CHAPTER 620
TRADE NAMES

Table of Contents

Sec. 35-1. Use of fictitious business names. Prohibitions and exceptions. Penalty. Unfair trade practices.
Sec. 35-2. Use of word "banking" and similar words as part of business name.
Sec. 35-3. Use of word "banking" by bankers' associations.


Sec. 35-1. Use of fictitious business names. Prohibitions and exceptions. Penalty. Unfair trade practices. (a) No person, except as provided in this subsection, shall conduct or transact business in this state, under any assumed name, or under any designation, name or style, corporate or otherwise, other than the real name or names of the person or persons conducting or transacting such business, unless there has been filed, in the office of the town clerk in the town in which such business is or is to be conducted or transacted, a certificate stating the name under which such business is or is to be conducted or transacted and the full name and post-office address of each person conducting or transacting such business or, in the case of a corporation or limited liability company using such an assumed name, its full name and principal post-office address. Such certificate shall be executed by all of such persons or, in the case of a corporation or limited liability company, by an authorized officer thereof, and acknowledged before an authority qualified to administer oaths. Each town clerk shall keep an alphabetical index of the names of all persons filing such certificates and of all names or styles assumed as provided in this subsection and, for the indexing and filing of each such certificate, shall receive the statutory filing fee for documents established in section 7- 34a, to be paid by the person filing such certificate. A copy of any such certificate, certified by the town clerk in whose office the same has been filed, shall be presumptive evidence, in all courts in this state, of the facts contained in such certificate. The provisions of this subsection shall not prevent the lawful use of a partnership name or designation if such partnership name or designation includes the true surname of at least one of the persons composing such partnership. This subsection shall not apply to: (1) Any limited partnership, as defined in section 34-9, provided such limited partnership (A) has (i) filed a certificate as provided for in section 34-10, or (ii) registered with the Secretary of the State as provided in section 34-38g and (B) conducts or transacts business under the name stated in the certificate or registered with the Secretary of the State, or (2) any limited liability company, as defined in section 34-101, provided such limited liability company (A) has (i) filed articles of organization as provided for in section 34- 120, or (ii) registered with the Secretary of the State as provided in section 34-223 and (B) conducts or transacts business under the name stated in the articles of organization or registered with the Secretary of the State. Any person conducting or transacting business in violation of the provisions of this subsection shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than one year. Failure to comply with the provisions of this subsection shall be deemed to be an unfair or deceptive trade practice under subsection (a) of section 42-110b.
(b) No person shall use, in any printed advertisement, an assumed or fictitious name for the conduct of such person's business that includes the name of any municipality in this state in such a manner as to suggest that such person's business is located in such municipality unless: (1) Such person's business is, in fact, located in such municipality; or (2) such person includes in any such printed advertisement the complete street address of the location from which such person's business is actually conducted, including the city or town and, if located outside of Connecticut, the state in which such person's business is located. This subsection shall not apply to the use of (A) any trademark or service mark registered under the laws of this state or under federal law, (B) any such name that, when applied to the goods or services of such person's business, is merely descriptive of them, or (C) any such name that is merely a surname. A violation of the provisions of this subsection by a person conducting business under an assumed or fictitious name that includes the name of a municipality in this state shall be deemed an unfair or deceptive trade practice under subsection (a) of section 42-110b. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to impose any liability on any publisher that relies on the written assurances of a person placing such printed advertisement that such person has authority to use any such assumed or fictitious name.
(1949 Rev., S. 6728; 1957, P.A. 96; 1967, P.A. 84; P.A. 75-68; P.A. 83-158, S. 2; 83-587, S. 52, 96; P.A. 89-252, S. 10, 11; P.A. 94-217, S. 32; P.A. 96-180, S. 110, 166; P.A. 98-101.)
History: 1967 act replaced one-dollar fee for filing certificate with "the statutory filing fee for documents established in section 7-34a"; P.A. 75-68 exempted limited partnerships from provisions of section, provided the partnership has filed certificate required under Sec. 34-10; P.A. 83-158 made failure to register under section an unfair trade practice; P.A. 83- 587 made technical change, deleting language requiring that certificate be filed in town clerk's office of town where business is to be conducted; P.A. 89-252 exempted limited partnership registered with secretary of the state as provided in Sec. 34-38g from applicability of section; P.A. 94-217 made requirement that the certificate contain the full name and post-office address of the entity using an assumed name and be executed by an authorized officer thereof applicable to a limited liability company, designated provisions re inapplicability of section to any limited partnership as Subdiv. (1) and amended said Subdiv. to add Subpara. (B) requiring as a condition for such exemption that the partnership conduct or transact business under the name stated in the certificate or registered with the secretary of the state and added Subdiv. (2) re inapplicability of section to any limited liability company if such limited liability company meets certain conditions; P.A. 96-180 amended Subdiv. (2) to make technical change by replacing in Subpara. (B) "certificate" with "articles of organization", effective June 3, 1996; P.A. 98-101 designated existing provisions as Subsec. (a) and made technical changes, and added new Subsec. (b) re use of name of municipality in fictitious business name.
See Sec. 7-34a re town clerks' fees.
Purpose of statute; failure to heed does not prevent enforcement of contract. 89 C. 293. Cited. 103 C. 25. Motor vehicle registered under trade name; presumption that this section was complied with; whether failure to comply would bar recovery in case of accident, quaere. 106 C. 256. Cited. 225 C. 923. Cited. 231 C. 707, 727.
Cited. 20 CA 625, 626, 628. Cited. 21 CA 185, 186. Cited. 23 CA 247, 248. Cited. 30 CA 493, 494, 498−500.

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Sec. 35-2. Use of word "banking" and similar words as part of business name. No partnership, common law trust or association, or individual using a trade name, shall use, either as a part of its name or as a prefix or suffix thereto or as a designation of the business carried on by it, the word "bank", "banking", "banker", "bankers", "trust" or "savings", provided either the word "bankers" or the word "trust" may be so used when qualified and immediately preceded by the word "investment", but not followed by the word "company" or "corporation". The provisions of this section shall not apply to any charitable or athletic association. No provision of this section shall prevent any association organized under the provisions of section 36a-85 from using the term "savings" either as a part of its name or as a prefix or suffix thereto or as a designation of the business carried on by it.
(1949 Rev., S. 6729; P.A. 93-55, S. 7.)
History: P.A. 93-55 made technical changes, deleting reference to repealed Sec. 36-157.

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Sec. 35-3. Use of word "banking" by bankers' associations. The provisions of sections 33-655 and 35-2 shall not apply to nor prohibit the use of the words "banks", "bankers" and "banking" in their titles by The Connecticut Bankers' Association, The Savings Banks' Association of Connecticut, any chapter, whether incorporated or not, affiliated and in good standing with The American Institute of Banking, or by any other associations of state bank and trust companies, national banking associations and mutual savings banks or by associations of their employees.
(1949 Rev., S. 6730; 1953, S. 2872d; P.A. 73-616, S. 33; P.A. 96-271, S. 187, 254.)
History: P.A. 73-616 substituted reference to Sec. 33-287 for reference to Sec. 33-13; P.A. 96-271 replaced reference to Sec. 33-287 with Sec. 33-655, effective January 1, 1997.


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