CHAPTER 665b
FIDUCIARY POWERS

Table of Contents

Sec. 36a-350. Permitted investments.
Sec. 36a-351. (Formerly Sec. 36-9z). Investment of funds exceeding one thousand dollars in income-producing media; fee. Written policy. Fiduciary obligations satisfied.
Sec. 36a-352. (Formerly Sec. 36-81). Segregation of trust funds. Registration; nominees.
Sec. 36a-353. (Formerly Sec. 36-9w). Investments in certain investment companies or investment trusts.
Secs. 36a-354 to 36a-364.
Sec. 36a-365. (Formerly Sec. 36-83). Common trust funds: Definitions.
Sec. 36a-366. Establishment by qualified fiduciary and investment of funds.
Sec. 36a-367. Management.
Sec. 36a-368. Maintenance in accord with written plan. Regulations re establishment and maintenance of collective managing agency accounts.
Sec. 36a-369. Investment.
Sec. 36a-370. Mortgages.
Sec. 36a-371. Taxation.
Sec. 36a-372. Investment in common trust funds by national banking associations and foreign corporations acting as executor or testamentary trustee.
Secs. 36a-373 to 36a-379.
Sec. 36a-380. (Formerly Sec. 36-314). License.
Sec. 36a-381. (Formerly Sec. 36-315). Exemptions.
Sec. 36a-382. (Formerly Sec. 36-316). Examination; cost and fee.
Sec. 36a-383. (Formerly Sec. 36-317). Procedure in case of failure to comply with cease and desist order or insolvency.
Sec. 36a-384. (Formerly Sec. 36-318). Segregation of securities. Deposits.
Sec. 36a-385. (Formerly Sec. 36-319). Name.
Sec. 36a-386. (Formerly Sec. 36-319a). Planned Lifetime Assistance Network of Connecticut, Inc. Self-sufficiency trusts.
Secs. 36a-387 to 36a-394.
Sec. 36a-395. (Formerly Sec. 36-249). Application of provisions.
Sec. 36a-396. (Formerly Sec. 36-250). Notice to commissioner. Examination. Fee.
Sec. 36a-397. (Formerly Sec. 36-251). Records. Deposit of funds.
Sec. 36a-398. (Formerly Sec. 36-252). Powers.
Sec. 36a-399. (Formerly Sec. 36-253). Orders and injunctions. Death of trustee.
Secs. 36a-400 to 36a-409.


PART I
POWERS IN GENERAL

Sec. 36a-350. Permitted investments. (a) Except as otherwise provided in this section and sections 36a-351 and 36a-352, a Connecticut bank may invest funds and assets held by it in a fiduciary capacity in those investments in which a trustee may invest trust funds under the provisions of section 45a-203, and unless otherwise provided in said section, in such other investments as are authorized by the instrument, judgment, decree or order creating a trust or other fiduciary relationship or appointing a fiduciary and may sell or mortgage any real estate held by it in a fiduciary capacity.
(b) Except as otherwise expressly provided in the instrument, judgment, decree or order creating a trust or other fiduciary relationship or appointing a fiduciary, all investments of funds and assets held by a Connecticut bank in a fiduciary capacity (1) shall be invested with the care of a prudent investor in like circumstances, and (2) subject to compliance with subdivision (1) of this subsection, may be invested in time deposits or savings deposits of such bank provided the bank is authorized to accept deposits.
(P.A. 94-122, S. 163, 340.)
History: P.A. 94-122 effective January 1, 1995.

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Sec. 36a-351. (Formerly Sec. 36-9z). Investment of funds exceeding one thousand dollars in income-producing media; fee. Written policy. Fiduciary obligations satisfied. (a) Except as otherwise expressly provided in the instrument, judgment, decree or order creating a trust or other fiduciary relationship or appointing a fiduciary, a bank shall invest funds in excess of one thousand dollars held in a fiduciary capacity in anticipation of investment or distribution in accordance with the provisions of this subsection within thirty days of receipt or accumulation thereof. Except as provided in this subsection, a bank shall invest such funds in income-producing media, which may include one or more time deposits or savings deposits of such bank that provide a rate of return at least equal to the highest publicly announced rate paid by such bank on deposits of similar term and amount. A bank may charge a reasonable fee for the temporary investment of such funds, which fee may be calculated on the basis of the amount of such funds or income produced thereby.
(b) A bank shall adopt a written policy concerning the temporary investment of funds, held in a fiduciary capacity with investment discretion, including the method by which all fees charged in connection with the implementation of such policy will be computed and collected. Current fiduciary customers and beneficiaries shall be advised at least annually, in writing, of such policy and the amount of such fees shall be set forth as a separate item in the report normally provided to the customer of such bank.
(c) A bank which complies with the provisions of this section shall be deemed to have satisfied its fiduciary obligations and duties with respect to (1) the investment of funds held in a fiduciary capacity in anticipation of investment or distribution, (2) the charging of fees in connection therewith, and (3) the disclosure of policies, procedures and fees in connection therewith.
(P.A. 86-234, S. 4, 6; P.A. 94-122, S. 164, 340.)
History: P.A. 94-122 deleted Subsec. (a) and relettered former Subsecs. (b) and (c) as Subsecs. (a) and (b), broadened some requirements to cover funds held in any fiduciary capacity, added new Subsec. (c) re compliance with the section, and made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-9z transferred to Sec. 36a-351 in 1995.

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Sec. 36a-352. (Formerly Sec. 36-81). Segregation of trust funds. Registration; nominees. (a) All investments held by or in the custody of a bank as a fiduciary shall, except as otherwise provided by law or unless the contrary is expressly permitted by the instrument or court order creating the fiduciary relationship, be segregated and not mingled with other assets of such bank or with the assets of any other fiduciary account, and shall, except as provided in subsection (b) of this section or as otherwise provided in the instrument or the court order creating the fiduciary relationship, be held so as to set forth clearly the fiduciary capacity in which such bank is acting.
(b) Such bank, in the absence of an express provision to the contrary in the instrument or court order creating such fiduciary relationship, may cause stocks and other securities held by it or in its custody as a fiduciary, whether alone or jointly with cofiduciaries, to be registered and held in the name of a nominee or nominees of such bank without mention of such fiduciary relationship, provided every cofiduciary of such fiduciary account shall give his prior written consent. A fiduciary shall retain possession of such stocks and other securities so held and shall maintain adequate records indicating the correct ownership thereof except that such bank may deposit stock or other securities so held in a clearing corporation as defined in subsection (3) of section 42a-8-102. The fiduciary shall be personally liable for any loss occasioned by the acts of any nominee of such bank in connection with the holding of stock and other securities in the name of such nominee.
(c) Such bank, in the absence of an express provision to the contrary in the instrument or court order creating such fiduciary relationship, may cause stocks and other securities held by it or in its custody as fiduciary whether alone or jointly with cofiduciaries, (1) to be registered in the name of each such account or (2) to be registered in the name of the bank as fiduciary, or in the name of a nominee or nominees as provided in subsection (b) in one or more certificates or other documents evidencing ownership of such securities, any one of which certificates or documents shall represent the stock or securities held in more than one account, but such bank shall keep separate records of all such stocks and other securities for each account for which such stock and other securities are held.
(d) All the individual trustees of a trust may, in the absence of an express provision to the contrary in the instrument or court order creating such trust, deliver stock or other securities of the trust to a bank and authorize such bank to register and hold the same in the name of a nominee or nominees of such bank, as provided in subsection (b) of this section. Such bank shall not redeliver stock or other securities to an individual trustee or trustees without first causing the stock or other securities to be registered in the name of the individual trustee or trustees as such; but this provision shall not apply to other transfers or sales made by a bank at the direction of an individual trustee or trustees and such bank and its nominee shall be held to have discharged their liabilities by accounting for or paying over the proceeds of any sale or transfer made as so directed.
(1949 Rev., S. 5803; 1955, S. 2660d; 1971, P.A. 419; 1972, P.A. 169, S. 3; P.A. 92-12, S. 28; P.A. 94-122, S. 165, 340.)
History: 1971 act inserted new Subsec. (3) re registration of stocks and securities, renumbering former Subsecs. (3) and (4) accordingly and defined "security" in Subsec. (5), formerly (4); 1972 act allowed deposit of stock or securities in a clearing corporation; P.A. 92-12 redesignated Subsecs. and Subdivs. and made technical changes; P.A. 94-122 clarified that all funds held by a bank in any fiduciary capacity are subject to the same segregation and registration provisions as apply to trust funds, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-81 transferred to Sec. 36a-352 in 1995.
Annotations to former section 36-81:
Cited. 115 C. 27. Trustee should not take note or mortgage in own name, but in the name of the trust or as trustee for a particular trust. 121 C. 558.

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Sec. 36a-353. (Formerly Sec. 36-9w). Investments in certain investment companies or investment trusts. In the absence of any express provisions to the contrary, whenever any general statute, special act, regulation, trust indenture, will or other instrument governing the investment powers of trustees directs, requires, authorizes or permits investment in United States government obligations, a trustee may invest in and hold such obligations, either directly or in the form of interests in an investment company or investment trust registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940, (15 USC, Section 80a-1 et seq.) as from time to time amended, the portfolio of which is limited to United States government obligations and to repurchase agreements fully collateralized by any such obligations, and which is rated within the top two rating categories of any nationally recognized rating service.
(P.A. 85-215; P.A. 94-190, S. 2.)
History: P.A. 94-190 changed the permitted investment from a federally registered money market fund to a federally registered and top-rated investment company or investment trust the portfolio of which is limited to U.S. government obligations and fully collateralized repurchase agreements; Sec. 36-9w transferred to Sec. 36a-353 in 1995.

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Secs. 36a-354 to 36a-364. Reserved for future use.

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PART II
COMMON TRUST FUNDS

Sec. 36a-365. (Formerly Sec. 36-83). Common trust funds: Definitions. As used in sections 36a-365 to 36a-372, inclusive, unless the context otherwise requires:
(1) "Account" means the trust, estate or other fiduciary relationship which has been established with a fiduciary.
(2) "Fiduciary" means any bank that undertakes to act or acts in the capacity of a fiduciary.
(3) "Guardian" means the guardian, conservator or committee, by whatever name, employed under the laws of this state or any other state by the estate of an infant, an incapable or incompetent person or an absent person, or of a capable or competent person over whose estate a court has taken jurisdiction, other than under bankruptcy or insolvency laws.
(4) "Managing agent" means a fiduciary acting in the fiduciary relationship assumed upon the creation of an account which confers investment discretion on the fiduciary and which imposes upon it the fiduciary responsibilities imposed upon executors, administrators, guardians or trustees under a will or deed, but as to which the technical legal relationship is that of agent and principal.
(5) "Collective managing agency account" means an agency account maintained by a bank exclusively for the collective investment and reinvestment of moneys contributed thereto by the bank in its capacity as managing agent. A common trust fund includes a collective managing agency account.
(1949 Rev., S. 5805; 1951, S. 2662d; 1961, P.A. 166, S. 1; 1963, P.A. 398; February, 1965, P.A. 392, S. 1; 1969, P.A. 504, S. 10, 11; P.A. 74-146, S. 1, 2; P.A. 75-127; P.A. 78-32, S. 1, 2; 78-303, S. 85, 136; P.A. 80-482, S. 246, 345, 348; P.A. 86-288; P.A. 87-35; P.A. 90-62, S. 1, 2; P.A. 92-12, S. 29; P.A. 94-122, S. 166, 340.)
History: 1961 act amended Subsec. (3)(a) by adding authority to invest in FHA insured mortgages; 1963 act inserted new Subsec. (1) re definitions, renumbering accordingly, substituted "fiduciary" for references to banks and/or trust companies throughout section, replaced provisions which had allowed issuance of certificate of interest for investment or interest in common trust fund if certificate does not purport to be negotiable or assignable with provision prohibiting issuance of certificate or document evidencing direct or indirect interest in such fund in Subsec. (2)(c), replaced former Subsec. (2) (e) which had prohibited payment of fee for managing trust fund from said fund, added Subsec. (2)(f), required investments to be those allowed under Sec. 45-88 rather than detailing allowed investments in Subsec. (4)(a), deleted former Subdivs. (c) to (e) in Subsec. (4) re investments in corporation shares and stocks and limits on investments, inserted new provisions re mortgages as Subsec. (5) and renumbered former Subsec. (4) as Subsec. (6); 1965 act added Subsec. (7); 1969 act included custodians under Uniform Gifts to Minors Act in definition of "fiduciary" and added proviso in Subdiv. (a) of Subsec. (4); P.A. 74-146 defined "collective managing agency account" in Subsec. (1) and amended Subsec. (3) to make previous provisions applicable to common trust funds other than collective managing agency accounts and to add Subdiv. (B) re such accounts; P.A. 75-127 inserted new Subpara. (c) in Subsec. (3)(A) re transfer of interest in common trust fund, relettering accordingly; P.A. 78-32 inserted Subdivs. (c) and (d) in Subsec. (2) re subsidiaries of bank holding companies; P.A. 78-303 allowed substitution of division of banking within the department of business regulation for banking department in Subsec. (2)(d) for conformity with changes enacted in P.A. 77-614; P.A. 80-482 restored banking division as independent department and abolished the department of business regulation; P.A. 86-288 amended Subsec. (2) (c) and (d) to expand the type of financial institution which may establish or participate in a common trust fund, to include savings banks and savings and loan associations of other New England states and amended Subsec. (2) (d) to authorize investment in a common trust fund which is subject to regulations of another state which are substantially similar to Sec. 36-83, replacing prior provisions; P.A. 87-35 amended Subdivs. (c) and (d) of Subsec. (2) by removing certain restrictions on the establishment of common trust funds thereby authorizing the investment in such funds established by any banking institution chartered in Connecticut or any other New England state; P.A. 90-62 amended Subsec. (2) by deleting references to Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont, inserting reference to any other state and inserting reference to conservator or other court appointed fiduciary in Subdiv. (c), and added provisions to Subdiv. (d) re fund subject to statutes, rules or regulations applicable to a national banking association; P.A. 92-12 redesignated Subsecs. and Subdivs. and made technical changes; P.A. 94-122 deleted Subsecs. (b) through (h), redefined "fiduciary" as any bank that undertakes to act or acts in the capacity of fiduciary and made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-83 transferred to Sec. 36a-365 in 1995.
See Sec. 36a-366 re establishment of common trust funds.
See Sec. 36a-367 re management of common trust funds.
See Sec. 36a-368 re maintenance in accord with written plan.
See Sec. 36a-369 re investment of common trust fund assets.
See Sec. 36a-370 re mortgages held in common trust fund.
See Sec. 36-371 re taxation.
See Sec. 36a-372 re national banking associations and foreign corporations.

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Sec. 36a-366. Establishment by qualified fiduciary and investment of funds. (a) Any fiduciary qualified to act as such in this state may establish one or more common trust funds and may invest funds which it holds as fiduciary in those common trust funds, provided: (1) Such investment is specifically permitted by the instrument, judgment, decree or order creating the fiduciary relationship; (2) the fiduciary may exercise discretion with respect to investments; (3) such funds are held by the fiduciary as guardian; or (4) the fiduciary relationship is not created by an instrument, judgment, order or decree which specifically prohibits such investment.
(b) No fiduciary shall invest or accept for investment any funds in common trust funds other than in its fiduciary capacity.
(c) A bank may invest funds that it holds as a fiduciary in any common trust fund established by a bank or out-of-state bank provided: (1) Such investment is specifically permitted by the instrument, judgment, decree or order creating the fiduciary relationship; (2) the fiduciary may exercise discretion with respect to investments; or (3) such funds are held by the fiduciary as guardian, conservator or any other court appointed fiduciary.
(d) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (c) of this section, no Connecticut bank shall invest any funds that it holds as a fiduciary in any common trust fund in another state unless such fund is subject to statutes, rules or regulations of another state which are substantially similar to the provisions of this section, or unless such fund is subject to statutes, rules or regulations applicable to a national banking association.
(e) The provisions of sections 53-313 to 53-316, inclusive, shall not apply to a common trust fund established under this section or its fiduciary or to a collective managing agency account established under section 36a-368 or its managing agent.
(P.A. 94-122, S. 167, 340.)
History: P.A. 94-122 effective January 1, 1995.

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Sec. 36a-367. Management. The provisions of this section apply to the establishment and management of common trust funds other than collective managing agency accounts.
(1) Any fiduciary maintaining one or more common trust funds shall have the executive management and control of each common trust fund administered by it, and the sole right at any time to sell, convert, exchange, transfer or otherwise change or dispose of the assets comprising the same.
(2) Any fiduciary maintaining one or more common trust funds shall designate clearly upon its records the names of the fiduciary accounts on behalf of which the fiduciary, as such or as cofiduciary, owns an interest in the common trust fund, and the extent of the interest of such fiduciary accounts therein.
(3) Any fiduciary owning an interest in a common trust fund on behalf of an account may transfer all or a portion of that interest to another account of which it is a fiduciary or cofiduciary if the terms of the instrument establishing the fiduciary relationship require or authorize the transfer of assets to such other account.
(4) No fiduciary administering a common trust fund shall issue any certificate or other document evidencing a direct or indirect interest in that fund in any form. No fiduciary account owning or holding an investment or interest in a common trust fund shall be deemed to have individual ownership of any asset in such common trust fund, but shall be deemed to have only a proportionate undivided interest in the common trust fund. The ownership of such assets shall be solely in the fiduciary as trustee.
(5) If any fiduciary maintaining one or more common trust funds holds property as cofiduciary, investment of that property in interests in a common trust fund may be made only with the written consent of the other cofiduciary or cofiduciaries and shall be withdrawn upon the written request of any such cofiduciary.
(6) When mortgages are held in a common trust fund, the reasonable expenses incurred in servicing such mortgages may be charged against the income account of the fund and paid to servicing agents, including the fiduciary administering the fund.
(7) The fiduciary may charge a fee for the management of the common trust fund, provided the fractional part of such fee proportionate to the interest of each participant shall not, when added to any other compensations charged by the fiduciary to the participant, exceed the total amount of compensations which would have been charged to such participant if no assets of such participant had been invested in participations in the fund.
(P.A. 94-122, S. 168, 340.)
History: P.A. 94-122 effective January 1, 1995.

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Sec. 36a-368. Maintenance in accord with written plan. Regulations re establishment and maintenance of collective managing agency accounts. Each collective managing agency account to be maintained by a Connecticut bank shall be established and maintained in accordance with a written plan which shall be approved by a resolution of the bank's governing board and filed with the commissioner. The commissioner may adopt regulations in accordance with chapter 54 consistent with the provisions of sections 36a-350 to 36a-372, inclusive, governing the establishment and maintenance of collective managing agency accounts. The written plan shall contain appropriate provisions consistent with such regulations. Such account shall be established and maintained by a Connecticut bank only upon approval in writing by the commissioner and only to the extent permission to establish and maintain such accounts is granted national banking associations under applicable federal laws and regulations.
(P.A. 94-122, S. 169, 340.)
History: P.A. 94-122 effective January 1, 1995.

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Sec. 36a-369. Investment. (a) The funds and assets of a common trust fund may be invested and reinvested in those investments in which a fiduciary may invest funds or assets held in a fiduciary capacity under section 36a-350, provided, in determining whether the investment of funds received or held by the fiduciary in a common trust fund is proper, the fiduciary may consider the common trust fund as a whole and is not prohibited from making such investment because of any particular asset.
(b) Except as otherwise expressly provided in the instrument, judgment, decree or order creating the fiduciary relationship with the fiduciary or in the instrument creating the common trust fund, no investment for a common trust fund shall be made in stocks or bonds or other obligations of any one person, firm or corporation which would cause the total amount of investment in stocks or bonds or other obligations issued or guaranteed by such person, firm or corporation to exceed ten per cent of the value of the common trust fund, provided this limitation does not apply to investments in obligations of the United States or in obligations for the payment of the principal and interest of which the faith and credit of the United States is pledged.
(P.A. 94-122, S. 170, 340.)
History: P.A. 94-122 effective January 1, 1995.

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Sec. 36a-370. Mortgages. If mortgages are held in a common trust fund, the fiduciary may, but is not required to, take any one or more of the following actions:
(1) A fiduciary may transfer up to five per cent of the net income derived by a common trust fund from mortgages held by such fund during any regular accounting period to a reserve account, provided no such transfer shall be made which would cause the amount in such account to exceed one per cent of the outstanding principal amount of all mortgages held in the fund. If established, the amount of such reserve account shall be deducted from the assets of the fund in determining the fair market value of the fund for the purposes of admissions and withdrawals. If a reserve account is established, at the end of each accounting period all interest payments which are due but unpaid with respect to mortgages in the fund shall be charged against the reserve account to the extent available and credited to income distributed to participants. In the event of subsequent recovery of such payments by the fund, the reserve account shall be credited with the amount recovered.
(2) A fiduciary may withdraw a defaulted mortgage from a common trust fund and segregate it for the benefit of all participants in the fund at the time of such withdrawal. In such event, the segregated mortgage shall be administered or realized upon for the benefit ratably of all participants in the common trust fund at the time of withdrawal.
(3) A fiduciary may purchase for its own account from a common trust fund any defaulted mortgage held by such fund, if in the judgment of its board of directors the cost of segregation of such mortgage would be greater than the difference between its market value and its principal amount plus interest and penalty charges due. If a fiduciary elects to so purchase the mortgage, it shall do so at its market value or at the sum of principal, interest and penalty charges, whichever is greater.
(P.A. 94-122, S. 171, 340.)
History: P.A. 94-122 effective January 1, 1995.

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Sec. 36a-371. Taxation. No fiduciary, or the common trust funds held by it, shall be liable for any taxes imposed by this state or any of its subdivisions in connection with the ownership of personal property. No tax shall be assessed or levied upon any certificate or other evidence of ownership of an interest in a common trust fund.
(P.A. 94-122, S. 172, 340.)
History: P.A. 94-122 effective January 1, 1995.

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Sec. 36a-372. Investment in common trust funds by national banking associations and foreign corporations acting as executor or testamentary trustee. Any national banking association or foreign corporation which has qualified and is acting as executor or testamentary trustee in this state pursuant to the provisions of section 45a-206 may, subject to the provisions of this section, invest any funds held by it as an executor or testamentary trustee in any common trust fund which it maintains according to the laws of the state where its principal place of business is located, provided no such investment may be made unless the will under which such executor or testamentary trustee is acting either specifically permits such investment or authorizes such executor or testamentary trustee to exercise its discretion with respect to investments or does not specifically prohibit investment in common trust funds.
(P.A. 94-122, S. 173, 340.)
History: P.A. 94-122 effective January 1, 1995.

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Secs. 36a-373 to 36a-379. Reserved for future use.

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PART III
EXERCISE OF FIDUCIARY POWERS BY CORPORATIONS
OTHER THAN BANKING INSTITUTIONS

Sec. 36a-380. (Formerly Sec. 36-314). License. (a) Except as provided in this section, no corporation, other than a bank or out-of-state bank that maintains in this state a branch as defined in section 36a-410, shall have or exercise in this state the power to receive, by grant, assignment, transfer, devise, bequest or otherwise, any money, securities or other personal property, or any interest in real estate from any person or corporation in trust, to hold, manage or dispose of the same for the benefit of any third person or corporation, or to accept or execute any such trust, unless such corporation is specifically empowered so to act by a general statute of this state or by a special act of the General Assembly. Any corporation so empowered to act as trustee, other than such bank or out-of-state bank, shall, before so acting, obtain a license from the commissioner as provided in subsection (b).
(b) Application for such license shall be in writing upon forms to be furnished by the commissioner and shall contain the full name and address of the applicant corporation and of each of its officers and a statement of the assets and liabilities of such corporation in such form as the commissioner requires. If, upon examination of such application and upon any further investigation that the commissioner deems necessary, the commissioner is satisfied that such corporation is solvent and conducting its business according to law, the commissioner may issue to such corporation a license to receive property in trust and to execute and administer trusts to the extent and in the manner authorized by the charter of such corporation or by any general or special law of this state, but not otherwise. If it appears to the commissioner that any such applicant corporation is insolvent, or that its business is being conducted contrary to law or to the provisions of its charter, the commissioner shall refuse to issue such license.
(1949 Rev., S. 6018; P.A. 85-188, S. 7; 85-379, S. 40; P.A. 86-403, S. 77, 132; P.A. 92-12, S. 76; P.A. 94-122, S. 174, 340; P.A. 95-155, S. 24, 29.)
History: P.A. 85-188 and P.A. 85-379 applied provisions of section to state or federally chartered savings banks and savings and loan associations; P.A. 86-403 made technical change in Subsec. (1); P.A. 92-12 redesignated Subsecs. and Subdivs. and made technical changes; P.A. 94-122 made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-314 transferred to Sec. 36a-380 in 1995; P.A. 95-155 added reference to out-of-state banks in Subsec. (a), effective June 27, 1995.

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Sec. 36a-381. (Formerly Sec. 36-315). Exemptions. The provisions of sections 36a-380 to 36a-386, inclusive, shall not apply to the administration of: (1) Any trust for cemetery purposes by an incorporated cemetery association; (2) any charitable, religious or educational trust by a corporation organized for charitable, religious or educational purposes; (3) any trust by a life insurance company of the proceeds of its insurance policies; (4) any trust by a corporation without compensation and not as a part of its regular business; (5) any trust in real or personal property the trustee of which is a corporation acting pursuant to the provisions of section 45a-206; (6) any trust the trustee of which is a corporation acting pursuant to the provisions of section 36a-395; or (7) any trust the trustee of which is a corporation acting pursuant to section 36a-434a.
(1949 Rev., S. 6019; P.A. 86-234, S. 1, 6; P.A. 92-12, S. 77; P.A. 94-122, S. 175, 340; P.A. 98-258, S. 3.)
History: P.A. 86-234 deleted former Subdiv. (e) re inapplicability of chapter to trust in real property or real property accompanied by personal property as included in Sec. 49-93 provisions under mortgage or deed of trust held as security for loan and inserted new Subdivs. (e) and (f) re trust having as trustee corporations acting pursuant to Secs. 45-191 and 36-249, respectively; P.A. 92-12 redesignated Subdivs.; P.A. 94-122 made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-315 transferred to Sec. 36a-381 in 1995; P.A. 98-258 added new Subdiv. (7) re exemption for any trust the trustee of which is a corporation acting pursuant to Sec. 36a-434a.

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Sec. 36a-382. (Formerly Sec. 36-316). Examination; cost and fee. The commissioner shall annually or more often examine each corporation licensed under sections 36a-380 to 36a-386, inclusive, and special acts 93-12, 93-19 and 93-20, any provision in the charter of any such corporation to the contrary notwithstanding, and shall require that such corporation file an annual report in such form as the commissioner may prescribe and such other reports as the commissioner may require. Each such licensed corporation shall pay the cost of such examination as determined by the commissioner and shall, in addition, pay to the commissioner an annual license fee of one hundred dollars. Such license fee shall be payable on the thirtieth day of June in each year and the fee for licenses granted upon any other date shall be prorated to the thirtieth day of June next following the issuance thereof, provided no fee for the unexpired portion of any license year shall be less than twenty dollars.
(1949 Rev., S. 6020; P.A. 77-614, S. 161, 610; P.A. 80-482, S. 257, 345, 348; P.A. 87-9, S. 2, 3; P.A. 90-271, S. 20, 24; P.A. 94-122, S. 176, 340; May 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-1, S. 106, 130.)
History: P.A. 77-614 made banking department a division within the department of business regulation with banking commissioner as its head, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 80-482 restored banking division as independent department with commissioner as its head and abolished the department of business regulation; (Revisor's note: Pursuant to P.A. 87- 9 "banking department" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "department of banking"); P.A. 90-271 made a technical change; P.A. 94-122 made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; May 25 Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-1 made a further technical change, effective January 1, 1994, and applicable January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-316 transferred to Sec. 36a-382 in 1995.

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Sec. 36a-383. (Formerly Sec. 36-317). Procedure in case of failure to comply with cease and desist order or insolvency. If it at any time appears to the commissioner that any corporation so licensed has failed to comply with a cease and desist order issued by the commissioner or is insolvent or likely to become insolvent, the commissioner may revoke such license in accordance with section 36a-51 and apply to the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford or the judicial district in which such corporation is located for an injunction restraining such corporation from continuing to receive property in trust and restraining it from administering any and all trusts including such as may be then in force and effect, and for an order appointing some suitable person to succeed such corporation as trustee of any trust property then in its possession or in or to which it has any right, title, interest or claim, or for any other or further order as appears to the court as necessary or advisable to protect and secure the interests of the beneficiaries of any such trust property. The court, after reasonable notice to such corporation and hearing thereon, may issue such injunction or other order or grant such other equitable relief as the facts may warrant and, pending such hearing, the court may issue such temporary injunction or restraining order as the court deems equitable.
(1949 Rev., S. 6021; P.A. 78-280, S. 2, 127; P.A. 88-230, S. 1, 12; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 91-357, S. 55, 78; P.A. 93- 142, S. 4, 7, 8; P.A. 94-122, S. 177, 340; P.A. 95-220, S. 4−6.)
History: P.A. 78-280 substituted reference to judicial districts for reference to counties; P.A. 91-357 deleted obsolete language re judge of the superior court and made a technical change; P.A. 94-122 deleted the cease and desist provisions moved to Sec. 36a-52, allowed the commissioner to apply for enforcement orders to the Hartford-New Britain superior court and made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995 (Revisor's note: P.A. 88-230, P.A. 90-98 and P.A. 93-142 authorized substitution of "judicial district of Hartford" for "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain" in public and special acts of the 1994 regular and special sessions, effective September 1, 1996); Sec. 36-317 transferred to Sec. 36a-383 in 1995; P.A. 95-220 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1996, to September 1, 1998, effective July 1, 1995.
See Sec. 36a-52 re cease and desist orders.

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Sec. 36a-384. (Formerly Sec. 36-318). Segregation of securities. Deposits. The securities and investments of each trust committed to any such corporation so licensed shall be set apart and segregated and shall not be mingled with the securities and investments of any other trust or of the corporation. Any undistributed or temporarily uninvested cash held by such corporation as trustee shall be deposited in the name of the trust or in the name of the corporation as trustee in a bank, provided, when any such undistributed or uninvested cash is deposited in the name of the corporation as trustee, such deposits shall be so identified on the books of the corporation as to disclose the beneficial ownership thereof.
(1949 Rev., S. 6022; P.A. 94-122, S. 178, 340.)
History: P.A. 94-122 allowed nonbank trust companies to deposit undistributed or uninvested trust funds in any bank, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-318 transferred to Sec. 36a-384 in 1995.
See Sec. 45a-208 re deposit of securities in clearing corporation.

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Sec. 36a-385. (Formerly Sec. 36-319). Name. No such corporation so licensed shall use, either as a part of its name, or as a prefix or suffix thereto, or as a designation of the business carried on by it, the word "bank", "banking", "banker", "bankers", "trust" or "savings", notwithstanding any provision of the charter of any such corporation to the contrary.
(1949 Rev., S. 6023; P.A. 94-122, S. 179, 340.)
History: P.A. 94-122 made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-319 transferred to Sec. 36a-385 in 1995.

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Sec. 36a-386. (Formerly Sec. 36-319a). Planned Lifetime Assistance Network of Connecticut, Inc. Self-sufficiency trusts. (a) Planned Lifetime Assistance Network of Connecticut, Inc. shall have the power to receive, by grant, assignment, transfer, devise, bequest or otherwise, any money, securities or other personal property, or any interest in real estate from any person or corporation in trust, to hold, manage or dispose of the same for the benefit of any person with disabilities or to accept or execute any such trust pursuant to the provisions of sections 36a-380 to 36a-386, inclusive, provided Planned Lifetime Assistance Network of Connecticut, Inc. shall be a nonprofit corporation incorporated in this state and shall be licensed in accordance with, and comply with the provisions of said sections. The purpose of such a trust shall be to assist the beneficiary in achieving and maintaining self-sufficiency.
(b) Planned Lifetime Assistance Network of Connecticut, Inc. shall establish a charitable trust which shall benefit any person with disabilities for whom an individual trust has not been established. Planned Lifetime Assistance Network of Connecticut, Inc. shall charge each trust created under subsection (a) of this section an annual administrative fee, which shall not exceed the actual costs of administering such trusts. The grantor of a trust created under subsection (a) of this section may enter into an agreement whereby a percentage of the remainder of the trust may be transferred to the charitable trust upon the death of the beneficiary.
(c) The board of directors of Planned Lifetime Assistance Network of Connecticut, Inc. shall report, on or before June 30, 1991, and annually thereafter, to the joint standing committees of the General Assembly having cognizance of matters relating to human services and banks: (1) The number of beneficiaries for whom assets are placed in trust; (2) the amount held on behalf of each beneficiary; (3) the type of assets funding each trust; (4) the income earned by all such trusts; (5) the amount and purpose of any funds dispersed; (6) the number of grantors who agree to transfer a percentage of the remainder of a trust established pursuant to subsection (a) of this section to the charitable trust and the percentage and amount transferred by each; and (7) an itemization of administrative costs.
(P.A. 90-316.)
History: Sec. 36-319a transferred to Sec. 36a-386 in 1995.

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Secs. 36a-387 to 36a-394. Reserved for future use.

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PART IV
TRUSTEES UNDER MORTGAGE

Sec. 36a-395. (Formerly Sec. 36-249). Application of provisions. The provisions of this section and sections 36a-396 to 36a-399, inclusive, shall apply to each person, firm or corporation, hereinafter referred to as "trustee", acting or proposing to act as trustee under a mortgage or deed of trust of real property, in any case in which the note, notes, bond or bonds or other evidence of indebtedness secured thereby have been or are to be sold as investments, except that they shall not apply to any bank, any corporation licensed by the commissioner to receive property in trust and to execute and administer trusts or any corporation acting pursuant to the provisions of section 45a-206.
(1949 Rev., S. 5958; P.A. 81-192; P.A. 94-122, S. 180, 340.)
History: P.A. 81-192 excluded corporations "acting pursuant to the provisions of section 45-191" from provisions of chapter; P.A. 94-122 made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-249 transferred to Sec. 36a-395 in 1995.

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Sec. 36a-396. (Formerly Sec. 36-250). Notice to commissioner. Examination. Fee. (a) Each such trustee, before acting as such trustee, shall notify the commissioner in writing that such trustee proposes to so act and shall be under the supervision of the commissioner to the extent of such trustee accounts.
(b) The commissioner shall, annually or more often, examine all such trustee accounts and shall require that each such trustee file an annual report of such accounts held in trust in such form as the commissioner may prescribe and such other reports relating to the administration of any such trust as the commissioner may require. Such annual report shall be as of the close of business on the thirty-first day of December and shall be filed with the commissioner on or before the thirtieth day of January in each year.
(c) Each such trustee shall pay an annual fee of twenty-five dollars, and, in addition, shall pay the actual cost of such examination as determined by the commissioner.
(1949 Rev., S. 5959; 1951, S. 2766d; P.A. 77-614, S. 161, 610; P.A. 80-482, S. 255, 345, 348; P.A. 87-9, S. 2, 3; P.A. 90-271, S. 19, 24; P.A. 92-12, S. 71; P.A. 94-122, S. 181, 340.)
History: P.A. 77-614 made banking department a division within the department of business regulation, retaining commissioner as its head, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 80-482 restored banking division as an independent department and abolished the department of business regulation; (Revisor's note: Pursuant to P.A. 87-9 "banking department" was changed editorially by the Revisors to "department of banking"); P.A. 90-271 made a technical change in Subsec. (2); P.A. 92-12 redesignated Subsecs. and made a technical change; P.A. 94-122 made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-250 transferred to Sec. 36a-396 in 1995.

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Sec. 36a-397. (Formerly Sec. 36-251). Records. Deposit of funds. All moneys, funds or other assets held in trust by such trustees shall, at all times, be so held as to disclose that they are held in trust, and all books and records pertaining thereto shall contain sufficient information to identify and separate the moneys, funds and assets of each trust from those of other trusts and from other assets held by such trustee. Any such trust funds that are temporarily uninvested or undistributed shall be deposited in the name of the trust or in the name of such person, firm or corporation as trustee in a bank or in such other depository as may be approved by the commissioner.
(1949 Rev., S. 5960; P.A. 94-122, S. 182, 340.)
History: P.A. 94-122 made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-251 transferred to Sec. 36a-397 in 1995.

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Sec. 36a-398. (Formerly Sec. 36-252). Powers. Each trustee shall have the following powers, whether expressly contained in the terms of the trust or not, unless expressly forbidden:
(1) Such trustee may accept conveyance of the mortgaged property when it deems it advisable, instead of obtaining title thereto by foreclosure; provided no right to any deficiency judgment on the notes, bonds or other evidences of indebtedness secured by such mortgage shall be affirmatively released by such trustee without the consent of the owners of such notes, bonds or other evidences of indebtedness.
(2) After acquiring title to such mortgaged property in either manner, or if money is needed by such trustee to redeem such property from the foreclosure of tax liens or other liens prior to such trust mortgage and to thus acquire such title, or to purchase such property at a court sale in any such foreclosure action, such trustee may, directly or indirectly, mortgage such premises to any Connecticut bank, to obtain the money necessary to so redeem or purchase such property or to pay any taxes or assessment liens due on such property. No such bank, accepting such a mortgage, shall be responsible for the rightful application of the money thus obtained by the trustee. No commission or bonus shall be paid by such trustee for such loan. All property or money received by such trustee as provided in this section shall be subject to such trust and shall be held and disposed of for the benefit of the beneficiaries of such trust, pro rata, or in such manner as such trust provides.
(1949 Rev., S. 5961; P.A. 92-12, S. 72; P.A. 94-122, S. 183, 340.)
History: P.A. 92-12 redesignated Subdivs. and made technical changes; P.A. 94-122 changed "savings bank in Connecticut, or to any other bank under the supervision of the commissioner" to "Connecticut bank", effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-252 transferred to Sec. 36a-398 in 1995.

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Sec. 36a-399. (Formerly Sec. 36-253). Orders and injunctions. Death of trustee. (a) If the trustee does not comply with any such cease and desist order issued by the commissioner or if it appears to the commissioner that any such trustee is insolvent or likely to become insolvent, the commissioner may apply to the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford or the judicial district in which such trustee resides or conducts such business for an injunction restraining such trustee from continuing to receive property under mortgages or deeds of trust and restraining the trustee from administering any and all trusts then in force and effect, and for an order appointing some suitable person to succeed such person, firm or corporation as trustee of any trust property then in the trustee's possession or in or to which the trustee has any right, title, interest or claim, and for such other or further order as appears to the court necessary or desirable to protect and secure the interests of the beneficiaries of any such trust property. The court may issue such injunction or other order after reasonable notice to such trustee, provided, if such mortgage or deed of trust provides for a certain successor trustee and if such successor trustee is a suitable person to act in such capacity, the court may appoint such successor trustee to be the acting trustee.
(b) In the event of the death of any such trustee, if no successor trustee is provided for in any such mortgage or deed of trust, the commissioner may apply to the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford for an order appointing some suitable person to succeed such trustee.
(1949 Rev., S. 5962; P.A. 78-280, S. 2, 127; P.A. 88-230, S. 1, 12; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 91-357, S. 54, 78; P.A. 92- 12, S. 73; P.A. 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; P.A. 94-122, S. 184, 340; P.A. 95-220, S. 4−6.)
History: P.A. 78-280 replaced reference to counties with reference to judicial districts; P.A. 91-357 deleted obsolete language re judge of the superior court and made technical changes; P.A. 92-12 redesignated Subsecs. and made technical changes; P.A. 94-122 deleted the cease and desist provisions moved to Sec. 36a-52, authorized the commissioner to apply for enforcement orders to the Hartford-New Britain superior court and made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995 (Revisor's note: P.A. 88-230, P.A. 90-98 and P.A. 93-142 authorized substitution of "judicial district of Hartford" for "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain" in public and special acts of the 1994 regular and special sessions, effective September 1, 1996); Sec. 36-253 transferred to Sec. 36a-399 in 1995; P.A. 95-220 changed the effective date of P.A. 88- 230 from September 1, 1996, to September 1, 1998, effective July 1, 1995.

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Secs. 36a-400 to 36a-409. Reserved for future use.


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