CHAPTER 98
MUNICIPAL POWERS

Table of Contents

Sec. 7-148. Scope of municipal powers.
Sec. 7-148a. Compilations of ordinances and special acts; supplements.
Sec. 7-148u. Municipal set-aside program for small contractors and minority business enterprises.
Sec. 7-148ff. Special assessment on blighted property. Liens.
Sec. 7-151a. Establishment of lake authorities. Withdrawal of town.
Sec. 7-152b. Hearing procedure for parking violations.
Sec. 7-163a. Municipal liability for ice and snow on public sidewalks.
Sec. 7-163e. Public hearing on the sale, lease or transfer of real property owned by a municipality.
Sec. 7-169. Bingo.
Sec. 7-169d. Bingo products. Registration of manufacturer or equipment dealer. Approval of products. Revocation of registration. Regulations.
Sec. 7-169h. Sealed tickets. Definitions. Permits to sell. Fees. Regulations. Suspension or revocation of permit. Cease and desist order. Notice. Hearing. Appeals. Penalty.
Sec. 7-169i. Sealed ticket machine. Registration of manufacturer or dealer. Revocation. Regulations.
Sec. 7-177. Prizes.
Sec. 7-177a. Cash prizes permitted. Special checking account.
Sec. 7-185. Regulations.
Sec. 7-185a. Exceptions for certain organizations. "Fifty-fifty" coupon games. Cow-chip raffles. Teacup raffles. Duck-race raffles. Frog-race raffles.
Sec. 7-185b. Tuition raffles. Regulations. Special bank account. Financial report.

      Sec. 7-148. Scope of municipal powers. (a) Definitions. Whenever used in this section, "municipality" means any town, city or borough, consolidated town and city or consolidated town and borough.

      (b) Ordinances. Powers granted to any municipality under the general statutes or by any charter or special act, unless the charter or special act provides to the contrary, shall be exercised by ordinance when the exercise of such powers has the effect of:

      (1) Establishing rules or regulations of general municipal application, the violation of which may result in the imposition of a fine or other penalty including community service for not more than twenty hours; or

      (2) Creating a permanent local law of general applicability.

      (c) Powers. Any municipality shall have the power to do any of the following, in addition to all powers granted to municipalities under the Constitution and general statutes:

      (1) Corporate powers. (A) Contract and be contracted with, sue and be sued, and institute, prosecute, maintain and defend any action or proceeding in any court of competent jurisdiction;

      (B) Provide for the authentication, execution and delivery of deeds, contracts, grants, and releases of municipal property and for the issuance of evidences of indebtedness of the municipality;

      (2) Finances and appropriations. (A) Establish and maintain a budget system;

      (B) Assess, levy and collect taxes for general or special purposes on all property, subjects or objects which may be lawfully taxed, and regulate the mode of assessment and collection of taxes and assessments not otherwise provided for, including establishment of a procedure for the withholding of approval of building application when taxes or water or sewer rates, charges or assessments imposed by the municipality are delinquent for the property for which an application was made;

      (C) Make appropriations for the support of the municipality and pay its debts;

      (D) Make appropriations for the purpose of meeting a public emergency threatening the lives, health or property of citizens, provided such appropriations shall require a favorable vote of at least two-thirds of the entire membership of the legislative body or, when the legislative body is the town meeting, at least two-thirds of those present and voting;

      (E) Make appropriations to military organizations, hospitals, health care facilities, public health nursing organizations, nonprofit museums and libraries, organizations providing drug abuse and dependency programs and any other private organization performing a public function;

      (F) Provide for the manner in which contracts involving unusual expenditures shall be made;

      (G) When not specifically prescribed by general statute or by charter, prescribe the form of proceedings and mode of assessing benefits and appraising damages in taking land for public use, or in making public improvements to be paid for, in whole or in part, by special assessments, and prescribe the manner in which all benefits assessed shall be collected;

      (H) Provide for the bonding of municipal officials or employees by requiring the furnishing of such bond, conditioned upon honesty or faithful performance of duty and determine the amount, form, and sufficiency of the sureties thereof;

      (I) Regulate the method of borrowing money for any purpose for which taxes may be levied and borrow on the faith and credit of the municipality for such general or special purposes and to such extent as is authorized by general statute;

      (J) Provide for the temporary borrowing of money;

      (K) Create a sinking fund or funds or a trust fund or funds or other special funds, including funds which do not lapse at the end of the municipal fiscal year;

      (L) Provide for the assignment of municipal tax liens on real property to the extent authorized by general statute;

      (3) Property. (A) Take or acquire by gift, purchase, grant, including any grant from the United States or the state, bequest or devise and hold, condemn, lease, sell, manage, transfer, release and convey such real and personal property or interest therein absolutely or in trust as the purposes of the municipality or any public use or purpose, including that of education, art, ornament, health, charity or amusement, cemeteries, parks or gardens, or the erection or maintenance of statues, monuments, buildings or other structures, require. Any lease of real or personal property or any interest therein, either as lessee or lessor, may be for such term or any extensions thereof and upon such other terms and conditions as have been approved by the municipality, including without limitation the power to bind itself to appropriate funds as necessary to meet rent and other obligations as provided in any such lease;

      (B) Provide for the proper administration of gifts, grants, bequests and devises and meet such terms or conditions as are prescribed by the grantor or donor and accepted by the municipality;

      (4) Public services. (A) Provide for police protection, regulate and prescribe the duties of the persons providing police protection with respect to criminal matters within the limits of the municipality and maintain and regulate a suitable place of detention within the limits of the municipality for the safekeeping of all persons arrested and awaiting trial and do all other things necessary or desirable for the policing of the municipality;

      (B) Provide for fire protection, organize, maintain and regulate the persons providing fire protection, provide the necessary apparatus for extinguishing fires and do all other things necessary or desirable for the protection of the municipality from fire;

      (C) Provide for entertainment, amusements, concerts, celebrations and cultural activities, including the direct or indirect purchase, ownership and operation of the assets of one or more sports franchises;

      (D) Provide for ambulance service by the municipality or any person, firm or corporation;

      (E) Provide for the employment of nurses;

      (F) Provide for lighting the streets, highways and other public places of the municipality and for the care and preservation of public lamps, lamp posts and fixtures;

      (G) Provide for the furnishing of water, by contract or otherwise;

      (H) Provide for or regulate the collection and disposal of garbage, trash, rubbish, waste material and ashes by contract or otherwise, including prohibiting the throwing or placing of such materials on the highways;

      (I) Provide for the financing, construction, rehabilitation, repair, improvement or subsidization of housing for low and moderate income persons and families;

      (5) Personnel. (A) Provide for and establish pension systems for the officers and employees of the municipality and for the active members of any volunteer fire department or any volunteer ambulance association of the municipality, and establish a system of qualification for the tenure in office of such officers and employees, provided the rights or benefits granted to any individual under any municipal retirement or pension system shall not be diminished or eliminated;

      (B) Establish a merit system or civil service system for the selection and promotion of public officials and employees. Nothing in this subparagraph shall be construed to validate any merit system or civil service system established prior to May 24, 1972;

      (C) Provide for the employment of and prescribe the salaries, compensation and hours of employment of all officers and employees of the municipality and the duties of such officers and employees not expressly defined by the Constitution of the state, the general statutes, charter or special act;

      (D) Provide for the appointment of a municipal historian;

      (6) Public works, sewers, highways. (A) Public facilities. (i) Establish, lay out, construct, reconstruct, alter, maintain, repair, control and operate cemeteries, public burial grounds, hospitals, clinics, institutions for children and aged, infirm and chronically ill persons, bus terminals and airports and their accessories, docks, wharves, school houses, libraries, parks, playgrounds, playfields, fieldhouses, baths, bathhouses, swimming pools, gymnasiums, comfort stations, recreation places, public beaches, beach facilities, public gardens, markets, garbage and refuse disposal facilities, parking lots and other off-street parking facilities, and any and all buildings or facilities necessary or convenient for carrying on the government of the municipality;

      (ii) Create, provide for, construct, regulate and maintain all things in the nature of public works and improvements;

      (iii) Enter into or upon any land for the purpose of making necessary surveys or mapping in connection with any public improvement, and take by eminent domain any lands, rights, easements, privileges, franchises or structures which are necessary for the purpose of establishing, constructing or maintaining any public work, or for any municipal purpose, in the manner prescribed by the general statutes;

      (iv) Regulate and protect from injury or defacement all public buildings, public monuments, trees and ornaments in public places and other public property in the municipality;

      (v) Provide for the planting, rearing and preserving of shade and ornamental trees on the streets and public grounds;

      (vi) Provide for improvement of waterfronts by a board, commission or otherwise;

      (B) Sewers, drainage and public utilities. (i) Lay out, construct, reconstruct, repair, maintain, operate, alter, extend and discontinue sewer and drainage systems and sewage disposal plants;

      (ii) Enter into or upon any land for the purpose of correcting the flow of surface water through watercourses which prevent, or may tend to prevent, the free discharge of municipal highway surface water through said courses;

      (iii) Regulate the laying, location and maintenance of gas pipes, water pipes, drains, sewers, poles, wires, conduits and other structures in the streets and public places of the municipality;

      (iv) Prohibit and regulate the discharge of drains from roofs of buildings over or upon the sidewalks, streets or other public places of the municipality or into sanitary sewers;

      (C) Highways and sidewalks. (i) Lay out, construct, reconstruct, alter, maintain, repair, control, operate, and assign numbers to streets, alleys, highways, boulevards, bridges, underpasses, sidewalks, curbs, gutters, public walks and parkways;

      (ii) Keep open and safe for public use and travel and free from encroachment or obstruction the streets, sidewalks and public places in the municipality;

      (iii) Control the excavation of highways and streets;

      (iv) Regulate and prohibit the excavation, altering or opening of sidewalks, public places and grounds for public and private purposes and the location of any work or things thereon, whether temporary or permanent, upon or under the surface thereof;

      (v) Require owners or occupants of land adjacent to any sidewalk or public work to remove snow, ice, sleet, debris or any other obstruction therefrom, provide penalties upon their failure to do so, and cause such snow, ice, sleet, debris or other obstruction to be removed and make the cost of such removal a lien on such property;

      (vi) Grant to abutting property owners a limited property or leasehold interest in abutting streets and sidewalks for the purpose of encouraging and supporting private commercial development;

      (7) Regulatory and police powers. (A) Buildings. (i) Make rules relating to the maintenance of safe and sanitary housing;

      (ii) Regulate the mode of using any buildings when such regulations seem expedient for the purpose of promoting the safety, health, morals and general welfare of the inhabitants of the municipality;

      (iii) Regulate and prohibit the moving of buildings upon or through the streets or other public places of the municipality, and cause the removal and demolition of unsafe buildings and structures;

      (iv) Regulate and provide for the licensing of parked trailers when located off the public highways, and trailer parks or mobile manufactured home parks, except as otherwise provided by special act and except where there exists a local zoning commission so empowered;

      (v) Establish lines beyond which no buildings, steps, stoop, veranda, billboard, advertising sign or device or other structure or obstruction may be erected;

      (vi) Regulate and prohibit the placing, erecting or keeping of signs, awnings or other things upon or over the sidewalks, streets and other public places of the municipality;

      (vii) Regulate plumbing and house drainage;

      (viii) Prohibit or regulate the construction of dwellings, apartments, boarding houses, hotels, commercial buildings, youth camps or commercial camps and commercial camping facilities in such municipality unless the sewerage facilities have been approved by the authorized officials of the municipality;

      (B) Traffic. (i) Regulate and prohibit, in a manner not inconsistent with the general statutes, traffic, the operation of vehicles on streets and highways, off-street parking and on-street residential neighborhood parking areas in which on-street parking is limited to residents of a given neighborhood, as determined by the municipality;

      (ii) Regulate the speed of vehicles, subject to the provisions of the general statutes relating to the regulation of the speed of motor vehicles and of animals, and the driving or leading of animals through the streets;

      (C) Building adjuncts. Regulate and prohibit the construction or use, and require the removal of sinks, cesspools, drains, sewers, privies, barns, outhouses and poultry pens and houses;

      (D) Animals. (i) Regulate and prohibit the going at large of dogs and other animals in the streets and public places of the municipality and prevent cruelty to animals and all inhuman sports;

      (ii) Regulate and prohibit the keeping of wild or domestic animals, including reptiles, within the municipal limits or portions thereof;

      (E) Nuisance. Define, prohibit and abate within the municipality all nuisances and causes thereof, and all things detrimental to the health, morals, safety, convenience and welfare of its inhabitants and cause the abatement of any nuisance at the expense of the owner or owners of the premises on which such nuisance exists;

      (F) Loitering and trespassing. (i) Keep streets, sidewalks and public places free from undue noise and nuisances, and prohibit loitering thereon;

      (ii) Regulate loitering on private property with the permission of the owner thereof;

      (iii) Prohibit the loitering in the nighttime of minors on the streets, alleys or public places within its limits;

      (iv) Prevent trespassing on public and private lands and in buildings in the municipality;

      (G) Vice. Prevent vice and suppress gambling houses, houses of ill-fame and disorderly houses;

      (H) Public health and safety. (i) Secure the safety of persons in or passing through the municipality by regulation of shows, processions, parades and music;

      (ii) Regulate and prohibit the carrying on within the municipality of any trade, manufacture, business or profession which is, or may be, so carried on as to become prejudicial to public health, conducive to fraud and cheating, or dangerous to, or constituting an unreasonable annoyance to, those living or owning property in the vicinity;

      (iii) Regulate auctions and garage and tag sales;

      (iv) Prohibit, restrain, license and regulate the business of peddlers, auctioneers and junk dealers in a manner not inconsistent with the general statutes;

      (v) Regulate and prohibit swimming or bathing in the public or exposed places within the municipality;

      (vi) Regulate and license the operation of amusement parks and amusement arcades including, but not limited to, the regulation of mechanical rides and the establishment of the hours of operation;

      (vii) Prohibit, restrain, license and regulate all sports, exhibitions, public amusements and performances and all places where games may be played;

      (viii) Preserve the public peace and good order, prevent and quell riots and disorderly assemblages and prevent disturbing noises;

      (ix) Establish a system to obtain a more accurate registration of births, marriages and deaths than the system provided by the general statutes in a manner not inconsistent with the general statutes;

      (x) Control insect pests or plant diseases in any manner deemed appropriate;

      (xi) Provide for the health of the inhabitants of the municipality and do all things necessary or desirable to secure and promote the public health;

      (xii) Regulate the use of streets, sidewalks, highways, public places and grounds for public and private purposes;

      (xiii) Make and enforce police, sanitary or other similar regulations and protect or promote the peace, safety, good government and welfare of the municipality and its inhabitants;

      (xiv) Regulate, in addition to the requirements under section 7-282b, the installation, maintenance and operation of any device or equipment in a residence or place of business which is capable of automatically calling and relaying recorded emergency messages to any state police or municipal police or fire department telephone number or which is capable of automatically calling and relaying recorded emergency messages or other forms of emergency signals to an intermediate third party which shall thereafter call and relay such emergency messages to a state police or municipal police or fire department telephone number. Such regulations may provide for penalties for the transmittal of false alarms by such devices or equipment;

      (xv) Make and enforce regulations preventing housing blight, including regulations reducing assessments, provided such regulations define housing blight, and including regulations establishing a duty to maintain property and specifying standards to determine if there is neglect; prescribe fines for the violation of such regulations of not less than ten or more than one hundred dollars for each day that a violation continues and, if such fines are prescribed, such municipality shall adopt a citation hearing procedure in accordance with section 7-152c;

      (8) The environment. (A) Provide for the protection and improvement of the environment including, but not limited to, coastal areas, wetlands and areas adjacent to waterways in a manner not inconsistent with the general statutes;

      (B) Regulate the location and removal of any offensive manure or other substance or dead animals through the streets of the municipality and provide for the disposal of same;

      (C) Except where there exists a local zoning commission, regulate the filling of, or removal of, soil, loam, sand or gravel from land not in public use in the whole, or in specified districts of, the municipality, and provide for the reestablishment of ground level and protection of the area by suitable cover;

      (D) Regulate the emission of smoke from any chimney, smokestack or other source within the limits of the municipality, and provide for proper heating of buildings within the municipality;

      (9) Human rights. (A) Provide for fair housing;

      (B) Adopt a code of prohibited discriminatory practices;

      (10) Miscellaneous. (A) Make all lawful regulations and ordinances in furtherance of any general powers as enumerated in this section, and prescribe penalties for the violation of the same not to exceed two hundred fifty dollars, unless otherwise specifically provided by the general statutes. Such regulations and ordinances may be enforced by citations issued by designated municipal officers or employees, provided the regulations and ordinances have been designated specifically by the municipality for enforcement by citation in the same manner in which they were adopted and the designated municipal officers or employees issue a written warning providing notice of the specific violation before issuing the citation;

      (B) Adopt a code of ethical conduct;

      (C) Establish and maintain free legal aid bureaus;

      (D) Perform data processing and related administrative computer services for a fee for another municipality;

      (E) Adopt the model ordinance concerning a municipal freedom of information advisory board created under subsection (f) of section 1-205 and establish a municipal freedom of information advisory board as provided by said ordinance and said section.

      (1949 Rev., S. 619; 1953, 1955, S. 248d; 1957, P.A. 13, S. 7; 201; 354, S. 1; 1959, P.A. 359, S. 1; 1961, P.A. 187; 570; 1963, P.A. 434; 626; February, 1965, P.A. 582; 1967, P.A. 126; 805, S. 3; 830; 1969, P.A. 694, S. 20; 1971, P.A. 389, S. 1; 802, S. 1; P.A. 73-614, S. 2, 3; P.A. 75-178, S. 1, 2; P.A. 76-32; P.A. 78-331, S. 4, 58; P.A. 79-531, S. 1; 79-618, S. 1; P.A. 80-403, S. 7, 10; P.A. 81-219, S. 1, 3; P.A. 82-327, S. 5; P.A. 83-168, S. 3; 83-188, S. 1; 83-587, S. 78, 96; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-3, S. 1; P.A. 84-232, S. 1-3; P.A. 86-97, S. 2, 3; 86-229, S. 1, 2; P.A. 87-278, S. 1, 5; P.A. 88-213, S. 1, 2; 88-221, S. 1; P.A. 90-334, S. 1; P.A. 93-434, S. 18, 20; P.A. 95-7; 95-320; P.A. 97-199, S. 5; 97-320, S. 4, 11; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-11, S. 62, 65; P.A. 98-188, S. 2; P.A. 99-129; 99-188, S. 3, 6; P.A. 00-136, S. 7, 10; P.A. 01-128, S. 1; P.A. 03-19, S. 19; P.A. 06-185, S. 7; P.A. 07-141, S. 4.)

      History: 1959 act authorized establishment and maintenance of parks, etc., "by a board, commission or otherwise"; 1961 acts deleted semicolon between the words "mobile home parks" and "and regulate the removal of soil, loam," etc. and added provision regulations enacted by local zoning commission would have same effect as ordinance; 1963 acts added provision for improvement of waterfronts "by a board, commission or otherwise" and added power to enact ordinances re sewer and drainage systems and sewage disposal plants and entry on land to correct surface water flow; 1965 act authorized zoning commission to regulate the filling of land not in public use; 1967 acts added power to furnish ambulance service, deleted power to set poll hours for elections and added power to regulate loitering; 1969 act deleted power to set poll hours for electors' meetings and referenda; 1971 acts added power to fix hours of operation of amusement parks and arcades and to establish commission or board to protect and improve environment and deleted power to regulate building construction; P.A. 73-614 added power to regulate off-street parking available to public on private property; P.A. 75-178 added power to acquire and sell personal and real property for benefit of the municipality; P.A. 76-32 replaced power to regulate loitering on public property with broader power to regulate use of streets, sidewalks, etc.; P.A. 78-331 divided section into subsecs. and subdivs. and restored power to acquire and sell real and personal property which was inadvertently dropped in 1976 act; P.A. 79-531 added power to provide fair housing and to perform data processing services for other towns in Subsec. (a); P.A. 79-618 added power to adopt ethics code in Subsec. (a); P.A. 80-403 added power to adopt code of discriminatory practices in Subsec. (a); P.A. 81-219 reorganized the section and included powers previously reserved for charter towns under Sec. 7-194, effective October 1, 1982; P.A. 82-327 completed the revision of power begun by P.A. 81-219; P.A. 83-168 added power to regulate automatic calling devices, designated as Subsec. (c)(7)(H)(xiv); P.A. 83-188 made technical changes in Subdiv. (c)(5)(C); P.A. 83-587 substituted "7-282b" for "7-282a" in Subsec. (c)(7)(H)(xiv); June Sp. Sess. 83-3 changed term "mobile home" to "mobile manufactured home" in Subsec. (c)(7)(A)(iv); P.A. 84-232 amended Subsec. (c)(3) to include encouragement of private commercial development and amended Subsec. (c)(6)(C) to authorize grants of limited property or leasehold interests in streets and sidewalks to abutting property owners; P.A. 86-97 amended Subsec. (c)(5) to include authorization to establish pension systems for members of volunteer fire departments; P.A. 86-229 amended Subsec. (c)(2)(K) to include references to trust funds and to funds which do not lapse at the end of the municipal fiscal year and added Subsec. (c)(4)(I) re housing for those with low or moderate incomes; P.A. 87-278 added Subsec. (c)(5)(D) re appointment of municipal historians; P.A. 88-213 added provision in Subsec. (c)(7)(B) to allow municipalities to regulate and prohibit on-street residential neighborhood parking; P.A. 88-221 amended Subsec. (c)(10)(A) to provide that regulations and ordinances may be enforced by citations by designated municipal officers, provided the regulations and ordinances are so designated and the written warning is issued before issuance of citation; P.A. 90-334 added provision in Subsec. (c)(7)(H) to allow municipalities to make and enforce regulations preventing housing blight; P.A. 93-434 added provision in Subsec. (c)(2)(L) to allow municipalities to assign tax liens on real property, effective June 30, 1993; P.A. 95-7 amended Subsec. (c) (5) (A) to authorize municipalities to establish pensions for active members of volunteer ambulance associations; P.A. 95-320 amended Subsec. (c)(2)(B) to allow municipalities to withhold approval of building application when taxes are delinquent on the property; P.A. 97-199 amended Subsec. (b)(1) by adding "including community service for not more than twenty hours"; P.A. 97-320 amended Subsec. (c)(7)(H)(xv) to authorize blight ordinance to include provision re reduction of assessments, effective July 1, 1997; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-11 changed effective date of P.A. 97-199 from October 1, 1997, to July 1, 1997, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 98-188 added provision in Subsec. (c)(2)(B) re delinquent water or sewer rates, charges or assessments; P.A. 99-129 added provision in Subsec. (c)(7)(H) to allow municipalities to impose fines for violation of blight regulations; P.A. 99-188 amended Subsec. (c)(4)(C) to allow towns to purchase, own and operate sports franchises, effective June 23, 1999; P.A. 00-136 amended Subsec. (c)(10) to add new Subpara. (E) re municipal freedom of information advisory boards, effective July 1, 2000; P.A. 01-128 amended Subsec. (c)(7)(H)(xv) to authorize regulations to establish a duty to maintain property and to specify standards to determine neglect; P.A. 03-19 made a technical change in Subsec. (c)(7)(H)(xv), effective May 12, 2003; P.A. 06-185 amended Subsec. (c)(10)(A) to increase maximum penalty for violation of regulations and ordinances from $100 to $250; P.A. 07-141 amended Subsec. (c)(3)(A) to delete "or the encouragement of private commercial development" re power to take or acquire property, effective June 25, 2007, and applicable to property acquired on or after that date.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 7-148a. Compilations of ordinances and special acts; supplements. Each town, city and borough in this state shall print and publish all amendments to its ordinances, all new ordinances and all special acts adopted after June 1, 1962, on or before March first of each even-numbered year as a cumulative supplement to the compilation of its ordinances and special acts. Such compilation and all supplements thereto shall be available for sale to the public at the office of the clerk or other similar office in such municipality at a reasonable cost to be determined by such municipality and a copy of each such compilation and supplement, whether tangible or intangible in form, shall be deposited by the clerk of the municipality in the office of the Secretary of the State, in the State Library, in each bar library in the judicial district in which such municipality is located and in the courthouse library of the court nearest to such municipality. If any town, city or borough fails to comply with the provisions of this section, the Secretary of the State shall provide for the original compilation and publication of such ordinances and special acts or of any supplement thereto and such town, city or borough shall be liable for the cost of such compilation and publication.

      (1959, P.A. 430; 1961, P.A. 66; 281; February, 1965, P.A. 249; P.A. 74-183, S. 175, 291; P.A. 76-436, S. 155, 681; P.A. 78-280, S. 1, 127; P.A. 07-227, S. 18.)

      History: 1961 acts set deadline of June 1, 1962, (formerly December 1, 1960) for completion of compilation, provided for depositing copies in various libraries and required secretary of state to provide for compilation and publication of ordinances, etc., if municipality fails to do so with municipality bearing responsibility for cost; 1965 act deleted obsolete reference to requirement that municipalities compile and publish ordinances and special acts before June 1, 1962, and specified subsequent ordinances and special acts be printed and published on or before March first of each even-numbered year; P.A. 74-183 replaced circuit court with court of common pleas; P.A. 76-436 deleted reference to specific court class, stating that books be placed in nearest courthouse library, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 78-280 substituted "judicial district" for "county"; P.A. 07-227 added reference to tangible or intangible copies, effective July 1, 2007.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 7-148u. Municipal set-aside program for small contractors and minority business enterprises. (a) As used in this section:

      (1) "Small contractor" means any contractor, subcontractor, manufacturer or service company (A) which has been doing business and has maintained its principal place of business in the state for a period of at least one year prior to the date of application for certification under this section, (B) which had gross revenues not exceeding ten million dollars in the most recently completed fiscal year prior to such application, and (C) at least fifty-one per cent of the ownership of which is held by a person or persons who are active in the daily affairs of the business and have the power to direct the management and policies of the business.

      (2) "Minority business enterprise" means any small contractor (A) fifty-one per cent or more of the capital stock, if any, or assets of which are owned by a person or persons (i) who are active in the daily affairs of the enterprise, (ii) who have the power to direct the management and policies of the enterprise, and (iii) who are members of a minority, as such term is defined in subsection (a) of section 32-9n, or (B) who is an individual with a disability.

      (3) "Individual with a disability" means an individual (A) having a physical impairment that substantially limits one or more of the major life activities of the individual, or (B) having a record of such an impairment.

      (b) Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes or of any special act or any municipal charter or home rule ordinance, a municipality may, by ordinance, set aside in each fiscal year, for award to small contractors, on the basis of a competitive bidding procedure, municipal contracts or portions of municipal contracts for the construction, reconstruction or rehabilitation of public buildings, the construction and maintenance of highways and the purchase of goods and services. The total value of such contracts or portions thereof to be set aside shall be not more than twenty-five per cent of the average of the total value of all such contracts let by the municipality for each of the previous three fiscal years, provided a contract that may not be set aside due to a conflict with a federal law or regulation shall not be included in the calculation of such average. Contracts or portions thereof having a value of not less than twenty-five per cent of the total value of all contracts or portions thereof to be set aside shall be reserved for awards to minority business enterprises.

      (P.A. 83-390, S. 3; P.A. 92-189, S. 1; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-4, S. 68.)

      History: P.A. 92-189 amended Subsec. (a) by setting forth definitions of "small contractor" and "minority business enterprise" instead of construing the terms as defined in Sec. 32-9e and by adding definition of "individual with a disability"; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-4 amended Subsec. (a)(1)(B) to change $3,000,000 to $10,000,000 and made technical changes in Subsec. (a), effective July 1, 2007.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 7-148ff. Special assessment on blighted property. Liens. (a) Any municipality that has regulations preventing housing blight under subparagraph (H)(xv) of subdivision (7) of subsection (c) of section 7-148 may, by ordinance adopted by its legislative body on recommendation of its board of finance or equivalent body, provide for a special assessment on housing that is blighted, as defined in such regulations.

      (b) Prior to initial approval by the legislative body of such municipality of the plan for implementation of the special assessment to be provided pursuant to the provisions of this section, the executive authority of such municipality shall appoint a committee consisting of not less than six taxpayers of such municipality, one of whom shall be a landlord, the tax assessor and representatives of municipal agencies responsible for zoning and health, housing, fire and other safety code compliance. The committee shall undertake and complete, within a period not in excess of sixty days following such appointment, a study and investigation with respect to such special assessment and shall submit a report to the board of finance or equivalent body of such municipality. The report shall include, but not be limited to, the following: (1) A statement describing the fiscal effect of a special assessment on the revenue for the municipality; (2) identification of properties that may be subject to a special assessment; (3) the amount of property taxes generated by the properties and the cost to the municipality for code enforcement on such properties, including costs for police and fire personnel; (4) recommendations with respect to the form and extent of any assessment; and (5) standards for imposition of the assessment. In establishing any standards, the committee shall consider the number of outstanding health, housing and safety violations for the property, the number of times municipal health, housing and safety personnel have had to inspect the property and the cost to the municipality to enforce code compliance on the property. After the initial approval of the special assessment by the legislative body of such municipality, such plan may be amended from time to time by vote of its legislative body on recommendation of its board of finance or equivalent body without compliance with the requirements of this subsection applicable to such initial approval.

      (c) Any ordinance adopted under subsection (a) of this section shall include, but not be limited to, the following: (1) Standards to determine if a special assessment should be imposed on a property, (2) the amount of the assessment, which shall be a reasonable amount and based on an analysis of the costs to the municipality for code inspection and enforcement, including costs for police and fire personnel, (3) procedures for notice to the property owner of imposition of the special assessment, which shall include a time period to remedy the code noncompliance before the assessment is due and a process for appeal of an assessment, and (4) the appointment of a board consisting of the finance director, tax assessor and municipal code enforcement official to determine when the special assessment should be imposed on specific property. Annually, the legislative body shall review the amount of any assessment to be imposed pursuant to an ordinance adopted under this section and may revise such amount.

      (d) Any funds received by a municipality from a special assessment imposed pursuant to an ordinance adopted under subsection (c) of this section shall be deposited into a special fund or account maintained by the municipality which shall be dedicated for expenses of the municipality related to enforcement of ordinances regulating blight and state and local health, housing and safety codes and regulations, including expenses related to community police.

      (e) Any unpaid special assessment imposed by a municipality pursuant to the provisions of an ordinance adopted under subsection (c) of this section shall constitute a lien upon the real estate against which the fine was imposed from the date of such fine. Each such lien may be continued, recorded and released in the manner provided by the general statutes for continuing, recording and releasing property tax liens. Each such lien may be enforced in the same manner as property tax liens.

      (P.A. 06-185, S. 1; P.A. 07-217, S. 16.)

      History: P.A. 06-185 effective July 1, 2006; P.A. 07-217 made a technical change in Subsec. (c)(2), effective July 12, 2007.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 7-151a. Establishment of lake authorities. Withdrawal of town. (a) As used in this section, "state waters" means all waters within the territorial limits of the state except navigable waters of the United States. Any two or more towns which have within their territorial limits a body of state water may establish by ordinance a lake authority. Said authority shall act as agent for the member towns in cooperating with the Commissioner of Environmental Protection in the enforcement of the boating laws on such water.

      (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of section 7-330, such authority shall be composed of at least three delegates from each member town whose term of office and method of selection shall be determined by the towns establishing the authority provided each member town may appoint up to four delegates to the authority. Each town shall pay to the authority its respective share of the expenses of the commission prorated on the basis of its linear footage of shore line or any other formula agreed on and adopted by a majority of the legislative bodies of all member towns. Any member town may, by ordinance, withdraw from such authority, effective upon the mailing of written notice of such withdrawal to the authority. Each withdrawing town shall be liable for its share of expenses incurred prior to the effective date of such notice. Upon the withdrawal of any town or towns, the authority shall remain in force insofar as the remaining town or towns are concerned, but the jurisdiction of the authority shall be reduced to that portion of said body of state water lying within the boundaries of such remaining town or towns. In the event of such a withdrawal, the portion of such body of state water lying within the town or towns withdrawing from the authority shall revert to the status existing prior to the adoption of the authority.

      (c) In addition to the power granted in subsection (a) of this section, a lake authority may be granted by the legislative bodies of its respective towns powers to: (1) Control and abate algae and aquatic weeds in cooperation with the Commissioner of Environmental Protection; (2) study water management including, but not limited to, water depth and circulation and make recommendations for action to its member towns; (3) act as agent for member towns with respect to filing applications for grants and reimbursements with the Department of Environmental Protection and other state agencies in connection with state and federal programs; and (4) to act as agent for member towns with respect to receiving gifts for any of its purposes.

      (d) A lake authority shall have no jurisdiction in any matters subject to regulation by the Commissioner of Environmental Protection.

      (e) Each member town of any lake authority shall protect and save harmless such town's delegates to such lake authority from financial loss and expense, including legal fees and costs, if any, arising out of any claim, demand, suit or judgment by reason of alleged negligence on the part of such delegate while acting in the discharge of his duties as such delegate. Each such member town may insure against the liability imposed by this subsection in any insurance company organized in this state or in any insurance company of another state authorized to write such insurance in this state or may elect to act as self-insurer of such liability.

      (1967, P.A. 682, S. 1-3; 1969, P.A. 416; 1971, P.A. 29, S. 1, 2; P.A. 73-241, S. 1-3; P.A. 75-408, S. 2; P.A. 76-435, S. 35, 82; P.A. 88-364, S. 74, 123; P.A. 93-238, S. 4; P.A. 07-217, S. 17.)

      History: 1969 act added Subsecs. (c) and (d) re additional powers of lake authorities and ban on jurisdiction in matters subject to state fisheries and game board; 1971 act permitted formulas other than linear footage for basis of expense apportionment in Subsec. (b) and in Subsec. (c) added power to act as agent for towns in applications to various state agencies; P.A. 73-241 required agreement by majority of member towns re alternate formulas of expense apportionment in Subsec. (b) and added power to act as agent for towns in receiving gifts under Subsec. (c); P.A. 75-408 added Subsec. (e) re indemnification of lake authority delegates; P.A. 76-435 replaced state boating commission, water resources commission and board of fisheries and game with commissioner of environmental protection, pursuant to 1971, P.A. 872; P.A. 88-364 deleted reference to Secs. 22a-338 and 22a-339 from Subsec. (c); P.A. 93-238 amended Subsec. (b) to authorize an additional member for municipal delegations to the authorities; P.A. 07-217 made a technical change in Subsec. (c), effective July 12, 2007.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 7-152b. Hearing procedure for parking violations. (a) Any town, city or borough may establish by ordinance a parking violation hearing procedure in accordance with this section. The Superior Court shall be authorized to enforce the assessments and judgments provided for under this section.

      (b) The chief executive officer of the town, city or borough shall appoint one or more parking violation hearing officers, other than policemen or persons who issue parking tickets or work in the police department, to conduct the hearings authorized by this section.

      (c) A town, city or borough may, at any time within two years from the expiration of the final period for the uncontested payment of fines, penalties, costs or fees for any alleged violation under any ordinance adopted pursuant to section 7-148 or sections 14-305 to 14-308, inclusive, send notice to the motor vehicle operator, if known, or the registered owner of the motor vehicle by first class mail at his address according to the registration records of the Department of Motor Vehicles. Such notice shall inform the operator or owner: (1) Of the allegations against him and the amount of the fines, penalties, costs or fees due; (2) that he may contest his liability before a parking violations hearing officer by delivering in person or by mail written notice within ten days of the date thereof; (3) that if he does not demand such a hearing, an assessment and judgment shall enter against him; and (4) that such judgment may issue without further notice. Whenever a violation of such an ordinance occurs, proof of the registration number of the motor vehicle involved shall be prima facie evidence in all proceedings provided for in this section that the owner of such vehicle was the operator thereof; provided, the liability of a lessee under section 14-107 shall apply.

      (d) If the person who is sent notice pursuant to subsection (c) of this section wishes to admit liability for any alleged violation, such person may, without requesting a hearing, pay the full amount of the fines, penalties, costs or fees admitted to in person or by mail to an official designated by the town, city or borough. Such payment shall be inadmissible in any proceeding, civil or criminal, to establish the conduct of such person or other person making the payment. Any person who does not deliver or mail written demand for a hearing within ten days of the date of the first notice provided for in subsection (c) of this section shall be deemed to have admitted liability, and the designated town official shall certify such person's failure to respond to the hearing officer. The hearing officer shall thereupon enter and assess the fines, penalties, costs or fees provided for by the applicable ordinances and shall follow the procedures set forth in subsection (f) of this section.

      (e) Any person who requests a hearing shall be given written notice of the date, time and place for the hearing. Such hearing shall be held not less than fifteen days nor more than thirty days from the date of the mailing of notice, provided the hearing officer shall grant upon good cause shown any reasonable request by any interested party for postponement or continuance. An original or certified copy of the initial notice of violation issued by a policeman or other issuing officer shall be filed and retained by the town, city or borough, be deemed to be a business record within the scope of section 52-180 and be evidence of the facts contained therein. The presence of the policeman or issuing officer shall be required at the hearing if such person so requests. A person wishing to contest his liability shall appear at the hearing and may present evidence in his behalf. A designated town official, other than the hearing officer, may present evidence on behalf of the town. If such person fails to appear, the hearing officer may enter an assessment by default against him upon a finding of proper notice and liability under the applicable statutes or ordinances. The hearing officer may accept from such person copies of police reports, Department of Motor Vehicles documents and other official documents by mail and may determine thereby that the appearance of such person is unnecessary. The hearing officer shall conduct the hearing in the order and form and with such methods of proof as he deems fair and appropriate. The rules regarding the admissibility of evidence shall not be strictly applied, but all testimony shall be given under oath or affirmation. The hearing officer shall announce his decision at the end of the hearing. If he determines that the person is not liable, he shall dismiss the matter and enter his determination in writing accordingly. If he determines that the person is liable for the violation, he shall forthwith enter and assess the fines, penalties, costs or fees against such person as provided by the applicable ordinances of that town, city or borough.

      (f) If such assessment is not paid on the date of its entry, the hearing officer shall send by first class mail a notice of the assessment to the person found liable and shall file, not less than thirty days or more than twelve months after such mailing, a certified copy of the notice of assessment with the clerk of a superior court facility designated by the Chief Court Administrator together with an entry fee of eight dollars. The certified copy of the notice of assessment shall constitute a record of assessment. Within such twelve-month period, assessments against the same person may be accrued and filed as one record of assessment. The clerk shall enter judgment, in the amount of such record of assessment and court costs of eight dollars, against such person in favor of the town, city or borough. Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes, the hearing officer's assessment, when so entered as a judgment, shall have the effect of a civil money judgment and a levy of execution on such judgment may issue without further notice to such person.

      (g) A person against whom an assessment has been entered pursuant to this section is entitled to judicial review by way of appeal. An appeal shall be instituted within thirty days of the mailing of notice of such assessment by filing a petition to reopen assessment, together with an entry fee in an amount equal to the entry fee for a small claims case pursuant to section 52-259, at the Superior Court facility designated by the Chief Court Administrator, which shall entitle such person to a hearing in accordance with the rules of the judges of the Superior Court.

      (P.A. 81-438; P.A. 84-107; P.A. 00-191, S. 3; P.A. 02-132, S. 62; P.A. 03-278, S. 12; P.A. 07-217, S. 18.)

      History: P.A. 84-107 extended the period for notification of hearing from 12 months to 2 years; (Revisor's note: In 1997 references throughout the general statutes to "Motor Vehicle(s) Commissioner" and "Motor Vehicle(s) Department" were replaced editorially by the Revisors with "Commissioner of Motor Vehicles" or "Department of Motor Vehicles", as the case may be, for consistency with customary statutory usage); P.A. 00-191 amended Subsec. (f) by changing provision that copy of notice of assessment be filed with clerk of superior court facility designated by the Chief Court Administrator within boundaries of judicial district instead of superior court for the geographical area; P.A. 02-132 amended Subsec. (f) by deleting "within the boundaries of the judicial district in which the town, city or borough is located" and making a technical change and amended Subsec. (g) by replacing "in the superior court for the geographical area in which the town, city or borough is located" with "at the superior court facility designated by the Chief Court Administrator"; P.A. 03-278 made a technical change in Subsec. (f), effective July 9, 2003; P.A. 07-217 made technical changes in Subsec. (d), effective July 12, 2007.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 7-163a. Municipal liability for ice and snow on public sidewalks.

      Adoption of ordinance by city under statute relieves city of liability for injuries on sidewalk abutting state property, even though part of the state property is leased to private businesses. 99 CA 492.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 7-163e. Public hearing on the sale, lease or transfer of real property owned by a municipality. (a) The legislative body of a municipality, or in any municipality where the legislative body is a town meeting or representative town meeting, the board of selectmen, shall conduct a public hearing on the sale, lease or transfer of real property owned by the municipality prior to final approval of such sale, lease or transfer. Notice of the hearing shall be published in a newspaper having a general circulation in such municipality where the real property that is the subject of the hearing is located at least twice, at intervals of not less than two days, the first not more than fifteen days or less than ten days and the last not less than two days before the date set for the hearing. The municipality shall also post a sign conspicuously on the real property land that is the subject of the public hearing.

      (b) The provisions of subsection (a) of this section shall not apply to (1) sales of real property, except parkland, open space or playgrounds, if the fair market value of such property does not exceed ten thousand dollars, (2) renewals of leases where there is no change in use of the real property, and (3) the sales, lease or transfer of real property acquired by the municipality by foreclosure.

      (P.A. 07-218, S. 1; 07-251, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 07-251 added Subsec. (b)(3) re exception for property acquired by foreclosure.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 7-169. Bingo. (a) Definitions. The term "bingo" is defined as the name of a game in which each player receives a card containing several rows of numbers and, as numbers are drawn or otherwise obtained by chance and publicly announced, the player first having a specified number of announced numbers appearing on his card in a continuous straight line or covering a previously designated arrangement of numbers on such card is declared the winner. The word "person" or "applicant", as used in this section, means the officer or representative of the sponsoring organization or the organization itself. The term "session" means a series of games played in one day. "Executive director" means the executive director of the Division of Special Revenue within the Department of Revenue Services who shall be responsible for the administration and regulation of bingo in the state.

      (b) Vote of municipality. Upon a written petition of five per cent or more of the electors of any municipality requesting the selectmen, common council or other governing body of such municipality to vote upon the question of permitting the playing of bingo within such municipality, such governing body shall vote upon such question and, if the vote is in the affirmative, it shall be permitted, subject to the restrictions herein set forth, and if the vote is in the negative, bingo shall not be permitted to be played in such municipality. When the selectmen, common council or other governing body of any municipality have voted favorably upon the question of permitting the playing of bingo within such municipality, the playing of such game shall be permitted in such municipality indefinitely thereafter, without further petition or action by such governing body, unless such governing body has forbidden the playing of said game upon a similar written petition of five per cent or more of the electors of such municipality, whereupon bingo shall not be permitted to be played after such negative vote.

      (c) Regulations. The executive director of the Division of Special Revenue, with the advice and consent of the Gaming Policy Board, shall adopt, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, such regulations as are necessary effectively to carry out the provisions of this section and section 7-169a in order to prevent fraud and protect the public, which regulations shall have the effect of law.

      (d) Sponsorship. No bingo game or series of bingo games shall be promoted, operated or played unless the same is sponsored and conducted exclusively by a charitable, civic, educational, fraternal, veterans' or religious organization, volunteer fire department or grange. Any such organization or group shall have been organized for not less than two years prior to its application for a bingo permit under the terms of this section. The promotion and operation of said game or games shall be confined solely to the qualified members of the sponsoring organization, except that the executive director of the Division of Special Revenue may permit any qualified member of a sponsoring organization who has registered with the executive director, on a form prepared by him for such purpose, to assist in the operation of a game sponsored by another organization. The executive director may revoke such registration for cause.

      (e) Application for permit. Any eligible organization desiring to operate bingo games in any municipality in which the governing body has voted to permit the playing thereof shall make application to the executive director of the Division of Special Revenue, which application shall contain a statement of the name and address of the applicant, the location of the place at which the games are to be played and the seating capacity of such place, the date or dates for which a permit is sought, the class of permit sought and any other information which the executive director reasonably requires for the protection of the public, and, upon payment of the fee hereinafter provided for, the executive director is authorized to issue such permit, provided such eligible organization has been registered by him as provided in section 7-169a.

      (f) Bingo permits. Permits shall be known as "Class A" which shall be annual one-day-per-week permits and shall permit the conduct of not more than forty and not less than fifteen bingo games on such day, and "Class B" which shall permit not more than forty and not less than fifteen bingo games per day for a maximum of ten successive days, and "Class C" which shall be annual one-day-per-month permits and shall permit the conduct of not more than forty and not less than fifteen bingo games on such day. "Class A" permits shall allow the playing of bingo no more than one day weekly. Not more than two "Class B" permits shall be issued to any one organization within any twelve-month period. "Class C" permits shall allow the playing of bingo no more than one day per month.

      (g) Permit fees. Permit fees shall be remitted to the state as follows: "Class A", seventy-five dollars; "Class B", five dollars per day; "Class C", fifty dollars.

      (h) Records of receipts and disbursements. Each person who operates bingo games shall keep accurate records of receipts and disbursements, which shall be available for inspection by the executive director. Any information acquired by the executive director pursuant to this subsection shall be available to the Commissioner of Public Safety upon request.

      (i) Prizes. Prizes offered for the winning of bingo games may consist of cash, merchandise, tickets for any lottery conducted under chapter 226, the value of which shall be the purchase price printed on such tickets, or other personal property. No permittee may offer a prize which exceeds one hundred dollars in value, except that (1) a permittee may offer a prize or prizes on any one day of not less than one hundred one dollars or more than three hundred dollars in value, provided the total value of such prizes on any one day does not exceed twelve hundred dollars, (2) a permittee may offer one or two winner-take-all games or series of games played on any day on which the permittee is allowed to conduct bingo, provided ninety per cent of all receipts from the sale of bingo cards for such winner-take-all game or series of games shall be awarded as prizes and provided each prize awarded does not exceed five hundred dollars in value, (3) the holder of a Class A permit may offer two additional prizes on a weekly basis not to exceed one hundred twenty-five dollars each as a special grand prize and in the event such a special grand prize is not won, the money reserved for such prize shall be added to the money reserved for the next week's special grand prize, provided no such special grand prize may accumulate for more than sixteen weeks or exceed a total of two thousand dollars, and (4) a permittee may award door prizes the aggregate value of which shall not exceed two hundred dollars in value. When more than one player wins on the call of the same number, the designated prize shall be divided equally to the next nearest dollar. If a permittee elects, no winner may receive a prize which amounts to less than ten per cent of the announced prize and in such case the total of such multiple prizes may exceed the statutory limit of such game.

      (j) Imposition of regulation fee. Any organization operating or conducting a bingo game shall file a return with the executive director, on a form prepared by him, within ten days after such game is held or within such further time as the executive director may allow, and pay to the state a fee of five per cent of the gross receipts, less the prizes awarded including prizes reserved for special grand prize games, derived from such games at each bingo session. All such returns shall be public records. The executive director shall pay each municipality in which bingo games are conducted, one-quarter of one per cent of the total money wagered less prizes awarded on such games conducted. He shall make such payment at least once a year and not more than four times a year from the fee imposed pursuant to this subsection.

      (k) Suspension or revocation of permit. Cease and desist order. Notice. Hearing. Appeals. Penalty. (1) Whenever it appears to the executive director after an investigation that any person is violating or is about to violate any provision of this section or section 7-169a or administrative regulations issued pursuant thereto, the executive director may in his discretion, to protect the public welfare, order that any permit issued pursuant to this section be immediately suspended or revoked and that the person cease and desist from the actions constituting such violation or which would constitute such violation. After such an order is issued, the person named therein may, within fourteen days after receipt of the order, file a written request for a hearing. Such hearing shall be held in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54.

      (2) Whenever the executive director finds as the result of an investigation that any person has violated any provision of this section or section 7-169a or administrative regulations issued pursuant thereto or made any false statement in any application for a permit or in any report required by this section or section 7-169a or by the executive director, the executive director may send a notice to such person by certified mail, return receipt requested. Any such notice shall include (A) a reference to the section or regulation alleged to have been violated or the application or report in which an alleged false statement was made, (B) a short and plain statement of the matter asserted or charged, (C) the fact that any permit issued pursuant to this section may be suspended or revoked for such violation or false statement and the maximum penalty that may be imposed for such violation or false statement, and (D) the time and place for the hearing. Such hearing shall be fixed for a date not earlier than fourteen days after the notice is mailed.

      (3) The executive director shall hold a hearing upon the charges made unless such person fails to appear at the hearing. Such hearing shall be held in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54. If such person fails to appear at the hearing or if, after the hearing, the executive director finds that such person committed such a violation or made such a false statement, the executive director may, in his discretion, suspend or revoke such permit and order that a civil penalty of not more than two hundred dollars be imposed upon such person for such violation or false statement. The executive director shall send a copy of any order issued pursuant to this subdivision by certified mail, return receipt requested, to any person named in such order. Any person aggrieved by a decision of the executive director under this subdivision shall have a right of appeal to the Gaming Policy Board for a hearing. Any person aggrieved by a decision of the Gaming Policy Board shall have a right of appeal pursuant to section 4-183.

      (4) Whenever the executive director revokes a permit issued pursuant to this section, he shall not issue any permit to such permittee for one year after the date of such revocation.

      (5) Any person who promotes or operates any bingo game without a permit therefor, or who violates any provision of this section or section 7-169a or administrative regulations issued pursuant thereto, or who makes any false statement in any application for a permit or in any report required by this section or section 7-169a or by the executive director shall be fined not more than two hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than sixty days or both.

      (1949 Rev., S. 703; 1959, P.A. 104; February, 1965, P.A. 451, S. 2-6, 8; 1967, P.A. 616, S. 1, 2; P.A. 73-239, S. 1, 3; P.A. 77-439; 77-614, S. 486, 610; P.A. 80-297, S. 1, 20; P.A. 82-472, S. 11, 183; P.A. 84-142; P.A. 85-24; P.A. 86-419, S. 4, 25; P.A. 87-1, S. 3, 7; 87-44, S. 1; 87-48, S. 1, 2; 87-582, S. 1-3; P.A. 88-363, S. 1-3, 7; P.A. 89-214, S. 1, 26; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-17, S. 1, 59; P.A. 93-13; P.A. 03-178, S. 1; P.A. 04-7, S. 1; 04-256, S. 1; 04-257, S. 5; P.A. 07-144, S. 2.)

      History: 1959 act added violation of any provision of section to Subsec. (k); 1965 act amended Subsec. (a) to include as winner a player covering a previously designated arrangement of numbers and to define "session", amended Subsec. (c) to authorize the commissioner of state police instead of the governing board of such municipality to make regulations and to specify that such regulations are to prevent fraud and protect the public, amended Subsec. (e) to cover "eligible organizations" instead of "persons", to require applications to be in duplicate, duly executed and verified, to require registration of organizations and to require police chief or first selectmen to forward duplicate copy to commissioner, amended Subsec. (h) to add reference to commissioner of state police, amended Subsec. (i) to eliminate prohibition against cash prizes, specifying that they may be offered, and amended Subsec. (k) to provide a penalty for violating any provision of the section or regulations or for making a false statement; 1967 act amended Subsecs. (f) and (g) to include "Class C" permits; P.A. 73-239 amended Subsec. (i) to include tickets to lotteries conducted under chapter 226 as prizes; P.A. 77-439 in Subsec. (i) increased maximum for daily total in prizes from $250 to $350, for largest special prize from $50 to $100, and removed prohibition against extra prizes, permitting such extra prizes if total of all prizes does not exceed total permitted; P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner of state police with commissioner of public safety, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 80-297 amended Subsec. (g) raising permit fees and replacing provision that all fees are property of town with formulas for dividing fees between municipality and state; P.A. 82-472, under Subsec. (c), authorized commissioner to adopt regulations in accordance with Ch. 54 and deleted reference to repealed Secs. 4-41 to 4-50; P.A. 84-142 amended Subsec. (i), increasing the maximum retail value of all prizes offered in one day from $350 to $500 and providing that holders of class B or C permits may offer a weekly grand prize; P.A. 85-24 amended Subsec. (i)(1) and (2), increasing the maximum number and amount of special prizes offered in one day from one prize not to exceed $100 to two prizes not to exceed $125 each and from four to six prizes not to exceed $25 each; P.A. 86-419 amended Subsec. (a) to include definition of "executive director", Subsec. (c) to substitute executive director of the division of special revenue for commissioner of public safety, Subsec. (e) to require that application for a permit be made to the executive director, changing all references appropriately, Subsec. (f) to modify permit structure, retaining Class A and B permits and eliminating Class C permits, Subsec. (g) to eliminate prior provisions and to specify permit fees for Class A and B permits, Subsec. (h), to substitute executive director for authority authorized to issue permits and commissioner of public safety and to require that information be made available to said commissioner upon request, Subsec. (i) to modify the prize structure to permit winner-take-all games, the award of door prizes and cash prizes and to eliminate the $500-a-day prize limitation, and inserted new Subsec. (j) imposing a gross receipts tax on organizations with annual receipts of over $25,000 and relettered the remaining Subsecs. as Subsec. (k) substituting executive director for authority granting any such permit and Subsec. (l) substituting executive director for commissioner of public safety, effective October 1, 1987; P.A. 87-1 made technical corrections; P.A. 87-44 amended Subsec. (c) to require executive director to adopt regulations with the advice and consent of gaming policy board; P.A. 87-48 amended Subsec. (f), extending the expiration date for "Class B" permits from September fifteenth to the thirtieth, effective from April 14, 1987, to October 1, 1987; P.A. 87-582 amended Subsec. (b), effective from July 7, 1987, until October 1, 1987, to eliminate requirement re affirmative votes for two successive years upon question to permit indefinite bingo playing, instead requiring one affirmative vote to permit such playing, and to provide that any municipality which permitted bingo prior to July 7, 1987, shall be deemed to have been in compliance with provisions of subsection and, effective October 1, 1987, deleted all references to September first and September fifteenth and eliminated requirement re affirmative votes for two successive years upon question to permit indefinite bingo playing, instead requiring one affirmative vote to permit such playing; P.A. 88-363 amended Subsec. (c) to delete reference to repealed Sec. 7-169b, Subsec. (d) to permit any registered member of a sponsoring organization to assist in the operation of a game sponsored by another organization and to permit the revocation of such registration for cause, Subsec. (f) to provide that a maximum of two "Class B" permits shall be issued within a one-year period, Subsec. (g) to require a "Class B" permit fee of $5 per day in lieu of $50, Subsec. (i) to allow permittee to offer a greater variety of games and prizes, including one or two winner-take-all games, a special grand prize and the prizes specified in Subdiv. (1); Subsec. (j) to delete requirement that each organization with annual gross receipts of over $25,000 file an annual return and to require each organization conducting bingo to pay a fee to the state in lieu of a tax of 5% of the gross receipts, less prizes awarded, including special grand prizes, derived from such games at each bingo session, and to require executive director to pay each municipality in which bingo games are conducted not less than four times and not more than twelve times a year in lieu of annually not later than August thirty-first, effective May 2, 1988, and applicable to bingo games conducted on or after July 1, 1988, and Subsec. (l) to delete references to repealed Sec. 7-169b; P.A. 89-214 replaced existing Subsec. (k) with new Subdivs. (1) to (4), inclusive, authorizing executive director to immediately suspend or revoke any permit and issue cease and desist orders, to send notice to any person violating any provision of Secs. 7-169 and 7-169a and specifying requirements for notice, requiring executive director to hold a hearing upon charges made and authorizing him to suspend or revoke any permit and order imposition of a civil penalty, and prohibiting executive director from issuing any permit for one year after date of revocation whenever he revokes a permit, and designated former Subsec. (l) as Subsec. (k)(5); May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-17 amended Subsec. (f) to establish a "Class C" permit as an annual one-day-per-month permit, allowing the playing of bingo no more than one day per month, and amended Subsec. (g) to establish a permit fee of $50 for a "Class C" permit; P.A. 93-13 amended Subsec. (i)(3) to increase maximum period within which special grand prize may accumulate from 12 to 16 weeks, and amount of such prize from total of $1,500 to $2,000; P.A. 03-178 amended Subsec. (i)(1) to increase the total value of prizes on any one day from a maximum of $400 to $600 and Subsec. (i)(3) to increase the number of additional prizes the holder of a Class A permit may offer on a weekly basis not to exceed $125 as a special grand prize from one to two and to require, in lieu of authorize, that if a special grand prize is not won, the money reserved for such prize be added to the money reserved for next week's special grand prize; P.A. 04-7 amended Subsec. (j) to require the executive director to make payment at least once a year and not more than four times a year in lieu of not less than four times a year and not more than twelve times a year, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-256 amended Subsec. (k)(3) to provide a right of appeal to the Gaming Policy Board for any person aggrieved by a decision of the executive director and a right of appeal pursuant to Sec. 4-183 for any person aggrieved by a decision of the Gaming Policy Board, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 04-257 made technical changes in Subsec. (i), effective June 14, 2004; P.A. 07-144 amended Subsec. (i) to increase the maximum prize from $50 to $100, and to increase the maximum prizes listed in Subdiv. (1).

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 7-169d. Bingo products. Registration of manufacturer or equipment dealer. Approval of products. Revocation of registration. Regulations. (a) As used in this section (1) "bingo" has the same meaning as provided in section 7-169, and (2) "bingo products" means bingo ball equipment, bingo cards or bingo paper.

      (b) Each group or organization authorized to operate or conduct a bingo game or series of bingo games pursuant to sections 7-169, 7-169a and 7-169c shall use bingo products that are (1) owned in full by such group or organization, (2) used without compensation by such group or organization, or (3) rented or purchased from a bingo product manufacturer or equipment dealer who is registered with the Division of Special Revenue in accordance with subsection (c) of this section.

      (c) Each applicant for registration as a bingo product manufacturer or equipment dealer shall apply to the executive director of the Division of Special Revenue on such forms as the executive director prescribes. The application shall be accompanied by an annual fee of fifteen hundred dollars payable to the State Treasurer. Each applicant for an initial registration shall submit to state and national criminal history records checks conducted in accordance with section 29-17a before such registration is issued.

      (d) No registered bingo product manufacturer or equipment dealer shall rent or sell any type of bingo product that has not been approved by the executive director of the Division of Special Revenue.

      (e) The Division of Special Revenue may revoke for cause any registration issued in accordance with subsection (c) of this section.

      (f) The executive director of the Division of Special Revenue may adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, to implement the provisions of this section.

      (P.A. 07-36, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 07-36 effective January 1, 2008.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 7-169h. Sealed tickets. Definitions. Permits to sell. Fees. Regulations. Suspension or revocation of permit. Cease and desist order. Notice. Hearing. Appeals. Penalty. (a) For the purposes of this section and section 7-169i:

      (1) "Executive director" means the executive director of the Division of Special Revenue within the Department of Revenue Services who shall be responsible for the regulation of the distribution and sale of sealed tickets in the state;

      (2) "Division" means the Division of Special Revenue within the Department of Revenue Services;

      (3) "Sealed ticket" means a card with tabs which, when pulled, expose pictures of various objects, symbols or numbers and which entitles the holder of the ticket to receive a prize if the combination of objects, symbols or numbers pictured matches what is determined to be a winning combination.

      (b) No person shall sell, offer for sale or distribute a sealed ticket who has not applied for and received a permit from the division to sell sealed tickets.

      (c) (1) On and after October 1, 1987, the division may issue a permit to sell sealed tickets to any organization or group specified in subsection (d) of section 7-169 which holds a bingo permit issued in accordance with the provisions of section 7-169. Such permit shall be renewed annually.

      (2) The division may issue a permit to sell sealed tickets to any organization or group specified in subsection (d) of section 7-169 which holds a club permit or nonprofit club permit under the provisions of chapter 545. Such permit shall be renewed annually.

      (3) The division may issue a permit to sell sealed tickets to any organization or group specified in section 7-172 which holds a permit to operate a bazaar, issued in accordance with the provisions of sections 7-170 to 7-186, inclusive.

      (4) The division may issue a permit to sell sealed tickets to any charitable, civic, educational, fraternal, veterans' or religious organization, volunteer fire department or grange authorizing such organization to sell sealed tickets in conjunction with any social function or event sponsored or conducted by such organization. Any such organization shall have been organized for not less than two years prior to the date of its application for such permit. Such permit shall be renewed annually.

      (d) Permittees shall purchase sealed tickets from the division at a cost which is equal to ten per cent of their resale value.

      (e) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (b) of section 53-278b and subsection (d) of section 53-278c, sealed tickets may be sold, offered for sale, displayed or open to public view only (1) during the course of a bingo game conducted in accordance with the provisions of section 7-169 and only at the location at which such bingo game is conducted, (2) on the premises of any such organization or group specified in subdivision (2) of subsection (c) of this section, (3) during the conduct of a bazaar under the provisions of sections 7-170 to 7-186, inclusive, or (4) in conjunction with any social function or event sponsored or conducted by any such organization specified in subdivision (4) of subsection (c) of this section. Subject to the provisions of section 7-169i, permittees may utilize a mechanical or electronic ticket dispensing machine approved by the division to sell sealed tickets. Sealed tickets shall not be sold to any person less than eighteen years of age. All proceeds from the sale of tickets shall be used for a charitable purpose, as defined in section 21a-190a.

      (f) The fee for a permit to sell sealed tickets (1) issued to an organization authorized to conduct bingo under a "Class A" or "Class C" permit or to an organization specified in subdivision (4) of subsection (c) of this section in conjunction with any social function or event sponsored or conducted by such organization shall be fifty dollars, (2) issued to an organization which holds a club permit or nonprofit club permit under the provisions of chapter 545 shall be seventy-five dollars, and (3) issued to an organization authorized to conduct bingo under a "Class B" permit or an organization which holds a permit to operate a bazaar shall be five dollars per day.

      (g) The executive director, with the advice and consent of the Gaming Policy Board, shall adopt regulations in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54 to carry out the purposes of this section including, but not limited to, regulations concerning (1) qualifications of a charitable organization, (2) the price at which the charitable organization shall resell tickets, (3) information required on the ticket, including, but not limited to, the price per ticket, (4) the percentage retained by the organization as profit, which shall be at least ten per cent of the resale value of tickets sold, (5) the percentage of the resale value of tickets to be awarded as prizes, which shall be at least forty-five per cent, (6) apportionment of revenues received by the division from the sale of tickets, and (7) investigations of any charitable organization seeking a permit.

      (h) (1) Whenever it appears to the executive director of the Division of Special Revenue after an investigation that any person is violating or is about to violate any provision of this section or administrative regulations issued pursuant thereto, the executive director may in his discretion, to protect the public welfare, order that any permit issued pursuant to this section be immediately suspended or revoked and that the person cease and desist from the actions constituting such violation or which would constitute such violation. After such an order is issued, the person named therein may, within fourteen days after receipt of the order, file a written request for a hearing. Such hearing shall be held in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54.

      (2) Whenever the executive director finds as the result of an investigation that any person has violated any provision of this section or administrative regulations issued pursuant thereto or made any false statement in any application for a permit or in any report required by the executive director, the executive director may send a notice to such person by certified mail, return receipt requested. Any such notice shall include (A) a reference to the section or regulation alleged to have been violated or the application or report in which an alleged false statement was made, (B) a short and plain statement of the matter asserted or charged, (C) the fact that any permit issued pursuant to this section may be suspended or revoked for such violation or false statement and the maximum penalty that may be imposed for such violation or false statement, and (D) the time and place for the hearing. Such hearing shall be fixed for a date not earlier than fourteen days after the notice is mailed.

      (3) The executive director shall hold a hearing upon the charges made unless such person fails to appear at the hearing. Such hearing shall be held in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54. If such person fails to appear at the hearing or if, after the hearing, the executive director finds that such person committed such a violation or made such a false statement, the executive director may, in his discretion, suspend or revoke such permit and order that a civil penalty of not more than two hundred dollars be imposed upon such person for such violation or false statement. The executive director shall send a copy of any order issued pursuant to this subdivision by certified mail, return receipt requested, to any person named in such order. Any person aggrieved by a decision of the executive director under this subdivision shall have a right of appeal to the Gaming Policy Board for a hearing. Any person aggrieved by a decision of the Gaming Policy Board shall have a right of appeal pursuant to section 4-183.

      (4) Whenever the executive director revokes a permit issued pursuant to this section, he shall not issue any permit to such permittee for one year after the date of such revocation.

      (P.A. 86-419, S. 7, 25; P.A. 88-363, S. 4, 7; P.A. 89-214, S. 2, 3, 26; P.A. 90-11; P.A. 91-73, S. 1, 4; Jan. 6 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-1, S. 3; P.A. 03-178, S. 2, 3; P.A. 04-256, S. 2; P.A. 07-36, S. 3, 4.)

      History: P.A. 86-419, S. 7 effective April 1, 1987; P.A. 88-363 amended Subsec. (b) to require renewal of permit annually, Subsec. (c)(2) to delete one-year limitation on issuance of permits to organizations holding a club or nonprofit club permit and provision that such organization not be authorized to conduct bingo, Subsec. (e)(2) to delete one-year limitation, and Subsec. (h)(4) to substitute "ten per cent" for "thirty per cent"; P.A. 89-214 amended Subsec. (a)(3) to permit sealed tickets to contain symbols or numbers, Subsec. (c)(1) and (2) to require that such permit be renewed annually, adding Subdivs. (3) and (4) re issuance of permit to certain organizations who hold permits to operate bazaars or games of chance, added Subsec. (e)(3) and (4), permitting sealed tickets to be sold, offered for sale or displayed during conduct of bazaar or operation of games of chance and allowing permittees to use mechanical or electronic ticket dispensing machines, Subsec. (f) to create three Subdivs., specifying fees for various organizations, deleted Subsec. (g) re authority to revoke permit, relettering remaining Subsec. accordingly and added new Subsec. (h) as follows: Subdiv. (1) authorizing executive director to immediately suspend or revoke any permit and issue cease and desist orders, Subdiv. (2) authorizing executive director to send notice to any person violating any provision of this section and specifying requirements for notice, Subdiv. (3) requiring executive director to hold a hearing upon charges made and authorizing him to order imposition of a civil penalty, and Subdiv. (4) prohibiting executive director from issuing any permit for one year after date of revocation whenever he revokes permit; P.A. 90-11 amended Subsec. (h)(3) to authorize executive director to suspend or revoke permit; P.A. 91-73 made a technical correction in Subsec. (e), substituting reference to Sec. 21a-190a for Sec. 21a-176; Jan. 6 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-1 deleted Subsec. (b)(4) which had authorized the division to issue permits to sell sealed tickets to various organizations or entities holding a permit to operate games of chance issued in accordance with Secs. 7-186a to 7-186p, inclusive, deleted Subsec. (e)(4) which had authorized the sale of sealed tickets during the operation of games of chance under the provisions of Secs. 7-186a to 7-186p, inclusive, deleted a reference to games of chance in Subsec. (f)(3), and made a technical change in Subsec. (g), effective January 7, 2003; P.A. 03-178 added Subsec. (c)(4), authorizing issuance of permits to various organizations allowing sealed tickets to be sold in conjunction with any social function or event sponsored or conducted by such organizations, requiring organizations to be organized for at least two years prior to the date of permit application, and requiring that such permit be renewed annually, amended Subsec. (e) to make a technical change and add Subdiv. (4), permitting sealed tickets to be sold, offered for sale or displayed in conjunction with any social function or event sponsored or conducted by any organization specified in Subsec. (c)(4), and amended Subsec. (f)(1) to impose a $50 fee for a permit to sell sealed tickets issued to an organization authorized to conduct bingo under a "Class C" permit or to an organization specified in Subsec. (c)(4) in conjunction with any social function or event sponsored or conducted by such organization; P.A. 04-256 amended Subsec. (h)(3) to provide a right of appeal to the Gaming Policy Board for any person aggrieved by a decision of the executive director and a right of appeal pursuant to Sec. 4-183 for any person aggrieved by a decision of the Gaming Policy Board, effective July 1, 2004; P.A. 07-36 amended Subsec. (a) to make definitions applicable to Sec. 7-169i, and amended Subsec. (e) to make permittees subject to Sec. 7-169i in their use of dispensing machines, effective January 1, 2008.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 7-169i. Sealed ticket machine. Registration of manufacturer or dealer. Revocation. Regulations. (a) No permittee pursuant to section 7-169h may use a mechanical or electronic ticket dispensing machine to sell sealed tickets unless such machine is owned in full by the permittee or is rented or purchased from a manufacturer or dealer who is registered with the Division of Special Revenue.

      (b) Each applicant for registration as a manufacturer or dealer in sealed ticket dispensing machines shall apply to the executive director on such forms as the executive director prescribes. The application shall be accompanied by an annual fee of five hundred dollars payable to the State Treasurer. Each applicant for initial registration shall submit to state and national criminal history records checks conducted in accordance with section 29-17a before such registration is issued.

      (c) The Division of Special Revenue may revoke for cause any registration issued in accordance with subsection (a) of this section.

      (d) The executive director of the Division of Special Revenue may adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, to implement the provisions of this section.

      (P.A. 07-36, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 07-36 effective January 1, 2008.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 7-177. Prizes. All prizes given at any bazaar or raffle shall be merchandise, tangible personal property or a ticket, coupon or gift certificate, entitling the winner to merchandise, tangible personal property, services, transportation on a common carrier by land, water or air and to any tour facilities provided in connection therewith, or to participation in a lottery conducted under chapter 226. Such ticket, coupon or gift certificate shall not be refundable or transferable. No cash prizes or prizes consisting of alcoholic liquor shall be given, except as provided in section 7-177a, and no prize shall be redeemed or redeemable for cash, except tickets for a lottery conducted under chapter 226. For the purposes of this section, coins whose trading value exceeds their face value and coins not commonly in circulation shall not be deemed a cash prize.

      (1955, S. 295d; 1957, P.A. 328; P.A. 73-239, S. 2, 3; P.A. 81-383, S. 3; P.A. 89-214, S. 7, 26; P.A. 90-15, S. 1, 2; P.A. 07-36, S. 6.)

      History: P.A. 73-239 allowed prizes to consist of lottery tickets; P.A. 81-383 added real property as a permissible prize under a "Class No. 6" permit; P.A. 89-214 deleted reference to prizes of real property in the case of a raffle conducted under a "Class No. 6" permit; P.A. 90-15 allowed prizes to consist of gift certificates entitling winner to merchandise, tangible personal property or services and specified that certain coins would not be deemed a cash prize; P.A. 07-36 made technical changes and added exception to the cash prize prohibition.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 7-177a. Cash prizes permitted. Special checking account. Any sponsoring organization with a "Class No. 1", "Class No. 2", or "Class No. 4" permit that is qualified to conduct a raffle under section 7-172 or 7-185a may conduct a frog-race, duck-race or traditional raffle and may award cash prizes to participants in such a raffle in addition to those prizes authorized under section 7-177. Such raffle shall conform to the requirements of sections 7-170 to 7-186, inclusive. Each organization conducting a raffle described in this section shall deposit all proceeds from such raffle in a special checking account established and maintained by the organization which shall be subject to audit by the Division of Special Revenue. Any expense incidental to the conduct of such raffle shall be paid from the gross receipts of raffle tickets and only by checks drawn from such checking account. All cash prizes awarded shall be paid from such checking account.

      (P.A. 07-36, S. 5.)

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 7-185. Regulations. The executive director of the Division of Special Revenue, with the advice and consent of the Gaming Policy Board, shall adopt, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, such regulations as are necessary to effectuate the provisions of sections 7-170 to 7-186, inclusive, in order to prevent fraud and protect the public, which regulations shall have the effect of law.

      (1955, S. 306d; P.A. 77-614, S. 486, 610; P.A. 82-472, S. 13, 183; P.A. 86-419, S. 13, 25; P.A. 87-44, S. 2; P.A. 07-36, S. 7.)

      History: P.A. 77-614 substituted commissioner of public safety for commissioner of state police, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 82-472 substituted reference to Ch. 54 for reference to repealed Secs. 4-41 to 4-50; P.A. 86-419 substituted executive director of division of special revenue for commissioner of public safety, effective October 1, 1987; P.A. 87-44 required executive director to adopt regulations with advice and consent of gaming policy board; P.A. 07-36 made a technical change and included Sec. 7-177a within range of sections to which regulations apply.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 7-185a. Exceptions for certain organizations. "Fifty-fifty" coupon games. Cow-chip raffles. Teacup raffles. Duck-race raffles. Frog-race raffles. (a) Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 7-170 to 7-186, inclusive, and the regulations adopted thereunder, any organized church, volunteer fire company or veterans organization or association conducting a bazaar or raffle, (1) may have the actual drawing of the raffle in a municipality other than the municipality which grants the permit, provided the chief executive officer of the other municipality has in writing approved such drawing; (2) may conduct the bazaar in a municipality other than the municipality which grants the permit, provided the municipality in which the bazaar is to be conducted has adopted the provisions of sections 7-170 to 7-186, inclusive, and the chief executive officer of such municipality has in writing approved such bazaar; (3) may be permitted to redeem prizes in cash; (4) shall be exempt from the requirement of preserving unsold raffle tickets beyond ninety days after the conclusion of the holding, operating and conducting of such bazaar or raffle and shall be permitted to dispose of unclaimed prizes after such ninety days; and (5) may file a reconciliation of expenditures and receipts signed by an officer in lieu of an accountant.

      (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 7-170 to 7-186, inclusive, and the regulations adopted thereunder, any sponsoring organization qualified to conduct a bazaar or raffle under the provisions of section 7-172 and recognized as a nonprofit organization under the provisions of Section 501(c)(3) of the federal Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding internal revenue code of the United States, as from time to time amended, may have the actual drawing of the raffle in a municipality other than the municipality which grants the permit, provided the chief executive officer of the other municipality has in writing approved such drawing.

      (c) Notwithstanding the provisions of section 7-177, any organization conducting a bazaar may operate "fifty-fifty" coupon games each day of a permitted bazaar event and may award cash prizes of fifty per cent of "fifty-fifty" coupon game sales for each coupon drawing conducted. Not more than three scheduled drawings may be held on any day on which a bazaar is permitted. A "fifty-fifty" coupon game shall be operated from an authorized bazaar booth, subject to the regulation of the executive director of the Division of Special Revenue and shall allow for the sale of "fifty-fifty" coupons at a predetermined uniform price. Each "fifty-fifty" coupon shall be consecutively numbered and shall have a correspondingly numbered stub. Each sponsoring organization shall provide different colored coupons for each drawing and shall award one prize for each drawing held. Each organization conducting such games shall conspicuously post, at each bazaar booth at which such games are conducted, a notice or notices which shall include the dates, times and places of any "fifty-fifty" coupon drawings, as well as the prices and colors of coupons to be sold for each drawing. The executive director shall prescribe the form of such notice which shall contain the following statement: "Holders of coupons must be present to claim a prize." Each such organization shall account for each coupon printed and sold for each drawing and shall announce the amount of sales and the prize to be awarded immediately prior to each drawing. The sponsoring organization shall preserve all sold and unsold coupons or stubs for a period of at least one year from the date of the verified statement required pursuant to section 7-182. At the conclusion of a bazaar, each organization conducting such games, and its members who were in charge thereof, shall furnish to the chief of police of the municipality or to the first selectman, as the case may be, a verified statement, prescribed by the executive director of the Division of Special Revenue, in duplicate, showing (1) the total number of coupons purchased and sold for each "fifty-fifty" coupon game drawing, and (2) the total number and amount of prizes awarded and the names and addresses of the persons to whom the prizes were awarded. Such report shall be furnished during the next succeeding month. The chief of police or first selectman, as the case may be, shall forward the original copy of such report to the executive director, who shall keep it on file and available for public inspection for a period of one year thereafter. Such report shall be certified to under penalty of false statement by the three persons designated in the permit application as being responsible for the bazaar.

      (d) Notwithstanding the provisions of section 7-177, any sponsoring organization qualified to conduct a bazaar or raffle under the provisions of section 7-172 may operate a cow-chip raffle once a calendar year and, pursuant to a "Class No. 1", "Class No. 2" or "Class No. 4" permit, may award cash prizes in connection with participation in such a raffle, in addition to those prizes authorized pursuant to section 7-177. Such raffles shall conform to the provisions of sections 7-170 to 7-186, inclusive, and shall be subject to regulation by the executive director of the Division of Special Revenue. A cow-chip raffle shall allow for the sale of consecutively numbered tickets with correspondingly numbered stubs, entitling the holders of such tickets to the temporary possession of a plot of land for purposes of the conduct of the cow-chip raffle. Each organization intending to sponsor or conduct a cow-chip raffle shall furnish with its application, required pursuant to section 7-173, a cow-chip raffle plot plan displaying the land area to be utilized for such raffle and the numbered plots, each corresponding to a numbered cow-chip raffle ticket. Each such organization conducting a cow-chip raffle shall provide for a suitable land area on which the cow-chip raffle activity is to be conducted. The area shall be sufficiently enclosed so as to confine any animal utilized in the conduct of a cow-chip raffle during the period in which the animal is so utilized. The area shall be adequately marked so as to display the number of plots to be utilized, which shall correspond to the number of cow-chip raffle tickets to be sold. The manner in which winners in a cow-chip raffle are determined shall be clearly stated prior to the commencement of a cow-chip raffle drawing and each sponsoring organization shall conspicuously post an information board, prescribed by the executive director of the Division of Special Revenue, which shall display the consecutively numbered plots of the cow-chip raffle event. A cow-chip raffle drawing shall commence at a designated time and shall continue until all winners of authorized prizes have been determined. No person may feed, lead or handle any animal utilized in a cow-chip raffle once the animal has entered into the enclosed area from which winners will be determined. Each organization conducting a cow-chip raffle shall deposit all proceeds from the conduct of such raffle in a special checking account established and maintained by such organization which shall be subject to audit by the Division of Special Revenue. Any expense incidental to the conduct of such raffle shall be paid from the gross receipts of cow-chip raffle tickets and only by checks drawn from such checking account. All cash prizes awarded shall be paid from such checking account.

      (e) Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 7-170 to 7-186, inclusive, and the regulations adopted thereunder, any organization conducting a bazaar may operate a "teacup raffle" and may award prizes consisting of merchandise each not exceeding one hundred dollars in value through the sale of chances. No such organization may conduct more than one scheduled "teacup raffle" drawing for all prizes offered on any day on which a bazaar is permitted. A "teacup raffle" shall be operated from an authorized bazaar booth, and shall be subject to regulation by the executive director of the Division of Special Revenue. Each "teacup raffle" ticket shall (1) be consecutively numbered and have a correspondingly numbered stub that shall include the name, address and telephone number of the purchaser, or (2) be a sheet containing up to twenty-five coupons, each bearing the same number, and including a "hold" stub for the purchaser and a correspondingly numbered stub including the name, address and telephone number of the purchaser. The Division of Special Revenue shall be the sole issuer of sheet tickets which shall be made available for purchase by permittees as fund raising items at a price not to exceed ten per cent above the state purchase price. Each sponsoring organization conducting such raffle shall conspicuously post, at each bazaar booth at which such raffle is conducted, a notice or notices that include the date and time of any "teacup raffle" drawing. The sponsoring organization shall preserve all sold and unsold tickets or stubs for a period of at least one year from the date of the verified statement required pursuant to section 7-182.

      (f) (1) Any sponsoring organization qualified to conduct a bazaar or raffle under the provisions of section 7-172 may operate a duck-race raffle once each calendar year. Such raffles shall conform to the provisions of sections 7-170 to 7-186, inclusive, and shall be subject to regulation by the executive director. For the purpose of this subsection, "duck-race raffle" means a raffle in which artificial ducks, numbered consecutively to correspond with the number of tickets sold for such raffle, are placed in a naturally moving stream of water at a designated starting point and in which the ticket corresponding to the number of the first duck to pass a designated finishing point is the winning ticket. (2) The executive director of the Division of Special Revenue, with the advice and consent of the Gaming Policy Board, shall adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, that establish procedures for the operation of duck-race raffles.

      (g) (1) Any sponsoring organization qualified to conduct a bazaar or raffle under the provisions of section 7-172 may operate a frog-race raffle once each calendar year. Such raffles shall conform to the provisions of sections 7-170 to 7-186, inclusive, and shall be subject to regulation by the executive director of the Division of Special Revenue. For the purpose of this subsection, "frog-race raffle" means a raffle in which artificial frogs conforming to specifications approved by the executive director and numbered consecutively to correspond with the number of tickets sold for such raffle, are placed in a naturally moving stream of water at a designated starting point and in which the ticket corresponding to the number of the first frog to pass a designated finishing point is the winning ticket. (2) The executive director, with the advice and consent of the Gaming Policy Board, shall adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, that establish procedures for the operation of frog-race raffles.

      (P.A. 73-54; P.A. 86-6; 86-403, S. 129, 132; 86-419, S. 2; P.A. 89-211, S. 7; 89-214, S. 13, 26; 89-282, S. 4, 5; P.A. 91-35, S. 1, 5; 91-291, S. 1, 2; P.A. 94-11; P.A. 95-59, S. 1, 3; Jan. 6 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-1, S. 4; P.A. 05-82, S. 1; P.A. 07-36, S. 8.)

      History: P.A. 86-6 subdivided the section, adding Subsec. (b), authorizing certain charitable and educational organizations to have actual raffle drawing in a municipality not granting the permit; P.A. 86-403 changed effective date of P.A. 86-6 from October 1, 1986, to July 1, 1986; P.A. 86-419 added Subsec. (c) to permit any volunteer fire company conducting a bazaar to award cash prizes for "money-wheel" games; P.A. 89-211 clarified reference to the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 in Subsec. (b); P.A. 89-214 amended Subsec. (c) to permit any "organization or group specified in section 7-172" conducting a bazaar to award cash prizes for "money-wheel" games, deleting specific reference to any "volunteer fire company"; P.A. 89-282 added a new Subsec. (d), permitting any organization conducting a bazaar to operate "fifty-fifty" coupon games; P.A. 91-35 added Subsec. (e) re cow-chip raffles; P.A. 91-291 added Subsec. (f) re "teacup raffles"; P.A. 94-11 amended Subsec. (a) to authorize certain charitable organization to conduct bazaar in municipality not granting the permit if the municipality has adopted Secs. 7-170 to 7-186, inclusive, and chief executive officer has approved bazaar in writing; P.A. 95-59 added Subsec. (g) authorizing duck-race raffles subject to regulations adopted by the executive director of Division of Special Revenue, effective May 31, 1995, and applicable to permit applications for duck-race raffles received by the Division of Special Revenue on and after the effective date of regulations adopted pursuant to this section; Jan. 6 Sp. Sess. P.A. 03-1 deleted existing Subsec. (c) which had authorized any organization or group specified in Sec. 7-172 to award cash prizes not exceeding $25 each in connection with "money-wheel" games, and relettered existing Subsecs. (d) to (g) as (c) to (f), respectively, and made a technical change in new Subsec. (c), effective January 7, 2003; P.A. 05-82 added Subsec. (g) re frog-race raffles, effective June 2, 2005; P.A. 07-36 amended Subsec. (e) to make technical changes, add Subdiv. (1) designator and new Subdiv. (2) re "teacup raffle" tickets and add provision requiring division to be the sole issuer of sheet tickets at a price not to exceed 10% above the state purchase price.

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)

      Sec. 7-185b. Tuition raffles. Regulations. Special bank account. Financial report. (a) As used in this section, "tuition raffle" means a raffle in which the prize is payment of the tuition or part of the tuition at an educational institution for a student recipient designated by the raffle winner.

      (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 7-170 to 7-186, inclusive, any organization qualified to conduct a bazaar or raffle under section 7-172 may conduct a special tuition raffle once each calendar year. The executive director shall adopt such regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, as are necessary to carry out the provisions of this section. Said regulations shall allow (1) any organization permitted to conduct a special tuition raffle to fund all or a portion of a student recipient's education each year for a period not to exceed four years, (2) permit the student recipient to be the actual tuition raffle winner, a relative of the raffle winner or a student chosen by the raffle winner, (3) give authority to the sponsoring organization to permit the tuition prize to be divided among student recipients designated by the raffle winner, (4) provide that the tuition prize be paid each consecutive year, commencing with the first year of the student recipient's education at an accredited private or parochial school, or public or independent institution of higher education selected by the student recipient, (5) provide that the tuition prize be paid directly to the educational institution designated by the student recipient, and no tuition prize shall be redeemed or redeemable for cash, and (6) provide that the tuition raffle winner have a period not to exceed four years to designate a student recipient.

      (c) All proceeds of the special tuition raffle shall be deposited in a special dedicated bank account approved by the executive director of the Division of Special Revenue, and all special tuition raffle expenses shall be paid from such account. The executive director shall prescribe the maintenance of tuition raffle accounts by any sponsoring organization and such accounts shall be subject to audit by the executive director or his designee. The executive director may require any organization conducting a tuition raffle to post a performance bond in an amount sufficient to fully fund the special tuition raffle prize to be awarded.

      (d) Any organization permitted to conduct a special tuition raffle shall, in addition to the verified financial statement required in accordance with section 7-182, file a tuition raffle financial report in a manner prescribed by the executive director. Such report shall detail the status of the tuition prize money or the raffle and any other information that the executive director may require, on a quarterly basis, during the months of January, April, July and October, until all tuition payments for each special tuition raffle have been paid.

      (P.A. 07-36, S. 9.)

(Return to
Chapter Table of Contents)
(Return to
List of Chapters)
(Return to
List of Titles)