CHAPTER 167a
TEACHERS' RETIREMENT SYSTEM

Table of Contents

Sec. 10-183b. Definitions.
Sec. 10-183c. Teachers' retirement system established. Benefits contractual.
Sec. 10-183e. Credited service.
Sec. 10-183g. Benefit rates. Commencing and ending dates.
Sec. 10-183r. Funding of system.
Sec. 10-183jj. Retirement incentive plans for teachers.
Sec. 10-183qq. Bond authorization for a portion of unfunded liability of Teachers' Retirement Fund.

      Sec. 10-183b. Definitions. As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires:

      (1) "Actuarial reserve basis" means a basis under which the liabilities of the retirement system are determined under acceptable actuarial methods and under which assets are accumulated under a program designed to achieve a proper balance between the accumulated assets and the liabilities of the system.

      (2) "Amortization of unfunded liabilities" means a systematic program of annual payments determined as a level per cent of expected member annual salaries in lieu of a lump sum payment.

      (3) "Annual salary" means the annual salary rate for service as a Connecticut teacher during a school year but not including unused sick leave, unused vacation, terminal pay, coaching or extra duty assignments, unless compensation for coaching or extra duty assignment was included in salary for which contributions were made prior to July 1, 1971. In no event shall annual salary include amounts determined by the board to be included for the purpose of inflating the member's average annual salary. The inclusion in annual salary of amounts paid to the member, in lieu of payment by the employer for the cost of benefits, insurance, or individual retirement arrangements which in prior years had been paid by the employer and not included in the member's annual salary, shall be prima facie evidence that such amounts are included for the purpose of inflating the member's average annual salary. Annual salary shall not include payments the timing of which may be directed by the member. Annual salary shall not include payments to a superintendent pursuant to an individual contract between such superintendent and a board of education, of amounts which are not included in base salary. Annual salary shall include amounts paid to the member during a sabbatical leave during which mandatory contributions were remitted, provided such member returned to full-time teaching for at least five full years following the completion of such leave.

      (4) "Average annual salary" means the average annual salary received during the three years of highest salary.

      (5) "Board" means the Teachers' Retirement Board.

      (6) "Child" means a natural child, an adopted child, or a stepchild of a deceased member who has been a stepchild for at least one year immediately prior to the date on which the member died. A child is a "dependent child" of a deceased member if at the time of the member's death (A) the member was living with the child or providing or obligated to provide, by agreement or court order, a reasonable portion of the support of the child, and (B) the child (i) is unmarried and has not attained age eighteen, or (ii) is disabled and such disability began prior to the child's attaining age eighteen.

      (7) "Contributions" means amounts withheld pursuant to this chapter and paid to the board by an employer from compensation payable to a member. Prior to July 1, 1989, "mandatory contributions" are contributions required to be withheld under this chapter and consist of five per cent regular contributions and "one per cent contributions". From July 1, 1989, to June 30, 1992, "mandatory contributions" are contributions required to be withheld under this chapter and consist of five per cent regular contributions and one per cent health contributions. From July 1, 1992, to June 30, 2004, "mandatory contributions" are contributions required to be withheld under this chapter and consist of six per cent "regular contributions" and one per cent health contributions. On or after July 1, 2004, "mandatory contributions" are contributions required to be withheld under this chapter and consist of six per cent regular contributions and one and one-fourth per cent health contributions. "Voluntary contributions" are contributions by a member authorized to be withheld under section 10-183i.

      (8) "Credited interest" means interest at the rate from time to time fixed by the board which shall be substantially that earned by the funds of the system. Such interest shall be applied to a member's account based on the balance as of the previous June thirtieth. Credited interest shall be assessed on any mandatory contributions which were due but not remitted prior to the close of the school year for which salary was paid.

      (9) "Current service" means service rendered in the current fiscal year.

      (10) "Dependent former spouse" means a former spouse of a deceased member who (A) has in his or her care a dependent child of the deceased member; and (B) was receiving, or was entitled to receive, from the deceased member at the time of the death of the deceased member, at least one-half of his or her support; and (C) has not remarried; and (D) is the parent of the child or adopted the child while married to the member and before the child attained age eighteen or, while married to the member, both of them adopted the child before the child attained age eighteen.

      (11) "Dependent parent" means a parent of a deceased member who (A) has reached the age of sixty-five; and (B) has not married after the death of the member; and (C) was receiving at least one-half of his or her support from the member at the time of the member's death and files proof of such support within two years of the date of the member's death; and (D) is not receiving, or entitled to a federal or state old age benefit based on the parent's own earnings, equal to or greater than the amount the parent would be entitled to as a dependent parent under this chapter. A "parent of a deceased member" is (i) the mother or father of a deceased member; or (ii) a stepparent of a deceased member by a marriage entered into before the member attained age sixteen; or (iii) an adopting parent of a deceased member who adopted the deceased member before the member attained age sixteen.

      (12) "Designated beneficiary" means a person designated on a form prescribed by the board by a member to receive amounts which become payable under this chapter as the result of the member's death whether before or after retirement. If a designated beneficiary is not living at the time of the death of a member, the amounts that would have been payable to the designated beneficiary shall be paid to the member's estate.

      (13) "Disabled" means inability to engage in any substantial gainful activity by reason of any medically determinable physical or mental impairment which can be expected to result in death or to be of long-continued and indefinite duration, except that during the first twenty-four months that a member is receiving a disability allowance, "disabled" means the inability to perform the usual duties of his occupation by reason of any such impairment.

      (14) "Employer" means an elected school committee, a board of education, the State Board of Education, the board of governors or any of its constituent units, the governing body of the Children's Center and its successors, the E. O. Smith School and any other activity, institution or school employing members.

      (15) "Formal leave of absence" means any absence from active service in the public schools of Connecticut formally granted by a member's employer as evidenced by contemporary records of the employer, provided in the case of an absence due to illness, medical or other evidence of such illness may, at the discretion of the Teachers' Retirement Board, be accepted in lieu of evidence of the formal granting of a leave.

      (16) "Formal application of retirement" means the member's application, birth certificate or notarized statement supported by other evidence satisfactory to the board, in lieu thereof, records of service when required by the board to determine a salary rate or years of creditable service, statement of payment plan and, in the case of an application for a disability benefit, a physician's statement of health.

      (17) "Funding" means the accumulation of assets in advance of the payment of retirement allowances in accordance with a definite actuarial program.

      (18) "Member" means any Connecticut teacher employed for an average of at least one-half of each school day, except that no teacher who under any provision of the general statutes elects not to participate in the system shall be a member unless and until the teacher elects to participate in the system. Members teaching in a nonpublic school classified as a public school by the board under the provisions of this section may continue as members as long as they continue as teachers in such school even if the school ceases to be so classified. A former teacher who has not withdrawn his or her accumulated contributions shall be an "inactive member". A member who, during the period of a formal leave of absence granted by his or her employer, but not exceeding an aggregate of ten school months, continues to make mandatory contributions to the board, retains his or her status as an active member.

      (19) "Normal cost" means the amount of contribution which the state is required to make into the retirement fund in order to meet the actuarial cost of current service.

      (20) "Public school" means any day school conducted within or without this state under the orders and superintendence of a duly elected school committee, a board of education, the State Board of Education, the board of governors or any of its constituent units, the E. O. Smith School, the Children's Center and its successors, the State Education Resource Center established pursuant to section 10-4q, joint activities of boards of education authorized by subsection (b) of section 10-158a and any institution supported by the state at which teachers are employed or any incorporated secondary school not under the orders and superintendence of a duly elected school committee or board of education but located in a town not maintaining a high school and providing free tuition to pupils of the town in which it is located, and which has been approved by the State Board of Education under the provisions of part II of chapter 164, provided that such institution or such secondary school is classified as a public school by the retirement board.

      (21) "Retirement allowance" means payments for life derived from member contributions, including credited interest, and contributions from the state.

      (22) "School year" means the twelve months ending on June thirtieth of each year.

      (23) "Surviving spouse" means a widow or widower of a deceased member who (A) was living with the member at the time of the member's death, or receiving, or entitled by court order or agreement to receive, regular support payments from the member, and (B) has not remarried.

      (24) "Survivors" means a surviving spouse, a dependent former spouse, a dependent child and a dependent parent.

      (25) "System" means the Connecticut teachers' retirement system.

      (26) "Teacher" means (A) any teacher, permanent substitute teacher, principal, assistant principal, supervisor, assistant superintendent or superintendent employed by the public schools in a professional capacity while possessing a certificate or permit issued by the State Board of Education, provided on and after July 1, 1975, such certificate shall be for the position in which the person is then employed, (B) certified personnel who provide health and welfare services for children in nonprofit schools, as provided in section 10-217a, under an oral or written agreement, (C) any person who is engaged in teaching or supervising schools for adults if the annual salary paid for such service is equal to or greater than the minimum salary paid for a regular, full-time teaching position in the day schools in the town where such service is rendered, (D) a member of the professional staff of the State Board of Education or of the Board of Governors of Higher Education or any of its constituent units, and (E) a member of the staff of the State Education Resource Center established pursuant to section 10-4q employed in a professional capacity while possessing a certificate or permit issued by the State Board of Education. A "permanent substitute teacher" is one who serves as such for at least ten months during any school year.

      (27) "Unfunded liability" means the actuarially determined value of the liability for service before the date of the actuarial valuation less the accumulated assets in the retirement fund.

      (P.A. 78-208, S. 1, 35; P.A. 79-436, S. 1, 6; 79-541, S. 1, 6; 79-625, S. 1, 6; P.A. 80-300; 80-302; 80-371; 80-483, S. 41, 186; P.A. 82-218, S. 37, 46; 82-472, S. 31, 183; P.A. 83-449, S. 1, 5; 83-528, S. 1, 2; P.A. 84-241, S. 2, 5; 84-487, S. 1, 2; P.A. 85-594, S. 1, 4; P.A. 86-316, S. 1, 3; P.A. 88-4; P.A. 89-26, S. 3, 4; 89-276, S. 1, 3; P.A. 92-205, S. 1, 12; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-14, S. 1, 11; P.A. 00-187, S. 63, 75; P.A. 03-232, S. 7; P.A. 05-99, S. 1; P.A. 06-196, S. 194; P.A. 07-126, S. 1, 2.)

      History: P.A. 79-436 added definitions of "actuarial reserve basis", "amortization of unfunded liabilities", "current service", "funding", "normal cost" and "unfunded liability", inserting terms in alphabetical order and renumbering subdivisions accordingly; P.A. 79-541 redefined "disabled", deleting distinction between eligibility for survivor's benefits and for disability benefits; P.A. 79-625 redefined "member" to specifically exclude teachers who elect not to participate in retirement system; P.A. 80-300 redefined "teacher" to include assistant principals and assistant supervisors and professional staff members of state boards of education and of higher education or constituent units and to add qualifying phrase re certificates; P.A. 80-302 redefined "member" to include teachers who, while on formal leaves of absence, continue to make mandatory contributions; P.A. 80-371 redefined "formal application of retirement" to require that statements be notarized and be "supported by other evidence satisfactory to the board"; P.A. 80-483 made technical grammatical correction in definition of "member"; P.A. 82-218 replaced board of higher education with board of governors pursuant to reorganization of higher education system, effective March 1, 1983; P.A. 82-472 changed "Edwin O. Smith" to "E. O. Smith" in Subdivs. (14) and (19); P.A. 83-449 amended the definition of "disabled" in Subdiv. (13) by adding exception that during the first 24 months a member is receiving a disability allowance, "disabled" means the inability to perform the usual duties of his occupation by reason of any such impairment; P.A. 83-528 amended the definition of "annual salary" in Subdiv. (3) to exclude amounts determined by the board to be included for the purpose of inflating average annual salary and to exclude payments whose timing may be directed by a member and to specify that inclusion in annual salary of amounts paid to a member in lieu of payment by employer for the cost of benefits, etc. which were paid in prior years by employer, is prima facie evidence such amounts are included to inflate average annual salary; P.A. 84-241 added "of higher education" to board of governors' title in Subdiv. (25); P.A. 84-487 amended definition of teacher in Subdiv. (25) to make existing provision requiring possession of teacher's certificate for "position in which the person is then employed" effective "on and after July 1, 1975"; P.A. 85-594 redefined "amortization of unfunded liabilities" to be a systematic program of "annual payments determined as a level per cent of expected member annual salaries"; P.A. 86-316 added definition of "formal leave of absence" in Subdiv. (15), renumbered remaining Subdivs. and made technical changes in Subdivs. (8), (12), (18), (20), (22) and (25); P.A. 88-4 amended Subsec. (26) to expand types of certificates enumerated in Subdiv. (1) to include any "other certificate or permit issued by the state board of education"; P.A. 89-26 in Subdiv. (26) redefined "teacher" to provide that the person who is a teacher be employed in a professional capacity and made a technical change; P.A. 89-276 amended definition of "member" in Subdiv. (18) to delete provision that no teacher who has attained age 61 may become a member for the first time; P.A. 92-205 redefined "annual salary" to exclude payments to a superintendent pursuant to an individual contract between such superintendent and a board of education, of amounts not included in base salary, and redefined "mandatory contributions" to increase 5% contributions to 6%; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-14 changed effective date of P.A. 92-205, S. 1 from June 10, 1992, to July 1, 1992; P.A. 00-187 redefined "annual salary" in Subdiv. (3) to add provision relating to sabbatical leaves, redefined "credited interest" in Subdiv. (8) to require assessment on any mandatory contributions which were due but not remitted prior to the close of the school year for which salary was paid and to make a technical change, and redefined "formal application of retirement" in Subdiv. (16) to remove reference to "legal teacher's certificate", effective July 1, 2000; P.A. 03-232 amended Subdiv. (6) defining "child" by inserting commas, amended Subdiv. (7) defining "contributions" to redefine "mandatory contributions" prior to July 1, 1989, as consisting of 5% "regular contributions" and 1% "contributions", from July 1, 1989, to June 30, 1992, as consisting of 5% "regular contributions" and 1% "health contributions", from July 1, 1992, to June 30, 2004, as consisting of 6% "regular contributions" and 1% "health contributions", and on or after July 1, 2004, as consisting of 6% "regular contributions" and 1.25% "health contributions", amended Subdiv. (11) defining "dependent parent" by substituting lower case Roman numerals for upper case alpha designators in the definition of "parent of a deceased member", and amended Subdiv. (26) defining "teacher" by substituting upper case alpha designators for Arabic numerals, effective July 1, 2003; P.A. 05-99 amended definitions of "employer" and "public school" in Subdivs. (14) and (20), respectively, to include successors of the Children's Center, effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 06-196 made a technical change in Subdivs. (6) and (7), effective June 7, 2006; P.A. 07-126 amended Subdiv. (20) to redefine "public school" to include State Education Resource Center and amended Subdiv. (26) to redefine "teacher" by adding Subpara. (E) re State Education Resource Center, effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-183c. Teachers' retirement system established. Benefits contractual. (a) The Connecticut teachers' retirement system is established to provide retirement and other benefits for teachers, their survivors and beneficiaries. On or after a member vests in the system by becoming eligible to receive a retirement benefit pursuant to section 10-183f, or accumulates ten years of credited service in the system, as defined in subsection (a) of section 10-183e, whichever is later, the member's benefit under sections 10-183e, 10-183f, 10-183g, 10-183h and 10-183aa is contractual in nature and no public or special act of the General Assembly shall diminish such benefit, provided this section shall apply only to an active member who is vested on October 1, 2003, or to a member who vests or accumulates ten years of credited service on or after October 1, 2003, and shall apply to the member's benefit in existence on October 1, 2003, or to the member's benefit in existence on the date the member vests or accumulates ten years of credited service, respectively, whichever is later.

      (b) In addition to the benefits described in subsection (a) of this section, upon the issuance of bonds authorized by section 10-183qq, all benefits of all members of the teachers' retirement system as of said issuance shall be construed to be contractual in nature, as long as the bonds issued in accordance with section 10-183qq or any subsequent reauthorizations of said bonds remain outstanding. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to bestow any vested rights upon a member of the Connecticut teachers' retirement system until such time as those rights are earned in accordance with provisions in place upon issuance of the bonds pursuant to section 10-183qq.

      (c) Nothing in this section shall affect the provisions of section 10-183t or 10-183z.

      (P.A. 78-208, S. 2, 35; P.A. 03-232, S. 5; P.A. 07-186, S. 9.)

      History: P.A. 03-232 amended section to provide that once a member vests in the system or becomes eligible to receive retirement benefit pursuant to Sec. 10-183f, or accumulates 10 years of credited service in the system, the member's benefit under Secs. 10-183e to 10-183h, inclusive, and Sec. 10-183aa, is contractual in nature and may not be diminished by act of the General Assembly, provided this section shall apply to active members vested on October 1, 2003, or to members who vest or accumulate 10 years of credited service on or after October 1, 2003, and is applicable to member's benefit in existence on October 1, 2003, or to member's benefit in existence on the date the member vests or accumulates 10 years of credited service, whichever is later, and to further provide that section does not affect provisions of Sec. 10-183t or 10-183z, and to further provide that on and after October 1, 2003, any public or special act enhancing benefits of system are subject to provisions of this section; P.A. 07-186 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and amended same to delete provisions specifying that nothing in section shall affect Sec. 10-183t or 10-183z and that on or after October 1, 2003, any public or special act enhancing system benefits shall be subject to provisions of section, and added Subsecs. (b) re benefits construed to be contractual in nature and (c) re provisions of Sec. 10-183t or 10-183z, effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-183e. Credited service. (a) A member shall receive a month of credited service for each month of service as a teacher, provided the Teachers' Retirement Board may grant a member a month of credited service for a month during which such member was employed after the first school day but not later than the fifth school day of such month if (1) such month was the member's first month of service as a teacher and (2) such month of credited service is needed by the member in order to qualify for a normal retirement benefit. Ten months of credited service shall be equal to one year of credited service. A member may not accumulate more than one year of credited service during any school year.

      (b) Any member may purchase, as provided in subsection (c) of this section, additional credited service, but not to exceed an aggregate of one year in the case of service described in subdivision (2) of this subsection for each two years of active full-time service as a Connecticut teacher; and not to exceed an aggregate of one year in the case of absence described in subdivision (8) of this subsection for each five years of active full-time service as a Connecticut teacher, provided if any such absence exceeds thirty consecutive school months, such additional credited service shall be limited to thirty school months; and not to exceed an aggregate of ten years for all service described in this subsection. In no event, however, may any service described in this subsection be purchased if the member is receiving or is, or will become, entitled to receive a retirement benefit based upon such service from any governmental system other than the teachers' retirement system or the federal Social Security System. Additional credited service includes:

      (1) Service as a teacher in a school for military dependents established by the United States Department of Defense;

      (2) Service as a teacher in another state of the United States, its territories or possessions;

      (3) Service in the armed forces of the United States in time of war, as defined in section 27-103, or service in said armed forces during the period beginning October 27, 1953, and ending January 31, 1955;

      (4) Service in a permanent full-time position for the state;

      (5) Service as a teacher at The University of Connecticut prior to July 1, 1965;

      (6) Service as a teacher at the Wheeler School and Library, North Stonington, prior to September 1, 1949;

      (7) Service as a teacher at the Gilbert Home, Winsted, prior to September 1, 1948;

      (8) Any formal leave of absence as provided in regulations adopted by the board, if the member subsequently returns to service for at least one school year;

      (9) Service as a teacher at the American School at Hartford for the Deaf, the Connecticut Institute for the Blind or the Newington Children's Hospital;

      (10) Forty or more days of service as a substitute teacher, or the equivalent service rendered at less than half-time, in a single public school system within the state of Connecticut in any school year, provided eighteen days of such service shall equal one month of credited service under subsection (a) of this section;

      (11) Service in the armed forces of the United States, other than service described in subdivision (3) of this subsection, not to exceed thirty months;

      (12) Service as a full-time, salaried, elected official of the state or any political subdivision of the state during the 1978 calendar year or thereafter, if such member subsequently returns to service for at least one school year;

      (13) Service in the public schools of Connecticut as a member of the federal Teacher Corps, not to exceed two years;

      (14) Service in the United States Peace Corps;

      (15) Service in the United States VISTA (Volunteers in Service to America) program;

      (16) Service in the public schools of Connecticut as a social work assistant, from January 1, 1969, to December 31, 1986, inclusive, if such member became a certified school social worker and remained in public school service as a social worker after certification; and

      (17) Service prior to July 1, 2007, as a member of the staff of the State Education Resource Center established pursuant to section 10-4q employed in a professional capacity while possessing a certificate or permit issued by the State Board of Education.

      (c) Additional credited service must be purchased by a member (1) prior to the time of retirement, (2) at the time a surviving spouse elects benefits under the provisions of subsection (d) of section 10-183h, or (3) at the time benefits commence as provided under sections 10-183g and 10-183jj. Any purchase of such service shall be accomplished by the member paying to the board an amount determined on the basis of actuarial factors adopted by the board which reflect the present value of one-half of the full actuarial cost of the benefit increase that will be derived by the purchase of such service, except that in the case of purchase of service described in subdivision (17) of subsection (b) of this section, the present value of the full actuarial cost. Such factors shall consider the member's age at the time of purchase, actual or projected salary, and the earliest date on which the member would be eligible for a normal retirement allowance. Payments for additional credited service may be made in a lump sum by transfer of funds from the member's accumulated one per cent contributions withheld prior to July 1, 1989, with credited interest and accumulated voluntary contributions with credited interest plus such other amounts as may be required to complete the purchase.

      (d) For the purpose of determining eligibility for benefits under section 10-183f, credited service purchased under subsection (b) of this section shall not be used except that (1) service in a school for military dependents described in subdivision (1) of subsection (b) of this section and out-of-state public school service described in subdivision (2) of said subsection (b) shall be used to determine eligibility for a normal retirement benefit based upon thirty-five years of credited service and for an early retirement benefit; and (2) military service described in subdivision (3) of said subsection (b), any leave of absence described in subdivision (8) of said subsection (b) and substitute service described in subdivision (10) of said subsection (b) shall be used as if they were service in the public schools of Connecticut.

      (e) For purposes of computing benefit amounts under section 10-183g, other than proratable benefits and deferred vested retirement benefits, credited service purchased under subsection (b) of this section shall be used in the same manner as credited service described in subsection (a) of this section. In computing proratable benefits, purchased service credits shall be used as set forth in subsection (b) of section 10-183g. In computing deferred vested retirement benefits, purchased service credits shall be used as set forth in subsection (d) of section 10-183g. In computing the lump sum death benefit under section 10-183h, military service described in subdivision (3) of subsection (b) of this section and leaves of absence described in subdivision (8) of said subsection (b) shall be used as if they were service in the public schools of Connecticut.

      (f) For purposes of computing benefit amounts under section 10-183g, whole months of credited service, including additional credited service, in excess of whole years shall be used in determining aggregate accumulations of credited service.

      (g) Any member who has been elected to a full-time or part-time position in an organization which has been duly designated as the teachers' representative or who has been elected to a full-time or part-time position in a state-wide, national or international bargaining organization may, during the time such member so serves, continue membership and may make, or have made for such member, payments of contributions for such time, provided the organization which such member represents shall pay the full actuarial cost that would otherwise be incurred by the state for the time such member serves in excess of one year. If payment is made during such periods or at any time before retirement, such member shall receive credit for such service and shall be considered as serving as a public school teacher in the state for the purpose of computing length of service, and for the purpose of computing average annual salary, and shall be considered by the retirement board as though such member were remaining in such member's latest teaching position.

      (P.A. 78-208, S. 4, 35; P.A. 79-407; 79-625, S. 2, 6; P.A. 80-376, S. 1; 80-408, S. 1; P.A. 82-293, S. 1, 2; 82-466, S. 1; P.A. 84-295, S. 1, 2; 84-440; P.A. 86-316, S. 2, 3; P.A. 87-410, S. 1, 3; P.A. 89-275; 89-342, S. 1, 5; P.A. 90-308, S. 5, 15; P.A. 92-205, S. 10-12; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-14, S. 1, 11; P.A. 93-379, S. 5, 8; P.A. 97-301, S. 1, 8, 10; P.A. 98-251, S. 1, 7; P.A. 02-117, S. 1; P.A. 03-232, S. 2, 14; P.A. 06-190, S. 2, 6; P.A. 07-126, S. 3.)

      History: P.A. 79-407 added Subsec. (i) re continuance of membership by members elected to full-time position in organization which is teachers' bargaining representative; P.A. 79-625 amended Subsec. (g) to include provisions re deferred vested retirement benefits; P.A. 80-376 allowed prior members to purchase additional credited service only after 1 year from date of latest resumption of membership, whereas previously prior members could purchase credited service only until 1 year from date of latest membership resumption in Subsec. (b); P.A. 80-408 amended Subsec. (b)(3) to include military service between October 27, 1953, and January 31, 1955, and deleted word "wartime" throughout section; P.A. 82-293 amended Subsec. (b) to allow credited service for teaching at American School for the Deaf, Connecticut School for the Blind and Newington Children's Hospital and amended Subsec. (c) to allow 5 years for purchase of service credit for teaching at American School for the Deaf, Connecticut School for the Blind and Newington Children's Hospital; P.A. 82-466 added Subsec. (b)(9) re purchase of retirement credit for service as a substitute teacher; P.A. 84-295 amended Subsec. (i) to include member "who has been elected to a full-time position in the state-wide bargaining organization with which the local bargaining organization is affiliated" and replaced reference to "subsection (b) of section 10-153" with reference to "section 10-153b"; P.A. 84-440 restructured provisions re purchase of additional credited service, limited total number of years which may be purchased to 10, repealed reciprocity requirement in Subsec. (b)(2) re out-of-state teaching service and added requirement re 2 years active full-time teaching service in Connecticut for each year of out-of-state service purchased, repealed provision authorizing prior member to purchase service after teaching in Connecticut public schools for 1 year after resumption of membership, amended Subsec. (b)(10) re substitute teaching service to require such service to be in Connecticut, added Subsec. (b)(11) re armed forces service, amended provisions in Subsec. (c) re cost of and time limits for purchase of additional credited service, repealed Subsecs. (d) and (e) re special purchase provisions and renumbered remaining subsecs.; P.A. 86-316 amended Subsec. (b) to delete limitation of subsection to any member "except an inactive member", to provide that purchase of additional credited service for an absence described in Subdiv. (8) may not exceed an aggregate of 1 year for each 5 years of active full-time service as a Connecticut teacher and to provide that if any such absence exceeds 30 consecutive school months, such additional credited service shall be limited to 30 school months; amended Subsec. (b)(8) to refer to "formal" rather than "authorized" leave of absence; P.A. 87-410 amended Subsec. (a) to authorize board, under certain conditions, to grant a month of credited service for a month during which a member was employed after the first school day but not later than the fifth school day; P.A. 89-275 amended Subsec. (g) to increase number of years of credited service which may be purchased for service in bargaining organization from 4 to 8; P.A. 89-342 amended Subsec. (c) to limit use of accumulated 1% contributions for purchase of additional credited service to contributions withheld prior to July 1, 1989, and to clarify that such contributions and voluntary contributions include credited interest; P.A. 90-308 added Subsec. (b)(12) re service as an elected official; P.A. 92-205 added Subsec. (b)(13) re service as a member of the federal teacher corps and Subsec. (g) to expand provision re election to full-time position in state-wide bargaining organization to include national or international bargaining organization; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-14 changed effective date of P.A. 92-205 but did not affect the date applicable to this section; P.A. 93-379 added Subsec. (b)(14) permitting purchase of retirement credit for Peace Corps service, effective June 30, 1993; P.A. 97-301 amended Subsec. (b)(12) to require that credited service as an elected official must be service as a full-time, salaried, elected official and amended Subsec. (g) to include election to part-time position and to delete 8-year limit on continued membership, effective July 8, 1997; P.A. 98-251 amended Subdiv. (10) of Subsec. (b)(10) re additional credited service for 40 or more days of service as a substitute teacher, to include the equivalent service rendered at less than half-time, effective June 8, 1998; P.A. 02-117 amended Subsec. (b)(10) to reduce number of days of substitute teaching from 20 to 18, effective July 1, 2002; P.A. 03-232 amended Subsec. (c) to require that a member purchase additional credited service prior to retirement, deleted reference to optional payment form pursuant to Sec. 10-183j and deleted existing formula for payment for purchase of service, added reference to benefits under Secs. 10-183g and 10-183jj, and added new formula for purchase of service based on actuarial factors adopted by board which reflect present value of one-half of full actuarial cost of benefit increase to be derived by purchase of such service, and specified that factors consider member's age, actual or projected salary, and earliest date when member would be eligible for normal retirement allowance, effective October 1, 2004, and amended Subsec. (g) to delete "with which the local bargaining organization is affiliated, under the provisions of section 10-153b", and to make certain technical changes, effective July 1, 2003; P.A. 06-190 amended Subsec. (b) by adding provisions re service in VISTA and certain service as social work assistant as Subdivs. (15) and (16), respectively, effective July 1, 2006; P.A. 07-126 added Subsec. (b)(17) re State Education Resource Center and amended Subsec. (c) by adding exception re Subsec. (b)(17), effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-183g. Benefit rates. Commencing and ending dates. (a) Normal retirement. The normal retirement benefit shall be two per cent times the number of years of full-time credited service and a proportional fraction of two per cent times the number of years of credited service at less than full-time multiplied by average annual salary. In no event, however, shall such benefit exceed seventy-five per cent of such salary or the limits mandated by Section 415 of the Internal Revenue Code, or be less than three thousand six hundred dollars.

      (b) Proratable retirement. The proratable retirement benefit shall be computed as follows: Average annual salary multiplied by (1) number of years of credited service, excluding all additional credited service, except service described in subdivisions (3), (8) and (10) of subsection (b) of section 10-183e, multiplied by the applicable percentage based on age and service as determined from the table below, and (2) number of years of all additional credited service not used in subdivision (1) of this subsection multiplied by one per cent.

TABLE
AGE OF RETIREMENT

Years Of
Connecticut
Service
60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70
101.01.01.01.01.01.01.01.01.01.01.0
111.11.11.11.11.11.11.11.11.11.11.1
121.21.21.21.21.21.21.21.21.21.21.2
131.31.31.31.31.31.31.31.31.31.31.3
141.41.41.41.41.41.41.41.41.41.41.4
151.51.51.51.51.51.51.51.51.51.51.5
161.61.61.61.61.61.61.61.61.61.61.6
171.71.71.71.71.71.71.71.71.71.71.7
181.81.81.81.81.81.81.81.81.81.81.8
191.91.91.91.91.91.91.91.91.91.91.9
202.02.02.02.02.02.02.02.02.02.02.0

      (c) Early retirement. The early retirement benefit shall be computed in the same manner as the normal retirement benefit, then actuarially reduced, on the basis of early retirement tables adopted from time to time by the board, for each month early retirement precedes the minimum age at which the member could have retired with a normal retirement benefit. Such minimum age shall be such member's actual age at retirement plus the lesser of (1) the difference between such age and age sixty, or (2) the difference between thirty-five years and the sum of such member's years of Connecticut public school service plus all purchased leaves of absence, military and out-of-state public school service. On and after July 1, 1999, any revisions to the early retirement tables shall be submitted to the Office of Policy and Management and the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to appropriations and the budgets of state agencies within one month of their adoption by the board. Any such revisions shall be accompanied by an actuarial certification of the costs associated with such revisions.

      (d) Deferred vested retirement. The deferred vested retirement benefit shall be computed as follows: Average annual salary multiplied by (1) number of years of credited service, excluding all additional credited service, except service described in subdivisions (3), (8) and (10) of subsection (b) of section 10-183e, multiplied by two per cent, then actuarially reduced in the same manner as the early retirement benefit if the years of service which could have been rendered were less than twenty years by age sixty or by the subsequent date of retirement, and (2) number of years of all additional credited service not used in subdivision (1) of this subsection multiplied by one per cent.

      (e) Disability retirement. Repealed by P.A. 79-541, S. 5, 6.

      (f) Lump sum payment or annuity. In addition to a retirement benefit computed under subsections (a) to (d), inclusive, of this section and under subsections (a) to (g), inclusive, of section 10-183aa, a member shall receive a lump sum payment equal to the member's accumulated one per cent contributions withheld prior to July 1, 1989, with credited interest. In lieu of such lump sum, the member may elect to receive an actuarially equivalent annuity for life. Such lump sum or annuity shall be paid, or commenced to be paid, when the first payment of the other retirement benefit is made.

      (g) Commencing date for payment. A member's complete formal application for retirement, if sent by mail, shall be deemed to have been filed with the board on the date such application is postmarked. No benefit computed under subsections (a) to (d), inclusive, of this section and under subsections (a) to (g), inclusive, of section 10-183aa shall become effective until the end of the calendar month of the filing by the member with the board of a complete formal application for retirement. Such benefit shall accrue from the first day of the month following such calendar month and payment of such benefit in equal monthly installments shall commence on the last day of the month in which such benefit begins to accrue. The initial payment of such benefit may be made not later than three months following the effective date of retirement, provided such payment shall be retroactive to such effective date. Upon a finding that extenuating circumstances relating to the health of a member caused a delay in the filing of the member's complete formal application, and such application is filed on or after July 1, 1986, the board may deem such application to have been filed up to three months earlier than the actual date of the filing. Upon a finding that extenuating circumstances related to the health of a member caused a delay in the filing of an election pursuant to subsection (g) of section 10-183aa, and such election is filed on or after July 1, 1986, the board may deem such election to have been filed as of the date such member's benefits would otherwise have been converted to a normal retirement allowance, provided such member's disability allowance became effective on or before November 1, 1976, and such member attained the age of sixty on or after August 1, 1984.

      (h) Termination at death of member. A benefit computed under subsections (a) to (d), inclusive, of this section and under subsections (a) to (g), inclusive, of section 10-183aa shall continue until the death of the member. If twenty-five per cent of the aggregate benefits paid to a member prior to death are less than such member's accumulated regular contributions, including any one per cent contributions withheld prior to July 1, 1989, and any voluntary contributions plus credited interest, the member's designated beneficiary shall be paid on the death of the member a lump sum amount equal to the difference between such aggregate payments and such accumulated contributions plus credited interest that had been accrued to the date benefits commenced.

      (i) Elections of options. In lieu of a benefit computed under subsections (a) to (d), inclusive, of this section and under subsections (a) to (g), inclusive, of section 10-183aa, a member may elect one of the options described in section 10-183j or any other actuarially equivalent option which the board may offer from time to time.

      (j) Cost of living allowance for members retiring prior to September 1, 1992. Beginning the first day of January or July which follows nine months in retirement, a retired member who retired prior to September 1, 1992, or a member's successor beneficiary, except a person receiving survivor's benefits, shall be eligible for an annual five per cent cost of living allowance on any benefit except a benefit based upon such member's one per cent contributions or voluntary contributions. Such cost of living allowance shall be computed on the basis of the retirement benefits to which such retired member or successor beneficiary was entitled on the last day of the preceding December or June except benefits based upon one per cent or voluntary contributions. Such member's successor beneficiary means any person, other than such member, receiving benefits as the result of the election of a period certain option or a coparticipant option, including an election for such an option by a surviving spouse under subsection (d) of section 10-183h. The right to such allowance, or any portion thereof, may be waived by the person entitled thereto at any time. Any waiver shall remain in effect until the first day of the month following such person's death or the filing with the board of a written notice of cancellation of the waiver. Any allowance waived shall be forever forfeited. If on any subsequent first day of January or July the Teacher's Retirement Board determines that the National Consumer Price Index for urban wage earners and clerical workers for the twelve-month period ending on the last day of the preceding November or May has increased less than the cost of living allowance provided under this subsection, the cost of living allowance provided by this subsection shall be adjusted to reflect the change in such index provided such cost of living allowance shall not be less than three per cent.

      (k) Cost of living allowance for members retiring on or after September 1, 1992. Beginning the first day of January or July which follows nine months in retirement, a retired member who retired on or after September 1, 1992, or a member's successor beneficiary, except a person receiving survivor's benefits, shall be eligible for an annual cost of living allowance calculated in accordance with the provisions of subsections (l) or (m) of this section on any benefit except a benefit based upon such member's one per cent contributions or voluntary contributions. Such cost of living allowance shall be computed on the basis of the retirement benefits to which such retired member or successor beneficiary was entitled on the last day of the preceding December or June except benefits based upon one per cent or voluntary contributions. Such member's successor beneficiary means any person, other than such member, receiving benefits as the result of the election of a period certain option or a coparticipant option, including an election for such an option by a surviving spouse under subsection (d) of section 10-183h. The right to such allowance, or any portion thereof, may be waived by the person entitled thereto at any time. Any waiver shall remain in effect until the first day of the month following such person's death or the filing with the board of a written notice of cancellation of the waiver. Any allowance waived shall be forever forfeited.

      (l) Calculation of cost of living allowance. (1) Beginning the first day of January or July which follows nine months in retirement, a retired member who retired on or after September 1, 1992, or a member's successor beneficiary, except a person receiving survivor's benefits, shall be eligible for an annual cost of living allowance. The cost of living allowance shall be calculated by using the percentage cost of living adjustment granted by the Social Security Administration for the applicable year, computed on the basis of the retirement benefits to which such retired member or successor beneficiary was entitled on the last day of the preceding December or June except benefits based upon one per cent or voluntary contributions, provided no cost of living allowance shall exceed six per cent and provided further, if the total return earned by the trustees on the market value of the pension assets for the preceding fiscal year is less than eight and one-half per cent, any cost of living allowance granted shall not exceed one and one-half per cent.

      (2) A member entering the retirement system commencing on or after July 1, 2007, or such member's successor beneficiary, except a person receiving survivor's benefits, shall, beginning the first day of January or July that follows nine months in retirement, be eligible for an annual cost of living allowance as follows: The cost of living allowance shall be calculated by using the percentage cost of living adjustment granted by the Social Security Administration for the applicable year, computed on the basis of the retirement benefits to which such retired member or successor beneficiary was entitled on the last day of the preceding December or June, as applicable, except benefits based upon one per cent of voluntary contributions, provided (A) no cost of living allowance shall exceed five per cent, and (B) if the total return earned by the trustees on the market value of the pension assets for the preceding fiscal year is less than eight and one-half per cent, any cost of living allowance granted shall not exceed one per cent, if such total return for the preceding fiscal year is greater than eight and one-half per cent but less than eleven and one-half per cent, any cost of living allowance granted shall not exceed three per cent, and if such return exceeds eleven and one-half per cent, any cost of living allowance granted shall not exceed five per cent.

      (m) Proportionate reduction of cost of living allowance. Repealed by P.A. 07-186, S. 14.

      (n) Cost of living adjustment reserve account. Repealed by P.A. 07-186, S. 14.

      (o) Single increase in benefits on January 1, 1988. On January 1, 1988, each eligible retired member who had rendered at least twenty-five years of full-time service prior to normal retirement under the provisions of subsection (a) of section 10-183f, or such member's successor beneficiary, as defined in subsection (j) of this section, shall receive a single increase in retirement benefits provided under this chapter. Such increase shall be paid to such eligible members or successor beneficiaries whose monthly benefit as of December 31, 1987, before any reduction for an optional benefit payment plan, is less than eight hundred dollars, and shall be sufficient to increase such monthly benefit to eight hundred dollars.

      (p) Single increase in benefits on January 1, 1991. On January 1, 1991, each eligible retired member who had rendered at least twenty-five years of full-time service at least twenty years of which were service in the public schools of Connecticut prior to early retirement before January 1, 1976, under the provisions of subsection (c) of section 10-183f, or such member's successor beneficiary, as defined in subsection (j) of this section, shall receive a single increase in retirement benefits provided under this chapter. Such increase shall be paid to such eligible members or successor beneficiaries whose monthly benefit as of December 31, 1990, before any reduction for an optional benefit payment plan, is less than eight hundred dollars, and shall be sufficient to increase such monthly benefit to eight hundred dollars.

      (q) Single increase in benefits on January 1, 1999. On January 1, 1999, each eligible retired member who had rendered at least twenty-five years of full-time service, or such member's successor beneficiary, as defined in subsection (j) of this section, shall receive a single increase in benefits provided under this chapter. Such increase shall be sufficient to increase the monthly benefit of such eligible members or successor beneficiaries, whose monthly benefit as of December 31, 1998, before any actuarial reduction for early retirement or for an optional benefit payment plan, is less than twelve hundred dollars and shall be sufficient to increase such monthly benefit to twelve hundred dollars.

      (P.A. 78-208, S. 6, 35; 78-228, S. 3, 8; P.A. 79-459, S. 2; 79-541, S. 5, 6; 79-625, S. 3, 6; P.A. 80-282; 80-303; 80-408, S. 2; P.A. 81-290; P.A. 82-91, S. 5, 38; P.A. 84-451, S. 1; P.A. 87-381, S. 1; P.A. 89-207, S. 2; 89-342, S. 2, 5; P.A. 90-308, S. 1, 15; P.A. 92-205, S. 8, 12; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-14, S. 1, 11; P.A. 94-159, S. 1, 2; P.A. 98-251, S. 2, 7; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 99-1, S. 48, 51; P.A. 00-187, S. 67, 75; P.A. 03-232, S. 3, 4, 8; P.A. 06-190, S. 3; P.A. 07-186, S. 10, 14.)

      History: P.A. 78-228 amended Subsec. (j) raising cost of living allowance from 3% to 5%, establishing basis of computation and allowing adjustments based on National Consumer Price Index; P.A. 79-459 amended Subsec. (g) to establish filing date of application as date postmarked when application sent by mail; P.A. 79-541 repealed Subsec. (e) re disability retirement; P.A. 79-625, in Subsec. (d), replaced method of computation of deferred vested retirement benefit, i.e. "in the same manner as the early retirement benefit", with complex formula; P.A. 80-282 deleted reference to repealed Subsec. (e) and included reference to Sec. 10-183aa(a) to (g) in Subsecs. (f) to (i), inclusive; P.A. 80-303 amended Subsec. (a) to distinguish between full and part-time credited service; P.A. 80-408 amended Subsec. (c) to delete "wartime" with reference to military service; P.A. 81-290 made minor changes in wording of Subsec. (g); P.A. 82-91 added Subsec. (k) to provide a single increase in retirement benefits commencing January 1, 1983: Percentage increases range from 25% for members retired on or before December 31, 1954, to 2% for members retired on or after January 1, 1971, and before January 1, 1976; P.A. 84-451 amended Subsec. (j) to change consumer price index figures used on first day of January and July for cost of living allowance adjustments from "previous twelve-month period" to "twelve-month period ending on the last day of the preceding November or May"; P.A. 87-381 amended Subsecs. (b) and (d) to include substitute teaching service in computation of proratable and deferred vested retirement benefit; added provision in Subsec. (g) authorizing board to deem retirement application to have been filed up to three months earlier than actual filing date upon finding of filing delay caused by health reasons; repealed provisions in Subsec. (k) re single increase in benefits commencing January 1, 1983, and substituted provisions re increase in benefits commencing January 1, 1988; P.A. 89-207 amended Subsec. (a) to make amount of benefit subject to limits mandated by Sec. 415 of the Internal Revenue Code; P.A. 89-342 amended Subsec. (f) to limit use of accumulated 1% contributions for lump sum payment to contributions withheld prior to July 1, 1989; P.A. 90-308 added Subsec. (l) re single increase in benefits effective January 1, 1991; P.A. 92-205 amended Subsec. (j) to limit applicability of cost of living allowance provisions to members who retired prior to September 1, 1992, inserted new Subsecs. (k), (l), (m) and (n) re cost of living allowance for members retiring on or after September 1, 1992, and relettered existing Subsecs. (k) and (l) accordingly; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-14 changed effective date of P.A. 92-205 but did not affect the date applicable to this section; P.A. 94-159 amended Subsecs. (l) and (m) to change basis for calculation of cost of living allowance from return earned on market value of pension assets for preceding "calendar" year to return earned for preceding "fiscal" year and amended Subsec. (n) to change basis for calculation of amount credited to excess earning account for calendar years commencing on and after January 1, 1995, from "calendar" to "fiscal" year, effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 98-251 added new Subsec. (q) re single increase in benefits, effective June 8, 1998; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 99-1 amended Subsec. (c) to require submittal of revisions to early retirement tables and actuarial certification, effective July 1, 1999; P.A. 00-187 amended Subsec. (g) to add provision re finding that extenuating circumstances relating to the health of a member caused delay in the filing of an election under Sec. 10-183aa(g), effective July 1, 2000; (Revisor's note: In 2003 a reference in Subsec. (q) to "chapter 167a" was changed editorially by the revisors to "this chapter"); P.A. 03-232 made a technical change in Subsecs. (b) and (d), amended Subsec. (h) to substitute "member" for "retired member", to change 5% contributions to "regular contributions, including any 1% contributions withheld prior to July 1, 1989, and any voluntary contributions", and to add "that had been accrued to the date benefits commenced" following "plus credited interest" and amended Subsecs. (m) and (n) to change the name of the "excess earnings account" to the "cost of living adjustment reserve account", effective July 1, 2003; P.A. 06-190 amended Subsec. (g) to authorize initial benefit payment to be made not later than three months following retirement effective date, and to require such payment to be retroactive to such date, effective July 1, 2006; P.A. 07-186 amended Subsec. (l) to designate existing provisions as Subdiv. (1), delete provision therein re annual cost of living allowance contingent upon actuarial certification that sufficient funds are available, and add Subdiv. (2) re cost of living allowance, and repealed Subsecs. (m) and (n), effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-183r. Funding of system. The system shall be funded as follows:

      (1) All expenses of the administration of the system, exclusive of payment of benefits, shall be paid for out of amounts appropriated by the General Assembly on certifications and recommendations submitted by the board.

      (2) The cost of all benefits payable from the system shall be paid out of the retirement fund which shall consist of contributions paid by members, appropriations by the General Assembly based upon certifications and recommendations submitted by the board, the proceeds of bonds held by the system under section 10-183m, the proceeds of bonds issued pursuant to section 10-183qq and earnings of the system.

      (P.A. 78-208, S. 17, 35; P.A. 79-436, S. 2, 6; P.A. 07-186, S. 11.)

      History: P.A. 79-436 substituted "certifications" and "recommendations" for "estimates"; P.A. 07-186 amended Subdiv. (2) to include proceeds of bonds issued pursuant to Sec. 10-183qq as a source of revenue for retirement fund from which cost of all benefits of system are paid, effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-183jj. Retirement incentive plans for teachers. (a) A local or regional board of education may establish a retirement incentive plan for teachers, as defined in subparagraph (A) of subdivision (26) of section 10-183b, in its employ who are members of the teachers' retirement system. The plan shall provide for purchase of additional credited service by a board of education and a member of the system who chooses to participate in the plan, of additional credited service for such member and for payment by the board of education of not less than fifty per cent of the entire cost of such additional credited service and payment by the member of the remaining percentage of such total cost. Payment shall be made in one lump sum, prior to retirement. Any such plan shall specify a maximum number of years, not exceeding five years, of additional credited service which may be purchased under the plan. Any such plan shall have a two-month application period.

      (b) Any such member who has attained age fifty and (1) who would become eligible to receive a retirement benefit under subsection (a), (b) or (c) of section 10-183f if such member received additional credited service pursuant to subsection (e) of this section, or (2) who is not retired and is eligible to receive a retirement benefit under subsection (a), (b) or (c) of section 10-183f shall be eligible to apply. Any member who applies shall agree in writing, as part of such application, to submit a complete formal application for retirement to the Teachers' Retirement Board on a date which shall be established by the board of education which employs the member, provided such date shall be on or before the last day of the school year in which additional credited service is purchased for such member pursuant to this section.

      (c) All such eligible members may participate in the plan except that a local or regional board of education may limit the number of such members for whom it purchases such additional credited service in any calendar year to a specified percentage of such members in its employ on the first day of January of such year. If participation is limited, members with a greater length of service with the board of education, if they choose to participate, shall have additional credited service purchased before members with a lesser length of service with the board of education.

      (d) The amount of additional credited service purchased for any member pursuant to such retirement incentive plan shall be uniformly determined but shall not exceed the lesser of the following: (1) Five years of additional credited service, or (2) an amount of service credit equal to one-fifth of the member's total credited service, including additional credited service purchased by the member pursuant to the provisions of section 10-183e.

      (e) For each year of additional credited service purchased pursuant to this section, the local or regional board of education and the member shall pay, in accordance with subsection (a) of this section, an amount specified by the Teachers' Retirement Board equal to the actuarial present value, determined according to actuarial tables adopted by the Teachers' Retirement Board, of the difference between the retirement benefit which the member is entitled to receive based upon the member's service apart from such purchased service and the benefit which the member is entitled to receive including such service. Payment for such service may be made in equal annual installment payments, including interest, not exceeding three times the number of years being purchased. Payments shall be made in accordance with subsection (b) of section 10-183n and rules adopted by the Teachers' Retirement Board. Any late payments or outstanding obligations from a prior year's purchase or from late payment of monthly mandatory deductions shall be included as part of the cost of purchasing such service. Any additional credited service purchased for any such member shall be in addition to any credited service purchased pursuant to section 10-183e.

      (P.A. 89-233, S. 1, 3; P.A. 90-308, S. 2, 3, 15; P.A. 03-232, S. 6; P.A. 06-190, S. 1; P.A. 07-217, S. 44.)

      History: P.A. 90-308 amended Subsec. (a) to change application period from six months to two months and expanded eligibility criteria in Subsec. (b) to include any member who has attained age 50, is not retired, and is eligible to receive a retirement benefit under Sec. 10-183f; P.A. 03-232 amended Subsec. (e) to provide for payment for additional credited service in equal annual installments, including interest, not exceeding three times the number of years being purchased, and that payments shall be made in accordance with Sec. 10-183n(b), to provide that "late payments or outstanding obligations from a prior year's purchase or from late payment of monthly mandatory deductions shall be included as part of the cost of purchasing such service", and to make technical changes for the purpose of gender neutrality, effective July 9, 2003; P.A. 06-190 amended Subsec. (a) to authorize participating member to pay up to 50% of total cost of additional credited service, made technical changes in Subsecs. (b) and (d), and amended Subsec. (e) to delete requirement that retirement board notify a member, in writing, of a service purchase for such member by a board of education and to make conforming changes, effective July 1, 2006; P.A. 07-217 made a technical change in Subsec. (a), effective July 12, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-183qq. Bond authorization for a portion of unfunded liability of Teachers' Retirement Fund. (a) The State Bond Commission shall have power, in accordance with the provisions of this section, from time to time to authorize the issuance of bonds of the state in one or more series and in principal maturity amounts which in the aggregate generate proceeds sufficient to fund two billion dollars of the unfunded liability of the Teachers' Retirement Fund and to pay the costs of issuing such bonds and up to two years of interest on such bonds.

      (b) The proceeds of the sale of such bonds, to the extent hereinafter stated, shall be used for the purpose of: (1) Reducing the unfunded liability, as such term is defined in section 10-183b, of the Connecticut teachers' retirement system, and (2) paying or providing for the costs related to the issuance of the bonds, including the initial costs of agreements and contracts permitted under section 3-20a with respect to such bonds, and up to two years of interest on such bonds.

      (c) Except as provided in subsection (e) of this section, all provisions of section 3-20 or the exercise of any right or power granted thereby which are not inconsistent with the provisions of this section are hereby adopted and shall apply to all bonds authorized by the State Bond Commission pursuant to this section, and temporary notes issued in anticipation of the money to be derived from the sale of any such bonds so authorized may be issued in accordance with said section 3-20 and from time to time renewed. Such bonds shall mature at such time or times not exceeding thirty years from their respective dates as may be provided in or pursuant to the resolution or resolutions of the State Bond Commission authorizing such bonds.

      (d) None of said bonds shall be authorized except upon a finding by the State Bond Commission that there has been filed with it (1) a request for such authorization, which is signed by the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management or on behalf of such state officer and stating such terms and conditions as said commission, in its discretion, may require, and (2) a written determination by the State Treasurer and the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management that the issuance of the bonds is in the best interests of the state.

      (e) Proceeds of the bonds issued under this section and all earnings on investments of proceeds of such bonds, to the extent not applied to the payment of costs related to the issuance thereof, shall be deposited in the custody of the State Treasurer in the fund for the Connecticut teachers' retirement system and, notwithstanding section 3-20, shall be invested by the State Treasurer in the manner provided in section 3-13d for trust funds.

      (f) Said bonds issued pursuant to this section shall be general obligations of the state and the full faith and credit of the State of Connecticut are pledged for the payment of the principal of and interest on said bonds as the same become due, and accordingly and as part of the contract of the state with the holders of said bonds, appropriation of all amounts necessary for punctual payment of such principal and interest is hereby made, and the State Treasurer shall pay such principal and interest as the same become due. Any net premium realized from the sale of said bonds shall be deemed appropriated to the payment of debt service on any bonds issued under this section and section 10-183c, subsection (l) of section 10-183g, section 10-183r and sections 12 and 13 of public act 07-186*, and the State Treasurer may apply such net premium to payment of such debt service.

      (g) Notwithstanding any provision of section 3-21 to the contrary, bonds authorized and bonds issued under this section and any refunding bonds shall not be subject to the debt limitation in section 3-21 and shall not be included in indebtedness of the state for purposes of calculating the amount of indebtedness of the state which is subject to the debt limitation of section 3-21 and this section and action of the State Bond Commission shall not require any certification of the State Treasurer under section 3-21.

      (h) Each fiscal year that any bonds authorized by this section or any refunding bonds are outstanding, there shall be deemed appropriated from the General Fund of the state the amount equal to the annual required contribution to the fund for the Connecticut teachers' retirement system and such amount shall be deposited by the Treasurer in the fund for the Connecticut teachers' retirement system in quarterly allotments on July fifteenth, October first, January first and April first of such fiscal year. The amount of the annual required contribution shall be determined in accordance with the provisions of subsection (b) of section 10-183l and section 10-183z, and for each biennial budget shall be the amounts for the fiscal years of said biennium determined in the actuarial evaluation required to be submitted by the December first prior to the beginning of the first fiscal year of the biennium, as provided in said subsection (b) of section 10-183l, beginning with the actuarial evaluation submitted prior to December 1, 2006, for the biennial budget for the fiscal years commencing July 1, 2007, and July 1, 2008. Said amount shall be certified by the Teachers' Retirement Board and the Comptroller. The state of Connecticut does hereby pledge to and agree with the holders of any bonds issued under this section and any refunding bonds that, as long as the actuarial evaluation for each biennium, as required by this subsection, and the certification of the annual contribution amounts, as required by this subsection, are completed in the manner and by the dates required by this subsection, subsection (b) of section 10-183l and subsection (a) of section 10-183z, no public or special act of the General Assembly shall diminish such required contribution until such bonds, together with the interest thereon, are fully met and discharged, provided nothing herein contained shall preclude such limitation or alteration if and when adequate provision shall be made by law for the protection of the holders of such bonds, or if and when the Governor declares an emergency or the existence of extraordinary circumstances, in which the provisions of section 4-85 are invoked, and at least three-fifths of the members of each chamber of the General Assembly vote to diminish such required contribution during the biennium for which the emergency or existence of extraordinary circumstances are determined, and the funded ratio of the Connecticut teachers' retirement system is at least equal to the funded ratio immediately after the sale of bonds pursuant to this section in accordance with the actuarial method used at the time. If all of such conditions are met, the funding of the annual required contribution may be diminished, but in no event shall such diminution result in a reduction of the funded ratio of the Connecticut teachers' retirement system by more than five per cent from the funded ratio which would otherwise have resulted had the state funded the full annual required contribution, or the funded ratio immediately after the sale of the bonds, whichever is greater. For purposes of this subsection, the "funded ratio" shall be measured as the actuarial value of assets over the actuarial value of liabilities. The actuarial value of assets and the actuarial value of liabilities will be projected from the most recent actuarial valuation to the end of the fiscal year in which said annual required contribution is due. For purposes of this subsection, the "existence of extraordinary circumstances" may mean a change in the actuarial methods or accounting standards used to value the fund that would result in a significant increase in the state's annual required contribution. The State Treasurer is authorized to include this pledge and undertaking for the state in such bonds.

      (P.A. 07-186, S. 1-8.)

      *Note: Sections 12 and 13 of public act 07-186 are special in nature and therefore have not been codified but remain in full force and effect according to their terms.


      History: P.A. 07-186 effective July 1, 2007.

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