CHAPTER 166
TEACHERS AND SUPERINTENDENTS

Table of Contents

Sec. 10-145. Certificate necessary to employment. Forfeiture for noncompliance. Substitute teachers.
Sec. 10-145d. State board regulations for teacher certificates. Certification of school business administrators; membership in teachers' retirement system; applicability of teacher tenure law. Certification of computer science teachers. Endorsement to teach elementary education and comprehensive special education. Teaching experience in birth-to-three programs. Certification of marital and family therapists.
Sec. 10-145k. Issuance of international teacher permit.
Sec. 10-146b. Extension of period to complete requirements for teaching certificate. Renewal of certificate, authorization or permit that expires while holder is on active duty with armed forces of United States or ordered out with National Guard. Exceptions.
Sec. 10-153j. The making of service of process, notice or demand.
Sec. 10-155j. Development of paraprofessionals.
Sec. 10-155k. School Paraprofessional Advisory Council.
Sec. 10-155l. Minority teacher recruitment.
Sec. 10-156. Sick leave.
Sec. 10-157. Superintendents: Relationship to local or regional board of education; verification of certification status; waiver of certification; written contract of employment; evaluation of superintendent by board of education.

PART I
TEACHERS

      Sec. 10-145. Certificate necessary to employment. Forfeiture for noncompliance. Substitute teachers. (a) No teacher, supervisor, administrator, special service staff member or school superintendent, except as provided for in section 10-157, shall be employed in any of the schools of any local or regional board of education unless such person possesses an appropriate state certificate, nor shall any such person be entitled to any salary unless such person can produce such certificate dated previous to or the first day of employment, except as provided for in section 10-157; provided nothing herein contained shall be construed to prevent the board of education from prescribing qualifications additional to those prescribed by the regulations of the State Board of Education and provided nothing herein contained shall be construed to prevent any local or regional board of education from contracting with a licensed drivers' school approved by the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles for the behind-the-wheel instruction of a driver instruction course, to be given by driving instructors licensed by the Department of Motor Vehicles. No person shall be employed in any of the schools of any local or regional board of education as a substitute teacher unless such person holds a bachelor's degree, provided the Commissioner of Education may waive such requirement for good cause upon the request of a superintendent of schools.

      (b) If the State Board of Education determines that a local or regional board of education is not in compliance with any provision of sections 10-144o to 10-149, inclusive, and section 10-220a, the State Board of Education may require the local or regional board of education to forfeit of the total sum which is paid to such board of education from the State Treasury an amount to be determined by the State Board of Education, which amount shall be not less than one thousand dollars nor more than ten thousand dollars. The amount so forfeited shall be withheld from a grant payment, as determined by the commissioner, during the fiscal year following the fiscal year in which noncompliance is determined pursuant to this subsection. Notwithstanding the penalty provision of this section, the State Board of Education may waive such forfeiture if the board determines that the failure of the local or regional board of education to comply with such a provision was due to circumstances beyond its control.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1432; 1961, P.A. 517, S. 116; 1971, P.A. 456, S. 5; P.A. 78-218, S. 93; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 86-1, S. 21, 58; P.A. 87-499, S. 5, 34; P.A. 89-137, S. 1, 14; P.A. 93-353, S. 49, 52; P.A. 07-241, S. 5.)

      History: 1961 act added regional district; 1971 act added proviso for contracts with licensed drivers' schools; P.A. 78-218 deleted reference to "supervising agents", substituted "local or regional board of education" for "town or regional district" and made technical changes; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 86-1 required administrators to have state certificates, substituted "employment" for "the opening of school" re dating of certificates and deleted provision that certificates in force July 1, 1935, are valid and renewable; P.A. 87-499 deleted principal and added special service staff member to list of persons to whom the section applies and added that the certificate may be dated the first day of employment; P.A. 89-137 added Subsec. (a) designation and new Subsec. (b) re forfeiture of funds by local and regional boards of education for noncompliance with certain statutes; P.A. 93-353 amended Subsec. (a) to add the requirement that a substitute teacher hold a bachelor's degree unless such requirement is waived, effective July 1, 1993; (Revisor's note: In 1997 references throughout the general statutes to "Motor Vehicle(s) Commissioner" and "Motor Vehicle(s) Department" were replaced editorially by the Revisors with "Commissioner of Motor Vehicles" or "Department of Motor Vehicles", as the case may be, for consistency with customary statutory usage); P.A. 07-241 amended Subsec. (a) to add language re exception provided for in Sec. 10-157, effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-145d. State board regulations for teacher certificates. Certification of school business administrators; membership in teachers' retirement system; applicability of teacher tenure law. Certification of computer science teachers. Endorsement to teach elementary education and comprehensive special education. Teaching experience in birth-to-three programs. Certification of marital and family therapists. (a) The State Board of Education shall, pursuant to chapter 54, adopt such regulations as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of sections 10-144o, 10-145a to 10-145d, inclusive, 10-145f and 10-146b. Such regulations shall provide for (1) the establishment of an appeal panel to review any decision to deny the issuance of a certificate authorized under said section 10-145b; (2) the establishment of requirements for subject area endorsements; (3) the extension of the time to complete requirements for certificates under said section 10-145b; (4) the establishment of requirements for administrator and supervisor certificates; (5) the composition of, and the procedures to be utilized by, the assessment teams in implementing the beginning educator program; (6) procedures and criteria for issuing certificates to persons whose certificates have lapsed or persons with non-public-school or out-of-state teaching experience; (7) the criteria for defining a major course of study; (8) a requirement that on and after July 1, 1993, in order to be eligible to obtain an initial educator certificate with an elementary endorsement, each person be required to complete a survey course in United States history comprised of not fewer than three semester hours; and (9) a requirement that on and after July 1, 2004, in order to be eligible to obtain an initial educator certificate with an early childhood nursery through grade three or an elementary endorsement, each person be required to complete a comprehensive reading instruction course comprised of not less than six semester hours. Such regulations may provide for exceptions to accommodate specific certification endorsement areas.

      (b) The State Board of Education shall, pursuant to chapter 54, adopt regulations to provide standards for the certification of school business administrators. Such regulations shall make provision for certification requirements to be met by either (1) completion of prescribed courses of study or (2) such other experience as the state board shall deem appropriate for the position of school business administrator. Any person serving in the position of school business administrator on July 1, 1983, shall be considered as having met all requirements for certification. The regulations shall also contain standards to certify individuals who hold certification from a state other than Connecticut.

      (c) Any individual certified as a school business administrator after July 1, 1983, pursuant to regulations adopted by the State Board of Education in accordance with the provisions of subsection (b) of this section shall not be deemed to be eligible for membership in the teachers' retirement system solely by reason of such certification, provided any such individual who holds a regular teacher's certificate issued by the State Board of Education shall not be excluded from membership in said system.

      (d) Any individual certified as a school business administrator pursuant to regulations adopted by the state board in accordance with the provisions of subsection (b) of this section, shall not be deemed to be included in the definition of "teacher" in subdivision (2) of subsection (a) of section 10-151 solely by reason of such certification, provided any such individual who holds a regular teacher's certificate issued by the State Board of Education and is employed as a teacher, principal, supervisor or school superintendent shall not be excluded from such definition.

      (e) The State Board of Education shall adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, to provide standards for the certification of computer science teachers. Such regulations shall make provision for certification requirements to be met by either (1) completion of prescribed courses of study, or (2) such other experience as the state board shall deem appropriate.

      (f) An endorsement to teach elementary education grades one to six, inclusive, shall be valid for grades kindergarten to six, inclusive, and an endorsement to teach comprehensive special education grades one to twelve, inclusive, shall be valid for grades kindergarten to twelve, inclusive.

      (g) For the purposes of issuance of certificates, permits and authorizations by the State Board of Education under the provisions of sections 10-144o to 10-149, inclusive, teaching experience in approved nonpublic schools shall include teaching experience in birth-to-three programs approved by the Department of Developmental Services.

      (h) Not later than June 1, 2008, the State Board of Education shall, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, adopt regulations to provide standards for the certification of marital and family therapists employed by local or regional boards of education. Such regulations shall include certification requirements to be met by (1) licensure as a marital and family therapist under section 20-195c, and (2) such other experience as the State Board of Education deems appropriate for the position of marital and family therapist in a school system.

      (P.A. 74-331, S. 6, 7; P.A. 83-423, S. 1, 2; P.A. 84-255, S. 8, 21; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 86-1, S. 24, 58; P.A. 87-499, S. 8, 34; P.A. 89-237, S. 10, 11; P.A. 98-243, S. 14, 25; P.A. 00-187, S. 39, 75; P.A. 03-168, S. 3, 4; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 33; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a); 07-241, S. 7.)

      History: P.A. 83-423 added Subsecs. (b) and (c) requiring state board to adopt regulations for the certification of school business administrators specifying that eligibility for membership in the teachers' retirement system shall not be based solely on such certification as a school business administrator; P.A. 84-255 added Subsec. (d) concerning applicability of teacher tenure law to individuals certified as school business administrators; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 86-1 in Subsec. (a) added Subdivs. (1) to (7), inclusive, re content of regulations; P.A. 87-499 in Subsec. (a) provided that the state board of education adopt regulations re certificate definitions and testing for prospective teachers and that it may, by regulation, provide for exceptions for specific certification endorsement areas; P.A. 89-237 added new Subsec. (a)(8) requiring the completion of a survey course in United States history in order to be eligible to obtain certain initial educator certificates; (Revisor's note: In 1993 an obsolete reference in Subsec. (a) to "subsection (a) of section 10-146f" was deleted since Sec. 10-146f is repealed); P.A. 98-243 amended Subsec. (a)(8) to make a technical change and added Subsec. (a)(9) re requirement for comprehensive reading instruction course in order to be eligible to obtain certain initial educator certificates, effective July 1, 1998; P.A. 00-187 added Subsec. (e) re certification of computer science teachers, effective July 1, 2000; P.A. 03-168 amended Subsec. (a)(9) by substituting "July 1, 2004" for "July 1, 2003", effective July 1, 2003, and added new Subsecs. (f) and (g) re endorsements to teach elementary education and comprehensive special education and re experience in birth-to-three programs, effective June 26, 2003; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 amended Subsec. (f) by adding references to grades one to six and one to twelve, effective August 20, 2003; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Department of Mental Retardation" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007; P.A. 07-241, added editorially by the Revisors as Subsec. (h), required adoption of regulations re certification standards for marital and family therapists employed by boards of education, effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-145k. Issuance of international teacher permit. (a) The State Board of Education shall, upon the request of a local or regional board of education, issue an international teacher permit in a subject shortage area pursuant to section 10-8b, provided the conditions for issuance of such permit pursuant to the provisions of subsections (b) and (c) of this section are met. Such permits shall be issued for one year and may be renewed for a period of up to one year, upon the request of the local or regional board of education, provided the permit shall not be renewed more than twice in the two years subsequent to the initial issuance.

      (b) The local or regional board of education requesting the issuance of an international teacher permit shall attest to the existence of a plan for the supervision of the teacher.

      (c) The teacher shall:

      (1) Hold a J-1 visa issued by the United States Department of State;

      (2) Be in the United States to teach (A) in accordance with a memorandum of understanding between Connecticut and the country from which the teacher is entering, or (B) as part of the Exchange Visitor Program administered by the United States Department of State Teacher Exchange Branch;

      (3) (A) Hold the equivalent of a bachelor's degree, from a regionally accredited institution of higher education, as determined by a foreign credentialing agency recognized by the Commissioner of Education, with a major in or closely related to the certification endorsement area in which the teacher is to teach, or (B) hold such a degree without such a major and have successfully completed the teacher assessment for the appropriate subject area, as approved by the State Board of Education;

      (4) Have completed, in the country from which the teacher is entering, the equivalent of a regionally accredited teacher preparation program; and

      (5) Have achieved the level of oral proficiency in English as determined by an examination approved by the Commissioner of Education.

      (P.A. 07-30, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 07-30 effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-146b. Extension of period to complete requirements for teaching certificate. Renewal of certificate, authorization or permit that expires while holder is on active duty with armed forces of United States or ordered out with National Guard. Exceptions. (a) Any person who holds a provisional educator or provisional teaching certificate or held such certificate within one year of application for extension of such certificate and is unable to complete the requirements for a professional educator certificate within the period required, or any person who holds a professional educator certificate or held such certificate within one year of application for extension of such certificate and is unable to complete the requirements for continuation of such professional educator certificate within the period required may appeal to said board for an extension of the applicable period for good cause and said board, if it finds a hardship exists in the case of such person or if it finds an emergency situation because of a shortage of certified teachers in the school district where such person is employed, may extend, effective as of or retroactive to the expiration date of such certificate, such applicable period within which such person shall complete such requirements for such time as to said board seems reasonable, provided not more than one extension shall be granted to such person and, provided further, the record of such person is satisfactory under the provisions of sections 10-145a to 10-145d, inclusive, and this section. For the purposes of section 10-151, any lapse period pursuant to this section shall not constitute a break in employment for such person if reemployed and shall be used for the purpose of calculating continuous employment.

      (b) Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes, the State Board of Education shall renew a certificate, authorization or permit issued by the board to an individual which expires while the individual is on active duty in the armed forces of the United States, or a member of the National Guard when ordered out by the Governor for military service, if the individual submits an application for renewal of such certificate, authorization or permit not later than one year after discharge from such active duty or ordered military service. Such renewal shall be valid for not less than the amount of time the individual was on active duty or ordered out for military service not to exceed the amount of time the original certificate, authorization or permit was valid. Such individual applying for renewal of a certificate, authorization or permit pursuant to this subsection shall submit to the State Board of Education such documentation as the board may require. The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to reservists or National Guard members on active duty for annual training that is a regularly scheduled obligation for reservists or members of the National Guard for training which is not a part of mobilization.

      (1969, P.A. 250, S. 1; P.A. 74-331, S. 4, 7; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 86-1, S. 25, 58; P.A. 87-499, S. 11, 34; P.A. 90-325, S. 6, 32; P.A. 02-89, S. 13; P.A. 07-157, S. 3.)

      History: P.A. 74-331 replaced reference to period required by "regulation of the state board of education" with reference to period required by Sec. 10-145b or 10-145c and required that person seeking extension have satisfactory record in order to be granted one; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 86-1 deleted references to Secs. 10-145b and 10-145c when referring to period required for completing the requirements for a standard certificate, made provisions of the section applicable to provisional educator and professional educator certificate holders; P.A. 87-499 substituted "school district" for "municipality"; P.A. 90-325 added new Subsec. (b) re waiver of compliance with revised statutes and regulations and in Subsec. (a) provided for the extension of time to complete requirements for or continuation of a professional educator certificate if the person held a provisional teaching certificate or a professional educator certificate within one year of application for the extension of time and provided that any lapse pursuant to the section not constitute a break in employment and be used for calculating continuous employment; P.A. 02-89 deleted Subsec. (a) designator and deleted as obsolete former Subsec. (b) re waiver of compliance with revised statutes or regulations establishing teacher certification standards for certain persons requesting such waiver by September 1, 1990; P.A. 07-157 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and added Subsec. (b) re renewal of certificate, authorization or permit issued to an individual which expires while the individual is on active duty or ordered out for military service, effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-153j. The making of service of process, notice or demand. (a) Except for citations for contempt, any process, notice or demand in connection with any action or proceeding pursuant to subsection (a) of section 10-153e, to be served upon any member of an administrators' unit or any member of a teachers' unit as defined in subsection (a) of section 10-153b, may be served upon the statutory agent for service by any proper officer or other person lawfully empowered to make service. The person making service of such process, notice or demand shall immediately send a true and attested copy thereof by registered or certified mail to each person named in such process, notice or demand.

      (b) If it appears from the records of the commissioner that such an organization has failed to appoint or maintain a statutory agent for service, or if it appears by affidavit endorsed on the return of the officer or other proper person directed to serve any process, notice or demand upon such a statutory agent for service appearing on the records of the commissioner that such agent cannot, with reasonable diligence, be found at the address shown on such records as the agent's address, service of such process, notice or demand may, when timely made, be made by such officer or other proper person by: (1) Leaving a true and attested copy thereof at the office of the commissioner or depositing the same in the United States mails, by registered or certified mail, postage prepaid, addressed to such office, and (2) depositing in the United States mails, by registered or certified mail, postage prepaid, a true and attested copy thereof, together with a statement by such officer that service is being made pursuant to this section, addressed to such organization at its principal office and to each person named in such process, notice or demand.

      (c) The commissioner shall file the copy of each process, notice or demand received by the commissioner as provided in subsection (b) of this section and keep a record of the day and hour of such receipt. Service made as provided in this section shall be effective as of such day and hour.

      (P.A. 76-403, S. 10, 11; P.A. 77-614, S. 302, 610; P.A. 07-217, S. 42.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of education for secretary of the state board of education, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 07-217 made technical changes in Subsec. (c), effective July 12, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-155j. Development of paraprofessionals. The Department of Education, through the State Education Resource Center and within available appropriations for such purposes, shall promote and encourage professional development activities for school paraprofessionals with instructional responsibilities. Such activities may include, but shall not be limited to, providing local and regional boards of education with training modules and curricula for professional development for paraprofessionals and assisting boards of education in the effective use of paraprofessionals and the development of strategies to improve communications between teachers and paraprofessionals in the provision of effective student instruction.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3, S. 27.)

      History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3 effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-155k. School Paraprofessional Advisory Council. The Commissioner of Education shall establish a School Paraprofessional Advisory Council consisting of one representative from each state-wide bargaining representative organization that represents school paraprofessionals with instructional responsibilities. The council shall advise, at least quarterly, the Commissioner of Education, or the commissioner's designee, of the needs for the training of such paraprofessionals and the effectiveness of the content and the delivery of existing training for such paraprofessionals. The council shall report, at least quarterly, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a, on the recommendations given to the commissioner, or the commissioner's designee, pursuant to the provisions of this section, to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to education.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3, S. 29.)

      History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3 effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-155l. Minority teacher recruitment. (a) For purposes of this section, "minority" means individuals whose race is defined as other than white, or whose ethnicity is defined as Hispanic or Latino by the federal Office of Management and Budget for use by the Bureau of Census of the United States Department of Commerce.

      (b) The Regional Educational Service Center Minority Recruiting Alliance, in consultation with the Departments of Education and Higher Education, the constituent units of the state system of higher education and the Connecticut Conference of Independent Colleges, shall study methods to (1) encourage minority middle and secondary school students to attend institutions of higher education and enter teacher preparation programs, (2) recruit minority students attending institutions of higher education to enroll in teacher preparation programs and pursue teaching careers, and (3) recruit and maintain minority teachers in Connecticut schools.

      (c) Not later than October 1, 2007, the Regional Educational Service Center Minority Recruiting Alliance, in consultation with the Departments of Education and Higher Education, the constituent units of the state system of higher education and the Connecticut Conference of Independent Colleges, shall propose guidelines to the Commissioners of Education and Higher Education for pilot programs to recruit and retain minority teachers and may consider, but such consideration need not be limited to, the establishment and operation of the following pilot programs:

      (1) A fellows program leading to the eligibility for an educator certificate for minority individuals who have (A) completed an intensive summer session focusing on classroom management and methodology, (B) received a bachelor's degree from an institution of higher education accredited by the Board of Governors of Higher Education or regionally accredited, (C) achieved a satisfactory score on the examination required pursuant to section 10-145f or have had such requirement waived pursuant to said section, and (D) have such other qualifications for the issuance of an educator certificate as are required for individuals participating in the alternate route to certification program under section 10-155d;

      (2) A competitive grant program to assist local and regional boards of education to form and operate future teachers' clubs as part of the extracurricular activities at middle and high schools under their jurisdiction; and

      (3) A program to allow minority college seniors who are majoring in subject shortage areas pursuant to section 10-8b but who are not enrolled in a teacher preparation program to receive up to three credits for working as cadet teachers in a public school and, upon graduation and recommendation by school officials, to allow such cadet teachers to enter a fellows program pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection if such a program is in operation.

      (d) Not later than January 1, 2008, the Regional Educational Service Center Minority Recruiting Alliance shall report, in accordance with section 11-4a, on (1) the results of the study pursuant to subsection (b) of this section, (2) the guidelines for pilot programs developed pursuant to subsection (c) of this section, and (3) the establishment and operation of any pilot program pursuant to subsection (c) of this section to the Departments of Education and Higher Education and the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to education and higher education.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3, S. 31.)

      History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3 effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-156. Sick leave. Each professional employee certified by the State Board of Education and employed by a local or regional board of education shall be entitled to a minimum of sick leave with full pay of fifteen school days in each school year. Unused sick leave shall be accumulated from year to year, as long as the employee remains continuously in the service of the same board of education, and as authorized by such board, but such authorized accumulation of sick leave shall not be less than one hundred fifty school days.

      (1955, S. 940d; 1963, P.A. 353; February, 1965, P.A. 130; 1967, P.A. 247; 1969, P.A. 213; P.A. 78-218, S. 108; P.A. 06-196, S. 63; P.A. 07-217, S. 43.)

      History: 1963 act added regional school districts, increased annual sick leave from 10 to 15 days and minimum cumulative leave from 60 to 75 days; 1965 act increased minimum cumulative sick leave to 90 school days; 1967 act increased minimum cumulative sick leave to 120 days; 1969 act increased minimum cumulative sick leave to 150 days; P.A. 78-218 substituted "local" for "town" boards of education and dropped reference to school districts; P.A. 06-196 made a technical change, effective June 7, 2006; P.A. 07-217 made a technical change, effective July 12, 2007.

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PART II
SUPERINTENDENTS AND SUPERVISING AGENTS

      Sec. 10-157. Superintendents: Relationship to local or regional board of education; verification of certification status; waiver of certification; written contract of employment; evaluation of superintendent by board of education. (a) Any local or regional board of education shall provide for the supervision of the schools under its control by a superintendent who shall serve as the chief executive officer of the board. The superintendent shall have executive authority over the school system and the responsibility for its supervision. Employment of a superintendent shall be by election of the board of education. Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, no person shall assume the duties and responsibilities of the superintendent until the board receives written confirmation from the Commissioner of Education that the person to be employed is properly certified or has had such certification waived by the commissioner pursuant to subsection (c) of this section. The commissioner shall inform any such board, in writing, of the proper certification, waiver of certification or lack of certification or waiver of any such person not later than fourteen days after the name of such person is submitted to the commissioner pursuant to section 10-226. A majority vote of all members of the board shall be necessary to an election, and the board shall fix the salary of the superintendent and the term of office, which shall not exceed three years. Upon election and notification of employment or reemployment, the superintendent may request and the board shall provide a written contract of employment which includes, but not be limited to, the salary, employment benefits and term of office of such superintendent. Such superintendent shall, at least three weeks before the annual town or regional school district meeting, submit to the board a full written report of the proceedings of such board and of the condition of the several schools during the school year preceding, with plans and suggestions for their improvement. The board of education shall evaluate the performance of the superintendent annually in accordance with guidelines and criteria mutually determined and agreed to by such board and such superintendent.

      (b) A local or regional board of education may appoint as acting superintendent a person who is or is not properly certified for a specified period of time, not to exceed ninety days, with the approval of the Commissioner of Education. Such acting superintendent shall assume all duties of the superintendent for the time specified, provided such period of time may be extended with the approval of the commissioner, which he shall grant for good cause shown.

      (c) The commissioner may grant a waiver of certification to a person who the commissioner deems to be exceptionally qualified for the position of superintendent. In order for the commissioner to find a person exceptionally qualified, such person shall (1) be an acting superintendent pursuant to subsection (b) of this section, (2) have worked as a superintendent in another state for no fewer than fifteen years, and (3) be certified or have been certified as a superintendent by such other state.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1442; P.A. 78-218, S. 112; P.A. 81-196; P.A. 85-54, S. 1, 3; P.A. 07-241, S. 4.)

      History: P.A. 78-218 specified applicability to local and regional boards of education rather than town boards and deleted references to supervising agents; P.A. 81-196 clarified the rights and responsibilities of superintendents of schools and the employing board of education by specifying that superintendent is the chief executive officer of the board and has executive authority over the school system, that board must provide the superintendent with a written contract of employment or reemployment if the superintendent so requests and that board shall evaluate the superintendent annually in accordance with guidelines mutually agreed to by the board and the superintendent; P.A. 85-54 added requirement that no person assume duties and responsibilities of superintendent until hiring board receives confirmation from commissioner that person is properly certified, and added provision allowing certified or uncertified person as acting superintendent with commissioner's approval as Subsec. (b); P.A. 07-241 amended Subsec. (a) to make technical changes and add references to waiver of certification and added Subsec. (c) re waiver of certification, effective July 1, 2007.

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