CHAPTER 164
EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES

Table of Contents

Sec. 10-15b. Access of parent or guardian to student's records. Inspection and subpoena of school or student records.
Sec. 10-15d. Applicability of education statutes to the Unified School Districts and the vocational-technical schools.
Sec. 10-16n. Head Start grant program. Grant allocation. Advisory committee.
Sec. 10-16p. Definitions. Lead agency for school readiness; standards. Grant programs.
Sec. 10-16q. School readiness program requirements. Per child cost limitation. Sliding fee scale. Waiver from schedule requirements.
Sec. 10-16s. Interagency agreement on school readiness. Early Childhood Education Cabinet assessment measures. Accountability. Quality standards. Workforce development plan.
Sec. 10-16x. After school program grant.
Sec. 10-17g. Application for grant. Annual evaluation report.
Sec. 10-18. Courses in United States history, government and duties and responsibilities of citizenship.
Sec. 10-19m. (Formerly Sec. 17a-39). *(See end of section for amended version of subsection (c) and effective date.) Youth service bureaus. Annual report. Regulations.
Sec. 10-19o. (Formerly Sec. 17a-40a). Youth service bureau grant program.
Sec. 10-19q. Enhancement grant for youth service bureaus.
Sec. 10-20a. Connecticut career certificate program.
Sec. 10-20b. Connecticut career certificate. Compliance with federal laws and regulations, required.
Sec. 10-20d. Grants for support of Connecticut career certificate programs.
Sec. 10-29a. Certain days, weeks and months to be proclaimed by Governor. Distribution and number of proclamations.
Sec. 10-56. Corporate powers. Bond issues.
Sec. 10-60a. Refunding bonds.
Sec. 10-65. Grants for constructing and operating vocational agriculture centers. Tuition charges.
Sec. 10-66j. Regulations. Annual grants, proportional reduction. Requirement for use of part of grant. Support of regional efforts to recruit and retain minority educators and support of collection and analysis of data on reduction of racial, ethnic and economic isolation.
Sec. 10-66bb. Application process and requirements. Charter renewal. Probation. Revocation.
Sec. 10-66cc. School profile. Report.
Sec. 10-66ee. Charter school funding. Special education students. Transportation. Contracts.
Sec. 10-66hh. Program to assist charter schools with capital expenses.
Sec. 10-66jj. Bond authorization for program to assist charter schools with capital expenses.
Sec. 10-66kk. Internet posting of governing council meeting schedule, agenda and minutes.
Sec. 10-66ll. Random audits of charter schools.
Sec. 10-71. State grants for adult education programs.
Sec. 10-74f. School reorganization model.
Sec. 10-74g. CommPACT schools.
Sec. 10-76b. State supervision of special education programs and services. Regulations. Coordinating agency.
Sec. 10-76d. Duties and powers of boards of education to provide special education programs and services. Determination of eligibility for Medicaid. Development of individualized education program. Planning and placement team meetings. Public agency placements; apportionment of costs. Relationship of insurance to special education costs.
Sec. 10-76i. Advisory Council for Special Education.
Sec. 10-95h. Advisory committee on regional vocational-technical schools.
Sec. 10-97. Transportation to vocational schools.

PART I
GENERAL

      Sec. 10-15b. Access of parent or guardian to student's records. Inspection and subpoena of school or student records. (a) Either parent or legal guardian of a minor student shall, upon written request to a local or regional board of education and within a reasonable time, be entitled to knowledge of and access to all educational, medical, or similar records maintained in such student's cumulative record, except that no parent or legal guardian shall be entitled to information considered privileged under section 10-154a.

      (b) The parent or legal guardian with whom the student does not primarily reside shall be provided with all school notices that are provided to the parent or legal guardian with whom the student primarily resides. Such notices shall be mailed to the parent or legal guardian requesting them at the same time they are provided to the parent or legal guardian with whom the child primarily resides. Such requests shall be effective for as long as the child remains in the school the child is attending at the time of the request.

      (c) If any private or public school is served with a subpoena issued by competent authority directing the production of school or student records in connection with any proceedings in any court, the school upon which such subpoena is served may deliver such record or at its option a copy thereof to the clerk of such court. Such clerk shall give a receipt for the same, shall be responsible for the safekeeping thereof, shall not permit the same to be removed from the premises of the court and shall notify the school to call for the same when it is no longer needed for use in court. Any such record or copy so delivered to such clerk shall be sealed in an envelope which shall indicate the name of the school or student, the name of the attorney subpoenaing the same and the title of the case referred to in the subpoena. No such record or copy shall be open to inspection by any person except upon the order of a judge of the court concerned, and any such record or copy shall at all times be subject to the order of such judge. Any and all parts of any such record or copy, if not otherwise inadmissible, shall be admitted in evidence without any preliminary testimony, if there is attached thereto the certification in affidavit form of the person in charge of such records indicating that such record or copy is the original record or a copy thereof, made in the regular course of the business of the school, and that it was the regular course of such business to make such record at the time of the transactions, occurrences or events recorded therein or within a reasonable time thereafter. A subpoena directing production of such school or student records shall be served not less than eighteen hours before the time for production, provided such subpoena shall be valid if served less than eighteen hours before the time of production if written notice of intent to serve such subpoena has been delivered to the person in charge of such records not less than eighteen hours or more than two weeks before such time for production.

      (P.A. 73-74; P.A. 78-218, S. 12; P.A. 85-554, S. 4, 6; P.A. 86-223; P.A. 06-115, S. 2; P.A. 07-217, S. 41.)

      History: P.A. 78-218 substituted "board of education" for "school board"; P.A. 85-554 added Subsec. (b) establishing procedures for inspection and subpoena of school or student records; P.A. 86-223 required serving of subpoena at least 18 hours before time for production of records rather than 24 hours before as was previously required; P.A. 06-115 added new Subsec. (b) re school notices to the parent or guardian with whom the student does not primarily reside and redesignated existing Subsec. (b) as Subsec. (c), effective July 1, 2006; P.A. 07-217 made a technical change in Subsec. (c), effective July 12, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-15d. Applicability of education statutes to the Unified School Districts and the vocational-technical schools. For the fiscal year beginning July 1, 1987, and annually thereafter, all provisions of the general statutes concerning education, except those provisions relating to the eligibility for noncompetitive state aid unless otherwise provided, shall apply to the operation of the State of Connecticut-Unified School District #2 established pursuant to section 17a-37 within the Department of Children and Families, State of Connecticut-Unified School District #1 established pursuant to section 18-99a within the Department of Correction and State of Connecticut-Unified School District #3 established pursuant to section 17a-240 within the Department of Developmental Services. All provisions of the general statutes concerning education, except those provisions relating to the eligibility for state aid unless otherwise provided, shall apply to the operation of the vocational-technical schools established pursuant to the provisions of section 10-95. Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, where such a school or school district shows that a particular statutory provision should not apply, the commissioner may grant an exception.

      (P.A. 81-197; P.A. 83-169, S. 7; P.A. 87-499, S. 1, 34; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a).)

      History: P.A. 83-169 changed name designations of special school districts, amending internal references accordingly; P.A. 87-499 substituted 1987 for 1981, made the unified school districts eligible for competitive state aid and deleted the reference to the E.O. Smith School; (Revisor's note: In 1993 an incorrect internal reference to "section 17a-38" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "section 17a-37"); P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Department of Mental Retardation" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-16n. Head Start grant program. Grant allocation. Advisory committee. (a) The Commissioner of Education, in consultation with the Commissioner of Social Services, shall establish a competitive grant program to assist nonprofit agencies and local and regional boards of education, which are federal Head Start grantees, in (1) establishing extended-day and full-day, year-round, Head Start programs or expanding existing Head Start programs to extended-day or full-day, year-round programs, (2) enhancing program quality and (3) increasing the number of children served. The commissioner, after consultation with the committee established pursuant to subsection (c) of this section, shall establish criteria for the grants, provided at least twenty-five per cent of the funding for such grants shall be for the purpose of enhancing program quality. Nonprofit agencies or boards of education seeking grants pursuant to this section shall make application to the Commissioner of Education on such forms and at such times as the commissioner shall prescribe. All grants pursuant to this section shall be funded within the limits of available appropriations or otherwise from federal funds and private donations. All full-day, year-round Head Start programs funded pursuant to this section shall be in compliance with federal Head Start performance standards.

      (b) The Department of Education shall annually allocate to each town in which the number of children under the aid to dependent children program, as defined in subdivision (14) of section 10-262f, equals or exceeds nine hundred children, determined for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1996, an amount equal to one hundred fifty thousand dollars plus eight and one-half dollars for each child under the aid to dependent children program, provided such amount may be reduced proportionately so that the total amount awarded pursuant to this subsection does not exceed two million seven hundred thousand dollars. The department shall award grants to the local and regional boards of education for such towns and nonprofit agencies located in such towns which meet the criteria established pursuant to subsection (a) of this section to maintain the programs established or expanded with funds provided pursuant to this subsection in the fiscal years ending June 30, 1996, and June 30, 1997. Any funds remaining in the allocation to such a town after grants are so awarded shall be used to increase allocations to other such towns. Any funds remaining after grants are so awarded to boards of education and nonprofit agencies in all such towns shall be available to local and regional boards of education and nonprofit agencies in other towns in the state for grants for such purposes.

      (c) There is established a committee to advise the Commissioner of Education concerning the coordination, priorities for allocation and distribution, and utilization of funds for Head Start and concerning the competitive grant program established under this section, and to evaluate programs funded pursuant to this section. The committee shall consist of twelve members as follows: One member designated by the Commissioner of Social Services; six members who are directors of Head Start programs, two from community action agency program sites or school readiness coordinators, one of whom shall be appointed by the president pro tempore of the Senate and one by the speaker of the House of Representatives, two from school program sites, one of whom shall be appointed by the majority leader of the Senate and one by the majority leader of the House of Representatives, and two from other nonprofit agency program sites, one of whom shall be appointed by the minority leader of the Senate and one by the minority leader of the House of Representatives; one member designated by the Commission on Children; one member designated by the Early Childhood Education Council; one member designated by the Head Start Directors Association who shall be the parent of a present or former Head Start student; one member designated by the Connecticut Association for Community Action who shall have expertise and experience concerning Head Start; and one member designated by the Office of Human Development Services, Office of Community Programs, Region 1 of the federal Department of Health and Human Services.

      (d) The Commissioner of Education may adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, for purposes of this section.

      (P.A. 91-269, S. 1, 2; P.A. 92-222, S. 1, 3; P.A. 93-262, S. 33, 87; P.A. 95-266, S. 3, 5; P.A. 97-247, S. 7, 27; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 00-1, S. 32, 46; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3, S. 48.)

      History: P.A. 92-222 transferred the program from the department of human resources to the department of education, added Subsec. (a)(2) and (3), required 25% of the funding for grants to be used to enhance program quality, changed the applicable date in Subsec. (a) from June 25, 1991, to July 1, 1992, and increased the membership of the advisory committee from 11 to 13 by adding a member designated by the commission on children and a member designated by the Connecticut Association for Community Action; P.A. 93-262 replaced references to commissioner of income maintenance and commissioner of human resources with references to commissioner of social services, effectively reducing committee membership from 13 to 12 members, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-266 inserted new Subsec. (b) re allocation for fiscal years ending June 30, 1996, and June 30, 1997, relettering former Subsecs. (b) and (c) as (c) and (d), effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 97-247 made a technical change in Subsec. (a) and in Subsec. (b) provided for annual grants, provided for proportional reductions so that the total amount of grants does not exceed $2,700,000, and changed the provision dealing with how grant funds are to be used, effective July 1, 1997; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 00-1 amended Subsec. (c) to expand committee membership to include school readiness coordinators, effective June 21, 2000; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3 amended Subsec. (a) to delete restriction that 75% of funding be allocated to Head Start programs established prior to July 1, 1992, effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-16p. Definitions. Lead agency for school readiness; standards. Grant programs. (a) As used in sections 10-16o to 10-16s, inclusive, 10-16u, 17b-749a and 17b-749c:

      (1) "School readiness program" means a nonsectarian program that (A) meets the standards set by the department pursuant to subsection (b) of this section and the requirements of section 10-16q, and (B) provides a developmentally appropriate learning experience of not less than four hundred fifty hours and one hundred eighty days for eligible children, except as provided in subsection (d) of section 10-16q;

      (2) "Eligible children" means children three and four years of age and children five years of age who are not eligible to enroll in school pursuant to section 10-15c, or who are eligible to enroll in school and will attend a school readiness program pursuant to section 10-16t;

      (3) "Priority school" means a school in which forty per cent or more of the lunches served are served to students who are eligible for free or reduced price lunches pursuant to federal law and regulations, excluding such a school located in a priority school district pursuant to section 10-266p or in a former priority school district receiving a grant pursuant to subsection (c) of this section and, on and after July 1, 2001, excluding such a school in a transitional school district receiving a grant pursuant to section 10-16u;

      (4) "Severe need school" means a school in a priority school district pursuant to section 10-266p or in a former priority school district in which forty per cent or more of the lunches served are served to students who are eligible for free or reduced price lunches;

      (5) "Accredited" means accredited by the National Association for the Education of Young Children, a Head Start on-site program review instrument or a successor instrument pursuant to federal regulations, or otherwise meeting such criteria as may be established by the commissioner, in consultation with the Commissioner of Social Services;

      (6) "Year-round" means fifty weeks per year, except as provided in subsection (d) of section 10-16q;

      (7) "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Education; and

      (8) "Department" means the Department of Education.

      (b) The Department of Education shall be the lead agency for school readiness. For purposes of this section and section 10-16u, school readiness program providers eligible for funding from the Department of Education shall include local and regional boards of education, regional educational service centers, family resource centers and providers of child day care centers, as defined in section 19a-77, Head Start programs, preschool programs and other programs that meet such standards established by the Commissioner of Education. The department shall establish standards for school readiness programs. The standards may include, but need not be limited to, guidelines for staff-child interactions, curriculum content, including preliteracy development, lesson plans, parent involvement, staff qualifications and training, transition to school and administration. The department shall develop age-appropriate developmental skills and goals for children attending such programs. The commissioner, in consultation with the Commissioners of Higher Education and Social Services and other appropriate entities, shall develop a continuing education training program for the staff of school readiness programs. For purposes of this section, prior to July 1, 2015, "staff qualifications" means there is in each classroom an individual who has at least the following: (1) A credential issued by an organization approved by the Commissioner of Education and nine credits or more, and on and after July 1, 2005, twelve credits or more, in early childhood education or child development from an institution of higher education accredited by the Board of Governors of Higher Education or regionally accredited; (2) an associate's degree with nine credits or more, and on and after July 1, 2005, twelve credits or more, in early childhood education or child development from such an institution; (3) a four-year degree with nine credits or more, and on and after July 1, 2005, twelve credits or more, in early childhood education or child development from such an institution; or (4) certification pursuant to section 10-145b with an endorsement in early childhood education or special education, and on and after July 1, 2015, "staff qualifications" means there is in each classroom an individual who has at least the following: (A) A bachelor's degree in early childhood education or childhood development, or in a related field approved by the Commissioner of Education from an institution of higher education accredited by the Board of Governors of Higher Education or regionally accredited; or (B) certification pursuant to section 10-145b with an endorsement in early childhood education or special education.

      (c) The Commissioner of Education, in consultation with the Commissioner of Social Services, shall establish a grant program to provide spaces in accredited school readiness programs for eligible children who reside in priority school districts pursuant to section 10-266p or in former priority school districts as provided in this subsection. Under the program, the grant shall be provided, in accordance with this section, to the town in which such priority school district or former priority school district is located. Eligibility shall be determined for a five-year period based on an applicant's designation as a priority school district for the initial year of application, except that if a school district that receives a grant pursuant to this subsection is no longer designated as a priority school district at the end of such five-year period, such former priority school district shall continue to be eligible to receive a grant pursuant to this subsection. Grant awards shall be made annually contingent upon available funding and a satisfactory annual evaluation. The chief elected official of such town and the superintendent of schools for such priority school district or former priority school district shall submit a plan for the expenditure of grant funds and responses to the local request for proposal process to the Departments of Education and Social Services. The departments shall jointly review such plans and shall each approve the portion of such plan within its jurisdiction for funding. The plan shall: (1) Be developed in consultation with the local or regional school readiness council established pursuant to section 10-16r; (2) be based on a needs and resource assessment; (3) provide for the issuance of requests for proposals for providers of accredited school readiness programs, provided, after the initial requests for proposals, facilities that have been approved to operate a child care program financed through the Connecticut Health and Education Facilities Authority and have received a commitment for debt service from the Department of Social Services pursuant to section 17b-749i, are exempt from the requirement for issuance of annual requests for proposals; and (4) identify the need for funding pursuant to section 17b-749a in order to extend the hours and days of operation of school readiness programs in order to provide child day care services for children attending such programs.

      (d) (1) The Commissioner of Education, in consultation with the Commissioner of Social Services, shall establish a competitive grant program to provide spaces in accredited school readiness programs for eligible children who reside (A) in an area served by a priority school or a former priority school as provided for in subdivision (2) of this subsection, (B) in a town ranked one to fifty when all towns are ranked in ascending order according to town wealth, as defined in subdivision (26) of section 10-262f, whose school district is not a priority school district pursuant to section 10-266p, or (C) in a town formerly a town described in subparagraph (B) of this subdivision, as provided for in said subdivision (2). A town in which a priority school is located, a regional school readiness council, pursuant to subsection (c) of section 10-16r, for a region in which such a school is located or a town described in subparagraph (B) of this subdivision may apply for such a grant in an amount not to exceed one hundred seven thousand dollars per priority school or town. Eligibility shall be determined for a five-year period based on an applicant's designation as having a priority school or being a town described in subparagraph (B) of this subdivision for the initial year of application. Grant awards shall be made annually contingent upon available funding and a satisfactory annual evaluation. The chief elected official of such town and the superintendent of schools of the school district or the regional school readiness council shall submit a plan, as described in subsection (c) of this section, for the expenditure of such grant funds to the Department of Education. In awarding grants pursuant to this subsection, the commissioner shall give preference to applications submitted by regional school readiness councils and may, within available appropriations, provide a grant in excess of one hundred seven thousand dollars to towns with two or more priority schools in such district. A town or regional school readiness council awarded a grant pursuant to this subsection shall use the funds to purchase spaces for such children from providers of accredited school readiness programs.

      (2) (A) Commencing with the fiscal year ending June 30, 2005, if a town received a grant pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection and is no longer eligible to receive such a grant, the town may receive a phase-out grant for each of the three fiscal years following the fiscal year such town received its final grant pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection.

      (B) The amount of such phase-out grants shall be determined as follows: (i) For the first fiscal year following the fiscal year such town received its final grant pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection, in an amount that does not exceed seventy-five per cent of the grant amount such town received for the town or school's final year of eligibility pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection; (ii) for the second fiscal year following the fiscal year such town received its final grant pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection, in an amount that does not exceed fifty per cent of the grant amount such town received for the town's or school's final year of eligibility pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection; (iii) for the third fiscal year following the fiscal year such town received its final grant pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection, in an amount that does not exceed twenty-five per cent of the grant amount such town received for the town's or school's final year of eligibility pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection.

      (e) (1) Priority school districts and former priority school districts shall receive grants based on their proportional share of the sum of the products obtained by multiplying the average number of enrolled kindergarten students in each priority school district and in each former priority school district for the three years prior to the year the grant is to be paid, by the ratio of the average percentage of free and reduced price meals for all severe need schools in such district to the minimum percentage requirement for severe need school eligibility, provided no such school district shall receive a grant that is less than the grant it received for the prior fiscal year, including any supplemental grants received in the fiscal year ending June 30, 2005, or a grant that is less than one hundred fifty thousand dollars.

      (2) The Department of Education may retain up to five-tenths of one per cent of the amount appropriated for purposes of this section for coordination, program evaluation and administration.

      (3) If funds appropriated for the purposes of subsection (c) of this section are not expended, the Commissioner of Education may use such unexpended funds to support local school readiness programs. The commissioner may use such funds for purposes including, but not limited to, (A) assisting local school readiness programs in meeting and maintaining accreditation requirements, (B) providing training in implementing the preschool assessment and curriculum frameworks, including training to enhance literacy teaching skills, (C) developing a state-wide preschool curriculum, (D) developing student assessments for students in grades kindergarten to two, inclusive, (E) developing and implementing best practices for parents in supporting preschool and kindergarten student learning, (F) developing and implementing strategies for children to transition from preschool to kindergarten, (G) providing for professional development, including assisting in career ladder advancement, for school readiness staff, and (H) providing supplemental grants to other towns that are eligible for grants pursuant to subsection (c) of this section.

      (4) Notwithstanding subdivision (3) of this subsection, for the fiscal years ending June 30, 2008, and June 30, 2009, the Department of Education may retain up to one hundred ninety-eight thousand two hundred dollars of the amount appropriated for purposes of this section for coordination, program evaluation and administration.

      (f) Any school readiness program that receives funds pursuant to this section or section 10-16u shall not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, gender, religion or disability. For purposes of this section, a nonsectarian program means any public or private school readiness program that is not violative of the Establishment Clause of the Constitution of the State of Connecticut or the Establishment Clause of the Constitution of the United States of America.

      (g) Subject to the provisions of this subsection, no funds received by a town pursuant to subsection (c) or (d) of this section or section 10-16u shall be used to supplant federal, state or local funding received by such town for early childhood education, provided (1) a town may use the greater of (A) twenty-five thousand dollars, or (B) up to five per cent but no more than fifty thousand dollars of the amount received pursuant to subsection (c) or (d) of this section or section 10-16u for coordination, program evaluation and administration, and (2) if a town provides twenty-five thousand dollars in local funding for early childhood education coordination, program evaluation and administration, such town may use up to ten per cent but no more than seventy-five thousand dollars of such amount for coordination, program evaluation and administration. Each town that receives a grant pursuant to said subsection (c) or (d) or section 10-16u shall designate a person to be responsible for such coordination, program evaluation and administration and to act as a liaison between the town and the Departments of Education and Social Services. Each school readiness program that receives funds pursuant to this section or section 10-16u shall provide information to the department or the school readiness council, as requested, that is necessary for purposes of any school readiness program evaluation.

      (h) For the first three years a town receives grants pursuant to this section, such grants may be used, with the approval of the commissioner, to prepare a facility or staff for operating a school readiness program and shall be adjusted based on the number of days of operation of a school readiness program if a shorter term of operation is approved by the commissioner.

      (i) A town may use grant funds to purchase spaces for eligible children who reside in such town at an accredited school readiness program located in another town. A regional school readiness council may use grant funds to purchase spaces for eligible children who reside in the region covered by the council at an accredited school readiness program located outside such region.

      (j) Children enrolled in school readiness programs funded pursuant to this section shall not be counted (1) as resident students for purposes of subdivision (22) of section 10-262f, or (2) in the determination of average daily membership pursuant to subdivision (2) of subsection (a) of section 10-261.

      (k) Notwithstanding subsection (c) of this section, three million four hundred eighty-three thousand seven hundred fifty dollars of the school readiness appropriation for priority school districts shall only go to school readiness programs in the following towns: Bridgeport, Hartford, New Britain, New Haven, New London, Waterbury and Windham.

      (P.A. 97-259, S. 2, 41; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-11, S. 25, 65; P.A. 98-239, S. 30, 35; 98-252, S. 32, 80; P.A. 99-230, S. 1, 10; P.A. 00-187, S. 4, 75; P.A. 01-173, S. 48, 67; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-1, S. 11-13, 54; May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-7, S. 10; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 15, 30, 32; P.A. 04-15, S. 1; 04-26, S. 1; 04-215, S. 2; 04-254, S. 3; P.A. 05-13, S. 5; 05-245, S. 1, 10, 28; P.A. 06-13, S. 1, 2; 06-135, S. 1, 23; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3, S. 17; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-5, S. 44, 50.)

      History: P.A. 97-259 effective July 1, 1997; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-11 made a technical change in Subsec. (a)(3), added new Subdiv. (4) defining "severe need school" and redesignated former Subdivs. (4) to (7) as Subdivs. (5) to (8), effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 98-239 amended Subsec. (c)(3) to provide that, after the initial requests for proposals, facilities approved to operate a child care program financed through CHEFA and which have received a commitment for debt service pursuant to Sec. 17b-749i are exempt from the requirement for issuance of annual requests for proposals, effective June 8, 1998, and applicable to all grants submitted on and after July 1, 1997; P.A. 98-252 amended Subsec. (a)(1) to allow the commissioner to approve programs for the fiscal years ending June 30, 1998, and June 30, 1999, that are for less hours and days, amended Subsecs. (c) and (d) to make technical changes, amended Subsec. (e)(3) to remove cap of $120,000 per fiscal year, amended Subsec. (g) to allow a town to use up to 5% but no more than $50,000 for coordination, program evaluation and administration, and added new Subsec. (h) re use of grants in certain years to prepare a facility or staff for operating a program, effective June 8, 1998; P.A. 99-230 amended Subsec. (a)(2) to add children attending pursuant to Sec. 10-16t, to renumber existing Subsec. (a)(7) and (8) as Subsec. (a)(8) and (9) and to add new Subsec. (a)(7) defining "year-round", amended Subsec. (e) to change the percentages in Subdivs. (1) to (3), inclusive, and to add Subdiv. (4) re use of a percentage of grant funds not earmarked by town for expenditure, and added Subsec.(g)(2) re authorization to use increased amount of grant funds for coordination, program evaluation and administration for towns that provide $25,000 in local funding for such purposes, to require towns that receive grants to designate a person to be responsible for coordination, program evaluation and administration and to act as a liaison between the town and the departments, and to require programs to provide information for evaluation purposes, and added Subsecs. (i) re purchase of spaces in program in another town or region and (j) re children not counted as resident students for purposes of Sec. 10-262f, effective July 1, 1999; P.A. 00-187 added provisions re transitional school districts and former priority school districts, amended Subsec. (b) to specify the standards for staff qualifications on and after July 1, 2003, amended Subsec. (d) to allow the awarding of grants in excess of $100,000 to towns with one or more priority schools, amended Subsec. (e) to base grants on the "average" number of enrolled kindergarten students in a priority school district for the "three years" prior to the year the grant is to be paid rather than on the number of such students for the prior year and to provide that no such district receives a grant that is less than the grant it received for the prior fiscal year, and amended Subsec. (h) to extend the provision to the fiscal year ending June 30, 2001, and add requirement for the commissioner's approval, effective July 1, 2000; P.A. 01-173 amended Subsec. (j) to designate portion of existing provisions as Subdiv. (1) and add Subdiv. (2) re determination of average daily membership, effective July 1, 2001; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-1 amended Subsec. (b) to require curriculum content to include preliteracy development, amended Subsec. (c)(1) to add reference to the "regional" school readiness council, amended Subsec. (e)(1) to establish a threshold for grants of at least $150,000 and *e)(4) to increase the percentage of funds that are not earmarked that the department is able to use from 10% to 50%, amended Subsec. (g)(1) to allow a town to use the greater of the amounts pursuant to Subparas. (A) or (B), to designate the existing limit as Subpara. (B) and to add Subpara. (A) re $25,000, and amended Subsec. (h) to remove limitation on the provision for specific fiscal years and to substitute limitation for the first three years a town receives grants, effective July 1, 2001; May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-7 added Subsec. (k) re appropriations for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2003, effective August 15, 2002 (Revisor's note: In Subsec. (k) the numeric dollar amounts "$2,576,580" and "$198,199" were replaced editorially by the Revisors with "two million five hundred seventy-six thousand five hundred eighty dollars" and "one hundred ninety-eight thousand one hundred ninety-nine dollars" for consistency with customary statutory usage); June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 amended Subsec. (b) to make definition of "staff qualifications" applicable beginning July 1, 2004, rather than July 1, 2003, amended Subsec. (d) by designating existing provisions as Subdiv. (1), adding reference to former priority schools therein and adding Subdiv. (2) re grants for former priority schools and amended Subsec. (k) by adding provisions re appropriations for the fiscal years ending June 30, 2004, and June 30, 2005, effective August 20, 2003; P.A. 04-15 amended Subsec. (b) to change staff qualifications on and after July 1, 2005, in Subdivs. (1), (2) and (3), and to add Subdiv. (4) re endorsement in early childhood education or special education, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-26 made technical changes in Subsec. (d)(2), effective April 28, 2004; P.A. 04-215 deleted definition of "approved" in Subsec. (a), made technical changes throughout, deleted "or approved" re school readiness program throughout, amended Subsec. (d) to increase maximum grant amount from $100,000 to $107,000 and deleted Subsec. (e)(1) provision re per cent amount of appropriation for noncompetitive grant and former Subsec. (e)(2) re per cent amount of appropriation for competitive grant, and amending redesignated Subdiv. (3) by changing plan submission deadline from January first, to October first, by increasing amount of funds not earmarked for expenditure that department may use from 50% to 70%, and by adding provision re amounts that may be used for school readiness professional development, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-254 amended Subsec. (d)(1) by adding provision re towns ranked according to wealth and deleted former Subsec. (k) re appropriations for fiscal years ending June 30, 2003, June 30, 2004, and June 30, 2005, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 05-13 amended Subsec. (d) by extending competitive grant program and phase-out to certain towns and making conforming changes, effective May 4, 2005; P.A. 05-245 made a technical change in Subsec. (a)(1), amended Subsec. (b) to extend the current definition of "staff qualifications" to July 1, 2015, and to introduce new standards for staff qualifications on and after July 1, 2015, amended Subsec. (d)(1) by extending grant eligibility from the towns ranked one to twenty-eight, to the towns ranked one to fifty when all towns are ranked in ascending order according to town wealth, and amended Subsec. (e)(1) by adding language re supplemental grants received in the fiscal year ending June 30, 2005, effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 06-13 made technical changes in Subsecs. (d) and (e)(3), effective May 2, 2006; P.A. 06-135 amended Subsec. (e)(3) to delete percentage requirements and provide that Department of Education may determine the distribution of funds not earmarked for expenditure for the purposes of professional development and preschool and kindergarten assessments and added Subsec. (k) re funding for programs in certain towns, effective July 1, 2006; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3 amended Subsec. (e)(3) to replace former provisions re use of funds not earmarked for expenditure by a town by October first for supplemental grants to other eligible towns, school readiness professional development and activities related to preschool and kindergarten student development evaluations or assessments with new provisions re use of unexpended funds to support local school readiness programs, effective July 1, 2007; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-5 amended Subsec. (e)(3) to add Subpara. (H) re supplemental grants to other eligible towns, and amended Sec. 48 of P.A. 05-245, added editorially by the Revisors as Subsec. (e)(4) of this section, to extend the administrative set-aside for department to the fiscal years ending June 30, 2008, and June 30, 2009, effective October 6, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-16q. School readiness program requirements. Per child cost limitation. Sliding fee scale. Waiver from schedule requirements. (a) Each school readiness program shall include: (1) A plan for collaboration with other community programs and services, including public libraries, and for coordination of resources in order to facilitate full-day and year-round child care and education programs for children of working parents and parents in education or training programs; (2) parent involvement, parenting education and outreach; (3) (A) record-keeping policies that require documentation of the name and address of each child's doctor, primary care provider and health insurance company and information on whether the child is immunized and has had health screens pursuant to the federal Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnostic and Treatment Services Program under 42 USC 1396d, and (B) referrals for health services, including referrals for appropriate immunizations and screenings; (4) a plan for the incorporation of appropriate preliteracy practices and teacher training in such practices; (5) nutrition services; (6) referrals to family literacy programs that incorporate adult basic education and provide for the promotion of literacy through access to public library services; (7) admission policies that promote enrollment of children from different racial, ethnic and economic backgrounds and from other communities; (8) a plan of transition for participating children from the school readiness program to kindergarten and provide for the transfer of records from the program to the kindergarten program; (9) a plan for professional development for staff, including, but not limited to, training (A) in preliteracy skills development, and (B) designed to assure respect for racial and ethnic diversity; (10) a sliding fee scale for families participating in the program pursuant to section 17b-749d; and (11) an annual evaluation of the effectiveness of the program. On and after July 1, 2000, school readiness programs shall use the assessment measures developed pursuant to section 10-16s in conducting their annual evaluations.

      (b) (1) For the fiscal year ending June 30, 2006, the per child cost of the Department of Education school readiness component of the program offered by a school readiness provider shall not exceed six thousand six hundred fifty dollars.

      (2) For fiscal year ending June 30, 2008, the per child cost of the Department of Education school readiness component of the program offered by a school readiness provider shall not exceed six thousand nine hundred twenty-five dollars, except that such per child cost shall be increased for the month of January, 2008, and each month thereafter. The increase shall be determined by the department so that the cost of the increase shall equal fifty per cent of what the department estimates on January 1, 2008, will be unspent by June 30, 2008, from the appropriation for purposes of subsection (c) of section 10-16p. In no event shall such increase cause the per child cost to exceed eight thousand two hundred sixty-six dollars. Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (e) of section 10-16p, the Department of Education shall not provide funding to any school readiness provider that (A) on or before January 1, 2004, first entered into a contract with a town to provide school readiness services pursuant to this section and is not accredited on January 1, 2007, or (B) after January 1, 2004, first entered into a contract with a town to provide school readiness services pursuant to this section and does not become accredited by the date three years after the date on which the provider first entered into such a contract.

      (3) A school readiness provider may provide child day care services and the cost of such child day care services shall not be subject to such per child cost limitation.

      (c) A local or regional board of education may implement a sliding fee scale for the cost of services provided to children enrolled in a school readiness program.

      (d) A town or school readiness council may file a waiver application to the Department of Education on forms provided by the department for the purpose of seeking approval of a school readiness schedule that varies from the minimum hours and number of days provided for in subdivision (1) of subsection (a) of section 10-16p or from the definition of a year-round program pursuant to subdivision (7) of said subsection (a). The Department of Education may, in consultation with the Department of Social Services, approve any such waiver if the departments find that the proposed schedule meets the purposes set forth in the provisions of section 10-16o concerning the development of school readiness programs and maximizes available dollars to serve more children or address community needs.

      (P.A. 97-259, S. 3, 41; P.A. 98-243, S. 11, 25; P.A. 99-230, S. 2, 10; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-1, S. 14, 54; P.A. 04-215, S. 3; P.A. 05-245, S. 8; P.A. 06-135, S. 24; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-5, S. 70.)

      History: P.A. 97-259 effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 98-243 amended Subsec. (a) to add "public libraries" in Subdiv. (1) and provision for the transfer of records in Subdiv. (7), effective July 1, 1998; P.A. 99-230 amended Subsec. (a) to make the existing Subdiv. (3) Subpara. (B) and to add Subpara. (A) re record-keeping policies, and to require the use of assessment measures developed pursuant to Sec. 10-16s for annual evaluations, effective July 1, 1999; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-1 amended Subsec. (a) to renumber Subdivs. (4) to (10) as Subdivs. (5) to (11), to add new Subdiv. (4) re preliteracy practices and in Subdiv. (9) to include plan requirements in Subparas. (A) and (B), effective July 1, 2001; P.A. 04-215 amended Subsec. (b) to change the maximum per child cost from foundation, as defined in Sec. 10-262f(9), to $6,400, and added Subsec. (d) re waiver from requirements of school readiness schedule, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 05-245 amended Subsec. (b) by designating existing language re maximum per child cost as Subdiv. (1) and increasing existing per child cost to $6,650 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2006, by adding new Subdiv. (2) re maximum per child cost for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2007, and each fiscal year thereafter, and by designating existing language re child day care services as Subdiv. (3), effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 06-135 amended Subsec. (b)(2) by adding provisions re denial of funding for lack of accreditation, effective July 1, 2006; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-5 amended Subsec. (b)(2) to add language re the per child cost monthly increase beginning January 2008, effective October 6, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-16s. Interagency agreement on school readiness. Early Childhood Education Cabinet assessment measures. Accountability. Quality standards. Workforce development plan. (a) The Commissioners of Education and Social Services shall develop an agreement to define the duties and responsibilities of their departments concerning school readiness programs. The commissioners shall consult with other affected state agencies and with the Early Childhood Education Cabinet. The agreement shall include, but not be limited to, a multiyear interagency agreement to establish and implement an integrated school readiness plan. Functions to be described and responsibilities to be undertaken by the two departments shall be delineated in the agreement.

      (b) (1) There shall be an Early Childhood Education Cabinet. The cochairpersons of the cabinet shall be the Governor, or the Governor's designee, and the Commissioner of Education, or the commissioner's designee. The cabinet shall consist of the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management or the secretary's designee, the Commissioners of Social Services, Higher Education, Public Health, Children and Families and Developmental Services or the commissioners' designees, the cochairpersons of each of the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to education and human services or the cochairpersons' designees, the executive director of the Commission on Children, or the director's designee, and one person representing a local or regional school readiness council appointed by the president pro tempore of the Senate, and a representative of the Connecticut Head Start Association appointed by the speaker of the House of Representatives. The Department of Education shall provide administrative services to the Early Childhood Education Cabinet and the Governor's Early Childhood Research and Policy Council established pursuant to Executive Order No. 13, issued by Governor M. Jodi Rell, on February 7, 2006.

      (2) Within available appropriations, the Early Childhood Education Cabinet shall (A) advise the Commissioner of Education on policies and initiatives to meet the goals established in section 10-16o, (B) no later than July 1, 2008, begin a state-wide longitudinal evaluation of the school readiness program, in consultation with the Department of Social Services and the Department of Education, that examines the educational progress of children from prekindergarten programs to grade three, inclusive, (C) develop budget requests for the early childhood program, and (D) promote consistency of quality and comprehensiveness of early childhood services.

      (c) On or before January 1, 2008, the commissioners shall adopt assessment measures of school readiness programs for use by such programs in conducting their annual evaluations pursuant to section 10-16q. The commissioners may adopt the assessment measures used for Head Start programs.

      (d) (1) Not later than December 1, 2008, and annually thereafter, the Early Childhood Education Cabinet shall develop and implement an accountability plan for early child education services. The plan shall identify and define appropriate population indicators and program and system measures of the readiness of children to enter kindergarten. Not later than December 31, 2008, and annually thereafter, the cabinet shall report, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a, on the measures implemented in accordance with this subdivision to the Office of Policy and Management and to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to appropriations and the budgets of state agencies, education, human services and higher education and employment advancement.

      (2) As part of the plan implemented pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection, the Early Childhood Education Cabinet, in consultation with the Department of Education and the Office of Policy and Management, shall consider the development of data sharing agreements between state agencies and shall analyze whether the data can be combined to assess the progress of children toward school readiness.

      (3) Providers of early childhood education that receive state funding shall employ the program measures developed pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection to evaluate the effectiveness of their services. Not later than June 30, 2009, and annually thereafter, each such provider shall report, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a, the results of such evaluation to the Early Childhood Education Cabinet.

      (e) The Early Childhood Education Cabinet established under this section shall develop minimum standards and a range of higher standards of quality for all early care and education programs receiving state funding. Not later than December 31, 2008, and annually thereafter, the cabinet shall report, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a, on the plan developed in accordance with this subsection to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to appropriations and the budgets of state agencies, education, human services and higher education and employment advancement.

      (f) The Early Childhood Education Cabinet established under this section shall, in consultation with the Office of Workforce Competitiveness, develop a quality workforce development plan for school readiness. Such plan shall explicitly address how to meet the requirements of subsection (b) of section 10-16p through a dual approach of: (1) Supporting the workforce in obtaining required degrees and credentials; and (2) encouraging students in institutions of higher education to pursue degrees in early childhood education. Not later than December 31, 2008, and annually thereafter, the cabinet shall report, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a, on the plan developed in accordance with this subsection to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to appropriations and the budgets of state agencies, education, human services and higher education and employment advancement.

      (P.A. 97-259, S. 6, 41; P.A. 99-230, S. 4, 10; P.A. 05-245, S. 3; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(b); June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3, S. 19-21.)

      History: P.A. 97-259 effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 99-230 designated existing Sec. as Subsec. (a) and added Subsec. (b) re assessment measures, effective July 1, 1999; P.A. 05-245 amended Subsec. (a) by adding reference to the Early Childhood Education Cabinet, added new Subsec. (b) re the Early Childhood Education Cabinet and redesignated existing Subsec. (b) as new Subsec. (c), effective July 1, 2005; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Commissioner of Mental Retardation" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3 amended Subsec. (b) to provide that Department of Education shall provide administrative services to cabinet in Subdiv. (1) and to provide that longitudinal evaluation of program begin no later than July 1, 2008, and that such evaluation examine education progress of children from prekindergarten to grade three in Subdiv. (2), amended Subsec. (c) to make technical changes and to provide that on or before January 1, 2008, commissioners shall adopt measures of the school readiness programs and added Subsec. (d) re accountability plan, effective July 1, 2007, and in section 20 provided for the development of standards of quality for early care and education programs, codified editorially by the Revisors as Subsec. (e), and in section 21 for the development of a quality workforce development plan, codified editorially by the Revisors as Subsec. (f), effective June 26, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-16x. After school program grant. (a) The Department of Education, in consultation with the after school committee established pursuant to section 10-16v, may, within available appropriations, administer a grant program to provide grants to local and regional boards of education, municipalities and not-for-profit organizations that are exempt from taxation under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as from time to time amended, for after school programs that provide direct services and for entities that provide support to after school programs. For purposes of this subsection, "after school program" means a program that takes place when school is not in session, provides educational, enrichment and recreational activities for children in grades kindergarten to twelve, inclusive, and has a parent involvement component.

      (b) (1) Applications for grants pursuant to subsection (a) of this section shall be filed biennially with the Commissioner of Education at such time and in such manner as the commissioner prescribes. As part of the application, an applicant shall submit a plan for the expenditure of grant funds.

      (2) Eligibility for grants pursuant to this section shall be determined for a two-year period and shall be based on the plan for expenditure of grant funds. Prior to the payment of funds to the grant recipient for the second year of the grant, the grant recipient shall report to the Department of Education on performance outcomes of the program and file expenditure reports pursuant to subsection (f) of this section. The report concerning performance outcomes shall include, but not be limited to, measurements of the impact on student achievement, school attendance and the in-school behavior of student participants.

      (c) The Department of Education and the after school committee established pursuant to section 10-16v shall develop and apply appropriate evaluation procedures to measure the effectiveness of the grant program established pursuant to this section.

      (d) For purposes of carrying out the provisions of this section, the Department of Education may accept funds from private sources and from any state agency that is a member of the after school committee.

      (e) The Department of Education shall provide grant recipients with technical assistance, evaluation, program monitoring, professional development and accreditation support. The department may retain up to four per cent of the amount appropriated for the grant program for purposes of this subsection.

      (f) Grant recipients shall file expenditure reports with the Commissioner of Education in accordance with subdivision (2) of subsection (b) of this section and at such time and in such manner as the commissioner prescribes. Grant recipients shall refund (1) any unexpended amounts at the close of the program for which the grant was awarded, and (2) any amounts not expended in accordance with the approved grant application.

      (g) Not later than October 1, 2008, and biennially thereafter, the Department of Education shall report, in accordance with the provisions of section 11-4a, to the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to education on performance outcomes of recipients of grants under this section. The report shall include, but not be limited to, measurements of the impact on student achievement, school attendance and the in-school behavior of student participants.

      (P.A. 05-245, S. 46; P.A. 06-13, S. 3; 06-192, S. 12; 06-196, S. 222; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3, S. 26.)

      History: P.A. 05-245 effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 06-13 made technical changes in Subsec. (a), effective May 2, 2006; P.A. 06-192 redesignated existing Subsec. (c) as Subsec. (d), making a technical change therein, and added new Subsec. (c) re evaluation procedures, effective July 1, 2006; P.A. 06-196 made a technical change in Subsec. (a), effective June 7, 2006; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3 amended Subsec. (a) to provide that grants are for programs that provide direct services and for entities that provide support to after school programs and that after school programs include parent involvement, amended Subsec. (b) to change annual application to biennial application with requirement for a plan for expenditure, to designate existing language as Subdiv. (1) and to add Subdiv. (2) re eligibility, added Subsec. (e) re technical assistance, evaluation, program monitoring and accreditation support, added Subsec. (f) re expenditure reports and added Subsec. (g) re report on performance outcomes, effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-17g. Application for grant. Annual evaluation report. Annually, the board of education for each local and regional school district that is required to provide a program of bilingual education, pursuant to section 10-17f, may make application to the State Board of Education and shall thereafter receive a grant in an amount equal to the product obtained by multiplying the total appropriation available for such purpose by the ratio which the number of eligible children in the school district bears to the total number of such eligible children state-wide. The board of education for each local and regional school district receiving funds pursuant to this section shall annually, on or before September first, submit to the State Board of Education a progress report which shall include (1) measures of increased educational opportunities for eligible students, including language support services and language transition support services provided to such students, (2) program evaluation and measures of the effectiveness of its bilingual education and English as a second language programs, including data on students in bilingual education programs and students educated exclusively in English as a second language programs, and (3) certification by the board of education submitting the report that any funds received pursuant to this section have been used for the purposes specified. The State Board of Education shall annually evaluate programs conducted pursuant to section 10-17f. For purposes of this section, measures of the effectiveness of bilingual education and English as a second language programs include state-wide mastery examination results and graduation and school dropout rates. Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2009, the amount of grants payable to local or regional boards of education under this section shall be reduced proportionately if the total of such grants in such year exceeds the amount appropriated for such grants for such year.

      (P.A. 77-588, S. 3, 7; P.A. 84-255, S. 4, 21; P.A. 99-211, S. 8, 10; P.A. 00-220, S. 4, 43; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3, S. 5.)

      History: P.A. 84-255 changed the date of the report to the state board from July to September first and required the state board to evaluate the programs annually rather than biennially; P.A. 99-211 in Subdiv. (1) added references to language support services and language transition support services, in Subdiv. (2) added measures of effectiveness of bilingual education and English as a second language programs, added language specifying some measures that are effectiveness measures for purposes of the section and made technical changes, effective July 1, 1999; P.A. 00-220 made a technical change, effective July 1, 2000; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3 added language re proportional reduction of grants for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2009, effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-18. Courses in United States history, government and duties and responsibilities of citizenship. (a)(1) All high, preparatory, secondary and elementary schools, public or private, whose property is exempt from taxation, shall provide a program of United States history, including instruction in United States government at the local, state and national levels, and in the duties, responsibilities, and rights of United States citizenship. No student shall be graduated from any such school who has not been found to be familiar with said subjects.

      (2) For purposes of subdivision (1) of this subsection, elementary schools shall include in their fourth or fifth grade curriculum a program on democracy in which students engage in a participatory manner in learning about all branches of government.

      (b) The State Board of Education shall, upon request by a board of education, make samples of materials available for use in the schools required to teach the courses provided for in this section, with supplementary materials for such use.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1352-1357; 1959, P.A. 411, S. 2, 3; 1971, P.A. 758; P.A. 77-614, S. 302, 587, 610; P.A. 78-218, S. 18; 78-303, S. 85, 136; P.A. 82-83, S. 1, 3; P.A. 84-255, S. 19, 21; P.A. 07-138, S. 1.)

      History: 1959 act changed references in Subsecs. (a) and (f) from state teachers colleges to state colleges; 1971 act deleted state colleges from requirement for citizenship course, deleted former detailed provisions in former Subsecs. (b), (c), (f) and part of (d), replacing them with general requirement for program of study of U.S. history and government and citizenship for "high, preparatory, secondary and elementary schools"; P.A. 77-614 and P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner of education for secretary of the state board of education, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-218 substituted "Each local or regional board of education" for "The board of education of each school district"; P.A. 82-83 deleted Subsec. (c) which had required filing of course descriptions of United States history, government and citizenship with the commissioner of education; P.A. 84-255 added provision to clarify that instruction in United States government is to include instruction in local, state and national government; P.A. 07-138 amended Subsec. (a) to designate existing language as Subdiv. (1) and to add Subdiv. (2) re fourth or fifth grade curriculum program on democracy, effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-19m. (Formerly Sec. 17a-39). *(See end of section for amended version of subsection (c) and effective date.) Youth service bureaus. Annual report. Regulations. (a) For the purposes of this section, "youth" means a person from birth to eighteen years of age. Any one or more municipalities or any one or more private youth-serving organizations, designated to act as agents of one or more municipalities, may establish a multipurpose youth service bureau for the purposes of evaluation, planning, coordination and implementation of services, including prevention and intervention programs for delinquent, predelinquent, pregnant, parenting and troubled youths referred to such bureau by schools, police, juvenile courts, adult courts, local youth-serving agencies, parents and self-referrals. A youth service bureau shall be the coordinating unit of community-based services to provide comprehensive delivery of prevention, intervention, treatment and follow-up services.

      (b) A youth service bureau established pursuant to subsection (a) of this section may provide, but shall not be limited to the delivery of, the following services: (1) Individual and group counseling; (2) parent training and family therapy; (3) work placement and employment counseling; (4) alternative and special educational opportunities; (5) recreational and youth enrichment programs; (6) outreach programs to insure participation and planning by the entire community for the development of regional and community-based youth services; (7) preventive programs, including youth pregnancy, youth suicide, violence, alcohol and drug prevention; and (8) programs that develop positive youth involvement. Such services shall be designed to meet the needs of youths by the diversion of troubled youths from the justice system as well as by the provision of opportunities for all youths to function as responsible members of their communities.

      *(c) The Commissioner of Education shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, establishing minimum standards for such youth service bureaus and the criteria for qualifying for state cost-sharing grants, including, but not limited to, allowable sources of funds covering the local share of the costs of operating such bureaus, acceptable in-kind contributions and application procedures. Said commissioner shall, on December 1, 1979, and annually thereafter, report to the General Assembly on the referral or diversion of children under the age of sixteen years from the juvenile justice system and on the referral or diversion of children between the ages of sixteen and eighteen years from the court system. Such report shall include, but not be limited to, the number of times any child is so diverted, the number of children diverted, the type of service provided to any such child, by whom such child was diverted, the ages of the children diverted and such other information and statistics as the General Assembly may request from time to time. Any such report shall contain no identifying information about any particular child.

      (P.A. 76-127, S. 1-3, 5; P.A. 78-183, S. 1, 4; P.A. 89-191, S. 3; P.A. 91-146, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; 93-432, S. 1, 6; P.A. 95-339, S. 1, 8; P.A. 06-196, S. 62.)

      *Note: On and after January 1, 2010, subsection (c) of this section, as amended by section 78 of public act 07-4 of the June special session, is to read as follows:

      "(c) The Commissioner of Education shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, establishing minimum standards for such youth service bureaus and the criteria for qualifying for state cost-sharing grants, including, but not limited to, allowable sources of funds covering the local share of the costs of operating such bureaus, acceptable in-kind contributions and application procedures. Said commissioner shall, on December 1, 1979, and annually thereafter, report to the General Assembly on the referral or diversion of children under the age of eighteen years from the juvenile justice system and the court system. Such report shall include, but not be limited to, the number of times any child is so diverted, the number of children diverted, the type of service provided to any such child, by whom such child was diverted, the ages of the children diverted and such other information and statistics as the General Assembly may request from time to time. Any such report shall contain no identifying information about any particular child."

      (P.A. 76-127, S. 1-3, 5; P.A. 78-183, S. 1, 4; P.A. 89-191, S. 3; P.A. 91-146, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; 93-432, S. 1, 6; P.A. 95-339, S. 1, 8; P.A. 06-196, S. 62; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-4, S. 78.)

      History: P.A. 78-183 replaced youth service system with youth service bureau and expanded Subsec. (c), clarifying scope of regulations and adding provisions re annual report; P.A. 89-191 added Subsec. (b)(7) and (8) to include preventive programs, including youth suicide, alcohol and drug prevention and programs that develop positive youth involvement; Sec. 17-443 transferred to Sec. 17a-39 in 1991; P.A. 91-146 amended Subsec. (a) to provide that youth service bureaus may coordinate delivery of prevention, intervention, treatment and follow-up services for all youth and made technical change in Subsec. (b); P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-432 added pregnant and parenting youth to the list of individuals who may be referred to a youth service bureau, allowed the adult courts to refer individuals to the youth service bureau, and provided that a youth service bureau shall be the coordinating unit of community-based services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-339 amended Subsec. (c) to transfer responsibility for the program from the Commissioner of Children and Families to the Commissioner of Education, effective July 1, 1995; Sec. 17a-39 transferred to Sec. 10-19m in 1997; P.A. 06-196 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a) and (b), effective June 7, 2006; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-4 amended Subsec. (c) to substitute "age of eighteen" for "age of sixteen" and delete provision re referral or diversion of children between ages of sixteen and eighteen, effective January 1, 2010.

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      Sec. 10-19o. (Formerly Sec. 17a-40a). Youth service bureau grant program. (a) The Commissioner of Education shall establish a program to provide grants to youth service bureaus in accordance with this section. Only youth service bureaus which were eligible to receive grants pursuant to this section for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2007, or which applied for a grant by June 30, 2007, with prior approval of the town's contribution pursuant to subsection (b) of this section, shall be eligible for a grant pursuant to this section for any fiscal year commencing on or after July 1, 2007. Each such youth service bureau shall receive a grant of fourteen thousand dollars. The Department of Education may expend an amount not to exceed two per cent of the amount appropriated for purposes of this section for administrative expenses. If there are any remaining funds, each such youth service bureau that was awarded a grant in excess of fifteen thousand dollars in the fiscal year ending June 30, 1995, shall receive a percentage of such funds. The percentage shall be determined as follows: For each such grant in excess of fifteen thousand dollars, the difference between the amount of the grant awarded to the youth service bureau for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1995, and fifteen thousand dollars shall be divided by the difference between the total amount of the grants awarded to all youth service bureaus that were awarded grants in excess of fifteen thousand dollars for said fiscal year and the product of fifteen thousand dollars and the number of such grants for said fiscal year.

      (b) In order for a youth service bureau to receive the full amount of the state grant determined pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, a town shall contribute an amount equal to the amount of the state grant. A town shall provide not less than fifty per cent of its contribution from funds appropriated by the town for that purpose, and the remaining amount in other funds or in-kind contributions in accordance with regulations adopted by the State Board of Education in accordance with chapter 54.

      (c) Any funds remaining due to a town's failure to match funds as provided in subsection (b) of this section shall be redistributed in accordance with the provisions of this section. The State Board of Education shall adopt regulations in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54 to coordinate the youth service bureau program and to administer the grant system established pursuant to this section and sections 10-19m and 10-19n.

      (P.A. 93-432, S. 3, 6; P.A. 95-339, S. 3, 8; P.A. 96-178, S. 10, 18; 96-244, S. 58, 63; P.A. 98-186, S. 1, 2; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 99-1, S. 32, 51; P.A. 00-187, S. 22, 75; P.A. 01-173, S. 7, 67; P.A. 03-174, S. 11; P.A. 05-245, S. 37; P.A. 06-135, S. 18; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3, S. 35.)

      History: P.A. 93-432 effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-339 transferred responsibility for the program from the Department of Children and Families to the Department of Education, added the limitation on eligibility for grants, provided for the $12,000 grant, added the method for distribution of any remaining funds and made technical changes, effective July 1, 1995 (Revisor's note: A reference to Sec. 54-91d, repealed by P.A. 95-225, was deleted editorially by the Revisors); P.A. 96-178 amended Subsec. (a) to change the date concerning eligibility from "1995" to "1996", to remove a reference to eligibility for grants to youth service bureaus which applied to the Commissioner of Children and Families by June 11, 1995 and to make technical changes and amended Subsec. (b) to substitute "State Board" for "Commissioner", effective July 1, 1996; P.A. 96-244 amended Subsec. (a) to expand the number of youth service bureaus eligible for grants to include youth service bureaus which applied for a grant by May 15, 1996, and repeated changes enacted by P.A. 96-178, effective June 6, 1996; Sec. 17a-40a transferred to Sec. 10-19o in 1997; P.A. 98-186 amended Subsec. (a) to substitute 1998 for 1996 in the eligibility dates for grants, effective July 1, 1998; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 99-1 amended Subsec. (a) to extend eligibility dates for grants by one year and increased grant amount from $12,000 to $14,000, effective July 1, 1999; P.A. 00-187 amended Subsec. (a) to extend the time frames by one year from 1999 to 2000, effective June 1, 2000; P.A. 01-173 amended Subsec. (a) to extend the time frames to 2001, and to change the date for eligibility based on an application from May 15 to June 30, effective July 6, 2001; P.A. 03-174 amended Subsec. (a) to extend time frames from 2001 to 2003, effective July 1, 2003; P.A. 05-245 amended Subsec. (a) by extending time frames from 2003 to 2005, effective June 30, 2005; P.A. 06-135 amended Subsec. (a) by extending time frames from 2005 to 2006, effective June 6, 2006; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3 amended Subsec. (a) by extending time frames from 2006 to 2007, effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-19q. Enhancement grant for youth service bureaus. The Department of Education shall administer an enhancement grant program for youth service bureaus. The department shall annually award grants in the amounts of: (1) Three thousand three hundred dollars to youth service bureaus that serve a town with a population of not more than eight thousand or towns with a total combined population of not more than eight thousand; (2) five thousand dollars to youth service bureaus that serve a town with a population greater than eight thousand, but not more than seventeen thousand or towns with a total combined population greater than eight thousand, but not more than seventeen thousand; (3) six thousand two hundred fifty dollars to youth service bureaus that serve a town with population greater than seventeen thousand, but not more than thirty thousand or towns with a total combined population greater than seventeen thousand, but not more than thirty thousand; (4) seven thousand five hundred fifty dollars to youth service bureaus that serve a town with a population greater than thirty thousand, but not more than one hundred thousand or towns with a total combined population greater than thirty thousand, but not more than one hundred thousand; and (5) ten thousand dollars to youth service bureaus that serve a town with a population greater than one hundred thousand or towns with a total combined population greater than one hundred thousand.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3, S. 36.)

      History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3 effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-20a. Connecticut career certificate program. (a) Local and regional boards of education, the regional vocational-technical school system, postsecondary institutions and regional educational service centers, may (1) in consultation with regional workforce development boards established pursuant to section 31-3k, local employers, labor organizations and community-based organizations establish career pathway programs leading to a Connecticut career certificate in accordance with this section, and (2) enroll students in such programs based on entry criteria determined by the establishing agency. Such programs shall be approved by the Commissioner of Education and the Labor Commissioner. Applications for program approval shall be submitted to the Commissioner of Education in such form and at such time as the commissioner prescribes. All programs leading to a Connecticut career certificate shall provide equal access for all students and necessary accommodations and support for students with disabilities.

      (b) Programs established pursuant to this section may be offered for one or more years and shall include:

      (1) Not less than eighty hours during any year of school-based instruction which focuses on the academic, technical and employability skills outlined in the skill standards established pursuant to subsection (c) of this section, workplace safety awareness and instruction in the history of the American economy and the role of labor, business and industry;

      (2) Work-based instruction which includes worksite experience, including all major activities related to the career cluster. Such worksite experience shall: (A) Be paid, except as provided in section 10-20b, (B) include a planned program of job training and work experiences, including training related to preemployment and employment skills to be mastered at progressively higher levels, that are coordinated with school-based instruction, (C) include instruction, to the extent practicable, in all aspects of the industry, (D) relate to the academic, technical and employability skills outlined in the skill standards established pursuant to subsection (c) of this section, (E) include, but not be limited to, on-the-job training, internships, community service and field trips, (F) be conducted in accordance with an individualized written training and mentoring plan, agreed to by the student, his parent or guardian, if the student is under eighteen years of age, the principal of the school or the chief executive officer of the agency operating the program in which the student is enrolled, or the designee of such principal or chief executive officer, and the employer, and (G) be in conformance with the requirements of section 10-20d; and

      (3) Activities that ensure coordination between school-based instruction and work-based instruction, including, but not limited to, (A) career awareness and exploration opportunities, and (B) information and guidance concerning transition to postsecondary education.

      (c) For purposes of this section, "career cluster" means a range of occupations which share a set of skills and knowledge organized under the federal career clusters endorsed by the Office of Vocational and Adult Education under the United States Department of Education. Such skills and knowledge include (1) academic and technical skills related to the type of employment and (2) general employability skills. The Commissioner of Education, in consultation with other state, regional and local agencies, business and industry and labor organizations, shall maintain a list of federally recognized career clusters and skill standards for each such career cluster, along with the projected occupation growth area clusters within the state identified by labor market projections provided by the Labor Department.

      (P.A. 94-116, S. 21, 28; P.A. 97-195, S. 1, 5; P.A. 07-20, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 94-116 effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 97-195 amended Subsec. (a) to designate existing provisions as Subdiv. (1), provide for the establishment of programs by postsecondary institutions, add the consultation role for regional workforce development boards, change the review and comment provision prior to approval by the commissioners by substituting regional school-to-career partnership for regional workforce development board, provide that students be enrolled based on entry criteria determined by the establishing agency, and add Subdiv. (2) re the regional school-to-career partnerships; amended Subsec. (b) in Subdiv. (1) to substitute school-based instruction for subject matter instruction and to add instruction in the history of the American economy and the role of labor, business and industry, in Subdiv. (2) to delete a requirement for not less than 180 hours of worksite experience, to redesignate existing Subparas. (B) and (C) as Subparas. (F) and (G), to add new Subparas. (B) to (E), inclusive, to change the provision for approval of the training and mentoring plan to include the parent or guardian, if the student is under 18 years of age, and the chief executive officer of the agency operating the program, and in Subdiv. (3) to expand the requirement for coordination to include career awareness and exploration opportunities and information and guidance concerning transition to postsecondary education; deleted Subsec. (c) re entry criteria; redesignated Subsec. (d) as Subsec. (c) and changed the description of the items included in skills and knowledge and made technical changes, effective June 24, 1997; P.A. 07-20 amended Subsec. (a) to designate programs leading to certificate as career pathway programs, delete provision re review and comment by the partnership, delete former Subdiv. (2) re partnerships, delete former Subdiv. (1) designator and redesignate existing Subparas. (A) and (B) as Subdivs. (1) and (2), amended Subsec. (b)(1) to add reference to workplace safety awareness and amended Subsec. (c) to require career clusters to be organized under federal career clusters and the maintenance of lists re projected occupation growth area clusters, effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-20b. Connecticut career certificate. Compliance with federal laws and regulations, required. (a) Except for the provisions of chapter 567, all state and federal laws and regulations relating to employment, apprenticeship and occupational licensing shall apply to students in a program leading to a Connecticut career certificate pursuant to section 10-20a. Employers found to be in violation of a federal or state labor law may be prohibited from participation in the program.

      (b) Students participating in such programs shall not: (1) Replace any employee or cause any reduction in hours of work, wages or employment benefits of any employee of an employer participating in the program or (2) be employed in a job from which an employee of a participating employer has been laid off and for which he retains recall rights. No employer shall terminate the employment of any of its employees or otherwise reduce its workforce or work hours in order to fill a vacancy so created with a student participating in the program. The participation of any employer who is a party to one or more collective bargaining agreements covering work to be performed by a student participating in the program shall be conditioned on the written concurrence of each labor organization that is a party to such an agreement.

      (c) The employment of students in programs established pursuant to section 10-20a shall be in compliance with sections 31-23 and 31-58 and shall be paid employment, unless the Labor Commissioner, or the commissioner's designee, in consultation with the Commissioner of Education, or the commissioner's designee, receives and approves a written request from the principal of the school or the chief executive officer of the agency operating the program in which the student is enrolled, or the designee of such principal or chief executive officer, that such employment not be paid because of worksite experiences that are generally not paid employment, such as community service activities. The terms of compensation shall be (1) negotiated between the employer and such principal or chief executive officer, or the designee of such principal or chief executive officer, (2) accepted by the student, (3) based on the nature of the work and the status of the student-worker as a student, (4) reasonable for the actual work performed, and (5) in compliance with the provisions of title 31 concerning the employment of minors.

      (P.A. 94-116, S. 22, 28; P.A. 97-195, S. 2, 5; P.A. 07-20, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 94-116 effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 97-195 amended Subsec. (c) to add references to the chief executive officer of the agency operating the program and made technical changes, effective June 24, 1997; P.A. 07-20 amended Subsec. (c) to add provisions re compliance with Secs. 31-23 and 31-58 and title 31 and make technical changes, effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-20d. Grants for support of Connecticut career certificate programs. (a) The Commissioner of Education, in consultation with the Labor Commissioner and the Commissioners of Economic and Community Development and Higher Education, shall, within the limits of available appropriations, provide grants to postsecondary institutions, regional workforce development boards, regional educational service centers and other appropriate agencies and organizations to support the development of educators administering programs leading to a Connecticut career certificate pursuant to section 10-20a.

      (b) If the Commissioner of Education finds that some or all of the amount of any grant awarded pursuant to this section is used for purposes which are not in conformity with sections 10-20a to 10-20d, inclusive, or is used to reduce the local share of support for schools or to supplant a previous source of funding, the commissioner may require repayment of such grant to the state.

      (c) Each grant recipient shall submit to the Commissioner of Education, at such time and in such manner as the commissioner prescribes, a biennial program evaluation report.

      (P.A. 94-116, S. 24, 28; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 97-195, S. 4, 5; P.A. 07-20, S. 3.)

      History: P.A. 94-116 effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 95-250 replaced Commissioner and Department of Economic Development with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development (Revisor's note: A reference to "Commissioners of Labor, Economic and Community Development and Higher Education" was replaced editorially by the Revisors with "Labor Commissioner and the Commissioners of Economic and Community Development and Higher Education" for consistency with customary statutory usage); P.A. 97-195 amended Subsec. (a) to expand the list of possible grantees to include postsecondary institutions, regional workforce development boards and other appropriate agencies and organizations and amended Subsec. (b) to provide for review and comment by school-to-career partnerships rather than workforce development boards, effective June 24, 1997; P.A. 07-20 amended Subsec. (a) to delete language re provision of grants to local and regional boards of education and the vocational-technical school system and reference to implementation of programs, deleted former Subsec. (b) re priority in awarding of grants and redesignated existing Subsecs. (c) and (d) as Subsecs. (b) and (c), effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-29a. Certain days, weeks and months to be proclaimed by Governor. Distribution and number of proclamations. (a)(1) Martin Luther King Day. The Governor shall proclaim the fifteenth day of January of each year prior to 1986, and commencing on the twentieth day of January in 1986, the first Monday occurring on or after January fifteenth of each year, to be Martin Luther King Day, and the last school day before such day shall be suitably observed in the public schools of the state as a day honoring Martin Luther King for his selfless devotion to the advancement of equality and the preservation of human rights.

      (2) Pan American Day. The Governor shall proclaim April fourteenth of each year to be Pan American Day, which day shall be suitably observed in the public schools of the state as a day honoring the Latin American republics, and shall otherwise be suitably observed by such public exercises in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates. If such schools are not in session on such day, Pan American Day shall be observed in the schools on the school day next succeeding or on a succeeding day designated by each local or regional board of education.

      (3) Arbor Day. The last Friday of April in each year shall be observed in Connecticut as Arbor Day. The Governor shall annually designate this day with suitable proclamation or letter urging that on Arbor Day schools, civic organizations, governmental departments and all citizens and groups give serious thought to, and mark by appropriate exercises of a public nature, the value of trees and forests, the ornamentation of our streets, highways and parks with trees; and the economic benefits to be derived from well-cultivated orchards and forests.

      (4) Loyalty Day. The Governor shall proclaim May first in each year to be Loyalty Day, which day shall be set aside as a special day for the reaffirmation of loyalty to the United States of America and for the recognition of the heritage of American freedom; and the flag of the United States shall be displayed on all state buildings on said day. Said day shall be suitably observed in the public schools of the state.

      (5) Senior Citizens Day. The Governor shall proclaim the first Sunday in May in each year as Senior Citizens Day, in honor of the elderly citizens of the state and in recognition of their continued contribution to the state and the enrichment of the lives of all its citizens.

      (6) Flag Day. The Governor shall, annually, designate by official proclamation or letter the fourteenth day of June as Flag Day and suitable exercises, having reference to the adoption of the national flag, shall be held in the public schools on the day so designated or, if that day is not a school day, on the school day preceding, or on any such other day as the local or regional board of education prescribes. On Flag Day suitable instruction in the method of displaying the flag and in the respect due the flag shall be given, based upon the flag code as adopted and revised by the National Flag Conference.

      (7) School Safety Patrol Day. The Governor shall proclaim the second Monday in September of each year to be School Safety Patrol Day, which shall be suitably observed in the public schools of the state with a program on highway safety to call attention to the fine work of school safety patrols.

      (8) Nathan Hale Day. The Governor shall proclaim September twenty-second of each year to be Nathan Hale Day, which day shall be suitably observed in the public schools of the state as a day honoring Nathan Hale for his selfless patriotism.

      (9) Indian Day. The Governor shall proclaim the last Friday in September in each year to be Indian Day, which day shall be suitably observed in the public schools of the state as a day of commemoration of American Indians and their contribution to American life and civilization.

      (10) Puerto Rico Day. The Governor shall proclaim the fourth Sunday in September in each year as Puerto Rico Day to honor the contribution to the welfare of the state made by persons of Puerto Rican ancestry, which day shall be suitably observed by such public exercises in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates. Puerto Rico Day shall be suitably observed in the public schools of the state on the school day next succeeding the fourth Sunday in September or on such succeeding day as may be designated by the local or regional board of education.

      (11) Leif Erikson Day. The Governor shall proclaim a day within the first nine days of October of each year to be Leif Erikson Day, which day shall be suitably observed in all the public schools of the state as a day of commemoration of the Scandinavian peoples and their culture and the great contribution they have made to this country in the past and are now making, and also as a tribute to the gallant explorations of the Vikings.

      (12) Fire Prevention Day. The Governor shall, also, by proclamation or letter, annually designate a day, on or about October ninth, to be known as Fire Prevention Day, which day shall be observed in the schools and in such other way as is indicated in such proclamation or letter.

      (13) Columbus Day. The Governor shall proclaim the second Monday in October of each year to be Columbus Day. Suitable exercises shall be held in the public schools, having reference to the historical events connected therewith and in commemoration of the Italian people, their culture and the great contribution they have made to this country, such exercises to be held during the week within which Columbus Day occurs or on such other day as the local or regional board of education prescribes.

      (14) Veterans' Day. The Governor shall annually issue a proclamation or letter calling for the observance of the eleventh day of November as Veterans' Day, in recognition of the service and sacrifice of the sons and daughters of Connecticut who served in the naval and military service of the United States in time of war. Suitable exercises shall be held in the public schools, having reference to the historical events connected therewith, such exercises to be held during the week within which Veterans' Day occurs or on any such other day as the local or regional board of education prescribes.

      (15) St. Patrick's Day. The Governor shall proclaim March seventeenth of each year to be St. Patrick's Day to honor the Irish people, their culture and the contribution they have made to this state and country, which day shall be suitably observed by such public exercises in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates.

      (16) German-American Day. The Governor shall proclaim October sixth of each year to be German-American Day to honor Americans of German ancestry, their culture and the great contribution they have made to this country. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

      (17) Friends Day. The Governor shall proclaim the fourth Sunday in April of each year to be Friends Day in honor of the enduring value of friendship and in recognition of the fundamental need, common to each member of our society, for a friend.

      (18) Lithuanian Day. The Governor shall proclaim a date certain in each year as Lithuanian Day to honor the contribution to the welfare of the state made by persons of Lithuanian ancestry and to commemorate the culture of the Lithuanian people.

      (19) Powered Flight Day. The Governor shall proclaim a date certain in each year as Powered Flight Day to honor the first powered flight by the Wright brothers and to commemorate the Connecticut aviation and aerospace industry.

      (20) Ukrainian-American Day. The Governor shall proclaim August twenty-fourth of each year to be Ukrainian-American Day to honor Americans of Ukrainian ancestry, their culture and the contribution they have made to this country. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

      (21) Retired Teachers Day. The Governor shall proclaim the third Wednesday in February in each year as Retired Teachers Day in honor of the retired teachers of the state and in recognition of their contributions.

      (22) End of World War II Day. The Governor shall proclaim August fourteenth of each year as the day to commemorate the end of World War II. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

      (23) Remembrance Day. The Governor shall proclaim September eleventh of each year as Remembrance Day, in memory of those who lost their lives or suffered injuries in the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, and in honor of the service, sacrifice and contributions of the firefighters, police officers and other personnel who responded to such attacks. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

      (24) Workers' Memorial Day. The Governor shall proclaim April twenty-eighth of each year to be Workers' Memorial Day to commemorate and to honor workers who have died on the job in the state. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

      (25) Disability Awareness Day. The Governor shall proclaim July twenty-sixth of each year to be Disability Awareness Day to heighten public awareness of the needs of persons with disabilities. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

      (26) Volunteer Firefighter and Volunteer Emergency Medical Services Personnel Day. The Governor shall proclaim the first Saturday in August of each year to be Volunteer Firefighter and Volunteer Emergency Medical Services Personnel Day in recognition of the service, sacrifice and contributions of such volunteers to the public health and safety. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

      (27) Women's Independence Day. The Governor shall proclaim August twenty-sixth of each year to be Women's Independence Day to commemorate the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States granting women the right to vote. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

      (28) Destroyer Escort Day. The Governor shall proclaim the third Saturday in June of each year as Destroyer Escort Day to commemorate and honor the service of destroyer escort ships in World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War and the sailors who served on them. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

      (29) Iwo Jima Day. The Governor shall proclaim February twenty-third of each year to be Iwo Jima Day to commemorate the raising of the American flag over the battlefield at Iwo Jima. Suitable exercises may be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

      (30) Korean Armistice Day. The Governor shall proclaim July twenty-seventh of each year to be Korean Armistice Day to commemorate the signing of the armistice ending the Korean hostilities. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

      (31) Prudence Crandall Day. The Governor shall proclaim September third of each year to be Prudence Crandall Day in honor of her birthday. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

      (32) Polish-American Day. The Governor shall proclaim May third of each year to be Polish-American Day to honor Americans of Polish ancestry, their culture and the contribution they have made to this country. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

      (33) Green Up Day. The Governor shall proclaim the last Saturday in April of each year to be Green Up Day to encourage citizens to clean up their communities, to plant trees and flowers and to otherwise enhance the physical beauty of the state's communities and countryside. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

      (34) Romanian-American Day. The Governor shall proclaim December first of each year to be Romanian-American Day to honor Americans of Romanian ancestry, their culture and the great contribution they have made to this country. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

      (35) Republic of China on Taiwan-American Day. The Governor shall proclaim October tenth of each year to be Republic of China on Taiwan-American Day to honor Americans of Chinese-Taiwanese ancestry, their culture and the great contribution they have made to this country. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

      (36) Austrian-American Day. The Governor shall proclaim May fifteenth of each year to be Austrian-American Day to honor Americans of Austrian ancestry, their culture and the great contribution they have made to this country. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

      (37) Greek-American Day. The Governor shall proclaim March twenty-fifth of each year, the day that Greeks celebrate as Greek Independence Day, to be Greek-American Day to honor Americans of Greek ancestry, their culture and the great contribution they have made to this country. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

      (38) Hungarian Freedom Fighters Day. The Governor shall proclaim October twenty-third of each year to be Hungarian Freedom Fighters Day to honor the bravery of the Hungarian freedom fighters during the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

      (39) National Children's Day. The Governor shall proclaim the second Sunday in October of each year to be National Children's Day. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

      (40) Youth to Work Day. The Governor shall proclaim the second Wednesday of February of each year to be Youth to Work Day to allow an adult to bring a youth to work for the purpose of exposing such youth to the workplace. Suitable programs shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

      (41) Christa Corrigan McAuliffe Day. The Governor shall proclaim May twenty-fourth of each year to be Christa Corrigan McAuliffe Day to commemorate her valor and to honor the commitment and dedication of teachers throughout the United States. Suitable exercises may be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

      (42) Gulf War Veterans Day. The Governor shall proclaim February twenty-eighth of each year to be Gulf War Veterans Day, in recognition of the service and sacrifice of the sons and daughters of Connecticut who served in the military service of the United States in the Persian Gulf War. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

      (43) Long Island Sound Day. The Governor shall proclaim the Friday before Memorial Day of each year to be Long Island Sound Day to encourage citizens to acknowledge and celebrate the economic, recreational and environmental values of the Sound. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

      (44) A Week to Remember Persons who are Disabled or Shut-in. The Governor shall proclaim the third week in May of each year to be "A Week to Remember Persons who are Disabled or Shut-in". Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the week.

      (45) Firefighter and Emergency Medical Services Personnel Week. The Governor shall proclaim the first week in August of each year to be Firefighter and Emergency Medical Services Personnel Week in recognition of the service, sacrifice and contributions of such personnel to the public health and safety. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the week.

      (46) Family Day. The Governor shall proclaim the second Sunday in September of each year to be Family Day. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

      (47) Connecticut Aviation Pioneer Day. The Governor shall proclaim May twenty-fifth of each year to be Connecticut Aviation Pioneer Day to commemorate and to honor Igor I. Sikorsky. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

      (48) Juneteenth Independence Day. The Governor shall proclaim the Saturday that is closest to June nineteenth of each year to be Juneteenth Independence Day in recognition of the formal emancipation of enslaved African-Americans pursuant to General Order No. 3 of June 19, 1865, in Galveston, Texas. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

      (49) Corsair Day. The Governor shall proclaim May twenty-ninth of each year to be Corsair Day, to commemorate the first flight of the F4U Corsair and to honor the achievement of Connecticut workers at United Aircraft, Pratt and Whitney, Hamilton Standard and the Vought-Sikorsky companies in the production of the F4U Corsair, the only major combat aircraft of World War II that was the product of a single state. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

      (50) Frederick Law Olmsted Day. The Governor shall proclaim April twenty-sixth of each year to be Frederick Law Olmsted Day to honor his legacy as the founder of American landscape architecture. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the day.

      (51) Lung Cancer Awareness Month. The Governor shall proclaim the month of November to be Lung Cancer Awareness Month to heighten public awareness of the fact that lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death of both men and women in the United States. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the month.

      (52) Woman-Owned Business Month. The Governor shall proclaim the month of May to be Woman-Owned Business Month to honor the contribution that women-owned businesses make to our state. Suitable exercises shall be held in the State Capitol and elsewhere as the Governor designates for the observance of the month.

      (b) Distribution and number of proclamations. The number of the Governor's proclamations for the initial observance of a day under any subdivision of subsection (a) of this section that are printed, handled and mailed shall be limited to the following: (1) One copy of each proclamation issued by the Governor shall be distributed (A) to each municipality, (B) to each school in each municipality, (C) to each public and private institution of higher education and (D) to each public library. (2) One copy of those proclamations declaring a day of fasting and prayer, Independence Day, and Thanksgiving Day shall be distributed to each church and synagogue in the state. The Governor may issue either not more than one proclamation or not more than one letter to each such entity to proclaim the subsequent observance of each such day.

      (P.A. 78-218, S. 26; P.A. 83-11; P.A. 84-56, S. 1; 84-546, S. 21, 173; P.A. 85-219; 85-229; P.A. 87-53, S. 1; P.A. 89-15, S. 1; 89-20, S. 1, 2; 89-118, S. 3; P.A. 90-180; P.A. 91-44; 91-130, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-117, S. 1, 2; 93-281, S. 1; P.A. 94-75, S. 2, 3; 94-88; P.A. 95-25, S. 1, 2; 95-67; P.A. 96-45; 96-84, S. 1, 2; 96-155, S. 1; 96-244, S. 50, 63; P.A. 97-75; 97-77; 97-146, S. 1, 2; 97-288, S. 5, 6; P.A. 02-126, S. 8; P.A. 03-29, S. 1; 03-79, S. 1; P.A. 05-49, S. 2; 05-179, S. 1; P.A. 06-77, S. 1; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-4, S. 67.)

      History: P.A. 83-11 required the governor to proclaim March 17 of each year St. Patrick's Day to pay honor to the Irish people; P.A. 84-56 amended Subsec. (a) to reflect date for observance of Martin Luther King Day under federal law and added provisions re German-American Day and Friends Day as Subsecs. (p) and (q), relettering former Subsec. (p) as (r); P.A. 84-546 made technical grammatical changes in Subsec. (c); P.A. 85-219 inserted new Subsec. (r) re Lithuanian Day and P.A. 85-229 inserted new Subsec. (s) re Powered Flight Day, relettering former Subsec. (r) accordingly; P.A. 87-53 added new Subsec. (t) re proclamation of Ukrainian-American Day and relettered Subsec. (t) as Subsec. (u); P.A. 89-15 added new Subsec. re proclamation of Retired Teachers Day; P.A. 89-20 inserted new Subsec. requiring governor to proclaim August fourteenth as day to commemorate end of World War II; P.A. 89-118 inserted new Subsec. re proclamation of 911 Day, relettering Subsecs. as necessary; P.A. 90-180 inserted a new Subsec. (x) re proclamation of Workers' Memorial Day and relettered former Subsec. (x) as Subsec. (y); P.A. 91-44 inserted new Subsec. re proclamation of Disability Awareness Day and relettered former Subsec. (y) accordingly; P.A. 91-130 inserted new Subsecs. re proclamation of Volunteer Forefighter and Volunteer Emergency Medical Services Personnel Day, and re Women's Independence Day, and relettered former Subsec. (y) accordingly; P.A. 93-117 inserted new Subsec. (bb) re proclamation of Destroyer Escort Day, relettered former Subsec. (bb) accordingly and authorized governor to issue letters to proclaim observance of any day under this section after initial observance of the day, effective June 14, 1993; P.A. 93-281 inserted new Subsec. (cc) re proclamation of Iwo Jima Day, necessitating the relettering of newly created (cc) as (dd); P.A. 94-75 inserted new Subsec. (dd) re proclamation of Korean Armistice Day and relettered former Subsec. (dd) accordingly, effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 94-88 amended Subsec. (t) by changing date of Ukrainian-American Day from January twenty-second to August twenty-fourth, added new Subsec. (ee) re Prudence Crandall Day and relettered former Subsec. (dd) as (ff); P.A. 95-25 designated Subsecs. (a) to (ee), inclusive, as Subdivs. (1) to (31), inclusive, of Subsec. (a) and added Subdiv. (32) re proclamation of Polish-American Day and designated Subsec. (ff) as Subsec. (b), effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-67 added new Subdiv. (33) re Green Up Day; P.A. 96-45 added new Subdiv. in Subsec. (a), codified by the Revisors as (39), re National Children's Day; P.A. 96-84 added Subdivs. (34) to (38), inclusive, in Subsec. (a) re Romanian-American Day, Republic of China on Taiwan-American Day, Austrian-American Day, Greek-American Day and Hungarian Freedom Fighters Day, effective May 8, 1996; P.A. 96-155 added new Subdiv. in Subsec. (a), codified by the Revisors as (40), re Youth to Work Day; P.A. 96-244 added new Subdiv. in Subsec. (a), codified by the Revisors as (41), re Christa Corrigan McAuliffe Day, effective June 6, 1996; P.A. 97-75 added Subsec. (a)(42) re Gulf War Veterans Day; P.A. 97-77 added Subsec. (a)(43) re Long Island Sound Day; P.A. 97-146 added new Subdivs. (44) and (45) in Subsec. (a) re A Week to Remember Persons who are Disabled or Shut-in and Firefighter and Emergency Medical Services Personnel Week, effective June 13, 1997; P.A. 97-288 added new Subsec. (a)(46) re Family Day, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 02-126 amended Subsec. (a)(23) by proclaiming September eleventh of each year as Remembrance Day in lieu of 911 Day, effective July 1, 2002; P.A. 03-29 added Subsec. (a)(47) re Connecticut Aviation Pioneer Day, effective April 25, 2003; P.A. 03-79 added Subsec. (a)(48) re Juneteenth Independence Day, effective June 3, 2003; P.A. 05-49 added Subsec. (a)(49) re Corsair Day, effective May 9, 2005; P.A. 05-179 added Subsec. (a)(50) re Frederick Law Olmsted Day; P.A. 06-77 added Subsec. (a)(51) re Lung Cancer Awareness Month (Revisor's note: Although when it was enacted Subdiv. (51) included the catchline "Lung Cancer Awareness Month", the Revisors have treated that catchline as though they had added it editorially and it will therefore be printed in boldface type for consistency with the other subdivision catchlines in this section); June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-4 added Subsec. (a)(52) re Woman-Owned Business Month, effective June 29, 2007.

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PART III
REGIONAL SCHOOLS

      Sec. 10-56. Corporate powers. Bond issues. (a) A regional school district shall be a body politic and corporate with power to sue and be sued; to purchase, receive, hold and convey real and personal property for school purposes; and to build, equip, purchase, rent, maintain or expand schools. Such district may issue bonds, notes or other obligations in the name and upon the full faith and credit of such district and the member towns to acquire land, prepare sites, purchase or erect buildings and equip the same for school purposes, if so authorized by referendum. Such referendum shall be conducted in accordance with the procedure provided in section 10-47c except that any person entitled to vote under section 7-6 may vote and the question shall be determined by the majority of those persons voting in the regional school district as a whole. The exercise of any or all of the powers set forth in this section shall not be construed to be an amendment of a regional plan pursuant to said section 10-47c. A regional board of education may expend any premium in connection with such issue, interest on the proceeds of such issue or unused portion of such issue to add to the land or buildings erected or purchased and for the purchasing and installing of equipment for the same. Such bonds, notes or other obligations shall be issued as either serial or term bonds or both, in registered form or with coupons attached, registrable as to principal and interest or as to principal alone, shall be signed by the chairman and the treasurer of the regional board of education and shall mature at such time or times, or contain provisions for mandatory amortization of principal at such time or times, be issued at such discount or bear interest at such rate or rates payable at such time or times, or contain provisions for the method or manner of determining such rate or rates or time or times at which interest is payable, and contain such provisions for redemption before maturity at the option of the issuer or at the option of the holder thereof at such price or prices and under such terms and conditions as shall be determined by such board, or by such officer or body to whom the regional board of education delegates the authority to make such determinations, provided that any serial bonds, notes or other obligations shall be so arranged to mature in annual or semiannual installments of principal that shall substantially equalize the aggregate amount of principal and interest due in each annual period commencing with the first annual period in which an installment of principal is due or maturing in annual or semiannual installments of principal no one of which shall exceed by more than fifty per cent the amount of any prior installment, and any term bonds, notes or other obligations, shall be issued with mandatory deposit of sinking fund payments into a sinking fund of amounts sufficient to redeem or amortize the principal of the bonds in annual or semiannual installments that shall substantially equalize the aggregate amount of principal redeemed or amortized and interest due in each annual period commencing with the first annual period in which a mandatory sinking fund payment becomes due, or sufficient to redeem or amortize the principal of the bonds in annual or semiannual installments no one of which shall exceed by more than fifty per cent the amount of any installment. The first installment of any series of bonds shall mature or the first sinking fund payment of any series of bonds shall be due not later than three years from the date of issue of such series and the last installment of such series shall mature or the last sinking fund payment of such series shall be due not later than twenty years therefrom for any grant commitment authorized by the General Assembly pursuant to chapter 173 prior to July 1, 1996, and not later than thirty years therefrom for any grant commitment authorized by the General Assembly pursuant to said chapter on or after July 1, 1996. Such bonds, notes or other obligations when executed, issued and delivered, shall be general obligations of such district and the member towns, according to their terms.

      (b) "Annual receipts from taxation" means the receipts from taxation of the member towns for the fiscal year next preceding the beginning of the current fiscal year of such regional school district. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 7-374, any regional school district may assume bonds, notes or other obligations of any member town as part of the purchase price of any property for school purposes or issue bonds, notes or other obligations, provided the aggregate indebtedness of such district shall not exceed: (1) In the case of a regional school district serving the same towns as are served by two or more town school districts, two and one-quarter times the annual receipts from taxation or (2) in the case of a regional school district empowered to provide for the member towns all programs under the general supervision and control of the State Board of Education, four and one-half times such annual receipts from taxation. Any regional school district may issue additional bonds, notes or other obligations in an amount not to exceed three and one-half times such annual receipts from taxation less the aggregate indebtedness computed in accordance with section 7-374, for the member towns of such district. In computing the aggregate indebtedness of a regional school district for purposes of this section and section 7-374 there shall be excluded each bond, note or other evidence of indebtedness issued in anticipation of the receipt of (A) payments by a member town or the state for the operation of such district's schools and (B) proceeds from any state or federal grant for which the district has received a written commitment or for which an allocation has been approved by the State Bond Commission or from a contract with the state, a state agency or another municipality providing for the reimbursement of capital costs but only to the extent such indebtedness can be paid from such proceeds.

      (c) When a district has been authorized to issue general obligation bonds, notes or other obligations as provided by this section, the board may authorize, for a period not to exceed eight years, the issue of temporary notes in anticipation of the receipt of the proceeds from the sale of such bonds. Notes issued for a shorter period of time may be renewed by the issue of other notes, provided the period from the date of the original notes to the maturity of the last notes issued in renewal thereof shall not exceed eight years. The term of such notes shall not be included in computing the time within which such bonds shall mature, provided such term does not exceed four years. For any series of notes the term of which is extended past the fourth year, the provisions of section 7-378a providing for the retirement from budgeted funds of one-twentieth, or one-thirtieth, as applicable, of the net project cost, the reduction of the term of the bonds when sold and the commencement of the first principal payment of such bonds, shall apply with respect to each year beyond the fourth that the notes are outstanding. The provisions of section 7-373 shall be deemed to apply to such notes. The board, or such officer or body to whom the board delegates the authority to make such determinations, shall determine the date, maturity, interest rate, form, manner of sale and other terms of such notes which shall be general obligations of the regional school district and member towns. Such notes may bear interest or be sold at a discount. The interest or discount on such notes and any renewals thereof and the expense of preparing, issuing and marketing them may be included as a part of the cost of the project for the financing of which such bonds were authorized. Upon the sale of such bonds, the board shall apply immediately the proceeds thereof, to the extent required, to the payment of the principal and interest of all notes issued in anticipation thereof or deposit the proceeds in trust for such purpose with a bank or trust company, which may be the bank or trust company, if any, at which such notes are payable.

      (d) Subject to the provisions of subsection (c) of this section, the board may deposit or invest the proceeds of bonds, notes or other obligations as permitted in section 7-400 or 7-402.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1381; 1951, 1955, S. 911d; 1953, S. 919d; November, 1955, S. N118; February, 1965, P.A. 7; 1967, P.A. 626, S. 2; 674; 1969, P.A. 132, S. 2; 698, S. 16; P.A. 74-239, S. 1, 2; P.A. 86-350, S. 17, 28; P.A. 87-506, S. 7, 9; P.A. 89-337, S. 4, 6.; P.A. 93-158, S. 6, 11; P.A. 95-282, S. 6, 11; P.A. 96-244, S. 38, 63; P.A. 99-97, S. 3, 6; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-6, S. 33; P.A. 07-87, S. 3, 4.)

      History: 1965 act allowed regional school districts to redeem bonds by issuing new one; 1967 acts replaced one year limit on original and renewal notes with two-year limit; 1969 acts increased maturity limit on renewal notes for notes originally issued for less than two years to four years; 1969 acts divided section into subsections and added powers to sue and be sued, to purchase, convey, etc. real and personal property and to build, equip, maintain, etc. schools, rephrased provisions concerning bonding power and referendum, deleted provision for numbering districts in order of incorporation, rephrased provision regarding maturity of installments, added Subsec. (b) basing bond limit on aggregate indebtedness and annual receipts from taxation, placed four-year limit on temporary notes regardless of whether they are initial notes or renewals, rephrased other provisions concerning notes and added Subsec. (d) concerning investment or deposit of proceeds of bonds and notes; P.A. 74-239 amended Subsec. (a) to add statement that exercise of powers under section is not to be construed as amendment of regional plan; P.A. 86-350 made a variety of changes for purposes of clarification, updating the statutes to conform to current financial practices and to conform to anticipated changes in federal tax policy; P.A. 87-506 amended Subsec. (a) to provide for various methods of determining payment amounts; P.A. 89-337 allowed semiannual installments, provided that the first maturity date or sinking fund payment shall be not later than three years, rather than two, from the issuance date and clarified the powers which the board may delegate to an officer or a body; P.A. 93-158 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting provision re redemption by new issuance and amended Subsec. (b) by redefining "annual receipts from taxation" to be receipts for fiscal year preceding beginning of current year rather than those preceding close of last year and adding provision re exclusions from the computation of aggregate indebtedness, effective June 23, 1993; P.A. 95-282 amended Subsec. (d) to make technical changes, effective July 6, 1995, provided "any designation of a depository of public funds of the state or any municipality or regional school district, and any prescription of the method of supervision of the investment and reinvestment of trust funds of a municipality, made in accordance with the applicable provisions of sections 4-33, 7-401, 7-402, 7-403, subsection (c) of section 10-52 or subsection (d) of section 10-56 in effect on or before July 6, 1995, shall remain in effect until rescinded or otherwise modified in accordance with the provisions of public act 95-282" (Revisors note: The reference to "section 10-52" appears to be a clerical error since Subsec. (c) of Sec. 10-51 was amended by Sec. 5 of P.A. 95-282); P.A. 96-244 revised effective date section of P.A. 95-282 but without affecting this section; P.A. 99-97 amended Subsec. (b) to add reference to Sec. 7-374 in computing the aggregate indebtedness of districts, effective June 3, 1999; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-6 amended Subsec. (c) to permit period to extend up to eight years and add language re terms extending past the fourth year, effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 07-87 amended Subsec. (a) to allow a 30-year term for bonds authorized pursuant to Ch. 173 on or after July 1, 1996, and amended Subsec. (c) to include reference to one-thirtieth of the net project cost, effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-60a. Refunding bonds. Any regional school district which has issued any bonds, notes or other obligations pursuant to any general statute or special act may issue refunding bonds for the purpose of paying, funding or refunding prior to maturity all or any part of such district's bonds, notes or other obligations, the redemption premium, if any, with respect thereto, the interest thereon, the costs with respect to the issuance of such refunding bonds and the payment of such refunded bonds, notes or other obligations. Such refunding bonds shall mature not later than (1) in the case of a single series of bonds, notes or other obligations being refunded, the final maturity date thereof; and (2) in the case of multiple series of bonds, notes or other obligations being refunded, the final maturity date of any such series last to occur. Such refunding bonds shall be authorized, and the proceeds thereof appropriated for the purposes permitted under this section, by resolution of the regional board of education and shall be issued in the same manner, and shall be subject to the same limitations and requirements, other than those requirements with respect to the manner of authorization of the bonds, as bonds issued pursuant to section 10-56, provided the provisions of section 10-56 regarding limitations on the date of the first maturity, or on the amount of any principal or on any principal and interest installments on any bonds, shall not apply to refunding bonds issued under this section that achieve net present value savings after comparing total debt service payable on the refunding bonds to the total debt service payable on the refunded bonds, after accounting for costs of issuance and underwriters' discount. Upon placement in escrow of the proceeds of such refunding bonds or other funds of the district in an amount sufficient, together with such investment earnings thereon as are to be retained in said escrow, to provide for the payment when due of the principal of and interest on the bonds, notes or other obligations to be paid, funded or refunded by such refunding bonds and other funds, such bonds, notes or other obligations shall cease to be included in computing the aggregate indebtedness of the district pursuant to subsection (b) of section 10-56.

      (P.A. 93-158, S. 7, 11; P.A. 99-97, S. 4, 6; P.A. 07-87, S. 5.)

      History: P.A. 93-158 effective June 23, 1993; P.A. 99-97 added provision to clarify that regional school districts may include the redemption premium and the cost of issuance in the total amount refunded, effective June 3, 1999; P.A. 07-87 added exception to Sec. 10-56 for refunding bonds that achieve net present value savings, effective July 1, 2007.

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PART IV
REGIONAL VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE CENTERS

      Sec. 10-65. Grants for constructing and operating vocational agriculture centers. Tuition charges. (a) Each local or regional school district operating a vocational agriculture center approved by the State Board of Education for program, educational need, location and area to be served shall be eligible for the following grants: (1) In accordance with the provisions of chapter 173, through progress payments in accordance with the provisions of section 10-287i, ninety-five per cent of the net eligible costs of constructing, acquiring, renovating and equipping approved facilities to be used for such vocational agriculture center, for the expansion or improvement of existing facilities or for the replacement or improvement of equipment therein, and (2) subject to the provisions of section 10-65b, in an amount equal to one thousand three hundred fifty-five dollars per student for every secondary school student who was enrolled in such center on October first of the previous year.

      (b) Each local or regional board of education not maintaining a vocational agricultural center shall provide opportunities for its students to enroll in such a center in a number that is at least equal to the number specified in any written agreement with a vocational agricultural center, or in the absence of such an agreement, a number that is at least equal to the average number of its students that the board of education enrolled in a vocational agricultural center during the previous three school years. The board of education operating a vocational agriculture center may charge, subject to the provisions of section 10-65b, tuition for a school year in an amount not to exceed eighty-two and five-tenths per cent of the foundation level pursuant to subdivision (9) of section 10-262f, per student for the fiscal year in which the tuition is paid, except that such board may charge tuition for (1) students enrolled under shared-time arrangements on a pro rata basis, and (2) special education students which shall not exceed the actual costs of educating such students minus the amounts received pursuant to subdivision (2) of subsection (a) of this section and subsection (c) of this section. Any tuition paid by such board for special education students in excess of the tuition paid for non-special-education students shall be reimbursed pursuant to section 10-76g.

      (c) In addition to the grants described in subsection (a) of this section, within available appropriations, (1) each local or regional board of education operating a vocational agriculture center in which more than one hundred and fifty of the students in the prior school year were out-of-district students shall be eligible to receive, a grant in an amount equal to five hundred dollars for every secondary school student enrolled in such center on October first of the previous year, (2) on and after July 1, 2000, if a local or regional board of education operating a vocational agriculture center that received a grant pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection, no longer qualifies for such a grant, such local or regional board of education shall receive a grant in an amount determined as follows: (A) For the first fiscal year such board of education does not qualify for a grant under said subdivision (1), a grant in the amount equal to four hundred dollars for every secondary school student enrolled in its vocational agriculture center on October first of the previous year, (B) for the second successive fiscal year such board of education does not so qualify, a grant in an amount equal to three hundred dollars for every such secondary school student enrolled in such center on said date, (C) for the third successive fiscal year such board of education does not so qualify, a grant in an amount equal to two hundred dollars for every such secondary school student enrolled in such center on said date, and (D) for the fourth successive fiscal year such board of education does not so qualify, a grant in an amount equal to one hundred dollars for every such secondary school student enrolled in such center on said date, and (3) each local and regional board of education operating a vocational agriculture center which does not receive a grant pursuant to subdivision (1) or (2) of this subsection shall receive a grant in an amount equal to sixty dollars for every secondary school student enrolled in such center on said date.

      (d) (1) If there are any remaining funds after the amount of the grants described in subsections (a) and (c) of this section are calculated, within available appropriations, each local or regional board of education operating a vocational agriculture center shall be eligible to receive a grant in an amount equal to one hundred dollars for each student enrolled in such center on October first of the previous school year. (2) If there are any remaining funds after the amount of the grants described in subdivision (1) of this subsection are calculated, within available appropriations, each local or regional board of education operating a vocational agriculture center that had more than one hundred and fifty out-of-district students enrolled in such center on October first of the previous school year shall be eligible to receive a grant based on the ratio of the number of out-of-district students in excess of one hundred and fifty out-of-district students enrolled in such center on said date to the total number of out-of-district students in excess of one hundred and fifty out-of-district students enrolled in all vocational agriculture centers that had in excess of one hundred and fifty out-of-district students enrolled on said date.

      (1955, S. 921d; 1961, P.A. 40; 1967, P.A. 638, S. 2; P.A. 78-218, S. 48; P.A. 82-204, S. 1, 2; P.A. 83-106, S. 1, 2; P.A. 84-460, S. 1, 16; P.A. 85-463, S. 1, 2; P.A. 86-71, S. 5, 11; P.A. 89-355, S. 3, 20; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-7, S. 2, 22; P.A. 93-410, S. 2, 6; P.A. 95-226, S. 14, 30; P.A. 96-178, S. 8, 18; P.A. 97-247, S. 13, 27; P.A. 00-192, S. 82, 102; P.A. 01-173, S. 11, 67; May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-5, S. 5; P.A. 04-197, S. 1; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3, S. 24.)

      History: 1961 act changed references from high school to secondary school; 1967 act amended Subdiv. (a) to delete limitation to centers to be built and equipped before June 30, 1967, to delete number of centers to total of 24 for entire state and to allow grants for expansion and improvement of existing facilities and for replacement or improvement of equipment; P.A. 78-218 substituted "local" for "town" boards of education; P.A. 82-204 permitted boards of education to charge actual cost of education for special education students and made special education tuition a reimbursable expense under state special education formula; P.A. 83-106 excluded from "total cost of operating" calculation transportation expenditures otherwise reimbursable and stipulated use of previous year's average daily membership count in car grant calculation; P.A. 84-460 amended Subsec. (a) to provide that projects to construct, acquire, renovate or equip vocational agriculture centers would be eligible for school construction grants; P.A. 85-463 added Subsec. (b) re grant eligibility of E.O. Smith School; P.A. 86-71 deleted the references to Sec. 10-266n which was repealed and added the reference to Sec. 10-97; P.A. 89-355 deleted Subsec. (b) re E.O. Smith School, restructured the section with a new Subsec. (b) designation and provided that tuition grants be phased out and not be paid for the fiscal years following the fiscal year ending June 30, 1990, and made technical changes; June Sp. Sess. 91-7 provided for a grant equal to $700 per student in Subsec. (a), eliminating grants for the total cost of operating a vocational agriculture center and amended Subsec. (b) to limit tuition to the average per pupil expenditures for all students enrolled in the vocational agriculture center minus $700 rather than the average per pupil expenditure for all secondary school pupils in the receiving district and eliminated grants to sending school districts; P.A. 93-410 amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) to add "subject to the provisions of section 10-65b" and further amended Subsec. (b) to change the method for computing the cap on tuition charges, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-226 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a) and (b), amended Subsec. (b) to substitute 102% for 121% and in Subdiv. (2) to substitute references to amounts received pursuant to Subsecs. (a) and (c) for $700 and added Subsec. (c) concerning an additional grant, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 96-178 added Subsec. (d) re additional grants, effective July 1, 1996; P.A. 97-247 amended Subsec. (a) to remove requirement that facilities and equipment for which a grant is received pursuant to chapter 173 be used "exclusively" for vocational agricultural purposes, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 00-192 amended Subsec. (c) by adding new Subdiv. (2) re grants to local or regional boards operating vocational agriculture centers and designating existing Subdiv. (2) as Subdiv. (3), effective July 1, 2000; P.A. 01-173 amended Subsec. (d) to make technical changes, effective July 1, 2001; May 9 Sp. Sess. P.A. 02-5 amended Subsec. (a)(1) to replace lump sum payments of the entire eligible cost with progress payments of 95% of the eligible cost, effective July 1, 2002; P.A. 04-197 amended Subsec. (b) by increasing maximum tuition from 102% to 120% of foundation level and by making a technical change, effective July 1, 2004; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3 amended Subsec. (a) to increase per pupil grant from $700 to $1,355 and amended Subsec. (b) to require boards of education to provide students an opportunity to enroll in a vocational agricultural center in a number that at least equals the number in any written agreement or the average number enrolled over the previous three years and to change limit on tuition charges from 120% to 82.5% of the foundation level, effective July 1, 2007.

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PART IVa
REGIONAL EDUCATIONAL SERVICE CENTERS

      Sec. 10-66j. Regulations. Annual grants, proportional reduction. Requirement for use of part of grant. Support of regional efforts to recruit and retain minority educators and support of collection and analysis of data on reduction of racial, ethnic and economic isolation. (a) The State Board of Education shall encourage the formation of a state-wide system of regional educational service centers and shall adopt regulations with respect to standards for review and approval of regional education service centers in accordance with sections 10-66a and 10-66h.

      (b) Each regional educational service center shall receive an annual grant equal to the sum of the following:

      (1) An amount equal to fifty per cent of the total amount appropriated for purposes of this section divided by six;

      (2) An amount equal to twenty-five per cent of such appropriation multiplied by the ratio of the number of its member boards of education to the total number of member boards of education state-wide; and

      (3) An amount equal to twenty-five per cent of such appropriation multiplied by the ratio of the sum of state aid pursuant to section 10-262h for all of its member boards of education to the total amount of state aid pursuant to section 10-262h state-wide.

      (c) Each regional educational service center shall annually expend at least six and one-quarter per cent of the amount received pursuant to this section to assist local and regional boards of education implementing the educational goals and objectives specifically identified by the State Board of Education.

      (d) Within the available appropriation, no regional educational service center shall receive less aid pursuant to subsection (b) of this section than it received for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1999. Amounts determined for regional educational service centers pursuant to subsection (b) of this section in excess of the amounts received for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1999, shall be reduced proportionately to implement such provision if necessary.

      (e) Each regional educational service center shall support regional efforts to recruit and retain minority educators and to support the collection and analysis of data on school district efforts to reduce racial, ethnic and economic isolation.

      (f) Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, for the fiscal years ending June 30, 2004, to June 30, 2009, inclusive, the amount of grants payable to regional educational service centers shall be reduced proportionately if the total of such grants in such year exceeds the amount appropriated for such grants for such year.

      (1972, P.A. 117, S. 10; P.A. 78-295, S. 7, 9; P.A. 83-554, S. 1, 2; P.A. 84-475, S. 1, 3; P.A. 85-377, S. 1, 13; 85-520, S. 1, 3; P.A. 86-301, S. 1, 2; P.A. 87-327, S. 1, 2; P.A. 88-358, S. 6, 9; P.A. 89-124, S. 1, 13; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-7, S. 3, 22; P.A. 95-226, S. 8, 30; P.A. 96-244, S. 8, 63; P.A. 00-187, S. 68, 75; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-1, S. 31, 54; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 12; P.A. 04-26, S. 2; P.A. 05-245, S. 44; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3, S. 8.)

      History: P.A. 78-295 made reference to state-wide system, required state board to adopt resolutions for review and approval of centers and added Subsecs. (b) and (c) re appropriations and disbursement of surplus appropriations; P.A. 83-554 amended Subsec. (b) allowing, for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1984, for a grant payment of $56,000 and amended Subsec. (c) directing that any funds appropriated in excess of $325,000 be expended in implementing educational goals and objectives identified by the state board of education; P.A. 84-475 added new Subsec. (d) re competitive state grants to encourage innovative or exemplary programs; P.A. 85-377 substituted commissioner of education for state board in Subsec. (d); P.A. 85-520 increased amount of annual grant from $50,000 to $70,000 and eliminated former Subsec. (d) re competitive grants for innovative or exemplary programs; P.A. 86-301 amended Subsec. (b) to increase grant amount from $70,000 to $75,000; P.A. 87-327 amended Subsec. (b) to increase grant amount from to $85,000; P.A. 88-358 added new Subsec. (d) re listing of grants to regional educational service centers; P.A. 89-124 amended Subsec. (c) to substitute state aid pursuant to Sec. 10-262h for proportionate shares as determined in accordance with Sec. 10-262c which was repealed by Sec. 8 of public act 88-358 and made technical changes; June Sp. Sess. 91-7 amended Subsec. (d) to change the amount of the grants; P.A. 95-226 amended Subsec. (d) to authorize grant to RESCUE, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 96-244 substituted "EDUCATION CONNECTION" for "RESCUE" in Subsec. (d), effective July 1, 1996; P.A. 00-187 replaced former Subsecs. (b), (c) and (d) that specified amounts for grants to each center with the formula in new Subsec. (b), added new Subsec. (c) re requirement for the expenditure of specified percentage of the amount received, and added new Subsec. (d) to provide that within available appropriations no center receive less aid under the formula than it received for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1999, and to provide a method for proportionately reducing grants if necessary, effective July 1, 2000; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-1 added Subsec. (e) re support of minority educator recruitment and data collection and analysis, effective July 1, 2001; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 added new Subsec., designated Subsec. (f) by the Revisors, re proportional reduction of grants for fiscal years ending June 30, 2004, and June 30, 2005, effective August 20, 2003; P.A. 04-26 made a technical change in Subsec. (f), effective April 28, 2004; P.A. 05-245 amended Subsec. (f) by extending the proportional reduction of grants through the fiscal year ending June 30, 2007, effective July 1, 2005; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3 amended Subsec. (f) to extend proportional reduction of grants through the fiscal year ending June 30, 2009, effective July 1, 2007.

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PART IVb
CHARTER SCHOOLS

      Sec. 10-66bb. Application process and requirements. Charter renewal. Probation. Revocation. (a) On and after July 1, 1997, the State Board of Education may grant, within available appropriations, charters for local and state charter schools in accordance with this section.

      (b) Any person, association, corporation, organization or other entity, public or independent institution of higher education, local or regional board of education or two or more boards of education cooperatively, or regional educational service center may apply to the Commissioner of Education, at such time and in such manner as the commissioner prescribes, to establish a charter school, provided no nonpublic elementary or secondary school may be established as a charter school and no parent or group of parents providing home instruction may establish a charter school for such instruction.

      (c) The State Board of Education shall review, annually, all applications and grant charters in accordance with subsection (f) of this section. (1) Except as provided for in subdivision (2) of this subsection, no state charter school shall enroll (A) (i) more than two hundred fifty students, or (ii) in the case of a kindergarten to grade eight, inclusive, school, more than three hundred students, or (B) twenty-five per cent of the enrollment of the school district in which the state charter school is to be located, whichever is less. (2) In the case of a state charter school found by the State Board of Education to have a demonstrated record of achievement, such school may, upon application to and approval by said board, enroll up to eighty-five students per grade, if within available appropriations. The State Board of Education shall give preference to applicants for charter schools that will serve students who reside in a priority school district pursuant to section 10-266p or in a district in which seventy-five per cent or more of the enrolled students are members of racial or ethnic minorities and to applicants for state charter schools that will be located at a work-site or that are institutions of higher education. In determining whether to grant a charter, the State Board of Education shall consider the effect of the proposed charter school on the reduction of racial, ethnic and economic isolation in the region in which it is to be located, the regional distribution of charter schools in the state and the potential of over-concentration of charter schools within a school district or in contiguous school districts.

      (d) Applications pursuant to this section shall include a description of: (1) The mission, purpose and any specialized focus of the proposed charter school; (2) the interest in the community for the establishment of the charter school; (3) the school governance and procedures for the establishment of a governing council that (A) includes (i) teachers and parents and guardians of students enrolled in the school, and (ii) the chairperson of the local or regional board of education of the town in which the charter school is located and which has jurisdiction over a school that resembles the approximate grade configuration of the charter school, or the designee of such chairperson, provided such designee is a member of the board of education or the superintendent of schools for the school district, and (B) is responsible for the oversight of charter school operations, provided no member or employee of the governing council may have a personal or financial interest in the assets, real or personal, of the school; (4) the financial plan for operation of the school, provided no application fees or other fees for attendance, except as provided in this section, may be charged; (5) the educational program, instructional methodology and services to be offered to students; (6) the number and qualifications of teachers and administrators to be employed in the school; (7) the organization of the school in terms of the ages or grades to be taught and the total estimated enrollment of the school; (8) the student admission criteria and procedures to (A) ensure effective public information, (B) ensure open access on a space available basis, (C) promote a diverse student body, and (D) ensure that the school complies with the provisions of section 10-15c and that it does not discriminate on the basis of disability, athletic performance or proficiency in the English language, provided the school may limit enrollment to a particular grade level or specialized educational focus and, if there is not space available for all students seeking enrollment, the school may give preference to siblings but shall otherwise determine enrollment by a lottery; (9) a means to assess student performance that includes participation in state-wide mastery examinations pursuant to chapter 163c; (10) procedures for teacher evaluation and professional development for teachers and administrators; (11) the provision of school facilities, pupil transportation and student health and welfare services; (12) procedures to encourage involvement by parents and guardians of enrolled students in student learning, school activities and school decision-making; (13) document efforts to increase the racial and ethnic diversity of staff; and (14) a five-year plan to sustain the maintenance and operation of the school. Subject to the provisions of subsection (b) of section 10-66dd, an application may include, or a charter school may file, requests to waive provisions of the general statutes and regulations not required by sections 10-66aa to 10-66ff, inclusive, and which are within the jurisdiction of the State Board of Education.

      (e) An application for the establishment of a local charter school shall be submitted to the local or regional board of education of the school district in which the local charter school is to be located for approval pursuant to this subsection. The local or regional board of education shall: (1) Review the application; (2) hold a public hearing in the school district on such application; (3) survey teachers and parents in the school district to determine if there is sufficient interest in the establishment and operation of the local charter school; and (4) vote on a complete application not later than sixty days after the date of receipt of such application. Such board of education may approve the application by a majority vote of the members of the board present and voting at a regular or special meeting of the board called for such purpose. If the application is approved, the board shall forward the application to the State Board of Education. The State Board of Education shall vote on the application not later than seventy-five days after the date of receipt of such application. Subject to the provisions of subsection (c) of this section, the State Board of Education may approve the application and grant the charter for the local charter school or reject such application by a majority vote of the members of the state board present and voting at a regular or special meeting of the state board called for such purpose. The State Board of Education may condition the opening of such school on the school's meeting certain conditions determined by the Commissioner of Education to be necessary and may authorize the commissioner to release the charter when the commissioner determines such conditions are met. The state board may grant the charter for the local charter school for a period of time of up to five years and may allow the applicant to delay its opening for a period of up to one school year in order for the applicant to fully prepare to provide appropriate instructional services.

      (f) An application for the establishment of a state charter school shall be (1) submitted to the State Board of Education for approval in accordance with the provisions of this subsection, and (2) filed with the local or regional board of education in the school district in which the charter school is to be located. The state board shall: (A) Review such application; (B) hold a public hearing on such application in the school district in which such state charter school is to be located; (C) solicit and review comments on the application from the local or regional board of education for the school district in which such charter school is to be located and from the local or regional boards of education for school districts that are contiguous to the district in which such school is to be located; and (D) vote on a complete application not later than seventy-five days after the date of receipt of such application. The State Board of Education may approve an application and grant the charter for the state charter school by a majority vote of the members of the state board present and voting at a regular or special meeting of the state board called for such purpose. The State Board of Education may condition the opening of such school on the school's meeting certain conditions determined by the Commissioner of Education to be necessary and may authorize the commissioner to release the charter when the commissioner determines such conditions are met. Charters shall be granted for a period of time of up to five years and may allow the applicant to delay its opening for a period of up to one school year in order for the applicant to fully prepare to provide appropriate instructional services.

      (g) Charters may be renewed, upon application, in accordance with the provisions of this section for the granting of such charters. Upon application for such renewal, the State Board of Education may commission an independent appraisal of the performance of the charter school that includes, but is not limited to, an evaluation of the school's compliance with the provisions of this section. The State Board of Education shall consider the results of any such appraisal in determining whether to renew such charter. The State Board of Education may deny an application for the renewal of a charter if (1) student progress has not been sufficiently demonstrated, as determined by the commissioner, (2) the governing council has not been sufficiently responsible for the operation of the school or has misused or spent public funds in a manner that is detrimental to the educational interests of the students attending the charter school, or (3) the school has not been in compliance with applicable laws and regulations. If the State Board of Education does not renew a charter, it shall notify the governing council of the charter school of the reasons for such nonrenewal.

      (h) The Commissioner of Education may at any time place a charter school on probation if (1) the school has failed to (A) adequately demonstrate student progress, as determined by the commissioner, (B) comply with the terms of its charter or with applicable laws and regulations, (C) achieve measurable progress in reducing racial, ethnic and economic isolation, or (D) maintain its nonsectarian status, or (2) the governing council has demonstrated an inability to provide effective leadership to oversee the operation of the charter school or has not ensured that public funds are expended prudently or in a manner required by law. If a charter school is placed on probation, the commissioner shall provide written notice to the charter school of the reasons for such placement, not later than five days after the placement, and shall require the charter school to file with the Department of Education a corrective action plan acceptable to the commissioner not later than thirty-five days from the date of such placement. The charter school shall implement a corrective action plan accepted by the commissioner not later than thirty days after the date of such acceptance. The commissioner may impose any additional terms of probation on the school that the commissioner deems necessary to protect the educational or financial interests of the state. The charter school shall comply with any such additional terms not later than thirty days after the date of their imposition. The commissioner shall determine the length of time of the probationary period, which may be up to one year, provided the commissioner may extend such period, for up to one additional year, if the commissioner deems it necessary. In the event that the charter school does not file or implement the corrective action plan within the required time period or does not comply with any additional terms within the required time period, the Commissioner of Education may withhold grant funds from the school until the plan is fully implemented or the school complies with the terms of probation, provided the commissioner may extend the time period for such implementation and compliance for good cause shown. Whenever a charter school is placed on probation, the commissioner shall notify the parents or guardians of students attending the school of the probationary status of the school and the reasons for such status. During the term of probation, the commissioner may require the school to file interim reports concerning any matter the commissioner deems relevant to the probationary status of the school, including financial reports or statements. No charter school on probation may increase its student enrollment or engage in the recruitment of new students without the consent of the commissioner.

      (i) The State Board of Education may revoke a charter if a charter school has failed to: (1) Comply with the terms of probation, including the failure to file or implement a corrective action plan; (2) demonstrate satisfactory student progress, as determined by the commissioner; (3) comply with the terms of its charter or applicable laws and regulations; or (4) manage its public funds in a prudent or legal manner. Unless an emergency exists, prior to revoking a charter, the State Board of Education shall provide the governing council of the charter school with a written notice of the reasons for the revocation, including the identification of specific incidents of noncompliance with the law, regulation or charter or other matters warranting revocation of the charter. It shall also provide the governing council with the opportunity to demonstrate compliance with all requirements for the retention of its charter by providing the State Board of Education or a subcommittee of the board, as determined by the State Board of Education, with a written or oral presentation. Such presentation shall include an opportunity for the governing council to present documentary and testimonial evidence to refute the facts cited by the State Board of Education for the proposed revocation or in justification of its activities. Such opportunity shall not constitute a contested case within the meaning of chapter 54. The State Board of Education shall determine, not later than thirty days after the date of an oral presentation or receipt of a written presentation, whether and when the charter shall be revoked and notify the governing council of the decision and the reasons therefor. A decision to revoke a charter shall not constitute a final decision for purposes of chapter 54. In the event an emergency exists in which the commissioner finds that there is imminent harm to the students attending a charter school, the State Board of Education may immediately revoke the charter of the school, provided the notice concerning the reasons for the revocation is sent to the governing council not later than ten days after the date of revocation and the governing council is provided an opportunity to make a presentation to the board not later than twenty days from the date of such notice.

      (P.A. 96-214, S. 2; P.A. 97-290, S. 7, 29; P.A. 98-252, S. 6, 80; P.A. 99-289, S. 5, 11; P.A. 00-220, S. 5, 43; P.A. 03-76, S. 7; P.A. 06-55, S. 1; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3, S. 12.)

      History: P.A. 97-290 amended Subsec. (c) to change the limit on the number of charter schools from 12 local and 12 state to 24 charter schools generally, to remove a limit on the total student population of all state charter schools, to remove restrictions on the number of charter schools that operate in Congressional districts and in a school district at any one time and to substitute requirement for consideration of regional distribution of charter schools in the state and the over concentration of charter schools within a school district in determining whether to grant a charter, to add preferences for a district in which 75% or more of the enrolled students are members of racial or ethnic minorities and for state charter schools located at a work-site and to require consideration of the effect of the proposed charter school on the reduction of racial, ethnic and economic isolation in the region in which it is to be located in determining whether to grant a charter, and amended Subsec. (d) to add requirement to document efforts to increase racial and ethnic diversity as new Subdiv. (13) and redesignate existing Subdiv. (13) as Subdiv. (14), and made technical changes, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 98-252 amended Subsec. (d)(8)(D) to make a technical change, effective July 1, 1998; P.A. 99-289 amended Subsec. (c) to limit the restriction for state charter schools to "on and after July 1, 1999" and to add restriction pertaining to kindergarten to grade eight school, amended Subsec. (d) to specify that the governing council be responsible for oversight of charter school operations and that no member or employee have a personal or financial interest in the assets of the school, amended Subsecs. (e) and (f) to allow the State Board of Education to condition the opening of the school, to authorize the state board to allow the applicant to delay the opening and to make technical changes, amended Subsec. (g) to add the provisions relating to the independent appraisal and the reasons for denial of application for renewal, amended Subsec. (h) to expand the reasons for placing a school on probation, specify the notice requirements in such cases, add provisions relating to corrective action plans, additional terms and interim reports and added Subsec. (i) re revocation, effective July 1, 1999; P.A. 00-220 amended Subsec. (i) to make a technical change, effective July 1, 2000; P.A. 03-76 made a technical change in Subsec. (h), effective June 3, 2003; P.A. 06-55 amended Subsec. (c) by deleting provision re maximum charters for period from July 1, 1997, to June 30, 1999, adding provision re annual review of applications and grant of charters in accordance with Subsec. (f), designating existing provisions re maximum enrollments as Subdiv. (1), making conforming and technical changes therein, and adding Subdiv. (2) re increased enrollments, effective May 8, 2006; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3 amended Subsec. (d) to make technical changes, to designate existing language in Subdiv. (3)(A) as clause (i) and to add clause (ii) re member of governing council from local or regional board of education, effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-66cc. School profile. Report. (a) The governing council of a charter school shall submit annually, to the Commissioner of Education, a school profile as described in subsection (c) of section 10-220.

      (b) The governing council of each charter school shall submit annually, to the Commissioner of Education, at such time and in such manner as the commissioner prescribes, and, in the case of a local charter school, to the local or regional board of education for the school district in which the school is located, a report on the condition of the school, including (1) the educational progress of students in the school, (2) the financial condition of the school, including a certified audit statement of all revenues from public and private sources and expenditures, (3) accomplishment of the mission, purpose and any specialized focus of the charter school, (4) the racial and ethnic composition of the student body and efforts taken to increase the racial and ethnic diversity of the student body, and (5) best practices employed by the school that contribute significantly to the academic success of students.

      (P.A. 96-214, S. 3; P.A. 97-290, S. 8, 29; P.A. 05-245, S. 21; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3, S. 13.)

      History: P.A. 97-290 added Subsec. (b)(4) re racial and ethnic composition, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 05-245 amended Subsec. (b) by making a technical change and adding Subdiv. (5) re best practices, effective July 1, 2005; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3 amended Subsec. (b)(2) to provide that the audit be of all revenues from public and private sources, effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-66ee. Charter school funding. Special education students. Transportation. Contracts. (a) For the purposes of education equalization aid under section 10-262h a student enrolled (1) in a local charter school shall be considered a student enrolled in the school district in which such student resides, and (2) in a state charter school shall not be considered a student enrolled in the school district in which such student resides.

      (b) The local board of education of the school district in which a student enrolled in a local charter school resides shall pay, annually, in accordance with its charter, to the fiscal authority for the charter school for each such student the amount specified in its charter, including the reasonable special education costs of students requiring special education. The board of education shall be eligible for reimbursement for such special education costs pursuant to section 10-76g.

      (c) (1) The state shall pay in accordance with this subsection, to the fiscal authority for a state charter school for each student enrolled in such school, for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2006, seven thousand six hundred twenty-five dollars, for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2007, eight thousand dollars, for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2008, eight thousand six hundred fifty dollars, for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2009, nine thousand three hundred dollars. Such payments shall be made as follows: Twenty-five per cent of the amount not later than July fifteenth and September fifteenth based on estimated student enrollment on May first, and twenty-five per cent of the amount not later than January fifteenth and the remaining amount not later than April fifteenth, each based on student enrollment on October first. If the total amount appropriated for grants pursuant to this subdivision exceeds eight thousand six hundred fifty dollars per student for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2008, and exceeds nine thousand three hundred dollars for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2009, the amount of such grants payable per student shall be increased proportionately, except that such per student increase shall not exceed seventy dollars. Any amount of such appropriation remaining after such per student increase may be used by the Department of Education for supplemental grants to interdistrict magnet schools pursuant to subdivision (2) of subsection (c) of section 10-264l to pay for a portion of the audit required pursuant to section 10-66ll, to pay for expenses incurred by the Department of Education to ensure the continuity of a charter school where required by a court of competent jurisdiction and, in consultation with the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management, to pay expenses incurred in the creation of a school pursuant to section 10-74g. For the fiscal year ending June 30, 2005, such increase shall be limited to one hundred ten dollars per student. (2) In the case of a student identified as requiring special education, the school district in which the student resides shall: (A) Hold the planning and placement team meeting for such student and shall invite representatives from the charter school to participate in such meeting; and (B) pay the state charter school, on a quarterly basis, an amount equal to the difference between the reasonable cost of educating such student and the sum of the amount received by the state charter school for such student pursuant to subdivision (1) of this subsection and amounts received from other state, federal, local or private sources calculated on a per pupil basis. Such school district shall be eligible for reimbursement pursuant to section 10-76g. The charter school a student requiring special education attends shall be responsible for ensuring that such student receives the services mandated by the student's individualized education program whether such services are provided by the charter school or by the school district in which the student resides.

      (d) On or before October fifteenth of the fiscal years beginning July 1, 2001, and July 1, 2002, the Commissioner of Education shall determine if the enrollment in the program for the fiscal year is below the number of students for which funds were appropriated. If the commissioner determines that the enrollment is below such number, the additional funds shall not lapse but shall be used by the commissioner for (1) grants for interdistrict cooperative programs pursuant to section 10-74d, (2) grants for open choice programs pursuant to section 10-266aa, or (3) grants for interdistrict magnet schools pursuant to section 10-264l.

      (e) Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes to the contrary, if at the end of a fiscal year amounts received by a state charter school, pursuant to subdivision (1) of subsection (c) of this section, are unexpended, the charter school (1) may use, for the expenses of the charter school for the following fiscal year, up to ten per cent of such amounts, and (2) may (A) create a reserve fund to finance a specific capital or equipment purchase or another specified project as may be approved by the commissioner, and (B) deposit into such fund up to five per cent of such amounts.

      (f) The local or regional board of education of the school district in which the charter school is located shall provide transportation services for students of the charter school who reside in such school district pursuant to section 10-273a unless the charter school makes other arrangements for such transportation. Any local or regional board of education may provide transportation services to a student attending a charter school outside of the district in which the student resides and, if it elects to provide such transportation, shall be reimbursed pursuant to section 10-266m for the reasonable costs of such transportation. Any local or regional board of education providing transportation services under this subsection may suspend such services in accordance with the provisions of section 10-233c. The parent or guardian of any student denied the transportation services required to be provided pursuant to this subsection may appeal such denial in the manner provided in sections 10-186 and 10-187.

      (g) Charter schools shall be eligible to the same extent as boards of education for any grant for special education, competitive state grants and grants pursuant to sections 10-17g and 10-266w.

      (h) If the commissioner finds that any charter school uses a grant under this section for a purpose that is inconsistent with the provisions of this part, the commissioner may require repayment of such grant to the state.

      (i) Charter schools shall receive, in accordance with federal law and regulations, any federal funds available for the education of any pupils attending public schools.

      (j) The governing council of a charter school may (1) contract or enter into other agreements for purposes of administrative or other support services, transportation, plant services or leasing facilities or equipment, and (2) receive and expend private funds or public funds, including funds from local or regional boards of education and funds received by local charter schools for out-of-district students, for school purposes.

      (k) If in any fiscal year, more than one new state charter school is approved pursuant to section 10-66bb and is awaiting funding pursuant to the provisions of this section, the State Board of Education shall determine which school is funded first based on a consideration of the following factors in order of importance as follows: (1) Whether the applicant has a demonstrated record of academic success by students, (2) whether the school is located in a school district with a demonstrated need for student improvement, and (3) whether the applicant has plans concerning the preparedness of facilities, staffing and outreach to students.

      (P.A. 96-214, S. 5; P.A. 97-290, S. 9, 29; P.A. 98-168, S. 24, 26; P.A. 99-289, S. 6, 11; P.A. 00-48, S. 1, 12; 00-187, S. 23, 75; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-1, S. 27, 54; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 14; P.A. 04-254, S. 8; P.A. 05-245, S. 38; P.A. 06-135, S. 26; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3, S. 11, 16; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-5, S. 54.)

      History: P.A. 97-290 amended Subsec. (c) to change the payment schedule and to add the provisions on special education students, added new Subsecs. (d) and (g) re unexpended funds and repayment and redesignated remaining Subsecs., amended Subsec. (e) to provide for reimbursement pursuant to Sec. 10-266m and amended Subsec. (i) to add funds received by local charter schools for out-of-district students, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 98-168 amended Subsec. (c) to change the state payment to $6,500 per student from an amount equal to 105% of the foundation level pursuant to Sec. 10-262f and made the same change for the purpose of calculating the school district payment for a special education student, effective July 1, 1998; P.A. 99-289 amended Subsec. (b) to add provisions relating to special education costs, amended Subsec. (c) to substitute amount based on per cent of the foundation for a specific dollar amount, to substitute July fifteenth and September fifteenth for "in July and September", January fifteenth for "in January" and not later than April fifteenth for "in April", and add requirement for charter school to ensure that special education students receive services mandated in their individualized education programs and amended Subsec. (e) to add provision concerning appeal of denial of transportation services, effective July 1, 1999; P.A. 00-48 amended Subsec. (c) to specify that payment for special education students be made by the school district on a quarterly basis, effective July 1, 2000; P.A. 00-187 amended Subsec. (c) to change the amount of the state payments to $7,000 for each student, effective July 1, 2000; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-1 redesignated Subsecs. (d) to (i) as Subsecs. (e) to (j), making a technical change in Subsec. (e), and added new Subsec. (d) re determination of enrollment numbers and use of any additional funds, effective July 1, 2001; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 amended Subsec. (c)(1) by increasing amount of per student grant from $7,000 to $7,250 and adding provision re proportional increase, effective August 20, 2003; P.A. 04-254 amended Subsec. (c)(1) to provide for a maximum increase in grants payable per student for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2005, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 05-245 amended Subsec. (c)(1) by increasing amount of per pupil grant for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2006, to $7,625 and by adding language re per pupil grant of $8,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2007, and each fiscal year thereafter, effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 06-135 amended Subsec. (c)(1) by replacing $7,250 with $8,000 re total amount per student appropriated for grants and providing that supplemental per pupil grants shall not exceed $70 with any amount remaining to be used for supplemental grants for interdistrict magnet schools, effective July 1, 2006; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3 amended Subsec. (c)(1) to make technical changes, to increase the per pupil grant to $8,650 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2008, and $9,300 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2009, to make permissive the requirement that commissioner spend unallocated funds for supplemental grants for interdistrict magnet schools and to permit commissioner to use such funds to pay for audits and added Subsec. (k) re priority for funding of new schools, effective July 1, 2007; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-5 amended Subsec. (c)(1) to provide that unallocated funds may be used to pay expenses incurred by department to ensure continuity of a charter school when required by a court and to pay expenses incurred when creating a CommPACT school, effective October 6, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-66hh. Program to assist charter schools with capital expenses. (a) For the fiscal years ending June 30, 2008, and June 30, 2009, the Commissioner of Education shall establish, within available bond authorizations, a grant program to assist state charter schools in financing (1) school building projects, as defined in section 10-282, (2) general improvements to school buildings, as defined in subsection (a) of section 10-265h, and (3) repayment of debt incurred for school building projects. The governing authorities of such state charter schools may apply for such grants to the Department of Education at such time and in such manner as the commissioner prescribes. The commissioner shall give preference to applications that provide for matching funds from nonstate sources.

      (b) All final calculations for grant awards pursuant to this section in an amount equal to or greater than two hundred fifty thousand dollars shall include a computation of the state grant amount amortized on a straight line basis over a ten-year period. Any state charter school which abandons, sells, leases, demolishes or otherwise redirects the use of a school building which benefited from such a grant award during such amortization period, including repayment of debt for the purchase, renovation or improvement of the building, shall refund to the state the unamortized balance of the state grant remaining as of the date that the abandonment, sale, lease, demolition or redirection occurred. The amortization period shall begin on the date the grant award is paid. A state charter school required to make a refund to the state pursuant to this subsection may request forgiveness of such refund if the building is redirected for public use.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-1, S. 28, 54; P.A. 03-76, S. 50; Sept. 8 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-2, S. 24; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-6, S. 36; P.A. 07-249, S. 7; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-7, S. 45.)

      History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-1 effective July 1, 2001; P.A. 03-76 made a technical change, effective June 3, 2003; Sept. 8 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-2 amended section to extend grant program through fiscal year ending June 30, 2004, limiting eligibility for grants to state charter schools whose charters were renewed in fiscal years ending June 30, 2001, June 30, 2002, and June 30, 2003, effective September 10, 2003; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-6 replaced reference to fiscal years ending June 30, 2002, to June 30, 2004, with reference to fiscal years ending June 30, 2006, and June 30, 2007, eliminated provision re within available appropriations, added language re assistance for repayment of debt incurred prior to July 1, 2005, removed restriction that eligibility be for schools with charters renewed during the fiscal years ending June 30, 2001, to June 30, 2003, eliminated language limiting schools to one grant not to exceed $500,000 and added language permitting commissioner to give preference to schools with matching funds from nonstate sources, effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 07-249 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and added Subsec. (b) re amortization, effective July 1, 2007; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-7 amended Subsec. (a) by replacing reference to fiscal years ending June 30, 2006, and June 30, 2007, with reference to fiscal years ending June 30, 2008, and June 30, 2009, and eliminating limitation on repayment of debt in Subdiv. (3) by deleting "prior to July 1, 2005", effective November 2, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-66jj. Bond authorization for program to assist charter schools with capital expenses. (a) For the purposes described in subsection (b) of this section, the State Bond Commission shall have the power, from time to time, to authorize the issuance of bonds of the state in one or more series and in principal amounts not exceeding in the aggregate twenty million dollars, provided five million dollars of said authorization shall be effective July 1, 2008.

      (b) The proceeds of the sale of said bonds, to the extent of the amount stated in subsection (a) of this section, shall be used by the Department of Education for the purpose of grants pursuant to section 10-66hh.

      (c) All provisions of section 3-20, or the exercise of any right or power granted thereby, which are not inconsistent with the provisions of this section are hereby adopted and shall apply to all bonds authorized by the State Bond Commission pursuant to this section, and temporary notes in anticipation of the money to be derived from the sale of any such bonds so authorized may be issued in accordance with said section 3-20 and from time to time renewed. Such bonds shall mature at such time or times not exceeding twenty years from their respective dates as may be provided in or pursuant to the resolution or resolutions of the State Bond Commission authorizing such bonds. None of said bonds shall be authorized except upon a finding by the State Bond Commission that there has been filed with it a request for such authorization which is signed by or on behalf of the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management and states such terms and conditions as said commission, in its discretion, may require. Said bonds issued pursuant to this section shall be general obligations of the state and the full faith and credit of the state of Connecticut are pledged for the payment of the principal of and interest on said bonds as the same become due, and accordingly and as part of the contract of the state with the holders of said bonds, appropriation of all amounts necessary for punctual payment of such principal and interest is hereby made, and the State Treasurer shall pay such principal and interest as the same become due.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-6, S. 37; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-7, S. 46.)

      History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 05-6 effective July 1, 2005; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-7 amended Subsec. (a) by increasing aggregate authorization from $10,000,000 to $20,000,000, of which $5,000,000 is effective July 1, 2008, effective November 2, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-66kk. Internet posting of governing council meeting schedule, agenda and minutes. The governing council of each state charter school, as defined in subdivision (3) of section 10-66aa, shall post on any Internet web site that the council operates the (1) schedule, (2) agenda, and (3) minutes of each meeting, including any meeting of subcommittees of the governing council.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3, S. 14.)

      History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3 effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-66ll. Random audits of charter schools. Annually, the commissioner shall randomly select one state charter school, as defined in subdivision (3) of section 10-66aa, to be subject to a comprehensive financial audit conducted by an auditor selected by the Commissioner of Education. Except as provided for in subsection (c) of section 10-66ee, the charter school shall be responsible for all costs associated with the audit conducted pursuant to the provisions of this section.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3, S. 15.)

      History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3 effective July 1, 2007.

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PART V
SPECIAL SCHOOLS AND CLASSES

      Sec. 10-71. State grants for adult education programs. (a) Each local or regional board of education or regional educational service center which has submitted an adult education proposal to the State Board of Education pursuant to section 10-71a shall, annually, be eligible to receive a state grant based on a percentage of eligible costs for adult education as defined in section 10-67, provided such percentage shall be determined as follows:

      (1) The percentage of the eligible costs for adult education a local board of education shall receive, under the provisions of this section, shall be determined as follows: (A) Each town shall be ranked in descending order from one to one hundred sixty-nine according to such town's adjusted equalized net grand list per capita, as defined in section 10-261; and (B) based upon such ranking, a percentage of not less than zero or more than sixty-five shall be determined for each town on a continuous scale, except that the percentage for a priority school district pursuant to section 10-266p shall not be less than twenty. Any such percentage shall be increased by seven and one-half percentage points but shall not exceed sixty-five per cent for any local board of education which provides basic adult education programs for adults at facilities operated by or within the general administrative control and supervision of the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, provided such adults reside at such facilities.

      (2) The percentage of the eligible costs for adult education a regional board of education shall receive under the provisions of this section shall be determined by its ranking. Such ranking shall be determined by (A) multiplying the total population, as defined in section 10-261, of each town in the district by such town's ranking, as determined in subdivision (1) of this subsection, (B) adding together the figures for each town determined under (A), and (C) dividing the total computed under (B) by the total population of all towns in the district. The ranking of each regional board of education shall be rounded to the next higher whole number and each such board shall receive the same reimbursement percentage as would a town with the same rank, except that the reimbursement percentage for a priority school district pursuant to section 10-266p shall not be less than twenty.

      (3) The percentage of the eligible costs for adult education a regional educational service center shall receive under the provisions of this subsection and section 10-66i shall be determined by its ranking. Such ranking shall be determined by (A) multiplying the total population, as defined in section 10-261, of each member town in the regional educational service center by such town's ranking, as determined in subdivision (1) of this subsection, (B) adding together the figures for each town determined under (A), and (C) dividing the total computed under (B) by the total population of all member towns in the regional educational service center. The ranking of each regional educational service center shall be rounded to the next higher whole number and each such center shall receive the same reimbursement percentage as would a town with the same rank.

      (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision (6) of section 10-67, a local or regional board of education or regional educational service center shall be eligible to receive an amount to be paid pursuant to the provisions of subsection (c) of this section. The amount shall equal the eligible expenditures from funds received from private sources by the local or regional board of education, regional educational service center or cooperating eligible entity multiplied by the appropriate percentage, as determined under subsection (a) of this section, provided such amount shall not exceed twenty per cent of the amount received by the local or regional board of education or regional educational service center pursuant to subsection (a) of this section for the previous fiscal year. For payments from private sources to be eligible for reimbursement pursuant to this subsection, (1) based upon estimated eligible costs approved by the Department of Education, the eligible expenditures from local taxes in a fiscal year shall not be less than seventy per cent of the eligible expenditures from local taxes for the previous fiscal year, and (2) the local or regional board of education, regional educational service center or cooperating eligible entity shall provide, not later than a date to be determined by the Commissioner of Education, evidence satisfactory to the commissioner of a written commitment of a payment from a private source. Evidence of actual payment shall be submitted to the commissioner not later than a date established by the commissioner. Upon receipt by a board of education or regional educational service center of state funds pursuant to this subsection attributable to expenditures of a cooperating eligible entity, the board or center shall provide for the distribution of such funds to the cooperating eligible entity for the provision of adult education programs and services pursuant to subdivision (1) of subsection (a) of section 10-69.

      (c) Payments pursuant to this section for each estimated total grant of fifteen hundred dollars or more shall be made during the fiscal year in which such programs are offered as follows: Two-thirds of the grant entitlement based on estimated eligible costs of adult education, included in the approved proposal, in August and the adjusted balance, based on a revised estimate of such eligible costs to be filed with the Commissioner of Education at such time as the commissioner prescribes, in May. Payments pursuant to this section for each estimated total grant of less than fifteen hundred dollars shall be made in a single installment in May of the fiscal year in which such programs are offered, based on a revised estimate of the eligible costs of adult education filed with the Commissioner of Education at such time as the commissioner prescribes. Each recipient of a grant pursuant to this section shall submit a report of actual revenue and expenditures to the Commissioner of Education in such manner and on such forms as the commissioner prescribes on or before the September first immediately following the end of the grant year. Based on the report data, the commissioner shall calculate any underpayment or overpayment of the grant paid pursuant to this section and shall adjust the grant for the fiscal year following the fiscal year in which such underpayment or overpayment occurred or any subsequent fiscal year.

      (d) Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, for the fiscal years ending June 30, 2004, to June 30, 2009, inclusive, the amount of the grants payable to towns, regional boards of education or regional educational service centers in accordance with this section shall be reduced proportionately if the total of such grants in such year exceeds the amount appropriated for the purposes of this section for such year.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1389; 1957, P.A. 581, S. 2; 1961, P.A. 512, S. 2; 1967, P.A. 166, S. 2; P.A. 74-281, S. 2; P.A. 75-479, S. 6, 25; 75-576, S. 2; P.A. 78-218, S. 55; P.A. 79-128, S. 6, 36; P.A. 81-397, S. 6; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-4, S. 5, 8; P.A. 84-325, S. 2, 7; P.A. 85-476, S. 1, 6; 85-557, S. 1, 3; P.A. 86-333, S. 5, 32; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 86-1, S. 31, 58; P.A. 87-499, S. 31, 34; P.A. 88-360, S. 8, 9, 63; P.A. 89-355, S. 4, 20; P.A. 90-33, S. 2, 4; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-7, S. 4, 22; P.A. 92-262, S. 20, 42; P.A. 93-126, S. 2, 3; 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 31, 58; 95-259, S. 7, 32; P.A. 99-224, S. 8, 9; P.A. 03-76, S. 8, 9; 03-100, S. 4; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 10; P.A. 04-257, S. 10; P.A. 05-245, S. 16; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3, S. 3.)

      History: 1961 act increased rate of reimbursement from six to $0.12 per pupil clock hour and added exception for classes defined as largely recreational in nature; 1967 act required certification of attendance before August first rather than "on the first day of July"; P.A. 74-281 substituted "school district" for "town" in first sentence and deleted other references to town boards, required certification by school districts providing services to other districts, changed reimbursement from $0.12 per pupil clock hour to formula multiplying average daily membership grant by pupil clock hours and dividing by 1,260 and substituted "persons sixty-two years of age or over" for "aged persons, as defined by the state board"; P.A. 75-479 changed divisor in formula to 1,080 and excluded from payment classes or activities "offered pursuant to subdivisions (1) or (2) of section 10-69" rather than those "defined by the state board of education to be largely recreational in nature"; P.A. 75-576 added phrase specifying that approval of state board necessary for cooperative arrangements between school districts and allowed payment for classes "primarily" for handicapped or elderly persons; P.A. 78-218 referred to any local or or regional board rather than the board of any school district and made other technical changes; P.A. 79-128 changed formula by substituting "product" for "sum" and "the sum of two hundred fifty dollars" for "the average daily membership grant"; P.A. 81-397 terminated previous provisions re reimbursement for adult education as of June 30, 1981, and added Subsec. (b) providing for annual grants based on eligible costs as determined by specified formula; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-4 amended Subsec. (b)(3) to clarify that population figures used in calculating grants are to be total population figures as defined in Sec. 10-261; P.A. 84-325 deleted former Subsec. (a) re reimbursement of school districts for adult education programs offered during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1981; P.A. 85-476 amended section to specify that reimbursement percentage is determined by ranking, to provide that ranking is to be rounded to next higher whole number and to provide for reimbursement at same percentage as for a town with the same rank; P.A. 85-557 amended section to provide for payment of grants of less than $1,500 in a single installment; P.A. 86-333 substituted 1986 for 1983 in the introductory paragraph, inserted "total" in Subdiv. (2)(A), and in Subdiv. (3) provided for the submission of a report and adjustments in grant amounts for overpayments and underpayments; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 86-1 added "total" in Subdiv. (2)(A) and in Subdiv. (3) amended the payment schedules by substituting March for April and May for June and by providing that for grants of $1,500 or more, two-thirds be paid in August rather than one-third in August and one-third in December; P.A. 87-499 added new Subsec. (b) re reimbursement for payments from private sources, divided old section into Subsecs. (a) and (c) and made technical changes; P.A. 88-360 in Subsec. (b) added in Subdiv. (1) that eligible expenditures from local taxes be based on estimated eligible costs approved by the state department of education, specified that the board or center distribute state funds attributable to the expenditures of a cooperating eligible entity to the entity for providing certain adult education programs and services upon receipt of such funds and made technical changes and in Subsec. (c) substituted two-thirds of the grant entitlement based on estimated eligible costs for two-thirds of the estimated eligible costs, substituted February fifteenth for March fifteenth as the date on or before which a revised estimate is to be filed and made technical changes; P.A. 89-355 in Subsec. (a)(1) changed the reimbursement percentage sliding scale of 30% to 70% to 10% to 70% and provided for a 5% increase for boards of education which provide basic adult education programs for certain adults; P.A. 90-33 in Subsec. (b) provided that for payments from private sources to be eligible for reimbursement the eligible expenditures from local taxes be not less than 70% of the eligible expenditures from local taxes for the previous fiscal year; June Sp. Sess. 91-7 amended Subsec. (a) by requiring that grants be "within available appropriations"; P.A. 92-262 amended Subsec. (a) to delete provision specifying that grants be within available appropriations and in Subdiv. (1) to change ten to zero, seventy to sixty-five and five to seven and one-half and to add the exceptions for boards serving 4,000 or 2,000 students; P.A. 93-126 amended Subsec. (a) to make technical changes, Subsec. (b) to change the percentage limit from 10% to 20% and Subsec. (c) to change the filing date in two places from February fifteenth to a time prescribed by the commissioner and to allow the commissioner to adjust the grant in any subsequent fiscal year for an underpayment or overpayment, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-381 replaced Connecticut alcohol and drug abuse commission with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 deleted Subsec. (a)(1)(ii) re facilities operated by the former Department of Public Health and Addiction Services and replaced Department of Mental Health with Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-259 amended Subsec. (c) to extend the time for the report from "August" to "September" and made technical changes throughout the section, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 99-224 amended Subsec. (a) to add the requirement in Subdivs. (1) and (2) that the percentage for a priority school district be at least 20%, effective July 1, 1999; P.A. 03-76 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a)(1) and (b), effective June 3, 2003; P.A. 03-100 amended Subsec. (a)(1) by inserting "and" after Subpara. (A), deleting provisions in Subpara. (B) re percentage increase for service of 4,000 or more students and deleting Subpara. (C) re service of 2,000 or more students, effective July 1, 2003; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 added Subsec. (d) re proportional reduction of grants for fiscal years ending June 30, 2004, and June 30, 2005, effective August 20, 2003; P.A. 04-257 made a technical change in Subsec. (a)(1)(B), effective June 14, 2004; P.A. 05-245 amended Subsec. (d) to extend the proportional reduction of grants through the fiscal year ending June 30, 2007, effective July 1, 2005; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3 amended Subsec. (d) to extend proportional reduction of grants through the fiscal year ending June 30, 2009, effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-74f. School reorganization model. Each local or regional board of education with jurisdiction over an elementary or middle school that fails to make adequate yearly progress based on whole school academic achievement in mathematics, reading, or both, as determined under the state-wide accountability plan adopted under section 10-223e, for two consecutive years, may reorganize such school to provide that:

      (1) (A) The school be organized in academies, each containing a maximum of one hundred seventy-five students divided into different classes based on grade. (B) Each academy include all grade levels at the school. (C) Students be randomly assigned to academies. (D) The academies have different themes but the curriculum be the same in all.

      (2) (A) The school principal appoint a teacher as team leader for each academy based on evaluations pursuant to section 10-151b. (B) Team leaders not be teacher supervisors, but be literacy, mathematics or science specialists. (C) Team leaders work with the school's regular classroom teachers to: (i) Plan lessons; (ii) look at student data; (iii) work with small groups of students; (iv) provide model lessons; and (v) plan school and academy-wide activities.

      (3) Each class in each academy have a ninety-minute mathematics block and a two-hour literacy block every day.

      (4) Each student in the school have an individual education plan that incorporates the student's personal reading plan if the student is required to have a reading plan pursuant to section 10-265g or 10-265l, provided any child with an individual educational program developed pursuant to section 10-76d follows such program.

      (5) All teachers in the school of the same grade level meet weekly to plan lessons.

      (6) Teachers meet daily in teams based on grade level to plan lessons.

      (7) Teachers meet once a week with the team leader and the school principal to look at student work and data, evaluate instruction and make adjustments and changes in instruction.

      (8) Students receive regular assessments, including short assessment tests every two weeks, that evaluate short-term progress and district-wide assessment tests every six weeks that evaluate a student's progress toward long-term objectives.

      (9) Any child who is falling behind based on assessments conducted under subdivision (8) of this section be the subject of a meeting with teachers, school principal and parents.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3, S. 33.)

      History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3 effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-74g. CommPACT schools. A local or regional board of education may, through agreement with the organizations designated or elected as the exclusive representatives of the teachers' and administrators' units, as defined in section 10-153b, for the teachers and administrators employed by such board, create a CommPACT school. The board shall permit the school autonomy in governance, budgeting and curriculum. The school shall be managed collaboratively by the superintendent of the school district and a governing board comprised of representatives of the school and of the teachers' and administrators' units, community leaders and parents and guardians of students who attend the school.

      (June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3, S. 37.)

      History: June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-3 effective July 1, 2007.

      See Sec. 10-66ee(c) re use of unallocated funds to pay expenses incurred when creating a CommPACT school.

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      Sec. 10-76b. State supervision of special education programs and services. Regulations. Coordinating agency. (a) The State Board of Education shall provide for the development and supervision of the educational programs and services for children requiring special education and may regulate curriculum, conditions of instruction, including the use of physical restraint and seclusion pursuant to chapter 814e, physical facilities and equipment, class composition and size, admission of students, and the requirements respecting necessary special services and instruction to be provided by local and regional boards of education. The State Board of Education shall adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, concerning the use of physical restraint and seclusion pursuant to chapter 814e. The educational aspects of all programs and instructional facilities in any day or residential child-caring agency or school which provides training for children requiring special education and which receives funding from the state under the provisions of sections 10-76a to 10-76g, inclusive, shall be subject to the approval and supervision of the commissioner in accordance with regulations adopted by the State Board of Education concerning requirements for such programs and accommodations.

      (b) The commissioner shall designate by regulation, subject to the approval of the State Board of Education, the procedures which shall be used to identify exceptional children.

      (c) Said board shall be the agency for cooperation and consultation with federal agencies, other state agencies and private bodies on matters of public school education of children requiring special education, provided the full responsibilities for other aspects of the care of such children shall be reserved to such other agencies.

      (1967, P.A. 627, S. 2; 1971, P.A. 326; P.A. 73-319; P.A. 75-137; P.A. 76-408; 76-435, S. 78, 82; P.A. 77-614, S. 302, 610; P.A. 78-218, S. 62, 63; P.A. 82-314, S. 48, 63; P.A. 85-377, S. 2, 13; P.A. 96-161, S. 2, 13; P.A. 07-147, S. 4.)

      History: 1971 act added Subsec. (d) re evaluation and review of programs; P.A. 73-319 amended Subsec. (d) to specify February first deadline for review; P.A. 75-137 amended Subsec. (a) to include power to adopt and enforce regulations concerning special education programs and accommodations for children in institutions; P.A. 76-408 clarified programs and facilities which are subject to state board's control in Subsec. (a); P.A. 76-435 substituted Secs. 10-76a to 10-76g for Sec. 10-76 in Subsec. (a) and included supervision of programs and facilities among state board's powers; P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of education for secretary of the state board of education, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-218 substituted "local" for "town" boards of education in Subsec. (a) and changed review deadline in Subsec. (d) from February first to the fifteenth; P.A. 82-314 changed official name of education committee; P.A. 85-377 amended Subsecs. (a) and (d) to transfer responsibility for approval, supervision and evaluation of special education programs and facilities from board of education to commissioner of education; P.A. 96-161 deleted Subsec. (d) concerning an evaluation and report to the General Assembly on special education programs, effective July 1, 1996; P.A. 07-147 amended Subsec. (a) to specify State Board of Education may regulate conditions of instruction, "including the use of physical restraint and seclusion pursuant to chapter 814e" and to require board to adopt regulations concerning the use of physical restraint and seclusion.

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      Sec. 10-76d. Duties and powers of boards of education to provide special education programs and services. Determination of eligibility for Medicaid. Development of individualized education program. Planning and placement team meetings. Public agency placements; apportionment of costs. Relationship of insurance to special education costs. (a)(1) In accordance with the regulations and procedures established by the Commissioner of Education and approved by the State Board of Education, each local or regional board of education shall provide the professional services requisite to identification of children requiring special education, identify each such child within its jurisdiction, determine the eligibility of such children for special education pursuant to sections 10-76a to 10-76h, inclusive, prescribe appropriate educational programs for eligible children, maintain a record thereof and make such reports as the commissioner may require. No child may be required to obtain a prescription for a substance covered by the Controlled Substances Act, 21 USC 801 et seq., as amended from time to time, as a condition of attending school, receiving an evaluation under section 10-76ff or receiving services pursuant to sections 10-76a to 10-76h, inclusive, or the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 20 USC 1400 et seq., as amended from time to time.

      (2) Any local or regional board of education, through the planning and placement team established in accordance with regulations adopted by the State Board of Education under this section, may determine a child's Medicaid enrollment status. In determining Medicaid enrollment status, the planning and placement team shall: (A) Inquire of the parents or guardians of each such child whether the child is enrolled in or may be eligible for Medicaid; and (B) if the child may be eligible for Medicaid, request that the parent or guardian of the child apply for Medicaid. For the purpose of determining Medicaid rates for Medicaid eligible special education and related services based on a representative cost sampling method, the board of education shall make available documentation of the provision and costs of Medicaid eligible special education and related services for any students receiving such services, regardless of an individual student's Medicaid enrollment status, to the Commissioner of Social Services or to the commissioner's authorized agent at such time and in such manner as prescribed. For the purpose of determining Medicaid rates for Medicaid eligible special education and related services based on an actual cost method, the local or regional board of education shall submit documentation of the costs and utilization of Medicaid eligible special education and related services for all students receiving such services to the Commissioner of Social Services or to the commissioner's authorized agent at such time and in such manner as prescribed. The commissioner or such agent may use information received from local or regional boards of education for the purposes of (i) ascertaining students' Medicaid eligibility status, (ii) submitting Medicaid claims, (iii) complying with state and federal audit requirements and (iv) determining Medicaid rates for Medicaid eligible special education and related services. No child shall be denied special education and related services in the event the parent or guardian refuses to apply for Medicaid.

      (3) Beginning with the fiscal year ending June 30, 2004, the Commissioner of Social Services shall make grant payments to local or regional boards of education in amounts representing fifty per cent of the federal portion of Medicaid claims processed for Medicaid eligible special education and related services provided to Medicaid eligible students in the school district. Such grant payments shall be made on at least a quarterly basis and may represent estimates of amounts due to local or regional boards of education. Any grant payments made on an estimated basis, including payments made by the Department of Education for the fiscal years prior to the fiscal year ending June 30, 2000, shall be subsequently reconciled to grant amounts due based upon filed and accepted Medicaid claims and Medicaid rates. If, upon review, it is determined that a grant payment or portion of a grant payment was made for ineligible or disallowed Medicaid claims, the local or regional board of education shall reimburse the Department of Social Services for any grant payment amount received based upon ineligible or disallowed Medicaid claims.

      (4) Pursuant to federal law, the Commissioner of Social Services, as the state's Medicaid agent, shall determine rates for Medicaid eligible special education and related services pursuant to subdivision (2) of this subsection. The Commissioner of Social Services may request and the Commissioner of Education and towns and regional school districts shall provide information as may be necessary to set such rates.

      (5) Based on school district special education and related services expenditures, the state's Medicaid agent shall report and certify to the federal Medicaid authority the state match required by federal law to obtain Medicaid reimbursement of eligible special education and related services costs.

      (6) Payments received pursuant to this section shall be paid to the local or regional board of education which has incurred such costs in addition to the funds appropriated by the town to such board for the current fiscal year.

      (7) The planning and placement team shall, in accordance with the provisions of the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act, 20 USC 1400, et seq., as amended from time to time, develop and update annually a statement of transition service needs for each child requiring special education.

      (8) (A) Each local and regional board of education shall notify the parent or guardian of a child who requires or who may require special education, a pupil if such pupil is an emancipated minor or eighteen years of age or older who requires or who may require special education or a surrogate parent appointed pursuant to section 10-94g, in writing, at least five school days before such board proposes to, or refuses to, initiate or change the child's or pupil's identification, evaluation or educational placement or the provision of a free appropriate public education to the child or pupil. Such parent, guardian, pupil or surrogate parent shall be given at least five school days' prior notice of any planning and placement team meeting conducted for such child or pupil and shall have the right to be present at and participate in and to have advisors of such person's own choosing and at such person's own expense to be present at and to participate in all portions of such meeting at which an educational program for such child or pupil is developed, reviewed or revised. Immediately upon the formal identification of any child as a child requiring special education and at each planning and placement team meeting for such child, the responsible local or regional board of education shall inform the parent or guardian of such child or surrogate parent or, in the case of a pupil who is an emancipated minor or eighteen years of age or older, the pupil of the laws relating to special education and the rights of such parent, guardian, surrogate parent or pupil under such laws and the regulations adopted by the State Board of Education relating to special education. If such parent, guardian, surrogate parent or pupil does not attend a planning and placement team meeting, the responsible local or regional board of education shall mail such information to such person. Each board shall have in effect at the beginning of each school year an educational program for each child who has been identified as eligible for special education.

      (B) At each initial planning and placement team meeting for a child, the responsible local or regional board of education shall inform the parent, guardian, surrogate parent or pupil of the laws relating to physical restraint and seclusion pursuant to chapter 814e and the rights of such parent, guardian, surrogate parent or pupil under such laws and the regulations adopted by the State Board of Education relating to physical restraint and seclusion.

      (9) Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes, for purposes of Medicaid reimbursement, when recommended by the planning and placement team and specified on the individualized education program, a service eligible for reimbursement under the Medicaid program shall be deemed to be authorized by a practitioner of the healing arts under 42 CFR 440.130, provided such service is recommended by an appropriately licensed or certified individual and is within the individual's scope of practice. Certain items of durable medical equipment, recommended pursuant to the provisions of this subdivision, may be subject to prior authorization requirements established by the Commissioner of Social Services. Diagnostic and evaluation services eligible for reimbursement under the Medicaid program and recommended by the planning and placement team shall also be deemed to be authorized by a practitioner of the healing arts under 42 CFR 440.130 provided such services are recommended by an appropriately licensed or certified individual and are within the individual's scope of practice.

      (10) The Commissioner of Social Services shall implement the policies and procedures necessary for the purposes of this subsection while in the process of adopting such policies and procedures in regulation form, provided notice of intent to adopt the regulations is published in the Connecticut Law Journal within twenty days of implementing the policies and procedures. Such policies and procedures shall be valid until the time final regulations are effective.

      (b) In accordance with the regulations of the State Board of Education, each local and regional board of education shall: (1) Provide special education for school-age children requiring special education who are described in subparagraph (A) of subdivision (5) of section 10-76a. The obligation of the school district under this subsection shall terminate when such child is graduated from high school or reaches age twenty-one, whichever occurs first; and (2) provide special education for children requiring special education who are described in subparagraph (A) or (C) of subdivision (5) of section 10-76a. The State Board of Education shall define the criteria by which each local or regional board of education shall determine whether a given child is eligible for special education pursuant to this subdivision, and such determination shall be made by the board of education when requested by a parent or guardian, or upon referral by a physician, clinic or social worker, provided the parent or guardian so permits. To meet its obligations under this subdivision, each local or regional board of education may, with the approval of the State Board of Education, make agreements with any private school, agency or institution to provide the necessary preschool special education program, provided such private facility has an existing program which adequately meets the special education needs, according to standards established by the State Board of Education, of the preschool children for whom such local or regional board of education is required to provide such an education and provided such district does not have such an existing program in its public schools. Such private school, agency or institution may be a facility which has not been approved by the Commissioner of Education for special education, provided such private facility is approved by the commissioner as an independent school or licensed by the Department of Public Health as a day care or nursery facility or be both approved and licensed.

      (c) Each local or regional board of education may provide special education for children requiring it who are described by subparagraph (B) of subdivision (5) of section 10-76a and for other exceptional children for whom provision of special education is not required by law.

      (d) To meet its obligations under sections 10-76a to 10-76g, inclusive, any local or regional board of education may make agreements with another such board or subject to the consent of the parent or guardian of any child affected thereby, make agreements with any private school or with any public or private agency or institution, including a group home to provide the necessary programs or services, but no expenditures made pursuant to a contract with a private school, agency or institution for such special education shall be paid under the provisions of section 10-76g, unless (1) such contract includes a description of the educational program and other treatment the child is to receive, a statement of minimal goals and objectives which it is anticipated such child will achieve and an estimated time schedule for returning the child to the community or transferring such child to another appropriate facility, (2) subject to the provisions of this subsection, the educational needs of the child for whom such special education is being provided cannot be met by public school arrangements in the opinion of the commissioner who, before granting approval of such contract for purposes of payment, shall consider such factors as the particular needs of the child, the appropriateness and efficacy of the program offered by such private school, agency or institution, and the economic feasibility of comparable alternatives, and (3) commencing with the 1987-1988 school year and for each school year thereafter, each such private school, agency or institution has been approved for special education by the Commissioner of Education or by the appropriate agency for facilities located out of state, except as provided in subsection (b) of this section. Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision (2) of this subsection or any regulations adopted by the State Board of Education setting placement priorities, placements pursuant to this section and payments under section 10-76g may be made pursuant to such a contract if the public arrangements are more costly than the private school, institution or agency, provided the private school, institution or agency meets the educational needs of the child and its program is appropriate and efficacious. Notwithstanding the provisions of this subsection to the contrary, nothing in this subsection shall (A) require the removal of a child from a nonapproved facility if the child was placed there prior to July 7, 1987, pursuant to the determination of a planning and placement team that such a placement was appropriate and such placement was approved by the Commissioner of Education, or (B) prohibit the placement of a child at a nonapproved facility if a planning and placement team determines prior to July 7, 1987, that the child be placed in a nonapproved facility for the 1987-1988 school year. Each child placed in a nonapproved facility as described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of subdivision (3) of this subsection may continue at the facility provided the planning and placement team or hearing officer appointed pursuant to section 10-76h determines that the placement is appropriate. Expenditures incurred by any local or regional board of education to maintain children in nonapproved facilities as described in said subparagraphs (A) and (B) shall be paid pursuant to the provisions of section 10-76g. Any local or regional board of education may enter into a contract with the owners or operators of any sheltered workshop or rehabilitation center for provision of an education occupational training program for children requiring special education who are at least sixteen years of age, provided such workshop or institution shall have been approved by the appropriate state agency. Whenever any child is identified by a local or regional board of education as a child requiring special education and said board of education determines that the requirements for special education could be met by a program provided within the district or by agreement with another board of education except for the child's need for services other than educational services such as medical, psychiatric or institutional care or services, said board may meet its obligation to furnish special education for such child by paying the reasonable cost of special education instruction in a private school, hospital or other institution provided said board or the commissioner concurs that placement in such institution is necessary and proper and no state institution is available to meet such child's needs.

      (e) (1) Any local or regional board of education which provides special education pursuant to any mandates in this section shall provide transportation, to and from, but not beyond the curb of, the residence of the child, unless otherwise agreed upon by the board and the parent or guardian of the child, tuition, room and board and other items necessary to the provision of such special education except for children who are placed in a residential facility because they need services other than educational services, in which case the financial responsibility of the school district and payment to such district shall be limited to the reasonable costs of special education instruction as defined in the regulations of the State Board of Education. If a hearing board, pursuant to subsection (d) of section 10-76h, rejects the educational program prescribed by the local or regional board of education and determines that a placement by a parent or guardian was appropriate, the local or regional board of education shall reimburse the parent or guardian for the reasonable costs incurred for the provision of special education pursuant to this section from the initiation of review procedures as provided by said section 10-76h.

      (2) For purposes of this subdivision, "public agency" includes the offices of a government of a federally recognized Native American tribe. Notwithstanding any other provisions of the general statutes, for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1987, and each fiscal year thereafter, whenever a public agency, other than a local or regional board of education, the State Board of Education or the Superior Court acting pursuant to section 10-76h, places a child in a foster home, group home, hospital, state institution, receiving home, custodial institution or any other residential or day treatment facility, and such child requires special education, the local or regional board of education under whose jurisdiction the child would otherwise be attending school or, if no such board can be identified, the local or regional board of education of the town where the child is placed, shall provide the requisite special education and related services to such child in accordance with the provisions of this section. Within one business day of such a placement by the Department of Children and Families or offices of a government of a federally recognized Native American tribe, said department or offices shall orally notify the local or regional board of education responsible for providing special education and related services to such child of such placement. The department or offices shall provide written notification to such board of such placement within two business days of the placement. Such local or regional board of education shall convene a planning and placement team meeting for such child within thirty days of the placement and shall invite a representative of the Department of Children and Families or offices of a government of a federally recognized Native American tribe to participate in such meeting. (A) The local or regional board of education under whose jurisdiction such child would otherwise be attending school shall be financially responsible for the reasonable costs of such special education and related services in an amount equal to the lesser of one hundred per cent of the costs of such education or the average per pupil educational costs of such board of education for the prior fiscal year, determined in accordance with the provisions of subsection (a) of section 10-76f. The State Board of Education shall pay on a current basis, except as provided in subdivision (3) of this subsection, any costs in excess of such local or regional board's basic contributions paid by such board of education in accordance with the provisions of this subdivision. (B) Whenever a child is placed pursuant to this subdivision, on or after July 1, 1995, by the Department of Children and Families and the local or regional board of education under whose jurisdiction such child would otherwise be attending school cannot be identified, the local or regional board of education under whose jurisdiction the child attended school or in whose district the child resided at the time of removal from the home by said department shall be responsible for the reasonable costs of special education and related services provided to such child, for one calendar year or until the child is committed to the state pursuant to section 46b-129 or 46b-140 or is returned to the child's parent or guardian, whichever is earlier. If the child remains in such placement beyond one calendar year the Department of Children and Families shall be responsible for such costs. During the period the local or regional board of education is responsible for the reasonable cost of special education and related services pursuant to this subparagraph, the board shall be responsible for such costs in an amount equal to the lesser of one hundred per cent of the costs of such education and related services or the average per pupil educational costs of such board of education for the prior fiscal year, determined in accordance with the provisions of subsection (a) of section 10-76f. The State Board of Education shall pay on a current basis, except as provided in subdivision (3) of this subsection, any costs in excess of such local or regional board's basic contributions paid by such board of education in accordance with the provisions of this subdivision. The costs for services other than educational shall be paid by the state agency which placed the child. The provisions of this subdivision shall not apply to the school districts established within the Department of Children and Families, pursuant to section 17a-37, the Department of Correction, pursuant to section 18-99a, or the Department of Developmental Services, pursuant to section 17a-240, provided in any case in which special education is being provided at a private residential institution, including the residential components of regional educational service centers, to a child for whom no local or regional board of education can be found responsible under subsection (b) of this section, Unified School District #2 shall provide the special education and related services and be financially responsible for the reasonable costs of such special education instruction for such children. Notwithstanding the provisions of this subdivision, for the fiscal years ending June 30, 2004, to June 30, 2007, inclusive, the amount of the grants payable to local or regional boards of education in accordance with this subdivision shall be reduced proportionately if the total of such grants in such year exceeds the amount appropriated for the purposes of this subdivision for such year.

      (3) Payment for children who require special education and who reside on state-owned or leased property or in permanent family residences as defined in section 17a-154, and who are not the educational responsibility of the unified school districts established pursuant to section 17a-37, section 17a-240 or section 18-99a, shall be made in the following manner: The State Board of Education shall pay to the school district which is responsible for providing instruction for each such child pursuant to the provisions of this subsection one hundred per cent of the reasonable costs of such instruction. In the fiscal year following such payment, the State Board of Education shall deduct from the special education grant due the local or regional board of education under whose jurisdiction the child would otherwise be attending school, where such board has been identified, the amount for which such board would otherwise have been financially responsible pursuant to the provisions of subdivision (2) of this subsection. No such deduction shall be made for any school district which is responsible for providing special education instruction for children whose parents or legal guardians do not reside within such district. The amount deducted shall be included as a net cost of special education by the Department of Education for purposes of the state's special education grant calculated pursuant to section 10-76g. A school district otherwise eligible for reimbursement under the provisions of this subdivision for the costs of education of a child residing in a permanent family residence shall continue to be so eligible in the event that a person providing foster care in such residence adopts the child. Notwithstanding the provisions of this subdivision, for the fiscal years ending June 30, 2004, and June 30, 2005, the amount of the grants payable to local or regional boards of education in accordance with this subdivision shall be reduced proportionately if the total of such grants in such year exceeds the amount appropriated for the purposes of this subdivision for such year.

      (4) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services shall provide regular education and special education and related services to eligible residents in facilities operated by the department who are eighteen to twenty-one years of age. In the case of a resident who requires special education, the department shall provide the requisite identification and evaluation of such resident in accordance with the provisions of this section. The department shall be financially responsible for the provision of educational services to eligible residents. The Departments of Mental Health and Addiction Services, Children and Families and Education shall develop and implement an interagency agreement which specifies the role of each agency in ensuring the provision of appropriate education services to eligible residents in accordance with this section. The State Board of Education shall pay to the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services one hundred per cent of the reasonable costs of such educational services provided to eligible residents of such facilities. Payment shall be made by the board as follows: Eighty-five per cent of the estimated cost in July and the adjusted balance in May.

      (5) Application for the grant to be paid by the state for costs in excess of the local or regional board of education's basic contribution shall be made by such board of education by filing with the State Board of Education, in such manner as prescribed by the Commissioner of Education, annually on or before December first a statement of the cost of providing special education, as defined in subdivision (2) of this subsection, for a child of the board placed by a state agency in accordance with the provisions of said subdivision or, where appropriate, a statement of the cost of providing educational services other than special educational services pursuant to the provisions of subsection (b) of section 10-253, provided a board of education may submit, not later than March first, claims for additional children or costs not included in the December filing. Payment by the state for such excess costs shall be made to the local or regional board of education as follows: Seventy-five per cent of the cost in February and the balance in May. The amount due each town pursuant to the provisions of this subsection and the amount due to each town as tuition from other towns pursuant to this section shall be paid to the treasurer of each town entitled to such aid, provided the treasurer shall treat such grant or tuition received, or a portion of such grant or tuition, which relates to special education expenditures incurred pursuant to subdivisions (2) and (3) of this subsection in excess of such board's budgeted estimate of such expenditures, as a reduction in expenditures by crediting such expenditure account, rather than town revenue. The state shall notify the local or regional board of education when payments are made to the treasurer of the town pursuant to this subdivision.

      (f) No children placed out primarily for special education services shall be placed in a private school, agency or institution outside of the state, except when in the opinion of the Commissioner of Education it is determined that: (1) No public or approved private facility which can reasonably provide appropriate special education programs for such children is available in the state; (2) no public or approved private facility which can reasonably provide appropriate special education programs for such children is available in the state and the out-of-state placement is required for a period of time not to exceed two years, during which time the local or regional board of education responsible for providing such children with a special education shall develop an appropriate special education program or cause such program to be developed within the state; or (3) an out-of-state placement is more economically feasible than an existing special education program in the state or any such program that could be developed within the state within a reasonable period of time. No placement in an out-of-state private special education school, agency or facility shall be approved unless such school, agency or facility first agrees in writing to submit to the state Department of Education any such financial program and student progress reports as the commissioner may require for the purpose of making an annual determination as to the economic feasibility and program adequacy of the special education program provided. The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to children placed out primarily for services other than educational services as described in subsection (d) of this section.

      (g) (1) Each local or regional board of education shall review annually and make a report as to the progress of each child for whom such board is obligated to provide a special education and who receives special education services in any private school, agency or institution and shall, upon request of the commissioner, submit such reports to the State Board of Education.

      (2) Whenever a local or regional board of education determines that a child who has for three years received special education services in private facilities pursuant to subsection (d) of section 10-76d must receive such services from private facilities for an additional period of time, the State Board of Education, shall annually thereafter review the progress of such child prior to approving or disapproving for purposes of reimbursement, pursuant to subsection (d) of section 10-76d, any continuation of private placement, considering such factors as the educational and other needs of the child.

      (h) The provisions of this section and sections 10-76a, 10-76b, 10-76c, 10-76f and 10-76g shall not be construed to relieve any insurer or provider of health or welfare benefits from paying any otherwise valid claim.

      (1967, P.A. 627, S. 4, 11; 1969, P.A. 793, S. 2; P.A. 73-111; P.A. 75-255; 75-364; 75-521, S. 3, 6; 75-585; P.A. 76-310, S. 1, 2; 76-341; P.A. 77-36; 77-614, S. 302, 610; P.A. 78-218, S. 65; P.A. 79-128, S. 19, 36; P.A. 80-113, S. 1, 2; 80-138, S. 2, 3; P.A. 81-187; 81-432, S. 1, 11; P.A. 82-311, S. 1, 4; P.A. 83-169, S. 8; 83-265, S. 1, 2; P.A. 84-255, S. 7, 21; P.A. 85-473, S. 1, 3; 85-491, S. 1, 3; P.A. 86-333, S. 6, 32; P.A. 87-324, S. 1, 2; 87-499, S. 2, 25, 26, 34; P.A. 88-360, S. 11, 12, 63; P.A. 89-315, S. 1, 3; P.A. 90-230, S. 14, 101; P.A. 91-16, S. 1, 2; 91-277, S. 4, 6; P.A. 92-170, S. 8, 26; 92-262, S. 10, 11, 42; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; 93-352, S. 1, 3; 93-353, S. 47, 52; 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 94-245, S. 29, 41, 46; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-6, S. 1, 28; P.A. 95-237, S. 1, 5, 7; 95-257, S. 11, 12, 21, 32, 58; 95-259, S. 10, 32; P.A. 96-146, S. 2- 4, 12; P.A. 97-114, S. 1, 2; P.A. 98-168, S. 2, 3, 26; 98-252, S. 8, 80; P.A. 99-279, S. 4, 45; P.A. 00-48, S. 3, 10-12; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-1, S. 39, 54; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-3, S. 54; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6, S. 3, 4, 244, 245; P.A. 05-141, S. 3; 05-245, S. 18; P.A. 06-13, S. 4; 06-18, S. 1-3; 06-188, S. 26; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a); 07-147, S. 5.)

      History: 1969 act amended Subsec. (a) to delete reference to repealed Sec. 10-94a, to substitute Sec. 10-76g for 10-76h and to require school board to "prescribe suitable educational programs for eligible children", amended Subsec. (b) to delete provisions concerning special classes for educable and trainable mentally retarded children, making former Subdiv. (2) applicable to all children requiring special education and renumbering Subdivs. (2) and (3) as (1) and (2), made minor changes to Subsecs. (c) and (d) and added provisions in Subsec. (d) concerning school board's payments to meet child's needs in private school, hospital or other institution and amended Subsec. (e) to add limitation on board's financial responsibility toward expenses of children placed in residential facilities; P.A. 73-111 amended Subsec. (a) to replace Sec. 10-76g with 10-76h reference and to require boards to inform parents of children requiring special education of special education laws; P.A. 75-255 amended Subsec. (a) to require notice to parents of meeting to prepare educational program for child and to allow parent's participation in meeting; P.A. 75-364 amended Subsec. (d) to clarify provisions concerning private schools which may supply child's needs; P.A. 75-521 added Subsecs. (f) and (g); P.A. 75-585 added provisions in Subsec. (b) concerning preschool education supplied through private school; P.A. 76-310 required that contracts between school board and private school contain program description, goals and objectives of child's progress and timetable for returning child to community or transferring him to another institution in order for expenses to be reimbursable; P.A. 76-341 added Subsec. (g)(2) re children in private facilities for more than three years; P.A. 77-36 amended Subsec. (a) to allow parents to have advisors at meetings to determine child's educational program; P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of education for secretary of the state board of education, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-218 substituted "board of education" for "district" and "local" for "town"; P.A. 79-128 substituted "grant" for "reimbursement" in Subsec. (b) and "payment" for "reimbursement" in Subsecs. (d) and (e); P.A. 80-113 added Subsec. (h); P.A. 80-138 amended Subsec. (e) to provide for reimbursement of parent or guardian when parent's placement preferred to board's program by hearing board; P.A. 81-187 amended Subsec. (e) to specify transportation of children requiring special education be "curb-to-curb" transportation to and from child's residence, unless otherwise agreed upon by the board and child's parent or guardian; P.A. 81-432 added Subsec. (e)(2) and (3) clarifying educational and financial responsibility for children placed by public agencies; P.A. 82-311 amended Subsec. (e) clarifying provisions of P.A. 81-432 concerning state agency placements of children by: Limiting school board responsibility for transporting handicapped children "curb to curb" to mean not beyond the curb of their residence, clarifying that the educational and financial responsibility for children for whom no other board of education can be identified rests with the school district in which the child is placed, requiring the placing agency to provide to the district where the child is placed current and accurate information for the purpose of determining if a responsible school district exists, creating a uniform system of payments for towns which educate children who reside on state property, and clarifying that funding or tuition received by school boards for educating handicapped children placed by state agencies is credited to the school board's accounts only when such payments exceed the receiving board's budget estimates for educating these children; P.A. 83-169 amended Subsec. (e) to delete reference to "special" school districts; P.A. 83-265 clarified provisions relating to payment for children who reside on state-owned or leased property or in permanent family residences and who are not educational responsibility of unified school districts; P.A. 84-255 amended Subsec. (a) deleting obsolete provision relating to the exclusion or exemption from school privileges of any child requiring special education; P.A. 85-473 inserted new Subsec. (e)(4) re residents of department of mental health facilities who are between the ages of 18 and 21, renumbering former Subdiv. (4) accordingly; P.A. 85-491 amended Subsec. (e)(3) to provide that adoption of a child residing in a permanent family residence by a person providing foster care in the residence does not affect school district's eligibility for reimbursement; P.A. 86-333 in Subsec. (e)(2) substituted 1987 for 1982 and added placements in day treatment facilities to types of placements to which the subdivision applies, in Subsec. (e)(4) provided that boards submit reports of expenditures and that grant adjustments be made for overpayments or underpayments, in Subsec. (e)(5) substituted October for September as the time on or before which estimates of the cost of providing special education must be filed and made other technical changes; P.A. 87-324, in Subsec. (a), provided for individual transition plans commencing with the 1988-1989 school year; P.A. 87-499 amended Subsec. (b) to describe when a private facility need not be approved by the commissioner of education, added Subsec. (d)(3) requiring, with phase-in provisions, that private facilities be approved and changed a payment date in Subsec. (e)(4) from August to September and the report submission date from January to August fifteenth; P.A. 88-360 in Subsec. (a) increased the minimum number of school days for prior notice of a planning and placement team meeting from 3 to 5 and in Subsec. (e)(4) added references to the Connecticut alcohol and drug abuse commission; P.A. 89-315 in Subsec. (a) added provisions re reimbursement from Medicaid for special education costs and made a technical change; P.A. 90-230 made a technical change in Subsec. (b); P.A. 91-16 divided Subsec. (a) into Subdivs., limited the determination of eligibility for Medicaid to towns in which the number of children receiving aid to families with dependent children exceeds 75, and added language requiring parents or guardians to be notified of the possible consequences of accessing private insurance and prohibiting the denial of special education due to refusal to access private insurance or Medicaid; P.A. 91-277 made a technical change in Subsec. (e)(1); the references in Subdivs. (2) and (3) of Subsec. (e) to "section 17a-38" were corrected editorially to "section 17a-37" in 1993; P.A. 92-170 amended Subsec. (e) to require that board of education be notified when payments are made to town treasurer; P.A. 92-262 amended Subsec. (a)(6) to add provisions concerning transition services and authorized transition services as part of a child's program before his fifteenth birthday and amended Subsec. (d) to add the reference to group homes; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-352 designated Subsec. (e)(4) as Subpara. (A) and deleted provisions dealing with the department of mental health and added separate Subpara. (B) concerning the department of mental health, effective August 15, 1993; P.A. 93-353 amended Subsec. (a) to specify in Subdiv. (7) that notice shall be given before the board proposes to or refuses to initiate or change the child's identification, evaluation, or educational placement and added requirement that each board have in effect at the beginning of the school year an educational program for each child who has been identified as eligible for special education, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-381 replaced department and commissioner of health services and Connecticut alcohol and drug abuse commission and executive director with department and commissioner of public health and addiction services, respectively, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 94-245 amended Subsec. (b) to remove obsolete language concerning preschool special education, effective June 2, 1994, and amended Subsec. (e)(2) to add provisions dealing with school districts which have a large number of children placed in foster homes, effective July 1, 1994; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-6 amended Subsec. (a)(2) to change the criteria for towns to be required to determine Medicaid eligibility from any town in which the number of children exceeds 75 to any town in which the "average number of children ages three to twenty-one enrolled in the Medicaid program on October first of each of the previous three years equals or exceeds one thousand", to remove requirement for the towns to request permission of the parent or guardian of such child to access private insurance and to notify them that accessing private insurance may affect benefits available through such insurance or costs to be paid to maintain such insurance, to replace the requirement for the board of education to request written permission of the parent or guardian to request Medicaid payment and to request such payment with a requirement, upon notification by the planning and placement team that the child is a recipient, to submit documentation of the provision and costs of Medicaid eligible special education and related services to the commissioner; added Subdivs. (4) to (7), inclusive, re Medicaid eligible payments and grants and renumbered Subdivs. (8) to (11), inclusive, in Subdiv. (8) requiring that payments be made to the town or regional school district which has incurred such costs and be deemed to be appropriated to the board of education and removed language limiting the districts use of such payments and in Subdiv. (9) changing the date for notification of whether a town will be required to comply from "by August 1, 1991" and "annually thereafter" to "by July 30, 1994, and by April first annually thereafter" and making the description of the children consistent with Subdiv. (2), effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 95-237 amended Subsec. (a)(11) to increase the requirements for notification and to make technical changes in said Subdiv. and amended Subsec. (e) to change the party who is financially liable for the cost of special education for children placed by the Department of Children and Families after July 1, 1995, in cases in which the local or regional board of education under whose jurisdiction the child would otherwise be attending school cannot be identified and to make numerous technical changes, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995 and deleted Subsec. (e)(4)(A) re services by the former Department of Public Health and Addiction Services and replaced Department of Mental Health with Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-259 amended Subsec. (a)(2) to raise the threshold for the determination of Medicaid eligibility from 1,000 to 5,000 children, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 96-146 amended Subsec. (a)(2) to (4), inclusive, to substitute determination of a child's Medicaid enrollment status for a determination of whether a child is eligible for Medicaid, to provide for the sharing of information with the state's Medicaid agent for specified purposes, to add references to the commissioner's authorized agent and to make technical changes and made technical changes in Subsecs. (b) and (c), effective July 1, 1996, and amended Subsec. (e)(2) to add the notification requirements for the Department of Children and Families and the requirement for the convening of a planning and placement team meeting within 30 days of placement and participation of said department at the meeting, to remove a requirement that said department meet with representatives of the board of education under whose jurisdiction the child attended school or in whose district the child resided at the time of removal to review the child's individualized education plan, to cap the financial responsibility of a board of education during the period it is responsible for the cost of special education and related services and to provide for the payment of any costs in excess of such board's basic contributions by the State Board of Education on a current basis, and to add provision concerning the responsibility of Unified School District #2 for the provision of special education and related services and the cost of such education and services provided at a private residential institution to a child for whom no local or regional board of education can be found responsible under Subsec. (b), effective May 29, 1996; P.A. 97-114 amended Subsec. (d) to add provision that notwithstanding Subdiv. (2) and regulations concerning placement priorities, placements and payment pursuant to Sec. 10-76g may be made if public arrangements are more costly and private facilities meet the educational needs of the child and their programs are suitable and efficacious, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 98-168 amended Subsec. (b) to make a technical change and amended Subsec. (e)(2) to change one method for determining the financial responsibility of local and regional boards of education from "two and one-half times" the average to the average per pupil educational costs, effective July 1, 1998; P.A. 98-252 amended Subsec. (e)(5) to change the time frames for the original submission from October to December, for the claim for additional children or costs from April to February and for the payments from December and June to February and April, to increase the amount of the first payment from 50% to 75% and to make technical changes, effective July 1, 1998 (Revisor's note: In Subsec. (a)(11) a reference to "... pupil who is an emaciated minor ..." was changed editorially by the Revisors to "... pupil who is an emancipated minor ..." to correct an error in the codification of P.A. 95-237); P.A. 99-279 amended Subsec. (a)(2) by deleting requirement that local or regional board of education determine Medicaid enrollment status of children for any town in which the average number of children ages 3 to 21 enrolled in the Medicaid program equals or exceeds 5,000 and by substituting in lieu thereof that any local or regional board of education may determine a child's Medicaid enrollment status and by adding "For the purpose of determining Medicaid rates for Medicaid eligible special education and related services based on an actual cost method, the local or regional board of education shall submit documentation of the costs and utilization of Medicaid eligible special education and related services for all students receiving such services to the Commissioner of Social Services or to the commissioner's authorized agent at such time and in such manner as prescribed." and provision authorizing commissioner to use information received from local or regional boards of education for purposes of determining Medicaid rates for Medicaid eligible special education and related services, deleted all provisions in former Subsec. (a)(3) and (4), adding in new Subdiv. (3) provisions as follows: "Beginning with the fiscal year ending June 30, 2000, the Commissioner of Social Services shall make grant payments to local or regional boards of education in amounts representing 60% of the federal portion of Medicaid claims processed for Medicaid eligible special education and related services provided to Medicaid eligible students in the school district. Such grant payments shall be made on at least a quarterly basis and may represent estimates of amounts due to local or regional boards of education. Any grant payments made on an estimated basis, including payments made by the Department of Education for the fiscal years prior to the fiscal year ending June 30, 2000, shall be subsequently reconciled to grant amounts due based upon filed and accepted Medicaid claims and Medicaid rates. If, upon review, it is determined that a grant payment or portion of a grant payment was made for ineligible or disallowed Medicaid claims, the local or regional board of education shall reimburse the Department of Social Services for any grant payment amount received based upon ineligible or disallowed Medicaid claims.", deleting from the new Subdiv. (4) (formerly Subdiv. (5)) requirement that rates for Medicaid eligible special education and related services be determined annually and that such rates reflect the reasonable average monthly cost per student of Medicaid eligible special education and related services for the current year, deleted all provisions in former Subsec. (a)(7), substituting in the new Subdiv. (6) (formerly Subdiv. (8)) "local or regional board of education" for "town or regional school district", deleted all provisions in former Subdiv. (9), renumbering the remaining Subdivs. accordingly, added in new Subsec. (a)(9) provisions re regulations and made technical changes throughout, effective July 1, 1999; P.A. 00-48 rewrote Subsec. (a)(7), changing the time frame for the development of the statement of transition service needs from age 15 to age 14 and requiring the statement to focus on courses of study, made a technical change in Subsec. (d) and amended Subsec. (e)(4) to change the time for the payment of 85% of the estimated cost from September to July, effective July 1, 2000; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 01-1 amended Subsec. (e)(5) to change the submission deadline for claims from February to March first and to change the date for the payment of the balance from April to May, effective July 1, 2001; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-3 amended Subsec. (a)(3) to provide that beginning in the fiscal year ending June 30, 2004, grant payments made by the Commissioner of Social Services to local or regional boards of education shall be reduced from 60% to 50% of the federal portion of Medicaid claims processed for Medicaid eligible special education and related services provided to Medicaid eligible students in the school district", effective August 20, 2003; June 30 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-6 amended Subsec. (a)(1) by changing "school-age children" to "children", amended Subsec. (a)(7) by adding provision re federal Individuals With Disabilities Education Act and by deleting provisions re a student's individualized education program and a detailed provision of transition services including interagency responsibilities, and amended Subsec. (e)(2) by making a technical change, adding language re proportional reductions in grants for fiscal years ending June 30, 2004, and June 30, 2005, in Subdivs. (2) and (3), effective August 20, 2003; P.A. 05-141 added new Subsec. (a)(9) re services deemed eligible for reimbursement under the Medicaid program, redesignating existing Subdiv. (9) as Subdiv. (10), effective June 24, 2005; P.A. 05-245 amended Subsec. (e)(2) to include offices of a government of a federally recognized Native American tribe as a public agency making placements and to extend the proportional reduction of grants through the fiscal year ending June 30, 2007, effective July 1, 2005; P.A. 06-13 made technical changes in Subsec. (e)(1), effective May 2, 2006; P.A. 06-18 amended Subsec. (a)(1) by replacing "suitable" with "appropriate" and adding language re the Controlled Substances Act and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, amended Subsec. (d) by changing "suitability" to "appropriateness" and "suitable" to "appropriate", and amended Subsec. (f) by changing "suitable" to "appropriate", effective July 1, 2006; P.A. 06-188 amended Subsec. (a)(9) to insert provision notwithstanding the general statutes, provide that certain recommended items of durable medical equipment, eligible for reimbursement under the Medicaid program, may be subject to prior authorization requirements established by the Commissioner of Social Services, delete requirement that diagnostic and evaluation services be specified on the individualized education program for Medicaid reimbursement purposes and make a technical change, effective July 1, 2006; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Department of Mental Retardation" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007; P.A. 07-147 amended Subsec. (a)(8) by designating existing language as Subpara. (A) and adding Subpara. (B) to require local or regional boards of education at each initial planning and placement team meeting to inform the parent, guardian, surrogate parent or pupil of laws relating to physical restraint and seclusion.

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      Sec. 10-76i. Advisory Council for Special Education. (a) There shall be an Advisory Council for Special Education which shall advise the General Assembly, State Board of Education and the Commissioner of Education, and which shall engage in such other activities as described in this section. Said advisory council shall consist of the following members: (1) Two appointed by the Commissioner of Education, one of whom shall be an official of the Department of Education and one of whom shall be a representative of an institution of higher education in the state that prepares teacher and related services personnel; (2) two appointed by the Commissioner of Developmental Services, one of whom shall be an official of the department and one of whom shall be a person with disabilities or a parent of such a person; (3) two appointed by the Commissioner of Children and Families, one of whom shall be an official of the department and one of whom shall be a person with disabilities or a parent or foster parent of such a person; (4) one appointed by the Commissioner of Correction; (5) four who are members of the General Assembly, one appointed by the majority leader of the House of Representatives, one appointed by the minority leader of the House of Representatives, one appointed by the president pro tempore of the Senate and one appointed by the minority leader of the Senate; (6) three appointed by the president pro tempore of the Senate, one of whom shall be a member of the Connecticut Association of Boards of Education, one of whom shall be a member of the Connecticut Speech-Language-Hearing Association and one of whom shall be a person with disabilities or the parent of such a person; (7) two appointed by the majority leader of the Senate one of whom shall be a person with disabilities or the parent of such a person and one of whom shall be a regular education teacher; (8) four appointed by the minority leader of the Senate, one of whom shall be a representative of a vocational, community or business organization concerned with the provision of transitional services to children with disabilities, one of whom shall be a member of the Connecticut Association of Private Special Education Facilities and two of whom shall be persons with disabilities or the parents of such persons; (9) three appointed by the speaker of the House of Representatives, one of whom shall be a member of the Connecticut Association of School Administrators and a local education official, one of whom shall be a person with disabilities or the parent of such a person and one of whom shall be a member of the literacy coalition and a person with disabilities or the parent of such a person; (10) two appointed by the majority leader of the House of Representatives, one of whom shall be a person working in the field of special-education-related services and one of whom shall be a person with disabilities or the parent of such a person; (11) four appointed by the minority leader of the House of Representatives, two of whom shall be persons with disabilities or the parents of such persons, one of whom shall be a member of the Connecticut Association of Pupil Personnel Administrators and an administrator of a program for children who require special education, and one of whom shall be a special education teacher; (12) eight appointed by the Governor, all of whom shall be persons with disabilities or parents of such persons and one of whom shall also be associated with a charter school; and (13) such other members as required by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 20 USC 1400 et seq., as amended from time to time, appointed by the Commissioner of Education. The terms of the present members shall expire on June 30, 1998. Appointments shall be made to the council by July 1, 1998. Members shall serve two-year terms, except that members appointed pursuant to subdivisions (1) to (4), inclusive, and (12) of this subsection whose terms commenced July 1, 1998, shall serve three-year terms and the successors to such members appointed pursuant to said subdivisions shall serve two-year terms.

      (b) Said advisory council shall elect annually its own chairperson and other officers as deemed necessary. The council shall meet at least once during each calendar quarter and at such other times as the chairperson deems necessary or upon the request of a majority of members in office. The State Board of Education shall meet at least annually with the council to review the state plan for the provision of special education. A majority of the members in office, but not less than ten, shall constitute a quorum. Any member who fails to attend fifty per cent of all meetings held during any calendar year shall be deemed to have resigned from office. The member appointed by the Commissioner of Education who is an official of the department shall meet with and act as secretary to the advisory council. Members of the advisory council shall serve without compensation, but shall be reimbursed for all reasonable expenses incurred in the performance of their duties. The Department of Education shall provide secretarial and administrative assistance to facilitate the activity of the advisory council. The Department of Higher Education shall appoint a liaison person to the advisory council.

      (c) The advisory council shall: (1) Advise the Department of Education of unmet needs in educating children with disabilities and on the administration of the provisions of sections 10-94f to 10-94k, inclusive; (2) review periodically the laws, regulations, standards and guidelines pertaining to special education and recommend to the General Assembly and the State Board of Education any changes which it finds necessary; (3) comment on any new or revised regulations, standards and guidelines proposed for issuance; (4) participate with the State Board of Education in the development of any state eligibility documents for provision of special education; (5) comment publicly on any procedures necessary for distributing federal funds received pursuant to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 20 USC 1400 et seq., as from time to time amended; (6) assist the Department of Education in developing and reporting such data and evaluations as may be conducted pursuant to the provisions of said act; (7) report to the General Assembly not later than January fifteenth in the odd-numbered years and not later than February fifteenth in the even-numbered years, concerning recommendations for effecting changes in the special education laws; and (8) perform any other activity that is required by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 20 USC 1400, et seq., as from time to time amended.

      (1972, P.A. 167; P.A. 73-323; P.A. 77-402; 77-573, S. 24, 30; 77-614, S. 303, 610; P.A. 78-218, S. 68, 69, 212; P.A. 82-218, S. 38, 46; 82-314, S. 49, 63; P.A. 84-256, S. 1, 17; P.A. 91-277, S. 3, 6; P.A. 92-262, S. 13, 42; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; P.A. 94-245, S. 34, 46; P.A. 95-312, S. 1, 2; P.A. 96-161, S. 10, 13; P.A. 97-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 98-168, S. 12, 26; P.A. 00-220, S. 6, 43; P.A. 01-173, S. 12, 49, 67; P.A. 03-76, S. 41; P.A. 06-18, S. 7; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(b).)

      History: P.A. 73-323 amended Subsec. (d) to require that review take place on or before February first; P.A. 77-402 required that advisory council include at least one handicapped person; P.A. 77-573 substituted board of higher education for commission for higher education; P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of education for secretary of the state board of education and replaced former provisions concerning terms of first appointees, filling of vacancies and two-term limit on service with provision calling for four-year terms and setting expiration date of February 28, 1979, for present members, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-218 substituted "local or regional boards of education" for "town or regional school districts" and "chairperson" for "chairman" and changed deadline for review in Subsec. (d) from February first to February fifteenth; P.A. 82-218 replaced board of higher education with department of higher education pursuant to reorganization of higher education system, effective March 1, 1983; P.A. 82-314 changed official name of education committee; P.A. 84-256 amended section to add attendance and quorum requirements and to require council to advise department re unmet needs in educating handicapped children and administration of Secs. 10-94f to 10-94k, inclusive, comment on state plan and procedures for distributing federal funds and assist department in developing and reporting data and evaluations and to delete requirements concerning annual joint review with general assembly's education committee; P.A. 91-277 added prohibition against serving more than two consecutive terms and removed obsolete language; P.A. 92-262 provided that the committee also advise the general assembly and report to the general assembly on recommendations for changing special education laws, and that the terms of members expire on June 20, 1992, and specified the membership of a new larger committee; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 94-245 deleted provision prohibiting more than two consecutive full terms, effective June 2, 1994; P.A. 95-312 amended Subsec. (a) to increase the membership from 25 to 28 and to add provisions concerning the early expiration of the terms of some members which were due to expire on June 30, 1996, effective July 6, 1995; P.A. 96-161 amended Subsec. (c) to remove obsolete Subdiv. (5) and to renumber remaining Subdivs. accordingly, effective July 1, 1996; P.A. 97-98 amended Subsec. (b) to delete provision that member who fails to attend three consecutive meetings is deemed to have resigned and to make technical changes, effective June 6, 1997; P.A. 98-168 amended Subsec. (a) to specify that the terms of existing members expire on June 30, 1998 and to change the membership of the council, amended Subsec. (b) to add the requirement for the State Board of Education to meet at least annually with the council, and made technical changes, effective June 4, 1998; P.A. 00-220 amended Subsec. (a)(10) to substitute person working in the field of special-education-related services for a member of the Connecticut Association of Urban Schools, and added provision for staggered terms, effective July 1, 2000; P.A. 01-173 amended Subsec. (a) to make a technical change, effective July 1, 2001, and amended Subsec. (c)(4) to substitute "eligibility documents" for "plan" and (c)(5) to update reference to the federal act and added Subsec. (c)(8) re other activity required by the federal act, effective July 6, 2001; P.A. 03-76 made technical changes in Subsecs. (b) and (c), effective June 3, 2003; P.A. 06-18 added Subsec. (a)(13) re members required by the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, effective July 1, 2006; pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Commissioner of Mental Retardation" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Commissioner of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007.

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PART VI
VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS, EDUCATION AND REHABILITATION

      Sec. 10-95h. Advisory committee on regional vocational-technical schools. There is established a state-wide advisory committee, which shall meet at least semiannually, to (1) identify emerging state and national workforce needs and trade technology programs for the regional vocational-technical school system to meet such needs; (2) identify the workforce skills that will be needed for the next thirty years and ensure that the curriculum of the regional vocational-technical school system is incorporating such skills into the regional vocational-technical schools; (3) ensure that all students who graduate from the regional vocational-technical school system have communication, leadership, teamwork and problem-solving skills, in addition to expertise in a trade technology; (4) assess the adequacy of the resources available to the regional vocational-technical school system as the system develops and refines programs to meet existing and emerging workforce needs; and (5) advise and make recommendations to the State Board of Education to carry out the provisions of subdivisions (1) to (4), inclusive, of this section. The committee shall consist of nineteen members as follows: (A) Two appointed by the speaker of the House of Representatives, who shall be representatives of business, holding the title of chief executive officer, president, chief operating officer or the equivalents thereof, drawn from key industry, service and manufacturing firms with more than one thousand full-time employees; (B) two appointed by the president pro tempore of the Senate, who shall be representatives of business, holding the title of chief executive officer, president, chief operating officer or the equivalents thereof, drawn from key industry, service and manufacturing firms with more than one thousand full-time employees; (C) one appointed by the majority leader of the House of Representatives who shall be a representative of business, holding the title of chief executive officer, president, chief operating officer or the equivalents thereof, drawn from key industry, service and manufacturing firms with five hundred or more full-time employees, but not more than one thousand full-time employees; (D) one appointed by the majority leader of the Senate who shall be a representative of business, holding the title of chief executive officer, president, chief operating officer or the equivalents thereof, drawn from key industry, service and manufacturing firms with five hundred or more full-time employees, but not more than one thousand full-time employees; (E) one appointed by the minority leader of the House of Representatives who shall be a representative of business, holding the title of chief executive officer, president, chief operating officer or the equivalents thereof, drawn from key industry, service and manufacturing firms with five hundred or more full-time employees, but not more than one thousand full-time employees; (F) one appointed by the minority leader of the Senate who shall be a representative of business, holding the title of chief executive officer, president, chief operating officer or the equivalents thereof, drawn from key industry, service and manufacturing firms with fewer than five hundred full-time employees; (G) two persons appointed by the Governor who shall be representatives of business, holding the title of chief executive officer, president, chief operating officer or the equivalents thereof, drawn from key industry, service and manufacturing firms with fewer than five hundred full-time employees; (H) the Commissioner of Education, or the commissioner's designee; (I) the Labor Commissioner, or the commissioner's designee; (J) the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, or the commissioner's designee; (K) a representative from the Office of Workforce Competitiveness; (L) the chairperson of the State Board of Education, or the chairperson's designee; and (M) the cochairpersons and ranking members of the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to education. The committee membership shall reflect the state's geographic, racial and ethnic diversity.

      (P.A. 88-330, S. 1, 5; P.A. 97-136, S. 1; P.A. 07-40, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 97-136 added recommendations on role of school craft committees and alternative technical training models to the duties of the committee; P.A. 07-40 added semiannual meeting requirement, replaced recommendations to be made by committee in former Subdivs. (1) to (4) with duties of committee in new Subdivs. (1) to (5), increased membership of committee to 19 and replaced former appointment process with new process in Subparas. (A) to (M), effective July 1, 2007.

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      Sec. 10-97. Transportation to vocational schools. (a) The board of education of any town or, where the boards of education of constituent towns have so agreed, any regional school district shall provide the reasonable and necessary transportation, except as provided in section 10-233c, for any student under twenty-one years of age who is not a graduate of a high school or vocational school and who resides with a parent or guardian in such town or regional school district or who belongs to such town, and who attends a state or state-approved vocational secondary school within such local or regional school district as a regular all-day student or as a high school cooperative student, and for any such student who attends any such school in a town other than the town of his residence. When the cost of such transportation out-of-town would exceed the sum of two hundred dollars per year, said board of education may elect to maintain such student in the town where he or she attends such vocational school and for the cost of such maintenance the local or regional school district shall be reimbursed in the same manner and to the same extent as in the case of payment for transportation. Each such board's reimbursement percentage pursuant to section 10-266m for expenditures in excess of eight hundred dollars per pupil incurred in the fiscal year beginning July 1, 1987, and in each fiscal year thereafter, shall be increased by an additional twenty percentage points.

      (b) Any local or regional board of education which does not furnish vocational agricultural training approved by the State Board of Education shall designate a school or schools having such a course approved by the State Board of Education as the school which any person may attend who has completed an elementary school course through the eighth grade. The board of education shall pay the tuition and reasonable and necessary cost of transportation of any person under twenty-one years of age who is not a graduate of a high school or vocational school and who attends the designated school, provided transportation services may be suspended in accordance with the provisions of section 10-233c. Each such board's reimbursement percentage pursuant to section 10-266m for expenditures in excess of eight hundred dollars per pupil incurred in the fiscal year beginning July 1, 1987, and in each fiscal year thereafter, shall be increased by an additional twenty percentage points.

      (c) Any local or regional board of education which transports students to a state or state-approved vocational secondary school, or school furnishing vocational agricultural training shall be reimbursed for a portion of such pupil transportation annually in accordance with the provisions of section 10-266m, and the provisions of subsections (a) and (b) of this section relating to reimbursement percentages, provided the reimbursement for transportation costs to a school furnishing vocational agricultural training shall not exceed an amount equal to such reimbursement of the costs of transporting such pupils to the school furnishing a full program of vocational agricultural training nearest to the sending school district at the time of the pupil's initial enrollment in the program. Application for such reimbursement shall be made by the board of education to the State Board of Education at such time and in such manner as said state board prescribes. The provisions of this section shall apply to a veteran who served in time of war, as defined by section 27-103, without regard to age or whether or not such veteran resides with a parent or guardian provided such veteran is attending a state or state-approved vocational secondary school.

      (d) The parents or guardian of any student or any veteran over twenty-one who is denied the reasonable and necessary transportation required in this section may appeal such lack of transportation in the same manner as is provided in sections 10-186 and 10-187.

      (e) For purposes of this section, a local or regional board of education shall not be required to expend for transporting a student to a regional vocational-technical school or a vocational-agriculture center an amount greater than six thousand dollars, except that a board of education shall continue to pay the reasonable and necessary costs of transporting a student who is enrolled in such a school or center on July 1, 1996, until such student completes the program at such school or center.

      (1949 Rev., S. 1406; 1951, 1953, S. 933d; 1957, P.A. 163, S. 20; 1959, P.A. 178, S. 1; 1961, P.A. 392; 1963, P.A. 445; 1967, P.A. 190, S. 1; 1969, P.A. 603, S. 1; P.A. 77-614, S. 302, 610; P.A. 78-218, S. 80; 78-272, S. 1, 6; P.A. 79-128, S. 27, 36; P.A. 80-404, S. 2, 4; P.A. 82-133, S. 1, 2; P.A. 83-32, S. 1, 2; 83-119, S. 3, 8; P.A. 86-71, S. 1, 11; P.A. 88-136, S. 6, 7, 37; P.A. 96-161, S. 4, 13; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-5, S. 46.)

      History: 1959 act added provisions concerning vocational agricultural training and added provision granting right of appeal upon denial of transportation; 1961 act added references to technical institutes and substituted the superintendent of schools for the secretary of the local board of education as the certifying agent; 1963 act included regional school districts, raised the maximum annual expenditure per pupil from $300 to $400 and the maximum state aid per pupil for transportation from $150 to $200; 1967 act deleted requirement that comptroller draw fund for reimbursement in July, deleted specific requirement that payment be made from funds available for high school transportation and deleted listing of specific information to be certified to state board, replacing these specific statements with general provision that boards shall apply for reimbursement at such time and in such manner as state board prescribes and changed amount of reimbursement to an average of $200 per pupil; 1969 act substituted "technical college" for "technical institute" and clearly distinguished between transportation costs for students to schools within town and out of town by adding provision limiting reimbursement for transportation within town to 50% of cost not exceeding $20 per pupil annually and making technical changes; P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of education for secretary of the state board of education, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-218 divided section into subsecs. and made technical changes for clarity, i.e. specifying secondary school rather than schools "other than a technical college", etc.; P.A. 78-272 changed average dollar amount of reimbursement for in-town transportation from $20 to $30 per pupil; P.A. 79-128 replaced former provisions for reimbursement in Subsec. (c) with statement that reimbursement be in accordance with Secs. 10-266m and 10-266n except as provided; P.A. 80-404 clarified provision in Subsec. (c) placing limits on reimbursement; P.A. 82-133 clarified that school district responsibility for transporting students to vocational schools does not extend to students who have already graduated from high school or vocational school; P.A. 83-32 amended Subsec. (a) to limit transportation expenditures for any one pupil to $800 per school year; P.A. 83-119 authorized board of education to suspend transportation services; P.A. 86-71 in Subsecs. (a) and (b) limited the provision that a board of education not be required to expend more than $800 prior to the fiscal year beginning July 1, 1987, and added that thereafter there would be an increase in the reimbursement percentage and in Subsec. (c) added references to Subsecs. (a) and (b) and deleted the reference to Sec. 10-266n which was repealed; P.A. 88-136 in Subsec. (a) deleted an obsolete provision applicable to the school years prior to the fiscal year beginning July 1, 1987, and deleted in Subsec. (b) a provision applicable to the school years prior to the fiscal year beginning July 1, 1987; P.A. 96-161 added Subsec. (e) re cap on required expenditures, effective July 1, 1996; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-5 amended Subsec. (e) to change cap from amount of foundation to $6,000, effective October 6, 2007.

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