CHAPTER 379*
DENTISTRY

*See Secs. 20-14c to 20-14g, inclusive, re dispensing and labeling of drugs by licensed practitioners.
Cited. 113 C. 564; 133 C. 64. Chapters 369 to 381, inclusive, cited. 207 C. 674, 677. Cited. 242 C. 1.

Table of Contents

Sec. 20-103. Dental commissioners.
Sec. 20-103a. State Dental Commission.
Secs. 20-104 and 20-105. Qualifications and duties; regulations. Compensation; counsel.
Sec. 20-106. License.
Sec. 20-106a. Designation of limited practice.
Sec. 20-107. Application for license.
Sec. 20-108. Examination of applicants.
Sec. 20-109. Fee for examination.
Sec. 20-110. Licenses to out-of-state applicants.
Secs. 20-111 to 20-111c and 20-112. Dental hygienists; definitions; scope of practice; continuing education. Application for license; requirements; fee. Examination of applicants. Licensure without examination; fee. Unlicensed registered assistants.
Sec. 20-112a. Dental assistants.
Sec. 20-113. Display of license.
Sec. 20-113a. Renewal of licenses.
Sec. 20-114. Disciplinary action by Dental Commission concerning dentists and dental hygienists.
Secs. 20-115 to 20-117. Complaints against dentists or dental hygienists. Grievance committee. Restoration of licenses.
Sec. 20-118. Dentist removing from state.
Sec. 20-119. Employer to file list of dentists and hygienists with commission.
Sec. 20-120. Practice of dentistry in clinics, schools of dentistry and state institutions.
Sec. 20-121. Operation of dental offices.
Sec. 20-122. Ownership and operation of offices by unlicensed persons or by corporations.
Sec. 20-122a. Work authorization for unlicensed person.
Sec. 20-122b. Subwork authorization. Failure of dentist to provide written authorization.
Sec. 20-122c. Inspection of authorization files by Department of Public Health.
Sec. 20-123. Practice of dentistry defined. Exceptions.
Sec. 20-123a. Anesthesia and sedation: Definitions.
Sec. 20-123b. Permit for use of anesthesia required. Regulations.
Sec. 20-124. False representations.
Sec. 20-124a. Dental referral services: Disclosure of acceptance of fee for referral required.
Sec. 20-125. Appeal.
Sec. 20-126. Penalties.
Sec. 20-126a. Payment for dental care of patients in chronic and convalescent hospitals and convalescent homes.
Sec. 20-126b. (Formerly Sec. 20-126v). Permit for advanced dental education.
Secs. 20-126c to 20-126g.


Sec. 20-103. Dental commissioners. Section 20-103 is repealed.
(1949 Rev., S. 4439; P.A. 77-169, S. 1, 3; 77-614, S. 395, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 119, 136.)
See Sec. 20-103a.

Sec. 20-103a. State Dental Commission. (a) The State Dental Commission shall consist of nine members appointed by the Governor, subject to the provisions of section 4-9a, six of whom shall be practitioners in dentistry residing in this state who are in good standing in their profession and three of whom shall be public members. No member of said commission shall be an elected or appointed officer of a professional association of members of his profession or have been such an officer for the year immediately preceding his appointment. The Commissioner of Public Health, with advice and assistance from the Dental Commission, may issue regulations to implement the provisions of this chapter, and to insure proper dental care and the protection of public health, considering the convenience and welfare of the patient, methods recommended by the canon of ethics of the Connecticut State Dental Association and the American Dental Association and accepted health standards as promulgated by local health ordinances and state statutes and regulations.
(b) The Governor shall appoint a chairperson from among such members. Said commission shall meet at least once during each calendar quarter and at such other times as the chairman deems necessary. Special meetings shall be held on the request of a majority of the commission after notice in accordance with the provisions of section 1- 225. A majority of the members of the commission shall constitute a quorum. Members shall not be compensated for their services. Any member who fails to attend three consecutive meetings or who fails to attend fifty per cent of all meetings held during any calendar year shall be deemed to have resigned from office. Minutes of all meetings shall be recorded by the commission. No member shall participate in the affairs of the commission during the pendency of any disciplinary proceedings by the commission against such member. No member shall serve for more than two full consecutive terms commencing after July 1, 1980. Said commission shall (1) hear and decide matters concerning suspension or revocation of licensure, (2) adjudicate complaints filed against practitioners and (3) impose sanctions where appropriate.
(P.A. 78-303, S. 87, 136; P.A. 80-484, S. 38, 174, 176; P.A. 81-471, S. 27, 71; P.A. 85-398; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91- 12, S. 21, 55; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 94-149, S. 16; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 98-143, S. 9, 24.)
History: P.A. 80-484 made appointments subject to Sec. 4-9a, deleted requirement that dentist and dental hygienist members have practiced in state for ten and five years, respectively, deleted provision requiring July meeting and allowing commission to regulate announcements, signs, directory listings, etc. and added prohibition against members holding office in professional association within one year of their appointment in Subsec. (a) and replaced provisions of Subsec. (b) re appointments from lists of nominees submitted by professional associations and re filling vacancies with provisions re meetings, expense reimbursement, members' attendance and duties; P.A. 81-471 changed "elected official" in Subsec. (a) to "elected or appointed officer" as of July 1, 1981; P.A. 85-398 amended Subsec. (a) to increase the number of dental hygienists on the dental commission from one to two and public members from three to four; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-12 in Subsec. (b) eliminated expense reimbursement for board members; P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 94-149 amended Subsec. (a) to reduce number of commission members from eleven to nine, to increase the number of dentists from five to six and to decrease the number of public members from four to three; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 98-143 added quorum provision in Subsec. (b), effective July 1, 1998.
See Sec. 1-24 re persons empowered to administer oaths.
See title 2c re termination under "Sunset Law".
See Sec. 4-9a for definition of "public member".
See Sec. 4-10 re appointment of boards and commission members from lists provided to Governor.
See Secs. 19a-8 to 19a-12, inclusive, re powers and duties of boards and commissions within Public Health Department.

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Secs. 20-104 and 20-105. Qualifications and duties; regulations. Compensation; counsel. Sections 20-104 and 20-105 are repealed.
(1949 Rev., S. 4440, 4441; 1953, S. 2229d; 1957, P.A. 253, S. 1; September, 1957, P.A. 11, S. 13; 1959, P.A. 91; 616, S. 30, 31, 78; February, 1965, P.A. 160; 1967, P.A. 766; P.A. 77-169, S. 2, 3; 77-614, S. 396, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 119, 136.)
See Secs. 4-40a, 20-103a.

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Sec. 20-106. License. No person shall engage in the practice of dentistry or dental medicine unless such person has first obtained a license from the Department of Public Health.
(1949 Rev., S. 4446; 1959, P.A. 616, S. 32; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 80-484, S. 149, 176; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)
History: 1959 act required registration with state department of health; P.A. 77-614 replaced department of health with department of health services, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 80-484 required that license be obtained from department rather than commissioners and deleted reference to registration with department; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.
Prohibition against practicing without license penal in its nature; "practicing" construed. 83 C. 300; 109 C. 74. See note to section 20-123. Hospital which employed unlicensed dental assistant in violation of statute found guilty of corporate negligence; 133 C. 64; however, principles governing malpractice are determinative. Id., 65. Cited. 141 C. 288; 149 C. 262.

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Sec. 20-106a. Designation of limited practice. No licensed and registered dentist shall designate in any manner that he has limited his practice to one of the specialty areas of dentistry expressly approved by the American Dental Association unless such dentist has completed two years of advanced or postgraduate education in the area of such specialty and has notified the Dental Commission of such limitation of practice. Nothing contained herein shall prohibit any licensed and registered dentist who has limited his practice prior to May 8, 1975, from continuing to designate such limitation.
(P.A. 75-75, S. 1, 3.)

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Sec. 20-107. Application for license. Each application for such license shall be in writing and signed by the applicant and no license shall be issued to any person unless he presents a diploma or other certificate of graduation from some reputable dental college or from a department of dentistry of a medical college conferring a dental degree, or unless he is practicing as a legally qualified dentist in another state having requirements for admission determined by the department to be similar to or higher than the requirements of this state. The Dental Commission is authorized with the consent of the Commissioner of Public Health to determine the colleges which shall be considered reputable dental or medical colleges for the purposes of this chapter. The commission shall consult where possible with nationally recognized accrediting agencies when making such determinations. Each applicant for such license shall also present a certificate from the State Board of Education that he has completed a four-year course at an approved high school, or has an equivalent academic education, but this requirement shall not apply to an applicant who is practicing as a legally qualified dentist in another state as above provided.
(1949 Rev., S. 4447; 1963, P.A. 642, S. 22; P.A. 79-70, S. 1; P.A. 80-484, S. 39, 176; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95- 257, S. 12, 21, 58.)
History: 1963 act deleted provision for application by a registered unlicensed assistant dentist; P.A. 79-70 required three years' practice in another state rather than five years' practice; P.A. 80-484 replaced three years' practice requirement with requirement that applicant be currently practicing, established health services department rather than dental commission as authority for weighing equivalency of other states' requirements, required consent of health services commissioner for approval of colleges and required that commission consult with recognized accrediting agencies in determining acceptable colleges; P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

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Sec. 20-108. Examination of applicants. Except as provided in section 20-110, each applicant for a license to practice dental medicine or dental surgery shall be examined by the Department of Public Health, under the supervision of the Dental Commission as to his professional knowledge and skill before such license is granted. Such examination shall be conducted in the English language. The Dental Commission may, with the consent of the Commissioner of Public Health, accept and approve, in lieu of the written examination herein required, the results of an examination given by the Joint Commission on National Dental Examinations, subject to such conditions as the commission may prescribe, and the Dental Commission with the consent of the Commissioner of Public Health, may accept and approve, in lieu of the written and practical examination herein required, the results of regional testing agencies as to written and practical examinations, subject to such conditions as the commission, with the consent of the Commissioner of Public Health, may prescribe. Passing scores shall be established by the department with the consent of the commission.
(1949 Rev., S. 4448; 1957, P.A. 185; 1969, P.A. 101; P.A. 77-614, S. 397, 610; P.A. 80-484, S. 40, 176; P.A. 87-114, S. 1; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; 93-435, S. 6, 95; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)
History: 1969 act added provision allowing acceptance of regional test results in lieu of written and practical examinations; P.A. 77-614 required consent of health services commissioner for waiver of written and practical examinations and transferred examinations to jurisdiction of health services department, retaining commission in supervisory capacity, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 80-484 added provision re establishment of passing scores; P.A. 87-114 added provision re exception to obtaining a license by examination; P.A. 93-381 replaced department and commissioner of health services with department and commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 93-435 substituted Joint Commission on National Dental Examinations for National Board of Dental Examiners, effective June 28, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

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Sec. 20-109. Fee for examination. Upon the payment of a fee of four hundred fifty dollars by an applicant, the Department of Public Health, under the supervision of the dental commissioners shall examine applicants. All examinations shall be given at least once per year and at other times prescribed by the department. The department shall grant licenses to such applicants as are qualified.
(1949 Rev., S. 4454; 1957, P.A. 181; 1959, P.A. 616, S. 33; 1963, P.A. 257; June, 1971, P.A. 8, S. 53; P.A. 77-614, S. 398, 610; P.A. 80-484, S. 150, 176; P.A. 81-471, S. 28, 71; P.A. 89-251, S. 87, 203; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)
History: 1959 act increased fee from thirty-five to fifty dollars, deleted provisions for reexamination, updated statute, eliminating provisions for duties of recorder re fees and required payments of moneys collected by dental commissioners to general fund; 1963 act added requirement for one-hundred-dollar fee for nonresidents and provided that meetings be held in June and November; 1971 act removed fee differential for residents and nonresidents, raising fee for all applicants to one hundred fifty dollars; P.A. 77-614 made department of health services, rather than dental commissioners, responsible for examinations, retaining commissioners in supervisory role and retaining their power to grant licenses, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 80-484 transferred licensing power to health services department and deleted provision re payment of moneys collected to general fund; P.A. 81-471 deleted requirement that examinations be held in June and November and substituted requirement that exams be held at least once per year and at other times prescribed by the department; P.A. 89-251 increased fee from one hundred fifty dollars to four hundred fifty dollars; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.
See Sec. 4-32 re state revenue accounting system.

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Sec. 20-110. Licenses to out-of-state applicants. The Department of Public Health may without examination, issue a license to any dentist who is licensed in some other state or territory, if such other state or territory has requirements for admission determined by the department to be similar to or higher than the requirements of this state, upon certification from the board of examiners or like board of the state or territory in which such dentist was a practitioner certifying to his competency and upon payment of a fee of four hundred fifty dollars to said department. No license shall be issued under this section to any applicant against whom professional disciplinary action is pending or who is the subject of an unresolved complaint. The department shall inform the Dental Commission annually of the number of applications it receives for licensure under this section.
(1949 Rev., S. 4449; 1951, S. 2231d; 1957, P.A. 227; 1959, P.A. 616, S. 34; June, 1971, P.A. 8, S. 54; P.A. 79-70, S. 2; P.A. 80-484, S. 41, 176; P.A. 87-114, S. 2; P.A. 89-251, S. 88, 203; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)
History: 1959 act raised fee from seventy-five to one hundred dollars; 1971 act raised fee to one hundred fifty dollars; P.A. 79-70 required applicant to have practiced for three, rather than five, years in another state; P.A. 80-484 transferred licensing power from dental commission to department of health services, revised qualifications to replace three-year practice requirement with requirement that applicant be currently practicing, to delete requirements that applicant be "of good moral character" and that he pass a practical examination, and to add provisions prohibiting issuance of license to applicant involved in disciplinary action or unresolved complaint and requiring annual notification of commission of number of applicants; P.A. 87-114 substituted "licensed" for "in lawful practice", deleted the condition requiring a dentist to remove to this state, and deleted the provision requiring the state or territory issuing the certificate to offer reciprocity to dentists registered and licensed in this state and removing to such other state; P.A. 89-251 increased the fee from one hundred fifty dollars to four hundred fifty dollars; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

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Secs. 20-111 to 20-111c and 20-112. Dental hygienists; definitions; scope of practice; continuing education. Application for license; requirements; fee. Examination of applicants. Licensure without examination; fee. Unlicensed registered assistants. Sections 20-111 to 20-111c, inclusive, and 20-112 are repealed.
(1949 Rev., S. 4455, 4456; 1957, P.A. 236; 1959, P.A. 616, S. 35, 36; 1963, P.A. 220; 642, S. 23; 1967, P.A. 240; 1969, P.A. 248; 1971, P.A. 15; June, 1971, P.A. 8, S. 55; 1972, P.A. 223, S. 5; June, 1972, P.A. 1, S. 10; P.A. 73-399, S. 2; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 399, 610; P.A. 79-86; P.A. 80-484, S. 151, 174, 176; P.A. 85-178; P.A. 86-148; P.A. 87-139, S. 1; P.A. 89-251, S. 89, 203; P.A. 92-35, S. 1−4; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; 93-435, S. 7, 8, 95; P.A. 94-149, S. 25.)
See Secs. 20-126h et seq. for successor provisions.

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Sec. 20-112a. Dental assistants. A licensed dentist may delegate to dental assistants such dental procedures as he may deem advisable, but such procedures shall be performed under his supervision and control and he shall assume responsibility for such procedures; provided such assistants may not engage in: (1) Diagnosis for dental procedures or dental treatment; (2) the cutting or removal of any hard or soft tissue or suturing; (3) the prescribing of drugs or medications which require the written or oral order of a licensed dentist or physician; (4) the administration of local, parenteral, inhalation or general anesthetic agents in connection with any dental operative procedure; (5) the taking of any impression of the teeth or jaws or the relationship of the teeth or jaws for the purpose of fabricating any appliance or prosthesis; (6) the placing, finishing and adjustment of temporary or final restorations, capping materials and cement bases; (7) the practice of dental hygiene as defined in section 20-126l.
(P.A. 73-399, S. 1; P.A. 92-35, S. 5; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 98-1, S. 19, 121.)
History: P.A. 92-35 substituted "dental" for "trained" assistants, amended Subdiv. (1) to remove reference to treatment planning or any procedures requiring professional's judgment and skill and to include dental procedures or dental treatment, amended Subdiv. (4) to remove reference to injected local anesthetic of any nature and replace it with local, parenteral, inhalation or general anesthetic agents in connection with any dental operative procedure and amended Subsec. (7) by replacing removal of calcareous deposits, accretions and stains from the surfaces of teeth or the polishing of teeth with the practice of dental hygiene as defined in Sec. 20-111; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 98-1 made a technical change, effective June 24, 1998.

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Sec. 20-113. Display of license. The license for the current year shall be displayed conspicuously in the office, place of business or place of employment of each licensee. Each licensed dentist shall forthwith notify the department of any change of address or employment subsequent to his licensure. Any association of dentists which has registered with the Secretary of the State as required under section 34-82 shall also register annually as an association with the secretary of the Dental Commission.
(1949 Rev., S. 4442; 1955, S. 2230d; 1959, P.A. 94; 616, S. 37; 1963, P.A. 642, S. 24; 1969, P.A. 111; June, 1971, P.A. 8, S. 56; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 80-484, S. 152, 176; P.A. 81-471, S. 29, 71; P.A. 94-149, S. 17.)
History: 1959 acts deleted obsolete provisions re recorder, added requirement for registering according to Sec. 19-45, provided that payment for restoring license be made to the commission rather than the commissioners, deleted provisions re nonresident Connecticut licensed dentists, unlicensed assistant dentists and licensed dental hygienists who fail to register, allowed commission to require that licensed dentist pass practical examination if he fails to register for two successive years and required that commission secretary be notified when dentist or hygienist changes address or employment; 1963 act deleted obsolete provisions re registration of unlicensed assistant dentists; 1969 act required that association of dentists register with secretary of dental commission as well as with secretary of state; 1971 act raised fee for restoration of license from twenty-five to fifty dollars; P.A. 77-614 replaced department of health with department of health services, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 80-484 replaced certificates of registration with licenses, deleted provisions re failure of dentist or hygienist to register, suspension and restoration of licenses for failure to register, etc. and required notification of department rather than of secretary of dental commission when address or employment changed; P.A. 81-471 changed "registration" to "licensure"; P.A. 94-149 deleted reference to dental hygienist.

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Sec. 20-113a. Renewal of licenses. Licenses issued under this chapter shall be renewed annually in accordance with the provisions of section 19a-88.
(P.A. 80-484, S. 42, 176; P.A. 81-471, S. 30, 71.)
History: P.A. 81-471 deleted reference to certificates.

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Sec. 20-114. Disciplinary action by Dental Commission concerning dentists and dental hygienists. (a) The Dental Commission may take any of the actions set forth in section 19a-17 for any of the following causes: (1) The presentation to the department of any diploma, license or certificate illegally or fraudulently obtained, or obtained from an institution that is not reputable or from an unrecognized or irregular institution or state board, or obtained by the practice of any fraud or deception; (2) proof that a practitioner has become unfit or incompetent or has been guilty of cruelty, incompetence, negligence or indecent conduct toward patients; (3) conviction of the violation of any of the provisions of this chapter by any court of criminal jurisdiction, provided no action shall be taken under section 19a-17 because of such conviction if any appeal to a higher court has been filed until the appeal has been determined by the higher court and the conviction sustained; (4) the employment of any unlicensed person for other than mechanical purposes in the practice of dental medicine or dental surgery subject to the provisions of section 20-122a; (5) the violation of any of the provisions of this chapter or of the regulations adopted hereunder or the refusal to comply with any of said provisions or regulations; (6) the aiding or abetting in the practice of dentistry, dental medicine or dental hygiene of a person not licensed to practice dentistry, dental medicine or dental hygiene in this state; (7) designating a limited practice, except as provided in section 20-106a; (8) engaging in fraud or material deception in the course of professional activities; (9) the effects of physical or mental illness, emotional disorder or loss of motor skill, including but not limited to, deterioration through the aging process, upon the license holder; (10) abuse or excessive use of drugs, including alcohol, narcotics or chemicals; or (11) failure of a holder of a dental anesthesia or conscious sedation permit to successfully complete an on-site evaluation conducted pursuant to subsection (c) of section 20-123b. A violation of any of the provisions of this chapter by any unlicensed employee in the practice of dentistry or dental hygiene, with the knowledge of his employer, shall be deemed a violation thereof by his employer. The Commissioner of Public Health may order a license holder to submit to a reasonable physical or mental examination if his physical or mental capacity to practice safely is the subject of an investigation. Said commissioner may petition the superior court for the judicial district of Hartford to enforce such order or any action taken pursuant to section 19a-17.
(b) For purposes of subdivision (8) of subsection (a), fraud or material deception shall include, but not be limited to, the following practices: (1) Submission of a claim form to a third party intentionally reporting incorrect treatment dates for the purpose of assisting a patient in obtaining benefits under a dental plan, which benefits would otherwise be disallowed; (2) increasing a fee to a patient for a dental procedure or dental hygiene service in excess of the fee generally charged by the dentist for such procedure or service solely because the patient has dental insurance; (3) intentionally describing a dental procedure incorrectly on a third-party claim form in order to receive a greater payment or reimbursement or intentionally misrepresenting a dental procedure not otherwise eligible for payment or reimbursement on such claim form for the purpose of receiving payment or reimbursement; and (4) intentionally accepting payment from a third party as payment in full for patient services rendered when (A) the patient has been excused from payment of any applicable deductible by the license holder and (B) such license holder fails to notify the third party of such action.
(1949 Rev., S. 4450; 1951, 1953, S. 2232d; 1957, P.A. 544; 1959, P.A. 616, S. 38; 1963, P.A. 642, S. 25; 1967, P.A. 219; 289; P.A. 75-75, S. 2, 3; P.A. 77-614, S. 323, 400, 610; P.A. 80-484, S. 43, 176; P.A. 81-471, S. 31, 71; P.A. 83-205; P.A. 84-68; P.A. 88-230, S. 1, 12; P.A. 90-98, S. 1, 2; P.A. 92-23, S. 2; 92-35, S. 6; P.A. 93-142, S. 4, 7, 8; 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-220, S. 4−6; 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)
History: 1959 act updated statute to specify that department of health may be requested to cancel certificate of registration; 1963 act deleted obsolete references to unlicensed assistant dentists and Sec. 20-112; 1967 acts added provision re violation of regulations of the dental commission to Subdiv. (6) and deleted "for patronage" from description of advertising in Subdiv. (12); P.A. 75-75 added Subdiv. (16) allowing suspension or revocation of license, etc. on ground of designating a limited practice; P.A. 77-614 replaced department of health with department of health services and referred in Subdiv. (6) to regulations adopted under chapter rather than to regulations "of the dental commission", effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 80-484 extended applicability to disciplinary actions under Sec. 19-4s, substituted "department" for "commission" in Subdiv. (1), substituted "incompetence" for "unskillfulness" and deleted "gross" referring to negligence in Subdiv. (2), deleted grounds re conviction of crime involving moral turpitude, re misleading advertising, fee advertising, etc., and re unprofessional conduct, added grounds re fraud or material deception, re physical or mental illness, emotional disorder, etc. and re drug abuse, and added provisions requiring submission to physical or mental examination and allowing petitions to court for enforcement of orders or actions; P.A. 81-471 replaced reference to Sec. 20-111 in Subdiv. (4) with reference to Sec. 20-122a; P.A. 83-205 added Subsec. (b) to include fraudulent billing practices in the definition of fraud or material deception; P.A. 84-68 amended Subsec. (b) to add Subdiv. (4) concerning the fraudulent receipt of partial payment as payment in full by a licensed dentist; P.A. 88-230 replaced "judicial district of Hartford-New Britain" with "judicial district of Hartford", effective September 1, 1991; P.A. 90-98 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1991, to September 1, 1993; P.A. 92-23 amended Subsec. (a) to add Subdiv. (11) concerning failure to complete on-site evaluation re anesthesia and sedation; P.A. 92-35 amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) to include dental hygienists in the provisions of the section; P.A. 93-142 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1993, to September 1, 1996, effective June 14, 1993; P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-220 changed the effective date of P.A. 88-230 from September 1, 1996, to September 1, 1998, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.
Dental assistant found guilty of single operation held to have forfeited license. 109 C. 73. Method used by detective to obtain evidence not repugnant to sound policy. Id., 76. Cited. 128 C. 118; 141 C. 288; 142 C. 44.
Section is not void for vagueness. 4 CA 307−310, 313.
The dental commission shall find the facts and the court find the law. 8 CS 455. Cited. Id. 459.
Subdiv. (4):
Where plaintiff dentist aided and abetted dental hygienist in practice of dentistry or dental medicine, statute was violated. 149 C. 264.

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Secs. 20-115 to 20-117. Complaints against dentists or dental hygienists. Grievance committee. Restoration of licenses. Sections 20-115 to 20-117, inclusive, are repealed.
(1949 Rev., S. 4451, 4452; 1953, S. 2234d; 1957, P.A. 182, S. 1; 192, S. 1; 1959, P.A. 616, S. 39, 40; 1963, P.A. 642, S. 26; 1967, P.A. 239; P.A. 77-614, S. 401, 402, 610; P.A. 80-484, S. 175, 176.)

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Sec. 20-118. Dentist removing from state. Any licensed dentist changing his residence or place of business to another state shall, upon application to the dental commissioners, receive a certificate which shall state that he is a licensed dentist in this state; and such certificate shall be given without payment of any fee.
(1949 Rev., S. 4457; P.A. 94-149, S. 18.)
History: P.A. 94-149 deleted references to dental hygienists.

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Sec. 20-119. Employer to file list of dentists and hygienists with commission. Section 20-119 is repealed.
(1949 Rev., S. 4443; 1959, P.A. 616, S. 41; 1963, P.A. 642, S. 27; P.A. 92-35, S. 10.)

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Sec. 20-120. Practice of dentistry in clinics, schools of dentistry and state institutions. (a) Any graduate of a recognized dental college may practice dentistry in a clinic for a period not exceeding six months, provided he shall obtain the written consent and approval of the Dental Commission.
(b) A full-time faculty member of a school of dentistry in this state who is licensed in another state or who has exceptional qualifications as approved by the Dental Commission may be granted a provisional license upon consent and approval of the Dental Commission which provisional license shall be in effect during such time as the licensee is in the full-time employment of a school of dentistry within the state. Such provisional license shall limit the licensee to the practice of dentistry in the school of dentistry of which he is a member of the faculty or in any hospital affiliated with such school.
(c) Any graduate of a foreign dental school, who has exceptional qualifications, as approved by the Dental Commission, may practice dentistry in any state institution.
(1949 Rev., S. 4461; 1969, P.A. 316, S. 1; P.A. 73-105.)
History: 1969 act added provisions re provisional licenses; P.A. 73-105 divided section into Subsecs., allowed granting provisional license to faculty member "who has exceptional qualifications as approved by the dental commission" and added Subsec. (c) allowing graduates of foreign dental schools to practice in state institutions.
Cited. 133 C. 63.

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Sec. 20-121. Operation of dental offices. Section 20-121 is repealed.
(1949 Rev., S. 4459; 1959, P.A. 616, S. 42; 1963, P.A. 642, S. 28; P.A. 74-92; P.A. 80-484, S. 175, 176.)

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Sec. 20-122. Ownership and operation of offices by unlicensed persons or by corporations. No person, except a licensed and registered dentist, and no corporation, except a professional service corporation organized and existing under chapter 594a for the purpose of rendering professional dental services, and no institution shall own or operate a dental office, or an office, laboratory or operation or consultation room in which dental medicine, dental surgery or dental hygiene is carried on as a portion of its regular business; but the provisions of this section shall not apply to hospitals, community health centers, public or parochial schools, or convalescent homes, or institutions under control of an agency of the state of Connecticut, or the state or municipal board of health, or a municipal board of education; or those educational institutions treating their students, or to industrial institutions or corporations rendering treatment to their employees on a nonprofit basis, provided permission therefor has been granted by the State Dental Commission. Such permission may be revoked for cause after hearing by said commission.
(1949 Rev., S. 4444, 4445; P.A. 73-206, S. 1; P.A. 87-139, S. 2; P.A. 92-35, S. 7.)
History: P.A. 73-206 added exception re professional service corporations in prohibition concerning ownership of dentistry concern, deleted exception for Hartford dispensary and exempted convalescent homes where dentist provided care directly for patient rather than for home; P.A. 87-139 deleted requirement that dentist provide care directly for patient rather than home for exemption of convalescent home from the requirements of this section; P.A. 92-35 added community health centers to list of exclusions from the section.
Where plaintiff is charged with violating section by practicing dentistry in office operating under trade name, court could not read into section anything from which violation under charge preferred could be found. 149 C. 265. Cited. 150 C. 300.
Cited. 21 CS 332.

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Sec. 20-122a. Work authorization for unlicensed person. No dentist shall use the services of any person not licensed to practice dentistry in this state, or the services of any partnership, corporation or association, to construct, alter, repair or duplicate any denture, plate, bridge, splint or orthodontic or prosthetic appliance, without first furnishing such unlicensed person, partnership, corporation or association with a written work authorization on forms prescribed by the Dental Commission, and no unlicensed person, partnership, association or corporation shall perform any of such services for a dentist without first obtaining such written work authorization. Such authorization, which shall be retained by the unlicensed person, partnership, corporation or association to whom it is issued, and a copy thereof, which shall be retained by the issuing dentist, shall be subject to inspection by the Department of Public Health or its authorized agents for a period of one year from its issuance.
(1963, P.A. 450, S. 2; P.A. 77-614, S. 403, 610; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)
History: P.A. 77-614 transferred inspection power from dental commission to department of health services, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

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Sec. 20-122b. Subwork authorization. Failure of dentist to provide written authorization. (a) If upon receiving such written authorization an unlicensed person, partnership, corporation or association, hereinafter referred to as "contractor", engages another person, partnership, corporation or association, hereinafter referred to as "subcontractor", to perform some of the services relative to such work authorization, such contractor shall furnish to such subcontractor a written subwork authorization with respect thereto on forms prescribed by the Dental Commission. Such subwork authorization, which shall be retained by the subcontractor, and a duplicate thereof, which shall be attached to the work authorization and retained by the contractor, shall be subject to inspection by the Department of Public Health or its authorized agents for a period of one year from its issuance.
(b) When any unlicensed person, partnership, association or corporation performs for a dentist any service listed in section 20-122a and demands that such dentist furnish him with a written work authorization which such dentist fails or refuses to furnish, such unlicensed person, partnership, association or corporation shall be deemed to have complied with the provisions of this section and said section 20-122a.
(1963, P.A. 450, S. 3, 4; P.A. 77-614, S. 404, 610; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)
History: P.A. 77-614 transferred dental commission's inspection power to department of health services, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

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Sec. 20-122c. Inspection of authorization files by Department of Public Health. The Department of Public Health or its authorized agent may inspect the written authorization files of any licensed dentist or unlicensed person, partnership, organization or association to determine its compliance with section 20-122a. Any licensed dentist or unlicensed person, partnership, organization or association which violates any provision of said section 20-122a, or refuses to allow the Department of Public Health or its authorized agents to inspect the work authorization or prosthetic dentures, bridges, orthodontic or other appliances or structures to be used as substitutes for or as a part of natural teeth or jaws or associated structures for the correction of malocclusions or deformities in its possession shall be subject to such penalties as are provided in section 20-126.
(February, 1965, P.A. 115; P.A. 77-614, S. 405, 610; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)
History: P.A. 77-614 transferred dental commission's inspection power to department of health services, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 93-381 replaced department of health services with department of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

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Sec. 20-123. Practice of dentistry defined. Exceptions. Any person who owns or carries on a dental practice or business, or who, by himself or by his servants or agents or by contract with others, performs any operation in or makes examination of, with intent of performing or causing to be performed any operation in, the mouth and surrounding and associated structures, or who describes himself by the word "Dentist" or letters "D.D.S." or "D.M.D.", or in other words, letters or title in connection with his name which in any way represents such person as engaged in the practice of dentistry, or who diagnoses or treats diseases or lesions of the mouth and surrounding and associated structures, replaces lost teeth by artificial ones, attempts to diagnose or correct malposition thereof, or who, directly or indirectly, by any means or method, furnishes, supplies, constructs, reproduces or repairs any prosthetic denture, bridge, appliance or any other structure to be worn in the human mouth, except upon the written direction of a licensed dentist, or who places such appliance or structure in the human mouth or attempts to adjust the same, or delivers the same to any person other than the dentist upon whose direction the work was performed, or who sells or distributes materials, except to a licensed dentist, dental laboratory or dental supply house, with instructions for an individual to construct, repair, reproduce or duplicate any prosthetic denture, bridge, appliance or any other structure to be worn in the human mouth, or who advertises to the public, by any method, to furnish, supply, construct, reproduce or repair any prosthetic denture, bridge, appliance or other structure to be worn in the human mouth, or gives estimates on the cost of treatment, or who advertises or permits it to be done by sign, card, circular, handbill or newspaper, or otherwise indicates that he, by contract with others or by himself, will perform any of such operations, shall be deemed as practicing dentistry or dental medicine within the meaning of this chapter. Any person who, in practicing dentistry or dental medicine, as defined in this section, employs or permits any other person except a licensed dentist to so practice dentistry or dental medicine shall be subject to the penalties provided in section 20-126. The provisions of this chapter shall not prevent any practicing physician or surgeon from treating lesions or diseases of the mouth and jaws or from extracting teeth. No provision of this section shall be construed to prevent regularly enrolled students in dental schools approved as provided in this chapter or medical schools approved as provided in chapter 370 from receiving practical training in dentistry under the supervision of a licensed dentist or physician in a dental or medical school in this state or in any hospital, infirmary, clinic or dispensary affiliated with such school; or to prevent a person who holds the degree of doctor of dental medicine or doctor of dental surgery or its equivalent and who has been issued a permit in accordance with section 20-126b from receiving practical training under the supervision of a licensed dentist or physician in an advanced dental education program conducted by a dental or medical school in this state or by a hospital operated by the federal government or licensed pursuant to subsection (a) of section 19a-491; or to prevent any regularly enrolled student in or graduate of an accredited school of dental hygiene from receiving practical training in dental hygiene under the supervision of a Connecticut licensed dentist or a Connecticut licensed dental hygienist in any approved school of dental hygiene in the state or in any hospital, infirmary, clinic or dispensary affiliated with such school or to prevent controlled investigations or innovative training programs related to the delivery of dental health services within accredited dental schools or schools of dental hygiene, provided such programs are under the supervision of a licensed dentist or physician and are conducted within a program which is accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation or such other national professional accrediting body as may be recognized by the United States Department of Education.
(1949 Rev., S. 4458; 1949, 1953, S. 2233d; 1963, P.A. 450, S. 1; 1967, P.A. 238; 1969, P.A. 102; 1971, P.A. 244; P.A. 73-183; P.A. 92-35, S. 8; P.A. 94-149, S. 22.)
History: 1963 act required direction of licensed dentist in first sentence to be written; 1967 act deleted descriptive references to "the human teeth or jaws" and substituted "the mouth and surrounding and associated structures"; 1969 act required that section not be construed to prevent students or graduates from receiving training under supervision of licensed dentist or hygienist; 1971 act included as practicing dentistry one who "sells or distributes materials, except to a licensed dentist ... with instructions ... to construct, repair, reproduce or duplicate any prosthetic denture, bridge ..."; P.A. 73-183 required that section not be construed "to prevent controlled investigations or innovative training programs ... provided such programs are under the supervision of a licensed dentist or physician"; P.A. 92-35 added provision requiring inclusion in a program accredited by the commission on dental accreditation or other body recognized by the U.S. Department of Education; P.A. 94-149 added provision re dentists issued a permit under Sec. 20-126v.
See Secs. 20-14c to 20-14g, inclusive, re dispensing and labeling of drugs by licensed practitioners.
Dental assistant guilty of violation when he sprayed and drilled tooth. 109 C. 73. Such part as deals with making and repairing prosthetic dentures is not unreasonable or arbitrary exercise of police power. Such part as deals with advertising is unconstitutional. 141 C. 288. Cited. 148 C. 94; 149 C. 262. Statute must be strictly construed since it is in derogation of a common law right and is penal in nature. Selling and supplying of "Spare Denture Kit" does not constitute the practice of dentistry in violation of section (prior to 1971 amendment). 159 C. 362, 365, 366.
Cited. 21 CS 332.

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Sec. 20-123a. Anesthesia and sedation: Definitions. For purposes of this section and section 20-123b:
(a) "Conscious sedation" means a drug-induced state in which the patient is calmed and relaxed, capable of making rational responses to commands and has all protective reflexes intact, including the ability to clear and maintain his own airway in a patent state, but does not include nitrous oxide sedation or any orally administered sedation;
(b) "General anesthesia" means a controlled state of unconsciousness produced by pharmacologic or nonpharmacologic methods, or a combination thereof, accompanied by a partial or complete loss of protective reflexes including an inability to independently maintain an airway and to respond purposefully to physical stimulation or verbal commands; and
(c) "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Public Health.
(P.A. 85-251, S. 1; P.A. 87-589, S. 53, 87; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)
History: P.A. 87-589 amended Subsec. (a) by adding "or any orally administered sedation"; P.A. 93-381 replaced commissioner of health services with commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995.

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Sec. 20-123b. Permit for use of anesthesia required. Regulations. (a) On and after the effective date of the regulations adopted in accordance with subsection (d) of this section, no dentist licensed under this chapter shall use general anesthesia or conscious sedation, as these terms are defined in section 20-123a, on any patient unless such dentist has a permit, currently in effect, issued by the commissioner, initially for a period of twelve months and renewable annually thereafter, authorizing the use of such general anesthesia or conscious sedation.
(b) No applicant shall be issued a permit initially as required in subsection (a) of this section unless (1) the commissioner approves the results of an on-site evaluation of the applicant's facility conducted in consultation with the Connecticut Society of Oral and Maxillo-Facial Surgeons by an individual or individuals selected from a list of site evaluators approved by the commissioner, provided such evaluation is conducted without cost to the state, (2) the commissioner is satisfied that the applicant is in compliance with guidelines in the American Dental Association Guidelines for Teaching and the Comprehensive Control of Pain and Anxiety in Dentistry and (3) such initial application includes payment of a fee in the amount of one hundred sixty dollars.
(c) The commissioner may renew such permit annually, provided (1) application for renewal is received by the commissioner not later than three months after the date of expiration of such permit, (2) payment of a renewal fee of one hundred sixty dollars is received with such application and (3) an on-site evaluation of the dentist's facility is conducted in consultation with The Connecticut Society of Oral and Maxillo-Facial Surgeons by an individual or individuals selected from a list of site evaluators approved by the commissioner, provided such evaluation is conducted without cost to the state on a schedule established in regulations adopted pursuant to this section and the commissioner approves the results of each such evaluation.
(d) The commissioner, with the advice and assistance of the State Dental Commission, shall adopt regulations in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54 to implement the provisions of this section.
(P.A. 85-251, S. 2; P.A. 86-403, S. 40, 132; P.A. 92-23, S. 1; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-6, S. 23, 117.)
History: P.A. 86-403 made technical changes to Subsec. (b); P.A. 92-23 amended Subsecs. (b) and (c) to allow on-site evaluations to be conducted by an individual or individuals selected from a list of site evaluators approved by the commissioner on a schedule established in regulations instead of every five years; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-6 raised renewal fee from fifty to one hundred sixty dollars.

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Sec. 20-124. False representations. No person shall falsely claim to hold a certificate of registration, license, diploma or degree granted by a society, school or by the Board of Dental Commissioners, or, with intent to deceive the public, pretend to be a graduate of any dental college or college, or append the letters "D.D.S." or "D.M.D." or "M.D.S." to his name, without having the degree indicated by such letters conferred upon him by diploma from a college, a school or a board of examiners empowered to confer the same.
(1949 Rev., S. 4460; P.A. 92-35, S. 9; P.A. 94-149, S. 19.)
History: P.A. 92-35 added reference to "school", "dental hygiene program or college" and "R.D.H."; P.A. 94-149 deleted references to dental hygienists.

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Sec. 20-124a. Dental referral services: Disclosure of acceptance of fee for referral required. It shall be an unfair or deceptive trade practice, in violation of chapter 735a, for any person, firm, partnership, association, corporation or agent or employee thereof that engages in for profit, any business or service that in whole or in part includes the referral or recommendation of persons to a licensed dentist or dental practice for any form of dental care or treatment, to fail to disclose to a prospective patient, at the time the prospective patient makes initial contact by any means including advertising with the for-profit business or service, that the licensed dentist has paid a fee for such referral.
(P.A. 93-276; 93-435, S. 61, 95.)
History: P.A. 93-435 corrected chapter citation, effective June 28, 1993.

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Sec. 20-125. Appeal. Any licensee aggrieved by a final decision of the Dental Commission suspending or revoking any license under the provisions of this chapter may appeal therefrom as provided in section 4-183. Appeals brought under this section shall be privileged with respect to the order of trial assignment.
(1949 Rev., S. 4453; 1957, P.A. 398; 1959, P.A. 616, S. 43; 1971, P.A. 179, S. 10; 870, S. 113; P.A. 76-436, S. 421, 681; P.A. 77-603, S. 63, 125; 77-614, S. 406, 587, 610; P.A. 78-280, S. 36, 127; 78-303, S. 85, 136; P.A. 96-47, S. 6.)
History: 1959 act deleted references to certificate of registration; 1971 acts required that petition be brought between twelve and thirty days after service rather than on next or "next but one" return day and, effective September 1, 1971, except that courts with cases pending retain jurisdiction unless pending matters deemed transferable, replaced superior court with court of common pleas; P.A. 76-436 replaced court of common pleas with superior court and added reference to judicial districts, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 77-603 replaced detailed provisions re petitions for restoration of license with statement that appeals be made in accordance with Sec. 4-183, retaining privileged status of appeals; P.A. 77-614 and P.A. 78-303 deleted provision granting appeals privileged status, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-280 restored provision granting appeals privileged status; P.A. 96-47 changed reference to being aggrieved by "the action" to "a final decision" of the Dental Commission.
Cited. 179 C. 415, 424.

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Sec. 20-126. Penalties. Any person who violates any provision of this chapter shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than five years or both. Any person who continues to practice dentistry, dental medicine or dental surgery, after his license, certificate, registration or authority to so do has been suspended or revoked and while such disability continues, shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than five years or both. For purposes of this section each instance of patient contact or consultation which is in violation of any provision of this section shall constitute a separate offense. Failure to renew a license in a timely manner shall not constitute a violation for the purposes of this section.
(1949 Rev., S. 4462; 1951, S. 2235d; 1967, P.A. 128; P.A. 76-436, S. 422, 681; P.A. 77-614, S. 407, 610; P.A. 84-526, S. 9; P.A. 94-149, S. 20.)
History: 1967 act added "for a first offense" and "for a second or subsequent offense" to first sentence, increased fine to not less than five hundred nor more than one thousand dollars for first, second or subsequent offenses plus term of imprisonment of not less than thirty days nor more than one year for second or subsequent offense; P.A. 76-436 deleted provision allowing application for injunction to court of common pleas and added reference to judicial districts, effective July 1, 1978; P.A. 77-614 deleted provisions re applications for injunctions, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 84-526 amended section by changing penalty for violation of any provision of chapter to a fine of not more than five hundred dollars or imprisonment of not more than five years, and added provisions that each instance of patient contact or consultation shall constitute a separate offense and failure to renew license in timely manner is not a violation for purposes of section; P.A. 94-149 deleted references to dental hygienists.
Such part of section 20-123 as deals with making and repairing prosthetic dentures is not unreasonable or arbitrary exercise of police power and is constitutional, but such part as deals with advertising is unconstitutional. 141 C. 288. Cited. 159 C. 363.

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Sec. 20-126a. Payment for dental care of patients in chronic and convalescent hospitals and convalescent homes. Payment for dental care rendered to patients in chronic and convalescent hospitals or convalescent homes shall be made directly to the dentist rendering or directing such care. The Commissioner of Social Services shall not be required to recognize the cost of employing or contracting with a dentist in the rates established for convalescent homes pursuant to section 17b-340.
(P.A. 73-206, S. 2; P.A. 87-139, S. 3; P.A. 93-262, S. 1, 87; P.A. 94-149, S. 21.)
History: P.A. 87-139 applied provisions to convalescent homes, authorized payment directly to dental hygienists and added provision re recognition of cost by the department of income maintenance when establishing rates; P.A. 93-262 authorized substitution of commissioner and department of social services for commissioner and department of income maintenance, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 94-149 deleted references to dental hygienists.

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Sec. 20-126b. (Formerly Sec. 20-126v). Permit for advanced dental education. No person shall participate in an advanced dental education program unless he has received a permit issued by the Department of Public Health. The permit shall be issued solely for purposes of participation in an advanced dental education program conducted by a dental or medical school or by a hospital operated by the federal government or licensed pursuant to subsection (a) of section 19a-491. No person shall receive a permit until a statement has been filed with the department on his behalf by the program administration certifying that he is to be enrolled in the program and that he has received the degree of doctor of dental medicine or doctor of dental surgery or its equivalent.
(P.A. 94-149, S. 23; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58.)
History: P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; Sec. 20-126v transferred to Sec. 20-126b in 1997.

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Secs. 20-126c to 20-126g. Reserved for future use.


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