CHAPTER 391*
PROFESSIONAL ENGINEERS AND LAND SURVEYORS

*See Sec. 21a-9 for definition of "certificate", "license", and "registration".
Cited. 200 C. 145, 148.
Sec. 1-19 construed in conjunction with provisions of chapter so as not to defeat statutory objectives of board. 4 Conn. Cir. Ct. 511, 514, 515.

Table of Contents

Sec. 20-299. Definitions.
Sec. 20-300. Board of examiners. Powers and duties. Regulations.
Sec. 20-300a. Public Works Commissioner to perform fiscal duties of and provide clerical assistance to board.
Sec. 20-300b. Survey and Map Standards Advisory Committee. Membership. Regulations.
Sec. 20-301. Receipts and disbursements. Roster of registrants.
Sec. 20-302. Requirements for licensure.
Sec. 20-303. Reexaminations.
Sec. 20-304. Licenses and seals. Acceptance by the state and political subdivisions of the state of final drawings, specifications, plots, reports, papers, documents, etc., when sealed and submitted on behalf of an employer.
Sec. 20-304a. Automatic fire sprinkler system layout technician's license. Certification requirements. Exemption of professional engineers, plumbing journeyman, plumbing contractors and journeyman sprinkler fitters licensed under this chapter.
Sec. 20-305. Application and license fees.
Sec. 20-306. Expirations and renewals.
Sec. 20-306a. Practice of engineering or land surveying by a corporation or limited liability company.
Sec. 20-306b. Formation of corporation or limited liability company for joint practice.
Sec. 20-307. Appeals from board. Reissuance of license or certificate.
Sec. 20-307a. Investigation of violations. Hearing.
Sec. 20-308. Reciprocity.
Sec. 20-309. Exemptions.
Sec. 20-310. Penalty.


Sec. 20-299. Definitions. As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires:
(1) "Professional engineer" means a person who is qualified by reason of his knowledge of mathematics, the physical sciences and the principles of engineering, acquired by professional education and practical experience, to engage in engineering practice, including rendering or offering to render to clients any professional service such as consultation, investigation, evaluation, planning, design or responsible supervision of construction, in connection with any public or privately-owned structures, buildings, machines, equipment, processes, works or projects in which the public welfare or the safeguarding of life, public health or property is concerned or involved;
(2) "Land surveyor" means a person who is qualified by knowledge of mathematics, physical and applied sciences and the principles of land surveying, and who is licensed under this chapter to practice or offer to practice the profession of land surveying, including, but not limited to: (A) Measuring, evaluating or mapping elevations, topography, planimetric features or land areas of any portion of the earth's surface; (B) determining positions of points with respect to appropriate horizontal or vertical datums in order to establish control networks for topographic, planimetric or cadastral mapping; (C) measuring, evaluating, mapping, monumenting or otherwise marking on the ground, property boundary lines, interior lot lines of subdivisions, easements, rights-of-way or street lines; (D) measuring, evaluating, mapping or marking on the ground, the horizontal location of existing or proposed buildings, structures or other improvements with respect to property boundary lines, building, setback, zoning or restriction lines, existing or proposed interior lot lines, easements, rights-of-way or street lines; (E) measuring, evaluating, mapping or reporting the vertical location of existing or proposed buildings, structures or other improvements with respect to vertical reference surfaces, including base flood elevations; (F) measuring, evaluating, mapping or reporting the location of existing or proposed buildings, structures or other improvements or their surrounding topography with respect to flood insurance rate mapping or federal emergency management agency mapping; (G) measuring or mapping inland wetland boundaries delineated by a soil scientist; (H) creating or mapping surveys required for condominiums or planned communities meeting the requirements of section 47-228; (I) monumenting or otherwise marking on the ground, property subject to development rights, vertical unit boundaries, horizontal unit boundaries, leasehold real property or limited common elements described in section 47-228; (J) evaluating or designing the horizontal or vertical alignment of roads in conjunction with the layout and mapping of a subdivision; (K) measuring, evaluating or mapping areas under the earth's surface and the beds of bodies of water;
(3) "Automatic fire sprinkler system layout technician" means a person, licensed by the Department of Consumer Protection pursuant to this chapter, to design automatic fire sprinkler system layouts;
(4) "Automatic fire sprinkler system layout" means preparing and designing shop drawings to be used for the installation, alteration or modification of an automatic fire sprinkler system;
(5) "National Institute for Certification in Engineering Technologies" means a nationally recognized organization which determines the qualifications of automatic fire sprinkler system layout technicians through a series of standardized examinations; and
(6) "Board" means the State Board of Examiners for Professional Engineers and Land Surveyors appointed under the provisions of section 20-300.
(1957, P.A. 546; P.A. 82-472, S. 87, 183; P.A. 91-273, S. 1; P.A. 98-3, S. 9; P.A. 00-192, S. 53, 102.)
History: P.A. 82-472 subdivided the section; P.A. 91-273 added definitions of "automatic fire sprinkler system layout technician", "automatic fire sprinkler system layout" and "National Institute for Certification in Engineering Technologies"; P.A. 98-3 defined "board"; P.A. 00-192 amended Subdiv. (2) to redefine "land surveyor", effective July 1, 2000.
Cited. 200 C. 145, 147−150.
Subdiv. (1):
Cited. 200 C. 145, 148. Cited. 207 C. 496, 502.
Cited. 41 CA 67, 73.

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Sec. 20-300. Board of examiners. Powers and duties. Regulations. There shall be in the Department of Consumer Protection a State Board of Examiners for Professional Engineers and Land Surveyors, which shall consist of twelve persons appointed by the Governor, three of whom shall hold licenses as professional engineers, two of whom shall hold combined licenses as professional engineers and land surveyors, four of whom shall be public members and three of whom shall hold licenses as land surveyors. The members holding licenses as professional engineers, the members holding the combined licenses and the public members shall administer the provisions of this chapter as to licensure and issuance, reissuance, suspension or revocation of licenses concerning the practice of professional engineering. The members holding licenses as land surveyors, the members holding the combined licenses and the public members shall administer the provisions of this chapter as to licensure and issuance, reissuance, suspension or revocation of licenses concerning the practice of land surveying. The Governor may remove any member of the board for misconduct, incompetence or neglect of duty. The members of the board shall receive no compensation for their services but shall be reimbursed for necessary expenses incurred in the performance of their duties. The board shall keep a true and complete record of all its proceedings. The Commissioner of Consumer Protection, with advice and assistance from the board, shall adopt regulations in accordance with chapter 54 (1) concerning professional ethics and conduct appropriate to establish and maintain a high standard of integrity and dignity in the practice of the profession, and (2) for the conduct of the board's affairs and for the examination of applicants for a license.
(1949 Rev., S. 4621, 4631; February, 1965, P.A. 469; 1971, P.A. 849, S. 1; P.A. 77-614, S. 255, 610; P.A. 79-306; Nov. Sp. Sess. P.A. 81-11, S. 9, 19; P.A. 82-370, S. 4, 16; P.A. 88-20; P.A. 89-310, S. 2; P.A. 94-240, S. 8; P.A. 98-3, S. 10.)
History: 1965 act added provision for employment of investigator; 1971 act changed board membership from five professional engineers to four professional engineers, two land surveyors and one person certified as both engineer and land surveyor, apportioning board duties accordingly and amended appointment provisions accordingly; P.A. 77-614 placed board within consumer protection department, reduced engineer members to two, eliminated membership held by person with combined certificate and added three public members, deleted appointment provisions setting terms at five years and appointment date, deleted provision for election of board officers and reference to secretary as record keeper, etc. and deleted enumerated powers of board re regulations, employment of investigators, and hearings, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 79-306 increased board membership to twelve, adding one additional engineer, one additional public member, one additional surveyor and two persons holding combined certificates and deleting provision whereby person holding combined certificate is eligible for appointment as either an engineer or a surveyor; Nov. Sp. Sess. P.A. 81-11 removed language which implied the secretary was to receive compensation and added provision requiring that members be reimbursed for expenses incurred in performing their duties; P.A. 82-370 replaced the board of registration with a board of examiners, provided for licensure, thus eliminating references to registration and certificates and deleted provisions requiring members to have resided in state for at least ten years, to have practiced for at least ten years and to have been "in responsible charge of important engineering or land surveying work" and requiring at least two regular board meetings per year; P.A. 88-20 provided for the adoption of regulations and rules of conduct; P.A. 89-310 changed "make regulations" to "adopt regulations in accordance with chapter 54" and added proviso that nothing in this chapter or chapter 416 shall authorize board to adopt, approve, disapprove or interpret standards re accuracy, classification and certification of surveys and maps; P.A. 94-240 deleted the proviso that nothing in this chapter or chapter 416 shall authorize the board to adopt, approve, disapprove or interpret standards re accuracy, classification and certification of survey and maps; P.A. 98-3 made technical changes.
See title 2c re termination under "Sunset Law".
See Sec. 4-9a for definition of "public member".
See Secs. 4-16 and 4-40a re payment of compensation and expenses for members of licensing boards and commissions.
See Secs. 21a-6 to 21a-10, inclusive, re control, powers and duties of boards within Department of Consumer Protection.
Cited. 200 C. 145, 148.
Cited. 41 CA 827, 828.

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Sec. 20-300a. Public Works Commissioner to perform fiscal duties of and provide clerical assistance to board. Section 20-300a is repealed.
(1959, P.A. 88, S. 1; P.A. 77-614, S. 609, 610.)

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Sec. 20-300b. Survey and Map Standards Advisory Committee. Membership. Regulations. There shall be in the Department of Consumer Protection a Survey and Map Standards Advisory Committee, which shall consist of six persons appointed by the Commissioner of Consumer Protection, two of whom shall be members of the board who hold licenses as land surveyors and who primarily engage in the private practice of land surveying, one of whom shall be a licensed land surveyor actively engaged in the private practice of land surveying, two of whom shall be selected from a list of three licensed land surveyors submitted by the Connecticut Association of Land Surveyors, and the director of the legal division of the Department of Consumer Protection. The members of the committee shall serve at the commissioner's pleasure. The members shall not be compensated for their services. The committee shall make recommendations to the commissioner concerning minimum standards of accuracy, content and certifications for surveys and maps. In consultation with the committee, the commissioner shall adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, establishing such minimum standards of accuracy, content and certifications for surveys and maps.
(P.A. 94-240, S. 10; P.A. 98-3, S. 11.)
History: In 1995 the words "Professional Examiners for" were deleted editorially by the Revisors from the phrase "Board of Examiners for Professional Examiners for Professional Engineers and Land Surveyors" to correct board name; P.A. 98-3 made technical changes.

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Sec. 20-301. Receipts and disbursements. Roster of registrants. The Department of Consumer Protection shall receive and account for all moneys derived under the provisions of this chapter and shall pay the same to the State Treasurer. The board shall cause to be kept a register of all applications for registration with the action of the board thereon. A roster showing the names of all registrants shall be prepared each year. A copy of such roster shall be placed on file with the Secretary of the State and with the town clerk of each town.
(1949 Rev., S. 4622; September, 1957, P.A. 11, S. 13; March, 1958, P.A. 27, S. 55; 1959, P.A. 616, S. 72; P.A. 77- 614, S. 256, 610; P.A. 80-205, S. 3, 6; P.A. 82-317, S. 1, 8.)
History: 1959 act deleted provisions re "Professional Engineers' Fund", compensation of board's secretary, employment of clerical and other assistants and expenditures by board; eliminated requirements that board transmit statement of receipts and expenditures to governor and prepare roster and required that board cause to be kept rather than keep a register of all applicants; P.A. 77-614 deleted reference to board secretary as specific recipient of moneys and deleted provision requiring annual report of transactions to governor, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 80-205 deleted requirement that roster show places of business and that it be prepared in January and clarified that single copy is to be mailed to each registrant; P.A. 82-317 amended section to provide that department, not board, is to receive and account for funds.
See Sec. 4-32 re state revenue accounting system.

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Sec. 20-302. Requirements for licensure. No person shall practice or offer to practice the profession of engineering in any of its branches, including land surveying, or use any title or description tending to convey the impression that such person is a professional engineer or a land surveyor, unless such person has been licensed or is exempt under the provisions of this chapter. The following shall be considered as minimum evidence satisfactory to the board that the applicant is qualified for licensure as a professional engineer, engineer-in-training, land surveyor or surveyor-in-training, respectively:
(1) Professional engineer: Graduation from an approved course in engineering in a school or college approved by the board as of satisfactory standing, a specific record of an additional four years of active practice in engineering work, which shall be of a character satisfactory to the board, and the successful passing of a written or written and oral examination prescribed by the board, with the consent of the commissioner, the first part of which shall test the applicant's knowledge of fundamental engineering subjects, including mathematics and the physical sciences, and the second part of which shall test the applicant's ability to apply the principles of engineering to the actual practice of engineering. In lieu of graduation as specified in this subdivision, the board may accept, as an alternative, six years or more of experience in engineering work which shall be of a character satisfactory to the board and which shall indicate knowledge, skill and education approximating that attained through graduation from an approved course in engineering. The board may waive the written examination requirement in the case of an applicant who submits a specific record of twenty years or more of lawful practice in engineering work which shall be of a character satisfactory to the board and which shall indicate that the applicant is competent to be in responsible charge of such work, and may waive the first part of the written examination for an applicant who has completed an approved course in engineering and has at least eight years of engineering experience.
(2) Engineer-in-training: The board may license as an engineer-in-training a person who is a graduate of an approved course in engineering or who has had the alternative experience prescribed in subdivision (1) of this section and who has successfully passed the first part of the examination specified in said subdivision. Licensure as an engineer- in-training shall remain valid for a period of ten years from date of issuance of an applicant's first license toward meeting in part the requirements of subdivision (1) of this section.
(3) Land surveyor: Graduation from a school or college approved by the board as of satisfactory standing, including the completion of an approved course in surveying, a specific record of an additional three years of active practice in land surveying, which shall be of a character satisfactory to the board, and the successful passing of a written or written and oral examination, prescribed by the board with the consent of the commissioner, for the purpose of testing the applicant's knowledge of the fundamentals of land surveying and the procedures pertaining to land surveying. In lieu of graduation as specified in this subdivision, the board may accept, as an alternative, six years or more of experience in surveying work which shall be of a character satisfactory to the board and which shall indicate knowledge, skill and education approximating that attained through completion of an approved course in surveying. The board may waive the written examination requirement in the case of an applicant who submits a specific record of sixteen years or more of lawful practice in surveying work, at least ten of which shall have been in land surveying, of a character satisfactory to the board and which shall indicate that the applicant is competent to be in responsible charge of such work.
(4) Surveyor-in-training: The board may license as a surveyor-in-training a person who is a graduate of a school or college approved by the board or who is scheduled to graduate from such an institution within three months after applying for licensure, or who has had six years or more of experience in surveying work of a character satisfactory to the board and which indicates knowledge, skill and education approximating that attained through completion of an approved course in surveying, provided any such person has successfully passed part 1 of the national examination relating to fundamentals of land surveying. Licensure as a surveyor-in-training shall remain valid for a period of ten years from the date of issuance of an applicant's first license toward meeting in part the requirements of subdivision (3) of this section.
(1949 Rev., S. 4623; 1951, S. 2311d; February, 1965, P.A. 547, S. 1; 1969, P.A. 634, S. 1; 1971, P.A. 849, S. 2; P.A. 77-614, S. 257, 258, 610; P.A. 81-253, S. 1; 81-472, S. 153, 159; P.A. 82-370, S. 5, 16; P.A. 83-360, S. 1; P.A. 84-546, S. 60, 173; P.A. 87-271, S. 1; P.A. 98-3, S. 12.)
History: 1965 act raised waiver age and experience qualifications in Subsec. (a) from forty and fifteen years, respectively, and specified date of issuance as that of first certificate in Subsec. (b); 1969 act allowed waiver of first part of examination for applicants over forty who have completed approved engineering course and possess at least eight years of experience; 1971 act required three rather than two years' of active practice as general qualification in Subsec. (c) and amended waiver provisions to raise years of practice required from twelve to sixteen of which ten rather than eight years are in land surveying and to apply waiver specifically to persons fifty years old or more; P.A. 77-614 required commissioner's consent for professional engineer and land surveyor examinations, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 81-253 eliminated age requirement for waiver of examination in Subsec. (a); P.A. 81-472 made technical changes; P.A. 82-370 provided for licensure for professional engineers, engineers-in-training and land surveyors, thus eliminating references to registration and certification and allowed the board to waive the written examination requirement for land surveyor license applicants, regardless of their age, where previously waiver applied to those fifty or older; P.A. 83-360 amended section to establish surveyor- in-training license; P.A. 84-546 made technical change, restoring language inadvertently lost through mechanical error; P.A. 87-271 amended Subdiv. (4) by requiring an applicant to have six years or more of experience; P.A. 98-3 made technical changes.
Cited. 207 C. 496, 502.
Cited. 41 CA 827−831.

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Sec. 20-303. Reexaminations. Any applicant for a license under this chapter who fails an examination given under section 20-302 may apply for reexamination upon notification of failure and will be reexamined upon payment of an additional fee as provided in section 20-305.
(1949 Rev., S. 4624; P.A. 75-6; P.A. 82-317, S. 2, 8; P.A. 89-251, S. 118, 203; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-17, S. 33, 59; P.A. 94-240, S. 9; P.A. 98-3, S. 13.)
History: P.A. 75-6 allowed application for reexamination upon notification of failure rather than after six-month waiting period; P.A. 82-317 amended section to impose an additional application fee for reexamination; P.A. 89-251 established specified fees for reexamination; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-17 reduced the reexamination fee for a professional engineer or land surveyor from four hundred fifty dollars to one hundred fifty dollars and for an engineer-in-training or a surveyor- in-training from seventy-five dollars to thirty-five dollars; P.A. 94-240 deleted the provision which had specified the various fees charged for reexamination; P.A. 98-3 made technical changes.

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Sec. 20-304. Licenses and seals. Acceptance by the state and political subdivisions of the state of final drawings, specifications, plots, reports, papers, documents, etc., when sealed and submitted on behalf of an employer. The board shall authorize the Department of Consumer Protection to issue a license, upon payment of a fee as provided in section 20-305, to any applicant who, in the opinion of the board, has satisfactorily met all the requirements of this chapter. The issuance of a license by the department shall be evidence that the person named in such license is entitled to all the rights and privileges of a licensed professional engineer, or of a licensed land surveyor, while such license remains valid. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed as permitting a person licensed only as a land surveyor to practice any other branch of the profession of engineering nor as permitting a licensed professional engineer to practice land surveying unless such person is a holder of a valid combined license as professional engineer and land surveyor. The Commissioner of Consumer Protection, with the advice and assistance of the board, may adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, pertaining to the design and use of seals by licensees under this chapter. Each agency, department, board or commission of the state or political subdivision of the state shall accept, subject to review for conformance with all approved policies and standards, any final drawings, specifications, plots, reports, papers or documents relative to the practice of a licensed professional engineer or land surveyor when sealed and submitted on behalf of an employer by a licensed professional engineer or licensed land surveyor.
(1949 Rev., S. 4625; P.A. 77-614, S. 259, 610; P.A. 81-361, S. 12, 39; P.A. 82-370, S. 6, 16; P.A. 95-73; P.A. 98-3, S. 14.)
History: P.A. 77-614 transferred regulation authority from board to consumer protection commissioner, retaining board in advisory capacity, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 81-361 amended section to allow the department to issue certificates upon the authorization of the board on and after July 1, 1981; P.A. 82-370 provided that the department of consumer protection shall issue a license, instead of a certificate of registration, to applicants who have met the chapter's requirements, rewording provisions accordingly; P.A. 95-73 required the state and political subdivisions of the state to accept drawings, etc., sealed by licensed professional engineers and submitted on behalf of their employers; P.A. 98-3 made technical changes.

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Sec. 20-304a. Automatic fire sprinkler system layout technician's license. Certification requirements. Exemption of professional engineers, plumbing journeyman, plumbing contractors and journeyman sprinkler fitters licensed under this chapter. (a) The board may issue an automatic fire sprinkler system layout technician's license to any person who has received level III certification from the National Institute for Certification in Engineering Technologies in the field of fire protection engineering technology or a subfield of automatic sprinkler system layout. Any person who is a professional engineer licensed in accordance with the provisions of this chapter, a plumbing and piping journeyman licensed pursuant to chapter 393, a plumbing and piping contractor licensed pursuant to chapter 393 or a journeyman sprinkler fitter licensed pursuant to chapter 393 shall be exempt from such licensing requirement.
(b) The Commissioner of Consumer Protection shall adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, for the issuance of automatic fire sprinkler system layout technician's licenses and to prescribe the amount of the fees required pursuant to this section. Upon the adoption of such regulations, the fees required by this section shall be as prescribed in such regulation.
(P.A. 91-273, S. 2; P.A. 93-361, S. 11, 16, 17; P.A. 98-3, S. 15.)
History: P.A. 93-361 made existing section Subsec. (a) and added a new Subsec. (b) requiring commissioner to adopt regulations for automatic fire sprinkler system layout technician's licenses and exempted plumbing journeymen, plumbing contractors and journeymen sprinkler fitters from licensing requirements, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 98-3 made technical changes.

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Sec. 20-305. Application and license fees. Applications for licensure under this chapter shall be on forms prescribed and furnished by the Department of Consumer Protection. The nonrefundable application fee for a professional engineer license shall be forty dollars. The nonrefundable application fee for an engineer-in-training license shall be thirty-eight dollars, which shall accompany the application and which shall include the cost of the issuance of a license. The nonrefundable application fee for a land surveyor license shall be forty dollars. The nonrefundable application fee for a surveyor-in-training license shall be thirty-two dollars, which shall accompany the application and which shall include the cost of the issuance of a license. The initial license fee for a professional engineer license or a land surveyor license shall be one hundred ten dollars. The application fee for a combined license as professional engineer and land surveyor shall be forty dollars. The initial license fee for such combined license shall be one hundred ten dollars.
(1949 Rev., S. 4626; 1951, 1955, S. 2312d; 1959, P.A. 616, S. 73; February, 1965, P.A. 547, S. 2; June, 1971, P.A. 8, S. 88; 1972, P.A. 223, S. 19; P.A. 81-361, S. 13, 39; P.A. 82-317, S. 3, 8; 82-370, S. 7, 16; P.A. 83-360, S. 2; P.A. 89-251, S. 119, 203; P.A. 92-74, S. 4, 7; P.A. 98-3, S. 16.)
History: 1959 act doubled fee for professional engineer, increased fees for engineer-in-training and land surveyor five dollars and for combination twenty dollars and made all fees payable when application is made; 1965 act added transfer to lower class contingency in last sentence; 1971 act increased fees for professional engineer from fifty to one hundred fifty dollars, for engineer-in-training from fifteen to twenty-five dollars, for land surveyor from twenty-five to one hundred dollars and for combined certificate from fifty to one hundred fifty dollars; 1972 act reduced fees for professional engineer to fifty dollars, for land surveyor to twenty-five dollars and for combined certificate to fifty dollars, restoring fees obtaining before 1971 act for all categories except engineer-in-training; P.A. 81-361 provided that the registration fee for an engineer- in-training includes the cost of only the first examination taken and eliminated a provision allowing the application of that fee toward the fee for subsequent registration as a professional engineer and replaced board with department of consumer protection as authority dispensing applications; P.A. 82-317 amended section to increase application and registration fee for land surveyors from twenty-five to fifty dollars and to eliminate partial refund upon transfer of application to a class requiring a lower fee; P.A. 82-370 replaced references to registration with references to licensure; P.A. 83-360 established application fee of twenty-five dollars for surveyor-in-training license; P.A. 89-251 increased the fee for professional engineer from fifty dollars to one hundred fifty dollars, increased the fee for engineers-in-training from twenty-five dollars to thirty-eight dollars, increased the fee for land surveyors from fifty dollars to one hundred fifty dollars, increased the fee for surveyors-in-training from twenty-five dollars to thirty-two dollars and increased the combined licensed fee from fifty dollars to one hundred fifty dollars; P.A. 92-74 rephrased section to delete references to first examinations of engineers- in-training and surveyors-in-training, to separate fees for professional engineers and surveyors and those desiring combined licenses into discrete fees for application and license and to specify that application fee is nonrefundable, deleting prior provision which stated that fee deposited with application, i.e. combined application and license fee, would be nonreturnable after formal action taken by board on the application; P.A. 98-3 made technical changes.

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Sec. 20-306. Expirations and renewals. (a) (1) The Department of Consumer Protection shall notify by mail each person licensed under this chapter of the date of the expiration of such license and the amount of the fee required for its renewal for one year. Such license renewals shall be accompanied by the payment of the professional services fee for class G, as defined in section 33-182l, in the case of a professional engineer license, a professional engineer and land surveyor combined license, or a land surveyor license. The license shall be considered lapsed if not renewed within thirty days following the normal expiration date.
(2) Annual renewal of an engineer-in-training license or a surveyor-in-training license shall not be required. Any such license shall remain valid for a period of ten years from the date of its original issuance and, during this time, it shall meet in part the requirements for licensure as a professional engineer or land surveyor. It shall not be the duty of the department to notify the holder of an engineer-in-training license or a surveyor-in-training license of the date of expiration of such license other than to publish it annually in the roster.
(3) Renewal of any license under this chapter or payment of renewal fees shall not be required of any licensee serving in the armed forces of the United States until the next renewal period immediately following the termination of such service or the renewal period following the fifth year after such licensee's entry into such service, whichever occurs first. The status of such licensees shall be indicated in the annual roster of professional engineers and land surveyors.
(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section concerning fees, any person who is licensed under the provisions of this chapter, who is age sixty-five or over and who is no longer actively engaged in the practice of engineering or any of its branches, or land surveying, may renew such license annually upon payment of the professional services fee for class A, as defined in section 33-182l.
(1949 Rev., S. 4627; 1951, 1955, S. 2313d; 1959, P.A. 616, S. 74; February, 1965, P.A. 547, S. 3; June, 1971, P.A. 8, S. 89; 1972, P.A. 223, S. 20; P.A. 82-317, S. 4, 8; 82-370, S. 8, 16; P.A. 83-360, S. 3; 83-574, S. 16, 20; 83-587, S. 72, 96; P.A. 89-251, S. 120, 203; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-16, S. 53, 89; P.A. 94-36, S. 11, 42; P.A. 98-3, S. 17.)
History: 1959 act doubled fee for renewal; 1965 act stated that no renewal fee to be charged for following year when registrations approved after November first in any year; 1971 act raised single five dollar renewal fee to one hundred fifty dollars for engineers or holders of combined certificate and to seventy-five dollars for land surveyors; 1972 act changed expiration date from last day of December to last day of January, allowed renewals during January as well as during December and reduced fee for engineers or holders of combined certificate to thirty-five dollars and for surveyors to ten dollars; P.A. 82-317 amended section to require department, not board, to notify registrants of date of expiration of certificates, to increase renewal fees to seventy-five dollars, replacing thirty-five dollar fee for professional engineers' or combined certificate and ten-dollar fee for land surveyors, to establish fees for renewal of lapsed registration and to provide that engineer-in-training certificates are to remain valid for ten years; P.A. 82-370 replaced references to registration with references to licensure; P.A. 83-360 amended section to include references to surveyor-in-training license; P.A. 83-574 added Subsec. (b) establishing inactive license for persons age sixty-five or over; P.A. 83-587 substituted licensure references for registration references; P.A. 89-251 increased the fee for professional engineers and combined licensees from seventy-five dollars to two hundred twenty-five dollars, increased the fee for land surveyors from seventy-five dollars to two hundred twenty-five dollars and increased the fee for a retiree's license from ten dollars to thirty dollars; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-16 amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) to replace specified dollar amount renewal fees with fees for professional service fee classes G and A, respectively, established pursuant to Sec. 33-182l; P.A. 94-36 amended Subsec. (a) to eliminate references to specific license expiration dates, effective January 1, 1995; P.A. 98-3 made technical changes.
See Sec. 21a-10(b) re staggered schedule for license renewals.

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Sec. 20-306a. Practice of engineering or land surveying by a corporation or limited liability company. (a) The practice of or the offer to practice professional engineering in this state by individual licensed professional engineers or the practice of or the offer to practice land surveying in this state by individual licensed land surveyors under the corporate form or by a corporation or limited liability company, a material part of the business of which includes engineering or land surveying, is permitted, provided (1) such personnel of such corporation or limited liability company as act in its behalf as engineers or land surveyors are licensed or exempt from licensure under the provisions of this chapter, and (2) such corporation or limited liability company has been issued a certificate of registration by the board as provided in this section. No such corporation or limited liability company shall be relieved of responsibility for the conduct or acts of its agents, employees or officers by reason of its compliance with the provisions of this section, nor shall any individual practicing engineering or land surveying be relieved of responsibility for engineering or land surveying services performed by reason of his employment or relationship with such corporation or limited liability company. All final drawings, specifications, plots, reports or other engineering or land surveying papers or documents involving the practice of engineering or land surveying which are prepared or approved by any such corporation or limited liability company or engineer or land surveyor for use of or for delivery to any person or for public record within this state shall be dated and bear the signature and seal of the engineer or land surveyor who prepared them or under whose supervision they were prepared.
(b) A qualifying corporation or limited liability company desiring a certificate of registration shall file with the board an application upon a form prescribed by the Department of Consumer Protection accompanied by an application fee of four hundred fifty dollars. Each such certificate shall expire annually and shall be renewable upon payment of a fee of three hundred dollars. If all requirements of this chapter are met, the board shall authorize the department to issue to such corporation or limited liability company a certificate of registration within thirty days of such application, provided the board may refuse to authorize the issuance of a certificate if any facts exist which would entitle the board to suspend or revoke an existing certificate.
(c) Each such corporation or limited liability company shall file with the board a designation of an individual or individuals licensed to practice engineering or land surveying in this state who shall be in charge of engineering or land surveying by such corporation or limited liability company in this state. Such corporation or limited liability company shall notify the board of any change in such designation within thirty days after such change becomes effective.
(1967, P.A. 762, S. 1−3; June, 1971, P.A. 8, S. 90; 1972, P.A. 223, S. 21; P.A. 81-361, S. 14, 39; P.A. 82-370, S. 9, 16; P.A. 87-271, S. 2; P.A. 89-251, S. 121, 203; P.A. 96-259, S. 4; P.A. 98-3, S. 18; 98-137, S. 26, 62; 98-219, S. 33, 34.)
History: 1971 act doubled renewal fee in Subsec. (b); 1972 act made technical correction, adding "of" before "one hundred dollars"; P.A. 81-361 amended section to provide that application form is to be prescribed by the department instead of the board and certificates are to be issued by the department upon the authorization of the board; P.A. 82-370 replaced references to registration with references to licensure and provided that the corporation possess a certificate of registration, eliminating references to the certificate of authorization; P.A. 87-271 extended the provisions of the section to the practice of land surveying; P.A. 89-251 increased the application fee from one hundred fifty dollars to four hundred fifty dollars and increased the renewal fee from one hundred dollars to three hundred dollars; P.A. 96-259 amended Subsec. (b) to conform language re annual expiration; P.A. 98-3 made technical changes; P.A. 98-137 authorized the practice of professional engineering or land surveying by a limited liability company, effective July 1, 1998; P.A. 98-219 revised effective date of P.A. 98-137, but without affecting this section.
Cited. 200 C. 145, 146, 148.

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Sec. 20-306b. Formation of corporation or limited liability company for joint practice. (a) One or more architects, each of whom is licensed under the provisions of chapter 390, one or more professional engineers or one or more land surveyors each of whom is licensed under the provisions of this chapter, may form a corporation or limited liability company for the joint practice of architecture, professional engineering and land surveying services, or for the joint practice of architecture and professional engineering services, or for the joint practice of architecture and land surveying services, or for the joint practice of professional engineering and land surveying services, provided (1) persons licensed as architects, engineers or land surveyors under chapter 390 or this chapter together own not less than two-thirds of the voting stock of the corporation or not less than two-thirds of the voting interests of the limited liability company, and the members of each profession forming the corporation or limited liability company together own at least twenty per cent of the voting stock of the corporation or at least twenty per cent of the voting interests of the limited liability company, (2) the personnel in responsible charge of the practice of architecture for such corporation or limited liability company shall be licensed under chapter 390 and the personnel in responsible charge of the practice of engineering or land surveying for such corporation or limited liability company shall be licensed under this chapter, and (3) such corporation or limited liability company has been issued a joint certificate of registration by the Department of Consumer Protection at the direction of the Architectural Licensing Board and the appropriate members of the State Board of Examiners for Professional Engineers and Land Surveyors designated to administer the provisions of this chapter with respect to professional engineers or land surveyors. Such corporation or limited liability company shall, upon request by the Architectural Licensing Board or the State Board of Examiners for Professional Engineers and Land Surveyors, provide the requesting board with information concerning its officers, directors, members, beneficial owners and all other aspects of its business organization. Corporations for such joint practice in existence as of July 1, 1992, may continue to be governed by the provisions of this subsection as revised to 1989, provided the certificate issued under this section did not expire more than two years before that date.
(b) Application by such corporation or limited liability company for a certificate of registration under this section shall be made to both boards jointly on a form prescribed by the department and accompanied by an application fee of four hundred fifty dollars. Each such certificate shall expire annually and shall be renewable upon payment of a fee of three hundred dollars, if all requirements of chapter 390 and this chapter with respect to corporate or limited liability company practice are met. The boards by joint action may refuse to authorize the issuance or renewal of a certificate if any facts exist which would entitle the boards to suspend or revoke an existing certificate.
(c) Any corporation or limited liability company issued a certificate under this section shall be required to comply with all provisions of chapter 390 and this chapter with respect to corporate or limited liability company practice.
(d) No such corporation or limited liability company shall be relieved of responsibility for the conduct or acts of its agents, employees, members or officers by reason of its compliance with the provisions of this section, nor shall any individual practicing architecture, engineering or land surveying be relieved of responsibility for services performed by reason of his employment or relationship with such corporation or limited liability company.
(e) All fees collected under this section shall be paid to the State Treasurer for deposit in the General Fund.
(f) The Commissioner of Consumer Protection, with the advice and assistance of the Architectural Licensing Board and the appropriate members of the State Board of Examiners for Professional Engineers and Land Surveyors designated to administer the provisions of this chapter with respect to professional engineers or land surveyors, shall adopt regulations, in accordance with chapter 54, to carry out the provisions of this section.
(P.A. 73-470, S. 1; P.A. 77-614, S. 260, 261, 610; P.A. 81-361, S. 15, 39; P.A. 82-317, S. 5, 8; 82-370, S. 10, 16; P.A. 83-574, S. 17, 20; 83-587, S. 36, 37, 96; P.A. 87-271, S. 3; P.A. 89-251, S. 122, 203; P.A. 92-74, S. 1, 7; P.A. 94-36, S. 12, 42; P.A. 98-3, S. 19; 98-137, S. 27, 62; 98-219, S. 33, 34.)
History: P.A. 77-614 required that fees be paid to treasurer for deposit in general fund rather than that they be "shared equally by the boards" in Subsec. (e) and transferred regulatory power from boards to consumer protection commissioner in Subsec. (f), retaining boards in advisory capacity, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 81-361 amended section to provide that application forms are to be prescribed by the department instead of the board and that issuance or renewal of certificates is to be done by the department upon the authorization of the board; P.A. 82-317 amended Subsec. (b) to increase renewal fee from fifty to two hundred dollars; P.A. 82-370 referred to certificate of registration rather than certificate of authorization issued by consumer protection department, changed board's name from architectural registration board to architectural examiner's board, replaced references to registration with references to licensure and provided that regulations be adopted in accordance with chapter 54, eliminating the reference to sections 4-166 to 4-174; P.A. 83-574 required that at least two- thirds of voting stock of corporation for joint practice be owned by persons licensed to practice engineering or architecture with at least one-third of such stock owned by licensed architects and that corporations furnish information concerning officers, directors, etc. upon request by licensing boards; P.A. 83-587 substituted architectural licensing board for architectural examiners board in Subsecs. (a) and (f); P.A. 87-271 extended the provisions of this section to practice which includes the practice of land surveying; P.A. 89-251 increased initial application fee from one hundred fifty dollars to four hundred fifty dollars and increased the renewal fee from two hundred dollars to three hundred dollars; P.A. 92-74 amended Subsec. (a) to replace reference to "registered" architects with reference to "licensed" architects, to replace requirement re joint practice that persons licensed as architects under chapter 390 could not own less than one-third of the voting stock of any joint corporation with language providing that members of each profession forming a joint corporation together own at least twenty per cent of the voting stock of the corporation, and to add language providing that corporations for joint practice in existence as of July 1, 1992, would continue to be governed by the provisions of Subsec. (a), as revised to 1989, provided the certificate issued under this section did not expire more than two years before July 1, 1992; P.A. 94-36 amended Subsec. (b) by replacing the certificate expiration date of "one year from the date of its issuance" with "annually", effective January 1, 1995; P.A. 98-3 made technical changes; P.A. 98-137 authorized the formation of a limited liability company for the joint practice of the specified professional services and made conforming changes throughout section, effective July 1, 1998; P.A. 98-219 revised effective date of P.A. 98-137, but without affecting this section.
See Sec. 21a-10(b) re staggered schedule for certificate renewals.
See Secs. 33-182a et seq. re professional service corporations.
Cited. 4 CA 393, 395.
Subsec. (b):
Requires that at least one architect and one engineer form a corporation. 4 CA 393, 395−397.

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Sec. 20-307. Appeals from board. Reissuance of license or certificate. Appeals from the decisions of the board concerning the issuance or the suspension or revocation of any license or certificate of registration under the provisions of this chapter may be taken as provided in section 4-183, except such appeal shall be made returnable to the judicial district of New Britain. The board, for reasons it deems sufficient, may authorize the Department of Consumer Protection to reissue a license or certificate of registration to any person whose license or certificate has been revoked or suspended. A new license or certificate of registration to replace any license or certificate revoked, suspended, lost, destroyed or mutilated may be issued, subject to the regulations adopted under this chapter, and a charge of twenty-five dollars shall be made for such issuance.
(1949 Rev., S. 4629; 1961, P.A. 282; 1967, P.A. 762, S. 5; 1971, P.A. 870, S. 68; P.A. 76-436, S. 434, 681; P.A. 77- 603, S. 81, 125; 77-614, S. 262, 610; P.A. 78-280, S. 52, 53, 127; P.A. 81-361, S. 16, 39; P.A. 82-317, S. 6, 8; 82-370, S. 11, 16; P.A. 88-230, S. 1, 12; P.A. 89-251, S. 123, 203; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; P.A. 95-220, S. 4−6; P.A. 99-215, S. 24, 29.)
History: 1961 act added provisions for suspension of certificate and for censure and provided that violation of chapter or regulations be grounds for suspension, revocation or censure; 1967 act extended coverage of section to certificates of authorization; 1971 act replaced superior court with court of common pleas, effective September 1, 1971, except that courts with cases pending retain jurisdiction unless pending matters deemed transferable; P.A. 76-436 replaced court of common pleas with superior court, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 77-603 stated that appeals shall be made in accordance with Sec. 4- 183, retaining venue in Hartford county; P.A. 77-614 replaced requirement for thirty days' notice of hearing with statement that notice and hearing conform to regulations of consumer protection commissioner and referred elsewhere to regulations adopted under chapter rather than to regulations of the board and deleted venue provision, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-280 provided that appeals be returnable to judicial district of Hartford-New Britain; P.A. 81-361 amended section to allow the department to reissue certificates upon the authorization of the board on and after July 1, 1981; P.A. 82-317 increased fee for replacement of certificate from two to twenty dollars; P.A. 82-370 eliminated the provision concerning the board's power to suspend or revoke a certificate of registration or to censure any certificate holder and added references to licensure; P.A. 88-230 replaced "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain at Hartford" with "judicial district of Hartford", effective September 1, 1991; P.A. 89-251 increased the replacement fee from twenty dollars to twenty-five dollars; P.A. 90-98 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1991, to September 1, 1993; P.A. 93-142 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1993, to September 1, 1996, effective June 14, 1993; P.A. 95-220 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1996, to September 1, 1998, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 99-215 replaced "judicial district of Hartford" with "judicial district of New Britain", effective June 29, 1999.

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Sec. 20-307a. Investigation of violations. Hearing. The Department of Consumer Protection may, upon request of the board or on its own motion, inquire into the existence of violations of the provisions of this chapter. If, after notice and opportunity for hearing as provided in the regulations adopted by the Commissioner of Consumer Protection, the board determines that a violation of any provision of this chapter or any regulation adopted under this chapter exists, the board may issue an appropriate order to the person or persons found to be so violating such provision or regulation, providing for the immediate discontinuance of such violation.
(1969, P.A. 418; P.A. 77-614, S. 263, 610; P.A. 98-3, S. 20.)
History: P.A. 77-614 transferred inquiry power from board to consumer protection department, replaced notice and hearing provisions with statement that notice and hearing conform to regulations of consumer protection commissioner, included reference to violations of regulations and deleted provisions re petitions to court for enforcement of orders, injunctions or restraining orders, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 98-3 made technical changes.
Cited. 200 C. 145, 147.

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Sec. 20-308. Reciprocity. (a) The board may, upon application and the payment of a fee of one hundred fifty dollars to the Department of Consumer Protection, authorize the department to issue a license as a professional engineer, or a combined license as a professional engineer and land surveyor or, upon application and the payment of a fee of one hundred fifty dollars, to issue a license as a land surveyor to any person who holds a certificate of qualification, licensure or registration issued to such person by the proper authority of any state, territory or possession of the United States, or any country, or the National Bureau of Engineering Registration, provided the requirements for the licensure or registration of professional engineers or land surveyors under which such license, certificate of qualification or registration was issued shall not conflict with the provisions of this chapter and shall be of a standard not lower than that specified in section 20-302. Upon request of any such applicant the board may, if it determines that the application is in apparent good order, authorize the department to grant to such applicant permission in writing to practice engineering or land surveying or both for a specified period of time while such application is pending. The board may waive the first part of the examination specified in subdivision (1) of section 20-302 in the case of an applicant for licensure as a professional engineer who holds a certificate as an engineer-in-training issued to him by the proper authority of any state, territory or possession of the United States, provided the requirements under which the certificate was issued do not conflict with the provisions of this chapter and are of a standard at least equal to that specified in said subdivision (1). The board may waive that part of the examination specified in subdivision (3) of section 20-302 relating to the fundamentals of land surveying, in the case of an applicant for licensure as a land surveyor who holds a certificate as a surveyor-in-training issued to him by the proper authority of any state, territory or possession of the United States, provided the requirements under which the certificate was issued do not conflict with the provisions of this chapter and are of a standard at least equal to that specified in said subdivision (3).
(b) The board may, upon application and the payment of a fee to be fixed by the board, authorize the Department of Consumer Protection to issue a license as an engineer-in-training to any person who holds a certificate of qualification as engineer-in- training or surveyor-in-training issued to him by the proper authority of any state or territory or possession of the United States, or any country, provided the requirements for certification under which such certificate of qualification was issued do not conflict with the provisions of this chapter and are of a standard at least equal to that specified in section 20-302.
(1949 Rev., S. 4630; 1951, 1955, S. 2315d; 1959, P.A. 616, S. 75; 1961, P.A. 568, S. 1; February, 1965, P.A. 547, S. 4; June, 1971, P.A. 8, S. 91; 1972, P.A. 223, S. 22; P.A. 81-361, S. 17, 39; P.A. 82-317, S. 7, 8; 82-370, S. 12, 16; P.A. 83-360, S. 4; P.A. 89-251, S. 124, 203; P.A. 98-3, S. 21.)
History: 1959 act increased fee from twenty to fifty dollars; 1961 act added provision re practice while application is pending and provision for issuance of engineer-in-training certificates; 1965 act deleted residency requirement for waiver eligibility; 1971 act increased application fee for engineers and those desiring combined certificate from fifty to one hundred fifty dollars and for land surveyors from fifty to one hundred dollars; 1972 act reduced fee for engineer or combined certificate to fifty dollars and for land surveyor to twenty-five dollars; P.A. 81-361 amended section to provide for payment of fees to the department instead of the board and for issuance of certificates by the department upon the authorization of the board on and after July 1, 1981; P.A. 82-317 increased fee for land surveyor's certificate from twenty-five to fifty dollars; P.A. 82-370 substituted references to licensure for references to certificates of registration where necessary; P.A. 83-360 amended section to provide for waiver of part of surveyor-in-training examination requirement for applicants holding a certificate issued by another jurisdiction; P.A. 89-251 increased the fees from fifty dollars to one hundred fifty dollars; P.A. 98-3 divided section into Subsecs. and made technical changes.

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Sec. 20-309. Exemptions. The following persons shall be exempt from the provisions of this chapter: (1) An employee or a subordinate of a person holding a license under this chapter, provided the work of such employee shall be under the responsible supervision of a person so licensed; (2) any corporation whose operations are under the jurisdiction of the Department of Public Utility Control and the officers and employees of any such corporation or any contracting corporation affiliated with any such corporation; (3) any manufacturing or scientific research and development corporation and the officers and employees of any such corporation while engaged in the performance of their employment by such corporation, provided the engineering work performed by such corporation, officers and employees shall be incidental to the research and development or manufacturing activities of such corporation; (4) officers and employees of the government of the United States while engaged within this state in the practice of the profession of engineering or land surveying for said government; and (5) architects licensed under chapter 390, in the performance of work incidental to their profession.
(1949 Rev., S. 4628, 4631; 1951, 1953, S. 2314d; 1961, P.A. 568, S. 2; February, 1965, P.A. 547, S. 5; 1967, P.A. 762, S. 4; 1971, P.A. 772, S. 1; P.A. 75-486, S. 51, 69; P.A. 77-614, S. 162, 610; P.A. 80-482, S. 175, 348; P.A. 82-370, S. 13, 16; P.A. 98-3, S. 22.)
History: 1961 act eliminated exemptions for employees of nonresidents working in this state for short periods of time and employees of newly arrived applicants; 1965 act deleted such nonresidents and newly arrived applicants from purview of section; 1967 act amended Subdiv. (b) to exempt corporations under jurisdiction of public utilities commission and their agents, contractors, and professional consultants, manufacturing corporations and their agents and scientific research and development corporations and their officers, agents and employees; 1971 act rearranged and increased Subdivs., rephrased proviso in Subdiv. (a) to require that employee of certificate holder be under responsible supervision rather than that he not have responsible charge of design or supervision, deleted reference to agents, contractors and professional consultants in Subdiv. (b) and added reference to contracting corporations, deleted reference to agents in Subdiv. (c) and added proviso in Subdiv. (c); P.A. 75-486 replaced public utilities commission with public utilities control authority in Subdiv. (b); P.A. 77-614 replaced public utilities control authority with division of public utility control within the department of business regulation, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 80-482 made division of public utility control an independent department and removed reference to abolished department of business regulation; P.A. 82-370 replaced references to registration with references to licensure; P.A. 98-3 made technical changes.

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Sec. 20-310. Penalty. Any person who knowingly or wilfully violates any provision of this chapter shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars or be imprisoned not more than three months or both.
(1949 Rev., S. 4631.)

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