchase, and install at offices of the Department of Motor Vehicles and at such other locations where operator's licenses are issued or renewed, such equipment as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter.

      (b) The commissioner may provide for the renewal of any motor vehicle operator's license, commercial driver's license or identity card without personal appearance of the license holder, in circumstances where the holder is a member of the armed forces, is temporarily residing outside of this state for business or educational purposes, or in other circumstances where, in the judgment of the commissioner, such personal appearance would be impractical or pose a significant hardship. The commissioner shall decline to issue any such renewal without personal appearance if the commissioner is not satisfied as to the reasons why the applicant cannot personally appear, if the commissioner does not have the applicant's color photograph or digital image on file, if satisfactory evidence of the identity of the applicant has not been presented, or if the commissioner has reason to believe that the applicant is no longer a legal resident of this state.

      (c) The commissioner may adopt regulations to provide for the renewal of the motor vehicle operator's license, commercial driver's license or identity card of any person not identified in subsection (b) of this section by mail or by electronic communication with the Department of Motor Vehicles.

      (P.A. 76-263, S. 1, 9; P.A. 77-256, S. 2, 4; P.A. 84-197, S. 3; 84-429, S. 18; P.A. 85-613, S. 148, 154; P.A. 93-341, S. 33, 38; P.A. 03-171, S. 3; P.A. 07-167, S. 19.)

      History: P.A. 77-256 amended Subsec. (a) to add proviso re renewal of licenses expiring in July, 1977; P.A. 84-197 inserted new language in Subsec. (b), requiring the commissioner to issue a distinctive license to persons less than 20 years of age and relettered the remaining Subsec.; P.A. 84-429 deleted obsolete provisions, rephrased provisions and made other technical changes; P.A. 85-613 amended Subsec. (b) to apply with respect to persons under 21 as of September 1, 1985, where previously applicable to persons under twenty as of January 1, 1985; P.A. 93-341 amended Subsec. (a) to allow for renewal sites other than motor vehicle department offices, amended Subsec. (b) to replace specification that the license be "distinctive" with requirement that the license indicate the date of the person's twenty-first birthday and made technical changes throughout section, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 03-171 amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) to delete references to motorcycle operator's license; P.A. 07-167 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting provisions re license picture, form and content, inserting "issued or" and replacing "this section" with "this chapter", deleted former Subsec. (b) re license issued to person less than 21 years of age, redesignated existing Subsec. (c) as Subsec. (b) and replaced former provisions thereof with provisions re renewal without personal appearance and added new Subsec. (c) re regulations for renewal by mail or electronic communication.

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      Sec. 14-36g. Restrictions on transportation of passengers and hours of operation of vehicle by holders of motor vehicle operator's licenses who are sixteen or seventeen years of age. Exceptions. Regulations. Penalties. (a) Each person who holds a motor vehicle operator's license and who is sixteen or seventeen years of age shall comply with the following requirements:

      (1) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, for the period of three months after the date of issuance of such license, such person shall not transport more than (A) such person's parents or legal guardian, at least one of whom holds a motor vehicle operator's license, or (B) one passenger who is a driving instructor licensed by the Department of Motor Vehicles, or a person twenty years of age or older who has been licensed to operate, for at least four years preceding the time of being transported, a motor vehicle of the same class as the motor vehicle being operated and who has not had his or her motor vehicle operator's license suspended by the commissioner during such four-year period;

      (2) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, for the period beginning three months after the date of issuance of such license and ending six months after the date of issuance of such license, such person shall not transport any passenger other than as permitted under subdivision (1) of this subsection and any additional member or members of such person's immediate family;

      (3) No such person shall operate any motor vehicle for which a public passenger transportation permit is required in accordance with the provisions of section 14-44 or a vanpool vehicle, as defined in section 14-1;

      (4) No such person shall transport more passengers in a motor vehicle than the number of seat safety belts permanently installed in such motor vehicle;

      (5) No such person issued a motorcycle endorsement shall transport any passenger on a motorcycle for a period of six months after the date of issuance; and

      (6) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, no such person shall operate a motor vehicle on any highway, as defined in section 14-1, at or after midnight until and including 5:00 a.m. of the same day unless (A) such person is traveling for his or her employment or school or religious activities, (B) there is a medical necessity for such travel, or (C) such person is an assigned driver in a Safe Ride program sponsored by the American Red Cross, the Boy Scouts of America or other national public service organization.

      (b) A person who holds a motor vehicle operator's license and who is sixteen or seventeen years of age shall not be subject to the restrictions on the number or type of passengers specified in subdivision (1) or (2) of subsection (a) of this section, or to the restrictions specified in subdivision (6) of said subsection (a), if such person is an active member of a volunteer fire company or department, a volunteer ambulance service or company or an emergency medical service organization and if such person is responding to an emergency or is carrying out his or her duties as such active member.

      (c) The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles may adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, to implement the provisions of subsection (a) of this section.

      (d) Any person who violates any provision of subsection (a) of this section shall be deemed to have committed an infraction. The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, after notice and opportunity for a hearing, in accordance with chapter 54, may suspend the motor vehicle operator's license of any person who commits a second or subsequent violation of the provisions of subsection (a) of this section until such person attains the age of eighteen years.

      (P.A. 03-171, S. 16; 03-265, S. 22; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-3, S. 94; P.A. 05-54, S. 2; P.A. 06-130, S. 9; 06-196, S. 282; P.A. 07-167, S. 7.)

      History: P.A. 03-171 effective October 1, 2003, but not applicable to persons 16 or 17 years of age who applied for a learner's permit on or before October 1, 2003; P.A. 03-265 amended Subsec. (a)(1) to add provision re certain persons 20 years of age or older that may be transported by 16 or 17-year-old holder of operator's license for 3-month period after date of issuance of license, effective January 1, 2004, pursuant to June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-3; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-3 changed the effective date of section from October 1, 2003, to January 1, 2004, effective August 20, 2003; P.A. 05-54 amended Subsec. (a) by substituting "person who holds" for "holder of" and inserting "and", amending Subdiv. (1) by substituting "Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, for the" for "For a" and deleting "one passenger who shall be", by adding Subpara. (A) designator, substituting "parents" for "parent" and "at least one of whom" for "who" and deleting "and is at least twenty-five years of age," and by adding "or (B) not more than one passenger who is", amending Subdiv. (2) by substituting "Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, for" for "For" and adding Subdiv. (6) re prohibition re driving at or after midnight until and including 5:00 a.m., added new Subsec. (b) providing that restrictions for 16 or 17-year-old drivers shall not apply if driver is an active member of volunteer fire company, volunteer ambulance service or emergency medical service organization and is responding to an emergency, and redesignated existing Subsecs. (b) and (c) as Subsecs. (c) and (d); P.A. 06-130 added Subpara. (C) to Subsec. (a)(6) re assigned drivers in Safe Ride programs, effective June 2, 2006; P.A. 06-196 made a technical change in Subsec. (a)(1)(B), effective June 7, 2006; P.A. 07-167 amended Subsec. (a)(5) by deleting "of such license" re date of issuance and making technical changes.

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      Sec. 14-36h. Contents and features of operator's license and identity card. (a) Each motor vehicle operator's license issued by the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles in accordance with section 14-36 and each identity card issued by said commissioner in accordance with section 1-1h shall contain the following: (1) The person's full legal name; (2) the person's date of birth; (3) the person's gender; (4) the person's height and eye color; (5) the person's assigned operator's license or identity card number; (6) the person's address of principal residence in this state; (7) the person's signature; and (8) the person's color photograph or digital image.

      (b) The commissioner shall provide that each such license or identity card document contains physical security features designed to prevent tampering, counterfeiting or duplication of the document.

      (c) Each such document shall also contain one or more machine-readable technology feature or component, including, but not limited to, a bar code or magnetic strip.

      (d) As used in this section, the term "full legal name" means the most complete version of the name that appears on a person's certificate of birth, official passport or other document or documents accepted by the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles to verify the person's identity, unless the person presents a marriage license or certificate, a certificate of civil union, a divorce decree or an order of a court of competent jurisdiction pertaining to a permanent change of the person's name.

      (P.A. 07-167, S. 18.)

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      Sec. 14-41. Expiration and renewal of operators' licenses and permits. Vision screening. Notice. (a) Except as provided in section 14-41a, each motor vehicle operator's license shall be renewed every six years or every four years on the date of the operator's birthday in accordance with a schedule to be established by the commissioner. On and after July 1, 2009, the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles shall screen the vision of each motor vehicle operator prior to every other renewal of the operator's license of such operator in accordance with a schedule adopted by the commissioner. Such screening requirement shall apply to every other renewal following the initial screening. In lieu of the vision screening by the commissioner, such operator may submit the results of a vision screening conducted by a licensed health care professional qualified to conduct such screening on a form prescribed by the commissioner during the twelve months preceding such renewal. No motor vehicle operator's license may be renewed unless the operator passes such vision screening. The commissioner shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to implement the provisions of this subsection related to the administration of vision screening.

      (b) An original operator's license shall expire within a period not exceeding six years following the date of the operator's next birthday. The fee for such original license shall be computed at the rate of forty-four dollars for a four-year license, sixty-six dollars for a six-year license and eleven dollars per year for any part of a year thereof. The commissioner may authorize an automobile club or association, licensed in accordance with the provisions of section 14-67 on or before July 1, 2007, to perform license renewals at its office facilities. The commissioner may authorize such automobile clubs or associations to charge a convenience fee, which shall not exceed two dollars, to each applicant for renewal.

      (c) The commissioner shall, at least fifteen days before the date on which each motor vehicle operator's license expires, notify the operator of the expiration date. Any previously licensed operator who operates a motor vehicle within sixty days after the expiration date of the operator's license without obtaining a renewal of the license shall be deemed to have failed to renew a motor vehicle operator's license and shall be fined in accordance with the amount designated for the infraction of failure to renew a motor vehicle operator's license. Any operator so charged shall not be prosecuted under section 14-36 for the same act constituting a violation under this section but section 14-36 shall apply after the sixty-day period.

      (d) Notwithstanding the provisions of section 1-3a, if the expiration date of any motor vehicle operator's license or any public passenger transportation permit falls on any day when offices of the commissioner are closed for business or are open for less than a full business day, the license or permit shall be deemed valid until midnight of the next day on which offices of the commissioner are open for a full day of business.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2381; 1953, 1955, S. 1299d; 1957, P.A. 437, S. 4; February, 1965, P.A. 68; 1967, P.A. 115; 436, S. 1; 807, S. 4; 1969, P.A. 759, S. 4; 1972, P.A. 127, S. 16; P.A. 75-213, S. 9, 53; 75-577, S. 21, 126; P.A. 76-263, S. 6, 9; P.A. 77-10; 77-256, S. 3, 4; 77-348, S. 1, 2; P.A. 79-89, S. 1; P.A. 80-51; P.A. 81-172, S. 3; P.A. 83-489, S. 3, 17; P.A. 84-254, S. 29, 62; 84-429, S. 21; P.A. 85-413, S. 4, 8; P.A. 87-329, S. 5; P.A. 90-263, S. 8, 74; 90-265, S. 7, 8; P.A. 91-408, S. 8, 18; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-9, S. 1, 4; P.A. 93-80, S. 49, 67; 93-341, S. 12, 38; P.A. 95-223, S. 1, 2; P.A. 97-284, S. 1, 2; P.A. 99-287, S. 7, 9; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-6, S. 74, 85; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9, S. 47, 131; P.A. 03-171, S. 6; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-3, S. 34; P.A. 04-4, S. 6; 04-177 S. 12; 04-199, S. 22; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-3, S. 26; P.A. 07-167, S. 32; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-1, S. 94; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-5, S. 43.)

      History: 1965 act added proviso clause re holder reaching twenty-one in Subsec. (b); 1967 acts included motorcycle licenses in provisions, revised provisions re expiration of licenses in Subsec. (b), inserted new Subsec. (c) re effect of change in birth date on expiration and reissuance of license, redesignated former Subsec. (c) as Subsec. (d) and added provisions re penalty for failure to renew license within 30 days of expiration date; 1969 act revised fee provisions in Subsecs. (b) and (c), raising rate from $0.25 to $0.35 per month and placing $2 maximum on fee for 6-month period; 1972 act changed age of majority from 21 to 18; P.A. 75-213 raised fee in Subsec. (b) to $0.45 per month not to exceed $2.50 for 6-month period; P.A. 75-577 removed reference to $25 maximum fine in Subsec. (d) and added references to fines of the amount designated for infractions specified; P.A. 76-263 revised section to cover transition period for change of validity period from 2 to 4 years and institution of licenses with pictures, deleted references to provisional licenses and deleted violation in Subsec. (d) re failure to sign license before operating motor vehicle or motorcycle; P.A. 77-10 added Subsec. (e) re expiration of license on day when motor vehicle offices are closed; P.A. 77-256 raised fee in Subsec. (c) to $0.45 per month not to exceed $2.50 for 6-month period; P.A. 77-348 revised provisions re expiration so that all licenses expire on birth date rather than last day of birth month and changed reference to June 30, 1976 to June 30, 1977 in Subsec. (a); P.A. 79-89 added exception re Sec. 14-41a to Subsec. (a); P.A. 80-51 made former Subdivs. (1) to (4) in Subsec. (a) subparagraphs (A) to (D) under Subdiv. (1) re motor vehicle and motorcycle licenses, made provision re public service operator's license Subdiv. (2) and added exception re change of expiration date from April 30th to June 30th; P.A. 81-172 amended Subsec. (d) by increasing from 30 to 60 days after the expiration date the amount of time during which an operator can be charged with only an infraction; P.A. 83-489 amended Subsec. (b) to increase additional sum from $1 to $2; P.A. 84-254 amended Subsec. (b), effective July 1, 1984, to increase the fee, scheduling the increases to take effect as of July 1, 1984, 1986 and 1988; P.A. 84-429 deleted obsolete provisions, rephrased provisions and made other technical changes; P.A. 85-413 adjusted fees after July 1, 1988, and deleted obsolete fee provisions; P.A. 87-329 amended Subsec. (b) maintaining the fee at the level existing on and after July 1, 1986, and decreasing the fee effective July 1, 1992, to the level formerly existing on and after July 1, 1988; P.A. 90-263 amended Subsecs. (a) and (e) to substitute public passenger transportation permit for public service motor vehicle operator's license; P.A. 90-265 amended Subsec. (a) to require vision screening for motor vehicle operators prior to every other renewal of operator's license in accordance with specified schedule; P.A. 91-408 amended Subsec. (a) to delay the commencement of vision screening from July 1, 1991, to October 1, 1992, and to change the beginning and ending dates of the specified schedule accordingly; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-9 amended Subsec. (a) to postpone vision screening requirement from October 1, 1992, to July 1, 1993, and to require that screening be done in accordance with a schedule adopted by the commissioner, eliminating the specified schedule according to the last name of the operator; P.A. 93-80 amended Subsec. (a) to postpone vision screening requirement from July 1, 1993, to July 1, 1995, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-341 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting former Subdiv. (2) re expiration date for public passenger transportation permits, effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 95-223 amended Subsec. (a) to postpone vision screening requirement from July 1, 1995, to July 1, 1997, effective July 1, 1995; (Revisor's note: In 1997 references throughout the general statutes to "Motor Vehicle(s) Commissioner" and "Motor Vehicle(s) Department" were replaced editorially by the Revisors with "Commissioner of Motor Vehicles" or "Department of Motor Vehicles", as the case may be, for consistency with customary statutory usage); P.A. 97-284 amended Subsec. (a) to postpone vision screening requirement from July 1, 1997, to July 1, 1999, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 99-287 amended Subsec. (a) by postponing the implementation of vision screening from July 1, 1999, to July 1, 2001, and allowing a vision screening conducted by a licensed health care professional to have occurred during the preceding 12 months in lieu of the preceding 3 months, effective July 1, 1999; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-6 amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) to require renewal of license every 6 years, amended Subsec. (b) to increase fee from $3.50 to $5.25, amended Subsec. (c) to modify the issue period for renewal licenses from not more than 48 months to not more than 72 months and made technical changes for purposes of gender neutrality in Subsecs. (a) and (d), effective July 1, 2001; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9 amended Subsec. (a) to provide for an optional licensure period of 4 years in accordance with a schedule to be established by the commissioner and changed to July 1, 2003, the date by which the commissioner shall screen the vision of operator's at every other renewal of license, effective July 1, 2001; P.A. 03-171 amended Subsecs. (a), (d) and (e) to delete references to motorcycle operator's license, made technical changes in Subsec. (a) and amended Subsec. (d) to delete references to Sec. 14-40a; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-3 amended Subsec. (a) to change commencement date of vision screening program from July 1, 2003, to July 1, 2005, effective August 20, 2003, and applicable as of July 1, 2003; P.A. 04-4 amended Subsec. (b) to delete former formula for the license fee and to establish fees for 4-year and six-year licenses and a fee for a part-year license, deleted former Subsec. (c) re changes in records relating to birth dates and renewal of licenses thereafter and redesignated existing Subsecs. (d) and (e) as new Subsecs. (c) and (d), effective March 11, 2004; P.A. 04-177 and P.A. 04-199 both amended Subsec. (b) to increase fee for original 4-year operator's licenses from $43 to $44 and for 6-year operator's license from $65 to $66, effective July 1, 2004; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-3 amended Subsec.(a) by changing "2005" to "2007", effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 07-167 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting provisions re vision screening and amended Subsec. (b) by adding provisions re renewals at office facilities of licensed automobile club or association, effective July 1, 2007; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-1 attempted to amend Subsec. (a) to change July 1, 2007, to July 1, 2009, effective July 1, 2007, but failed to take effect since the vision screening provisions were previously deleted from this Subsec. by P.A. 07-167; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-5 amended Subsec. (a) by restoring provisions re vision screening and postponing implementation to July 1, 2009.

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      Sec. 14-41a. Renewal of license for persons age sixty-five or over. (a) An individual sixty-five years of age or older may renew a motor vehicle operator's license for either a two-year period or a six-year period. The fee for any license issued for a two-year period shall be twenty-two dollars.

      (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of section 14-36h, the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles may waive the requirement that a motor vehicle operator's license issued to an operator sixty-five years of age or older bear a photograph of the operator upon written application by such operator and a showing of hardship, which shall include, but not be limited to, the proximity of such operator's residence to a Department of Motor Vehicles branch office providing license renewal services.

      (P.A. 79-89, S. 2; P.A. 84-254, S. 30, 62; 84-429, S. 22; P.A. 87-329, S. 6; P.A. 91-390, S. 2; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-6, S. 75, 85; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9, S. 50, 131; P.A. 03-171, S. 7; P.A. 04-4, S. 7; 04-199, S. 23; P.A. 07-167, S. 45.)

      History: P.A. 84-254 increased the fee from $11 to $22 as of July 1, 1992; P.A. 84-429 divided section into Subsecs., deleted obsolete provisions, rephrased provisions and made other technical changes; P.A. 87-329 amended Subsec. (a), maintaining the fee at the level existing on and after July 1, 1986, and decreasing the fee effective July 1, 1992, to the level formerly existing on and after July 1, 1988; P.A. 91-390 replaced former Subsec. (b) which had required that operator's license bear operator's photograph with new provision permitting commissioner to waive photograph requirement upon written application and showing of hardship by operators 65 years of age or older; (Revisor's note: In 1997 references throughout the general statutes to "Motor Vehicle(s) Commissioner" and "Motor Vehicle(s) Department" were replaced editorially by the Revisors with "Commissioner of Motor Vehicles" or "Department of Motor Vehicles", as the case may be, for consistency with customary statutory usage); June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-6 changed 4-year renewal option to 6 years, effective July 1, 2001; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-9 amended Subsec. (b) to delete provisions re length of the license renewal period, effective July 1, 2001; P.A. 03-171 deleted references to motorcycle operator's license; P.A. 04-4 amended Subsec. (a) to increase the fee to $21, effective March 11, 2004; P.A. 04-199 amended Subsec. (a) to increase the fee from $21 to $22, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 07-167 amended Subsec. (b) by replacing reference to Sec. 14-36d(a) with reference to Sec. 14-36h(a).

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      Sec. 14-44. License endorsement for operators of commercial motor vehicles used for passenger transportation, school buses, taxicabs, motor vehicles in livery service, motor or service buses, student transportation vehicles and activity vehicles. Requirements. Hearing. Appeal. Report re persons whose license or endorsement has been withdrawn, suspended or revoked. Penalty. (a)(1) No person shall operate a commercial motor vehicle used for passenger transportation on any public highway of this state until such person has obtained a commercial driver's license with a passenger endorsement from the commissioner, except a nonresident who holds such license with such endorsement issued by another state. (2) No person shall operate a school bus until such person has obtained a commercial driver's license with a school bus endorsement, except that a person who holds such a license without such endorsements may operate a school bus without passengers for the purpose of road testing or moving the vehicle. (3) No person shall operate a taxicab, motor vehicle in livery service, motor bus or service bus until such person has obtained an operator's license bearing an endorsement of the appropriate type from the commissioner issued in accordance with the provisions of this section and section 14-36a. (4) No person shall operate a student transportation vehicle, as defined in section 14-212 or activity vehicle until such person has obtained an operator's license bearing an endorsement of the appropriate type from the commissioner issued in accordance with the provisions of this section and section 14-36a.

      (b) No operator's license bearing an endorsement shall be issued or renewed in accordance with the provisions of this section or section 14-36a, until the commissioner, or the commissioner's authorized representative, is satisfied that the applicant is a proper person to receive such an operator's license bearing an endorsement, holds a valid motor vehicle operator's license, or, if necessary for the class of vehicle operated, a commercial driver's license and is at least eighteen years of age. Each applicant for an operator's license bearing an endorsement or the renewal of such a license shall furnish the commissioner, or the commissioner's authorized representative, with satisfactory evidence, under oath, to prove that such person: Has no criminal record, has not been convicted of a violation of subsection (a) of section 14-227a within five years of the date of application and that no reason exists for a refusal to grant or renew such an operator's license bearing an endorsement. Each applicant for such an operator's license bearing an endorsement shall submit with the application proof satisfactory to the commissioner that such applicant has passed a physical examination administered not more than ninety days prior to the date of application, and which is in compliance with safety regulations established from time to time by the United States Department of Transportation. Each applicant for renewal of such license shall present evidence that such applicant is in compliance with the medical qualifications established in 49 CFR 391, as amended. Each applicant for such an operator's license bearing an endorsement shall be fingerprinted before the license bearing an endorsement is issued.

      (c) The commissioner may issue, withhold, renew, suspend, cancel or revoke any endorsement required to operate a motor vehicle that transports passengers, as provided in subsection (c) of section 14-36a. The commissioner may, in making his decision, consider the age, accident and criminal record, moral character and physical condition of any such applicant or endorsement holder and such other matters as the commissioner may determine. The commissioner may require any such applicant or endorsement holder to furnish the statements of two or more reputable citizens, which may be required to be under oath, vouching for the good character or other qualifications of the applicant or endorsement holder.

      (d) Upon the arrest of any person who holds an operator's license bearing a school endorsement charged with a felony or violation of section 53a-73a, the arresting officer or department, within forty-eight hours, shall cause a report of such arrest to be made to the commissioner. The report shall be made on a form approved by the commissioner containing such information as the commissioner prescribes. The commissioner may adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, to implement the provisions of this subsection.

      (e) Prior to issuing an operator's license bearing a school endorsement or bearing the appropriate type of endorsement for operation of a student transportation vehicle pursuant to subdivision (4) of subsection (a) of this section, the commissioner shall require each applicant to submit to state and national criminal history records checks, conducted in accordance with section 29-17a, and a check of the state child abuse and neglect registry established pursuant to section 17a-101k. If notice of a state or national criminal history record is received, the commissioner may, subject to the provisions of section 46a-80, refuse to issue an operator's license bearing such endorsement and, in such case, shall immediately notify the applicant, in writing, of such refusal. If notification that the applicant is listed as a perpetrator of abuse on the state child abuse and neglect registry established pursuant to section 17a-101k is received, the commissioner may refuse to issue an operator's license bearing such an endorsement and, in such case, shall immediately notify the applicant, in writing, of such refusal. The commissioner shall not issue a temporary operator's license bearing a school endorsement or bearing the appropriate type of endorsement for operation of a student transportation vehicle.

      (f) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, the commissioner shall not issue an operator's license bearing an endorsement to transport passengers who are students, and shall suspend any such endorsement that has been issued, to any person who has been convicted of a serious criminal offense, as determined by the commissioner, or convicted of any provision of federal law or the law of any other state, the violation of which involves conduct that is substantially similar to a violation determined by the commissioner to be a serious criminal offense, if any part of the sentence of such conviction has not been completed, or has been completed during the preceding five years. The commissioner shall adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, to implement the provisions of this subsection.

      (g) Any applicant who is refused an operator's license bearing an endorsement or the renewal of such a license, or whose operator's license bearing an endorsement or the renewal of such a license is withdrawn or revoked on account of a criminal record, shall be entitled to a hearing if requested in writing within twenty days. The hearing shall be conducted in accordance with the requirements of chapter 54 and the applicant may appeal from the final decision rendered therein in accordance with section 4-183.

      (h) Notwithstanding the provisions of section 14-10, the commissioner shall furnish to any board of education or to any public or private organization that is actively engaged in providing public transportation, including the transportation of school children, a report containing the names and motor vehicle operator license numbers of each person who has been issued an operator's license with one or more endorsements, authorizing such person to transport passengers in accordance with the provisions of section 14-36a, but whose license or any such endorsement has been withdrawn, suspended or revoked by the commissioner in accordance with the provisions of this section, or any other provision of this title. The report shall be issued and updated periodically in accordance with a schedule to be established by the commissioner. Such report may be transmitted or otherwise made available to authorized recipients by electronic means.

      (i) Violation of any provision of this section shall be an infraction.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2384; 1963, P.A. 336; 372; 1969, P.A. 110, S. 1; 1971, P.A. 612, S. 4; 1972, P.A. 127, S. 17; P.A. 74-152; P.A. 75-213, S. 10, 53; 75-577, S. 22, 126; P.A. 76-382, S. 2; P.A. 83-340, S. 2, 4; P.A. 84-254, S. 31, 62; 84-429, S. 25; P.A. 85-148, S. 2; P.A. 87-329, S. 7; 87-585, S. 1; P.A. 89-320, S. 1, 2, 12; P.A. 90-112, S. 12, 14; 90-263, S. 10, 74; P.A. 91-272, S. 1, 8; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-11, S. 62, 70; P.A. 93-341, S. 13-15, 38; P.A. 01-175, S. 9, 32; P.A. 02-70, S. 83; P.A. 03-278, S. 37; P.A. 04-217, S. 4; P.A. 05-218, S. 6; P.A. 06-130, S. 10; P.A. 07-167, S. 47; 07-224, S. 1; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-5, S. 20.)

      History: 1963 acts raised minimum age requirement from 18 to 21 and added provisions for examination of operating ability and fee for same; 1969 act replaced interstate commerce commission with United States department of transportation and required that applicants for public service license to operate school bus be at least nineteen and not more than 69 years old; 1971 act replaced reference to repealed Sec. 14-30 with reference to Sec. 14-34; 1972 act changed minimum age for public service vehicle license from 21 to 18, reflecting change in age of majority, and deleted minimum age of 19 for school bus operator's license; P.A. 74-152 made provisions applicable to operation of service buses as well as public service motor vehicles and expanded provisions re physical examinations; P.A. 75-213 raised examination fee from $2 to $2.50; P.A. 75-577 replaced provision for maximum $50 fine for violation of provisions with statement that violation constitutes an infraction; P.A. 76-382 added Subsec. (b) re validity of license issued by other state or country; P.A. 83-340 amended Subsec. (a) deleting the statement providing that an applicant for a public service license to operate a school bus shall not be older than 69 years of age; P.A. 84-254 amended Subsec. (a) to increase the examination fee from $2.50 to $5 as of July 1, 1992; P.A. 84-429 relettered Subsecs., rephrased provisions and made other technical changes; P.A. 85-148 amended Subsec. (a), eliminating requirement for nonresidents holding a valid out-of-state public service motor vehicle operator's license to obtain a license to operate in this state if vehicle is engaged in intrastate commerce; P.A. 87-329 amended Subsec. (b), maintaining the fee at the level existing on and after July 1, 1986, and decreasing the fee effective July 1, 1992, to the level formerly existing on and after July 1, 1988; P.A. 87-585 amended Subsec. (b), requiring prerequisites for issuance of license to apply to renewals and applicants to furnish evidence of absence of convictions for violations of Sec. 14-227a(a) within 1 year and negative drug test results, and added new provisions in Subsec. (d) re issuance of a 90-day temporary license to applicants who intend to operate a school bus, relettering remaining Subdivs. accordingly; P.A. 89-320 amended Subsec. (b) to require applicants to furnish evidence of absence of convictions for violations of Sec. 14-227a(a) within 5 years instead of within 1 year and amended Subsec. (d) to require commissioner to request criminal record for each applicant from state police bureau of identification and to forward fingerprints obtained under Subsec. (b) to bureau which shall submit fingerprints to FBI for a national criminal history records check, to authorize immediate withdrawal of the temporary license if notice of a criminal record is received within 90 days, subject to the provisions of Sec. 46a-80 and to require the licensee and his employer to be notified immediately in writing of receipt of a criminal record, making technical changes as necessary; P.A. 90-112 amended Subsecs. (a), (d) and (e) to include references to operation of student transportation vehicles; P.A. 90-263 divided Subsec. (a) into two subdivisions, inserting in Subdiv. (1) prohibition on operation of commercial motor vehicles used for passenger transportation until operator has obtained a commercial driver's license with a passenger endorsement, deleting references to public service motor vehicle or service bus and public service motor vehicle operator's license, and inserting in Subdiv. (2) prohibition on operation of school bus, student transportation vehicle, taxicab, motor vehicle in livery service, motor bus or service bus until operator has obtained a public passenger transportation permit, amended remaining Subsecs. to substitute public passenger transportation permit for public service motor vehicle operator's license, amended Subsec. (d) to insert references to "student transportation vehicle" after references to "school bus", and amended Subsec. (e) to provide that any applicant refused a permit on account of a criminal record shall be entitled to a hearing, if requested, and to permit applicant to appeal from final decision in accordance with Sec. 4-183, effective July 1, 1991; P.A. 91-272 amended Subsec. (b) to apply to applicants for renewal on and after July 1, 1992, amended Subsec. (d) to require applicants for a temporary permit or for renewal of a permit to submit to a state criminal history records check prior to issuance of such temporary permit or renewal and to make numerous changes throughout the Subsec., and amended Subsec. (e) to apply to applicants who are refused a renewal or whose permit or renewal is withdrawn or revoked on account of a criminal record; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-11 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting phrase "or a student transportation vehicle, as defined in section 14-212"; P.A. 93-341 amended Subsec. (a)(2) to provide that no person may operate a school bus carrying passengers without having obtained a commercial driver's license with a passenger endorsement and a school endorsement and substituted references to passenger or school endorsements for references to public passenger transportation permits throughout section, effective July 1, 1994, amended Subsec. (b) by inserting references to an "operator's license bearing an endorsement" and by revising the provisions regarding drug testing and physical examinations of applicants, effective July 1, 1993, amended Subsec. (d) by deleting provisions regarding a 90-day temporary permit pending completion of a national criminal history records check, and deleted Subsec. (f) which had specified contents of public passenger transportation permits in its entirety and relettered remaining Subsec. accordingly, effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 01-175 amended Subsec. (d) by making a technical change for the purposes of gender neutrality and by replacing language re state criminal history checks, fingerprinting and fee charged with language re state and national criminal history checks pursuant to Sec. 29-17a, effective July 1, 2001; P.A. 02-70 made a technical change in Subsec. (a)(3), added new Subsec. (d) to require the arresting officer or department, upon the arrest of any person who holds an operator's license bearing a school endorsement for a felony or violation of Sec. 53a-73a, to report such arrest to the commissioner within 48 hours, to specify form of such report and to authorize adoption of regulations, and redesignated existing Subsecs. (d) to (f) as Subsecs. (e) to (g), effective June 3, 2002; P.A. 03-278 made technical changes in Subsec. (f), effective July 9, 2003; P.A. 04-217 amended Subsec. (a) to include "activity vehicle" as vehicle requiring operator to have appropriate endorsement, amended Subsec. (b) to eliminate public passenger transportation permit, to eliminate provision requiring applicant for license with endorsement or renewal of license with endorsement to have received negative drug test results in two or more urine tests if administered within 1 year of date of application and to substitute requirement that applicant for renewal of such license present evidence that applicant is in compliance with medical qualifications under federal law, amended Subsec. (c) to change references to "permittee" to "endorsement holder", to eliminate "passenger or school" endorsement and substitute endorsement "required to operate a motor vehicle that transports passengers", and made technical changes, effective January 1, 2005; P.A. 05-218 amended Subsec. (a)(3) by adding camp vehicles; P.A. 06-130 added new Subsec. (g) re notification of school boards and providers of public transportation of drivers whose licenses or endorsements have been withdrawn, suspended or revoked and redesignated existing Subsec. (g) as Subsec. (h); P.A. 07-167 amended Subsec. (a)(3) by deleting reference to camp vehicle, effective July 1, 2007; P.A. 07-224 amended Subsec. (a) by repositioning existing provisions re endorsement for taxicabs, motor vehicles in livery service and motor or services buses as Subdiv. (3), redesignating existing provisions re endorsement for student transportation vehicles and activity vehicles as Subdiv. (4) and deleting "camp vehicle", amended Subsec. (b) by requiring evidence furnished by applicant to be under oath, amended Subsec. (e) by adding provisions re endorsement for operation of student transportation vehicle, re check of state child abuse registry and notification that applicant is listed thereon and re prohibition on issuance of temporary operator's license, by deleting provision re withdrawal of operator's license bearing school endorsement and by making conforming changes, added new Subsec. (f) re convictions, redesignated existing Subsecs. (f), (g) and (h) as Subsecs. (g), (h) and (i), amended redesignated Subsec. (h) to require report to be furnished by commissioner and made technical changes throughout, effective July 1, 2007; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-5 amended Subsec. (e) to substitute "abuse and neglect" for "abuse", reorganize provisions and delete reference to Sec. 46a-80 re perpetrators of abuse listed on registry, effective October 6, 2007.

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      Sec. 14-44e. Limitations on issuance of commercial driver's license. Qualification standards. Waiver of skills test. Requirements for license endorsement to operate vehicle transporting hazardous materials. Commercial driver's instruction permit. (a) The commissioner shall not issue a commercial driver's license to any person unless such person is a resident of this state and has passed a knowledge and skills test for driving a commercial motor vehicle which complies with the minimum federal standards established by 49 CFR 383, Subparts G and H, as amended, and has satisfied all other requirements of this section and sections 14-44b, 14-44c and 14-44g, in addition to other requirements for an operator's license imposed by the general statutes and regulations of the commissioner.

      (b) The commissioner shall not issue a commercial driver's license or a commercial driver's instruction permit to any person who has a physical or psychobehavioral impairment that affects such person's ability to operate a commercial motor vehicle safely. In determining whether to issue a commercial driver's license in any individual case, the commissioner shall apply the standards set forth in 49 CFR 391.41, as amended. Any person who is denied a commercial driver's license or a commercial driver's instruction permit, or whose license or permit is suspended, revoked or cancelled pursuant to this subsection shall be granted an opportunity for a hearing in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54.

      (c) The commissioner may waive the skills test required under subsection (a) of this section in the case of an applicant for a commercial driver's license who meets the requirements of 49 CFR 383.77, as amended or, in the case of an applicant for a school bus endorsement who meets the requirements of 49 CFR 383.123, as amended.

      (d) A commercial driver's license shall not be issued to any person subject to disqualification from driving a commercial motor vehicle or subject to suspension, revocation or cancellation of operating privileges in any state. Each applicant for an endorsement to drive a vehicle transporting hazardous materials shall be subject to the requirements of 49 USC 5103a, as administered by the United States Transportation Security Administration. The commissioner may refuse to issue a hazardous materials endorsement, or may suspend or revoke any such endorsement, held by any person who is the subject of a notification received from the Transportation Security Administration, in accordance with the provisions of 49 CFR 1572.5, as amended.

      (e) An operator's license shall not be issued to any person who holds an operator's license issued by any other state, unless such person first surrenders such license or licenses to the commissioner. The commissioner shall return every license surrendered hereunder to the issuing state for cancellation.

      (f) The commissioner may refuse to issue a commercial driver's license, or may issue a commercial driver's license subject to compliance with such condition as the commissioner may prescribe, to any person whose motor vehicle operator's license, privilege to operate a motor vehicle in this state or license endorsement is under suspension or is subject to any pending action by the commissioner that may result in suspension.

      (g) The commissioner may issue a commercial driver's instruction permit to any person who holds a valid operator's license. Said permit may not be issued for a period to exceed six months. Only one renewal or reissuance may be granted within a two-year period. The holder of a commercial driver's instruction permit, may, unless otherwise disqualified, drive a commercial motor vehicle only when accompanied by the holder of a commercial driver's license with appropriate endorsements for the type of vehicle being driven who occupies a seat beside the individual for the purpose of giving instruction in driving the commercial motor vehicle.

      (P.A. 90-263, S. 34, 74; P.A. 04-217, S. 8; P.A. 06-130, S. 18; P.A. 07-167, S. 9.)

      History: P.A. 04-217 made technical changes in Subsec. (a), amended Subsec. (b) to make a technical change and afford person whose commercial driver's license has been cancelled an opportunity for hearing, amended Subsec. (c) to make a technical change and permit commissioner to waive skills test for applicant for school bus endorsement meeting specified requirements and amended Subsec. (d) to prohibit issuance of commercial driver's license to person subject to cancellation of operating privileges in any state and added provisions re endorsement to drive a vehicle transporting hazardous materials, effective January 1, 2005; P.A. 06-130 added new Subsec. (f) re commissioner's discretionary power to issue commercial driver's license to driver whose license or endorsement is under suspension or is subject to pending action that may result in suspension and redesignated existing Subsec. (f) as Subsec. (g), effective July 1, 2006; P.A. 07-167 amended Subsec. (b) by adding references to commercial driver's instruction permit and deleting provision re standards applicable when person will operate vehicle only in this state.

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      Sec. 14-44i. Fees for commercial driver's license and tests. (a) There shall be charged a fee of sixty dollars for each renewal of a commercial driver's license.

      (b) There shall be charged for each commercial driver's license knowledge test a fee of sixteen dollars. There shall be charged for each commercial driver's license skills test a fee of thirty dollars. There shall be charged for each commercial driver's license learner's permit a fee of ten dollars.

      (c) There shall be charged, in addition to the fee provided in subsection (b) of this section for the commercial driver's license knowledge test, a fee of five dollars for each test for an endorsement to a commercial driver's license. There shall be charged, in addition to the fee provided in subsection (b) for such knowledge test, a fee of five dollars for each test for the removal of a restriction to a commercial driver's license relating to air brakes. There shall be charged, in addition to the fee provided in subsection (b) for such knowledge test, a fee of five dollars for each combination vehicle knowledge test.

      (P.A. 90-263, S. 17, 74; P.A. 97-236, S. 8; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-6, S. 77, 85; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-4, S. 23, 30; P.A. 04-199, S. 25; P.A. 07-167, S. 16.)

      History: P.A. 97-236 amended Subsec. (d) to require commissioner to waive fees for any person who applies for a license with a "Z" restriction, eliminating reference to provision of evidence that person is currently employed as a school bus operator or has been accepted for employment as such; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-6 amended Subsec. (a) to increase the renewal fee to $75, effective July 1, 2001; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-4 amended Subsec. (a) to increase fee for renewal of commercial driver's license to $90 and amended Subsec. (b) to increase fee for commercial driver's license learner's permit from $8 to $10, effective January 1, 2004; P.A. 04-199 amended Subsec. (a) to delete reference to Sec. 14-44h(c) and to reduce fee for renewal of commercial driver's license from $90 to $60, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 07-167 deleted former Subsec. (d) re waiver of fees for person applying for a license with a "Z" restriction.

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      Sec. 14-44k. Disqualification from operation of commercial motor vehicles. Disqualification offenses. Lifetime disqualification. Mitigation of lifetime disqualification. (a) A driver who is disqualified or subject to an out-of-service order shall not drive a commercial motor vehicle. An employer shall not knowingly permit or require a driver who is disqualified to drive a commercial motor vehicle.

      (b) In addition to any other penalties provided by law, and except as provided in subsection (d) of this section, a person is disqualified from operating a commercial motor vehicle for one year if convicted of one violation of (1) operating any motor vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or drugs, or both, under section 14-227a, (2) operating a commercial motor vehicle while having a blood alcohol concentration of four-hundredths of one per cent, or more, (3) evasion of responsibility under section 14-224, (4) using any motor vehicle in the commission of any felony, as defined in section 14-1, or (5) operating a commercial motor vehicle while the operator's commercial driver's license is revoked, suspended or cancelled, or while the operator is disqualified from operating a commercial motor vehicle. In addition to any other penalties provided by law, and except as provided in subsection (d) of this section, a person is disqualified from operating a commercial motor vehicle for a period of not more than two years if convicted of one violation of causing a fatality through the negligent or reckless operation of a commercial motor vehicle, as evidenced by a conviction of a violation of section 14-222a, 53a-56b, 53a-57 or 53a-60d.

      (c) In addition to any other penalties provided by law, and except as provided in subsection (d) of this section, a person is disqualified from operating a commercial motor vehicle for one year if the commissioner finds that such person has refused to submit to a test to determine such person's blood alcohol concentration while operating any motor vehicle, or has failed such a test when given, pursuant to the provisions of section 14-227b or pursuant to the provisions of a law of any other state that is deemed by the commissioner to be substantially similar to section 14-227b. For the purpose of this subsection, a person shall be deemed to have failed such a test if, when driving a commercial motor vehicle, the ratio of alcohol in the blood of such person was four-hundredths of one per cent or more of alcohol, by weight, or if, when driving any other motor vehicle, the ratio of alcohol in the blood of such person was eight-hundredths of one per cent or more of alcohol, by weight.

      (d) If a person commits any of the disqualifying offenses identified in subsection (b) of this section or is the subject of a finding by the commissioner under subsection (c) of this section while driving a vehicle transporting hazardous materials, required to be placarded under the Hazardous Materials Transportation Act, 49 USC 1801 to 1813, inclusive, as amended, such person shall be disqualified for a period of three years.

      (e) In addition to any other penalties provided by law, a person is disqualified from operating a commercial motor vehicle for (1) sixty days if convicted of failure to stop at a railroad grade crossing, in violation of section 14-249 or 14-250, while operating a commercial motor vehicle, (2) one hundred twenty days if convicted of a second violation of section 14-249 or 14-250 while operating a commercial motor vehicle, and (3) one year if convicted of a third or subsequent violation of section 14-249 or 14-250 while operating a commercial motor vehicle, during any three-year period.

      (f) In addition to any other penalties provided by law, a person is disqualified from operating a commercial motor vehicle for a period of not less than sixty days if convicted of two serious traffic violations, as defined in section 14-1, or one hundred twenty days if convicted of three serious traffic violations, committed while operating any motor vehicle arising from separate incidents occurring within a three-year period. The period of any disqualification for a subsequent offense imposed under this subsection shall commence immediately after the period of any other disqualification imposed on such person.

      (g) Any person who uses any motor vehicle in the commission of a felony involving the manufacture, distribution or dispensing of a controlled substance shall be disqualified for life.

      (h) A person is disqualified for life if such person commits two or more of the offenses specified in subsection (b) of this section, or if such person is the subject of two or more findings by the commissioner under subsection (c) of this section, or any combination of those offenses or findings, arising from two or more separate incidents. A person is disqualified for life if the commissioner takes suspension actions against such person for two or more alcohol test refusals or test failures, or any combination of such actions, arising from two or more separate incidents. Any person disqualified for life, except a person disqualified under subsection (g) of this section, who has both voluntarily enrolled in and successfully completed an appropriate rehabilitation program, as determined by the commissioner, may apply for reinstatement of such person's commercial driver's license, provided any such applicant shall not be eligible for reinstatement until such time as such person has served a minimum disqualification period of ten years. If a person whose commercial driver's license is reinstated is subsequently convicted of another disqualifying offense, such person shall be permanently disqualified for life and shall be ineligible to reapply for a reduction of the lifetime disqualification.

      (i) (1) Except as provided in subdivision (2) of this subsection, any person who violates an out-of-service order shall be disqualified from operating a commercial motor vehicle: (A) For a period of not less than ninety days or more than one year for a first violation; (B) for a period of not less than one year or more than five years for a second violation during any ten-year period, where such violations arose from separate incidents; and (C) for a period of not less than three years or more than five years for a third or subsequent violation during any ten-year period, where such violations arose from separate incidents.

      (2) Any person who violates an out-of-service order while driving a vehicle transporting hazardous materials, required to be placarded under the Hazardous Materials Transportation Act, 49 USC 1801 to 1813, inclusive, or a commercial motor vehicle designed to transport sixteen or more passengers, including the driver, shall be disqualified from operating a commercial motor vehicle: (A) For a period of not less than one hundred eighty days or more than two years for a first violation, and (B) for a period of not less than three years or more than five years for a second or subsequent violation during any ten-year period, where such violations arose from separate incidents.

      (3) In addition to the penalties provided in subdivision (1) or (2) of this subsection, any person who violates an out-of-service order shall be subject to a civil penalty of not less than one thousand one hundred dollars or more than two thousand seven hundred fifty dollars.

      (j) Any holder of a commercial driver's license whose driving is determined by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration to constitute an imminent hazard, as defined in section 14-1, shall be disqualified from operating a commercial motor vehicle. The period of disqualification may not exceed thirty days unless the commissioner is satisfied that the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration has complied with the procedures for review and hearing set forth in 49 CFR 383.52. The period of any disqualification imposed under this subsection shall be concurrent with the period of any other disqualification or suspension imposed on such commercial driver.

      (k) After taking disqualification action, or suspending, revoking or cancelling a commercial driver's license, the commissioner shall update the commissioner's records to reflect such action within ten days. After taking disqualification action, or suspending, revoking or cancelling the operating privileges of a commercial driver who is licensed in another state, the commissioner shall notify the licensing state of such action within ten days. Such notification shall identify the violation that caused such disqualification, suspension, cancellation or revocation.

      (P.A. 90-263, S. 38, 74; P.A. 92-100; P.A. 97-236, S. 10, 27; P.A. 02-70, S. 2; P.A. 03-278, S. 38; P.A. 04-217, S. 12; P.A. 05-218, S. 21; 05-288, S. 57; P.A. 06-130, S. 19; P.A. 07-167, S. 33.)

      History: P.A. 90-263, S. 38 effective July 1, 1991; P.A. 92-100 amended Subsec. (c) to provide that a person is deemed to have failed test if he has a blood alcohol ratio of 0.04% or more and amended Subsec. (f) to require disqualification for life for persons who are the subject of two or more findings by the commissioner under Subsec. (c); P.A. 97-236 amended Subsec. (a) to prohibit a driver subject to an out-of-service order from driving a commercial motor vehicle and to eliminate in the prohibition re employer knowingly "allow" and "authorize", inserted new Subsec. (g) requiring disqualification from operating a commercial motor vehicle and imposition of a civil penalty for violation of an out-of-service order, and relettered existing Subsecs. (g) and (h) as (h) and (i), respectively, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 02-70 amended Subsec. (b) to require disqualification from operating a commercial motor vehicle for 60 days if convicted of one violation of Sec. 14-249 or 14-250, for 120 days if convicted of a second violation of said sections and for one year if convicted of a third or subsequent violation of said sections and to make technical changes, effective July 1, 2002; P.A. 03-278 made technical changes in Subsec. (b), effective July 9, 2003; P.A. 04-217 amended Subsec. (b) to impose penalty of disqualification from operating commercial motor vehicle for one year for operating commercial motor vehicle while having blood alcohol concentration of 0.04% or more, for operating any motor vehicle, rather than commercial motor vehicle, in commission of a felony, for operating a commercial motor vehicle while commercial driver's license revoked, suspended, or cancelled, or while operator disqualified from operating commercial motor vehicle and for causing fatality through negligent or reckless operation of commercial motor vehicle, to eliminate other penalties and to renumber subdivisions, amended Subsec. (c) to disqualify from operation of commercial motor vehicle for one year person refusing to submit to blood test to determine blood alcohol concentration while operating any motor vehicle, rather than commercial motor vehicle, or who fails test as provided, amended Subsec. (d) to provide that person disqualified under Subsec. (b) or subject of finding by commissioner under Subsec. (c) while driving vehicle transporting hazardous materials be disqualified for period of three years, added new Subsec. (e) re convictions resulting in disqualification, added new Subsec. (f) re disqualification for conviction of serious traffic violations, redesignated existing Subsec. (e) as new Subsec. (g) and changed basis for disqualification from use of commercial motor vehicle to use of any motor vehicle in commission of specified felony, redesignated existing Subsec. (f) as new Subsec. (h) and amended same to specify that person disqualified under Subsec. (g) may not apply to have license reinstated after completion of rehabilitation program, redesignated existing Subsec. (g) as new Subsec. (i) and amended Subdiv. (2) therein to apply to person driving vehicle transporting sixteen, rather then fifteen, passengers and Subdiv. (3) therein to increase civil penalty to not less than $1,100 or more than $2,750, deleted former Subsec. (h) re disqualification, added new Subsec. (j) re disqualification of person holding commercial driver's license whose driving determined to constitute an imminent hazard, redesignated existing Subsec. (i) as new Subsec. (k) and amended same to include cancellation of commercial driver's license as action requiring commissioner to update records, to include cancellation of operating privileges as action requiring commissioner to notify other licensing state of action and to require identification in such notification of the violation causing the disqualification, and made technical changes throughout, effective January 1, 2005 (Revisor's note: In Subsec. (j) the work "in" was editorially inserted by the Revisors in the phrase ", as defined in section 14-1," for consistency); P.A. 05-218 amended Subsec. (c) by adding "when driving a commercial vehicle" re blood alcohol ratio of 0.04% or more and adding provision re driving any other motor vehicle where the ratio of alcohol in blood was 0.08% or more; P.A. 05-288 made technical changes in Subsec. (i), effective July 13, 2005; P.A. 06-130 amended Subsec. (b)(3) by changing "evasion of responsibility, involving a commercial motor vehicle" to "evasion of responsibility", amended Subsec. (c) by adding language re provisions of law in other states, amended Subsec. (f) by providing that disqualification period for a subsequent offense shall start immediately after any other disqualification period and amended Subsec. (j) by providing that disqualification period shall be concurrent with any other disqualification or suspension, effective July 1, 2006; P.A. 07-167 amended Subsec. (b) by replacing former Subdiv. (6) re one-year disqualification for causing fatality through negligent or reckless operation with provisions re disqualification for not more than two years for causing fatality through negligent or reckless operation and by making technical changes, effective July 1, 2007.

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(C)

FEES

      Sec. 14-49. Fees for miscellaneous registration and other fees. (a) For the registration of each passenger motor vehicle, other than an electric motor vehicle, the fee shall be seventy-five dollars every two years, provided any individual who is sixty-five years of age or older on or after January 1, 1981, may, at his discretion, renew the registration of such passenger motor vehicle owned by him for either a one-year or two-year period. The fee for one year shall be thirty-eight dollars, and the fee for two years shall be seventy-five dollars; provided the biennial fee for any motor vehicle for which special license plates have been issued under the provisions of section 14-20 shall be seventy-five dollars. The provisions of this subsection relative to the biennial fee charged for the registration of each antique, rare or special interest motor vehicle for which special license plates have been issued under section 14-20 shall not apply to an antique fire apparatus or transit bus owned by a nonprofit organization and maintained primarily for use in parades, exhibitions or other public events but not for purposes of general transportation.

      (b) (1) For the registration of each motorcycle, the biennial fee shall be forty dollars, subject to the provisions of subdivision (2) of this subsection. For the registration of each motorcycle with side car or box attached used for commercial purposes, the biennial fee shall be fifty-six dollars. The commissioner may register a motorcycle with a side car under one registration which shall cover the use of such motorcycle with or without such side car. (2) Four dollars of the total fee with respect to the registration of each motorcycle shall, when entered upon the records of the Special Transportation Fund, be deemed to be appropriated to the Department of Transportation for purposes of continuing the program of motorcycle rider education formerly funded under the federal Highway Safety Act of 1978, 23 USC 402.

      (c) For the registration of each taxicab or motor vehicle in livery service, with a seating capacity of seven or less, the commissioner shall charge a biennial fee of two hundred fifty dollars. When the seating capacity of such motor vehicle is more than seven, there shall be added to the amount herein provided the sum of four dollars for each seat so in excess.

      (d) For the registration of each motor bus, except a motor bus owned and operated by a multiple-state passenger carrier as hereinafter defined, the commissioner shall charge a fee of forty-seven dollars and such registration shall be sufficient for all types of operation under this chapter. On and after July 1, 1992, the fee shall be fifty-three dollars. For the registration of motor buses owned or operated by a multiple-state passenger carrier, the commissioner shall charge registration fees based on the rate of one dollar per hundredweight of the gross weight, such gross weight to be computed by adding the light weight of the vehicle fully equipped for service to one hundred fifty pounds per passenger for the rated seating capacity, plus the sum of thirty-four dollars, and on and after July 1, 1992, one dollar and twenty-five cents plus the sum of thirty-nine dollars. The fee in each case shall be determined on an apportionment basis commensurate with the use of the highways of this state as herein provided. The commissioner shall require the registration of that percentage of the motor buses of such multiple-state passenger carrier operating into or through the state which the mileage of such motor buses actually operated in the state bears to the total mileage of all such motor buses operated both within and without the state. Such percentage figures shall be the mileage factor. In computing the registration fees on the number of such motor buses which are allocated to the state for registration purposes under the foregoing formula, the commissioner shall first compute the amount that the registration fees would be if all such motor buses were in fact subject to registration in the state, and then apply to such amount the mileage factor above referred to, provided, if the foregoing formula or method of allocation results in apportioning a lesser or greater number of motor buses or amount of registration fees to the state than the state under all of the facts is fairly entitled to, then a formula that will fairly apportion such registration fees to the state shall be determined and used by the commissioner. Said mileage factor shall be computed prior to March first of each year by using the mileage records of operations of such motor buses operating both within and without the state for the twelve-month period, or portion thereof, ending on August thirty-first next preceding the commencement of the registration year for which registration is sought. If there were no operations in the state during any part of such preceding twelve-month period, the commissioner shall proceed under the provisions of subsection (a) of article IV of section 14-365. In apportioning the number of motor buses to be registered in the state, as provided herein, any fractional part of a motor bus shall be treated as a whole motor bus and shall be registered and licensed as such. Any motor bus operated both within and without the state which is not required to be registered in the state under the provisions of this section shall nevertheless be identified as a part of the fleet of the multiple-state passenger carrier and the commissioner shall adopt an appropriate method of identification of such motor buses owned and operated by such carrier. The identification of all such motor buses by the commissioner as above required shall be considered the same as the registration of such motor buses under this chapter. The substitution from time to time of one motor bus for another by a multiple-state passenger carrier shall not require registration thereof in the state as long as the substitution does not increase the aggregate number of motor buses employed in the operation of such carrier, provided all such motor buses substituted for others shall be immediately reported to and identification issued for the same by the commissioner and, if a registration fee is required to be paid for such substituted motor bus, the same shall be promptly paid. As used in this subsection, the phrase "multiple-state passenger carrier" means and includes any person, firm or corporation authorized by the Interstate Commerce Commission or its successor agency to engage in the business of the transportation of passengers for hire by motor buses, both within and without the state.

      (e) (1) For the registration of a passenger motor vehicle used in part for commercial purposes, except any pick-up truck having a gross vehicle weight rating of less than twelve thousand five hundred pounds, the commissioner shall charge a biennial fee of eighty-three dollars and shall issue combination registration to such vehicle. (2) For the registration of a school bus, the commissioner shall charge an annual fee of one hundred dollars for a type I school bus and sixty dollars for a type II school bus. (3) For the registration of a motor vehicle when used in part for commercial purposes and as a passenger motor vehicle or of a motor vehicle having a seating capacity greater than ten and not used for the conveyance of passengers for hire, the commissioner shall charge a biennial fee for gross weight as for commercial registration, as outlined in section 14-47, plus the sum of thirteen dollars and shall issue combination registration to such vehicle. (4) Each vehicle registered as combination shall be issued a number plate bearing the word "combination". No vehicle registered as combination may have a gross vehicle weight rating in excess of twelve thousand five hundred pounds. (5) For the registration of a pick-up truck having a gross vehicle weight rating of less than twelve thousand five hundred pounds that is not used in part for commercial purposes, the commissioner shall charge a biennial fee for gross weight as for commercial registration, as provided in section 14-47, plus the sum of thirteen dollars. The commissioner may issue passenger registration to any such vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating of eight thousand five hundred pounds or less.

      (f) For the registration of each electric motor vehicle, the commissioner shall charge a fee of fifteen dollars for each year or part thereof. On and after July 1, 1992, the fee shall be eighteen dollars.

      (g) For the registration of all motorcycles, registered under a general distinguishing number and mark, owned or operated by, or in the custody of, a manufacturer of, dealer in or repairer of motorcycles, there shall be charged an annual fee at the rate of thirty-one dollars for each set of number plates furnished. On and after July 1, 1992, the fee shall be thirty-five dollars.

      (h) The minimum annual fee for any commercial registration of a motor vehicle not equipped with pneumatic tires shall be fifty dollars. On and after July 1, 1992, the fee shall be fifty-six dollars.

      (i) For the transfer of the registration of a motor vehicle previously registered, except as provided in subsection (e) of section 14-16 and subsection (d) of section 14-253a, there shall be charged a fee of twenty dollars.

      (j) Repealed by 1972, P.A. 255, S. 6.

      (k) For the registration of each motor hearse used exclusively for transportation of the dead, the commissioner shall charge a fee of thirty-one dollars. On and after July 1, 1992, the fee shall be thirty-five dollars. The commissioner may furnish distinguishing number plates for any motor hearse.

      (l) The fee for the registration of each truck to be used between parts of an industrial plant, as provided in section 13a-117, shall be twenty-five dollars for the first two hundred feet of the public highway, the use of which is granted by such permit, and on and after July 1, 1992, the fee shall be twenty-eight dollars. For each additional two hundred feet or fraction thereof, the fee shall be eleven dollars, and on and after July 1, 1992, the fee shall be twelve dollars.

      (m) (1) For the registration of a trailer used exclusively for camping or any other recreational purpose, the commissioner shall charge a biennial fee of sixteen dollars. On and after July 1, 1992, the fee shall be eighteen dollars. (2) For any other trailer or semitrailer not drawn by a truck-tractor he shall charge the same fee as prescribed for commercial registrations in section 14-47, provided the fee for a heavy duty trailer, a crane or any other heavy construction equipment shall be three hundred six dollars for each year; except that the registration fee for each motor vehicle classed as a tractor-crane and equipped with rubber tires shall be one-half the fee charged for the gross weight of commercial vehicles.

      (n) For each temporary registration of a motor vehicle not used for commercial purposes, or renewal of such registration, the commissioner shall charge a fee computed at the rate of twenty dollars for each ten-day period, or part thereof. For each temporary registration of a motor vehicle used for commercial purposes, or renewal of such registration, the commissioner shall charge a fee computed at the rate of twenty-five dollars for each ten-day period, or part thereof, if the motor vehicle has a gross vehicle weight rating of six thousand pounds or less. For each temporary registration of a motor vehicle used for commercial purposes, or renewal of such registration, the commissioner shall charge a fee computed at the rate of forty-six dollars for each ten-day period, or part thereof, if the motor vehicle has a gross vehicle weight rating of more than six thousand pounds.

      (o) No registration fee or operator's license fee shall be charged in respect to any motor vehicle owned by a municipality, as defined in section 7-245, any other governmental agency or a military agency and used exclusively for the conduct of official business. No registration fee shall be charged for any motor vehicle owned by or leased to a transit district and used exclusively to provide public transportation. No fee shall be charged for the registration of ambulances owned by hospitals or any nonprofit civic organization approved by the commissioner, but a fee of twenty dollars shall be charged for the inspection of any such ambulance. No fee shall be charged for the registration of fire department apparatus as provided by section 14-19. No registration fee shall be charged to a disabled veteran, as defined in section 14-254, residing in this state for the registration of three passenger, camper or passenger and commercial motor vehicles leased or owned by such veteran in any registration year, provided such vehicles shall not be used for hire. No registration fee shall be charged for any motor vehicle leased to an agency of this state on or after June 4, 1982.

      (p) For the registration of a service bus owned by an individual, firm or corporation, exclusive of any nonprofit charitable, religious, educational or community service organization, and used for the transportation of persons without charge, the commissioner shall charge a fee of two hundred dollars for vehicles having a seating capacity of sixteen passengers or less, including the driver, and seven hundred dollars for vehicles having a seating capacity of more than sixteen passengers. For the registration of any service bus owned by any nonprofit charitable, religious, educational or community service organization, the commissioner shall charge a fee of one hundred fifty dollars for vehicles having a seating capacity of sixteen passengers or less, and five hundred dollars for vehicles having a seating capacity of more than sixteen passengers, provided such service bus is used exclusively for the purpose of transporting persons in relation to the purposes and activities of such organization. Each such registration shall be issued for a biennial period in accordance with a schedule established by the commissioner. Nothing herein contained shall affect the provisions of subsection (e) of this section.

      (q) The commissioner shall collect a biennial fee of twenty-eight dollars for the registration of each motor vehicle used exclusively for farming purposes. No such motor vehicle may be used for the purpose of transporting goods for hire or taking the on-the-road skills test portion of the examination for a motor vehicle operator's license. No farm registration shall be issued to any person operating a farm that has gross annual sales of less than two thousand five hundred dollars in the calendar year preceding registration. The commissioner may issue a farm registration for a passenger motor vehicle under such conditions as said commissioner shall prescribe in regulations adopted in accordance with chapter 54. No motor vehicle issued a farm registration may be used to transport ten or more passengers on any highway unless such motor vehicle meets the requirements for equipment and mechanical condition set forth in this chapter, and, in the case of a vehicle used to transport more than fifteen passengers, including the driver, the applicable requirements of the Code of Federal Regulations, as adopted by the commissioner, in accordance with the provisions of subsection (a) of section 14-163c. The operator of such motor vehicle used to transport ten or more passengers shall hold a public transportation permit or endorsement issued in accordance with the provisions of section 14-44. Any farm registration used otherwise than as provided by this subsection shall be revoked.

      (r) Repealed by P.A. 73-549, S. 2, 4.

      (s) A fee of sixty-five dollars shall be charged in addition to the regular fee prescribed for the registration of a motor vehicle, including but not limited to any passenger motor vehicle or motorcycle, in accordance with this section for a number plate or plates for such vehicle bearing any combination of letters or numbers requested by the registrant and which may be issued in the discretion of the commissioner, except in any case in which the number plates bear the official call letters of an amateur radio station. On and after July 1, 1992, the fee shall be sixty-five dollars.

      (t) For the registration of each camper, the commissioner shall charge a biennial fee of sixty-two dollars. On and after July 1, 1992, the fee shall be seventy dollars. The commissioner shall refund one-half of the registration fee for any camper registration when the number plate or plates and registration certificate are returned with one year or more remaining until the expiration of such registration.

      (u) Repealed by P.A. 85-81.

      (v) There shall be charged for each motor vehicle learner's permit or renewal thereof a fee of eighteen dollars. There shall be charged for each motorcycle training permit or renewal thereof a fee of fifteen dollars.

      (w) In addition to the fee established for the issuance of motor vehicle number plates and except as provided in subsection (a) of section 14-21b and subsection (c) of section 14-253a there shall be an additional safety fee of five dollars charged at the time of issuance of any reflectorized safety number plate or set of plates. All moneys derived from said safety fee shall be deposited in the Special Transportation Fund. The commissioner may waive said safety fee in the case of any person who submits a police report to the commissioner indicating that the number plate or set of number plates have been stolen or mutilated for the purpose of obtaining the sticker attached to the plate denoting the expiration date of the registration.

      (x) For the registration of each high-mileage vehicle, the commissioner shall charge a fee of thirty-nine dollars for each year or part thereof. On and after July 1, 1992, the fee shall be forty-four dollars.

      (y) For each special use registration for a period of thirty days or less, the fee shall be twenty dollars.

      (z) The commissioner shall assess a ten-dollar late fee for renewal of a motor vehicle registration in the event a registrant fails to renew his registration within five days after the expiration of such registration, except that no such fee shall be assessed for the late renewal of the registration, pursuant to subdivision (1) of subsection (m) of this section, of (1) a trailer used exclusively for camping or any other recreational purpose, or (2) a motor vehicle designed or permanently altered in such a way as to provide living quarters for travel or camping.

      (aa) The commissioner shall refund one-half of the registration fee for any motor vehicle when the number plate or plates and registration certificate are returned on or after July 1, 2004, with one year or more remaining until the expiration of such registration.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2388; 1953, 1955, S. 1306d; 1955, S. 1303d, 1304d, 1305d; 1957, P.A. 164; 450; 608; 668; 1959, P.A. 62, S. 1; 545, S. 1; 1961, P.A. 22, S. 1; 233, S. 8; 441; 581, S. 8; 591; February, 1965, P.A. 220; 414, S. 2; 1967, P.A. 501, S. 2; 1969, P.A. 302, S. 2; 759, S. 6, 7, 8; 816; 1971, P.A. 526, S. 4; 529; 598; 1972, P.A. 255, S. 6; P.A. 73-454, S. 2, 5; 73-549, S. 2, 4; P.A. 75-213, S. 5, 53; P.A. 76-386; P.A. 77-538, S. 1, 2; P.A. 78-81; 78-284, S. 1, 2; P.A. 79-244, S. 3; 79-502; P.A. 80-71, S. 28, 30; 80-457, S. 2, 3; 80-466, S. 13, 14, 25; P.A. 81-394, S. 5; P.A. 82-333, S. 1, 2; 82-382, S. 2, 4; 82-460, S. 3, 6; P.A. 83-489, S. 4-6, 17; 83-515, S. 2; P.A. 84-254, S. 34, 62; 84-306, S. 1, 2; 84-429, S. 54; P.A. 85-81; 85-213; 85-525, S. 2, 6; 85-613, S. 146, 154; P.A. 86-157, S. 2; 86-383, S. 2, 3, 6; 86-388, S. 29, 31; P.A. 87-304, S. 1, 4; 87-329, S. 10; 87-362, S. 2, 3; 87-425; P.A. 88-194; P.A. 89-232, S. 1; P.A. 90-263, S. 14-16, 46, 74; 90-299, S. 1; P.A. 92-156, S. 2, 7; 92-177, S. 7, 12; P.A. 93-74, S. 42, 67; 93-341, S. 17-19, 38; P.A. 94-189, S. 6, 25, 34; P.A. 95-260, S. 18, 24; P.A. 96-167, S. 7; 96-222, S. 16, 17, 41; 96-248, S. 2, 4; P.A. 97-226, S. 3, 6; 97-309, S. 6, 23; 97-322, S. 7, 9; P.A. 98-152, S. 1, 2; P.A. 99-118; 99-232, S. 4; P.A. 00-169, S. 4, 26; P.A. 02-70, S. 44, 51; 02-105, S. 2; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-4, S. 21, 25, 26, 32, 33; P.A. 04-143, S. 20; 04-182, S. 4-6; 04-199, S. 8-10, 17; P.A. 05-218, S. 17; P.A. 07-167, S. 28.)

      History: 1959 acts repealed provisions for testing of equipment by commissioner and amended Subsec. (r) to increase certain fees; 1961 acts increased fees in Subsecs. (a) through (e), (g) through (n) and (p), (q) and (r) and added the last clause to Subsec. (r); 1965 acts changed "hundredweight" in Subsec. (p) to "hundred pounds or fraction thereof" and added Subsec. (t); 1967 act added Subsec. (u); 1969 acts added Subsec. (v), increased fees in Subsecs. (a) to (i), (k) to (n) and (p) to (s) and revised provisions re mileage factor calculation in Subsec. (d); 1971 acts specified applicability of Subsec. (m) to semitrailers "not drawn by a truck tractor", clarified fees charged in Subsec. (r) replacing reference to records of registration or license with records "including, but not limited to, transcripts of hearings ... but excluding lists of owners of motor vehicles and supplements to such lists" and clarified Subsec. (s) by adding phrase "including but not limited to any passenger motor vehicle or motorcycle"; 1972 act repealed Subsec. (j); P.A. 73-454 added Subsec. (w); P.A. 73-549 repealed Subsec. (r); P.A. 75-213 increased fees in all subsections except Subsec. (w); P.A. 76-386 included other motor vehicles used as school buses in Subsec. (e); P.A. 77-538 included provision re vehicles owned or leased by transit district in Subsec. (o); P.A. 78-81 extended area of operation allowed for farm vehicles in Subsec. (q) from 7 to 25 miles; P.A. 78-284 added special provisions in Subsec. (p) re service buses owned by nonprofit organizations and required annual inspection of service buses; P.A. 79-244 added Subsec. (x); P.A. 79-502 specified that registration of buses under Subsec. (d) is "sufficient for all types of operation under this chapter"; P.A. 80-71 changed Subsec. (a) to reflect change to biennial registration; P.A. 80-457 added exception in Subsec. (a) re registrations by persons 65 or older; P.A. 80-466 added refund provision in Subsec. (a) and added reference to single license plate in Subsec. (s); P.A. 81-394 added Subsec. (y) which set registration fee for high-mileage vehicles; P.A. 82-333 amended Subsec. (b) by increasing the fee from $8 to $10 and providing that the additional $2 for each registration shall become part of the general fund, however, it shall be deemed to be appropriated for a program of motorcycle rider education formerly supported by federal funds; P.A. 82-382 added provision to Subsec. (o) that no registration fee shall be charged for any motor vehicle leased to an agency of the state; P.A. 82-460 included provisions re "combination" motor vehicles in Subsec. (e), changing seating capacity of vehicles not used as public service motor vehicles from seven to ten and made a technical correction in Subsec. (w); P.A. 83-489 amended Subsec. (g) to increase fee for each set of number plates furnished from $10 to $20, amended Subsec. (i) to increase fee for the transfer of registration of a motor vehicle previously registered from $5 to $6 and amended Subsec. (w) to increase safety fee from $1 to $2; P.A. 83-515 amended Subsec. (a), increasing the registration fee for antique, rare or special interest motor vehicles from $7 to $20; P.A. 84-254 increased the motor vehicle registration fees in all Subsecs. except (o) and (w), with the increases taking effect as of July first of 1984, 1986, 1988 and 1992, except under Subsec. (v) as of July first of 1985, 1989, 1991 and 1993; P.A. 84-306 amended Subsec. (w), requiring that moneys from the safety fee be deposited in the general fund rather than in special safety fund; P.A. 84-429 made technical changes for statutory consistency; P.A. 85-81 repealed former Subsec. (u) concerning registration fees for vehicles with consular plates; P.A. 85-213 amended Subsec. (q), increasing the distance from the farm which farm vehicles may be operated on highways from 25 to 35 miles; P.A. 85-525 amended Subsec. (a) to require biennial, instead of annual, registration of any motor vehicle for which special plates have been issued under Sec. 14-20, amended Subsec. (b) to require biennial, instead of annual, registration of motorcycles, amended Subsec. (e)(1) to require biennial, instead of annual, registration of a passenger motor vehicle used in part for commercial purposes or of a passenger motor vehicle used as a school bus having a seating capacity of seven or less, amended Subsec. (e)(3) to require biennial, instead of annual, registration of a commercial motor vehicle used in part as a passenger motor vehicle or of a motor vehicle having a seating capacity greater than ten and not used as a public service motor vehicle, amended Subsec. (g) to require biennial, instead of annual, registration of motorcycles owned or operated by, or in the custody of, a manufacturer of, dealer in or repairer of motorcycles, amended Subsec. (m)(1) to require biennial, instead of annual, registration of a trailer used exclusively for camping or any other recreational purpose, amended Subsec. (q) to require biennial, instead of annual, registration of motor vehicles used exclusively for farming purposes, amended Subsec. (t) to require biennial, instead of annual, registration of campers, and amended Subsec. (x) to require biennial, instead of annual, registration of vanpool vehicles; P.A. 85-613 amended Subsec. (o) to apply to vehicles owned by municipalities "as defined in section 7-245"; P.A. 86-157 added Subsec. (z), specifying fee for special use registration; P.A. 86-383 amended Subsec. (e) to prohibit registration of "combination" motor vehicles weighing over 10,000 pounds and to require registration fee refunds for "combination" registrations and amended Subsec. (g) to reflect change from imposition of biennial to annual fee; P.A. 86-388 amended Subsec. (w), substituting "number" plate for marker plate and providing that the $2 fee be charged for issuance of a set of plates; P.A. 87-304 amended Subsec. (i) to add an exemption from assessment of the fee for transfer of registration of a vehicle previously registered for handicapped persons receiving a special international symbol of access number plate after transfer of their previously unexpired registrations and amended Subsec. (w) to add an exemption from assessment of the safety fee for handicapped persons receiving a special international symbol of access number plate after transfer of their previously unexpired registrations; P.A. 87-329 maintained the fees at the levels existing on and after July 1, 1986, and decreased the fees effective July 1, 1992, to the levels formerly existing on and after July 1, 1988, and made several technical changes; P.A. 87-362 amended Subsec. (t) to require registration fee refunds for camper registrations and amended Subsec. (w) to include an exemption from assessment of the safety fee; P.A. 87-425 amended Subsec. (b) by changing the amount deemed appropriated to the department of transportation for purposes of continuing the program of motorcycle rider education from $2 of the total fee with respect to the registration of such motorcycle to $4, and by specifying that such amount shall be entered upon the records of the special transportation fund, rather than the general fund; P.A. 88-194 amended Subsec. (a) to eliminate the registration fee for antique fire apparatus and transit buses owned by nonprofit organizations and used primarily for public events; P.A. 89-232 amended Subsec. (q) to eliminate the mileage limitation on operation of motor vehicles used exclusively for farming purposes, to prohibit the use of such vehicles for transporting goods for hire and to prohibit the issuance of farm registrations to any person having gross annual farm sales of less than $1,000; P.A. 90-263 amended Subsec. (b)(1) to substitute phrase "for commercial purposes" for "as a commercial motor vehicle" with respect to registration of motorcycle with side car or box attached, amended Subsec. (c) to substitute taxicab or motor vehicle in livery service for public service motor vehicle other than a motor bus, amended Subsec. (e)(1) to delete phrase re registration "of a passenger motor vehicle used as a school bus having a seating capacity of seven or less", to substitute ten for seven in Subsec. (e)(2) with regard to seating capacity of a school bus or other vehicle used as a school bus, to provide that fees specified in Subsec. (e)(3) apply to registration of motor vehicle used in part for commercial purposes and as a passenger motor vehicle, deleting reference to public service motor vehicle, and to provide in Subsec. (e)(4) that motor vehicles used in part for commercial purposes and private passenger purposes be issued a combination registration, deleting reference to passenger and commercial registration, amended Subsec. (h) to add phrase "registration of a" after "the minimum annual fee for any commercial", amended Subsec. (m)(2) to substitute commercial registrations for commercial motor vehicles, and amended Subsec. (n)(2) to substitute motor vehicle used to transport passengers for hire for public service motor vehicle and Subsec. (n)(3) to substitute motor vehicle used for commercial purposes for commercial motor vehicle; P.A. 90-299 added Subsec. (aa) concerning assessment of fees for late registration renewals; P.A. 92-156 amended Subsec. (aa) to require commissioner to assess a $10 late fee for registration renewal if registrant fails to renew within 5 days after expiration, eliminating schedule of graduated increases in late fees; P.A. 92-177 amended Subsecs. (a) and (e) to eliminate requirement that commissioner refund one-half of registration fee when plates are returned with one year or more remaining until expiration, amended Subsecs. (o) and (p) to require that a $20 fee be charged for inspection, amended Subsec. (s) to increase additional registration fee from $47 to $65, making fee applicable to plates bearing any combination of letters or numbers requested by registrant and issued in discretion of commissioner, to increase fee effective July 1, 1992, from $53 to $65, and to require that a $30 fee be charged for registration renewals in addition to regular fee prescribed, deleting prohibition re charging an additional fee except for first year of issuance, and amended Subsec. (w) to increase safety fee from $2 to $5; P.A. 93-74 amended Subsec. (s) by eliminating fee for renewal of vanity plate, effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 93-341 amended Subsec. (c) to delete fee provisions rendered obsolete as of July 1, 1992, amended Subsec. (e) to delete fee provisions rendered obsolete as of July 1, 1992 and to specify fees for type I and type II school buses, and amended Subsec. (p) by eliminating the weight-based registration fees and replacing them with fees based on seating capacity and deleting provisions re annual inspection and fees, effective July 1, 1994 (Revisor's note: The phrase "added shall be" which should have been deleted from before the words "eight dollars" at the end of Subsec. (e)(3) was deleted editorially by the Revisors to correct a technical clerical error); P.A. 94-189 amended Subsec. (i) by changing the reference to Subsec. (b) of Sec. 14-153a to Subsec. (d) and deleted obsolete language re fee increases, and further, amended Subsec. (aa) by adding exception re trailers used exclusively for camping or any other recreational purpose, effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 95-260 amended Subsec. (a) to require commissioner to refund one-half of registration fee for passenger registration when plates are returned on or after January 1, 1995, with one year or more remaining until expiration, effective June 13, 1995; P.A. 96-167 amended Subsec. (q) to make a technical change, to prohibit the use of motor vehicles used exclusively for farming purposes for taking the on-the-road skills test portion of the motor vehicle operator's license examination, to prohibit the issuance of farm registrations to any person having gross annual farm sales of less than $2,500 instead of $1,000 and to authorize commissioner to issue farm registrations for passenger motor vehicles under such conditions as prescribed in regulations; P.A. 96-222 amended Subsec. (d) to insert "or its successor agency" after "Interstate Commerce Commission" and amended Subsec. (m)(2) to eliminate the commissioner's authority to charge fee for heavy duty trailer or other heavy construction equipment for part of a year and to make a technical change, effective July 1, 1996; P.A. 96-248 amended Subsec. (v) to increase fee for motor vehicle learner's permit or renewal from $5.50 to $6 and deleted obsolete fee schedule, effective January 1, 1997; P.A. 97-226 amended Subsec. (w) to make a technical change and to allow commissioner to waive safety fee for any person who submits a police report indicating that number plate has been stolen or mutilated for purpose of obtaining the sticker attached to plate, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 97-309 amended Subsec. (w) to require deposit of safety fee in Special Transportation Fund rather than General Fund, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 97-322 changed effective date of P.A. 97-309 but without affecting this section; P.A. 98-152 amended Subsec. (a) by making technical changes and deleting a provision mandating the commissioner to refund one-half of certain registration fees and added Subsec. (bb) re the refund of one-half of a registration fee; P.A. 99-118 amended Subsec. (o) by increasing the number of vehicles a disabled veteran may register without fee from one owned passenger motor vehicle to three passenger motor vehicles, campers or passenger and commercial motor vehicles leased or owned; P.A. 99-232 amended Subsec. (aa) to insert designator for Subpara. (A) and add Subpara. (B) re a motor vehicle designed or permanently altered to provide living quarters for travel or camping (Revisor's note: In Subsec. (aa) the subparagraph designators (A) and (B) were changed editorially by the Revisors to subdivision designators (1) and (2) for consistency with customary statutory usage); P.A. 00-169 made technical corrections in Subsec. (o) and amended Subsec. (q) to add provisions that motor vehicles with farm registrations used for transporting ten or more passengers meet certain equipment and mechanical condition requirements and such vehicles used for transporting fifteen or more passengers also meet the applicable requirements of the Code of Federal Regulations adopted by the commissioner, and that the operator of such a vehicle hold a public transportation permit or endorsement under Sec. 14-44, and made a technical change for the purpose of gender neutrality; P.A. 02-70 amended Subsec. (e)(4) to revise the basis for issuing a combination registration from the vehicle's gross weight to its gross vehicle weight rating and, effective July 1, 2002, amended Subsec. (q) to make a technical change; P.A. 02-105 made a technical change in Subsec. (i), effective January 1, 2003; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-4 amended Subsec. (a) to increase fees for registration of passenger motor vehicle other than electric motor vehicle from $70 to $75 for two years and, for persons age 65 or older, from $35 to $38 for one year and from $70 to $75 for two years, and to increase fee for biennial registration of vehicle with special license plates from $70 to $75, amended Subsec. (b) to increase biennial fee for registration of motorcycle to $40 and to make a technical change, amended Subsec. (c) to increase registration fee for each taxicab or motor vehicle in livery service, with seating capacity of seven or less, from $105 to $125, amended Subsec. (e) to increase biennial fee for registration of passenger motor vehicle used in part for commercial purposes from $78 to $83 in Subdiv. (1) and to increase registration fee for motor vehicle used in part for commercial purposes and as passenger vehicle, and for motor vehicle having seating capacity of greater than ten and not used as conveyance for hire, to amount for commercial vehicle based on weight plus $13, rather than $8, in Subdiv. (3), and amended Subsec. (v) to increase fees for learner's permit or renewal from $6 to $18 and for motorcycle learner's permit or renewal from $5.50 to $15, effective January 1, 2004; P.A. 04-143 amended Subsec. (v) to substitute "training" permit for "learner's" permit, effective May 21, 2004; P.A. 04-182 amended Subsec. (i) to increase fee from $11 to $20 for registration of motor vehicle previously registered, amended Subsec. (n) by replacing former provisions with provisions to increase fee for temporary registration or renewal of such registration of a noncommercial motor vehicle to $20 for each 10-day period, or part thereof, of a commercial motor vehicle with a gross vehicle weight of 6,000 pounds or less to $25 for each 10-day period, or part thereof, and of a commercial motor vehicle with a gross vehicle weight of more than 6,000 pounds to $46 for each 10-day period, or part thereof, and amended Subsec. (z) to increase fee for special use registration for period of 30 days or less from $10 to $20, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-199 amended Subsec. (c) to change registration fee from annual in amount of $125 to biennial in amount of $250, effective July 1, 2004, amended Subsec. (e) to except pick-up trucks and to require commissioner to issue combination registration to passenger vehicle used in part for commercial purposes in Subdiv. (1), to require commissioner to issue combination registration to passenger vehicle used in part for commercial purposes or to vehicle having seating capacity greater than ten not used for conveyance of passengers for hire in Subdiv. (3), to make conforming changes in Subdiv. (4), and to add Subdiv. (5) to establish biennial registration fee for pick-up truck and to permit issuance of passenger registration for pick-up truck meeting specified requirements, effective June 3, 2004, and amended Subsec. (p) to change registration fees from annual to biennial, double amount of each fee and add provision re registration schedule, and amended Subsec. (bb) to delete former Subdivs. (1) and (2) and provide for refunding of registration fee for any motor vehicle when number plates and registration certificate returned with one year or more remaining before expiration of registration, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 05-218 amended Subsec. (e) by specifying applicability to pick-up truck "having a gross vehicle weight rating of less than 12,500 pounds" in Subdivs. (1) and (5) and, in Subdiv. (4), changing weight limit from 10,000 to 12,500 pounds; P.A. 07-167 deleted former Subsec. (x) re biennial fee for vanpool vehicle registration and redesignated existing Subsecs. (y) to (bb) as Subsecs. (x) to (aa), effective July 1, 2007.

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(D)

DEALERS' AND REPAIRERS' LICENSES

      Sec. 14-61b. Dealer records, documents and forms maintained in electronic format. Production in written format. The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles may permit any licensed motor vehicle dealer to maintain, in an electronic format prescribed by the commissioner, all records, documents and forms required by the Department of Motor Vehicles. Such records, documents and forms shall be produced in written format, not later than three business days, upon request by the department.

      (P.A. 07-167, S. 29.)

      History: P.A. 07-167 effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 14-62. Order and invoice on sale of motor vehicle; information required. Dealer preparation charge. Conveyance or processing fee. Certificate of title on sale of used motor vehicle or sale of motor vehicle at auction. (a) Each sale shall be evidenced by an order properly signed by both the buyer and seller, a copy of which shall be furnished to the buyer when executed, and an invoice upon delivery of the motor vehicle, both of which shall contain the following information: (1) Make of vehicle; (2) year of model, whether sold as new or used, and on invoice the identification number; (3) deposit, and (A) if the deposit is not refundable, the words "No Refund of Deposit" shall appear at this point, and (B) if the deposit is conditionally refundable, the words "Conditional Refund of Deposit" shall appear at this point, followed by a statement giving the conditions for refund, and (C) if the deposit is unconditionally refundable, the words "Unconditional Refund" shall appear at this point; (4) cash selling price; (5) finance charges, and (A) if these charges do not include insurance, the words "No Insurance" shall appear at this point, and (B) if these charges include insurance, a statement shall appear at this point giving the exact type of coverage; (6) allowance on motor vehicle traded in, if any, and description of the same; (7) stamped or printed in a size equal to at least ten-point bold type on the face of both order and invoice one of the following forms: (A) "This motor vehicle not guaranteed", or (B) "This motor vehicle is guaranteed", followed by a statement as to the terms of such guarantee, which statement shall not apply to household furnishings of any trailer; (8) if the motor vehicle is new but has been subject to use by the seller or use in connection with his business as a dealer, the word "demonstrator" shall be clearly displayed on the face of both order and invoice; (9) any dealer conveyance fee or processing fee and a statement that such fee is not payable to the state of Connecticut printed in at least ten-point bold type on the face of both order and invoice. For the purposes of this subdivision, "dealer conveyance fee" or "processing fee" means a fee charged by a dealer to recover reasonable costs for processing all documentation and performing services related to the closing of a sale, including, but not limited to, the registration and transfer of ownership of the motor vehicle which is the subject of the sale.

      (b) No dealer shall include in the selling price a dealer preparation charge for any item or service for which he is reimbursed by the manufacturer or any item or service not specifically ordered by the buyer and itemized on the invoice.

      (c) Each dealer shall provide a written statement to the buyer or prominently display a sign in the area of his place of business in which sales are negotiated which shall specify the amount of any conveyance or processing fee charged by such dealer, the services performed by the dealer for such fee, that such fee is not payable to the state of Connecticut and that the buyer may elect, where appropriate, to submit the documentation required for the registration and transfer of ownership of the motor vehicle which is the subject of the sale to the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, in which case the dealer shall reduce such fee by a proportional amount. The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles shall determine the size, typeface and arrangement of such information.

      (d) No dealer licensed under the provisions of section 14-52 shall sell any used motor vehicle without furnishing to the buyer, at the time of sale, a valid certificate of title, the assignment and warranty of title by such dealer or other evidence of title issued by another state or country, where applicable, disclosing the existence of any lien, security interest in or other encumbrance on the vehicle.

      (e) No person, firm or corporation shall sell a motor vehicle at a public or private auction without furnishing to the buyer, at the time of sale, a valid certificate of title, the assignment and warranty of title by such person, firm or corporation, or other evidence of title issued by another state or country, where applicable, disclosing the existence of any lien, security interest in or other encumbrance on the vehicle.

      (f) The provisions of subsection (d) of this section shall not apply to the sale of any used motor vehicle by a new car dealer to a person, firm or corporation which, pursuant to a lease contract option, purchases such vehicle at the end of the lease term provided (1) such vehicle is registered in this state in accordance with the provisions of section 14-12, (2) the certificate of title for such vehicle is in the possession of a lessor licensed under the provisions of section 14-15, (3) subsequent to such sale, such vehicle is registered in the name of the prior lessee, and (4) such dealer obtains the certificate of title from such lessor and transmits all necessary documents and fees to the commissioner not later than five days following the issuance of a motor vehicle registration for such vehicle.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2402; 1961, P.A. 587; 1963, P.A. 456; 1967, P.A. 271; P.A. 79-307; 79-631, S. 88, 111; P.A. 80-118; P.A. 89-244, S. 1; P.A. 97-51, S. 1, 2; P.A. 98-182, S. 18, 22; P.A. 07-172, S. 1.)

      History: 1961 act added Subdiv. (8); 1963 act added requirement copy of order be furnished to buyer; 1967 act changed required information on order and invoice by substituting "make of vehicle" for "name" and "identification number" for "motor number", by requiring statement whether vehicle sold as new or used, by requiring guarantee statement to be in at least ten-point bold type rather than in "large letters" and by specifically excluding household furnishings from guarantee; P.A. 79-307 added Subsec. (b) re preparation charges; P.A. 79-631 made technical change in Subsec. (b); P.A. 80-118 clarified required deposit information re refunds; P.A. 89-244 added Subsec. (c), requiring used car dealers to furnish certificate of title or other evidence of title to buyer at time of sale of any used motor vehicle; P.A. 97-51 amended Subsec. (c) to make prohibition applicable to all dealers licensed under Sec. 14-52 in lieu of used car dealers and added Subsec. (d) re exemption from provisions of Subsec. (c) for sales of used motor vehicles at end of lease term, effective May 14, 1997; P.A. 98-182 aDded Subsec. (a)(9) requiring an order and invoice to contain information on any dealer conveyance fee or processing fee and a statement that such fee is not payable to the state, printed in at least ten-point bold type and defining "dealer conveyance fee" and "processing fee" and added a new Subsec. (c) requiring dealer to provide a written statement to the buyer or prominently display a sign, in a size specified by the commissioner, specifying the amount of any conveyance or processing fee, the services performed for such fee, that such fee is not payable to the state and that the buyer may submit registration and transfer of ownership documentation to the commissioner and the dealer shall reduce the fee by a proportional amount, effective July 1, 1998; P.A. 07-172 added new Subsec. (e) re furnishing of certificate of title, assignment and warranty of title or other evidence of title to buyer on sale of motor vehicle at public or private auction, redesignated existing Subsec. (e) as Subsec. (f) and made a technical change therein, effective July 1, 2007.

      Subsec. (a):

      Imposes a disclosure obligation only, and is not a substantive limitation on the amount a car dealer may charge as a "conveyance fee". 281 C. 417.


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      Sec. 14-65i. (Formerly Sec. 14-65d). Signs required to be posted in motor vehicle repair shops. (a) Each motor vehicle repair shop shall prominently display a sign twenty-four inches by thirty-six inches in each area of its premises where work orders are placed by customers. The sign, which shall be in boldface type, shall read as follows:


THIS ESTABLISHMENT IS LICENSED WITH THE

STATE DEPARTMENT OF MOTOR VEHICLES.

EACH CUSTOMER IS ENTITLED TO...



1. A WRITTEN ESTIMATE FOR REPAIR WORK.

2. A DETAILED INVOICE OF WORK DONE AND PARTS SUPPLIED.

3. RETURN OF REPLACED PARTS, PROVIDED THE REQUEST IS MADE AT THE TIME WRITTEN OR ORAL AUTHORIZATION IS PROVIDED FOR WORK TO BE PERFORMED.



NO REPAIR WORK MAY BE UNDERTAKEN ON A VEHICLE WITHOUT THE AUTHORIZATION OF THE CUSTOMER.

NO CHARGES FOR REPAIR MAY BE MADE IN EXCESS OF THE WRITTEN ESTIMATE WITHOUT THE WRITTEN OR ORAL CONSENT OF THE CUSTOMER.


QUESTIONS CONCERNING THE ABOVE SHOULD BE DIRECTED TO THE MANAGER OF THIS REPAIR FACILITY.

UNRESOLVED QUESTIONS REGARDING SERVICE WORK MAY BE SUBMITTED TO:


DEPARTMENT OF MOTOR VEHICLES

DEALER REPAIR DIVISION

60 STATE STREET, WETHERSFIELD, CONNECTICUT

TELEPHONE:

HOURS OF OPERATION:

      (b) Each motor vehicle repair shop shall post a sign, as required by this subsection, in each area of its premises where work orders are placed by customers. The sign shall state: (1) The hourly charge for labor; (2) the conditions, if any, under which the shop may impose charges for storage, and the amount of any such charges; and (3) the charge, if any, for a diagnosis.

      (c) The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles shall determine the size, type face and form of the signs required by this section.

      (P.A. 75-550, S. 3; P.A. 79-295; P.A. 80-425, S. 8; P.A. 06-130, S. 5; P.A. 07-167, S. 4.)

      History: P.A. 79-295 required sign to be displayed where work orders are placed rather than in "a conspicuous area"; P.A. 80-425 made previous provisions Subsecs. (a) and (c), inserted new Subsec. (b) requiring posting of hourly labor charge, storage charges and diagnosis charges and revised contents of sign required in Subsec. (a); Sec. 14-65d transferred to Sec. 14-65i in 1981; P.A. 06-130 amended Subsec. (a) by changing the timing for a request to have replaced parts returned from when "the vehicle is returned to the customer" to when "written or oral authorization is provided for work to be performed", effective July 1, 2006; P.A. 07-167 made technical changes in Subsec. (a), effective June 25, 2007.

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(E)

WRECKERS

      Sec. 14-66. Wreckers. Towing and transporting. Distinguishing number plates. (a)(1) No person, firm or corporation shall engage in the business of operating a wrecker for the purpose of towing or transporting for compensation motor vehicles which are disabled, inoperative or wrecked or are being removed in accordance with the provisions of section 14-145, 14-150 or 14-307, unless such person, firm or corporation is a motor vehicle dealer or repairer licensed under the provisions of subpart (D) of this part. (2) The commissioner shall establish and publish a schedule of uniform rates and charges for the nonconsensual towing and transporting of motor vehicles and for the storage of motor vehicles which shall be just and reasonable. Upon petition of any person, firm or corporation licensed in accordance with the provisions of this section, but not more frequently than once every two years, the commissioner shall reconsider the established rates and charges and shall amend such rates and charges if the commissioner, after consideration of the factors stated in this subdivision, determines that such rates and charges are no longer just and reasonable. In establishing and amending such rates and charges, the commissioner may consider factors, including, but not limited to, the Consumer Price Index, rates set by other jurisdictions, charges for towing and transporting services provided pursuant to a contract with an automobile club or automobile association licensed under the provisions of section 14-67 and rates published in standard service manuals. The commissioner shall hold a public hearing for the purpose of obtaining additional information concerning such rates and charges. (3) With respect to the nonconsensual towing or transporting and the storage of motor vehicles, no such person, firm or corporation shall charge more than the rates and charges published by the commissioner. Any person aggrieved by any action of the commissioner under the provisions of this section may take an appeal therefrom in accordance with section 4-183, except venue for such appeal shall be in the judicial district of New Britain.

      (b) The commissioner, by himself or an inspector authorized by such commissioner, shall examine each wrecker, its number, equipment and identification, and ascertain the mechanical condition of such wrecker and ascertain whether or not it is properly equipped to do the work intended. Such wrecker shall be deemed properly equipped if it has installed thereon two flashing yellow lights so mounted on the vehicle as to show in all directions at all times and which shall indicate the full width of said vehicle. Such lights shall be mounted not less than eight feet above the road surface and as near the back of the cab of such vehicle as practicable. Such lights shall be in operation whenever a disabled vehicle is being towed by such wrecker and when such wrecker is at the scene of an accident or location of a disabled motor vehicle. In addition thereto each wrecker shall be equipped with a spot light so mounted that the beam of light can be shown in all directions. The hoisting equipment of each wrecker shall be of sufficient capacity to perform the service intended and shall be securely mounted to the frame of such vehicle. A fire extinguisher shall be carried at all times on each wrecker which shall be in proper working condition, mounted in a permanent bracket on each wrecker and have a minimum rating of eight bc. A set of three flares in operating condition shall be carried at all times on each wrecker and shall be used between the periods of one-half hour after sunset and one-half hour before sunrise when the wrecker is parked on a highway while making emergency repairs or preparing to pick up a disabled vehicle to remove it from a highway or adjoining property. No registrant or operator of any wrecker shall offer to give any gratuities or inducements of any kind to any police officer or other person in order to obtain towing business or recommendations for towing or storage of, or estimating repairs to, disabled vehicles. No licensee shall require the owner to sign a contract for the repair of his damaged vehicle as part of the towing consideration or to sign an order for the repair of, or authorization for estimate until the tow job has been completed. No licensee shall tow a vehicle in such a negligent manner as to cause further damage to the vehicle being towed.

      (c) Each wrecker used for towing or transporting disabled or wrecked motor vehicles for compensation shall be registered as a wrecker by the commissioner for a fee of one hundred twenty-five dollars. Each such registration shall be renewed biennially according to renewal schedules established by the commissioner so as to effect staggered renewal of all such registrations. If the adoption of a staggered system results in the expiration of any registration more or less than two years from its issuance, the commissioner may charge a prorated amount for such registration fee.

      (d) An owner of a wrecker may apply to the commissioner for a general distinguishing number and number plate for the purpose of displaying such number plate on a motor vehicle temporarily in the custody of such owner and being towed or transported by such owner. The commissioner shall issue such number and number plate to an owner of a wrecker (1) who has complied with the requirements of this section, and (2) whose wrecker is equipped in accordance with subsection (b) of this section. The commissioner shall charge a fee to cover the cost of issuance and renewal of such number plates.

      (e) With respect to the nonconsensual towing or transporting of a motor vehicle, no licensee may tow or transport a vehicle to the premises of any person, firm or corporation engaged in the storage of vehicles for compensation unless such person, firm or corporation adheres to the storage charges published by the commissioner.

      (f) The provisions of this section shall not apply to any person, firm or corporation, licensed as a motor vehicle dealer under the provisions of subpart (D) of this part, towing or transporting a motor vehicle for salvage purposes, provided such person, firm or corporation does not offer direct towing or wrecker service to the public.

      (g) For the purposes of this section, "nonconsensual towing or transporting" means the towing or transporting of a motor vehicle in accordance with the provisions of section 14-145 or for which arrangements are made by order of a law enforcement officer or traffic authority, as defined in section 14-297.

      (1953, S. 1314d; 1961, P.A. 581, S. 15; 1967, P.A. 454, S. 2; 1969, P.A. 759, S. 11; 1971, P.A. 473; P.A. 75-213, S. 12, 53; P.A. 76-436, S. 342, 681; P.A. 77-603, S. 32, 125; P.A. 78-280, S. 5, 127; P.A. 79-15, S. 1, 3; 79-228; P.A. 80-144, S. 1, 2; 80-383; P.A. 84-254, S. 40, 62; 84-359, S. 2; 84-391, S. 6, 8; P.A. 85-223, S. 1; 85-265; P.A. 87-329, S. 14; P.A. 88-230, S. 1, 12; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; P.A. 95-220, S. 4-6; P.A. 97-236, S. 11, 27; P.A. 99-215, S. 24, 29; 99-268, S. 10; P.A. 00-169, S. 22; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-4, S. 34; P.A. 05-218, S. 23; P.A. 07-167, S. 21.)

      History: 1961 act increased registration fee in Subsec. (c); 1967 act included wreckers "transporting" vehicles as well as wreckers "towing" vehicles and replaced general reference requiring wreckers to be equipped as per regulations of commissioner with specific requirements re equipment; 1969 act increased registration fee in Subsec. (c) from $4 to $20; 1971 act required filing storage charges as well as others with commissioner and specified that commissioner to be guided by charges in standard service manual when making determination re charges for towing or transporting vehicles; P.A. 75-213 increased registration fee in Subsec. (c) to $26; P.A. 76-436 replaced court of common pleas with superior court in Subsec. (a), effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 77-603 made appeals in accordance with Sec. 4-183 except that venue to be in Hartford county; P.A. 78-280 replaced Hartford county with judicial district of Hartford-New Britain; P.A. 79-15 required flashing yellow, rather than red, lights as part of equipment; P.A. 79-228 added Subsec. (d) re limitation on provisions of section; P.A. 80-144 included reference to inoperative vehicles and those "being removed in accordance with the provisions of section 14-145"; P.A. 80-383 amended Subsec. (d) to require registration of wrecker used in salvage operations as commercial motor vehicle; P.A. 84-254 amended Subsec. (c) to increase periodically the fee from $26 to $52 as of July 1, 1992; P.A. 84-359 amended Subsec. (d), deleting the requirement that wreckers used for salvage purposes be registered as commercial motor vehicles; P.A. 84-391 amended Subsec. (c), providing for the staggered renewal of wrecker registrations and deleting expiration date of last day in February; P.A. 85-223 amended Subsec. (c) by requiring each wrecker used for towing or transporting disabled or wrecked motor vehicles for compensation to be registered as a wrecker; P.A. 85-265 inserted new Subsec. (d) prohibiting wrecker operators from towing vehicles to storage premises unless a schedule of storage charges has been filed and filed charges are adhered to and relettered former Subsec. (d) as (e); P.A. 87-329 amended Subsec. (c), maintaining the annual fee at the level existing on and after July 1, 1986, and decreasing the fee effective July 1, 1992, to the level formerly existing on and after July 1, 1988; P.A. 88-230 replaced "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain" with "judicial district of Hartford", effective September 1, 1991; P.A. 90-98 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1991, to September 1, 1993; P.A. 93-142 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1993, to September 1, 1996, effective June 14, 1993; P.A. 95-220 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1996, to September 1, 1998, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 97-236 divided Subsec. (a) into three Subdivs., adding in Subdiv. (1) references to Secs. 14-150 and 14-307, eliminating requirement that wrecker operators file schedule of rates and charges with commissioner and eliminating authority of commissioner to disapprove filing of rates and charges if they are not just and reasonable, inserting in Subdiv. (2) new language requiring commissioner to establish and publish schedule of uniform rates and charges for nonconsensual towing and transporting of motor vehicles and for storage thereof, authorizing commissioner to amend such schedule, allowing commissioner to consider various factors in establishing and amending rates and charges and requiring commissioner to hold a public hearing for purpose of obtaining additional information re rates and charges and restating the language in Subdiv. (3) for consistency with provisions of Subdivs. (1) and (2) of this Subsec., amended Subsec. (b) to make technical changes, amended Subsec. (c) to substitute biennial for annual renewal of registration, to increase registration fee from $46 to $92 and to make technical changes for consistency, amended Subsec. (d) to restate language for consistency with provisions of Subsec. (a), and added Subsec. (f) to define term "nonconsensual towing or transporting", effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 99-215 replaced "judicial district of Hartford" with "judicial district of New Britain in Subsec. (a), effective June 29, 1999; P.A. 99-268 inserted new provisions re issuance of distinguishing number and number plate as Subsec. (d), redesignating former Subsecs. (d) to (f), inclusive, as (e) to (g), and made a technical change in Subsec. (b) re gender neutrality; P.A. 00-169 revised effective date of P.A. 99-268 but without affecting this section; (Revisor's note: In 2003 the references in Subsecs. (a) and (f) to "subdivision (D)" were changed editorially by the Revisors to "subpart (D)" for clarity of reference); June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-4 amended Subsec. (c) to increase fee for registration of wrecker used for towing or transporting disabled or wrecked motor vehicles for compensation from $92 to $125, effective January 1, 2004; P.A. 05-218 amended Subsec. (a)(2) by eliminating provision authorizing commissioner to amend schedule, rates and charges from time to time and adding provision that upon petition of person licensed under section, but not more frequently than once every two years, commissioner shall reconsider established rates and charges and amend same if rates and charges are determined to be no longer just and reasonable, effective July 6, 2005; P.A. 07-167 amended Subsec. (a)(2) by adding provision re consideration of the Consumer Price Index.

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PART V
EQUIPMENT

      Sec. 14-80i. Brake equipment and handlebars of motorcycles. (a) Each motorcycle or motorcycle and sidecar shall be equipped with at least one brake adequate to stop it within a proper distance as defined under the provisions of section 14-80h. Any motorcycle designated as a 1974 or later model and operated on the highways of this state shall be equipped with brakes on both the front and rear wheels, except the wheel or wheels on a sidecar if the motorcycle is so equipped. Motorcycle brakes shall be maintained in good working order at all times and shall be capable of bringing the motorcycle to a controlled stop in such distance and under such conditions as are prescribed by the commissioner.

      (b) No person shall operate a motorcycle on a highway or in any parking area for ten or more motor vehicles if the motorcycle is equipped with handlebars that are more than the height of the operator's shoulders.

      (c) Any person who violates any provision of this section shall be deemed to have committed an infraction for each offense.

      (P.A. 84-429, S. 31; P.A. 07-167, S. 25.)

      History: P.A. 07-167 amended Subsec. (b) by replacing provision re handlebars more than 15 inches above uppermost portion of seat with provision re handlebars more than the height of operator's shoulders, effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 14-99g. Definitions. Tinted or reflectorized windows. Obstruction of view prohibited. Exceptions. Sale or delivery of motor vehicles having tinted or reflectorized windows prohibited. Stickers required. Penalty. Window tinting businesses. Regulations. (a) As used in this section, unless the context otherwise requires:

      (1) "Light transmission" means the ratio of the amount of total light, expressed in percentages, which is allowed to pass through a product or material including the glazing to the amount of total light falling on the product or material and the glazing.

      (2) "Luminous reflectance" means the ratio of the amount of total light, expressed in percentages, which is reflected outward by a product or material to the amount of total light falling on the product or material.

      (3) "Manufacturer" means (A) a person who engages in the manufacturing or assembling of sun screening products or materials designed to be used in conjunction with vehicle glazing materials, or (B) a person who fabricates, laminates or tempers the glazing material incorporating the capacity to reflect or to reduce the transmittance of light during the manufacturing process.

      (b) No person may operate any motor vehicle which has any object or material placed, displayed, installed, affixed or applied in or on such vehicle in a manner so as to obstruct or reduce the operator's clear and full view of the road through the front windshield or the side or rear windows, except as provided in subsection (c) of this section. No person may place, install, affix or apply any transparent material on the front windshield or the side or rear windows of any motor vehicle if such material alters the color or reduces the light transmittance of such windshield or side or rear windows, except as provided in subsection (c) of this section. Any person required for medical reasons to be shielded from direct rays of the sun or any person operating a motor vehicle belonging to such person or in which such person is a usual passenger shall be exempt from the provisions of this subsection. Applications for such exemption based upon such medical reason shall be made in writing to the commissioner and shall be supported by the written documentation of a physician or optometrist licensed to practice in this state.

      (c) The provisions of subsection (b) of this section shall not apply to:

      (1) Front side wing vents and windows which are not mirror-like in appearance and have a substance or material in conjunction with glazing material that has a total light transmission of not less than thirty-five per cent plus or minus three per cent and a luminous reflectance of twenty-seven per cent plus or minus three per cent;

      (2) Rearview mirrors;

      (3) Adjustable nontransparent sun visors which are mounted forward of the side windows and are not attached to the glass;

      (4) Signs, stickers or other materials which are displayed in a seven-inch square in the lower corner of the windshield farthest removed from the driver or signs, stickers or other materials which are displayed in a five-inch square in the lower corner of the windshield nearest the driver;

      (5) The right and left side windows behind the driver and the rearmost window which shall not be mirror-like in appearance, having a substance or material in conjunction with glazing material that has a total light transmission of not less than thirty-five per cent plus or minus three per cent and a luminous reflectance of twenty-one per cent to plus or minus three per cent;

      (6) The windows behind the driver on any truck, motor bus, trailer, mobile manufactured home, or multipurpose passenger vehicle, as defined in the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 49, Section 571.3, as amended from time to time, provided said vehicle is equipped with outside mirrors on the left and right-hand sides which are so located as to reflect to the driver a view of the highway for a distance of at least two hundred feet to the rear of such motor vehicle;

      (7) Direction, destination or termination signs upon a passenger common carrier motor vehicle, provided the signs do not interfere with the driver's clear view of approaching traffic;

      (8) Rear window wiper motors;

      (9) Rear trunk lid handle or hinges;

      (10) The rearmost window or windows, provided the motor vehicle is equipped with outside mirrors on the left and right-hand sides of the vehicle which are so located as to reflect to the driver a view of the highway for a distance of at least two hundred feet to the rear of such motor vehicle;

      (11) Transparent material which is installed, affixed or applied to the topmost portion of the windshield, provided: (A) The bottom edge of the material is at least twenty-nine inches above the undepressed driver's seat when measured from a point five inches in front of the bottom of the backrest with the driver's seat in its rearmost and lowermost position with the vehicle on a level surface and (B) the material is not red or amber in color; or

      (12) Any sticker or certificate required to be affixed or applied to any window pursuant to federal or state statute or any municipal ordinance.

      (d) On and after July 1, 1996, no person shall sell, offer for sale or deliver in the state any motor vehicle having a windshield or any window which exceeds the standards relative to light transmission and luminous reflectance specified in this section.

      (e) Each motor vehicle manufactured and sold on and after January 1, 1994, having a window which has been tinted or darkened with any tinted material after factory delivery shall have affixed to the lower left corner of each such window a sticker legible from outside the vehicle which indicates the sticker registration number, a certification of compliance with the provisions of this section, and such other information as the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles deems appropriate. The sticker shall be of a type which is pressure-sensitive, self-destructive upon removal, and shall not exceed one square inch in size. Prior to shipping or making any such material available in this state, for installation in a motor vehicle, the manufacturer shall apply to the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles for approval and registration of its tinted material and the sticker which is to be used in the identification and certification of compliance with the light transmission and reflectance standards established under this section. The commissioner shall not approve any tinted material or sticker unless the manufacturer demonstrates that the material and sticker comply with the provisions of this section. The manufacturer shall include with each delivery of tinted material in this state for installation in a motor vehicle a sticker, approved by the commissioner, with written instructions indicating the proper location for placement of such sticker. The presence of such sticker upon the window of a motor vehicle indicates that the person who affixed the sticker certifies that the window conforms to the standards relative to light transmission and luminous reflectance specified in this section.

      (f) Any person who violates any provision of subsections (b) to (e), inclusive, of this section shall be deemed to have committed an infraction for each offense. Any person who violates any provision of subsection (b) of this section shall remove such object or material which obstructs his clear and full view of the road and report within sixty days to the police department which issued the infractions complaint to present his vehicle for inspection and to demonstrate compliance with the provisions of this section. If such person fails to report to such police department and is cited for a subsequent violation of this section, his vehicle shall be impounded after notice and opportunity for hearing.

      (g) Any person owning a vehicle having a window which has been tinted or darkened with any tinted material after factory delivery, shall present such vehicle to the Department of Motor Vehicles, by July 1, 1996, to receive a sticker for any tinted or darkened window to indicate such tinting or darkening is in compliance with this section. Any person operating a motor vehicle, on or after July 1, 1996, in violation of this subsection shall be deemed to have committed an infraction.

      (h) The provisions of subsections (b) to (g), inclusive, of this section shall not apply to any motor vehicle in livery service, as defined in section 13b-101.

      (i) On or after October 1, 1993, each person, firm or corporation which engages in the business of tinting windows of motor vehicles or in the retail sale or installation of tinted material for such windows shall post conspicuously and at all times display at each service counter in its establishment a sign which shall (1) state the permissible standards relative to light transmission and luminous reflectance specified in this section in block letters not less than three inches in height, (2) specify penalties for a violation of this section and (3) include actual tinted materials as examples.

      (j) Each person, firm or corporation which engages in the business of tinting windows of motor vehicles and which performs such work from a mobile facility shall provide a written statement to the purchaser which shall state the permissible standards relative to light transmission and luminous reflectance specified in this section and the penalties for a violation of this section.

      (k) The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to implement the provisions of this section.

      (P.A. 84-277; P.A. 90-210, S. 1; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-9, S. 3, 4; P.A. 93-135, S. 1, 2; P.A. 96-167, S. 31; P.A. 07-217, S. 50.)

      History: P.A. 90-210 added Subsecs. (d) to (i), inclusive, re tinted glass; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-9 amended Subsec. (g) to postpone implementation of sticker requirement from July 1, 1992, to July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-135 amended Subsec. (c)(1) and (5) to modify the exceptions relative to light transmittance, added new Subdiv. (6) and renumbered remaining Subdivs., extended the cutoff dates in Subsec. (d) from July 1, 1992, to July 1, 1996, in Subsec. (e) from January 1, 1991, to January 1, 1994, in Subsec. (g) from July 1, 1993, to July 1, 1996, and inserted new Subsecs. (i) and (j) re notice to consumers of standards re light transmission and reflectance and relettering former Subsec. (i) as (k), effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 96-167 amended Subsec. (c)(6) to delete reference to vehicles "registered other than as a passenger motor vehicle"; P.A. 07-217 made a technical change, effective July 12, 2007.

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      Sec. 14-100a. Seat safety belts. Child restraint systems. Wheelchair transportation devices. (a) No new passenger motor vehicle may be sold or registered in this state unless equipped with at least two sets of seat safety belts for the front and rear seats of the motor vehicle, which belts comply with the requirements of subsection (b) of this section. The anchorage unit at the attachment point shall be of such construction, design and strength as to support a loop load strength of not less than four thousand pounds for each belt.

      (b) No seat safety belt may be sold for use in connection with the operation of a motor vehicle on any highway of this state unless it is so constructed and installed as to have a loop strength through the complete attachment of not less than four thousand pounds, and the buckle or closing device shall be of such construction and design that after it has received the aforesaid loop belt load it can be released with one hand with a pull of less than forty-five pounds.

      (c) (1) The operator of and any front seat passenger in a motor vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating not exceeding ten thousand pounds or fire fighting apparatus originally equipped with seat safety belts complying with the provisions of the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 49, Section 571.209, as amended from time to time, shall wear such seat safety belt while the vehicle is being operated on the highways of this state, except that a child six years of age and under shall be restrained as provided in subsection (d) of this section. Each operator of such vehicle shall secure or cause to be secured in a seat safety belt any passenger seven years of age or older and under sixteen years of age.

      (2) The provisions of subdivision (1) of this subsection shall not apply to (A) any person whose physical disability or impairment would prevent restraint in such safety belt, provided such person obtains a written statement from a licensed physician containing reasons for such person's inability to wear such safety belt and including information concerning the nature and extent of such condition. Such person shall carry the statement on his or her person or in the motor vehicle at all times when it is being operated, or (B) an authorized emergency vehicle, other than fire fighting apparatus, responding to an emergency call or a motor vehicle operated by a rural letter carrier of the United States postal service while performing his or her official duties or by a person engaged in the delivery of newspapers.

      (3) Failure to wear a seat safety belt shall not be considered as contributory negligence nor shall such failure be admissible evidence in any civil action.

      (4) On and after February 1, 1986, any person who violates the provisions of this subsection shall have committed an infraction and shall be fined fifteen dollars. Points may not be assessed against the operator's license of any person convicted of such violation.

      (d) (1) Any person who transports a child six years of age and under or weighing less than sixty pounds, in a motor vehicle on the highways of this state shall provide and require the child to use a child restraint system approved pursuant to regulations adopted by the Department of Motor Vehicles in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54. Any person who transports a child seven years of age or older and weighing sixty or more pounds, in a motor vehicle on the highways of this state shall either provide and require the child to use an approved child restraint system or require the child to use a seat safety belt. As used in this subsection, "motor vehicle" does not mean a bus having a tonnage rating of one ton or more. Failure to use a child restraint system shall not be considered as contributory negligence nor shall such failure be admissible evidence in any civil action.

      (2) Any person who transports a child under one year of age or weighing less than twenty pounds in a motor vehicle on the highways of this state shall provide and require the child to ride rear-facing in a child restraint system approved pursuant to regulations that the Department of Motor Vehicles shall adopt in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54.

      (3) Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision (1) of this subsection, any person who transports a child four years of age or older in a student transportation vehicle, as defined in section 14-212, on the highways of this state shall either provide and require the child to use an approved child restraint system or require the child to use a seat safety belt. Any person who transports a child under four years of age weighing less than forty pounds in a student transportation vehicle on the highways of this state shall provide and require the child to use a child restraint system approved pursuant to regulations adopted by the Department of Motor Vehicles in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54.

      (4) No person shall restrain a child in a booster seat unless the motor vehicle is equipped with a safety seat belt that includes a shoulder belt and otherwise meets the requirement of subsection (b) of this section.

      (5) Any person who violates the provisions of subdivision (1), (2), (3) or (4) of this subsection shall, for a first violation, have committed an infraction; for a second violation, be fined not more than one hundred ninety-nine dollars; and, for a third or subsequent violation, be guilty of a class A misdemeanor. The commissioner shall require any person who has committed a first or second violation of the provisions of this subsection to attend a child car seat safety course offered or approved by the Department of Motor Vehicles. The commissioner may, after notice and an opportunity for a hearing, suspend for a period of not more than two months the motor vehicle operator's license of any person who fails to attend or successfully complete the course.

      (e) (1) Any person who transports an individual who remains in a wheelchair while being transferred into and out of a vehicle, in any motor vehicle on the highways of this state, shall provide and require the use of a device designed to secure individuals in wheelchairs while transferring such individuals from the ground to the vehicle and from the time the motor vehicle is brought to a stop until such individuals are transferred from the vehicle to the ground. Such device shall be located in the motor vehicle at all times. The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles may, after consultation with the Departments of Transportation and Public Health, establish regulations to implement the provisions of this section and sections 13b-105 and 14-102a, subsection (d) of section 14-103, subsection (a) of section 14-275 and subsection (a) of section 19a-180.

      (2) The following motor vehicles registered in this state for the first time on or after October 1, 2007, that transport individuals who remain in wheelchairs while being transported, shall, in addition to the requirements of subdivision (1) of this subsection, install or provide and require the use of a device that secures the wheelchair to the motor vehicle's mechanical lift or otherwise prevents or seeks to prevent an individual in a wheelchair from falling from such mechanical lift or motor vehicle: (A) Motor vehicles in livery service, as defined in section 13b-101, (B) service buses, as defined in subdivision (77) of section 14-1, (C) invalid coaches, as defined in subdivision (11) of section 19a-175, (D) vanpool vehicles, as defined in subdivision (94) of section 14-1, (E) school buses, as defined in subdivision (73) of section 14-1, (F) motor buses, as defined in subdivision (47) of section 14-1, (G) student transportation vehicles, as defined in subdivision (8) of section 14-212, and (H) camp vehicles, as defined in subdivision (98) of section 14-1. The provisions of this subsection shall also apply to all motor vehicles used by municipal, volunteer and commercial ambulance services, rescue services and management services, as defined in subdivision (19) of section 19a-175.

      (3) Violation of any provision of this subsection is an infraction.

      (f) The commissioner shall administer the provisions of this section.

      (1961, P.A. 532; 1963, P.A. 405; P.A. 82-292; P.A. 84-429, S. 35; P.A. 85-429, S. 1, 8; P.A. 91-192, S. 2; P.A. 93-10; P.A. 94-52; P.A. 96-180, S. 149, 166; 96-257, S. 1; P.A. 02-70, S. 78; P.A. 05-58, S. 1; P.A. 07-134, S. 1.)

      History: 1963 act made equipping of new cars with seat belts mandatory, 1961 act having made anchorage units only mandatory; P.A. 82-292 inserted new Subsec. (c) requiring the use of child restraint systems, relettering former Subsec. (c) accordingly; P.A. 84-429 rephrased provisions and made other technical changes; P.A. 85-429 amended Subsec. (a) to require that vehicles be equipped with safety belts for rear seats and inserted new Subsec. (c) re required use of seat belts, exemptions and penalties related to such use, relettering prior Subsecs. (c) and (d) accordingly; P.A. 91-192 amended Subsec. (c)(1) and (3) to require use of seat belts in fire fighting apparatus and (c)(5) to delete obsolete provision re issuance of verbal warnings by law enforcement officers for violations; P.A. 93-10 amended Subsec. (c)(1) to eliminate exemption from requirement to use seat belts for vehicles equipped with air bags; P.A. 94-52 amended Subsec. (c) by deleting "front seat" in the last sentence of Subdiv. (1), making it applicable to any passenger 4 years of age or older and under 16, not only a "front seat" passenger, and amended Subsec. (d) by making its first sentence applicable to children under 4 years of age and weighing less than 40 pounds, deleting language which provided that: "For any child between the ages of one year and four years, a seat safety belt in the rear seat of the motor vehicle which complies with the provisions of subsection (b) of this section may be used in lieu of a child restraint system." and providing instead that: "Any person who transports a child under the age of four years, weighing forty or more pounds, in a motor vehicle on the highways of this state shall either provide and require the child to use an approved child restraint system or require the child to use a seat safety belt" and eliminating language which said that "motor vehicle" does not mean "a recreational vehicle of the truck or van type or a truck"; P.A. 96-180 amended of Subsec. (c)(1) to substitute Subsec. "(e)" for "(g)" of Sec. 38a-363, effective June 3, 1996; P.A. 96-257 amended Subsec. (d) to eliminate provision requiring court waiver of fine upon proof that person installed child restraint system prior to court appearance date, to provide graduated penalties for violation of subsection and to require persons who have committed a first or second violation to attend a child car seat safety course; P.A. 02-70 amended Subsec. (c) to replace references to "private passenger" type of motor vehicle, "as defined in subsection (e) of section 38a-363" and "vanpool vehicle", with reference to motor vehicle "with a gross vehicle weight rating not exceeding ten thousand pounds", and to require seat belt use in fire fighting apparatus "originally" equipped with such belts in Subdiv. (1), combined existing Subdiv. (3) with Subdiv. (2) and made technical changes therein and redesignated existing Subdivs. (4) and (5) as Subdivs. (3) and (4); P.A. 05-58 amended Subsec. (c)(1) by substituting "six years of age and under" for "under the age of four years" and changing "four" to "seven" years of age or older, and amended Subsec. (d) by designating existing provisions as Subdivs. (1) and (5) and, in Subdiv. (1), substituting "six years of age and under or" for "under the age of four years" and changing 40 to 60 pounds, adding Subdiv. (2) re child restraint system for transport of child under 1 year of age or weighing less than 20 pounds, adding Subdiv. (3) re child restraint systems in a student transportation vehicle, adding Subdiv. (4) re restraint of child in booster seat and, in Subdiv. (5), adding "subdivision (1), (2), (3) or (4) of"; P.A. 07-134 added new Subsec. (e) re wheelchair transportation safety devices for individuals who remain in wheelchairs while being transferred into and out of a vehicle, and for motor vehicles in livery service, service buses, invalid coaches, vanpool vehicles, school buses, motor buses, student transportation vehicles and camp vehicles registered on or after October 1, 2007, that transport individuals who remain in wheelchairs while being transported, and redesignated existing Subsec. (e) as Subsec. (f).

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      Sec. 14-102a. Inspection of student transportation vehicles. Each student transportation vehicle shall be inspected for safety before its initial registration in accordance with a schedule to be adopted by the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles. Each such student transportation vehicle shall pass inspection before each renewal of registration. Any student transportation vehicle that transports individuals in wheelchairs shall meet the requirements of subsection (e) of section 14-100a in order to pass inspection. The fee for each such inspection shall be twenty dollars, except there shall be no fee for inspection of a student transportation vehicle owned by the state or a municipality.

      (P.A. 05-218, S. 14; P.A. 07-134, S. 5.)

      History: P.A. 05-218 effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 07-134 added provision requiring student transportation vehicles transporting individuals in wheelchairs to meet the requirements of Sec. 14-100a(e).

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      Sec. 14-103. Inspection of motor vehicles. (a) The commissioner, an inspector authorized by the commissioner, any officer of the Division of State Police within the Department of Public Safety or any local police officer, may examine any motor vehicle, its number, equipment and identification. Any person who wilfully interferes with or obstructs, or attempts to interfere with or obstruct, any such examination shall be fined not more than fifty dollars or imprisoned not more than thirty days, or both.

      (b) The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles may establish and maintain a system of voluntary examination of equipment of motor vehicles registered in this state or being operated on the highways thereof. Such examination may be made by licensed automobile dealers and repair garages, not including limited repairers, which have been approved by said commissioner for such purpose.

      (c) All state and local police officers, whenever they see a motor vehicle being operated in apparent violation of any statute relative to the equipment of a motor vehicle, may stop such vehicle and may issue to the operator a warning of defective equipment directing the owner of such vehicle to take it to any inspection station approved by the commissioner and have such vehicle restored to safe operating condition and officially inspected as soon as possible, and not later than ten days from the date of the issuance of the warning notice. Such warning shall be furnished by the commissioner in such form as the commissioner prescribes and shall be in triplicate, the original of which shall be mailed by the issuing officer to the Department of Motor Vehicles. The duplicate copy shall be given to the motor vehicle operator and shall be presented to the official inspection station at the time the vehicle is submitted for examination. The triplicate copy shall be retained by the issuing officer for such officer's department records. When the inspection station approves such vehicle, its authorized representative shall sign the duplicate copy of the warning of defective equipment and mail it to the Department of Motor Vehicles. If the Department of Motor Vehicles does not receive the duplicate copy, as approved by the inspection station, within twenty days from the date of issuance, or if the registration for such vehicle is not cancelled, the commissioner, after giving notice and an opportunity for a hearing to such motorist, may suspend the privilege of the owner to register any motor vehicle or to operate any motor vehicle on the highways of this state that is registered in another jurisdiction, until such time as the vehicle is restored to safe operating condition.

      (d) Each service bus shall be inspected for safety before its initial registration, in accordance with a schedule to be adopted by the commissioner. Each such service bus shall pass inspection before each renewal of registration. Any service bus that transports individuals in wheelchairs shall meet the requirements of subsection (e) of section 14-100a in order to pass inspection. The fee for each such inspection shall be forty dollars, except there shall be no fee for inspection of a service bus owned by the state or a municipality. The commissioner may use the services of any motor vehicle dealer or repairer licensed, in accordance with section 14-52, to conduct a required service bus inspection, provided any fee charged by such dealer or repairer shall not exceed forty dollars, or, if the vehicle inspected has a gross vehicle weight rating in excess of twenty-six thousand pounds, eighty dollars.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2451; 1959, P.A. 653; February, 1965, P.A. 448, S. 12; P.A. 77-614, S. 486, 610; P.A. 80-466, S. 17, 25; P.A. 92-177, S. 3, 12; P.A. 93-341, S. 22, 38; P.A. 94-189, S. 9, 34; P.A. 96-167, S. 32; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-3, S. 36; P.A. 04-199, S. 6; P.A. 05-218, S. 11; P.A. 07-134, S. 3.)

      History: 1959 act excluded limited repairers from authorized inspectors, removed provision that no owner could be compelled to have vehicle inspected under Subsec. (b) and added Subsec. (c); 1965 act changed "shall" to "may" in first sentence of Subsec. (c); P.A. 77-614 replaced state police department with division of state police within the department of public safety, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 80-466 added reference to single license plate in Subsec. (c); P.A. 92-177 added a new Subsec. (d) requiring persons issued a warning notice under Subsec. (c) to be assessed a civil penalty of $10; P.A. 93-341 added new Subsec. (e) re annual inspection and fee, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 94-189 amended Subsec. (c) by increasing the number of days within which the department of motor vehicles should receive the duplicate copy of the warning from 15 to 20 days, deleting provisions concerning notification of the owner to return his plates and registration to the department and return of same to the owner upon receipt of an inspection-station-approved copy of the warning or other evidence that the vehicle has been put in safe operating condition and by adding provisions concerning a civil penalty of $50, deleting Subsec. (d) re $10 civil penalty and relettering the former Subsec. (e) as (d), effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 96-167 amended Subsec. (a) to allow local police officers to examine motor vehicles; (Revisor's note: In 1997 references throughout the general statutes to "Motor Vehicle(s) Commissioner" and "Motor Vehicle(s) Department" were replaced editorially by the Revisors with "Commissioner of Motor Vehicles" or "Department of Motor Vehicles", as the case may be, for consistency with customary statutory usage); June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-3 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a) and (c) and replaced Subsec. (d) re annual inspection and fee with new Subsec. (d) re biennial inspection and fee, effective August 20, 2003; P.A. 04-199 amended Subsec. (c) to eliminate civil penalty of $50 imposed on owner if department does not receive duplicate copy, to eliminate suspension of registration for failure of owner to pay penalty and to provide that, if department does not receive duplicate copy or if registration for vehicle not cancelled, commissioner may suspend privilege of owner to register any motor vehicle or to operate vehicle registered in another jurisdiction on highways of state, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 05-218 amended Subsec. (d) to change method of inspection of service bus by adding provision requiring safety inspection before initial registration and that service bus shall pass inspection before each renewal of registration, to provide that there is no fee for inspection of service bus owned by state or municipality, to allow commissioner to use services of licensed motor vehicle dealer or repairer to conduct inspections, and to establish fees for such inspections, effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 07-134 amended Subsec. (d) by adding provision requiring any service bus that transports individuals in wheelchairs to meet the requirements of Sec. 14-100a(e).

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      Sec. 14-103a. Inspection of reassembled, altered or reconstructed vehicles. Any motor vehicle that (1) has been reconstructed, (2) is composed or assembled from the several parts of other motor vehicles, (3) the identification and body contours of which are so altered that the vehicle no longer bears the characteristics of any specific make of motor vehicle, or (4) has been declared a total loss by any insurance carrier and subsequently reconstructed, shall be inspected by the commissioner to determine whether the vehicle is properly equipped, in good mechanical condition and in the possession of its lawful owner. Such vehicle shall be presented for inspection at any Department of Motor Vehicles office to conduct such inspection. The commissioner may require any person presenting any such reassembled, altered or reconstructed vehicle for inspection to provide proof of lawful purchase of any major component parts not part of the vehicle when first sold by the manufacturer. The fee for such inspection shall be eighty-eight dollars. The inspection fee shall be in addition to regular registration fees. As used in this section, "reconstructed" refers to each motor vehicle materially altered from its original construction by the removal, addition or substitution of essential parts, new or used.

      (February, 1965, P.A. 448, S. 4; 1971, P.A. 527; P.A. 80-292, S. 3; P.A. 84-254, S. 48, 62; P.A. 85-613, S. 30, 154; P.A. 91-355, S. 3; P.A. 94-189, S. 10; P.A. 02-70, S. 57; P.A. 07-167, S. 10, 43; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-5, S. 31.)

      History: 1971 act replaced provision for fees equaling those for inspection of vehicles purchased outside state pursuant to Sec. 14-12 with provision for $25 fee; P.A. 80-292 included reference to vehicles rebuilt after declared total loss by insurer, required inspection to determine whether vehicle is in possession of lawful owner and allowed commissioner to require proof of purchase for major component parts not originally part of vehicle; P.A. 84-254 periodically increased the inspection fee, from $25 to $88 as of July 1, 1993; P.A. 85-613 made technical change; P.A. 91-355 required such vehicle to be presented for inspection at any state motor vehicle department office or any authorized official emissions inspection station and required inspection fees collected at such inspection stations to be deposited in separate safety inspection account within emissions inspection fund; P.A. 94-189 amended the section by deleting obsolete language re inspection fee increases and changing the reference to "subsection" in the last sentence to "section"; (Revisor's note: In 1997 references throughout the general statutes to "Motor Vehicle(s) Commissioner" and "Motor Vehicle(s) Department" were replaced editorially by the Revisors with "Commissioner of Motor Vehicles" or "Department of Motor Vehicles", as the case may be, for consistency with customary statutory usage); P.A. 02-70 made a technical change, effective July 1, 2002; P.A. 07-167 deleted provisions re inspection at official emissions inspection station and re deposit of fees collected at such station in separate safety inspection account, effective July 1, 2007, and added references to reconstructed vehicles, deleted references to rebuilt vehicles and defined "reconstructed"; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-5 made technical changes.

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PART VI
JURISDICTION AND PROCEDURE

      Sec. 14-111. Suspension or revocation of registration, license or right to operate. (a) Powers of commissioner. Return of registration or license. No provision of this chapter shall be construed to prohibit the commissioner from suspending or revoking any registration or any operator's license issued under the provisions of any statute relating to motor vehicles, or from suspending the right of any person to operate a motor vehicle in this state, or from suspending or revoking the right of any nonresident to operate, or the right to any operation of, any motor vehicle within this state, for any cause that he deems sufficient, with or without a hearing. Whenever any certificate of registration or any operator's license or both are suspended or revoked, all evidence of the same shall be delivered forthwith to the commissioner or to any person authorized by him to receive the same, and the commissioner or any person authorized by him may seize such certificate of registration or operator's license and all evidence of the same. Except as otherwise provided by law, the commissioner may cancel any such suspension or revocation and may return such certificate of registration or the operator's license either with or without an additional fee, provided no certificate of registration or operator's license which has been suspended for any definite term, except as provided in subsection (k) of this section, shall be returned until the term of suspension has been completed. Any appeal taken from the action of the commissioner shall not act as a stay of suspension or revocation except with his consent. No service of process shall be necessary in connection with any of the prescribed activities of the commissioner, but a notice forwarded by bulk certified mail to the address of the person registered as owner or operator of any motor vehicle as shown by the records of the commissioner shall be sufficient notice to such person that the certificate of registration or operator's license is revoked or under suspension.

      (b) Suspension of operator's license. (1) Whenever the holder of any motor vehicle operator's license has been convicted or has forfeited any bond taken or has received a suspended judgment or sentence for any of the following violations, the commissioner shall, without hearing, suspend his operator's license as follows: For a first violation of subsection (a) of section 14-224 or section 14-110, 14-215 or 53a-119b, for a period of not less than one year and, for a subsequent violation thereof, for a period of not less than two years; for a violation of subsection (a) of section 14-222, for a period of not less than thirty days or more than ninety days and, for a subsequent violation thereof, for a period of not less than ninety days; for a violation of subsection (b) of section 14-224, for a period of not less than ninety days; for a first violation of subsection (b) of section 14-147, for a period of not less than ninety days and, for a subsequent violation thereof, for a period of not less than five years; for a first violation of subsection (c) of section 14-147, for a period of not less than thirty days and, for a subsequent violation thereof, for a period of not less than one year.

      (2) The commissioner may suspend the motor vehicle operator's license of any person (A) who was arrested for a felony, and (B) for whom there is an outstanding warrant for rearrest for failing to appear when legally called with regard to such felony. The suspension shall terminate no later than the date on which such person appears before the court with regard to such felony or such failure to appear.

      (c) Suspension of license after fatal accident. Repealed by P.A. 95-260, S. 23, 24, effective June 13, 1995.

      (d) Notice of revocation or suspension. Notice of the revocation or suspension of any license or registration shall be transmitted forthwith by the commissioner to the chief of police of the city or the prosecuting officers or selectmen of the town or borough in which the person whose license or registration certificate so suspended or revoked resides.

      (e) Hearings. The commissioner may hold hearings in each judicial district on all matters arising within such judicial district under the provisions of this chapter. He may use any court room, when the same is not in use by the court, for the purpose of holding hearings and may require the attendance of any officer authorized to serve criminal process, and such officer shall be under the direction of the commissioner. The fees of witnesses and officers shall be the same as in criminal cases before the Superior Court and shall be paid by the Treasurer upon order of the Comptroller.

      (f) Enforcement of order. The Superior Court may, by mandamus or other appropriate remedy, upon application of the commissioner, enforce any order issued by the commissioner under the provisions of this section.

      (g) Failure to return registration, plates or license. In case of failure forthwith to return any certificate of registration, number plate or plates of any motor vehicle or operator's license upon order of the commissioner, no certificate of registration shall be issued for any motor vehicle licensed by the certificate not returned and no operator's license shall be issued to the negligent party within a period of one year except by an order of the commissioner.

      (h) Person not holding Connecticut operator's license. When any person who does not hold a Connecticut operator's license is convicted or has his case nolled or is given a suspended judgment or sentence for a violation of any provision of section 14-36, 14-110, 14-145, subsection (b) of section 14-147, 14-215, 14-224, subsection (a) of section 14-227a or 14-229, the commissioner shall not issue to him a nonresident or resident operator's license during such period as the commissioner may determine, which period shall not be less than the period provided for suspension in subsection (b) of this section or in subsection (g) of section 14-227a. When any person is convicted or has his case nolled or is given a suspended judgment or sentence for any violation of any of the provisions of section 14-12, the commissioner shall not issue registration for any motor vehicle owned by such person until thirty days after application therefor.

      (i) Perjury or false statement. Whenever any person has been prosecuted for perjury or false statement under the provisions of section 14-110 and the case has been nolled or a suspended sentence or judgment entered, and when the false statement refers to the name or age or a former suspension or former conviction of the applicant, the commissioner shall suspend or withhold such applicant's license for a period of not less than thirty days plus the period of time wherein the applicant was in possession of the void license.

      (j) Bond. Before returning any registration certificate or any operator's license which has been suspended or revoked, the commissioner may require the owner of the motor vehicle or the operator to file with him a surety company bond, conditioned as he directs and taken to the state, as a condition precedent to the return of such certificate or operator's license.

      (k) Reversal or reduction of term of suspension or revocation. Regulations. (1) Whenever any person has been convicted of any violation of section 14-110, 14-147, 14-215, 14-222 or 14-224 and such person's license has been suspended by the commissioner or, if such person has had his or her license suspended in accordance with the provisions of section 14-111c or 14-111n, such person may make application to the commissioner for the reversal or reduction of the term of such suspension. Such application shall be in writing and shall state specifically the reasons why such applicant believes that the applicant is entitled to such reversal or reduction. The commissioner shall consider each such application and the applicant's driver control record, as defined in section 14-111h, and may grant a hearing to the applicant in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54 and section 14-4a.

      (2) Any person whose license has been revoked in accordance with subparagraph (C) of subdivision (3) of subsection (g) of section 14-227a on or after October 1, 1999, may, at any time after six years from the date of such revocation, request a hearing before the commissioner, conducted in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, and the provisions of subdivision (1) of this subsection for reversal or reduction of such revocation. The commissioner shall require such person to provide evidence that any reversal or reduction of such revocation shall not endanger the public safety or welfare. Such evidence shall include, but not be limited to, proof that such person has successfully completed an alcohol education and treatment program, and proof that such person has not been convicted of any offense related to alcohol, controlled substances or drugs during the preceding six years. The commissioner shall require any person, as a condition of granting such reversal or reduction, to install and maintain an approved ignition interlock device, in accordance with the provisions of subsection (i) of section 14-227a. The approved ignition interlock device shall be installed and maintained from the date such reversal or reduction is granted until ten years has passed since the date of such revocation. The commissioner may adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to establish standards to implement the provisions of this section.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2456; 1949, S. 1345d; 1951, S. 1346d; 1957, P.A. 612, S. 1, 2, 3; 1959, P.A. 220, S. 1; 1961, P.A. 517, S. 128; February, 1965, P.A. 574, S. 15, 16, 17; 1967, P.A. 263; 1971, P.A. 871, S. 86; P.A. 73-386; P.A. 74-338, S. 53, 94; P.A. 76-42, S. 2; P.A. 78-280, S. 2, 127; P.A. 79-245, S. 1, 2; P.A. 80-438, S. 1; 80-466, S. 18, 25; P.A. 83-534, S. 4- 6; P.A. 93-177; P.A. 95-260, S. 23, 24; P.A. 98-182, S. 13, 22; P.A. 02-70, S. 47, 48; May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-1, S. 114; P.A. 03-278, S. 44; P.A. 05-215, S. 2, 5; P.A. 07-167, S. 41.)

      History: 1959 act amended Subsec. (k) to include reference to Secs. 14-219 and 14-222 and deleted reference to a second violation of Sec. 14-222; 1961 act amended Subsec. (b) to delete provision for suspension for violation of any statute relating to motor vehicles; 1965 act deleted reference to repealed statute and substituted "subsection (a) of section 14-227a" in Subsecs. (b), (h) and (k); 1967 act clarified provisions of Subsec. (c); 1971 act included reference to prosecution for false statement in Subsec. (i); P.A. 73-386 deleted reference to "second" violation of Sec. 14-222(a) in Subsec. (b); P.A. 74-338 deleted provision allowing suspension of license when license holder has had his case nolled upon payment of any sum of money in Subsec. (b); P.A. 76-42 substituted Sec. 53a-119b for reference to repealed Sec. 14-229; P.A. 78-280 replaced county with judicial district in Subsec. (e); P.A. 79-245 replaced reference to "registered or certified" mail with "bulk certified" mail in Subsec. (a); P.A. 80-438 amended Subsec. (k) to add provision re treatment and rehabilitation programs; P.A. 80-466 amended Subsec. (g) to add reference to single license plate; P.A. 83-534 amended Subsec. (b) to delete a violation of "subsection (a) of section 14-227a" from the list of violations with specified periods of license suspension to reflect inclusion of such suspension periods in Sec. 14-227a, amended Subsec. (h) to include the period provided for suspension "in subsection (h) of section 14-227a", and amended Subsec. (k) to delete the authorization for a person convicted of a violation of "subsection (a) of section 14-227a" to apply to the commissioner for a reversal of the suspension or revocation of his license imposed as a result of such conviction and to delete provision that authorized the commissioner to require such person to participate in a treatment or rehabilitation program as a condition to the return of his license; P.A. 93-177 amended Subsec. (c) to add provision re the inadmissibility in a civil or criminal proceeding of the fact of a license suspension when the operator waives his right to a hearing and consents to the license suspension for a period of not less than one year; P.A. 95-260 repealed Subsec. (c) re suspension of license following fatal accident, effective June 13, 1995; P.A. 98-182 divided Subsec. (b) into Subdivs. and in Subdiv. (2) allowed the commissioner to suspend the operator's license of a person who has been arrested for a felony and for whom there is an outstanding warrant for rearrest for failure to appear, effective July 1, 1998; P.A. 02-70 amended Subsec. (b)(1) to delete reference to periods of suspension of an operator's license for a first and a subsequent violation of Sec. 14-145 and amended Subsec. (k) to delete references to Secs. 14-145, 14-219 and 14-229, to eliminate provision re application to commissioner for reversal or reduction of term of suspension for any person who has had his case nolled or judgment or execution suspended or has forfeited his bond and to add provision re such application for any person who has had his or her license suspended in accordance with Sec. 14-111c or 14-111n, to allow a person whose license is suspended for specified violations to apply to commissioner for the reduction of the term of such suspension, deleting references throughout Subsec. to reversal of the revocation, to require commissioner to consider each application for reversal or reduction of the term of suspension and the applicant's driver control record and to allow commissioner to grant a hearing to applicant, to eliminate provisions re filing of a trial fee, and to make technical changes for purposes of gender neutrality, effective July 1, 2002; May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-1 amended Subsec. (h) to make a technical change, effective July 1, 2002; P.A. 03-278 made a technical change in Subsec. (b)(1), effective July 9, 2003; P.A. 05-215 amended Subsec. (b)(1) to reduce from five years to two years the minimum period of suspension for a subsequent violation of Sec. 14-224(a), 14-110, 14-215 or 53a-119b, effective October 1, 2005, and applicable to any suspension of an operator's license on or after October 1, 2000, and amended Subsec. (k) to designate existing provisions as Subdiv. (1) and make technical changes therein and add Subdiv. (2) authorizing a person whose license has been revoked in accordance with Sec. 14-227a(g)(3)(C) on or after October 1, 1999, to apply for reversal or reduction of such revocation; P.A. 07-167 amended Subsec. (k)(2) by changing required time period after date of revocation from 10 years to 6 years, replacing provision re application to commissioner with provision re request for a hearing before commissioner, conducted in accordance with chapter 54, and added provisions re evidence, installation and maintenance of ignition interlock device and adoption of regulations.

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      Sec. 14-111e. Suspension or delay of issuance of operator's license for misuse of license to procure liquor or possession of liquor by minor on public street or highway or other public or private location. (a) The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles shall suspend, for a period of one hundred fifty days, the motor vehicle operator's license or nonresident operating privilege of any person under the age of twenty-one who has been convicted of a violation of section 30-88a involving the misuse of an operator's license. The commissioner shall suspend, for a period of sixty days, the motor vehicle operator's license or nonresident operating privilege of any person under the age of twenty-one who has been convicted of a violation of subdivision (1) of subsection (b) of section 30-89. The commissioner shall suspend, for a period of thirty days, the motor vehicle operator's license or nonresident operating privilege of any person under the age of twenty-one who has been convicted of a violation of subdivision (2) of subsection (b) of section 30-89. The commissioner shall conform any suspension for violation of section 30-89 that is in effect on June 25, 2007, to comply with the provisions of this section.

      (b) Any person under the age of twenty-one who has not been issued a motor vehicle operator's license under section 14-36 and who has been convicted of a violation of section 30-88a involving the misuse of an operator's license, section 30-89 involving the purchase and possession of alcoholic liquor by a minor or subsection (e) of section 1-1h involving the misuse of an identity card, shall not be issued a new operator's license by the commissioner under section 14-36 until a period of one hundred fifty days has elapsed from the date all applicable requirements for any such license have been satisfied by the applicant.

      (P.A. 93-315, S. 1; P.A. 96-199; P.A. 97-201; P.A. 03-171, S. 10; P.A. 07-167, S. 50.)

      History: P.A. 96-199 increased maximum penalty to 90 days' suspension from 30 days, provided for suspension of a nonresident operating privilege and made the penalty applicable to violations of Sec. 30-89; P.A. 97-201 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a), amended Subsec. (a) to increase the suspension period from 90 days to 150 days, to add provision re motorcycle operator's license and to make Subsec. (a) applicable to persons under the age of 21, and added Subsec. (b) re delay of issuance of new operator's license; P.A. 03-171 amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) to delete references to motorcycle operator's license and amended Subsec. (b) to delete references to Sec. 14-40a; P.A. 07-167 amended Subsec. (a) by replacing provision re 150-day suspension for conviction of violation of Sec. 30-89 involving purchase and possession of alcoholic liquor by a minor with provisions re 60-day suspension for conviction of violation of Sec. 30-89(b)(1) and re 30-day suspension for conviction of violation of Sec. 30-89(b)(2) and by adding provision requiring commissioner to conform suspension for Sec. 30-89 violation in effect on June 25, 2007, to comply with section, effective June 25, 2007.

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PART VII
GENERAL PROVISIONS

      Sec. 14-147a. Theft or illegal possession of number plate or sticker. Any person who takes any motor vehicle number plate or sticker denoting the expiration date of the registration from such number plate or possesses such number plate or sticker without the permission of the person to whom such number plate or sticker was issued shall be fined not less than one hundred dollars or more than five hundred dollars.

      (1961, P.A. 117; P.A. 97-226, S. 5, 6; P.A. 07-217, S. 51.)

      History; P.A. 97-226 substituted "sticker denoting the expiration date of the registration" for "annual insert", made penalty applicable to persons who illegally possess number plates or stickers and modified penalty to increase fine from $25 maximum to not less than $100 nor more than $500 and to eliminate term of imprisonment, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 07-217 made a technical change, effective July 12, 2007.

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      Sec. 14-150. Abandoned or unregistered motor vehicles and motor vehicles which are a menace to traffic. Notice. Removal. Storage. Hearing. Lien. Sale. (a) Any person who abandons any motor vehicle within the limits of any highway or upon property other than such person's own without the consent of the owner thereof for a period longer than twenty-four hours shall have committed an infraction and shall be fined not less than eighty-five dollars. The last owner of record of a motor vehicle found abandoned, as shown by the files of the Department of Motor Vehicles, shall be deemed prima facie to have been the owner of such motor vehicle at the time it was abandoned and the person who abandoned the same or caused or procured its abandonment.

      (b) Any inspector of the Department of Motor Vehicles, any officer attached to an organized police department, any enforcement officer of a parking authority authorized under an ordinance adopted pursuant to section 7-204a to enforce parking regulations in the municipality in which it is located or any state police officer upon discovery of any motor vehicle, whether situated within or without any highway of this state, which is a menace to traffic or public health or safety, shall take such motor vehicle into such inspector's or officer's custody and cause the same to be taken to and stored in a suitable place.

      (c) Any inspector of the Department of Motor Vehicles, any officer attached to an organized police department, any enforcement officer of a parking authority authorized under an ordinance adopted pursuant to section 7-204a to enforce parking regulations in the municipality in which it is located or any state police officer, upon discovery of any motor vehicle apparently abandoned or a motor vehicle without proper registration, whether situated within or without any highway of this state, shall affix to such motor vehicle a notification sticker in a manner so as to be readily visible. This notification sticker shall contain the following information: (1) The date and time the notification sticker was affixed to the motor vehicle; (2) a statement that pursuant to this section, if the motor vehicle is not removed within twenty-four hours of the time the sticker was affixed, it shall be taken into custody and stored at the owner's expense; (3) the location and telephone number where additional information may be obtained; and (4) the identity of the affixing officer. If the motor vehicle is not removed within such twenty-four-hour period, the affixing department or parking authority shall take such motor vehicle into its custody and cause the same to be stored in a suitable place, except that such department or parking authority shall make a reasonable attempt to notify the owner of any such motor vehicle which is determined to be stolen prior to taking such vehicle into its custody and shall allow such owner to make arrangements for removal of such vehicle.

      (d) If the motor vehicle has no registration marker plates or invalid registration marker plates, and if such inspector or officer makes a determination in good faith that (1) the motor vehicle is apparently abandoned, (2) the market value of such motor vehicle in its current condition is five hundred dollars or less, and (3) the motor vehicle is so vandalized, damaged, or in disrepair as to be unusable as a motor vehicle, title to such motor vehicle shall, upon taking custody of such motor vehicle, immediately vest in the municipality in which the motor vehicle was discovered. Within forty-eight hours of the time that such motor vehicle is taken into custody, the affixing department or parking authority shall notify the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, in writing, of the vehicle identification number and a description of the motor vehicle. Upon sale or other disposition of the motor vehicle, the affixing department or parking authority shall give written notice by certified mail to the person who was the owner of such motor vehicle at the time of abandonment, if known, which notice shall state that the motor vehicle has been sold or otherwise disposed of. The proceeds of the sale or disposition, or the fair market value of the motor vehicle in its current condition, whichever is greater, less the towing and sale or disposal expenses and the amount of any fines due, shall be paid to such person or such person's representatives, if claimed by such person or them within one year from the date of sale. If such balance is not claimed within such period, it shall escheat to the municipality. If the expenses incurred by the municipality for towing and the sale or disposition of such motor vehicle and any such fines exceed the proceeds of such sale or disposition, such person shall be liable to such municipality for such excess amount.

      (e) Within forty-eight hours of the time that a motor vehicle is taken into custody and stored pursuant to subsection (b) or (c) of this section, the affixing department or parking authority shall give written notice by certified mail to the owner and any lienholders of such motor vehicle, if the same appears on the records of the Department of Motor Vehicles, which notice shall state (1) that the motor vehicle has been taken into custody and stored, (2) the location of storage of the motor vehicle, (3) that, unless title has already vested in the municipality pursuant to subsection (d), such motor vehicle may be sold after fifteen days if the market value of such motor vehicle does not exceed one thousand five hundred dollars or after forty-five days if the value of such motor vehicle exceeds one thousand five hundred dollars, and (4) that the owner has a right to contest the validity of such taking by application, on a form prescribed by the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, to the hearing officer named in such notice within ten days from the date of such notice. Such application forms shall be made readily available to the public at all offices of the Department of Motor Vehicles, parking authorities authorized under an ordinance adopted pursuant to section 7-204a to enforce parking regulations and state and local police departments.

      (f) (1) The chief executive officer of each town shall appoint a suitable person, who shall not be a member of any state or local police department, to be a hearing officer to hear applications to determine whether or not the towing within such municipality of such motor vehicle was authorized under the provisions of this section. Two or more towns may join in appointing such hearing officer; provided any such hearing shall be held at a location which is as near to the town within which such motor vehicle was towed as is reasonable and practicable. The commissioner shall establish by regulation the qualifications necessary for hearing officers and procedures for the holding of such hearings. If it is determined at such hearing that the vehicle was not a menace to traffic, abandoned or unregistered, as the case may be, the owner of such motor vehicle shall not be liable for any expenses incurred as a result of the taking and storage of such motor vehicle, the lien provisions of this section shall not apply to such owner, and the department which took and stored such motor vehicle shall be liable for such expenses. If the owner, prior to such determination, pays such expenses and the storage charges of such motor vehicle, and it is determined at such hearing that the motor vehicle was not a menace to traffic, abandoned or unregistered, as the case may be, the department or parking authority which took such motor vehicle shall be liable to such owner for the amount paid by such owner. Any person aggrieved by the decision of such hearing officer may, within fifteen days of the notice of such decision, appeal to the superior court for the judicial district wherein such hearing was held.

      (2) The chief executive officer of each municipality shall designate a suitable person who shall be responsible for the collection of data concerning abandoned motor vehicles within such municipality and the preparation and submission of periodic reports to the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles which shall contain such information as the commissioner may require.

      (g) The owner or keeper of any garage or other place where such motor vehicle is stored shall have a lien upon the same for such owner's or keeper's towing and storage charges. Unless title has already vested in the municipality pursuant to subsection (d) of this section, if the current market value of such motor vehicle as determined in good faith by such owner or keeper does not exceed one thousand five hundred dollars and such motor vehicle has been stored for a period of not less than fifteen days, such owner or keeper may, unless an application filed by the owner pursuant to subsection (e) of this section is pending and the owner of such motor vehicle has notified such owner or keeper that such application for hearing has been filed, sell the same for storage and towing charges owed thereon, provided a notice of intent to sell shall be sent to the commissioner, the owner and any lienholder of record of such motor vehicle, if known, five days before the sale of such vehicle. If the current market value of such motor vehicle as determined in good faith by such owner or keeper exceeds one thousand five hundred dollars and if such motor vehicle has been so stored for a period of forty-five days, such owner or keeper shall, unless an application filed by the owner pursuant to subsection (e) of this section is pending and the owner of such motor vehicle has notified such owner or keeper that such application for hearing has been filed, sell the same at public auction for cash, at such owner's or keeper's place of business, and apply the avails of such sale toward the payment of such owner's or keeper's charges and the payment of any debt or obligation incurred by the officer who placed the same in storage, provided if the last place of abode of the owner of such motor vehicle is known to or may be ascertained by such garage owner or keeper by the exercise of reasonable diligence, notice of the time and place of sale shall be given to such owner and any lienholder of record by mailing such notice to such owner in a registered or certified letter, postage paid, at such last usual place of abode, at least five days before the time of sale. At any public auction held pursuant to this subsection, such garage owner or keeper may set a minimum bid equal to the amount of such owner's or keeper's charges and obligations with respect to the tow and storage of the motor vehicle. If no such bid is made, such owner or keeper may sell or dispose of such vehicle.

      (h) The garage owner or keeper shall report the sales price, storing, towing and repair charges, if any; buyer's name and address; identification of the vehicle and such other information as may be required in regulations which shall be adopted by the commissioner in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to the commissioner within fifteen days after the sale of the motor vehicle. The proceeds of such sale, after deducting the amount due such garage owner or keeper and all expenses connected with such sale, including the expenses of the officer who placed such motor vehicle in storage, shall be paid to the owner of such motor vehicle or such owner's legal representatives, if claimed by such owner or them at any time within one year from the date of such sale. If such balance is not claimed within said period, it shall escheat to the state.

      (i) If the owner of such motor vehicle placed in storage in accordance with the provisions of this section does not claim such motor vehicle within thirty days, the owner of such garage or other place of storage shall, within forty days of the date such motor vehicle was placed in storage with such owner, send a written notice to the commissioner, stating the make, engine number and chassis number of such motor vehicle, the date such motor vehicle was left with such owner for storage and by whom and the registration number thereof if any number plates are on such motor vehicle, which notice shall be placed on file by the commissioner and shall be subject to public inspection. The fee for filing such notice shall be five dollars. Any sale under the provisions of this section shall be void, unless the notice required by this section has been given to the commissioner.

      (j) The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, (1) specifying the circumstances under which title to any motor vehicle abandoned within the limits of any highway may be transferred to any person, firm or corporation towing such vehicle, and (2) establishing the procedure whereby such person, firm or corporation may obtain title to such motor vehicle.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2475; 1963, P.A. 272; 1967, P.A. 877; 1969, P.A. 350; 1971, P.A. 817, S. 2; P.A. 73-131; P.A. 76-381, S. 7; 76-402, S. 1, 3; P.A. 77-452, S. 50, 72; P.A. 78-280, S. 1, 127; P.A. 80-119; P.A. 86-119; P.A. 87-372, S. 1, 2; P.A. 88-270, S. 4, 8; P.A. 91-408, S. 16; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-13, S. 11, 21; P.A. 98-215, S. 4; P.A. 99-27; P.A. 00-35, S. 2; P.A. 03-264, S. 4; P.A. 04-30, S. 1; P.A. 07-167, S. 31.)

      History: 1963 act authorized sale of vehicle for storage and towing charges after 30 days where value of vehicle is not more than $35; 1967 act included reference to deliberate abandonment, increased fine from $50 to $100 maximum and imprisonment from 60 to 90 days and added provision re determination of owner as last owner of record in Subsec. (a); 1969 act changed applicable current market value of vehicle from $35 to $100; 1971 act deleted "wilfully and deliberately" to describe abandonment in Subsec. (a); P.A. 73-131 deleted phrase "apparently has been involved in an accident" describing vehicles which are a menace to traffic in Subsec. (b); P.A. 76-381 replaced fine and imprisonment provision in Subsec. (a) with statement that violator has committed an infraction; P.A. 76-402 made Subsec. (b) applicable to vehicles which are a menace to traffic, deleting other descriptive phrases, and deleted provisions re liability for vehicle in officer's custody and charges as lien on vehicle, inserted new Subsecs. (c) and (d) re procedure for dealing with abandoned or unregistered vehicles, placed storage provisions formerly in Subsec. (b) in new Subsec. (e) and included references to application for hearing and redesignated Subsec. (c) as Subsec. (f); P.A. 77-452 replaced court of common pleas with superior court in Subsec. (d); P.A. 78-280 deleted reference to counties in Subsec. (d); P.A. 80-119 made auction sale of vehicle mandatory rather than optional if storage limit reached without owner taking action to regain vehicle and added provisions re required report of sale to commissioner in Subsec. (e); P.A. 86-119 amended Subsecs. (b) and (c) to require such motor vehicles to be taken into custody and stored and added Subsec. (g), requiring motor vehicle commissioner to adopt regulations re title to abandoned motor vehicles; P.A. 87-372 inserted new provisions as Subsec. (d), requiring immediate vesting of title to an abandoned, unusable motor vehicle with a current market value of $100 or less in the municipality where the vehicle was discovered and specifying procedures for notice and distribution of proceeds from sale or disposition, and relettering remaining Subsecs., and amended Subsecs. (e) and (g), providing vehicle may be sold after 15 days if market value does not exceed $500 or after 90 days if such value exceeds $500; P.A. 88-270 amended Subsec. (a) to require that the fine be not less than $85; amended Subsec. (b) to require removal of any vehicle which is a menace to public health or safety; amended Subsec. (d) to require the deduction of the amount of any fines due from the proceeds of the sale or disposition, and added Subsec. (f)(2), requiring municipal chief executive officer to designate person responsible for collecting abandoned vehicle data and reporting to motor vehicle commissioner; P.A. 91-408 amended Subsec. (c) to add provision requiring department to attempt to notify the owner of a stolen vehicle and to allow the owner to remove the vehicle; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-13 added $5 fee for filing of notice; (Revisor's note: In 1997 references throughout the general statutes to "Motor Vehicle(s) Commissioner" and "Motor Vehicle(s) Department" were replaced editorially by the Revisors with "Commissioner of Motor Vehicles" or "Department of Motor Vehicles", as the case may be, for consistency with customary statutory usage); P.A. 98-215 amended Subsecs. (e) and (g) to reduce from 90 to 45 days the time after which a vehicle may be sold re vehicles with market value over $500; P.A. 99-27 amended Subsec. (d)(2) by increasing the required value of a motor vehicle from $100 to $500, amended Subsecs. (e) and (g) by applying provisions to motor vehicles valued at $1,500, increased from $500, and made technical changes re gender neutrality; P.A. 00-35 deleted provisions in Subsec. (g) re advertising sale, and added provisions re minimum bids at public auction and provision that if no bid is made the owner or keeper may sell or dispose of such vehicle; P.A. 03-264 amended Subsecs. (b) to (f), inclusive, to add provisions re enforcement by parking authority authorized to enforce municipal parking regulations, replaced "such officer" with "such hearing officer" in Subsec. (f)(1) and made technical changes in Subsec. (j); P.A. 04-30 amended Subsec. (e) to require that written notice by certified mail be given to any lienholders of such motor vehicle if the same appears on the records of the department and amended Subsec. (g) to make technical changes and to require that notice of intent to sell be sent to any lienholder of record of motor vehicle, effective April 28, 2004; P.A. 07-167 amended Subsec. (g) by inserting reference to owner's or keeper's towing charges.

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      Sec. 14-154a. Liability of owner for damage caused by rented or leased motor vehicle. Exceptions.

      Section could not be applied to hold defendant lessor liable under circumstances where driver was not authorized to operate vehicle under terms of lease and, thus, was not in lawful possession of vehicle at time of accident, and plaintiffs' claim that plain meaning of statute compelled defendant's liability regardless of contract terms was unavailing given that Supreme Court has held that statute does not prevent lessor from imposing reasonable restrictions on identity of drivers for whom they are willing to assume risk of liability. 98 CA 665.

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      Sec. 14-163d. Owners of certain motor vehicles in intrastate or interstate commerce to provide evidence of security requirements and to file a motor carrier identification report. Suspension of motor vehicle registration. Amount of insurance or other security for certain motor carriers and motor vehicle owners. (a) At least once every six months, each owner of a motor vehicle described in subsection (a) of section 14-163c shall file with the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles evidence that the owner has in effect the security requirements imposed by law for each such motor vehicle. The evidence shall be filed in such form as the commissioner prescribes in accordance with a schedule established by the commissioner. At least once every two years, the evidence of security shall be accompanied by a motor carrier identification report that meets the requirements of 49 CFR 390.19, as amended from time to time. The report shall be in such form as the commissioner prescribes.

      (b) In addition to other penalties provided by law, the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, after notice and opportunity for hearing in accordance with chapter 54, shall suspend the registration of each motor vehicle registered in the name of any owner who fails to file a motor carrier identification report or to provide satisfactory evidence of the security requirements imposed by law.

      (c) Each filing made in accordance with the provisions of subsection (a) of this section by each for-hire motor carrier or private motor carrier of property or passengers, and each owner of any motor vehicle that transports hazardous materials, as described in subsection (a) of section 14-163c, shall provide satisfactory evidence of insurance coverage or other security in amounts not less than are required by the provisions of Title 49, Part 387 of the Code of Federal Regulations, as amended. Such requirement concerning the amount of security that must be evidenced to the commissioner may be made applicable by the commissioner to the initial registration of any such motor vehicle, including the registration of any motor vehicle under the International Registration Plan, in accordance with the provisions of section 14-34a.

      (Oct. 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-3, S. 4; P.A. 07-167, S. 11.)

      History: Oct. 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-3 effective January 1, 2006; P.A. 07-167 added Subsec. (c) re evidence of amount of insurance coverage or other security.

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