CHAPTER 870
JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT

Table of Contents

Sec. 51-1. Composition of department. Report to General Assembly.
Sec. 51-1a. Composition of Judicial Department.
Sec. 51-1b. Chief Justice head of department. Appointment of Chief Court Administrator.
Sec. 51-1c. Report of department to General Assembly.
Sec. 51-1d. Court Support Services Division. Transfer of duties of various offices, duties and personnel to Court Support Services Division.
Sec. 51-2. Chief Court Administrator.
Sec. 51-3. Inability of Chief Justice to act.
Secs. 51-4 and 51-5. Chief Court Administrator to appoint Chief Judges of Superior, Common Pleas and Juvenile Courts; vacancy. Powers and duties of Chief Judges and Probate Court Administrator.
Sec. 51-5a. Duties and powers of Chief Court Administrator.
Sec. 51-5b. Chief Court Administrator to establish and administer Judicial Data Processing Revolving Fund.
Sec. 51-6. Chief Court Administrator to meet with judges and Probate Court Administrator.
Sec. 51-6a. Chief Justice or Chief Court Administrator may meet with judges of any court.
Sec. 51-7. Conferences of judges and members of the bar.
Sec. 51-8. Executive secretary; appointment; salary. Practice of law prohibited.
Sec. 51-9. Duties of executive secretary and other staff members.
Sec. 51-9a. Alkaline paper for photocopies.
Sec. 51-9b. Portraits of retiring Chief Justices.
Sec. 51-10. Appointment of Jury Administrator and assistants. Selection of director of security and safety of the Judicial Department.
Sec. 51-10a. (Formerly Sec. 51-146b). Personnel Administrator.
Sec. 51-10b. Contract with Children in Placement, Inc., promoting permanency planning for children.
Sec. 51-10c. Commission on Racial and Ethnic Disparity in the Criminal Justice System. Duties.
Sec. 51-11. Judges and clerks to furnish information to Chief Court Administrator.
Secs. 51-11a and 51-11b. Registrar of wills. Disposition of wills in possession of registrar.
Sec. 51-12. Compensation plan; employment regulations; sick leave.
Sec. 51-12a.
Sec. 51-13. Variance of sessions of Superior Court.
Sec. 51-14. Rules of court. Disapproval of by General Assembly. Hearings.
Sec. 51-15. Rules of procedure in certain civil actions. Small claims. Expedited process cases.
Sec. 51-15a. Consultation between judiciary committee and rules committee of Superior Court.
Sec. 51-16.
Sec. 51-17.
Sec. 51-18.
Sec. 51-19. Law reports. Practice Book.
Sec. 51-20.
Sec. 51-21.
Secs. 51-21a to 51-26. Connecticut Circuit Court Reports. Publication of state agency regulations and court rules. Publication of rules of the courts: Other documents. Unused volumes of reports. Unclaimed money in possession of officer or employee of Judicial Department; application for payment; escheat. Judicial Council. Reports of prosecuting officers to Judicial Council.


Sec. 51-1. Composition of department. Report to General Assembly. Section 51-1 is repealed.
(1957, P.A. 651, S. 1; 1959, P.A. 28, S. 68; February, 1965, P.A. 331, S. 1; P.A. 74-183, S. 1, 291; P.A. 76-436, S. 9, 681.)

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Sec. 51-1a. Composition of Judicial Department. (a) The Judicial Department of the state shall consist of the Supreme Court, the Appellate Court, the Superior Court, the courts of probate, the Office of the Chief Court Administrator, the Commission on Official Legal Publications, and, as provided in chapter 887, the Public Defender Services Commission.
(b) The territorial jurisdiction of the Supreme Court, the Appellate Court, and the Superior Court shall be coextensive with the boundaries of the state.
(c) The territorial jurisdiction of each court of probate shall be the probate district established for such court by statute. Each town in this state shall be a probate district or a part of a probate district.
(P.A. 76-436, S. 5, 681; P.A. 82-248, S. 1; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-29, S. 1, 82; P.A. 90-230, S. 65, 101.)
History: P.A. 82-248 made technical revision, adding "the division of criminal justice, the office of the chief court administrator, the commission on official legal publications, and, as provided in chapter 887, the public defender services commission"; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-29 included reference to appellate court; P.A. 90-230 deleted reference to "the division of criminal justice" from Subsec. (a).
See Sec. 51-164s re Superior Court's status as sole trial court and transfer of Common Pleas and Juvenile Courts' jurisdictions to Superior Court.
Subsec. (b):
Cited. 205 C. 542, 543. Cited. 224 C. 372, 376. Cited. 230 C. 183, 195.

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Sec. 51-1b. Chief Justice head of department. Appointment of Chief Court Administrator. (a) The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court shall be the head of the Judicial Department and shall be responsible for its administration.
(b) The Chief Justice shall appoint a Chief Court Administrator who shall serve at the pleasure of the Chief Justice.
(P.A. 76-436, S. 10, 681; P.A. 82-248, S. 2.)
History: P.A. 82-248 made technical revision and deleted provisions re duties of chief court administrator.
See Sec. 51-5a re duties of Chief Court Administrator.
Subsec. (a):
Cited. 17 CA 71, 75.

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Sec. 51-1c. Report of department to General Assembly. The Judicial Department shall biennially prepare a report concerning the department which shall include but not be limited to the Chief Court Administrator's recommendations concerning the operation of the court and the status of existing courtroom facilities. The Judicial Department shall transmit the report to the Governor who shall submit the report to the General Assembly at the opening of the regular session in odd-numbered years.
(P.A. 76-436, S. 10a, 34, 681; P.A. 78-280, S. 66, 127; P.A. 82-248, S. 3.)
History: P.A. 78-280 restated provision re contents of report; P.A. 82-248 restated former provisions but made no substantive change.

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Sec. 51-1d. Court Support Services Division. Transfer of duties of various offices, duties and personnel to Court Support Services Division. There is established a Court Support Services Division within the judicial branch consisting of the Office of Adult Probation, the Office of Alternative Sanctions, the Office of the Bail Commission, the Family Division and the Juvenile Detention Services Division. Notwithstanding any provision of the general statutes, the duties of the various offices, divisions and personnel which comprise the Court Support Services Division are transferred to the Court Support Services Division, and the Office of Adult Probation, Office of Alternative Sanctions, Office of the Bail Commission, Family Division and Juvenile Detention Services Division are dissolved. The judicial branch shall establish such job titles and assign the units and functions formerly assigned to the offices, divisions and personnel which comprise the Court Support Services Division in order to efficiently and effectively carry out the duties of the Court Support Services Division.
(P.A. 99-215, S. 23, 29.)
History: P.A. 99-215 effective June 29, 1999 (Revisor's note: References to "Office of Bail Commission" were changed editorially by the Revisors to "Office of the Bail Commission" for accuracy).

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Sec. 51-2. Chief Court Administrator. Section 51-2 is repealed.
(1953, S. 3128d; 1957, P.A. 651, S. 2; March, 1958, P.A. 5, S. 1; 1959, P.A. 28, S. 69; February, 1965, P.A. 331, S. 2; 1967, P.A. 622, S. 2; P.A. 73-116, S. 9; 73-667, S. 1, 2; P.A. 74-183, S. 10, 291; 74-186, S. 4, 12; P.A. 76-436, S. 9, 681.)

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Sec. 51-3. Inability of Chief Justice to act. In case of the death, disability, impeachment, resignation, absence from the state or other inability of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court to exercise the powers and authority appertaining to the office of Chief Justice, the senior acting judge of said court for the time being shall exercise such powers and authority.
(1949 Rev., S. 7673; 1957, P.A. 651, S. 3.)

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Secs. 51-4 and 51-5. Chief Court Administrator to appoint Chief Judges of Superior, Common Pleas and Juvenile Courts; vacancy. Powers and duties of Chief Judges and Probate Court Administrator. Sections 51-4 and 51-5 are repealed.
(1957, P.A. 651, S. 4, 5; 1959, P.A. 28, S. 70, 71; February, 1965, P.A. 331, S. 3, 4; 1967, P.A. 558, S. 1, 2; 622, S. 5; P.A. 73-116, S. 10; 73-365, S. 2; 73-667, S. 1, 2; P.A. 74-183, S. 11, 12, 291; P.A. 76-436, S. 9, 681.)

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Sec. 51-5a. Duties and powers of Chief Court Administrator. (a) The Chief Court Administrator: (1) Shall be the administrative director of the Judicial Department and shall be responsible for the efficient operation of the department, the prompt disposition of cases and the prompt and proper administration of judicial business; (2) shall meet periodically at such places and times as he may designate with any judge, judges, or committee of judges, and with the Probate Court Administrator to transact such business as is necessary to insure the efficient administration of the Judicial Department; (3) may issue such orders, require such reports and appoint other judges to such positions to perform such duties, as he deems necessary to carry out his responsibilities; (4) may assign, reassign and modify assignments of the judges of the Superior Court to any division or part of the Superior Court and may order the transfer of actions under sections 51-347a and 51-347b; and (5) may provide for the convening of conferences of the judges of the several courts, or any of them, and of such members of the bar as he may determine, for the consideration of matters relating to judicial business, the improvement of the judicial system and the effective administration of justice in this state.
(b) The Chief Court Administrator may establish reasonable fees for conducting searches of court records. No federal, state or municipal agency shall be required to pay any such fee.
(P.A. 82-248, S. 4; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-6, S. 70, 117.)
History: May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-6 added new Subsec. (b) to permit the chief court administrator to establish fees for conducting searches of court records.
Cited. 192 C. 234, 244. Cited. 206 C. 323, 328. Cited. 209 C. 204, 208.
Cited. 42 CS 129, 140.

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Sec. 51-5b. Chief Court Administrator to establish and administer Judicial Data Processing Revolving Fund. (a) The Chief Court Administrator is authorized to establish and administer a fund to be known as the Judicial Data Processing Revolving Fund which shall be used for the purpose of maintaining and improving any informational data processing system operated by the Judicial Department. The Chief Court Administrator is authorized to expend funds necessary for all reasonable direct expenses relating to the administration and operation of said fund. As used in this section, "data processing system" means the combined motor vehicle, criminal and civil informational systems on pending and disposed cases.
(b) Any person or public agency seeking on line or dial up access to any data processing system operated and administered by the Office of the Chief Court Administrator, or seeking information stored in such data processing system in a format other than as provided by the Office of the Chief Court Administrator, may be required to pay to the Office of the Chief Court Administrator an amount, as established in a fee schedule determined by the Office of the Chief Court Administrator, for deposit by the Office of the Chief Court Administrator in a fund established in subsection (a) of this section. Such fee schedule may include reasonable charges for personal services, fringe benefits, supplies and any other expenses related to maintaining, improving and providing such data processing services including, but not limited to, program modifications, training expenses, central processor user time and the rental and maintenance of equipment.
(c) The Judicial Data Processing Revolving Fund shall be held separate and apart from all other moneys, funds and accounts. Any balance remaining in said fund at the end of any fiscal year shall be carried forward in the fund for the fiscal year next succeeding.
(P.A. 91-342, S. 1, 2; P.A. 94-128, S. 2, 3.)
History: P.A. 91-342 effective from July 1, 1991, to July 1, 1994; P.A. 94-128 deleted former Subsecs. (d) and (e) re report to general assembly and re transfer of balance in fund on July 1, 1994 to general fund, respectively, effective May 24, 1994.

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Sec. 51-6. Chief Court Administrator to meet with judges and Probate Court Administrator. Section 51-6 is repealed.
(1957, P.A. 651, S. 6; February, 1965, P.A. 331, S. 5; 1967, P.A. 558, S. 3; P.A. 76-436, S. 10a, 651, 681; P.A. 82- 248, S. 163.)
See Sec. 51-5a re duties of Chief Court Administrator.

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Sec. 51-6a. Chief Justice or Chief Court Administrator may meet with judges of any court. (a) The Chief Justice or the Chief Court Administrator may meet with the judges of any court at any meeting of such judges to consider matters relating to the operation of the court and may call a special meeting of the judges of any court at a designated time and place to consider such matters.
(b) The Chief Justice may, in his discretion, preside at any meeting which he attends.
(1959, P.A. 28, S. 72; February, 1965, P.A. 331, S. 6; P.A. 76-436, S. 10a, 42, 681; P.A. 82-248, S. 5.)
History: 1965 act added chief court administrator to first sentence; P.A. 76-436 made no change in section, Sec. 10a cancelling amendment called for by Sec. 42 of the act; P.A. 82-248 rephrased section but made no substantive change and divided section into Subsecs.

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Sec. 51-7. Conferences of judges and members of the bar. Section 51-7 is repealed.
(1957, P.A. 651, S. 7; February, 1965, P.A. 331, S. 36; P.A. 76-436, S. 10a, 43, 681; P.A. 82-248, S. 163.)
See Sec. 51-5a re duties of Chief Court Administrator.

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Sec. 51-8. Executive secretary; appointment; salary. Practice of law prohibited. (a) There shall be an office for the administration of the nonjudicial business of the Judicial Department under the direction of the Chief Court Administrator.
(b) The Chief Court Administrator shall appoint an executive secretary, who shall hold office at the pleasure of the Chief Court Administrator. The salary of the executive secretary shall be fixed by the Supreme Court. The executive secretary shall be a member of the bar of the state and shall not engage in the private practice of law.
(1949 Rev., S. 7661; 1957, P.A. 651, S. 8; February, 1965, P.A. 331, S. 7; 1967, P.A. 471, S. 1; P.A. 76-436, S. 10a, 44, 681; P.A. 78-280, S. 122, 127; P.A. 82-248, S. 6.)
History: 1965 act provided for secretary's appointment by chief court administrator instead of chief justice; 1967 act added assistant executive secretary; P.A. 76-436 made no change in section, Sec. 10a cancelling amendment called for in Sec. 44 of the act; P.A. 78-280 removed provisions authorizing appointment of assistant executive secretary and added provision forbidding executive secretary to engage in private practice of law; P.A. 82-248 divided section into Subsecs. and reworded provisions but made no substantive change.

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Sec. 51-9. Duties of executive secretary and other staff members. Under the supervision and direction of the Chief Court Administrator, the executive secretary and other members of the staff of the Office of Chief Court Administrator shall:
(1) Audit all bills to be paid from state appropriations, except bills of the Division of Criminal Justice, for the expenses of the Judicial Department and its constituent courts prior to taxation or final approval thereof by any judge;
(2) Maintain adequate accounting and budgetary records for all appropriations by the state for the maintenance of the Judicial Department, except the Division of Criminal Justice, and all other appropriations assigned by the legislature or state budgetary control offices for administration by the Judicial Department, except the Division of Criminal Justice;
(3) Prepare and submit to the appropriate budget agency of the state government estimates of appropriations necessary for the maintenance and operation of the Judicial Department, including therein estimates submitted for the Division of Criminal Justice as provided in section 51-279, and make recommendations in respect to those appropriations;
(4) Act as secretary of any meetings, conferences or assemblies of judges, or committees thereof, of the Judicial Department and of its constituent courts;
(5) Supervise all purchases of commodities and services for the Judicial Department, except for the Division of Criminal Justice, to be charged to state appropriations, and issue all orders therefor for the department, excluding orders for the Division of Criminal Justice;
(6) Examine the administrative methods and systems employed in the Judicial Department and its constituent courts and agencies, except the Division of Criminal Justice, and develop and implement programs for the improvement thereof and for securing uniform administration and procedures;
(7) Examine the state of the dockets of the courts of the Judicial Department to ascertain the need for assistance by any court and to implement programs for the fair and prompt disposition of cases therein;
(8) Collect and compile statistical and other data concerning the business transacted by the Judicial Department and its constituent courts and the expenditure of public moneys for the maintenance and operation of the judicial system;
(9) Assist in the preparation of the assignments of the judges of the Superior Court and attend to the printing and distribution for the Superior Court of an annual directory containing relevant information pertaining to the operation of the court;
(10) Serve as payroll officer for the Judicial Department, excluding the Division of Criminal Justice, and for the Supreme Court, Appellate Court and Superior Court;
(11) Supervise the assignment of court reporters of the Superior Court;
(12) Conduct research and planning activities for the Judicial Department and its constituent courts and offices as deemed feasible by, or in the discretion of, the Chief Justice or the Chief Court Administrator;
(13) Develop education programs for the judges and other personnel of the Judicial Department;
(14) Develop personnel standards, policies and procedures, and make recommendations concerning all personnel matters, including requests for salary increases or for additional positions, for consideration by the Supreme Court or the appropriate appointing authorities;
(15) Report periodically to the Chief Court Administrator concerning all matters which have been entrusted to him;
(16) Attend to matters assigned to him by the Chief Justice, or the Chief Court Administrator or by statute;
(17) Design, implement and maintain, as deemed feasible by the Chief Court Administrator, computerized automatic data processing systems for use in the Supreme Court, Appellate Court and Superior Court or divisions of the Superior Court;
(18) Supervise administrative methods employed in clerks' offices and in the various offices of the Supreme Court, Appellate Court and Superior Court; and
(19) Supervise the care and control of all property where the Judicial Department is the primary occupant. For the purposes of this subsection, the term "Judicial Department" does not include the courts of probate, the Division of Criminal Justice and the Public Defender Services Commission, except where they share facilities in state-maintained courts.
(1949 Rev., S. 7661; 1957, P.A. 651, S. 9; 1959, P.A. 28, S. 73; February, 1965, P.A. 331, S. 8; P.A. 73-122, S. 14, 27; P.A. 74-183, S. 13, 291; 74-338, S. 65, 94; P.A. 75-530, S. 3, 35; P.A. 76-436, S. 10a, 45, 681; P.A. 78-280, S. 123, 127; P.A. 81-283, S. 1, 3; P.A. 82-248, S. 7; P.A. 83-295, S. 3; P.A. 84-198, S. 6, 7; 84-436, S. 7, 12.)
History: 1959 act added reference to circuit court in Subdivs. (h) and (j); 1965 act substituted chief court administrator for chief justice in first clause and Subdivs. (k) and (l); P.A. 73-122 specified applicability or inapplicability of existing provisions to the division of criminal justice; P.A. 74-183 required executive secretary to act as secretary for meetings and committees of judges in Subdiv. (d), required secretary to develop and implement programs rather than make recommendations in Subdiv. (f), required secretary to implement programs for fair and expeditious dispatch of litigation in Subdiv. (g) and placed duties re compilation of data in separate Subdiv. (h), relettering former Subdivs. (h) to (j) accordingly and removing references to circuit court, inserted new Subdivs. (l) to (n) re research and planning, education programs and personnel matters, relettering former Subdivs. (k) and (l) accordingly and added Subdivs. (q) and (r) re data processing and administrative methods, effective December 31, 1974; P.A. 74-338 made technical correction in Subdiv. (c); P.A. 75- 530 added detail re contents of booklet in Subdiv. (i); P.A. 76-436 deleted reference to chief judges in Subdiv. (d), deleted references to court of common pleas in Subdivs. (i) and (k), deleted reference to executive secretary in Subdiv. (l) and added Subdiv. (s) re transfer of jurisdiction, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 78-280 applied provisions to other staff members of chief court administrator's office; P.A. 81-283 excluded division of criminal justice from certain duties of office of chief court administrator; P.A. 82-248 made technical revision, rephrasing some provisions, dividing section into numerical Subdivs. and eliminating obsolete provision re duty to effectuate transfer of jurisdiction under Sec. 51-164s; P.A. 83-295 amended Subdiv. (9) by changing "booklet" to "directory" and deleting the provision that it include any assignments made prior to publication; P.A. 84-198 amended Subdivs. (10), (17) and (18) by adding "appellate court"; P.A. 84-436 added Subdiv. (19) re supervision of all property where the judicial department is the primary occupant and a definition of "judicial department", effective July 1, 1985.
Cited. 192 C. 234, 244−246.
Cited. 42 CS 129, 140.

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Sec. 51-9a. Alkaline paper for photocopies. All photocopies made by the Judicial Department shall be made using paper that meets or exceeds the American National Standards Institute standards for permanent paper, unless such paper is not available.
(P.A. 91-144, S. 7.)
See Sec. 1-9b re applicability of alkaline paper requirements.

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Sec. 51-9b. Portraits of retiring Chief Justices. The judicial branch is authorized to use such appropriations as deemed necessary to procure portraits of retiring Chief Justices to hang in the Supreme Court and State Library building.
(P.A. 94-169, S. 3, 20.)
History: P.A. 94-169 effective July 1, 1994.

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Sec. 51-10. Appointment of Jury Administrator and assistants. Selection of director of security and safety of the Judicial Department. (a) The Chief Court Administrator, subject to the provisions of section 51-12, shall appoint and fix the compensation of a Jury Administrator and such other assistants as are necessary to enable the Jury Administrator to perform the duties of his office.
(b) The Chief Court Administrator may select from among inspectors appointed by the Chief State's Attorney an individual who shall serve as the director of security and safety of the Judicial Department while retaining his status as an inspector in the Division of Criminal Justice. Such inspector shall serve at the pleasure of the Chief Court Administrator in the capacity of director of security and safety of the Judicial Department, and shall be paid from funds appropriated to the Judicial Department.
(1957, P.A. 651, S. 10; P.A. 73-589, S. 1, 4; P.A. 78-280, S. 124, 127; 78-331, S. 53, 58; P.A. 82-248, S. 120; P.A. 85- 414, S. 4, 5; P.A. 86-403, S. 83, 132.)
History: P.A. 73-589 authorized appointment of jury administrator; P.A. 78-280 transferred appointment power from executive secretary to chief court administrator and deleted reference to executive secretary in provision prohibiting practice of law; P.A. 78-331 made technical grammatical change to correct inadvertent error in P.A. 78-280; P.A. 82-248 rephrased the section but made no substantive changes; P.A. 85-414 deleted prohibition of practice of law by jury administrator and assistants and added Subsec. (b) re selection of director of security and safety of judicial department from among inspectors in the division of criminal justice, effective December 2, 1985, upon certification of one chief court administrator that the courthouse at New London is operational; P.A. 86-403 changed effective date of P.A. 85-414 with regard to this section to June 11, 1986.
See Sec. 51-219a re duties of Jury Administrator.

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Sec. 51-10a. (Formerly Sec. 51-146b). Personnel Administrator. Section 51- 10a is repealed.
(P.A. 73-409, S. 1, 2; P.A. 74-183, S. 223, 291; P.A. 76-436, S. 10a, 192, 681; P.A. 78-280, S. 67, 127; P.A. 79-335.)

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Sec. 51-10b. Contract with Children in Placement, Inc., promoting permanency planning for children. Beginning September 1, 1994, and annually thereafter, the Judicial Department shall contract with Children in Placement, Inc. to provide services to assist the court in preparing and monitoring expectations to promote permanency planning for children. The sum of one hundred fifty thousand dollars shall be expended annually by the Judicial Department, from existing appropriations, for such contract.
(May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-5, S. 20, 30.)
History: May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-5 effective July 1, 1994.

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Sec. 51-10c. Commission on Racial and Ethnic Disparity in the Criminal Justice System. Duties. (a) There is established a Commission on Racial and Ethnic Disparity in the Criminal Justice System. The commission shall consist of the Chief Court Administrator, the Chief State's Attorney, the Chief Public Defender, the Commissioner of Public Safety, the Commissioner of Correction, the Commissioner of Children and Families, the Child Advocate, the Victim Advocate, the chairperson of the Board of Parole, the chairperson of the African-American Affairs Commission, the chairperson of the Latino and Puerto Rican Affairs Commission, or their designees, a representative of municipal police chiefs, a representative of a coalition representing police and correctional officers, six members appointed one each by the president pro tempore of the Senate, the speaker of the House of Representatives, the majority leader of the Senate, the majority leader of the House of Representatives, the minority leader of the Senate and the minority leader of the House of Representatives, and two members appointed by the Governor. The Chief Court Administrator or said administrator's designee shall serve as chairperson of the commission. The commission shall meet at such times as it deems necessary.
(b) The commission shall:
(1) Develop and recommend policies for reducing the number of African-Americans and Latinos comprising the pretrial and sentenced population of correctional facilities and reducing the number of African-Americans and Latinos who are victimized by crime;
(2) Examine the impact of statutory provisions and current administrative policies on racial and ethnic disparity in the criminal justice system and recommend legislation to the Governor and the General Assembly to reduce such disparity;
(3) Research and gather relevant statistical data and other information concerning the impact of disparate treatment of African-Americans and Latinos in the criminal justice system;
(4) Develop and recommend a training program for personnel in agencies involved in the criminal justice system concerning the impact of disparate treatment of African- Americans and Latinos;
(5) Research and examine the issue of the use of guidelines by courts when sentencing criminal defendants and recommend whether the General Assembly should create a sentencing guidelines commission to establish sentencing guidelines for state courts;
(6) Examine the implementation of policies and procedures that are consistent with policies of the American Bar Association intended to ensure that death penalty cases are administered fairly and impartially in accordance with due process, to minimize the risk that innocent persons may be executed and to eliminate discrimination in capital sentencing on the basis of the race of either the victim or the defendant;
(7) Annually prepare and distribute a comprehensive plan to reduce racial and ethnic disparity in the criminal justice system without affecting public safety;
(8) Develop and recommend policies and interventions to reduce the number of African-Americans and Latinos in the juvenile justice system;
(9) Analyze the key stages in the juvenile justice system to determine if any stage disproportionately affects racial or ethnic minorities including the decision to arrest a juvenile, the decision to turn a juvenile over to a detention center, the decision to nonjudicially dispose of the case or to file a petition of delinquency, and the decision to resolve the case by placement on probation, placement in a residential facility or placement at Long Lane School or the Connecticut Juvenile Training School;
(10) Annually prepare and distribute a juvenile justice plan having as its goal the reduction of the number of African-Americans and Latinos in the juvenile justice system, which plan shall include the development of standard risk assessment policies and a system of impartial review, culturally appropriate diversion programs for minority juveniles accused of nonviolent felonies, intensive in-home services to families of pretrial delinquents and youth on probation, school programs for juveniles being transferred from detention centers, Long Lane School or the Connecticut Juvenile Training School, the recruitment of minority employees to serve at all levels of the juvenile justice system, the utilization of minority juvenile specialists to guide minority juvenile offenders and their families through the juvenile justice system, and community service options in lieu of detention for juveniles arrested for nonserious offenses;
(11) Develop a curriculum for training of all employees at all levels of the juvenile justice system on issues of cultural competency and strategies to address disproportionate minority confinement;
(12) Submit an annual report to the Governor and the General Assembly concerning:
(A) The number of African-Americans and Latinos comprising the pretrial and sentenced population of correctional facilities;
(B) The progress being made toward reducing the number of African-Americans and Latinos comprising the pretrial and sentenced population of correctional facilities;
(C) The adequacy of legal representation for indigent defendants;
(D) The adequacy of the number of residential and nonresidential treatment slots available for African-Americans and Latinos;
(E) The adequacy of the number of court interpreters; and
(F) Such other information as the commission deems appropriate.
(c) The commission shall report to the General Assembly, not later than January first of each year, concerning additional resources that should be made available to reduce racial and ethnic disparity in the criminal justice system without affecting public safety.
(P.A. 00-154.)

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Sec. 51-11. Judges and clerks to furnish information to Chief Court Administrator. The judges, clerks and all other officers and employees of the Judicial Department shall comply with all requests of the Chief Court Administrator or his assistants for information and statistical data bearing on the business of the courts.
(1957, P.A. 651, S. 11; P.A. 78-280, S. 125, 127.)
History: P.A. 78-280 replaced executive secretary with chief court administrator.

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Secs. 51-11a and 51-11b. Registrar of wills. Disposition of wills in possession of registrar. Sections 51-11a and 51-11b are repealed.
(1967, P.A. 680, S. 1−4; P.A. 73-66, S. 1, 2; P.A. 76-436, S. 46, 681.)

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Sec. 51-12. Compensation plan; employment regulations; sick leave. (a) With the exception of those employees whose compensation is fixed by statute, the judges of the Supreme Court shall, from time to time, prescribe the compensation plan for all employees of the Supreme Court and the Superior Court and other employees of the Judicial Department.
(b) The compensation plan may include regulations concerning employee hiring and separation practices, sick leave, vacation leave, absences with and without pay, longevity payments, increments and all other matters regarding personnel policies and procedures. The judges of the Supreme Court shall establish such job classifications as they deem necessary as part of the plan.
(c) Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, subsection (c) of section 5-247 and subsection (d) of section 5-250, sick leave accruals earned by employees of the Judicial Department prior to June 30, 1967, may be credited for payment on retirement under regulations promulgated by the judges of the Supreme Court pursuant to the provisions of this section.
(1957, P.A. 651, S. 12; February, 1965, P.A. 331, S. 10; P.A. 73-122, S. 20, 27; P.A. 74-183, S. 14, 291; 74-217, S. 3, 4; P.A. 82-248, S. 8; P.A. 84-406, S. 10, 13.)
History: 1965 act added provision clarifying applicability of section with regard to salaries; P.A. 73-122 restated provisions, specifically included judicial department employees other than those employed in courts and criminal justice division employees, specified regulation subject matter included in plan, deleted requirement that chief justice approve classification and salary of prospective appointee or employee before he is hired and specified appointing authority referred to in provision added in 1965 as circuit court judges; P.A. 74-183 deleted provision added in 1965 act re inapplicability of section where circuit court judges empowered to set salaries; P.A. 74-217 added provision re payment for accrued sick leave upon retirement; P.A. 82-248 made technical revision, rewording some provisions and dividing section into Subsecs., but made no substantive change; P.A. 84-406 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting reference to employees in division of criminal justice, effective November 28, 1984, upon certification by secretary of state of vote on constitutional amendment re state's attorneys.
Cited. 28 CS 368.

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Sec. 51-12a. Transferred to Chapter 873, Sec. 51-51w.

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Sec. 51-13. Variance of sessions of Superior Court. Section 51-13 is repealed.
(1957, P.A. 651, S. 13; February, 1965, P.A. 331, S. 11; P.A. 76-436, S. 10a, 47, 681; P.A. 78-331, S. 54, 58.)

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Sec. 51-14. Rules of court. Disapproval of by General Assembly. Hearings. (a) The judges of the Supreme Court, the judges of the Appellate Court, and the judges of the Superior Court shall adopt and promulgate and may from time to time modify or repeal rules and forms regulating pleading, practice and procedure in judicial proceedings in courts in which they have the constitutional authority to make rules, for the purpose of simplifying proceedings in the courts and of promoting the speedy and efficient determination of litigation upon its merits. The rules of the Appellate Court shall be as consistent as feasible with the rules of the Supreme Court to promote uniformity in the procedure for the taking of appeals and may dispense, so far as justice to the parties will permit while affording a fair review, with the necessity of printing of records and briefs. Such rules shall not abridge, enlarge or modify any substantive right nor the jurisdiction of any of the courts. Subject to the provisions of subsection (b), such rules shall become effective on such date as the judges specify but not in any event until sixty days after such promulgation.
(b) All statutes relating to pleading, practice and procedure in existence on July 1, 1957, shall be deemed to be rules of court and shall remain in effect as such only until modified, superseded or suspended by rules adopted and promulgated by the judges of the Supreme Court or the Superior Court pursuant to the provisions of this section. The Chief Justice shall report any such rules to the General Assembly for study at the beginning of each regular session. Such rules shall be referred by the speaker of the House or by the president of the Senate to the judiciary committee for its consideration and such committee shall schedule hearings thereon. Any rule or any part thereof disapproved by the General Assembly by resolution shall be void and of no effect and a copy of such resolution shall thereafter be published once in the Connecticut Law Journal.
(c) The judges or a committee of their number shall hold public hearings, of which reasonable notice shall be given in the Connecticut Law Journal and otherwise as they deem proper, upon any proposed new rule or any change in an existing rule that is to come before said judges for action, and each such proposed new rule or change in an existing rule shall be published in the Connecticut Law Journal as a part of such notice. A public hearing shall be held at least once a year, of which reasonable notice shall likewise be given, at which any member of the bar or layman may bring to the attention of the judges any new rule or change in an existing rule that he deems desirable.
(d) Upon the taking effect of such rules adopted and promulgated by the judges of the Supreme Court pursuant to the provisions of this section, all provisions of rules theretofore promulgated by the judges of the Superior Court shall be deemed to be repealed.
(1953, 1955, S. 3129d; 1955, S. 3130d; 1957, P.A. 651, S. 27; P.A. 76-436, S. 48, 681; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-29, S. 9, 82.)
History: P.A. 76-436 amended section to extend power to adopt and modify rules, etc. to superior court judges and added Subsec. (e) re rules to effectuate transfer of jurisdiction, effective July 1, 1978; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 83-29 included reference to judges of appellate court, added provision re rules of appellate court and deleted provisions of Subsec. (e) re rules necessary for transfer of jurisdiction pursuant to Sec. 51-164s.
Rules made under former section have the force of statutes. 59 C. 45. Rules can only give effect to the real purpose of the practice act. 73 C. 6. Cited. 115 C. 101; 140 C. 643; 145 C. 222; 157 C. 157. Cited re constitutional separation of powers (Diss. Op.). 166 C. 501. Cited. 217 C. 532, 539, 541−544. Cited. 223 C. 411, 414. Cited. 226 C. 757, 761. Cited. 229 C. 178, 184.
Cited. 37 CA 252, 263; judgment reversed, see 236 C. 388 et seq. Cited. 42 CA 17.
Cited. 24 CS 25. Cited. 28 CS 34. Any change proposed in criminal court procedure should be brought before rules committee of judges. 28 CS 366. Cited. 38 CS 389, 391. Cited. 43 CS 211, 217.
Cited. 3 Conn. Cir. Ct. 8 (Diss. Op.) id., 698, 700.
Subsec. (a):
Cited. 186 C. 153, 162. Cited. 187 C. 292, 297. Cited. 194 C. 312, 324. Cited. 217 C. 532, 543. Cited. 222 C. 299, 307. Cited. 223 C. 411, 414. Cited. 224 C. 711, 721.
Cited. 17 CA 219, 222. Cited. 25 CA 262, 267. Cited. 32 CA 1, 5. Cited. 37 CA 801, 818. Cited. 39 CA 632, 635. Cited. 42 CA 768.
Cited. 40 CS 238, 242. Cited. 43 CS 211, 219.
Subsec. (b):
Cited. 38 CS 389, 392.
Subsec. (c):
Cited. 190 C. 657, 666.

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Sec. 51-15. Rules of procedure in certain civil actions. Small claims. Expedited process cases. (a) In accordance with the provisions of section 51-14, the judges of the Superior Court shall make such orders and rules as they deem necessary or advisable concerning the commencement of process and procedure in flowage petitions, paternity proceedings, replevin, summary process, habeas corpus, mandamus, prohibition, ne exeat, quo warranto, forcible entry and detainer, peaceable entry and forcible detainer, for paying rewards, for cases filed on and after January 1, 1994, which are expedited process cases pursuant to subdivision (2) of subsection (b) of section 52-195b, and for the hearing and determination of small claims, including suitable forms of procedure in such cases, exclusive of fees.
(b) The orders and rules for the hearing and determination of small claims shall include provisions for the institution of small claims actions by attorneys-at-law on suitable forms to be served by a proper officer or indifferent person upon the defendant in the same manner as complaints are served in civil actions at least ten days before the small claims session of the court mentioned in such form, and for making his return thereon at least six days before such session; and may also include, among other provisions, the commencement of actions by an attorney-at-law or other person without writ or requirement of pleading other than a written or oral statement to the clerk; notice by mail; provisions for the early hearing of actions and rules for hearings in accordance with sections 51-193t and 52-549a and for the commencement of such actions without the payment of entry fee or other fee, and the elimination of any and all other fees or costs, except a fee for small claims procedure as prescribed in section 52-259; modification of any or all existing rules of pleading, practice and evidence; a stay of the entry of judgment or of the issuance of execution and an alternative procedure according to the usual rules of practice. Such orders and rules shall permit the institution of a small claims action against a nonresident defendant who owns real or personal property in this state and against an out-of-state corporation.
(c) Upon the taking effect of such orders and rules, all provisions of statute, both public and private, and the provisions of any orders or rules adopted by the judges of the Superior Court prior to July 1, 1957, inconsistent with or superseded by them, shall be deemed to be repealed, to the extent necessary to render the orders and rules effective.
(d) The procedure for the hearing and determination of small claims as the same may be prescribed, from time to time, by the judges of the Superior Court shall be used in all small claims sessions of the court. The small claims procedure shall be applicable to all actions, except actions of libel and slander, claiming money damages not in excess of three thousand five hundred dollars, and to no other actions. If an action is brought in the small claims session by a tenant pursuant to subsection (g) of section 47a-21 to reclaim any part of a security deposit which may be due, the judicial authority hearing the action may award to the tenant the damages authorized by subsection (d) of said section and, if authorized by the rental agreement or any provision of the general statutes, costs, notwithstanding that the amount of such damages and costs, in the aggregate, exceeds the jurisdictional monetary limit established by this subsection. If a motion is filed to transfer a small claims matter to the regular docket in the court, the moving party shall pay the fee prescribed by section 52-259. The Attorney General or an assistant attorney general, or the head of any state agency or his authorized representative, while acting in his official capacity shall not be required to pay any small claims court fee. There shall be no charge for copies of service on defendants in small claims matters.
(e) The orders and rules for the expedited hearing and determination of cases maintained pursuant to subdivision (2) of subsection (b) of section 52-195b shall include, but shall not be limited to: The modification of any or all existing rules of pleading, practice and evidence; the adoption of procedures for disclosure of material facts at the time of filing of the matter in court; the waiver of the right to appeal a final judgment entered; the transfer of cases under this subsection to the regular docket of the court; an expedited pretrial conference; an expedited assignment for trial on the merits; and the waiver of the right to a record of the trial proceedings. All expedited process cases shall be heard by a judge of the Superior Court.
(1949 Rev., S. 7656; 1955, S. 3117d; 1957, P.A. 651, S. 33; 1959, P.A. 28, S. 74; 1963, P.A. 242; 1969, P.A. 777, S. 1; 1971, P.A. 870, S. 4; 1972, P.A. 281, S. 25; P.A. 74-183, S. 16, 291; P.A. 75-548; P.A. 76-298, S. 1, 6; 76-368, S. 7, 9; 76-436, S. 49, 681; P.A. 77-614, S. 133, 610; P.A. 81-129, S. 1; 81-472, S. 109, 159; P.A. 82-248, S. 9; 82-472, S. 133, 183; P.A. 83-295, S. 4; 83-577, S. 2; P.A. 85-256; 85-464, S. 5; P.A. 86-199; P.A. 89-53; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-6, S. 71, 117; P.A. 93-297, S. 4, 29; P.A. 95-36; P.A. 00-94.)
History: 1959 act amended second sentence by deleting trial by jury provision and amended fourth sentence by substituting small claims sessions of circuit court for municipal courts and justice courts having small claims divisions; 1963 act amended second sentence by requiring provisions authorizing institution of actions on forms served at least ten days prior to session, return to be made at least six days prior to session; 1969 act imposed three-dollar fee for small claims procedure and exempted attorney general or assistant attorneys general from paying fee when acting in his or their official capacity; 1971 act changed limit on money damage claims included in small claims procedure from two hundred fifty to seven hundred fifty dollars, effective September 1, 1971; 1972 act raised fee for small claims procedure to five dollars and added provisions re fee for transferring small claims matter to regular docket and re absence of charge for copies of service on defendants in small claims matters, effective September 1, 1972; P.A. 74-183 replaced circuit court with court of common pleas and specified that fee for small claims procedure may not be eliminated, effective December 31, 1974; P.A. 75-548 specified that director of central collections division of department of finance and control and his authorized representative are exempt from payment of fee; P.A. 76-298 included rules for hearings in accordance with Sec. 52-549a; P.A. 76-368 raised fee for small claims procedure to six dollars; P.A. 76-436 transferred powers formerly held by supreme court to superior court and jurisdiction of small claims matters from court of common pleas to superior court, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 77-614 replaced director of central collections division of department of finance and control with commissioner of administrative services in provision re exemptions from payment of small claims fee; P.A. 81-129 increased the fee for small claims procedure from eight to ten dollars and increased the jurisdictional limit for small claims matters from seven hundred fifty to one thousand dollars; P.A. 81-472 made the technical correction of increasing the fee for small claims procedure from six to eight dollars to conform to the increase in such fee made in Sec. 52-259 by P.A. 80-387; P.A. 82- 248 changed fee for small claims procedure from eight to ten dollars, and changed reference to "civil cause" to "civil action"; P.A. 82-472 reiterated fee increase enacted by P.A. 82-248; P.A. 83-295 replaced the provision that the fee for transferring a small claims matter to the regular docket is the "same fee as is paid for entering a civil action" with "the fee prescribed by section 52-259"; P.A. 83-577 inserted Subsec. indicators, amended Subsec. (b) to replace the fee for small claims procedure of "ten dollars" with the fee "as prescribed in section 52-259" and reiterated amendment to Subsec. (d) made by P.A. 83-295; P.A. 85-256 amended Subsec. (b) to require the orders and rules to permit a small claims action against a nonresident defendant who owns real or personal property in this state and against an out-of-state corporation and amended Subsec. (d) to increase the jurisdictional limit for small claims matters from one thousand to one thousand five hundred dollars; P.A. 85-464 amended Subsec. (b) by adding reference to hearings in accordance with Sec. 51-193t; P.A. 86-199 amended Subsec. (d) by replacing the "commissioner of administrative services" with the "head of any state agency" in provision re exemption from payment of court fee; P.A. 89-53 amended Subsec. (d) to increase the jurisdictional limit for small claims matters from one thousand five hundred to two thousand dollars; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-6 amended Subsec. (d) to require payment of the fee prescribed in Sec. 52-259 if a motion is filed, instead of granted, to transfer a small claims matter to the regular docket; P.A. 93-297 amended Subsec. (a) to authorize the making of orders and rules for cases filed on and after January 1, 1994, which are expedited process cases and added Subsec. (e) to specify mandatory provisions of such orders and rules and require all expedited process cases to be heard by a judge of the superior court, effective January 1, 1994; P.A. 95-36 amended Subsec. (d) to increase jurisdictional limit for small claims matters from two thousand to two thousand five hundred dollars; P.A. 00-94 amended Subsec. (d) to increase jurisdictional monetary limit for small claims matters from two thousand five hundred to three thousand five hundred dollars and to add exception to such limit for action brought by tenant to reclaim any part of security deposit who may be awarded damages and costs in excess of such limit.
See chapter 922a (Sec. 52-549a et seq.) re hearing of small claims matters.
See Sec. 52-259 re court fees for entry and transfer of small claims cases.
Cited. 115 C. 101. Cited. 194 C. 43, 49, 50.
Cited. 37 CA 85, 95, 96.
Proper pleading by which to test the legal sufficiency of the allegations in an alternative writ of mandamus is by motion to quash and not by demurrer. 15 CS 209. Cited. 38 CS 389, 391. Cited. 40 CS 361, 363. Cited. 43 CS 211, 217.
History of small claims procedures discussed. 3 Conn. Cir. Ct. 5, 6. Cited. 3 Conn. Cir. Ct. 698, 700.

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Sec. 51-15a. Consultation between judiciary committee and rules committee of Superior Court. The Senate and House chairmen of the joint standing committee on judiciary shall appoint six persons from among the members of the committee who, with the chairmen, shall meet, on the call of the Chief Justice, but not less frequently than annually, with the rules committee of the Superior Court to confer and consult with respect to the rules of practice, pleadings, forms and procedure for all courts of record of this state and with respect to legislation affecting the courts pending before or to be introduced in the General Assembly.
(1971, P.A. 602, S. 1; P.A. 82-248, S. 10.)
History: P.A. 82-248 substituted "the" for "said" where appearing.
Cited. 43 CS 211, 217.

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Sec. 51-16. Transferred to Chapter 883b, Sec. 51-216a.

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Sec. 51-17. Transferred to Chapter 883b, Sec. 51-216c.

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Sec. 51-18. Transferred to Chapter 883b, Sec. 51-216b.

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Sec. 51-19. Law reports. Practice Book. Section 51-19 is repealed.
(1949 Rev., S. 169, 7689, 7690; 1949, 1951, 1953, S. 3125d; 1949, 1953, S. 3122d, 3123d; 1957, P.A. 176, S. 9; P.A. 73-541, S. 2, 8; P.A. 82-248, S. 163.)
See Sec. 51-211 re notice of decisions.
See Sec. 51-216a re official legal publications.

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Sec. 51-20. Transferred to Chapter 883a, Sec. 51-215b.

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Sec. 51-21. Transferred to Chapter 883a, Sec. 51-215a.

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Secs. 51-21a to 51-26. Connecticut Circuit Court Reports. Publication of state agency regulations and court rules. Publication of rules of the courts: Other documents. Unused volumes of reports. Unclaimed money in possession of officer or employee of Judicial Department; application for payment; escheat. Judicial Council. Reports of prosecuting officers to Judicial Council. Sections 51-21a to 51- 26, inclusive, are repealed.
(1949 Rev., S. 1644, 7659, 7660, 7722; March, 1950, S. 1011d; 1951, 1953, S. 3127d; 1957, P.A. 176, S. 12; 651, S. 28; September, 1957, P.A. 11, S. 13; 1959, P.A. 28, S. 76, 77, 79; 1961, P.A. 540, S. 31; 1963, P.A. 288, S. 2; 642, S. 42; 1967, P.A. 558, S. 4; 1971, P.A. 854, S. 20; 1972, P.A. 165, S. 12; June, 1972, P.A. 1, S. 20; P.A. 73-541, S. 5, 7, 8; P.A. 73-620, S. 6, 19; P.A. 74-183, S. 18, 19, 291; P.A. 75-479, S. 24, 25; 75-567, S. 29, 76, 80; P.A. 76-436, S. 51, 681; P.A. 77-13; P.A. 78-280, S. 69, 127; P.A. 82-248, S. 163.)
See Sec. 3-62a re presumption of abandonment of property held by a public body or officer.
See Secs. 51-216a, 51-216b re official legal publications.


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