CHAPTER 58
PURCHASES AND PRINTING

Table of Contents

Sec. 4a-60. (Formerly Sec. 4-114a). Nondiscrimination and affirmative action provisions in contracts of the state and political subdivisions other than municipalities.
Sec. 4a-60a. Contracts of the state and political subdivisions, other than municipalities, to contain provisions re nondiscrimination on the basis of sexual orientation.
Sec. 4a-60g. (Formerly Sec. 32-9e). Set-aside program for small contractors, minority business enterprises, individuals with disabilities and nonprofit corporations. Exceptions.
Sec. 4a-63. Disqualification from bidding on contracts. Suspension.
Sec. 4a-67c. Equipment and appliances for state use, energy standards.
Sec. 4a-67d. Purchase of cars and light duty trucks. Gasoline mileage ratings. Alternative-fueled, hybrid electric or plug-in electric vehicles. Requirements. Exemptions. Reports.
Sec. 4a-82. Janitorial work pilot program for persons with disability and persons with a disadvantage.

      Sec. 4a-60. (Formerly Sec. 4-114a). Nondiscrimination and affirmative action provisions in contracts of the state and political subdivisions other than municipalities. (a) Every contract to which the state or any political subdivision of the state other than a municipality is a party shall contain the following provisions: (1) The contractor agrees and warrants that in the performance of the contract such contractor will not discriminate or permit discrimination against any person or group of persons on the grounds of race, color, religious creed, age, marital status, national origin, ancestry, sex, mental retardation or physical disability, including, but not limited to, blindness, unless it is shown by such contractor that such disability prevents performance of the work involved, in any manner prohibited by the laws of the United States or of the state of Connecticut. The contractor further agrees to take affirmative action to insure that applicants with job-related qualifications are employed and that employees are treated when employed without regard to their race, color, religious creed, age, marital status, national origin, ancestry, sex, mental retardation, or physical disability, including, but not limited to, blindness, unless it is shown by such contractor that such disability prevents performance of the work involved; (2) the contractor agrees, in all solicitations or advertisements for employees placed by or on behalf of the contractor, to state that it is an "affirmative action-equal opportunity employer" in accordance with regulations adopted by the commission; (3) the contractor agrees to provide each labor union or representative of workers with which such contractor has a collective bargaining agreement or other contract or understanding and each vendor with which such contractor has a contract or understanding, a notice to be provided by the commission advising the labor union or workers' representative of the contractor's commitments under this section, and to post copies of the notice in conspicuous places available to employees and applicants for employment; (4) the contractor agrees to comply with each provision of this section and sections 46a-68e and 46a-68f and with each regulation or relevant order issued by said commission pursuant to sections 46a-56, 46a-68e and 46a-68f; (5) the contractor agrees to provide the Commission on Human Rights and Opportunities with such information requested by the commission, and permit access to pertinent books, records and accounts, concerning the employment practices and procedures of the contractor as relate to the provisions of this section and section 46a-56. If the contract is a public works contract, the contractor agrees and warrants that he will make good faith efforts to employ minority business enterprises as subcontractors and suppliers of materials on such public works project. Prior to entering into the contract, the contractor shall provide the state or such political subdivision of the state with documentation in the form of a company or corporate policy adopted by resolution of the board of directors, shareholders, managers, members or other governing body of such contractor to support the nondiscrimination agreement and warranty under subdivision (1) of this subsection. For the purposes of this section, "contract" includes any extension or modification of the contract, and "contractor" includes any successors or assigns of the contractor.

      (b) For the purposes of this section, "minority business enterprise" means any small contractor or supplier of materials fifty-one per cent or more of the capital stock, if any, or assets of which is owned by a person or persons: (1) Who are active in the daily affairs of the enterprise, (2) who have the power to direct the management and policies of the enterprise and (3) who are members of a minority, as such term is defined in subsection (a) of section 32-9n; and "good faith" means that degree of diligence which a reasonable person would exercise in the performance of legal duties and obligations. "Good faith efforts" shall include, but not be limited to, those reasonable initial efforts necessary to comply with statutory or regulatory requirements and additional or substituted efforts when it is determined that such initial efforts will not be sufficient to comply with such requirements.

      (c) Determination of the contractor's good faith efforts shall include but shall not be limited to the following factors: The contractor's employment and subcontracting policies, patterns and practices; affirmative advertising, recruitment and training; technical assistance activities and such other reasonable activities or efforts as the commission may prescribe that are designed to ensure the participation of minority business enterprises in public works projects.

      (d) The contractor shall develop and maintain adequate documentation, in a manner prescribed by the commission, of its good faith efforts.

      (e) The contractor shall include the provisions of subsection (a) of this section in every subcontract or purchase order entered into in order to fulfill any obligation of a contract with the state and such provisions shall be binding on a subcontractor, vendor or manufacturer unless exempted by regulations or orders of the commission. The contractor shall take such action with respect to any such subcontract or purchase order as the commission may direct as a means of enforcing such provisions including sanctions for noncompliance in accordance with section 46a-56; provided, if such contractor becomes involved in, or is threatened with, litigation with a subcontractor or vendor as a result of such direction by the commission, the contractor may request the state of Connecticut to enter into any such litigation or negotiation prior thereto to protect the interests of the state and the state may so enter.

      (February, 1965, P.A. 366, S. 1; 1967, P.A. 284; P.A. 73-279, S. 13; P.A. 74-68; P.A. 76-8; P.A. 78-148, S. 8; P.A. 82-358, S. 7, 10; P.A. 83-569, S. 8, 17; P.A. 84-412, S. 3, 8; 84-418; P.A. 88-351, S. 2, 16; P.A. 89-253, S. 2, 7; P.A. 07-142, S. 9.)

      History: 1967 act included contractor's agreement to supply information to civil rights commission; P.A. 73-279 prohibited discrimination on grounds of physical disability; P.A. 74-68 prohibited discrimination on grounds of sex; P.A. 76-8 replaced "religion" with "religious creed" and prohibited discrimination on grounds of age and marital status; P.A. 78-148 prohibited discrimination on grounds of mental retardation; P.A. 82-358 required that contractors for public works projects make good faith effort to employ minority enterprises as subcontractors and materials suppliers; P.A. 83-569 amended section to refer to Sec. 46a-56; P.A. 84-412 applied provisions to political subdivisions of the state other than a municipality and defined "minority business enterprise"; P.A. 84-418 added Subsecs. (b) to (e), inclusive, concerning determination of good faith and adoption of regulations; P.A. 88-351 revised section, substituting "provisions" for "clause", adding "ancestry" adding provisions re affirmative action requirements and deleting former Subsec. (e) re regulations and added new Subsec. (e) re applicability of affirmative action requirements to subcontractors, vendors or manufacturers and involvement of state in litigation or negotiation involving contractor, effective April 1, 1989; Sec. 4-114a transferred to Sec. 4a-60 in 1989; P.A. 89-253 amended Subsec. (a) by moving provision re public works contracts to end of subsection, and changed references to Secs. 4a-62, 32-9e, 46a-56 and 46a-68b to 46a-68k to Sec. 46a-68e and 46a-68f, and amended Subsec. (e) by changing references to this section and Secs. 4a-62, 32-9e, 46a-56 and 46a-68b to 46a-68k, inclusive, to Sec. 46a-56; P.A. 07-142 amended Subsec. (a) by adding provisions re contractor documentation supporting nondiscrimination agreement and warranty and defining "contract" and "contractor", effective June 25, 2007.

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      Sec. 4a-60a. Contracts of the state and political subdivisions, other than municipalities, to contain provisions re nondiscrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. (a) Every contract to which the state or any political subdivision of the state other than a municipality is a party shall contain the following provisions: (1) The contractor agrees and warrants that in the performance of the contract such contractor will not discriminate or permit discrimination against any person or group of persons on the grounds of sexual orientation, in any manner prohibited by the laws of the United States or of the state of Connecticut, and that employees are treated when employed without regard to their sexual orientation; (2) the contractor agrees to provide each labor union or representative of workers with which such contractor has a collective bargaining agreement or other contract or understanding and each vendor with which such contractor has a contract or understanding, a notice to be provided by the Commission on Human Rights and Opportunities advising the labor union or workers' representative of the contractor's commitments under this section, and to post copies of the notice in conspicuous places available to employees and applicants for employment; (3) the contractor agrees to comply with each provision of this section and with each regulation or relevant order issued by said commission pursuant to section 46a-56; (4) the contractor agrees to provide the Commission on Human Rights and Opportunities with such information requested by the commission, and permit access to pertinent books, records and accounts, concerning the employment practices and procedures of the contractor which relate to the provisions of this section and section 46a-56. Prior to entering into the contract, the contractor shall provide the state or such political subdivision of the state with documentation in the form of a company or corporate policy adopted by resolution of the board of directors, shareholders, managers, members or other governing body of such contractor to support the nondiscrimination agreement and warranty under subdivision (1) of this subsection. For the purposes of this section, "contract" includes any extension or modification of the contract, and "contractor" includes any successors or assigns of the contractor.

      (b) The contractor shall include the provisions of subsection (a) of this section in every subcontract or purchase order entered into in order to fulfill any obligation of a contract with the state and such provisions shall be binding on a subcontractor, vendor or manufacturer unless exempted by regulations or orders of the commission. The contractor shall take such action with respect to any such subcontract or purchase order as the commission may direct as a means of enforcing such provisions including sanctions for noncompliance in accordance with section 46a-56; provided, if such contractor becomes involved in, or is threatened with, litigation with a subcontractor or vendor as a result of such direction by the commission, the contractor may request the state of Connecticut to enter into any such litigation or negotiation prior thereto to protect the interests of the state and the state may so enter.

      (P.A. 91-58, S. 16; 91-407, S. 8, 42; P.A. 07-142, S. 10.)

      History: P.A. 91-407 deleted references to Secs. 46a-68e and 46a-68f; P.A. 07-142 amended Subsec. (a) by adding provisions re contractor documentation supporting nondiscrimination agreement and warranty and defining "contract" and "contractor", effective June 25, 2007.

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      Sec. 4a-60g. (Formerly Sec. 32-9e). Set-aside program for small contractors, minority business enterprises, individuals with disabilities and nonprofit corporations. Exceptions. (a) As used in this section and sections 4a-60h to 4a-60j, inclusive, the following terms have the following meanings:

      (1) "Small contractor" means any contractor, subcontractor, manufacturer or service company (A) that has been doing business under the same ownership or management and has maintained its principal place of business in the state, for a period of at least one year immediately prior to the date of application for certification under this section, (B) that had gross revenues not exceeding fifteen million dollars in the most recently completed fiscal year prior to such application, and (C) at least fifty-one per cent of the ownership of which is held by a person or persons who exercise operational authority over the daily affairs of the business and have the power to direct the management and policies and receive the beneficial interests of the business, except that a nonprofit corporation shall be construed to be a small contractor if such nonprofit corporation meets the requirements of subparagraphs (A) and (B) of this subdivision.

      (2) "State agency" means each state board, commission, department, office, institution, council or other agency with the power to contract for goods or services itself or through its head.

      (3) "Minority business enterprise" means any small contractor (A) fifty-one per cent or more of the capital stock, if any, or assets of which are owned by a person or persons (i) who exercise operational authority over the daily affairs of the enterprise, (ii) who have the power to direct the management and policies and receive the beneficial interest of the enterprise, and (iii) who are members of a minority, as such term is defined in subsection (a) of section 32-9n, (B) who is an individual with a disability, or (C) which is a nonprofit corporation in which fifty-one per cent or more of the persons who (i) exercise operational authority over the enterprise, and (ii) have the power to direct the management and policies of the enterprise are members of a minority, as defined in this subsection, or are individuals with a disability.

      (4) "Affiliated" means the relationship in which a person directly, or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, controls, is controlled by or is under common control with another person.

      (5) "Control" means the power to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of any person, whether through the ownership of voting securities, by contract or through any other direct or indirect means. Control shall be presumed to exist if any person, directly or indirectly, owns, controls, holds with the power to vote, or holds proxies representing, twenty per cent or more of any voting securities of another person.

      (6) "Person" means any individual, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, association, joint stock company, business trust, unincorporated organization or other entity.

      (7) "Individual with a disability" means an individual (A) having a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the major life activities of the individual, or (B) having a record of such an impairment.

      (8) "Nonprofit corporation" means a nonprofit corporation incorporated pursuant to chapter 602 or any predecessor statutes thereto.

      (b) It is found and determined that there is a serious need to help small contractors, minority business enterprises, nonprofit organizations and individuals with disabilities to be considered for and awarded state contracts for the construction, reconstruction or rehabilitation of public buildings, the construction and maintenance of highways and the purchase of goods and services. Accordingly, the necessity, in the public interest and for the public benefit and good, of the provisions of this section, sections 4a-60h to 4a-60j, inclusive, and sections 32-9i to 32-9p, inclusive, is declared as a matter of legislative determination. Notwithstanding any provisions of the general statutes to the contrary, and except as set forth herein, the head of each state agency and each political subdivision of the state other than a municipality shall set aside in each fiscal year, for award to small contractors, on the basis of competitive bidding procedures, contracts or portions of contracts for the construction, reconstruction or rehabilitation of public buildings, the construction and maintenance of highways and the purchase of goods and services. Eligibility of nonprofit corporations under the provisions of this section shall be limited to predevelopment contracts awarded by the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development for housing projects. The total value of such contracts or portions thereof to be set aside by each such agency shall be at least twenty-five per cent of the total value of all contracts let by the head of such agency in each fiscal year, provided that neither: (1) A contract that may not be set aside due to a conflict with a federal law or regulation; or (2) a contract for any goods or services which have been determined by the Commissioner of Administrative Services to be not customarily available from or supplied by small contractors shall be included. Contracts or portions thereof having a value of not less than twenty-five per cent of the total value of all contracts or portions thereof to be set aside shall be reserved for awards to minority business enterprises.

      (c) The head of any state agency or political subdivision of the state other than a municipality may, in lieu of setting aside any contract or portions thereof, require any general or trade contractor or any other entity authorized by such agency to award contracts, to set aside a portion of any contract for subcontractors who are eligible for set-aside contracts under this section. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to diminish the total value of contracts which are required to be set aside by any state agency or political subdivision of the state other than a municipality pursuant to this section.

      (d) The heads of all state agencies and of each political subdivision of the state other than a municipality shall notify the Commissioner of Administrative Services of all contracts to be set aside pursuant to subsection (b) or (c) of this section at the time that bid documents for such contracts are made available to potential contractors.

      (e) The awarding authority shall require that a contractor or subcontractor awarded a contract or a portion of a contract under this section perform not less than fifteen per cent of the work with the workforces of such contractor or subcontractor and shall require that not less than twenty-five per cent of the work be performed by contractors or subcontractors eligible for awards under this section. A contractor awarded a contract or a portion of a contract under this section shall not subcontract with any person with whom the contractor is affiliated. No person who is affiliated with another person shall be eligible for awards under this section if both affiliated persons considered together would not qualify as a small contractor or a minority business enterprise under subsection (a) of this section. The awarding authority shall require that a contractor awarded a contract pursuant to this section submit, in writing, an explanation of any subcontract to such contract that is entered into with any person that is not eligible for the award of a contract pursuant to this section, prior to the performance of any work pursuant to such subcontract.

      (f) The awarding authority may require that a contractor or subcontractor awarded a contract or a portion of a contract under this section furnish the following documentation: (1) A copy of the certificate of incorporation, certificate of limited partnership, partnership agreement or other organizational documents of the contractor or subcontractor; (2) a copy of federal income tax returns filed by the contractor or subcontractor for the previous year; and (3) evidence of payment of fair market value for the purchase or lease by the contractor or subcontractor of property or equipment from another contractor who is not eligible for set-aside contracts under this section.

      (g) The awarding authority or the Commissioner of Administrative Services or the Commission on Human Rights and Opportunities may conduct an audit of the financial, corporate and business records and conduct an investigation of any small contractor or minority business enterprise which applies for or is awarded a set-aside contract for the purpose of determining eligibility for awards or compliance with the requirements established under this section.

      (h) The provisions of this section shall not apply to any state agency or political subdivision of the state other than a municipality for which the total value of all contracts or portions of contracts of the types enumerated in subsection (b) of this section is anticipated to be equal to ten thousand dollars or less.

      (i) In lieu of a performance, bid, labor and materials or other required bond, a contractor or subcontractor awarded a contract under this section may provide to the awarding authority, and the awarding authority shall accept a letter of credit. Any such letter of credit shall be in an amount equal to ten per cent of the contract for any contract that is less than one hundred thousand dollars and in an amount equal to twenty-five per cent of the contract for any contract that exceeds one hundred thousand dollars.

      (j) (1) Whenever the awarding authority has reason to believe that any contractor or subcontractor awarded a set-aside contract has wilfully violated any provision of this section, the awarding authority shall send a notice to such contractor or subcontractor by certified mail, return receipt requested. Such notice shall include: (A) A reference to the provision alleged to be violated; (B) a short and plain statement of the matter asserted; (C) the maximum civil penalty that may be imposed for such violation; and (D) the time and place for the hearing. Such hearing shall be fixed for a date not earlier than fourteen days after the notice is mailed. The awarding authority shall send a copy of such notice to the Commission on Human Rights and Opportunities.

      (2) The awarding authority shall hold a hearing on the violation asserted unless such contractor or subcontractor fails to appear. The hearing shall be held in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54. If, after the hearing, the awarding authority finds that the contractor or subcontractor has wilfully violated any provision of this section, the awarding authority shall suspend all set-aside contract payments to the contractor or subcontractor and may, in its discretion, order that a civil penalty not exceeding ten thousand dollars per violation be imposed on the contractor or subcontractor. If such contractor or subcontractor fails to appear for the hearing, the awarding authority may, as the facts require, order that a civil penalty not exceeding ten thousand dollars per violation be imposed on the contractor or subcontractor. The awarding authority shall send a copy of any order issued pursuant to this subsection by certified mail, return receipt requested, to the contractor or subcontractor named in such order. The awarding authority may cause proceedings to be instituted by the Attorney General for the enforcement of any order imposing a civil penalty issued under this subsection.

      (k) On or before January 1, 2000, the Commissioner of Administrative Services shall establish a process for certification of small contractors and minority business enterprises as eligible for set-aside contracts. Each certification shall be valid for a period not to exceed two years. Any paper application for certification shall be no longer than six pages. The Department of Administrative Services shall maintain on its web site an updated directory of small contractors and minority business enterprises certified under this section.

      (l) On or before August 30, 2007, and annually thereafter, each state agency and each political subdivision of the state other than a municipality setting aside contracts or portions of contracts shall prepare a report establishing small and minority business set-aside program goals for the twelve-month period beginning July first in the same year. Each such report shall be submitted to the Commissioner of Administrative Services, the Commission on Human Rights and Opportunities and the cochairpersons and ranking members of the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to planning and development and government administration and elections.

      (m) On or before November 1, 1995, and quarterly thereafter, each state agency and each political subdivision of the state other than a municipality setting aside contracts or portions of contracts shall prepare a status report on the implementation and results of its small business and minority business enterprise set-aside program goals during the three-month period ending one month before the due date for the report. Each report shall be submitted to the Commissioner of Administrative Services and the Commission on Human Rights and Opportunities. Any state agency or political subdivision of the state, other than a municipality, that achieves less than fifty per cent of its small contractor and minority business enterprise set-aside program goals by the end of the second reporting period in any twelve-month period beginning on July first shall provide a written explanation to the Commissioner of Administrative Services and the Commission on Human Rights and Opportunities detailing how the agency or political subdivision will achieve its goals in the final reporting period. The Commission on Human Rights and Opportunities shall: (1) Monitor the achievement of the annual goals established by each state agency and political subdivision of the state other than a municipality; and (2) prepare a quarterly report concerning such goal achievement. The report shall be submitted to each state agency that submitted a report, the Commissioner of Economic and Community Development, the Commissioner of Administrative Services and the cochairpersons and ranking members of the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to planning and development and government administration and elections. Failure by any state agency or political subdivision of the state other than a municipality to submit any reports required by this section shall be a violation of section 46a-77.

      (n) On or before January 1, 2000, and annually thereafter, the Department of Administrative Services shall establish a precertification list of small contractors and minority business enterprises who have established a principal place of business in the state but have not maintained such place of business for one year and are not in the directory prepared pursuant to subsection (k) of this section. An awarding agency may select a small contractor or minority business enterprise from such precertification list only after such awarding agency makes a good faith effort to find an eligible small contractor or minority business enterprise in the directory and determines that no small contractor or minority business enterprise is qualified to perform the work required under the contract.

      (o) Nothing in this section shall be construed to apply to the four janitorial contracts awarded pursuant to subsections (b) to (e), inclusive, of section 4a-82.

      (P.A. 76-185, S. 1; P.A. 77-425, S. 1; 77-614, S. 73, 135, 284, 587, 610; P.A. 79-631, S. 11, 111; P.A. 82-358, S. 3, 10; P.A. 83-390, S. 1; P.A. 84-412, S. 7, 8; P.A. 85-364; 85-370, S. 1, 2; P.A. 87-577, S. 1, 5; P.A. 88-351, S. 11, 16; P.A. 90-253, S. 1, 4; P.A. 92-189, S. 2; P.A. 93-359; 93-409, S. 1; P.A. 95-79, S. 119, 189; 95-250, S. 1; 95-334, S. 6-8, 13; P.A. 96-211, S. 1, 5, 6; 96-256, S. 187, 209; P.A. 99-233, S. 1, 7; P.A. 00-199, S. 1, 3; P.A. 01-195, S. 101-103, 181; P.A. 06-129, S. 7; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-4, S. 65, 66.)

      History: P.A. 77-425 replaced references to "departments" with references to "commissioners" throughout section and included director of purchases, amended Subsec. (a) to add exception re conflict with federal law to make set-aside duty mandatory rather than optional, to include contracts for purchase of supplies, materials, equipment or contractual services, to specify minimum set-aside percentage of 15% and to clarify method of calculation and amended Subsec. (c) to change contract value limit from $250,000 to $500,000 and to substitute "fiscal" for "calendar" year; P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner of public works and director of purchases with commissioner of administrative services and, effective January 1, 1979, replaced commissioner of commerce with commissioner of economic development; P.A. 79-631 substituted reference to Sec. 32-23o for reference to Sec. 8-168(e) in Subsec. (e); P.A. 82-358 amended Subsec. (b) to require that contracts or portions of them valued at 25% of the total contract value be reserved for minority business enterprises; P.A. 83-390 added new Subsec. (a) containing definitions and amended Subsecs. (b) to (d), inclusive, relative to procedures and limits of set aside program; P.A. 84-412 included political subdivisions of the state other than municipalities, amended Subsec. (b) to read "the head of each state agency" rather than "the heads of all state agencies," inserted Subsec. (c) concerning set asides by general contractors and Subsec. (f) concerning an exemption for certain agencies and political subdivisions, relettering previously existing Subsecs. as necessary; P.A. 85-364 inserted new Subsec. (f) awarding authority to require a contractor or subcontractor to perform not less than 15% of the work with his own forces and requiring at least 25% of the work to be performed by contractors or subcontractors, relettering remaining Subsecs. accordingly; P.A. 85-370 amended Subsec. (b) to insert provision allowing set-aside based on current year if average presents an extremely high or low range; P.A. 87-577 amended Subsec. (a) by adding subparagraph lettering, substituting $3,000,000 for $1,500,000 and adding requirement that at least 51% ownership be held by persons active in the affairs of the business in the definition of "small contractor" and redefining "minority business enterprise" to delete requirements that majority holder of stock or assets be active in daily affairs of the enterprise and have power to direct management and policies of enterprise, amended Subsec. (e) by substituting $1,500,000 for $750,000, amended Subsec. (f) by making mandatory the requirement that party awarded contract perform not less than 15% of work with own forces and added prohibition on subcontracting with business having interlocking ownership, management or employees, redesignated existing Subsec. (g) as Subsec. (i) and added new Subsecs. (g), (h) and (j) re required documentation, audits and procedures and penalties when section provisions are violated; P.A. 88-351 redefined "minority business enterprise" to require minority owners to be active in daily affairs of enterprise and to have power to direct management and policies, required total value of set-aside contracts to be at least 25% of average of total value of all contracts, deleting prior minimum of 15% in Subsec. (b), amended Subsec. (c) to specify applicability to "trade" contractor "or other entity authorized by such agency to award contracts", and amended Subsec. (b) to permit commission on human rights and opportunities to conduct audit of financial records; P.A. 90-253 amended Subsec. (a) by adding definitions of "affiliated", "control" and "person", amended Subsec. (f) by deleting provisions re interlocking ownership, management or employees and adding provisions re subcontracting with affiliates and eligibility of affiliated persons for contract awards, and amended Subsec. (h) by adding provisions re audit of corporate and business records and investigations; P.A. 92-189 amended Subsec. (a) by adding any small contractor "who is an individual with a disability" to definition of "minority business enterprise" in Subdiv. (3) and adding Subdiv. (7) defining "individual with a disability"; P.A. 93-359 amended Subsec. (a) to redefine "small contractor" and "minority business enterprise" to include certain nonprofit corporations and to add a definition of "nonprofit corporation" and amended Subsec. (b) to limit eligibility of nonprofit corporations to predevelopment contracts awarded by the commissioner of housing; P.A. 93-409 redefined "small contractor" to raise maximum gross revenues from $3,000,000 to $10,000,000, amended Subsec. (e) by increasing the maximum contract award from $1,500,000 to $10,000,000, inserted new Subsec. (j) concerning a letter of credit, relettering former Subsec. (j) as (k), and added new Subsecs. (l) to (n), inclusive, re establishment by economic development commissioner of a certification process, re annual reports and re status reports, respectively; P.A. 95-79 amended Subsec. (a) to redefine "person" to include a limited liability company, effective May 31, 1995; P.A. 95-250 and P.A. 96-211 replaced Commissioner and Department of Economic Development and Commissioner and Department of Housing with Commissioner and Department of Economic and Community Development; P.A. 95-334 amended Subsec. (a) to redefine "small contractor" by inserting "under the same ownership and management" and "immediately", amended Subsec. (j) by inserting reference to "bid, labor and materials or other required" bonds, amended Subsec. (m) by changing reporting deadline from July first to September thirtieth, annually, and amended Subsec. (n) by changing reporting deadline from October first to November first, quarterly, and requiring that reports be submitted to Commission on Human Rights and Opportunities, effective July 13, 1995; P.A. 96-256 amended definition of "nonprofit corporation" in Subsec. (a) by replacing reference to "chapter 600" with "chapter 602 or any predecessor statutes thereto", effective January 1, 1997; P.A. 99-233 amended Subsec. (a)(1) and (3) to revise the definition of "small contractor" and "minority business enterprise" to include a business where at least 51% is owned by persons with operational authority over daily affairs instead of owned by persons active in daily affairs, amended Subsec. (b) to add provisions re serious need, amended Subsecs. (d), (e) and (h) to transfer authority from the Department of Economic and Community Development to the Department of Administrative Services, amended Subsec. (l) to require the Department of Administrative Services to establish a process for certification and added new Subsec. (o) concerning a precertification list, effective June 29, 1999; P.A. 00-199 amended Subsecs. (b)(2), (m) and (n) by replacing references to Commissioner of Economic and Community Development with references to Commissioner of Administrative Services, and further amended Subsec. (m) by adding reference to the committee on government administration and elections, and further amended Subsec. (n) by requiring that the Commission on Human Rights and Opportunities monitor the achievement of the annual goals established by each state agency and political subdivision of the state other than municipalities and prepare a quarterly report concerning such goal achievement, and by requiring that the report be submitted to each agency submitting a report and to the Commissioners of Economic and Community Development and Administrative Services, and providing that failure to submit reports shall be a violation of Sec. 46a-77, effective June 1, 2000; Sec. 32-9e transferred to Sec. 4a-60g in 2001; P.A. 01-195 made technical changes in Subsecs. (a)(3), (a)(5) and (j), effective July 11, 2001; P.A. 06-129 added Subsec. (p) re janitorial contracts awarded pursuant to Sec. 4a-82(b) to (e), inclusive; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-4 redefined "small contractor" in Subsec. (a)(1) and "individual with a disability" in Subsec. (a)(7), amended Subsec. (b) to eliminate provision re ability of agency head to set aside an amount based on the amount of all contracts not excluded from the calculation which are anticipated to be let in any fiscal year, deleted former Subsec. (e) re limitation on total amount of contract recommended or awarded, redesignated existing Subsecs. (f) to (p) as Subsecs. (e) to (o), amended Subsec. (e) to require written explanation of any subcontract entered into with a person not eligible for award of a contract under section, amended Subsec. (j) re duties of awarding authority, amended Subsec. (k) to replace provisions re printed directory and quarterly update with provision re updated directory maintained on web site, amended Subsec. (l) to replace "September 30, 1995," with "August 30, 2007," amended Subsec. (m) to require written explanation of how an agency will achieve its goals in the final reporting period if not reached by the end of the second reporting period and made technical changes, effective July 1, 2007, and further redefined "small contractor" in Subsec. (a)(1) to increase gross revenues under Subpara. (B) from $10,000,000 to $15,000,000, effective January 1, 2008.

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      Sec. 4a-63. Disqualification from bidding on contracts. Suspension. (a) The Commissioner of Administrative Services may disqualify any person, firm or corporation, for up to five years, from bidding on contracts with the Department of Administrative Services, pursuant to section 4a-57, for supplies, materials, equipment and contractual services required by any state agency, for one or more causes set forth under subsection (c) of this section. The commissioner may initiate a disqualification proceeding after consulting with the purchasing agency, if any, and the Attorney General and shall provide notice and an opportunity to be heard to the person, firm or corporation which is the subject of the proceeding. The commissioner shall issue a written decision within ninety days of the last date of such hearing and state in the decision the reasons for the action taken and, if the person, firm or corporation is being disqualified, the period of such disqualification. The commissioner shall send the decision to such person, firm or corporation by certified mail, return receipt requested. The written decision shall be a final decision for the purposes of sections 4-180 and 4-183.

      (b) Before initiating such a proceeding or during the proceeding, the commissioner may, after consulting with any such purchasing agency and the Attorney General, suspend the person, firm or corporation from being considered for the awarding of such a contract for such supplies, materials, equipment or contractual services, if the commissioner determines that there is probable cause for disqualification under subsection (a) of this section. No such suspension shall exceed three months. The commissioner may suspend such a person, firm or corporation only by issuing a written decision setting forth the reasons for, and the period of, the suspension. The commissioner shall send the decision to such person, firm or corporation by certified mail, return receipt requested.

      (c) Causes for disqualification or suspension from bidding on contracts shall include the following:

      (1) Conviction or entry of a plea of guilty for commission of a criminal offense as an incident to obtaining or attempting to obtain a public or private contract or subcontract, or in the performance of such contract or subcontract;

      (2) Conviction or entry of a plea of guilty under state or federal law for embezzlement, theft, forgery, bribery, falsification or destruction of records, receiving stolen property or any other offense indicating a lack of business integrity or business honesty which affects responsibility as a state contractor;

      (3) Conviction or entry of a plea of guilty under state or federal antitrust, collusion or conspiracy statutes arising out of the submission of bids or proposals;

      (4) Noncompliance with contract provisions, of a character regarded by the commissioner to be of such gravity as to indicate a lack of responsibility to perform as a state contractor, including deliberate failure, without good cause, to perform in accordance with specifications or time limits provided in a contract;

      (5) A recent record of failure to perform or of unsatisfactory performance in accordance with the terms of one or more contracts, unless such failure to perform or unsatisfactory performance was caused by acts beyond the control of the contractor or supplier; or

      (6) Any other cause the commissioner determines to be so serious or compelling as to affect responsibility as a state contractor, including disqualification by another governmental entity, having caused financial loss to the state or having caused a serious delay or inability of state officials to carry out their duties on a past contract or contracts.

      (P.A. 87-258; P.A. 99-161, S. 5, 11; P.A. 07-202, S. 2.)

      History: P.A. 99-161 amended Subsec. (a) re initiation of disqualification proceedings by deleting the word "only" before "after consulting with the purchasing agency, if any, and the Attorney General", effective July 1, 1999; P.A. 07-202 amended Subsec. (a) to increase potential disqualification period from two years to five years, effective July 10, 2007.

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      Sec. 4a-67c. Equipment and appliances for state use, energy standards. The Department of Administrative Services and each other budgeted agency, as defined in section 4-69, exercising procurement authority shall procure equipment and appliances for state use that meet or exceed the federal energy conservation standards set forth in the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, 42 USC 6295, any federal regulations adopted thereunder, any applicable energy performance standards established in accordance with subsection (j) of section 16a-38 and meet or exceed the federal Energy Star standards. Purchases of equipment and appliances for which energy performance standards have been established pursuant to subsection (j) of section 16a-38 shall be (1) made from among those specific models of equipment and appliances which meet such standards, and (2) based, when possible, on competitive bids. Such bids shall be evaluated on the basis of the life-cycle cost standards, if any, established pursuant to subsection (b) of section 16a-38.

      (P.A. 90-219, S. 12; P.A. 93-417, S. 3, 5; P.A. 94-67, S. 3; P.A. 95-346, S. 2, 4; P.A. 07-242, S. 16.)

      History: P.A. 93-417 replaced requirement that department purchase energy-efficient appliances with requirement that department procure equipment and appliances which meet or exceed federal standards, effective October 1, 1993, and applicable to design proposals for major capital projects which are commenced after that date; P.A. 94-67 added provisions re energy performance and life-cycle cost standards; P.A. 95-346 applied section to budgeted agencies exercising procurement authority, added reference to federal regulations and made a technical change, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 07-242 added requirement that equipment and appliances meet or exceed Energy Star standards and made a technical change.

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      Sec. 4a-67d. Purchase of cars and light duty trucks. Gasoline mileage ratings. Alternative-fueled, hybrid electric or plug-in electric vehicles. Requirements. Exemptions. Reports. (a) The fleet average for cars or light duty trucks purchased by the state shall: (1) On and after October 1, 2001, have a United States Environmental Protection Agency estimated highway gasoline mileage rating of at least thirty-five miles per gallon and on and after January 1, 2003, have a United States Environmental Protection Agency estimated highway gasoline mileage rating of at least forty miles per gallon, (2) comply with the requirements set forth in 10 CFR 490 concerning the percentage of alternative-fueled vehicles required in the state motor vehicle fleet, and (3) obtain the best achievable mileage per pound of carbon dioxide emitted in its class. The alternative-fueled vehicles purchased by the state to comply with said requirements shall be capable of operating on natural gas or electricity or any other system acceptable to the United States Department of Energy that operates on fuel that is available in the state.

      (b) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this section, (1) on and after January 1, 2008: (A) At least fifty per cent of all cars and light duty trucks purchased or leased by the state shall be alternative-fueled, hybrid electric or plug-in electric vehicles, (B) all alternative-fueled vehicles purchased or leased by the state shall be certified to the California Air Resources Board's Low Emission Vehicle II Ultra Low Emission Vehicle Standard, (C) all gasoline-powered light duty and hybrid vehicles purchased or leased by the state shall, at a minimum, be certified to the California Air Resource Board's Low Emission Vehicle II Ultra Low Emission Vehicle Standard, and (2) on and after January 1, 2012, one hundred per cent of such cars and light duty trucks shall be alternative-fueled, hybrid electric or plug-in electric vehicles. If the Commissioner of Administrative Services determines that the vehicles required by the provisions of this subsection are not available for purchase or lease, the Commissioner of Administrative Services shall include an explanation of such determination in the annual report described in subsection (f) of this section.

      (c) The provisions of subsections (a) and (b) of this section shall not apply to any vehicle of the Department of Public Safety that the Commissioner of Public Safety designates as necessary for the Department of Public Safety to carry out its mission, provided the Commissioner of Administrative Services approves of such designation and, in consultation with the Commissioner of Public Safety, provides an explanation of why the provisions of subsections (a) and (b) of this section should not apply to such vehicles.

      (d) As used in this section, the terms "car" and "light duty truck" shall be as defined in the United States Department of Energy Publication DOE/CE-0019/8, or any successor publication.

      (e) Not later than October 1, 2007, the Commissioner of Administrative Services shall file a report with the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to government administration, the environment and energy that includes: (1) Details on the composition of the state fleet, including, but not limited to, a listing of all vehicles owned, leased or used by the Departments of Transportation and Public Safety, the make, model and fuel type of vehicles that compose the state fleet and the amount of fuel, including alternative fuels, that each vehicle uses, and (2) a copy of the determination made by the Commissioner of Environmental Protection pursuant to subsection (a) of section 2 of public act 07-4 of the June special session*. The Departments of Transportation and Public Safety shall submit all data requested of such departments by the Department of Administrative Services in connection with the preparation of such report.

      (f) On or before January 1, 2008, and annually thereafter, the Commissioner of Administrative Services shall file a report with the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to government administration, the environment and energy that includes: (1) Details on the composition of the state fleet, including, but not limited to, a listing of all vehicles owned, leased or used by the Departments of Transportation and Public Safety, the make, model and fuel type of vehicles that compose the state fleet and the amount of fuel, including alternative fuels, that each vehicle uses, (2) any changes to the determination made by the Commissioner of Environmental Protection pursuant to subsection (a) of section 35 of public act 07-4 of the June special session* or any update concerning the waiver application submitted pursuant to subsection (a) of section 35 of public act 07-4 of the June special session*, as applicable, (3) a listing of any vehicle exempted pursuant to subsection (c) of this section along with the Commissioner of Administrative Services' explanation for such exemption, (4) any changes or amendments to the plan required by subsection (b) of section 35 of public act 07-4 of the June special session*, and (5) any changes or amendments to the plan required by subsection (c) of section 35 of public act 07-4 of the June special session*. The Departments of Transportation and Public Safety shall submit all data requested of such departments by the Department of Administrative Services in connection with the preparation of such report.

      (g) The Commissioner of Administrative Services may enter into any agreement necessary to carry out the provisions of subsections (e) and (f) of this section.

      (h) For purposes of this section, "hybrid" means a passenger car that draws acceleration energy from two on board sources of stored energy that consists of either an internal combustion or heat engine which uses combustible fuel and a rechargeable energy storage system, and, for any passenger car or light duty truck with a model year of 2004 or newer, that is certified to meet or exceed the California LEV (Low Emission Vehicle) II LEV Standard.

      (i) In performing the requirements of this section, the Commissioners of Administrative Services and Environmental Protection shall, whenever possible, consider the use of and impact on Connecticut-based companies.

      (P.A. 90-219, S. 5; P.A. 93-37, S. 1, 2; 93-199, S. 5, 6; P.A. 01-168, S. 2; P.A. 04-231, S. 2; P.A. 07-242, S. 122; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-4, S. 34.)

      *Note: Section 35 of public act 07-4 of the June special session is special in nature and therefore has not been codified but remains in full force and effect according to its terms.


      History: P.A. 93-37 amended Subsec. (a) to modify the gasoline mileage requirements and added Subsec. (d) re requirements for purchase of alternative fuel vehicles, effective April 22, 1993; P.A. 93-199 changed mileage rating in Subsec. (a) from 26 to 29 miles per gallon for cars and from 20 to 24 miles per gallon for light duty trucks and added exemption in Subsec. (b) for certain vehicles purchased by state and intended for conversion to alternative fuel use, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 01-168 amended Subsec. (a) by redefining the highway gasoline mileage rating required in the state motor vehicle fleet, and deleted Subsec. (d) re requirements for the purchase of car and light duty trucks powered by combustion of natural gas or electricity in calendar years 1993 and 1994; P.A. 04-231 added Subsec. (a)(3) re best achievable mileage per pound of carbon dioxide and amended Subsec. (b) to delete exception for cars or trucks intended for conversion into natural gas or electric-powered vehicles; P.A. 07-242 added new Subsec. (b) re efficiency ratings, redesignated existing Subsecs. (b) and (c) as Subsecs. (c) and (d), and made exception in Subsec. (c) applicable to new Subsec. (b) as well as Subsec. (a), effective June 4, 2007; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 07-4 added new Subsec. (b) re requirements for alternative-fueled, hybrid electric or plug-in electric vehicles, amended Subsec. (c) by replacing provision re vehicles purchased for law enforcement or special use purposes with provision re vehicles of the Department of Public Safety, and added Subsecs. (e) to (i), effective June 29, 2007.

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      Sec. 4a-82. Janitorial work pilot program for persons with disability and persons with a disadvantage. (a) For the purposes of this section:

      (1) "Person with a disability" means any individual with a disability, excluding blindness, as such term is applied by the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, the Department of Developmental Services, the Bureau of Rehabilitation Services within the Department of Social Services or the Veterans' Administration and who is certified by the Bureau of Rehabilitation Services within the Department of Social Services as qualified to participate in a qualified partnership, as described in subsections (f) to (m), inclusive, of this section;

      (2) "Vocational rehabilitation service" means any goods and services necessary to render a person with a disability employable, in accordance with Title I of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, 29 USC 701 et seq., as amended from time to time;

      (3) "Community rehabilitation program" means any entity or individual that provides directly for or facilitates the provision of vocational rehabilitation services to, or provides services in connection with, the recruiting, hiring or managing of the employment of persons with disabilities based on an individualized plan and budget for each worker with a disability;

      (4) "Commercial janitorial contractor" means any for-profit proprietorship, partnership, joint venture, corporation, limited liability company, trust, association or other privately owned entity that employs persons to perform janitorial work, and that enters into contracts to provide janitorial services;

      (5) "Janitorial work" means work performed in connection with the care or maintenance of buildings, including, but not limited to, work customarily performed by cleaners, porters, janitors and handypersons;

      (6) "Janitorial contract" means a contract or subcontract to perform janitorial work for a department or agency of the state; and

      (7) "Person with a disadvantage" means any individual who is determined by the Labor Department, or its designee, to be eligible for employment services in accordance with the Workforce Investment Act or whose verified individual gross annual income during the previous calendar year was not greater than two hundred per cent of the federal poverty level for a family of four.

      (b) The Commissioner of Administrative Services shall establish a pilot program, for a term of four years, to create and expand janitorial work job opportunities for persons with a disability and persons with a disadvantage. Such pilot program shall consist of four identified projects for janitorial work. The program shall create a minimum of sixty full-time jobs or sixty full-time equivalents at standard wages for persons with disabilities and persons with disadvantages and have a total market value for all janitorial contracts awarded under the program of at least three million dollars. In establishing such pilot program, the Commissioner of Administrative Services may consult with the Commissioner of Social Services and the Labor Commissioner.

      (c) Notwithstanding any other provision of the general statutes, under such pilot program, the Commissioner of Administrative Services shall award four janitorial contracts, one for each identified project, pursuant to the following procedures: (1) Upon receipt of a request for janitorial services by an agency or department of the state, the Commissioner of Administrative Services shall notify each qualified partnership, as described in subsections (f) to (m), inclusive, of this section, of such request and invite each qualified partnership in good standing to submit a bid proposal for such janitorial contract to the commissioner in a manner and form as prescribed by the commissioner; (2) in the event that only one such qualified partnership submits a bid for such janitorial contract, the commissioner shall award such contract to the bidding qualified partnership, provided such bid does not exceed the fair market value for such contract, as determined by the commissioner; (3) if more than one qualified partnership submits a bid, the commissioner shall award the contract to the lowest responsible qualified bidder, as defined in section 4a-59; and (4) in the event that a qualified partnership does not submit a bid or is not awarded such contract, the commissioner shall award such contract in accordance with the provisions of sections 4a-59 and 17b-656.

      (d) Notwithstanding any other provision of the general statutes, the responsibilities of the Commissioner of Administrative Services, as established in subsections (b) and (c) of this section, may not be delegated to an outside vendor.

      (e) The Commissioner of Administrative Services may adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to undertake the requirements established in subsections (b) to (e), inclusive, of this section.

      (f) The Connecticut Community Providers Association shall designate a commercial janitorial contractor and a community rehabilitation program as a "qualified partnership" whenever the following criteria have been established: (1) Such commercial janitorial contractor has entered into a binding agreement with such community rehabilitation program in which such contractor agrees to fill not less than one-third of the jobs from a successful bid for a janitorial contract under the pilot program established in subsections (b) to (e), inclusive, of this section with persons with disabilities and not less than one-third of such jobs with persons with a disadvantage; (2) such contractor employs not less than two hundred persons who perform janitorial work in the state; and (3) such contractor certifies, in writing, that it will pay the standard wage to employees, including persons with disabilities, under such janitorial contract. Any partnership between a commercial janitorial contractor and a community rehabilitation program that has been denied designation as a qualified partnership may appeal such denial, in writing, to the Commissioner of Administrative Services and said commissioner may, after review of such appeal, designate such program as a qualified partnership.

      (g) The requirement established in subsection (f) of this section to fill not less than one-third of the jobs from a successful bid for a janitorial contract with persons with disabilities and one-third with persons with a disadvantage shall be met whenever such janitorial contractor employs the requisite number of persons with disabilities and persons with a disadvantage throughout the entirety of its operations in the state provided any persons with disabilities employed by such janitorial contractor prior to the commencement date of any such contract shall not be counted for the purpose of determining the number of persons with disabilities employed by such janitorial contractor.

      (h) The number of persons with disabilities and the number of persons with a disadvantage that such janitorial contractor is required to employ pursuant to the provisions of subsection (f) of this section shall be employed not later than six months after the commencement of janitorial work under the terms of any contract awarded pursuant to the provisions of subsections (b) to (e), inclusive, of this section, provided such contractor shall fill any vacancy for janitorial work that arises during the first six months of any such contract with persons with disabilities and persons with disadvantages.

      (i) The Connecticut Community Providers Association shall develop an application process and submit a list of employees who have applied to participate in a partnership to the Bureau of Rehabilitation Services for certification. Such association shall maintain a list of certified employees who are persons with disabilities and community rehabilitation programs.

      (j) Any qualified partnership awarded a janitorial contract pursuant to the provisions of subsections (b) to (e), inclusive, of this section shall provide to the Connecticut Community Providers Association, not later than six months after the commencement date of such contract, a list of the persons with disabilities and persons with a disadvantage employed by such contractor that includes the date of hire and employment location for each such person. Such association shall certify to the Department of Administrative Services, in such manner and form as prescribed by the Commissioner of Administrative Services, that the requisite number of persons with disabilities for such contract continue to be employed by such contractor in positions equivalent to those created under such janitorial contract and have been integrated into the general workforce of such contractor.

      (k) Notwithstanding any other provision of the general statutes, the responsibilities of the Bureau of Rehabilitation Services, as established in subsections (f) to (m), inclusive, of this section, may not be delegated to an outside vendor.

      (l) The Commissioner of Social Services may adopt regulations, in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, to undertake the certification requirements established pursuant to subsections (f) to (m), inclusive, of this section.

      (m) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (f) of this section, the Commissioner of Administrative Services shall authorize certified small and minority business to participate in such pilot program.

      (n) During the term of the pilot program described in subsections (b) to (e), inclusive, of this section, the joint standing committee of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to government administration shall study the effectiveness of such pilot program, including, but not limited to, the effectiveness of such program to create integrated work settings for persons with disabilities. Additionally, said committee shall study the need to make such pilot program permanent and ways to provide incentives for municipalities and businesses to utilize such pilot program if such program is determined by the committee to be effective.

      (o) During the term of the pilot program described in subsections (b) to (e), inclusive, of this section, any contract awarded pursuant to section 17b-656 shall remain in effect with no changes in the formula for fair market value. Additionally, any new janitorial contract awarded pursuant to section 17b-656 shall be limited to not more than four full-time employees per contract.

      (p) Any person employed under a janitorial contract let: (1) On or before October 1, 2006, or thereafter if such contract constitutes a successor contract to such janitorial contract let on or before October 1, 2006, and (2) pursuant to section 4a-57 or 10a-151b or by the judicial or legislative departments or pursuant to subsections (b) to (e), inclusive, of this section shall have the same rights conferred upon an employee by section 31-57g for the duration of the pilot program described in subsections (b) to (e), inclusive, of this section. The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to any new janitorial contract with not more than four full-time employees per contract, as described in subsection (o) of this section.

      (P.A. 06-129, S. 1-4; P.A. 07-73, S. 2(a).)

      History: Pursuant to P.A. 07-73 "Department of Mental Retardation" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "Department of Developmental Services", effective October 1, 2007.

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