CHAPTER 400g
REAL ESTATE APPRAISERS

Table of Contents

Sec. 20-500. Definitions.
Sec. 20-501. Licensing and certification.
Sec. 20-502. Real Estate Appraisal Commission.
Sec. 20-503. Duties of the Real Estate Appraisal Commission
Sec. 20-504. Regulations.
Sec. 20-505. Bond for the chairperson.
Sec. 20-506. Deposit of fees.
Sec. 20-507. Licensed or certified real estate appraiser not deemed "employee" under section 31-275.
Sec. 20-508. Application for license or certification.
Sec. 20-509. Certifications, licenses, limited licenses and provisional licenses. Issuance, when. Renewals. Competency. Application fees. Examination.
Sec. 20-510. Competency of applicant. Examination.
Sec. 20-511. Minimum requirements for certification, license, limited license and provisional license. Fees.
Sec. 20-512. Regulations concerning approval of schools. Exemption from experience requirement.
Sec. 20-513. Validity of license and certification.
Sec. 20-514. Grounds for refusal of license or certification.
Sec. 20-515. Licenses to nonresidents. Certification for nonresidents. Temporary licenses and certification. Fees.
Sec. 20-516. Evidence of real estate appraiser status. Fee.
Sec. 20-517. Renewals. Continuing education requirements. Regulations. Certification.
Sec. 20-518. Suspension or revocation of license or certification. Fines.
Sec. 20-519. Notice and hearing.
Sec. 20-520. Appeal.
Sec. 20-521. Revocation of license or certification upon conviction of crime.
Sec. 20-522. Misrepresentation; penalty.
Sec. 20-523. Engaging in business without license or certification. Misrepresentation.
Sec. 20-524. Report to Governor.
Sec. 20-525. Periodic publication of information and material.
Sec. 20-526. Exceptions.
Sec. 20-527. Federal transactions.
Sec. 20-528. Regulations. Effective date.
Secs. 20-529 to 20-539.


Sec. 20-500. Definitions. As used in sections 20-500 to 20-528, inclusive, unless the context otherwise requires:
(1) "Appraisal Foundation" means the not-for-profit corporation referred to in Section 1121 of Title XI of FIRREA.
(2) "Certified appraiser" means a person who has satisfied the minimum requirements for a category of certification established by the commission by regulation. Such minimum requirements shall be consistent with guidelines established by the Appraisal Qualification Board of the Appraisal Foundation. The categories of certification shall include, but may be modified by the commission thereafter, one category denoted as "certified residential appraiser" and another denoted as "certified general appraiser".
(3) "Limited appraiser" means a person who held a real estate appraisal license as of January 1, 1991, and has satisfied the minimum requirements for a license as a limited appraiser as established by the commission by regulation. The categories of limited appraisal shall include one category denoted as "limited residential appraiser" and another denoted as "limited general appraiser".
(4) "Commission" means the Connecticut Real Estate Appraisal Commission appointed under the provisions of section 20-502.
(5) "Engaging in the real estate appraisal business" means the act or process of estimating the value of real estate for a fee or other valuable consideration.
(6) "FIRREA" means the Financial Institutions, Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act of 1989, P.L. 101-73, 103 Stat. 183.
(7) "Licensed appraiser" means a person who has satisfied the minimum requirements for a category of licensing, other than licensed limited appraiser, established by the commission by regulation. Such minimum requirements may be consistent with guidelines established by the Appraisal Qualification Board of the Appraisal Foundation. The categories of licensing shall include, but may be modified by the commission thereafter, one category denoted as "licensed residential appraiser" and another denoted as "licensed general appraiser".
(8) "Person" means any individual.
(9) "Provisional appraiser" means a person engaged in the business of estimating the value of real estate for a fee or other valuable consideration under the supervision of a licensed or certified real estate appraiser and who meets the minimum requirements, if any, established by the commission by regulation for provisional appraiser status.
(10) "Real estate appraiser" means a person engaged in the business of estimating the value of real estate for a fee or other valuable consideration.
(P.A. 93-354, S. 25, 54; P.A. 94-36, S. 41, 42; P.A. 95-79, S. 71, 189; P.A. 98-10, S. 67; P.A. 00-192, S. 54, 102.)
History: P.A. 93-354 effective in accordance with Sec. 20-528; P.A. 94-36 changed effective date of P.A. 93-354 but without affecting this section; P.A. 95-79 redefined "person" to include a limited liability company, effective May 31, 1995; P.A. 98-10 deleted former Subdiv. (6) as obsolete, renumbered former Subdivs. (7) to (11) as Subdivs. (6) to (10) and made other technical changes; P.A. 00-192 amended Subdivs. (3) and (7) by changing "tenured appraiser" to "limited appraiser" and amended Subdiv. (8) to delete partnership, association, limited liability company or corporation from the definition of "person", effective May 26, 2000 (Revisor's note: In P.A. 00-192, S. 54, an opening bracket following an underscored period appeared in Subdiv. (8) without a corresponding closing bracket. After research, it is the opinion of the Revisors that the General Assembly intended to delete the phrase ", partnership, association, limited liability company or corporation." from Subdiv. (8) while retaining all of the text of Subdivs. (9) and (10)).
See notes to Sec. 20-311.

(Return to TOC) (Return to Chapters) (Return to Titles)

Sec. 20-501. Licensing and certification. (a) No person shall act as a real estate appraiser or provisional appraiser or engage in the real estate appraisal business without the appropriate certification, license, limited license or provisional license issued by the commission, unless exempted by the provisions of sections 20-500 to 20-528, inclusive.
(b) No person licensed as a limited appraiser shall perform an appraisal in connection with a federally related transaction, as defined in FIRREA. Limited appraiser licenses and renewals of such limited appraiser licenses issued pursuant to the provisions of this chapter shall expire no later than September 30, 2006. No limited appraiser licenses shall be issued or renewed on or after October 1, 2006.
(P.A. 93-354, S. 26, 54; P.A. 94-36, S. 41, 42; P.A. 00-192, S. 55, 102.)
History: P.A. 93-354 effective in accordance with Sec. 20-528; P.A. 94-36 changed effective date of P.A. 93-354 but without affecting this section; P.A. 00-192 amended Subsec. (a) to replace reference to "tenured license" with reference to "limited license", and replaced former Subsec. (b) which had authorized partnerships, associations or corporation to be granted certification or license to engage in real estate appraisal business with new Subsec. (b) re limited appraiser licenses, effective May 26, 2000.
See notes to Sec. 20-312.
Section is a licensing statute and does not preclude witness from testifying as to his opinion of the diminution in value of plaintiff's property where trial court found that witness's education, training and experience qualified him to testify as an expert and defendant pointed to no evidence showing that witness was engaged in the business of real estate appraising. 49 CA 781.

(Return to TOC) (Return to Chapters) (Return to Titles)

Sec. 20-502. Real Estate Appraisal Commission. (a) There is created in the Department of Consumer Protection the Connecticut Real Estate Appraisal Commission.
(b) The commission shall consist of eight persons, electors of the state, appointed by the Governor. Five of the members shall be certified appraisers. Three of the members shall be public members. Not more than a bare majority of the commission shall be members of the same political party and there shall be at least one member from each congressional district.
(c) The members of the commission shall serve until the expiration of the term for which they were appointed and until their successors have qualified. Members shall not be compensated for their services but shall be reimbursed for necessary expenses incurred in the performance of their duties. The Governor may remove any commissioner for cause upon notice and an opportunity to be heard. Upon the death, resignation or removal of a member, the Governor shall appoint a successor to serve for the unexpired portion of the vacated term and until such successor's successor is appointed and qualifies. Each member shall, before entering upon such member's duties, take and file with the commission, an oath faithfully to perform the duties of such member's office.
(P.A. 93-354, S. 27, 54; P.A. 94-36, S. 41, 42; P.A. 98-10, S. 68; P.A. 00-192, S. 56, 102.)
History: P.A. 93-354 effective in accordance with Sec. 20-528; P.A. 94-36 changed effective date of P.A. 93-354 but without affecting this section; P.A. 98-10 made a technical change in Subsec. (b); P.A. 00-192 made technical changes for the purposes of gender neutrality, effective May 26, 2000.
See title 2c re termination under "Sunset Law".
See Sec. 4-9a for definition of "public member".

(Return to TOC) (Return to Chapters) (Return to Titles)

Sec. 20-503. Duties of the Real Estate Appraisal Commission (a) Within thirty days after the appointment of the members of the commission, the commission shall meet in the city of Hartford for the purpose of organizing by selecting such officers other than a chairman as the commission may deem necessary and appropriate. A majority of the members of the commission shall constitute a quorum for the exercise of the powers or authority conferred upon it.
(b) (1) The commission shall authorize the Department of Consumer Protection to issue certification, licenses, limited licenses and provisional licenses to real estate appraisers.
(2) The commission shall administer the provisions of sections 20-500 to 20-528, inclusive, as to certification, licensing, limited licensing, provisional licensing and issuance, renewal, suspension or revocation of certifications, licenses, limited licenses and licenses concerning the real estate appraisal business.
(c) The commission shall be provided with the necessary office space in Hartford by the Commissioner of Public Works and the commission and all files, records and property of the commission shall at all times be and remain therein, except that inactive files shall be stored at a location designated by the commission.
(d) The commission shall hold meetings and hearings in Hartford, in space provided by the Commissioner of Administrative Services, or at such places outside of Hartford as shall be determined by the chairman of the commission. The commission shall meet at least once in each three months' period and may meet more often on call of its chairman. The chairman of the commission shall call a meeting of the commission whenever requested to do so by a majority of the members of the commission.
(e) The commission shall vote on all matters requiring a decision and votes shall be recorded in the commission's minutes.
(P.A. 93-354, S. 28, 54; P.A. 94-36, S. 41, 42; P.A. 00-192, S. 57, 102.)
History: P.A. 93-354 effective in accordance with Sec. 20-528; P.A. 94-36 changed effective date of P.A. 93-354 but without affecting this section; P.A. 00-192 amended Subsec. (b) to replace references to "tenured licenses" with references to "limited licenses", effective May 26, 2000.

(Return to TOC) (Return to Chapters) (Return to Titles)

Sec. 20-504. Regulations. The Commissioner of Consumer Protection, with advice and assistance from the commission, may adopt such reasonable regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, as the commissioner deems necessary to carry out the provisions of sections 20-500 to 20-528, inclusive. Such regulations shall, at a minimum, address real estate appraiser qualifications, continuing education, discipline, real estate appraiser certification, licensing, limited licensing and provisional licensing applications and renewals and shall require any real estate appraiser to comply with generally accepted standards of professional appraisal practice as described in the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice issued by the Appraisal Standards Board of the Appraisal Foundation pursuant to Title XI of FIRREA. The regulations shall further require (1) any real estate appraiser who wishes to enter in or upon any premises not the subject of appraisal for purposes of estimating the value of comparable real estate to (A) obtain the permission of the owner or occupier of the premises, and (B) identify himself or herself as an appraiser, and (2) that a limited appraiser shall in any written statement, including contracts, stationary and business cards, state that such limited appraiser shall not perform an appraisal in connection with a federally related transaction, as defined in FIRREA.
(P.A. 93-354, S. 29, 54; P.A. 94-36, S. 41, 42; P.A. 98-10, S. 69; P.A. 00-192, S. 58, 102.)
History: P.A. 93-354 effective in accordance with Sec. 20-528; P.A. 94-36 changed effective date of P.A. 93-354 but without affecting this section; P.A. 98-10 made a technical change; P.A. 00-192 replaced reference to "tenured licensing" with reference to "limited licensing", added provisions requiring limited appraiser to state, in any written statement, the limited appraiser's inability to perform federally related transactions and made technical changes, effective May 26, 2000.
See notes to Sec. 20-328.

(Return to TOC) (Return to Chapters) (Return to Titles)

Sec. 20-505. Bond for the chairperson. The chairperson of the commission shall be bonded under the provisions of section 4-20, in such sum as the State Insurance and Risk Management Board may prescribe, with the condition that the chairperson faithfully perform the duties of the office and account for all funds received pursuant to the office.
(P.A. 93-354, S. 30, 54; P.A. 94-36, S. 41, 42; P.A. 98-10, S. 70; P.A. 99-51, S. 8, 9; 99-145, S. 21, 23; P.A. 00-192, S. 59, 102.)
History: P.A. 93-354 effective in accordance with Sec. 20-528; P.A. 94-36 changed effective date of P.A. 93-354 but without affecting this section; P.A. 98-10 made technical changes; P.A. 99-51 substituted "State Insurance and Risk Management Board" for "State Insurance Purchasing Board", substituted "chairperson" for "chairman" and substituted "the office" for "his office" and "such office", effective May 27, 1999; P.A. 99-145 substituted "State Insurance and Risk Management Board" for "State Insurance Purchasing Board", effective June 8, 1999; P.A. 00-192 contained section but made no change.

(Return to TOC) (Return to Chapters) (Return to Titles)

Sec. 20-506. Deposit of fees. The commission shall deposit all moneys received by it from fees in accordance with the provisions of sections 20-500 to 20-528, inclusive, with the State Treasurer, and, unless otherwise provided by said sections, they shall become part of the General Fund.
(P.A. 93-354, S. 31, 54; P.A. 94-36, S. 41, 42.)
History: P.A. 93-354 effective in accordance with Sec. 20-528; P.A. 94-36 changed effective date of P.A. 93-354 but without affecting this section.

(Return to TOC) (Return to Chapters) (Return to Titles)

Sec. 20-507. Licensed or certified real estate appraiser not deemed "employee" under section 31-275. A certified, licensed, limited or provisional appraiser shall not be considered an employee under the provisions of section 31-275 if substantially all of the remuneration for the services performed by such appraiser, whether paid in cash or otherwise, is directly related to sales or other output rather than to the number of hours worked, and such services are performed by the appraiser pursuant to a written contract that contains the following provisions: (1) The appraiser, for purposes of workers' compensation, is engaged as an independent contractor associated with the person for whom services are performed; (2) the appraiser shall not receive any remuneration related to the number of hours worked, and shall not be treated as an employee with respect to such services for purposes of workers' compensation; (3) the appraiser shall be permitted to work any hours the appraiser chooses; (4) the appraiser shall be permitted to work out of the appraiser's own home or the office of the person for whom services are performed; (5) the appraiser shall be free to engage in outside employment; (6) the person for whom the services are performed may provide office facilities and supplies for the use of the appraiser, but the appraiser shall otherwise pay the appraiser's own expenses, including, but not limited to, automobile, travel and entertainment expenses; and (7) the contract may be terminated by either party at any time upon notice given to the other.
(P.A. 93-354, S. 32, 54; P.A. 94-36, S. 41, 42; P.A. 00-192, S. 60, 102.)
History: P.A. 93-354 effective in accordance with Sec. 20-528; P.A. 94-36 changed effective date of P.A. 93-354 but without affecting this section; P.A. 00-192 replaced reference to "tenured appraiser" with reference to "limited appraiser" and made technical changes for the purposes of gender neutrality, effective May 26, 2000.

(Return to TOC) (Return to Chapters) (Return to Titles)

Sec. 20-508. Application for license or certification. Any person possessing the qualifications prescribed in sections 20-500 to 20-528, inclusive, and in any regulations adopted in conformity with said sections, who desires to engage in the real estate appraisal business shall make application to the commission, in writing, as provided in section 20-509, for the specific certification, license, limited license or provisional license desired.
(P.A. 93-354, S. 33, 54; P.A. 94-36, S. 41, 42; P.A. 98-10, S. 71; P.A. 00-192, S. 61, 102.)
History: P.A. 93-354 effective in accordance with Sec. 20-528; P.A. 94-36 changed effective date of P.A. 93-354 but without affecting this section; P.A. 98-10 made technical changes; P.A. 00-192 replaced reference to "tenured license" with reference to "limited license", effective May 26, 2000.
See notes to Sec. 20-313.

(Return to TOC) (Return to Chapters) (Return to Titles)

Sec. 20-509. Certifications, licenses, limited licenses and provisional licenses. Issuance, when. Renewals. Competency. Application fees. Examination. (a) Certifications, licenses, limited licenses and provisional licenses under sections 20-500 to 20- 528, inclusive, shall be granted only to persons who bear a good reputation for honesty, truthfulness and fair dealing and who are competent to transact the business of a real estate appraiser in such manner as to safeguard the interests of the public.
(b) Each application for a certification, license, limited license or provisional license under said sections, or for a renewal thereof, shall be made in writing, on such forms and in such manner as is prescribed by the Department of Consumer Protection and accompanied by such evidence in support of such application as is prescribed by the commission. The commission may require such information with regard to an applicant as the commission deems desirable, with due regard to the paramount interests of the public, as to the honesty, truthfulness, integrity and competency of the applicant.
(c) Fees for applications under this section shall be paid to the commission as follows: Forty-five dollars for certification; forty dollars for licensing; forty dollars for limited licensing and forty dollars for provisional licensing. The payment of an application fee shall entitle an applicant who otherwise meets the appropriate requirements established by the commission to take the appropriate written examination, where applicable, four times within the one-year period from the date of payment. In addition to the application fee, applicants taking an examination administered by a national testing service shall be required to pay directly to such testing service an examination fee covering the cost of such examination.
(P.A. 93-354, S. 34, 54; P.A. 94-36, S. 41, 42; P.A. 98-10, S. 72; P.A. 00-192, S. 62, 102.)
History: P.A. 93-354 effective in accordance with Sec. 20-528; P.A. 94-36 changed effective date of P.A. 93-354 but without affecting this section; P.A. 98-10 made technical changes; P.A. 00-192 replaced references to "tenured license" with references to "limited license", amended Subsec. (b) to delete provisions re licensing of corporation, association or partnership and amended Subsec. (c) to reduce application fee for certification from sixty to forty-five dollars, effective May 26, 2000.
See notes to Sec. 20-314.

(Return to TOC) (Return to Chapters) (Return to Titles)

Sec. 20-510. Competency of applicant. Examination. In order to determine the competency of any applicant for a real estate appraiser's certification or license, the commission shall, and, in the case of an applicant for a provisional license, may subject such applicant to personal written examination as to the applicant's competency to act as a real estate appraiser. Such examination shall be prepared by the Department of Consumer Protection or by a national testing service designated by the Commissioner of Consumer Protection, shall be administered to applicants by the Department of Consumer Protection or by such testing service at such times and places as the commissioner may deem necessary and shall be consistent with guidelines established by the Appraisal Qualification Board of the Appraisal Foundation. The commission may waive the written examination requirement in the case of an applicant who, in the opinion of the commission, has taken an equivalent written examination in another state and has received a score deemed satisfactory by the commission.
(P.A. 93-354, S. 35, 54; P.A. 94-36, S. 41, 42; P.A. 98-10, S. 73.)
History: P.A. 93-354 effective in accordance with Sec. 20-528; P.A. 94-36 changed effective date of P.A. 93-354 but without affecting this section; P.A. 98-10 made technical changes.

(Return to TOC) (Return to Chapters) (Return to Titles)

Sec. 20-511. Minimum requirements for certification, license, limited license and provisional license. Fees. (a) In order to obtain a certification, license, limited license or provisional license, persons who have met, to the satisfaction of the commission, the minimum requirements established by the commission for such certification, license, limited license or provisional license, shall pay to the commission, in addition to the application fee described in subsection (c) of section 20-509, an initial fee of: Three hundred dollars, in the case of certified appraisers; two hundred twenty-five dollars, in the case of licensed appraisers and limited licensed appraisers; and fifty dollars, in the case of provisional appraisers.
(b) All certifications, licenses, limited licenses and provisional licenses issued under the provisions of sections 20-500 to 20-528, inclusive, shall expire annually and be subject to renewal. The renewal fee for certifications, licenses, limited licenses and provisional licenses, to be paid to the commission, shall be: Two hundred twenty-five dollars in the case of certified appraisers; two hundred twenty-five dollars in the case of licensed and limited licensed appraisers; and fifty dollars, in the case of provisional appraisers.
(c) In order for the commission to comply with federal law and transmit a roster of real estate appraisers to the appropriate federal regulatory entity, real estate appraisers shall pay to the Commissioner of Consumer Protection, in addition to application and recordation fees, an annual registry fee established by the commission.
(d) Any certification, license, limited license or provisional license which expires pursuant to this subsection may be reinstated by the commission, if, not later than two years after the date of expiration, the former certification holder, licensee, limited licensee or provisional licensee pays to the commission for each certification the sum of two hundred twenty-five dollars, for each license or limited license the sum of two hundred twenty-five dollars and for each provisional license the sum of fifty dollars for each year or fraction thereof from the date of expiration of the previous certification, license, limited license or provisional license to the date of payment for reinstatement, except that any certified, licensed, limited licensed or provisionally licensed appraiser whose certification, license, limited license or provisional license expired after entering military service shall be reinstated without payment of any fee if an application for reinstatement is filed with the commission within two years after the date of expiration. Any such reinstated certification, license, limited license or provisional license shall expire annually. Any such reinstated certification, license, limited license or provisional license shall be subject to an annual renewal thereafter.
(e) Any person whose application has been filed as provided in this section and section 20-509 who is refused a certification, license, limited license or provisional license shall be given notice and afforded an opportunity for hearing as provided in the regulations adopted by the Commissioner of Consumer Protection.
(P.A. 93-354, S. 36, 54; P.A. 94-36, S. 41, 42; P.A. 98-10, S. 74; P.A. 00-192, S. 63, 102.)
History: P.A. 93-354 effective in accordance with Sec. 20-528; P.A. 94-36 changed effective date of P.A. 93-354 but without affecting this section; P.A. 98-10 made technical changes; P.A. 00-192 replaced references to "tenured license" with references to "limited license", amended Subsec. (a) to reduce initial fee for certified appraisers from four hundred fifty to three hundred dollars, amended Subsec. (b) to change expiration date from April thirtieth of each year to annually and to reduce renewal fee for certified appraisers from three hundred to two hundred twenty-five dollars, and amended Subsec. (d) to reduce reinstatement fee for certification from three hundred to two hundred twenty-five dollars, to change expiration date from next succeeding April thirtieth to annually and to make a technical change for the purpose of gender neutrality, effective May 26, 2000.

(Return to TOC) (Return to Chapters) (Return to Titles)

Sec. 20-512. Regulations concerning approval of schools. Exemption from experience requirement. The Commissioner of Consumer Protection, with the advice and assistance of the commission, may adopt such reasonable regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, as the commissioner may deem necessary relating to the approval of schools offering courses in real estate appraisal principles and practice and related subjects, the content of such courses or programs and the advertising to the public of the services of such schools. Such regulations shall not require approval of instructors at such schools.
(P.A. 93-354, S. 37, 54; P.A. 94-36, S. 41, 42; P.A. 98-10, S. 75.)
History: P.A. 93-354 effective in accordance with Sec. 20-528; P.A. 94-36 changed effective date of P.A. 93-354 but without affecting this section; P.A. 98-10 made technical changes.
See notes to Sec. 20-314a.

(Return to TOC) (Return to Chapters) (Return to Titles)

Sec. 20-513. Validity of license and certification. Any person holding a certification, license, limited license or provisional license under sections 20-500 to 20-528, inclusive, shall be permitted to perform the work covered by such certification, license, limited license or provisional license in any municipality of this state without further examination or the imposition of any additional requirements by such municipality.
(P.A. 93-354, S. 38, 54; P.A. 94-36, S. 41, 42; P.A. 00-192, S. 64, 102.)
History: P.A. 93-354 effective in accordance with Sec. 20-528; P.A. 94-36 changed effective date of P.A. 93-354 but without affecting this section; P.A. 00-192 replaced references to "tenured license" with references to "limited license", effective May 26, 2000.

(Return to TOC) (Return to Chapters) (Return to Titles)

Sec. 20-514. Grounds for refusal of license or certification. (a) No certification, license, limited license or provisional license, as the case may be, shall be denied by the commission under sections 20-500 to 20-528, inclusive, to any applicant who has been convicted of forgery, embezzlement, obtaining money under false pretenses, extortion, criminal conspiracy to defraud, or other like offense or offenses, or to any association or partnership of which such person is a member, or to any corporation of which such person is an officer or in which as a stockholder such person has or exercises a controlling interest either directly or indirectly except in accordance with the provisions of section 46a-80.
(b) No certification, license, limited license or provisional license, as the case may be, shall be issued by the Department of Consumer Protection under sections 20-500 to 20-528, inclusive, to any applicant (1) whose application for a certification, license, limited license or provisional license, as the case may be, has, within one year prior to the date of the applicant's application, been rejected in this state, in any other state or in the District of Columbia or (2) whose certification, license, limited license or provisional license, as the case may be, has, within one year prior to the date of the applicant's application, been revoked in this state, in any other state or in the District of Columbia.
(c) No certification, license, limited license or provisional license, as the case may be, shall be issued under sections 20-500 to 20-528, inclusive, to any person who has not attained the age of eighteen years.
(P.A. 93-354, S. 39, 54; P.A. 94-36, S. 41, 42; P.A. 98-10, S. 76; P.A. 00-192, S. 65, 102.)
History: P.A. 93-354 effective in accordance with Sec. 20-528; P.A. 94-36 changed effective date of P.A. 93-354 but without affecting this section; P.A. 98-10 made technical changes; P.A. 00-192 replaced references to "tenured license" with references to "limited license" and made technical changes in Subsec. (b) for the purposes of gender neutrality, effective May 26, 2000.
See notes to Sec. 20-316.

(Return to TOC) (Return to Chapters) (Return to Titles)

Sec. 20-515. Licenses to nonresidents. Certification for nonresidents. Temporary licenses and certification. Fees. (a) A nonresident of this state may become a real estate appraiser by conforming to all of the provisions of sections 20-500 to 20-528, inclusive. The commission shall recognize a current, valid certification, license or provisional license, as the case may be, issued to a currently practicing, competent real estate appraiser by another state as satisfactorily qualifying such nonresident appraiser for a certification, license or provisional license, as the case may be, as a real estate appraiser under said sections, provided: (1) The laws of the state of which such nonresident appraiser is a resident require that applicants for certifications, licenses or provisional licenses, as the case may be, as real estate appraiser permit certifications, licenses or provisional licenses to be issued to residents of this state, certified, licensed or provisionally licensed, as the case may be, under said sections, without examination, and (2) the certification, licensing and provisional licensing requirements of the state of which such nonresident appraiser is a resident are substantially similar to, or higher than those of this state, including establishment of competency by written examination in the case of licensed and certified appraisers, and such appraiser has no disciplinary proceeding or unresolved complaint pending against such nonresident appraiser. If the applicant is a resident of a state which does not have such requirements, such applicant shall be certified, licensed or provisionally licensed by a state in accordance with Section 1116 of Title XI of FIRREA.
(b) Every nonresident applicant shall file an irrevocable consent that suits and actions may be commenced against such applicant in the proper court in any judicial district of the state in which a cause of action may arise or in which the plaintiff may reside, by the service of any process or pleading, authorized by the laws of this state, on the chairman of the commission, such consent stipulating and agreeing that such service of such process or pleading shall be taken and held in all courts to be as valid and binding as if service had been made upon such applicant in this state. If any process or pleadings mentioned in this chapter are served upon the chairman of the commission, it shall be by duplicate copies, one of which shall be filed in the office of the commission, and the other immediately forwarded by registered or certified mail, to the applicant against whom such process or pleadings are directed, at the last-known address of such applicant as shown by the records of the commission. No default in any such proceedings or action shall be taken unless it appears by affidavit of the chairman of the commission that a copy of the process or pleading was mailed to the defendant as required in this subsection, and no judgment by default shall be taken in any such action or proceeding within twenty days after the date of mailing of such process or pleading to the nonresident defendant.
(c) The Commissioner of Consumer Protection, with the advice and assistance of the commission, pursuant to Section 1122(a) of Title XI of FIRREA, shall adopt such reasonable regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, as the commissioner deems necessary to effectuate certification, licensing and provisional licensing of nonresident appraisers. Such certification, licensing and provisional licensing shall be recognized on a temporary basis in this state. The fee for a temporary certification, license or provisional license shall be one hundred dollars. The temporary certification, license or provisional license shall be effective for one hundred eighty days from issuance and may be extended for one additional period not to exceed one hundred eighty days for no additional fee.
(P.A. 93-354, S. 40, 54; P.A. 94-36, S. 41, 42; P.A. 98-10, S. 77; P.A. 00-192, S. 66, 102.)
History: P.A. 93-354 effective in accordance with Sec. 20-528; P.A. 94-36 changed effective date of P.A. 93-354 but without affecting this section; P.A. 98-10 made technical changes; P.A. 00-192 amended Subsec. (a) to make technical changes for the purposes of gender neutrality, and amended Subsec. (c) to reduce fee for temporary certification or license from one hundred fifty to one hundred dollars, increase effective period of temporary certification or license from ninety to one hundred eighty days, add provision that temporary certification or license may be extended for up to one hundred eighty days for no additional fee and delete provision that temporary certification or license is effective for only one appraisal assignment, effective May 26, 2000.
See notes to Sec. 20-317.

(Return to TOC) (Return to Chapters) (Return to Titles)

Sec. 20-516. Evidence of real estate appraiser status. Fee. (a) The Department of Consumer Protection shall issue to each certified, licensed, limited licensed and provisional appraiser, a certificate, in such size and form as it determines, evidencing the real estate appraiser's status.
(b) A fee of twenty-five dollars shall be paid to the commission for the issuance of a proof of certification, licensing, limited licensing or provisional licensing or a duplicate certification, license, limited license or provisional license certificate.
(P.A. 93-354, S. 41, 54; P.A. 94-36, S. 41, 42; P.A. 00-192, S. 67, 102.)
History: P.A. 93-354 effective in accordance with Sec. 20-528; P.A. 94-36 changed effective date of P.A. 93-354 but without affecting this section; P.A. 00-192 replaced references to "tenured license" with references to "limited license", effective May 26, 2000.

(Return to TOC) (Return to Chapters) (Return to Titles)

Sec. 20-517. Renewals. Continuing education requirements. Regulations. Certification. (a) There is hereby established an annual renewal certification, license, limited license and provisional license to be issued by the Department of Consumer Protection.
(b) The commission shall authorize the Department of Consumer Protection to issue a renewal certification, license, limited license or provisional license, as the case may be, to any applicant who possesses the qualifications specified and otherwise has complied with the provisions of sections 20-500 to 20-528, inclusive, and any regulation adopted in conformity with said sections.
(c) Persons certified, licensed, limited licensed or provisionally licensed in accordance with the provisions of sections 20-500 to 20-528, inclusive, shall fulfill a continuing education requirement. Applicants for an annual renewal certification, license, limited license or provisional license shall, in addition to the other requirements imposed by the provisions of said sections, biennially within any even-numbered year submit proof of compliance with the continuing education requirements of this subsection, if any, to the commission, accompanied by an eight-dollar processing fee.
(d) The continuing education requirements for certified, licensed, limited licensed, or provisionally licensed appraisers shall be satisfied by successful completion of the required number of hours of classroom study, during the two-year period preceding such renewal of certification, license, limited license or provisional license as provided by the commission or standards of the Appraiser Qualification Board of the Appraisal Foundation, as the case may be.
(e) If the commission refuses to grant a renewal certification, license, limited license or provisional license, the certificate holder, licensee, limited licensee or provisional licensee, upon written notice received as provided for in this chapter, may avail himself or herself of any of the remedies provided by sections 20-511 and 20-520.
(f) The Commissioner of Consumer Protection, in consultation with the commission, shall adopt regulations in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54, concerning the approval of schools, institutions or organizations offering courses in current real estate or real estate appraisal practices and licensing laws and the content of such courses. Such regulations may include, but not be limited to: (1) Specifications for meeting equivalent continuing educational experience or study; (2) exceptions from continuing education requirements for reasons of health or instances of individual hardship.
(P.A. 93-354, S. 42, 54; P.A. 94-36, S. 41, 42; P.A. 98-10, S. 78; P.A. 00-192, S. 68, 102.)
History: P.A. 93-354 effective in accordance with Sec. 20-528; P.A. 94-36 changed effective date of P.A. 93-354 but without affecting this section; P.A. 98-10 made a technical change in Subsec. (b); P.A. 00-192 replaced references to "tenured license" with references to "limited license" in Subsecs. (a) to (e) and made a technical change in Subsec. (e) for the purpose of gender neutrality, effective May 26, 2000.

(Return to TOC) (Return to Chapters) (Return to Titles)

Sec. 20-518. Suspension or revocation of license or certification. Fines. The Department of Consumer Protection may, upon the request of the commission or upon the verified complaint in writing of any person, provided such complaint, or such complaint together with evidence, documentary or otherwise, represented in connection with such complaint, shall make out a prima facie case, investigate the actions of any real estate appraiser or any person who assumes to act in any of such capacities within this state. The commission shall have the power temporarily to suspend or permanently to revoke any certification, license, limited license or provisional license, as the case may be, issued under the provisions of sections 20-500 to 20-528, inclusive, and in addition to, or in lieu of, such suspension or revocation, may, in its discretion, impose a fine of not more than one thousand dollars for the first offense at any time when, after proceedings as provided in section 20-519, it finds that the certification holder, licensee, limited licensee or provisional licensee has by false or fraudulent misrepresentation obtained a certification, license, limited license or provisional license, as the case may be, or that the certification holder, licensee, limited licensee or provisional licensee is guilty of any of the following: (1) Making any material misrepresentation; (2) making any false promise of a character likely to influence, persuade or induce; (3) acting for more than one party in a transaction without the knowledge of all parties for whom he or she acts; (4) conviction in a court of competent jurisdiction of this or any other state of forgery, embezzlement, obtaining money under false pretenses, larceny, extortion, conspiracy to defraud, or other like offense or offenses, provided suspension or revocation under this subdivision shall be subject to the provisions of section 46a-80; (5) any act or conduct which constitutes dishonest, fraudulent or improper dealings; (6) a violation of any provision of sections 20-500 to 20-528, inclusive, or any regulation adopted under said sections.
(P.A. 93-354, S. 43, 54; P.A. 94-36, S. 41, 42; P.A. 98-10, S. 79; P.A. 00-192, S. 69, 102.)
History: P.A. 93-354 effective in accordance with Sec. 20-528; P.A. 94-36 changed effective date of P.A. 93-354 but without affecting this section; P.A. 98-10 made technical changes; P.A. 00-192 replaced references to "tenured license" with references to "limited license" and made a technical change in Subdiv. (3) for the purpose of gender neutrality, effective May 26, 2000.
See notes to Sec. 20-320.

(Return to TOC) (Return to Chapters) (Return to Titles)

Sec. 20-519. Notice and hearing. Before refusing, suspending or revoking any certification, license, limited license or provisional license, or imposing any fine, the commission shall give notice and afford an opportunity for hearing as provided in the regulations adopted by the Commissioner of Consumer Protection.
(P.A. 93-354, S. 44, 54; P.A. 94-36, S. 41, 42; P.A. 98-10, S. 80; P.A. 00-192, S. 70, 102.)
History: P.A. 93-354 effective in accordance with Sec. 20-528; P.A. 94-36 changed effective date of P.A. 93-354 but without affecting this section; P.A. 98-10 made technical changes; P.A. 00-192 replaced reference to "tenured license" with reference to "limited license", effective May 26, 2000.
See notes to Sec. 20-321.

(Return to TOC) (Return to Chapters) (Return to Titles)

Sec. 20-520. Appeal. Any person aggrieved by any decision or order of the commission may appeal in accordance with the provisions of section 4-183.
(P.A. 93-354, S. 45, 54; P.A. 94-36, S. 41, 42.)
History: P.A. 93-354 effective in accordance with Sec. 20-528; P.A. 94-36 changed effective date of P.A. 93-354 but without affecting this section.
See notes to Sec. 20-322.

(Return to TOC) (Return to Chapters) (Return to Titles)

Sec. 20-521. Revocation of license or certification upon conviction of crime. Any certification holder, licensee, limited licensee or provisional licensee convicted of a violation of any of the offenses enumerated in subdivision (4) of section 20-518 shall incur a forfeiture of his or her certification, license, limited license or provisional license and all moneys that may have been paid for such certification, license, limited license or provisional license. The clerk of any court in which such conviction has been rendered shall forward to the commission without charge a certified copy of such conviction. The commission, upon the receipt of a copy of the judgment of conviction, shall, not later than ten days after such receipt, notify the certification holder, licensee, limited licensee or provisional licensee, in writing, of the revocation of his or her certification, license, limited license or provisional license, as the case may be, which notice shall be conclusive of such revocation. Application for reinstatement of such certification, license, limited license or provisional license shall be subject to the provisions of section 46a-80.
(P.A. 93-354, S. 46, 54; P.A. 94-36, S. 41, 42; P.A. 98-10, S. 81; P.A. 00-192, S. 71, 102.)
History: P.A. 93-354 effective in accordance with Sec. 20-528; P.A. 94-36 changed effective date of P.A. 93-354 but without affecting this section; P.A. 98-10 made technical changes; P.A. 00-192 replaced references to "tenured license" with references to "limited license" and made technical changes for the purposes of gender neutrality, effective May 26, 2000.
See notes to Sec. 20-323.

(Return to TOC) (Return to Chapters) (Return to Titles)

Sec. 20-522. Misrepresentation; penalty. Any person wilfully misrepresenting any fact required to be disclosed in any application or in any other form, paper or document required to be filed with the commission in connection with an application for a certification, license, tenured license or provisional license shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than six months or both.
(P.A. 93-354, S. 47, 54; P.A. 94-36, S. 41, 42.)
History: P.A. 93-354 effective in accordance with Sec. 20-528; P.A. 94-36 changed effective date of P.A. 93-354 but without affecting this section.

(Return to TOC) (Return to Chapters) (Return to Titles)

Sec. 20-523. Engaging in business without license or certification. Misrepresentation. (a) Any person who engages in the real estate appraisal business without obtaining a certification, license, limited license or provisional license, as the case may be, as provided in sections 20-500 to 20-528, inclusive, shall be fined not more than one thousand dollars or imprisoned not more than six months or both, and shall be ineligible to obtain a certification, license, limited license or provisional license for one year from the date of conviction of such offense, except the commission, in its discretion, may grant a certification, license, limited license or provisional license, as the case may be, to such person within such one-year period upon application and after a hearing on such application.
(b) No person who is not certified, licensed, limited licensed or provisionally licensed, as appropriate, by the commission as a real estate appraiser shall represent himself or herself as being so certified, licensed, limited licensed or provisionally licensed or use in connection with such person's name or place of business the term "real estate appraiser", "real estate appraisal", "certified appraiser", "certified appraisal", "residential appraiser", "residential appraisal", "limited licensed appraiser", "provisional appraiser" or "provisional appraisal" or any words, letters, abbreviations or insignia indicating or implying that such person is a certified, licensed, limited licensed or provisionally licensed, as appropriate, real estate appraiser in this state. Any person who violates the provisions of this subsection shall be fined not more than one thousand dollars or imprisoned not more than six months, or both.
(P.A. 93-354, S. 48, 54; P.A. 94-36, S. 41, 42; P.A. 98-10, S. 82; P.A. 00-192, S. 72, 102.)
History: P.A. 93-354 effective in accordance with Sec. 20-528; P.A. 94-36 changed effective date of P.A. 93-354 but without affecting this section; P.A. 98-10 made technical changes in Subsec. (a); P.A. 00-192 replaced references to "tenured license" with references to "limited license" and made technical changes in Subsec. (b) for the purposes of gender neutrality, effective May 26, 2000.

(Return to TOC) (Return to Chapters) (Return to Titles)

Sec. 20-524. Report to Governor. The commission shall submit to the Governor, as provided in section 4-60, a report of its official acts under sections 20-500 to 20-528, inclusive. The commission shall keep a record of proceedings and orders pertaining to the matters under its jurisdiction and of certifications, licenses, limited licenses or provisional licenses granted, refused, suspended or revoked by it and of all reports sent to its office. The commission shall furnish without charge, for official use only, certified copies of certifications, licenses, limited licenses, provisional licenses and documents relating thereto, to officials of this state or any municipality in this state, to officials of any other state and to any court in this state. Any certified copy of any document or record of the commission, attested as a true copy by the chairman of the commission, shall be competent evidence in any court of this state of the facts contained in such document or record.
(P.A. 93-354, S. 49, 54; P.A. 94-36, S. 41, 42; P.A. 98-10, S. 83; P.A. 00-192, S. 73, 102.)
History: P.A. 93-354 effective in accordance with Sec. 20-528; P.A. 94-36 changed effective date of P.A. 93-354 but without affecting this section; P.A. 98-10 made technical changes; P.A. 00-192 replaced references to "tenured licenses" with references to "limited licenses", effective May 26, 2000.

(Return to TOC) (Return to Chapters) (Return to Titles)

Sec. 20-525. Periodic publication of information and material. The Department of Consumer Protection, at the request of the commission, may periodically compile and publish a bulletin containing information and material relating to the commission, its functions and certifications, licenses, limited licenses, provisional licenses and other information and material relating to the real estate appraisal industry which might be of help and interest to certificate holders, licensees, limited licensees or provisional licensees in their service of the public. The commission may also request the department to publish such information and material in any established periodical published in the state if, in the opinion of the commission, such form of publication would ensure the widest dissemination of such information and material to certification holders, licensees, limited licensees and provisional licensees and the public.
(P.A. 93-354, S. 50, 54; P.A. 94-36, S. 41, 42; P.A. 98-10, S. 84; P.A. 00-192, S. 74, 102.)
History: P.A. 93-354 effective in accordance with Sec. 20-528; P.A. 94-36 changed effective date of P.A. 93-354 but without affecting this section; P.A. 98-10 made a technical change; P.A. 00-192 replaced references to "tenured licenses" with references to "limited licenses", effective May 26, 2000.

(Return to TOC) (Return to Chapters) (Return to Titles)

Sec. 20-526. Exceptions. The provisions of sections 20-500 to 20-528, inclusive, concerning the certification, licensing, limited licensing or provisional licensing of real estate appraisers shall not apply to (1) any person under contract with a municipality who performs a revaluation of real estate for assessment purposes pursuant to section 12-62, and (2) any licensed real estate broker or real estate salesperson who estimates the value of real estate as part of a market analysis performed for the purpose of (A) a prospective listing or sale of such real estate, (B) providing information to the seller or landlord under a listing agreement, or (C) providing information to a prospective buyer or tenant under a buyer or tenant agency agreement, provided such estimate of value shall not be referred to or be construed as an appraisal.
(P.A. 93-354, S. 51, 54; P.A. 94-36, S. 41, 42; P.A. 96-200, S. 23; P.A. 98-123; P.A. 00-192, S. 75, 102.)
History: P.A. 93-354 effective in accordance with Sec. 20-528; P.A. 94-36 changed effective date of P.A. 93-354 but without affecting this section; P.A. 96-200 substituted "salesperson" for "salesman"; P.A. 98-123 amended Subdiv. (2) by designating existing language as Subpara. (A) and adding reference to sale of real estate, adding new Subpara. (B) re providing information to the seller or landlord, and adding new Subpara. (C) re providing information to a prospective buyer or tenant P.A. 00-192 replaced reference to "tenured licensing" with reference to "limited licensing", effective May 26, 2000.

(Return to TOC) (Return to Chapters) (Return to Titles)

Sec. 20-527. Federal transactions. Section 20-527 is repealed.
(P.A. 93-354, S. 52, 54; P.A. 94-36, S. 41, 42; P.A. 95-186, S. 3.)

(Return to TOC) (Return to Chapters) (Return to Titles)

Sec. 20-528. Regulations. Effective date. (a) On or before May 1, 1994, the Department of Consumer Protection shall adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, to implement the purposes of sections 20-311 to 20-311b, inclusive, 20-311d, 20- 311e, 20-312, 20-312b to 20-314b, inclusive, 20-316, 20-317, 20-319, 20-320 to 20- 324, inclusive, 20-325, 20-326, 20-327a to 20-329, inclusive, and 20-500 to 20-526, inclusive.
(b) Sections 20-311 to 20-311b, inclusive, 20-311d, 20-311e, 20-312, 20-312b to 20-314b, inclusive, 20-316, 20-317, 20-319, 20-320 to 20-324, inclusive, 20-325, 20- 326, 20-327a to 20-329, inclusive, and 20-500 to 20-526, inclusive, shall take effect on the effective date of regulations adopted pursuant to subsection (a) of this section.
(P.A. 93-354, S. 53, 54; P.A. 94-36, S. 41, 42; P.A. 98-10, S. 85.)
History: P.A. 94-36 clarified effective date of P.A. 93-354, which was codified as Subsec. (b), but made no substantive change, effective January 1, 1995; (Revisor's note: In 1997 references to Sec. 20-527 were changed editorially by the Revisors to Sec. 20-526 to reflect the repeal of Sec. 20-527 by P.A. 95-186); P.A. 98-10 made a technical change in Subsec. (a).

(Return to TOC) (Return to Chapters) (Return to Titles)

Secs. 20-529 to 20-539. Reserved for future use.


(Return to TOC) (Return to Chapters) (Return to Titles)