Connecticut Seal

General Assembly

 

Substitute Bill No. 601

    January Session, 2007

*_____SB00601APP___052207____*

AN ACT MANDATING EMPLOYERS TO PROVIDE PAID SICK LEAVE TO EMPLOYEES.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Assembly convened:

Section 1. (NEW) (Effective October 1, 2007) As used in this section and sections 2 to 6, inclusive, of this act:

(1) "Employee" means any person engaged in service to an employer in the business of the employer who is (A) paid on an hourly basis, or (B) not exempt from the minimum wage and overtime compensation requirements of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 and the regulations promulgated thereunder, as from time to time amended;

(2) "Employer" means any person, firm, business, educational institution, nonprofit agency, corporation, limited liability company or other entity that employs twenty-five or more persons;

(3) "Family violence" has the same meaning as provided in section 46b-38a of the general statutes;

(4) "Retaliatory personnel action" means any termination, suspension, constructive discharge, demotion, unfavorable reassignment, refusal to promote, disciplinary action or other adverse employment action taken by an employer against an employee;

(5) "Sexual assault" means any act that constitutes a violation of section 53a-70, 53a-70a, 53a-70b, 53a-71, 53a-72b or 53a-73a of the general statutes; and

(6) "Stalking" means any act that constitutes a violation of section 53a-181c, 53a-181d or 53a-181e of the general statutes.

Sec. 2. (NEW) (Effective October 1, 2007) (a) Each employer shall provide paid sick leave annually to each of such employer's employees in the state. Such paid sick leave shall accrue (1) from the commencement of an employee's employment, (2) at a rate of one hour of paid sick leave for each forty hours worked by an employee, and (3) in one-hour increments.

(b) An employee shall be entitled to the use of accrued paid sick leave beginning on the ninetieth day after the employee's first day of employment, unless the employer agrees to an earlier date. Each employee shall be entitled to carry over accrued paid sick leave from one year, whether calendar or fiscal, to succeeding years. Each employee shall be entitled to use a maximum of fifty-two hours of accrued paid sick leave per year.

(c) Any employer that offers employees paid leave, other than vacation leave, that may be used for the same purposes and under the same conditions as paid sick leave under this section and section 3 of this act shall be deemed to be in compliance with this section.

(d) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prevent employers from providing paid leave that is more generous than that required under this section and section 3 of this act.

Sec. 3. (NEW) (Effective October 1, 2007) (a) An employer shall permit an employee to use paid sick leave:

(1) For (A) an employee's mental or physical illness, injury or health condition, (B) the medical diagnosis, care or treatment of an employee's mental or physical illness, injury or health condition, or (C) preventive medical care for an employee; or

(2) Where an employee is a victim of family violence, sexual assault or stalking, (A) for medical care or psychological or other counseling for physical or psychological injury or disability, (B) to obtain services from a victim services organization, (C) to relocate due to such family violence, sexual assault or stalking, or (D) to participate in any civil or criminal proceedings related to or resulting from such family violence, sexual assault or stalking.

(b) If an employee's need to use paid sick leave is foreseeable, an employer may require advance notice, not to exceed seven days prior to the date such leave is to begin, of the intention to use such leave. If an employee's need for such leave is not foreseeable, an employer may require an employee to give notice of such intention as soon as practicable. For paid sick leave of three or more consecutive days, an employer may require reasonable documentation that such leave is being taken for the purposes permitted under subsection (a) of this section. If such leave is permitted under subdivision (1) of said subsection, documentation signed by a health care provider who is treating the employee indicating the need for the number of days of such leave shall be considered reasonable documentation. If such leave is permitted under subdivision (2) of said subsection, a court record or documentation signed by an employee or volunteer working for a victim services organization, an attorney, a police officer or other counselor involved with the employee shall be considered reasonable documentation.

Sec. 4. (NEW) (Effective October 1, 2007) (a) No employer shall take retaliatory personnel action or discriminate against an employee because the employee (1) requests or uses paid sick leave in accordance with sections 2 and 3 of this act, or (2) files a complaint with the Labor Commissioner alleging the employer's violation of sections 2 to 6, inclusive, of this act.

(b) Any employer who is found by the Labor Commissioner, by a preponderance of the evidence, to have violated the provisions of sections 2 to 6, inclusive, of this act shall be liable to the Labor Department for a civil penalty of six hundred dollars for each violation. The Labor Commissioner may award the employee all appropriate relief, including rehiring or reinstatement to the employee's previous job, payment of back wages and reestablishment of employee benefits to which the employee otherwise would have been eligible if the employee had not been subject to such retaliatory personnel action or discriminated against. Any party aggrieved by the decision of the commissioner may appeal the decision to the Superior Court in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54 of the general statutes.

Sec. 5. (NEW) (Effective October 1, 2007) If an employer possesses health information or information pertaining to family violence about an employee, such information shall be confidential and shall not be disclosed except to the affected employee or with the permission of the affected employee.

Sec. 6. (NEW) (Effective October 1, 2007) Each employer subject to the provisions of section 2 of this act shall, at the time of hiring, provide notice to each employee (1) of the employee's entitlement to sick leave, the amount of sick leave provided and the terms under which sick leave may be used, (2) that retaliation by the employer against the employee for requesting or using sick leave is prohibited, and (3) that the employee has a right to file a complaint with the Labor Commissioner for any violation of sections 2 to 6, inclusive, of this act. Employers may comply with the provisions of this section by displaying a poster in a conspicuous place, accessible to employees, at the employers' place of business that contains the information required by this section in both English and Spanish. The Labor Commissioner may adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54 of the general statutes, to establish additional requirements concerning the means by which employers shall provide such notice.

This act shall take effect as follows and shall amend the following sections:

Section 1

October 1, 2007

New section

Sec. 2

October 1, 2007

New section

Sec. 3

October 1, 2007

New section

Sec. 4

October 1, 2007

New section

Sec. 5

October 1, 2007

New section

Sec. 6

October 1, 2007

New section

JUD

Joint Favorable Subst.

 

APP

Joint Favorable