CHAPTER 247
UNIFORM MOTOR VEHICLE CERTIFICATE OF TITLE
AND ANTITHEFT ACT

Table of Contents

Sec. 14-165. Definitions.
Sec. 14-167. Certain liens and security interests not affected.
Sec. 14-174. Information in certificate. Prima facie evidence.
Sec. 14-179. Transfer of interest in vehicle.
Sec. 14-196. Penalties.

PART I
DEFINITIONS AND EXCLUSIONS

      Sec. 14-165. Definitions. Except when the context otherwise requires, as used in this chapter:

      (1) "Dealer" means a person engaged in the business of buying, selling or exchanging vehicles who is licensed under the provisions of chapter 246;

      (2) "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles;

      (3) "Identification number" means the vehicle identification number of a motor vehicle, as defined in section 14-1;

      (4) "Implement of husbandry" means a vehicle registered as a farm vehicle or a vehicle designated and adapted exclusively for agricultural, horticultural or livestock-raising operations or for lifting or carrying an implement of husbandry;

      (5) "Lienholder" means a person holding a security interest in a vehicle;

      (6) "Owner" means a person, other than a lienholder, having the property in or title to a vehicle. The term includes a person entitled to the use and possession of a vehicle subject to a security interest in another person, but excludes a lessee under a lease not intended as security;

      (7) "Security agreement" means a "security agreement" as defined in subdivision (78) of subsection (a) of section 42a-9-102;

      (8) "Security interest" means a "security interest" as defined in subdivision (35) of subsection (b) of section 42a-1-201;

      (9) "Special mobile equipment" means a vehicle not designed for the transportation of persons or property upon a highway and only incidentally operated or moved over a highway, including, but not limited to, ditch-digging apparatus, well-boring apparatus and road construction and maintenance machinery such as asphalt spreaders, bituminous mixers, bucket loaders, street sweepers, tractors other than truck tractors, ditchers, leveling graders, finishing machines, motor graders, road rollers, scarifiers, earth moving carry-alls and scrapers, power shovels and drag lines, and self-propelled cranes and earth moving equipment. The term does not include house trailers, dump trucks, truck-mounted transit mixers, cranes or shovels, or other vehicles designed for the transportation of persons or property to which machinery has been attached;

      (10) "State" means a state, territory or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico or a province of the Dominion of Canada;

      (11) "Vehicle" means a motor vehicle as defined by section 14-1;

      (12) "Manufacturer's or importer's certificate of origin" means the original written instrument or document required to be executed and delivered by the manufacturer to the manufacturer's agent or dealer, or a person purchasing direct from the manufacturer, certifying the origin of the vehicle; and

      (13) "Electronic title file" means the file maintained by the commissioner in an electronic media format for the purpose of re:CHY:cording and storage of the evidence of a lienholder's security interest in a vehicle.

      (1957, P.A. 607, S. 1; 1961, P.A. 573, S. 1; P.A. 77-604, S. 45, 84; P.A. 84-429, S. 64; P.A. 94-189, S. 32, 34; P.A. 96-162, S. 2; P.A. 01-132, S. 163; P.A. 02-70, S. 3; P.A. 04-199, S. 12; 04-217, S. 26; P.A. 05-109, S. 47.)

      History: 1961 act redefined security agreement and security interest (Subsecs. (g), (h)) to conform to Uniform Commercial Code; P.A. 77-604 replaced reference to (h) of Sec. 42a-9-105(1) with reference to (l) of said section; P.A. 84-429 made technical changes for statutory consistency; P.A. 94-189 redefined "special mobile equipment" to include street sweepers, effective July 1, 1994; P.A. 96-162 applied provisions to Sec. 14-167a but specific reference not added since said Sec. already included in existing reference to "this chapter"; P.A. 01-132 replaced Sec. 42a-9-105(1)(l) with Sec. 42a-9-102(a)(78) as the statutory reference for the definition of "security agreement" and made technical changes, including a technical change for purposes of gender neutrality; P.A. 02-70 redesignated Subsecs. (a) to (l) as Subdivs. (1) to (12), amended Subdiv. (3) to redefine "identification number" as the vehicle identification number of a motor vehicle, as defined in Sec. 14-1, added Subdiv. (13) defining "electronic title file" and made technical changes throughout, effective July 1, 2002; P.A. 04-199, effective July 1, 2004, and P.A. 04-217, effective January 1, 2005, both amended Subdiv. (3) to eliminate reference to Sec. 14-1(a)(91); P.A. 05-109 amended Subdiv. (8) by replacing reference to Sec. 42a-1-201(37) with reference to Sec. 42a-1-201(b)(35).

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      Sec. 14-167. Certain liens and security interests not affected. This chapter does not apply to or affect: (1) A lien given by statute or rule of law to a supplier of services or materials for the vehicle; (2) a lien given by statute to the United States, this state or any political subdivision of this state; (3) a security interest in a vehicle created by a manufacturer or dealer who holds the vehicle for sale, but a buyer in ordinary course of business, as defined in subdivision (9) of subsection (b) of section 42a-1-201, takes free of the security interest, as stated in section 42a-9-320; or (4) a security interest in a vehicle that is inventory held for sale or lease by a person or leased by that person as lessor and that person is in the business of selling vehicles, as provided in subsection (d) of section 42a-9-311.

      (1957, P.A. 607, S. 3; 1961, P.A. 573, S. 2; P.A. 01-132, S. 164; P.A. 03-62, S. 18; P.A. 05-109, S. 48.)

      History: 1961 act defined buyer in the ordinary course of business and security interest in conformity with Uniform Commercial Code; P.A. 01-132 made a technical change in a statutory reference and replaced reference to Sec. 42a-9-307(1) with Sec. 42a-9-320; P.A. 03-62 replaced alphabetic Subdiv. indicators with numeric Subdiv. indicators and added Subdiv. (4) re a security interest in a vehicle that is inventory held for sale or lease by a person or leased by that person as lessor and that person is in the business of selling vehicles as provided in Sec. 42a-9-311(d); P.A. 05-109 amended Subdiv. (3) by making a technical change and adding reference to "subsection (b)" of Sec. 42a-1-201.

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PART II
CERTIFICATE OF TITLE

      Sec. 14-174. Information in certificate. Prima facie evidence.

      Subsec. (d):

      Purpose of subsec. is part of legislature's effort to combat trafficking of stolen automobiles, not to protect used automobile dealers from possibility that they will unwittingly sell a salvaged vehicle. 87 CA 687.

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      Sec. 14-179. Transfer of interest in vehicle. (a) If an owner transfers his interest in a vehicle, other than by the creation of a security interest, he shall, at the time of delivery of the vehicle, execute an assignment and warranty of title to the transferee, showing the name and address of the transferee, in the space provided therefor on the certificate or as the commissioner prescribes, and cause the certificate and assignment to be mailed or delivered to the transferee or to the commissioner, provided no person, firm, corporation or business shall transfer any salvaged motor vehicle or any part of such vehicle unless such transferor has possession of the certificate of title or salvage vehicle certificate at the time of such transfer. The top of the certificate shall contain the following words in block letters, "NO SELLER SHALL ASSIGN TITLE OF A VEHICLE WITHOUT INSERTING THE BUYER'S NAME AND ADDRESS ON THE ASSIGNMENT AND WARRANTY OF TITLE."

      (b) Upon request of the owner or transferee, a lienholder in possession of the certificate of title shall, unless the transfer was a breach of his security agreement, either deliver the certificate to the transferee for delivery to the commissioner or, upon receipt from the transferee of the owner's assignment, the transferee's application for a new certificate and the required fee, mail or deliver them to the commissioner. The delivery of the certificate does not affect the rights of the lienholder under his security agreement.

      (c) If a security interest is reserved or created at the time of the transfer, the certificate of title shall be retained by or delivered to the person who becomes the lienholder, and the parties shall comply with the provisions of section 14-186.

      (d) Except as provided in section 14-180 and as between the parties, a transfer by an owner is not effective until the provisions of this section and section 14-182 have been complied with; however, an owner who has delivered possession of the vehicle of the transferee and has complied with the provisions of this section and section 14-182 requiring action by him is not liable as owner for any damages thereafter resulting from operation of the vehicle.

      (e) If a certificate of title issued by the commissioner identifies two or more persons as joint owners of a motor vehicle, any such person may, unless otherwise precluded by law, effect a transfer of ownership of the motor vehicle to such person individually, or to any other person or persons, in the manner provided by subsection (a) of this section. The commissioner may presume that a person is a joint owner empowered to transfer ownership of such motor vehicle if the person's name appears on the certificates of title and registration.

      (1957, P.A. 607, S. 15; P.A. 80-444, S. 3, 6; 80-457, S. 1; P.A. 05-218, S. 12.)

      History: P.A. 80-444 prohibited transfer of salvaged vehicle or parts without title or salvage vehicle certificate in Subsec. (a); P.A. 80-457 required assignment and warranty of title to contain name and address of transferee in Subsec. (a) and added requirement re statement at top of certificate; P.A. 05-218 added new Subsec. (e) re title as joint owners of motor vehicle, transfer of ownership and presumption of commissioner, effective July 1, 2005.

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PART III
OFFENSES AND ANTITHEFT PROVISIONS

      Sec. 14-196. Penalties. (a) A person who, with fraudulent intent: (1) Alters, forges or counterfeits a certificate of title; (2) alters or forges an assignment of a certificate of title, or an assignment or release of a security interest, on a certificate of title or a form the commissioner prescribes; (3) has possession of or uses a certificate of title knowing it to have been altered, forged or counterfeited; or (4) uses a false or fictitious name or address, or makes a material false statement, or fails to disclose a security interest, or conceals any other material fact, in an application for a certificate of title, shall be fined not less than five hundred dollars or more than one thousand dollars or be imprisoned not less than one year or more than five years or be both fined and imprisoned.

      (b) A person who: (1) With fraudulent intent, permits another, not entitled thereto, to use or have possession of a certificate of title; (2) wilfully fails to mail or deliver a certificate of title or application therefor to the commissioner within ten days after the time required by this chapter; (3) wilfully fails to deliver to his transferee a certificate of title within ten days after the time required by this chapter; or (4) wilfully violates any provision of this chapter, except as provided in subsection (a) of this section, shall be fined not more than one thousand dollars or imprisoned not more than two years, or both.

      (1957, P.A. 607, S. 32; P.A. 80-292, S. 7; P.A. 05-288, S. 59.)

      History: P.A. 80-292 increased fine in Subsec. (b) from five hundred to one thousand dollars and imprisonment from six months to two years; P.A. 05-288 made technical changes in Subsec. (b), effective July 13, 2005.

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