CHAPTER 874
COURT REPORTERS

Table of Contents

Sec. 51-60. Appointment of official court reporters.
Sec. 51-61. Court reporter to be sworn. Duties. Transcript.
Sec. 51-62. Official court reporters before state referees, judges and family support magistrates.
Sec. 51-63. Salary and fees of Superior Court reporters, monitors, official stenographers of Workers' Compensation Commission.
Sec. 51-64. Traveling expenses.
Sec. 51-65. Vacancy in office of court reporter.
Secs. 51-66 to 51-71a. Court reporters and stenographers, generally.
Sec. 51-72. Probate Court; stenographer may be called in by agreement.
Sec. 51-73. Powers and duties of stenographer. Notes to be evidence. Appeals on record.
Sec. 51-74. Use of shorthand writing machine or recording device.


Sec. 51-60. Appointment of official court reporters. (a) The judges of the Superior Court shall appoint one skillful stenographer for each judicial district to be the official court reporter of the Superior Court therein, and shall appoint as many stenographers to be assistant court reporters for the court as the judges or an authorized committee thereof determines the business of the court requires.
(b) A person shall not be appointed a court reporter under the provisions of this section who has not passed the entry level examination provided for under section 51- 63 and a reporter shall not be placed in the higher court reporter salary classification who has not passed the examination provided for in said section for such higher classification, provided each person serving on July 1, 1978, as a court reporter or assistant court reporter in the Court of Common Pleas shall continue to serve in the Superior Court for the balance of the term for which he was appointed. In no event shall the compensation of such person be affected solely as a result of the transfer of jurisdiction provided in section 51-164s.
(1949 Rev., S. 7727; 1957, P.A. 199, S. 2; 445, S. 8; 1969, P.A. 16, S. 1; P.A. 76-436, S. 73, 681; P.A. 77-576, S. 20, 65; P.A. 78-280, S. 78, 127; P.A. 82-248, S. 58; P.A. 84-529, S. 2.)
History: 1969 act deleted requirement that court reporter for Waterbury be a resident of that city; P.A. 76-436 authorized appointment of assistant court reporters, changed reporters' term of appointment from two years to one year and added provisions re salary and examination requirements, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 77-576 substituted judicial district for county and deleted specific reference to Waterbury, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 78-280 specified that committee of judges has power to remove reporters from office and deleted reference to reporters' receipt of compensation as was received in common pleas court pursuant to compensation plan under Sec. 51-12; P.A. 82-248 reworded section, divided section into Subsecs., deleted provisions re salaries and appointment of court reporter for Stamford and added "provided for under section 51-63" after "examination"; P.A. 84-529 deleted requirement of annual appointment of court reporters by judges of the superior court at their annual meeting in June and deleted Subsec. (b) re one-year term of office of court reporters, relettering former Subsec. (c) accordingly.
See Sec. 51-63 re salary and fees of court reporters.
See Sec. 51-166 re annual meeting of judges.
Former statute cited. 128 C. 290.
Cited. 36 CS 9, 14.
Subsec. (a):
Cited. 33 CA 311, 324.
Cited. 43 CS 246, 251.

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Sec. 51-61. Court reporter to be sworn. Duties. Transcript. (a) Each official court reporter, before entering upon the duties of his office, shall be sworn to faithfully perform them and shall then be an officer of the court. He shall attend the court and make accurate records of all proceedings in the court, except sessions of small claims and the arguments of counsel, provided upon the request of any party, he shall make accurate records of the arguments of counsel.
(b) Each official court reporter shall, if the judge or judges of the court so direct, employ assistant court reporters and monitors to attend such court as the judge or judges may desire. He shall not employ assistant reporters or monitors receiving a per diem rate to attend any session unless their employment is authorized by the judge holding the session. Each assistant court reporter or monitor, before entering upon his duties, shall be sworn to faithfully perform them.
(c) Each official court reporter, assistant court reporter and monitor shall, when requested, furnish to the court, to the state's attorney or any assistant or deputy assistant state's attorney, to any party of record and to any other person, within a reasonable time, a transcript of the proceedings, or such portion thereof as may be desired, except that, if the proceedings were closed to the public, such court reporter or monitor shall not furnish such transcript or portion thereof to such other person unless the proceedings were commenced on or after October 1, 1988, and the court in its discretion determines that such disclosure is appropriate.
(d) Whenever a transcript of proceedings, or a portion thereof, has been requested by any party of record pursuant to subsection (c) of this section, the court reporter or monitor shall furnish a transcript or portion thereof to the state's attorney, assistant state's attorney or deputy assistant state's attorney at no cost as provided in subsection (c) of section 51-63.
(e) Whenever a transcript of proceedings, or a portion thereof, has been requested by the state's attorney, assistant state's attorney or deputy assistant state's attorney and the public defender, assistant public defender or deputy assistant public defender, the court reporter or monitor shall provide a transcript or portion thereof, in a form that may be photocopied, to either such state's attorney or such public defender and the cost of such transcript, or portion thereof, shall be shared by such state's attorney and such public defender.
(f) Each official court reporter, assistant court reporter and monitor shall inform the court whenever a transcript of proceedings, or a portion thereof, has been requested by the state's attorney, assistant or deputy assistant state's attorney or any party of record pursuant to subsection (c) of this section. If such transcript or portion thereof has been requested, the court, upon request, shall receive from such court reporter or monitor a transcript, or portion thereof, at no cost as provided in subsection (c) of section 51-63.
(g) Whenever the court deems it necessary, it may order a transcript of the proceedings, or any part thereof, to be filed with the clerk of the trial court.
(h) All records of the proceedings taken on the trial of any action shall, within thirty days after the action has been submitted, be filed with the clerk or the clerk's designee, except that for the purpose of transcribing such records the court reporter or monitor may at any time withdraw them for a reasonable time.
(1949 Rev., S. 7729; 1953, S. 3135d; P.A. 76-436, S. 74, 681; P.A. 78-280, S. 79, 127; P.A. 82-248, S. 59; P.A. 84- 23; P.A. 88-31; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-12, S. 43, 55; P.A. 93-142, S. 6, 8; P.A. 98-81, S. 4.)
History: P.A. 76-436 specified that court reporters need not make records for small claims sessions proceedings and replaced reference to prosecuting attorneys with reference to assistants and deputy assistant state's attorneys, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 78-280 deleted references to terms and sessions of court reflecting change to court's continuous operation; P.A. 82-248 reworded section, divided section into Subsecs. and added provision re authorization of employment of assistant reporters formerly in Sec. 51-63; P.A. 84-23 amended Subsec. (a) by requiring a court reporter to make accurate records of the arguments of counsel upon the request of any party; P.A. 88-31 amended Subsec. (c) to require each reporter to furnish a transcript "to any other person" when requested and to add exception that if the proceedings were closed to the public the reporter shall not furnish such transcript to such other person unless the proceedings were commenced on or after October 1, 1988, and the court determines disclosure is appropriate; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-12 created a new Subsec. (d) requiring a reporter to furnish a free copy of a transcript to prosecutors whenever one is requested by a party of record, created a new Subsec. (e) requiring the prosecutor and public defender to share the cost of a transcript when requested by both parties, created a new Subsec. (f) requiring reporters to inform the court whenever parties of record request a transcript and provide the court with a free copy if requested and relettered the remaining Subsecs. accordingly; P.A. 93-142 added references to "monitors", effective June 14, 1993; P.A. 98-81 amended Subsec. (h) by adding "or the clerk's designee".
The trial court may decline to stop a witness to enable prisoner's counsel to take notes of the testimony. 47 C. 534. Brief absence of stenographer does not make intervening proceedings void or erroneous. 71 C. 554. Notes may be read, or transcript submitted, to jury. 82 C. 66. If court concludes that transcript as certified by stenographer is incorrect, it has duty to correct it. 128 C. 289. Cited. 165 C. 152. Cited. 190 C. 219, 226. Cited. 193 C. 439, 440. Cited. 194 C. 233, 235, 240. Cited. 195 C. 496, 497, 503, 504. Cited. 208 C. 156, 160.
Cited. 36 CS 9, 11.
Subsec. (a):
Cited. 193 C. 48, 58. Cited. 199 C. 207, 224. Cited. 216 C. 604, 609. Cited. 231 C. 43, 73.
Cited. 3 CA 148, 156. Cited. 21 CA 235, 243. Constitutional right to have voir dire proceedings recorded not established in Connecticut. 26 CA 125, 126, 128, 131. Cited. 46 CA 269.
Cited. 43 CS 246, 251.
Subsec. (b):
Cited. 43 CS 246, 251.
Subsec. (c):
Cited. 208 C. 156−158, 160. Cited. 237 C. 339, 343.
Cited. 42 CS 10, 15.
Subsec. (h):
Cited. 43 CS 246, 251.

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Sec. 51-62. Official court reporters before state referees, judges and family support magistrates. (a) Whenever a judge of the Superior Court sitting in chambers, a family support magistrate or a state referee deems it necessary, the judge or referee may call upon the official court reporter for the judicial district in which any action pending before the judge sitting in chambers, family support magistrate or state referee is to be heard to take the evidence therein. The judge, magistrate or referee shall have and may exercise all the powers conferred by law upon a judge of the Superior Court when sitting as a court, with respect to transcripts of the official records of the court reporter.
(b) The court reporter when called upon, or a competent assistant designated by him, shall attend the hearings, and shall have all the powers, be subject to the same duties and receive the same compensation for attendance and fees for transcripts of his official records as are authorized by law for official court reporters of the Superior Court.
(c) Compensation for attendance and fees for copies ordered by the judge or state referee, when approved, shall be paid by the clerk of the superior court for the judicial district in which the action is heard in the same manner as other court expenses.
(1949 Rev., S. 7728; 1953, S. 3134d; P.A. 78-280, S. 2, 127; P.A. 82-248, S. 60; P.A. 89-360, S. 40, 45.)
History: P.A. 78-280 substituted "judicial district" for "county"; P.A. 82-248 made technical revision, rewording some provisions and dividing section into Subsecs. but made no substantive change; P.A. 89-360 amended Subsec. (a) by adding references to family support magistrates.
Cited as recognizing unique status of state referees. 164 C. 360.

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Sec. 51-63. Salary and fees of Superior Court reporters, monitors, official stenographers of Workers' Compensation Commission. (a) Each official court reporter of the Superior Court, and as many assistant reporters as the judges of the Superior Court consider necessary, shall receive a salary. Each other assistant reporter shall receive a per diem rate fixed by the judges, to be paid as court expenses.
(b) The salaries of the court reporters and assistant court reporters shall be established as provided in section 51-12 and shall be in two classes. Examinations shall be held to determine level of skills and placement in a class.
(c) In addition to other compensation, official and assistant reporters and monitors shall be entitled to charge a party or other individual one dollar and seventy-five cents for each transcript page which is or previously was transcribed from the original record as provided by law, except that (1) the charge to any official of the state, or any of its agencies, boards or commissions or of any municipality of the state, acting in his official capacity, shall be one dollar and fifty cents for each transcript page which is or previously was transcribed from the official record, provided the charge to any such official shall be fifty cents for each page for which a charge of one dollar and fifty cents already has been made, (2) there shall be no charge to the state's attorney, assistant state's attorney or deputy assistant state's attorney for a transcript provided pursuant to subsection (d) of section 51-61, and (3) there shall be no charge to the court for a transcript provided pursuant to subsection (f) of section 51-61. For purposes of this subsection, "transcript page" means a page consisting of twenty-seven double-spaced lines on paper eight and one-half by eleven inches in size, with sixty spaces available per line. The Chief Court Administrator shall adopt policies and procedures necessary to implement the provisions of this section, including but not limited to, the establishment and administration of a system of fees for production of expedited transcripts.
(d) The fee for a transcript of such record, when made for the court or for the state's attorney when acting in his official capacity, and for one copy each to the plaintiff and the defendant, shall, upon the certificate of the presiding judge having so ordered such transcript, be paid as other court expenses and, in all other cases, by the party ordering the same, and such copies shall be furnished within a reasonable time.
(e) Official and assistant stenographers in the offices of the workers' compensation commissioners shall be entitled, in addition to the compensation otherwise provided for, to the same fees for preparing transcripts as are provided for reporters in the Superior Court.
(f) Official court reporters shall be allowed such clerical assistance in each judicial district as may be determined to be necessary by the judges of the Superior Court at such compensation as may be fixed by the judges.
(g) Official court reporters and assistant reporters shall receive, in addition to the compensation allowed by law, necessary traveling expenses to be taxed and paid as other court expenses.
(1949 Rev., S. 3607; 1957, P.A. 193; 1967, P.A. 450; 537; P.A. 74-261; P.A. 78-280, S. 2, 127; P.A. 79-376, S. 70; P.A. 81-390; P.A. 82-248, S. 61; 82-429, S. 1, 3; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-12, S. 44, 55; P.A. 93-142, S. 5, 8; P.A. 94-64, S. 1, 2.)
History: 1967 acts changed compensation of assistant reporters from twenty-eight dollars for each day of attendance at court to such per diem rate as may be fixed by the judges and changed compensation for transcribed records from twenty cents for each folio and copy to forty cents for each folio and ten cents for each copy; P.A. 74-261 increased compensation from forty to fifty cents per folio and from ten to sixteen cents per copy and added proviso retaining former rates as charges for state officials; P.A. 78-280 substituted "judicial district" for "county"; P.A. 79-376 substituted "workers' compensation" for "workmen's compensation"; P.A. 81-390 increased the fee for court transcripts from fifty to seventy cents for each folio and from sixteen to twenty cents for each copy of each folio; P.A. 82-248 reworded section, divided section into Subsecs., deleted provision re employment of assistant reporters and reenacted such provisions as part of Sec. 51-61 and added language formerly in Sec. 51-64 re traveling expenses; P.A. 82-429 increased fee from forty to sixty cents for each folio and ten to twenty cents for each copy of each folio; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-12 amended Subsec. (c) by creating a Subdiv. (1) and new Subdivs. (2) and (3) requiring court reporters to provide free copy of transcripts to the state's attorney, assistant state's attorney, deputy state's attorney or the court; P.A. 93-142 amended Subsec. (c) by increasing amount charged for each transcript page and added definition of "transcript page", effective June 14, 1993; P.A. 94-64 amended Subsec. (c) by adding reference to adoption of procedures and to establishment and administration of system of fees for production of expedited transcripts, effective May 19, 1994.
Subsec. (c):
Cited. 7 CA 286, 290, 291.
Subsec. (e):
Cited. 7 CA 286, 290, 291.

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Sec. 51-64. Traveling expenses. Section 51-64 is repealed.
(1949 Rev., S. 3608; September, 1957, P.A. 11, S. 36; 1959, P.A. 615, S. 12; P.A. 82-248, S. 163.)
See Sec. 51-63 re salary and fees of court reporters.

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Sec. 51-65. Vacancy in office of court reporter. If the official court reporter dies, resigns, or is permanently unable to serve for any reason, the presiding judge of the court shall appoint a successor. If the official court reporter is temporarily absent, the presiding judge may appoint a competent person to act during his absence.
(1949 Rev., S. 7730; P.A. 82-248, S. 62; P.A. 85-613, S. 76, 154.)
History: P.A. 82-248 restated provisions but made no substantive changes; P.A. 85-613 made technical change.

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Secs. 51-66 to 51-71a. Court reporters and stenographers, generally. Sections 51-66 to 51-71a, inclusive, are repealed.
(1949 Rev., S. 3608, 7591, 7613, 7614, 7731, 7732; 1949, S. 3109d; 1957, P.A. 199, S. 1; 446, S. 2; September, 1957, P.A. 11, S. 36; March, 1958, P.A. 27, S. 57; 1959, P.A. 28, S. 14−18; 204; 1963, P.A. 31; 1967, P.A. 228; P.A. 74-183, S. 43, 44, 280, 291; P.A. 75-530, S. 8, 35; P.A. 76-436, S. 75, 547, 681.)

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Sec. 51-72. Probate Court; stenographer may be called in by agreement. Whenever, in any court of probate, the parties or their attorneys so agree in writing, the judge of the court may call in a competent and disinterested person who is capable to act as a stenographer to act as the official stenographer in the whole or in such portion of the cause or matter as may be agreed upon. The compensation of the stenographer shall be paid by the parties in such proportion as the judge of the court decides, except that the compensation shall not exceed that of the official court reporter of the Superior Court.
(1949 Rev., S. 7733; 1959, P.A. 28, S. 94; P.A. 82-248, S. 63.)
History: 1959 act deleted references to municipal court and the taxing of costs therein, municipal courts having been abolished; P.A. 82-248 reworded section.
Cited. 194 C. 635, 637. Cited. 237 C. 12, 15, 16.
Cited. 27 CA 333, 345.

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Sec. 51-73. Powers and duties of stenographer. Notes to be evidence. Appeals on record. Each stenographer called in and acting under the provisions of section 51- 72 shall be sworn and shall have the powers and be subject to the duties prescribed by law for the official court reporter of the Superior Court. Evidence taken by any such stenographer shall have the same effect and be evidence to the same extent as evidence taken by the official court reporter of the Superior Court. Appeals from any decision rendered in any case after a record is made under this section and section 51-72, shall be on such record and shall not be a trial de novo.
(1949 Rev., S. 7734; 1959, P.A. 28, S. 95; P.A. 81-349, S. 4, 5.)
History: 1959 act deleted obsolete references to sections 51-70 and 51-71; P.A. 81-349 provided that appeals from any decision rendered in any case after a record is made shall be on such record and shall not be a trial de novo.
See Sec. 52-161 re consideration of transcripts of stenographer's record as part of official record.
Cited. 194 C. 635, 637. Cited. 237 C. 12, 15, 16.
Cited. 27 CA 333, 345.

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Sec. 51-74. Use of shorthand writing machine or recording device. (a) The record of proceedings in any court required to be made by an official court reporter, assistant court reporter, stenographer or assistant stenographer may in the first instance be made by shorthand, by shorthand writing machine, or by a mechanical or sound recording device approved by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
(b) Whenever the general statutes provide that a court reporter or stenographer attend a court, or be appointed to attend a court, to make a record of the proceedings therein, the court reporter or stenographer may be a person competent to make the record by shorthand, by a shorthand writing machine or by an approved mechanical or sound recording device.
(c) The term "shorthand notes", "stenographic notes" or "official notes", when used in the general statutes to mean the original record of court proceedings, shall include the record made by a shorthand writing machine or other approved mechanical or sound recording device.
(1953, S. 3136d; P.A. 82-248, S. 64.)
History: P.A. 82-248 made technical revision, rewording some provisions and dividing section into Subsecs. but made no substantive change.
See chapter 400l re licensing of shorthand reporters.
Cited. 165 C. 152.
Subsec. (a):
Cited. 43 CS 246, 251.
Subsec. (c):
Cited. 43 CS 246, 251.


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