CHAPTER 135
DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMIC AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT:
UNIFORM RELOCATION ASSISTANCE ACT

Table of Contents

Sec. 8-267. Definitions.
Sec. 8-268. Payment for displacement expenses and losses. Moving expenses and dislocation allowances. Fixed payments. Landlord's responsibility in certain cases.
Sec. 8-269. Additional payment to owner displaced from dwelling.
Sec. 8-270. Additional payment for persons displaced from dwelling. Landlord's responsibility in certain cases.
Sec. 8-271. Relocation assistance advisory program.
Sec. 8-273a. Relocation assistance by Commissioner of Transportation. Outdoor advertising structures. Appeals.

      Sec. 8-267. Definitions. As used in this chapter:

      (1) "State agency" means any department, agency or instrumentality of the state or of a political subdivision of the state, or local housing authorities, or any department, agency or instrumentality of two or more political subdivisions of the state, but shall not include community housing development corporations authorized under section 8-217;

      (2) "Person" means any individual, partnership, corporation, limited liability company or association;

      (3) "Displaced person" means (A) any person who, on or after July 6, 1971, moves from real property, or moves his or her personal property from real property, as a result of the acquisition of such real property, in whole or in part, or as the result of the written order of the acquiring agency to vacate real property, for a program or project undertaken by or supervised by a state agency or unit of local government and solely for the purposes of subsections (a) and (b) of section 8-268 and section 8-271 as a result of the acquisition of or as a result of the written order of the acquiring agency to vacate other real property, on which such person conducts a business or farm operation, for such program or project; or (B) any person who so moves as the direct result of code enforcement activities or a program of rehabilitation of buildings pursuant to such governmental program or under such governmental supervision, except a business which moves from real property or which moves its personal property from real property acquired by a state agency when such move occurs at the end of a lease term or as a result of eviction for nonpayment of rent, provided the state agency acquired the property at least ten years before the move;

      (4) "Nonprofit organization" means an association incorporated under chapter 598 or 602, or any predecessor statutes thereto;

      (5) "Business" means any lawful activity, excepting a farm operation, conducted primarily (A) for the purchase, sale, lease and rental of personal and real property, and for the manufacture, processing or marketing of products, commodities or any other personal property; (B) for the sale of services to the public; (C) by a nonprofit organization; or (D) solely for the purposes of subsection (a) of section 8-268, for assisting in the purchase, sale, resale, manufacture, processing, or marketing of products, commodities, personal property, or services by the erection and maintenance of an outdoor advertising display or displays, whether or not such display or displays are located on the premises on which any of the above activities are conducted;

      (6) "Farm operation" means any activity conducted solely or primarily for the production of one or more agricultural products or commodities, including timber, for sale or home use, and customarily producing such products or commodities in sufficient quantity to be capable of contributing materially to the operator's support;

      (7) "Mortgage" means such classes of liens as are commonly given to secure advances on, or the unpaid purchase price of, real property, under the laws of this state, together with the credit instruments, if any, secured thereby.

      (1971, P.A. 838, S. 2; P.A. 79-518, S. 1, 6; P.A. 95-79, S. 16, 189; P.A. 98-246, S. 1; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 98-1, S. 104, 121; P.A. 06-196, S. 191; P.A. 07-217, S. 36.)

      History: P.A. 79-518 added reference to programs or projects "supervised by" as well as undertaken by state or local government or agency in Subdiv. (3); P.A. 95-79 redefined "person" to include a limited liability company, effective May 31, 1995; P.A. 98-246 redefined "displaced person" to exclude a business moving at the end of a lease from real property acquired by a state agency; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 98-1 revised effective date of P.A. 98-246 but without affecting this section; P.A. 06-196 made technical changes in Subdiv. (4), effective June 7, 2006; P.A. 07-217 made technical changes in Subdiv. (3), effective July 12, 2007.

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      Sec. 8-268. Payment for displacement expenses and losses. Moving expenses and dislocation allowances. Fixed payments. Landlord's responsibility in certain cases. (a) Whenever a program or project undertaken by a state agency or under the supervision of a state agency will result in the displacement of any person on or after July 6, 1971, the head of such state agency shall make payment to any displaced person, upon proper application as approved by such agency head, for (1) actual reasonable expenses in moving himself, his family, business, farm operation or other personal property, (2) actual direct losses of tangible personal property as a result of moving or discontinuing a business or farm operation, but not to exceed an amount equal to the reasonable expenses that would have been required to relocate such property, as determined by the state agency, and (3) actual reasonable expenses in searching for a replacement business or farm, provided, whenever any tenant in any dwelling unit is displaced as the result of the enforcement of any code to which this section is applicable by any town, city or borough or agency thereof, the landlord of such dwelling unit shall be liable for any payments made by such town, city or borough pursuant to this section or by the state pursuant to subsection (b) of section 8-280, and the town, city or borough or the state may place a lien on any real property owned by such landlord to secure repayment to the town, city or borough or the state of such payments, which lien shall have the same priority as and shall be filed, enforced and discharged in the same manner as a lien for municipal taxes under chapter 205.

      (b) Any displaced person eligible for payments under subsection (a) of this section who is displaced from a dwelling and who elects to accept the payments authorized by this subsection in lieu of the payments authorized by subsection (a) of this section may receive a moving expense allowance, determined according to a schedule established by the state agency, not to exceed three hundred dollars and a dislocation allowance of two hundred dollars.

      (c) Any displaced person eligible for payments under subsection (a) of this section who is displaced from the person's place of business or from the person's farm operation and who elects to accept the payment authorized by this subsection in lieu of the payment authorized by subsection (a) of this section, may receive a fixed payment in an amount equal to the average annual net earnings of the business or farm operation, except that such payment shall not be less than two thousand five hundred dollars nor more than ten thousand dollars. In the case of a business no payment shall be made under this subsection unless the state agency is satisfied that the business (1) cannot be relocated without a substantial loss of its existing patronage, and (2) is not a part of a commercial enterprise having at least one other establishment not being acquired by the state, which is engaged in the same or similar business. For purposes of this subsection, "average annual net earnings" means one half of any net earnings of the business or farm operation, before federal, state and local income taxes, during the two taxable years immediately preceding the taxable year in which such business or farm operation moves from the real property acquired for such project, or during such other period as such agency determines to be more equitable for establishing such earnings, and includes any compensation paid by the business or farm operation to the owner, the owner's spouse or the owner's dependents during such period.

      (d) Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, in the case of displacement of a person on or after October 1, 2007, because of acquisition of real property by a redevelopment agency pursuant to section 8-128, a development agency pursuant to section 8-193, or an implementing agency pursuant to section 32-224, pursuant to a redevelopment plan approved under chapter 130 or a development plan approved under chapter 132 or 588l, the agency shall make relocation payments as provided under the federal Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act of 1970, 42 USC 4601 et seq. and any subsequent amendments thereto and regulations promulgated thereunder if payments under said act and regulations would be greater than payments under this section and sections 8-269 and 8-270.

      (1971, P.A. 838, S. 3; P.A. 79-518, S. 2, 6; P.A. 82-399, S. 1; P.A. 86-307, S. 8, 12; P.A. 05-288, S. 46; P.A. 07-141, S. 13.)

      History: P.A. 79-518 amended Subsec. (a) by adding reference to programs or projects supervised by state agency and deleting reference to "acquisition of real property for" such programs or projects; P.A. 82-399 amended Subsec. (a) to provide for the liability of the landlord in certain code enforcement cases; P.A. 86-307 amended Subsec. (a) to make landlord liable for any payments made "by the state pursuant to subsection (b) of section 8-280" and to allow state to place lien on real property owned by landlord to secure repayment; P.A. 05-288 made a technical change in Subsec. (a), effective July 13, 2005; P.A. 07-141 made technical changes in Subsec. (c) and added Subsec. (d) re displacement assistance pursuant to federal requirements because of acquisition pursuant to Sec. 8-128, 8-193 or 32-224, effective October 1, 2007, and applicable to property acquired on or after that date.

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      Sec. 8-269. Additional payment to owner displaced from dwelling. (a) In addition to payments otherwise authorized by this chapter, the state agency shall make an additional payment not in excess of fifteen thousand dollars to any displaced person who is displaced from a dwelling actually owned and occupied by such displaced person for not less than one hundred and eighty days prior to the initiation of negotiations for the acquisition of the property. Such additional payment shall include the following elements: (1) The amount, if any, which when added to the acquisition cost of the dwelling acquired, equals the reasonable cost of a comparable replacement dwelling which is a decent, safe and sanitary dwelling adequate to accommodate such displaced person, reasonably accessible to public services and places of employment and available on the private market. All determinations required to carry out this subdivision shall be made by the applicable regulations issued pursuant to section 8-273; (2) the amount, if any, which will compensate such displaced person for any increased interest cost which such person is required to pay for financing the acquisition of any such comparable replacement dwelling. Such amount shall be paid only if the dwelling acquired was encumbered by a bona fide mortgage which was a valid lien on such dwelling for not less than one hundred and eighty days prior to the initiation of negotiations for the acquisition of such dwelling. Such amount shall be equal to the excess in the aggregate interest and other debt service costs of that amount of the principal of the mortgage on the replacement dwelling which is equal to the unpaid balance of the mortgage on the acquired dwelling, over the remainder term of the mortgage on the acquired dwelling, reduced to discounted present value. The discount rate shall be the prevailing interest rate on savings deposits by commercial banks in the general area in which the replacement dwelling is located; (3) reasonable expenses incurred by such displaced person for evidence of title, recording fees and other closing costs incident to the purchase of the replacement dwelling, but not including prepaid expenses.

      (b) The additional payment authorized by this section shall be made only to such a displaced person who purchases and occupies a replacement dwelling which is decent, safe and sanitary not later than the end of the one year period beginning on the date on which he receives final payment of all costs of the acquired dwelling, or on the date on which he moves from the acquired dwelling, whichever is the later date.

      (c) Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, in the case of displacement of a person on or after October 1, 2007, because of acquisition of real property by a redevelopment agency pursuant to section 8-128, a development agency pursuant to section 8-193, or an implementing agency pursuant to section 32-224, pursuant to a redevelopment plan approved under chapter 130 or a development plan approved under chapter 132 or 588l, the agency shall make relocation payments as provided under the federal Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act of 1970, 42 USC 4601 et seq. and any subsequent amendments thereto and regulations promulgated thereunder if payments under said act and regulations would be greater than payments under this section and sections 8-268 and 8-270.

      (1971, P.A. 838, S. 4; P.A. 06-196, S. 49; P.A. 07-141, S. 14.)

      History: P.A. 06-196 made a technical change in Subsec. (a)(1), effective June 7, 2006; P.A. 07-141 added Subsec. (c) re displacement assistance pursuant to federal requirements because of acquisition pursuant to Sec. 8-128, 8-193 or 32-224, effective October 1, 2007, and applicable to property acquired on or after that date.

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      Sec. 8-270. Additional payment for persons displaced from dwelling. Landlord's responsibility in certain cases. (a) In addition to amounts otherwise authorized by this chapter, a state agency shall make a payment to or for any displaced person displaced from any dwelling not eligible to receive a payment under section 8-269, which dwelling was actually and lawfully occupied by such displaced person for not less than ninety days prior to the initiation of negotiations for acquisition of such dwelling under the program or project which results in such person being displaced. Such payment shall be either (1) the amount necessary to enable such displaced person to lease or rent for a period not to exceed four years, a decent, safe, and sanitary dwelling of standards adequate to accommodate such person in areas not generally less desirable with regard to public utilities and public and commercial facilities, and reasonably accessible to such displaced person's place of employment, but not to exceed four thousand dollars, or (2) the amount necessary to enable such displaced person to make a down payment, including reasonable expenses incurred by such displaced person for evidence of title, recording fees, and other closing costs incident to the purchase of a decent, safe, and sanitary dwelling of standards adequate to accommodate such person in areas not generally less desirable with regard to public utilities and public and commercial facilities, but not to exceed four thousand dollars, except that if such amount exceeds two thousand dollars, such person must equally match any such amount in excess of two thousand dollars in making the downpayment, and provided, whenever any tenant in any dwelling unit is displaced as the result of the enforcement of any code to which this section is applicable by any town, city or borough or agency thereof, the landlord of such dwelling unit shall be liable for any payments made by such town, city or borough pursuant to this section or by the state pursuant to subsection (b) of section 8-280, and the town, city or borough or the state may place a lien on any real property owned by such landlord to secure repayment to the town, city or borough or the state of such payments, which lien shall have the same priority as and shall be filed, enforced and discharged in the same manner as a lien for municipal taxes under chapter 205.

      (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, in the case of displacement of a person on or after October 1, 2007, because of acquisition of real property by a redevelopment agency pursuant to section 8-128, a development agency pursuant to section 8-193, or an implementing agency pursuant to section 32-224, pursuant to a redevelopment plan approved under chapter 130 or a development plan approved under chapter 132 or 588l, the agency shall make relocation payments as provided under the federal Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act of 1970, 42 USC 4601 et seq. and any subsequent amendments thereto and regulations promulgated thereunder if payments under said act and regulations would be greater than payments under this section and sections 8-268 and 8-269.

      (1971, P.A. 838, S. 5; P.A. 79-518, S. 3, 6; P.A. 80-483, S. 29, 186; P.A. 82-399, S. 2; P.A. 86-307, S. 9, 12; P.A. 07-141, S. 15.)

      History: P.A. 79-518 specified that ninety-day occupation period pertains to time prior to initiation of negotiations for acquisition "under the program or project which results in such person being displaced"; P.A. 80-483 made technical changes; P.A. 82-399 provided for the liability of the landlord in certain code enforcement cases; P.A. 86-307 made landlord liable for any payments made "by the state pursuant to subsection (b) of section 8-280" and allowed state to place lien on real property owned by landlord to secure repayment; P.A. 07-141 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a), made technical changes therein, and added Subsec. (b) re displacement assistance pursuant to federal requirements because of acquisition pursuant to Sec. 8-128, 8-193 or 32-224, effective October 1, 2007, and applicable to property acquired on or after that date.

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      Sec. 8-271. Relocation assistance advisory program. (a) Whenever a program or project undertaken by a state agency or under the supervision of a state agency will result in the displacement of any person on or after July 6, 1971, such agency shall provide a relocation assistance advisory program for displaced persons which shall offer the services described herein. If the state agency determines that any person occupying property immediately adjacent to any real property acquired is caused substantial economic injury because of such acquisition, it may offer such person relocation advisory services under such program.

      (b) Each relocation advisory assistance program required by subsection (a) of this section shall include such measures, facilities, or services as may be necessary or appropriate in order (1) to determine the needs, if any, of displaced persons for relocation assistance; (2) to provide current and continuing information on the availability, prices and rentals, of comparable decent, safe and sanitary sales and rental housing, and of comparable commercial properties and locations for displaced businesses; (3) to assure that, within a reasonable period of time, prior to displacement there will be available in areas not generally less desirable in regard to public utilities and public and commercial facilities and at rents or prices within the financial means of the families and individuals displaced, decent, safe and sanitary dwellings, as defined by the Commissioner of Transportation for transportation projects and by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development for all other state agency programs and projects, equal in number to the number of and available to such displaced persons who require such dwellings and reasonably accessible to their places of employment, except that the Commissioner of Transportation for transportation projects and the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development for all other state agency programs and projects may prescribe by regulation situations when such assurances may be waived; (4) to assist a displaced person displaced from the person's business or farm operation in obtaining and becoming established in a suitable replacement location; (5) to supply information concerning federal and state housing programs, disaster loan programs and other federal and state programs offering assistance to displaced persons; (6) to provide other advisory assistance services to displaced persons in order to minimize hardship to such persons in adjusting to relocation.

      (c) The heads of state agencies shall coordinate relocation activities with project work, and other planned or proposed governmental actions in the community or nearby areas which may affect the carrying out of the relocation assistance programs.

      (1971, P.A. 838, S. 6; P.A. 77-614, S. 284, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 81, 136; P.A. 79-518, S. 4, 6; 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 07-217, S. 37.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 79-518 amended Subsec. (a) by adding reference to programs or projects supervised by state agency and deleting reference to "acquisition of real property for" such programs or projects; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 07-217 made technical changes in Subsec. (b), effective July 12, 2007.

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      Sec. 8-273a. Relocation assistance by Commissioner of Transportation. Outdoor advertising structures. Appeals. (a) Notwithstanding any other provisions of the general statutes to the contrary, whenever the Commissioner of Transportation undertakes the acquisition of real property on a state or federally-funded project which results in any person being displaced from his home, business, or farm, the Commissioner of Transportation is hereby authorized to provide relocation assistance and to make relocation payments to such displaced persons and to do such other acts and follow procedures and practices as may be necessary to comply with or to provide the same relocation assistance and relocation payments as provided under the federal Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act of 1970, 42 USC 4601 et seq. and any subsequent amendments thereto and regulations promulgated thereunder.

      (b) (1) Whenever the Commissioner of Transportation acquires an outdoor advertising structure, the amount of compensation to the owner of the outdoor advertising structure shall include either (A) payment for relocation costs incurred by such owner, or (B) the amount determined in accordance with subdivision (2) or (3) of this subsection. For purposes of this section, the fair market value of the outdoor advertising structure shall be determined by the income capitalization method.

      (2) If the owner (A) is able to obtain, within one year of acquisition by the commissioner or any additional period to which the owner and the commissioner both consent, all state and local permits necessary for relocation of the outdoor advertising structure to another site in the Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as designated in the federal census, in which the outdoor advertising structure is located, and (B) such site was not previously offered for sale or lease to the owner of the outdoor advertising structure, then the commissioner shall pay to the owner the replacement cost of the outdoor advertising structure, plus the fair market value of such outdoor advertising structure less the fair market value of the outdoor advertising structure at the new site.

      (3) If the owner (A) is unable to obtain, within one year of acquisition by the commissioner or any additional period to which the owner and the commissioner both consent, all state and local permits necessary for relocation to another site in the same Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as designated in the federal census in which the outdoor advertising structure is located, or (B) such site was previously offered for sale or lease to the owner of the outdoor advertising structure, the commissioner shall pay the fair market value of the outdoor advertising structure the commissioner has acquired. The owner shall provide to the commissioner written documentation sufficient to establish that all state and local necessary permits cannot be obtained for relocation within one year of acquisition or any additional period to which the owner and the commissioner both consent or that the only available relocation sites have been previously offered for sale or lease to the owner.

      (4) Any person aggrieved by determination of the amount of compensation paid under this subsection may appeal to the State Properties Review Board.

      (5) The provisions of this subsection shall not be construed to authorize any action that is found to violate the provisions of 23 USC 131 or 23 CFR 750 or the terms of an agreement entered into by the Commissioner of Transportation with the Secretary of Commerce pursuant to subsection (b) of section 13a-123.

      (P.A. 91-78; P.A. 07-141, S. 18; 07-207, S. 4; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-5, S. 59.)

      History: P.A. 07-141 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and added Subsec. (b) re outdoor advertising structures and appeal to State Properties Review Board, effective June 25, 2007, and applicable to property acquired on or after that date; P.A. 07-207 added Subsec. (b)(5) re federal preemption, effective July 10, 2007, and applicable to property acquired on and after that date; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-5 rewrote Subsec. (b) re outdoor advertising structures, provided in Subsec. (b)(1) that compensation include either relocation costs or amount determined under Subdiv. (2) or (3), amended Subsec. (b)(2) to subtract value of the outdoor advertising structure at new site, and amended Subsec. (b)(2) and (3) to reference any additional period to which owner and commissioner consent, effective October 6, 2007, and applicable to property acquired on or after that date (Revisor's note: In Subsec. (b)(1) the word "the" in the phrase "For purposes of the section" was replaced editorially by the Revisors with the word "this" for consistency with customary statutory usage).

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