CHAPTER 249
TRAFFIC CONTROL AND HIGHWAY SAFETY

Table of Contents

Sec. 14-297. Definitions.
Sec. 14-298a. Operation of motor vehicle exceeding posted clearance or load prohibited.
Sec. 14-299a. Traffic signal preemption devices.

PART I
TRAFFIC CONTROL

      Sec. 14-297. Definitions. Terms used in this chapter shall be construed as follows, unless another construction is clearly apparent from the language or context in which the term is used or unless the construction is inconsistent with the manifest intention of the General Assembly:

      (1) The following terms shall be construed as they are defined in section 14-1: "Authorized emergency vehicle", "driver", "head lamp", "highway", "intersection", "limited access highway", "motor vehicle", "number plate", "operator", "person", "rotary" or "roundabout", "shoulder", "stop", "truck", "vehicle";

      (2) "Crosswalk" means that portion of a highway ordinarily included within the prolongation or connection of the lateral lines of sidewalks at intersections, or any portion of a highway distinctly indicated, by lines or other markings on the surface, as a crossing for pedestrians, except such prolonged or connecting lines from an alley across a street;

      (3) "Official traffic control devices" means all signs, signals, markings and devices consistent with the provisions of this chapter and placed or erected, for the purpose of regulating, warning or guiding traffic, by authority of a public body or official having jurisdiction;

      (4) "Parking" means the standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, on a highway, except it shall not include the temporary standing of a vehicle for the purpose of and while engaged in receiving or discharging passengers or loading or unloading merchandise or while in obedience to traffic regulations or traffic signs or signals;

      (5) "Traffic" means pedestrians, vehicles and other conveyances while using any highway for the purpose of travel;

      (6) "Traffic authority" means the board of police commissioners of any city, town or borough, or the city or town manager, the chief of police, the superintendent of police or any legally elected or appointed official or board, or any official having similar powers and duties, of any city, town or borough that has no board of police commissioners but has a regularly appointed force, or the board of selectmen of any town in which there is no city or borough with a regularly appointed police force, except that, with respect to state highways and bridges, "traffic authority" means the State Traffic Commission, provided nothing contained in this section shall be construed to limit or detract from the jurisdiction or authority of the State Traffic Commission to adopt regulations establishing a uniform system of traffic control signals, devices, signs and markings as provided in section 14-298, and the requirement that no installation of any traffic control signal light shall be made by any city, town or borough until the installation has been approved by the State Traffic Commission as provided in section 14-299;

      (7) "Traffic control sign" means any sign bearing a message with respect to the stopping or to the rate of speed of vehicles; and

      (8) "Traffic control signal" means any device, whether operated manually, electrically or mechanically, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and to proceed.

      (1949 Rev., S. 2516; P.A. 84-429, S. 42; P.A. 90-263, S. 53, 74; P.A. 05-210, S. 27.)

      History: P.A. 84-429 substantially revised section, dividing section into Subsecs., applying definitions in Sec. 14-1 to terms added in Subdiv. (1), rephrasing provisions and making other technical changes; P.A. 90-263 amended Subdiv. (1) to delete "public service motor vehicle"; P.A. 05-210 amended Subdiv. (1) by substituting "rotary" or "roundabout" for "rotary traffic island", effective July 1, 2005.

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      Sec. 14-298a. Operation of motor vehicle exceeding posted clearance or load prohibited. No person shall operate or move a motor vehicle over, on, through, or under any bridge or structure on any highway if the height of such vehicle or the load exceeds the height of the posted clearance or load, as shown by an official traffic control device, as defined in section 14-297. Any person violating any provision of this section shall have committed an infraction.

      (P.A. 05-218, S. 30.)

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      Sec. 14-299a. Traffic signal preemption devices. (a) As used in this section, "traffic signal preemption device" means a device capable of altering the timing or phasing of a traffic control signal.

      (b) No person shall use a traffic signal preemption device unless such person, in furtherance of such person's duties, is (1) installing or maintaining a traffic control signal; (2) operating railroad equipment or a movable bridge; (3) operating a transit vehicle on behalf of the Department of Transportation; (4) operating a motor vehicle owned by the federal or state government, a municipal government or fire district in responding to an emergency; or (5) operating an ambulance in responding to an emergency. No traffic signal preemption device shall be in, or part of, a motor vehicle unless (A) the motor vehicle is owned or controlled by the federal or state government, a municipal government or fire district, (B) the motor vehicle is an ambulance, or (C) such vehicle is being used in the course of manufacturing, transporting, installing or maintaining such a device.

      (c) No person shall possess a traffic signal preemption device unless such person is a manufacturer specializing in the manufacture of such devices, a vendor authorized by a manufacturer specializing in the manufacture of such devices or a repairer of such devices.

      (d) No person shall sell or transfer possession of a traffic signal preemption device unless (1) such person is a manufacturer specializing in the manufacture of such devices, a vendor authorized by a manufacturer specializing in the manufacture of such devices or a repairer of such devices, and (2) such sale or transfer of possession is to the federal or state government, a municipal government or fire district, ambulance operator or to a vendor or repairer of such devices.

      (e) Any person who violates any provision of subsection (b), (c) or (d) of this section shall be fined not more than five thousand dollars or imprisoned not more than ninety days, or both.

      (f) Any person who violates any provision of subsection (b) of this section which violation results in a traffic accident shall be fined not more than fifteen thousand dollars or imprisoned not more than five years, or both.

      (P.A. 05-242, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 05-242 effective July 1, 2005.

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