CHAPTER 130
DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMIC AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT:
REDEVELOPMENT AND URBAN RENEWAL;
STATE AND FEDERAL AID; COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT;
URBAN HOMESTEADING

Table of Contents

Sec. 8-125. Definitions.
Sec. 8-127. Preparation and approval of redevelopment plan. Notice of approval. Review.
Sec. 8-127a. Limits on redevelopment agency's use of eminent domain under a redevelopment plan.
Sec. 8-128. Acquisition or rental of real property by redevelopment agency. Limitations.
Sec. 8-129. Agency to determine compensation and file with Superior Court and town clerks; notice to owners and interested parties. Possession of land. Certificate of taking.
Sec. 8-132. Judicial review of statement of compensation. Revision of statement by Ombudsman for Property Rights.
Sec. 8-159a. State grants for urban problems.

PART I
REDEVELOPMENT

      Sec. 8-125. Definitions. As used in this chapter:

      (1) "Redevelopment" means improvement by the rehabilitation or demolition of structures, by the construction of new structures, improvements or facilities, by the location or relocation of streets, parks and utilities, by replanning or by two or more of these methods;

      (2) "Redevelopment area" means an area within the state that is deteriorated, deteriorating, substandard or detrimental to the safety, health, morals or welfare of the community. An area may consist partly or wholly of vacant or unimproved land or of land with structures and improvements thereon, and may include structures not in themselves substandard or insanitary which are found to be essential to complete an adequate unit of development, if the redevelopment area is deteriorated, deteriorating, substandard or detrimental to the safety, health, morals or welfare of the community. An area may include properties not contiguous to each other. An area may include all or part of the territorial limits of any fire district, sewer district, fire and sewer district, lighting district, village, beach or improvement association or any other district or association, wholly within a town and having the power to make appropriations or to levy taxes, whether or not such entity is chartered by the General Assembly;

      (3) A "redevelopment plan" means a plan that includes: (A) (i) A description of the redevelopment area and the condition, type and use of the structures therein, and (ii) specification of each parcel proposed to be acquired, including parcels to be acquired by eminent domain; (B) the location and extent of the land uses proposed for and within the redevelopment area, such as housing, recreation, business, industry, schools, civic activities, open spaces or other categories of public and private uses; (C) the location and extent of streets and other public utilities, facilities and works within the redevelopment area; (D) schedules showing the number of families displaced by the proposed improvement, the method of temporary relocation of such families and the availability of sufficient suitable living accommodations at prices and rentals within the financial reach of such families and located within a reasonable distance of the area from which such families are displaced; (E) present and proposed zoning regulations in the redevelopment area; (F) a description of how the redevelopment area is deteriorated, deteriorating, substandard or detrimental to the safety, health, morals or welfare of the community; and (G) any other detail including financial aspects of redevelopment which, in the judgment of the redevelopment agency authorized herein, is necessary to give it adequate information;

      (4) "Planning agency" means the existing city or town plan commission or, if such agency does not exist or is not created, the legislative body or agency designated by it;

      (5) "Redeveloper" means any individual, group of individuals or corporation or any municipality or other public agency including any housing authority established pursuant to chapter 128;

      (6) "Real property" means land, subterranean or subsurface rights, structures, any and all easements, air rights and franchises and every estate, right or interest therein; and

      (7) "Deteriorated" or "deteriorating" with respect to a redevelopment area means an area within which at least twenty per cent of the buildings contain one or more building deficiencies or environmental deficiencies, including, but not limited to: (A) Defects that warrant clearance; (B) conditions from a defect that are not correctable by normal maintenance; (C) extensive minor defects that collectively have a negative effect on the surrounding area; (D) inadequate original construction or subsequent alterations; (E) inadequate or unsafe plumbing, heating or electrical facilities; (F) overcrowding or improper location of structures on land; (G) excessive density of dwelling units; (H) conversion of incompatible types of uses, such as conversion of a structure located near family dwelling units to rooming houses; (I) obsolete building types, such as large residences or other buildings which because of lack of use or maintenance have a blighting influence; (J) detrimental land uses or conditions, such as incompatible uses, structures in mixed use, or adverse influences from noise, smoke or fumes; (K) unsafe, congested, poorly designed, or otherwise deficient streets; (L) inadequate public utilities or community facilities that contribute to unsatisfactory living conditions or economic decline; or (M) other equally significant building deficiencies or environmental deficiencies.

      (1949 Rev., S. 979; 1953, 1955, S. 484d; 1957, P.A. 13, S. 51; 1959, P.A. 397, S. 2; 1967, P.A. 880; 1972, P.A. 99, S. 1; P.A. 07-141, S. 5; 07-207, S. 1.)

      History: 1959 act added "deteriorating" in Subdiv. (b); 1967 act amended Subsec. (b) to allow inclusion of all or parts of listed types of districts and associations and others in areas whether or not such districts and associations are chartered by general assembly; 1972 act added Subsec. (f) defining "real property"; P.A. 07-141 redesignated Subsecs. (a) to (f) as Subdivs. (1) to (6) and redefined "redevelopment area" and "redevelopment plan", effective October 1, 2007, and applicable to redevelopment plans adopted on or after that date; P.A. 07-207 added Subdiv. (7) defining "deteriorated" or "deteriorating" with respect to a redevelopment area, effective October 1, 2007, and applicable to redevelopment plans adopted on or after that date.

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      Sec. 8-127. Preparation and approval of redevelopment plan. Notice of approval. Review. (a) The redevelopment agency may prepare, or cause to be prepared, a redevelopment plan and any redeveloper may submit a redevelopment plan to the redevelopment agency, and such redevelopment agency shall immediately transmit such plan to the planning agency of the municipality for its study. The planning agency may make a comprehensive or general plan of the entire municipality as a guide in the more detailed and precise planning of redevelopment areas. Such plan and any modifications and extensions of the plan shall show the location of proposed redevelopment areas and the general location and extent of use of land for housing, business, industry, communications and transportation, recreation, public buildings and such other public and private uses as are deemed by the planning agency essential to the purpose of redevelopment. Appropriations by the municipality of any amount necessary are authorized to enable the planning agency to make such comprehensive or general plan. The redevelopment agency shall request the written opinion of the planning agency on all redevelopment plans prior to approving such redevelopment plans. Such written opinion shall include a determination on whether the plan is consistent with the plan of conservation and development of the municipality adopted under section 8-23.

      (b) Before approving any redevelopment plan, the redevelopment agency shall hold a public hearing on the plan, notice of which shall be published at least twice in a newspaper of general circulation in the municipality, the first publication of notice to be not less than two weeks before the date set for the hearing. At least thirty-five days prior to any public hearing, the redevelopment agency shall post the plan on the Internet web site of the redevelopment agency, if any. The redevelopment agency may approve any such redevelopment plan if, following such hearing, it finds that: (1) The area in which the proposed redevelopment is to be located is a redevelopment area; (2) the carrying out of the redevelopment plan will result in materially improving conditions in such area; (3) sufficient living accommodations are available within a reasonable distance of such area or are provided for in the redevelopment plan for families displaced by the proposed improvement, at prices or rentals within the financial reach of such families; (4) the redevelopment plan is satisfactory as to site planning, relation to the plan of conservation and development of the municipality adopted under section 8-23 and, except when the redevelopment agency has prepared the redevelopment plan, the construction and financial ability of the redeveloper to carry it out; (5) the planning agency has issued a written opinion in accordance with subsection (a) of this section that the redevelopment plan is consistent with the plan of conservation and development of the municipality adopted under section 8-23; and (6) (A) public benefits resulting from the redevelopment plan will outweigh any private benefits; (B) existing use of the real property cannot be feasibly integrated into the overall redevelopment plan for the project; (C) acquisition by eminent domain is reasonably necessary to successfully achieve the objectives of such redevelopment plan; and (D) the redevelopment plan is not for the primary purpose of increasing local tax revenues. No redevelopment plan for a project that consists predominantly of residential facilities shall be approved by the redevelopment agency in any municipality having a housing authority organized under the provisions of chapter 128 except with the approval of such housing authority.

      (c) (1) The approval of a redevelopment plan shall be given by the legislative body. The plan shall be effective for a period of ten years after the date of approval and may be amended in accordance with this section. The legislative body shall review the plan at least once every ten years after the initial approval, and shall reapprove such plan or an amended plan at least once every ten years after the initial approval in accordance with this section in order for the plan or amended plan to remain in effect. With respect to a redevelopment plan for a project that is funded in whole or in part by federal funds, the provisions of this subdivision shall not apply to the extent that such provisions are prohibited by federal law.

      (2) The redevelopment agency shall cause notice of the initial approval of any redevelopment plan to be published in a newspaper having general circulation in the municipality.

      (1949 Rev., S. 981; 1951, 1953, S. 485d; 1957, P.A. 13, S. 53; P.A. 07-141, S. 6.)

      History: P.A. 07-141 divided existing provisions into Subsecs. (a) to (c), inserted in Subsec. (a) requirement that written opinion include determination whether plan is consistent with plan of conservation and development, inserted in Subsec. (b) requirement that notice of hearing be posted on Internet web site of agency, if any, at least 35 days prior to hearing, substituted "plan of conservation and development" for "comprehensive or general plan" in Subsec. (b)(4), inserted new provisions as Subsecs. (b)(5) re written opinion that plan is consistent with plan of conservation and development and (b)(6) re public benefits, integration of existing use, reasonable necessity of acquisition by eminent domain, and primary purpose of plan not being to increase tax revenue, required approval of plan by legislative body and deleted option for approval by designated agency in Subsec. (c)(1), inserted new provisions in Subsec. (c)(1) re effective period and review of plan, inserted new provisions as Subsec. (c)(2) re notice of initial approval, and made technical changes, effective October 1, 2007, and applicable to redevelopment plans adopted on or after that date.

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      Sec. 8-127a. Limits on redevelopment agency's use of eminent domain under a redevelopment plan. (a)(1) No real property may be acquired by a redevelopment agency by eminent domain pursuant to section 8-128 under a redevelopment plan under this chapter for the primary purpose of increasing local tax revenue.

      (2) The redevelopment agency shall conduct a public hearing on any proposed acquisition of real property by eminent domain. The redevelopment agency shall cause notice of the time, place and subject of the hearing to be published in a newspaper having a substantial circulation in the municipality not more than ten days before the date set for the hearing. Not less than ten days before the date of the hearing, the redevelopment agency shall send, by first class mail, notice of the time, place and subject of the hearing to the owners of record of the real property and to all owners of real property within one hundred feet of the real property to be acquired by eminent domain.

      (3) (A) No parcel of real property may be acquired by eminent domain under section 8-128, pursuant to a redevelopment plan under this chapter, except by approval by vote of a majority of the members of the redevelopment agency. Such approval shall be by (i) separate vote on each parcel of real property to be acquired, or (ii) a vote on one or more groups of such parcels, provided each parcel to be acquired is identified for the purposes of a vote on a group of such parcels under this subparagraph. The redevelopment agency shall not approve the use of eminent domain unless the redevelopment agency has (I) considered the benefits to the public and any private entity that will result from the redevelopment project and determined that the public benefits outweigh any private benefits, (II) determined that the current use of the real property cannot be feasibly integrated into the overall redevelopment plan, and (III) determined that the acquisition of the real property by eminent domain is reasonably necessary to successfully achieve the objectives of the redevelopment plan.

      (B) The redevelopment agency shall cause notice of any approved acquisition by eminent domain under this subdivision to be published in a newspaper having a substantial circulation in the municipality not more than ten days after such approval.

      (C) (i) The redevelopment agency shall acquire any property identified in the plan as property to be acquired by eminent domain by a date that is five years after the date the first property is acquired by eminent domain under the plan unless the redevelopment agency approves an extension of the time for acquisition, except that no property may be acquired by eminent domain under the plan more than ten years after the first property is acquired by eminent domain under the plan.

      (ii) With respect to a redevelopment plan for a project that is funded in whole or in part by federal funds, the provisions of this subparagraph shall not apply to the extent that such provisions are prohibited by federal law.

      (4) The owner-occupant of property acquired by eminent domain under section 8-128, pursuant to a redevelopment plan under this chapter, may file an application in the superior court for the judicial district in which the municipality is located to enjoin the acquisition of such property. The court may issue such injunction if the court finds that the redevelopment agency failed to comply with the requirements of this chapter. The filing of an application to enjoin the acquisition of property by eminent domain, in a court of competent jurisdiction, shall toll the five-year period or ten-year period set forth in subparagraph (C) of subdivision (3) of this subsection with respect to such property until the date a final judgment is entered in any such action, or any appeal thereof, whichever date is later.

      (b) (1) With respect to real property acquired by eminent domain on or after June 25, 2007, under section 8-128, pursuant to a redevelopment plan under this chapter, if the municipality does not use the real property for the purpose for which it was acquired or for some other public use and seeks to sell the property, the municipality shall first offer the real property for sale pursuant to subdivision (2) of this subsection to the person from whom the real property was acquired, or heirs of the person designated pursuant to subdivision (2) of this subsection, if any, for a price not to exceed the lesser of (A) the amount paid by the redevelopment agency to acquire the property, or (B) the fair market value of the property at the time of any sale under this subsection. After the municipality provides notice pursuant to subdivision (2) of this subsection, the municipality may not sell such property to a third party unless the municipality has permitted the person or named heirs six months during which to exercise the right to purchase the property, and an additional six months to finalize the purchase if the person or named heirs provide the municipality with notice of intent to purchase the property within the initial six-month period.

      (2) For the purposes of any offer of sale pursuant to this subsection, the municipality shall provide a form to any person whose property is acquired by eminent domain pursuant to section 8-128, pursuant to a redevelopment plan under this chapter, to permit such person to provide an address for notice of sale to be sent, or to provide the name and address of an agent to receive such notice. Such form shall be designed to permit the person to designate heirs of the person who shall be eligible to purchase such property pursuant to this subsection. The person or agent shall update information in the form in writing. If the person or agent does not provide or update the information in the form in a manner that permits the municipality to send notice of sale pursuant to this subsection, no such notice shall be required.

      (3) With respect to a redevelopment plan for a project that is funded in whole or in part by federal funds, the provisions of this subsection shall not apply to the extent that such provisions are prohibited by federal law.

      (P.A. 07-141, S. 2; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-5, S. 39-41.)

      History: P.A. 07-141 effective June 25, 2007, and applicable to property acquired on or after that date; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-5 amended Subsecs. (a)(3) and (4) and (b)(1) and (2) to substitute "section 8-128, pursuant to a redevelopment plan under this chapter" for "this section", effective October 6, 2007.

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      Sec. 8-128. Acquisition or rental of real property by redevelopment agency. Limitations. (a) Within a reasonable time after its approval of the redevelopment plan as provided in section 8-127, the redevelopment agency may proceed with the acquisition or rental of real property by purchase, lease, exchange or gift. The redevelopment agency may acquire real property by eminent domain with the approval of the legislative body of the municipality and in accordance with the provisions of sections 8-129 to 8-133, inclusive, and this section, except that a redevelopment agency that acquires real property by eminent domain pursuant to a redevelopment plan under this chapter shall approve the acquisition in accordance with section 8-127a. The legislative body in its approval of a project shall specify the time within which real property is to be acquired, except as provided in sections 8-193 and 32-224, and such time for acquisition may be extended by the legislative body in accordance with section 48-6, upon request of the redevelopment agency, provided the owner of the real property consents to such request.

      (b) Real property may be acquired prior to the adoption or approval of the project area redevelopment plan, provided the property acquired shall be located within an area designated on the general plan as an appropriate redevelopment area or within an area whose boundaries are defined by the planning commission as an appropriate area for a redevelopment project, and provided such acquisition shall be authorized by the legislative body. The redevelopment agency may clear, repair, operate or insure such property while it is in its possession or make site improvements essential to preparation for its use in accordance with the redevelopment plan.

      (1949 Rev., S. 982; 1955, S. 486d; November, 1955, S. N31; 1957, P.A. 13, S. 54; P.A. 91-398, S. 4, 7; P.A. 07-141, S. 7.)

      History: P.A. 91-398 added provisions requiring that approval by a legislative body of project under Sec. 8-127 specify time limit for acquiring property; P.A. 07-141 divided existing provisions into Subsecs. (a) and (b), amended Subsec. (a) to add exception that acquisition by eminent domain be approved in accordance with Sec. 8-127a, add "except as provided in sections 8-193 and 32-224", and delete "under section 8-127" re approval and "hereinbefore", and substituted "prior" for "previous" in Subsec. (b), effective June 25, 2007, and applicable to property acquired on or after that date.

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      Sec. 8-129. Agency to determine compensation and file with Superior Court and town clerks; notice to owners and interested parties. Possession of land. Certificate of taking. (a)(1) The redevelopment agency shall determine the compensation to be paid to the persons entitled thereto for real property to be acquired by eminent domain pursuant to section 8-128.

      (2) For any real property to be acquired by eminent domain pursuant to section 8-128 or 8-193, or by condemnation pursuant to section 32-224, pursuant to a redevelopment plan approved under this chapter or a development plan approved under chapter 132 or 588l, the agency shall have two independent appraisals conducted on the real property in accordance with this subdivision. Each appraisal shall be conducted by a state-certified real estate appraiser without consultation with the appraiser conducting the other independent appraisal, and shall be conducted in accordance with generally accepted standards of professional appraisal practice as described in the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice issued by the Appraisal Standards Board of the Appraisal Foundation pursuant to Title XI of FIRREA and any regulations adopted pursuant to section 20-504. Each appraiser shall provide a copy of the appraisal to the agency and the property owner. The amount of compensation for such real property shall be equal to the average of the amounts determined by the two independent appraisals, except that the compensation for any real property to be acquired by eminent domain pursuant to section 8-193 or by condemnation pursuant to section 32-244 shall be one hundred twenty-five per cent of such average amount. If the agency acquires real property that is subject to this subdivision five years or more after acquiring another parcel of real property within one thousand feet of the property pursuant to a redevelopment plan or development plan, the agency shall increase the amount of compensation for the subsequent acquisition of real property by an additional five per cent for each year from the sixth year until the tenth year after the acquisition of the first parcel of real property. With respect to a redevelopment plan or development plan for a project that is funded in whole or in part by federal funds, the provisions of this subdivision shall not apply to the extent that such provisions are prohibited by federal law.

      (3) The redevelopment agency shall file a statement of compensation, containing a description of the property to be taken and the names of all persons having a record interest therein and setting forth the amount of such compensation, and a deposit as provided in section 8-130, with the clerk of the superior court for the judicial district in which the property affected is located.

      (b) Upon filing such statement of compensation and deposit, the redevelopment agency shall forthwith cause to be recorded, in the office of the town clerk of each town in which the property is located, a copy of such statement of compensation, such recording to have the same effect and to be treated the same as the recording of a lis pendens, and shall forthwith give notice, as provided in this section, to each person appearing of record as an owner of property affected thereby and to each person appearing of record as a holder of any mortgage, lien, assessment or other encumbrance on such property or interest therein (1) in the case of any such person found to be residing within this state, by causing a copy of such notice, with a copy of such statement of compensation, to be served upon each such person by a state marshal, constable or indifferent person, in the manner set forth in section 52-57 for the service of civil process, and (2) in the case of any such person who is a nonresident of this state at the time of the filing of such statement of compensation and deposit or of any such person whose whereabouts or existence is unknown, by mailing to each such person a copy of such notice and of such statement of compensation, by registered or certified mail, directed to such person's last-known address, and by publishing such notice and such statement of compensation at least twice in a newspaper published in the judicial district and having daily or weekly circulation in the town in which such property is located. Any such published notice shall state that it is notice to the widow or widower, heirs, representatives and creditors of the person holding such record interest, if such person is dead. If, after a reasonably diligent search, no last-known address can be found for any interested party, an affidavit stating such fact, and reciting the steps taken to locate such address, shall be filed with the clerk of the superior court and accepted in lieu of mailing to the last-known address.

      (c) Not less than thirty-five days or more than ninety days after such notice and such statement of compensation have been so served or so mailed and first published, the redevelopment agency shall file with the clerk of the superior court a return of notice setting forth the notice given and, upon receipt of such return of notice, such clerk shall, without any delay or continuance of any kind, issue a certificate of taking setting forth the fact of such taking, a description of all the property so taken and the names of the owners and of all other persons having a record interest therein. The redevelopment agency shall cause such certificate of taking to be recorded in the office of the town clerk of each town in which such property is located. Upon the recording of such certificate, title to such property in fee simple shall vest in the municipality, and the right to just compensation shall vest in the persons entitled thereto. At any time after such certificate of taking has been so recorded, the redevelopment agency may repair, operate or insure such property and enter upon such property, and take any action that is proposed with regard to such property by the project area redevelopment plan.

      (d) The notice required in subsection (b) of this section shall state that (1) not less than thirty-five days or more than ninety days after service or mailing and first publication thereof, the redevelopment agency shall file, with the clerk of the superior court for the judicial district in which such property is located, a return setting forth the notice given, (2) upon receipt of such return, such clerk shall issue a certificate for recording in the office of the town clerk of each town in which such property is located, (3) upon the recording of such certificate, title to such property shall vest in the municipality, the right to just compensation shall vest in the persons entitled thereto and the redevelopment agency may repair, operate or insure such property and enter upon such property and take any action that may be proposed with regard thereto by the project area redevelopment plan, and (4) such notice shall bind the widow or widower, heirs, representatives and creditors of each person named in the notice who then or thereafter may be dead.

      (e) When any redevelopment agency acting on behalf of any municipality has acquired or rented real property by purchase, lease, exchange or gift in accordance with the provisions of this section, or in exercising its right of eminent domain has filed a statement of compensation and deposit with the clerk of the superior court and has caused a certificate of taking to be recorded in the office of the town clerk of each town in which such property is located as provided in this section, any judge of such court may, upon application and proof of such acquisition or rental or such filing and deposit and such recording, order such clerk to issue an execution commanding a state marshal to put such municipality and the redevelopment agency, as its agent, into peaceable possession of the property so acquired, rented or condemned. The provisions of this subsection shall not be limited in any way by the provisions of chapter 832.

      (1955, S. 489d; November, 1955, S. N32; 1957, P.A. 270, S. 1; 1959, P.A. 397, S. 3; 1961, P.A. 231, S. 1; 1969, P.A. 226, S. 1; P.A. 78-280, S. 15, 127; P.A. 00-99, S. 24, 154; P.A. 04-257, S. 92; P.A. 07-141, S. 8.)

      History: 1959 act added maximum period of 90 days after notice and statement of compensation served for agency to file return of notice, authorized agency to repair, operate or insure property, added property acquired or rented as well as condemned to provisions of section and exempted section from limitation by provisions of chapter 922; 1961 act set out procedure where last-known address of party to be notified is unknown; 1969 act deleted all references to bonds posted by development agencies; P.A. 78-280 replaced "county" with "judicial district" throughout section; P.A. 00-99 changed references to sheriff and deputy sheriff to state marshal, effective December 1, 2000; P.A. 04-257 made technical changes, effective June 14, 2004; P.A. 07-141 divided existing provisions into Subsecs. (a) to (e), inserted Subdiv. designators (1) and (3) in Subsec. (a), added "to be acquired by eminent domain pursuant to section 8-128" in Subsec. (a)(1), inserted new provisions as Subsec. (a)(2) re requirements for acquisitions pursuant to Sec. 8-128, 8-193 or 32-224, substituted "thirty-five days" for "twelve days" in Subsecs. (c) and (d), and made technical changes, effective June 25, 2007, and applicable to property acquired on or after that date.

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      Sec. 8-132. Judicial review of statement of compensation. Revision of statement by Ombudsman for Property Rights. (a) Any person claiming to be aggrieved by the statement of compensation filed by the redevelopment agency may, at any time within six months after the statement of compensation has been filed, apply to the superior court for the judicial district in which such property is situated for a review of such statement of compensation so far as it affects such applicant. The court, after causing notice of the pendency of such application to be given to the redevelopment agency, may, with the consent of the parties or their attorneys, appoint a judge trial referee to make a review of the statement of compensation, except that the court shall, upon the motion of either party or their attorneys, refer the application to a judge appointed by the Chief Court Administrator to hear tax appeals pursuant to section 12-39l, who shall consider such application in the manner set forth in subsection (c) of this section. For the purposes of such application, review and appeal therefrom, and for the purposes of sections 52-192a to 52-195, inclusive, such applicant shall be deemed a counterclaim plaintiff. Notwithstanding the provisions of this subsection, upon motion of both parties or their attorneys, the court shall refer the application to the Ombudsman for Property Rights for a hearing pursuant to subdivision (2) of subsection (b) of this section.

      (b) (1) If the court appoints a judge trial referee, the judge trial referee, after giving at least ten days' notice to the parties interested of the time and place of hearing, shall hear the applicant and the redevelopment agency, shall view the property and take such testimony as the judge trial referee deems material and shall thereupon revise such statement of compensation in such manner as the judge trial referee deems proper and promptly report to the court. Such report shall contain a detailed statement of findings by the judge trial referee sufficient to enable the court to determine the considerations upon which the judge trial referee's conclusions are based. The report of the judge trial referee shall take into account any evidence relevant to the fair market value of the property, including evidence of environmental condition and required environmental remediation. The judge trial referee shall make a separate finding for remediation costs and the property owner shall be entitled to a set-off of such costs in any pending or subsequent action to recover remediation costs for the property. The court shall review the report, and may reject the report for any irregular or improper conduct in the performance of the duties of the judge trial referee. If the court rejects the report, the court may appoint another judge trial referee to make such review and report or may refer the application to the Ombudsman for Property Rights upon motion as provided in subsection (a) of this section. If the court accepts the report, the statement of compensation in the report shall be conclusive upon such owner and the redevelopment agency.

      (2) If the court refers the application to the Ombudsman for Property Rights pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, the ombudsman, after giving at least ten days' notice to the parties interested of the time and place of hearing, shall hear the applicant and the redevelopment agency, shall view the property and take such testimony as the ombudsman deems material and shall thereupon revise such statement of compensation in such manner as the ombudsman deems proper and promptly report to the court. Such report shall contain a detailed statement of findings by the ombudsman sufficient to enable the court to determine the considerations upon which the ombudsman's conclusions are based. The report of the ombudsman shall take into account any evidence relevant to the fair market value of the property, including evidence of environmental condition and required environmental remediation. The ombudsman shall make a separate finding for remediation costs and the property owner shall be entitled to a set-off of such costs in any pending or subsequent action to recover remediation costs for the property. The report submitted by the ombudsman shall constitute a part of the proceeding, and the statement of compensation in the report shall be conclusive upon such owner and the redevelopment agency.

      (c) If the court does not appoint a judge trial referee or refer the application to the Ombudsman for Property Rights, the court, after giving at least ten days' notice to the parties interested of the time and place of hearing, shall hear the applicant and the redevelopment agency and take such testimony as the court deems material, may view the subject property, and shall make a finding regarding the statement of compensation. The findings of the court shall take into account any evidence relevant to the fair market value of the property, including evidence of environmental condition and required environmental remediation. The court shall make a separate finding for remediation costs and the property owner shall be entitled to a set-off of such costs in any pending or subsequent action to recover remediation costs for the property. The findings of the court shall be conclusive upon such owner and the redevelopment agency.

      (d) If no appeal to the Appellate Court is filed within the time allowed by law, or if an appeal is filed and the proceedings have terminated in a final judgment finding the amount due the property owner, the clerk shall send a certified copy of the statement of compensation and of the judgment to the redevelopment agency, which shall, upon receipt thereof, pay such property owner the amount due as compensation. The pendency of any such application for review shall not prevent or delay any action that is proposed with regard to such property by the project area redevelopment plan.

      (1955, S. 490d; 1972, P.A. 148, S. 1; P.A. 78-280, S. 2, 127; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-29, S. 20, 82; P.A. 00-89; 00-192, S. 100, 102; P.A. 01-186, S. 1; 01-195, S. 113, 181; P.A. 02-132, S. 69; P.A. 04-257, S. 93; P.A. 07-141, S. 9; 07-207, S. 2.)

      History: 1972 act added sentence specifying nature of referee's report to court; P.A. 78-280 replaced "county" with "judicial district"; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-29 deleted reference to supreme court and substituted appellate court in lieu thereof; P.A. 00-89 added provision re consideration of evidence relevant to fair market value, including environmental condition and environmental remediation, and added provision re remediation costs; P.A. 00-192 changed effective date of P.A. 00-89 from October 1, 2000, to May 26, 2000, effective May 26, 2000; P.A. 01-186 changed "shall appoint a state referee" to "may appoint a judge trial referee" and made technical changes for purposes of gender neutrality; P.A. 01-195 made technical changes for the purposes of gender neutrality, effective July 11, 2001 (Revisor's note: In merging P.A. 01-186 and P.A. 01-195, the Revisors gave precedence to the gender-neutral technical changes contained in P.A. 01-195); P.A. 02-132 divided existing provisions into Subsecs. (a), (b) and (d), making technical and conforming changes throughout, amended Subsec. (b) by adding provisions re court review of report and replacing provisions re mandatory appointment of another referee with provisions re discretionary appointment of another judge trial referee and added Subsec. (c) re review by court; P.A. 04-257 made technical changes, effective June 14, 2004; P.A. 07-141 amended Subsec. (a) to add "with the consent of the parties or their attorneys" re appointment of judge trial referee, add provision re referral of application to a judge appointed to hear tax appeals pursuant to section 12-39l, and provide that for purposes of application, review and appeal and for purposes of sections 52-192a to 52-195, applicant shall be deemed a counterclaim plaintiff, and made technical changes in Subsecs. (a) and (c), effective June 25, 2007, and applicable to property acquired on or after that date; P.A. 07-207 added provisions authorizing Superior Court to refer statement of compensation to Ombudsman for Property Rights for revision and made technical changes, effective October 1, 2007, and applicable to property acquired on and after that date.

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PART IV
STATE AID

      Sec. 8-159a. State grants for urban problems. (a) During each fiscal year the Comptroller shall pay to each municipality for its unrestricted use, from any funds appropriated for such purpose, a grant-in-aid to assist it in meeting its urban problems. Payment of such grants shall be made in March of each year. The Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management shall in February of each year calculate the amount due each municipality in accordance with the allocation formulas provided in subsection (c) of this section and shall certify to the Comptroller the amount due. In January of each year the Commissioner of Public Health shall certify to the Secretary of the Office of Policy and Management the population of each municipality.

      (b) For purposes of this section, "population" shall mean the number of people according to the most recent federal decennial census, except in intervening years between such censuses when it shall mean the number according to the most recent estimate of the Department of Public Health; density of a municipality shall be determined by dividing the population of the municipality by the number of square miles in the municipality; density of the state shall be determined by dividing the population of the state by the number of square miles in the state; "public housing rooms" shall mean rooms contained in publicly or privately owned dwelling units which are assisted by the United States under the United States Housing Act of 1937, as amended, and dwelling units which are assisted by or owned or leased by the state under chapter 128 or chapter 129. The number of such rooms shall be determined in accordance with the methods established and used by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development.

      (c) Any funds appropriated from the General Fund, for any fiscal year, for the purposes of this section, shall be distributed among the municipalities in the following manner: (1) Ten per cent of the amount shall be distributed pro rata on the basis of the ratio of the population of each municipality to the population of the state. (2) Fifty per cent of the amount shall be divided among those municipalities whose density exceeds the density of the state. The distribution shall be made to each such municipality pro rata on the basis of the following ratio: The density of such municipality multiplied by the population of such municipality shall be the numerator of the fraction. For each municipality whose density exceeds that of the state, the density of such municipality shall be multiplied by the population of such municipality. The resulting products shall be added together, and the sum shall be the denominator of the fraction. (3) Forty per cent of the amount shall be distributed pro rata on the basis of the ratio of the number of public housing rooms within such municipality to the number of such rooms in the state. The amounts computed under subdivisions (1), (2) and (3) of this subsection shall then be multiplied by the ratio between the per capita income of the state as numerator and the per capita income of such town as the denominator, prorated to the level of the funds allocated. "Per capita income" means that which is reported in the most recent current population report series issued by the United States Department of Commerce, Social and Economic Statistics Administration, Bureau of the Census.

      (d) Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, the sum distributed to municipalities by the Comptroller in accordance with the provisions of this section, for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1981, shall not exceed eleven million nine hundred thousand dollars.

      (1969, P.A. 792, S. 5-8; June, 1969, S.A. 2, S. 8; P.A. 77-614, S. 19, 284, 323, 610; P.A. 78-185, S. 1, 3; 78-303, S. 81, 136; P.A. 79-424, S. 1, 2; 79-598, S. 3, 4, 10; P.A. 81-2, S. 1, 3; 81-284, S. 1, 3; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-250, S. 1; 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; P.A. 99-94, S. 9; P.A. 07-217, S. 33.)

      History: June 1969 act reduced appropriation amount from $10,000,000 to $7,000,000; P.A. 77-614 substituted secretary of the office of policy and management for commissioner of finance and control and, effective January 1, 1979, substituted department of economic development for commissioner of community affairs; P.A. 78-185 amended Subsec. (c) raising appropriation amount from $7,000,000 to $23,860,000, specified source of allocation as general fund and added provisions for formula to determine amount of grants and guaranteeing that grant equal total grants for fiscal year 1977-1978; P.A. 78-303 substituted commissioner for department; P.A. 79-424 decreased allocation to $23,800,000, deleted obsolete reference to old limit of $23,860,000 in formula and defined "per capita income"; P.A. 79-598 substituted commissioner of housing for commissioner of economic development; P.A. 81-2, added Subsec. (d) limiting the sum distributed for grants for fiscal year 1980-1981; P.A. 81-284 repealed requirement that $23,800,000 be allocated from the general fund each fiscal year for the purpose of making grants under this section, added provision that any such grants would be paid from any funds appropriated for that purpose, repealed "hold-harmless" provision that no town would receive less under the section than the total received by such town for fiscal year 1977-1978 under Secs. 3-123d, 8-159a and 10-266k of the general statutes, revision of 1958, revised to 1977; P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 99-94 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting the requirement that the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development submit an annual report of the number of public housing rooms; P.A. 07-217 made a technical change in Subsec. (a), effective July 12, 2007.

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